United States
      Environmental Protection
Solid Waste
and Emergency
Response (5105-T)
October 2002
        United States Environmental Protection Agency,
            Christine Todd Whitman, Administrator
For more information on the Brownfie
     accomplishments please visit
                                            ram and its
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                                                                       The Brownfields Program:
                                                                               Setting Change in Motion
                                                                                        Redeveloped Airborne and
                                                                                       Special Operations Museum,
                                                                                               Fayetteville, NC.

                                                                                           A Brownfield is
                                                                                         "real property, the
                                                                                       redevelopment, or reuse
                                                                                      of which  may  be
                                                                                      complicated by the
                                                                                      presence or potential
                                                                                      presence of a hazardous
                                                                                      substance, pollutant, or

Redeveloped East St. Anthony's Village,
Minneapolis, Hennepin County MN,
EPA's Brownfields Program is designed to
empower states, communities, and other
stakeholders in economic
redevelopment to work together in a
timely manner to prevent, assess, safely
clean up, and sustainably reuse
brownfields. A brownfield is a property,
the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse
of which may be complicated by the
presence or potential presence of a
hazardous substance, pollutant, or
contaminant. EPA's Brownfields  Program
provides financial and technical
assistance for brownfields revitalization,
including grants for environmental
assessment, cleanup, and job training.

The Beginnings of EPA's
Brownfields Program
Since its inception in 1995, EPA's Brownfields
Initiative has grown into a proven, results-oriented
program that has changed the way
contaminated property is perceived, addressed,
and managed. Through passage of the
Brownfields Revitalization Act in 2002, effective
policy was turned into law. As it did from its first
days, EPA's Brownfields Program reflects a new
model of environmental stewardship that protects
the environment, promotes partnership,
strengthens the marketplace, and sustains reuse.
Initially, EPA provided small amounts of seed
money to local governments that launched
hundreds of two-year brownfields "pilots" —
building capacity and partnerships at the local
level, while developing innovative approaches to
brownfields issues. In addition to these pilot
projects, EPA tested several other tools during the
                    Protecting the Environment
      Addressing brownfields to ensure the health and well-being
               of America's people and environment.
                      Promoting Partnerships
         Collaborating and communicating are essential to
              facilitate brownfields cleanup and reuse.
                  Strengthening the Marketplace
            Providing financial and technical assistance
                   to bolster the private market.
                        Sustaining Reuse
              Redeveloping  brownfields to  enhance a
                 community's long-term quality of
early years of the Brownfields Program, including
providing guidance and policy clarifications on
Superfund liability, removing thousands of properties
from its Superfund database, providing technical
assistance and resources to enhance state and tribal
voluntary cleanup programs, and promoting
partnerships across the country.
These trial efforts proved the value of collaboration
among federal, state, and local entities to address lesser
contaminated properties. When the Brownfields
Revitalization Act was signed into law on January 11,
2002, EPA and its partners had clearly demonstrated
that common sense approaches were the best way to
help American cities handle their own economic
destinies with a federal safety net to ensure
environmental protection. By January 2002, the
investment in EPA's Brownfields Program—less than $400
million—had leveraged $3.7 billion in brownfields
cleanup and redevelopment funding from the private
and public sectors and created more than 15,000 new
jobs, often in economically disadvantaged areas that
needed them most. More than 3,500 properties had
been assessed, approximately one-third of which were
found to have no significant contamination, or levels so
low they required no cleanup prior to the property's
reuse. And every acre of reused brownfields preserved
an estimated 4.5 acres of unused green space.

Wellston Housing Project St. Louis, MO.
Former Post Office transformed into Consumer
Energy Headquarters, Jackson County, Ml.
EPA's Brownfields Program Today
The Brownfields Revitalization Act provides new tools for
the public and private sector to promote sustainable
brownfields cleanup and reuse. Brownfields grants will
continue to serve as the foundation of EPA's Brownfields
Program. In addition to the brownfields grants
summarized below, EPA will continue to test out other
possible innovations.
•   Assessment Grants provide funding for brownfield
    inventories, planning, environmental assessments,
    and community outreach.
•   Revolving Loan Fund Grants provide funding to
    capitalize loans that are used to clean up
•   Cleanup Grants provide direct funding for cleanup
    activities at certain properties with planned green
    space, recreation, or other nonprofit reuses.
•   Job Training Grants provide environmental training
    for residents of brownfields communities.
The law also codified many of the policies that EPA has
developed over the years to provide clarification about
and protection from CERCLA liability for certain
innocent landowners, prospective purchasers,
contiguous property owners, and others who  conduct
contaminated property cleanups under a state or
tribe's voluntary response program.
     A Promising Future
     The momentum generated by EPA's brownfields
     grants, policies, and technical assistance is leaving
     an enduring legacy—leveraging state, local, and
     private investment long after federal funds are
     Across the country, communities once impacted
     by brownfields now benefit through local
     environmental job training programs.
     Environmental assessments conducted through
     the grant program have removed contamination
     and liability uncertainties from thousands of
     properties resulting in billions of dollars in cleanup
     and redevelopment funding leveraged from the
     private and public sectors. EPA's Brownfields
     Program helps reduce hopelessness with
     community empowerment and economic
     revitalization, and enables disadvantaged
     neighborhoods to succeed by providing
     incentives and removing obstacles to strengthen
     the marketplace and sustain reuse. Under its
     Revitalization Agenda, EPA is instilling the concept
     of land stewardship to ensure consideration of the
     full, sustainable life-cycle of all properties
     addressed by EPA's waste programs.
                                                                     "(The Brownfields Revifalizafion Acf is a)
                                                                     sensible piece of legislation, one fhaf
                                                                     emphasizes fhe need for environmenfal
                                                                     stewardship all across fhe country."
                                                                                - President George W. Bush
                                                                                        January 11,2002
                     Enhancing State and
                      Tribal Capacity for
                      Continued Success

       EPA's  Brownfields Program builds and
    enhances state and tribal capacity by:
  • Providing financial support for states and tribes to
    develop  and enhance their voluntary response
•  Providing protection from federal Superfund liability at
  properties addressed under state voluntary response
  programs; and
Forming effective partnerships  with state and tribal
governments to bolster efforts to clean up brownfield
properties under the Brownfields Revitalization Act orthrough
Memoranda of Agreement (MOA) with individual states.