Celebrating  Our
                         Clean Air
                                       k K»j
                    Credible Deterrent to Pollution and
                    Greater Compliance with the Law
                  Des Planies River
       iafe Food

EPA905-R-oi-ois     Clean and Safe Water

The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect
     human health and to safeguard the natural environment —
            air, water, and land — upon which life depends
              GOAL 1 Clean Air
              The air in every American community will be safe and healthy to breathe. In particular,
              children, the elderly and people with respiratory ailments will be protected from health
              risks of breathing polluted air. Reducing air pollution will also protect the environment,
              resulting in many benefits, such as restoring life in damaged ecosystems and reducing
              health risks to those whose subsistence depends directly on those ecosystems.
               GOAL 2 Clean and Safe Water
               All Americans will have drinking water that is clean and safe to drink. Effective
               protection of America's rivers, lakes, wetlands, aquifer and coastal and ocean
               waters will sustain fish, plants and wildlife, as well as recreational, subsistence
               and economic activities. Watersheds and their aquatic ecosystems will be
               restored and protected to improve public health, enhance water quality, reduce
               flooding and provide habitat for wildlife.

                  GOAL 3 Safe Food
                  The foods Americans eat will be free from unsafe pesticide
                  residues. Particular attention will be given to protecting sub-
                  populations that may be more susceptible to adverse effects of
                  pesticides or have higher dietary exposures to pesticide residues.
                  These include children and people whose diets include large
                  amounts of noncommercial foods.
                        GOAL 4
                        Preventing Pollution and Reducing Risk in Communities,
                        Homes, Workplaces and Ecosystems
                        Pollution prevention and risk management strategies aimed at
                        eliminating, reducing, or minimizing emissions and contamination will
                        result in cleaner and safer environments in which  all Americans can
                        reside, work and enjoy life. EPA will safeguard ecosystems and promote
                        the health of natural communitities that are integral to the quality of life in
                        this nation.
                   Better Waste Management, Restoration of Comtanminated Waste Sites
                   and Emergency Response
                   America's wastes will be stored, treated and disposed of in ways that prevent
                   harm to people and the natural environment. EPA will work to clean up
                   previously polluted sites, restore them to uses appropriate for surrounding
                   communities and respond to and prevent waste-related or industrial accidents.

                                        GOAL 6 Reduction of Global and
                                        Cross-Border Environmental Risks
                                        The United States will lead other nations in successful,
                                        multilateral efforts to reduce significant risks to human
                                        health and ecosystems from climate change, stratospheric
                                        ozone depletion and other hazards of international concern.
                              Expansion of America's Right to Know About Their Environment
                              The public and decision makers at all levels will have access to information
                              about environmental conditions and human health to inform decision making
                              and help assess the general environmental health of communities. The
                              public will also have access to educational services and information services
                              and tools that provide for the reliable and secure exchange of quality
                              environmental information.

                                 Sound Science, Improved Understanding of Environmental
                                 Risk and Greater Innovation to Address Environmental
                                 EPA will develop and apply the best available science for addressing
                                 current and future environmental hazards as well as new approaches
                                 toward improving environmental protection.
                      Metal F f nrtli w s Initiative

                    Q  OutreachResponses
                    \^\  Incompliance
                       SOut of Business
                       Filed InvsntoryReport
                    fj  Inspected
                    B  Signed Agreement
      GOAL 9
      A Credible Deterrent to Pollution and Greater
      Compliance with the Law
      EPA will ensure full compliance with laws intended to protect
      human health and  the environment.
                                            U.S Environmental Protection Agency
                                             77 IAI ,Re?ion5 Library
                                             77 w. Jackson Blvd. (PL-16J)
                                               Chicago, IL 60604-3507
GOAL 10 Effective Management
EPA will maintain the highest-quality standards for environmental
leadership and for effective internal management and fiscal responsibility
by managing for results.

GOAL   -f   CLEAN    AIR
  The Air and Radiation Division is proud of the progress that has been made to meet
  the Goals and Objectives of Goal one. Both in 2001 and since the 1990 Clean Air Act
  Amendments, we have made significant strides towards cleaner air in the Region.

  During 2001, our division completed some huge undertakings regarding attainment of
  the 1-hour ozone standard. We worked with the States to approve attainment plans
  for the most severe nonattainment areas (Chicago, Northwest Indiana and Lake
  Michigan). The plans consider all of the reduction strategies that have been
  implemented and that will be implemented between now and 2007 and show how,
  based on modeling, the three Lake Michigan areas can attain the 1-hour standard.
  This was an intensive endeavor that involved numerous rulemaking actions, court
  deadlines and culminated the 11 years of work for these areas since 1990.

  Another important component of the plans were the NOx SIP Call regulations. The
  Region approved programs for both Indiana and Illinois, making them two of the first
  non-OTC states with approved programs. This is one of the most significant steps in
  ensuring reductions of more than 30% of NOx emissions in 2007  and will be important
  both for maintenance of the 1-hour standard and in preparation for the 8-hour ozone
    In 1990, there were over 100 counties
    designated nonattainment for one of
    the criteria pollutants (ozone,
    particulate matter, lead, sulfur dioxide,
    or carbon monoxide - there were never
    any oxides of nitrogen nonattainment
    areas). A significant portion of the
    Region was affected especially
    counties with high population.
Counties with Nonattainment Areas for the NAAQS
     However, since that time, the numbers of counties designated nonattainment
     has dropped significantly to 23. Based on preliminary 2001 monitoring, every
     monitor in the Region is  monitoring attainment. Over the next several years,
     we will be completing the modeling and working with the States to officially
     redesignated these areas. Those environmental benefits correspond to
     significant reductions in emmissons.

In addition to work on criteria pollutants, ARD has been implementing and designing a
program for Air toxics. Implementation of maximum achievable control technology standards
and vehicle controls has already lead to a significant decrease.

The Region is  also the sublead for air toxics, meaning that we have taken a leadership role in
working with headquarters on developing the air toxics program. ARD is working to move
towards a risk  based approach and need to characterize and assess the air toxics problem.
To do this, we  have  launched a variety of projects including air toxics monitoring,  emissions
inventory development, community assessments and building state and local capacity to
conduct risk assessments. We have worked with industry to implement voluntary  mercury
reduction projects and continue to coordinate information sharing among State governments
and other stakeholders on mercury reduction opportunities. We have also worked on the
national mercury TMDL pilot study at Devil's Lake in Wisconsin. A large portion of air toxic
emissions are  actually from mobile and area sources.
                                                 Region 5 Air Toxics Emissions
The future of our program is in these
toxic programs and in the new Criteria
Pollutant standards. New standards for
ozone an PM fine were promulgated in
1997 but haved been subject of several
lawsuits. The air program is currently
focusing on developing and
implementation plan and scientific review
of these standards. The following figures
show what counties monitored
nonattainment for the 8-hour standerd in
1998-2000 and what monitoring is
indicating for the PM 2.5 standards
(red and yellow is where the concentrations were monitored higher than the standard).
                                               DMobile Emissions Emissions from area, small industrial
                                               .T« Emissions

We are using enforcement tools to protect and restore biological communities.

In June, the U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Department of the Interior, EPA and the State of Indiana
announced that Guide Corporation agreed to pay over $14 million to settle a lawsuit that charged the
company with causing one of Indiana's largest fish kills, which extended over 40 miles of the White
River between Anderson and Indianapolis.  In addition to paying over $2 million to the various
agencies to reimburse costs associated with responding to the fish kill, and $2 million in penalties,
Guide agreed to pay $6 million into two funds established to address re-stocking and restoration
efforts. In a separate action, Guide will pay nearly $4 million  to settle criminal allegations under the
Clean Water Act. The settlements were the culmination of over eighteen months of effort by State and
Federal agencies, as well as local health agencies and citizens groups in central Indiana. Region 5's
Water Enforcement program's activities at Guide Corporation, and at Eramet-Marietta on the Ohio
River, led to,the discovery that both companies were treating their effluent with a certain metal masking
compound. This later case resulted in large areas of native fresh water mussels being wiped out in the
Ohio River downstream of the discharge. USEPA headquarters later issued a national alert regarding
the compound used in these two situations to reduce the danger of further environmentally damaging
 We are solving problems that impair waters for swimming.

 Forty percent of the nations Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs) are located in Region 5 states.
 Many of these systems, along with aging or over- extended separate sanitary sewer systems, are
 also a major source of the nation's Sanitary Sewer Overflows (SSOs).  During wet weather, these
 discharge points are a significant pollution source that render receiving waters unsafe for recreation,
            			  make beaches unavailable, and degrade aquatic habitats.  The
                               focus in 2001 continued to be addressing these wet weather
                               issues in large  cities. Region 5 efforts in this area will result in
                               improvements to wastewater treatment systems, elimination of
                               SSOs, and implementation of long term control plans and CSO
                               controls. Agreements reached during FY2001 include: Toledo:
                               tentative agreement on consent, to invest $400 - 600 million
                               over the next 20 years, Milwaukee: stipulated agreement
                               signed by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and
                               Milwaukee  Metropolitan Sanitary District with Federal support to
                               address CSOs and SSOs in Milwaukee and the surrounding
                               communities, and Indianapolis: expect long term control plan
                               approval by the end of the year.

                                  EWe are preventing loss of existing wetlands.
                                  We received and screened 375 permit applications
                                  and commented on 21 proposed permits.  Of
                                  these, we recommended denial of 10 permits
                                  totaling 1273 acres of wetland. We also sent 43
                                  cautionary letters to the COE advising them of the
                                  impaired status of the proposed project locations to
                                  assure they had relevant water quality information.
                                  We initiated nine new enforcement actions seeking
                                  restoration of 650 acres  of wetland. Six
                                  enforcement cases were concluded resulting in the
                                  assessment of civil penalties totaling $811,000 and
                                  81 acres of wetland mitigation.  One case involved
Hunter Lake Reservoir in Springfield, Illinois.  Region 5 responded to citizens concerns
and worked with other agencies to reach consensus on project mitigation that will
include restoration or creation of 167 acres of wetlands, preservation/enhancement of
250 acres of forested wetland, preservation or enhancement of 4,700 acres of upland
forest buffer, and restoration/creation of an additional 25 acres of wetland and
 We are providing safe drinking water for Tribal nations.  Region 5 has direct implementation
 responsibility for drinking water regulations for all Tribally owned public water systems in the
 Region. Because groundwater is a major source of drinking water for most tribal water
 systems, there is concern over contamination from leaching agricultural and industrial
 pollutants or leaking underground storage tanks. Potential health effects resulting from
 contaminated water can range from a simple stomach ache to circulatory problems to
 terminal liver cancer.  We used Drinking Water Tribal set-aside funds for construction
 projects and protection activities to ensure that potential contaminant sources were
 One example of our efforts is the use of funds for
 two drinking water construction projects as well
 as source water protection activities at the Lac
 Courte Oreilles Reservation.  Region  5 staff and
 tribal activities included sanitary surveys of water
 systems, operation and maintenance  training,
 assessment of wastewater discharges to
 groundwater, registration of a new public water
 system, construction inspections, and water
 system leak identification.  In addition to working
 with Housing Authority, Casino Maintenance, and
 Environmental Department staff, we also worked
 with the high school Administrator, Casino
 General Manager and a Tribal Council member to
 assign dedicated maintenance and compliance
 staff to each water system, with whom we will
 continue to work to ensure better protection of
 public health.

   GOAL    3  SAFE    FOOD
Herbicide Tolerant
Herbicide Tolerant
Bt cotton
Herbicide Tolerant
Return on
                                                 Potential Benefits of Biotech Crops
                                                  (Source: USDA/NASS)
Region Leads Nation in Adoption, Testing of Biotechnology Products:
Technology May Reduce Pesticide Risk

Region 5 states lead the United States in the development and adoption of biotechnology, thanks to the
development of crops such as RoundUp™ Ready soybeans and Bt corn. Biotech crops offer a number of
agronomic benefits, including herbicide resistance, insect resistance, and disease resistance. Benefits to
growers may also translate to environmental benefits.
Adoption of conservation tillage techniques increased in
Region 5 as growers embraced the herbicide tolerant
RoundUp™  Ready soybeans.  Decreased erosion and
run-off of pesticides may protect water sources from
contamination. Bt corn crops, so named because they
contain proteins derived from the Bacillus thuringiensis
bacterium, may allow growers to decrease the amount of
pesticides used.  Active against Lepidopteran pests such
as the European Corn Borer and  Corn Earworm, the
planting of Bt corn may lead to decreases in conventional
pesticide use.  The Office of Pesticide Programs is
working with the registrants to ensure the long-term
safety and efficacy of Bt products through mandatory
Compliance and Education programs to prevent the
development of insect resistance, as well as through requirements for additional data addressing health
and environmental impacts . Bt crops offer a safer alternative to traditional pest management strategies.
Acceptable returns on investment for growers with high pest pressures,  combined with reduced risk for
both human health and the environment, have lead to a win- win situation in the Midwest.

                        In the future, Region 5 will see the introduction of Bt proteins into a wider
                        variety of crop plants, with activity against a broader range of insects. The
                        recent registration of corn producing the CrylF protein, which has activity
                        against  the Southwestern Corn Borer, Fall Armyworm, and Black cutworm, as
                        well as against the European Corn Borer and Corn Earworm, is one of
                        several  products that has been under development for the past several years.
                        The future will also see corn resistant to the Corn Rootworm, a major pest in
                        the Region. Experimental Use Permits have been issued to test soybeans
                        and  tomatoes with Bt proteins incorporated to confer resistance to other
                         lepidopteran pests, such as the velvetbean caterpillar and soybean looper.
                         Current biotech product development is aimed at producing multiple control
                         options for major pests, and expanded insect control to reduce the threat of
                         resistance to a single compound. Due to the dominance of corn and soya in
                         Region 5, the region leads the country in field tests regulated under USDA
                         and EPA experimental  use permits.
Leptidoteran larvae on corn.
Insect pests frequently cause
economically significant
amounts of damage to
Midwestern corn crops.
                                            As a wider variety of biotech modifications becomes
                                            available to growers, biotech acreage in Region 5 will
                                            likely increase slightly, providing the market for
                                            genetically engineered crops remains open.  The
                                            formation of a Regional/OPP cooperative workgroup
                                            on biotech in FY2001 will allow Region 5 to keep
                                            abreast of changes in technology and regulation of
                                            biotech as the industry continues to evolve.

Promoting Safer Food
EPA Region 5 staff help ensure the continuing safety of our nation's food supply by promoting the transition
from potentially hazardous conventional pesticides to reduced-risk pesticides. Through cooperative efforts with
growers groups, Extension personnel, university researchers, and other stakeholders,  the risk from pesticide
residues in food can be reduced. These cooperative efforts focus on outreach to the agricultural community
and partnership-building.

The Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) mandated the reregistration of older pesticides and reassessment of
pesticide tolerances in food, setting guidelines to protect vulnerable  consumer groups such as children.  The
Regions perform a valuable service in communicating regulatory decisions and
their potential impacts to the agricultural community.  These impacts will be
driving forces in the adoption of new pest management strategies by minor-use
growers.  Region  5 staff have performed direct outreach to the agricultural
community through participation in conventions, site tours, and meetings in Ml,
Wl, IN, IL, & OH.  The Michigan Decision- Makers  Tour, sponsored by the Ml IPM
Alliance, was a highlight.  The tour offers state and federal officials who work on
policies that affect pest management practices an opportunity to see Integrated
Pest Management (IPM) in action and to talk with growers, scouts, Extension
agents and researchers (see photo at right).  As growers move toward safer or
fewer pesticides, food safety will be enhanced.
 Partnerships play a vital role in facilitating the transition to
 reduced-risk pest management strategies. The funding of
 small project grants is one tool used to form partnerships.
 Four grants in three states (Ml, MN, Wl) were fully funded
 using Strategic Agricultural Initiative funds. Ml Department of
 Agriculture and Michigan State University are collecting
 commodity-specific data on pesticide use on minor crops.
 Residue data on raw and processed crops can be used to
 help growers make informed decisions on pesticide choices.
 The University of Wisconsin/Pesticide Use & Risk Reduction
 program, in partnership with 13 local stakeholder groups, aims
 to reduce reliance  on high-risk pesticides. A website,
 www.ThinklPM.org, provides growers resources on systems
 solutions to pest management. A novel field signs campaign
 educates growers  and the public about IPM while promoting
 the Think IPM website.  Information on IPM strategies to
 increase the safety of fresh- market vegetables will also be
 developed and disseminated to growers through the website
 and at industry events. The Minnesota Department of
 Agriculture and University of Minnesota project aims to
 develop and implement a survey of fruit and vegetable
 growers statewide to assess the  impact of the loss of minor
 use pesticides under FQPA and examine alternatives.
 Growers' future educational and research needs will be identified. The pest (insects, diseases, and weeds)
 management practices of Minnesota conventional and organic apple and strawberry growers are being
 studied, allowing the development of tools to enhance the adoption of integrated pest management (IPM) and
 other reduced-risk, low-input strategies in local apple orchards and strawberry fields.

                                    Collaborative efforts between the World Wildlife
                                    Fund, Wisconsin Potato and  Vegetable
                                    Growers Association, and the University of
                                    Wisconsin work towards more ecologically
                                    sound potato and vegetable agricultural
                                    systems. Raising consumer demand for
                                    biologically based IPM produced products has
                                    been a goal of the collaboration from its
                                    inception. Healthy Grown potatoes are the first
                                    marketed product to use certified IPM
                                    agricultural practices (see logo above). IPM
                                    enable growers to control  pests in an
                                    economical, socially sound, and environmental
                                                               Partnerships with the USDA also help
         / (  J*                                             the Region promote safe food. Regional
        *               in Spring 2001. The USDA, University       specialists have participated in Pest
                      I  Research & Extension staff, growers, and    Management Strategic Planning
                                                               Workshops coordinated by the USDA
                                                               North Central Pest Management Center,
                                                               USDA Office of Pest Management
                                                               Policy, and growers groups such as the
                                                               Michigan Blueberry growers.  The North
Central Region Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program, a partnership between
USDA,  EPA, producers, and other stakeholders, provided more than $1.2 million to fund creative projects for
research and education addressing long-term enhancement of food and fiber systems in the 12-state region.
Michigan Blueberry Growers convened a
pest management strategic planning session
in Spring 2001.  The USDA, University
Research & Extension staff, growers, and
EPA examined the needs of blueberry
growers in dealing with insect, disease, and
weed pests. Top research, regulatory, and
educational priorities were identified.

Preventing  Pollution  &  Reducing  Risk
in  Communities,  Homes,  Workplaces
and  Ecosystems
          Efforts to Address Lead Poisoned Children in Chicago
In 1998, an enforcement team comprised of Region 5, the Department of Justice, the
Department of Housing and Urban Development began a project to identify large property
management companies with histories of lead poisoned children in low income, multi-family housing
within the City of Chicago and to monitor these companies's compliance with Section 1018. The
Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH) provided names of entities which had been issued
multiple lead-based paint abatement orders. Under Illinois law, the CDPH is notified whenever a
child is identified as having an elevated blood lead level (EBL), i.e., fi10 ug/dL The CDPH then
conducts a lead-based paint inspection of the EBL child's home and if lead-based paint hazards are found to be present
will issue an abatement order for that home. Until recently the CDPH could only inspect, arid order subsequent
abatement orders,  in individual apartments within multi family housing were a EBL child had been identified. Using the
CDPH data the enforcement team focused on four large property management companies with the greatest number of
abatement notices and therefore the greatest number of EBL children. Over several years there were over 300 abatement
notices issued to these four entities with multiple abatement notices often issued, over time, to different apartments
within the same building  and sometimes to the same apartment. Based on  the recurring abatement notices and the fact
that buildings would likely have the same paint history, it was apparent that these buildings had wide spread lead-based
paint contamination problems and represented a significant health risk to young children.

Deteriorated lead paint is the most common source of lead exposure to children in the United States. About 75 percent of the
nation's housing built before 1978 contains lead-based paint.  Nearly 1 million of the nation's 22 million children under the age
of six have blood lead levels high enough to impair their ability to think, concentrate and learn. Lead exposure causes reduced
IQ, learning disabilities, development delays, reduced height, poor hearing  and a host of other health problems in young
children. Many of these effects are thought to be irreversible. At high levels, lead can damage a child s kidneys and central
nervous system and cause anemia, coma, convulsions and even death. According to the Chicago Department of Public
Health, an estimated 15,000 children under the age of six were diagnosed  with elevated blood-lead levels in 2000.

Region 5, the Department of Justice, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Illinois, Chicago and Cook County health
officials have recently entered Consent Decrees with three of these property management companies who failed to warn their
tenants that their homes may contain lead-based paint hazards as required by Section 1018 Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard
Reduction Act of 1992. The fourth property management company declined to participate in a Consent Decree and has been issued
a Civil Administrative Complaint alleging 2,600 counts of violations of federal regulations on lead-based paint and its hazards.

Under the terms of the Consent Decrees, Wolin Levin Inc., East Lake Management and Development and Oak Park Real Estate Inc.
agreed to test for and conduct clean-up activities to make these units lead safe following HUD guidelines in their nearly 10,000
apartments in Chicago and Cincinnati. The testing and clean-up activities will be conducted over a period of six years and are
estimated to cost several hundreds of thousands of dollars. These three companies will also pay a total of $90,000 in penalties. In
addition, Wolin Levin agreed to pay $100,000 to fund a child health improvement project of Chicago s Health Department
which will entail abatement activities such as window replacement and elimination of other lead-based paint hazards in low income
housing not owned or managed by Wolin Levin. East Lake Management and Development will give $77,000 to a
community-based health center to provide free blood lead testing for children in Chicago and South Chicago. This testing
is intended to target children living in poverty which only have about a 30%  testing rate under existing State requirements.

   A 5 year PTB Lead (Pb) Program Strategy Plan will administer and enforce Title X Lead-Based
   Paint Programs in Region 5 Indian Country.

   The first objective of  the strategy is to ascertain information concerning the lead-based paint hazards and/or
   problems in the individual reservations housing stock. To this end, the workgroup developed a document entitled
    Lead-Based Paint Program Needs Assessment Survey for Region 5 Indian Country. The survey asked for
   information such as housing stock, number and age of children living on the reservation, if there were any
   cultural/medical/recreational use of lead, etc. Also in the strategy, PTB staff committed to conducting site visits
   with all 35 federally-recognized tribes to introduce them to the Region s lead based paint program, inform them of
   the federal program requirements and opportunities that tribes have to develop, implement and enforce their own
   lead-based paint programs and to obtain information concerning direct implementation needs, including/1018
   enforcement. We also shared with the tribes that Region 5 has authorized two Tribes to implement the TSCA
   /4Q2 program on their reservations. Currently these are the only authorized tribes nationwide.

   Completion of the Needs Assessment Survey will allow both the Region and the tribes to ascertain the potential
   hazardous of lead-based paint to tribal children. The information will allow the Region in conjunction with the
   tribes to determine the extent of the lead-based program activities, both the federal directly implemented program
   and  tribal developed  program, necessary for the individual tribe.

                   EPA Region 5 Promotes the Protection of Children from Potential
                      Pesticide Exposures within Schools and Day Care Centers

 Integrated Pest Management (IPM) refers to an effective, economical, and environmentally sensitive approach to pest
 control that relies on a combination of common-sense practices to manage pest problems, while also minimizing possible
 exposures of pesticides to people, property, and the environment. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.
 EPA) is a strong supporter of the application of IPM within urban environments, especially as it relates to the protection of
 infants and children in schools and day care centers. Often associated with, or preempting, IPM adoption, are also
 right-to-know interests which require that children, parents, educators, and others are notified in advance of needed
 pesticide applications so that appropriate actions or access restrictions can be enacted to further minimize any potential
 exposures from pesticides when used as a  last resort for pest control.

 While no federal legislation currently exists to regulate the use of pesticides within schools and day care centers, many States
 nationwide have been actively involved locally to promote the adoption of IPM in schools. The U.S. EPA is a strong supporter of
 these State efforts, through the provision of grants and technical assistance. The majority of the upper Midwestern States
 now have either State laws requiring IPM in schools (Illinois, Michigan) or State laws equiring notification and pesticide
 applicator standards only (Minnesota, Wisconsin). School and day care IPM is strongly advocated as a voluntary
 program in Indiana as well. The U.S. EPA Region 5, has been very involved in all these State efforts from the start,
 often providing start-up funding for State personnel,  pesticide use surveys, school IPM workshops for school
 administrators and sanitarians, pilot projects, and IPM manuals.

 Especially noteable among the U.S. EPA achievements towards the promotion of school IPM is the recent establishment of
 Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, with U.S. EPA funding, as one of two regional School  IPM Technical Resource
 Centers, with the other located at Texas A&M University. The primary purpose of these Centers is to provide assistance to
 States, schools, pest control applicators, and the general public in all areas of school IPM. The Center resources include a
 toll-free hotline, training programs, educational and technical materials available on the internet, a variety of informational
 publications, program support, and access to an extensive network of existing IPM knowledge and expertise. During 2000,
 the Purdue Center supported the States of Illinois and  Indiana under a grant from the U.S. EPA in Chicago  and in 2001 this
 Center was further expanded to also include the States of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Ohio utilizing new funding from
 the U.S. EPA in Washington, D.C. Beginning  this year, Texas A&M University presently supports the States of Texas, Oklahoma
 and New Mexico. Within the upper Midwest, anyone seeking more information and assistance may reach the
 Purdue School IPM Technical Resource Center at 1-877-668-8IPM (8476).
School IPM Goal: Protect Children s Health form Potential Pesticide Exposures within school environments

           Legislative Status of School IPM in Region 5:
                  • States with State IPM Mandate & Notification: Illinois and Michigan
                  • States w/Notification Mandates & Applicator Standards: Minnesota and Wisconsin
                  • State with strong Voluntary Program adopted by State School Board: Indiana
Establishment of Purdue University as School IPM Technical
Resource Center as a central depository of knowledge,
materials, and public contact, and to assist all 6 States in IPM.
Under grant to Safer Pest Control Project, complete new
School IPM video (national and Illinois versions) targeted at
school administrators and sanitarians.
Initially under P2 Buy Clean Initiative, provide grant to Safer
Pest Control for the creation of a template School IPM
Product/Services Handbook Template will be used to create
State-specific versions throughout R5.
Concluded grant to Indiana for school IPM workshops statewide.
Provided funding to Ohio for their first Statewide school IPM
workshop, Statewide survey, and pilot school programs.
Continue to provide funding and technical support to States -
answer inquiries, share materials, participate in State workshops,
provide updates on development of Federal legislation.
Impact of Accomplishments
Serve as one-stop shopping via toll-free hotline and web site
for public and schools for IPM information. Share Regionwide
materials, tools, and successful methods for IPM adoption.
Assist each R5 State in their own IPM pursuits.
Videos either distributed nationwide or Statewide in Illinois
used as selling tool to further promote the acceptance and
adoption of IPM in school environments.
Provide vital information to school sanitarians/purchasers on
tools for IPM implementation, or commercial pest control
specialists knowledgeable in IPM. Result in easier adoption
of IPM by schools.
Promote the voluntary adoption of school IPM throughout
Indiana through education and successful pilot programs.
Begin to engage Ohio schools in IPM through promotion of the
concept Statewide. State resources and materials identified to
help schools further protect their children students.
Provide as much support as possible to States in the absence
of specific Federal funding or a Federal program.
  EPA Region 5 National Involvement [cooperation with at EPA HQ (OPP, BPPD)]:
  • Issue solicitation, review 18 grant proposals, and select two Regional School IPM Technical Resource Centers
   (Purdue University and Texas A&M University) as first such nationally recognized. Centers funded by EPA HQ to
   assist States to promote the acceptance of IPM in schools and day care centers.

  • R5 serves as the primary Region participant on the EPA School IPM Workgroup, which holds monthly meetings to
   monitor status of School IPM nationally, review EPA briefing documents, compose EPA School IPM Strategy, Workplan,
   and Communication Strategy, contract for a new National School IPM awareness brochure targeted at school
   administrators, and provide input to Congress on proposed Senate School IPM Legislation.

                 Better  Waste  Management,
                 Restoration  of  Contaminated  Waste
                 Sites  and  Emergency  Response
Illinois USTFIELDS Pilot Initiative:
Illinois USTField Site Returned to Productive Use
 An abandoned gasoline station
 after the city razed the building
 and place fencing around it.
                          Almost 50% of the Brownfield sites in the
                          United States contain federally regulated
                          abandoned underground storage tanks (USTs)
                          or have been impacted by petroleum releases
                          from them. Federal restrictions prevent the use
                          of Superfund dollars to address UST related
                          petroleum contamination at Brownfield sites,
                          so the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's
                          (EPA's) "USTFields program was developed.
                          The pilot program funded 10-national pilots
                          (up to $100,000 each) in FY01, to assess and
                          clean  up UST related petroleum contamination
at idle or abandoned commercial properties in Brownfield pilot communities.
During FY01, Illinois was the first Region 5 State chosen for the pilot. The
Region and IEPA partnered with the City of Chicago, through the city s
Abandoned Service Station Management Program,  to identify sites deemed a
public nuisance and a threat th public health and safety.  The City, in
cooperation with the Illinois EPA utilized EPA funding to conduct risk-based
cleanups at 2759 W. Washington.  The City will redevelop the area for low-income
housing.  The site is currently awaiting a No Further Action letter from the
State before
construction of the
building. This
initiative also helped
to create and foster
state and local
coordination efforts
in Illinois and across
the nation.
                  A representation of what
                  the constructed housing will
                  look like since the project is
                  not completed. It represents
                  what the finished product
                  should look like, enhancing
                  the aesthetics and property
                  values of the neighborhood.
      ₯ Funding Sources (i.e,100K for FY01 & 400K for FY02)
      ₯ Partnerships Developed/Leveraging Resources
      ₯Target sites with MTBE in GW
      ₯ Site returned to productive use (i.e., low-income housing, etc.)
      ₯ Challenges (orphan tanks, statutory restrictions, etc)
Removal Enforcement Program/PRP
Lead Sites Cleanups
In FY 01, the Superfund Removal Enforcement
Program in Region 5 saved the agency nearly
$28 million in funds (over the $18 million
budgeted for the Removal Program in FY 01).
This was accomplished by voluntary and
involuntary cleanups funded by the Proposed
Responsible Parties (PRP). Several of these
sites were voluntary Mercury Spill cleanups.

Superfund Cleanup Negotiation Completions
In FY01, the Superfund Enforcement Program
in Region 5 successfully negotiated five
settlements within the Remedial Program.
The settlements included four remedial
action cleanups and one non-time critical
removal action. The total value of the
settlements was approximately $23 million.
Counter Terrorism
Region 5's Counter Terrorism Program
continues to move forward in the effort to
combat terrorism in the United States. Each
year Region 5 has developed our program
through training, outreach to local officials and
other federal agencies whom we would work
beside in a real incident, and obtaining and
learning to use advanced screening and
detection equipment. Region 5 personnel, in
addition to exercising with the National Guard,
FBI, Local Police and Fire Departments,
assisted Region 2 in the World Trade Center
response and Region 3 in the Capitol Hill
Anthrax Response. After September 11th
and the subsequent biological attacks, the
ramp-up of the this program on the national
level is clearly apparent.
 The National Brownfields 2001 Conference was held in Chicago at McCormick Place from Sept 24 through Sept 26, drawing
 more than 3,000 attendees. This 6th annual research conference was organized to provide information about brownfields
 redevelopment to all stakeholder groups. U.S. EPA Region 5 played a significant role coordinating the
 conferences' outreach program, media, participated in many panel discussions and by
 partnering with some 22 co-sponsers. Partners included the International
 City/County Management Association, Engineers Society of Western
 Pennsylvania, Illinois EPA, US. Conference of Mayors. U.S. EPA
 Administrator Christine Todd Whitman opened the Plenary Sessiqn with
 comments illustrating her sincere appreciation for attendees who were able to
 be in Chicago, especially after the terrorist act at the World Trade Center.
 Her involvement with the Brownfields program validated her commitment to
 the cities and states as she spoke about the importance of redeveloping
 our cities. U.S. EPA Region 5 Administrator Thomas Skinner spoke to 3,000
 attendees about R5 Brownfields partnership with states and communities. More
 than 200 exhibits were displayed, 270 endorsers provided outreach, over 100 panel
 sessions and marketplace of ideas were given, and over 100 Volunteers from R5 staff
 volunteered as greeters, pre-conference outreach, session assistants and photographers. The
 Regional Administrator Open  House was  held on Wednesday where 200 participants
 attended the open house to meet and greet the R5 administrator. Overall the success of
 the project was done with the enthusiasm from volunteers from Region 5 and our states
 who not only supported the National Conference, but played a major role in its success.

   Nicor Gas/ Peoples Energy Mercury Spill Response Effort
   In July 2000, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
   and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseases Registry
   (ATSDR) received  a call from a concerned resident regarding
   Mercury (Hg) that they had seen spilled in their home after a
   gas regulator had been replaced. Brad Stimple, Region 5's On
   Site Coordinator (OSC), and an ATSDR representative
   investigated the matter to discover several more homes in
   Chicago s northwest suburbs had similar reports and that Nicor
   Gas, the local natural gas utility, was responding to the matter.
   The enforcement team quickly responded with a letter to Nicor
   requesting more information. The number of homes requiring
   screening and cleanups grew as EPA oversaw the ever
   expanding cleanup in consultation with the Illinois Department
   of Health, Illinois EPA and ATSDR. The Illinois Attorney
   General got involved and convened a multi- agency task force.
   As the scope of the problem became evident, the EPA Region 5
   mapped out a strategy that involved multiple orders, information
   requests and interagency strategies for investigating, overseeing and verifying cleanup in an ever widening area of
   concern.  In a matter of weeks the problem was discovered to include two additional gas companies (Peoples Gas and
   North Shore Gas) involving another 100,000 homes and small businesses and almost 2,000 private industrial facilities.

   The EPA team received a Bronze Award for their efforts and the experience gained in addressing the gas company
   mercury situation, which is now under control, will be extremely valuable wherever similar conditions may arise.
Suzhou Creek Pilot Project:  Heath
and Safety Plan and Quality
Assurance Project Plan
The U.S. EPA Region 5 FIELDS
Team traveled to China to initiate a
pilot project in Shanghai, China
during FY 01.  The purpose of this
visit was to transfer information and
techniques on sound environmental
principles and effective technology
tools to the Suzhou Creek
Rehabilitation and Construction
Company(SSRCC)  and the Shanghai
Academy of Sciences. The FIELDS
Team instructed the environmental
scientists in Shanghai in techniques
for site investigations.  The Health
and Safety Plan, Quality Assurance
Project Plan (QAPP) and Field
Sampling Procedures, were written
for a more highly contaminated site
than the one found  at Suzhou Creek.
This was purposely done to give the
trainees reference to what types of
situations can be encountered.

The objectives accomplished during
the visit were to gather all historical
data and generate base maps;
perform a bathymetric profile over
largest area of the creek; teach the
FIELDS tools to SSRCC employees;
define a pilot area to determine soft
sediment thickness using manual
probes;  and to collect examples of
sample data using EPAs Standard
Operating Procedures (SOP) and
safety plan as a teaching tool for the
   Inland Waterways Spill Response Mapping Project
   The Oil Pollution Act mandates that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
   and the United States Coast Guard prepare Area Contingency Plans to improve the
   efficiency of spill response efforts. In this process, the plans must identify
   environmentally and economically sensitive areas. To help protect Region 5's
   resources from the damaging effects of oil and contamination, the Oil Planning
   and Response Section is leading a project to map sensitive environmental and
   economic resources that may require protection in the event of a spill.

   In addition, the Oil Planning and Response Section performs facility inspections
   and spill exercises throughout the course of a year.  This helps ensure that
   regulated  facilities are complying with spill prevention and safety requirements,
   and tests  the adequacy of spill contingency plans.
WPTD/Tribal Illegal Dumping Cleanup:
Through EPA solid waste funding,
tribes have been successful in
coordinating voluntary cleanup
campaigns in their communities as
part of their comprehensive solid
waste management strategies.
Community cleanups of illegal dumps
have raised awareness among tribal
members about the risks of illegal
dump sites, and instilled community pride
to keep the reservations clean and prevent
future dumping. On the right are some
pictures of the community cleanup of
illegal dumps at the Nottawaseppi Huron
Band of Potawatomi reservation, where
38% of the waste removed was  recycled as scrap metal. In addition to these activities
mentioned above, and as  reported in the Regional Results Plan for end-of-year 2001,
the Tribes  reported to us that 2012 tons of waste was removed from Tribal illegal dump
sites since year 2000. Two-thousand of those tons were removed from the White  Earth
dump that qualified for funding under the Interagency open dump cleanup funds.

 GOAL   6
Reduction of Global and  Cross-Border
Environmental  Risks
Great Lakes Naval Action
The Great Lakes National Program Office's two research vessels wrapped up
another busy year plying the waters of the Great Lakes and their tributaries.

The 180-foot Lake Guardian concluded its 2001 sampling season on
September 27th, when it tied up in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The ship had
started work on April 5th and had been at sea for approximately 105 days.
During that time, it measured water quality in all the Lakes in Spring,
Summer and Fall.  In addition to its own research, EPA also supported a
variety of studies by scientists from the States, Universities, and other
Federal Agencies, including Environment Canada.

The most significant finding this field season  was how soon a  dead zone
formed in the bottom waters of the Central Basin of Lake Erie and how
widespread it was.  The bottom waters of the lake in this zone had little or no
oxygen, which fish and other organisms need in order to live. Preliminary
2001 data show dissolved oxygen concentrations in Lake Erie's Central Basin
to be near the worst observed during the last 5 years, despite international success in reducing phosphorus loadings to levels
thought to be low enough to prevent such problems.  (Phosphorus is a key nutrient that feeds the algae in the lake. Too much
algae growth results in an overload of decaying organic matter on the bottom of the Lake when the algae eventually die off. The
decaying  algae uses up the water's oxygen.)  To understand and address this puzzling issue, GLNPO is updating external
phosphorus load calculations; convening researchers in a workshop to further explore the biological effects; and integrating
research and management efforts through the Lake Erie Management Plan.  It is thought that the invasive zebra mussels may
be a key part of the puzzle.

The other vessel in GLNPO's navy, the Mudpuppy, was also kept busy this year. The Mudpuppy is a 32-foot flat-bottom boat
specifically designed for sediment sampling in shallow rivers and harbors.  It is equipped with a vibro-coring unit that allows the
sampling  of cores up to 15 feet long. It also has a global positioning system (GPS) which allows for precise and accurate
determinations of sample locations. Once samples are collected, they can either be sub-sampled and processed onboard or at
land-based facilities. A triple-axle trailer allows the vessel to be transported easily from one project location to the next. In 2001,
the Mudpuppy performed sediment assessments at White Lake and the Pine River in Michigan, the Des Plaines River and
Chicago River in Illinois, the Maumee River in Ohio, Burns Harbor in Indian, and the Milwaukee River in Wisconsin. The
Mudpuppy also helped Superfund and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers sample sediments.
                                    Energy Star is a Win-Win for Environment and Consumers
                                    In a cooperative, voluntary effort to bring more energy efficient and environmentally
                                    friendly products to consumers throughout North America, the U.S. and Canada
                                    signed an agreement which will bring Energy Star products to Canadian citizens and
                                    businesses.  The Energy Star label makes it easy for consumers and businesses to
                                    identify energy-saving products. These products use energy more efficiently, save
                                    money, conserve natural resources, decrease emissions from power plants, and help
                                    protect the environment.

        Through commercial, industrial and public participation in the Energy Star program in the U.S. alone:
       ft Annual greenhouse gas emissions were reduced by 23 million metric tonnes carbon equivalent in 1999,
         which is equivalent to eliminating the emissions from more than 10 million cars.
       •fr Annual emissions of nitrogen oxides were reduced by over 100,000 tons, which is equivalent to the
         emissions from 70 power plants.
       •fr Energy Star Buildings partners, who represent 15 percent of the commercial, public, and industrial
         building market, saved more than 20 billion kilowatt hours in 1999.

       if U.S. residents saved over 25 billion kilowatt hours by purchasing more than 100 million Energy Star
         products in 1999.
       if Current estimates show consumers and businesses achieving a cumulative savings of nearly
         $50 billion through 2010.

Locally, the Milwaukee Public Schools and the Milwaukee Courthouse were honored for earning the Energy Star Label for
Buildings. The Milwaukee Courthouse was particularly recognized for its excellence in energy performance by upgrading the
historic 100-year-old building.  In addition, twelve schools earned the Label. The media event was held in the beautiful atrium of
the Courthouse building. Milwaukee Public Schools entertained with musical performances. And at a national awards dinner in
Washington, DC, five of the 34 award winners were from EPA's Midwest Region.

The Greening of the Detroit River
The Green Ways Initiative is a
five-year $25 million initiative
led by the Southeast Michigan
Community  Foundation to
protect and restore watersheds
and natural habitats of a seven-
county (Wayne, Oakland, Macomb,
Monroe, Washtenaw, St. Clair and
Livingston counties) area in
southeast  Michigan, including Detroit. Greenways are linear open
spaces, including habitats and trails, that link parks, nature reserves,
cultural features or historic sites with each other, for recreation and
conservation purposes. The purpose of the Green Ways Initiative
is to demonstrate the benefits of greenways.
          The primary objectives of the Initiative are  to:
        •  Help local governments and nonprofit organizations
          construct and implement greenways  projects,
        •  Build the capacity of nonprofits and government
          agencies to engage in future greenway projects
        •  Build awareness in southeast Michigan about the
          benefits of greenways.

        This project is an outgrowth of a small EPA grant to the
        Rails-to-Trails Conservancy and is modeled after the
          highly successful Chicago Wilderness project.
                 The Global Village
                 Drawn by the reputations of EPA Region 5 and the
                 Great Lakes National Program Office for innovation
                 and effectiveness in environmental restoration and
                 protection programs, international visitors came to
                 Chicago to learn from their experiences. During
                 FY 2001, Region 5 hosted 310 visitors from 25
                 countries (including 6  interns) — a new record!
                 In addition, Region 5 responded to assistance
                 requests in India, China, Russia and Kuwait.
                 Region 5 and the State Department's long-term
                 investments in the Baltic countries of Lithuania,
                 Latvia and Estonia bore major results. Latvia is
                 restructuring its environmental programs into policy
                 and implementation and Lithuania's Ministry of the
                 Environment is seeking Region 5 advice on a similar
                 restructuring. Both are working with their military,
                 resulting in an Environmental Strategy for Lithuania's
                 Military and Latvia co-funding the First Baltic States
                 Environmental/Military Cooperation Workshop,
                 attended by 10 countries. All  three countries now
                 have environmental policies, management structures,
                 and officers sensitized to environmental issues.
                 Lithuania and Latvia went beyond expectations and
                 drafted watershed plans for the Lielupe River. Public
                 participation and volunteer monitoring training
                 triggered local watershed planing activities on
                 the Gauja River between Estonia and Latvia.
Moving Mud
 During Calendar Year 2000, over 400,000
 cubic yards of contaminated sediments were
 cleaned up at five locations in the Great Lakes:
 the USX vessel slip in Indiana, the Saginaw,
 Pine and  Manistique  Rivers in Michigan and
 the Fox River in Wisconsin. This total includes
 all Great Lakes  cleanup activities involving
 Superfund, Natural Resource Damage
 Assessments, GLNPO, State agencies, and
 voluntary partnerships.
 The White Lake - Tannery Bay, Michigan
 settlement is a significant example of how
 small amounts of federal funds at a critical
 time in the process can stimulate sediment
 cleanup. In the settlement, the Michigan
 Department of Environmental Quality and
 Genesco agree to clean up 73,000 cubic
 yards  of sediments contaminated with
 chromium, mercury, and arsenic. The total
 project cost is estimated to be $7.7 million.
 GLNPO gave the State of Michigan a
 $500,000 grant  in 1998 to help jump-start
 the cleanup. Dredging is expected to take
 place  next summer and last about 4 months.
        Pollution Prevent Scores Big Against Toxics!
   The latest progress report from the Great Lakes Binational
    (U.S. and Canada) Toxics Strategy reports big reductions
   in the worst of the toxic chemicals polluting the  Great Lakes:
  • An 80% reduction in high level PCBs in use in Canada and
   about 90% reduction in the U.S.
  • Approximately 60 to 90% reduction of hexachlorobenzene (HCB)
   and 30 to 40% reduction of benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] in Canada.
   In the U.S., reductions are estimated to be about 90% for HCB
   and 65% for B(a)P;
  • An 81% reduction in mercury emissions from a 1988 baseline in
   Canada and for the U.S., a 50% reduction will be achieved by 2006

          Lakes Report Card Shows Mixed Results
   USEPA and Environment Canada's recently released report card
   on the Great  Lakes shows a mixed picture — about 25% of the
   indicators show good or improving conditions, 25% show poor or
   deteriorating conditions, and the rest show mixed results.
Highlights of the findings:
 •  Surface waters are still among the best  sources of drinking
  water in the world
 •  Progress has been made in cleaning up  contaminants and
  rehabilitating some fish and wildlife species
 •  Invasive species remain a
  significant threat
 •  Atmospheric deposition of
  contaminants from distant
  sources continues
 • Urban sprawl threatens
  natural areas, rare species,
  farmland and open space
 • Development, drainage
  and pollution are
  diminishing wetlands
        Read the full report at: http://binational.net/sogl2001

Expansion of American's  Right  to
Know  About  Their  Environment
                               EPA Will Improve Its Internet Site
                               • Met target of increasing the number of Website hits, pages
                               available and distinct hosts.
                               - Region 5's Web site continues to grow in size and popularity.
                               - Page requests in FY 00 were 32% greater than in FY 00.

                                During this same time, the number of distinct hosts accessing
                                the site increased by more than 25% and the number of
                                different files requested was up 23.7%.
     Goal 7 — Title changed from Expansion of Americans Right to Know About Their
             Environment to  Quality Environmental Information.

        The focus of Goal 7 has shifted to better reflect the priorities set by EPA when it centralized
        information policy, management and technology in the new Office of Environmental Information.

        EPA is moving from a focus on public right to know to a broader focus on quality environmental
        information for all decision  makers. For FY 2001, Goal 7 annual goals and targets have been
        refocused to better reflect this broader vision.

        Goal 7, Quality Environmental Information, focuses on improving access to EPAs integrated
        environmental data, educational services, and analytical tools for evaluating enviornmental
        conditions and trends, and  on providing  a secure environment for data storage and retrieval.
     Environmental Education
          • Awarded  $189,582 in EE grant funds to 20 recipients throughout Midwest.
          • EE Program continues to provide workshops on grant-writing for community groups.

     Environmental Justice
          • Exceeded Regional target set for $50,000.  Awarded 7 grants of $100,000.
         Respond to FOIA requests in a timely manner
         •During FY01 Region 5 completed the backlog review requested
         by the Headquarters FOIA Office. Headquarters confirmed that we
         have no outstanding FOIA requests from FY 93 through 2000.
         This is a major accomplishment as the Agency as a whole
         reported over 9,000 FOIA requests pending in the FY 2000 Report
         to Congress. Region 5 implemented the electronic routing of FOIA
         requests to the program offices in March of 2001 using the locally
         developed FOIA ERMS database.

   One-Stop Reporting Grants
         • Two grants awarded and 1 plan approved. Ohio EPA awarded grant on April 5.
           OEPA submitted 120-day plan on July 25 and was approved by EPA on July 31.
           Illinois EPA awarded grant on June 27. IEPA will be submitting a 120-day plan
           in early FY 02.
           1 Agreements in place with MN, IL, IN and Wl
            (OH and Ml do not currently participate.)

           1 Region 5 is holding a workshop meeting with States on NEPPS on December 14.
 Congressional Inquiries
        • All Congressional requests
         (letters and phone inquiries) are promptly entered
         into a congressional data base. 96.3% of congressional
         letters were answered within the 10 day time limit.
   Toxic Release Inventory
         • Met Regional target of conducting one compliance workshop in each state.
           Long Distance Learning program has been established the first class during
           the first quarter of FY 2001. The long distance learning program has reached
           several classrooms simultaneously, in an interactive manner.

Community Water Systems that will publish Consumer Confidence Reports (CCR)
      • The CCR regulation requires large community water systems (over 100,000 people) to
        post their CCRs on the Web. The Office of Water recognizes that some of these CCRs
        contain sensitive data, such as a map with a location of their surface water intake,
        therefore, the Region has been asked to recommend that systems take their CCRs off
        the Web and modify them to exclude sensitive information.
   Review 100% of outreach products that are submitted for review
         • 100% of Outreach Products Reviewed. Workgroup examining the Region s
          product review procedures and is streamlining them. Next step is involving
          rest of Region with the goal of improving compliance with product review rules.

             Sound Science, Improved Understanding of
             Environmental Risk  and Greater Innovation
             to Address Environmental Problems

  Team Maps and Measures Ecosystem Health
  The Critical Ecosystems Team this year has been creating a path-breaking model on how to map
  Regional ecosystem health. By using base layers of satellite data and a map of EPA-developed
  EcoRegions, the team has identified the criteria and acquired the six-state data sets that will not only
  measure overall ecological health but will also identify  broad areas of high quality that should be
  protected from any further environmental insult.  In early summer '02, the team will be hosting a
  national ORD/Regional meeting on how to target critical ecosystems for protection and restoration.
               Keeping Region 5 In The Field
              The Central Regional Laboratory, Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assistance
              and Superfund cooperated to contribute $65,000 for the purchase of several pieces of
               scientific equipment for monitoring/enforcement. Over 75% of the Region's prioritized
               needs were purchased during FY'01. Without these items staff would not be able to
               reproducibly go back to exact locations on rivers and streams for sample collection
               or monitoring over time. Accuracy is needed to digitally manipulate data for charting
                 to understand the extent and severity of contamination.  This equipment was used
                 to monitor the DuPage, DesPlaines and Fox Rivers.
Regional Geographic Initiative
Using seed money provided by Headquarters under the Regional Geographic Initiative program,
Regional Team Managers enlisted communities, state and local governments, businesses, and citizens
to help clean the environment. Here are just a few examples:  In the East St. Louis, Illinois area, two
sites within walking distance of a local elementary school, where over 52% of the children had elevated
blood lead levels, were cleaned up using RGI funds.  The clean-up resulted in over 2,500 tons of lead
contaminated soil being removed. In Detroit, business leaders partnered to form a Sustainable
Business Forum to help strengthen the region's economic performance, encourage networking, and
help businesses employ best practices of sustainability. In Chicago, a Good Neighbor Dialogue with
participation from government and community residents was started with the Ford Motor Company in
order to reduce environmental releases and conduct  pollution prevention at a local Ford Plant. One
concrete result was a renegotiated standard for paint solvents. In Northeast OH, the GIS action Team
helped federal, state & local agencies  develop and distribute a master planning CD-ROM data set for
an 18 county area.
                                                                Diving Hume Brfiavior
Research Helps Locate Diving Plumes       ,
The winner of the FY'01 Regional Applied Research Effort (RARE),
competitive grant was the project 'Diving Plume Behavior...'
developed by Gilberto Alvarez of Region 5's Waste Pesticide and
Toxic Division and three ORD scientists. While we know MTBE is
released from leaking underground storage tanks and that its
properties make it water soluble, these two factors combine to
allow MTBE to dive below traditionally placed monitoring well
networks. The WPTD and ORD Researchers hope to identify how
rapidly MTBE dives.  A computer model will be developed to help state regulators make better decisions
when it comes to tracking this groundwater menace.

 Central Regional Lab(CRL)Wins Regional Award The
 CRL established quantitative methods for determining
 alkylphenol compounds that may act as endocrine
 disrupters in the environment by establishing 3 standard
 operating procedures (SOPs) to analyze water, soil and
 sediments using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
 techniques.  The SOPs were used by the CRL to provide
 data to the Water Division for the Chicago, Lower Des
 Plaines, Fox and DuPage River sediment studies to
 determine the extent alkylphenols exist in effluent dominated
 streams at amounts that may show ecological effects.
 Strategy Aids Scientists and Decision-Makers

 The Regional Science Strategy was finalized in FY2001 as the blueprint to enhance the support of
 science in the Region and to build capacity to address the many issues facing us using sound science.
 The Strategy addresses improves science collaboration, increases utilization of knowledge and skills,
 creates a  culture of scientific excellence, and clarifies the role of science in planning and management
 decisions.  In FY 2001 the Strategy was partially implemented through a series of workshops aimed to
 broaden the technical knowledge and skills of the Region's science staff and to provide tools to facilitate
 discussions between science staff and  managers/decision makers. In FY 2002 many more activities are
 underway to carry out the Strategy, including additional workshops, completion of an action plan to
 implement Strategy recommendations,  and provide rigor to the Region's science planning process.
States Pursue Innovation

Region 5 was busy in FY'01 working with States wishing to experiment with innovative approaches for
protecting the environment.  Region 5 (except Indiana) submitted 14 innovation proposals. While Michigan
DEQ has been by far the most active with 7, Wisconsin DNR, Illinois EPA, and Minnesota PCA are all in
various stages of agreement or implementation with Region 5 EPA for 7 innovative projects or proposals.
The proposal and  testing of innovations is expected to continue its challenging pace in FY'02 with the
result being greater environmental benefits as a result of unprecedented collaboration.

  National Metal Finishing Strategic Goals Program and Project XL

  The Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago (MWRDGC) is actively working with
  local metal finishers to reduce metal pollutants from  facility waste streams. MWRDGC joined the
  National Metal Finishing Strategic  Goals Program (SGP) and developed a model program, with pollution
  prevention goals and incentives in mind, that is observed by other SGP participants. As a complement
  to the SGP, MWRDGC entered a 5 year partnership with USEPAand IEPA in a Project XL Agreement.
  One aspect of the project is the Toxic Reduction Action Plan (TRAP) which aims to control pollutants of
  local concern that are not subject to District regulation. The same partnership formed for SGP worked
  together on XL's TRAP to identify pollutants  in the MWRDGC discharger waters.  The District and its
  partners selected Mercury in effluent, Hexavalent Chromium in air, Nitrogen and Phosphorous in
  effluent, and PCBs, Dioxin, and Dibenzofurans in biosolids.  MWRDGC will attempt to reduce emissions
  of these pollutants through non-traditional  strategies and will share successes with other POTWs.
    Blood Lead GIS Identifies Children At Risk

    Region 5 is working closely with the City of Chicago to address
    children's lead poisoning using a GIS mapping methodology.
    Numerous presentations have been made to raise awareness on
    the need for increased screening. The mapping has allowed us
    to see the spatial distribution of lead cases across the City, and
    help the City target their education, outreach, enforcement, and
    screening efforts in those neighborhoods where rates are highest.
Chicago Community Areas, 1999

                      A  Credible  Deterrent  to Pollution  and

                      Greater  Compliance  with  the  Law

Enforcement Tools to Reduce Non-Compliance
Although inspection numbers are down, the decrease was due to a more efficient use of EPCRA/CERCLA resources to
determine compliance. The level of enforcement activity is consistent with prior years. Our pipeline continues to flow at a
consistent rate where initiations and conclusions are conducted so that we achieve our ultimate goal of environmental improvement.
Many of this year's enforcement actions have contributed to a  number of pollutant reductions in the following areas:
  RGBs - -7,490 parts per million
  Lead - -66,699 parts per million
  VOCs - -10,000 tons per year
  Sulfur Dioxide - -60,000 tons per year
  Metals - -2,500 cubic yards
  TCE - -680,000 parts per million
  Particulate Matter - ~1,912 tons per year
  Nitrogen Dioxide - -1,140 tons  per year
  Nox - -42,700 tons per year
Criminal Enforcement Actions
The fines and restitution recovered
as part 'of the Region s criminal
enforcement actions for FY 2001
total $5,915,788.
Civil Enforcement Actions
      FY 2002 Enforcement Priorities
      The Region will focus on the following enforcement and compliance assurance priorities:
      • Increase opportunities to conduct multi-media enforcement and compliance assistance activities;
      • Develop and implement targeting methods that increase our efficiency, particularly supporting the Region's
        TNT so that it may be used to map out regulated facilities in the Region;
      • Continue to investigate ways to partner with our States to address environmental compliance problems;
      • Colleges & Universities - continue to find ways to offer assistance and to encourage compliance;
      • Auto Salvage Sector - continue to work with our States and local governments to develop and implement an
        integrated strategy to address environmental compliance problems related to this sector in Michigan and Indiana;
      • Develop and implement a strategy to build capacity for our Tribes, this will include conducting Basic Inspector and
        Health and Safety training;
      • Promoting the implementation of our Region's "Enforcement Strategy in Indian Country"; and,
      • Promoting SEPs that result in significant emission reductions and measurable pollution prevention

        State/Local Partnerships in Enforcement — Lead-Based Paint Enforcement Initiative in Chicago
Collaboration between HUD, DOJ, Chicago Dept. of Public Health, and U.S.  EPA to compel large real estate management
companies to conduct lead paint abatement in the city of Chicago
• targeted and inspected 14 landlords and/or realty management companies in Greater Chicago area
• cases referred to DOJ
• 3 companies agree to abatement of all lead-based paint in their rental units (over 6,000 rental properties potentially affected)
This initiative was a good example of the Region's Environmental Justice Team, Chicago Team, Science Group, Children's Health Team, Goal
4, Goal 9, and, state and local government relations, collaboration to achieve considerable health and environmental improvement in the city
of Chicago. Many of our partners in this effort have commented that this was the most significant contribution for lead poisoning
abatement made in the Chicago area, even when the $14 million grant Cook County received from HUD for lead abatement is considered.
Guide - White River Fishkill
In response to a request by Governor Frank O Bannon, that the U.S. EPA assist to investigate the huge fishkill in the White River, the Region
collaborated with the Indiana Department of Environmental ManagemenUo form a multi- media/multi-agency task force. The task force focused
on the compounds used by Guide Corporation, an automotive electroplater in the midst of shutting down its Anderson, Indiana facility. This
collaboration was instrumental in determining the specific chemical  reaction that caused the fish kill and thus providing critical
information that could also be applied other similar facilities.
The lawyers from both governmental agencies (IDEM & EPA) acted  as one team of prosecutors. Guide Corporation and its
original owner, General Motors Corporation, submitted to fast track negotiations which resulted in the lodging of  a $10,025,000
Consent Decree, $6 million paid into two funds to fully restock the White River and river monitoring efforts planned by the State.
The settlement, ground-breaking in many respects, establishes the following  environmental benefits:
• restoration funds to pay for ongoing efforts to restock the White River with fish;
• performance of projects designed to restore natural resources and enhance the quality of the White River for conservation and recreational  purposes
The settlement also provides for reimbursement of more than $2 million that the responsible agencies expended in responding to and
assessing the impact of the fish kill. Finally, the settlement will  provide for payment of a $2 million civil penalty by Guide,  to be
split equally between the State of Indiana and the United States.

  Region 5, the City of Detroit, and Detroit
  Citizen's Groups Efforts Result in the
  Reduction and Removal of CFC and Oil
  Releases to the Environment

  The Region conducted multi-media inspections at 3
  junkyards in the Detroit area that resulted in assessing
  over $1 million in penalties. The targets for the multi-
  media inspections were the result of the collaborative
  effort and input from the City of Detroit and Wayne
  County. The facilities were identified as a result of
  local community knowledge and complaints.

  The environmental outcomes that were achieved as
  a result of these inspections include the following:
  ₯ removal of 80 cubic yards of lead  contaminated
   soils and three drums containing soils contaminated
   with lead, chlorobenzene, benzene,  1, 4
   dichlorobenzene, 1,2 dichloroethane,
   tetrachloroethylene and trichloroethylene above
   RCRATCLP concentrations.

  ₯ removal of almost 15,000 gallons  of used
   oil/water and soils.

  The Region's activities in this geographic area has
  positively contributed to the improvement in the quality
  of life for the community. Our goal for FY 2002/2003
  is to work jointly with the SEMI Team to improve water
  quality & emissions in the Detroit River Flyaway.
 Supplemental Environmental Projects
 There are a total of 21 administrative cases with SEPS and
 4 judicial cases with SEPs. (*Note -1 case involved
 multiple facilities in different locations).
 Judical SEPs - There are 4 judicial cases with SEPs. 3 of the 4
 are in the petroleum refining sector and 1 is in the iron and
 steel sector. The majority of the SEPS are in the category of
 pollution prevention and pollutant reduction with one facility
 having an environmental  restoration SEP. The total cost of the
 SEPs in the judicial cases is $10,315,540. (Source CCDS)
 There are 21 administrative cases with SEPs. The total costs of
 the SEPs is $2,893,925. The majority of the SEPs are pollution
 prevention and pollution reduction along with Public Health,
 Emergency  Planning andJEnvironmental Compliance SEPs.
 The SEPs in administrative cases are in a variety of sectors
 and spread  across Region 5 states. (Source CCDS).
Promote Compliance Through Incentives and Assistance
             Compliance Assistance Activities
• Conducted 221 compliance assistance activities (activities include
  phone calls/e-mails, presentation/meetings, on-site visits, workshop/training,
  tools developed in house, and outreach materials mailed/distributed)
• These activities reached 81,997 entities. These activities included
  providing assistance to regulated entities and sectors on compliance
  with the Section 1018 Real Estate Disclosure Rule, Subtitle C & D of
  RCRA, PWS - Microbial Regulations, the Lead and Copper Rule,
  and new rules/regulations.
              Region 5 Obtains Emissions Reductions in Petroleum Refining Enforcement Cases
     Koch will reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, benzene and
     volatile organic compounds at its three refineries by a total of 10,000 tons per year.
     Koch will pay a civil penalty of $4,500,000; close a waste pile at the Minnesota refinery at a cost of
     approximately  $2,000,000; and install and operate pollution control technologies that will be included in a
     federally enforceable permit at a cost of approximately $100,000,000. Koch will also perform a supplemental
     environmental  project at a cost of $2,000,000.
       Marathon/Ashland Petroleum (MAP) is
       the subject of a consent decree resolving
       violations at 7 of MAP s refineries.

       • Marathon/Ashland Petroleum (MAP) will
        reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides by
        8,000 tons per year, sulfur dioxide by
        12,800 tons per year, particulate matter
        by 800 tons per year, carbon monoxide by
        1,850 tons per year, and volatile organic
        compounds by 120 tons per year at a
        cost of approximately $265,000,000.

       • MAP will also pay civil penalties totaling
        $3,800,000; and, perform supplemental
        environmental projects totaling
 BP Exploration and Oil Company (BP) is the
 subject of a consent decree to resolve violations
 at BP s eight refineries.

 • BP will reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides by 22,000
   tons per year, sulfur dioxide by 27,300 tons per year,
   as well as particulate matter, carbon monoxide,
   benzene and volatile organic compound emissions.

 • BP will pay a civil penalty of $10,000,000 and perform
   supplemental environmental projects at a cost of

  These cases  are excellent examples of how the
  Region's enforcement actions have contributed to our
  .goal of cleaner air, reducing air toxics, and promoting
  children s health.
Metal Platers/Finishers Sector Compliance Assistance and Enforcement Initiative
  A sector-based compliance assistance/enforcement initiative focused on platers/metal
          finisher that had not filed a Section 312 chemical inventory report.
       • 60% of all platers in the country are in Region 5
       • initiative resulted in the initiation and conclusion of 54 separate enforcement actions
       • EPA collected a total of $282,225 in penalties
       • penalty mitigation granted to 49 small businesses
       • initiative resulted in hundreds of facilities coming into voluntary compliance
         This integrated approach is a model for future efforts in other sectors.
                                  Metii IF inishers Initiative

GOAL  10 Effective  Management
 Region 5's secret weapons
 are behind the scene
 environmentalists. Those who
 do the administrative work
 necessary for you to do what
 you do. This includes
 processing thousands of travel
 authorizations and vouchers
 so you can go to superfund
 sites, or do other real
 environmental protection work
 like take soil, air, or water
 samples for laboratory
 analyses. They make sure you
 get paid every two weeks of
 the year without fail to free
 your mind from pay-day
 anxiety and pay out millions of
 dollars to your grantee
 partners and vendors. They
 work with HQ and other
 regions to bring more dollars to the region enableing us to cover, not just your pay check, but other
 underfunded areas of need to support you in the front line of environmental work. They take pride in their
 work to support you, and have met or exceeded Agency standards of excellence in this line of work.  We
 trained you in travel regulations, government travel card rules, payroll time and attendance, and in budgeting.
 We launched a new travel management system (Travel Manager) and trained you in its use. We launched a
 new grants payment system known as ASAP, for short,  to speed up payments to your grantees.
    Funds Management
    The Reources Management Division reconciled FY 00 and 01 accounts prior to October 1 allowing the
    Region to purchase nearly $1 million in critically needed equipment and supplies. Without this effort,
    these funds would have been lost to the Region with additional unmet needs moved forward to the FY
    02 budget year. This effort required the examination of numerous budget line items, an assessment of
    remaining balances and appropriate actions to redirect funds that would otherwise be lost to the
                                             New Biology Lab
                                             In a joint project with Headquarters and GSA, the
                                             Region completed the first phase of the
                                             renovation of the Central Regional Lab. The
                                             new Biology Lab will improve laboratory support
                                             for the Region's environmental work. This
                                             project required varied expertise including overall
                                             project leadership and coordination, financial
                                             management, health and safety computer
                                             technology, telecommunications and countless
                                             administrative details.

Training of New Employees
During FY 2000-01, Region 5 created and implemented a New
Employee Orientation Program.  The program featured, in part, an
expanded initial orientation session of 1-2 days, emphasizing identified
"survival skills," and a checklist of competencies that can be used by
new employees and their supervisors to help ensure new employees
receive the planned orientation components. The development and
implementation of the orientation program was timed to coincide with
the hiring of about 50 employees from August to December 2000
Day long orientation sessions were held on October 17 and
December 13. The orientation covered over 17 general topics of
interest to new employees. In addition, program specific training was held in February. The evaluations
from the participants confirmed that the material and presentations more than met the need.

               GRANT CLOSEOUTS
 » Goal: Eliminate 100% closeout backlog for non-construction grants ended
  before 9/30/00.

 » Measure: 95% of all grants will be closed within 180 days of the end of the period
  of performance.
                   97-18       98-99
                 Year Grant Performance Ends

                    • Closed • Original
        FY 1999 TO FY 2001



                                                                           FY 2000

                                                                      1 Closeouts ^"^ New Grants
                                                                                             FY 2001
    Acquisition of a Hybrid Gasoline-Electric Vehicle
    EPA Region 5 pursued the acquisition of a hybrid vehicle for EPA's fleet in the continuing effort to
    demonstrate the use of alternatively fueled and more environmentally friendly vehicles.  On April 13, we
    acquired  a Toyota Prius which features combined gasoline and electric power.  This vehicle
    demonstrates technology that produces low emissions and excellent fuel efficiency. The acquisition
                                          process was innovative since we normally acquire vehicles
                                              through GSA. This involved extensive contacts with EPA
                                                       Headquarters and within the Region to identify
                                                           and use our authority and funds to acquire
                                                             the vehicle for the Region.  The vehicle
                                                              arrived in time for Earth Week
                                                              festivities the week of April 23, 2001.


Preventing Pollution Reducing Risk in
       Homes Workplaces and Ecos
                        Designed and Produced
                         by Pam Gallichio