United States Environmental
Protection Agency
NESHAP: Final Standards for
Hazardous Air Pollutants for
Hazardous Waste Combustors;
Final Rule
July 2002
http://www.epa.gov
Office of Solid Waste (5305W)
Hazardous Waste Combustion (HWC) National
Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants
(NESHAP) Fact Sheet:

NOTIFICATION OF INTENT TO COMPLY
AND COMPLIANCE PROGRESS REPORT
EPA promulgated the Phase 1 Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) standards, also called the
National Em ission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), for hazardous waste burning incinerators,
cement kilns, and lightweight aggregate kilns (64 FR 52828, September 30, 1999). These standards were
promulgated under the joint authority of the Clean Air Act (CAA) and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
(RCRA). Since 1999, we have issued several technical corrections and amendments to the Phase 1 HWC NESHAP
to improve its implementation. In addition, we have also revised specific sections in response to vacaturs ordered
by the Court of Appeals for the District of Colum bia Circuit. Most notably, we promulgated nego tiated interim
emission standards that temporarily replace the 1999-promulgated standards, and we extended the compliance date
by one year. This fact sheet summarizes, for the convenience of all interested stakeholders, regulators, and
industry, the Notification of Intent to Comply (NIC) and Compliance Progress Report requirements, and any
relevant amen dments.
Notification of Intent to Comply

In the June 19, 1998 "fast track" final rule (63 FR 33782), we required that sources notify their
regulatory agencies of their intent to comply or not to comply with the Phase 1 HWC NESHAP.
We repeated this requirement, called the Notification of Intent to Comply (NIC), in the final
Phase 1 HWC NESHAP rule published on September 30, 1999 (64 FR 52828).  The NIC
requirement applied to all sources subject to the original Phase 1  HWC NESHAP, including
those that began burning after the September 30, 1999 promulgation date of the rule  (see 40 CFR
63.1212(b) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000).

On July 25, 2000, the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit decided  Chemical
Manufacturers Ass'n v. EPA, 217 F. 3d 861 (D.C. Cir. 2000) by vacating several Phase 1 HWC
NESHAP requirements, including the NIC. Because sources were required to comply with the
NIC in order to be eligible for the RCRA streamlined permit modification procedure, EPA
requested and the court agreed to withhold issuing its mandate to vacate until after October 2,
2000, the date that final NICs were due for existing sources.  The court issued its mandate on
October  11, 2000. We removed the NIC requirements from the federal regulations on May 14,
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2001 (66 FR 24270).  Since the court issued its mandate after the final NICs were due for
existing sources, we chose to retain this fact sheet in the Toolkit. You will note, however, that
we modified the original version of the fact sheet, which was dated June 2000, to include this
summary information concerning the October 11, 2000 vacatur.

Purpose of the Notification of Intent to Comply

The NIC served several purposes for you (the source), the public and your regulatory agency. In
general, these included:

4      A planning tool for you to determine an efficient means to achieve compliance with the
       Phase 1 HWC NESHAP,

4      A communications tool for you to convey information to both the public and the
       regulatory agencies,

4      A communications tool for the public to provide you with input regarding your planned
       activities, and

4      A measurement tool for regulatory agencies to determine your progress toward achieving
       compliance by the compliance date or, alternatively, your progress toward closure if you
       elected not to comply.

Notification of Intent to Comply Process

You were required to complete the following basic steps to comply with the NIC requirement:

4      Prepare a draft NIC and make it available  for public review by July 1, 2000.  See 40
       CFR 63.1210(b)(2) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

4      Provide notice of a NIC Public  Meeting by July 1, 2000 through the following
       mechanisms: newspaper advertisement, visible and accessible sign posting at or near the
       source, broadcast media announcement, and notice to your  facility mailing list.  See 40
       CFR 63.1210(c)(3) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

+      Hold an informal NIC Public Meeting no later than July 31, 2000. See 40 CFR
       63.1210(c)(l) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

+      Submit a final NIC to your regulatory agency by October 2, 2000.  See 40 CFR
       63.1210(b)(3) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

Draft Notification of Intent to Comply
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You were required to make the draft NIC available to the public for their review by July 1, 2000.
In this way, the document could be used as the basis for the discussion at the NIC public meeting
which was required to occur no later than July 31, 2000.  The draft NIC should have contained:

4      General facility information including:

             Name and address of the owner/operator and the source.

             Whether you are a major or area source.

             Any waste minimization and pollution control techniques you were considering to
              ensure compliance with the Phase 1 HWC NESHAP. You should have indicated
              if you required an extension to your compliance date for the addition or
              installation of waste minimization controls. Where necessary, sources can request
              an extension to their compliance date for up to one year for the purpose of adding
              waste minimization measures or equipment. Such requests are subject to approval
              by the regulatory agency. See 40 CFR 63.1213. Waste minimization may include
              equipment or technology modifications, work practices, maintenance, training,
              inventory control, closed loop recycling, and/or environmentally sound on-site or
              off-site recycling (excluding burning for energy recovery as recycling).

             Any emission monitoring techniques you were considering.

             Waste minimization and pollution control technique effectiveness and how you
              arrived at that determination.

             A statement that you intended or did not intend to comply with the HWC
              NESHAP.

       See 40 CFR 63.1210(b)(l)(i) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

4      A description of the key activities you intended to perform in order to comply with all
       HWC NESHAP emission control requirements. For each activity, you were required to
       include estimated initiation and completion dates. Although you were required to include
       these dates  in your NIC, they were for informational purposes only in order to measure
       your progress toward compliance with the NESHAP or facility closure; they were not
       enforceable.

       Below are the key activities that we identified in the Phase  1 HWC NESHAP rule that
       must have been included in the NIC.  You could also have included additional key
       activities as appropriate.

             The dates by which you intended to develop engineering studies for emission

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              control systems or process changes for emission reductions.

             The dates by which you intended to commit or secure internal or external
              resources (i.e., funds or personnel) for installing emission control systems or
              making process changes.  And/or, the dates by which you intended to issue orders
              for the purchase of component parts to accomplish emission control or process
              changes.

             The dates by which you intended to submit construction applications to the
              appropriate authorities.

             The dates by which you intended to initiate and complete on-site construction,
              installation of emission control equipment, or process changes.

             The date by which you expected to achieve final compliance.

             Information on the emission controls and techniques selected to comply with the
              emission standards if this information was available at the time of the draft NIC.

       See 40 CFR 63.1210(b)(l)(ii)  of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

+      The following "Certification of Intent to Comply" signed and dated by an authorized
       representative:

              "I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined and am familiar
              with the information submitted in this document and all attachments and that,
              based on my inquiry of those individuals immediately responsible for obtaining
              the information, I believe that the information is true, accurate, and complete. I
              am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information,
              including the possibility of fine and imprisonment."

       The authorized representative  should be: a responsible corporate officer (for a
       corporation),  a general partner (for a partnership), the proprietor (of a sole
       proprietorship), or a principal  executive  officer or ranking elected official (for a
       municipality, State, Federal, or other public Agency).

       See 40 CFR 63.1212(a)(l) and (2) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

Sources that did not intend to comply with the Phase 1 HWC NESHAP were required to stop
burning hazardous waste on or before October 1, 2001, with one exception. This exception was
for those facilities that had another on-site source subject to the HWC NESHAP and needed to
continue burning hazardous waste in one source while making equipment modifications in the
other.  Under that scenario, you could continue burning hazardous waste after October 1, 2001, if
you certified in your NIC that:

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             You would stop burning hazardous waste on or before September 30, 2002 (the
             original Phase 1 HWC NESHAP compliance date), and

             You would combust hazardous waste from another on-site source during the year
             prior to September 30, 2002, because the other source was either installing
             equipment to comply with the Phase 1 HWC NESHAP or was installing source
             reduction modifications to eliminate the need for further combustion of wastes.

       See 40 CFR 63.1210(b)(l)(iv) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

Notification of Intent to Comply Public Meeting and Notice

An informal public meeting was required to be held no later than July 31, 2000 to discuss the
draft NIC. The notice and format of this meeting should have been  similar to that of RCRA pre-
application public meetings. It should have been an open, flexible and informal meeting  during
which you and the public shared ideas regarding compliance with the Phase 1 HWC NESHAP or
your plans to move toward RCRA closure if you elected not to comply.

You must have given the public notice of the NIC meeting by July 1, 2000 using each of the
following mechanisms:

4      An advertisement in a newspaper of general circulation in the county or equivalent
       jurisdiction where your facility is located. In addition, you were required to publish the
       notice in a newspaper of general circulation in adjacent counties  or equivalent
       jurisdictions where such publication would be necessary to inform the affected public.

4      A visible and accessible sign at or near your facility.

4      A broadcast media announcement on at least one local radio or television station.

4      A copy of the notice to all members of your mailing list, in accordance with 40 CFR
You were required to include the following items in your public notice:

4      The date, time, and location of the meeting.

4      A brief description of the purpose o f the meetin g.

4      A brief description of the source and proposed operations, including the address or a map
       of the source location.



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4      A statement that encouraged people to contact you at least 72 hours before the meeting, if
       they needed special access to participate in the meeting.

4      A statement describing how the public could obtain your draft NIC.

4      The name, address, and telephone number of your contact person for your draft NIC.

During the public meeting, you were required to:

4      Post a sign-in sheet or otherwise provide the means by which the attendees could give
       their names and addresses on a voluntary basis.

4      Provide an introductory presentation of the draft NIC, including source operations and
       plans for compliance with the Phase 1  HWC NESHAP or RCRA facility closure.

4      Facilitate questions and feedback from the public.

4      Collect and retain any written comments or materials submitted at the meeting for
       inclusion in your  final NIC.

See 40 CFR 63.1210(c) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

Final Notification  of Intent to Comply

You were required to submit your final NIC to your regulatory agency by October 2, 2000. The
final NIC was required to contain final versions of all the items required for the draft NIC, as
well as:

4      A summary of the public meeting.

4      A list of public meeting attendees and their addresses.

4      Copies of any written comments or materials submitted at the meeting.

4      Information on the emission controls and techniques selected to comply with the emission
       standards if this information was available at the time of the final NIC.

4      The following "Certification of Intent to  Comply" signed and dated by an authorized
       representative:

              "I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined and am familiar
              with the information submitted in this document and all attachments and that,
              based on my inquiry of those individuals immediately responsible for obtaining

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             the information, I believe that the information is true, accurate, and complete. I
             am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information,
             including the possibility of fine and imprisonment."

       See 40 CFR 63.1210(c)(2) and 63.1212(a)(l) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1,
       2000.

After you submitted your final NIC, you could revise the information, as necessary.  You were
required to submit any revisions to your regulatory agency and make them available to the public.
See 40 CFR 63.1210(b)(l)(ii) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

Compliance Progress Report

If you intended to comply with the Phase 1 HWC NESHAP, we also required that you submit a
Compliance Progress Report to your regulatory agency by October 1, 2001. You were required
to include  in your report documentation that demonstrated you made progress toward achieving
compliance with the Phase 1 HWC NESHAP. If you  did not intend to  comply or your
regulatory agency determined that you had not made sufficient progress toward compliance, you
must have stopped burning hazardous waste on or before October 1, 2001.  Your progress report
was required to have included:

4     An update of the progress you had made toward compliance since your final NIC
       submission. This would include information demonstrating that you had:

             Completed engineering designs for any physical modifications needed to comply
             with the  emission standards.

             Submitted construction applications to the applicable regulatory authority.

             Secured  an internal or external commitment of resources (i.e., funds or personnel)
             to purchase, fabricate, and install equipment, devices, and ancillary structures
             necessary to meet the emission and operating standards.

       If you demonstrated your progress toward compliance without conducting any of the
       actions cited earlier, you were required to document in your progress report either that
       you were in compliance with the rule requirements at that time,  or specify other steps that
       you were taking to achieve compliance.

       See 40 CFR 63.121 l(b)(l) and (2) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

4     An update of the schedule or milestones you presented in the final NIC, including your
       anticipated progress during the period between the progress report submittal (October 1,
       2001) and the Phase  1 HWC NESHAP compliance date.  This update was required to

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       include:

             Bid and award dates for construction contracts and equipment supply contractors.

             Milestones such as ground breaking, completion of drawings and specifications,
              equipment deliveries, intermediate construction completions, and testing.

             Dates on which you applied for or obtained operating and construction permits or
              licenses.

             Dates by which you anticipated approvals of any permits or licenses.

             The projected date by which you expected to achieve compliance with the
              emission standards and operating requirements.

       See 40 CFR 63.121 l(b)(3) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

+     Information on the emission controls and techniques selected to comply with the emission
       standards if this information was available at the time of the progress report.

4     The following "Certification of Intent to  Comply" signed and dated by an authorized
       representative:

              "I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined and am familiar
              with the information submitted in this document and all attachments and that,
              based on my inquiry of those individuals immediately responsible for obtaining
              the information, I believe that the information is true, accurate, and complete. I
              am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information,
              including the possibility of fine and imprisonment."

       See 40 CFR 63.1212(a)(l) of 40 CFR Part 63 Revised as of July 1, 2000.

For More Information

Removal of the NIC, Compliance Progress Report and  Early Cessation - Implementation of
Court Orders Final Rule (66 FR 24270, May 14, 2001). Internet Address:
http ://www. epa. go v/hwcmact/preamble .htm

Phase 1 HWC NESHAP Final Rule Technical Correction - Final Standards for Hazardous
Air Pollutants for Hazardous Waste Combustors (64 FR 63209, November 19, 1999).  Section
Two: Corrections to the June 19, 1998 Final Rule. Internet Address:
http://www.epa.gov/hwcmact/preamble.htm
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Phase 1 HWC NESHAP Final Rule - Final Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for
Hazardous Waste Combustors (64 FR 52828, September 30, 1999). See Part Five, Section
Three: What Are the Requirements for the Notification of Intent to Comply? Internet Address:
http://www.epa.gov/hwcmact/preamble.htm.

Phase 1 HWC Revised Standards Final Rule - RCRA Comparable Fuel Exclusion; Permit
Modifications for Hazardous Waste Combustion Units; Notification of Intent to Comply; Waste
Minimization and Pollution Prevention Criteria for Compliance Extensions (63 FR 33782, June
19, 1998).  See Section V: Notification of Intent to Comply an d Progress Report. Internet
Address: http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/combust/fastrack/

RCRA Expanded Public Participation
      RCRA Expanded Public Participation Final Rule (60 FR 63417, December 11, 1995).
      Internet Address: http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/permit/pubpart.htm

      RCRA Expanded Public Participation Brochure. February 1996.  EPA-530-F-95-030.
      Internet Address: http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/permit/pprule/brochpdf.pdf

Sample Notification of Intent to Comply Form - HWC NESHAP Toolkit.  Internet Address:
http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/combust/toolkit/nicform.htm
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