Could your family
        be affected?

 EPA has developed an
         online pollution
      prevention tool for
    paints and coatings.
    Called The Coatings
     Guide™, this guide
   contains several tools
    to help users identify
 coatings with low VOC
      and hazardous air
    pollutant content that
     may be suitable for
replacing existing paints
           or coatings.
             — U.S. EPA
       Spray Technique
 Analysis and Research
 (STAR®) training begins
  with an analysis of the
      spray technician's
     spraying technique
  through video footage.
        STAR® trainers
    introduce alternative
   spray techniques and
        equipment. The
 performance before and
         after training is
      measured so that
      improvements are
   — Iowa Waste Reduction

            Reducing Air Pollution from:
        Painting  and  Coating Operations
Why do painting and coating
operations need to reduce air
  People who are exposed to toxic air
pollutants at sufficient concentrations,
for sufficient durations, may increase
their chances of getting cancer or
experiencing other serious health effects,
such as reproductive problems, birth
defects, and aggravated asthma.
  Pollution prevention can reduce the
impact of air pollution by using
materials, processes, or practices that
reduce or eliminate air pollution at the
  Painting and coatings operations
preserve, protect, and decorate many
surfaces and products made from a
variety of materials, including metal,
wood, and plastics. Activities at painting
and coating operations include glue
and/or adhesive applications, paint or
varnish application, and protective
coating application, all of which may
release pollutants into the air and may
contribute to  health concerns in the
operation and in the community.
  The best painting and coating
operations implement pollution
prevention strategies not only to help
comply with federal, state, local, and
Tribal laws but also to further minimize
impacts on human health and the
environment. Check with your state,
local, and Tribal agencies for existing

What kinds of air pollutants may
come from painting and coating
• Painting and coating operations can
  produce emissions of toxic air
• Lubricants, degreasers, and cleaners
  can release some toxic air pollutants
  and volatile organic compounds
  (VOC). Chemicals in these
  substances can react in the  air to form
  ground-level ozone (smog), which
  has been linked to a number of
   respiratory effects.
•  While federal, state, local, and Tribal
   regulations limit the amount of
   emissions from painting and coating
   operations, dangerous releases of
   toxic air pollutants can occur if a
   painting and coating operation is not
   in compliance with regulations.

How can painting and coating
operations help reduce air pollution?
  Making changes in operation work
practices can stop pollutants at the
source and increase production
efficiency. By evaluating and improving
work practices,  operations can decrease
emissions, reduce production costs, and
protect employee and public health.

Examples of changes in work practices
that help reduce air pollution include:

Substituting Materials
•  Use cleaners with low toxic air
   pollutant and VOC content.
•  Use paint types with lower or no
   toxic air pollutants or VOC.

Changing Processes
•  Change coating methods to ones that
   do not require spraying.
•  Use enclosed or mechanical parts
   washing and gun washing systems.
•  Reuse cleaning solution or solvent.
•  Schedule color changes to minimize
   the amount of cleaning needed
   between colors.

Improving Spraying
•  Train painters in proper spray
   application techniques to reduce
   emissions and enhance  the quality of
   the paint finish.
•  Replace old  equipment with new and
   more efficient equipment, such as
   high-volume low-pressure  (HVLP)
   spray, airless spray, air-assisted
   airless spray or electrostatic spray

                             COMMUNITY INFORMATION  SHEET
                                    Painting and  Coating Operations
Lowering Emissions at the Source
•  Open containers only when adding or dispensing
•  Use wet and dry filters in a spray booth to capture
   and control paniculate emissions.

As a community, what can you do to help reduce air
pollution from painting and coating operations?

Make Connections
•  Get to know local painting and coating operation
   owners and operators. They know best about the
   materials and processes used in their business and the
   regulations with which they must comply.
•  Keep local media aware of progress by sending them
   updates. Publicity can reward success and attract
   more public involvement.

Make a Plan
•  One idea is to form a work group that includes local
   painting and coating operations to develop and
   implement workable pollution reduction plans.

Locate Resources
•  Use the "For Further Information" list below to
   find governmental and nonprofit contacts who can
   provide help with analysis, technical information,
   equipment, and funding.

Sponsor Training and Translation
•  Small operations may need funding in order to
   attend or provide training.
•  Improved skills lead to reduced paint usage and
   exposure for workers.

Reward Operations
•  Use media connections to provide coverage for
   successful efforts. Positive publicity can mean
   increased business.
•  Visibly displayed awards and certificates may also
   increase business.
                               For Further Information
•  National Paint and Coatings Association: www.paint.org, (202) 462-6272
•  EPA's Sector Strategies Partnership Program for the Paint and Coating Sector:
   www.epa.gov/sectors/paintcoatings/index.html, (202) 566-2958
•  Community -Based Projects: www.epa.gov/air/toxicair/community.html
•  Community information, regional, state contacts: www.epa.gov/epahome/whereyoulive.htm
•  Pollution prevention awards: State, local, and Tribal government agencies, universities
•  Toxicity of paints and solvents:  Paint or coating suppliers, Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)
   (www.epa.gov/iris), Air Toxics Health Effects Notebooks (www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/hapindex.html)
•  Training opportunities: Trade associations for painters and coaters.
•  STAR® Painting Techniques: Iowa Waste Reduction Center: www.iwrc.org/programs/STAR.cfm, , (800) 422-3 109
•  Paints and Coatings Resource Center: www.paintcenter.org
•  The Coatings Guide™: www.cage.rti.org
•  Solvent Alternatives Guide: www.sage.rti.org
•  For more information, please see the Resources section of the Owner/Operator Information Sheet.
National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants
•  Auto and Light-Duty Truck Surface Coating Operations: www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/auto/autopg.html
•  Large Appliance Surface Coating Operations: www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/lapp/lapplpg.html
•  Magnetic Tape Manufacturing: www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/magtape/magtappg.html
•  Metal Can Surface Coating Operations: www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/mcan/mcanpg.html
•  Metal Coil Surface Coating Operations: www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/mcoil/mcoilpg.html
•  Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products Surface Coating Operations: www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/misc/miscpg.html
•  Paper and Other Web Surface Coating Operations: www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/powc/powcpg.html
•  Surface Coating of Plastic Parts and Products: www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/plastic/plasticpg.html
•  Wood Building Products Surface Coating Operations: www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/wbldg/wbldgpg.html