CONTENTS
Greetings and welcome to the 2018 issue of SRFs Up, the annual
newsletter of the Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF)
program. I usually begin with a review of the accomplishments of
the 51 CWSRF programs. However, this year i would first like to
pay well-earned recognition to the professional and administrative
management and staff working in EPA and in the 51 CWSRF
programs. The impressive growth and successes of the CWSRF are
directly attributable to their solid accomplishments. As a tangible
result, I should note that after 31 years of operation we have now
passed $132.5 biiiion in assistance provided, averaging almost
$7.3 billion annually over the last three years alone. The number of
loans made now totals 39,948.
What has this huge investment of federal and state dollars
achieved? Well over $80 billion - or 50 percent - of the assistance
provided has gone to wastewater treatment at publicly owned
treatment works. Another $49 billion - or 38 percent - has gone
to pipe needs and the correction of combined sewer overflows. The
program has also made an important contribution to the prevention
of nonpoint source pollution with nearly $5 billion in assistance to a
wide range of nontraditional projects. We've been formally tracking
the anticipated environmental benefits of the program since
2005. Since then, the CWSRF programs have reported that their
assistance has protected 14,395 and restored 7,449 waterbodies.
This issue highlights CWSRF Partnerships and our ongoing PISCES
recognition program and ends with updates from headquarters.
Andrew Sawyers, Ph.D.
Director, Office of Wastewater Management
CWSRF Partnerships	2
PISCES: Performance
and Innovation in the SRF
4
Creating Environmental
Success
Headquarters Updates 6

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CWSRF Partnerships
With its wide range of project eligibilities, the CWSRF program can support the missions of many other EPA and
state programs. In the past year, the CWSRF team has forged relationships with several EPA programs to explore
how the CWSRF can help fund their water quality improvement projects to maximize federal investment.
Contaminated Sites
The Office of Wastewater Management and the Office
of Land and Emergency Management at EPA worked
together to identify ways the CWSRF can support the
water quality
aspects of
brownfields
and Superfund
remediation
projects. This
year, we released
an updated fact
sheet, "Funding
Brownfield
Remediation with the Clean Water State Revolving
Fund," which demonstrates how the CWSRF provides
assistance to eligible recipients for the water quality
aspects of brownfield site assessment and cleanup.
We also released a document entitled, "The Clean
Water State Revolving Fund: A Powerful Financial Tool
to Support Brownfield and Superfund Assessment
and Cleanup," which highlights several CWSRF,
brownfields, and Superfund co-funded projects.
Nonpoint Source Program
The CWSRF is working closely with our partners in
EPA's nonpoint source (NPS) program to develop
a guide to help states get started or take the next
steps toward increasing their CWSRF investments
in NPS projects. The guide will also present best
practices for improving the integration between their
CWSRF programs and their CWA Section 319 NPS
management programs.
National Estuary Program
The CWSRF team met with the National Estuary
Program (NEP) team at EPA headquarters. The
NEP program protects and restores water quality
and ecological integrity in 28 designated estuaries
of national significance across the United States,
including Puerto Rico. Each NEP develops a
Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan
(CCMP) under Section 320 of the Clean Water Act
(CWA).
The NEP team at EPA headquarters and several NEP
programs in different states discussed ways the
CWSRF can support the NEPs and increase funding
for water quality improvement projects that implement
their CCMPs. Discussions focused around funding
projects in NEP watersheds under section 603(c)(3) of
the CWA and the importance of coordination between
NEPs and state CWSRF programs. The CWSRF pians
an introductory webinar and meeting of state
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Before	After
Brownfield Project - Alabama
Fairview Environmental Park	SRFs Up - Page 2
Brownfield Project - Indiana
Former Columbus Wood Treating Plant

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CWSRF programs and the NEP directors. CWSRF team
members spoke at the NEP National Conference in
Washington, DC and are presenting at the Restoring
America's Estuary Conference this year.
Estuary Project - Bellingham, Washington
Squalicum Creek Reroute
Watershed Financing Partnerships
A CWSRF watershed financing partnership is a model
for implementing projects on a watershed basis using
CWSRF financial assistance. Through this model, a
CWSRF works with a watershed partner to finance
and implement a group(s) of eligible projects within
a watershed. The partner(s) may act as a broker,
implement the projects, or provide sub-assistance
agreements to additional partners. A watershed
financing partnership differs from the typical model
where CWSRF assistance is delivered on a project by
project basis directly to an assistance recipient, and
where the assistance may not be linked to a particular
watershed.
Many CWSRF programs may already be utilizing
forms of watershed financing partnerships. We are
developing a program bulletin for the SRF programs
that builds upon this concept. The purpose of this
bulletin is to raise awareness of this financing model
and to share what has already been done across the
country.
Marketing and Outreach
This year, we continued the successful limited state
marketing surveys and focus groups in Arizona,
Nebraska, Nevada, and Arkansas. The surveys and
focus groups allow the SRFs to gain better insight
into the perception of their programs by potential
assistance recipients and consulting engineers. The
focus groups and surveys revealed several views that
are generally consistent across SRF programs. We
plan to develop a document summarizing the findings
of these activities for the benefit of states across the
country that are interested in gaining insight into their
own SRF programs.
Related to our work with the Nonpoint Source (NPS)
program, we have been working on a marketing pilot
with the Vermont SRF program. As part of this pilot,
EPA supported a focus group that brought together
municipalities and nonprofits to get feedback on how
a NPS sponsorship program should be designed and
incentivized, and also provide an opportunity for some
preliminary "matchmaking" between municipalities
and the NPS projects they might sponsor. We also
supported the development of a calculator showing
the benefit of NPS projects on reducing downstream
pollution, treatment costs, and chemical loadings that
Vermont plans to use as a marketing tool to encourage
community participation in the NPS sponsorship
program.
SRFs Up - Page 3
2018 Issue

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2018 PISCES EXCEPTIONAL PROJECTS
Performance and Innovation in the SRF Creating Environmental Success
The CWSRF's Performance and Innovation in the SRF Creating Environmental Success (PISCES) program recognizes projects
that have demonstrated excellence in promoting EPA's mission of protecting human health and the environment. This year's
projects serve as examples of distinguished performance and financial integrity. All recognized projects are featured in the
PISCES Compendium that can be found on the CWSRF website at www.epa.gov/cwsrf/pisces.
Renewable Energy and Biosolids Facility
City of Wilmington, Delaware
The City of Wilmington's wastewater
treatment facility received a $36 million
CWSRF loan (largest in the program at the
time) to construct a renewable energy and biosolids facility for their treatment plant. This new facility now captures
previously fiared off methane gas from the plant's anaerobic digester and iandfill gas from nearby and uses this
power to run two reciprocating internal combustion engines that generate four megawatts of electricity. This offsets
the treatment facility's electricity needs by 90 percent. The thermal energy from the engines is used to heat a
sludge thermal dryer which reduces 140 wet tons of daily biosolids by nearly 80 percent to reach about 30 dry tons
of biosolids. These reductions in electricity and solid waste disposal costs are estimated to save the city $16.7
million over 20 years.
This project also sponsored a $3.4 million CWSRF loan for the permanent conservation and remediation of 22
acres of wetlands in the historic Southbridge region. The total loan interest rate was reduced from 3 percent
to 2 percent which allowed Wilmington to borrow the additional funds at 0 percent interest. The two loans
have the same annual debt service of the original loan, which means conserving the wetlands required no
extra funds. This has led to an application for an additional CWSRF loan for $15.2 million to remediate the
wetlands for flood control and stormwater management for the nearby Southbridge community.
Dodge City Bio-Gas Reuse to Motor Fuel
Dodge City, Kansas
In recent years, the
Dodge City South
Wastewater Treatment
Plant was funded in part with an EPA grant to reuse 100 percent of its 1.7 billion gallons a
year of treated effluent as irrigation for over 3,000 acres of agricultural fields resulting in
groundwater being saved for the public water supply. This treatment process had produced a
significant amount of carbon dioxide and methane gas which were then burned off in a flare. Their new project will clean and
pressurize the bio-gas into high quality natural gas that then can be used as fuel. This process will remove water from the
gas and use pressure swing adsorption molecular sieves to separate the gases. A purified methane bio-gas is then pumped
to a nearby gas line and entered into the commercial market as a renewal resource. The project costs are expected to be
less than $10 million and the city plans to receive about $2.5 million a year in revenue in Renewal Identification Number
(RIN) methane sales and will be sold as motor vehicle fuel across the Midwest. The annual methane fuel production being
produced as a renewable source is estimated to be the equivalent of 3.5 million gaiions of gasoline per year.
Pump Station Resiliency Initiative
South Monmouth Regional Sewerage Authority (SMRSA), New Jersey
The South Monmouth Regional Sewerage
Authority (SMRSA) operates a sewage
treatment plant and a conveyance system
that services several coastal communities that have recently experienced extreme storms. Using the NJ Water
Bank's Statewide Assistance Infrastructure Loan (SAIL) Program, SRF funds were used to provide SMRSA short term
funding as an advance for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) assistance to build three resilient
pump stations. Two of these pump stations are fully operational mobile units that can be disconnected during
a severe storm and hauled to a safe location. Once the storm subsides, the mobile stations are returned
and reconnected. These mobile resilient pump stations (MRPS) contain main electrical components, computer
equipment, and an emergency generator located on a mobile trailer at the original pump station site. Older
pump stations in these coastal areas have received serious damage in recent years that have cost millions and left the
community without sewer services. The MRPS have proven to limit the disruption in conveyance, minimize sewer overflows,
and have saved SMRSA millions of dollars. The third pump station replaced an older station in a 100-year flood zone. This
new pump station is a permanent fixture designed to look like the neighboring residential housing and was placed outside
the flood plain.
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Crooked River Wetlands Complex
City of Prineville, Oregon
Several years ago, the city of
Prineville needed to increase their
wastewater treatment capacity
to keep up with the city's growth. Since a new treatment center was estimated to cost $62
million, the city explored their options and received a grant to fund a groundwater study and
test a constructed wetland pilot. Results were promising, so the 120-acre Crooked River
Wetlands Complex was designed and constructed to achieve cooler water and an augmented
stream flow to meet the effluent limits in the city's NPDES wastewater permit. This wetland
wastewater treatment system cost $7.7 million to construct, which saved the city $54 million
by no longer needing to build a traditional WWTP. The project has over 2 miles of riparian improvements and over 5.4 miles
of new trails for recreational use of which 3.25 miles are paved for use year-round. The complex also makes an excellent
outdoor classroom as at least 500 school children have visited the complex for educational opportunities. Overall, this
innovative project expanded the city's wastewater capacity, lowered residential and business system development charges,
stabilized monthly wastewater rates, created a new public hiking trail system with numerous educational opportunities, and
improved riparian and instream conditions in the Crooked River.
Permanent Reuse Project
Wichita Falls, Texas
The drought prone city of Wichita Falls has proposed
a permanent reuse project that will deliver indirect
potable reuse water from the River Road WWTP to the
city's raw water source, Arrowhead Lake. This $33.5 million CWSRF loan is a green project reserve
loan with over $252,000 of principle forgiveness. When complete, this project will allow
the plant to make stringent effluent limits that will allow up to 16 million gallons per
day (MGDs) of processed wastewater to be added to the lake. Improvements will consist
of a chemical coagulation, filtration, and reaeration system along with a new pump station
and a 15-mile outfall pipeline that will run to the lake to make the city compliant with the newly
established Texas Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (TPDES) discharge requirements. In recent
years, Wichita Falls imposed strict water restrictions on the community going from an average of 50 MGDs
of use in the summer to just 14 MGDs. This reuse system plans to provide a long-term solution that will
assist the city in meeting their water source needs.
2018 PISCES Honorable Mention and Recognized Projects
Afton Green Infrastructure & Advanced Wastewater
Treatment, MN
4 Avon Lake Lateral Loan Program, OH
4 Bellingham Squalicum Creek Water Quality and Biotic
Integrity Improvements Project, WA
*	Cocoa Beach Minuteman Causeway Stormwater/
Streetscape Improvements, FL
4 Cuba Solids Handling and Effluent Reuse, NM
4 Cullman WWTP Improvements, AL
4 Cumberland CSO Storage Facility, MD
4 Durango Santa Rita Water Reclamation Facility, CO
4 East Lansing Headworks Upgrades and Outfall Retrofit
into a Relief Interceptor, Ml
4 Grafton Wastewater Treatment Improvements, MA
4 Harrisonburg-Rockingham Regional Sewer Authority
Biogas Recovery & Reuse at the North River WWTF, VA
*	Kodiak Compost Facility, AK
4 Lewis-Auburn Water Pollution Control Authority Anaerobic
4 Liberty Design-Build Wastewater Treatment Facility,
MO
4 Lincoln County Sanitation District Junction City to
Hustonville Sewer Project, KY
4 Nampa Wastewater Treatment Plant Upgrade Project,
ID
4 Newport Wellington Ave CSO Treatment Facility
Upgrade, Rl
4 Oklahoma City Atoka Reservoir Dam Rehabilitation, OK
4 Peachtree City Lake Peachtree Dam Spillway, GA
4 Pennsoboro Wastewater System Improvement Project,
wv
4 Reading Fritz Island Solids & Liquids Plant Upgrade, PA
4 Renewable Water Resources Reedy River Basin Sewer
Tunnel, SC
4 San Francisco Public Utilities Commission Lake
Merced Green Infrastructure, CA
4 Waterbury Wastewater Treatment Facility Upgrade, VT
4 West Monroe Solar Panel Farm, LA
Digestion and Cogeneration Units, ME
Honorable Mention projects are highlighted in orange.
For more information on all of these exciting projects, please visit wvvw.epa.gov/cwsrf/pisces
SRFs Up - Page 5
2018 issue

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Headquarters Updates
American Iron and Steel (AIS)
AIS Site Visits arid Outreach
As part of the American Iron and Steel (AIS) provision, EPA conducts
outreach to SRF projects through site visits and training to ensure
proper implementation of the AIS requirements.
In 2018, the AIS program completed 35 site visits across 10 states.
The site visits provide an opportunity for communities to ask project-
specific AIS questions and receive EPA recommendations for
improving their AIS documentation prior to project completion. The AIS
program also conducted five trainings in Oklahoma (1), West Virginia
(1), Florida (2), and Wisconsin (1), providing technical assistance to
engineers, contractors, suppliers, and manufacturers involved with
CWSRF projects. The trainings explain how AIS requirements apply
to SRF projects and outline the responsibilities of each stakeholder,
including federal and state governments, in its implementation. They
also provide an opportunity for engineers, contractors, suppliers,
and manufacturers to note project-specific or product-specific AIS
obstacles and receive EPA feedback on potential solutions. The
program has an open offer for EPA-led AIS trainings to all state SRF
programs.
AIS Waiver Requests
As part of the AIS requirements, SRF projects are permitted to request
a project-specific waiver through their state for products of foreign
or unknown origin, in 2018, EPA received and processed 17 CWSRF
project-specific waiver requests, of which, 1 was approved, 8 were
withdrawn or denied, 2 are currently in process, and 6 await management decision. The AIS program continues
to work with the states and its CWSRF projects to identify domestic alternatives that meet project specifications.
EPA may grant a waiver in instances where (1) applying these requirements would be inconsistent with the public
interest; (2) iron and steel products are not produced in the U.S. in sufficient and reasonably available quantities
and of a satisfactory quality; or (3) inclusion of iron and steel products produced in the United States will increase
the cost of the overall project by more than 25 percent.
Coordination of AIS Requirements Across the Federal Government
AIS requirements have been incorporated into various other programs. This year, the AIS program continued
collaborating with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the WIFIA program through trainings and
site visits. Because the AIS requirements are identical, the CWSRF AIS program is supporting its consistent
implementation across these federal programs. As part of the same Office, the CWSRF AIS program is supporting
the WIFIA program with general AIS implementation.
Through an Interagency Agreement (IA), the USDA and EPA hold bi-weekly calls to discuss AlS-related inquiries
and project-specific waivers, provide updates on national waivers, and share AIS resources. The AIS program
participated in USDA AIS trainings in Utah, Minnesota, Ohio, and South Carolina to help answer questions from
USDA state engineers and other stakeholders on AIS implementation. USDA state engineers were invited to attend
CWSRF site visits for observation and have attended several site visits in multiple states.
SRFs Up - Page 6

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Green Project Reserve Case Studies
Across the United States there is increasing awareness of the
need to address pollution generated by stormwater runoff.
As stormwater moves through the landscape it captures and
carries trash, bacteria, heavy metals, and other pollutants
from the urban environment. These pollutants degrade
the quality of receiving waters and threaten public health.
Stormwater can also cause erosion and flooding, damaging
wildlife habitat, property, and infrastructure.
Green infrastructure practices offer flexible solutions for
managing stormwater runoff and protecting public health and
water quality. Green infrastructure works by incorporating
both the natural environment and engineered systems to
protect, restore, or mimic the natural water cycle. A variety
of green infrastructure practices can be used to capture,
treat, infiltrate, and evapotranspire stormwater runoff. At
the local ievel, green infrastructure practices include land
conservation, rain gardens, permeable pavements, green
roofs, infiltration planters, trees, rainwater harvesting
systems, and more. Applied at scale, green infrastructure
preserves and restores natural landscapes and allows for
better management of stormwater runoff in the urban environment. At any scale, green infrastructure practices
can provide a wide array environmental benefits.
In September, the CWSRF team issued a report on the environmental benefits of CWSRF-funded green
infrastructure projects. The report includes case studies of projects from New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio,
Minnesota, and Oklahoma for which monitoring or modeling was conducted to assess the environmental
benefits of the projects. Their results are quantifiable and not only highlight the environmental benefits of green
infrastructure, but tell an important story: across a wide variety of projects and multiple geographic areas, CWSRF
programs are making a substantial difference in the national effort to prevent stormwater pollution.
SRF Database Modernization
To help streamline CWSRF and DWSRF data collection, the CWSRF team is partnering with the Office of Ground
Water and Drinking Water to redesign and consolidate the multiple databases currently used to collect SRF
performance information into a single system. This effort will reduce reporting burden by eliminating redundancy
and providing a more streamlined interface for states to submit data required by EPA. As part of this effort, EPA
is actively exploring ways by which required data can be uploaded from other EPA and state databases to further
reduce the burden placed upon the states.
Congratulations to Sheila Piatt on 50 Years of EPA (and CWSRF) Success!!
She has left an indelible footprint on the SRF	You are indubitably the cornerstone, the voice of
program and in the hearts of many EPA folk that	reason, and the rock of Gibraltar when it comes
she gave her time and	to the CWSRF, and how it
energy to assist.	Thank you for your great institutional knowledge and	should be run.
- Region 9	wisdom of the SRF program and for always being the go	. Region 10
to person to help us in resolving difficult issues.
- Region 2
SRFs Up - Page 7
2018 Issue

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We would like to engage with stakeholders on future SRFs Up content and are always
willing to feature guest articles on topics of interest to the CWSRF community. If you
have ideas for articles you would like to see in future newsletters, please let us know by
contacting us at CWSRF@epa.gov.
United States Environmental Protection Agency

Office of Wastewater Management
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW (4201M)
Washington, DC 20460
IIKfi i illJPll
EPA Publication Number 830B18002
November 2018
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www.eDa.eov/cwsrf f
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