Paving the Way Toward Cleaner,
                    More  Efficient Trucks
                        Under new rules announced by the Administration today, the
                        nation's fleet of medium' and heavy-duty trucks will be required
                    to meet fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas emission standards for the
                    first time ever beginning in 2014.

                    Developed jointly by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
                    and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with support from
                    the trucking industry, the State of California and leaders from the
                    environmental community, the groundbreaking national program will
                    improve energy and national security, benefit consumers and busi-
                    nesses, reduce harmful air pollution, and lower costs for transporting
                    goods while spurring job growth and innovation in the clean energy
                    technology sector.
                    First-Ever Standards for Heavy-Duty Trucks
                    The new program sets fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas emission standards for three
                    categories of medium- and heavy-duty trucks beginning in model year 2014:

                      1.  Certain combination tractors - commonly known as big rigs or semi trucks -
                         will be required to achieve up to approximately 20 percent reduction in fuel
                         consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by model year 2018, saving up to
                         4 gallons of fuel for every 100 miles traveled,

                      2.  For heavy-duty pickup trucks and vans, separate standards are required for
                         gasoline-powered and diesel trucks. These vehicles will be required to achieve
                         up to about 15 percent reduction in fuel consumption and greenhouse gas
                         emissions by model year 2018. Under the finalized standards a typical gasoline
                         or diesel powered heavy-duty pickup truck or van could save one gallon of
                         fuel for every 100 miles traveled.
SEPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
                  EPA-420-F-11-032
                     August 2011

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   3.  Vocational vehicles - including delivery trucks, buses, and garbage trucks - will be
       required to reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 10
       percent by model year 2018. These trucks could save an average of one gallon of fuel for
       every 100 miles traveled.
Impact and Benefits of the Truck Standards
The new standards for trucks are expected to result in significant savings and benefits over the
lifetime of vehicles built for model years 2014-2018, including:

       Saving a projected 530 million barrels of oil and reducing carbon pollution emissions by
       about 270 million metric tons,
       Saving vehicle owners and operators an estimated $50 billion in fuel costs,
       Yielding an estimated $49 billion in societal benefits,
       Ensuring long'term savings for vehicle owners and operators above their initial upfront
       costs - a semi truck operator could pay for the technology upgrades in under a year and
       realize net savings of $73,000 through reduced fuel costs over the truck's useful life.

In addition, EPA estimates the standards will improve air quality by reducing particulate matter
and ozone, resulting in societal benefits ranging from about $1.3 billion to $4.2 billion in 2030,
The Need to Reduce Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas
Emissions
Heavy-duty trucks are the fastest-growing contributors to greenhouse gas emissions within the
transportation sector and account for a significant portion of domestic oil use:
       Transportation accounts for about 72 percent of our total domestic oil consumption,
       Heavy-duty vehicles account for 17 percent of transportation oil use - and 12 percent of
       all US oil consumption,
       Nearly 6 percent of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions and 20 percent of greenhouse gas
       emissions from the transportation sector in 2007 were produced by heavy-duty vehicles.
How the Standards Will Work
The new standards for heavy-duty trucks are specifically designed to account for the different
kind of work done by the three categories of vehicles:

       Heavy-duty pickup trucks and vans must meet targets for gallons of fuel consumed per
       mile as well as grams of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per mile,
       The other two categories of trucks - combination tractors or semi-trucks and vocational
       vehicles - must meet targets for gallons of fuel consumed and GHG emissions per ton-
       mile. This figure is calculated by dividing gallons of fuel consumed and grams of CO2
       emissions per mile by tons of freight hauled.

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       Within each of the three categories of trucks, even more specific targets are laid out
       based on the design and purpose of the vehicle - such as a semi truck with a low roof
       versus a semi truck with a high roof. Serious but achievable fuel efficiency improvement
       goals are then charted for each year and for each vehicle category and type.

For example, combination tractors or semi trucks built in 2017 or after must meet the standards
outlined in the chart below:
                    Final MY 2017 Combination Tractor Standards


Day Cab Class 7
Day Cab Class 8
Sleeper Cab Class 8
EPA Emissions Standards
(g CO2/ton-mile)
Low Roof
104
80
66
Mid Roof
115
86
73
High Roof
120
89
72
NHTSA Fuel Consumption Standards
(gal/1 ,000 ton-mile)
Low Roof
10.2
7.8
6.5
Mid Roof
11.3
8.4
7.2
High Roof
11.8
8.7
7.1
While the first two years of the standards administered by DOT will be voluntary, vehicle manu-
facturers will be required to meet the corresponding EPA standards for those two years.  Small
businesses are excluded from both the EPA and DOT standards.
For More Information
More information about the Heavy-Duty National Program is available on EPA's web site at:

          www.epa.gov/otaq/climate/regulations.htm

and on NHTSA's web site at:

          www.nhtsa.gov/fuel-economy

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