V>CrM                  Office  of Water  P^
 Water  Research  Quarterly
 January - March 2011
                                 No. 2011-1
                                      Table of Contents

Protecting Aquatic Life and Human Health from Chemicals and Microbes in Water	1
Innovative and Affordable Tools and Technologies for Sustainable Public Health Protection	5
Hcological Systems Approach to Protect and Restore Sustainable Water Quality and Water Quantity on a Watershed Basis	9
               Protecting Aquatic Life and Human Health from
                         Chemicals and Microbes in Water
From EPA
Draft Plan to Study the Potential Impacts of
Hydraulic Fracturing on Drinking Water Resources.
EPA/600/D-11/001. Possible contamination of drinking
water resources from natural gas drilling.
Go to Report or water.epa.gov/type/groundwater
Toxicological Review of Methanol (Non-Cancer).
EPA/635/R-11/001. Review draft for public comment.
IRIS summary of the hazard and dose-response
assessment of methanol.
Go to Report or www.epa.gov/iris
Disinfection By-Products: Formation and
Occurrence in Drinking Water. Richardson, S.D.,
2011. Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, Chapter 2,
J.O. Nnagu (ed.), 110-136.
Go to Article or www.epa.gov/nerl
EPA and HHS Announce New Scientific
Assessments and Actions on Fluoride. Working
to maintain benefits of preventing tooth decay while
preventing excessive exposure.
Go to Article or water.epa.gov/drink

EPA Requires Testing of 19 Widely Used
Chemicals. Final rule under the Toxic Substances
Control Act; manufacturers of high production volume
chemicals to test health and environmental effects.
                                    EPA Expands and Enhances WCIT: A Robust Tool
                                    for the Water Sector. Added 700 contaminants and
                                    212 analytical methods to online  database profiling
                                    contaminants of concern.
                                    Go to www.epa.gov/wcit
                                    EPA Awards $7 Million to Study Effects of Pollution
                                    Exposures and Social Stressors on Communities.
                                    Research grants aim to gather comprehensive
                                    community wide data on human health impacts.
                                    Go to Article or www.epa.gov/ncer/cumulativerisk
                                    EPA Awards $5.5 Million to Support
                                    Nanotechnology Research. Research to help
                                    determine whether health and environmental risks exist.
                                    Go to Article or www.epa.gov/nanoscience
                                    Colloidal Properties of C60 Fullerenes. Ma, X., 2011.
                                    Presented at University of Cincinnati. Studied processes
                                    of nano-size C60 in environmental aqueous systems,
                                    formation kinetics, particle-particle interactions, particle-
                                    surface interactions, and Lewis acid-base interactions.
                                    Go to
; or www.epa.gov/nrmrl
Go to
or http://www.epa.gov/ocspp
                                    Monitored Natural Attenuation of Inorganic
                                    Contaminants in Ground Water. Ford, R.G. and R.T.
                                    Wilkin, 2011. Volume 3: Assessment for Radionuclides
                                    Including Tritium, Radon, Strontium, Technetium,
                                    Uranium, Iodine, Radium, Thorium, Cesium, and
                                    Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nrmrl

                         Water  Research Quarterly
New Robot System to Test 10,000 Chemicals for
Toxicity. Purchased by the Tox21 collaboration, which
merges resources to develop ways to predict how
chemicals will affect human health and the environment.
Go to Article or www.epa.gov/ncct
                                       National Study Explores the Reaction and Transport
                                       of Tungsten in Drinking Water. Investigates how
                                       concentrations change along groundwater flow paths
                                       and modify the groundwater makeup.
                                       Go to Article or www.physorg.com
Embracing Change: The Next Generation of Risk
Assessment. New practices to match pace of discoveries
as they relate to human and environmental health.
Go to Article or www.epa.gov/risk/nexgen
                                       Using Mining By-Products to Reduce Algal
                                       Blooms. CSIRO. Can prevent nutrients from entering
                                       river systems, thereby reducing algal blooms.
                                       Go to Article or www.csiro.au
Problem Formulation for Human Health Risk
Assessments of Pathogens in Land-Applied
Biosolids. EPA/600/R-08/035F. Includes literature
studies; pathogen stressors; conceptual models; risk
assessment evaluation; existing tools/methodologies.
Go to Report or www.epa.gov/ncea

Review of EPA's Responsiveness to SAB 2007
Recommendations for the Revision of Cancer
Assessment of Inorganic Arsenic - A Report of the
SAB Inorganic Arsenic Cancer Review Work Group.
Go to Report or www.epa.gov/sab

Quality Assurance and Quality Control
Practices for Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water
Mains. EPA/600/R-11/017. Interviewed with
vendors, engineers, and utilities that use trenchless
rehabilitation technologies.
Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nrmrl

The Proposal for the Third Unregulated
Contaminant Monitoring Regulation (UCMR 3)
Was Signed by EPA Administrator. Would require
monitoring for 30 contaminants during 2013-2015.
Go to Article or water.epa.gov/lawsregs/rulesregs
From Collaborators	

WERF - Measuring Water Ingestion among Water
Recreators. Used survey research and environmental
chemistry methods to evaluate rates of water ingestion
during swimming, canoeing/kayaking, and wading/
fishing to address knowledge gap.
                                       WERF - Diagnostic Tools to Evaluate Impacts of
                                       Trace Organic Compounds. Prioritizes TOrCs of
                                       most concern; develops framework to identify TOrCs
                                       by source type, exposure-response models for high
                                       priority TOrCs, and a relational database of TOrC
                                       exposure and effects data.
                                       Go to Article or www.werf.org
                                       WaterRF - lodoacids in Drinking Water Supplies:
                                       Methods and Occurrence. Weinberg, H.S., et al., 2011.
                                       #3175. Develops method for measuring iodoacetic acids
                                       to low levels in drinking water, studies mechanistic
                                       pathways of formation, and conducts an occurrence
                                       survey of source water quality and treatment scenarios
                                       likely to produce iodoacids.
                                       Go to Report or www.waterrf.org
                                       NIH Launches Largest Oil Spill Health Study.
                                       Studying health effects of the oil spill on 55,000
                                       cleanup workers and volunteers; largest health study of
                                       its kind ever conducted among this population.
                                       Go to Article or www.niehs.nih.gov

                                       In Hot Water: Rising Public Health Concerns from
                                       Changing Ocean Conditions. Meeting session covered
                                       health effects of changes in harmful algal bloom seasons
                                       and toxicity, global production and oceanic deposition of
                                       desert dust, and in storm event frequency.
                                       Go to Article or oceansandhumanhealt .noaa.gov
Go to
or www.werf.org
WERF's Paul L. Busch Award Offers $100,000
for Innovative Water Quality Research. Award to
encourage researchers working in wastewater, water
reuse, biosolids, stormwater, watersheds, and other areas.
Go to Article or www.werf.org/Paul ^Busch
Page 2
                              Office of Water
                                      No. 2011-1

                         Water  Research Quarterly
EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, Inc. Wins
Engineering Excellence Merit Award from ACEC/
Nebraska for Groundwater Nitrate Investigation
Project. Investigation of elevated nitrate levels
affecting community water systems in the Lower Platte
South Natural Resources District of Nebraska.
Go to Article or www.eaest.com
From the Journals

Association between Children's Blood Lead
Levels, Lead Service Lines, and Water
Disinfection, Washington, DC, 1998-2006. Brown,
M.J., et al. 2011. Environmental Research, 111(1), 67-74.
Go to Article
        Transport of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
        in Highly Vulnerable Karst Systems. Schwarz, K.,
        etal., 2011. Environmental Pollution, 159(1), 133-139.
        Go to Article

        Impact of Plumbing Age on Copper Levels in
        Drinking Water. Turek, N.F., et al., 2011. Journal of
        Water Supply: Research and Technology-AQUA, 60(1), 1-15.
        Go to Article

        Intellectual Impairment in School-Age Children
        Exposed to Manganese from Drinking Water.
        Bouchard, M.F., et al, 2011. Environmental Health
        Perspectives, 119(1), 138-143.
        Go to
A Measure of Community Exposure: PFOA in
Well Water Correlates with Serum Levels. Betts,
K.S., 2011. Environmental Health Perspectives, 1119(1).
Go to Article
Habitat-Specific Bioaccumulation of
Methylmercury in Invertebrates of Small Mid-
Latitude Lakes in North America. Chetelat, J.,
et al., 2011. Environmental Pollution, 159(1), 10-17.
Pharmaceuticals, Hormones and Bisphenol A in
Untreated Source and Finished Drinking Water
in Ontario, Canada — Occurrence and Treatment
Efficiency. Kleywegt, S., et al., 2011. Science of the Total
Environment, 409(8), 1481-1488.
Go to Article
        The Impact of Bisphenol A and Triclosan on
        Immune Parameters in the U.S. Population,
        NHANES 2003-2006. Clayton, E.M.R., et al., 2011.
        Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(3), 390-396.
        Go to Article

        Toward Identifying the Next Generation
        of Superfund and Hazardous Waste Site
        Contaminants. Ela, W.R, et al., 2011. Environmental
        Health Perspectives, 119(1), 6-10.
        Go to Article

        Accumulation and Clearance of Perfluorooctanoic
        Acid (PFOA) in Current and Former Residents
        of an Exposed Community. Seals, R., et al., 2011.
        Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(1), 119-124.
        Go to
Are Oral Contraceptives a Significant Contributor
to the Estrogenicity of Drinking Water? Wise,
A., K. O'Brien, and T. Woodruff, 2011. Environmental
Science e> Technology, 45(1), 51-60.
Go to Article
        Disinfection Byproducts in Canadian Provinces:
        Associated Cancer Risks and Medical Expenses.
        Chowdhury, S., et al., 2011. Journal oj'Hazardous
        Materials, 187(1-3), 574-584.
        Go to Article
Private Drinking Water Wells as a Source of
Exposure to Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA)
in Communities Surrounding a Fluoropolymer
Production Facility. Hoffman, K., et al., 2011.
Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(1), 92-97.
        Behavioral Responses of Adult Male and Female
        Fathead Minnows to a Model Estrogenic
        Effluent and Its Effects on Exposure Regime
        and Reproductive Success. Lavelle, C. and P.W
        Sorensen, 2011. Aquatic Toxicology, 101(3-4), 521-528.
        Go to Article
No. 2011-1
Office of Water
Page 3

                         Water  Research Quarterly
Investigation of Human Sewage Pollution and
Pathogen Analysis at Florida Gulf Coast Beaches.
Korajkic, A., et al., 2011. Journal oj'AppliedMicrobiology,
110(1), 174-183.
Go to Article

Mechanistic Basis of Resistance to PCBs in
Atlantic Tomcod from the Hudson River.
Wirgin,  I., et al., 2011. Science, 331(6022), 1322-1325.
Go to Article
        Bioaccumulation of Organochlorine Pesticides in
        Aquatic System - An Overview. Chopra, A., et al., 2011.
        Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 173(1-4), 905-916.
        Go to Article

        Test of Significant Toxicity: A Statistical Application
        for Assessing Whether an Effluent or Site Water is
        Truly Toxic. Denton, D., J. Diamond, and L. Zheng,
        2011. EnvironmentalToximlogy and Chemistry, 30(5), 1117-1126.
        Go to Article
Unregulated Drinking Water Initiative for
Environmental Surveillance and Public Health.
Backer, L.C. and N. Tosta, 2011. Journal oj~ Environmental
Health, 73(7), 31-32.

Comparison of Acute and Chronic Toxicity of
Silver Nanoparticles and Silver Nitrate to Daphnia
magna. Zhao, C. and W. Wang, 2011. Environmental
Toxicology and Chemistry, 30 (4), 885-8892.
Go to Article

Accumulation and Tolerance Characteristics of
Chromium in a Cordgrass Cr-Hyperaccumulator,
Spartina argentinensis. Redondo-Gomez, S., et al.,
2()\\. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 185(2-3), 862-869.
Go to Article

Arsenic Pollution of Groundwater in Vietnam
Exacerbated by Deep Aquifer Exploitation for More
than a Century. Winkel, L.H.E., et al., 2011. Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(4), 1246-1251.

Information Needs for Siting New, and Evaluating
Current, Nuclear Facilities: Ecology, Fate and
Transport, and Human Health. Burger, J., et al., 2011.
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 172(1-4), 121-134.
Go to Article

Modelling Temporal and Spatial Changes of PCBs
in Fish Tissue from Lake Huron. El-Shaarawi, A.H.,
et al., 2011. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,
173(1-4), 611-623.
Go to Article
        Enhancement Effect of Water Associated with
        Natural Organic Matter (NOM) on Organic
        Compound - NOM Interactions: A Case Study
        with Carbamazepine. Borisover, M., et al., 2011.
               there, 82(10), 1454-1460.
        Go to
        Bioaccumulation of Copper and Toxic Effects on
        Feeding, Growth, Fecundity and Development
        of Pond Snail Lymnaea luteola L. Das, S. and B.S.
        Khangarot, 2011. Journal oj'Hazardous Materials, 185(1),
        Fluorine Contamination in Groundwater: A Major
        Challenge. Dar, M.A., et al., 2011. Environmental
        Monitoring and Assessment, 173(1-4), 955-968.
        Go to Article
         Upcoming Meetings
        3rd International Conference on Occurrence, Fate,
        Effects, and Analysis of Emerging Contaminants in
        the Environment. August 23-26, 2011 in Copenhagen.
        Go to www.emcon2011.com
        IWA Specialty Conference on Natural Organic
        Matter: From Source to Tap and Beyond. July 27-
        29, 2011 in Costa Mesa, CA.
        Go to www.regonline.com/NOM2011
        2011 Water Quality Technology Conference and
        Exposition. November 13-17, 2011 in Phoenix, AZ.
        Go to Meeting Page or www.awwa.org/Conferences
Page 4
Office of Water
No. 2011-1

                        Water  Research  Quarterly
           Innovative  and Affordable Tools and Technologies for
                       Sustainable Public Health Protection
From EPA
An Innovative Membrane Bioreactor Process
for Achieving Sustainable Advanced Wastewater
Treatment. Venosa, A.D., et al., 2011. Presented at
ICOSSE 11, January 9-13 in Tucson, AZ. Efficacy of a
gravity-flow Biomass Concentrator Reactor (BCR) for
removal of COCs at trace level concentrations.
Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nrmrl
Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water Small
Systems Research. Sorg, T.J., 2011. Presented at
USEPA Region 6 five-state meeting, January 25-27,
2011 in Dallas, TX.
Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nrmrl

ETV Report - Removal of Microbial
Contaminants in Drinking Water. Blumenstein, M.,
B. Bartley, and J.Q. Adams, 2011. EPA/600/R-11/004.
Dow Chemical Company Water Solutions SFD-2880
Ultrafiltration Module.

Go to Report or www.epa.gov/etv
Evaluation of Combined Heat and Power
Technologies for Wastewater Treatment Facilities.
EPA and Columbus Water Works Report. Examination
of CHP technologies for converting anaerobic digester
gas to electrical power and process heat.
Go to Report or water.epa.gov/scitech/wastetech

Mineralogy of Galvanic Corrosion By-Products
in Domestic Drinking Water Pipes. Desantis, M.,
2011. Presented at Cincinnati Area Water Distribution
Systems Networking Seminar, Cincinnati, OH,
January 26, 2011.
Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nrmrl

Removal of Inorganic, Microbial, and Particulate
Contaminants from Secondary Treated
Wastewater - Village Marine Tec. Expeditionary
Unit Water Purifier, Generation 1.

            or www.epa.gov/etv
        Climate Resilience Evaluation and Awareness Tool
        (GREAT). Designed for water and wastewater utilities
        to assess the risk of potential climate change impacts.
        Go to Tool or water.epa.gov/infrastructure
        From Collaborators
        Assessment of Water Reuse as an Approach for
        Meeting Future Water Supply Needs. Potential for
        water reclamation and reuse of municipal wastewater
        to expand and enhance the nation's water supply
        Go to Re
; or dels.nas.edu
        WaterRF - Simultaneous Oxidation and Removal
        of As(III) and As(V) by Electrocoagulation-
        Filtration. Lakshmanan, D., et al., 2011. #3160.
        Determines the technical and economic feasibility of
        using electrocoagulation-filtration for arsenic removal.
        Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

        WaterRF - Desalination Facility Design and
        Operation for Maximum Efficiency. Veerapaneni, S.,
        et al., 2011. #4038. Recommendations for design and
        operation of desalination facilities to maximize energy
        Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

        WERF - Nutrient Management Volume II:
        Removal Technology Performance & Reliability.
        Statistical variability is a characteristic of all plants and
        should be recognized in technology evaluation and in
        determining appropriate effluent limits.
        Go to Report or www.werf.org

        Post-Treatment Stabilization of Desalinated Water.
        Duranceau, S.J., et al., 2011. #4079. Lessons learned,
        industry practices, and concepts and guidelines for the
        post treatment stabilization of membrane permeate.
        Go to Report or www.waterrf.org
No. 2011-1
Office of Water
                             Page 5

                         Water  Research  Quarterly
Electrifying New Way to Clean Dirty Water. Low
voltage helps microbes eat mining and other waste
during water treatment.
Go to Article or www.inotec.us

Managed Aquifer Recharge Symposium
(Presentations). National Water Research Institute.
January 25-26, 2011 in Irvine, CA.
Go to Presentations or www.nwri-usa.org
WERF - Nanomaterials Provide Boost to
Biosolids Dewaterability and Odor Reduction.
Adding to dewatering polymers led to lower polymer
dose, improved filtrate quality, and reduced odors.
Go to Article or www.werf.org

WERF - Quantitative Tools to Determine the
Expected Performance of Wastewater Soil
Treatment Units. Includes literature and model review,
toolkit user's guide, Excel spreadsheet tools (STUMOD
and N-CALC), and supplemental information.
Go to Report or www.werf.org

Global Water Research Coalition - Energy
Efficiency in the Water Industry: A Compendium
of Best Practices and Case Studies. Examination
of current best practices and technologies as well as
promising new developments.
Go to Report or www.globalwaterresearchcoalition.net

WERF - Phosphorus Removal Potential Using
Biogenic Iron Oxides. Evaluated biogenic iron
oxides produced by microaerobic, iron-oxidizing
bacteria as a phosphorus filtration matrix.
Go to Report or www.werf.org
Glendale Looks at Microfiltration to Reduce
Chromium-6 Levels. International Desalination
Association. Evaluating microfiltration in advance of
anticipated lower hexavalent chromium maximum levels.
Go to Article or www.desalination.biz

WERF, EPA Collaboration Yields Needed Data
on Combined Heat and Power Technologies.
Go to Report or www.werf.org
        From the Journals
        Influence of Organic Matter on Arsenic Removal
        by Continuous Flow Electrocoagulation
        Treatment of Weakly Mineralized Waters.
        Pallier, V., et al., 2011. Chemosphere, 83(1), 21-28.
        Go to Article

        Treatment of Oily Wastewater of a Gas Refinery by
        Electrocoagulation Using Aluminum Electrodes.
        Saeedi, M. and A. Khalvati-Fahlyam, 2011. Water
        Environment Research, 83(3), 256-264.
        Go to
        Wastewater Polishing Index: A Tool for a Rapid
        Quality Assessment of Reclaimed Wastewater.
        Verlicchi, P., et al., 2011. Environmental Monitoring and
        Assessment, 173(1-4), 267-277.
        Go to Article
        Rapid Determination of
        Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and Its Main
        Metabolites in Aqueous Samples by One-Step
        Microwave-Assisted Headspace Controlled-
        Temperature Liquid-Phase Micro extraction and
        Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture
        Detection. Kumar, P.V. and J.E Jen, 2011. Chemosphere,
        83(2), 200-207.
        Go to Article
        Removal of Arsenic from Water Using Fe-
        Exchanged Natural Zeolite. Li, Z., et al., 2011.
        Journal of Hazardous Materials, 187(1-3), 318-323.
        Go to Article

        Using Cl/Br Ratios and Other Indicators to
        Assess Potential Impacts on Groundwater Quality
        from Septic Systems: A Review and Examples
        from Principal Aquifers in the United States. Katz,
        B.C., etal., 2Q\\. Journal of Hydrology, 397(3-4), 151-166.
        Go to Article

        Sequestration of Cadmium Ions Using Titanate
        Nanotube. Du, A.J., et al., 2011. Journal oj'Hazardous
        Materials, 187(1-3), 401-406.
        Go to Article
Page 6
Office of Water
No. 2011-1

                         Water Research  Quarterly
Methane, Carbon Dioxide, and Nitrous
Oxide Emissions from Septic Tank Systems.
Diaz-Valbuena, L.R., et al., 2011. Environmental Science
& Technology, 45(7), 2741-2747.
Go to Article

Wind-Powered Desalination: An Estimate
of Saline Groundwater in the United States.
Androwski, J., et al., 2011. Journal of'the American Water
Resources .Association, 47(1), 93-102.
Go to Article
Performance and Biofilm Activity of Nitrifying
Biofilters Removing Trihalomethanes. Wahman,
D.G., etal., 2011. Water Research, 45(4), 1669-1680.
Pilot Scale Evaluation on Ferric Floe Sludge
Concentration with Pelleting Flocculation Blanket
Process. Huang, T.L., et al., 2010. Water Science e>
Technology, 62(9), 2021-2027.
Go to Article

Distribution and Availability of Trace Elements in
Municipal Solid Waste Composts. Paradelo, R., et al.,
2Q\\. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 13(1), 201-211.
Go to Article
Research Advances and Challenges in the
Microbiology of Enhanced Biological Phosphorus
Removal - A Critical Review. Gebremariam, S., et al.,
2011. Water Environment Research, 83(3), 195-219.
Pilot Scale Testing of a New Configuration of the
Membrane Aerated Biofilm Reactor (MABR) to
Treat High-Strength Industrial Sewage. Strieker, A.,
et al., 2011. Water Environment Research, 83(1), 3-14.
Go to Article

Biosorption of Heavy Metals from Mining
Influenced Water onto Chitin Products. Pinto, P.X.,
S.R. Al-Abed, and D.J. Reisman, 2011. Chemical
Engineering Journal, 166(3), 1002-1009.
Go to Article
        Banana Peel Applied to the Solid Phase
        Extraction of Copper and Lead from River Water:
        Preconcentration of Metal Ions with a Fruit Waste.
        Castro, R.S.D., et al., 2011. Industrial & Engineering
        Chemistry Research, 50(6), 3446-3451.
        Go to Article

        Free Chlorine and Monochloramine Application
        to Nitrifying Biofilm: Comparison of Biofilm
        Penetration, Activity, and Viability. Lee, W.H.,
        D.G. Wahman, P.L. Bishop, and J.G. Pressman, 2011.
        Environmental Science & Technology, 45(4), 1412-1419.
        Go to Article

        Metal Removal Efficiency and Ecotoxicological
        Assessment of Field-Scale Passive Treatment
        Biochemical Reactors. Butler, B., M.E. Smith, D.J.
        Reisman, and J.M. Lazorchak, 2011.
        Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(2), 385-392.
        Go to
        Longitudinal Evaluation of the Efficacy of Heat
        Treatment Procedures against Legionella spp.
        in Hospital Water Systems by Using a Flow
        Cytometric Assay. Allegra, S., et al., 2011. Applied and
        Environmental Microbiology, 77(4), 1268-75.
        Go to Article

        Development of Chemically Engineered Porous
        Metal Oxides for Phosphate Removal. Delaney, P.,
        et al., 2Q\\. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 185(1), 382-391.
        Go to Article

        Non-Biological Inhibition-Based Sensing (NIBS)
        Demonstrated for the Detection of Toxic Arsenic
        Compounds. Monty, C.N., et al., 2011. Chemosphere,
        82(11), 1644-1648.
        Go to
        Application of a New Vertical Profiling Tool
        (ESASS) for Sampling Groundwater Quality
        During Hollow-Stem Auger Drilling. Harte, P.T.
        and S.M. Flanagan, 2011. Ground Water Monitoring e>
        Remediation, 31(1), 86-98.
        Go to Article
No. 2011-1
Office of Water
Page 7

                        Water  Research Quarterly
Upcoming Meetings
26th Annual WateReuse Symposium. September
11-14, 2011 in Phoenix, AZ.
Go to www.watereuse.org/conferences/symposium/26
Potable Reuse Conference. November 13-15, 2011 in
Hollywood, FL.
Go to www.watereuse.org/conferences/potable/ll

84th Annual Water Environment Federation
Technical Exhibition and Conference. October 15-
19, 2011 in Los Angeles, CA.
Go to www.weftec.org

WaterSmart Innovations Conference and
Exposition. October 5-7, 2011 in Las Vegas, NV.
Go to www.watersmartinnovations.com

IWA Water Loss 2012. February 26-25, 2012 in
Manila, Philippines.
Go to www.iwa-waterloss.org/2012

Energy and Water 2011 - Efficiency, Generation,
Management, and Climate Impacts. July 31-August
3, 2011  in Chicago, IL.
Go to www.wef.org/energy

2011 WaterSmart Innovations Conference &  Expo.
October 5-7, 2011  in Las Vegas, NV.
Go to www.watersmartinnovations.com

Groundwater: Cities, Suburbs, and Growth Areas
— Remedying the Past/Managing for the Future.
August 8-9, 2011 in Los Angeles, CA.
Go to Meeting Page or www.ngwa.org

Philadelphia Low Impact Development Symposium.
September 25-28, 2011 in Philadelphia, PA.
Go to www.bae.ncsu.edu/stormwater/20111id
Page 8
Office of Water
No. 2011-1

                        Water  Research Quarterly
    Ecological Systems Approach to Protect and Restore  Sustainable
          Water Quality  and Water Quantity on a Watershed Basis
From EPA
Coming Together for Clean Water: EPA's Strategy to
Protect America's Waters. Framework for how EPA's
national water program will address the challenges;
EPA's priorities for achieving clean water goals.

Go to Report or water.epa.gov

EPA Takes Step to Improve Lake Champlain
Water Quality. Work with Vermont to develop plan
for reductions in phosphorus. Elevated levels cause
algae blooms and other water quality problems.
Go to Report or www.epa.gov/regionl /eco/tmdl

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients and Aquatic
Organisms. Daughton, C.G. and B.W. Brooks, 2011.
Environmental Contaminants in Biota: Interpreting Tissue
Concentrations, Chapter 8, N. Beyer and J. Meador (ed.).
Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nerl
The Effects of Mountaintop Mines and Valley
Fills on Aquatic Ecosystems of the Central
Appalachian Coalfields. EPA/600/R-09/138F.
National Center for Environmental Assessment.
Go to
or www.epa.gov/ncea
Can Rain Barrels and Gardens Help Keep
Sewage in the Sewers? Investigates how they retain
stormwater and how to motivate the public to adopt
these "green" practices.
Go to Article or www.epa.gov/nrmrl/std/seb

EPA to Open Public Comment on Proposed
Standards to Protect Aquatic Ecosystems. Protect
billions of fish and other aquatic organisms drawn into
cooling water systems each year.

Go to Article or water.epa.gov/lawsregs

NCEA - Climate Change Vulnerability
Assessments: Four Case Studies of Water Utility
Practices. EPA/600/R-10/077F.
                                     NCEA - Aquatic Ecosystems, Water Quality, and
                                     Global Change: Challenges of Conducting Multi-
                                     Stressor Global Change Vulnerability Assessments.
                                     Blue, J., J. Maxted, N. Hiremath, M. Diebel, C. Hermck,
                                     J. Koplos, C. Weaver. EPA/600/R-11/01A. External
                                     Review Draft.
                                     Go to Report or www.epa.gov/ord/npd
                                     From Collaborators

                                     Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Mississippi
                                     Canyon-252 Oil Spill on Ecosystem Services in the
                                     Gulf of Mexico. Framework to assess the effects of the
                                     oil spill within the context of other human activities.
                                     Go to Article or www.nationalacademies.org

                                     Scientists Discover Invasive Mussel Killing
                                     Bacteria. California company preparing commercial
                                     product to control the environmentally hazardous
                                     zebra and quagga mussels.
                                     Go to Article or www.nvsm.nYsed.gov
Go to
or www.epa.gov/ord/npd
USAGE - Application of Long Distance
Conveyance (LDC) of Dredged Sediments to
Louisiana Coastal Restoration. Welp, T. and G.
Ray, 2011. ERDC TR-11-2. Describes dredging and
transport methodologies in relation to LDC design and
economic considerations and potential environmental
impacts of LDC across Louisiana wetlands.
Go to Report or el.erdc.usace.armv.mil
                                     Measuring Forestry's Impact on Water Availability.
                                     Tools from CSIRO help water managers better
                                     estimate how forest plantations affect stream flows.
                                     Go to Article or www.csiro.au
                                     USAGE - Meeting Water Quality and Water Control
                                     Objectives in River Basins with Multiple Reservoirs.
                                     ERDC TN-SWWRP-11-2. Tool to help determine if
                                     temporal and spatial distribution of water quality is
                                     met at right place and time for an operational change.
                                     Go to Report or el.erdc.usace.army.mil
No. 2011-1
                             Office of Water
                                        Page 9

                         Water  Research Quarterly
USAGE - Hydrologic Analyses for Stream Restoration
Design. Fischenich, J.C. and S.K. McKay, 2011.
ERDC TN-EMRRP-EBA-8. Planners should focus
on hydrologic and geomorphic factors when evaluating
ecosystem restoration (e.g., magnitude/duration of peak
annual discharges, duration of low flow conditions, etc.).
Go to Report or el.erdc.usace.armv.mil
                                       The Last Drop: Climate Change and the Southwest
                                       Water Crisis. Ackerman, F. and E.A. Stanton, 2011.
                                       Stockholm Environment Institute. Sustainable water
                                       use will require strong residential adaptation, or strong
                                       agricultural adaptation (e.g., elimination of low-value
                                       crops) with moderate residential measures.
                                       Go to Report or www.sei-us.org/publications
National Assessment of Shoreline Change:
Historical Shoreline Change along the New
England and Mid-Atlantic Coasts. Hapke, C.J.,
et al., 2011. 68% of beaches in this area eroding.
Go to Article or woodshole.er.usgs.gov

USGS - An Initial SPARROW Model of Land Use
and In-Stream Controls on Total Organic Carbon
in Streams of the Conterminous United States.
Shih, J.H., et al., 2011. Spatially Referenced Regression
on Watershed Attributes (SPARROW).
Go to Report or pubs.usgs.gov

Managed Retreat of Coastal Communities:
Understanding Responses to Projected Sea Level
Rise. CSIRO. Alexander, K. S., et. al., 2011. A meta-
theoretical social functionalist framework to  analyze the
range of personal concerns and responses to  proposed
policy options for vulnerable coastal shorelines.
Go to Rei
            or www.csiro.au
WERF - Canine Scent and Microbial Source
Tracking in Santa Barbara, CA. Pilot-scale study
results show canine scent tracking should be expanded
for use by researchers and stormwater managers.
Go to Article or www.werf.org
The Future of Research on Climate Change
Impacts on Water. Raucher, R.S., 2011. WaterRF,
WERF, NOAA, UCAR, EPA, and NASA. Report on
Workshop that focused on adaptation strategies and
information needs.
Go to
or www.waterrf.org
WaterRF & NCAR - Climate Change in Water
Utility Planning: Decision Analytic Approaches.
Yates, D. and K. Miller, 2011. #3132. Vulnerabilities
and adaptations needed to manage risk.
Go to Report or www.waterrf.org or www.ncar.ucar.edu
                                       Clearinghouse for Dam Removal Information as a
                                       Watershed Restoration Resource.
                                       Go to digital.librarv.ucr.edu/cdri
                                       Two-Stage Ditches Reduce Downstream Nutrient
                                       Transport Exit. The Nature Conservancy (Indiana).
                                       Floodplain benches with grasses on either side of a
                                       flow channel in a ditch reduce time and funding that
                                       many counties spend maintaining the ditches.
                                       Go to Article or www.nature.org
                                       USAGE - A Generic Modeling Approach to
                                       Biomass Dynamics of Sagittaria latifolia and
                                       Spartina alterniflora. Best, E.P.H., et al., 2011.
                                       ERDC TN-SWWRP-11-1.
                                       Go to Re
: or el.erdc.usace.armv.mil
                                       USAGE - Using Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis
                                       to Support Ecosystem Restoration Planning.
                                       Suedel, B.C., 2011. ERDC TN-EMRRP-EBA-7.
                                       Go to Report or el.erdc.usace.armv.mil
                                       Preparing for the Third Decade (Cycle 3) of the
                                       National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA)
                                       Go to Article or www.nationalacademies.org
                                       WaterRF - Methods to Assess GWUDI and Bank
                                       Filtration Performance. Abbaszadegan, M., et al.,
                                       2011. #3121.
                                                   Go to Re
                                                   : or www.waterrf.org
                                       Tillage Practices in the Conterminous United
                                       States, 1989-2004 - Datasets Aggregated by
                                       Watershed. Baker, N.T., 2011. Methods used to
                                       aggregate at county-level; dataset includes total planted
                                       acreage by tillage type for selected crops.
                                       Go to Report or pubs.usgs.gov
Page 10
                               Office of Water
                          No. 2011-1

                         Water  Research Quarterly
From the Journals
Monitoring the Dynamics of an Invasive
Emergent Macrophyte Community Using
Operational Remote Sensing Data. Albright, T.P.
and D.J. Ode, 2011. Hydrobiologia, 661(1), 469-474.
Go to Article

Nitrification and Denitrification Response to
Varying Periods of Desiccation and Inundation
in a Western Kansas Stream. Austin, B.J. and E.A.
Strauss, 2011. Hydrobiologia, 658(1), 183-195.

A Nationally Consistent Framework for Identifying
Interstate Waters with Applications for the National
Listing of Fish Advisories. Cooter, W., et al., 2011.
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 172(1-4), 67-89.
Go to Article

Transboundary Groundwater Policy: Developing
Approaches in the Western and Southwestern
United States. Hathaway, D.L., 2()\\. Journal of the
American Water Resources Association, 47(1), 103-113.
Go to Article

Planning for the Persistence of River Biodiversity:
Exploring Alternative Futures Using Process-
Based Models. Turak, E., et al., 2011. Freshwater
Biology, 56(1), 39-56.
Go to Article
Effluent-Dominated Streams. Part 1: Presence
and Effects of Excess Nitrogen and Phosphorus
in Wascana Creek, Saskatchewan, Canada. Waiser,
M.J., et al., 2011. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry,
30(2), 496-507.
Resuspension of Polychlorinated Biphenyl-
Contaminated Field Sediment: Release to the
Water Column and Determination of Site-Specific
K^QC. Friedman, C.L., et al., 2011. Environmental
Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(2), 377-384.
Go to Article
        Behaviour of Arsenic in Forested Catchments
        Following a High-Pollution Period. Novak, M., et
        al., 2011. Environmental Pollution, 159(1), 204-211.
        Go to Article

        Spatial and Seasonal Variations in Atrazine and
        Metolachlor Surface Water Concentrations in
        Ontario (Canada) Using ELISA. Byer, J.D., et al.,
        2011. Chemosphere, 82(8), 1155-1160.
        Go to Article

        Chesapeake Bay Watershed Pesticide Use
        Declines but Toxicity Increases. Hartwell, S., 2011.
        Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(5), 1223-1231.
        Go to
        Spatial and Seasonal Variability of Dissolved
        Methylmercury in Two Stream Basins in the
        Eastern United States. Bradley, P.M., et al., 2011.
        Environmental S cience ^Technology, 45(6), 2048-2055.
        Riverine Coupling of Biogeochemical Cycles
        between Land, Oceans, and Atmosphere.
        Aufdenkampe, A.K. et al., 2011. Frontiers in Ecology and
        the Environment, 9(1), 53-60.
        Go to Article
        Global Declines in Oceanic Nitrification Rates
        as a Consequence of Ocean Acidification. Beman,
        J.M., et al. 2011. Proceedings of the National Academy of
        Sciences, 108(1), 208-213.
        Go to
        Sediment Quality Guidelines for Copper and Zinc
        for Filter-Feeding Estuarine Oysters? Birch, G.F. and
        T.D. Hogg, 2011. Environmental Pollution, 159(1), 108-115.
        Go to Article

        Longitudinal Variability in Streamwater
        Chemistry and Carbon and Nitrogen Fluxes in
        Restored and Degraded Urban Stream Networks.
        Sivirichi, G.M., et al., 2011. Journal oj'Environmental
        Monitoring, 13(2), 288-303.
        Go to Article
No. 2011-1
Office of Water
Page 11

                         Water  Research Quarterly
Aluminium Speciation in Streams and Lakes
of the UK Acid Waters Monitoring Network,
Modelled with WHAM. Tipping, E. and H.T. Carter,
2011. Science of the Total Environment, 409(8), 1550-1558.
Go to Article

Marine Oil Fate: Knowledge Gaps, Basic Research,
and Development Needs; a Perspective Based on
the Deepwater Horizon Spill. Thibodeaux, L.J., et
al., 2011. Environmental Engineering Science, 28(2), 87-93.
Go to Article

Implications of Geographic Variability on
Comparative Toxicity Potentials of Cu, Ni and Zn
in Freshwaters of Canadian Ecoregions. Gandhi, N.,
et al., 2011. Chemosphere, 82(2), 268-277.

Use of Existing Water, Sediment, and Tissue Data
to Screen Ecological Risks to the Endangered Rio
Grande Silvery Minnow. Marcus, M.D., et al., 2010.
Science of the Total Environment, 409(1), 83-94.
Go to Article
Nitrous Oxide Emission from Denitrification in
Stream and River Networks. Beaulieua, J.J., et al.
2011. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(1),
Go to Article
Use of Gene Expression, Biochemical and
Metabolite Profiles to Enhance Exposure and
Effects Assessment of the Model Androgen
17{:3-Trenbolone in Fish. Ekman, D.R., D.L. Villeneuve,
Q. Teng, K.J. Ralston-Hooper, D. Martinovic-Weigelt,
M.D. Kahl, K.M. Jensen, E.J. Durban, E.A. Makynen,
G.T. Ankley, and T.W. Collette, 2011. Environmental
Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(2), 319-329.

Modelling the Effect of Forest Cover in Mitigating
Nitrate Contamination of Groundwater: A Case
Study of the Sherwood Sandstone Aquifer in the
East Midlands, UK. Zhang, H. and K.M. Hiscock,
2(m. Journal of Hydrology, 399(3-4), 212-225.
Go to Article
        Nitrogen Contamination of Surficial Aquifers
        — A Growing Legacy. Puckett, L.J., et al., 2011.
        EnvironmentalScience ^Technology, 45(3), 839-844.
        Go to Article

        Sediment and Nutrient Management Solutions to
        Improve the Water Quality of Lake Okeechobee.
        James, R.T. and C.D. Pollman, 2011. Lake andlLeservoir
        Management, 27(1), 28-40.
        Go to Article

        Trends in Pesticide Concentrations in Streams
        of the Western United States, 1993-2005. Johnson,
        H.M., et al., 2Q\\. Journal of the American Water Resources
        Association, 47(2), 265-286.
        Go to
        Incorporating Social Context Variables into Paired
        Watershed Designs to Test Nonpoint Source Program
        Effectiveness. Prokopy, L.S., et al., 2011. Journal of 'the
        American Water Resources Association, 47(1), 196-202.
        Go to Article

        Land Use Planning and Social Equity in North
        Carolina's Compensatory Wetland and Stream
        Mitigation Programs.  BenDor, T. and A. Stewart,
        2011. Environmental Management, 47(2), 239-253.
        Go to Article
        Accumulation of Organochlorine Contaminants
        in Loggerhead Sea Turtles, Caretta Caretta, from
        the Eastern Adriatic Sea. Lazar, B., et al., 2011.
               there, 82(1), 121-129.
        Go to
        Bridging the Gap between 'Planning' and 'Doing'
        for Biodiversity Conservation in Freshwaters.
        Barmuta, L., et al., 2011. Freshwater Biology, 56(1), 180-195.
        Go to Article

        Integrated Biological Responses of Zebrafish
        (Danio rerio) to Analyze Water Quality in Regions
        Under Anthropogenic Influence. Amado, L.L., et
        al., 2011. Chemosphere, 82(11), 1563-1570.
        Go to Article
Page 12
Office of Water
No. 2011-1

                         Water  Research  Quarterly
Acute Upper Thermal Limits of Three Aquatic
Invasive Invertebrates: Hot Water Treatment to
Prevent Upstream Transport of Invasive Species.
Beyer,}., et al, 2011. Environmental Management, 47(1), 67-76.
Go to Article
                                                   Effects of Wild Fish and Motile Epibenthic
                                                   Invertebrates on the Benthos below an Open
                                                   Water Fish Farm. Sanz-Lazaro, C., et al., 2011.
                                                   Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 91(2), 216-223.
                                                   Go to Article
Simulated Impacts of Three Decadal Climate
Variability Phenomena on Water Yields in the
Missouri River Basin. Mehta, V.M., et al., 2011. Journal
of the American Water Resources Association, 47(1), 126-135.
Go to Article
                                                   Evaluating Otolith Sr/Ca as a Tool for
                                                   Reconstructing Estuarine Habitat Use. Phillis,
                                                   C., et al., 2011.
                                                   Sciences, 68(2), 360-373.
                                                   Go to Article
Drought Under Global Warming: A Review. Dai,
A., 2011. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change,
2(1), 45-65.

Competitive Stress Can Make the Herbicide
Roundup® More Deadly to Larval Amphibians.
Jones, D.K., et al., 2011. Environmental Toxicology and
Chemistry, 30(2), 446-454.
Go to Article

Air-Water Exchange of Anthropogenic and Natural
Organohalogens on International Polar Year (IPY)
Expeditions in the Canadian Arctic. Wong, E, et al.,
2011. Environmental Science ^Technology, 45(3), 876-881.
Go to Article

Pb Uptake by the Marine Mussel Mytilus sp.
Interactions with Dissolved Organic Matter. Sanchez -
Marin, P., et al., 2011. Aquatic Toxicology, 102(1-2), 48-57.

Incidental Oligotrophication of North American
Great Lakes. Evans, M.A., 2011. Environmental Science
& Technology, 45(8), 3297-3303.
Go to Article

Predation by the Invasive American Signal Crayfish,
Pacifastacus leniusculus Dana, on the Invasive Zebra
Mussel, Dreissenapolymorpha Pallas: The Potential
for Control and Facilitation, zu Ermgassen, P.S.E. and
D.C. Aldndge, 2011. Hydrobiologia, 658(1), 303-315.
Go to Article
                                                   A Simple Tool for the Assessment of Water Quality
                                                   in Polluted Lagoon Systems: A Case Study for
                                                   Kuciikcekmece Lagoon, Turkey. Taner, M.U., et al.,
                                                   2011. Ecological Indicators, 11(2), 749-756.
                                                   Go to
                                                   Upcoming Meetings	

                                                   NGWA Focus Conference on Fractured Rock and
                                                   Eastern Groundwater Regional Issues. National
                                                   Ground Water Association. September 26-27, 2011 in
                                                   Burlington, VT.
                                                   Go to Meeting Page or www.ngwa.org

                                                   AWRA 2011 Annual Water Resources Conference.
                                                   November 7-10, 2011 Albuquerque, NM.
                                                   Go to www.awra.org/meetings/ABO2011
                                                   Declining Groundwater Levels: Measuring/
                                                   Monitoring/Mitigation, an NGWA Virtual
                                                   Conference. National Ground Water Association.
                                                   Energy & Environmental Science. October 19, 2011,
                                                   Go to Meeting Page or www.ngwa.org
                                                   Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology
                                                   Research Conference. Federal Committee on Statistical
                                                   Methodology. January 10-12, 2012 in Washington D.C.
                                                   Go to www.fcsm.gov/events
No. 2011-1
                                           Office of Water
Page 13

                       Water Research Quarterly
   Clean Water is Americans'
  Top Environmental Concern

   At least three in four Americans
surveyed in Gallup's 2011 Environment
poll worry about water contamination.
Respondents were asked if they
personally worry about contamination of
soil and water by toxic waste, pollution
of rivers, lakes, and reservoirs, pollution
of drinking water, and the maintenance
of the nation's supply  of fresh water for
household needs. Interestingly, Americans
are less worried today than they were 10
years ago about these same issues Gallup
measured in 2001. The decline spans a
period when the public often expressed
surging concern about terrorism, the Iraq
war, gas prices, and the economy.

   Percent of Americans that Worry
   about Environmental Problems *
Environmental Problem
Contain of Soil/Water by Toxic Waste
Pollute River/Lake/Reservoir
Pollute Drinking Water
Maintain Fresh Water for Households
Pollute Air
Extinction of Plants /Animals
Loss of Rain Forests
Urban Sprawl/Loss of Open Space
Global Warming
    Percent that Worry a Great Deal/Fair Amount

   Bottom Line: Americans largely
recognize the  importance of clean water
to their lives. All four environmental issues
referring to "water" in this year's Gallup
poll rank in the upper tier of environmental
concerns, with air pollution a close fifth.
What may surprise some, given the
broad exposure the issue has received in
recent years, is that global warming ranks
lowest — with  barely  half of Americans
concerned and 48% only a little or not at
all concerned.
 Adapted from Lydia Saad's Article, March 28,
          2011. www.aallup.com
          EPA Small Business Innovative

               Research (SBIR) Grants
                      Go to SBIR Grants

      Advanced Contaminant Inactivation System for
      Drinking Water. Kimble, M.C.

      Go to Article

      Combination of Chlorine-Free Electrolytic and
      Photochemical Methods for Sterilization of
      Contaminated Waters. Barashkov, N.

      Go to Article

      Development of a Scalable, Low-Cost,
      Ultrananocrystalline Diamond Electrochemical Process
      for the Destruction of Contaminants of Emerging
      Concern (CECs). Arumugam, P.

      Go to Article

      Anaerobic Pre-Treatment for an Algae-Based
      Wastewater Treatment System. Horst, G.

      Go to Article

      In-Situ Imaging of Water Pipelines Using Ultrasonic
      Guided Waves. Mu,J.

      Go to Article
Page 14
Office of Water (4304T)
         No. 2011-1
January - March 2011