
OF
F, HOUSTON ................................... 23
I. Overview ............................... ,.,..,.........,..,.............,..,,..;,. 23
2 ........... r ....".."..,....,...,......,.........,......., 23
j, FAe ..,..,..,.,,..,,«.,...,,,,,..'.... 23
4, ......... ............................ 24
IV. FINDINGSANDRECOMMENDATIONS..................................:. 25
A. AND THE ... 25
I, £2€C ,.....,,,.....,..,.. ,.,...,..,,.,....,. 25
1 Bmwnftelds Recognized As A Barrier to EZ/ECDevelopment .............................. 25
J. ........:...•...........,.,',..,... 25 '
4, .................,..'...,,.......... 26
I [[[ 26
B. USB THE TO .......... 27
/. To ............................ 27
2, WorkWuhEMECsToEmunABmwnfle^Focm 27
J. ........................... 28
41 ffMt ................... 28
¥. BIBLIOGRAPHY[[[ 29
A. ...............................'............... 29
......................... 31
VI 32
A. [[[ 32
B. SUPPLEMENTAL EMPOWERMENT ZONES .....32

to tht
BACKGROUND
and and to
the or and
that real or The
and of as "torownfidds", would and
It as
are in
at for In the
of the TMs
that to and
for to and to
in this as for and
for
in the to
and
. Sk to
case
Los City, and
FINDINGS
» The that be for
and
• All as a to
in at part of EZ or 1C,
« on the to
on and or to use the to

• that had In
to to use
for
« to be to and
• on the and of the
by and
to
• The the in and
to t
as
» BPA to the for
in also
to in that
• He and in
, aid to
and and the

to tite
I.
A.
the of in the 1970s,
our air, and in As
and of this has
and in our
and to the
or and that real
or as "brownfields", and
and would:
8
» and
» and tax (as as tax
on
the and of are
to the It are not. and
cite two the of — a lack of
and In It Is the of
the the
and Act that has as a to
and the artd
At the root of tie are and the fact
that for site the for
his led to and any
site, of be This
In turn, has the of as the of the
and the on the part of the
the risk be that
it as risk to his also
to and has
As a to and and
on and by
are not The has are
and to and city to
'In this acts as i on

and tax the
the site and the cost of to the
city or as it a of the public
and
ate
is the of
B.
on to
the of the
The and (HUD) has the lead for
the of this
« that to are key for a
and
« for
the of tins is to and to
the to k the EZ/EC can as lest
for and for
Put 1 of the the how may
be and the ffl six
to
a role in and and if so,
The of case Is to the
part of and to
the is
the or to pay for
as of be for
The ato the in to
they bad on toe to
with and for that and
to on the

II. OF THE
A.
The" EZ/EC to and
by physical,
and and and the
has an to the of
The will
and to
will and and and
a of bond op for own
will
aid
B.
and and to
For and
include:
» for for
• in
» in for
the and
and
• to and the use of
all of the .and to
* to

* an for in or
the and
« 179 tax for the
C.
that
Ip to' to any one of the
I; or to or
or ofc£
« and. that on
and
and job, md
8 programs that or to
for youth, or
or
» k the of aid for
• and
2.* or or qf
« to and aid
so wffl be able to
for in
and that will mdlvidual and
the of the or
"« to and for
mod in or of
and

3: or the or and
to or preserve, or
« for or and
and tot for
ind and or
• that of
and for
ad
A a as the
of 2 by and for
and via to toe of
ise EZ/EC for of if
will the as
as an was not a
an are of
that the not be for,
* or or can be by
» to for or and
» to as a
» for and
» to
The be the He
to a 2 of the
mot
are to that
will on use of
HUD has of
to aid HUD Is
to 108 which*
to for at

not all of '108 loan
them to their as In the
of a lean the to the loan
to risk with to
To a to to this is
to use 108 can an
EDI For if a a $22 It
• to use at $22 million of 108 to use the EDI
In each plan the
any in .of
and of the are to find
to link in In the
my not fit the of IB
are to the as of and to. the
or to use the
by wffl the to ink
to
In the not any
for can "for
in one of
~ • of EZ/EC to in
for a by
« Use and 108
loan for or
• for
the to
D. AND
The Force, an
up USDA, and will be
(he to for
an can use the a for the first two
of its be and
for and all for in
the the is by tie the
or wffl be able to the
,

to
EZ/EC are to to MJD's of
aid on
by will any
to the that the Task
over the of the of the to of
and
E.
SELECTIONS
on
•
«
8 or
*
In the of sk
He six are:
•
•
«
«• and
• and and
8 and
Two wffl
tot will not be for
the as are;
* the of Los aid Los and
and
• the of and
also • wffl
in the use of HUD and are
for
• San and
•

» and City, and
8
A of 60 are in the list
up A).
the his
and the to aid turn
into for than la to
use the each plan by the
TaskFence.
For of the still to the
of this _ all of the
on the tat they with the
of the As a that
a had to and to the
wffl on
that to
and or
they be that the had
on
and In feet, now tint the had and
was that and
up to or to of in the
did not an or to the
t the
was .Due to the for this
t of This too
of a
to the the of the
in nd
to in to
of to
No "up aid and no had
by the as of My 1995.

III. OF
to if and
9
8
« York City;
» Los
» City;
* "
» aid
8
The fat sk of to
was if of in and
to was to the
of to also
or had in and
as the was they, were
of the be to in the future.
A,
that the of Is to
the city's to Its EZ
to and to
to this EZ
tie by the to
of in the that site
wffl be i key of the EZ
1.
the of his a for and
md and the last 25
has in the in a
tax and a of

IP jfte
As a of this EZ
In the aid the of
aid are with and
In the had for of
World n, as well as the of
led to and
in the
In common
the rate in
a with one of the in the The
a of CERCUS1 and that are by and
as FMCS
and aie or to
2*
Hie had of the site
for The had a of
~
and to
Tills group a one
of the 50 U.S. EPA. of the
was a to the
aid of the
3.
Is a
to the of the
to fte City the is the for
the The is a
of and
EPA,' HUB, and all in the
for the thai in the
the of and
1 A CEHCIJS site is a site that Is of and, to EPA by the
or a Under CERCLA, a 1st 1st is
the % el or an Dot
not in tie
10

3.1.
a to an
flat wffl as a for in
the i to
to In the as the
had to a of its CAR to ofls and
in in and all the
will the for in the and
had a to to the
use and the of of this
and be to
the While for the had not of the
will the of the or
the as
3.2.
The a for the of the
and of the be to
aid that has The
and or to
or in the The Trust
title to a and for
of the one of of
«  
* the of a tax and
the
• the or
8 or
Hie Trust not to my site on EPA's
(NFL). For ask EPA and
to i the to that not
put of as as the He of the
Is to my or of
the any or the
CBRCLA
1 It Is this tax be by the Trait, and
tills tax. w or an the EZ/EC is lie
11

two the" of the by
the of and be
to the EZ. the be an in the
of nonNPL and to the
and of
He be $1 to that
be to and I and n CBRCLA
In $500S000 per of be to
site for He be on
a 2; 1 by city and in the
plan to a for the two It was not
yet the tie to be by
4.
was the and to die
to The .of the
the of the
that site and t at a in EZ/EC
The of to toe the
to on this EPA and the
the will and
not used to in the
• Ttte
tie and the
The of to use the
EZ/EC as for ts is and
did mot to use
in the the
in two the that
to in the the
to and the for that
may help for
12

1. Overview
The of two in
and of
The also fall two
programs.
a) X to
in low
and land tax real
tax and
b)X and the
by the
(PIDC), a by the city to
Is a of the the and the
and the EZ/EC
2.
He city the and the ran
a that for to For this
the city and the PIDC their
and and city
the the and that may Its
and Tie MDC
the land and fart of the for The HDC in
30 land per 50 to 60 are
For in the the for an
of per the Is per In
the is the to the
to and to flat
The that PIDC had in the had
and and
EPA, the U.S. of and the of
To this was to
to For two the PIDC a
of a site by Oil. The PIDC city
and the and an that
the as as the site was to an
the to to
off' on to
13

3. He
The city in aid with the help of the
the lead to the EZ He .was by a
of city who to
and the had also
with the to spur up to $1 in and had
t in
The was by into
*
•
* and aid
» and
on an it would be by the
and A of that said tint
and had pot yet, the
the was no on the EZ or
If to this be in
the Hie that did not to
to they to the to help
a and felt that for
to a few
i
The wffl the .
• Job
« on to
for
« the 26 in 'the
To highquality to
« that
the
on
. if a this
* 14

3.1.
will a community financial
as TMs will in
and be to
or of or met
be for as as
to a or of will
projects,
3.2.
PEDC had in the the
tat that it was too to tell how the
to The tad a of IRS
for in the and to on
4, The To
the and the
not and no to use for site
did in of the
« by in the the
to on •
» in
* The by tie
on site and
8 by the of
for
e
The City EZ had a of
He the but of
toe and law as the
to EZ was
to its all the that the
help and
15

to ite
1.
The City 'of
and the The is a
community, are and The
a of that
as for The of the
in a mk of
and
The in the
and auto The in the
part of the are and
of York.
2,
the
had to tfie pa by to this past md
to the in the .the was to
use. In the of 60 of
Yoric's in the had also an
in the Oa a 2.5 of the
, in the for 25 —
one for of a In the
a hid the
'to The area at 5 of
The was to
for up but had by of and
the
An was that the sold
the use to the —
One ate, die as the and
was to that use by a of
for on this site. The to the
site into a be the
on the use. to a of for the
city was in A not be
for the site, in due to the
and the
16

to UK
3.. The
EZ was in the and
of the by the
Zone and the
the the
was for the EZ and did
not any
the plan did not
to be the was at the to
a site into a The site,
as the but the of and the
In the the at the to
is
The was in Its and was
plan due to the in may also of
to the So far, had no by
and
4.
*
and the as
by the the to in the NYC
to be of * the did' not
for any it was not
the EZ be for this If
the be to the key that
The Los EZ aid as
key to to the and
to the of 1987, the has
a in a that also
for In that the city had of
that in the no
had to this The
as as the
for had to the and as a
for the City to
* 17

to the
1. Overview _ •
in the Los are the
to air and
soil. Tfae'area and and
that and
and in the
are or and
an for the community.
2«
Los had no that
they to an for an
3, The
The was by the city
the of and the Mayor's Office. The
has a of for a The City to
u» the EDI by the
to which be ran by the
All of the wffl be the Division of and 
in the of
Hie for the an
to the of . The a

« a force, of
and city to a to
the of in all EZs and ECs, This could
for
for as and and of a
for the of . •
• a for owners from CERCLA lability for
to with for which a
would be difficult or Impossible to locate; • _
• the to of
 CERCLA for on
' 18

• and submit an for the U.S. EPA'S pilot brownfields
to and in the of
sites.to them to use;
* of property in lowcost for the
of sites the
(This wil be by in a
on techniques.);
« a job In site and the of
to
the protocol
4.
The Los had site
in its and to of the
to site no in the had
of an EPA and EDI
It the to
on site to
E.
The City to use the EZ/EC
to in First, it EZ/EC
by of that
It a that
use this to FinaEy, the
of the to use of the EZ/ECrdated
for Where site
was a key to to
of OE a
1, Overview
The City, and City,
(EEC) in toe of The
and with and
As to the plan,
to on had by the
•
Jtoon? • 19

to the
* or
» to due to
and
^ for that tack the to
and
« . of resources for and
2.
As had
site and city and
to to
city of in City is not as to
as in is or City. the city
to to
did not in but
If a site. for to be a.
or the city the
and It to a was the
to for an
3,
was run by a
and
was, by tie a
The was by the to .the
far, tie HUD, and No was
It as the EEC's for is
3.1.
for the
that brownfields:
*
•
* and
• '
" 20

lo jfte
The the
by of that
that "in the
or of aid to
and of all to be
to of the
A be
by a of up of and
that toe The would be
to the or title to
that can be .or up by due to of
of all or of
fa the in for
to Its risk and to Its to
the of via and
be
up of to for and
on The be to
to and by or to
The as
• that a or risk •— i.e.,
* for or and
• to an
or and
be ip of
to the of a
to be
the that the
be in part by fees for
The was for the of an
an The was still
be the of No
had for any of

to Ae
3.2
had two to be
site the:
8 and
* & and
The of a
and by the City,
and the 'City (HBDC)."
The site of 20 the of the
allotted for site and The was
as follows:
* the
<" $7,1
8
» , •
and He 63 acre .
will 8 Hie wffl $27.7
$1.6 to funds
for this Tie Ml
« $11,8 and
• $1.45 and
•
*
• $7.1 108.
4. Using He To
to
• As the its plat to the that
an It was not
and be If no can be
the wffl to in Its
Mi to to as
part of as the and the • and Indiana
and
* 22

» Ote
F.
no bid in the
two and the
— to this to
the city was Its
to and and
by in the had
the city to a of its
1.
the 60 has by the
as and
may a to in the
to the are
"Hie few in the — the and the
 At the of the
the of and the of
2.
The had to and to
in and the
the city was on and to
a for and The
city tad also for, and has an
/"
3. '
The EEC was by the Mayor's a
of in the The was in the
of a that will be the
toe of will to the had
that it a $22 the and
on use of At that the wffl
to the 108 and
the wfll be
I3*AS had and to the EEC
program.
23

4. Tie To
the EZ/EC and the in a
was on or to
and of the
it will be to the wll be a
or for site EPA's
the that in the
24

IV. AND
A. AND THE
1.
The
that be for the and of The
» to
and
• of in the U.S.
of and
« for
the U.S. of Mid
and Its 108 and
« in the of and use of under
2, As A To
All of the as a to
in at of or that
sites and cost on
3.
01 the to or to use the
to fell into
* that or of and did not
to will
use for or
— and Los
« that of and had to
but will use for and not the
. — and YoA; and
25

. • that of had to and
to use the as a for
— City and  .
4. Key To 
tint had to the
to to use for
5,
\
the was in EZ/EC
the Idea of for and in
the that the and
that is to of the will
to and of funds in and
OF TO
City/
Metropolitan
• •
Existing
Program?

Brownfields?
EPA
Prominently
in

Program?
for Site
Remediation?
Applying
for Pilot
Program
Grant?
GA
MD
New York, NY
Philadelphia!
N/A
NO
YES
YES
N/A
YES
NO
NO
N/A
YES
NO
NO
N/A
YES
NO
NO
N/A
N/A
N/A
Los
CA
NO
YES
N/A
N/A '
YES'
MA
City
CKS./MG)
"DC
YES
YES
NO
YES
YES
NO
N/A
NO
r~"^^^~
YES
YES
r~~^"^~"
N/A
YES
YES
N/A » not
26

1.
As by the the EZ/EC
ran be for the are not a
for the that the the
are too to the a
in the Yet the of the
in the of
If in can on this
to of
To to this EPA
• Tie and to
« Work EZs/ECs a in
• for in and
« in aid
1. and to
that EPA on the and
by the EZ/EC Is by
to For EPA to
that in is the
to EZ/EC
In as the
to for to The
also to air, and for
2.
EPA in the by them OE
to use the and the for
For a to the
the with to a land
(as by tnd City). He
aid use to it up to an The
and it to be
the by The the
to on how to and a
• 27

3. for in
The that to
can out tfhis by that
and the The
the as to wiM
be to and be
The
16, also that be by
to
« XL, a that will by
to of and
flat in
« (which be for
• on
« the use of risk in
8
* the use of and
' ' "
• for and
  MCRA
and
. * of to
and at the
also on the of
it For not the use
of for or real It Is in the
of t
that to use to and a
that tills on a
4. in
i
By to EPA can test for
The Is a for to
and as and to
aid of the
and in the ate be
the The and and
to in
28

.
A.
T., Left Off the
Vol. 10, No, 28, p. 17, 14, 1994.
of Vol. 19, No. 14,
Out to 3,
p. 1, May 24, 1994.
4 a

P. "The of the of the
Vol. 76 No. 8» pp.
D. to
8, 4:
337, 1994.
He on the and
Sic and
ffte 1994,
The on the aid
for and
1994. '
U.S. 5, J
Juae 30,
U.S. to the L. of
>Ut on dte
U.S. to
U.S. to
• U.S. to
./for o/ U.S.
U.S. to
and Sire
U.S.
1995.
•
R. and B, and to
and the of
§» 4:
30

E.»
¥oi 16, No. 11, p, A6» 21,
B.
U.S. of and and U.S. of
of and
and 7 Part 25 and 24 Part 597,
U.S. of and and U.S. of
U.S. of and and U.S. of
31

VL
A.
Geoisia
Illinois
Michigan
Jersey
City
Atlanta
Biltimore
Camden
1.
City
Los
Ohio
C.
San

Kansas City
Houston
32

D.
'^^________
Arizona
Arkansas
California
California
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Florida
Illinois
Illinois
Indiana
Louisiana
Louisiana
Massachusetts
_____________^___ ___
Phoenk
San
San
City and
Bridgeport
Washington
Tampa
Albany
Saint
Springfield
Des
Louisville
Lowell
jSping!^^
33

State
Michigan
Minnesota
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nevada
New
t
.
New York
Ohio
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
PermsytYania
_______ „_,_ ,Q%_ .^_
___ _
. •
Mnneapois
Paul
Louis and
Las
Buffalo
Rochester
Charlotte
, '
Harrisburg
Providence
34

D.
_ ^j*tate
Carolina
Tennessee
Tennessee
Texas
Texas
Texas
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
Washington
Wisconsin
Charleston
Nashville
Dallas
.
San
Waco
Ogden
Norfolk
Seattle
Huntingtoi
35
