United States
Environmental Protection
Office of Pesticide Programs
November 2011
   Integrated Pest Management
             In Buildings

         Integrated  Pest  Management
                        in  Buildings
                        Table of Contents
Introduction	1
Explanation of IPM	1
     1.Identify Pest and Monitor Progress	2
     2. Set Action Thresholds	2
     3. Prevent	2
     4. Control	3
Importance of IPM	3
     Health Benefits	3
     Economic Considerations	4
Roles and Responsibilities for Pest Prevention and Management	4
     Developers	4
     Pest Management Professionals	4
     Cleaning Staff	5
     Building Management/Operations	5
     Landscaper (if applicable):	6
     Building Occupants	6
     Building Maintenance Staff	6
Implementing IPM	6
     Regular IPM Team Meetings	6
     Education and Outreach	7
     Training Resources	7
External Support	8
Conclusion	8
Glossary	9
Sources	12
Appendix A: IPM Program Review Form	A-l

           Integrated Pest Management in Buildings
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an environmentally friendly, common sense
approach to controlling pests. This document serves to define IPM, describe proper IPM
implementation in buildings, and outline the roles and responsibilities necessary for
success. The following IPM principles apply to both new construction and existing
commercial and residential structures and their landscaping.
This document will best serve individuals responsible for pest prevention and
management in buildings
including, but not limited
to, building managers,
cleaning staff,
maintenance staff,
building occupants, and
pest management
professionals (PMPs). It
may also serve as an
informational resource
for developers and state
and local governmental
Traditional pest control
involves the routine application of pesticides. IPM, in contrast, focuses on pest
prevention and uses  pesticides only as needed. This provides a more effective,
environmentally sensitive approach.
The building-centric  practices prescribed in this plan were developed in consultation
with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Centers for
Disease Control and  Prevention, as well as experts in the fields of pest management,
facilities services, cleaning services, and healthy housing. This guidance allows for
implementation in a variety of buildings and institutions, and will serve as a resource
for standard-setting  bodies such as the U.S. Green Building Council.
Explanation of IPM
IPM programs take advantage of all appropriate pest management strategies, including
the judicious use of pesticides. Preventative pesticide application is limited because the
risk of pesticide exposure may outweigh the benefits of control especially when non-
chemical methods provide the same results.


IPM is not a single pest control method but rather involves integrating multiple control
methods based on site information
obtained through inspection, monitoring,
and reports. Consequently, every IPM
program is designed based on the
circumstantial pest prevention goals and
eradication needs. Regardless, successful
IPM programs use the same four-tiered
implementation approach (below).
1. Identify  Pest and Monitor
   (Pennsylvania State University, 2011)
Correct pest identification is required to determine the best preventative measures and
reduce the unnecessary use of pesticides. Additionally, correct identification will
prevent the elimination of beneficial organisms. When monitoring for pests:

   -S  Maintain records for each building detailing monitor techniques, location, and
       inspection schedule
   -S  Record monitoring results and inspection findings, including recommendations

Many monitoring techniques are available and often vary according to the pest.
Successful IPM programs routinely monitor pest populations, pest vulnerable areas, and
the efficacy of prevention and control methods. IPM plans should be updated in
response to monitoring results.
2. Set Action Thresholds
An action threshold is the pest population level at which the pest's presence is a
nuisance, health hazard, or economic threat. Setting an action threshold is critical to
guiding pest control decisions. A defined threshold will focus the size, scope, and
intensity of an IPM plan.

3. Prevent
IPM focuses on prevention by removing conditions that attract pests, such as
food, water, and shelter. Preventative actions include:
-S Reducing clutter                       -S  Maintaining clean dining and
-S Sealing areas where pests enter            food storage areas
   the building (weatherization)            -S  Installing pest barriers
-S Removing trash and overgrown          -S  Removing standing water
   vegetation                            -S  Educating building occupants on

4. Control
Pest control is required if action thresholds are exceeded. IPM programs use the most
effective, lowest risk options considering the risks to the applicator, building occupants,
and environment. Control methods include:
-S Pest trapping
-S Heat/cold treatment
-S Physical removal
-S Pesticide application

Documenting pest control actions is critical in
evaluating success and should include:

-S An on-site record of each pest control
   service, including all pesticide applications,
   in a searchable, organized system
-S Evidence that non-chemical control
   methods were considered and implemented
-S Recommendations for preventing future
   pest problems
        'entity Pe
Set Action
Importance of IPM
Health Benefits
Adopting IPM reduces exposure to both pests and pesticides. Two health concerns faced
throughout the country by children and adults are allergies and asthma. Rodents,
cockroaches, and dust mites are often present in buildings and can cause, or inflame,
serious allergic reactions and asthma attacks. A New York City Housing Authority study
revealed a significant association between the prevalence of asthma among children

and adults, and the incidence of pests, allergens (high cockroach and mouse allergen
levels), and pesticides found in public housing (Chew, et al., 2006).

While pesticides can play a key role in IPM programs by their very nature most
pesticides pose some risk. They are powerful tools for controlling pests but need to be
used carefully and judiciously. For more information on health and safety issues
associated with pesticides, visit:  www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/health  fs.htm. For
information on specific chemicals, visit: www.epa.gov/pesticides/chemicalsearch.

Economic Considerations
There are cost savings associated with using IPM.  IPM may be more labor intensive than
conventional pest control and may require more up front resources. However, costs are
generally lower over time because the underlying cause of the pest problem has been
addressed. IPM practices also provide financial benefits unrelated to pests.
Weatherization of buildings not only excludes pests but also saves energy and reduces
moisture problems.
Roles and Responsibilities for Pest Prevention and Management

All stakeholders should be involved in a decision to use pesticides, including the IPM
coordinator, pest management professionals, building managers, residents, and
cleaning staff.

   •  Educate the building management staff on IPM-based design changes
   •  Integrate IPM recommendations into the building design and construction
   •  Assess pests in vacant buildings and consult a third-party certified pest
      management professional for treatment and structural alteration options
   •  Use IPM strategies to prevent occupants from bringing pests into new or
      remodeled space

Pest Management Professionals
   •  Notify IPM Coordinator of scheduled visits
   •  Deliver pest management services that provide a variety of solutions, including
      non-pesticide options and recommendations for prevention-based
   •  Stay current on pest management through continuing education
   •  Educate stakeholders on choices for non-chemical and chemical control methods
   •  Participate in periodic meetings on IPM implementation

   •   Keep a well-recorded physical log of pest management efforts (date, pest type,
       control method, result, etc.)
   •   Acquire certification through EcoWise,
       Green Shield, GreenPro, or a program
       with similar standards

Cleaning Staff
   •   Maintain a clean environment
   •   Monitor pest reports from occupants
       (pest pressures)
   •   Identify repairs that could alleviate pest
   •   Address conditions that provide pests with food, water, and shelter
   •   Participate in periodic meetings on IPM implementation

Building Management/Operations
   •   Establish key performance measures to determine success
   •   Ensure that the IPM Plan includes action thresholds for pests
   •   Keep a well-recorded physical log of pest management efforts (date, pest type,
       control method, result, etc.)
   •   Maintain an IPM budget and use contracts that require IPM methods
   •   Hold stakeholders accountable according to their roles and responsibilities
   •   Ensure communication between all  stakeholders
   •   Use prevention measures
       first, especially those that
       have  multiple benefits, such
       as weatherproofing (e.g.
       door sweeps and caulking)
   •   Provide training on IPM to all
   •   Identify a building
       resident(s)/occupant(s) to
       serve as a volunteer liaison
       or council between the
       residents/occupants and building management on environmental matters
   •   Coordinate with landscapers to minimize pest-conducive conditions
   •   Provide occupant notices of pesticide  applications in accordance with the
       pesticide label. Consider adopting the LEED (Leadership in Energy and
       Environmental Design) notification standard.

Landscaper (if applicable):
   •   Utilize landscape designs that eliminate pest-conducive conditions
   •   Assist the building managers in choosing native endemic plants that minimize
       potential pests
   •   Use IPM strategies that include proper watering, mowing, soil testing, and soil
   •   Communicate with pest management professionals to ensure pest control
       techniques and pesticides are not harmful to the landscape
   •   Participate in periodic meetings that focus on implementing IPM
   •   Provide occupant notices of pesticide applications in accordance with the
       pesticide label. Consider adopting the LEED notification standard

Building Occupants
   •   Maintain a clean  environment by keeping space free of crumbs, food scraps,
       standing water, and debris that could harbor pests
   •   Participate in IPM educational opportunities provided by building management
   •   Communicate pest and repair issues to building management
   •   Participate in IPM meetings with management through the  building
       resident/occupant liaison
   •   Inspect your belongings to prevent introducing pests
   •   Prepare the area for pest control service, as detailed by the PMP
   •   Work with the IPM coordinator to get help if limitations make it impossible for
       the occupant to do his/her part
   •   Report the presence of pests immediately to building management
   •   Make all necessary preparation and accessibility for PMP appointments

Building Maintenance Staff
   •   Repair building deficiencies that may lead to pest problems
   •   Participate in regular meetings and special trainings on IPM
   •   Report problems to building management
Implementing IPM

Regular IPM Team Meetings
Regular IPM team meetings enable all parties to understand their roles and
responsibilities. At the initial team meeting, set IPM goals and action thresholds and
discuss a pesticide use plan. Use this information to develop an IPM plan that details
responsibilities, action thresholds, and treatment methods. The IPM Program Review
Form (Appendix A) serves as a checklist to support the design and implementation of
your IPM program.

Education and Outreach
Education is of paramount importance to allow IPM stakeholders to execute their roles
and responsibilities confidently and appropriately. IPM training and education should be
recorded in your IPM Plan.  Seek to partner with key stakeholders in your community.
This is especially important in buildings in which the occupants are more susceptible to
the health impact from pests (e.g., hospitals, schools, and daycares).
Partnership suggestions include:

   1.  IPM professionals should be encouraged to participate in or become members of
       local environmental advisory/strategy committees or counsels.

   2.  Pest management professionals (PMPs) should join local environmental and
       community health organizations to promote the benefits of IPM.

   3.  Building mangers and key stakeholders should use local laws / ordinances to
       leverage funding to support their
       IPM programs.
   Mechanisms of this nature can also lead
   to generating an internal funding source
   that supports the programs existence.

Training Resources

EPA has IPM resources, particularly for
schools and buildings, available at
Every state and territory of the United States has an IPM coordinator
(www.ipmcenters.org/contacts/IPMDirectory.cfm). These individuals are usually located
at land grant universities and are aware of research and training opportunities for IPM
in their university, state, and region.

Four Regional USDA IPM Centers (www.ipmcenters.org) train and communicate
(http://www.northeastipm.org/ipm-in-action/ipmresources/). Recent projects led by
IPM Centers include IPM in housing and schools.

Information on IPM in affordable housing is available at ( www.StopPests.org). The
project is managed by the Northeastern IPM Center at Cornell University with funding
through an interagency agreement between U.S. Housing and Urban Development and
U.S. Department of Agriculture.

The IPM Institute of North America promotes IPM use in all settings. It operates several
IPM certification programs including IPM Star for schools (IPM Institute of North
America, 2011) and GreenShield Certified for Pest Management Professionals (IPM
Institute of North America, 2011). The Institute (www.ipminstitute.org) has a wealth of
IPM standards and contacts for resource information.

The National Pest Management Association (www.pestworld.org) administers the Green
Pro Certification program and has an array of educational and training materials
(National Pest Management Association, 2011).
External Support
In addition to the stakeholders who use the building daily, state, tribal, and local
housing departments are also interested in implementing IPM programs. These
authorities are often concerned with minimizing resident exposure to chemicals as well
as the health and environmental impacts of living with pests. IPM is a valuable tool for
balancing these concerns. For additional assistance, contact your state IPM coordinator
(www.ipmcenters.org/contacts/IPMDirectory.cfm) and local support agencies such as
health departments, and resident support services to synergize efforts.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive
approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices.
This brochure serves as a resource as you develop and implement your IPM program.
Through IPM, you can prevent pests, save money, and reduce risks to human health and
the environment.

The following terms are used in this document or are commonly used in structural or
landscape pest management in schools.

Action thresholds (action level) - a point at which pest populations or environmental
conditions indicate that pest control action must be taken.
Infestation - a troublesome level of pests in a particular area.

Inspection - the systematic examination of a site for pest activity or conditions that
might encourage or allow pests to become a problem. Careful regular inspection of
buildings and  grounds with a focus on pest vulnerable areas such as loading docks,
kitchens, food storerooms, cafeterias, mechanical rooms, and teachers' lounges can
greatly reduce pest problems and the need for pesticide applications or other

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) - an effective and environmentally sensitive
approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices.

IPM team - a stakeholders group comprised of building administration, maintenance,
cleaning staff, and occupants. The team formulates the IPM plan and IPM policy and
participates in oversight of IPM activities.

IPM coordinator - the employee responsible for day-to-day interpretation of the IPM
policy for a facility. The IPM  coordinator may or may not be a pest management
professional, but is the decision-maker who receives specialized training in IPM,
accesses  the advice of professionals, and chooses a course of action. For example, the
IPM coordinator may be the facilities manager or environmental manager. For facilities
with an in-house  professional pest  management program, the IPM coordinator may also
be the pest manager.

IPM plan - a written document that includes specific information on the operation of a
facility's IPM program. The IPM plan may include a description of IPM roles for all staff,
occupants, and other community members; pesticide application notification and
posting policies; list of key pests; action thresholds, a hazard-based hierarchy of
management  options and prevention/avoidance strategies to be used for key pests;
inspection schedules for facilities; policies for working with outside contractors; lists of
resources for  resolving technical questions; and other pertinent information. The IPM
plan provides an excellent tool for training new personnel including during management

IPM policy- a written document stating a building or facility's commitment to IPM and
defining overall IPM goals. This document is updated periodically and used to guide
decision-making as the IPM program is implemented.

Key pest - an insect, mite, rodent, fungus, nematode or weed that frequently results in
unacceptable damage and typically requires a management action. Key pest status is
dependent on the action threshold set for the pest. For example, cutworms may be a
key pest on high-visibility athletic fields, but not on adjacent lawn areas where the
typical level of cutworm damage is very tolerable.

Monitoring - the regular, on-going inspection of pest vulnerable areas undertaken to
provide accurate information to make appropriate decisions for managing pests.

Pest - an organism that causes problems for humans, including damage to structures,
health threats to humans, domestic animals or livestock. For example, there are
thousands of species of ants but only a few cause problems and are considered pests.

Pest vulnerable areas - sites where pests are especially likely to be or to cause damage,
often  due to availability of food, water or shelter, including loading docks, dumpster
areas, kitchens, food storerooms, cafeterias, lounges, mechanical rooms,  and  custodial

Pesticide - any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying
or repelling any insect, rodent, nematode, fungus, weed or any other form of pest.

Pesticide label - all printed material attached to or part of the pesticide container
including directions for use, and storage and disposal instructions. Users are legally
required to follow directions on pesticide labels.

Pesticide resistance - natural or genetic qualities of a pest population that enable pests
to tolerate the  poisonous effects of certain types of pesticides that are toxic to other
members of that species.

Pest management professional - a contractual worker or staff member whose primary
duties involve providing pest management services.

Pest management roles - the responsibilities assumed by individuals to maintain an
environment free of interference from pest and pesticide risks.

Pest manager - the individual who conducts actions and/or directs others to maintain
effective pest management at a site. The pest manager should receive specialized IPM
training and be licensed to apply pesticides. The pest manager may be an employee or a
contracted professional pest manager. The IPM coordinator may also be the pest

Structural pest - a pest found in or on structures such as a termite or wood rot fungus
that destroys wood in buildings, sometimes referred to indoor pests versus outdoor or
landscape pests.

Chew, G., Carlton, E., Kass, D., Hernandez, Mv Clarke, B., Tiven, J., et al. (2006). Determinants of
       cockroach and mouse exposure and associations with asthma in families and elderly
       individuals living in New York City public housing. Annals of Allergy, Asthma &
       Immunology, 502-513.

EcoWise Certified. (2011). IPM Service Forms. Retrieved 11 30, 2011, from Integrated Pest
       Management - Controlling Pests with Common Sense: http://www.ecowisecertified.org

General Services Administration. (2011). Integrated Pest Management. Retrieved November 30,
       2011, from General Services Administration: http://www.gsa.gov/ipm/

IPM Institute of North America. (2011). Effective pest control. Peace of mind. Retrieved
       November 30, 2011, from Green Shield Certified: http://www.greenshieldcertified.org/

IPM Institute of North America. (2011). IPM Star Certified. Retrieved November 30, 2011, from
       IPM Institute of North America: http://www.ipminstitute.org/ipmstar.htm

Maryland Department of Agriculture. (2000). Action Thresholds in School IPM Programs.
       Retrieved November 30,  2011, from University of Florida National School IPM
       Information Source:  http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/DOC/MD_THRES.PDF

National Pest Management Association. (2011). Promote Your Business. Preserve the Planet.
       Retrieved November 30,  2011, from Green Pro Certified Eco-Effective:

Northeastern IPM Center, (n.d.).  Integrated Pest Management for Multifamily Housing.
       Retrieved December 2011, from Stop Pests: http://www.stoppests.org/

Pennsylvania State University. (2011). Pyramid of IPM Tactics. Retrieved November 30, 2011,
       from Pennsylvania Integrated Pest Management:

U.S. Department of Agriculture. (2004).  National Road Map for Integrated Pest Management.
       Retrieved November 30,  2011, from National Information Center for the Regional IPM
       Centers: http://www.ipmcenters.org/Docs/IPMRoadMap.pdf

Appendix A: IPM Program Review Form
This form serves as a checklist to support the design and implementation of your IPM program. To complete,
you will need:
      • input from site staff/occupants
      • copies of service records for inspection/monitoring
      • copies of service records for locations where pesticides were applied (up to three locations). This
        includes documentation of inspection, monitoring, PMP service, education efforts, and maintenance
Answer the following questions based on staff knowledge and provided documentation.

Background Information

Building Management Professional Completing Form	
Site Address	
Describe building/site function (commercial, school, residential, etc.):
Date of Last Program Evaluation^
Has the IPM program changed based on findings from the previous evaluation? D Yes D No D N/A

Have you met the objectives established during the last evaluation? D Yes D No

Describe major construction, renovation, or service changes that influenced pest control since the last evaluation:
Did you have any pest emergencies this month? If yes, did you use a chemical in which the label of that product required
notification? (Remember notification is only required if the label warrants it)
Describe method of evaluating and monitoring the success of the IPM plan & building occupant satisfaction:

Describe major findings from your evaluation/monitoring:

IPM Education Activities


Describe activities for educating stakeholders on IPM and the policy and procedures for your property since the last



Topics Covered



IPM training available in a variety of languages (if necessary)? D Yes D No
Provided IPM educational materials? D Yes D No
One-on-one support provided to occupants living/working where infestation occurred? D Yes D No
Total schools Including IPM education in curricula (optional)	

Maintenance Repair Staff
 Maintenance Repair Staff
 Are pest-proofing inspections ROUTINELY conducted? D Yes D No
 Are the root causes of pest problems always identified and resolved? D Yes D No
 Are maintenance staff and contractors aware of their role in the IPM program? D Yes D No
 Maintenance staff educated on their specific role within the past 12 months?  D Yes D No
 Did you note any evidence of pest presence (e.g. in a log book)? D Yes D No
 Based on information in the service histories or IPM log, complete the following for three sites (use the treatment
 codes on page A-6):
 Describe any recent repairs made in response to the IPM team's request:
 Recommended Actions (use treatment codes on page A-6):

(use codes
on page A- 6)

(use codes
on page A- 6)

(use codes
on page A- 6)

Product Name EPA Reg. #

Quantity (# of devices
or amount of product —
specify measure: oz., Ibs.
pt., qt. gal.)


Cleaning Staff are the first line of defense. Please record in this section all sanitation and monitoring actions
performed by the cleaning staff.
 Cleaning Staff
 Are ALL employees aware of IPM (employees understand how to sight evidence of pest presence and how
 to report)? D Yes D No

 Cleaning staff educated on their specific role within the past 12 months? D Yes D No

 Are formal sanitation/housekeeping protocols in place?  D Yes D No

 Do you use Design For Environment products?  D Yes D No

 Did you note any evidence of pest presence (e.g. in a log book)? D Yes  D No

 Based on information in the service histories or IPM log, complete the following for three sites (use codes on page A-6):

 Recommended Actions (use treatment codes on page A-6):
 Record of Cleaning Treatments (list all products)

(use codes
on page A- 6)

(use codes
on page A-6)

(use codes
on page A- 6)

EPA Re§- # DfE Product

Quantity (# of devices
or amount of product-
specify measure: oz., Ibs.
pt., qt. gal.)


Pest Management Professional & Building Manager
Building managers and Pest Management Professionals are primarily responsible for making decisions regarding
chemical section / application in or around the building. Please document actions and decision made by both parties
together in this section.

IPM coordinator is aware of all treatment options including alternative control methods without
using pesticides? D Yes  D  No
Do you have a strategy for pesticide risk reduction? D Yes  D No
Do you have IPM provisions in your pest control contract? D Yes D No
Are all Pest Management Personnel on site properly licensed and trained? D Yes D No
Are copies of current licenses  included in the on-site log? D Yes D No
Are copies of current labels and  MSDSs for each pesticide product used included in the on-site log? D Yes D No
Is notification of intent of service with customized preparation instruction (if needed) given in advance
of visit? DYes  D No
Is notification and any educational materials provided in appropriate language/reading level? D Yes D No
Is there a formal IPM policy in place?  D Yes D No
Is there an IPM plan in place (a plan to deal with potential and current pest issues)?  D Yes D No
Is there an active, well-qualified  and effective IPM coordinator? D Yes D No
Are ALL employees aware of IPM? D Yes D No
Management educated on their specific role within the past 12 months?  D Yes D No
Do you ALWAYS utilize formal IPM decision-making protocols?  D Yes D No
Have pests been identified before ANY treatment?  D Yes  D No
Does the PMP make pest-proofing recommendations at each visit? D Yes D No
Are the root causes of pest  problems always identified and resolved?  D Yes D No
Did your staff follow the IPM policy and plan when addressing pest issues? D Yes  D No
If no, list strategies to improve their future response.
Have pest monitoring and action thresholds been utilized?  D Yes D No
Are formal sanitation/housekeeping protocols in place?    D Yes D No

Based on information in the service histories or IPM log, indicate whether the following have been completed:
D Occupant interviewed for history of pest problem(s) and tolerance level
D Site inspected and pest(s) identified (including exterior, if applicable)
D Conducive conditions recorded (interior and exterior, if applicable)
D Recommendations written for conditions that attract pest and acknowledged by responsible parties
D Discussed findings with occupant/IPM coordinator

D Information about pest prevention/treatment communicated to/left with occupant
D Non-chemical control tactics used for every infestation
D Action threshold acknowledged and response scaled to level of infestation
D Pesticides selected with risk in mind and used judiciously
D Follow-up inspection scheduled before pest populations could rebound to determine if treatment was effective

Date of Treatment:	
Treatment Record (use treatment codes on page A-6):

(use codes
on page A- 6)

(use codes
on page A- 6)

(use codes
on page A- 6)

if not on
Product Name EPA Reg. # Program List

Quantity (tt of
devices or amt. of
concentrate — specify
measure: oz., Ibs. pt.,

Prevention Responsibilities and Recommendations
Communication with Customer (building occupants)
Information about pest prevention/treatment communicated to/left with customer (by building liaison or IPM
Did you have any pest emergencies this month? If yes, did you use a chemical in which the label of that product required
notification? (Remember notification is only required if the label warrants it)
Describe method of evaluating and monitoring the success of the IPM plan and building occupants satisfaction:

Suggested Prevention/Treatment Choices (Choose from items below; write number code in space in previous pages)
                                                 TO LIMIT HABITAT
                                                                                                 TO LIMIT ACCESS
 1.   Improve general cleanliness
 2.   Vacuum and/or mop floors
 3.   Store food (including pet food and bird seed)
      in pest-proof containers or in refrigerator
 4.   Remove or seal up garbage at night.
 5.   Clean garbage cans/garbage area
 6.   Clean recyclables before storing
 7.   Clean recycling area
 8.   Keep tight-fitting lids on garbage cans and
      dumpsters when not in use and at night
 9.   Remove and clean pet dishes after pets eat
 10.  Treat, trim or remove vegetation with
      honeydew producing  insects (aphids, scales,
 11.  Remove pet droppings outside
 12.  Clean up fallen fruit and nuts outside
 13.  Clean up spilled bird seed around feeders
 14.  Other	
 15.  Other	
 16.  Other	
 20.   Move wood piles away from structure
 21.   Remove brush and/or rock piles
 22.   Eliminate areas of excessive moisture
 23.   Fix plumbing and irrigation leaks
 24.   Seal up cracks and crevices
 25.   Bring orderto storage areas
 26.   Eliminate clutter, esp. near sinks, stoves &
 27.   Eliminate long expanses of dense, ground
 28.   Trim tree and shrub branches 3' to 6' away
      from structure—leave a clean border around
 29.   Remove standing water
 30.   Remove debris from gutters
 31.   Remove debris from roof
 32.   Other	
 33.   Other	
 34.   Other	
 40. Seal holes in structure outside
 41. Seal holes in structure inside
 42. Trim tree and shrub branches 3' to 6' away
     from structure—leave a clean border around
 43. Weather-strip doors and/or windows
 44. Add screens
 45. Repair screens
 46. Add door sweeps or otherwise fix gaps under
 47. Add kick-plates
 48. Seal HVAC units
 49. Cover air vents with Yt" hardware cloth
 50. Other	
 51. Other	
 52. Other	
SITE = Site where treatment applied
METHOD = Treatment method used
EQUIPMENT = Used for chemical application
  Living Room
4. Bedrooms
5. Dining room
6. Den
7. Utility room
8. Basement/crawl space
9. Outside
10. Attic
11. Roof/gutters
50. Inspection only
51. General cleaning
52. Vacuuming
53. Steam cleaning
54. Heat treatment
55. Pest exclusion work
56. Insect sticky trap placement
57. Snap trap placement
58. Multiple-catch trap placement
59. Glue board placement
60. Live trap placement
61. Rodent monitoring block/non-toxic tracking
   powder placement
62. Other	
63. Other	
64. Other	
200. Insect bait station
201. Hand duster
202. Power duster
203. Insect bait applicator
204. Aerosol can
202. Paint brush  application
203. Compressed sprayer
204. ULV machine
205. Rodent bait station
206. Power sprayer
207. Other	
208. Other	
209. Other	
20. Product areas
21. Rest rooms
22. Storage
23. Offices
24. Classrooms
25. Meeting rooms
26. Areas occupied by people
27. Food consumption areas
28. Food prep areas
29. Recreation
30. Dumpster
31. Exterior
32. Basement or crawl space

70. Insect bait placement
71. Void treatment
72. Treatment to other inaccessible area
73. Treatment to area  humans would not normally
74. Spot treatment outdoors (2ft. sq. max.)
75. Rodenticide placement
76. Other	
77. Other	
78. Other	
79. Other	

100. Method not allowed in the Standards and
requiring Notice of Deviation. Describe:
300.  Conduct initial IPM team meeting
301.  Hold regular team meetings
302.  Provide training materials to all stakeholders
Modified with permission from EcoWise Certified treatment code reference chart. (EcoWise Certified, 2011)