EPA Approves Requests from
                 Florida and North Carolina to Relax
                 the Summer Gasoline Volatility
                 Standard for Florida and the Raleigh-
                 Durham-Chapel  Hill Area and the
                 Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High
                 Point Area  in North  Carolina
                    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is issuing a
                    direct final rulemaking to relax the applicable RVP standard in
                 Florida and in the Triangle and Triad Areas in North Carolina, during
                 the summer season (June 1st to September 15th).

                 Summary
                 The EPA is approving a request from Florida to relax the federal Reid Vapor Pressure
                 (RVP) standard applicable to gasoline introduced into commerce in the Miami,
                 Tampa and Jacksonville areas. The EPA is also approving a similar request from
                 North Carolina to relax the RVP standard in the Triangle and Triad Areas. These
                 changes apply during the summer high ozone season - June 1st to September 15th,
                 This action amends our regulations to change the summertime RVP standard for
                 these areas from 7.8 pounds per square inch (psi) to 9.0 psi. The EPA has determined
                 that this change to our federal RVP regulations is consistent with the applicable
                 provisions of the Clean Air Act. The requests from Florida and North Carolina dem-
                 onstrate that all of these areas can implement the 9.0 psi RVP standard and maintain
                 the 8-hour ozone NAAQS.

                 Key Elements
                    This rule relaxes the volatility requirements for gasoline in three areas in
                     Florida and two areas in North Carolina as described above, during the
                     summer (June 1st to September 15th). It is beneficial to these areas because
                     the action will improve the fungibility of gasoline in these areas. In other
SEPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
               EPA-420-F-14-013
                   March 2014

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       words when this rule becomes effective the gasoline sold in these areas will be identical
       to the fuel sold now in the rest of Florida and in most of North Carolina. For motorists
       the change in summertime gasoline volatility specifications will be virtually unnoticeable,

       All of these areas have attained the health'based ozone NAAQS. This rule was dependent
       upon the approval of revisions of maintenance plans and a demonstration that each area
       would maintain the ozone NAAQS using gasoline that meets the less stringent require-
       ment. Florida submitted the revised maintenance plans and maintenance demonstrations
       in August 2013 and North Carolina made its submissions in March 2013 for the Triangle
       Area and in April 2013 for the Triad Area. Region 4 approved Florida's submission in
       January 2014 (79 FR 573). The Region approved North Carolina's submissions for the
       Triangle and Triangle Areas in January 2014 (79 FR 47  and 79 FR 4082, respectively).
Background
In 1987, EPA determined that gasoline nationwide had become increasingly volatile, causing an
increase in evaporative emissions from gasoline-powered vehicles and equipment. Evaporative
emissions from gasoline, referred to as volatile organic compounds (VOCs), are precursors to
the formation of tropospheric ozone and contribute to the nation's ground'level ozone problem.
Ground-level ozone causes health problems, including damaged lung tissue, reduced lung
function, and lung sensitization to other pollutants.

To provide for cleaner air and greater public health protection, EPA enforces maximum limits
for the RVP (the most common measure of fuel volatility) of gasoline sold during the summer
ozone control season - June 1st to September 15th. EPA's current regulations establish maximum
RVP standards of 9.0 psi or 7.8 psi (depending on the State, the month, and the area's initial
ozone attainment designation with respect to the 1'hour ozone National Ambient Air Quality
Standard or "NAAQS") during the ozone control season.

In order to relax the applicable RVP standard in an area where the more stringent RVP level is
required, an area must be designated as (or redesignated to)  attainment and submit a mainte-
nance plan demonstrating continued attainment of the ozone NAAQS with the less stringent
RVP standard in place. All of these areas are designated as attainment areas for the 2008 ozone
NAAQS as well as the earlier 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS and the 1-hour ozone NAAQS. As
described above all of these areas have demonstrated that they will continue to attain the ozone
NAAQS after the summertime RVP limit has been relaxed.
Public Participation Opportunities
This rule is being released as a Direct Final Rule because we view it as a non-controversial action
and anticipate no adverse comment. However, comments can be submitted under a parallel
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. For instructions on submitting written comments, please see
the Federal Register notice, which is available from the Web site below or from the EPA Air and
Radiation Docket (202-566-1742; please refer to Docket No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2013-0787).

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For More Information
You can access the rule and related documents on EPA's Office of Transportation and Air
Quality (OTAQ) Web site at:

          www.epa.gov/otaq/fuels/gasolinefuels/volatility/regulations.htm.

For further information on this Direct Final Rule, please contact:

          Rudy Kapichak
          U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
          Office of Transportation and Air Quality
          2000 Traverwood Drive
          Ann Arbor, MI48105
          Phone: 734-214-4574
          Fax:734-214-4052
          Email: kapichak.rudolph@epa.gov

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