Update #29: Five Steps to Effective Pest Management
                      JulyS, 2010
                    Indoor Air  Quality  Tools  for Schools Program
                                                                                   Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)
> News and Events
> A National Partnership Effort  EPA's PestWise Program
> Five Steps to Effective Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
> A Pest  Management Professional's Perspective on IPM in Schools
> Inspiring Action:  IAQ Design Challenge School District Update  Schodack Central School District
> Other IPM Resources
> Have Your Questions Answered

  EPA funding opportunity  apply by July 26, 2010. The National
  Environmental Education Act authorizes EPA to fund a National
  Environmental Education Training Program. The purpose of this program
  is to deliver environmental education training and long-term support to
  teachers and other education professionals in the United States to enable
  them to teach effectively about environmental issues. EPA will be awarding
  one cooperative agreement to fund this five-year national program. For
  more information, detailed eligibility requirements and the scope of work for
  this program, visit http://www.epa.gov/education/educate/solicitation.html.

  Become an IAQ Tools for Schools Award winner! Applications for EPA's
  competitive National Excellence, National Model of Sustained Excellence
  and National IAQ Tools for Schools Connector Awards are now being
  accepted. Apply by October, 8, 2010, to be considered.

  View the IPM Webinar. A video of the June 3, 2010, Integrated Pest
  Management in Schools webinar is available to view at http://www.epa.
  gov/iaq/schools/webconferences.html, as well as a PDF of the slide
  presentation, a Question and Answer document and other resources from
  the expert speakers.

  New ASHRAE publication available  Indoor Air Quality Guide: Best
  Practices for Design, Construction, and Commissioning. Available
  free of charge, the American Society  of Heating, Refrigerating and Air
  Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) published the guide for all professionals
  concerned with IAQ in commercial and institutional buildings. Read it to
  learn best practices for all aspects of IAQ building design, commissioning
  and construction, and access IAQ strategies, diagrams,  case studies and
  more. Download the IAQ Summary Guidance at http://www.ashrae.org/

  More EPA funding available  apply by July 26, 2010. EPA's Office of
  Pesticide Programs (OPP), in coordination with the EPA Regional Offices,
  announces the availability of approximately $530,000 for assistance
  agreements to further the pesticide risk reduction goals of the Pesticide
Eureka Elementary School has
serious pest problems including
flies, cockroaches, rodents, ants
and spiders. Fortunately these pests
are the virtual kind, living inside a
new online video game designed to
teach students and teachers about
IPM. Developed by University of
Nebraska-Lincoln Extension, Pest
Private Eye and the Case of IPM
in Schools is a valuable addition to
any IPM education plan. Targeted
to 4th - 6th graders, the website
also includes a teacher's guide with
additional activities, lesson plans,
pest profiles and  a Pest  Private Eye
comic book. For more information,
visit http://schoolipm.unl.edu/pestpi.

  Environmental Stewardship Program (PESP). Proposed projects must
  address implementation of integrated pest management approaches
  that reduce the risks associated with pesticide use in an agricultural or
  non-agricultural setting and demonstrate the importance and relevancy
  of the project to the goals of PESP. For eligibility requirements and more
  information, visit http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/grants/proposals/2010-opp-


Every day, 49 million children attend school in the United States, supported by
nearly seven million teachers and staff. But they're not alone. Schools are also
frequented by a number of pests including cockroaches, mice, dust mites and
more  including many common indoor environmental asthma triggers. These
triggers increase the number of students and staff impacted by asthma, which
is an epidemic among children  impacting more than 9 percent of children
nationally with rates as high as 25 percent or higher in some communities.
Considering the number of students affected by asthma and the  amount of
time children spend  in school, implementing an IAQ management program is
essential for creating a healthy and safe learning environment.

Integrated pest management (IPM) is a prevention-based, highly effective
approach proven to  reduce pest complaints and pesticide use by up to
90 percent in schools and other public buildings. IPM  practices, such as
sanitation and identification, also improve food safety, fire safety, energy
conservation and indoor air quality. As one of EPA's Six Technical Solutions
for effective school IAQ management, IPM is critical to effectively addressing
indoor air quality and environmental health risks in schools.

EPA's IPM in Schools Program, part of the Office of Pesticide Program's PestWise, aims to reduce the risk that pesticide
exposure poses to children and school employees by promoting  sensible applications of pesticides around schools. It is a
national partnership effort to make safe and effective pest management a standard practice in all of our nation's schools.
IPM in Schools Program partners aim to:

  Make schools safer by decreasing pesticide exposure and associated risks.
  Increase the number of schools adopting verifiable IPM practices, with all schools in the United States implementing
  IPM by 2015.
  Minimize use of pesticides.
  Make schools inaccessible to and uninhabitable by  pests.
  Increase IPM awareness among school districts, school staff, parents and students.

Want to learn more about starting an IPM program in your school district? Become a partner of EPA's PestWise by joining
the Pesticide Environmental Stewardship Program (PESP). To learn more about exchanging information, sharing best
practices, technical assistance and funding and grant opportunities, visit http://www.epa.gov/pestwise. To view a list of
EPA regional school IPM contacts, visit http://www.epa.gov/opp00001/ipm/ipmcontacts.htm.

Can't find a past IAQ Tools for
Schools Update in your e-mail
inbox? No problem! Wish you
could read past editions? You can!
Visit the Update archive to access
printable (PDF) versions of all
past editions on the IAQ Tools for
Schools website.

The Schools IAQ Connector Listserv
makes it easy to connect directly
with your peers to share information
and communicate over e-mail and
on the Web. Join the listserv
today by sending a blank e-mail
message to schools_iaq_connector-
subscribe@lists.epa.gov. Then,
check your e-mail inbox for your
confirmation and membership

Whether your district contracts for integrated pest management (IPM) services or operates an in-house IPM program,
there are some common challenges facing IPM programs in every district  and ways you can address them. Here are
five simple steps outlined by the IPM Institute to make your district's IPM program effective and sustainable.

1.Maintain an IPM policy and an IPM plan for your district. An IPM policy is typically a brief, one- to two-page
  guidance document that explicitly states your district's commitment to IPM. An  IPM plan, on the other hand, is a
  detailed document that outlines how pests are managed in your district. The plan includes who is involved with pest
  management and their roles. For example, who can purchase and use pesticides, procedures for handling specific
  pest problems, and guidelines for pesticide use (e.g., what pesticides can be used and where, or how and when can
  they be applied). Some states require districts to have an IPM plan, but even if it is not mandated in your state, it is

  good practice to create a plan and update it at least once a year. This can help clarify expectations in the event of staff
  transitions, when putting together bids for contractors, and in day-to-day operations.

  Examples of IPM policies and plans can be found on the School IPM 2015 Resources page. Additionally, the Safer
  Pest Control Project and the University of Florida offer helpful resources for developing IPM plans: an IPM Plan
  Creation template (MS Word), an IPM Program Evaluation template (MS Word) and a School IPM Model Contract
  (Adobe PDF).

2.License and train any applicators in your district to use pesticides properly. Even though school IPM programs
  often result in substantial reductions in pesticide use, pesticides remain an important tool. Of course, anyone applying
  pesticides in your school should be trained and licensed to apply them safely. This training can also help IPM
  coordinators better understand these procedures, even if they do not apply pesticides themselves. Furthermore, anyone
  playing a key role in pest management should be knowledgeable about pest biology, sanitation and exclusion options.
  You can find a list of school IPM training materials and a calendar of training events on the School IPM 2015 website.

3. Verify that any contractors providing pest management services are state-licensed and understand IPM. One
  way to do this is to hire contractors that are certified by a third-party program that promotes effective, prevention-based
  pest control while minimizing pesticide use and risk. Three third-party certifications, EcoWise, Green Pro and Green
  Shield Certified, currently operate with certified practitioners in many states. If a certified pest management professional
  (PMP) is not available in your area, you can request that your local PMP  become certified. Certification could be
  included in your bid specifications to emphasize that third-party certification is valued  in your district and to alert
  potential contractors that your district demands a high level of expertise.

4. Restrict blanket purchase orders with vendors or local stores that sell pesticides to authorized purchasers.
  The convenience of blanket purchase orders can lead to miscommunication when pesticides are purchased and used
  by coaches, athletic directors or other school staff without the knowledge of the IPM coordinator. Review all the ways
  that pesticides might be arriving on your campuses. Consider including restrictions  in  blanket purchase orders with
  pesticide vendors, including local stores, so that no district staff may purchase pesticides without approval from the
  operations department, or specify that only certain staff members may purchase pesticides.

5.Consider pest management in new building and renovation design and construction. At one IPM workshop, the
  school district host recounted spending thousands of dollars to eliminate  bird roosts that could have been easily avoided
  in the planning and design phase.  Other pest-conducive designs fail to provide for tight door seals and sweeps which
  are extremely effective in reducing pest complaints, or place dumpsters too close to the building where they draw flies
  and stinging insects to entryways. To avoid this, licensed staffer pest management professionals should be included in
  any new building project, including site planning, design and construction. Remember, even with the most sophisticated
  designs, unless pest management is part of the construction process, pests can move in well before teachers and
  students. In fact, many new buildings have opened with built-in mouse populations. Changing landscape features can
  expose habitats for rodents and help drive them into  buildings for shelter. Be sure to explicitly include IPM steps and
  roles in design and construction in your IPM plan to help avoid these scenarios.


For many school systems, hiring  a Pest Management Professional (PMP) makes good economic sense. Contracting
options range from regular inspections to on-call service when a professional is needed to address a problem. To better
understand the lives of PMPs working in schools, EPAs PestWise program spoke with  Mike Orlino of Superior Pest
Elimination about how his company works with New York City schools.

Superior Pest Elimination works with over 70 schools in the New York and New Jersey areas. Orlino relates obstacles
when working in schools or any facilities that provide daily food services to  many individuals. "Commercial kitchens are
very challenging to keep pest-free," says Orlino." The volume of food and other products moving in, and food waste
moving out, can be enormous." These school kitchens range from 1,500  to 2,000 square feet in size and often contain 20
to 30 refrigerators. To track pest presence, Superior relies on thorough inspection and monitoring. Technicians regularly
and strategically take apart equipment, such as stainless steel drawers, to inspect for signs of insects that can take shelter
inside. Taking the time to inspect areas that are hard to access is often essential to resolving a problem.

Like many districts around the country, schools in New York City frequently have construction projects nearby, which
can disturb outdoor rodent habitats and drive them inside school buildings in search of food and new shelter. According
to Orlino, his team "can rodent-proof anything"  from steam pipe chases to radiators to exhaust vents  using non-
chemical methods, including metal mesh, screening and all types of sealants designed for specific surfaces. Superior
technicians use mobile devices  handheld computers that scan bar codes on traps   and monitoring stations to
produce a detailed report for each school building. School staff can then  log in to the system and view work orders and
actions taken by technicians to assess and solve the problem.

Monthly visits from PMPs should not be the only line of defense in most schools. Some of New York City's school
buildings exceed 80,000 square feet, an enormous amount of area to cover. Orlino and his team communicate regularly
with school staff to educate them about pest biology, explain why pests are there, and show them how to resolve and
prevent pest problems.

Superior prides itself with having a Green Shield Certified service. Third-party certifications like Green Shield offer
credentials that require a higher level of training and performance for PMPs. Check the third-party certification program
websites to find certified PMPs. If none are available in your area, remember that you can ask your local PMP to become

Don't let cost concerns keep you from  requesting an IPM service. While a higher level of service can certainly merit a
higher rate, many PMPs will work with  you to put together a program that will fit within your budget. According to the
School IPM 2015 report, school districts that have implemented IPM have reduced pesticide use and pest complaints
by 70 to 90 percent. Fewer complaints means less time spent dealing with them, and results in more satisfied staff and
students. Improving sanitation and exclusion also improves fire safety, energy savings and food safety. Don't discount
these hidden savings when considering your pest management budget.


Since participating in the IAQ Tools for Schools National Symposium in January 2010, Schodack Central School District
of Castleton-on-Hudson, New York, has overcome financial hardships, including resource  and staffing cuts. Yet despite
these setbacks, Schodack's IAQ management team has used this obstacle as an opportunity to engage the entire school
district and build a sustainable IAQ management program.

This fall, with the support of its new superintendent, the district plans to launch a groundbreaking student-led initiative
that will integrate IAQ management with science curricula at the high school level. Empowered with IAQ education,
students will assess and rate their classrooms' indoor environmental quality on a weekly and monthly basis. Eventually,
the district plans on expanding this inspection program to junior high and elementary facilities as well. "This is a
tremendous opportunity to teach the entire school community about the importance of clean  indoor air," says Matt  LaClair,
Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds.

Stay tuned for more updates from all five of our IAQ Design Challenge School Districts as they work to develop effective,
sustainable IAQ management programs in their Districts.

EPA's IPM in Schools Website
Pest Control in the School Environment: Adopting IPM Document
EPA's PestWise Program
National School IPM Information Source
School IPM Directory
School IPM 2015: A Strategic Plan for  Integrated Pest Management in Schools in the United States
  Is there a topic you want to see covered in an IAQ Tools for Schools Update? Need more information or have a quick
  question? Do you have suggestions for a Webinar, an Update feature, or are you simply curious about an IAQ topic
  and would like more information? If so, send us an e-mail at IAQTfSConnector@cadmusgroup.com.

  Share YOUR news and events! Send us information to share with the school IAQ community. It could be featured in
  the next Update. E-mail your news to IAQTfSConnector@cadmusgroup.com.

  The IAQ Tools for Schools Program is a comprehensive resource to help schools maintain a healthy environment in
  school buildings by identifying, correcting, and preventing IAQ problems. Learn more about the IAQ Tools for Schools
  Program at www.epa.gov/iaq/schools.
                                                                                 Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)