United States
                         Protection Agency
                         Washington, D.C.  20460
                            Solid Waste
                            and Emergency
                        EPA 500-F-00-228
                        October 2000
   Brownfields  Showcase
   Metlakatla Indian  Community, AK
 Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5105)
                                                Quick Reference Fact Sheet
 Brownfields are abandoned, idled or underused industrial and commercial properties where expansion or redevelopment is
 complicated by real or perceived contamination. In May 1997, Vice President Gore announced a Brownfields National Partnership
 to bring together the resources of more than 15 federal agencies to address local cleanup and reuse issues in a more coordinated
 manner. In 1998, this multi-agency partnership designated 16 "Brownfields Showcase Communities"—models demonstrating
 the benefits of collaborative activity on brownfields. In October 2000, the partnership selected 12 additional "Brownfields
 Showcase Communities" to continue the success of the initiative. The Brownfields Showcase Communities are distributed
 across the country and vary by size, resources, and community type. A wide range of support will be leveraged, depending on
 the particular needs of each Showcase Community.

The Brownfields National Partnership has selected
the Metlakatla Indian Community (MIC) as a
Brownfields Showcase Community. MIC is a
federally designated Enterprise Community.  The
Annette Islands Reserve is the only federal Indian
reservation in the State of Alaska. Its 86,000 acres
have supported timber and fishing industries for
more than 100 years for the 2,430 enrolled members
of the tribe, half of whom live on the reservation. In
1940, the United States Army established an air base
on 12,783 acres of land located six miles south of the
Town of Metlakatla.
Until that point, no
development existed
on the peninsula
outside of the town or
its immediate
surroundings.  The
new construction
brought runways, taxi
routes, hangars,
storage tanks and
Community Profile
facilities, housing, docks, a hospital, and infrastruc-
ture improvements to water, sewage, and communica-
tions.  These improvements also resulted in contami-

At the end of World War II, however, the installation
was quickly vacated. The Federal Aviation Adminis-
tration (FAA) leased the airport in 1948 for use as the
Ketchikan Airport. Control shifted to the U.S. Coast
Guard (USCG) in 1956, but by 1973 the airport had
been moved to a new facility closer to Ketchikan, and
all remaining airport support activity ceased in 1977.
A 1996 preliminary assessment of the Metlakatla
                       Peninsula identified more
                       than 80 sites associated
                       with former federal
                       facilities; 72 of these
                       have environmental
                       concerns, including
                       leaking drums, asbestos,
                       lead, pesticides, polychlo-
 Metlakatla Indian
 Community, Alaska
The Metlakatla Indian Community will
use its Showcase Community
designation to promote sustainable
economic development through the
assessment, cleanup, and
redevelopment of brownfields sites on
the Metlakatla Peninsula. The
industrial, commercial, and recreational
uses planned for these sites will result
in the protection of natural resources
and the strengthening of an economy
weakened by underutilized facilities and
unknown contamination.
                                                 rinated biphenyls (PCBs),
                                                 chemical and oil spills,
                                                 and leaking above- and

underground storage tanks. As the result of a
devastating fishing season and the federal shutdown
of timber harvesting in 1995, the MIC Council
declared its community an "economic disaster area"
in 1997.

MIC is targeting three priority brownfields—the
Smuggler Cove Radio Relay site, which is currently
being used as a community-owned power utility
facility; a former power plant, which is currently
abandoned; and the main hangar building at the
airport, which is currently being used as a forest
products facility. The Showcase Community
partnership effort will facilitate environmental
cleanup and economic expansion at the sites
currently in use and promote cleanup and reuse at
the abandoned power plant.


MIC has developed numerous plans and guidance,
including a Comprehensive Development Plan for
the community, a Land Use Plan, a Coastal Man-
agement Plan, a Master Plan for Environmental
Mitigation of the Metlakatla Peninsula, and a
Coordinated Comprehensive Cleanup Plan. Efforts
related to activities outlined in these plans include:

• Submitting 17 sites with redevelopment
  potential to EPA in 1999 (Only four of the
  peninsula's sites are zoned for industrial use,
  but three of those have been identified as having
  high redevelopment potential); and

• Establishing a community-based Environmental
  Restoration Advisory Committee in 1997 to
  provide guidance and channel community input
  on all environmental issues facing the
MIC has formed partnerships with federal, state, and
local entities to address brownfields issues.  Partner-
ships include:

• EPA, which has conducted targeted brownfields
 assessments in 1999 on three priority sites.

• Bureau of Indian Affairs and the U.S. Army
 Corps of Engineers (USAGE), with which MIC
 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)
 in March 1998 for investigation and cleanup of
 contaminated sites in the community.  USAGE
 has removed a number of underground storage
 tanks, drums, and debris.

• FAA, with which MIC signed an MOU in July
 1998, has removed 500,000 pounds of PCB-
 contaminated soil, 8,000 pounds of PCB-
 contaminated oils, 200 transformers, 10,000
 gallons of contaminated fuel, and 5,000 pounds
 of asbestos,  lead-based paints, and oil wastes.

• USCG, which has removed underground storage
 tanks and a PCB transformer.

• Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease
 Registry, which has made the Annette Islands
 Reserve one of six communities in Alaska
 considered to be a top priority for health
 assessment work in 2001.

• Department  of Defense, whose Native American
 Lands Environmental Mitigation Program
 provided funding for MIC to perform asbestos
 abatement at seven sites in 1999.
Brownfields Showcase Communities
October 2000
                Metlakatla Indian Community, Alaska
                               EPA 500-F-00-228


The Metlakatla Indian Community plans to use the
Showcase Community designation to create an
integrated brownfields plan with substantial federal
partner involvement.  Completion of planning and
cleanup efforts at the three priority sites will spur
their redevelopment and/or expanded use, resulting in
10 to 20 new jobs.  In addition, the reuse of these
sites will provide an economic shift for a community
that has been solely dependent on natural resources
for its survival.  MIC further hopes to promote tribal
self-governance and determination and serve as a
model for other tribal communities addressing
similar environmental and economic transition issues.

                         Project Manager
                         (907) 886-4200
U.S. EPA-Region 10
                              For more information on the Brownfields Showcase
                              Communities, visit the EPA Brownfields Web site at:
Brownfields Showcase Communities
October 2000
               Metlakatla Indian Community, Alaska
                              EPA 500-F-00-228