402-R-97-021
ENVIRONMENTAL



RADIATION



DATA
                       REPORT 90




                     April-June 1997
         United States Environmental Protection Agency




              Office of Radiation and Indoor Air

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                                      Contents


                                                                                  Page

List of Tables	v

Preface	  vii

Acknowledgments	ix

Data Reporting Conventions  	xi

1.  Air Program  	1
      Airborne Particulates and Precipitation	1
      Plutonium and Uranium in Airborne Particulates and Precipitation	15

2.  Water Program 	17
      Surface Water	17
      Drinking Water 	20

3.  Milk Program  	23
      Pasteurized Milk 	23
                                          in

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                                 List of Tables








Table                                                                           Page



    1  Reporting Units and Minimum Detectable Concentrations	xiii



    2  Gross Beta in Airborne Particulates: April 1997  	2



    3  Gross Beta in Airborne Particulates: May 1997	4



    4  Gross Beta in Airborne Particulates: June 1997	6



    5  Gross Beta and Specific Gamma in Precipitation:  April 1997	8



    6  Gross Beta and Specific Gamma in Precipitation:  May 1997	10



    7  Gross Beta and Specific Gamma in Precipitation:  June 1997  	12



    8  Tritium in Precipitation:  April - June 1997  	14



    9  Tritium in Surface Water: April - June 1997 	18



   10  Tritium in Drinking Water:  April - June 1997 	21



   11  Radionuclides in Pasteurized Milk:  April 1997 	24



   12  Radionuclides in Pasteurized Milk:  May  1997	26



   13  Radionuclides in Pasteurized Milk:  June  1997	28

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                                       Preface
Environmental Radiation Data (ERD)  is compiled and  published quarterly by the Office of
Radiation and Indoor Air's National Air and Radiation Environmental Laboratory (NAREL) in
Montgomery, Alabama, and contains data from the Environmental Radiation Ambient Monitoring
System (ERAMS). ERD is published in both hard-copy and electronic formats. Electronic reports
are available online at www.epa.gov/narel.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency established ERAMS in 1973 with an emphasis
on identifying trends in the accumulation of long-lived radionuclides in the environment. ERAMS
is comprised of a nationwide network of sampling stations that provide air, precipitation,  surface
water,  drinking water, and milk samples.

Sampling locations are selected to provide optimal population coverage while functioning to monitor
fallout from nuclear devices and other forms of radioactive contamination of the environment. The
radiation analyses performed on these samples include gross alpha and gross beta analyses, gamma
analyses, and radionuclide-specific analyses for uranium, plutonium, strontium, iodine, radium, and
tritium. This monitoring effort also provides ancillary information on natural background levels and
on routine and accidental releases into the environment from stationary sources.

The radiochemical procedures used by NAREL to analyze the ERAMS samples are contained in the
Eastern Environmental Radiation Facility Radiochemistry Procedures Manual (EPA 520/5-84-006).
Station operation and sample collection are in accordance with procedures contained in the ERAMS
Manual (EPA 520/5-84-007, 008, 009).
                                          vn

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                               Acknowledgments
All sampling for the Environmental Radiation Ambient Monitoring System (ERAMS) is performed
by volunteer  collectors who are frequently members of the health  departments or  related
environmental agencies of their respective states.  The National Air and Radiation Environmental
Laboratory  (NAREL) on behalf of the U.S.  Environmental  Protection Agency would  like to
acknowledge the time and effort of these volunteer collectors who are so essential to the successful
operation of ERAMS. The efforts of the sample collectors are especially appreciated during times
of emergency operation when sampling frequencies are increased and schedules are sometimes
demanding.
                                         IX

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                         Data Reporting Conventions
Every laboratory measurement involves uncertainty. When there is little or no radioactivity in a
sample, one consequence of measurement uncertainty is the possibility of obtaining a measured
value that is less than zero. Such a negative result occurs when random effects in the measurement
process cause the measured value for the sample to be less than that of the blank or background,
which is subtracted from it. From April 1991 to December 1995, negative results were reported as
"not detected" or "ND," and gamma analysis results that were less than their estimated measurement
uncertainties were also reported as "ND." In January 1996 both of these practices were discontinued.
Although negative activities are physically impossible, the inclusion of negative results in the report
allows better statistical analysis of the data.

Results of gamma analyses are still reported as "ND" when gamma-emitting radionuclides are not
detected.
                               Measurement Uncertainty

Each measured value y is reported with an expanded uncertainty U= k uc(y), which is determined
from the combined standard uncertainty uc(y) and the coverage factor k = 2. The interval from_y - U
toy + Uis estimated to have a level of confidence of approximately 95%.
                                  Significant Figures

Expanded uncertainties are reported to two significant figures. Measurement results are rounded to
the corresponding number of decimal places.
                                  Detection Capability

The minimum detectable concentrations (MDCs) for each radionuclide are shown in Table 1. The
MDC is defined as the minimum concentration that gives a 95% probability of detection when the
detection criteria are chosen to give only a 5% probability of false detection in a blank sample.
                                          XI

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                                   Table 1

     Reporting Units and Minimum Detectable Concentrations
                        for Radionuclide Analyses
Radionuclide
Gross Alpha
Gross Beta
Tritium
* Plutonium-23 8,23 9/240
f Uranium-234,235,238
Radium-226
Strontium-90
{Iodine-131
Cesium- 137
{ Barium- 140
Potassium
Potassium-40
Media
Water
Air
Water
Precipitation
Water
Milk
Air
Water
Air
Water
Water
Milk
Water
Milk (gamma)
Water (gamma)
Water
Milk
Water
Milk
Water
Milk
Water
Water
Reporting
Unit
pCi/L
pCi/m3
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
aCi/m3
pCi/L
aCi/m3
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
pCi/L
g/L
g/L
pCi/L
Minimum
Detectable
Concentration
2
0.0015
2
2
150
150
0.75
0.1
0.75
0.1
0.02
2
1
4
4
0.3
5
5
15
15
0.06
0.06
50
* The MDC for air is based on an assumed total sample volume of 120,000 m3. Measurement by alpha
spectrometry includes combined activities of 239Pu and 240Pu, since the relative contributions of these two isotopes
cannot be determined.
f The MDC for air is based on an assumed total sample volume of 120,000 m3.
J Activity as of the day of counting.
                                      Xlll

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                                  1.  Air Program
                     Airborne Particulates and Precipitation

Gross beta radioactivity measurements and certain specific analyses are performed on air particulates
and precipitation samples as indicator measurements in assessing the general (national) impact of
all contributing sources on environmental levels of radiation.

Airborne particulates are collected continuously at  field  stations representing wide geographic
coverage, including present and potential sources of environmental radioactivity. Sampling sites are
located throughout the United States.

Filters (10-cm diameter  synthetic  fiber) from air samplers are changed twice weekly and field
measurements are made with a G-M survey meter at  5 hours after collection to allow for decay of
natural radon isotopes and their progeny. Field estimates are reported to appropriate EPA officials
by telephone or mail depending on the activity levels found.

The filters are sent to NAREL for more sensitive analyses in a low background beta counter.
Gamma scans  are performed on all filters showing gross beta counts greater than 1  pCi/m3.  The
laboratory obtained values are usually lower than the field estimates due to the decay of naturally
occurring radionuclides between the times of the two measurements.

Precipitation samples are collected at most field stations collecting air filters. These samples are also
sent to NAREL where they are composited monthly for gamma scans, tritium, and gross beta activity
measurements. A composite of the March, April, and May precipitation samples is analyzed for
plutonium-238, combined plutonium-239 and 240, and uranium-234, 235, and 238.

A compilation of individual measurements is  available  from the  National Air and  Radiation
Environmental Laboratory, 540 South Morris Avenue, Montgomery, AL 36115-2601.

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             Table 2
Gross Beta in Airborne Particulates
           April 1997
Location
AK: Fairbanks
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock
AZ: Phoenix
CA: Berkeley
CA: Los Angeles
CO: Denver
CT: Hartford
DE: Wilmington
FL: Jacksonville
FL: Miami
HI: Honolulu
IA: Iowa City
ID: Boise
ID: Idaho Falls
IN: Indianapolis
KS: Topeka
ME: Augusta
MI: Lansing
MN: Minneapolis
MN: Welch
MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte
NC: Wilmington
ND: Bismarck
NH: Concord
NM: Santa Fe
NV: Las Vegas
NY: Albany
NY: New York City
NY: Syracuse
NY: Yaphank
OH: Columbus
OH: Painesville
OH: Ross
PA: Harrisburg
SC: Barnwell
SC: Columbia
Number
of
Samples
2
1
7
2
9
9
8
8
7
6
7
8
6
9
8
9
8
9
8
3
9
9
6
2
4
9
2
8
5
9
2
8
3
7
5
8
2
8
5 -hour Field
Estimate
Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.0 0.1
0.4 0.3 0.4
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.2 0.0 0.1
0.8 0.2 0.4
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.9 0.1 0.4
0.6 0.1 0.3

0.8 0.2 0.3
1.5 0.2 0.8
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.5 0.1 0.3
0.3 0.1 0.2
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.0 0.
0.2 0.0 0.
0.2 0.0 0.
0.2 0.1 0.
0.1 0.0 0.
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.4 0.2 0.3
0.2 0.1 0.2
0.1 0.0 0.1

0.5 0.1 0.3
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.3 0.0 0.1
NAREL Lab
Measurement
Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.019 0.012 0.015
0.015 0.015 0.015
0.020 0.009 0.014
0.018 0.007 0.013
0.006 0.003 0.005
0.015 0.006 0.009
0.017 0.007 0.011
0.011 0.004 0.008
0.019 0.008 0.012
0.014 0.006 0.010
0.015 0.005 0.010
0.008 0.003 0.005
0.017 0.009 0.012
0.018 0.003 0.008
0.019 0.005 0.009
0.020 0.011 0.015
0.017 0.009 0.013
0.015 0.005 0.009
0.017 0.009 0.012
0.012 0.006 0.009
0.020 0.007 0.015
0.028 0.009 0.014
0.015 0.009 0.012
0.015 0.012 0.013
0.015 0.007 0.012
0.015 0.004 0.008
0.015 0.008 0.011
0.021 0.007 0.013
0.014 0.007 0.010
0.015 0.007 0.010
0.011 0.007 0.009
0.012 0.006 0.009
0.016 0.009 0.013
0.013 0.008 0.010
0.018 0.010 0.014
0.019 0.007 0.012
0.013 0.008 0.010
0.025 0.009 0.014

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       Table 2 (continued)
Gross Beta in Airborne Particulates
           April 1997
Location
SD: Pierre
TN: Knoxville
TN: Nashville
TN: Oak Ridge/Bethel
TN: Oak Ridge/K25
TN: Oak Ridge/Melton
TN:OakRidge/Y12E
TN:OakRidge/Y12W
TX: Austin
TX: El Paso
UT: Salt Lake City
VA: Lynchburg
WA: Olympia
WA: Spokane
WI: Madison
Number
of
Samples
5
5
9
8
8
8
8
8
7
8
5
8
7
8
8
5 -hour Field
Estimate
Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.3 0.0 0.2
1.2 0.0 0.3
0.3 0.1 0.2
0.3 0.1 0.2
0.3 0.1 0.2
0.3 0.0 0.2
0.4 0.1 0.2
0.2 0.0 0.1
0.3 0.1 0.1
0.9 0.0 0.4
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.4 0.1 0.3
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.3 0.1 0.2
0.5 0.1 0.3
NAREL Lab
Measurement
Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.014 0.008 0.011
0.018 0.013 0.016
0.023 0.010 0.015
0.014 0.007 0.010
0.015 0.008 0.011
0.013 0.007 0.011
0.015 0.007 0.011
0.017 0.008 0.012
0.019 0.007 0.012
0.026 0.011 0.017
0.022 0.006 0.012
0.014 0.006 0.010
0.011 0.003 0.005
0.018 0.004 0.008
0.019 0.007 0.013

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             Table 3
Gross Beta in Airborne Particulates
            May 1997
Location
AK: Fairbanks
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock
AZ: Phoenix
CA: Berkeley
CA: Los Angeles
CO: Denver
CT: Hartford
DE: Wilmington
FL: Jacksonville
FL: Miami
HI: Honolulu
IA: Iowa City
ID: Boise
ID: Idaho Falls
IN: Indianapolis
KS: Topeka
ME: Augusta
MI: Lansing
MN: Welch
MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte
NC: Wilmington
ND: Bismarck
NH: Concord
NV: Las Vegas
NY: Albany
NY: New York City
NY: Syracuse
NY: Yaphank
OH: Columbus
OH: Painesville
OH: Ross
PA: Harrisburg
SC: Barnwell
SC: Columbia
SD: Pierre
TN: Knoxville
Number
of
Samples
3
6
9
4
9
9
9
9
8
6
5
8
8
9
9
8
9
9
9
11
9
7
3
6
9
9
4
8
4
8
3
8
9
9
2
9
6
6
5 -hour Field
Estimate
Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.0 0.1
0.7 0.4 0.5
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.1 0.0 0.1
1.7 0.1 0.6
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.0 0.1
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.7 0.1 0.3
0.6 0.1 0.4

0.5 0.0 0.3
1.8 0.3 0.8
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.4 0.1 0.2
0.3 0.0 0.1
0.4 0.0 0.1
1.5 0.1 0.6
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.7 0.0 0.2
0.1 0.1 0.1
0.1 0.0 0.1

0.5 0.1 0.2
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.4 0.1 0.2
0.4 0.0 0.1
0.4 0.0 0.1
NAREL Lab
Measurement
Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.011 0.006 0.009
0.020 0.009 0.016
0.013 0.003 0.008
0.022 0.010 0.015
0.007 0.003 0.005
0.015 0.007 0.011
0.014 0.008 0.010
0.009 0.003 0.006
0.016 0.005 0.010
0.013 0.005 0.009
0.009 0.007 0.008
0.007 0.003 0.005
0.012 0.005 0.009
0.014 0.005 0.010
0.016 0.006 0.010
0.015 0.007 0.011
0.011 0.004 0.008
0.011 0.002 0.007
0.013 0.004 0.008
0.014 0.005 0.009
0.030 0.005 0.013
0.014 0.008 0.010
0.012 0.011 0.012
0.012 0.006 0.009
0.009 0.001 0.006
0.018 0.009 0.014
0.012 0.005 0.009
0.014 0.003 0.008
0.010 0.004 0.008
0.010 0.005 0.008
0.008 0.006 0.007
0.010 0.004 0.008
0.013 0.005 0.010
0.015 0.006 0.009
0.014 0.010 0.012
0.018 0.005 0.012
0.010 0.005 0.008
0.018 0.009 0.014

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       Table 3 (continued)
Gross Beta in Airborne Particulates
            May 1997


Location


TN: Nashville
TN: Oak Ridge/Bethel
TN: Oak Ridge/K25
TN: Oak Ridge/Melton
TN:OakRidge/Y12E
TN:OakRidge/Y12W
TX: Austin
TX: El Paso
UT: Salt Lake City
VA: Lynchburg
WA: Olympia
WA: Spokane
WI: Madison

Number
of
Samples

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
8
7
9
7
8
9
5 -hour Field
Estimate

Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.5 0.1 0.2
0.5 0.1 0.3
0.5 0.0 0.2
0.6 0.0 0.2
0.2 0.0 0.1
0.1 0.1 0.1
1.2 0.0 0.4
0.2 0.0 0.1
0.4 0.2 0.3
1.0 0.0 0.2
0.3 0.1 0.2
0.9 0.1 0.3
NAREL Lab
Measurement

Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.015 0.008 0.010
0.013 0.008 0.010
0.012 0.007 0.009
0.012 0.007 0.009
0.011 0.007 0.009
0.012 0.008 0.009
0.011 0.007 0.010
0.017 0.008 0.013
0.027 0.005 0.013
0.016 0.006 0.010
0.007 0.002 0.004
0.015 0.004 0.009
0.011 0.004 0.008

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             Table 4
Gross Beta in Airborne Particulates
            June 1997
Location
AK: Fairbanks
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock
AZ: Phoenix
CA: Berkeley
CA: Los Angeles
CO: Denver
CT: Hartford
DE: Wilmington
FL: Jacksonville
FL: Miami
HI: Honolulu
IA: Iowa City
ID: Boise
ID: Idaho Falls
IN: Indianapolis
KS: Topeka
ME: Augusta
MI: Lansing
MN: Welch
MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte
NC: Wilmington
ND: Bismarck
NH: Concord
NV: Las Vegas
NY: Albany
NY: New York City
NY: Syracuse
NY: Yaphank
OH: Columbus
OH: Painesville
OH: Ross
PA: Harrisburg
SC: Barnwell
SC: Columbia
SD: Pierre
TN: Knoxville
Number
of
Samples
3
5
8
4
8
9
9
9
9
8
7
5
8
8
8
8
9
7
9
10
8
8
4
5
8
9
4
7
4
8
4
7
8
9
2
8
6
4
5 -hour Field
Estimate
Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.4 0.1 0.2
0.6 0.1 0.3
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.9 0.2 0.4
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.6 0.1 0.2
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.1 0.1
1.2 0.2 0.5
0.5 0.2 0.3

0.3 0.1 0.2
1.3 0.2 0.6
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.4 0.1 0.2
1.1 0.1 0.4
0.3 0.1 0.2
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.9 0.2 0.5
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.1 0.1 0.1
0.6 0.0 0.2
0.1 0.0 0.1
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.0 0.1
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.7 0.1 0.3
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.6 0.1 0.2
0.2 0.1 0.1
0.4 0.0 0.2
NAREL Lab
Measurement
Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.009 0.005 0.006
0.018 0.012 0.014
0.020 0.008 0.012
0.020 0.008 0.013
0.004 0.002 0.003
0.012 0.004 0.008
0.012 0.007 0.010
0.010 0.004 0.007
0.014 0.003 0.009
0.011 0.004 0.007
0.011 0.004 0.008
0.005 0.002 0.003
0.013 0.007 0.010
0.010 0.005 0.007
0.008 0.005 0.007
0.015 0.006 0.011
0.014 0.008 0.011
0.009 0.003 0.007
0.012 0.005 0.009
0.012 0.006 0.010
0.033 0.008 0.015
0.014 0.006 0.009
0.012 0.006 0.009
0.010 0.006 0.008
0.014 0.005 0.009
0.012 0.007 0.010
0.015 0.004 0.011
0.014 0.006 0.010
0.012 0.009 0.011
0.013 0.005 0.008
0.012 0.006 0.010
0.012 0.005 0.010
0.017 0.006 0.011
0.015 0.005 0.009
0.007 0.007 0.007
0.016 0.006 0.010
0.011 0.007 0.009
0.028 0.010 0.017

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       Table 4 (continued)
Gross Beta in Airborne Particulates
            June 1997


Location


TN: Nashville
TN: Oak Ridge/Bethel
TN: Oak Ridge/K25
TN: Oak Ridge/Melton
TN:OakRidge/Y12E
TN:OakRidge/Y12W
TX: Austin
TX: El Paso
UT: Salt Lake City
VA: Lynchburg
WA: Olympia
WA: Spokane
WI: Madison

Number
of
Samples

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
8
8
7
9
9
5 -hour Field
Estimate

Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.2 0. 0.1
0.5 0. 0.2
0.5 0. 0.3
0.6 0. 0.3
0.3 0. 0.2
0.3 0.0 0.2
0.3 0.0 0.1
0.9 0.1 0.5
0.2 0.0 0.1
0.8 0.2 0.4
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.1 0.1 0.1
0.7 0.1 0.4
NAREL Lab
Measurement

Max Min Avg
(pCi/m3)
0.013 0.008 0.010
0.012 0.006 0.008
0.011 0.006 0.008
0.011 0.006 0.008
0.013 0.007 0.009
0.012 0.006 0.009
0.016 0.008 0.011
0.015 0.007 0.011
0.016 0.007 0.011
0.013 0.004 0.008
0.004 0.001 0.003
0.011 0.003 0.006
0.012 0.008 0.010

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                        Table 5
     Gross Beta and Specific Gamma in Precipitation
                       April 1997
Location
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock


AZ: Phoenix
CO: Denver
DE: Wilmington
FL: Jacksonville
FL: Miami
HI: Honolulu
IA: Iowa City
ID: Boise
ID: Idaho Falls

MI: Lansing
MN: Minneapolis
MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte


NC: Wilmington
ND: Bismarck

NE: Lincoln
NH: Concord

NY: Albany
NY: Yaphank
OH: Painesville



OR: Portland
PA: Harrisburg
SC: Barnwell
SC: Columbia
Gross Beta
Activity
pCi/L 2u
1.60
1.04


1.71
1.10
0.84
0.69
0.35
0.56
0.60
0.69
4.05

0.65
2.54
0.60
0.92


0.93
2.27

1.62
1.57

0.31
0.91
4.26



0.73
1.94
2.79
2.84
0.31
0.29


0.34
0.29
0.27
0.27
0.22
0.25
0.24
0.24
0.48

0.26
0.37
0.24
0.27


0.28
0.37

0.32
0.32

0.25
0.27
0.46



0.27
0.36
0.39
0.39
Specific Gamma
Activity
Nuclide pCi/L  1u
K40
Pb212
Ra224
T1208



T1208

Pb212

Be7
Pb212

Be7
Bi214
Pb212
Pb212
T1208

Be7
Pb212
Pb212
Be7
Bi214
K40
Pb214

Be7
T1208
Pb212
Pb212
15 14
5.3 8.1
56 52
2.7 6.2
ND
ND
ND
ND
1.9 1.7
ND
3.7 7.5
ND
81 50
4.7 7.5
ND
ND
ND
61 55
14 10
3.3 9.0
ND
8.0 8.5
4.3 5.4
ND
70 59
4.1 7.7
ND
4.4 7.5
119 40
7.4 3.3
12 14
8.8 3.2
ND
62 52
2.4 5.3
3.8 3.5
4.5 3.4
Note:   ND = Not Detected

-------
                   Table 5 (continued)
     Gross Beta and Specific Gamma in Precipitation
                       April 1997
Location

TN: Knoxville
TN: Nashville
TX: Austin
UT: Salt Lake City
VA: Lynchburg
WA: Olympia
WI: Madison
Gross Beta
Activity
pCi/L 2u
1.53 0.31
1.87 0.35
0.94 0.27
2.55 0.39
5.86 0.53
0.77 0.26
0.48 0.23
Specific Gamma
Activity
Nuclide pCi/L  2u
ND
Be7 48 35
ND
ND
ND
Pb214 3.9 4.0
T1208 3.5 3.0
Note:   ND = Not Detected

-------
                        Table 6
     Gross Beta and Specific Gamma in Precipitation
                       May 1997
Location
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock
CO: Denver



CT: Hartford
DE: Wilmington



FL: Jacksonville

FL: Miami

HI: Honolulu
IA: Iowa City
ID: Idaho Falls
ME: Augusta
MI: Lansing



MN: Minneapolis
MN: Welch

MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte
NC: Wilmington


ND: Bismarck
NE: Lincoln
NH: Concord

NY: Albany
NY: Syracuse
Gross Beta
Activity
pCi/L 2u
0.49
0.87
1.14



3.43
2.10



0.90

0.38

0.87
2.14
2.44
0.85
1.53



1.68
5.04

0.70
2.71
0.72


6.16
1.63
2.42

1.23
1.02
0.24
0.25
0.28



0.42
0.34



0.29

0.24

0.27
0.36
0.38
0.27
0.33



0.34
0.55

0.27
0.40
0.26


0.60
0.33
0.37

0.30
0.29
Specific Gamma
Activity
Nuclide pCi/L  2u
T1208

Bi214
Pb212
Pb214
T1208
Be7
Be7
K40
Pb212
T1208
Pb212
T1208
Bi214
T1208


Pb212
Be7
Be7
Bi214
Pb212
Pb214

Be7
Bi212

Be7
Bi212
Pb212
T1208
Pb212
Pb212
Be7
K40
Be7
Be7
3.8 4.0
ND
17.6 6.8
4.6 9.3
12.0 5.6
2.7 6.1
152 37
88 42
25 59
2.8 8.4
2.4 5.3
11.5 8.6
4.7 5.3
7 12
2.1 6.0
ND
ND
3.5 7.9
56 58
47 43
8.3 9.8
9.0 8.1
5.8 9.0
ND
63 39
28 26
ND
86 50
46 31
9.2 9.1
2.8 6.1
5.8 8.5
4.5 7.5
98 37
27 58
51 54
44 31
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                           10

-------
                   Table 6 (continued)
     Gross Beta and Specific Gamma in Precipitation
                       May 1997
Location
NY: Syracuse
NY: Yaphank
OH: Painesville

OR: Portland
PA: Harrisburg
SC: Barnwell
SC: Columbia
TN: Knoxville

TN: Nashville


TX: Austin
UT: Salt Lake City
VA: Lynchburg
WA: Olympia
WI: Madison
Gross Beta
Activity
pCi/L 2u
1.02
3.23
1.86

0.89
2.69
1.12
1.36
0.64

0.92


0.55
0.44
9.66
0.67
1.05
0.29
0.42
0.34

0.28
0.38
0.30
0.31
0.26

0.27


0.23
0.24
0.67
0.24
0.28
Specific Gamma
Activity
Nuclide pCi/L  2u
Pb212
Be7
Be7
Pb212
T1208
Be7
Pb214

Bi214
K40
Be7
K40
T1208

K40
Pb212
Ra224

4.3 7.8
105 34
47 35
4.9 7.6
2.8 2.8
50 40
5.6 6.4
ND
8.7 8.1
19 57
55 28
23 42
2.6 4.2
ND
53 67
8.6 8.3
43 38
ND
ND
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                           11

-------
                        Table 7
     Gross Beta and Specific Gamma in Precipitation
                       June 1997
Location
AK: Fairbanks
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock
CO: Denver


CT: Hartford

DE: Wilmington
FL: Jacksonville



FL: Miami
IA: Iowa City
ID: Idaho Falls
ME: Augusta
MI: Lansing
MN: Minneapolis
MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte


NC: Wilmington
ND: Bismarck
NE: Lincoln
NH: Concord


NY: Albany

NY: Syracuse

NY: Yaphank
Gross Beta
Activity
pCi/L 2u
2.10
0.51
2.09
1.18


1.58

1.63
1.54



0.51
1.04
3.26
0.93
0.62
1.09
0.11
1.22


1.28
3.25
3.22
3.53


2.17

0.61

14.60
0.36
0.24
0.35
0.30


0.32

0.33
0.32



0.25
0.30
0.45
0.28
0.26
0.29
0.21
0.29


0.31
0.44
0.44
0.43


0.37

0.26

0.83
Specific Gamma
Activity
Nuclide pCi/L  2u
Be7
Be7
Be7
Be7
K40
Pb212
Be7
Pb212
Be7
K40
Pb212
T1208


Be7
Be7
K40
Bi214
Be7
Bi214
T1208
Be7
Bi214
K40

Be7
Pb212
T1208
Be7
K40
Be7
Pb212
T1208
Be7
90 34
36 18
38 40
54 34
34 40
3.2 5.1
45 40
5.1 6.6
ND
50 20
11 13
3.8 3.3
1.6 1.5
ND
ND
ND
65 33
ND
38 32
21 40
4.8 2.8
54 19
8.7 2.7
2.2 1.5
38 19
15.2 2.9
23 35
ND
97 41
3.4 7.8
3.3 2.5
141 37
50 27
35 37
9.7 8.7
3.9 5.4
34 26
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                           12

-------
                   Table 7 (continued)
     Gross Beta and Specific Gamma in Precipitation
                       June 1997
Location
NY: Yaphank

OH: Painesville

OR: Portland
PA: Harrisburg

SC: Barnwell

SC: Columbia
TN: Knoxville
TN: Nashville
TX: Austin
UT: Salt Lake City
VA: Lynchburg

WA: Olympia
WI: Madison
Gross Beta
Activity
pCi/L 2u
14.60

0.86

0.86
2.51

0.68

1.20
0.68
0.86
0.64
1.59
9.07

0.69
0.74
0.83

0.28

0.27
0.37

0.26

0.30
0.26
0.28
0.25
0.32
0.65

0.26
0.28
Specific Gamma
Activity
Nuclide pCi/L  2u
K40
Pb212
Be7
Pb212

Be7
K40
K40
Pb212
Be7
Be7
Be7

K40
K40
Pb212
Pb212
K40
31 53
5.2 7.5
66 21
2.7 3.2
ND
63 30
27 62
11 14
3.1 3.3
44 18
101 31
55 21
ND
53 54
11 14
4.2 3.3
3.0 5.2
33 54
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                           13

-------
                              Table 8
                      Tritium in Precipitation
                         April - June 1997
Location
AK: Fairbanks
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock
AZ: Phoenix
CO: Denver
CT: Hartford
DE: Wilmington
FL: Jacksonville
FL: Miami
HI: Honolulu
IA: Iowa City
ID: Boise
ID: Idaho Falls
ME: Augusta
MI: Lansing
MN: Minneapolis
MN: Welch
MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte
NC: Wilmington
ND: Bismarck
NE: Lincoln
NH: Concord
NY: Albany
NY: Syracuse
NY: Yaphank
OH: Painesville
OR: Portland
PA: Harrisburg
SC: Barnwell
SC: Columbia
TN: Knoxville
TN: Nashville
TX: Austin
UT: Salt Lake City
VA: Lynchburg
WA: Olympia
WI: Madison
April 1997
pCi/L 2u
NS
-20 90
-35 87
-61 87
52 90
NS
65 91
43 90
-45 89
-63 86
-70 86
247 97
59 87
NS
-24 87
21 89
NS
-39 87
-34 87
-4 89
-49 87
-10 88
28 89
10 88
NS
18 89
-46 87
-51 87
-8 88
12 89
55 91
11 89
-64 87
-47 87
-17 88
-67 85
34 85
-49 86
May 1997
pCi/L 2u
NS
-35 81
-49 86
NS
-30 87
24 85
79 87
10 84
37 85
-92 84
3 88
NS
-12 87
90 88
103 92
54 90
-16 87
6 84
67 87
18 84
16 89
9 88
94 88
30 85
80 87
45 85
33 89
-42 86
57 86
148 94
53 86
-14 83
59 86
-35 86
-35 87
51 86
-38 86
40 90
June 1997
pCi/L 2u
-21 83
-2 86
68 86
NS
62 86
15 87
58 89
45 88
-15 85
NS
46 86
NS
45 86
0 86
-10 86
69 86
NS
-10 86
12 87
-33 85
67 87
41 85
47 89
-2 86
-8 86
-16 85
22 85
32 85
2 86
93 90
82 90
45 88
64 89
7 84
71 87
19 87
21 85
7 84
Note:   NS = No Sample
                                 14

-------
      Plutonium and Uranium in Airborne Particulates and Precipitation

Environmental radiation levels of plutonium and uranium are determined by the analysis of annually
composited samples (air filters) collected from  the continuously operating airborne paniculate
samplers.

Concentrations of plutonium-23 8, combined plutonium-23 9 and240, and uranium-234,235, and238
are determined by alpha spectrometry following chemical separation. The volume of air represented
by the annual composite ranges from 120,000 to 500,000 cubic meters.

Plutonium and uranium results are published when they become available.
                                         15

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16

-------
                               2.  Water Program
The ERAMS water program provides data on radionuclide concentrations in the nation's  rivers,
streams, and drinking water supplies.
                                   Surface Water

Quarterly grab samples are taken downstream from nuclear facilities at 58 stations. Surface water
samples are analyzed for tritium quarterly and gamma-emitting radionuclides annually.  Tritium is
a primary potential  radioactive  pollutant from nuclear power plants and weapons production
activities.
                                          17

-------
        Table 9
Tritium in Surface Water
    April - June 1997
Location
AL: Decatur
AL: Gordon
AL: Scottsboro
AR: Little Rock
CA: Clay Station
CA: Diablo Canyon
CA: Eureka
CA: San Onofre
CO: Platteville
CT: E. Haddam
CT: Waterford
FL: Crystal River
FL: Ft. Pierce
FL: Homestead
GA: Baxley
IA: Cedar Rapids
ID: Buhl
IL: Moline
IL: Morris
IL: Zion
KS: Le Roy
LA: New Orleans
MA: Plymouth
MD: Conowingo
MD: Lusby
ME: Wiscasset
MI: Bridgman
MI: Charlevoix
MI: Monroe
MI: S. Haven
MN: Monticello
MN: Red Wing
MS: Port Gibson
NC: Charlotte
NC: Southport
NE: Rulo
NE: Rulo
NJ: Bayside
NJ: Oyster Creek
NY: Chelsea
Source
Tennessee River
Chattahoochee River
Tennessee River
Arkansas River
Folsom S. Canal
Pacific Ocean
Humboldt Bay
Pacific Ocean
South Platte River
Connecticut River
Long Island Sound
Gulf Of Mexico
Atlantic Ocean
Biscayne Bay
Altamaha River
Cedar River
Snake River
Mississippi River
Illinois River
Lake Michigan
Neosho River
Mississippi River
Cape Cod Bay
Susquehanna River
Chesapeake Bay
Montseway Bay
Lake Michigan
Lake Michigan
Lake Erie
Lake Michigan
Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Mississippi River
Catawba River
Atlantic Ocean
Missouri River
Missouri River
Delaware River
Oyster Creek
Hudson River
Date
Collected
04/22/97
04/09/97
04/21/97
04/07/97
04/22/97
04/08/97
04/17/97
04/22/97
04/14/97
04/17/97
04/17/97
04/08/97
04/07/97
04/10/97
04/22/97
04/15/97
04/11/97
06/20/97
04/07/97
05/15/97
06/24/97
04/28/97
04/15/97
04/08/97
04/08/97
04/15/97
04/13/97
04/09/97
04/07/97
04/13/97
04/14/97
04/07/97
04/15/97
04/16/97
04/04/97
04/23/97
04/29/97
06/24/97
06/23/97
04/07/97
3H
pCi/L 2u
96 89
4 86
129 86
0 72
5 84
136 83
-12 83
65 87
60 87
2 85
-76 81
12 73
45 88
-65 88
76 88
64 83
-5 90
-35 84
108 96
47 88
16 83
26 90
-11 85
72 89
1 73
51 87
73 88
-14 90
28 92
93 88
-4 85
-60 89
18 86
183 92
-107 87
4 83
48 90
-19 85
41 87
7 73
           18

-------
   Table 9 (continued)
Tritium in Surface Water
    April - June 1997
Location
NY: Croton-On-Hudson
NY: Oswego
OH: Toledo
OR: Bradwood
PA: Danville
PA: Philadelphia
PA: Philadelphia
PA: Philadelphia
SC: Allendale
SC: Broad River
SC: Hartsville
TN: Kingston
TN: Oak Ridge
TX: Matagorda
VA: Doswell
VA: Newport News
VT: Vernon
WA: Northport
WA: Richland
WI: Two Creeks
WI: Victory
WV: Wheeling
Source
Hudson River
Lake Ontario
Lake Erie
Columbia River
Susquehanna River
Schuylkill River - Belmont
Schuylkill River - Queen Lane
Delaware River - Baxter
Savannah River
Broad River
Lake Robinson
Clinch River
Clinch River
Colorado River
North Anna River
James River
Connecticut River
Columbia River
Columbia River
Lake Michigan
Mississippi River
Ohio River
Date
Collected
06/24/97
06/18/97
04/02/97
04/09/97
04/09/97
04/11/97
04/11/97
04/11/97
04/29/97
04/14/97
04/08/97
04/07/97
06/03/97
04/03/97
05/14/97
04/03/97
04/09/97
04/08/97
04/14/97
04/15/97
04/07/97
04/03/97
3H
pCi/L 2u
-35 84
110 90
22 71
-15 71
-49 89
-62 89
16 86
0 85
1100 120
720 110
640 110
278 83
690 110
13 73
2690 170
1760 130
-84 87
-104 87
7 91
88 89
-33 90
81 73
           19

-------
                                  Drinking Water

This program monitors ambient radiation levels in drinking water at 78 sites.  These data serve to
assess trends and anomalies in concentrations, and to compare with standards set forth in the EPA
"National Interim Primary Drinking Water Regulations." These regulations provide for approval of
supplies when the combined radium-226 and radium-228 levels do not exceed 5 pCi/L, when the
gross alpha (excluding radon and uranium) levels do not exceed 15 pCi/L, when tritium levels do
not exceed 20,000 pCi/L, when the strontium-90 levels do not exceed 8 pCi/L, and when the gross
beta  levels do not exceed 50 pCi/L.

Grab samples are taken at the 78 sites which are either major population centers or selected nuclear
facility environs.

The analyses include (a) tritium on a quarterly basis; (b) gross alpha, gross beta, strontium-90, and
gamma on annual  composites; (c) radium-226 if the gross alpha exceeds 2 pCi/L and radium-228
if the radium-226 falls between 3 and 5 pCi/L; (d) iodine-131 on one quarterly sample per year for
each station; and (e) an annual composite for plutonium-238, combined plutonium-239 and 240, and
uranium-234, 235, and 238 for stations that demonstrate gross alpha levels greater than 2 pCi/L.
                                          20

-------
        Table 10
Tritium in Drinking Water
    April - June 1997
Location
AK: Fairbanks
AL: Dothan
AL: Montgomery
AL: Muscle Shoals
AL: Scottsboro
AR: Little Rock
CA: Berkeley
CA: Los Angeles
CO: Denver
CO: Platteville
CT: Hartford
DC: Washington
DE: Dover
FL: Miami
GA: Baxley
GA: Savannah
HI: Honolulu
IA: Cedar Rapids
ID: Boise
ID: Idaho Falls
IL: Morris
KS: Topeka
LA: New Orleans
MA: Lawrence
MD: Baltimore
MD: Conowingo
ME: Augusta
MI: Detroit
MI: Grand Rapids
MN: Minneapolis
MN: Red Wing
MO: Jefferson City
MS: Jackson
MS: Port Gibson
MT: Helena
NC: Charlotte
NC: Wilmington
ND: Bismarck
NE: Lincoln
NH: Concord
Date
Collected
05/05/97
04/09/97
06/23/97
04/24/97
04/21/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
04/03/97
04/18/97
04/14/97
04/02/97
04/23/97
04/09/97
04/03/97
04/22/97
06/26/97
04/02/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
04/10/97
04/02/97
04/02/97
04/02/97
04/25/97
04/04/97
04/08/97
04/10/97
04/04/97
04/08/97
04/28/97
04/21/97
04/02/97
04/18/97
04/15/97
06/04/97
04/16/97
04/15/97
04/16/97
05/01/97
04/09/97
3H
pCi/L 2u
-59
-19
-56
46
135
14
28
16
70
14
18
-27
-51
-19
-20
380
9
-47
-40
-19
12
67
52
24
40
67
8
182
5
30
-8
52
-26
-2
-65
177
63
48
24
-9
85
71
84
87
90
85
86
71
88
86
71
86
85
70
84
100
71
70
71
90
86
73
72
85
74
75
88
77
91
89
83
73
84
85
85
93
88
87
89
72
           21

-------
   Table 10 (continued)
Tritium in Drinking Water
    April - June 1997
Location
NJ: Waretown
NM: Santa Fe
NV: Las Vegas
NY: Albany
NY: Niagara Falls
NY: Syracuse
OH: Cincinnati
OH: Columbus
OH: E. Liverpool
OH: Painesville
OH: Toledo
OK: Oklahoma City
OR: Portland
PA: Harrisburg
PA: Philadelphia - Belmont
PA: Philadelphia - Baxter
PA: Pittsburgh
PC: Corozal
RI: Providence
SC: Barnwell
SC: Columbia
SC: Jenkinsville
SC: Seneca
TN: Chattanooga
TN: Knoxville
TN: Oak Ridge - Anderson Co #768
TN: Oak Ridge - Anderson Co #772
TN: Oak Ridge - Knox Co #371
TN: Oak Ridge - Roane Co #360
TN: Oak Ridge - Roane Co #4442
TX: Austin
VA: Doswell
WA: Richland
WA: Seattle
WI: Genoa City
WI: Madison
Date
Collected
06/23/97
04/09/97
04/03/97
04/03/97
04/02/97
04/09/97
06/04/97
06/25/97
04/18/97
04/04/97
04/02/97
05/14/97
04/02/97
04/11/97
04/11/97
04/11/97
04/18/97
04/08/97
04/07/97
04/30/97
04/04/97
04/24/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
06/18/97
06/18/97
06/18/97
06/17/97
06/17/97
04/04/97
04/03/97
04/14/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
04/09/97
3H
pCi/L 2u
-33
-6
49
-53
143
57
6
-35
14
117
117
-16
-10
6
-53
0
-11
-49
9
24
43
85
-18
79
54
-26
3
26
31
560
15
49
-4
-14
-4
30
84
88
73
89
92
90
87
83
85
77
75
87
84
85
85
84
85
83
73
89
72
88
90
75
75
86
85
87
87
110
71
72
91
87
85
89
           22

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                                 3. Milk Program
                                  Pasteurized Milk

Milk is a reliable indicator of the general population's intake of radionuclides since it is consumed
fresh by a large segment of the population and can contain several of the biologically significant
radionuclides that result from environmental releases from nuclear activities. A primary function
of this program is to obtain reliable monitoring data relative to current radionuclide concentrations
and determine any long-term trends.

Monthly samples are collected at approximately 55 sampling sites. The samples are composited,
according to production, from the major milk suppliers representing more than 80 percent of the milk
consumed in a given population center.

The  samples are analyzed for gamma-emitting nuclides, including iodine-131, barium-140,
cesium-137, and potassium-40.  Total potassium concentrations in g/L are determined from
potassium-40 activities assuming natural isotopic abundances.  All samples collected in July are
analyzed for strontium-90.

Iodine-131, barium-140, cesium-137, and potassium-40 are determined by gamma spectral analysis.
Strontium-90 is determined by beta counting a total strontium precipitate that has been chemically
separated by ion exchange.
                                           23

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                                Table 11
                    Radionuclides in Pasteurized Milk
                               April 1997
Location
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock
AZ: Phoenix
CA: Los Angeles
CA: Sacramento
CA: San Francisco
CO: Denver
CT: Hartford
DE: Wilmington
FL: Tampa
GA: Atlanta
HI: Honolulu
IA: Des Moines
IL: Chicago
IN: Indianapolis
KS: Wichita
KY: Louisville
MA: Boston
MD: Baltimore
ME: Portland
MI: Detroit
MI: Grand Rapids
MN: St. Paul
MO: Kansas City
MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte
ND: Minot
NJ: Trenton
NM: Albuquerque
NV: Las Vegas
NY: Buffalo
NY: Syracuse
OH: Cincinnati
OH: Cleveland
OR: Portland
PA: Philadelphia
PA: Pittsburgh
PC: Cristobal
PR: San Juan
Date
Collected
04/02/97
04/02/97
04/30/97
04/07/97
04/16/97
04/15/97
04/21/97
04/08/97
04/08/97
04/07/97
04/22/97
04/24/97
04/07/97
04/05/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
04/09/97
04/11/97
04/04/97
04/11/97
04/01/97
04/09/97
04/02/97
04/28/97
04/07/97
04/08/97
04/04/97
04/24/97
04/22/97
04/14/97
04/10/97
04/07/97
04/15/97
04/02/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
04/03/97
K
g/L 2u
1.44 0.14
1.632 0.088
1.597 0.095
1.57 0.10
1.61 0.12
1.644 0.089
1.68 0.10
1.61 0.15
1.621 0.058
1.69 0.12
1.58 0.14
1.716 0.098
1.632 0.068
1.644 0.081
1.561 0.080
1.609 0.081
1.609 0.058
1.656 0.068
1.668 0.068
1.668 0.082
1.72 0.13
1.609 0.059
1.585 0.082
1.430 0.094
1.632 0.081
1.680 0.078
1.597 0.090
1.644 0.067
1.609 0.087
1.597 0.080
1.668 0.060
1.561 0.077
1.63 0.14
1.692 0.068
1.704 0.096
1.632 0.059
1.656 0.060
1.57 0.12
1.656 0.088
137Cs
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
3.0 3.3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
3.1 2.3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
3.7 3.1
ND
140Ba
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
131j
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                                    24

-------
                          Table 11 (continued)
                    Radionuclides in Pasteurized Milk
                               April 1997
Location
PR: San Juan
SC: Charleston
SD: Rapid City
TN: Chattanooga
TN: Chattanooga
TN: Knoxville
TN: Knoxville
TN: Memphis
TX: Ft. Worth
VA: Norfolk
VT: Burlington
WA: Seattle
WA: Spokane
WV: Charleston
Date
Collected
04/10/97
04/09/97
04/05/97
04/03/97
04/28/97
04/10/97
04/28/97
04/29/97
04/07/97
04/04/97
04/11/97
04/09/97
04/07/97
04/07/97
K
g/L 2u
1.632 0.083
1.573 0.086
1.573 0.080
1.609 0.089
1.585 0.097
1.70 0.15
1.61 0.17
1.48 0.17
1.585 0.077
1.478 0.074
1.549 0.089
1.609 0.059
1.55 0.15
1.632 0.078
137Cs
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
140Ba
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
131j
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                                   25

-------
                                 Table 12
                    Radionuclides in Pasteurized Milk
                                May 1997
Location
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock
CA: Los Angeles
CA: Sacramento
CA: San Francisco
CO: Denver
CT: Hartford
DE: Wilmington
FL: Tampa
GA: Atlanta
HI: Honolulu
IA: Des Moines
IN: Indianapolis
KY: Louisville
MA: Boston
MD: Baltimore
ME: Portland
MI: Detroit
MI: Grand Rapids
MN: St. Paul
MO: Kansas City
MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte
ND: Minot
NJ: Trenton
NM: Albuquerque
NY: Buffalo
NY: Syracuse
OH: Cincinnati
OH: Cleveland
OR: Portland
PA: Philadelphia
PA: Pittsburgh
PC: Cristobal
PR: San Juan
SC: Charleston
TN: Memphis
TX: Austin
TX: Ft. Worth
Date
Collected
05/09/97
05/29/97
05/13/97
05/06/97
05/14/97
05/15/97
05/06/97
05/07/97
05/05/97
05/28/97
05/14/97
05/12/97
05/05/97
05/07/97
05/09/97
05/01/97
05/07/97
05/12/97
05/05/97
05/02/97
05/19/97
05/06/97
05/06/97
05/09/97
05/12/97
05/19/97
05/09/97
05/05/97
05/12/97
05/13/97
05/05/97
05/05/97
05/06/97
05/07/97
05/15/97
05/07/97
05/16/97
05/05/97
05/05/97
K
g/L 2u
1.585 0.058
1.585 0.048
1.656 0.088
1.58 0.10
1.728 0.069
.609 0.049
.68 0.10
.585 0.060
.597 0.074
.513 0.047
.64 0.10
.621 0.058
.609 0.049
.621 0.059
.632 0.049
.72 0.11
.692 0.049
.692 0.059
.644 0.095
.632 0.094
.561 0.047
.57 0.17
.585 0.059
.561 0.058
.585 0.048
.573 0.048
.692 0.049
.680 0.095
.644 0.060
.704 0.049
.716 0.076
.621 0.048
.573 0.048
.573 0.058
.680 0.049
.513 0.058
.609 0.086
.621 0.059
.573 0.083
137Cs
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
2.3 1.7
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
2.0 1.3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
8.6 2.0
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
140Ba
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
131j
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                                    26

-------
                           Table 12 (continued)
                    Radionuclides in Pasteurized Milk
                                May 1997
Location
VA: Norfolk
VT: Burlington
WA: Seattle
WA: Spokane
WV: Charleston
Date
Collected
05/06/97
05/29/97
05/06/97
05/19/97
05/06/97
K
g/L 2u
1.632 0.048
1.609 0.048
1.561 0.059
1.621 0.048
1.621 0.067
137Cs
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
140Ba
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
131j
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                                    27

-------
                                Table 13
                    Radionuclides in Pasteurized Milk
                                June 1997
Location
AL: Montgomery
AR: Little Rock
AZ: Phoenix
CA: Los Angeles
CA: Sacramento
CA: San Francisco
CO: Denver
CT: Hartford
DE: Wilmington
FL: Tampa
GA: Atlanta
HI: Honolulu
IA: Des Moines
IL: Chicago
IN: Indianapolis
KY: Louisville
MA: Boston
MD: Baltimore
ME: Portland
MI: Detroit
MI: Grand Rapids
MN: St. Paul
MO: Kansas City
MS: Jackson
NC: Charlotte
ND: Minot
NJ: Trenton
NM: Albuquerque
NV: Las Vegas
NY: Buffalo
NY: Syracuse
OH: Cincinnati
OH: Cleveland
OR: Portland
PA: Philadelphia
PA: Pittsburgh
PC: Cristobal
PR: San Juan
SC: Charleston
Date
Collected
06/17/97
06/23/97
06/25/97
06/04/97
06/09/97
06/06/97
06/13/97
06/04/97
06/10/97
06/04/97
06/24/97
06/26/97
06/02/97
06/05/97
06/17/97
06/03/97
06/04/97
06/05/97
06/11/97
06/03/97
06/04/97
06/02/97
06/30/97
06/02/97
06/03/97
06/03/97
06/04/97
06/18/97
06/23/97
06/06/97
06/05/97
06/12/97
06/02/97
06/03/97
06/04/97
06/04/97
06/06/97
06/06/97
06/06/97
K
g/L 2u
1.53 0.17
1.57 0.10
1.66 0.10
1.668 0.049
1.668 0.049
.597 0.087
.61 0.13
.656 0.095
.66 0.10
.632 0.049
.51 0.10
.692 0.088
.644 0.078
.597 0.048
.585 0.086
.656 0.049
.63 0.10
.740 0.050
.764 0.095
.621 0.049
.632 0.048
.54 0.14
.61 0.10
.621 0.092
.621 0.048
.61 0.10
.632 0.048
.787 0.096
.668 0.068
.680 0.049
.632 0.049
.621 0.077
.656 0.049
.64 0.10
.656 0.086
.585 0.048
.632 0.048
.668 0.049
.573 0.048
137Cs
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
3.1 1.3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
6.3 1.4
ND
ND
140Ba
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
131j
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                                   28

-------
                          Table 13 (continued)
                    Radionuclides in Pasteurized Milk
                                June 1997
Location
SD: Rapid City
TN: Chattanooga
TN: Knoxville
TN: Knoxville
TN: Memphis
TX: Ft. Worth
VA: Norfolk
VT: Burlington
WA: Seattle
WA: Spokane
WV: Charleston
Date
Collected
06/16/97
06/30/97
06/03/97
06/30/97
06/27/97
06/09/97
06/04/97
06/27/97
06/02/97
06/05/97
06/02/97
K
g/L 2u
1.644 0.099
1.609 0.081
1.680 0.095
1.561 0.087
1.597 0.097
1.61 0.10
1.597 0.048
1.70 0.17
1.644 0.049
1.668 0.049
1.62 0.10
137Cs
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
140Ba
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
131j
pCi/L 2u
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
Note:   ND = Not Detected
                                   29

-------
30

-------
                              For More Information
Environmental Radiation Data (ERD) is published quarterly by the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency's Office of Radiation and Indoor Air.
Requests for information concerning the operation of ERAMS and the data that are generated should
be directed as follows:

For System Operations                   For Analytical Information andData-

Rhonda Sears                           John Griggs
National Air and Radiation Environmental  National Air and Radiation Environmental
  Laboratory                             Laboratory
540 South Morris Avenue                540 South Morris Avenue
Montgomery, Alabama 36115-2601        Montgomery, Alabama 36115-2601
e-mail:  sears.rhonda@epa.gov            e-mail: griggs.john@epa.gov

Requests for information concerning publication and distribution of ERD should be directed to:

                                   Charles M. Petko
                                 Office of the Director
                   National Air and Radiation Environmental Laboratory
                               540 South Morris Avenue
                          Montgomery, Alabama  36115-2601
                             e-mail: petko.charles@epa.gov

Requests for information concerning policies of the Office of Radiation and Indoor Air should be
directed to:

                                  William C. Conklin
                                   USEPA - ORIA
                  Center for Emergency Preparedness and Clean Materials
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                                501 Third Street, N.W.
                                Washington, DC 20001
                             e-mail: conklin.craig@epa.gov

                                         ***

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