U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Board of Scientific Counselors (BOSC)
Homeland Security (HS) Subcommittee
Meeting Summary
December 12-14, 2018
Dates and Times: December 12, 2018, 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.; December 13, 2018, 8:30 a.m. to
4:45 p.m.; December 14, 2018, 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Eastern Time
Location: EPA Research Triangle Park Research Facility, 109 TW Alexander Drive, Durham,
North Carolina
Executive Summary
On December 12-14, 2018, EPA's BOSC HS subcommittee convened in Research Triangle
Park, North Carolina. The goals of the three-day meeting were to review the HS Research
Program's (HSRP's) draft Strategic Research Action Plan (StRAP)1 and propose research
strategies therein, and provide overall direction to HSRP by responding to several charge
questions. HSRP staff members were available during the meeting to address StRAP content and
specific areas of input from the BOSC. The meeting format allowed for presentations, open
dialogue, program feedback, subcommittee questions, and EPA responses to questions.
Days 1 and 2 consisted of presentations and demonstrations outlining HSRP's seven research
areas, and review and discussion of the six Agency-provided charge questions. The
subcommittee then formed 2-3 person BOSC workgroups to develop strengths, suggestions, and
recommendations for each charge question. Day 3 consisted of continued discussion between the
subcommittee and HSRP staff, followed by each workgroup's report-out on each charge
Dr. Bruce Rodan, Deputy Assistant Administrator for Science, Office of Research and
Development (ORD), explained that EPA staff members engaged heavily with EPA program and
regional offices and states to identify research needs, and they strived to present HSRP's success
to the BOSC through the draft StRAP. Mr. David Dunlap, Deputy Assistant Administrator of
ORD, was in attendance. Mr. Tom Tracy served as the Designated Federal Official from ORD.
HSRP Research Area Overviews, Demonstrations, and Group Discussion
Dr. Gregory Sayles, National Program Director, HSRP, first described HSRP's foundation,
purpose, and objectives, and noted that statutory mandates and presidential directives determine
the program's roles and responsibilities. He outlined HSRP's framework of responsibilities
through specific scenarios including wide area decontamination, wide area hot spot
contamination, water system contamination, and oil spills. Dr. Sayles concluded by summarizing
HSRP's research needs involving sampling, contaminant movement, cleanup, and water systems
1 https://www.epa.gov/researcli/homeland-secnritv-strategic-research-action-plan-2016-2019

Dr. Shawn Ryan, Acting Deputy Director, HSRP, discussed the HSRP design. He highlighted
that all research areas in HSRP interconnect, and there is a need to optimize knowledge in each
research area to address customer-driven research needs and create resilient communities.
Dr. Paul Lemieux, HSRP, presented the first research area overview on contaminant fate,
transport, and exposure surrounding indoor environments, outdoor environments, and water
systems. He noted that fate and transport of contaminants is scenario-dependent and knowing the
best approach to each scenario informs waste management. Dr. Lemieux provided scenario
examples including the River Street warehouse fire in Portland, Oregon, chemical warfare agents
on indoor surfaces, and wildfires. The research area demonstration exhibited a three-dimensional
city for fate and transport visualization.
Dr. Sarah Taft, HSRP, presented the research area overview on contaminant detection and
environmental sampling and analysis. She emphasized that HSRP requires sampling and analysis
strategies and methods to support EPA response, remediation, and recovery. Dr. Taft explained
that sampling and analysis was crucial to the River Street warehouse fire Dr. Lemieux raised, as
HSRP modeled the asbestos-containing material plume following the fire. The research area
demonstration included innovative sampling approaches, application to wide area response,
activity-based air sampling, and water sampling and processing.
Dr. Sang Don Lee, HSRP, described the research area overview on wide area decontamination.
He stated that EPA will help local and state governments develop decontamination strategies or
directly decontaminate impacted areas, but EPA cannot test all media and devise proper
decontamination methods for all. Wide-area incidents can affect multiple areas, and each area
might require different decontamination approaches. Dr. Lee emphasized that the goal of HSRP
is to meet the cleanup decontamination level that the public can withstand. Dr. Lee's research
area demonstration presented bench-scale decontamination testing, bench- to pilot-scale
decontamination testing, and wide area decontamination application.
Dr. Ryan introduced a wide area decontamination field study named the Analysis for Coastal
Operational Resiliency (AnCOR), which is a collaboration between EPA, the Department of
Homeland Security, and the U.S. Coast Guard to address common needs involving biological
research and decontamination.
Dr. Robyn Conmy, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, presented the research area
overview on oil spill response support, which EPA previously embedded within the BOSC
Sustainable and Healthy Communities subcommittee. She explained that the oil spill support
team aims to develop efficient and effective approaches for the management of oil releases.
Second, EPA's regulatory authority establishes protocols for regulations and spill response
efforts. Finally, HSRP provides scientific and technical support to program and regional offices
that respond to oil spills.
Oil spill responses are diverse, but EPA has learned much about the state of the science after
Deepwater Horizon. She noted that there has been a large government investment to improve
drone technology and capabilities to visually look at spills, and the chronic leak in the Gulf of
Mexico has served as a great test bed for EPA research. Dr. Conmy's research area
demonstration included a slick and oil plume simulation.

Dr. Kelly Dipolt, HSRP, described the research area overview on water treatment and
infrastructure decontamination. She explained that because EPA is the sector lead for water, EPA
is also part of the Critical Infrastructure Partner Advisory Council (CIPAC), which provides the
roadmap for water and wastewater resiliency and security. Regarding wastewater, Dr. Dipolt
noted that HSRP needs ways to inform disposal companies and wastewater treatment plants on
how they can accept chemical, biological, and radiological (CBR) waste. The research area
demonstration, presented by Dr. Jeff Szabo, HSRP, highlighted EPA's water security test bed.
Dr. Emily Snyder, Acting Deputy National Program Directory, HSRP, presented the research
area overview on waste management. She explained that waste generates following
decontamination, and it grows exponentially. Dr. Snyder provided several waste management
examples including the Ebola incident in New York City and the nuclear incident in Fukushima,
Japan. HSRP strives to understand how sampling and decontamination decisions affect waste.
The research area demonstration included EPA's on-site water treatment cart, WOW Cart.
Dr. Dipolt described the last research area overview on tools to support system's-based decision
making. She stated that HSRP aims to inform and balance planning, response, decontamination,
logistics, and disposal decisions with their system's-based decision support tools. She noted that
the endeavor requires both time and money, but HSRP is making the most of available resources.
The most urgent need is for water infrastructure tools. The research area demonstration included
tools demonstrations on EPA's Environmental Sampling and Analytical Methods (ESAM) Tool,
Riverine Spill Modeling System (RSMS), RemediAtion Data Repository (RADAR), and the
Waste Estimation Support Tool (WEST).
HS subcommittee members and EPA staff members engaged in discussion on various topics
surrounding each research area, including providing data to stakeholders, HSRP expertise needs,
program responsibilities with respect to budget, and HSRP's ability to respond to emerging
threats. Other topics of discussion included providing tools to users in the field and
Subcommittee Discussion of Charge Questions and EPA Response to Questions
The HS subcommittee discussed each of the six charge questions including the HS
subcommittee-specific charge question on addressing unforeseen challenges in public health and
the environment.
Dr. Sayles suggested that the HS subcommittee provide several prioritized recommendations.
The subcommittee formed 2-3 person workgroups to address each charge question, with the goal
to produce a draft response on Day 3.
Subcommittee Report-Out and Summary of Preliminary Recommendations
Each workgroup identified strengths, suggestions, and preliminary recommendations pertaining
to the draft HS StRAP and their specific charge question. The HS subcommittee discussed the
recommendations of each workgroup and presented an initial summary for HSRP staff on Day 3.
These recommendations and supporting suggestions will be reviewed and refined by the
subcommittee over the next few months and finalized in a draft report to be reviewed at the
BOSC Executive Committee (EC) meeting.

Charge Question la — Does the research outlinedfor the 2019-2022 timeframe support the
relevant Agency priorities as described in the EPA and ORD Strategic Plans?
•	The body of research planning and presented to the BOSC advances EPA and ORD
strategic goals of advancing critical science to provide the American public clean air,
water, and land by furthering the identification, remediation, and waste management
phases of CBRN cleanup efforts.
•	The workgroup highlighted HSRP's system's-based decision making tools including
•	EPA's response to global incidences has provided the Agency with knowledge that they
can extrapolate and interpolate into similar events within the United States.
•	Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA) partnerships provide
opportunity for collaborative and cost-saving efforts, and should be maximized to include
the regulated community to obtain chemical characterization, fate and transport, and
advanced remediation knowledge.
•	The workgroup suggested providing decision makers valuable tools during events to
encourage dissemination to incident (state, local, and tribal) responders.
•	HSRP should further test and exercise scalability of analytical tools, development of
clearance procedures for successful remediation and re-occupation of contaminated
spaces, and coordination with other agencies to establish an acceptable "minimum
exposure level" for Bacillus anthracis to use in clearance procedures.
Charge Question lb — Each ORD research program undertook a rigorous engagement process
to provide additional detail on specific EPA program and region, state, and tribal needs, the
results of which are summarized in the StRAP objectives and explanations of research topics
and areas. How well does the proposed research program respond to these partner-identified
•	The workgroup agreed that HSRP addresses and engages partner needs and has
developed a well-planned priority list (e.g., AnCOR). However, there is concern about
the partner ability to utilize given tools (i.e., ESAM, WEST, and RSMS) without a
dashboard to integrate them. There is also a gap in serving populations with limited
access and capabilities to utilize the internet or software-based resources and tools.
•	HSRP works well to engage CIPAC and on-scene coordinators to provide input to
program development. However, HSRP should consider engaging state, county, and local
responders as well as citizens and stakeholder organizations (e.g., real estate,
homeowners' associations, banks, and insurance industry groups) for input.
•	The workgroup applauded HSRP's water research for piping decontamination. However,
they should consider expanding their water research portfolio to include materials other
than ductile iron and concrete-lined piping, and develop a strategy to study emergent
•	HSRP should consider adapting mobile platforms for tools to apps for the next
generation. The workgroup encouraged HSRP to incorporate a means by which product
updates, new versions of guidance, and changes to existing topic areas could be emailed
to users of electronic tools.

•	The workgroup suggested HSRP expand collaboration with cyber experts when
conducting research into critical software operating and Supervisory Control and Data
Acquisition (SCADA) systems.
Charge Question lc — Does the StRA P, including the topics, research areas, and proposed
outputs, clearly describe the strategic vision of the program? Given the environmental
problems and research objectives articulated, please comment on the extent to which the
StRAPprovides a coherent structure toward making progress on these objectives in the 2019-
2022 time frame.
For this charge question, the workgroup did not report key recommendations, but rather they
identified strengths and weaknesses for improvements to the draft HS StRAP.
•	HSRP incorporates best practices in communicating risk to stakeholders and the public.
•	HSRP engages subject-matter experts as needed to address problems that arise, and they
publish research findings in reports, peer-reviewed journals, and factsheets for emergency
responders and on-scene coordinators.
•	HSRP should utilize whole genome sequencing technology where appropriate and
maintain relationships with partners to develop strategies to respond to emerging and re-
emerging diseases.
•	There is a need for a template or online process to collect and report data effectively to
•	The workgroup raised concern related to capability and capacity to respond to a
radiochemical event.
•	HSRP's timeline and outputs might be ambitious given ongoing response needs of
Charge Question Id — Recognizing ORD's focus on addressing identified partner research
needs, in the presence of reduced scientific staff and resources, are there any other critical
emerging environmental needs or fields of expertise and/or new research methods where this
program should consider investing resources?
For this charge question, the workgroup did not report key recommendations, but rather they
identified strengths and weaknesses for improvements to the draft HS StRAP.
•	The workgroup applauded EPA's water security test bed in Idaho, and stated that it gives
HSRP the ability to respond to emergent needs affecting the country's water
•	The workgroup was impressed with HSRP's ability to leverage their resources and
•	HSRP's decontamination strategy with a microbial focus on Bacillus anthracis and
surrogate organisms is an excellent approach.
•	The integration of oil spill issues into the HSRP portfolio provides for increased synergy
and advances. However, the workgroup suggested HSRP integrate the oil spill research
and waste management teams, as oil spills generate a lot of waste.

•	The workgroup suggested that research related to community-level risk communication
should expand, and HSRP should provide professional development for those working
within social and behavioral sciences to expand risk communication.
•	HSRP should expand focus to more mixtures and degradation products, consider complex
climate-related interactions, and expand methods and strategies for characterizing solid
waste from various disaster events.
•	HSRP should expand relationships with the National Institute of Environmental Health
Sciences, U.S. Navy, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, U.S.
Department of Agriculture, and Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
•	The workgroup proposed HSRP increase expertise and research on waste volume
reduction and concentration technologies for radiological solid and liquid waste.
Charge Question le— What are some specific ideas for innovation (including
prizes/challenges) and market-based approaches that the program could use to advance
solutions to existing and emerging environmental problems?
For this charge question, the workgroup did not report key recommendations, but rather they
identified strengths and weaknesses for improvements to the draft HS StRAP.
•	The workgroup acknowledged that the National Homeland Security Research Center's
innovativeness, capabilities, and productivity benefit from collaborating with other
organizations, especially to reduce cost.
•	HSRP collaborates with organizations to guide funding to qualified researchers to work
on specific problems, and the workgroup suggested HSRP investigate options for
crowdsourcing research and development with similar organizations. They also proposed
HSRP investigate companies for crowdsourcing innovative solutions to problems (e.g.,
•	HSRP should use social justice movements to identify vulnerable populations.
Charge Question 2 - Homeland Security Research is designed to address known threats and
vulnerabilities. At the same time, the Nation regularly faces unforeseen challenges in public
health and the environment (e.g., Ebola and Zika viruses, opioid misuse). Please comment on
the extent to which the Program's design enables use of its scientific contributions in also
addressing unforeseen needs of the EPA programs and regions, states, and tribes. How can
HSRP improve its applicability to unanticipated urgent threats?
•	HSRP has adaptable tools that answer stakeholder questions during actual response
efforts, they have a system's approach to decision making, and they tackle the most
difficult agents and high-impact scenarios that can be extrapolated to lower impact events
and fewer persistent agents.
•	The workgroup suggested HSRP continue to pursue relevant stakeholders and sponsors
for pilot and field demonstrations, review and analyze data and products developed to
determine if extrapolation can achieve for potential emerging threats, and consider
detailing or integrating HSRP staff with interagency intelligence teams and fusion centers
to analyze current data streams for potential emerging threats.

•	HSRP should engage and leverage CBRN Horizon Scanning agencies to increase
knowledge about potentially emerging threats, particularly in the rapidly changing
biothreat and chemical threat space.
•	The workgroup recommended HSRP refine or define what would constitute an
unforeseen event that would fall outside current capabilities to address (i.e., outside of
chemical space, biological space, and environmental space). This document or matrix
would serve as a guide for prioritizing data gaps and research priorities.
The combined responses from each workgroup's recommendations will be compiled into the
draft HS StRAP review report. The subcommittee will convene via teleconference to discuss the
final revisions as a group before the BOSC EC meeting, which will convene in June 2019. The
EC will consider the subcommittees' recommendations and finalize the overall BOSC report,
which will include reviews of each research program.

Meeting Agenda and Charge Questions
The agenda and the draft charge can be accessed at https://www.epa.gov/bosc/homeland-
securitv-subcommittee-december- 2018-rtp-nc.
Meeting Participants
BOSC Homeland Security Subcommittee Members:
Paula Olsiewski, Chair
Lance Brooks, Vice Chair
Charles Barton
Murray Cohen
Kari Cutting
Andrew DeGraca**
Shawn Gibbs
Edward Hackney**
David Klein**
Debra R. Reinhart
Edwin A. Roehl, Jr.
Monica L. Schoch-Spana
Robert Scudder
Justin Teeguarden
Dana Tulis
Michael Wichman
*participated via phone
**did not attend
EPA Designated Federal Official (DFO): Tom Tracy, Office of Research and Development
EPA Presenters:
Timothy Boe, Geographer, Homeland Security Research Program
Worth Calfee, Microbiologist, Homeland Security Research Program
Robyn Conmy, Research Ecologist, National Risk Management Research Laboratory
Kelly Dipolt, Scientist, Homeland Security Research Program
Sang Don Lee, Environmental Scientist, Homeland Security Research Program
Jim Goodrich, Sr. Science Advisor, Homeland Security Research Program
Paul Lemieux, Associate Division Director, Homeland Security Research Program
Anne Mikelonis, Environmental Engineer, Homeland Security Research Program
Lukas Oudejans, Physical Scientist, Homeland Security Research Program
Shawn Ryan, Acting Deputy Director, Homeland Security Research Program
Gregory Sayles, National Program Director, Homeland Security Research Program
Emily Snyder, Acting Deputy National Program Director, Homeland Security Research
Jeff Szabo, Scientist, Homeland Security Research Program
Sarah Taft, Scientist, Homeland Security Research Program

Other EPA Attendees:
Janet Burke
Romy Campisano
David Dunlap
Hiba Ernst
Tonya Nichols
Kathy Nickel
Bruce Rodan
Erin Silvestri
Mya Sjogren
Kelly Smith
Russell Wiener
Joseph Wood
Brian Kleinman
Other Participants:
Lucinda Johnson, Vice Chair, BOSC Executive Committee
Contractor Support (ICF):
Canden Byrd
Delaney Reilly
Blake Riley