g me
    Ql
82. S- W  -
         rf.
         2.
(D
c
CO
O
O
C  q  u.)
O  CD  of
-3  -  is
D  L  w
O  -D
      CO
      0
      I
       ro
       o
       GO
            Concentrated
            Animal
            Feeding
            Operations
            Oleasi
                               Act
                M/hat Are the Federal Requirements for
                Beef Cattle and Veal Calf CAFOs?
                In December 2002, EPA revised the Clean Water
                Act regulation for Concentrated Animal Feeding
                Operations, or CAFOs. If you own or operate a
                beef cattle or veal calf CAFO, you must apply for
                a permit. This pamphlet gives general information
                about what your permitting authority might
                require in your CAFO's permit.
                             eA. Pamphlet
 Other Pamphlets in EPA's CAFO Clean Water
    Act Requirements Information Series

Will My Operation Be Regulated?
EPA 833-F-02-006

What f\re the Federal Requirements for Swine CAFOs?
EPA 833-F-02-007

What Are the Federal Requirements for Chicken and
Turkey CAFOs?
EPA 833-F-02-008

What Are the Federal Requirements for Dairy Cow and
Heifer CAFOs?
EPA 833-F-02-009

What Are the Federal Requirements for Horse and
Sheep CAFOs?
EPA 833-F-02-0011

What Are the Federal Requirements for Duck CAFOs?
EPA833-F-02-0012

What Are the Federal Record-Keeping and Reporting
Requirements?
EPA833-F-02-0013
                                                        How do I contact my permitting authority?
                                                        Visit www.epa.gov/npdes/afo/statecontacts for contact
                                                        information on your permitting authority.

                                                        Where can I get copies of these brochures and
                                                        more information?
                                                        Call the Office of Water Resource Center,
                                                        (202) 566-1729 to request copies of these pamphlets and
                                                        other documents. Call the CAFO Phone Line at
                                                        (202) 564-0766 with questions or visit the following EPA or
                                                        U5DA web sites.
                                                        EPA:
                                                        www.epa.gov/npdes/caforule
                                                        www.epa.gov/agriculture

                                                        USDA:
                                                        www.usda.gov
                                                        Photos courtesy of U5DA and U5EFA OECA
                                                        EPA 833-F-02-0010
                                                        December 2002

-------
Is my beef cattle or veal calf operation
a CAFO?
Your operation is a CAFO if it is
an animal feeding operation
(AFO) and it meets one of the
following conditions
5ee the pamphlet
Will My Operation
Be Regulated? for
the definition of
an AFO.
Large CAFOs
Your beef cattle or veal calf AFO is a Large CAFO if it
has at least
S  1,000 beef cattle

S  1,000 veal calves

Medium CAFOs
Your beef cattle or veal calf AFO is a Medium CAFO if it
has at least
S  300 beef cattle
    300 veal calves
                      and
 S  a man-made ditch or pipe carries manure or
    wastewater from your operation or

 S  your animals come into contact with surface
    water running through the area where they're
    confined

Designated CAFOs
No matter what size your operation is, if it is an AFO, it
can be designated a  CAFO. If your permitting authority
inspects your operation and finds that it's adding
pollutants to surface  waters, your operation might
need a CAFO permit.

My operation is a CAFO. What do  I
have  to do?
You must apply to your permitting authority for a
permit. Most states have the authority to manage
CAFO programs  and  issue permits. 5tate CAFO
programs are based on the revised national CAFO
regulation. You can use this pamphlet to help you learn
about the minimum requirements for a permit. You
should  contact your permitting authority to find  out
what your state-specific  requirements are and how to
apply for a permit.  Check the insert to this pamphlet
for your permitting authority's contact information.
What will my operation's permit require?
Your CAFO permit will require you to meet certain
conditions for your production
and land application areas. The
specific requirements of your
permit will depend on whether
your operation is a Large,
Medium, or designated CAFO.
The production area
is the area where
your animals are
housed and manure
is stored.
                            Requirements for all beef cattle or veal calf CAFOs
                            You can expect your permit to require you to
                            S Implement a nutrient management plan

                            / 5ubmit annual reports to your permitting authority

                            / Keep your permit current until you completely close
                               your operation and remove all manure

                            S Keep records of your nutrient management
                               practices for at least 5 years (5ee the pamphlet What
                               Are the Federal Record-Keeping and Reporting
                               Requirements?}

                            Nutrient management plans for all beef cattle and
                            veal  calf CAFOs must include provisions for
                            S Assuring adequate manure storage capacity

                            S Proper handling of dead animals and chemicals

                            S Diverting clean water from the production area

                            S Keeping animals out of surface water

                            S Using site-specific
                               conservation  practices
                                                            The land application
                                                            area includes all
                                                            the land under your
                                                            control where you
                                                            spread manure.
 S  Developing ways to test
    manure and soil

 S  Assuring appropriate
    use of nutrients when
    you spread manure

 S  Keeping records of your nutrient management practices

Your permitting authority might set more requirements
for any size CAFO.

Requirements for Medium and designated beef cattle
or veal calf CAFOs
Your permitting authority might set more requirements for
your nutrient management plan. These requirements will
depend on the permit writer's best professional judgement
and could be like the requirements for Large beef cattle or
veal calf CAFOs.
Requirements for large beef cattle or veal calf CAFOs
Nutrient management plans for large beef cattle  or veal
calf CAFOs have more requirements for production and
land application areas.

Production area
 /  Design your production area to contain all of your
    CAFO's manure plus the  runoff from a 25-year,
    24-hour rainfall event (large storms). (Overflows
    from large storms are
    allowed only if your
    operation is designed
    and operated to meet
                                                               these specifications.)

                                                               Install depth markers in
                                                               liquid manure storage
                                                               structures

                                                               Inspect your production
                                                               area weekly and all water
                                                               lines daily

                                                               Correct any problems you
                                                               find as soon as possible

                                                               Properly handle dead
                                                               animals
                                                           Land application area
                                                            /  Apply manure at rates that meet your permitting
                                                               authority's standards
                                                                                        New Large Veal Calf
                                                                                        CAFOs
                                                         Must design your
                                                         production area to
                                                         completely contain all
                                                         manure plus the runoff
                                                         from all storm events,
                                                         or to contain manure
                                                         and runoff from a very
                                                         large storm. (Overflows
                                                         are allowed if your
                                                         operation  is designed
                                                         and operated to meet
                                                         these specifications.)
                               Analyze manure for
                               nutrient content at least
                               once a year

                               Analyze the soil from
                               your land application
                               fields for phosphorus
                               amounts every 5 years

                               Avoid applying manure to
                               any land within 100 feet
                               of surface water
                             5ome Large beef cattle
                             or veal calf CAFOs may
                             qualify for equivalent
                             discharge allowances.
                             If you use innovative
                             technologies, like
                             treating wastewater in
                             your production area,
                             ask your permitting
                             authority about your
                             options.
                                                                                       S  From time to time, inspect your land application
                                                                                           equipment for leaks

                                                                                       Transferring manure to other persons
                                                                                       S  Keep records for at least 5 years on the date,
                                                                                           recipient, amount, and nutrient content of the
                                                                                           manure you  transferred
                                                                                       S  Information about the nutrient content of your
                                                                                           manure must be given to the recipient

-------