United States
                       Protection Agency
                       Washington, D.C. 20460
                                                 Solid Waste
                                                 and Emergency
                                                 Response (5101)
                     EPA 500-F-98-260
                     November 1998
                       Brownfields  Showcase
                       Los Angeles,  CA
Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5101)
                                                                  Quick Reference Fact Sheet
Brownfields are abandoned, idled or underused industrial and commercial properties where expansion or redevelopment is
complicated by real or perceived contamination. In May 1997, Vice President Gore announced a Brownfields National Partnership
to bring together the resources of more than 15 federal agencies to address local cleanup and reuse issues in a more
coordinated manner. This multi-agency partnership has pledged support to 16 "Brownfields Showcase Communities"—models
demonstrating the benefits of collaborative activity on brownfields.  The designated Brownfields Showcase Communities are
distributed across the country and vary by size, resources, and community type. A wide range of support will be leveraged,
depending on the particular needs of each Showcase Community.
                     Community Profile

The Brownfields National Partnership has selected
the City of Los Angeles as a Brownfields Showcase
Community.  Los Angeles has thousands of vacant
parcels and underused facilities along commercial
and industrial corridors with suspected contamina-
tion.  A  study  con-
ducted by the city's
Community Redevel-
opment    Agency
(CRA) found 344 po-
tentially contaminated
sites within  a three-
mile radius.  Because
these sites are located
on industrially zoned
property  near major
transportation routes,
their economic potential is exceptional.

The city evaluated a list of candidate sites based on
criteria such as anticipated public benefit, suspected
contamination, likelihood of adequate resources for
cleanup, and economic viability for development. Two
initial properties  were chosen, minority population
suffers a poverty rate  of 40%, and an unemploy-
ment rate of 18.4%. One site, located in East Los
Angeles, is 20 acres of vacant, contaminated prop-
erty owned by the state, which has already spent $8
million to remove 40,000 tons of contaminated soil.
Additional contamination of heavy metals, pesticides,
and other chemicals are preventing redevelopment.
The 208-acre SCRIP site is composed of small in-
dustrial properties and surrounded by residential de-
velopments.  Though occupied by 325 small busi-
                        nesses, the site is still
                        blighted and underused.
                        Several parcels  are
                        known to be contami-
                        nated,  which is  pre-
                        venting business own-
                        ers  from  securing
                           Los Angeles, California
                                          The Los Angeles Brownfields
                                          interdepartmental team of city staff
                                          with federal support from EPA to
                                          identify sites and coordinate
                                          resources. Two case study sites
                                          have been identified, and $8 million
                                          in state funding has been leveraged
                        financing for expansion
                        and  remodeling, and
                        which is repelling new
                        business from the area.
                                            CURRENT ACTIVITIES AND ACHIEVEMENTS

                                            These two sites are included as part of a large-scale
                                            effort by the Los Angeles Brownfields Program to
                                            revitalize the inner city.  Productive reuses for the
                                            city's brownfields include open space, new housing,
                                            and educational facilities, all with an emphasis on so-
                                            cial and environmental equality.  Highlights of Los
                                            Angeles' brownfields redevelopment efforts to date

• Commissioning a study to determine and compare
 the financial feasibility of multiple cleanup and
 redevelopment scenarios,  for three  "typical"
 brownfields sites.  Among the study's findings
 were indications that industrial development, while
 requiring the greatest public subsidy, would likely
 produce the most jobs and largest economic output;

• Receiving approval of a $ 1 million U.S. Department
 of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
 Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) to
 establish a brownfields revitalization fund;

• Receiving a grant from the Southern California
 Association of Governments (SCAG) to support
 environmental justice efforts and brownfields

• Being selected as a General Services Administration
 (GSA) brownfields project city, where federally
 owned properties and local programs are being
 layered in a geographic information system (GIS)
 to identify future brownfields opportunities;

• Recruiting several community groups in brownfields
 efforts, including the Mothers of East Los Angeles
 Santa Isabel (MELASI). Founded  to oppose one
 site's use as a prison,  MELASI  will now be
 involved in planning efforts for the site to ensure its
 use meets the community's goals and needs; and

• Partnering  with the Los Angeles  Conservation
 Corps to facilitate a brownfields training program
 for at-risk youth.

Los Angeles plans to use the Showcase Communi-
ties project to  more effectively coordinate funding
and other assistance from federal and state sources,
which are already being  leveraged to address
brownfields. At the Prison site, the city is in the final
stages of negotiating a two-year agreement with the
state to assess  the property and recruit a developer.
The city is also partnering with the Alameda Corri-
dor Transportation Authority to conduct site assess-
ments and cleanup activities at the Prison site.  At
the SCRIP site, the city is working with a community
group, Concerned Citizens of South Central Los
Angeles, to develop a shopping center on a portion
of the property.

Several other federal programs are also being lever-
aged to support brownfields redevelopment.  Fed-
eral Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
(ISTEA) funds have been used to support the city's
environmental justice program.  Other federal part-
nerships include  the Department of Energy's "Re-
build America" and "Clean Cities" programs, which
support economic development through resource ef-
ficiency and sustainable development.  The lessons
learned by Los Angeles' brownfields program will
be developed into recommendations to support the
broader goals of fostering local economic develop-
ment, creating local jobs, and improving  the health
and quality of life in inner city neighborhoods.

                          Environmental Affairs
                          City of Los Angeles
Regional Brownfields Team
U.S. EPA- Region 9
                          For more information on the Brownfields Showcase Communities,
                                  visit the EPA Brownfields web site at:
Brownfields Showcase Community
November 1998
                           Los Angeles, California
                              EPA 500-F-98-260