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Why Develop an IWMP?
An Integrated Waste Management Plan (IWMP) is the
blueprint of a comprehensive waste management
program. A successful IWMP can effectively lower
total operating costs, increase efficiency, reduce
the use of open dumps, and improve protection of
human health and the environment.

An IWMP is a practical document that provides
the information and guidance needed to make
critical waste management decisions. The plan
also identifies alternatives for managing waste
and the resources needed to implement a waste
management program.
  to  Developing  a
  Tribal Integrated
            i  Management
What Activities Are
Covered by an IWMP?
An IWMP addresses a range of solid and hazardous
waste management activities including: waste
prevention, waste collection, materials reuse,
recycling, composting, and household hazardous
waste disposal.

The three steps outlined in this brochure provide
a general overview of the components needed to
develop an IWMP.

Visit EPA's Waste Management in Indian Country
Web site at www.epa.gov/tribalmsw for more
information on tribal solid waste management
including grants/funding, education, and relevant
  United States Environmental
  Protection Agency

STEP 1. Collect Background Data
Determine the Community Service Area. Collect
information on population, households, climate,
geography, economy, and natural resources.
Determine how and where the tribal population will
grow in the next 5,10, 20, and 50 years.

Conduct Waste Characterization and Assessment.
Evaluate the current waste stream composition
to assess how much residential, commercial,
institutional, industrial, and agricultural waste is

Describe Current and Future Waste Management
Practices. Inventory existing equipment, personnel,
and facilities. Outline current waste management
practices (i.e., waste collection, storage and
disposal), operating procedures, codes, and any type
of enforcement authorities or actions. Determine
if the waste management program is sufficient to
handle the amount of waste generated now and in
the future.

Identify Waste Management Challenges.
Challenges may include: insufficient infrastructure,
transportation costs, illegal open dumps, waste
generators, transfer station location and operating
costs. Ask residents what they find to be the most
significant waste management challenges.
 STEP 2.  Map Out the
 Tribal IWMP Framework
 Investigate Waste Management Alternatives.
 Using the data obtained in Step 1, assess waste
 management policies and develop alternatives
 for collection, storage, transferring, reduction,
 recycling, composting, and disposal. Consider how
 neighboring tribes, counties, or other jurisdictions
 operate and fund their waste management

 Determine Program Costs & Perform a Cost/
 Benefit Analysis. Based on the alternatives being
 considered, conduct a preliminary cost analysis that
 includes capital and operational cost estimates and
 estimate how much time is required to implement
 the different options such as developing, building,
 and designing a new facility or developing a curb-
 side pickup program. Include cost-effectiveness and
 an economic assessment of each system.

 Select a Final Alternative Option.  Determine what
 option will be the most economically, socially, and
 environmentally feasible for your tribe based on
 Steps 1 and 2.
STEP 3. Write & Implement
the Tribal IWMP
Develop Goals and Objectives. Based on the option
selected in Step 2, establish overall goals and objectives
by analyzing issues and evaluating demographic,
geographic, and waste data. These will serve as a guide
for developing the plan and for resolving future/
unforeseen issues. Develop short and long-term goals,
keeping in mind future demographic changes.

Determine Milestones. Pro vide the framework for
implementing the plan. Specify partners, major tasks,
target dates, anticipated costs, and funding sources.

Write the Tribal IWMP. Include the information
obtained in Steps 1 and 2 along with the description
of the funding, long-term goals, and how the IWMP
will ensure sustainability.

Plan Adoption. Document the approval of the
IWMP by the appropriate governing body.

Plan Review, Adaption,  Evaluation, & Updates.
Review and adapt the plan to meet any new waste
codes, technologies, political environments and
other changing conditions. Evaluate the success
of the plan based on the  goals, objectives, and
milestones created. Update or amend your tribal
IWMP every one to five  years, or as needed.
The  Role of Public Involvement
The success of a waste management plan largely depends on public involvement and
support.  Involve the community early and often in the planning process. It is important to
identify a lead agency/person, define roles and responsibilities, and identify  partners who can
provide assistance in developing and implementing the plan at the beginning of the process.
Throughout the entire process, engage the entire community - schools, businesses, elders,
and children - through education, soliciting ideas and  receiving feedback.
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