United States
     Environmental Protection
The Environmental Protection Agency awarded
the first ENERGY STAR® to a building in  1999,
an innovation that has helped bring thousands of organizations in the commercial
building marketplace to the forefront of energy efficiency and climate stewardship.
The evolution of ENERGY STAR for buildings is a compelling story of eliminating
barriers, driving demand, and delivering excellence. Celebrate a decade of ENERGY
STAR buildings with this historical retrospective of how it all began, where we are
today, and a glimpse of the exciting future that lies ahead.

      A Common Story, A Revolutionary Solution
      The new director of business administration for a local
      school district furrowed his brow as he took his first look at
      his district's budget. Officials in the district predicted that
      rising fuel costs would push annual energy expenditures
      upward by more than 20%. There was no way, with
      increasing costs for textbooks, supplies, and classroom
      technology improvements, that his school district could
      afford an energy bill of that size. Together with their energy
      service provider, they found help from the Environmental
      Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR program.

      Through  ENERGY STAR, the district official soon discovered
      that his school buildings were significantly less energy
      efficient than their peers in the United States and were
      adding unnecessary costs to that huge energy bill. As district
      officials evaluated performance building-by-building in the
      portfolio, they found ways to take action and save energy at
      the whole building level, address poorly operating systems,
      and make necessary capital investments. After two years,
      the district had spent $150,000 on capital upgrades but
      its energy costs, rather than rising to the predicted $4.5
      million, came in at $3 million. Within another two years,
      the school district would become the first in the country to
      be recognized by EPA for reducing overall energy use by 40

      This is the true story of Council Rock School District in
      Newtown, Pennsylvania. It's a common story of a common
                 problem. EPA's ENERGY STAR program offers a powerful
                 solution that has revolutionized energy efficiency in the
                 commercial marketplace.
                                        ENERGY STAR partners in
                                        the commercial building
                                        marketplace have helped
                                        prevent emissions equal
                                        to the electricity  used by
                                        more than 60 million
                                        American homes per year.
                 Dawn of the EPA Partnership Program
                 The 1990s marked an important shift in the United States
                 toward greater collaboration on pollution prevention. It was
                 a time when both business leaders and environmentalists
                 recognized that economic progress and environmental
                 protection can, and must, go hand-in-hand. It was an era of
                 market incentives and flexible, common-sense, cost-effective
                 strategies. EPA's decision to approach the momentous
                 problem of climate change through a voluntary, public/
                 private energy efficiency partnership program reflected a
                 new generation of environmental protection. This innovative
                 approach took shape in 1991 under the banner of EPA's
                 Green Lights program.

                 Through Green Lights, EPA promoted the use of efficient
                 lighting systems in commercial buildings in situations where
                   EPA introduces the Green
                   Lights Program, a partnership
                   program designed to promote
                   efficient lighting systems in
                                 Green Lights merges with ENERGY
                                 STAR Buildings, a program to help
                                 businesses simultaneously improve
^ss Lights buildings.

1991 1992

^^^^^^^^H ENERGY STAR • aSfflffl

1993 1994


                EPA introduces the first
                ENERGY STAR labeled
                products, including
                personal computers and
EPA pilots the ENERGY
STAR Buildings program
with 23 building owners
to showcase the ENERGY
STAR approach.
    EPA launches ENERGY STAR
  | labeled new homes that are
  1 30 percent more efficient
    than the model energy code.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

      they maintained or improved lighting quality and were also
      profitable. It was a novel idea built around an important
      reality: energy efficient lighting could significantly reduce
      the pollution caused by buildings. But organizations were
      not taking advantage of these investment opportunities
      because they did not have objective information, assessment
      tools, or an understanding of the benefits to their bottom
      line. Green Lights offered tools and resources to overcome
      these barriers to efficiency and profitability.

      The foundation of the program was a partnership between
      EPA and public or private organizations, which outlined a
      method for participants to follow, required annual reporting
      of energy savings, and offered a package of technical
      and marketing tools at no cost. The emphasis on the
      commitment to energy efficiency by organizations —not
      just individual  buildings—would become one of the key
      attributes and successful elements of the future ENERGY
      STAR program. Other important attributes that would
      carry on from the Green Lights program include assessing
      performance and setting goals, creating  and implementing
      action plans, evaluating progress, and recognizing

      Whole Building Evolution
      With the momentum established by Green Lights, EPA moved
      beyond lighting to capture substantial additional savings
      by improving the energy efficiency of the whole building.
      Through its work with Green Lights participants, EPA realized
      that the real savings lay not just in technologies but in
the interaction of the various building systems. Modeling
software had shown that buildings could reduce their energy
use by 30 percent through efficiency improvements.

Two dozen showcase buildings were selected to test that
hypothesis over the course of a year. Measurements were
taken before and after the trial period, and participating
organizations used a uniform strategy provided by EPA as
the basis for improvements. The study results showed that
despite using the same whole building approach, some
buildings  logged 50 percent savings, while others only
showed 12 percent. But what did that mean?

Debut of the Building Benchmark
To interpret the results, EPA needed an objective measure
by which  all buildings could be evaluated. It was obvious
that saving energy was good, but there was no way to
objectively compare —or benchmark—the performance of
one building to another. EPA turned to an existing inventory
of commercial building energy use available from the
Department of Energy to develop  comparative metrics for
evaluating performance.

Using these comparative metrics, program officials realized
that the "very successful" building that cut its energy  use
in half still had above-average energy use. Even more
surprising, the "less successful" building with the modest
12 percent savings was actually performing well above the
average building. Moreover, the inventory revealed a wide
distribution of energy performance between the best and
                                 ENERGY STAR label
                                 extended to office
                                 buildings that perform
                                 in the top 25 percent
                               • of the market.
   Portfolio Manager, an
   online energy tracking
   and management tool
   for buildings, is released.
                                      ENERGY STAR label extended
                                      to schools that perform in the
                                      top 25 percent of the market.
                          ENERGY STAR label extended
                          to supermarkets and grocery
                          stores that perform in the top
                          25 percent of the market.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

      worst performers —making a comparative metric even more
      important given such a large spectrum.

      The results of the showcase building study represented a
      major turning point that helped EPA transform the view
      of energy use in commercial buildings. It was clear that
      organizations needed to measure energy use in order to
      manage it and to make sense of those measurements
      within an objective context. The results strengthened EPA's
      position that the business-as-usual approach of estimating
      savings based on calculations —rather than actual energy
      consumption —needed to change. With the global climate
      at risk, damage to the environment caused by greenhouse
      gas emissions was not going to be prevented by theoretical
      predictions of how a building was intended to operate, but
      rather by real-world reductions in energy use.

      From Green Lights to ENERGY STAR
      As the Green  Lights program began to eliminate barriers and
      deliver results, EPA launched a new generation of pollution
      prevention initiatives that reflected the realities of the 1990s:
      the importance of environmental issues to consumers, the
      increasing cost of energy, and the intensely competitive
      world marketplace. Among these initiatives was ENERGY
      STAR, EPA's flagship voluntary labeling program designed
      to identify and promote energy-efficient products in order to
      reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

      ENERGY STAR labeled products were top performers in terms
      of energy efficiency, without sacrificing performance, quality,
or cost-effectiveness. After the ENERGY STAR program
introduced the first labeled product lines —including
personal computers, monitors, printers, and fax machines-
the Green Lights program evolved into EPA's new whole-
building program: ENERGY STAR for Buildings.

New Tools of the Trade
Consistent with the guiding principles of ENERGY STAR as
well as the findings of the showcase building study, the
need for a better way to accurately measure and compare
the energy performance of buildings resonated with EPA.
Approaches were introduced, tested, and modified with
valuable input from the growing network of influential
ENERGY STAR partners.  By 1999, EPA emerged with an
entirely new method and three new tools to encourage
and assist organizations in their efforts to reduce carbon

  • The Portfolio Manager software tool, which would
   become  the engine of the ENERGY STAR Buildings
   program, allowed organizations to measure, track, and
   compare the energy use of all of their buildings online
   with just a few clicks using their own private account.

  • The ENERGY STAR energy performance scale assigned
   a score between 1 and 100, which indicated how
   a building performed relative to similar buildings
   nationwide. The scores were automatically adjusted
   using standardized methods to take into account
   differences in building attributes, operating
   characteristics, and weather variables.
                                                            ENERGY STAR label
                                                            extended to hotels that
                                                            perform in the top 25
                                                            percent of the market.
                           ENERGY STAR label
                           extended to acute care
                           hospitals that perform in
                           the top 25 percent of the
                       Nearly 1,100 buildings
                       have earned the
                       ENERGY STAR label.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

        • The ENERGY STAR label provided recognition from EPA
         for those buildings that scored a 75 or higher, meaning
         that they performed better than 75 percent of similar
         buildings nationwide. Certifications of performance and
         adherence to indoor air quality standards were also
         required to earn the ENERGY STAR label.

      These new tools marked a fundamental shift in how the
      market came to define energy efficient buildings. Most
      people were still relying on more complex approaches, one
      of which was to feed energy bills  into complicated building
      simulation models that would calibrate the bills based on
      other factors. They were expensive and  difficult to use, most
      people did not understand how they worked, and there was
      no standardization across organizations. A less expensive
      and equally well-intentioned method was to perform an
      upgrade, install technology, and then consider the building
      high-performing. Yet research showed that neither the age
      of a building nor the presence of technologies alone were
      good indicators of performance.

      With the debut of its three new tools, EPA introduced
      an entirely new way of testing efficiency and defining
      performance. This new approach allowed organizations to
      gauge the performance of all of their buildings easily and at
      low cost, prioritize investment opportunities, learn from the
      best, and verify the savings of their actions.
                    An ENERGY STAR is Born
                    With nearly 5 million commercial buildings in the United
                    States, introducing this new energy efficiency framework
                    required a sound strategy, a reasoned approach, and the
                    availability of information to provide relevant performance
                    benchmarks. A look at the carbon picture (Fig. 1) made
                    office buildings the obvious place to start; they emit the
                    greatest amount of greenhouse gas emissions among the
                    various types of commercial buildings and therefore offer
                    the greatest opportunity for greenhouse gas reductions.
                    However, with diverse owner/operator/occupant
                    relationships, the office building market presented unique

                    By segmenting the market and understanding the business
                    models of the organizations it was trying to reach, EPA
                                      Other Retail
                                Health Care
                                Food Service
                    by building type
                               Public Assembly

                                 Public Safety
                                 Houses of
& Storage
                       ENERGY STAR recognition
                       extended to commercial
                       new construction with the
                       "Designed to Earn the
                       ENERGY STAR" designation.
                                   Almost 2,000
                                   buildings across the
                                   U.S. have earned the
                                   ENERGY STAR.
                Almost 1,400 buildings have
                earned the ENERGY STAR
                for superior energy
ENERGY STAR label extended
to dormitories, bank branches,
financial centers, and ware-
houses that perform in the top
25 percent of the market.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009
ENERGY STAR Challenge is
announced: EPA challenges
US organizations to improve
the energy efficiency of
buildings at least 10 percent.

      was able to create synergies. Transforming the market
      demanded a focus on how energy was important to the
      organization —not just a focus on the buildings themselves.
      Investor-owners in the commercial real estate market began
      to understand how they could not only recoup their energy
      efficiency investments, but also reap financial rewards in the
      form of higher net operating income and asset value, and
      possibly attract and retain tenants with greater ease.

      History was made in January of 1999 when EPA awarded
      the first ENERGY STAR to a 17-year-old, 74,000-square-foot
      municipal office building in San Diego, California. Over the
      following decade, thousands of buildings followed suit,
      and today more office buildings have earned the ENERGY
      STAR than  any other building type, resulting in substantial
      greenhouse gas emission reductions.

      Early analyses of ENERGY STAR office buildings proved their
      financial and environmental value. Studies documented
      significant direct financial savings from reduced energy
      use and persistent savings from improvements in energy
      performance. At a time of rising energy costs, the presence
      of EPA's ENERGY STAR on a commercial building was
      increasingly recognized as the hallmark of a fiscally and
      environmentally sound corporate  energy management

      EPA was making significant progress with a green building
      approach that was smart from both a financial and pollution
                 prevention perspective. The passing of time would confirm
                 early studies and reveal that ENERGY STAR labeled buildings
                 consistently use, on average, 35 percent less energy than
                 their peers and emit 35 percent less carbon dioxide. The
                 results began to speak for themselves.

                 A Decade of Growth
                 Following EPA's early success in the office building market,
                 the Agency tackled more than a dozen new commercial
                 sectors. Over the years, the ENERGY STAR energy
                 performance scale was expanded to provide scores for K-12
                 schools, supermarkets, hospitals, hotels, retail stores, and
                 many other types of buildings (Fig.  2). EPA also established
                 energy performance indicators for various manufacturing
                 industries, and facilities such as automobile assembly plants
                 began to earn the ENERGY STAR label. Early champions, such
                 as Mines, Arden  Realty, Food Lion, Giant Eagle, JCPenney,
                 Marriott, and the Cities of San Diego and Louisville were
                 instrumental in the program gaining wider acceptance.

                 The transparent, web-based method EPA built to deliver
                 the ENERGY STAR energy performance scale has enabled a
                 new industry of service and product providers to help deliver
                 the program and improve the performance of the market.
                 Utilities retrieve  and transfer important commercial building
                 consumption information. State and local governments,
                 energy efficiency program sponsors, and industry groups use
                 it to evolve policies, voluntary programs, and frameworks
                 that might never before have been  possible.
                        ENERGY STAR label ex-
                        tended to auto assembly
                        plants that perform in
                        the top 25 percent of the
extended to petroleum
refineries that perform in
the top 25 percent of their
size class.
More than 3,200
buildings have
earned the
EPA's Portfolio Manager
tool is updated to include
greenhouse gas emissions
           More than 2,500
           buildings have
           earned the
           ENERGY STAR.
 ENERGY STAR label extended
 to cement manufacturing
 plants and corn refineries that
 perform in the top 25 percent
 of the market.
                     ENERGY STAR label
                     extended to retail
                     buildings that perform
                     in the top 25 percent
                     of the market.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

      In 2008, nine years after introducing the ENERGY STAR
      energy performance scale and the ENERGY STAR label for
      commercial buildings, EPA witnessed a huge explosion in
      participation across market sectors. Seventy-five percent of
      consumers were aware of ENERGY STAR and the number
      of buildings that earned the ENERGY STAR increased more
      than 50 percent in just one year (Fig. 3).

      The value of an ENERGY STAR score has grown with the
      passage of time and the delivery of energy efficiency to
      the commercial building sector. An ENERGY STAR score
      is a quick, objective assessment, easily understood by the
      marketplace as well as all corners  of an organization. As
      long as EPA delivers performance-based recognition, the

      Fig. 2
        Facilities Eligible to
        Commercial Buildings
        Bank branches
        Financial centers
        Houses of worship
        K-12 schools
        Medical Offices
    Industrial Plants
    Auto assembly
    Cement plants
    Container glass manufacturing
    Flat glass manufacturing
    Frozen fried potato processing
    Juice processing
    Petroleum refineries
    Pharmaceutical manufacturing
    Wet corn mills
                •As of Dec. 2009
 integrity of the scores is critical. This integrity demands
 rigorous statistical standards when developing energy
 performance models —a benefit to both the organizations
 who want an accurate reflection of their buildings' energy
 performance and to EPA in accounting for carbon reductions.

 ENERGY STAR energy performance scores are not currently
 available for those building types for which insufficient
 statistical data is available (stadiums, for example) due
 to the rigorous data requirements of the  ENERGY STAR
 program. However, any building, regardless of size, age, or
 type, can still gauge progress using  EPA's Portfolio Manager
 tool. In fact, more than 20 percent of the buildings whose
 energy performance is being tracked in Portfolio Manager
 are not able to obtain an energy performance score.  In the
 future, better information and data will help expand  the
 ENERGY STAR energy performance scale to more space
 types without sacrificing the rigorous standards that are a
 defining characteristic of the program.

 Success by the Numbers
 Over the past decade, the ENERGY STAR Buildings program
 has experienced staggering growth  by every measure. As the
 end  of 2009 approaches, the energy performance of  more
 than  120,000 buildings representing nearly 14 billion square
 feet has been measured through ENERGY STAR. More
 than 5,000 organizations have joined the ENERGY STAR
 buildings program as partners. Nearly 9,000 buildings have
 earned the ENERGY STAR across all 50 states. And perhaps
            Nearly 4,100
            buildings have
            earned the
            ENERGY STAR.
      ENERGY STAR label ex-
      tended to pharmaceutical
      manufacturing plants
      that perform in the top 25
      percent of the market.
EPA releases
first-ever ranking
of US cities with
the most ENERGY
STAR buildings.
extended to houses of
worship that perform
in the top 25 percent
of the market.
                         More than 6,200 buildings have
                         earned the ENERGY STAR-more
                         than a 50 percent increase over
                         the prior year.
                                 ENERGY STAR label extended to flat and            Nearly 9,000
                                 container glass manufacturing, frozen fried         buildings have
                                 potato processing, and juice processing            earned the
                                 plants that perform in the top 25 percent of          ENERGY STAR.
                                 the market.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

      most importantly, over the past decade, ENERGY STAR
      partners in the commercial marketplace have helped prevent
      greenhouse gas emissions equal to the electricity use of 60
      million American homes every year.

      A Bright Future
      Now, 10 years since the introduction of the ENERGY STAR
      label for buildings and 18 years since the inception of Green
      Lights, the ENERGY STAR approach to energy efficiency and
      greenhouse gas emissions reductions remains unchanged.
      It is still rooted in the power of collaborative partnerships,
      the importance of high-level organizational commitment,
      the value of a good plan, a consistent and objective way
      to measure real-world consumption and savings on a
      continuous basis, and recognition. These core values will
      continue to be of great importance to the commercial
      building marketplace as it encounters the challenges of an
      economic recession, growing concern about climate change,
      consumer skepticism of green claims by U.S. corporations,
      and differing approaches to  evaluating a building's energy

      An exciting future lies ahead for the ENERGY STAR
      program. Improvements to Portfolio Manager will  enhance
      its value both as an energy management tool and as an
      important nexus of climate, energy, and green building
      policies. The use of Portfolio Manager by a growing
      number of organizations and localities —as well as the first
      international partner—will enrich this extensive pool of real
      world commercial building data.
 Fig. 3. ENERGY STAR Labeled Buildings (cumulative)
 9,000 -i

 8,000 -

 7,000 -

 6,000 -

 5,000 -

 4,000 -

 3,000 -

 2,000 -

 1,000 -
               •   I
      1999 2000  2001  2002 2003  2004  2005 2006  2007  2008 2009
  ENERGY STAR will continue to expand to new markets
  and address new building types, including data centers,
  thereby creating greater opportunities for carbon savings.
  Organizations will continue to use ENERGY STAR as a
  platform for their energy efficiency efforts and will be better
  positioned as a result to address future climate policies,
  reporting requirements, and regulations.

  Finally, a new emphasis on the role everyone plays in
  improving the energy efficiency of the places where
  we work, play, and learn will  deliver valuable employee
  engagement opportunities and greater consumer awareness,
  thus driving increased demand for energy efficiency over
  the  long term. As the next decade dawns, more and more
  buildings in communities across America will proudly bear
  EPA's ENERGY STAR  label, marking a greater future for us all.
      Green Buildings and ENERGY STAR
      When someone refers to a building as "green" it can mean
      many things, including a reasonable assumption that a
      building is energy efficient. The surprising truth is that many
      buildings identified as green may be no more, and perhaps
      even less, energy efficient than "average" buildings. The terms
      "sustainable" and "high performance"—words often used to
      denote environmentally friendly buildings —do  not necessarily
      offer a guarantee of energy efficiency.

      To determine a building's  energy efficiency relative to the
      marketplace, explicit energy efficiency goals should be set
      based on how real buildings perform. Then, once the building
is constructed and operational, its actual energy performance
should be measured and tracked against the same market-
based data. This is exactly what ENERGY STAR allows
designers, architects, and building owners to do —create an
energy target for specific types of buildings, grounded in real
energy data from a large sample of existing buildings.

As the discussion of green building continues, it's important
to keep in mind that among  its many attributes, for a building
to be green, it must be energy efficient —and for the best
guarantee of energy efficiency in the commercial building
marketplace, look for the ENERGY STAR.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

    Every building has a story to tell. The wide variety of
    ENERGY STAR labeled buildings shows that there are
    many paths to take to energy efficiency, but they all
    follow the same basic guidelines: Start with a organiza-
    tional committment, assess performance and set goals,
    develop and implement a plan to  improve, evaluate
    progress, and finally, earn recognition. The following
    stories  show how 14 organizations made those guide-
    lines all their own.
         Quality Inn

Federal Office Building—7,

     Hotel Nikko

    Green Building
     Salt River
     Group Phoenix
     Cement Plant
     VA Ann Arbor
                                m K Street
                              Food Lion
    Ridgehaven Green Building, San Diego, CA
    In 1999, the Ridgehaven Green Building in San Diego, CA, was the first building in
    the nation to qualify for the ENERGY STAR label. Three years earlier, the structure
    had been renovated by the City of San Diego's Environmental Services Department to
    demonstrate that green buildings can be developed within municipal guidelines and
    budgets, using off-the-shelf technology. The Ridgehaven Green Building's success
    motivated the  City of San Diego to adopt a formal policy establishing the City's com-
    mitment to green building practices. More than thirteen years later,  the building still
    serves as a model for others, leaving portions of building systems exposed so visitors
    can learn about energy efficiency. And it's still among the nation's most efficient
    buildings, having earned additional ENERGY STAR labels in 2005, 2006, and 2009.
    Hotel Nikko, San Francisco, CA
    Hotel Nikko, a boutique San Francisco hotel, blends Asian grace with all the modern
    conveniences guests expect from a luxury hotel. One thing guests might not expect,
    however, is an approach to energy management that makes the Hotel Nikko among
    the most energy efficient hotels in the nation. Through its innovative approaches, this
    hotel shows that it's not necessary to sacrifice comfort or style to achieve big energy
    savings. How do they do it? Eighty-two percent of the building's lighting is either high-
    efficient fluorescent or LED, the hotel has equipped all guest rooms with sensors that
    turn down thermostats when the rooms are vacant, variable frequency drives were
    installed on ventilation fans, and in-room laundry cards encourage guests to re-use
    linens, thereby cutting water and energy usage.
                            The Ridgehaven Green Building served as a
                            model for San Diego, earning the very first
                            ENERGY STAR in the process.
                                                                                  San Francisco's stylish Hotel Nikko makes it
                                                                                  clear that energy efficency doesn't have to
                                                                                  mean sacrificing comfort or luxury.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

   Through better operations and maintenance,
   Waterloo Elementary saved $283,000—funds
   that can now be used for education.
   Salt River Materials Group modernized its
   1950s-era plant to achieve superior energy
   Built in 1928, JCPenney's Huntington Park
   store benefitted from a long-standing corpo-
   rate committment to energy efficiency.

Waterloo Elementary School, Waterloo, IN
This single-story school building serves approximately 600 students in grades K-5.
Facing less funding from state and federal sources, and more competition for available
grants, the school decided to look to low-cost options to improve the energy efficiency
of its building. With help from consultant Energy Education, Inc., the school measures
and adjusts energy use throughout the year. This often means periodic walk-throughs
and assessments at off-hours, as well as educating staff, teachers, and students about
energy-saving behaviors they can adopt during school hours. Within five years, with no
large capital investments, Waterloo Elementary School was able to reduce its energy
use by 31% and save $283,000. The school plans to redirect these savings to better
meet the educational needs of its students.
Salt River Materials Group Phoenix Cement Plant, Clarkdale, AZ
Salt River Materials Group produces Phoenix Cement® at its plant in Clarksdale,
Arizona. The plant was built in the 1950s and, overtime, received various upgrades
to improve operating efficiency. The company also modified operating procedures to
reduce energy consumption. In 1999, the company initiated a major plant moderniza-
tion, installing new equipment such as energy efficient roller mills for coal, raw meal,
and finish grinding, and an efficient clinker cooler that captures and uses waste heat.
When the plant improvements were later evaluated, significant improvements  in
energy efficiency had been achieved and the plant earned the ENERGY STAR in 2007
and 2008.
JCPenney, Huntington Park, CA
JCPenney's Huntington Park, California, store opened its doors in 1928 and is one
of the company's longest continually operating stores in the country. It is also one
of sixty-three JCPenney stores that participate in the company's  Advanced Energy
Management Program which involves both facility maintenance  personnel and store
associates in energy awareness efforts. Store managers monitor energy use on a
next-day basis to catch any irregularities and problems as they occur. After a review of
lighting and equipment schedules, as well as proper maintenance of heating and cool-
ing equipment, the store was able to reduce the time needed for opening and closing
of the sales floor by almost 65 hours per week. JCPenney, an ENERGY STAR Sustained
Excellence Award winner, continues to expand its energy efficiency efforts to its entire
chain of more than 1,100 retail stores through  ongoing education, awareness, and
energy reduction programs.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

   CASE STUDIES (cont.)

   1900 K Street, Washington, DC
   Designed by the firm of Cesar Pelli & Associates and constructed in 1996,1900 K Street
   is a distinctive 13-story office building in downtown DC. In 1999, the building received
   an ENERGY STAR score of 32 (on a 1-100 scale). By trying to better understand the
   design of the building, the building's facility team, led by Mines, was able to close the
   gap between design intent and actual operations. They calibrated controls, installed
   motion sensors and a variable frequency drive, reprogrammed the building's energy
   management system, improved maintenance and routing assessments, upgraded one
   chiller, and fine-tuned settings. As a result, within three years the building received
   an ENERGY STAR score of 75, making it eligible for the ENERGY STAR. The building
   now saves $1.09 per square foot in energy costs, and reports an annual C02 emission
   reduction of 46 million pounds, and has earned the ENERGY STAR label six times.
   Federal Office Building, Seattle, WA
   The Federal Office Building was the first building in Seattle specifically allocated
   to house federal government offices. Built in 1933, this historic structure has been
   showing the buildings around town what it means to be energy efficient. In addition
   to earning two ENERGY STAR labels, the Federal Office Building won first place for
   highest energy performance in the 2008 BOMA Seattle King County Kilowatt Crack-
   down. To achieve this level of performance, the General Services Administration (GSA)
   conducted  an energy audit, replaced an old cooling tower, upgraded the old elevator
   bank and lighting systems, and replaced the control panels for the building automa-
   tion system. The building's utility provider, Seattle City Light, has provided more than
   $100,000 in incentive funding for these projects.
Facility managers raised the energy
performance score of 1900 K Street from
a 32 to a 75 in just three years.
Seattle's Federal Office Building partnered with
a local utility to help finance energy efficiency
   Bruton High School, Williamsburg, VA
   Built in 1976, Bruton High School in York County, Virginia, received a complete renova-
   tion in 2003. The renovation included lighting and equipment upgrades, new windows,
   a cool roof, a building automation system, and a new geothermal heating and cooling
   system to replace the old all-electric system. The geothermal system consists of 85
   new heat pumps, six energy-recovery units, and 320 underground loops that each
   plunge to a depth of 200 feet. As a result of this top-to-bottom renovation, Bruton High
   School became the first high school in Virginia to earn EPA's ENERGY STAR. Officials
   often lead architects, engineers, and officials from other school districts on building
   tours, and report that the annual operating cost for the renovated school building is
   $0.67 per square foot —significantly less than average.
                                                                                  Bruton High School's geothermal system is
                                                                                  helping to keep energy costs low.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

   After a rigorous energy efficiency program.
   Kohl's is now meeting much of its remaining
   energy needs with solar power.

Kohl's Department Store, Sussex, Wl
Organizations often wonder about the road ahead once they have achieved substantial
savings through energy efficiency. In the case of Kohl's Department Stores, which
already owns more than 350 ENERGY STAR labeled stores and maintains a rigorous
approach to energy efficiency and sustainability, it began looking to alternative energy
sources. Kohl's Sussex store had already earned the ENERGY STAR label before solar
panels were added, which ensured that the store's energy use was already relatively
low. By adding on-site solar energy generation, the company minimized the remain-
ing greenhouse gas emissions and raised its energy performance score from an 84 to
a 90. Currently, 61 of Kohl's ENERGY STAR labeled stores are equipped with on-site
solar generation, which provide 20 to 50 percent of the stores' already-reduced energy
demands, depending on geographic location.
   EPA is leading by example through a focus on
   energy efficiency through all operations of its
   Region 8 Headquarters.
EPA Region VIM Headquarters, Denver, CO
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 8 office building represents
the best in design, work environment, environmental performance, and security
while providing a good value for the taxpayers. During the design phase, the design
team achieved "Designed to Earn the ENERGY STAR" based on intended energy use.
After two years in full operation, the building proves that it is indeed performing as
intended, earning an ENERGY STAR and proving that good  design and operations must
go hand-in-hand. Simultaneously, EPA staff members who work in the building are
maintaining its energy- and cost-saving potential through good behaviors. EPA takes
its role as an environmental leader one step further by hosting educational tours of
the building, participating in green events and conferences, and maintaining project
details and a robust case study online.
   The Food Lion in Stanley, NC, represents a new
   energy-efficient prototype fora company that
   already has 900 ENERGY STAR labeled stores.
                                             Food Lion, Stanley, NC
                                             The ENERGY STAR labeled Food Lion supermarket in Stanley, North Carolina, repre-
                                             sents a new energy-efficient prototype for the company. It is also one of more than
                                             900 Food Lion stores that have earned the ENERGY STAR. Opened in May 2007, the
                                             store received an initial energy performance score of 78. Not satisfied, Food Lion's
                                             energy team analyzed the store's energy use in EPA's Portfolio Manager and prioritized
                                             improvements. Within two years, the store's energy performance score had increased
                                             to an 83, and is helping Food Lion fine-tune the operations of future prototype stores.
                                             A leader in corporate-wide energy management, in 2008, Food Lion saved more than
                                             45 billion BTUs across all of its buildings.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

   CASE STUDIES (cont.)

   Southface Eco Office, Atlanta, GA
   The Southface Eco Office was conceived of as a replicable, cost-effective model of
   sustainable commercial construction. In 2006, while still in its design phase, project
   architects achieved the "Designed to Earn the ENERGY STAR" designation based on
   intended energy use. These models took into account proposed design features such
   as daylighting, solar angles and shading, electrochromic glass, insulated concrete form
   wall systems, photo sensors, dimming ballasts, occupancy sensors, and  green roof-
   ing. After construction  was completed in 2008, building engineers began analyzing
   actual energy use and fine-tuning systems and equipment in order to ensure that the
   building was operating as intended. Their commissioning paid off, and after 12 months
   of operation, the Southface Eco Office earned the ENERGY STAR for superior energy
   performance. The building's average daily energy cost is $25.
   Quality Inn & Suites, Sequim, WA
   Constructed in 2005, the Quality Inn & Suites is a 60-room hotel that had been de-
   signed and built with energy efficiency in mind.  But as a mid-scale hotel brand, it did
   not have access to the in-house engineers or outside consultants that many high-end
   hotels rely on. Instead, the owner and staff turned to ENERGY STAR to learn about
   energy efficiency. It also partnered with its local electricity provider, Clallam County
   Public Utility District, to take advantage of several energy saving programs. Their first
   joint project was a building lighting retrofit of which the District agreed to reimburse
   the hotel for 70 percent of the cost. As a result of this and other measures, the hotel
   managed to raise its ENERGY STAR score from an 87 to a 96. The Quality Inn & Suites'
   resourcefulness and persistence serve as an example for other mid-priced hotels to
Originally designed to earn the ENERGY STAR,
the Southface Eco Office fulfilled its design
intent when it earned the ENERGY STAR label.
The Quality Inn & Suites proved that
superior energy performance isn't out
of reach for mid-range hotels.
   Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Ml
   The VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System is a 1.2 million-square-foot campus that provides
   high-quality care to veterans. In addition to performing standardized operations and
   maintenance, the energy team has conducted a series of energy efficiency upgrades
   as well as led the training and education of staff in order to improve the energy perfor-
   mance of the facility. As part of the Department of Veterans Affairs' national initiative,
   the energy use of the VA Ann Arbor is benchmarked in EPA's Portfolio Manager tool
   and reports to the Department on a quarterly basis. It has earned more ENERGY STAR
   labels than any other VA hospital.
                                                                                  The VA Ann Arbor is participating in the
                                                                                  Department of Veterans Affairs' national
                                                                                  energy benchmarking initiative.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

       Some organizations saw the value of earning the
       ENERGY STAR right away. They wasted no time in bench-
       marking their energy use, receiving an energy perfor-
       mance score, and then applying for the ENERGY STAR
       label. The next two pages showcase some of the first
       buildings in each category to earn the ENERGY STAR.
       They are leading the way for others in their industry, and
       deserve recognition for their pioneering spirit.
First ENERGY STAR labeled building:
City of San Diego's Ridgehaven Green Building, San Diego, CA
       First ENERGY STAR labeled financial center:
       114 West 47th Street, New York, NY
First ENERGY STAR labeled hospital:
Memorial Hospital of Carbondale, Carbondale, IL*
       First ENERGY STAR labeled retail store:
       JCPenney, Burlington, WA*
First ENERGY STAR labeled dormitory:
Congreve Hall, University of New Hampshire, Durham,
       First ENERGY STAR labeled hotel:
       Sheraton Boston, Boston, MA*
First ENERGY STAR labeled house of worship:
Plantation Baptist Church, Plantation, FL
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

       EARLY CHAMPIONS (cont.)
       First ENERGY STAR labeled embassy:
       Embassy of Finland, Washington, DC
First ENERGY STAR labeled building that had also achieved
"Designed to Earn the ENERGY STAR"for its design plans:
Kinard Junior High School, Fort Collins, CO
       First ENERGY STAR labeled warehouse:
       Four Seasons Produce, Ephrata, PA
First ENERGY STAR labeled wireless store:
Verizon Wireless, Toldeo, OH*
       First ENERGY STAR labeled drugstore:
       Rite Aid, Harrisburg, PA
First ENERGY STAR labeled hardware store:
True Value Hardware, Red Lodge, MT
        First ENERGY STAR labeled sporting goods store:
        Dick's Sporting Goods, Mentor, OH
First ENERGY STAR labeled office supply store:
Staples, Crossville, TN
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

        ENERGY STAR buildings can be old or new, big or small, high-tech or more modest in
        appearance. It doesn't matter what they look like, as long as they perform in the top
        25 percent of comparable buildings nationwide. The following buildings show the
        rich variety of our country's most energy-efficient buildings.
        Oldest ENERGY STAR building: Cambridge Savings Bank,
        Cambridge, MA. This building was constructed in 1820, the
        same year in which Maine became the 23rd state in the Union.
        Newest ENERGY STAR building (that had been Designed to
        Earn the ENERGY STAR): Southface Eco-Office, Atlanta, GA.
        Designed in 2006; constructed in 2008; labeled in 2009.
 Tallest ENERGY STAR building:
 Aon Center, Chicago, IL At 1,136 feet high, the Aon Center is
 higher than three stacked football fields and is the fifth-tallest
 building in the United States.
       Largest ENERGY STAR building: USAA McDermott Building,
       San Antonio, TX. At 4.5 million-square-feet, USAA's
       headquarters building is larger than the Mall of America.
Smallest ENERGY STAR building: Cambridge Savings Bank's
Burlington Banking Center, Burlington, MA. At2,313-square-
feet, it is about the size of the average American home.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

      Many people will recognize these buildings, but they might not realize that they are among the nation's most energy efficient.
       Wrigley Building, Chicago, IL
Prudential Tower, Boston, MA
                            Chrysler Building, New York, NY
       One Wall Street, New York, NY
Transamerica Pyramid,
San Francisco, CA
                            7 World Trade Center, New York, NY
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

        Efficient boilers and motion sensors aren't the only interest-
        ing things about these ENERGY STAR labeled buildings, all of
        whom have notable tenants helping to ensure that minimal
        energy is wasted throughout the course of business.
        The music industry is greener thanks to MTV, whose
        headquarters at 2700 Colorado Avenue in Santa Monica
        has earned the ENERGY STAR label for four years running.
         Fans of the television show Boston Legal may recognize
         this ENERGY STAR labeled building at 500 Boylston Street as
         the law office of the fictitious Crane, Poole & Schmidt.
                                                            A former Art Deco Marine Hospital on the National Register
                                                            of Historic Places, Amazon.com's Seattle headquarters won
                                                            an award from the American Institute of Architects in 2000.
                                                            The television show America's Most Wanted operates out
                                                            of 10351 Santa Monica Boulevard in Los Angeles, which
                                                            has earned ten ENERGY STAR labels.
Explorers come home to the National Geographic Society's
energy-efficient headquarters in Washington, DC.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

        Energy efficiency is not a one-time achievement, and
        nothing demonstrates that better than these five buildings
        that have each earned ten  ENERGY STAR labels over the
        decade. Not only were these buildings early champions
        of the ENERGY STAR commercial buildings program, but
        year after year they've proven that they continue to sustain
        superior performance.
       Phoenix Tower, Houston, TX
       Earned the ENERGY STAR in 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003,
       2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
       US Airways Corporate Headquarters, Tempe, AZ
       Earned the ENERGY STAR in 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,
       2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
                                                         6100 Wilshire, Los Angeles, CA
                                                         Earned the ENERGY STAR in 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003,
                                                         2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2009.
10351 Santa Monica Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA
Earned the ENERGY STAR in 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003,
2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
10780 Santa Monica Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA
Earned the ENERGY STAR in 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003,
2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
 A Decade of ENERGY STAR Buildings: 1999-2009

                   Before ENERGY STAR was a household name and before being
                   "green" was a matter of survival in a competitive marketplace,
                   pioneering organizations saw the value in energy efficiency and
                   collaborative partnerships. A decade later, EPA is profoundly
                   thankful fortheir confidence and forthe substantial savings they
                   have helped deliver for the environment. Today, thousands of
                   organizations are following their lead —creating a better future for
                   generations of Americans. Thank You.
ENERGY STAR is a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency program helping
businesses and individuals fight global warming through superior energy efficiency.