Office  of Water P
  Water  Research  Update
  July - December 2011
No. 2011-3
                                      Table of Contents
Protecting Aquatic Life and Human Health from Chemicals and Microbes in Water	1
Innovative and Affordable Tools and Technologies for Sustainable Public Health Protection	5
Ecological Systems Approach to Protect and Restore Sustainable Water Quality and Water Quantity on a Watershed Basis	9
A Note from the Editors....                                                                        ....14
               Protecting Aquatic Life and Human Health from
                        Chemicals and Microbes in Water
 From EPA
 EPA Releases Final Health Assessment for TCE.
 Added to IRIS; characterizes trichloroethylene as
 carcinogenic to humans and a health hazard.
 Go to Report or www.epa.gov/iris

 NCEE - Do Regulators Overestimate the Costs of
 Regulation? Simpson, R.D., 2011. National Center
 for Environmental Economics.
 Go to Report or www.epa.gov/ncee

 EPA Strengthens Key Scientific Database to
 Protect Public Health. Plans to improving the
 Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS), database
 for human health assessments.
 Go to Report or www.epa.gov/iris

 NCEA - Exposure Factors Handbook 2011 Edition.
 EPA/600/R-09/052F. Refining the assumptions used
 in exposure assessments and reducing uncertainty.
 Go to Report or www.epa.gov/ncea

 New Standard Evaluation Procedures Provide
 Guidance for Review of EDSP Tier 1 Assays. Support
 consistency, efficiency, and transparency in the process.
 Go to Report or www.epa.gov/scipoly/oscpendo
     Supporting Decisions by the Pie Slice: EPA
     Researcher Serves Up Data. An EPA statistician is
     developing innovative ways to translate vast quantities
     of toxicological data into an accessible, visual format.
     Go to Article or www.epa.gov/ncct/ToxPi

     A Beta Version of the Dietary Exposure
     Evaluation Model-Food Commodity Intake
     Database (DEEM-FCID) Is Available for Testing.
     System for chronic and acute  exposure assessments.
     Go to Report or www.epa.gov/pesticides /science

     The Future of Toxicity Testing is Here. EPA's
     CompTox has partnered with the NIEHS's National
     Toxicology Program, the NIH's Chemical Genomics
     Center, and the FDA in a collaboration known as
     Tox21.
     Go to Report or www.epa.gov/ncct/Tox21
     From Collaborators	

     Fungal Diseases: An Emerging Threat To Human,
     Animal, and Plant Health  Workshop Summary.
     Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
     Exploring the scientific and policy dimensions.
     Go to Report or www.iom.edu/reports

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                            Water  Research  Update
 Surveillance for Waterborne Disease Outbreaks
 and Other Health Events Associated with
 Recreational Water - United States, 2007-2008.
 Hlavsa, M.C., V.A. Roberts, A.R. Anderson, V.R. Hill,
 A.M. Kahler, M. Orr, L.E. Garrison, L.A. Hicks, A.
 Newton, E.D. Hilborn, T.J. Wade, M.J. Beach, and J.S.
 Yoder, 2011. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report,
 60(ssl2), 1-32.
 Go to Article or www.cdc.gov

 Surveillance for Waterborne Disease Outbreaks
 Associated with Drinking Water - United States,
 2007-2008. Brunkard, J.M., E. Ailes, V.A. Roberts, V.
 Hill, E.D. Hilborn, G.F. Craun, A. Rajasingham, A.
 Kahler, L. Garrison, L. Hicks, J. Carpenter, T.J. Wade,
 M.J. Beach,  and J.S. Yoder, 2011. Morbidity and Mortality
 Weekly Report, 60(ssl2), 38-68.
 Go to Article or www.cdc.gov

 WaterRF - State of the Science of Hexavalent
 Chromium in Drinking Water. McNeill, L., et al.,
 2011. #4404. Occurrence, sources, analytical methods,
 treatment options, health effects, and regulations.
 Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

 WaterRF  Adaptation of the Minimum
 Anticipated Biological Effect Level (MABEL)
 Approach to Emerging Compounds of Interest.
 #4214.  Developed health-protective Acceptable Daily
 Intakes.
 Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

 WaterRF - Formation of Halonitromethanes and
 lodo-Trihalomethanes in Drinking Water. #4063.
 Investigated precursors and occurrence as well as the
 influence of parameters on the formation.
 Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

 Trace-Elements and Radon in Groundwater
 across the United States, 1992-2003. Ayotte, J.D.,  et
 al., 2011. Nearly 20% of wells exceeded benchmark for
 at least one trace element. Radon exceeded benchmark
 in >65% of samples.
 Go to Report or www.usgs.gov
         AWWA - Monitoring Indicates Crypto Threat
         Lower than Thought. EPA's preliminary data
         suggests that Cryptosporidium is less prevalent in
         drinking water supplies than previously believed.
         Go to Article or www.awwa.org
         From the Journals	

         Effect of Water Disinfection Type on Adverse Fetal
         Outcomes. Wright, J.M. and Rivera-Nunez, Z., 2011.
         Journal of the American Water Works Association, 103(10).
         Go to Article

         Nitrosamines from Pipeline Materials in Drinking
         Water Distribution Systems. Morran, J., et al., 2011.
         Journal of the American Water Works Association, 103(10).
         Go to Article

         Occurrence and Concentrations of Pharmaceutical
         Compounds in Groundwater Used for Public
         Drinking-Water Supply in California. Fram, M.S.
         and K. Belitz, 2011. Science of the Total Environment,
         409(18), 3409-3417.
         Go to Article

         Predicting the Migration Rate of Dialkyl Organotins
         from PVC Pipe into Water. Adams, W.A., Y. Xu, J.C.
         Little, A.F. Fnstachi, G.E. Rice, C.A. Impellitteri, 2011.
         EnvironmentalScience & Technology, 45(16), 6902-6907.
         Go to Article

         Evidence Suggesting that Di-n-Butyl Phthalate
         Has Antiandrogenie Effects in Fish. Aoki, K.A.A.,
         et al., 2011. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(6),
         1338-1345.
         Go to Article

         Social Disparities in Nitrate-Contaminated
         Drinking Water in California's San Joaquin Valley.
         Balazs, C., et al., 2011. Environmental Health Perspectives,
         119(12), 1272-1278.
         Go to Article
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No. 2011-3

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                            Water Research  Update
 Detection of Aeromonas hydrophila in Water
 Using PCR. Gulab, P., et al., 2Q\\. Journal of the
 American Water Works Association, 103(11).
 Go to Article

 Health Effects of Naturally Radioactive Water
 Ingestion: The Need for Enhanced Studies. Canu,
 I.G., et al., 2011. Environmental Health Perspectives,
 119(12), 1676-1680.
 Go to Article

 Estimating Water Supply Arsenic Levels in the
 New England Bladder Cancer Study. Nuckols, J.R.,
 et al., 2011. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(9),
 1279-1285.
 Go to Article

 An Estimate of the Cost of Acute Health Effects
 From Food- and Water-Borne Marine Pathogens
 and Toxins in the USA. Ralston, E.P., et al.,  2011.
 Journal of Water and Health, 9(4), 680-694.
 Go to Article

 Effects of the Antihistamine Diphenhydramine on
 Selected Aquatic Organisms. Beminger,J.P., etal., 2011.
 Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(9), 2065-2072.
 Go to Article

 Prioritizing Contaminants of Emerging Concern
 for Ecological Screening Assessments. Diamond,
 J.M., et al., 2011. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry,
 30(11), 2385-2394.
 Go to Article

 Demasculinization of Male Fish by Wastewater
 Treatment Plant Effluent. Vajda, A.M., et al., 2011.
 Aquatic Toxicology,  103(3-4), 213-221.
 Go to Article

 USEPA to Review Additional Drinking Water
 Regulations. Holmes, T. and J.A. Roberson, 2011.
 Journal American Water Works Association,  103(11), 14-15.
 Go to Article
         Perchlorate, Bromate, and Chlorate in
         Hypochlorite Solutions: Guidelines for Utilities.
         Stanford, B.D., et al., 2011. Journal American Water
         Works Association, 103(6).
         Go to Article

         Age-Associated Variation in Sensory Perception of
         Iron in Drinking Water and the Potential for
         Overexposure in the Human Population. Mirlohi,
         S., et al., 2011. Environmental Science e> Technology,
         45(15), 6575-6583.
         Go to Article

         Identifying New Persistent and Bioaccumulative
         Organics Among Chemicals in Commerce II:
         Pharmaceuticals. Howard, P.H. and D.C.G. Muir,
         2011. EnriwnmentalScience & Technology, 45(16), 6938-6946.
         Go to Article

         Three Common Metal Contaminants of Urban
         Runoff (Zn, Cu & Pb) Accumulate in Freshwater
         Biofilm and Modify Embedded Bacterial
         Communities. Ancion, P.Y., et al., 2010. Environmental
         Pollution, 158(8), 2738-2745.
         Go to Article

         Spatial Patterns and Temporal Trends in Mercury
         Concentrations, Precipitation Depths, and
         Mercury Wet Deposition in the North American
         Great Lakes Region, 2002-2008. Risch, M.R., et al.,
         2011. Environmental Pollution, 161, 261-271.
         Go to Article

         Uptake of 17 [3-Estradiol and Biomarker Responses
         in Brown Trout (Salmo ttutta) Exposed to Pulses.
         Knudsen, J.J.G., et al., 2011. Environmental Pollution,
         159(12), 3374-3380.
         Go to Article

         Stability, Preservation, and Quantification of
         Hormones and Estrogenic and Androgenic Activities
         in Surface Water Runoff. Havens, S.M., et al., 2010.
         Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 29(11), 2481-2490.
         Go to Article
No. 2011-3
Office of Water
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                            Water  Research  Update
 Iron-Rich Oklahoma Clays as a Natural Source of
 Chromium in Monitoring Wells. Scott, D., et al.,
 2011. Journaloj'EnvironmentalMonitoring, 13(12), 3380-
 3385.
 Go to Article
        A Tale of Two Pesticides: How Common
        Insecticides Affect Aquatic Communities. Groner,
        M.L. and R.A. Relyea, 2011. Fmhmter Biology, 56(11),
        2391-2404.
        Go to Article
 Effects of Subchronic Exposure of Early Life
 Stages of White Sturgeon (Acipenser
 transmontanus) to Copper, Cadmium, and Zinc.
 Vardy, D.W., et al., 2011. Environmental Toxicology and
 Chemistry, 30(11), 2497-2505.
 Go to Article

 Could the Health Decline of Prehistoric California
 Indians be Related to Exposure to Polycyclic
 Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) from Natural
 Bitumen? Warmlander, S.K.T.S., et al., 2011.
 Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(9), 1203-1207.
 Go to Article

 Polychlorinated Biphenyl Elimination Rates and
 Changes in Chemical Activity in Hibernating
 Amphibians. Angell, R.A. and G.D. Haffner, 2010.
 Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 29(3), 700-707.
 Go to Article

 Development of Biotic Ligand Models for Chronic
 Manganese Toxicity to Fish, Invertebrates, and
 Algae. Peters, A., et al., 2011. Environmental Toxicology
 and Chemistry, 30(11), 2407-2415.
 Go to Article

 Waterfowl Abundance Does Not Predict the
 Dominant Avian Source of Beach Escherichia
 coli. Hansen, D.L., et al., 2011. Journal oj^Environmental
 Quality, 40(6), 1924-1931.
 Go to Article

 Influence of Dissolved Organic Carbon on Toxicity
 of Copper to a Unionid Mussel ( Villosa iris) and a
 Cladoceran (Ceriodaphnia dubia) in Acute and
 Chronic Water Exposures. Wang, N., et al., 2011.
 Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(9), 2115-2125.
 Go to Article
        A Survey on the Temporal and Spatial Distribution
        of Perchlorate in the Potomac River. Impellitteri,
        C.A., et al., 2011. Journal oj'EnvironmentalMonitoring,
        13(8), 2277-2283.
        Go to Article

        A Kinetic study of Accumulation and Elimination
        of Mycrocystin-LR in Yellow Perch (Perca
        flavescens) Tissue and Implications for Human
        Fish Consumption.  Dyble, J., et al., 2011. Marine
        Drugs, 9(12), 2553-2571.
        Go to Article

        An Assessment of Bone Fluoride and
        Osteosarcoma. Kim, P.M., etal., 2011. Journal of
        Dental Research, 90(10), 1171-1176.
        Go to Article
         Upcoming Meetings	

         Emerging Issues in Groundwater Conference.
         February 27-28, 2012 in San Antonio, TX. National
         Ground Water Association  Ground Water Summit.
         Go to Meeting Page or www.ngwa.org

         The Hot Topics in UIC. January 23-25, 2012 in
         Houston, TX. Regulatory and technical considerations
         for hydraulic fracturing and groundwater protection.
         Go to Meeting Page or www.gwpc.org

         Building for Better Decisions: Multi-Scale
         Integration of Human Health and Environmental
         Data. May 8-11, 2012 in Research Triangle Park, NC.
         SOT and SETAC Workshop.
         Go to Meeting Page or www.setac.org/meetings
Page 4
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No. 2011-3

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                           Water  Research  Update
            Innovative and Affordable Tools and Technologies for
                       Sustainable Public Health Protection
 From EPA
 Harnessing Water, Waste and Energy Systems for
 Sustainability. Strategies of water decentralization,
 recovery, and reuse matched with energy conservation.
 Go to Article or www.epa.gov/nrmrl

 EPA Examines Ways to Treat Biotoxins in
 Drinking Water. Agency researchers advance science
 to help protect the nation's drinking water.
 Go to Article or www.epa.gov/sciencematters

 Comparison of Ultrafiltration Techniques for
 Recovering Biothreat Agents in Water.
 EPA/600/R-11/103. Laboratory-based UF method
 established by CDC was compared to a field-portable
 UF method developed by EPA.
 Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nhsrc

 Formulation of Chlorine and Decontamination
 Booster Station Optimization Problem. Haxton,
 T., R. Murray, et al., 2011. In the 13th Annual Water
 Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium
 Proceedings. Optimally locating stations to
 decontaminate following an incident.
 Go to Article or www.asce.org

 USEPA's Climate Ready Water Utilities
 Initiative. Ampleman, M., C. Baranowski, A. Posner,
 J. Whitler, 2011. Journal American Water Works
 Association, 103(9), 28-31.
 Go to Article or www.awwa.org/publications

 Screening Methods for Metal-Containing Nano-
 particles in Water. EPA/600/R-11/096. Capability
 of single particle-inductively coupled plasma mass
 spectrometry (SP-ICPMS) for transformations of
 silver nanoparticles in surface water.
 Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nerl
         Researchers Develop Innovative Tools in
         Drinking Water Treatment Studies. Providing a
         library of shelf-stable, drinking-water-relevant NOM
         samples from representative sources around the U.S.
         Go to Article or www.epa.gov/nrmrl

         Post Amerithrax: Advancing the Science and
         Engineering of Decontamination. EPA scientists are
         developing and evaluating decontamination technologies
         to inactivate lethal bacteria such as anthrax.
         Go to Article or www.epa.gov/nhsrc

         Costs of Arsenic Removal Technologies for Small
         Water Systems: U.S. EPA Arsenic Removal
         Technology Demonstration Program. Wang, L.,
         and A.S.C. Chen, 2011. EPA/600/R-11/090. Analysis
         of costs for 50 demonstrations across  26 states.
         Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nrmrl

         Game On: Can Serious Games Help Inform
         Serious Environmental Challenges?  EPA researchers
         partner with IBM to provide data and science for
         CityOne, a serious game with real-world potential.
         Go to Article or www.epa.gov/ord

         Sustainable Chesapeake: A Community-Based
         Approach to Stormwater Management Using
         Green Infrastructure. Science to Achieve Results
         (STAR) program. Funding research to engage lay
         persons and experts in solutions to stormwater
         problems.
         Go to Article or www.epa.gov/ncer

         Persistence and Decontamination Testing of
         BniceJh suis. EPA/600/R-11/111. Helping plan for
         responses to natural occurrences or intentional
         releases of biological agents.
         Go to Report or www.epa.gov/nhsrc
No. 2011-3
Office of Water
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                            Water  Research  Update
 EPA's Water Security Modeling and Simulation
 Research. EPA/600/S-11/007. Summarizes advance
 computing products for water security.
 Go to Article or www.epa.gov/nhsrc

 EPA Announces Final Study Plan to Assess
 Hydraulic Fracturing. Investigating potential
 impacts on drinking water resources and the
 responsible use of this source of natural gas.
 Go to Article or www.epa.gov/hydraulicfracturing

 Aging Water Infrastructure Research: Science
 and Engineering for a Sustainable Future.
 EPA/600/F-11/010. Brochure.
 Go to Article or water.epa.gov/infrastructure


 From Collaborators	

 Sustainability and the U.S. EPA. National Research
 Council. Better assess social, environmental, and
 economic impacts of options in EPA decision making.
 Go to Report or www.nationalacademies.org

 WaterRF  Engineered Biofiltration for Enhanced
 Hydraulic and Water Treatment Performance.
 #4215.  Operational modifications to the ozone/
 biofiltration process to attain water treatment objectives.
 Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

 Novel Membrane Helps Remove Perchlorate
 from Drinking Water. Electrodialysis and an
 electrochemical reaction in one system reduces low-
 levels of perchlorate to non-toxic chloride.
 Go to Article or www.udel.edu/udaily

 WERF  Technology Roadmap for Sustainable
 Wastewater Treatment Plants in a Carbon-
 Constrained World. #OWSO4R07d. Research needs
 and options for optimizing carbon and nutrient
 management.
 Go to Report or www.werf.org
         WaterRF  Enhancing Removal of Viruses in
         Water Treatment Plants Using Zero-Valent Iron.
         #4140. Assesses the effectiveness of zero-valent iron
         (ZVI) to remove the pathogenic viruses.
         Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

         WaterRF - Hydraulic Fracturing Issues and
         Research Needs. Wright, B.A., et al., 2011. #4301.
         Identifies environmental and water quality issues
         related to drilling in oil shale formations.
         Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

         WaterRF  Energy Efficiency Best Practices for
         North American Drinking Water Utilities. #4223.
         Includes best practices in the energy efficient design
         and operation of water industry assets.
         Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

         Green Gov Success Stories. Examples of projects
         that will drive long-term savings, improve efficiency,
         reduce pollution, and eliminate waste.
         Go to Report or www.whitehouse.gov /greengov

         WaterRF - Accuracy of In-Service Water Meters
         at Low and High Flow Rates. #4028. Quantified
         flow measurement accuracy with exposure to particles
         in the system and other degradation factors.
         Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

         WaterRF - Copper Pitting and Brass
         Dezincification: Chemical and Physical Effects.
         #4289. Establishes whether chemical constituents
         inhibit or accelerate copper pitting corrosion.
         Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

         Final Report: Anaerobic Pre-Treatment for an
         Algae-Based Wastewater Treatment System.
         Horst, G., 2011. SBIR Program. Sequesters nitrogen
         and phosphorus into the biomass of algae that can be
         converted into useful products.
         Go to Report or www.epa.gov/ncer
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                            Water  Research  Update
 WaterRF - Membrane Treatment of Impaired
 Irrigation Return and Other Flows: Creating New
 Sources of High-Quality Water. #4069. Producing
 potable water from winter irrigation return flows.
 Go to Report or www.waterrf.org

 WaterRF - Comparing Conventional and
 Pelletized Lime Softening Concentrate Chemical
 Stabilization. #4283. Demonstrates the efficiencies
 of a technology to improve reverse osmosis recovery.
 Go to Report or www.waterrf.org
 From the Journals	

 Optimizing Alert Occurrence in the Cincinnati
 Contamination Warning System. Allgeier, S.C., et al.,
 2Q\\. Journal of the American WaterWorks Association, 103(10).
 Go to Article

 Removal of Selected Endocrine Disrupting
 Chemicals and Personal Care Products in Surface
 Waters and Secondary Wastewater by Ozonation.
 Tay, K., et al., 2011. Water Environment Research, 83(8),
 684-691.
 Go to Article

 Science Policy Considerations for Responsible
 Nanotechnology Decisions. Morris, J., J. Willis, et
 al., 2011. Nature Nanotechnology, 6, 73-77.
 Go to Article

 Dynamics of Steroid Estrogen Daily Concentrations
 in Hospital Effluent and Connected Waste Water
 Treatment Plant. Avbersek, M., et al., 2011. Journal of
 Environmental Monitoring, 13(8), 2221-2226.
 Go to Article

 Theoretical Modeling and Experimental
 Validation of Leakage in Drinking Water
 Networks. Bennis, S., et al., 2011. Journal American
 Water Works Association,  103(12).
 Go to Article
         Removal and Formation of Chlorinated Triclosan
         Derivatives in Wastewater Treatment Plants
         Using Chlorine and UV Disinfection. Buth, J.M.,
         etal., 2011. Chemosphere, 84(9), 1238-1243.
         Go to Article

         A Tale of Two Technologies: Hydraulic
         Fracturing and Geologic Carbon Sequestration.
         Dammel, J.A., et al., 2011. Environmental Science e>
         Technology, 45(12), 5075-5076.
         Go to Article

         Modeling Techniques of Best Management
         Practices: Rain Barrels and Rain Gardens Using
         EPA SWMM-5. Aad, M.P.A., M.T. Suidan, and W.D.
         Shuster, 2010. Journal ofTTydrologic Engineering, 15(6),
         434-443.
         Go to Article

         Real-time In-network Distribution System
         Monitoring to Improve Operational Efficiency.
         Allen, M., et al., 2011. Journal American Water Works
         Association, 103(7).
         Go to Article

         Tertiary-Treated Municipal Wastewater is a
         Significant Point Source of Antibiotic Resistance
         Genes into Duluth-Superior Harbor. LaPara, T.M.,
         et al., 2011. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(22),
         9543-9549.
         Go to Article

         Measurement of Organic Nitrogen and Phosphorus
         Fractions at Very Low Concentrations in Wastewater
         Effluents. Sattayatewa, C, et al., 2011. Water
         Environment Research, 83(8), 675-683.
         Go to Article

         Persistence of Non-Native Spore Forming
         Bacteria in Drinking Water Biofilm and
         Evaluation of Decontamination Methods. Shane,
         W.T., J.G. Szabo, and P.L. Bishop, 2011.
         Technology, 32(8), 847-855.
         Go to Article
No. 2011-3
Office of Water
Page 7

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                            Water  Research  Update
 Application of WWTP Biosolids and Resulting
 Perfluorinated Compound Contamination of
 Surface and Well Water in Decatur, Alabama,
 USA. Lmdstrom, A.B., M. Strynar, A. Delmsky, S.F.
 Nakayama, L. McMillan, E. Laurence Libelo, M. Neill,
 L. Thomas, 2011. Environmental Sdence and Technology,
 45(19), 8015-8021.
 Go to Article

 Treatment of Wastewaters Containing Bisphenol
 A: State of the Science Review. Melcer, H. and G.
 Klecka, 2011. Water Environment Research, 83(7), 650-666.
 Go to Article

 Domestic Wastewater Treatment as a Net Energy
 Producer-Can This be Achieved? McCarty, P.L., et
 al., 2011. Environmental S dence & Technology, 45(17),
 7100-7106.
 Go to Article

 A Bench-Scale Constructed Wetland as a Model to
 Characterize Benzene Biodegradation Processes
 in Freshwater Wetlands. Rakoczy, J., et al., 2011.
 EnvironmentalSdence ^Technology, 45(23), 10036-10044.
 Go to Article

 A Minimum Data Set of Water Quality Parameters
 to Assess and Compare Treatment Efficiency of
 Stormwater Facilities. Ingvertsen, S.T., et al., 2011.
 Journal of Environmental Quality, 40(5),  1488-1502.
 Go to Article

 Fighting Water With Water:  Behavioral Change
 versus Climate Change. Strassberg, V. and B.
 Lancaster, 2011. Journal American Water Works
 Assodation, 103(6).
 Go to Article

 Transformation of Dissolved Organic Matter in a
 Novel Groundwater Recharge System with
 Reclaimed Water. Lmlm, W., et al., 2011. Water
 Environment Research,  83(12), 2140-2146.
 Go to Article
         Algal Turf Scrubbing: Cleaning Surface Waters
         with Solar Energy while Producing a Biofuel.
         Adey, W.H., et al., 2011. Biosdence, 61(6), 434-441.
         Go to Article

         Field Application of a Renewable Constructed
         Wetland Substrate for Phosphorus Removal.
         Rosenquist, S.E., et al., 2011. Journal of 'the American
         Water Resources Association, 47(4), 800-812.
         Go to Article

         Snake in a Lake-An Innovative Pipeline Design.
         Grandelli, P. and J. Holland, 2011. Journal American
         Waterworks As sodation, 103(7), 36-40.
         Go to Article

         Hot Water Treatment (Chronic Upper Lethal
         Temperature) Mitigates Biofouling by the
         Invasive Asian Mussel Limnopema fortune! in
         Industrial Installations. Perepelizin, P.V. and D.
         Boltovskoy, 2011. Environmental Science & Technology,
         45(18), 7868-7873.
         Go to Article
          Upcoming Meetings	

          16th Annual Water Reuse & Desalination
          Research Conference. June 4-5, 2012 in San Diego,
          CA.
          Go to Meeting Page or www.watereuse.org/foundation

          The Utility Management Conference. January 30-
          February 2, 2012 in Miami, FL. Hosted by the
          American Water Works Association and Water
          Environment Federation.
          Go to www.wef.org/ UtilityManagement
Page 8
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No. 2011-3

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                           Water Research  Update
    Ecological Systems Approach to Protect and Restore Sustainable
          Water Quality and Water Quantity on a Watershed Basis
 From EPA
 An Assessment of Decision-Making Processes:
 Evaluation of Where Land Protection Planning
 Can Incorporate Climate Change Information.
 EPA/600/R-09/142F.
 Go to Report or www.epa.gov/ncea

 A Primer on Using Biological Assessment to
 Support Water Quality Management. Reports on
 condition of aquatic biota, developing biological
 criteria, and assesses results of management actions.
 Go to Report or water.epa.gov/scitech

 EPA Announces the Healthy Watersheds
 Initiative National Framework and Action Plan.
 Intended to protect the nation's watersheds, prevent
 impairment, and accelerate restoration.
 Go to Report or water.epa.gov/type/watersheds

 Efficacy of Ballast Water Treatment Systems: A
 Report by the EPA Science Advisory Board. EPA/
 SAB/11/009. Recommended a risk-based approach to
 address invasive species in vessel ballast water discharge.
 Go to Report or www.epa.gov/sab

 New and Improved EPA Website on Nitrogen &
 Phosphorus Pollution. Information about this type
 of pollution (sources, impacts, helpful actions) and
 states' numeric water quality criteria for nutrients.
 Go to www.epa.gov/nutrientpollution

 Improving EPA Review of Appalachian Surface
 Coal Mining Operations under the Clean Water
 Act, National Environmental Policy Act, and the
 Environmental Justice Executive Order. The
 guidance to work with stakeholders towards a
 balanced approach that protects communities from
 harmful pollution associated with coal mining.
 Go to Report or water.epa.gov
         Reactive Nitrogen in the United States: an
         Analysis of Inputs, Flows, Consequences, and
         Management Options. EPA/SAB/11/013.
         Analyzed sources and fate of reactive nitrogen;
         recommended research and control strategies.
         Go to Report or www.epa.gov/sab

         Gulf of Mexico Regional Ecosystem Restoration
         Strategy. Released by the Gulf Coast Ecosystem
         Restoration Task Force after extensive feedback from
         citizens throughout the region.
         Go to Report or www.epa.gov/gulfcoasttaskforce

         Down the Drain: Wetlands as Sinks for
         Absorbing Reactive Nitrogen. First continental-
         scale analysis to estimate how much nitrogen is
         removed by wetland ecosystems.
         Go to Article or water.epa.gov/type/wetlands


         From Collaborators	

         USDA - Economic Research Service Report:
         Nitrogen in Agricultural Systems: Implications
         for Conservation Policy. Two-thirds of U.S. cropland
         not meeting criteria for nitrogen management.
         Go to Report or water.epa.gov/type/watersheds

         New USEPA Water Quality Criteria by 2012: GOMA
         Concerns and Recommendations. Gooch-Moore,
         J., et al., 2Q\\. Journal of Water and Health, 9(4), 718-733.
         Go to Article or www.gulfofmexicoalliance.org

         USGS  Sources, Fate, and Transport of Nitrogen
         and Phosphorus in the Chesapeake Bay
         Watershed: An Empirical Model. Ator, S.W., et al.,
         2011. #2011-5167. SPARROW model. Significant
         contributions from agricultural and urban activities as
         well as natural sources.
         Go to Re
                    : or www.usgs.gov
No. 2011-3
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                            Water  Research  Update
 USGS - Regional SPARROW Model Assessments
 of Streams and Rivers. Access to six regional models
 describing how rivers receive and transport nutrients.
 Articles based on this program in the October issue of
 the Journal of the .American Water Resources - 47(5).
 Go to Tool. Journal, or water.usgs.gov/nawqa

 Global Change and Extreme Hydrology: Testing
 Conventional Wisdom. Committee on Hydrologic
 Science, National Research Council. Examines if
 floods and droughts are increasing,  changes at the
 regional scale, and the influence of the global climate.
 Go to Report or www.nap.edu

 USGS  Hydrography of and Biogeochemical
 Inputs to Liberty Bay, a Small Urban
 Embayment in Puget Sound, Washington.
 Takesue, R.K.  (ed.). #2011-5152. Effects of
 contaminant inputs from an urban watershed and
 modifications of the shoreline to nearshore habitats.
 Go to Report or www.usgs.gov

 USGS  Organic Contaminants, Trace and Major
 Elements, and Nutrients in Water and Sediment
 Samples in Response to the Deepwater Horizon
 Oil Spill. Nowell, L.H., et al., 2011. #2011-1271.
 Differences  in contaminant concentrations before and
 after landfall of oil.
 Go to Re
             or www.usgs.gov
 USGS - Trends in Suspended-Sediment Loads
 and Concentrations in the Mississippi River
 Basin, 1950-2009. Heimann, D.C., et al., 2011.
 #2011-5200. Declines in sediment loads and
 concentrations; generally explained by corresponding
 decreases in stream flows.
 Go to Report or www.usgs-gov

 WERF  A Strategic Risk Communications
 Process for Outreach and Dialogue on Biosolids
 Land Application. Eggers, S., et al., 2011.
 #SRSK2R08. Includes methods, tools, and materials
 to enable effective outreach.
 Go to Report or www.werf.org
         Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for
         the Gulf of Mexico after the Deepwater Horizon Oil
         Spill. National Research Council. Options to include the
         analysis of ecosystem services to help address the spill.
         Go to Report or www.nap.edu

         USGS - Columbia River Estuary Ecosystem
         Classification: Concept and Application. Simenstad,
         C.A., etal., 2011. #2011-1228. Characterize large flood
         plain rivers influenced by riverine and estuarine hydrology.
         Go to Report or www.usgs .gov

         Nutrient Use Geographic Information System
         (NuGIS). International Plant Nutrition Institute.
         Predicts partial nutrient balance and nutrient removal
         to use ratios at county, state, and watershed scales.
         Go to Tool or www.ipni.net

         Factors that Influence the Hydrologic Recovery
         of Wetlands in the Northern Tampa Bay Area,
         Florida. Metz, P.A. #2011-5127. Investigates why
         water levels for some wetlands have not increased
         after reduction in groundwater with drawls.
         Go to Report or www.usgs.gov

         NOAA Website Provides Real-Time Information
         from Chesapeake Bay Interpretive Buoy Systems.
         Meteorological,  oceanographic, and water quality data.
         Go to Article or www.wef.org

         USGS - Sediment Load from Major Rivers into
         Puget Sound and Its Adjacent Waters. #2011
         3083. Each year, 6.5 million tons is transported to
         Puget Sound; 70% from rivers (mostly during floods)
         and 30% from shoreline erosion.
         Go to Article or www.usgs.gov
         From the Journals	

         An Environmental Assessment of United States
         Drinking Water Watersheds. Wickham, J.D., T.G.
         Wade, K.H. Riitters. Landscape Ecology, 7(1), 605-616.
         Go to Article
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                            Water Research  Update
 Community Structures of Fecal Bacteria in Cattle
 from Different Animal Feeding Operations.
 Shanks, O.C., et al., 2011. Applied and'Environmental
 Microbiology, 77(9), 2992-3001.
 Go to Article

 Connecting the Dots: Responses of Coastal
 Ecosystems to Changing Nutrient
 Concentrations. Carstensen, J., et al., 2011.
 Environmental Science and Technology, 45(21), 91229132.
 Go to Article

 Nitrate in the Mississippi River and Its
 Tributaries, 1980 to 2008: Are We Making
 Progress? Sprague, L.A.,  et al., 2011. Environmental
 Science and Technology, 45(17), 7209-7216.
 Go to Article

 Nutrient Loadings to Streams of the Continental
 United States from Municipal and Industrial Effluent.
 Maupin, M.A., and T. Ivahnenko, 2()\\. Journal of the
 American Water Resources Association, 47(5), 950-964.
 Go to Article

 Threats to Riparian Ecosystems in Western North
 America: An Analysis of Existing Literature. Poff,
 B., et al., 2011. Journal of 'the American Water Resources
 Association, 47(6), 1241-1254.
 Go to Article

 Mobilization of Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals
 and Estrogenic Activity in Simulated  Rainfall
 Runoff from Land-Applied Biosolids. Giudice, B.
 and T. Young, 2011. Environmental Toxicology and
 Chemistry, 30(10), 2220-2228.
 Go to Article

 Nutrients in Precipitation and the Phytoplankton
 Responses to Enrichment in Surface Waters of
 the Albemarle Peninsula, NC, USA after the
 Establishment of a  Large-Scale Chicken Egg
 Farm. Rossignol, K.L., et al., 2011.
 671(1), 181-191.
 Go to Article
          Factors Affecting Stream Nutrient Loads: A
          Synthesis of Regional SPARROW Model Results
          for the Continental United States. Preston, S.D., et
          al., 2011. Journal of 'the American Water Resources
          Association, 47(5), 891-915.
          Go to Article

          Acid Mine Drainage Affects the Development
          and Function of Epilithic Biofilms in Streams.
          Smucker, N.J. and M.L. Vis, 2011. Journal of 'the North
          American EenthologicalSociety, 30(3), 728-738.
          Go to Article

          Evaluating Performance of Stormwater Sampling
          Approaches Using a Dynamic Watershed Model.
          Ackerman, D., et al., 2011. Environmental Monitoring and
          Assessment, 180(1-4), 283-302.
          Go to Article

          Land Application of Hydrofracturing Fluids
          Damages a Deciduous Forest Stand in West
          Virginia. Adams, M.B., 2011. Journal of 'Environmental
          Quality, 40(4), 1340-1344.
          Go to Article

          River Restoration: The Fuzzy Logic of Repairing
          Reaches to Reverse Catchment Scale
          Degradation. Bernhardt, E.S. and M.A. Palmer,
          2011. Ecological Applications, 21(6), 1926-1931.
          Go to Article

          A Watershed Approach to Improve Water Quality:
          Case Study of Clean Water Services' Tualatin River
          Program. Cochran, B. and C. Logue, 2011. Journal of
          the American  Water Resources Association, 47(1), 29-38.
          Go to Article

          Development, Validation, and Application of a
          Macroinvertebrate-Based Index of Biotic
          Integrity for Nonwadeable Rivers of Wisconsin.
          Weigel, B.M. and J.J. Dimick, 2011. Journal of'the North
          American EenthologicalSociety, 30(3), 665-679.
          Go to Article
No. 2011-3
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                            Water Research  Update
 Forecasts Aid HABs Response. Freeman, K.S.,
 2011. 'EnvironmentalHealth Perspectives, 119, a510-a510.
 Go to Article

 Evaluating Agricultural Best Management
 Practices in Tile-Drained Subwatersheds of the
 Mackinaw River, Illinois. Lemke, A.M., et al, 2011.
 Journal of Environmental Quality, 40(4), 1215-1228.
 Go to Article

 Centennial-Scale Changes to the Aquatic
 Vegetation Structure of a Shallow Eutrophic Lake
 and Implications for Restoration. Madgwick, G., et
 al., 2011. Fnshwater Biology,  56(12), 2620-2636.
 Go to Article

 TMDL Implementation in Agricultural Landscapes:
 A Communicative and Systemic Approach. Jordan,
 N.R., et al., 2011. Environmental Management, 48(1), 1-12.
 Go to Article

 Impacts of Land-Cover Change on Suspended
 Sediment Transport in Two Agricultural
 Watersheds. Schilling, K.E., etal., 2011. Journal of the
 American Water Resources Association, 47(4), 672-686.
 Go to Article

 Use of Fish Functional Traits to Associate In-
 Stream Suspended Sediment Transport Metrics
 with Biological Impairment. Schwarte, J.S., et al., 2011.
 Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 179(1-4), 347-369.
 Go to Article

 Change Point Analysis of Phosphorus Trends in
 the Illinois  River (Oklahoma) Demonstrates the
 Effects of Watershed Management. Scott, J.T., et al.,
 20\\. Journal of Environmental Quality, 40(4), 1249-1256.
 Go to Article

 A Coherent Signature of Anthropogenic Nitrogen
 Deposition to Remote Watersheds of the
 Northern Hemisphere. Holtgrieve, G.W., et al.,
 2011. Science, 334(6062), 1545-1548.
 Go to Article
          PCB-Induced Changes of a Benthic Community
          and Expected Ecosystem Recovery Following in
          situ Sorbent Amendment. Janssen, E.M., et al., 2011.
          Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(8), 1819-1826.
          Go to Article

          Multicriteria Evaluation of Water Resources
          Sustainability in the Context of Watershed
          Management. Kang, M., and G. Lee, 2011. Journal of
          the American Water Resources Association, 47(4), 813-827.
          Go to Article

          Nutrient Fluxes and the Recent Collapse of
          Coastal California Salmon Populations. Moore,
          J.W., et al., 2011. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and
          Aquatic Sciences, 68(7), 1161-1170.
          Go to Article

          Environmental Risk Assessment of Fluctuating
          Diazinon Concentrations in an  Urban and
          Agricultural Catchment Using Toxicokinetic-
          Toxicodynamic Modeling. Ashauer, R., et al., 2011.
          Environmental Science & Technology, 45(22), 9783-9792.
          Go to Article

          Zooplankton  as Indicators in Lakes: A Scientific-
          Based Plea for Including Zooplankton in the
          Ecological Quality Assessment of Lakes According
          to the European Water Framework Directive (WFD).
          Jeppesen, K, et al., 2011. Hydrobiologia, 676(1), 279-297.
          Go to Article

          Pragmatic Approaches for Water Management
          under Climate Change Uncertainty. Stakhiv, E.Z.,
          2011. Journal of the American Water Resources Association,
          47(6), 1183-1196.
          Go to Article

          Sources and Delivery of Nutrients to the
          Northwestern Gulf of Mexico from Streams in the
          South-Central United States. Rebich, R.A., et al.,
          2011. Journal of the American Water Resources Association,
          47(5), 1061-1086.
          Go to Article
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                            Water Research  Update
 Effects of Riparian Buffers on Nitrate
 Concentrations in Watershed Discharges: New
 Models and Management Implications. Weller,
 D.E., etal, 2011. Ecological Applications, 21(5), 1679-1695.
 Go to Article

 Impact of Different Land Uses on Polycyclic
 Aromatic Hydrocarbon Contamination in Coastal
 Stream Sediments. Zheng, W.D., etal., 2011.
 Chemosphere,  84(4), 376-382.
 Go to Article

 Flow Regime, Temperature, and Biotic Interactions
 Drive Differential Declines of Trout Species under
 Climate Change. Wenger, S.J., et al., 2011. Proceedings
 of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(34), 14175-14180.
 Go to Article

 Reducing Nitrogen and Phosphorus Pollution and
 Protecting Drinking Water Sources. Bergman, R., 2011.
 Journal American Water Works Association, 103(8), 28-31.
 Go to Article

 Risks and Benefits of Consumption of Great
 Lakes Fish. Turyk, M.E., et al., 2011.  Environmental
 Health Perspectives, 120, 11-18.
 Go to Article

 Acidification of Subsurface Coastal Waters
 Enhanced by Eutrophication. Cai, W., et al., 2011.
 Nature Geoscience, 4, 766-770.
 Go to Article

 Subsurface Transport of  Orthophosphate in Five
 Agricultural Watersheds, USA. Domagalski, J.L.,
 and H.M.Johnson, 2Q\\. Journal of Hydrology, 409(1-2),
 157-171.
 Go to Article

 Water Quality Model Uncertainty Analysis of a
 Point-Point Source Phosphorus Trading Program.
 Kardos, J.S., and C.C. Obropta, 2011. Journal of'the
 American Water Resources Association, 47(6), 1317-1337.
 Go to Article
          Significant Efflux of Carbon Dioxide from Streams
          and Rivers in the United States. Butman, D., and
          P.A. Raymond, 2011. Nature Geoscience, 4, 839-842.
          Go to Article

          A Regional Modeling Framework of Phosphorus
          Sources and Transport in Streams of the
          Southwestern United States. Garcia, A.M., et al.,
          2011. Journal of the American Water Resources Association,
          47(5), 991-1010.
          Go to Article

          The Effect of Rain and Runoff When Assessing
          Timing of Manure Application and Dissolved
          Phosphorus Loss in Runoff. Vadas, P.A., et al.,
          2011. Journal of the American Water Resources Association,
          47(4), 877-886.
          Go to Article

          The Feasibility of Using Mosquitofish
          (Gambusia affinis) for Detecting Endocrine-
          Disrupting Chemicals in the Freshwater
          Environment. Kamata, R., et al., 2011. Environmental
          Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(12), 2778-2785.
          Go to Article

          Has the Magnitude of Floods across the USA
          Changed with Global CO2 Levels. Hirsch, R.M.
          and K.R. Ryberg, 2011. Hydrological Sciences Journal,
          57(1), 1-9.
          Go to Article

          Functional Impacts of Ocean Acidification in an
          Ecologically Critical Foundation Species.
          Gaylord, B. et al., 2Q\\. Journal of Experimental Biology,
          214, 2586-2594.
          Go to Article

          Environmental Concentrations of Agricultural-
          Use Pesticide Mixtures Evoke Primary and
          Secondary Stress Responses in Rainbow Trout.
          Tierney, K.B., et al., 2011. EnvironmentalToxicology and
          Chemistry, 30(11), 2602-2607.
          Go to Article
No. 2011-3
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                           Water  Research  Update
Economic Incentives and Regulatory Framework
for Shale Gas Well Site Reclamation in
Pennsylvania. Mitchell, A.L. and E.A. Gasman, 2011.
EnvironmentalSdence & Technology, 45(22), 9506-9514.
Go to Article

Mountaintop Removal Mining: Digging into
Community Health Concerns. Holzman, D.C.,
2011. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119, a476-a483.
Go to Article

Climate Change, Agricultural Insecticide Exposure,
and Risk for Freshwater Communities. Kattwinkel,
M., et al., 2011. Ecological Applications, 21(6), 2068-2081.
Go to Article

The Use of Large Water and Sediment Diversions
in the Lower  Mississippi River (Louisiana) for
Coastal Restoration. Allison, M.A. and E.A.
Meselhe, 2010. Journal of Hydrology, 387(3-4), 346-360.
Go to Article

The Impact of Agricultural Best Management
Practices on Water Quality in a North German
Lowland Catchment. Lam, Q.D., et al., 2011.
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 183(1-4), 351-
379.
Go to Article

The Impacts  of Modern Warfare on Freshwater
Ecosystems.  Francis, R.A., 2011. Environmental
Management, 48(5), 985-999.
Go to Article
             Upcoming Meetings
            8th National Water Quality Monitoring
            Conference - Water: One Resource - Shared
            Effort - Common Future. April 30-May 4, 2012 in
            Portland, OR.
            Go to Meeting Page or www.acwi.gov

            AWRA's 2012 Summer Specialty Conference. June
            25-29, 2012 in Denver, CO. June 25-27: Contaminant
            of Emerging Concern; June 27-29: Riparian Ecosystems.
            Go to Meeting Page or www.awra.org

            AWWA 2012 Sustainable Water Management
            Conference & Exposition. March 18-21, 2012 in
            Portland, OR.
            Go to Meeting Page or www.awwa.org

            Global Conference on Oceans, Climate and
            Security (GCOCS). May 21-23, 2012 in Boston, MA.
            Go to www.gcocs.org

            Stormwater Symposium 2012. July 18-20, 2012 in
            Baltimore, MD. Water Environment Federation and
            the Chesapeake Water Environment Association.
            Go to www.wef.org/Stormwater2012

            River Network's River Rally. May 4-7, 2012 in
            Portland, OR. An international gathering of the
            watershed conservation community.
            Go to Meeting Page or www.rivernetwork.org
                                 A Note from the Editors
   Welcome to our new publication schedule. As we announced  in the last issue, the "Quarterly" is now a
 semi-annual publication. With the new schedule comes a new name: "Water Research Update." We have a
 new name and a new schedule but we've kept the same number of titles for your perusal, covering  six
 months instead of three months of titles, meetings and announcements. We expect you will find it helpful,
 as usual, and of course, we also ask for your feedback. Keep your comments and suggestions coming.
 Regards, Luis, Mary, Vera, and the Cadmus Group.
Page 14
EPA820-N-12-001
Office of Water (4304T)
        No. 2011-3
July-December 2011
          http://water.epa.gov/scitech/research-riskassess/researchstrategy/index.cfm

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