&EFA
    United States
    Environmental Protection
    Agency
              EPA's BEACH   Report:
              South  Carolina  2012  Swimming Season
              September 2013
                      EPA820-F-13-043
  Introduction
  The Beaches Environmental Assessment and
  Coastal Health (BEACH) Act of 2000 authorizes
  EPA to provide grants to coastal and Great Lakes
  states, territories, and eligible tribes to monitor
  their coastal beaches for bacteria that indicate the
  possible presence of disease-causing pathogens
  and to notify the public when there is a potential
  risk to public health. The BEACH Act requires that
  recipients of those grants report their coastal beach
  monitoring and notification data to EPA. This fact
  sheet highlights the data submitted to EPA by the
  State of South Carolina for the 2012 swimming
  season.


  2012 Swimming Season
  Monitoring and Notification
  Actions
  South Carolina monitored 23 coastal beaches in
  five counties during the 2012 swimming season
  (Figure 1 and Table 1). When monitoring results
  at swimming beaches show that levels of specific
  indicator bacteria in the water exceed applicable
  water quality standards, South Carolina officials
  issue a beach advisory, warning people of possible
  risks of swimming.

  How many beaches had notification actions?
  In 2012, of the 23 coastal beaches that South
  Carolina monitored, five (22 percent) had at least
  one notification action. This is approximately the
  same as in previous years with the exception of
  2010 when only one beach had an action (Figure 2).
Figure 1. South Carolina coastal counties

County






BEAUFORT
CHARLESTON
COLLETON
GEORGETOWN
HORRY
TOTALS
Total
Beaches
4
5
1
5
8
23

Monitored
4
5
1
5
8
23
Not
Monitored
0
0
0
0
0
0
Table 1.  Number of monitored and
        unmonitored coastal beaches by
        county for 2012

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   Figure 2: Percent of beaches with one or
            more notification actions
   Figure 4: Percent of beach days open
            and safe for swimming
   Figure 3: Duration of beach notification
            actions in 2012
How many notification actions were issued and
how long did they last?
South Carolina issued nine notification actions
during the 2012 swimming season. Typically South
Carolina lifts an action when follow-up monitoring
indicates that water quality complies with
applicable standards. For all actions (100 percent)
water quality returned to normal and beaches were
deemed safe for swimming within one or two days
(Figure 3).

What percentage of days were beaches under
a notification action?
EPA calculates the total available beach days and
the number of beach days with notification actions
to better track trends over time. Total available
beach days are determined by multiplying the

                                                        2012

                                                        2011

                                                        2010

                                                        2009

                                                        2008
              To the Beach
              To the Beach \
             |&To the Beach)
              To the Beach}
99.7%

99.7%

99.9%

99.8%

99.0%
length of the beach season by the number of
beaches in the state. For 2012 EPA calculated
that 3,519 beach days were associated with the
swimming seasons of the twenty-three monitored
South Carolina beaches. South Carolina reported
notification actions on eleven days, meaning that
beaches were open and safe for swimming over
99 percent of the time. This continues the annual
trend of consistently high percentages of open
beach days at beaches in South Carolina (Figure 4).


For More Information
For information about the South Carolina beach
program contact:
David Graves
South Carolina Department of Health and
Environmental Control
Tel: 803-898-4398
e-mail:  david.graves@dhec.sc.gov
For general information about beaches visit:
http://water.epa.gov/type/oceb/beaches/.
For information about a specific beach visit:
http://watersgeo.epa.gov/beacon2/.

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