United States
                        Protection Agency
   Solid Waste
   and Emergency
   Response (5101)
EPA 500-F-97-099
April 1997
  &EBA           Brownfields  '96  National
                        Conference  September 20 -  21,  1996
  Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5101)
                   Quick Reference Fact Sheet
  EPA's Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative is designed to empower States, communities, and other
  stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to prevent, assess, safely clean up,
  and sustainably reuse  brownfields.  A brownfield is a site, or portion thereof,  that has actual or perceived
  contamination and an active potential for redevelopment or reuse.  EPA's Brownfields Initiative strategies include
  funding pilot programs and other research efforts, clarifying liability issues, entering into partnerships, conducting
  outreach activities, developing job training programs, and addressing environmental justice concerns.

For two days in September 1996, more than 1000
participants from all levels of government, business,
finance, and local communities gathered in Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania to share ideas, experiences, and new
thinking relatedto brownfields redevelopment. More
than 40 sessions were held on various brownfields
topics including financing, business reuse, community
involvement, assessment and cleanup technologies,
and public-private partnerships. In addition, the latest
brownfields services and technologies were on display
atthe Brownfields' 96 Showcase and Exhibition Center.

The conference was jointly sponsored by the U.S.
Environmental  Protection Agency  (EPA); the
International City/County Management Association
(ICMA); the American Bar Association, Section of
Natural Resources, Energy, and Environmental Law;
the National  Religious Partnership  for the
Environment; and the Mortgage Bankers Association
of America. The City of Pittsburgh hosted the event.


EPA Assistant Administrator (Office of Solid Waste
and Emergency Response) Elliott P. Laws outlined
the Clinton Administration's continued commitment
to brownfields redevelopment.  He described the
President's proposal to expand the Brownfields Eco-
nomic Redevelopment Initiative. He also explained
the proposed $2 billion  tax incentive for brownfields
redevelopment to promote private sector cleanup.

The keynote speaker was U.S. Department of Hous-
ing and Urban Development (HUD) Secretary Henry
Cisneros. The Secretary highlighted the cooperation
underway between HUD and EPA to expedite
brownfields redevelopment, reduce agency overlap,
and develop programs that effectively combine ex-
pertise. Secretary Cisneros signed an official Memo-
randum  of  Understanding between the  EPA and
HUD at the conference.

Other keynote speakers included:

9 The Honorable Phillip  A.  Singerman, Assistant
  Secretary, Economic Development Administration,
  U.S. Department of Commerce;

9 The Honorable Tom Murphy, Mayor of Pittsburgh;

» The Honorable Emanuel Cleaver II, Mayor  of
  Kansas City, Missouri;

» James T.  Price, Chair, Brownfields Task Force,
  American Bar Association;

» Paul Gorman, Executive Director,  National
  Religious Partnership for the Environment;

• William H. Hanscll, Executive Director, Interna-
  tional City/County Management Association; and

• Thomas C. Voltaggio, Director, Hazardous Waste
  Management Division, U.S. EPA. Region 3.

Conference attendees had the opportunity to attend
an array of breakout sessions organized according to
five topic areas:

• Brownficlds Financing;
« Brownfields Redevelopment;
* Community Involvement;
* Site Assessment and Cleanup Technologies; and
• Brownfields Case Studies.

Sessions within each of these topic areas focused on
sharing key information and experiences, listening to
recognized experts in the various  disciplines,  and
encouraging  networking among  the  conference

Brownfields Financing

From introductory discussions about financing tools
to more brownfields-specific topics, sessions focused
on a vast array of brownfields financing mechanisms
and issues, including: the various public and private
financing  options available; roles that foundations
and non-profits play in brownfields cleanup  and
redevelopment; and   investment opportunities in
brownfields  projects.  Speakers, who  represented
banks, lending agencies, EPA, and city governments,
also discussed strategies to leverage public financing
with private financing; ways to bring business back
to the city; the private sector view of cleanup  and
redevelopment; and how to access private sector
capital for brownfields investment. For example,
"'Lost Property/Found Profits: Making Sense Out of
the Investment Equation" featured a discussion of
investment  opportunities  in  brownfields


Ten sessions were conducted that addressed a range
of legal and cleanup issues that governments, com-
munity members, and the private sector face in put-
ting brownfields back to productive use.  Speakers
included representatives from the legal community,
EPA, State government, and small businesses. Spe-
cific subjects discussed included: potential liability
for brownfields parties; small business and govern-
ment experiences in marketing brownfields property;
state government and private sector experiences with
voluntary cleanup programs; and brownfields reuse
for housing, open space, and recreation. Case studies
from the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
(WDNR),  EPA Region 5, the Tennessee Valley Au-
thority,  and  the Chicago  West Central  Municipal
Conference highlighted the benefits of coordinated
government response in successful brownfields rede-
velopment.  The remaining sessions addressed the
selling of brownfields properties, business opportu-
nities at brownfields sites, the  pros and  cons of
demolishing or renovating buildings, successful busi-
ness reuse  experience, and reusing sites with leaking
underground storage tanks.


With community  participation crucial to the long-
term success of brownfields initiatives,  seven ses-
sions were presented that focused on the community
perspective as  it relates to brownfields redevelop-
ment. Speakers included representatives from com-
munity action groups, EPA, environmental groups,
and religious organizations.  Subjects covered in-
cluded: the community 'Vision" of brownfields rede-
velopment; integrating public health, land use. and
planning into brownfields redevelopment; identify-
ing the various stakeholders at abrownfields site; and
incorporating community  concerns into the daily
operations of brownfields programs. In one session.
participants were  given a vivid  description  of the
challenges community leaders have faced regarding
environmental  cleanup and brownfields redevelop-
ment at  Bay View Hunters Point in San Francisco.
Other sessions  addressed the development of local,
state, federal, and  community partnerships, how to
utilize local  job training programs in brownfields
redevelopment, and successful environmental job
training programs.

Site           and

Seven sessions were presented that focused on the
tools for site assessment and risk management and the
cleanup technologies now available to  address
brownfields contamination. Covering the spectrum
 Brownfields Fact Sheet
 April 1997
                 Brownfields '98 National Conference
                              EPA 500-F-97-099

of the scientific and environmental policy/action
community, speakers represented local, state, fed-
eral, and private-sector organizations. The sessions
described technologies and approaches (e.g., GIS.
LandVicw™!!) for discovering potential brownficlds
sites,  exploring site assessment technologies, and
federal and state risk assessment methods for assess-
ing contamination threats to human health and the
environment. In the session on public concerns about
hazardous waste risk assessment, the risks facing
West Harlem residents from diesel pollution emitted
by bus and truck traffic were discussed. The remain-
ing sessions covered risk-based corrective action as a
method for determining cleanup levels for hazardous
waste, off-the-shelf remedies and innovative tech-
nologies for brownfields redevelopment, and future
land use decisions.


The Brownfields '96 National Conference provided
a unique  opportunity  to showcase a range  of
brownfields case studies, particularly the tools and
procedures that have made brownfields projects suc-
cessful. The sessions covered the key lessons learned
as a result of brownfields redevelopment pilots, the
issues associated with using brownfields sites for
housing, and the City of Pittsburgh's experience.
The Pittsburgh session brought together representa-
tives from the  city government, the Department of
Environmental Protection, a local bank, Carnegie
Mellon University, and a private developer—all criti-
cal players that have helped leverage $25 million of
public investment in brownfields into $96 million of
private investment.  Remaining sessions addressed
the issues facing brownfields redevelopment along
transportation corridors, institutional frameworks that
facilitate or impede brownfields  redevelopment.
brownfields redevelopment in waterfront areas, group-
ing parcels of land to attract brownfields investment.
lessons learned from military base closure and reuse,
brownfields  opportunities at small sites,  and the
Bcnton Harbor, Michigan brownficlds redevelop-
ment effort.


Information sharing forums, such as the Brownfields
'96 National Conference, are helping achieve coordi-
nated brownfields redevelopment by allowing all of
the brownfields players to gather around  "one table"
and openly share their experiences and  ideas.  The
Brownfields  '96 National Conference emphasized
that successful brownfields redevelopment relies on
collaboration and continuous communication between
all parties involved.  Brownfields is a true partner-
ship between government, the private sector, and the
community,  and requires innovative thinking  and
community acceptance among them all.

1997            PLANNED

EPA will hold  another brownfields  conference
September 3-5 in Kansas City. Missouri.


Formore information about the Brownfields Initiative,
please call the RCRA/Superfund Hotline at:

Alternatively, please use the Internet World Wide
Web to access the EPA Brownfields Home Page at
       http ://www.epa.gov/brownfidds
 Brownfields Fact Sheet
 April 1997
                 Brownfields '98 National Conference
                              EPA 500-F-97-099