Kansas
                          dean Watersheds Needs Survey 2004
 The Clean Watersheds Needs
 Survey (CWNS) is a comprehensive
 assessment of needs1 to meet the water
 quality and water-related public health
 goals of the Clean Water Act (CWA).
 States and the U.S. Environmental
 Protection Agency (EPA) conduct the
 CWNS every four years under CWA
 Sections 205(a) and 516 (b)(l).

 Kansas reported needs totaling $2.1
 billion in 2004.  This is a thirty percent
 increase  from the $1.6 billion in needs
 reported in 2000.
County Needs ($M)    Facility Needs ($M)
    ] None reported        < 0.5
    < 0.75           o  0.5-2
    0.75-2.5          0  >2
    >2.5
Reported Needs in Kansas

Type of Need
Wastewater treatment plant improvements
Wastewater collection and conveyance improvements
Combined sewer overflow correction
Stormwater management controls
Home sewage treatment system improvements
Recycled wastewater distribution"
Total Wastewater Treatment Needs
Agriculture best management practices (BMPs)
Forestry BMPs
Residential/ business development BMPs
Ground water protection BMPs
Marinas and boating BMPs
Mining and quarrying BMPs
Contaminated industrial site (Brownfield) remediation
Leaking storage tank remediation
Sanitary landfill BMPs
Water resource restoration and protection
Total Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Needs
Total Needs
Needs (2004
2000
$527
$612
$441
nrb
n/a
n/a
$1,580
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
$1,580
Dollars, Millions)
2004
$871
$726
$464
nr
nr
nr
$2,061
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
nr
$2,061

Percent Change
65%
19%
5%
n/a
n/a
n/a
30%
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
30%
a The CWNS did not collect data on recycled water distribution in 2000     b Not reported
 1 Costs in the CWNS are generally eligible for funding under the Clean Water Act State Revolving Fund (CWSRF). All needs are capital
 needs except stormwater management needs, which include program development costs. The survey is a "snapshot" of data and needs;
 needs are as of January 1, 2004, and all costs are in January 2004 dollars.

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                                            Kansas
                          dean Watersheds Needs Survey 2004
The enactment of the Clean Water Act (CWA) in 1972 resulted in dramatic improvements in the:
     Number of wastewater treatment plants.
     Percentage of the population served by wastewater treatment plants.
     Level of effluent treatment from wastewater treatment plants.

In 2004, 74% of Kansas residents received centralized wastewater treatment services at the secondary, greater
than secondary, or no discharge treatment level, compared to 24% in 1972.
                      Number of Centralized Treatment Facilities and Population Served
Treatment Level
                        Number of Facilities
1972    2004  Projected"     1972
                                            Population Served
                                     % Total                % Total
                                    Population             Population
1972
2004
2004"    Projected3
Less than Secondary
Secondary
Greater than Secondary
No Discharge
Total
115
20
10
0
145
0
356
79
196
631
0
342
114
205
1,156,000
534,000
11,000
0
661 1,701,000
51.0%
23.6%
0.5%
0%
75.0%
0
670,941
1,255,624
101,710
2,028,275
0%
24.5%
45.9%
3.7%
74.1%
0
573,540
2,073,467
117,511
2,764,518
a Number of facilities and population served if all needs documented in the CWNS 2004 are met.
b The remaining population is largely served by home and cluster sewage treatment systems.
(Number of facilities from Tables C-7 and C-8 of the CWNS 2004 Report to Congress)
   What are treatment levels?
      Less than secondary treatment removes solids by filtration, sedimentation, and chemical coagulation.
      Secondary treatment removes most of the organic matter in wastewater using biological processes.
      Greater than secondary treatment removes additional organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, or toxics.
      No discharge facilities include facilities that reuse wastewater, discharge to an underground aquifer, or
       dispose of wastewater via methods such as irrigation or evaporation.
   The CWA goals of fishable, swimmable and drinkable waters require secondary or greater treatment.
 Small communities often need additional assistance to meet CWA requirements, because they often lack
 adequate financing, training, and economies of scale to efficiently manage and maintain wastewater treatment
 systems.

 In Kansas, small community wastewater
 facilities serve 31% of the population and
 comprise  14% of total wastewater treatment
 and collection needs. EPA small community
 support information is available at:
 www. epa. gov/owm/mab/smcomm
Reported Needs for Facilities in Small Communities
Population
< 1,000
1,000-3,499
3,500-10,000
Total
Facilities
2000 2004
93
64
22
179
105
62
25
Needs (2004 Dollars, Millions)
2000 2004
$60
$53
$137
192 $250
$73
$79
$132
$284
          Detailed Reports to Congress
          Other state fact sheets
          Maps, charts, and data downloads for watersheds, counties, congressional districts, states,
          and regions
         Office of Water, Office of Wastewater Management; 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W. (Mailcode 4204M), Washington, DC 20460
                                     EPA-XXX-X-XX-XXX; Month XX, 2007

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