National Clean Diesel Campaign
 Tomorrow's Buses for Today's Children
                        [ CLEAN SCHOOL BUS ClACffi

Help  Clear  the Air  with
Clean  School  Bus USA
     Clean School Bus USA is a new
     initiative sponsored by the U.S.
     Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) to help our communities
reduce pollution from school buses.
It's a partnership of educators,
industry and corporate partners, trans-
portation experts, public health
officials, and other community leaders
who are committed to protecting
children's health and modernizing
America's school bus fleet.
"The Portland School District uses
 scheduling and routing software to
 keep buses moving efficiently. We
 want to be on the leading edge
 when it comes to protecting our
 students from harmful pollutants."

 — Kevin Mallory, Transportation Director
  for the City of Portland, Maine Schools
  Clean School Bus USA is also a call to action for communities to join the
partnership to begin work at the local level toward three important goals:

/Deduce school bus idling time and adopt smart  driving practices.

/Retrofit the current school bus fleet with new technologies and introduce
  cleaner fuels.

/Replace the oldest buses with new ones that meet stringent pollution
  control standards.

     Clean School Bus USA is one component of EPA's National Clean Diesel
     Campaign (NCDC), a voluntary initiative designed to reduce the pollution
     emitted from diesel engines across the country through the implementation
of varied control strategies and the sustained involvement of national, state, and
local partners.
           National  Clean Diesel  Campaign

 For More Information

 If you are interested in learning more about Clean School Bus USA, e-mail us at, leave a voice message at 734-214-4780, or
 visit our Web site at We look forward to
 hearing from you!

Steer Your  Community
in the  Right  Direction
         buses provide 24 million of
    our nation's children with safe and
    convenient transportation
between their homes and classrooms.
On average, children spend more than
an hour on a bus each school day as
well as time waiting for, and getting on
and off, the bus.

  Unfortunately, school buses—
particularly older ones that lack
emissions control devices—emit tiny,
sooty particles and toxic gases in their
exhaust that can pose health hazards
to children. When inhaled, pollutants in
diesel exhaust may aggravate asthma
and allergies or cause other serious
health problems for our children.

  Nevertheless, accident statistics
indicate that school buses are the safest way to transport children. By adopting
better idling  practices, retrofitting buses with modern emission control technology,
using cleaner fuels, and replacing older school buses, we can help put
tomorrow's cleaner buses on the road today.
                    "We know that breathing diesel exhaust is not good
                     for anyone. It has an especially significant impact on
                     children's health since they have a faster breathing
                     rate than adults. The Clean School Bus USA program
                     provides us a great opportunity to make a difference
                     and reduce the amount of air pollution created by
                     school buses. The school districts and communities
                     that are already improving the air quality around our
                     schools by providing the cleanest school buses
                     should be recognized as leaders in providing
                     healthier environments for today's children."

                                           —Margo Tsirigotis Oge, Director,
                                Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. EPA

Don't  Be  Idle:  Improve Our
Air  and  Save  Money,  Too
   Idling school buses pollute the air that children breathe. Pollutants can
   accumulate inside the bus and outdoors near the bus. Exhaust from idling
   engines may also be sucked into building ventilation systems, affecting air
quality inside schools. Drivers may occasionally need to let their engines idle
briefly to warm the engine or run equipment, such as defrosters, but most idling
is not necessary. Eliminating unnecessary idling is a simple, cost-effective way
to help reduce children's exposure to air pollution.
  Many school districts and local
  governments have developed
  initiatives to reduce school bus
  idling. In New England, for example,
  several government agencies have
  enacted idle time regulations,
  created educational materials for
  bus drivers, and developed idling
  policy guidelines.
   Reduce Idling Time—The Savings Add Up!
   / A school bus fleet has 50 buses
   /A school bus fleet reduces idling time by 30 minutes per bus per day
   /Atypical school bus uses a half gallon of diesel fuel per hour of idling
   / Diesel fuel costs $1.00 per gallon

   What are the annual savings?
     Fuel Cost = 50 buses x 0.5 hours/day x 0.5 gallons of fuel/hour
     x $1.00 per gallon x 180 days
     Savings = 2,250 gallons of diesel fuel and $2,250

Give  the  Green  Light to  Cleaner

Fuels  and Technologies

    EPA is working aggressively to reduce pollution from new diesel buses by
    requiring them to meet tougher emission standards in the future. Tighter
    standards for new buses are scheduled to take effect starting in 2004 and
again in 2007. These standards won't apply
to existing buses, however, and school
buses can be in operation for 20 to 30
years. Without special action, it will take
many years before new buses meeting the
new pollution limits dominate our school bus
fleet. In fact, today's kindergartner will be in
college before the fleet fully turns over to
reflect the benefits of the new standards.

  The good news is that today's buses can
take advantage of cleaner technologies and
fuels similar to those that will be used to
meet future emission  standards. Retrofits
with such systems can reduce pollution from
current buses by 90 percent or more.

  Nationwide, more and more school bus
projects are underway, and a growing
number of school districts are interested in
retrofitting their fleets. School bus retrofit
projects will benefit school children and help
improve local air quality. To learn more about
clean technologies and  fuels for school
buses, visit
 "Clean School Bus USA is very
  important to the health of our
  communities and especially to the
  health of school children. We hope that
  other school districts will follow as they
  see what a difference this program
  makes for our kids, our community,
  and for the environment."
        — Dennis McLerran, Executive Director,
              Puget Sound Clean Air Agency,
           whose program was one of the first
           in the nation to retrofit school buses.
"Today's technology has given our
 district the opportunity to move
 from the cloud of black diesel
 smoke that shrouded our buses
 daily to a rich environment that
 supports a healthy, safe mode of
 transportation. The Cleveland
 Municipal School District takes
 pride in educating our children
 and providing the safest
                 — Howard Strong,
          Fleet Maintenance Manager,
    Cleveland Municipal School District,
                  Cleveland, Ohio

Drive  It  Home:
Replace Your Older  Buses
    About a third of all diesel school buses now in service were built before 1990.
    These buses are excellent candidates for replacement. Older buses are not
    equipped with today's pollution control or safety features. Pre-1990 buses can
pollute as much as six times more than new buses, so their replacement with clean
diesel technology or clean burning alternative fuels (such as natural gas) means
cleaner air for students, teachers,
and the whole community. Newer
buses also have important safety
features such as additional
emergency exits, improved
crossview mirror systems, and new
pedestrian safety devices that
have been mandated by the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
Standards since 1990.
"New school buses have enhanced
 pollution control, safety, comfort,
 and maintenance features, as well
 as improved fuel efficiency. The
 bottom line: replacing a pre-1990
 school bus provides society with a
 school bus that is cleaner, safer, and
 more efficient."
                   — Charles Gautier,
                   Executive Director,
    National Association of State Directors of
            Pupil Transportation Services
   In its first year, Clean School Bus USA awarded $5 million in grants to help
   local school districts upgrade their bus fleets. For up-to-date information
   about future opportunities for financial assistance, visit the Clean School
   Bus USA Web site at

Air  Pollution  Matters to

Children's Health!

Did you know...
£chool buses travel 4 billion miles each year.
There are approximately 450,000 school buses on the road nationwide, and
  390,000 of those buses are diesel.
/Asthma is the most common long-term childhood disease, affecting 6.3 million
£mart driving practices include following at least 3 car lengths behind a vehicle
  with visible exhaust or a noticeable odor.
  In partnership with the Alabama Department of Environmental
  Management, the city of Birmingham, Alabama, became the first
  community in the southeast to undertake a school bus retrofit project.
  The project was funded with a grant from the U.S. EPA. The city installed
  diesel oxidation catalysts on 70 school buses and was able to complete
  the installation in just 30 days. The oxidation catalysts are expected to
  significantly reduce school bus emissions: particulate matter by 20
  percent, hydrocarbons by 50 percent, and carbon monoxide by 50
  percent. The partners have shared their experiences and offered
  technical assistance to other communities interested in a school bus
  retrofit program. Driver surveys are underway to gather information on
  bus performance and maintenance requirements.

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