United States
                       Protection Agency
                       Washington, D.C. 20460
 Solid Waste
 and Emergency
 Response (5101)
EPA 500-F-97-005
May 1997
                       National  Brownfields
                       Assessment  Pilot
                                                        Bridgeport,  CT
  Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5101)
                Quick Reference Fact Sheet
EPA's Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative is designed to empower States, communities, and other
stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and
sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield is a site, or portion thereof, that has actual or perceived contamination and
an active potential for redevelopment or reuse. Between 1995 and 1996, EPA funded 76 National and Regional Brownfields
Assessment Pilots, at up to $200,000 each, to support creative two-year explorations and demonstrations of brownfields
solutions. EPAis funding morethan 27 Pilots in 1997. The Pilots are intended to provide EPA, States, Tribes, municipalities,
and communities with useful information and strategies as they continue to seek new methods to promote a unified
approach to site assessment, environmental cleanup, and redevelopment.

  EPA selected the City of Bridgeport for a
  Brownfields Pilot. Bridgeport is the largest and
  most economically, fiscally, and demographically
  distressed city  in  Connecticut.  Industrial
  employment has dropped steadily in each of the
  last three decades.  Unemployment in impacted
  industrial corridors is significantly higher than the
  City-wide rate of 8.6 percent. Approximately 50
  percent of the area's manufacturing base has been
  lost in the past decade. The area's poverty rate is
  17 percent, and per capita income in the area is 60
  percent of the State average. Many businesses
  have left Bridgeport for the greener fields in the
  suburbs, resulting in several hundred acres of
  formerly prime industrial land in the City that lie
  derelict and abandoned  due  to the presence or
  threat of contamination.


  The Bridgeport Pilot  is working  to return
  contaminated inner-city, derelict land to productive
  use and to serve as a prototype for other cities to
  redevelop brownfields. To achieve this objective,
  the Pilot is encouraging cleanup  and economic
  development, long-term growth, and prosperity by
  empowering community-based groups to be part
  of the decision-making process that shapes their
                    Date of Award:
                    September 1994

                    Amount: $200,000

                    Site Profile: The Pilot
                    targets underutilized,
                    vacant or abandoned
                    properties in inner-city
                    Bridgeport that the City
Bridgeport, Connecticut    hopes to return to
   a ^               productive use.

Eileen Carey
City of Bridgeport, Office
 John Podgurski
 U.S. EPA-Region 1
of Planning and Economic  (617) 573-9681
(203) 576-7087
       Visit the EPA Brownfields Website at:

neighborhoods and the City.  The City expects that
the resuscitation of Bridgeport's brownfields will
lead to the creation of new jobs, local economic
growth, increased tax base, increased property values,
and improved quality of life for  the surrounding


The Pilot has:

 Conducted field  studies to identify underutilized,
 vacant, or abandoned properties;

 Established an inventory of 205 brownfields sites;

 Ranked brownfields sites for development potential
 using a database  prioritization model;

 Categorized and prioritized cleanup of redevelopable
 properties based  on the degree of reclamation work
 necessary under the  State's environmental  laws.
 The City, various City departments, the Connecticut
 Department  of  Environmental  Protection and
 Economic Development, the Community Linkage
 for Environmental Action Now (CLEAN), and a
 local community task  force have  been  working

 Selected six high-priority sites for "highest and best
 use"studies using the database model in combination
 with other experimental and intuitive criteria;

 Conducted Phase I site assessments on the six sites;

 Prepared redevelopment strategies for each of these
 six sites; and

 Held an "Environmental Job Training and Education
 Summit"  to  showcase opportunities within the
 environmental technology field and encourage
 community  involvement and  awareness of
 environmental issues.

The Pilot is:

 Hosting an  "Investors  Forum"  to showcase
 development opportunities of the prioritized sites;

 Initiating cooperative relationships with other Federal
 and State agencies and local groups and institutions
 to develop programs and services that enhance
 urban revitalization efforts in brownfields areas;

 Linking cleanup and redevelopment  efforts with
 appropriate job training opportunities;

 Identifying environmental obstacles to brownfields

 Estimating duration and methods of cleanup and
 availability of funding;

 Coordinating with the Housatonic Community and
 Technical College  to offer environmental science
 courses to students who can then assist in City
 redevelopment efforts;

 Finalizing  an educational brochure on the
 brownfields program;

 Targeting local  businesses wishing  to lease or
 purchase additional space to encourage them to
 participate in the brownfields effort and remain in
 Bridgeport; and

 Evaluating the reclamation effort's success at the
 conclusion of the Pilot projects.


Experience with the Bridgeport Pilot  has been a
catalyst for related activities including the following.

 We stinghouse completed building demolition of the
 former Bryant Electric site. The Pilot is conducting
 site assessment activities.  Once site cleanup is
 completed, the property will be transferred to the
 City by the current owners. The City is negotiating
 with potential developers to locate a 140,000 square
 foot manufacturing facility at the site.  The project
 is expected to create 400 jobs.

 Received an "Economic  Adjustment" grant of
 $200,000  from the  Economic  Development
 Administration for site characterization efforts.

 A combination of Federal, State and private funds
 have  been combined to  capitalize a $7 million
 "Grow Bridgeport"  fund for small  business
 financing, site assessment, and remediation. This
 National Brownfields Assessment Pilot
 May 1997
                           Bridgeport, Connecticut
                              EPA 500-F-97-005

"Limited Liability Corporation" (LLC) will establish
a loan  program  for  site characterization and
remediation efforts.

The City of Bridgeport will also receive nearly $3
million in Federal Enterprise Community funds to
implement  its 10-year strategic plan. The budget
proposes $200,000 for brownfields-related job
training and an additional $200,000 for additional
site characterization.

The EPA and the National Park Service are working
out an interagency agreement which will support
local  effort for the local Groundwork Trusts, a
program established to assist local communities to
reclaim  brownfields sites for park and recreation
use. The Federal Enterprise community has budgeted
$200,000 towards this effort.

The American Institute of Architects (AIA) used a
former power plant in Bridgeport as the focus for an
Environmental  Design Charrette  (EDC).  The
purpose of this charrette is to bring together diverse
elements of the  community to collaborate for a
comprehensive view of the interconnection between
economic need, community development, and long-
term environmental stability.

Governor  Rowland  has appointed  a "Team
Bridgeport" to develop a State action plan for the
redevelopment of Bridgeport.  The  Governor has
pledged $2 million in State funds to support for site
purchase  and land  assembly,  environmental
assessment, remediation design, and cleanup.

MITRE, a national non-profit engineering firm, is
researching investment firms and banks to determine
what information the banking world needs to approve
funding of brownfields properties.

The Central High School is working with students to
prepare  a video  on the Brownfields Program in
National Brownfields Assessment Pilot                                             Bridgeport, Connecticut
May 1997                                                                      EPA 500-F-97-005