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Taking Action Across
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46 FY 2018 Priorities
In Florida's capital city; cleanup of the Cascade'Park Gasification Plant ""
Superfund site has made possible a remarkable facility that brings together
arts, entertainment, education, history and wellness. Located in the heart of
downtown Tallahassee, Cascades Park includes an amphitheater, play areas, watt
fountains, plazas, open space, commemoration areas and miles of multi-use trails
Source: City of Tallahassee
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Expediting Cleanup and Remediation
Supporting Redevelopment and Community Revitalization
Working with Our Partners, Stakeholders and Communities
Technical Resources and Innovation
Welcome and Overview

EPA's Superfund program is a cornerstone of the work that the Agency performs for communities
across the country. In 2017, EPA Region 4's Superfund program maintained its emphasis on adopting
innovative technologies and maximizing efficiencies and effective use of resources to advance cleanup
activities across the Southeast.
This year marked the accomplishment of major milestones for the Region as well as the Agency. Region
4 is at the forefront of Agency efforts to make the Superfund program stronger and more efficient.
Highlights in this year's annual report include our efforts to:
•	Expedite cleanups to maximize environmental and public health benefits at some of the nation's
most complex sites.
•	Build and strengthen partnerships with communities and stakeholders.
•	Support local redevelopment and revitalization efforts across all eight states in Region 4.
•	Enhance emergency response preparedness through trainings, exercises and innovation.
•	Use enforcement authorities to get work underway quickly and to keep work on schedule.
•	Protect children's health and address risks faced by vulnerable populations.
•	Optimize best-available science and research to address current and future environmental hazards,
develop new approaches, and improve the foundation for decision making.
Our dedicated staff continues to focus on out-of-the-box thinking and practices, enabling us to
excel and fulfill our mission. Our work goes beyond cleaning up sites - it is about supporting healthy
communities and enabling long-term benefits. Environmental and public health protection belongs to all
of us.
This year, the Region welcomed a new Regional Administrator while also saying farewell to some of our
most experienced personnel. Looking ahead to 2018, we are excited about upcoming opportunities. We
will continue to make new connections with stakeholders, work closely with communities and push the
bar of excellence. Region 4 is proud to serve the Southeast and fulfill our commitment to protect human
health and the environment. We look forward to more collaborative approaches in future cleanups and
to addressing new challenges. Thank you for your continued support and interest in our efforts and
Franklin E. Hill
Superfund Division

The Region 4 Superfund program responds rapidly and comprehensively to address environmental
emergencies and clean up some of the nation's worst hazardous waste sites. Headquartered in
Atlanta, EPA Region 4 serves the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and six federally recognized tribes. Each day, we focus on making
sure people can live and work in clean and healthy places. On the ground, this means listening to
communities, working with our partners, and innovating to restore and protect the environment.
(Sources: EPA Superfund site
data, DeLorme, Esri, First
American, Tele Atlas, United
Nations World Conservation
Monitoring Center, U.S.
Geological Survey)
• Superfund Sites
Tribal Lands

Region 4
Site Universe,


Priorities List
(NPL) sites
sites with

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Superfund goes to the heart of serving your
community and promoting jobs and providing
tangible environmental benefits.**

Over the past year, the Region 4 Superfund program has completed cleanups and implemented
remedies at some of the county's most complex sites, expediting environmental restoration,
sustaining employment and safeguarding the health of communities.
Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA)
Performance Measure Accomplishments - FY 2017

1 AAO/ Percent of Superfund sites with settlement or enforcement action prior
/© to remecjja| action start
100% Statute-of-limitation cases > $500,000 addressed
* © Superfund-lead and Responsible Party-lead removal completions with
or without an enforcement action
111	Remedial site assessment completions
12	Remedial action project completions
4	Superfund sites with human health protection achieved
3	Superfund sites with groundwater migration under control
6	Superfund sites ready for anticipated use
4	Construction completions
Oil storage facilities subject to Facility Response Plan (FRP)
requirements brought back into compliance after inspection
I—.fll	AAO/ Facilities subject to Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure
I — "I	(SPCC) regulations brought back into compliance after inspection

Superfund Program Measures Accomplished - FY 2017
4 Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) Starts
11 Decision Documents
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Remedial Design/Remedial Action (RD/RA) Negotiation Starts/
X	5	Remedial Design Starts
7	Remedial Design Completions
7	Remedial Action Starts
12	Remedial Action Completions
37	Five-Year Reviews
1	Deletions
Sites Proposed to the National Priorities List (NPL)
2	Final NPL Sites
FRP and SPCC Inspections
26 Community Involvement Plans Completed
3 Technical Assistance Grants Awarded


2017 Task Force Recommendations
In July 2017, EPA's Superfund Task Force issued
its national recommendations for prioritizing and
reinvigorating the program. Region 4 Superfund's
efforts to protect public health and safeguard the
environment directly support EPA's priorities for
the Agency's future. The Task Force Report also
highlights several Region 4 Superfund efforts as
model practices for national consideration.
Prospective Purchaser Inquiry (PPI) Service
Our PPI service provides accurate, comprehensive
information about Superfund sites across the Southeast.
The information helps prospective purchasers make
informed, timely business decisions based on current and
accurate information about a site's Superfund status. It also
helps purchasers and their partners, including lenders and
insurers, address site-related liability and other concerns.
Superfund Program Priorities
Expediting cleanup and remediation.
Reinvigorating cleanup and reuse by
potentially responsible parties.
Maximizing the recovery of Superfund
Encouraging private investment to
facilitate cleanup and reuse.
Promoting redevelopment and
community revitalization.
Engaging with partners and stakeholders.
Forme pRea^for R«u«
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Redevelopment Fact Sheets
These fact sheets highlight Superfund sites across the Southeast that are
ready for redevelopment or will be ready for development in the future.
They summarize recent activities and provide contact information for
follow ups. The fact sheets are a resource for communities, site owners,
prospective purchasers, lenders, regulatory agencies and developers.
Community Engagement
We focus on early and meaningful community participation during Superfund
cleanups. Our community engagement goals include ensuring transparency
and accessibility in the Superfund decision-making process, providing
information and technical assistance that makes a difference for communities,
and producing site outcomes that are responsive to stakeholder concerns and
aligned with community needs.
We attend conferences across the country to reach out to communities, share lessons learned and form new
partnerships. We also regularly take part in EPA webinars on topics such as Superfund Redevelopment and
innovative cleanups, sharing case studies and lessons learned.
Looking forward, we will continue to build our capacities, engage partners and stakeholders, and pursue
innovative approaches to make sure Region 4 Superfund remains a national leader in environmental and public
health protection.


Recognized regionally and nationally for sustained
excellence and innovation in protecting human health
and the environment, Region 4 Superfund responds
rapidly and comprehensively to address environmental
emergencies and clean up some of the nation's worst
hazardous waste sites.

Region 4 Superfund has been working at several sites in Brunswick, Georgia, to improve public health
and environmental outcomes. In 2017, these efforts resulted in several major project milestones.
View of the site's tidal creek and marsh system.
Reuse at the LCP Chemicals Georgia site includes Glynn County's
new, $22.8 million Sheriff's Complex, which includes offices, a 610-bed
detention center and other facilities.
$28.6 Million Settlement
Agreement in Place
In September 2017, EPA and DOJ entered into a
Consent Decree with Honeywell and Georgia Power
for the remedial design and remedial action for part
of the LCP Chemicals Georgia Superfund site in
Brunswick, Georgia. The cleanup will address mercury,
polychlorinated biphenyl, lead and polycyclic aromatic
hydrocarbon contamination in the saltwater marsh at
the site. The remedy will include dredging and capping
of the area as well as long-term monitoring. The two-
year effort will involve the removal of about 22,000
cubic yards of contaminated sediment. The work,
valued at $28.6 million, includes payment of EPA's
future response costs.
Interim Remedy Selected for
Complex Tidal Ecosystem
In June 2017, Region 4 Superfund issued a Record
of Decision for an interim action for the Outfall Ditch
portion of the Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/
Hercules Outfall site. The site is a saltwater tidal creek
and marsh system contaminated with toxaphene
caused by discharges from a former pesticide plant.
Major parts of the interim remedy include excavating
contaminated sediment and disposing of it off site,
rerouting stormwater into a new, concrete-lined ditch,
removing the Outfall Ditch weir and backfilling the
ditch with clean soil, putting in erosion controls, long-
term monitoring, and institutional controls prescribing
land use and activity restrictions. The Georgia
Environmental Protection Division (Georgia EPD)

View of the Brunswick Wood Preserving site's capped and vegetated
Eastern Containment Area.
Part of the Hercules 009 Landfill site is now in reuse. A nearby car
dealership fenced and paved the top of the capped landfill to create a
parking lot to display its cars.
Remedy Protectiveness Confirmed at Former Wood
Treatment Facility and Former Landfill
In August 2017, Region 4 Superfund completed the second five-year review of the remedy for the Brunswick
Wood Preserving site. It confirmed that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment.
The site's remedy included construction of two containment cells to contain and isolate contamination at the site.
The cells consist of subsurface barrier walls surrounding the former creosote pond areas, solidified and stabilized
site soils and sediments from Burnett Creek, and engineered caps. In 2015, Region 4 Superfund installed a water
extraction/treatment system to control the water level in the eastern containment cell. In 2016, EPA conducted
additional remediation of creosote remaining in the shallow subsurface outside the western containment area.
Region 4 Superfund is currently working to place institutional controls on the site property to restrict future land
and groundwater use. Region 4 led site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with Georgia EPD.
Region 4 Superfund also recently completed a five-year review of the remedy for the Hercules 009 Landfill
site, confirming that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment. The site's remedy
included connection of residential properties and a church near the site to the public water supply, excavation
and replacement of contaminated soil with clean fill, landfill sludge and soil stabilization and capping, and fencing
of the landfill cap area. Hercules, Inc., the site's responsible party, led investigation and cleanup activities, with
oversight provided by Region 4 Superfund and Georgia EPD. EPA is currently working with Hercules and Georgia
EPD to place institutional controls on the site property to restrict activities that could damage the landfill cap area
as well as limit land and ground water use at the site.
Long-Term Cleanups: Stewarding Public Health and the Environment
Some cleanups take place at complex, highly contaminated sites such as NPL sites and sites with
Superfund Alternative Agreements.
These federal and private-party sites often require several years to fully study the problems, develop a
permanent remedy and clean up hazardous substances.
Region 4 Superfund works closely with communities and state, tribal and federal partners to ensure the
protection of human health and the environment at these sites.

Strengthening Global Partnerships,
Building International Capacities
Region 4 Superfund's regional radiation expert traveled
to the nuclear facilities near SellafieId in the United
Kingdom and Chernobyl near Kiev, Ukraine as part of
the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA's) Le
Trench radioactive waste workgroup. This workgroup,
which represents 15 countries, met at these two
famous nuclear facilities to provide technical expertise
and prepare a report to advise countries with legacy
shallow-buried radioactive material on remediating and
maintaining those sites.
The project illustrates how EPA Region 4 is a vital
part of the Agency's efforts to share environmental
management practices and help protect the global
commons. EPA is a world-renowned environmental
organization with over three decades of experience in
addressing domestic public health and environmental
challenges. Since its inception, the Agency has
recognized that domestic action alone is not enough
to fully address environmental concerns. International
cooperation is vital to achieving our mission. Region
4 is also providing ongoing radiation expertise at
similar radioactive material sites in the United States to
protect future public health and the environment from
long-term legacy buried radioactive material risks.
Major Energy and Infrastructure
Project on the Horizon in Florida
In Indiantown, Florida, the Floridian Natural Gas
Storage Company purchased a former steel plant and
plans to build a natural gas storage facility to provide
a secure area for state energy reserves. The project at
the cleaned-up Florida Steel Corporation Superfund
site will provide hundreds of construction jobs and
several dozen permanent jobs. The project will
generate $19 million in local annual economic benefits
as well as $1.6 million in annua! tax revenues.
Economic Impacts of
Cleanup and Reuse
Superfund Redevelopment can revitalize local
economies with jobs, new businesses, tax
revenues and spending. In 2017, EPA took a
closer look at these benefits.
Superfund sites across Region 4 are home
to commercial facilities, shopping centers,
offices and residential areas. Many sites
continue to host industrial and manufacturing
operations. Others are parks, recreation areas
and wildlife refuges.
On-site businesses and organizations on
current and former Superfund sites in
Region 4 provide 14,868 jobs, contribute an
estimated $848 million in annual employment
income for residents across the Southeast,
and generate an estimated $4.1 billion
in annual sales. Restored site properties
in Region 4 generate $8 million in annual
property tax revenues for local governments.
Region 4 Superfund staff visiting Chernobyl as part of IAEA's Le
Trench radioactive waste workgroup activities.
Conceptual design for the natural gas storage facility at the Florida
Steel Corporation Superfund site.

In FY 2017, Region 4 hosted
more than 30 PPI calls with
potential purchasers.
Slag excavation efforts during cleanup of the Columbia Nitrogen site.
Innovative PPI Efforts Support
Redevelopment in South Carolina
After the bankruptcy court approved potential bidders
to bid on acquisition of the Columbia Nitrogen site
property in Charleston, South Carolina, Region 4
Superfund held a series of PPI calls to provide the
bidders with site information. One bidder asked
for EPA's assistance in coordinating discussions
with the South Carolina Department of Health
and Environmental Control (DHEC) regarding its
Voluntary Cleanup Program. Other bidders requested
information on the site's history and potential for
redevelopment. Region 4 Superfund then drafted PPI
letters and shared them with the potential bidders.
Each of the bidders indicated that EPA's diligence and
willingness to host PPI calls, provide site information,
and answer questions about the site provided the
comfort and assurances they needed to bid vigorously
and with confidence at the property auction in
September 2017.

Entrance to the former Mississippi Phosphates Corporation facility.
New NPL Sites in Region 4, FY 2017
Mississippi Phosphates Corporation
(Pascagoula, Mississippi) - Proposed
This facility produced phosphate fertilizer from the
late 1950s to 2004. Plant operations resulted in a large
amount of highly-acidic wastewater requiring treatment
as well as soil and groundwater contamination.
Wastewater is being actively managed to prevent
releases to Bayou Casotte; about 2 million gallons are
treated daily.
Former Custom Cleaners
(Memphis, Tennessee) - Listed
Dry cleaning operations from about 1950 to the
mid-1990s contaminated soil and groundwater with
tetrachloroethylene (PCE), a dry-cleaning solvent.
Post and Lumber Preserving Co. Inc.
(Quincy, Florida) ~ Listed
A wood preserving facility operated on site from
1948 to 1990. Its operations contaminated soil,
sediment and groundwater with pentachlorophenol
(PCP), arsenic and dioxin. Interim actions - soil and
tank removal, placement of a temporary cover - have
addressed immediate threats to public health and the
Further investigations are ongoing at each of these
sites. Through these efforts. Region 4 Superfund
and state agencies - the Tennessee Department of
Environment and Conservation (TDEC), the Florida
Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), and
the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality,
respectively - will continue to protect people and the
environment from site contamination.

Planning Underway
After Site Cleanup in
At a former 112-acre landfill in
Louisville, stakeholder meetings
have identified opportunities for
open space and riverfront park
facilities at the site. With support from Region 4 Superfund and
EPA's Superfund Redevelopment Initiative, the local government and
property owner are working together on ownership transfer and long-
term stewardship planning efforts. The redevelopment of the Lee's
Lane Landfill site offers opportunities to provide public amenities in
an underserved part of the community and connect the area with the
city-wide "Louisville Loop" trail network. The project's overarching goal
is to return the site to productive use and provide economic, social and
health benefits for the community.
Redevelopment Plans
for Former Wood-
Treating Facility in
Region 4 Superfund is currently
updating the remedy and addressing
remaining contamination at the
American Creosote Works Inc. (Pensacola Plant) site in Pensacola. As
part of this work, EPA provided support for the community to update
its reuse plans for the site. In 2017, community meetings (above) and
information sharing resulted in a report that reflects local priorities and
recent development in the area. The City of Pensacola is now moving
forward with plans to acquire the site property and locate new park and
recreation facilities there.
Working with Georgia
Communities near the
Savannah River Site
Shell Bluff, a rural area in east-
central Georgia, is located near
a two-unit nuclear power plant
and the Savannah River Site.
Through EPA's Technical Assistance
Services for Communities program, Region 4 Superfund and the
Office of Environmental Justice facilitated a technical assistance needs
assessment for the Shell Bluff community and the surrounding area to
support a new environmental monitoring project led by the University
of Georgia's Savannah River Ecology Laboratory. The Radionuclide
Education, Monitoring and Outreach Project, or REMOP, will evaluate
and respond to local concerns about radiation in the environment.
Region 4 continues to assist REMOP and work with Georgia
communities near the Savannah River Site.

' .
Emergency Response and
Removals: Building Next
Generation Response and
Preparedness Capability
EPA's Superfund Emergency Response and
Removal program takes action quickly to
remove imminent threats to public health
and the environment.
Whether there is a chemical leak at a
manufacturing facility, a landfill fire, an
uncontrolled oil release or a natural
disaster, Region 4 Superfund will be there,
coordinating closely with local responders
and other emergency officials.
Cleanup included the excavation and disposal of 6,204 tons of
contaminated soil.
Removal Action Addresses Asbestos
Contamination in North Carolina
In coordination with the North Carolina Department
of Environmental Quality, Region 4 Superfund
responded rapidly to reports of suspected
asbestos-containing materials along streets next
to the Davidson Asbestos site, a former asbestos
manufacturing facility, in Davidson, North Carolina.
After testing confirmed the material contained
asbestos, Region 4 Superfund oversaw the removal
of the material from the streets. We also began
residential soil sampling in the neighborhood
surrounding the site. In total, EPA collected 323
samples on 93 properties; 20 properties were found
to require a removal action. Region 4 Superfund's
approach to addressing asbestos-contaminated
soils included excavating the soil, replacing it
with clean fill, topping the areas with sod and
restoring areas to their original condition. Region 4
Superfund temporarily relocated 18 families during
the cleanup, which finished in 2017.
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The Oil Program
Region 4 Superfund monitors and
inspects oil storage facilities, conducts
spill preparation drills and other training,
conducts emergency oil removals, and
implements removals at abandoned and
leaking oil wells to prevent releases. EPA's
mission, as authorized under the Ciean
Water Act, the Oil Pollution Act of 1990,
and the National Contingency Plan, is to
prevent harm to the environment associated
with the threatened or actual discharges
of oil into the surface waters of the United
Under these authorities, facilities put
in place Spill Prevention, Control and
Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans and Facility
Response Plans (FRPs). EPA Region 4
Superfund's Emergency Response and
Removal program conducts about 70 SPCC
and 50 FRP inspections at facilities each
year. It also leads several Government-
Initiated Unannounced Exercises (GIUEs) at
FRP facilities each year. During 2017, these
inspections resulted in 64 percent of SPCC
facilities and 94 percent of FRP facilities
being brought back into compliance. These
efforts help prevent the release of oil into
the environment and improve environmental
response preparedness.
The goal is to work cooperatively with
the oil industry and other governmental
agencies to reduce the number, size and
impact of oil spills in waterways and other
environmentally sensitive areas. Our
program is one of the most comprehensive
and effective in the nation.
Construction work on the Pelham Pipeline.

The Oil Program in Action:
The Pelham Pipeline Spill
Region 4 Superfurtd worked closely with Colonial
Pipeline, the pipeline operator, the Alabama
Department of Environmental Management (ADEM),
and the local fire department and emergency
management agency to address this pipeline rupture
and gasoline spill in Shelby County, Alabama. Colonial
shut down the pipeline, which provides about 40
percent of gasoline supplies from Mississippi to New
York. The line's closure for over two weeks resulted in
low reserve supplies at distribution points and local
shortages. The spill discharged about 309,540 gallons -
7,370 barrels - of gasoline.
EPA mobilized On-Scene Coordinators, U.S. Coast
Guard Gulf Strike Team members, and Superfund
Technical Assessment and Response Team members.
Superfund performed oversight of removal operations,
and assisted Colonial with a robust safety plan to
address the explosive and toxic vapors given off
from the ponded fuel. Vacuum pumps, air-powered
skimmers and air-powered pumps removed the fuel
from the pond. Region 4 Superfund also led a shoreline
assessment, and Colonial excavated shorelines
where ponded gasoline soaked into the soil. Colonial
excavated the damaged section of pipe in consultation
with the U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline
and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. The
incident management team ran 24-hour operations,
with 40 to 60 people per shift. Over 800 personnel
were active at the height of the response.
Cleanup and repairs enabled Colonial to reopen the
pipeline. The cleanup has also protected public health
and the environment; water samples from nearby Peel
Creek and the Cahaba River have shown no evidence
of gasoline or gasoline components. Looking forward,
ADEM is responsible for the long-term remediation of
ponds impacted by the spill.

Federal Faciliti es
From nuclear weapons plants and military bases
to landfills and fuel distribution stations, the
U.S. government operates thousands of facilities
across the country. Many federal facilities are
contaminated because of past waste disposal
practices and unintentional releases. Contaminated
federal facilities such as Department of Defense
(DOD) military bases and Department of Energy
(DOE) nuclear reactor, processing and research
centers are complex sites that require coordination
with EPA's partners.
Region 4 Superfund collaborates with many
groups, including governmental and non-
governmental organizations and local stakeholders,
to coordinate cleanup, technical assistance and
restoration efforts at 20 federal facilities on the
NPL. Innovative cleanup solutions are enabling the
restoration of these facilities so they can continue
to serve an important role.
Region 4's responsibilities include oversight
of complex cleanups at 17 DOD bases and
three major DOE complexes on the NPL: the
Savannah River Site in South Carolina, the Oak
Ridge Reservation in Tennessee and the Paducah
Gaseous Diffusion Plant in Kentucky. Region 4 also
implements the Base Realignment and Closure
(BRAC) program in the Southeast, working closely
with our federal partners to facilitate the reuse and
redevelopment of federal facilities at NPL sites.
In 2017, Amazon announced it would build a fulfillment center
at Cecil Commerce Center, bringing an additional 1,000 jobs to
the facility.
Accelerated Cleanup
Supports Large Mixed-Use
Redevelopment Effort
Extensive community engagement and
coordination among government agencies
at the former Cecil Field Naval Air Station in
Jacksonville, Florida, have resulted in a fast-
tracked cleanup and large-scale redevelopment.
Today, the site is home to Cecil Commerce
Center, Cecil Airport and a Florida State
College at Jacksonville campus as well as other
commercial, recreational and aviation uses.
At full buildout, Cecil Commerce Center will
provide more than 31 million square feet
of commercial and industrial space. Large
corporations, including Boeing, Northrop
Grumman, FlightStar and Bridgestone, have
opened production facilities at the Center. About
2,500 people currently work at the Center.

Former Nuclear Facility Hosts
High-Tech Facilities, Provides Jobs
and Services
44 The
of E' TTP is vitally
important to the
community ... in
terms of attracting
new ideas, new
people and new
Facilities at the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant
in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, made history as part of
the Manhattan Project during World War II and
strengthened the U.S. nuclear defense program during
the Cold War. Extensive collaboration among federal,
state, local and community partners has transformed
this national landmark into the East Tennessee
Technology Park (ETTP), an innovative facility that
includes manufacturing and business centers,
conference facilities, several solar arrays, a national
historic park, greenway trails and wildlife habitat.
Region 4 Superfund has worked closely with the U.S.
Department of Energy (DOE) throughout the cleanup.
The project team has demolished facilities, disposed
of legacy waste and cleaned up contaminated soil.
Region 4 Superfund streamlined and accelerated
the approval process for soil cleanup and building
demolition activities and provided independent
oversight, resulting in the removal and disposal of
more than 187,000 cubic yards of contaminated
material. The ultimate goal is for the site to be clean,
reindustrialized and fully transferred to the private
sector by 2020.

Every year, EPA takes hundreds of enforcement actions against
violators of federal environmental laws. Superfund enforcement
and cost recovery protects human health and the environment
by compelling the parties responsible for contamination to clean
it up or pay for the cleanup. In turn, resources returned to the
Trust Fund help make cleanup activities possible in communities
across the Southeast. While compliance with the nation's
environmental laws is the ultimate objective, enforcement is a
vital part of encouraging governments, businesses and other
parties to meet their environmental obligations.
Enforcing federal environmental laws is a central mission of
EPA's regional offices. Region 4 Superfund's experienced and
trained staff vigorously pursues enforcement and cost recovery
activities. In line with EPA enforcement goals, we returned $17.2
million in taxpayer funds to the Agency and reached agreements
with potentially responsible parties (PRPs) to conduct $43.2
million in cleanup work in 2017. Our enforcement program
continues to identify and implement best practices to expedite
site cleanups and optimize PRP-lead removals and remedial
investigations by referring $4.3 million to the U.S. Department
of Justice (DOJ) for litigation.
"Enforcement First" at EPA
Region 4 Superfund's approach to "enforcement first" means
that we conduct thorough, timely investigations to identify PRPs,
take all appropriate remedial and removal enforcement actions,
address recovery of EPA's costs and make sure PRPs conduct
investigations and cleanup under enforceable orders.
The enforcement program also supports community revitalization
by providing guidance materials and site-specific tools that help
stakeholders address liability concerns and plan for the future.
I i

Nationwide, since
Af \ the start of EPA's
\...J enforcement program,
	EPA has secured over
$35.1 billion in private-
party commitments and over $6,9
billion to recover past cleanup costs.
The interim remedy for the CTS of Asheville, Inc. site will be followed by
a final site-wide cleanup decision in several years' time.
Enforcement Facts
$9 Million Settlement for Interim
Cleanup Activities in North Carolina
In March 2017, EPA and DOJ finalized a Consent
Decree with CTS Corporation, Mills Gap Road
Associates and Northrop Grumman Systems
Corporation for an interim remedial action at the CTS
of Asheville, Inc. Superfund site, a former electronics
manufacturing and electroplating facility in Asheville.
The action will address an estimated 208,250 cubic
yards of material. Electrical resistance heating will treat
fuel oil comingled with trichloroethylene (TCE) in a 1.2-
acre area under the former facility and in-situ chemical
oxidation will tackle TCE. in a 1.9-acre area nearby The
work, valued at $9 million, includes payment of EPA's
future response costs.
2017 Agreement Ensures Mine Site
Cleanup in Florida
EPA, DOJ, FDEP and PRPs have been working
together on the transfer of regulatory management
of phosphate mining sites in Florida from EPA to
the State. The Coronet Industries, Inc. site in Plant
City, Florida is the last of the 28 phosphate mining
sites to be transferred. In 2017, under the terms of a
Cleanup Agreement Document, site PRPs committed
to pursue site cleanup pursuant to state regulations,
to provide financial assurance, and to provide funding
for technical assistance to the community to ensure
continued involvement. The PRPs also committed to
pay EPA $1.9 million, most of the PRPs' past costs, to
settle their potential liability. As of September 2017, all
future mine site cleanup work will be conducted under
FDEP oversight.


Region 4 Superfund's cleanup work on the
TVA Kingston Fly Ash Spill in Tennessee
protected public health and addressed the
largest ash spill in the country's history.

Community involvement is a core component of the Superfund process. Early and meaningful community
participation during Superfund cleanups enables the public to remain informed about site cleanup actions
and how people and the environment are affected by the Superfund process.
Region 4 Superfund emphasizes meaningful, "early and often" community engagement and public
outreach as core components of the program's activities. We recognize that the needs of each community
are unique and tailor our approach to best meet those needs. Region 4's community engagement goals
include ensuring transparency and accessibility in the Superfund decision-making process, providing
information and technical assistance that makes a difference for communities, and producing site outcomes
that are responsive to stakeholder concerns and aligned with community needs.
Collaboration in Mississippi Addressing Community Priorities
The 7th Avenue Cleanup Project shows how a partnership among environmental regulators, local governments
and community stakeholders can deliver results that benefit
public health, the environment and communities. Remediation
and construction activities on 7th Avenue, from Waterworks to
Probst Park, at the Kerr-McGee Chemical site finished in 2017. Air
monitoring indicated that residents remained safe throughout the
cleanup, which addressed contaminated soil. Looking forward,
Region 4 Superfund continues to partner with all stakeholders
and strives to make a visible difference in the Columbus
Comprehensive Outreach as Part of
Site Assessment in Tennessee
The City of Chattanooga has a rich industrial history that includes
several metal foundries. This industrial legacy resulted in the use of
foundry waste as fill material on residential properties in older areas
of the city. To investigate and address lead contamination at the
Former Chattanooga Foundries site, Region 4 brought together
a dynamic team of project managers, community involvement
specialists, risk assessors and other scientists. The team also
includes staff from Tennessee Department of Environment and
Conservation, the Tennessee Department of Health, and the
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
More than 500 residents attended a public meeting in
Columbus to gather community input on local priorities for
the site's future use following cleanup.
Community involvement has been a vital and integral part of project activities to date. Regular public meetings
(right) provide community members with the latest information on study area investigations and ongoing cleanups.
Team presentations to the mayors of Chattanooga and Hamilton County as well as state environmental officials
built local and state support for the project. Door-to-door outreach provides residents with project updates. The
team also coordinated with the Chattanooga Housing Authority and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban
Development to include a low-income housing development in the study area.
Together, these efforts were instrumental in convincing hundreds of residents to allow EPA access to sample their
yards. Today, the team's site investigation approach is a national model for characterizing urban residential soil
sites. It has resulted in a streamlined sampling process that reduces costs and accelerates results. Looking forward,
the team will continue to work closely with the community and local, state and federal partners during upcoming
site investigations and cleanup.

Region 4 Superfund's mission is to protect public health
and the environment. As part of our work, we help people
participate in the Superfund cleanup process and support
community efforts to safely redevelop sites. Considering reuse
engages communities, helps protect remedies, fosters long-
term stewardship, identifies faster and lower-cost cleanups,
informs land use controls, provides environmental benefits, and
enables economic opportunities. We are committed to helping
communities restore contaminated sites as valued assets.
Efficient Cleanup Supports Commercial
From 1964 to 1981, two companies made metal products, including
office recording equipment and chainsaw components, at the Townsend
Saw Chain Co. Superfund site in Pontiac, South Carolina. These
operations resulted in soil and groundwater contamination. Cleanup
included off-site disposal of contaminated material, surface soil
treatment, groundwater pumping and treatment, institutional controls,
and monitoring.
Successful cleanup made the property's redevelopment possible.
AMBAC International, a company that makes and supplies fuel injection
equipment, took over the former Townsend facility. In total, there are
currently 17 businesses on site. They include a veterinary hospital, a
kennel, a hotel and an auto-body shop. Other site facilities include a
professional and industrial park, stores, a gas station and restaurants.
Together, these businesses employ 250 people, contribute close to $8
million in annual employee income and generate almost $61 million
in annual sales. The assessed values of site properties exceeded $12
million in 2017, resulting in close to $400,000 in local property taxes.
New Facilities for a Social Enterprise
Manufacturing Business
At the Benfield industries, Inc. site in western North Carolina,
collaborative community efforts with Region 4 Superfund led to the
site's cleanup and redevelopment as the location of a nonprofit medical
manufacturing facility and vocational training center.
Haywood Vocational Opportunities (HVO), the nation's largest
manufacturer of custom medical drapes, was interested in expanding
its facilities. HVO is a nonprofit social enterprise business that provides
training and employment opportunities to adults with disabilities. After
the remedy was in place. Region 4 Superfund worked with HVO to
address the company's safety and liability concerns. HVO then acquired
the vacant 6-acre property at auction. Its facilities now cover 4 acres,
with 2 additional acres set aside as green space.

Open for Business During
Cleanup, Supporting New
Faciliti es
At the 310-acre Harris Corp. (Palm Bay Plant)
Superfund site in Palm Bay, Florida, Intersil
Corporation makes semiconductors and Harris
Corporation makes government communications
systems. Manufacturing has taken place on site
since the 1950s. Chemical releases resulting
from fires and an acid line leak contaminated site
Careful planning enabled both businesses to
remain open during cleanup. In 2015, Harris
Corporation opened a 464,000-square-foot, $130
million technology center on site. The facility's
construction, home to more than 1,400 engineers
and staff, created 300 local jobs. The Florida
Institute of Technology is currently acquiring one of
Intersil's facilities. Building 54 - a $13 million, state-
of-the-art semiconductor wafer fabrication facility
- includes more than 100,000 square feet of office
space and manufacturing and research facilities.
In total, site businesses employ 754 people,
contributing over $70 million in annual employee
income. In 2016, the value of site properties
exceeded $108 million, generating over $1.7
million in local property taxes.
Reinvigorating Responsible Party
Cleanup and Redevelopment
Parts manufacturing for electronic circuit boards
left the BMI-Textron and Trans Circuits sites in
southeast Florida contaminated, underused and
in need of restoration. To make cleanup and
redevelopment happen, Region 4 Superfund and
FDEP worked with site owners, a responsible party
and interested businesses. The project made sure
businesses could remain open during cleanup,
designed remedies compatible with site uses, and
addressed liability concerns.
Florida Aero Precision, an aerospace parts
manufacturer, purchased the BMI-Textron site
to host production facilities. It then expanded
its operations at the Trans Circuits site. Several
other businesses are located in Tri-City Industrial
Park. Businesses on site employ about 90 people,
contribute an estimated $6.5 million in employee
income and generate an estimated $18.7 million in
business sales. The total property value of the two
sites is estimated at $3.5 million. Together, they
generate over $85,000 in annual property taxes.
Aerial view of the HVO facility.

Region 4 Superfurid staff lead efforts that
support Children's Environmental Health (CEH)
across the Southeast, visiting schools, making
presentations at community centers, and sharing
information to support healthy communities and
advance environmental protection. Protecting
children's health is central to EPA's mission, and
the Agency has taken great strides to improve
the environment for children where they live,
learn and play. Environmental education is also a
key part of ensuring children's health.

Regional Outreach to Underserved
Communities in Southeast Georgia
In August 2017, Region 4 Superfund participated in
the Young Leaders Meet Feds Expo. As part of the
outreach event, the Mobile Command Post (MCP) was
mobilized to the Atlanta Federal Center. During the
sessions, our staff demonstrated the types of response
equipment used at emergency response and removal
sites, discussed their work, shared their backgrounds,
conducted pH science experiments, and gave tours
of the MCP. About 100 students and other visitors
stopped by the MCP.

Protecting Children's
Environmental Health
Children are highly sensitive to
pollution. At EPA, protecting children from
environmental health risks is fundamental to
our vision of making the world a better place
for future generations.
Updated Children's Environmental
Health Indicators Now Available
In 2017, EPA's website for America's Children and
the Environment (ACE) was updated with new data
for several children's environmental health indicators.
ACE is EPA's report presenting data on children's
environmental health. ACE brings together information
from a variety of sources to provide national indicators
and related information on the environment and
children's health.
ACE includes detailed data on the health of children
living near Superfund sites and Superfund efforts to
ensure that all human health protective measures are
in place at these sites. The website presents the most
recent data and analyses prepared by EPA, including
updates to indicators in the published reports. To learn
more, visit www.epa.gov/ace.

Region 4's Superfund and Environmental Justice programs
collaborate closely to make sure minority, low income and
tribal communities facing disproportionate environmental
risks have opportunities for meaningful participation in
environmental decision-making. We also coordinate closely
with EPA headquarters and states to support initiatives that
provide all people living near Superfund sites with technical
assistance, training opportunities and other services.
Multi-Site Efforts in Northeast Florida
Providing Significant Community Benefits
For several years. Region 4 has been working with local, state and
federal stakeholders at several sites in Jacksonville, Florida, to improve
public health and environmental outcomes. This community-based
effort is a national model for EPA's commitments to environmental
justice, public health and sustainable development. In 2017, these
efforts resulted in several major project milestones.
Fairfax St. Wood Treaters Site
Following earlier short-term cleanups to protect public health and the
environment, EPA selected the site's final long-term remedy in the site's
August 2017 Record of Decision. The $7.9 million remedy includes
removal and off-site treatment and disposal of contaminated soils,
sediment, demolition debris and waste material. The cleanups protect
public health in several minority and low-income neighborhoods nearby.
Kerr-McGee Chemical Corp. Site
Region 4 Superfund, the Greenfield Multi-State Trust and the Florida
Department of Environmental Protection worked closely with the
Eastside Environmental Council, the City of Jacksonville and community
members on cleanup plans for this 31-acre former manufacturing facility.
EPA selected the final remedy in the site's 2017 Record of Decision. The
cleanup will ensure the protection of public health in the surrounding
minority, low-income community over the long term.
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Environmental Justice
Environmental justice is the fair treatment
and meaningful involvement of all people
regardless of race, color, national origin or
income, with respect to the development,
implementation and enforcement of
environmental laws, regulations, and
1' ffimnmm fik * iiMicjiir'jii ilpfe
Jacksonville Ash and Brown's Dump Sites:
Years of coordinated efforts have transformed
four once-contaminated areas in low-income,
environmental justice neighborhoods into safe
places for locals to live, shop, work and play. The
Jacksonville Ash site covers three areas where
the City of Jacksonville deposited incinerator ash.
The Brown's Dump site is a fourth incinerator ash
deposit location. Cleanup efforts have included soil
removal, surface covers and institutional controls
to prevent contact with contaminated soils. About
1,650 properties have been cleaned up to date,
addressing more than 90 percent of all site areas.
The City of Jacksonville worked with EPA to allow
residential and commercial uses to continue during
cleanup. Community facilities - a public park,
a middle and high school, and two elementary
schools - also remained open. The school properties
were cleaned up during the summer months when
students were on their break. The cleanup has
spurred new development as well. The sites now
support an animal care center, several residential
projects, a church, community centers and the
11-court MaliVai Tennis Center. Future plans include
additional park facilities.
Neighborhoods and play areas at the
Jacksonville Ash site after cleanup.


Region 4 Superfund works collaboratively with a diverse network of partners - affected
communities, states, tribal and local governments, nonprofits, private sector organizations and other
federal agencies - to ensure the protection of public health and the environment.
We also rely on our government, nonprofit and private sector partners to help fulfill EPA's mission
of responding to emergencies and cleaning up hazardous sites. Through several types of partnering
agreements - including contracts, nonprofit grants, state cooperative agreements and federal
interagency agreements - Region 4 Superfund ensures that all required site cleanup work is
performed with broad-based support using the most cost-effective approach possible.
In FY 2017, Region 4 Superfund:
•	Provided more than $4 million to our state partners for
cleanup-related work, supporting programmatic, pre-remedial,
remedial and five-year review activities at Superfund sites
across the Southeast.
•	Leveraged cooperative agreement resources through
expansion of state-led five-year reviews, and the first Region
4 Superfund remedial action cooperative agreement for
long-term response action at the American Brass Inc. site in
Alabama, broadening and deepening state engagement in
Superfund cleanup and improving cost effectiveness.
•	Started a "Lean" project for Superfund grants administration
that is focused on reducing transaction costs for all state
cooperative agreements.
Region 4 Superfund Partnerships in Action
Region 4 Superfund scientists work with staff from the Agency for
Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) to examine the
health effects of toxic substances on people who live and work
on and around Superfund sites. While EPA leads cleanup efforts at Superfund sites, ATSDR conducts public health
assessments of the sites. If a health hazard exists, ATSDR makes recommendations to stop or lower the risk.
In 2017, these activities included real-time testing of residential garden and yard soils in Atlanta and Albany,
Georgia, and Chattanooga, Tennessee, and follow-up engagement with residents, community activists,
environmental groups and other interested parties to discuss findings and next steps.
What Is Lean?
A set of principles and methods used
to identify and eliminate waste in any
process. Lean helps organizations
improve the speed and quality of
their processes by getting rid of
unnecessary activity such as document
errors, extra process steps, and
waiting time.
Several EPA programs and state
environmental agencies have
conducted Lean process improvement
events and achieved impressive
To learn more about Lean efforts at
EPA, visit www.epa.gov/lean.

Socioeconomic Contracting n
Region 4 Leads the Nation
Region 4 continues to lead all EPA Regions in
socioeconomic contracting. Region 4 exceeded
national socioeconomic contracting goals in all
five categories in FY 2017. These goals provide
opportunities for small, small disadvantaged,
minority-owned, service-disabled veteran-owned
and HUBZone businesses to work for the federal
government. This was in large part due to Superfund
program contracting, which is responsible for about 70
percent of all contracting performed in Region 4. This
achievement reflects the close collaboration between
Superfund and Region 4 acquisition management. It
is the second time that Region 4 has led the nation in
attainment of these goals.
Small and Disadvantaged
Businesses: An Integral Part of
Region 4 Superfund
In 2017, two small and disadvantaged businesses,
one of them woman owned - Basha Services, LLC
and Hestor Group LLC - were successfully completely
integrated as vital service providers for Region 4
Superfund. The contracts ensure continuity in the
Superfund Emergency Response and Removal Program
through management of the Regional Readiness
Response Center (RRC) and provide community
involvement services to the Superfund Enforcement
and Community Engagement Branch. The contracts
carry a maximum value of $2.4 million and $3.3 million,

Participants at the Emergency Response Training & Equipment
Management contract signing with Basha Services, LLC.
Ecological Risk Assessment
Guidance for Superfund Training in
The State of Tennessee and the Commonwealth of
Kentucky requested a Superfund risk assessment
training to strengthen their in-house ability to
implement risk-based cleanups. The methodologies
for ecological risk assessment developed by EPA and
further refined in Region 4 provide a state-of-the-art
approach for evaluating and protecting ecological
resources. Working with EPA Headquarters and
regional scientists, Region 4 Superfund facilitated a
highly successful training program for state and federal
employees at Tennessee Department of Environment
and Conservation's headquarters in Nashville,
Tennessee, in June 2017. Seventy-five professionals
from state environmental programs in Region 4
attended the training. Attendees from other EPA
Regions also participated.

Communities and EPA's local, state, tribal and federal partners rely on
accurate Superfund program information. Region 4 Superfund staff
also rely on access to comprehensive information generated during the
program's environmental restoration efforts. We work hard to make sure
this information is up-to-date, transparent and easily accessible, serving
as a vital and valued shared resource.
Region 4 Superfund has invested substantial resources over the long
term to effectively manage and provide program information to EPA
staff and share this information with states, communities and other
interested parties. To accomplish this goal in recent years, we have
focused on providing Superfund communities with comprehensive
information resources and enhancing the program's website, posting
information on a timely basis.
FmtmumrnuiTUpkt Lmn&Br
OneEPA Effort Strengthens Community Access to
Environmental Information Resources
People visited Region 4 Superfund site web pages about 75,000 times during
2017. Region 4 Superfund's remedial project managers and community
involvement coordinators worked diligently to regularly revise and update the web
content, making sure that communities, regulated entities and other stakeholders
have access to the best environmental information resources possible.
Region 4's Superfund Web Team also provided several trainings to share best
practices with staff on Plain Language writing, uploading of documents and
pictures, and use of the web Content Entry Form, which has led to increased
usability for our staff.
These new tools were particularly useful during hurricane season in 2017. Region
4 was able to provide updates for 118 site web pages in one week, allowing the
public to receive important, accurate and timely information. Together, these
improvements enhance transparency and encourage public participation in our
efforts to protect human health and the environment.
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Region 4 Superfund shares information resources in a variety
of community settings, including youth outreach efforts.


High-quality research, sound science and technological
innovation are essential to the protection of human health
and the environment and are hallmarks of the Region
4 Superfund program. The program also benefits from
specialized expertise in areas including hydrogeology,
human health, radiological and ecological risk assessment,
and environmental radiological evaluation.
Scientific Excellence and Innovation in Action across the Southeast
X-Ray Fluorescence Field Operations Guide (XRF FOG)
Region 4 Superfund scientists developed, tested and finalized the XRF
FOG to provide on-scene coordinators (OSCs) and remedial project
managers (RPMs) with a methodology to collect defensible XRF data for
lead and arsenic in soil samples. The procedures provide the methods
to measure concentrations of contaminants in soil in a practical, cost-
effective and timely manner. By following the steps outlined, XRF data
collected in the field can be used as definitive data.
Incremental Sampling Methodology (ISM)
ISM is an efficient way to collect reproducible data that provide an
unbiased estimate of the mean concentration of a given area. Data
quality objectives and a conceptual site model will determine whether
this sample collection methodology is appropriate for specific sites.
Region 4 Superfund scientists have been providing training and site-
specific assistance to OSCs and RPMs as well as state programs, and have
directly participated in several ISM sampling events in Region 4 and other
Urban Background Study (UBS) Update
Region 4 Superfund scientists have worked with EPA's Office of Research
and Development, our state counterparts and several cities across the
Southeast in recent years to collect urban background data. Seven cities
in total have been sampled as part of the UBS; the data is currently being
analyzed and compiled. The report is also under development and should
be available in early 2018. States and cities have been provided with trip
reports from the corresponding sampling events, which include the data
and summaries of the field sampling observations.

Evaluating Completion of Groundwater Cleanups
Region 4 Superfund hydrogeologists are evaluating regional Superfund sites
based on the recent memorandum "Guidance for Evaluating Completion of
Groundwater Restoration Remedial Actions" and providing training to RPMs.
With the guidance's "every well, every compound" approach, each evaluation
is facilitated with preparation of data tables that can be copied into EPA-
provided statistical workbooks. Site monitoring well sampling strategies are
currently being adjusted to best meet the guidance's requirements.
Improving Planning and Program Execution
Superfund Enterprise Management System (SEMS)
In 2017, Region 4 Superfund comprehensively reviewed and updated all site
planning information in SEMS for 2017 through 2020. This effort resulted in a
marked improvement in regional project and program management data. The
three-year timeframe will support establishment of regional goals and targets,
setting project priorities, and planning contract transition to the Remedial
Acquisition Framework. Based on current planning information, the remedial
proqram will be focused on decision documents and completinq onqoinq
projects in FY 2018.
Regional Data Management System
The Region 4 Superfund EQulS-based data management platform, DART,
has been fully migrated to a FedRAMP-certified Microsoft Azure cloud server,
dramatically improving accessibility and performance. State agencies and
contractors can now access DART through the cloud server with a browser
improving project collaboration. There are now more than 12 million records
for 850 projects stored in the Region 4 EQulS database. Programming in 2017
to allow seamless integration between DART and the EPA SCRIBE database
will improve capture of removal program data going forward. In 2017, an
ongoing effort to capture and inventory Superfund data collection activities
was initiated to assess and improve data completeness in DART. Integrated
project data management plans for new and ongoing projects are now
available for EPA project managers.
Field Data

Ecological revitalization returns land from a contaminated state to one that supports functioning
and sustainable habitat. Ecological revitalization improves soil health, supports diverse vegetation,
sequesters carbon, protects surface water and groundwater, and provides wildlife habitat and
passive recreation opportunities. Through FY 2017, 22 sites in Region 4 are in planned or actual
ecological reuse.
In FY 2017, Region 4 Superfund participated in a range of activities and developed a variety of
materials in support of ecological revitalization outcomes across the Southeast.
Conferences and Training
Region 4 Superfund staff presented at
the Wildlife Habitat Council Conservation
Conference in Baltimore, Maryland (right)
Outreach Materials
Region 4 Superfund staff completed fact
sheets highlighting pollinator habitat at
several Superfund sites in Region 4, including
the Savannah River Site, the Henry's Knob
site and the Stauffer Chemical Co. (LeMoyne
Plant) site.
Community Engagement
Region 4 Superfund staff:
•	Shared pollinator information with
students in the STEM (science, technology,
engineering and mathematics) club at
E.L. Bouie Elementary School in Lithonia,
Georgia. The students went on participate
in a regional competition. Based on their
detailed research, strong presentation and
innovative solution, they were awarded
first prize for best project.
•	Hosted hands-on pollinator activities with
90 students during a Science Saturday
event (right) at Miller Grove High School
in Dekalb County, Georgia. The goal
of Science Saturdays is to get students
excited about science at a young age.
•	Shared hands-on pollinator activities
with about 70 students at Evansdale
Elementary School in Doraville, Georgia.

Excellence, Integrity and Experience: Region 4 Superfund Staff Awards
In 2017, the remarkable efforts and dedication of Region 4 Superfund staff were
recognized with a range of national and regional awards.
National Honor Award
~ Samuel J. Heyman Service to America Award
Notable Achievement Awards
Environmental Justice Achievement - Kerr-
McGee Jacksonville Superfund Site Team
Colonial Pipeline Team
Site Assessment Manager
of the Year
Superfund Team of the Year - Former
Chattanooga Foundries Site Team
Regional Bronze Awards
~ CTS of Asheville, Inc. Interim RD/RA Consent
Decree Team

Support of the Urban Waters Federal Partnership and unwavering
dedication to revitalizing urban waterways and surrounding lands,
spurring economic development and reversing decades of neglect.
Work to gain widespread support for implementation of a Superfund
remedy in a historically underserved community in Jacksonville, Florida.
Efforts to safely mitigate a nationally significant gasoline spill, protect
the Cahaba River and restore fuel service to millions of people.
Outstanding service to the EPA Region 4 and national Superfund Site
Assessment Program.
Use of wide range of knowledge and skills during the site assessment
and demonstration of innovative and groundbreaking effort for this
large residential lead site.
Extraordinary support and negotiation of consent decree for the interim
remedial design and remediation action (RD/RA) at the CTS of Asheville,
Inc. Superfund site.
Metal Conversion Technologies (MCT) Consent Outstanding creative collaboration between state and federal entities
Decree Team
Lead Bioaccessibility Team
to resolve multiple violations, restore compliance and achieve a
comprehensive environmental cleanup at the MCT facility in Georgia.
Successful development of Region 4's ability to analyze for the
bioaccessible portion of lead in environmental soil samples and assess
human health risks.

~> Bennett Landfiii Fire Response Team	Dedication and success in responding to threats associated with the
Bennett Landfill fire in South Carolina.
Colonial Pipeline Response Team
Superfund Symposium Team
Hurricane Matthew Response Team
North Birmingham Interagency Working Group
for Environmental Justice Team
Environmental Justice Complaint Process
Lean Rapid Project Team
~	International Environmental Youth Symposium
Additional Recognition
~	Annual Diversity Awareness Award
Donald J. Guinyard Pioneer Career
Achievement Award
Superior leadership skills and technical and operational expertise
instrumental in identifying solutions for problems associated with the
Leadership in planning, developing and organizing the 2016 Superfund
Outstanding leadership, coordination skills and seamless integration
in delivering the federal response and coordinating critical emergency
Outstanding environmental improvements in communities in northern
Birmingham, Alabama, and exceptional public service.
Outstanding collaborative efforts and exceptional teamwork in
responsive customer service and reducing processing time for
environmental justice complaints.
Commitment to expanding the conversation on environmental
stewardship and climate change with academic institutions, both
globally and across the Southeast.
Efforts fostering diversity, signifying its importance in contributing to
EPA's capabilities, goals and successes.
Demonstration of long-term commitment to protection of human
health and the environment, earning the respect of his/her peers, and
demonstrating a dedication to assisting others within EPA or through
community service.

Recognizing Community Leadership and
Excellence in Superfund Redevelopment
Every year, Region 4 Superfund seeks opportunities to
recognize the remarkable community-wide efforts that return
Superfund sites to use. Through our Excellence in Site Reuse
Award, we honor the hard work and partnerships that make
site reuse possible.
Innovative Cleanup in South Carolina Protects
Public Health, Provides Pollinator Habitat
In September 2017, Region 4 Superfund recognized the efforts of
responsible party ABB Inc. to develop an innovative remedy for the
Henry's Knob Mine site that protects public health and the environment
while also serving as vital native habitat for pollinators and other
species. ABB worked with EPA and the South Carolina Department of
Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) to make it possible.
The 185-acre site in York County, South Carolina, is a former kyanite
mine. Kyanite is a mineral used in production of refractory, ceramic
and porcelain materials that withstand high temperatures. After the
mine's closure, about 1.4 million cubic yards of mine tailings were left
behind. If these tailings come in contact with rainfall, they can release
contaminants into the groundwater.
To address this, ABB worked with Region 4 Superfund and DHEC on
a soil amendment that, placed over the tailings, supported a thick
vegetative layer to aid in adsorption of precipitation. The Superfund site
team also helped ABB select a seed mix that would support pollinators.
Native vegetation and pollinator habitat are now well established on
several large areas of the site.
This project illustrates how cleanup projects can integrate remedy
and reuse considerations as part of innovative remedies that address
multiple needs and priorities. It also shows how responsible parties can
work with regulatory agencies on effective cleanups that protect public
health and the environment.
Before-and-after views of the project's installation and seeding.
ii Hundreds of
acres of mine
tailings were located
in several ponds
around the site. We
considered several
options to address
them. Developing
this solution, the
soil amendment
approach, was
the result of the
responsible party
working with us
and DHEC. It is
working well for all
of the tailings ponds.
The ponds were all
vegetated by mid-

EPA removing toxic waste from the site in 2011.
Community Leadership in Georgia
Supports Cleanup and Community
In 2010, property owners and the Conservancy
reached out to Region 4 to request assistance.
The $2 million cleanup finished three years later.
After grading and ecological restoration activities,
volunteers planted trees and added trails to help
the community enjoy the views of the South Fork
of Peachtree Creek. Today, 13-acre Zonolite Park,
now owned by DeKaib County, features 1.5 miles
of walking trails as well as picnic tables, a pollinator
garden and bird-watching resources. The park's
natural features include an old-growth forest, a
native meadow and a wetland garden. Local wildlife
includes deer, fish, frogs and birds, including
songbirds, hawks and herons.
Plans for the future include a community garden
and rainwater harvesting system that will provide
environmental education resources for conservation,
wellness and other park programs. Volunteers also
continue to remove invasive plant species and
restore natural riparian pathways along Peachtree
In 2017, Region 4 Superfund also gave an
Excellence in Site Reuse Award to the South Fork
Conservancy in recognition of the group's efforts to
restore a former asbestos manufacturing facility as a
community park and ecological treasure.
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The Superfund program is a cornerstone of the work that EPA performs for citizens and
communities across the country. As the Agency works to protect healthy communities and
advance environmental protection, Region 4 Superfund is at the forefront of efforts to make
the program stronger and more efficient.
In FY 2018 and beyond, Region 4 Superfund will continue to focus on EPA's overarching
program priorities:
•	Expediting cleanup and remediation.
•	Reinvigorating cleanup and reuse efforts by potentially responsible parties.
•	Maximizing the recovery of Superfund dollars.
•	Encouraging private investment to facilitate cleanup and reuse.
•	Promoting redevelopment and community revitalization.
•	Engaging partners and stakeholders.

To address these priorities, Region 4 Superfund will continue to:
•	Lean forward in our efforts to promote increased redevelopment and reuse
opportunities across the Southeast.
•	Work closely with Region 4 states and communities to strengthen successful
partnerships and collaborative efforts.
•	Streamline operations to expedite cleanups.
•	Maximize the use of innovative technologies and techniques to promote effective
and efficient cleanups.
•	Aggressively hold PRPs responsible and accountable for cleaning up sites and
supporting their return to productive and beneficial use.
We are excited to continue working with communities and our local, state and federal
counterparts to fulfill our mission, protecting public health and the environment across the

United States
Environmental Protection
EPA 540/R-18/001 ! December 2017 I www.epa.gov/aboutepa/about-epa-region-4-southeast
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