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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Inspector General
At a Glance
17-P-0045
November 14, 2016
Why We Did This Review
The Office of Inspector General
(OIG) performed this audit to
document and selectively test
the U.S. Chemical Safety and
Hazard Investigation Board's
(CSB's) security practices
related to performance
measures, as outlined in the
fiscal year 2016 Inspector
General Federal Information
Security Modernization Act of
2014 (FISMA) reporting
metrics, and to follow up on the
status of prior-year audit
recommendations.
FISMA requires the OIG to
annually evaluate its respective
agency's information security
program designed to protect
the operations and assets of
the agency.
We reported our audit results
using the CyberScope system
developed by the Department
of Homeland Security.
CyberScope calculates the
effectiveness of an agency's
information security program
based on the responses to the
FISMA reporting metrics.
This report addresses the
following CSB goal:
 Preserve the public trust by
maintaining and improving
organizational excellence.
Send all inquiries to our public
affairs office at (202) 566-2391
or visit www.epa.gov/oia.
CSB Has Effective "Identify" and "Recover" Information
Security Functions, but Attention Is Needed in Other
Information Security Function Areas
What We Found
Two of the five information security function areas
at CSB are considered effective. We assessed the
following five Cybersecurity Framework Security
Function areas and the corresponding metric
domains as specified by the fiscal year 2016
Inspector General FISMA reporting metrics:
1.	Identify - Risk Management, Contractor System
2.	Protect - Configuration Management, Identity and
Access Management, and Security and Privacy Training
3.	Detect - Information Security Continuous Monitoring
4.	Respond - Incident Response
5.	Recover - Contingency Planning
We evaluated each security function area using the maturity model. The maturity
model is a tool to summarize the status of an agency's information security
program and to outline what still needs to be done to improve the program.
The maturity model assesses each function area as: Level 1 - Ad-hoc, Level 2 -
Defined, Level 3 - Consistently Implemented, Level 4 - Managed and
Measurable, or Level 5 - Optimized.
The maturity model defines the requirements to meet a particular maturity level,
and CSB must meet all the requirements of that level before it can progress to
the next higher level within the maturity model. The CSB would need to achieve
Level 4 (Managed and Measurable) for a function area to be considered
effective. The table below summarizes each function area the CSB achieved.
CSB's information security function area maturity
More work is needed by
CSB to achieve an
overall managed and
measurable information
security program that
can effectively manage
cybersecurity risks.
Security function areas
Maturity level rating
Identify and Recover
Level 5
Protect and Detect
Level 3
Respond
Level 2
Source: OIG testing results.
Additionally, CSB completed the 10 open recommendations from prior reports.
Appendix A contains the results for the fiscal year 2016 Inspector General FISMA
reporting metrics. We met with CSB and updated our results based on additional
information provided. CSB agreed with our results.
Listing of OIG reports.

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