United States
                        Environmental Protection
                                Office of the
                                [Mail Code 1802]
September 2000
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                        Community   XL   Project:
                         City   of  Columbus
                                                           INKOVAi" OX
Project XL, which stands for "excellence and Leadership," is a national initiative
created by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that tests innovative
ways of achieving better and more cost-effective public health and environmental
protection. Project XL for Communities encourages public sector and community
organizations to coma forward with new approaches to demonstrate community-
designed and directed strategies for achieving improved environmental quality
consistent with community economic goals. The information and lessons learned from
Project XL are being used to assist EPA in redesigning its current regulatory and
policy-setting approaches.  Project XL encourages testing of cleaner, cheaper, and
smarter ways to attain environmental results superior to those achieved under current
regulations and  policies, in conjunction with greater accountability to stakeholders. It
is vital that each project tests new ideas with the potential for wide application and
broad environmental benefits. As of September 2000, over forty pilot experiments are
being implemented and several additional projects are in  various stages of

The City of Columbus  Division of Water will provide $300,000 per year for fifteen years
to the Columbus Health Department to implement a comprehensive Lead-Safe
Columbus Program (LSCP) designed to identify and reduce lead  hazards. This
program will  serve as an alternative to the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Lead and
Copper Rule requirements for testing and replacing Lead Service Line (LSLs). The
Program's interventions are targeted to children who are at most risk for lead
poisoning. Flexibility provided to the City  Water  Division from US  EPA and Ohio EPA
(OEPA) drinking water regulations to suspend LSL testing and replacement for up to
three years, allows funds to be transferred to the LSCP. This XL project, EPA's 43rd,
was signed on September 26, 2000.

The additional funding provided by the City Water Division will significantly enhance
the Health Department's Lead Safe Columbus Program.  The LSCP will be
responsible for the following activities:
.   Medical case management will be provided for all lead-poisoned children, including:
   supplying  educational brochures along with free blood  lead screening and probe
   screens within the community, testing  of all children under six residing in a home
   where tap water exceeded the State and Federal lead  limit, and conducting  lead
   hazard risk assessments.
  Public education/outreach activities will be directed towards identified high-risk
   areas and include the following components:  peer-based parent education;
   education for parents of lead-poisoned children; training for local remodelers,
   renovators, painters, do-it-yourselfers  and property maintenance staff; training of
   property owners, realtors, 1st time home buyers, financial institutions, neighborhood
   groups, and non-profit housing organizations; and a training module targeted at
   management, monitoring and maintenance training for property owners and their
   maintenance crews which will be designed to enable property owners to effectively
   manage, monitor and maintain their lead-safe housing.
*  $100,000  in Lead Hazard Abatement Grants  annually for low-cost abatements to
   low- and  moderate-income  families.

In addition to providing increased resources to the City's LSCP an alternative drinking
water treatment technique will be implemented.  Under Federal and State drinking
water regulations, if lead levels in drinking water rise above the limit established by US

 EPA and OEPA. the City must begin testing LSLs immediately and replacing those
 lines that contribute high levels of lead. The alternative to LSI testing and replacement
 involves closer coordination between the City, OEPA and US EPA on water treatment
 changes and quick access to state and national water treatment experts, and is
 expected to provide the same long-term benefit of protecting the citizens of Columbus
 as would  LSL testing  and replacement.

 The Columbus Division of Water may need to make changes to the City's drinking
 water treatment in the future. The City believes that it is unlikely that these changes
 will cause a temporary rise in drinking water lead levels, but does recognize that the
 possibility of an increase cannot be ruled out.   In the event of an increase in lead levels
 above the Federal and State limit regulatory flexibility will be provided under the
 SDWA. This flexibility will be conditioned on the City's commitment to provide
 resources to the Lead Safe Columbus Program and it's additional commitment to
 tackle water treatment issues aggressively.

 Stakeholder involvement is integral to XL projects. The goal of Project XL stakeholder
 involvement is a collaborative working relationship between sponsors-the
 organization that has proposed  an alternative approach -and stakeholders - those
 people who believe that they or  their community will be affected  by an XL project. To
 this end the project sponsors conducted extensive outreach to local and national
 stakeholders and public meetings of interested stakeholders were held in Columbus on
 May 16 and June 27, 2000,

    Can alternative multi-media  approaches to controlling lead, which allow the City to
    use some of its drinking water resources to reduce exposure to household lead
    paint and dust, be more efficient?
Project  Sponsors:

EPA Region V:
EPA Headquarters:
 Gary Garver, Columbus Health Department
 Lynn Kelly, Columbus Water Division
 Kirk Leifheit, Ohio EPA
 Miguel Del Toral
Kristina  Heinemann
(614) 6456129
(614) 645-7100
(614) 644.2752
(312) 886-5253
(202) 260-5355
More information about this XL Project, or the Project XL Program, is available on the
Internet at http://www.epa.gov/proiectxl under "Information on Specific XL Projects," or
via Project XL's Information Line at 202-260-5754.
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