Brownfields 2000  Assessment  Pilot Fact Sheet
               City of Frankfort, Michigan
EPA Brownfields Initiative

EPA's Brownfields Program empowers states.
communities, and other stakeholders to work together to
prevent, assess, safely clean up, and sustainably reuse
brownfields. A brownfield site is real property, the
expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be
complicated by the presence or potential presence of a
hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. On
January 11, 2002, President George W. Bush signed into
law the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields
Revitalization Act. Under the Brownfields Law, EPA
provides financial assistance to eligible applicants
through four competitive grant programs: assessment
grants, revolving loan fund grants,  cleanup grants, and
job training grants. Additionally, funding support is
provided to state and tribal response programs through a
separate mechanism.

Background

EPA awarded the City of Frankfort supplemental
assistance for its Brownfields Assessment Demonstration
Pilot. Frankfort (population 1,500) is a rural, Great Lakes
coastal community in transition from an economy based
on lumber production, shipping, and agriculture to a
scenic waterfront resort and tourist community. This
transition has left Frankfort scarred with many
brownfields properties and a struggling economy. Most
of the property within the city limits already is
developed, and sprawl to surrounding areas would
require new infrastructure, which this small town cannot
afford.

The goal of Frankfort's brownfields program is to
enhance and redevelop blighted properties, optimize
existing greenspace, and attract new businesses in order
to renew and sustain economic development. The city
has established a Brownfields Redevelopment Authority
with tax increment financing jurisdiction to implement
assessment, cleanup, and redevelopment of brownfields.
The original Pilot enabled Frankfort to conduct Phase I
and II site assessments on eight sites and identify an
additional seven sites with brownfields  potential. There is
a potential for migration of mercury and waste oil from
two of the original eight sites toward Betsie Lake and
into Lake Michigan. Another two sites appear to have
                   Pilot Snapshot

                   Date of Announcement: 05/01/2002
                   Amount: $150,000
                   Profile: Frankfort will conduct additional
                   assessments at four sites addressed by the original
                   EPA Pilot and will conduct Phase I and II
                   assessments at seven additional sites crucial to the
                   economic redevelopment of the town.

                   Contacts

                   For further information, including specific grant
                   contacts, additional grant information, brownfields
                   news and events, and publications and links, visit the
                   EPA Brownfields Web site
                   (http ://www .epa.gov/brownfields).

                   EPA Region 5 Brownfields Team
                   (312)886-7576
                   EPA Region 5 Brownfields Web site
                   (http://www.epa.gov/R5Brownfields)

                   Grant Recipient: Frankfort, MI, City of
                   (231)352-7117
                 Objectives

                 The supplemental assistance will be used to conduct
                 further studies of four contaminated sites assessed
                 through the original Pilot and assess the seven newly
                 identified sites, some suspected of being contaminated
                 with TCE, metals, waste oil, or lead arsenate. The first
                 objective of this Pilot is to perform additional
                 assessments and remedial planning crucial for economic
                 redevelopment on four of the original eight sites. The
                 second objective is to investigate the seven new sites
                 critical to the economic growth of the residential areas
                 of the community.

                 Activities

                 Activities planned as part of this Pilot include:

                       Performing supplemental Phase II assessments
                       on four of the original Pilot sites;
  United States
  Environmental
  Protection Agency
  Washington, DC 20450
Solid Waste
and Emergency
Response (5105T)
EPA 500-F-02-092
        May 02

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arsenic contamination in the surface soils.
                                                             Conducting Phase I and II assessments on seven
                                                              new sites; and
                                                             Conducting community outreach and public
                                                              involvement activities.

                                                       The cooperative agreement for this Pilot has not yet
                                                       been negotiated; therefore, activities described in this
                                                       fact sheet are subject to change.

                                                       The information presented in this fact sheet comes from
                                                       the grant proposal; EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of
                                                       this information. The cooperative agreement for the
                                                       grant has not yet been negotiated. Therefore, activities
                                                       described in this fact sheet are subject to change.
  United States
  Environmental
  Protection Agency
  Washington, DC 20450
Solid Waste
and Emergency
Response (5105T)
EPA 500-F-02-092
         May 02

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               Brownfields 2000  Supplemental Assessment
               Pilot Fact Sheet
               Frankfort, Ml
EPA Brownfields Initiative

EPA's Brownfields Program empowers states.
communities, and other stakeholders to work together to
prevent, assess, safely clean up, and sustainably reuse
brownfields. A brownfield site is real property, the
expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be
complicated by the presence or potential presence of a
hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. On
January 11, 2002, President George W. Bush signed into
law the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields
Revitalization Act. Under the Brownfields Law, EPA
provides financial assistance to eligible applicants
through four competitive grant programs: assessment
grants, revolving loan fund grants,  cleanup grants, and
job training grants. Additionally, funding support is
provided to state and tribal response programs through a
separate mechanism.

Background

EPA has selected the City of Frankfort for a Brownfields
Pilot. Frankfort is a small, rural community of 1,500
residents that historically has been  a lumber-producing
community, a shipping port, and an agricultural center
for fruit distribution. As the city has moved into the
twenty-first century, it is transitioning from its rural roots
to a scenic waterfront resort and tourist community.

Potential redevelopment property involves both
waterfront and upland sites that historically have been
used for commercial, industrial, or landfill operations.
Some of these areas are physical eyesores, and most have
environmental stigmas associated with previous use.
Unknown levels of environmental contamination exist on
many of these properties, and some of the properties
have the potential to impact surface water and potable
water. Several sites are known to be contaminated with
documented releases to groundwater. In addition,
Frankfort has several historic orchard properties within
its city limits. Due to the potential presence of
agrichemicals in surficial soils, these properties are
potential brownfields sites.
                   Pilot Snapshot

                   Date of Announcement: 05/18/2000
                   Amount: $200,000
                   Profile: The Pilot targets up to eight sites on
                   waterfront and upland areas that have historically
                   been used for commercial, industrial, or landfill
                   operations and on historic orchard properties.

                   Contacts

                   For further information, including specific grant
                   contacts, additional grant information, brownfields
                   news and events, and publications and links, visit the
                   EPA Brownfields Web site
                   (http ://www .epa.gov/brownfields).

                   EPA Region 5 Brownfields Team
                   (312)886-7576
                   EPA Region 5 Brownfields Web site
                   (http://www.epa.gov/R5Brownfields)

                   Grant Recipient: Frankfort, MI, City of
                   (231)352-7117
                 Objectives

                 Frankfort's long-term goal is to proceed with selective
                 redevelopment and growth that enhances its resources
                 and contributes to its overall economic well-being while
                 still maintaining its rural, small town character.
                 Frankfort aims to establish financial means and a
                 process by which potential brownfields sites may be
                 characterized and assessed with the goal of moving
                 underutilized, unwanted, and/or vacant properties to
                 economic and public reuse.

                 Activities

                 Activities planned as part of this Pilot include:

                       Conducting site characterization and assessment
                       activities on up to eight potential brownfields;
                       Assessing the potential for environmental impact
                       on residential development from historic
                       agrichemical usage;
                       Planning cleanup activities at the targeted sites;
  United States
  Environmental
  Protection Agency
  Washington, DC 20450
Solid Waste
and Emergency
Response (5105T)
EPA 500-F-00-093
        May 00

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                                                            and
                                                            Conducting community education and outreach
                                                            activities at the targeted sites.

                                                      The information presented in this fact sheet comes from
                                                      the grant proposal; EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of
                                                      this information. The cooperative agreement for the
                                                      grant has not yet been negotiated. Therefore, activities
                                                      described in this fact sheet are subject to change.
United States                         _ ., . w__tp
Environmental                        and Emergency                                           EPA 500-F-00-093
Protection Agency                     ResDonse(51oVn                                                  May 00
Washington, DC 20450                 Kesponse (bl Ob I)

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