Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel
Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010

United States
Environmental Protection
Mm. Agency

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Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

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Table of Contents
Page
I.	Executive Summary	i
II.	Introduction	1
III.	Fuel Economy Trends	5
IV.	Carbon Dioxide Emissions Trends	17
V.	Fuel Economy Trends by Vehicle Type, Size, and Weight	31
VI.	Fuel Economy Technology Trends	47
VII.	Fuel Economy by Manufacturer and Make	75
VIII.	Characteristics of Fleets Comprising Existing Fuel-Efficient Vehicles	84
IX.	References	92

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Table of Contents, continued
Appendices
APPENDIX A  Database Details and Calculation Methods
APPENDIX B  Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
APPENDIX C  Fuel Economy Distribution Data
APPENDIX D  Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
APPENDIX E  Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
APPENDIX F  Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
APPENDIX G  Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
APPENDIX H  Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
APPENDIX I  Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission Type
APPENDIX J  Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Cylinder Count
APPENDIX K  Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type, Engine Type and
Valves Per Cylinder
APPENDIX L  Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Manufacturer
APPENDIX M  Fuel Economy by Manufacturer, Vehicle Type and Weight Class
APPENDIX N  Fuel Economy and Ton-MPG by Manufacturer, Vehicle Type and Size
APPENDIX O  MY2010 Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type, Weight and Manufacturer
APPENDIX P  Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Manufacturer and Vehicle Type
APPENDIX Q  Characteristics of Fleets Comprised of Fuel Efficient Vehicles

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I. Executive Summary
Introduction
This report summarizes key trends in carbon dioxide (C02) emissions, fuel economy and technology
usage related to model year (MY) 1975 through 2010 light-duty vehicles sold in the United States. Light-
duty vehicles are those vehicles that EPA classifies as cars or light-duty trucks (sport utility vehicles,
minivans, vans, and pickup trucks with gross vehicle weight ratings up to 8500 pounds). The data in this
report supersede the data in previous reports in this series.
Earlier this year, EPA, in conjunction with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA), published the first-ever light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions standards, under the Clean
Air Act, for MY2012-2016 (75 Federal Register 25324, May 7, 2010). These standards are part of ajoint,
harmonized National Program that also includes corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for the
same years established by NHTSA. By MY2016, the average industry-wide compliance levels are projected
to be 250 grams per mile (g/mi) C02 and 34.1 miles per gallon (mpg) CAFE. The 250 g/mi C02 compliance
level is equivalent to 35.5 mpg if all C02 emissions reductions are achieved through fuel economy
improvements. On May 21, 2010, the President announced that EPA and NHTSA would be extending the
National Program for MY2017 and beyond, and on October 13, 2010 the agencies published a Notice of
Intent to propose new greenhouse gas emissions and CAFE standards by the fall of 2011 (75 Federal Register
62739). Accordingly, this is the second year that Section IV of this report includes tailpipe C02 emissions
data in addition to the fuel economy data that have been the cornerstone of this report since 1975. Tailpipe
C02 emissions data represent 90 to 95 percent of total light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions.
Final MY2009 data are based on formal end-of-year CAFE reports submitted by automakers to EPA
and will not change. MY2009 was a year of considerable turmoil in the automotive market. Due primarily
to the economic recession, light-duty vehicle production totalled 9.2 million units, the lowest of any year
since this database began in 1975. This represented a 34% reduction in total vehicle production compared to
MY2008, and a 40% drop since MY2007. The Car Allowance Rebate System (or "Cash for Clunkers")
likely impacted consumer demand. Fuel prices remained high relative to historic levels, though lower than in
the previous three years. The turmoil introduced by these factors is demonstrated by the fact that the final
MY2009 values for C02 emissions and fuel economy in this report are 25 g/mi lower and 1.3 mpg higher,
respectively, than the projected MY2009 values that were provided in last year's report.
The preliminary MY2010 data in this report are based on confidential pre-model year production
volume projections provided to EPA by automakers during the MY2009 market turmoil. Accordingly, there
is uncertainty in the MY2010 data (for example, total projected vehicle production is significantly higher
than actual sales as reported by trade sources). This report will often focus on the final MY2009 data, rather
than on the preliminary MY2010 data.
The great majority of the C02 emissions and fuel economy values in this report are adjusted (ADJ)
EPA "real-world" estimates provided to consumers and based on EPA's 5-cycle test methodology. Appendix
A provides a detailed explanation of the method used to calculate these adjusted fuel economy and C02
values, which last changed with the 2007 version of this report. On August 30, 2010, EPA and NHTSA
proposed to revise the fuel economy labels to include, among other things, tailpipe C02 emissions levels, but
i

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this proposal does not affect the methodology for calculating the adjusted C02 emissions and fuel economy
levels provided in this report (75 Federal Register 58078, September 23, 2010). In a few cases, the report
also provides unadjusted EPA laboratory (LAB) values, which are based on a 2-cycle test methodology and
used for automaker compliance with C02 emissions and CAFE standards. All combinations of adjusted or
laboratory, and C02 emissions or fuel economy values, may be reported as city, highway, or, most
commonly, as composite (combined city/highway, or COMP).
Since 1975, overall new light-duty vehicle C02 emissions have moved through four phases:
1.	A rapid decrease from 1975 through 1981;
2.	A slower decrease until reaching a valley in 1987;
3.	A gradual increase until 2004; and
4.	A decrease for the six years beginning in 2005, with the largest decrease in 2009.
The fleetwide average adjusted (or real world) MY2009 light-duty vehicle C02 emissions value is
397 g/mi, which is a 27 g/mi reduction relative to MY2008 and an all-time low since the database began in
1975. The projected fleetwide average MY2010 level is 395 g/mi. This projected MY2010 value is
essentially the same as the final MY2009 value, and it is impossible to know, at this time, whether the actual
MY2010 value will be higher or lower than the MY2009 value.
Since fuel economy has an inverse relationship to tailpipe C02 emissions, overall new light-duty
vehicle fuel economy has also moved through four phases, with the trends in fuel economy mirroring those
of C02 emissions:
1.	A rapid increase from 1975 through 1981;
2.	A slower increase until reaching its peak in 1987;
3.	A gradual decline until 2004; and
4.	An increase for the six years beginning in 2005, with the largest increase in 2009.
The fleetwide average adjusted MY2009 light-duty vehicle fuel economy is 22.4 mpg, an increase of
1.4 mpg since MY2008, and the highest since the database began in 1975. The projected fleetwide average
MY2010 value is 22.5 mpg. Again, it is impossible to predict whether actual MY2010 fuel economy will be
higher or lower than the preliminary MY2010 value.
Because the underlying methodology for generating unadjusted laboratory C02 emissions and fuel
economy values has not changed since this series began in the mid-1970s, these values provide an excellent
basis for comparing long-term C02 emissions and fuel economy trends from the perspective of vehicle
design, apart from the factors that affect real-world driving that are reflected in the adjusted values. These
unadjusted laboratory values form the basis for automaker compliance with C02 emissions and CAFE
standards. Laboratory composite values represent a harmonic average of 55 percent city and 45 percent
highway operation, or "55/45." For 2005 and later model years, unadjusted laboratory composite C02
emissions values are, on average, about 20 percent lower than adjusted composite C02 values, and
unadjusted laboratory composite fuel economy values are, on average, about 25 percent greater than adjusted
composite fuel economy values. The final MY2009 unadjusted laboratory composite values of 316 g/mi and
28.2 mpg represent a record low for C02 emissions and an all-time high for fuel economy since the database
began in 1975.
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NHTSA has the overall responsibility for the CAFE program. For 2010, the CAFE standards are
27.5 mpg for cars and 23.5 mpg for light trucks (for light trucks, individual manufacturers can choose
between the fixed, unreformed 23.5 mpg standard and a reformed vehicle footprint-based standard which
yields different compliance targets for each manufacturer). In March 2009, NHTSA promulgated new
footprint-based CAFE standards for MY2011. These standards projected average MY2011 industry-wide
compliance levels of 30.2 mpg for cars (including a 27.8 mpg alternative minimum standard for domestic
cars for all manufacturers) and 24.1 mpg for light trucks. Because of real world adjustments, alternative fuel
vehicle credits, and test procedure adjustments, fleetwide NHTSA CAFE values are a minimum of 25
percent higher than EPA adjusted fuel economy values.
Characteristics of Light Duty Vehicles for Six Model Years

1975
1987
1998
2008
2009
2010
Adjusted C02 Emissions (g/mi)
681
405
442
424
397
395
Adjusted Fuel Economy (MPG)
13.1
22.0
20.1
21.0
22.4
22.5
Weight (lb)
4060
3221
3744
4085
3917
4009
Horsepower
137
118
171
219
208
220
0 to 60 Time (sec.)
14.1
13.1
10.9
9.7
9.7
9.5
Percent Truck Production
19%
28%
45%
47%
40%
41%
Percent Front-Wheel Drive
5%
58%
56%
54%
63%
59%
Percent Four-Wheel Drive
3%
10%
20%
27%
24%
24%
Percent Four-Cylinder Engine
20%
55%
36%
38%
51%
48%
Percent Eight-Cylinder Engine
62%
15%
18%
17%
12%
16%
Percent Multi-Valve Engine
-
11%
41%
76%
84%
86%
Percent Variable Valve Timing
-
-
-
58%
72%
86%
Percent Cylinder Deactivation
-
-
-
7%
7%
7%
Percent Gasoline Direct Injection
-
-
-
2.3%
4.2%
8.5%
Percent T urbocharger
-
-
1.4%
3.0%
3.3%
3.2%
Percent Manual Transmission
23%
29%
13%
5%
5%
7%
Percent Continuously Variable Transmission
-
-
0%
8%
10%
10%
Percent Hybrid
-
-
-
2.5%
2.3%
4.3%
Percent Diesel
0.2%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
0.5%
0.4%
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Highlight #1: MY2009 had the lowest CO2 emission rate and highest fuel economy, partly due
to the economic conditions that led to the lowest vehicle production, since the
database began in 1975.
MY2009 adjusted composite C02 emissions were 397 g/mi, a record low for the post-1975
database. The 27 g/mi (6 percent) decrease compared toMY2008 was the largest yearly C02
decrease since 1981. MY2009 adjusted composite fuel economy was 22.4 mpg. an all-time high
since the database began in 1975, and the 1.4 mpg (7 percent) increase over MY2008 was the
biggest fuel, economy increase since 1980. Vehicle production totalled 9.2 million units, the
lowest for any year in the database. Projected MY2010 values of395 g/mi C02 emissions and
22.5 mpg fuel economy, re flecting slight improvements over MY2009, are uncertain given the
market turmoil when these projections were provided to EPA.
The previous records for lowest C02 emissions and highest fuel economy were in MY 1987, and the
recent improvements in C02 emissions and fuel economy reverse an opposite trend from MY 1987 through
MY2004. Compared to the previous best year of MY1987, MY2009 C02 emissions were 8 g/mi (2 percent)
lower, and fuel economy was 0.4 mpg (2 percent) higher. From MY2004 to MY2009, C02 emissions
decreased by 64 g/mi (14 percent), and fuel economy increased by 3.1 mpg (16 percent).
Adjusted C02 Emissions by Model Year
700
600
Trucks
CD
to O)
500
Both
400
Cars
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
Adjusted Fuel Economy by Model Year

24

22

20
3

CL
18
E,



16

14

12
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
MY2009 unadjusted laboratory composite values, which reflect vehicle design considerations only
and do not account for the many factors which affect real world C02 emissions and fuel economy
performance, were also at an all-time low for C02 emissions (316 g/mi) and a record high for fuel economy
(28.2 mpg) since the database began in 1975. These values are 27 g/mi (8 percent) lower and 2.3 mpg (9
percent) higher than the previous best values in MY 1987.
Trucks
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Highlight #2: MY2009 truck market share dropped by 8 percent to its lowest level since 1995.
Light trucks, which include SUVs, minivans/vans, and pickup trucks, accounted for 40 percent of
all light-duty vehicle sales in MY2009, an 8 percent decrease since MY2008 and a 12 percent
decrease since the peak in MY2004. Truck market share is now at the lowest level since MY1995.
The MY2010 light truck market share is projected to be 41 percent, based on pre-mode! year
production projections by automakers.
Historically, growth in the light truck market was primarily driven by the explosive increase in the
market share of SUVs (EPA does not have a separate category for crossover vehicles and classifies many
crossover vehicles as SUVs). The SUV market share increased from 6 percent of the overall new light-duty
vehicle market in MY1990 to a peak of about 30 percent in MY2004, dropping to 25 percent in MY2009.
By comparison, market shares for both vans and pickup trucks have declined since 1990, with van market
share falling by over half from 10 percent to 4 percent. The increased overall market share of light trucks,
which in recent years have averaged 120 - 140 g/mi higher C02 emissions and 6-7 mpg lower fuel
economy than cars, accounted for much of the increase in C02 emissions and decline in fuel economy of the
overall new light-duty vehicle fleet from MY1987 through MY2004.
Production Share by Vehicle Type
100%
80%
Car
CD
i
CO
-C
m
c
o
o
3
T3
O
60%
40%
20%
0%
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995
Model Year
2000
2005
2010
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Highlight #3: MY2009 had the largest annual decrease in vehicle weight and power since 1980.
MY2009 vehicle weight averaged 3917pounds, the lowest average weight since MY2001. This
re flects a decrease of 168 pounds (4 percent) from MY2008, and the largest annual decrease since
MY1980. The average truck weight dropped by about 100 pounds, the average car weight
dropped by about 60pounds, and the remaining difference was due to lower truck market share.
In MY2009, the average vehicle power was 208 horsepower, the lowest value since MY2003.
Average horsepower dropped by 11 horsepower (5 percent), the largest annual decrease since
MY1980, with most of the decrease explained by cars having lower horsepower levels and trucks
having a lower market share. The four-cylinder engine market share grew from 38 percent in
MY2008 to 51 percent inMY2009 (and comprised nearly 70 percent of the car market).
Estimated MY2009 0-to-60 acceleration time remained constant at 9. 7 seconds.
4000
3800
3600
3400
200
180
160
140
120
14
13
12
11
10
Weight, Horsepower and 0-to-60 Performance
Weight (lb)
Horsepower
0 to 60 Time
(seconds)
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
Vehicle weight and performance are two of the most important engineering parameters that help
determine a vehicle's C02 emissions and fuel economy. All other factors being equal, higher vehicle weight
(which supports new options and features) and faster acceleration performance (e.g., lower 0-to-60 mile-per-
hour acceleration time), both increase a vehicle's C02 emissions and decrease fuel economy. Automotive
engineers are constantly developing more advanced and efficient vehicle technologies. From MY 1987
through MY2004, on a fleetwide basis, this technology innovation was utilized exclusively to support
market-driven attributes other than C02 emissions and fuel economy, such as vehicle weight, performance,
and utility. Beginning in MY2005, technology has been used to increase both fuel economy (which has
reduced C02 emissions) and performance, while keeping vehicle weight relatively constant.
MY2010 projections are for an increase in both vehicle weight and performance, but these
projections are uncertain.
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Highlight #4: Nearly every manufacturer increased fuel economy in MY2009, resulting in
lower CO2 emission rates.
All but one of the 14 highest-selling manufacturers increased fuel economy (which also reduced
CO 2 g/mi emission rates) from MY2008 to MY2009, the last two years for which we have definitive
data, and 7 manufacturers increased fuel economy by 1 mpg or more.
Adjusted C02 emissions and fuel economy values are shown for the 14 highest-selling
manufacturers, which accounted for 99 percent of the market in MY2009. Manufacturers are defined in
accordance with current NHTSA CAFE guidelines, and these definitions are applied retroactively for the
entire database back to 1975 for purposes of maintaining integrity of trends over time. In MY2009, the last
year for which EPA has final production data, Toyota had the lowest fleetwide adjusted composite C02
emissions (and highest fuel economy) performance, followed by Hyundai and Honda. Chrysler, the one
manufacturer that did not improve in MY2009, had the highest C02 emissions (and lowest fuel economy),
followed by Daimler and Ford. Toyota had the biggest improvement in adjusted C02 (and fuel economy)
performance from MY2008 to MY2009, with a 40 g/mi reduction in fleetwide C02 emissions (and 2.6 mpg
fuel economy improvement), followed by Nissan (29 g/mi reduction in C02 emissions) and Ford (22 g/mi
reduction in C02 emissions).
Preliminary MY2010 values suggest that most manufacturers will improve further in MY2010,
though these projections are uncertain and EPA will not have final data until next year's report.
MY2008-2010 Manufacturer Fuel Economy and C02 Emissions
(Adjusted Composite Values)
Manufacturer
MY2008
MPG
MY2008
co2
(g/mi)
MY2009
MPG
MY2009
co2
(g/mi)
MY2010
MPG
MY2010
co2
(g/mi)
Toyota
22.8
389
25.4
349
24.5
363
Hyundai
24.4
364
25.1
355
25.9
343
Honda
23.9
372
24.6
361
25.6
346
Kia
22.9
388
24.2
367
25.1
354
VW
22.3
398
23.8
379
24.6
367
Nissan
21.9
406
23.6
377
23.8
373
Mitsubishi
22.3
399
23.5
379
24.2
367
Mazda
23.1
385
23.2
383
22.7
391
Subaru
22.3
399
22.6
393
23.3
382
BMW
21.2
419
21.9
407
22.3
399
GM
19.6
452
20.6
432
20.8
427
Ford
19.3
459
20.3
437
20.5
434
Daimler
19.3
464
19.5
457
19.4
459
Chrysler
19.3
460
19.2
464
19.2
463
All
21.0
424
22.4
397
22.5
395
EPA data is based on model year production, as is CAFE data. This means that year-to-year
comparisons can be affected by longer or shorter model year designations by the manufacturers. Section VII
has greater detail on the fuel economy and C02 emissions for these 14 manufacturers, as well as for these
manufacturers' individual makes (i.e., brands).
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Important Notes with Respect to the Data Presented in This Report
Most of the C02 emissions and fuel economy values in this report are adjusted composite (combined
city/highway) C02 emissions or fuel economy values, consistent with the real-world estimates for city and
highway fuel economy provided to consumers on new vehicle labels, in the EPA/DOE Fuel Economy Guide,
and in EPA's Green Vehicle Guide. These adjusted values are based on 5-cycle testing where additional test
procedures provide a more accurate representation of real world vehicle usage.
In some tables and figures, laboratory composite (combined city/highway) C02 or fuel economy
values are also shown. These laboratory composite values are based on the 2-cycle results from the EPA
Federal Test Procedure and Highway Fuel Economy Test, which are two of the five cycles used for the
adjusted C02 and fuel economy values. Because the underlying methodology for generating and reporting
laboratory values has not changed since this series began in the mid-1970s, these laboratory values provide
an excellent basis for comparing long-term C02 emissions and fuel economy trends from the perspective of
vehicle design, apart from the factors that affect real-world C02 and fuel economy that are reflected in the
adjusted values. For 2005 and later model years, laboratory composite fuel economy values are, on average,
about 25 percent greater than adjusted composite fuel economy values, and laboratory composite C02
emissions values are, on average, about 20 percent lower than adjusted composite C02 values.
Formal CAFE compliance data as reported by NHTSA do not correlate precisely with either the
adjusted or laboratory fuel economy values in this report. While EPA's laboratory composite fuel economy
data form the cornerstone of the CAFE compliance database, NHTSA must also include credits for
alternative fuel vehicles and test procedure adjustments (for cars only) in the official CAFE calculations.
Accordingly, NHTSA CAFE values are at least 25 percent higher than EPA adjusted fuel economy values for
model years 2005 through 2010.
This report supersedes all previous reports in this series. In general, users of this report should rely
exclusively on data in this latest report, which covers the years 1975 through 2010, and not make
comparisons to data in previous reports in this series. There are two main reasons for this.
One, EPA revised the methodology for estimating real-world fuel economy values in December
2006. This is the fourth report in this series to reflect this revised real-world fuel economy methodology, and
every adjusted (ADJ) fuel economy value in this report for 1986 and later model years is lower than given in
reports in this series prior to the 2007 report. Accordingly, adjusted fuel economy values for 1986 and later
model years should not be compared with the corresponding values from pre-2007 reports. These new
downward adjustments are phased in, linearly, beginning in 1986, and for 2005 and later model years the
new adjusted composite (combined city/highway) values are, on average, about six percent lower than under
the methodology previously used by EPA. See Appendix A for more in-depth discussion of the current
methodology and how it affects both the adjusted fuel economy values for individual models and the
historical fuel economy trends database. This same methodology is used to calculate adjusted C02 emissions
values as well.
Two, when EPA changes a manufacturer or make definition to reflect a change in the industry's
current financial arrangements, EPA makes the same adjustment in the historical database as well. This
maintains a consistent manufacturer/make definition over time, which allows the identification of long-term
trends. On the other hand, it means that the database does not necessarily reflect actual past financial
arrangements. For example, the 2010 database, which includes data for the entire time series 1975 through

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2010, accounts for all Chrysler vehicles in the 1975-2010 timeframe under the Chrysler manufacturer
designation, and no longer reflects the fact that Chrysler was combined with Daimler for several years.
In general, car/truck classifications in this database parallel classifications made by NHTSA for
CAFE purposes and EPA for vehicle emissions standards. However, this report relies on engineering
judgment, and there are occasional cases where the methodology used for classifying vehicles for this report
results in differences in the determination of whether a given vehicle is classified as a car or a light truck.
See Appendix A for a list of these exceptions.
Vehicle population data in this report represent production delivered for sale in the U.S., rather than
actual sales data. Automakers submit production data in formal end-of-year CAFE compliance reports to
EPA, which is the basis for this report. Accordingly, the production data in this report may differ from sales
data reported by press sources. In addition, the data presented in this report are tabulated on a model year
basis. In years past, manufacturers typically used a consistent approach toward model year designations, i.e.,
from fall of one year to the fall of the following year. More recently, however, many manufacturers have
used a more flexible approach and it is not uncommon to see a new or redesigned model be introduced in the
spring or summer, rather than the fall. This means that a model year for an individual vehicle can be
"stretched out." Accordingly, year-to-year comparisons can be affected by these model year anomalies,
though, these even out over a multi-year period. In addition, some of the figures in this report use three-year
moving averages that effectively smooth the trends, and these three-year moving averages are tabulated at
the midpoint. For example, the midpoint for model years 2008, 2009, and 2010 is MY2009. Figures are
based on annual data unless otherwise noted.
All of the data in this report are from vehicles certified to operate on gasoline or diesel fuel, from
laboratory testing with test fuels as defined in EPA test protocols. There are no data from the very small
number of vehicles that are certified to operate only on alternative fuels. The data from ethanol flexible fuel
vehicles, which can operate on both an 85 percent ethanol/15 percent gasoline blend or gasoline or any
mixture in between, are from gasoline operation.
While C02 emissions values can be arithmetically averaged, all average fuel economy values were
calculated using harmonic rather than arithmetic averaging, in order to maintain mathematical integrity. See
Appendix A.
The EPA database for this report was frozen in June 2010.
Through MY2009, the C02 emissions, fuel economy, vehicle characteristics, and vehicle production
volume data used for this report were from the formal end-of-year submissions from automakers obtained
from EPA's fuel economy database that is used for CAFE compliance purposes. Accordingly, values for all
model years through 2009 can be considered final.
For MY2010, EPA has exclusively used confidential pre-model year production volume projections.
Accordingly, MY2010 projections are uncertain, particularly given the recent changes in the automotive
marketplace driven by the economic recession, fuel prices, and other factors. Historically, the differences
between the initial estimates based on vehicle production projections and later, final values have ranged
between 0.4 mpg lower to 0.6 mpg higher. But, the market turmoil in MY2009 proved to be a major
exception in this regard, as the final MY2009 value reported herein is 1.3 mpg higher than the preliminary
value for MY2009 in last year's report based on projected production volumes.
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For More Information
Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through
2010 (EPA420-R-10-023) is available on the Office of Transportation and Air Quality's (OTAQ) Web site
at:
www.epa.gov/otaq/fetrends.htm
Printed copies are available from the OTAQ library at:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Transportation and Air Quality Library
2000 Traverwood Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
(734) 214-4311
A copy of the Fuel Economy Guide giving city and highway fuel economy data for individual models is
available at:
www.fueleconomy.gov
or by calling the U.S. Department of Energy at (800) 423-1363.
EPA's Green Vehicle Guide providing information about the air pollution emissions and fuel economy
performance of individual models is available on EPA's web site at:
www.epa. gov/greenvehicles
For information about the Department of Transportation (DOT) Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE)
program, including a program overview, related rulemaking activities, and summaries of the fuel economy
performance of individual manufacturers since 1978, see:
http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/fuel-economy
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II. Introduction
Light-duty automotive technology, carbon dioxide (C02) emissions, and fuel economy trends are examined
here, using the latest and most complete EPA data available. Pre-2009 reports in this series [1-35] presented fuel
economy and technology trends only, and did not include C02 emissions data. Beginning in 2009, reports [36]
have included key C02 emissions summary tables as well. When comparing data in this and previous reports,
please note that revisions are made for some prior model years for which more complete and accurate production
and fuel economy data have become available. In addition, changes have been made periodically in the way EPA
calculates adjusted fuel economy values. Thus, it is not appropriate to compare adjusted fuel economy values from
this report with others in this series. Finally, manufacturer definitions also change over time to reflect changes in
the financial arrangements within the automobile industry.
The EPA C02 emissions and fuel economy database used in this report was frozen in June 2010. New data
beyond that used in last year's report was added for model years 2009 and 2010. Through MY2009, the C02
emissions, fuel economy, vehicle characteristics, and production volume data used for this report came from the
formal end-of-year submissions from automakers obtained from EPA's database that is used for CAFE compliance
purposes, and can be considered to be final. For MY2010, EPA has exclusively used confidential pre-model year
production projections submitted to EPA by automakers. Vehicle population data in this report represent
production delivered for sale in the U.S., rather than actual sales data. Accordingly, the vehicle production data in
this report may differ from sales data reported by press sources. In addition, the data presented in this report were
tabulated on a model year, not calendar year, basis. In years past, manufacturers typically used a consistent
approach toward model year designations, i.e., from fall of one year to the fall of the following year. More
recently, however, many manufacturers have used a more flexible approach and it is not uncommon to see a new or
redesigned model be introduced in the spring or summer, rather than the fall. This means that a model year for an
individual vehicle can be "stretched out." Accordingly, year-to-year comparisons can be affected by these model
year anomalies, though these even out over a multi-year period.
All fuel economy values in this report are production-weighted harmonic averages (necessary to maintain
mathematical integrity) and all C02 emissions values are production-weighted arithmetic averages. In earlier
reports in this series through MY2000, the only fuel economy values used in this series were the laboratory-based
city, highway, and composite (combined city/highway) mpg values - the same ones that are used as the basis for
compliance with the fuel economy standards and the gas guzzler tax. Since the laboratory mpg values tend to over
predict the mpg achieved in actual use, adjusted mpg values are used for the Government's fuel economy
information programs: the Fuel Economy Guide, the Fuel Economy Labels that are on new vehicles, and in EPA's
Green Vehicle Guide. Starting with the MY2001 report, this series has provided fuel economy trends in adjusted
mpg values in addition to the laboratory mpg values. Now, most of the tables exclusively show the adjusted C02
and fuel economy values. To facilitate comparison with data in older reports in this series, a few data tables include
laboratory 55/45 fuel economy values as well as the adjusted city, highway, and composite fuel economy values. In
the tables, these two mpg values are called "Laboratory MPG" and "Adjusted MPG," and abbreviated "LAB" MPG
and "ADJ" MPG. These same metrics are used for C02 emissions values as well.
Where only one C02 or mpg value is presented in this report and it is not explicitly identified otherwise, it
is the "adjusted composite" value. This value represents a combined city/highway C02 or fuel economy value, and
is based on equations (see Appendix A) that allow a computation of adjusted city and highway values based on
laboratory city and highway test values.
1 Numbers in brackets denote references listed in the references section of this report.
1

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It is important to note that EPA revised the methodology by which EPA estimates adjusted fuel economy
values in December 2006. This is the fourth report in this series to reflect this new methodology, and every
adjusted fuel economy value in this report for 1986 and later model years is lower than given in pre-2007 reports.
Accordingly, adjusted fuel economy values for 1986 and later model years should not be compared with
corresponding values from older reports. These new downward adjustments are phased in, linearly, beginning in
1986, and for 2005 and later model years the new adjusted composite values are, on average, about six percent
lower than under the methodology previously used by EPA. This same methodology is used to generate adjusted
C02 emissions values as well. See Appendix A for more in-depth discussion of this new methodology and how it
affects both the adjusted C02 and fuel economy values for individual models and the historical trends database.
Data are tabulated on a model year basis, but some figures use three-year moving averages which
effectively smooth the trends, and these three-year moving averages are tabulated at their midpoint. For example,
the midpoint for model years 2008, 2009, and 2010 is model year 2009 (See Table A-2, Appendix A). The fuel
economy values reported by the Department of Transportation (DOT) for compliance with the Corporate Average
Fuel Economy (CAFE) program are higher than the data in this report for four reasons:
1.	The DOT data do not include the EPA real world fuel economy adjustments for city and highway mpg;
2.	The DOT data include CAFE credits for those manufacturers that produce dedicated alternative fuel
vehicles and flexible fuel vehicles (credits generated through the production of flexible fuel vehicles are
currently capped at 1.2 mpg per fleet);
3.	The DOT data include credits for test procedure adjustments for cars; and
4.	There are a few differences in the way vehicles are classified as cars and trucks for this report compared to
the way they are classified by DOT.
Accordingly, the fuel economy values in this series of reports are always lower than those reported by
DOT. Table A-6, Appendix A, compares CAFE data reported by DOT with EPA adjusted and laboratory fuel
economy data for MY1975-2010. Table A-7 shows a more detailed comparison for MY2008 and MY2009, by
manufacturer, of values for EPA laboratory fuel economy, alternative fuel vehicle credits, test procedure adjustment
credits for cars, and NHTSA CAFE performance.
In the various appendices to this report, when there is no entry under "Model Year," that means there was
no production volume for the parameter in question. Also, there may be some historical technology data elements,
such as carbureted fuel systems or rear wheel drive, that have been deleted from some tables because of space
limitations. In these cases, technology options may not always add up to 100% for previous years in the database.
While this report contains data through MY2010, it is important to emphasize that the data through
MY2009 is based on formal end-of-year CAFE data submitted by automakers to EPA and therefore is final data
that will not change. On the other hand, the MY2010 data is based on confidential pre-model year production
volume projections provided by manufacturers to EPA in the spring/summer of 2009 and are more uncertain than in
most years due to the economic recession, volatile oil prices, and other factors. The uncertainty introduced by these
factors is demonstrated by the fact that the actual MY2009 values for C02 emissions and fuel economy are 25 g/mi
lower and 1.3 mpg higher, respectively, than the projected MY2009 values that were provided in last year's report.
Given the greater uncertainty in the MY2010 data than in other years (for example, the total projected vehicle sales
for MY2010 provided to EPA by automakers are significantly higher than actual MY2010 sales as reported by trade
sources), this report will often focus as much or more on the MY2009 data than the MY2010 data.
2

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Other Variables
All vehicle weight data are based on inertia weight class (nominally curb weight plus 300 pounds). For
vehicles with inertia weights up to and including the 3000-pound inertia weight class, these classes have 250-pound
increments. For vehicles above the 3000-pound inertia weight class (i.e., vehicles 3500 pounds and above), 500-
pound increments are used.
The light truck data used in this series of reports include only vehicles classified as light trucks with gross
vehicle weight ratings (GVWR) up to 8500 pounds (lb). The most recent estimates we have made for the impact of
greater than 8500 lb GVWR vehicles was made for model year 2001. In that year, there were roughly 931,000
vehicles above 8500 lb GVWR. A substantial fraction (42%) of the MY2001 vehicles above 8500 lb GVWR was
powered by diesel engines, and three-fourths of the vehicles over 8500 lb GVWR were pickup trucks. Adding in
the trucks above 8500 lb GVWR would have increased the truck production share for that year by three percentage
points. Based on a limited amount of actual laboratory fuel economy data, MY2001 trucks with GVWR greater
than 8500 lb GVWR are estimated to have fuel economy values about 14% lower than the average of trucks below
8500 lb GVWR. The combined fleet of all vehicles under 8500 lb GVWR and trucks over 8500 lb GVWR is
estimated to average a few percent less in fuel economy compared to that for just the vehicles with less than 8500 lb
GVWR.
"Ton-MPG" is defined as a vehicle's mpg multiplied by its weight in tons. Ton-MPG is a measure of
powertrain/drive-line efficiency. Just as an increase in vehicle mpg at constant weight can be considered an
improvement in a vehicle's efficiency, an increase in a vehicle's weight at constant mpg can also be considered an
improvement. "C02/ton" is the equivalent C02 metric and is reported in Section IV.
" Cubic-feet-MPG" for cars is defined in this report as the product of a car's mpg and its interior volume,
including trunk space. This metric associates a relative measure of a vehicle's ability to transport both passengers
and their cargo. An increase in vehicle volume at constant mpg could be considered an improvement just as an
increase in mpg at constant volume can be. "C02/cubic feet" values are given in Section IV.
" Cubic-feet-ton-MPG" is defined in this report as a combination of the two previous metrics, i.e., a car's
mpg multiplied by its weight in tons and also by its interior volume. It ascribes vehicle utility to fuel economy,
weight and volume. "C02/ton-cubic feet"" is the equivalent C02 metric and is shown in Section IV.
This report also includes an estimate of 0-to-60 mph acceleration timecalculated from engine rated
horsepower and vehicle weightfrom the relationship:
t = F (HP/WT)f
where the coefficients F and f are empirical parameters determined in the literature by obtaining a least-squares fit
for available test data. The values for the F and f coefficients are .892 and .805, respectively, for vehicles with
automatic transmissions and .967 and .775, respectively, for those with manual transmissions [37], Other authors
[38, 39, and 40] have evaluated the relationships between weight, horsepower, and 0-to-60 acceleration time and
have calculated and published slightly different values for the F and f coefficients. Since the equation form and
coefficients were developed for vehicles with conventional powertrains with gasoline-fueled engines, we have not
used the equation to estimate 0-to-60 time for vehicles with hybrid powertrains or diesel engines. Published values
are used for these vehicles instead.
3

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The 0-to-60 estimate used in this report is intended to provide a quantitative time "index" of vehicle
performance capability. It is the authors' engineering judgment that, given the differences in test methods for
measuring 0-to-60 time and given the fact that the weight is based on inertia weight, use of these other published
values for the F and f coefficients would not result in statistically significantly different 0-to-60 averages or trends.
The results of a similar calculation of estimated "top speed" are also included in some tables.
Grouping all vehicles into classes and then constructing time trends can provide interesting and useful
results. These results, however, are a strong function of the class definitions. Classes based on other definitions
than those used in this report are possible.
For cars, vehicle classification as it relates to vehicle type and size class generally follows the fuel economy
label, Fuel Economy Guide, and fuel economy standards protocols. For example, car and wagon classes are based
on the interior volume (passenger plus cargo) thresholds described in the Fuel Economy Guide (since interior
volume is undefined for the two-seater class, this report assigns an interior volume value of 50 cubic feet for all
two-seaters). Exceptions to these protocols are listed in Appendix A, Table A-3. In many of the passenger car
tables, large sedans and wagons are aggregated as "Large," midsize sedans and wagons are aggregated as
"Midsize," and all other cars are aggregated as "Small." In some of the car tables, an alternative classification
system is used, namely: Large Cars, Large Wagons, Midsize Cars, Midsize Wagons, Small Cars, and Small
Wagons with the EPA Two-Seater, Mini-Compact, Subcompact, and Compact car classes combined into the "Small
Car" class. In some tables and figures in this report, only four vehicle types are used. In these cases, wagons have
been merged with cars. This is because the wagon production fraction, for some instances, is so small that the
information is more conveniently represented by combining the two vehicle types. When they have been
combined, the differences between them are insignificant.
The truck classification scheme used for all model years in this report is slightly different from that used in
some previous reports in this series, because pickups, vans, and sports utility vehicles (SUVs) are sometimes each
subdivided as "Small," "Midsize," and "Large." These truck size classifications are based primarily on published
wheelbase data according to the following criteria:
Pickup	Van	SUV
Small	Less than 105"	Less than 109"	Less than 100"
Midsize	105"to 115"	109"to 124"	100"to 110"
Large	More than 115"	More than 124"	More than 110"
This classification scheme is similar to that used in many trade and consumer publications. For those
vehicle nameplates with a variety of wheelbases, the size classification was determined by considering only the
smallest wheelbase produced.
Published data from external sources is also used for three other vehicle characteristics for which data is not
currently being submitted to EPA by the automotive manufacturers, or to supplement data that is submitted to EPA:
(1) engines with variable valve timing (VVT) that use either cams or electric solenoids to provide variable intake
and/or exhaust valve timing and in some cases valve lift; (2) engines with cylinder deactivation, which involves
allowing the valves of selected cylinders of the engine to remain closed under certain driving conditions; and (3)
vehicle footprint, which is the product of wheelbase times average track width and upon which future CAFE
(MY2011 and later) and C02 emissions standards are based.
4

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III. Fuel Economy Trends
Figure 1 and Table 1 depict time trends in car, light truck, and car-plus-light truck fuel economy, as well as
truck production share, with the individual data points representing the data for each year, and trend lines
representing three-year moving averages. Since 1975, the fuel economy of the combined car and light truck fleet
has moved through several phases:
1.	A rapid increase from 1975 through 1981;
2.	A slow increase until reaching its peak in 1987;
3.	A gradual decline until 2004; and
4.	An increase beginning in 2005, with the largest increase in 2009.
Figure 1
Adjusted Fuel Economy and Percent Truck by Model Year
(with Three-Year Moving Average)
O
CL

O
CL
o
O
T3
CD
to
<
24
22
20
16
14
12





Car


1







o<
3
r ^ 







5-CW^ E
3oth






Tn ir k


i

/do |



1 1 Uv_< IV












5 W
S 9















1975 1980 1985 1990 1995
Model Year
2000
2005
2010
G
3
C
CD
G
i_
CD
CL
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995
Model Year
2000
2005
2010
5

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Table 1
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars



Lab
Lab
Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj


Cu Ft-
Model
Production
Production
City
Hwy
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
Cu Ft-
Ton-
Year
(000)
Percent
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
1975
8237
80.6%
13.7
19.5
15.8
12.3
15.2
13.5
27.6
-
-
1976
9722
78.8%
15.2
21.3
17.5
13.7
16.6
14.9
30.2
-
-
1977
11300
80.0%
16.0
22.3
18.3
14.4
17.4
15.6
31.0
1780
3423
1978
11175
77.3%
17.2
24.5
19.9
15.5
19.1
16.9
30.6
1908
3345
1979
10794
77.8%
17.7
24.6
20.3
15.9
19.2
17.2
30.2
1922
3301
1980
9443
83.5%
20.3
29.0
23.5
18.3
22.6
20.0
31.2
2136
3273
1981
8733
82.7%
21.7
31.1
25.1
19.6
24.2
21.4
33.1
2338
3547
1982
7819
80.3%
22.3
32.7
26.0
20.1
25.5
22.2
34.2
2419
3645
1983
8002
77.7%
22.1
32.7
25.9
19.9
25.5
22.1
34.7
2476
3776
1984
10675
76.1%
22.4
33.3
26.3
20.2
26.0
22.4
35.1
2482
3776
1985
10791
74.6%
23.0
34.3
27.0
20.7
26.8
23.0
35.8
2553
3884
1986
11015
71.7%
23.7
35.5
27.9
21.2
27.6
23.7
36.2
2598
3899
1987
10731
72.2%
23.9
35.9
28.1
21.2
27.7
23.8
36.2
2584
3872
1988
10736
70.2%
24.2
36.6
28.6
21.4
28.2
24.1
36.9
2631
3963
1989
10018
69.3%
23.8
36.3
28.1
20.9
27.9
23.7
36.8
2591
3977
1990
8810
69.8%
23.4
36.0
27.8
20.5
27.5
23.3
37.1
2528
3984
1991
8524
67.8%
23.6
36.3
28.0
20.5
27.6
23.4
37.0
2540
3970
1992
8108
66.6%
23.1
36.3
27.6
20.0
27.5
23.1
37.4
2534
4071
1993
8456
64.0%
23.6
36.9
28.2
20.3
27.9
23.5
37.7
2580
4098
1994
8415
59.6%
23.4
36.9
28.0
20.0
27.7
23.3
37.9
2554
4108
1995
9396
62.0%
23.6
37.6
28.3
20.0
28.1
23.4
38.3
2584
4171
1996
7890
60.0%
23.5
37.6
28.3
19.8
28.0
23.3
38.3
2572
4186
1997
8335
57.6%
23.7
37.7
28.4
19.8
28.0
23.4
38.3
2565
4168
1998
7972
55.1%
23.7
37.9
28.5
19.7
28.0
23.4
38.7
2565
4210
1999
8379
55.1%
23.4
37.4
28.2
19.4
27.5
23.0
38.7
2531
4237
2000
9128
55.1%
23.5
37.3
28.2
19.3
27.3
22.9
38.6
2534
4246
2001
8408
53.9%
23.7
37.6
28.4
19.4
27.3
23.0
39.1
2551
4280
2002
8304
51.5%
24.0
37.6
28.6
19.4
27.2
23.1
39.3
2572
4331
2003
7922
50.2%
24.2
38.1
29.0
19.5
27.5
23.3
40.0
2591
4394
2004
7538
48.0%
24.1
38.2
28.9
19.3
27.4
23.1
40.3
2601
4464
2005
8027
50.5%
24.7
38.7
29.5
19.6
27.6
23.5
41.0
2677
4590
2006
7993
52.9%
24.4
38.5
29.2
19.4
27.5
23.3
41.6
2655
4649
2007
8085
52.9%
25.4
39.7
30.3
20.1
28.3
24.1
42.8
2733
4734
2008
7329
52.7%
25.6
40.0
30.5
20.3
28.5
24.3
43.3
2749
4784
2009
5562
60.2%
27.0
41.7
32.1
21.3
29.7
25.4
44.5
2863
4900
2010
-
58.9%
27.6
42.3
32.7
21.7
30.1
25.8
46.1
2947
5100
6

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Table 1 (Continued)
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Trucks



Lab
Lab
Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Model
Production
Production
City
Hwy
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
Year
(000)
Percent
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
1975
1987
19.4%
12.1
16.2
13.7
10.9
12.7
11.6
24.2
1976
2612
21.2%
12.8
16.9
14.4
11.5
13.2
12.2
26.0
1977
2823
20.0%
14.0
18.1
15.6
12.6
14.1
13.3
28.0
1978
3273
22.7%
13.8
17.5
15.2
12.4
13.7
12.9
27.5
1979
3088
22.2%
13.4
16.8
14.7
12.1
13.1
12.5
27.3
1980
1863
16.5%
16.5
21.9
18.6
14.8
17.1
15.8
30.9
1981
1821
17.3%
17.8
23.9
20.1
16.0
18.6
17.1
33.0
1982
1914
19.7%
18.1
24.4
20.5
16.3
19.0
17.4
33.7
1983
2300
22.3%
18.3
25.2
20.9
16.5
19.6
17.8
34.0
1984
3345
23.9%
17.9
24.8
20.5
16.1
19.3
17.4
33.5
1985
3669
25.4%
18.0
24.9
20.6
16.2
19.4
17.5
33.7
1986
4350
28.3%
18.8
25.9
21.4
16.8
20.2
18.2
34.3
1987
4134
27.8%
18.8
26.5
21.6
16.8
20.5
18.3
34.2
1988
4559
29.8%
18.3
26.2
21.2
16.2
20.2
17.9
34.5
1989
4435
30.7%
18.1
25.8
20.9
15.9
19.8
17.6
34.7
1990
3805
30.2%
17.8
25.9
20.7
15.6
19.8
17.4
35.1
1991
4049
32.2%
18.3
26.6
21.3
15.9
20.3
17.8
35.3
1992
4064
33.4%
17.8
26.2
20.8
15.5
19.9
17.4
35.4
1993
4754
36.0%
17.9
26.5
21.0
15.5
20.1
17.5
35.7
1994
5710
40.4%
17.8
26.1
20.8
15.3
19.7
17.2
35.7
1995
5749
38.0%
17.5
25.9
20.5
15.0
19.5
17.0
35.7
1996
5254
40.0%
17.7
26.5
20.8
15.1
19.9
17.2
36.6
1997
6124
42.4%
17.6
26.1
20.6
14.8
19.5
17.0
36.9
1998
6485
44.9%
17.7
26.6
20.9
14.9
19.8
17.1
36.8
1999
6839
44.9%
17.4
26.0
20.5
14.6
19.2
16.7
37.0
2000
7447
44.9%
17.7
26.2
20.8
14.7
19.4
16.9
37.1
2001
7202
46.1%
17.6
26.0
20.6
14.6
19.1
16.7
37.4
2002
7815
48.5%
17.6
26.0
20.6
14.4
19.1
16.7
38.0
2003
7853
49.8%
17.8
26.5
20.9
14.6
19.3
16.9
38.7
2004
8173
52.0%
17.7
26.5
20.8
14.3
19.2
16.7
39.4
2005
7866
49.5%
18.2
27.4
21.4
14.6
19.8
17.2
40.2
2006
7111
47.1%
18.5
27.8
21.8
14.9
20.1
17.5
40.9
2007
7192
47.1%
18.7
28.3
22.1
15.1
20.4
17.7
42.1
2008
6571
47.3%
19.2
29.1
22.7
15.5
21.0
18.2
43.0
2009
3673
39.8%
20.1
30.5
23.8
16.2
21.9
19.0
43.8
2010
-
41.1%
20.2
30.6
23.8
16.2
22.0
19.1
45.3
1

-------
Table 1 (Continued)
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks


Lab
Lab
Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Model
Production
City
Hwy
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
Year
(000)
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
1975
10224
13.4
18.7
15.3
12.0
14.6
13.1
26.9
1976
12334
14.6
20.2
16.7
13.2
15.7
14.2
29.3
1977
14123
15.6
21.3
17.7
14.0
16.6
15.1
30.4
1978
14448
16.3
22.5
18.6
14.7
17.5
15.8
29.9
1979
13882
16.5
22.3
18.7
14.9
17.4
15.9
29.5
1980
11306
19.6
27.5
22.5
17.6
21.5
19.2
31.2
1981
10554
20.9
29.5
24.1
18.8
23.0
20.5
33.1
1982
9732
21.3
30.7
24.7
19.2
23.9
21.1
34.1
1983
10302
21.2
30.6
24.6
19.0
23.9
21.0
34.5
1984
14020
21.2
30.8
24.6
19.1
24.0
21.0
34.7
1985
14460
21.5
31.3
25.0
19.3
24.4
21.3
35.3
1986
15365
22.1
32.2
25.7
19.8
25.0
21.8
35.7
1987
14865
22.2
32.6
25.9
19.8
25.3
22.0
35.7
1988
15295
22.1
32.7
25.9
19.6
25.2
21.9
36.2
1989
14453
21.7
32.3
25.4
19.1
24.8
21.4
36.2
1990
12615
21.4
32.2
25.2
18.7
24.6
21.2
36.5
1991
12573
21.6
32.5
25.4
18.8
24.7
21.2
36.5
1992
12172
21.0
32.1
24.9
18.2
24.4
20.8
36.8
1993
13211
21.2
32.4
25.1
18.2
24.4
20.9
37.0
1994
14125
20.8
31.6
24.6
17.8
23.8
20.4
37.0
1995
15145
20.8
32.1
24.7
17.7
24.1
20.5
37.3
1996
13144
20.8
32.2
24.8
17.6
24.0
20.4
37.6
1997
14459
20.6
31.8
24.5
17.4
23.6
20.1
37.7
1998
14458
20.6
31.9
24.5
17.2
23.6
20.1
37.9
1999
15218
20.3
31.2
24.1
16.9
23.0
19.7
38.0
2000
16574
20.5
31.4
24.3
16.9
23.0
19.8
37.9
2001
15610
20.5
31.1
24.2
16.8
22.8
19.6
38.3
2002
16119
20.4
30.9
24.1
16.6
22.5
19.4
38.7
2003
15775
20.6
31.3
24.3
16.7
22.7
19.6
39.4
2004
15711
20.2
31.0
24.0
16.3
22.4
19.3
39.9
2005
15893
21.0
32.1
24.8
16.8
23.1
19.9
40.6
2006
15105
21.2
32.6
25.2
17.0
23.4
20.1
41.2
2007
15277
21.8
33.4
25.8
17.4
24.0
20.6
42.5
2008
13900
22.1
34.0
26.3
17.7
24.4
21.0
43.2
2009
9235
23.8
36.4
28.2
18.9
26.0
22.4
44.2
2010
-
23.9
36.5
28.3
19.0
26.1
22.5
45.8
8

-------
As shown in Table 1, the final fleetwide MY2009 adjusted composite fuel economy is 22.4 mpg, an all-
time high. This MY2009 value is 1.4 mpg higher than in MY2008, and the greatest annual increase since 1980.
The previous fuel economy high was in MY1987, and the MY2009 value is 0.4 mpg higher than in MY1987. The
MY2009 adjusted fuel economy value is 3.1 mpg higher than in MY2004, a 16% increase. The projected MY2010
fleetwide fuel economy value is 22.5 mpg, but there is uncertainty about MY2010 projections given that they are
based on automaker submissions to EPA in the spring and summer of 2009 when there was considerable market
turmoil. Projected industry-wide MY2010 production is not shown in Table 1, as it is expected that actual MY2010
production will be considerably lower than automaker projections. Average fleetwide fuel economy has now
increased for five consecutive years and is projected to increase for a sixth year. These increases reverse the longer
term trend of declining adjusted composite fuel economy from 1987 through 2004. As shown in Table 1, based on
laboratory 55/45 fuel economy values which reflect vehicle design considerations only, the MY2009 unadjusted
fuel economy value of 28.2 mpg is an all-time record, and is 2.3 mpg higher than the previous peak of 25.9 mpg in
1987 and 1988.
Figure 1 shows that the light truck share of the market, based on the three-year moving average trend,
peaked at 52% in 2004 and has decreased to near 40% in 2009 and 2010. Figure 2 compares laboratory 55/45 fuel
economy for the combined car and truck fleet and the production fraction for trucks.
The MY2009 adjusted fuel economy for cars is estimated to average 25.4 mpg, which is an all-time high.
For MY2009, the adjusted fuel economy for light trucks is estimated to average 19.0 mpg, also a record high. Fuel
economy standards were unchanged for MY1996 through MY2004. In 2003, DOT raised the truck CAFE
standards for MY2005 - 2007, and DOT subsequently raised the truck CAFE standards for MY2008 - 2016
through three separate final rules. The recent fuel economy improvement for trucks is likely due, in part, to these
higher standards. The CAFE standard for cars has not changed since 1990, but will change for MY2011 - 2016 as
a result of two recent final rules. The final rule for MY2012-2016 for both cars and trucks is at 75 Federal Register
25324, May 7, 2010.
Figure 2
Truck Production Share vs. Fleet MPG by Model Year



1985

<*-2010
^,2005



1980
1990
1995 2000












**1975






10%	20%	30%	40%	50%	60%	70%
Percent Truck
9

-------
The distribution of fuel economy by model year is of interest. In Figure 3, highlights of the distribution of
car and truck mpg are shown. Since 1975, half of the cars have consistently been within a few mpg of each other.
The fuel economy difference between the least efficient and most efficient car increased from about 20 mpg in
1975 to nearly 50 mpg in 1986. The increased production share of hybrid cars accounts for the increase in the fuel
economy of the best one percent of cars with the cut point for this stratum now about 40 mpg. The ratio of the
highest to lowest has increased from about three to one in 1975 to nearly five to one today, because the fuel
economy of the least fuel efficient cars has remained roughly constant in comparison to the most fuel efficient cars
whose fuel economy has nearly doubled since 1975.
The overall fuel economy distribution trend for trucks is narrower than that for cars, with a peak in the
efficiency of the most efficient truck in the early 1980s when small pickup trucks equipped with diesel engines
were sold. As a result, the fuel economy range between the most efficient and least efficient truck peaked at about
25 mpg in 1982. The fuel economy range for trucks then narrowed, but with the introduction of the hybrid Escape
SUV in MY2005, it is now about 20 mpg. Like cars, half of the trucks built each year have always been within a
few mpg of each year's average fuel economy value. Appendix C contains additional fuel economy distribution
data.
o
O
T3
CD
to
3
w
<
70
60
o
CL 50
8 40
30
20
10
Figure 3
Production Weighted Fuel Economy Distribution
Car	Truck
Best I ruck
50% of Trucks
Worst 1%	Worst Truck
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
Worst 1%
Worst Car
10

-------
As shown in Table 2, MY2009 vehicle weight averaged 3917 pounds, the lowest average weight since
2001. This reflects a decrease of 168 pounds (4%) from MY2008, and is the largest annual decrease since
MY1980. The average truck weight dropped by about 100 pounds, the average car weight decreased by about 60
pounds, and the remaining difference was due to lower truck production share. In MY2009, the average vehicle
power was 208 horsepower, the lowest value since MY2003. Average vehicle power dropped by 11 horsepower
(5%), the largest annual decrease since MY 1980, with most of the decrease explained by cars having lower
horsepower levels and trucks having lower production share.
Table 2 also includes vehicle footprint in square feet since MY2008. Footprint is one metric for vehicle
size, and is the product of wheelbase and average track width. Essentially, footprint is the area defined by the four
points where the tires touch the ground. Footprint is of interest as MY2008 - 2010 light truck CAFE standards
allow manufacturers the option to choose footprint-based standards, MY2011 passenger car and light truck CAFE
standards are based exclusively on footprint-mpg curves, and MY2012 - 2016 CAFE and C02 emissions standards
are footprint-based as well. EPA does not receive comprehensive footprint data from manufacturers, so the
MY2008 - MY 2010 footprint data in Table 2 is tabulated from external sources such as individual manufacturer
websites, Edmonds.com, and Motortrend.com.
For MY2009, industry-wide footprint values were 45.2 square feet for cars, 52.7 square feet for trucks, and
48.2 square feet for cars and trucks combined. Car and truck footprints were both slightly smaller in MY2009 than
in MY2008 (less than 1%); however, the overall industry footprint was down nearly 2% due to the decline in truck
share. Industry projections for MY2010 cars are unchanged from MY2009. The average footprint for trucks in
MY2010 is projected to increase 2.5%, resulting in afleetwide average near that of MY2008.
The long-term trend since 1981 for both weight and power has been steady increases. Even with the
decreases in MY2009 for both weight and power, MY2009 weight is over 700 pounds greater, and MY2009 power
has more than doubled, as compared to MY1981. As shown in Figure 4, since 1975, Ton-MPG for both cars and
trucks increased substantially (over 67% for cars and 87% for trucks). Typically, Ton-MPG for both vehicle types
has increased at a rate of about one or two percent a year.
11

-------
Table 2
Vehicle Size and Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars
Model
Year
Production
Percent
Adj
Comp
MPG
Vol
(cu ft)
Weight
(lb)
Footprint
(sq ft)
HP
HP/
Weight
0-to-60
Time
Top
Speed
Small
Midsize
Large
1975
80.6%
13.5
-
4058
-
136
0.0331
14.2
111
55.4%
23.3%
21.3%
1976
78.8%
14.9
-
4059
-
134
0.0324
14.4
110
55.4%
25.2%
19.4%
1977
80.0%
15.6
110
3944
-
133
0.0335
14.0
111
51.9%
24.5%
23.5%
1978
77.3%
16.9
109
3588
-
124
0.0342
13.7
111
44.7%
34.4%
21.0%
1979
77.8%
17.2
109
3485
-
119
0.0338
13.8
110
43.7%
34.2%
22.1%
1980
83.5%
20.0
104
3101
-
100
0.0322
14.3
107
54.4%
34.4%
11.3%
1981
82.7%
21.4
106
3076
-
99
0.0320
14.4
106
51.5%
36.4%
12.2%
1982
80.3%
22.2
106
3054
-
99
0.0320
14.4
106
56.5%
31.0%
12.5%
1983
77.7%
22.1
109
3112
-
104
0.0330
14.0
108
53.1%
31.8%
15.1%
1984
76.1%
22.4
108
3099
-
106
0.0339
13.8
109
57.4%
29.4%
13.2%
1985
74.6%
23.0
108
3093
-
111
0.0355
13.3
111
55.7%
28.9%
15.4%
1986
71.7%
23.7
107
3041
-
111
0.0360
13.2
111
59.5%
27.9%
12.6%
1987
72.2%
23.8
107
3031
-
112
0.0365
13.0
112
63.5%
24.3%
12.2%
1988
70.2%
24.1
107
3047
-
116
0.0375
12.8
113
64.8%
22.3%
12.8%
1989
69.3%
23.7
108
3099
-
121
0.0387
12.5
115
58.3%
28.2%
13.5%
1990
69.8%
23.3
107
3176
-
129
0.0401
12.1
117
58.6%
28.7%
12.8%
1991
67.8%
23.4
107
3154
-
132
0.0413
11.8
118
61.5%
26.2%
12.3%
1992
66.6%
23.1
108
3240
-
141
0.0428
11.5
120
56.5%
27.8%
15.6%
1993
64.0%
23.5
108
3207
-
138
0.0425
11.6
120
57.2%
29.5%
13.3%
1994
59.6%
23.3
108
3250
-
143
0.0432
11.4
121
58.5%
26.1%
15.4%
1995
62.0%
23.4
109
3263
-
152
0.0460
10.9
125
57.3%
28.6%
14.0%
1996
60.0%
23.3
109
3282
-
154
0.0464
10.8
125
54.3%
32.0%
13.6%
1997
57.6%
23.4
109
3274
-
156
0.0469
10.7
126
55.1%
30.6%
14.3%
1998
55.1%
23.4
109
3306
-
159
0.0475
10.6
127
49.4%
39.1%
11.4%
1999
55.1%
23.0
109
3365
-
164
0.0481
10.5
128
47.7%
39.7%
12.6%
2000
55.1%
22.9
110
3369
-
168
0.0492
10.4
129
47.5%
34.3%
18.2%
2001
53.9%
23.0
109
3380
-
168
0.0492
10.3
129
50.9%
32.3%
16.8%
2002
51.5%
23.1
110
3391
-
173
0.0504
10.2
131
48.6%
36.3%
15.1%
2003
50.2%
23.3
110
3417
-
176
0.0510
10.0
132
50.6%
33.5%
15.9%
2004
48.0%
23.1
110
3462
-
182
0.0521
9.8
133
47.4%
35.5%
17.0%
2005
50.5%
23.5
111
3463
-
182
0.0518
9.8
133
44.2%
38.9%
16.8%
2006
52.9%
23.3
112
3534
-
194
0.0540
9.6
136
46.2%
32.9%
20.9%
2007
52.9%
24.1
110
3507
-
189
0.0531
9.6
135
44.6%
40.0%
15.4%
2008
52.7%
24.3
110
3527
45.4
193
0.0536
9.6
136
44.7%
35.8%
19.5%
2009
60.2%
25.4
110
3463
45.2
184
0.0520
9.8
133
48.2%
34.6%
17.2%
2010
58.9%
25.8
110
3499
45.2
192
0.0537
9.5
136
47.8%
38.5%
13.8%
12

-------
Table 2 (continued)
Vehicle Size and Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Trucks
Model
Year
Production
Percent
Adj
Comp
MPG
Weight
(lb)
Footprint
(sqft)
HP
HP/
Weight
0-to-60
Time
Top
Speed
Van
SUV
Pickup
1975
19.4%
11.6
4072
-
142
0.0349
13.6
114
23.0%
9.4%
67.6%
1976
21.2%
12.2
4155
-
141
0.0340
13.8
113
19.2%
9.3%
71.4%
1977
20.0%
13.3
4135
-
147
0.0356
13.3
115
18.2%
10.0%
71.8%
1978
22.7%
12.9
4151
-
146
0.0351
13.4
114
19.1%
11.6%
69.3%
1979
22.2%
12.5
4252
-
138
0.0325
14.3
111
15.6%
13.0%
71.5%
1980
16.5%
15.8
3869
-
121
0.0313
14.5
108
13.0%
9.9%
77.1%
1981
17.3%
17.1
3806
-
119
0.0311
14.6
108
13.5%
7.5%
79.1%
1982
19.7%
17.4
3806
-
120
0.0317
14.5
109
16.2%
8.5%
75.3%
1983
22.3%
17.8
3763
-
118
0.0313
14.5
108
16.6%
12.6%
70.8%
1984
23.9%
17.4
3782
-
118
0.0310
14.7
108
20.2%
18.7%
61.1%
1985
25.4%
17.5
3795
-
124
0.0326
14.1
110
23.3%
20.0%
56.6%
1986
28.3%
18.2
3738
-
123
0.0330
14.0
110
24.0%
17.8%
58.2%
1987
27.8%
18.3
3713
-
131
0.0351
13.3
113
26.9%
21.1%
51.9%
1988
29.8%
17.9
3841
-
141
0.0366
12.9
115
24.8%
21.2%
53.9%
1989
30.7%
17.6
3921
-
146
0.0372
12.8
116
28.8%
20.9%
50.3%
1990
30.2%
17.4
4005
-
151
0.0377
12.6
117
33.2%
18.6%
48.2%
1991
32.2%
17.8
3948
-
150
0.0379
12.6
117
25.5%
27.0%
47.4%
1992
33.4%
17.4
4056
-
155
0.0382
12.5
118
30.0%
24.7%
45.3%
1993
36.0%
17.5
4073
-
162
0.0398
12.1
120
30.3%
27.6%
42.1%
1994
40.4%
17.2
4125
-
166
0.0403
12.0
121
24.8%
28.4%
46.7%
1995
38.0%
17.0
4184
-
168
0.0401
12.0
121
28.9%
31.6%
39.5%
1996
40.0%
17.2
4225
-
179
0.0423
11.5
124
26.8%
36.0%
37.2%
1997
42.4%
17.0
4344
-
187
0.0429
11.4
126
20.7%
40.0%
39.3%
1998
44.9%
17.1
4283
-
187
0.0435
11.2
126
23.0%
39.8%
37.2%
1999
44.9%
16.7
4412
-
197
0.0446
11.0
128
21.4%
41.4%
37.2%
2000
44.9%
16.9
4375
-
197
0.0448
11.0
128
22.7%
42.2%
35.1%
2001
46.1%
16.7
4463
-
209
0.0466
10.6
131
17.1%
47.9%
35.0%
2002
48.5%
16.7
4546
-
219
0.0482
10.4
134
15.9%
53.6%
30.5%
2003
49.8%
16.9
4586
-
221
0.0481
10.4
134
15.7%
52.8%
31.5%
2004
52.0%
16.7
4710
-
236
0.0501
10.0
137
11.7%
57.7%
30.7%
2005
49.5%
17.2
4668
-
237
0.0505
10.0
137
18.8%
51.9%
29.2%
2006
47.1%
17.5
4665
-
235
0.0502
10.0
137
16.4%
52.8%
30.8%
2007
47.1%
17.7
4752
-
248
0.0520
9.8
140
11.8%
58.8%
29.4%
2008
47.3%
18.2
4707
53.0
247
0.0521
9.7
140
12.0%
60.7%
27.3%
2009
39.8%
19.0
4605
52.7
245
0.0528
9.6
140
10.0%
63.0%
26.9%
2010
41.1%
19.1
4738
54.0
259
0.0544
9.4
143
8.5%
60.7%
30.8%
13

-------
Table 2 (continued)
Vehicle Size and Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks
Model
Year
Adj
Comp
MPG
Weight
(lb)
Footprint
(sq ft)
HP
HP/
Weight
0-to-60
Time
Top
Speed
1975
13.1
4060
-
137
0.0335
14.1
112
1976
14.2
4079
-
135
0.0328
14.3
111
1977
15.1
3982
-
136
0.0339
13.8
112
1978
15.8
3715
-
129
0.0344
13.6
112
1979
15.9
3655
-
124
0.0335
13.9
110
1980
19.2
3228
-
104
0.0320
14.3
107
1981
20.5
3202
-
102
0.0318
14.4
107
1982
21.1
3202
-
103
0.0320
14.4
107
1983
21.0
3257
-
107
0.0327
14.1
108
1984
21.0
3262
-
109
0.0332
14.0
109
1985
21.3
3271
-
114
0.0347
13.5
110
1986
21.8
3238
-
114
0.0351
13.4
111
1987
22.0
3221
-
118
0.0361
13.1
112
1988
21.9
3283
-
123
0.0372
12.8
114
1989
21.4
3351
-
129
0.0382
12.5
115
1990
21.2
3426
-
135
0.0394
12.2
117
1991
21.2
3410
-
138
0.0402
12.1
118
1992
20.8
3512
-
145
0.0413
11.8
120
1993
20.9
3519
-
147
0.0416
11.8
120
1994
20.4
3603
-
152
0.0420
11.7
121
1995
20.5
3613
-
158
0.0438
11.3
123
1996
20.4
3659
-
164
0.0447
11.1
125
1997
20.1
3727
-
169
0.0452
11.0
126
1998
20.1
3744
-
171
0.0457
10.9
126
1999
19.7
3835
-
179
0.0465
10.7
128
2000
19.8
3821
-
181
0.0472
10.6
129
2001
19.6
3879
-
187
0.0480
10.5
130
2002
19.4
3951
-
195
0.0493
10.3
132
2003
19.6
3999
-
199
0.0496
10.2
133
2004
19.3
4111
-
211
0.0511
9.9
135
2005
19.9
4059
-
209
0.0512
9.9
135
2006
20.1
4067
-
213
0.0522
9.8
137
2007
20.6
4093
-
217
0.0525
9.7
137
2008
21.0
4085
49.0
219
0.0529
9.7
138
2009
22.4
3917
48.2
208
0.0523
9.7
136
2010
22.5
4009
48.8
220
0.0540
9.5
139
14

-------
Figure 4
Ton-MPG by Model Year
(with Three-Year Moving Average)





















Ca
r .





 /

Truck






' S*
















1975	1980	1985	1990	1995	2000	2005	2010
Model Year
Another dramatic long-term trend has been the substantial increase in performance of cars and light trucks
as measured by their estimated 0-to-60 mph acceleration time. These trends are shown graphically in Figure 5,
which plots fuel economy versus performance for model years since 1975. Both graphs show the same story: in the
late 1970s and early 1980s, responding to the regulatory requirements for mpg improvement, the industry increased
mpg and kept performance roughly constant. After the regulatory mpg requirements stabilized, mpg improvements
slowed and performance dramatically improved. This trend toward increased performance is as important as the
truck production share trend in understanding trends in overall fleet mpg.
Figure 6 is similar to Figure 5, but shows the trends in weight and laboratory fuel economy and that the era
of weight reductions that took place for both cars and trucks between 1975 and the early 1980s has been followed
by an era of weight increases until recently.
15

-------
Figure 5
Laboratory MPG vs. 0-to-60 Time by Model Year
O
CL
30
25
20
>, 15
o
cc
o
w 30
_i
LO
35 25
LO
20
15
10
11	12	13
0 to 60 Time (sec.)
14
20K)<^
~ 2005
1 QQR






38
2000
vrwu
/
1990
7
1985
O(




198C





1975-^ cr












2010





%
5 2000^.
t>(9o


	0	0
1985
2005

1995^
1990
1980-MJ




975

Car
Truck
O
CL
i_
o
CO
i_
o
-Q
CO
LO
LO
LO
30
25
20
15
30
25
20
15
Figure 6
Laboratory MPG vs. Vehicle Weight by Model Year

1
2005^1
>"* 2010




1985-
* 9nnn




1980-
Aj 990







1975-"





















010.
V
5-TqSq





wo
-------
IV. Carbon Dioxide Emissions Trends
This section focuses on light-duty vehicle tailpipe carbon dioxide (C02) emissions data that are measured
over the EPA city and highway test procedures.
C02 is the most important greenhouse gas, responsible for a majority of all global, anthropogenic
greenhouse gas emissions. Light-duty vehicles directly emit approximately 17% of total U.S. C02 emissions. In
April 2007, the U.S. Supreme Court determined that C02 is a pollutant under the Clean Air Act3, and in December
2009, EPA published two findings that C02 and other greenhouse gases from new motor vehicles and new motor
vehicle engines contribute to air pollution, and that the air pollution may reasonably be anticipated to endanger
public health and welfare.4 In May 2010, EPA and NHTSA published the first-ever light-duty vehicle greenhouse
gas emissions standards, under the Clean Air Act, for MY2012-2016.5 These standards are part of a new,
harmonized National Program that also includes new CAFE standards for MY2012-2016, established and
administered by DOT's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). One of the goals of the
National Policy is to establish a harmonized set of greenhouse gas emissions and CAFE standards that automakers
can meet with a single national fleet. On May 21, 2010, the President announced that EPA and NHTSA would be
extending the National Program for MY2017 and beyond.6 On October 13, 2010, EPA and NHTSA published a
Notice of Intent to propose new greenhouse gas emissions and CAFE standards, for 2017 and beyond, by the fall of
2011.7
Pre-2009 reports in this series have presented fuel economy data only and have not included C02 emissions
data. Beginning with the 2009 report, EPA has added C02 emissions data. Rather than adding C02 emissions data
to all or most of the large number of tables and figures in this report, we are providing a few key summary tables
and figures dedicated to C02 emissions in this section as well as a methodology with which a reader can convert
fuel economy values from other sections of this report to equivalent C02 emissions levels. EPA also intends to
expand its annual Compliance Report to include C02 information.8 Section III and Sections V through VIII of this
report, as well as all of the appendices, continue to focus exclusively on fuel economy data.
The light-duty vehicle tailpipe C02 emissions data provided in this report represent the sum of three
pollutants that EPA and automakers directly measure in the formal emissions certification and fuel economy
compliance test programs:
	C02 emissions;
	Carbon monoxide emissions, converted to an equivalent C02 level on a mass basis by multiplying by a
factor of 1.57, which is based on the ratio of molecular weights; and
	Hydrocarbon emissions, converted to an equivalent C02 level on a mass basis by multiplying by a factor of
approximately 3.17, which is dependent on the measured carbon weight fraction of vehicle test fuel.
2	U.S. EPA, 2009, Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2007, EPA 430-R-09-004.
3	549 U.S. 497(2007).
4	74 Federal Register 66496 (December 15, 2009).
5	75 Federal Register 25324 (May 7, 2010)
6	Remarks by the President at Signing of Presidential Memorandum on Fuel Efficiency Standards, The White House, Office of
the Press Secretary, May 21, 2010.
7	75 Federal Register 62739 (October 13, 2010).
8	2007 Progress Report: Vehicle and Engine Compliance Activities (EPA-420-R-08-11).
17

-------
While including the carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions adds, on average, less than one percent to
the tailpipe C02-equivalent emissions for late model year light-duty vehicles, they are included in the C02
emissions values for three reasons:
	Atmospheric processes convert carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons to C02 relatively quickly compared to
the much longer atmospheric lifetime of C02;
	Carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions are included, along with C02, in the "carbon balance"
equations that EPA uses to calculate fuel economy values, so they must also be included in the C02 values
to maintain the mathematical integrity of the equations given below to convert between C02 emissions and
fuel economy values; and
	Including carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions is consistent with EPA's light-duty vehicle C02
emissions standard-setting approach.
EPA routinely measures C02, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbon emissions as part of its compliance
programs. In fact, the individual fuel economy test values that comprise the EPA fuel economy trends database are
calculated from a set of "carbon balance" equations based on direct measurement of C02, carbon monoxide, and
total hydrocarbon emissions. Since carbon is neither created nor destroyed in the combustion process, quantifying
the various carbon-containing compounds in the vehicle exhaust as well as the carbon weight fraction of the
gasoline test fuel allows the precise calculation of the amount of fuel that was combusted in the vehicle engine.
Ironically, while the fuel economy values are calculated from C02, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbon emissions
data, the historic EPA fuel economy trends database files do not include the direct emissions data. In order to add
C02 emissions data to the historical database, EPA has back-calculated the C02 emissions (and associated carbon
monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions, converted to C02 on a mass basis) levels from fuel economy values by
reversing the carbon balance equations.
As with the fuel economy data in this report, the light-duty vehicle C02 emissions values are expressed in
two ways: unadjusted/laboratory values (which will be used for C02 emissions regulatory compliance beginning in
MY2012) and adjusted/real world values (which are used for consumer information and environmental analysis).
The C02 emissions values do not represent total light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions, as there are other
sources of greenhouse gas emissions beyond the tailpipe C02 emissions values. It is also important to note that the
tailpipe C02 emissions data in this report do not reflect greenhouse gas emissions associated with vehicle assembly,
component manufacturing, or vehicle disposal, nor upstream fuel-related production or distribution.
The unadjusted/laboratory C02 emissions values are the direct emissions data measured over the EPA city
and highway tests. The vehicle air conditioner is turned off during these tests. The EPA city and highway tests will
be used for compliance with future EPA light-duty vehicle C02 emissions standards (C02 standards allow the use
of air conditioning and other credits so that the unadjusted C02 emissions data in this report may not align perfectly
with the EPA C02 standards). For late model year vehicles, the unadjusted C02 emissions values represent about
90% of total unadjusted light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions. The remaining 10% of total light-duty
vehicle greenhouse gas emissions is comprised of air conditioner efficiency-related C02 emissions (about 4%), air
conditioner hydrofluorocarbon refrigerant emissions leaks (approximately 5%), tailpipe nitrous oxide emissions
(about 2%), and tailpipe methane emissions (methane is one hydrocarbon compound with a longer atmospheric
lifetime and higher global warming potency, but its mass emissions are so low from gasoline vehicles that its
potency-adjusted C02-equivalent emissions are about 0.2% of total light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions).9
9 75 Federal Register 25421-25425 (May 7, 2010).
18

-------
The adjusted C02 emissions values are calculated by adjusting the direct C02 unadjusted/laboratory
emissions test data upward to account for the many variables that can affect real world vehicle C02 emissions. For
a detailed discussion of the methodology that EPA uses to convert unadjusted vehicle fuel economy values to
adjusted fuel economy values, see Appendix A. This same methodology is used to calculate adjusted C02
emissions values as well. On average, based on the current fleet mix, adjusted C02 emissions levels are about 25%
higher than unadjusted C02 values. Because the adjusted C02 values take the impact of air conditioner operation
on vehicle tailpipe C02 emissions into account, these values represent about 95% of total adjusted real world light-
duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions, with the remainder composed of air conditioner hydrofluorocarbon
refrigerant emissions leaks, tailpipe nitrous oxide emissions, and the higher global warming potency associated
with tailpipe methane emissions.
Table 3 gives key light-duty vehicle C02 emissions data for the entire data series from 1975 through 2010
for cars only, trucks only, and cars and trucks combined. Table 3 is very similar to Table 1, except that the fuel
economy data in Table 1 is replaced with C02 emissions data in Table 3. Projected industry-wide MY2010
production volumes, which represent the sum of manufacturer-specific production projections provided by
automakers to EPA in the spring and summer of 2009, are not shown in Table 3 as it is expected that actual
MY2010 production will be considerably lower than projected values due to the recent economic downturn.
19

-------
Table 3
Carbon Dioxide Emissions Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars



Lab
Lab
Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj






City
Hwy
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp


COJ
Model
Production
Production
co2
co2
co2
co2
co2
co2
COJ
COJ
Ton/
Year
(000)
Percent
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
Ton
Cu Ft
Cu Ft
1975
8237
80.6%
649
457
563
722
586
660
327
-
-
1976
9722
78.8%
584
418
509
649
536
598
297
-
-
1977
11300
80.0%
556
399
485
618
512
570
290
5.2
2.7
1978
11175
77.3%
516
363
447
573
466
525
294
4.9
2.8
1979
10794
77.8%
503
362
440
559
464
517
298
4.8
2.9
1980
9443
83.5%
439
308
380
488
395
446
289
4.4
2.9
1981
8733
82.7%
412
288
356
458
369
418
273
4.0
2.7
1982
7819
80.3%
401
273
343
445
350
402
264
3.9
2.6
1983
8002
77.7%
402
273
344
447
350
403
259
3.8
2.5
1984
10675
76.1%
397
267
339
441
343
397
256
3.8
2.5
1985
10791
74.6%
388
259
330
431
333
387
250
3.7
2.4
1986
11015
71.7%
375
250
319
419
322
375
247
3.6
2.4
1987
10731
72.2%
373
248
317
419
320
373
247
3.6
2.4
1988
10736
70.2%
367
243
311
415
315
368
242
3.5
2.3
1989
10018
69.3%
374
245
316
425
319
375
243
3.5
2.3
1990
8810
69.8%
380
247
320
434
323
381
241
3.6
2.3
1991
8524
67.8%
377
245
318
434
322
380
241
3.6
2.3
1992
8108
66.6%
385
245
322
445
324
385
239
3.6
2.3
1993
8456
64.0%
376
241
315
439
319
379
237
3.5
2.2
1994
8415
59.6%
379
241
317
444
321
382
236
3.6
2.2
1995
9396
62.0%
377
236
314
445
316
379
233
3.5
2.2
1996
7890
60.0%
378
237
314
448
318
381
233
3.5
2.2
1997
8335
57.6%
376
235
313
449
318
380
233
3.5
2.2
1998
7972
55.1%
375
235
312
450
318
380
231
3.5
2.2
1999
8379
55.1%
380
237
316
459
323
386
230
3.6
2.2
2000
9128
55.1%
379
238
316
461
326
388
231
3.6
2.2
2001
8408
53.9%
374
237
312
459
325
386
229
3.6
2.1
2002
8304
51.5%
371
237
310
458
326
385
228
3.6
2.1
2003
7922
50.2%
367
233
307
456
323
382
224
3.6
2.1
2004
7538
48.0%
369
233
308
462
324
384
222
3.6
2.1
2005
8027
50.5%
360
230
301
454
322
378
219
3.5
2.0
2006
7993
52.9%
364
231
304
459
324
382
216
3.5
2.0
2007
8085
52.9%
349
224
293
442
314
369
211
3.4
2.0
2008
7329
52.7%
347
222
291
439
311
366
208
3.4
1.9
2009
5562
60.2%
329
213
277
418
300
350
202
3.2
1.9
2010
-
58.9%
323
210
272
410
295
345
197
3.2
1.8
20

-------
Table 3 (continued)
Carbon Dioxide Emissions Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Trucks



Lab
Lab
Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj




City
Hwy
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp

Model
Production
Production
co2
co2
co2
co2
co2
co2
co2/
Year
(000)
Percent
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
Ton
1975
1987
19.4%
733
548
650
815
702
764
374
1976
2612
21.2%
693
525
617
770
673
726
349
1977
2823
20.0%
633
490
569
703
628
669
323
1978
3273
22.7%
646
507
583
717
650
687
330
1979
3088
22.2%
663
530
604
736
679
711
333
1980
1863
16.5%
541
407
481
602
521
565
294
1981
1821
17.3%
502
374
445
558
479
523
275
1982
1914
19.7%
496
368
438
551
472
515
272
1983
2300
22.3%
488
355
428
542
455
503
268
1984
3345
23.9%
497
360
435
552
461
511
270
1985
3669
25.4%
494
357
432
548
458
508
267
1986
4350
28.3%
474
343
415
529
441
489
262
1987
4134
27.8%
472
336
411
530
434
486
262
1988
4559
29.8%
485
340
420
547
441
497
260
1989
4435
30.7%
491
344
425
557
448
506
258
1990
3805
30.2%
498
344
429
568
449
511
256
1991
4049
32.2%
486
335
418
558
439
500
254
1992
4064
33.4%
498
340
427
574
447
512
253
1993
4754
36.0%
496
335
424
575
443
509
251
1994
5710
40.4%
500
341
428
582
452
516
251
1995
5749
38.0%
507
343
433
594
456
523
251
1996
5254
40.0%
501
335
426
590
448
516
245
1997
6124
42.4%
506
340
431
598
456
524
243
1998
6485
44.9%
501
334
426
596
449
519
243
1999
6839
44.9%
510
342
434
610
462
531
242
2000
7447
44.9%
501
339
428
603
459
525
241
2001
7202
46.1%
504
342
431
610
466
532
240
2002
7815
48.5%
506
341
432
616
466
533
236
2003
7853
49.8%
499
335
425
610
460
526
231
2004
8173
52.0%
503
336
428
620
462
531
227
2005
7866
49.5%
490
325
415
607
449
517
223
2006
7111
47.1%
481
320
408
596
443
509
219
2007
7192
47.1%
475
314
403
590
436
502
213
2008
6571
47.3%
462
305
391
574
423
488
209
2009
3673
39.8%
441
292
374
550
405
467
204
2010
-
41.1%
441
291
373
550
404
467
198
21

-------
Table 3 (continued)
Carbon Dioxide Emissions Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks



Lab
Lab
Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj




City
Hwy
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp

Model
Production
Production
co2
co2
co2
co2
co2
co2
co2/
Year
(000)
Percent
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
(g/mi)
Ton
1975
10224
100.0%
666
474
580
740
608
681
336
1976
12334
100.0%
607
440
532
674
565
625
308
1977
14123
100.0%
571
418
502
635
535
590
296
1978
14448
100.0%
545
396
478
606
508
562
302
1979
13882
100.0%
539
399
476
599
512
560
306
1980
11306
100.0%
456
324
397
507
416
466
290
1981
10554
100.0%
428
303
371
475
388
436
274
1982
9732
100.0%
419
292
362
466
374
425
266
1983
10302
100.0%
421
291
363
468
373
426
261
1984
14020
100.0%
421
290
362
467
371
424
259
1985
14460
100.0%
414
284
356
461
364
417
255
1986
15365
100.0%
403
276
346
450
356
407
251
1987
14865
100.0%
400
272
343
450
352
405
251
1988
15295
100.0%
402
272
343
454
353
407
248
1989
14453
100.0%
410
275
349
466
359
415
248
1990
12615
100.0%
415
276
353
475
361
420
245
1991
12573
100.0%
412
274
350
474
360
418
245
1992
12172
100.0%
423
277
357
488
365
428
244
1993
13211
100.0%
419
275
354
488
364
426
242
1994
14125
100.0%
428
281
362
500
374
436
242
1995
15145
100.0%
426
277
359
501
369
434
240
1996
13144
100.0%
427
276
359
505
370
435
238
1997
14459
100.0%
431
280
363
512
376
441
237
1998
14458
100.0%
431
279
363
516
377
442
236
1999
15218
100.0%
438
285
369
527
386
451
236
2000
16574
100.0%
434
283
366
525
386
450
236
2001
15610
100.0%
434
285
367
529
390
453
234
2002
16119
100.0%
436
287
369
534
394
457
232
2003
15775
100.0%
432
284
366
533
391
454
228
2004
15711
100.0%
439
286
370
544
396
461
225
2005
15893
100.0%
424
277
358
529
385
447
221
2006
15105
100.0%
419
273
353
523
380
442
218
2007
15277
100.0%
409
266
345
511
371
431
212
2008
13900
100.0%
401
261
338
503
364
424
208
2009
9235
100.0%
374
245
316
470
342
397
203
2010
-
100.0%
371
243
314
467
340
395
198
22

-------
Figure 7 plots the adjusted C02 emissions values over time, for cars only, trucks only, and both cars and
trucks combined.
Figure 7
Adjusted C02 Emissions by Model Year (grams/mile)
<
o
400
700
Trucks
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
Table 3 and Figure 7 show that, over the last 35 years, adjusted (real world) C02 emissions rates have gone
through four distinct phases. Most dramatically, adjusted composite (city/highway) C02 emissions rates for the
combined car/truck fleet fell sharply from 681 grams per mile (g/mi) in MY1975 to 436 g/mi in MY1981, for a
36% reduction over 6 years. Adjusted C02 emissions continued to decline, though much more slowly, reaching
405 g/mi in MY1987, which represents a 41% reduction from MY1975. The trend then reversed, as adjusted C02
levels rose slowly over the next 17 years, reaching 461 g/mi in MY2004, a 14% increase relative to the MY1987
low. Adjusted C02 emissions have decreased for each of the last six years. The MY2009 value, based on final
CAFE reports, is 397 g/mi, which is an all-time low, and represents a 14% reduction relative to MY2004. The 6%
decrease from MY2008 to MY2009 is the largest single year-to-year decrease since 1981. The preliminary
MY2010 value, based on automaker production projections made prior to the beginning of the model year, is 395
g/mi, which if accurate, would be another all-time low.
Laboratory C02 emissions values are also given in Table 3. Because laboratory values do not reflect the
changes that EPA made to its methodology for adjusting fuel economy and C02 emissions levels for real world
estimates for consumers, they are the best metric for evaluating C02 emissions trends solely on vehicle design
considerations. Based on the 55/45 (city/highway) laboratory C02 values in Table 3, the 316 g/mi value in
MY2009 and the preliminary MY2010 value of 314 g/mi also represent all-time lows.
Table 4 shows key light-duty vehicle characteristics, along with the adjusted composite C02 emissions
values, for the 1975 through 2010 timeframe for cars only, trucks only, and cars and trucks combined. Table 4 is
very similar to Table 2, except that the fuel economy data in Table 2 is replaced with C02 emissions data in Table
4.
23

-------
Table 4
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars
Adj
Comp
Model Production C02 Vol Weight Footprint	HP/ 0-to-60 Top
Year
Percent
(g/mi)
(cu ft)
(lb)
(sqft)
HP
Weight
Time
Speed
Small
Midsize
Large
1975
80.6%
660
-
4058
-
136
0.0331
14.2
111
55.4%
23.3%
21.3%
1976
78.8%
598
-
4059
-
134
0.0324
14.4
110
55.4%
25.2%
19.4%
1977
80.0%
570
110
3944
-
133
0.0335
14.0
111
51.9%
24.5%
23.5%
1978
77.3%
525
109
3588
-
124
0.0342
13.7
111
44.7%
34.4%
21.0%
1979
77.8%
517
109
3485
-
119
0.0338
13.8
110
43.7%
34.2%
22.1%
1980
83.5%
446
104
3101
-
100
0.0322
14.3
107
54.4%
34.4%
11.3%
1981
82.7%
418
106
3076
-
99
0.0320
14.4
106
51.5%
36.4%
12.2%
1982
80.3%
402
106
3054
-
99
0.0320
14.4
106
56.5%
31.0%
12.5%
1983
77.7%
403
109
3112
-
104
0.0330
14.0
108
53.1%
31.8%
15.1%
1984
76.1%
397
108
3099
-
106
0.0339
13.8
109
57.4%
29.4%
13.2%
1985
74.6%
387
108
3093
-
111
0.0355
13.3
111
55.7%
28.9%
15.4%
1986
71.7%
375
107
3041
-
111
0.0360
13.2
111
59.5%
27.9%
12.6%
1987
72.2%
373
107
3031
-
112
0.0365
13.0
112
63.5%
24.3%
12.2%
1988
70.2%
368
107
3047
-
116
0.0375
12.8
113
64.8%
22.3%
12.8%
1989
69.3%
375
108
3099
-
121
0.0387
12.5
115
58.3%
28.2%
13.5%
1990
69.8%
381
107
3176
-
129
0.0401
12.1
117
58.6%
28.7%
12.8%
1991
67.8%
380
107
3154
-
132
0.0413
11.8
118
61.5%
26.2%
12.3%
1992
66.6%
385
108
3240
-
141
0.0428
11.5
120
56.5%
27.8%
15.6%
1993
64.0%
379
108
3207
-
138
0.0425
11.6
120
57.2%
29.5%
13.3%
1994
59.6%
382
108
3250
-
143
0.0432
11.4
121
58.5%
26.1%
15.4%
1995
62.0%
379
109
3263
-
152
0.0460
10.9
125
57.3%
28.6%
14.0%
1996
60.0%
381
109
3282
-
154
0.0464
10.8
125
54.3%
32.0%
13.6%
1997
57.6%
380
109
3274
-
156
0.0469
10.7
126
55.1%
30.6%
14.3%
1998
55.1%
380
109
3306
-
159
0.0475
10.6
127
49.4%
39.1%
11.4%
1999
55.1%
386
109
3365
-
164
0.0481
10.5
128
47.7%
39.7%
12.6%
2000
55.1%
388
110
3369
-
168
0.0492
10.4
129
47.5%
34.3%
18.2%
2001
53.9%
386
109
3380
-
168
0.0492
10.3
129
50.9%
32.3%
16.8%
2002
51.5%
385
110
3391
-
173
0.0504
10.2
131
48.6%
36.3%
15.1%
2003
50.2%
382
110
3417
-
176
0.0510
10.0
132
50.6%
33.5%
15.9%
2004
48.0%
384
110
3462
-
182
0.0521
9.8
133
47.4%
35.5%
17.0%
2005
50.5%
378
111
3463
-
182
0.0518
9.8
133
44.2%
38.9%
16.8%
2006
52.9%
382
112
3534
-
194
0.0540
9.6
136
46.2%
32.9%
20.9%
2007
52.9%
369
110
3507
-
189
0.0531
9.6
135
44.6%
40.0%
15.4%
2008
52.7%
366
110
3527
45.4
193
0.0536
9.6
136
44.7%
35.8%
19.5%
2009
60.2%
350
110
3463
45.2
184
0.0520
9.8
133
48.2%
34.6%
17.2%
2010
58.9%
345
110
3499
45.2
192
0.0537
9.5
136
47.8%
38.5%
13.8%
24

-------
Trucks
Table 4 (continued)
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Comp
Model Production C02 Weight Footprint	HP/ 0-to-60 Top
Year
Percent
(g/mi)
(lb)
(sqft)
HP
Weight
Time
Speed
Small
Midsize
Large
Van
SUV
Pickup
1975
19.4%
764
4072
-
142
0.0349
13.6
114
10.9%
24.2%
64.9%
23.0%
9.4%
67.6%
1976
21.2%
726
4155
-
141
0.0340
13.8
113
9.0%
20.3%
70.7%
19.2%
9.3%
71.4%
1977
20.0%
669
4135
-
147
0.0356
13.3
115
11.0%
20.4%
68.5%
18.2%
10.0%
71.8%
1978
22.7%
687
4151
-
146
0.0351
13.4
114
10.9%
22.7%
66.3%
19.1%
11.6%
69.3%
1979
22.2%
711
4252
-
138
0.0325
14.3
111
15.2%
19.5%
65.3%
15.6%
13.0%
71.5%
1980
16.5%
565
3869
-
121
0.0313
14.5
108
28.4%
17.6%
54.0%
13.0%
9.9%
77.1%
1981
17.3%
523
3806
-
119
0.0311
14.6
108
23.2%
19.1%
57.7%
13.5%
7.5%
79.1%
1982
19.7%
515
3806
-
120
0.0317
14.5
109
21.1%
31.0%
47.9%
16.2%
8.5%
75.3%
1983
22.3%
503
3763
-
118
0.0313
14.5
108
16.6%
45.9%
37.6%
16.6%
12.6%
70.8%
1984
23.9%
511
3782
-
118
0.0310
14.7
108
19.5%
46.4%
34.1%
20.2%
18.7%
61.1%
1985
25.4%
508
3795
-
124
0.0326
14.1
110
19.2%
48.5%
32.3%
23.3%
20.0%
56.6%
1986
28.3%
489
3738
-
123
0.0330
14.0
110
23.5%
48.5%
28.0%
24.0%
17.8%
58.2%
1987
27.8%
486
3713
-
131
0.0351
13.3
113
19.9%
59.6%
20.6%
26.9%
21.1%
51.9%
1988
29.8%
497
3841
-
141
0.0366
12.9
115
15.0%
57.2%
27.8%
24.8%
21.2%
53.9%
1989
30.7%
506
3921
-
146
0.0372
12.8
116
13.9%
58.9%
27.2%
28.8%
20.9%
50.3%
1990
30.2%
511
4005
-
151
0.0377
12.6
117
13.4%
57.1%
29.6%
33.2%
18.6%
48.2%
1991
32.2%
500
3948
-
150
0.0379
12.6
117
11.4%
67.2%
21.4%
25.5%
27.0%
47.4%
1992
33.4%
512
4056
-
155
0.0382
12.5
118
10.4%
64.0%
25.6%
30.0%
24.7%
45.3%
1993
36.0%
509
4073
-
162
0.0398
12.1
120
8.8%
65.3%
25.9%
30.3%
27.6%
42.1%
1994
40.4%
516
4125
-
166
0.0403
12.0
121
9.8%
63.1%
27.2%
24.8%
28.4%
46.7%
1995
38.0%
523
4184
-
168
0.0401
12.0
121
8.6%
63.5%
27.9%
28.9%
31.6%
39.5%
1996
40.0%
516
4225
-
179
0.0423
11.5
124
6.5%
67.1%
26.4%
26.8%
36.0%
37.2%
1997
42.4%
524
4344
-
187
0.0429
11.4
126
10.1%
52.5%
37.3%
20.7%
40.0%
39.3%
1998
44.9%
519
4283
-
187
0.0435
11.2
126
8.9%
58.7%
32.4%
23.0%
39.8%
37.2%
1999
44.9%
531
4412
-
197
0.0446
11.0
128
7.7%
55.8%
36.5%
21.4%
41.4%
37.2%
2000
44.9%
525
4375
-
197
0.0448
11.0
128
6.7%
55.7%
37.5%
22.7%
42.2%
35.1%
2001
46.1%
532
4463
-
209
0.0466
10.6
131
6.6%
47.6%
45.9%
17.1%
47.9%
35.0%
2002
48.5%
533
4546
-
219
0.0482
10.4
134
7.1%
43.5%
49.4%
15.9%
53.6%
30.5%
2003
49.8%
526
4586
-
221
0.0481
10.4
134
5.8%
48.0%
46.1%
15.7%
52.8%
31.5%
2004
52.0%
531
4710
-
236
0.0501
10.0
137
5.1%
46.2%
48.7%
11.7%
57.7%
30.7%
2005
49.5%
517
4668
-
237
0.0505
10.0
137
2.8%
47.3%
49.9%
18.8%
51.9%
29.2%
2006
47.1%
509
4665
-
235
0.0502
10.0
137
2.0%
49.0%
49.0%
16.4%
52.8%
30.8%
2007
47.1%
502
4752
-
248
0.0520
9.8
140
2.0%
44.9%
53.1%
11.8%
58.8%
29.4%
2008
47.3%
488
4707
53.0
247
0.0521
9.7
140
2.5%
49.6%
47.9%
12.0%
60.7%
27.3%
2009
39.8%
467
4605
52.7
245
0.0528
9.6
140
2.1%
52.6%
45.3%
10.0%
63.0%
26.9%
2010
41.1%
467
4738
54.0
259
0.0544
9.4
143
1.4%
45.7%
52.9%
8.5%
60.7%
30.8%
25

-------
Table 4 (continued)
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks
Model
Year
Adj
Comp
co2
(g/mi)
Weight
(lb)
Footprint
(sqft)
HP
HP/
Weight
0-to-60
Time
Top
Speed
1975
681
4060
-
137
0.0335
14.1
112
1976
625
4079
-
135
0.0328
14.3
111
1977
590
3982
-
136
0.0339
13.8
112
1978
562
3715
-
129
0.0344
13.6
112
1979
560
3655
-
124
0.0335
13.9
110
1980
466
3228
-
104
0.0320
14.3
107
1981
436
3202
-
102
0.0318
14.4
107
1982
425
3202
-
103
0.0320
14.4
107
1983
426
3257
-
107
0.0327
14.1
108
1984
424
3262
-
109
0.0332
14.0
109
1985
417
3271
-
114
0.0347
13.5
110
1986
407
3238
-
114
0.0351
13.4
111
1987
405
3221
-
118
0.0361
13.1
112
1988
407
3283
-
123
0.0372
12.8
114
1989
415
3351
-
129
0.0382
12.5
115
1990
420
3426
-
135
0.0394
12.2
117
1991
418
3410
-
138
0.0402
12.1
118
1992
428
3512
-
145
0.0413
11.8
120
1993
426
3519
-
147
0.0416
11.8
120
1994
436
3603
-
152
0.0420
11.7
121
1995
434
3613
-
158
0.0438
11.3
123
1996
435
3659
-
164
0.0447
11.1
125
1997
441
3727
-
169
0.0452
11.0
126
1998
442
3744
-
171
0.0457
10.9
126
1999
451
3835
-
179
0.0465
10.7
128
2000
450
3821
-
181
0.0472
10.6
129
2001
453
3879
-
187
0.0480
10.5
130
2002
457
3951
-
195
0.0493
10.3
132
2003
454
3999
-
199
0.0496
10.2
133
2004
461
4111
-
211
0.0511
9.9
135
2005
447
4059
-
209
0.0512
9.9
135
2006
442
4067
-
213
0.0522
9.8
137
2007
431
4093
-
217
0.0525
9.7
137
2008
424
4085
49.0
219
0.0529
9.7
138
2009
397
3917
48.2
208
0.0523
9.7
136
2010
395
4009
48.8
220
0.0540
9.5
139
26

-------
Table 4 shows that average, combined car/truck, weight and horsepower levels declined significantly from
MY1975 through MY 1981, with weight decreasing by over 850 pounds (21%) and power decreasing by 35
horsepower (26%). Average vehicle weight grew slowly in the 1980s, and more rapidly thereafter, and by MY2004
average weight had reached an all-time high of 4111 pounds. It was relatively constant through 2008, but fell by
168 pounds in MY2009 and is now almost 200 pounds less than the all-time high in MY2004. Average vehicle
horsepower grew steadily since MY1981, until decreasing by 11 horsepower in MY2009. The projected MY2010
level of 220 horsepower represents a 61% increase over MY1975, and a 116% increase relative to MY1981, which
was the all-time low for this data series. Table 4 also shows that average MY2009 footprint values were 45.2
square feet for cars, 52.7 square feet for trucks, and 48.2 square feet for cars and trucks combined.
This report adopts a new approach for grouping vehicles by "Manufacturer" and "Make" compared to
previous reports in this series. The manufacturer definition is that used by the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) for purposes of implementation of and manufacturer compliance with the CAFE
program. Make is typically included in the model name and is generally recognized by consumers as the "brand"
of the vehicle. The Pontiac and Saturn makes no longer exist, but are included since Table 5 also includes model
years 2008 and 2009. For more details on this vehicle grouping approach, and the thresholds that were used to
identify the 14 manufacturers and 32 makes shown in Table 5, see the more detailed discussion in Section VII. It is
important to note that when a manufacturer or make grouping is changed to reflect a change in the industry's
financial structure, EPA makes the same adjustment in the historical database back to 1975. This maintains a
consistent manufacturer (or make) definition over time, which allows a better identification of long-term trends.
On the other hand, this also means that the current database does not necessarily reflect actual financial or structural
arrangements in the past. For example, the 2010 database no longer accounts for the fact that Chrysler was
combined with Daimler for several years, and Table 5 shows data for a Chrysler Ram make for 2008 and 2009,
even though Ram did not formally become a separate make until MY2010.
Table 5 gives adjusted C02 emissions values for cars, trucks, and cars and trucks combined for MY2008-
2010, for the 14 highest-selling manufacturers and 32 largest makes associated with those manufacturers.
Manufacturers are listed in order of increasing MY2009 car plus truck C02 emissions rate. Due to the higher-than-
usual uncertainty associated with the MY2010 projections (because they were submitted by automakers to EPA
during the market turmoil of 2009), three years of data are shown in these tables. By including data from both
MY2008 and MY2009, with formal end-of-year data for both years, it is possible to identify meaningful changes
from year-to-year (though MY2009 was admittedly a very unusual year in terms of economic recession and
industry sales). Because of the uncertainty associated with the MY2010 projections, changes from MY2009 to
MY2010 are less meaningful. EPA anticipates that the 2010 results for all manufacturers will change after the final
MY2010 data has been submitted to EPA, and the final MY2010 data will be included in next year's report.
27

-------
Table 5
Adjusted Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Manufacturer and Make for MY2008-2010 (g/mi)




2008


2009


2010




Cars


Cars


Cars


2008
2008
and
2009
2009
and
2010
2010
and
Manufacturer
Make
Cars
Trucks
Trucks
Cars
Trucks
Trucks
Cars
Trucks
Trucks
Toyota
Toyota
292
469
386
305
424
341
296
471
358
Toyota
Lexus
396
456
422
390
466
425
376
415
394
Toyota
Scion
350
-
350
350
-
350
344
-
344
Toyota
All
317
467
389
314
430
349
307
461
363
Hyundai
All
334
435
364
333
431
355
336
381
343
Honda
Honda
321
430
365
319
420
354
309
411
338
Honda
Acura
401
504
443
381
496
424
394
472
420
Honda
All
328
437
372
325
428
361
317
418
346
Kia
All
339
458
388
326
447
367
319
438
354
Nissan
Nissan
335
500
396
332
444
371
330
451
364
Nissan
Infiniti
441
519
465
418
492
437
414
475
435
Nissan
All
351
502
406
341
447
377
340
455
373
VW
VW
373
541
381
357
435
365
340
447
351
vw
Audi
399
549
423
391
488
410
370
467
390
VW
All
385
545
398
367
456
379
352
458
367
Mitsubishi
All
378
460
399
373
415
379
359
399
367
Mazda
All
353
440
385
360
422
383
361
438
391
Subaru
All
391
425
399
389
397
393
373
398
382
BMW
BMW
422
482
434
417
491
432
425
486
437
BMW
Mini
307
-
307
293
-
293
302
-
302
BMW
All
406
482
419
390
491
407
384
486
399
GM
Chevrolet
371
517
448
359
514
430
361
477
421
GM
Pontiac
388
437
393
376
438
379
-
-
-
GM
GMC
-
522
522
-
517
517
-
468
468
GM
Buick
429
471
444
366
464
390
417
454
425
GM
Cadillac
456
560
488
465
562
487
442
475
455
GM
Saturn
381
437
415
350
425
393
-
-
-
GM
All
387
510
452
371
507
432
375
472
427
Ford
Ford
385
503
461
352
478
438
361
483
436
Ford
Lincoln
432
498
465
437
465
443
422
481
433
Ford
Mercury
426
454
437
435
406
422
379
436
401
Ford
Volvo
424
532
457
414
530
432
411
471
438
Ford
All
398
501
459
379
475
437
375
481
434
Daimler
Mercedes Benz
461
544
482
454
542
476
442
525
467
Daimler
Smart
239
-
239
239
-
239
239
-
239
Daimler
All
439
544
464
432
542
457
432
525
459
Chrysler
Dodge
393
489
434
403
467
429
414
468
440
Chrysler
Chrysler
411
452
426
404
452
436
399
450
426
Chrysler
Jeep
-
491
491
-
494
494
-
474
474
Chrysler
Ram
-
548
548
-
563
563
-
558
558
Chrysler
All
401
495
460
403
490
464
409
489
463
Other
All
398
529
462
411
527
453
400
548
476
Fleet

366
488
424
350
467
397
345
467
395
28

-------
For MY2008, Hyundai's overall, adjusted C02 emissions performance of 364 g/mi was the lowest of any
manufacturer, followed by Honda at 372 g/mi and Mazda at 385 g/mi. Daimler had the highest adjusted C02
emissions performance in MY2008, at 464 g/mi, followed closely by Chrysler and Ford.
All but one of the 14 manufacturers reduced C02 emissions in MY2009, and the industry level of 397 g/mi
represents an all-time low. In terms of manufacturers, Toyota had the lowest MY2009 adjusted C02 emissions
performance of 349 g/mi, followed by Hyundai at 355 g/mi and Honda at 361 g/mi. Chrysler had the highest
MY2009 adjusted C02 emissions performance for any manufacturer, 464 g/mi, and was followed by Daimler at
457 g/mi and Ford at 437 g/mi. In terms of improvement from MY2008 to MY2009, Toyota had the largest
reduction of 40 g/mi, followed by Nissan at 29 g/mi and Ford with 22 g/mi.
In terms of makes in MY2009, the Smart had the lowest C02 emissions of 239 g/mi. Of course, the Smart
Fortwo is the smallest and lightest car in the U.S. market and has relatively small production volumes. The make
with the second-lowest C02 emissions performance in MY2009 is the Mini, which also produces relatively low
volumes of small vehicles, at 293 g/mi. Of the makes with higher production, Toyota (that is, Toyota manufacturer
vehicles sold under the Toyota brand) had the lowest overall C02 emissions at 341 g/mi, followed by Honda at 354
g/mi and Hyundai at 355 g/mi.
Preliminary projections suggest that 11 of the 14 manufacturers will improve C02 emissions performance
further in MY2010, though EPA will not have actual data for MY2010 until next year. Hyundai, Honda, and Kia
are projected to be the overall C02 emissions leaders for MY2010, with the same three manufacturers projected to
make the biggest gains in MY2010.
While Tables 3, 4, and 5 provide key summary C02 emissions data, EPA recognizes that many users will
want the C02 emissions values equivalent to the fuel economy values in many other tables in this report.
Converting fuel economy values from tables in this report to approximate equivalent C02 emissions values is fairly
straightforward.
If it is known that a fuel economy value in this report is based on a single gasoline vehicle, or a 100%
gasoline vehicle fleet, one can calculate the precise corresponding C02 value by simply dividing 8887 (which is a
typical value for the grams of C02 per gallon of gasoline test fuel, assuming all the carbon is converted to C02) by
the fuel economy value in miles per gallon. For example, 8887 divided by a gasoline vehicle fuel economy of 30
mpg would yield an equivalent C02 emissions value of 296 grams per mile.
Since gasoline vehicle production has accounted for 99+% of all light-duty vehicle production for all model
years since 1975 except for the six years from 1979 through 1984, this simple approach yields very accurate results
for most model years.
Diesel fuel has 14.5% higher carbon content per gallon than gasoline. To calculate a C02 equivalent value
for a diesel vehicle, one should divide 10,180 by the diesel vehicle fuel economy value. Accordingly, a 30 mpg
diesel vehicle would have a C02 equivalent value of 339 grams per mile.
Table 6 should be used by those who want to make the most accurate conversions of industry-wide fuel
economy values to C02 emissions values. Table 6 gives model year-specific industry-wide values for grams of C02
per gallon based on actual light-duty gasoline and diesel vehicle production in that year. Using these model year-
specific values and dividing by the fuel economy value in miles per gallon will allow accurate conversions of
industry-wide fuel economy values to industry-wide C02 emissions values.
29

-------
Readers will have to make judgment calls about how to best convert fuel economy values that do not
represent industry-wide values (e.g., just small cars or vehicles with 5-speed automatic transmissions). If the user
knows the gasoline/diesel production volume fractions of the individual database component, it is best to generate a
weighted value of grams of C02 per gallon based on the 8887 (gasoline) and 10,180 (diesel) factors discussed
above. Otherwise, the reader can choose between the model year-specific weighting in Table 6 (which implicitly
assumes that the diesel fraction in the database component of interest is similar to that for the overall fleet in that
year) or the gasoline value of 8887 (implicitly assuming no diesels in that database component). In nearly all cases,
any error associated with either of these approaches will be relatively small.
Table 6
Factors for Converting Industry-wide Fuel Economy Values from this Report to
Carbon Dioxide Emissions Values
Model
Year
Gasoline
Production
Share
Diesel
Production
Share
Weighted C02
per Gallon
(grams)
1975
99.8%
0.2%
8890
1976
99.8%
0.2%
8890
1977
99.6%
0.4%
8892
1978
99.1%
0.9%
8899
1979
98.0%
2.0%
8913
1980
95.7%
4.3%
8943
1981
94.1%
5.9%
8963
1982
94.4%
5.6%
8959
1983
97.3%
2.7%
8922
1984
98.2%
1.8%
8910
1985
99.1%
0.9%
8899
1986
99.6%
0.4%
8892
1987
99.7%
0.3%
8891
1988
99.9%
0.1%
8888
1989
99.9%
0.1%
8888
1990
99.9%
0.1%
8888
1991
99.9%
0.1%
8888
1992
99.9%
0.1%
8888
1993
100.0%
-
8887
1994
100.0%
0.0%
8887
1995
100.0%
0.0%
8887
1996
99.9%
0.1%
8888
1997
99.9%
0.1%
8888
1998
99.9%
0.1%
8888
1999
99.9%
0.1%
8888
2000
99.9%
0.1%
8888
2001
99.9%
0.1%
8888
2002
99.8%
0.2%
8890
2003
99.8%
0.2%
8890
2004
99.9%
0.1%
8888
2005
99.7%
0.3%
8891
2006
99.6%
0.4%
8892
2007
99.9%
0.1%
8888
2008
99.9%
0.1%
8888
2009
99.5%
0.5%
8893
2010
99.6%
0.4%
8892
30

-------
V. Fuel Economy Trends by Vehicle Type, Size, and Weight
Figure 8 shows production share trends by vehicle type and size. Of the five vehicle classes: cars, wagons,
sports utility vehicles (SUVs), vans, and pickups, the biggest overall increase in production share since 1975 has
been for SUVs, which increased from less than two percent in 1975 to 25% in MY2010 . The biggest overall
decrease has been for cars, down from 71% of the fleet in 1975 to 54% in MY2010. By comparison, the production
fraction for pickup trucks has remained relatively constant at about 12% of overall production.
Figure 9 (within vehicle type) and Table 7 (across the entire market) compares production fractions by
vehicle type and size with the fleet again stratified into five vehicle types: cars, station wagons, vans, SUVs, and
pickup trucks; and three vehicle sizes: small, midsize, and large. Small cars have historically been the leading car
segment, though midsize cars have nearly pulled even with small cars in the last few years and the overall market
share of small cars has fallen from 40% to less than 25%. Wagons have decreased from about 10% of production
in 1975 to about 5% of production today, with small wagons dominating the low-volume segment.
Since 1975, the largest increases in production fractions have been for midsize and large SUVs (including
crossovers). These two classes are expected to account for 24% of all light vehicles built this year, compared to
combined totals of about 1.3 and 4.5% in 1975 and 1988, respectively. Minivans and vans, whose popularity
peaked in the 1990s, now account for less than 5% of production, similar to 1975 levels. Almost all of the vans sold
today are midsize minivans. Pickups are now dominated by large pickups.
Figure 8
Production Share by Vehicle Type
100%
1990 1995
Model Year
31

-------
Figure 9
Production Share by Vehicle Size
Small
Midsize
Car
Small
Wagon
Midsize
Small
Midsize
SUV
Small
Midsize
Van
Small
Midsize
Pickup
1975 1980	1985	1990 1995
Model Year
2000
2005
2010
32

-------
Table 7
Production Shares of Model Years 1975, 1988, and 2010 by Vehicle Size and Type
Vehicle Type Size
1975
1988
2010
Difference
1975 to 2010
Difference
1975 to 1988
Difference
1988 to 2010
Car
Small
40.0%
43.8%
23.7%
-16.3%
3.9%
-20.2%
Car
Midsize
16.0%
13.8%
21.9%
5.9%
-2.1%
8.1%
Car
Large
15.2%
8.5%
8.0%
-7.2%
-6.7%
-0.5%
Car
All
71.1%
66.2%
53.6%
-17.6%
-5.0%
-12.6%
Wagon
Small
4.7%
1.7%
4.5%
-0.2%
-3.0%
2.8%
Wagon
Midsize
2.8%
1.9%
0.8%
-2.1%
-1.0%
-1.1%
Wagon
Large
1.9%
0.5%
0.1%
-1.8%
-1.4%
-0.4%
Wagon
All
9.4%
4.0%
5.3%
-4.1%
-5.4%
1.3%
Van
Small
0.0%
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
-0.3%
Van
Midsize
3.0%
6.2%
3.3%
0.3%
3.2%
-2.8%
Van
Large
1.5%
0.9%
0.1%
-1.4%
-0.6%
-0.8%
Van
All
4.5%
7.4%
3.5%
-1.0%
2.9%
-3.9%
SUV
Small
0.5%
1.9%
0.5%
0.0%
1.4%
-1.4%
SUV
Midsize
1.2%
4.0%
14.0%
12.8%
2.8%
10.0%
SUV
Large
0.1%
0.5%
10.4%
10.3%
0.3%
10.0%
SUV
All
1.8%
6.3%
25.0%
23.1%
4.5%
18.6%
Pickup
Small
1.6%
2.2%
-
-1.6%
0.7%
-2.2%
Pickup
Midsize
0.5%
6.9%
1.4%
0.9%
6.3%
-5.5%
Pickup
Large
11.0%
7.0%
11.2%
0.2%
-4.1%
4.3%
Pickup
All
13.1%
16.1%
12.7%
-0.5%
2.9%
-3.4%

All Trucks
19.4%
29.8%
41.1%
21.7%
10.4%
11.3%
Figure 10 shows annual trends in adjusted fuel economy, weight, and performance for cars, wagons, vans,
SUVs, and pickups. For all five vehicle types, there has been a clear long term trend towards increased weight,
moderating since 2005 for most types.
Table 8 shows the lowest, average, and highest adjusted mpg performance by vehicle class and size for
three selected years. For both 1988 and 2010, the mpg performance is such that the midsize vehicles in all classes
have better fuel economy than the corresponding entry for small vehicles in 1975. In Table 9, the percentage
changes obtainable from the entries in Table 8 are presented. Average mpg for five classes (midsize cars, large
cars, midsize wagons, midsize SUVs, and large SUVs) has improved over 80% since 1975. Since 1988, average
fuel economy has decreased for large wagons, small SUVs, and midsize pickups with the largest improvements in
average mpg being over 30% for midsize and large SUVs, respectively. Tables 10 and 11 present this same data in
terms of fuel consumption.
33

-------
Figure 10
Fuel Economy and Performance by Vehicle Type
Car	Wagon	Van	SUV	Pickup
Adjusted
Composite
MPG
5000
4500
Weight
4000
3500
3000
0 to 60
Time
(seconds)
co
CO
co
co
co
CO
co
co
co
CO
co
co
co
CO
co
co
co
CO
co
co
oooooooooooo oooo oooo
Model Year
34

-------
Table 8
Lowest, Average, and Highest Adjusted Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type and Size
Car or
Vehicle

1975
1975
1975
1988
1988
1988
2010
2010
2010
Truck
Type
Size
Low
Average
High
Low
Average
High
Low
Average
High
Car
Car
Small
8.6
15.6
28.3
7.5
25.7
54.4
10.1
26.7
42.9
Car
Car
Midsize
8.6
11.6
18.4
10.5
22.6
27.7
12.2
26.1
49.4
Car
Car
Large
8.4
11.2
14.6
10.0
20.6
26.0
12.6
22.7
26.4
Car
Car
All
8.4
13.4
28.3
7.5
24.2
54.4
10.1
25.8
49.4
Car
Wagon
Small
11.8
19.1
24.1
17.1
26.3
33.2
20.0
26.8
35.7
Car
Wagon
Midsize
8.4
11.3
25.0
17.5
22.2
27.7
18.5
22.6
25.5
Car
Wagon
Large
8.4
10.2
12.8
19.2
19.4
19.4
16.5
16.8
20.9
Car
Wagon
All
8.4
13.8
25.0
17.1
23.3
33.2
16.5
25.9
35.7
Truck
Van
Small
16.2
17.5
18.5
15.5
20.6
25.0
24.1
24.1
24.8
Truck
Van
Midsize
8.2
11.3
18.4
11.3
18.4
23.4
18.4
20.2
23.5
Truck
Van
Large
8.9
10.7
14.5
9.9
14.3
16.8
14.7
16.0
17.4
Truck
Van
All
8.2
11.1
18.5
9.9
17.9
25.0
14.7
20.1
24.8
Truck
SUV
Small
10.2
13.7
16.3
15.6
20.4
27.7
17.0
17.1
17.6
Truck
SUV
Midsize
8.2
10.2
18.4
10.2
16.5
23.6
13.4
21.6
31.9
Truck
SUV
Large
7.9
10.3
13.7
12.2
14.0
18.8
12.4
18.7
27.0
Truck
SUV
All
7.9
11.0
18.4
10.2
17.2
27.7
12.4
20.2
31.9
Truck
Pickup
Small
13.0
19.2
20.8
13.3
21.0
24.6
-
-
-
Truck
Pickup
Midsize
17.8
17.9
18.0
15.3
21.3
25.9
15.9
19.9
24.3
Truck
Pickup
Large
7.6
11.1
18.5
9.8
15.2
21.0
14.4
16.6
21.8
Truck
Pickup
All
7.6
11.9
20.8
9.8
18.1
25.9
14.4
16.9
24.3
Car
All
All
8.4
13.5
28.3
7.5
24.1
54.4
10.1
25.8
49.4
Truck
All
All
7.6
11.6
20.8
9.8
17.9
27.7
12.4
19.1
31.9

All
All
7.6
13.1
28.3
7.5
21.9
54.4
10.1
22.5
49.4
35

-------
Table 9
Percent Change in Lowest, Average, and Highest Adjusted Fuel Economy
by Vehicle Type and Size




1975 to
1975 to

1975 to
1975 to

1988 to
1988 to
Car or
Vehicle

1975 to
2010
2010
1975 to
1988
1988
1988 to
2010
2010
Truck
Type
Size
2010 Low
Average
High
1988 Low
Average
High
2010 Low
Average
High
Car
Car
Small
17%
71%
52%
-13%
65%
92%
35%
4%
-21%
Car
Car
Midsize
42%
125%
168%
22%
95%
51%
16%
15%
78%
Car
Car
Large
50%
103%
81%
19%
84%
78%
26%
10%
2%
Car
Car
All
20%
93%
75%
-11%
81%
92%
35%
7%
-9%
Car
Wagon
Small
69%
40%
48%
45%
38%
38%
17%
2%
8%
Car
Wagon
Midsize
120%
100%
2%
108%
96%
11%
6%
2%
-8%
Car
Wagon
Large
96%
65%
63%
129%
90%
52%
-14%
-13%
8%
Car
Wagon
All
96%
88%
43%
104%
69%
33%
-4%
11%
8%
Truck
Van
Small
49%
38%
34%
-4%
18%
35%
55%
17%
-1%
Truck
Van
Midsize
124%
79%
28%
38%
63%
27%
63%
10%
0%
Truck
Van
Large
65%
50%
20%
11%
34%
16%
48%
12%
4%
Truck
Van
All
79%
81%
34%
21%
61%
35%
48%
12%
-1%
Truck
SUV
Small
67%
25%
8%
53%
49%
70%
9%
-16%
-36%
Truck
SUV
Midsize
63%
112%
73%
24%
62%
28%
31%
31%
35%
Truck
SUV
Large
57%
82%
97%
54%
36%
37%
2%
34%
44%
Truck
SUV
All
57%
84%
73%
29%
56%
51%
22%
17%
15%
Truck
Pickup
Small
-
-
-
2%
9%
18%
-
-
-
Truck
Pickup
Midsize
-11%
11%
35%
-14%
19%
44%
4%
-7%
-6%
Truck
Pickup
Large
89%
50%
18%
29%
37%
14%
47%
9%
4%
Truck
Pickup
All
89%
42%
17%
29%
52%
25%
47%
-7%
-6%
Car
All
All
20%
91%
75%
-11%
79%
92%
35%
7%
-9%
Truck
All
All
63%
65%
53%
29%
54%
33%
27%
7%
15%

All
All
33%
72%
75%
-1%
67%
92%
35%
3%
-9%
36

-------
Table 10
Adjusted Fuel Consumption (Gal./100 miles) by Vehicle Type and Size
Car or
Vehicle

1975
1975
1975
1988
1988
1988
2010
2010
2010
Truck
Type
Size
Low
Average
High
Low
Average
High
Low
Average
High
Car
Car
Small
11.6
6.4
3.5
13.3
3.9
1.8
9.9
3.7
2.3
Car
Car
Midsize
11.6
8.6
5.4
9.5
4.4
3.6
8.2
3.8
2.0
Car
Car
Large
11.9
8.9
6.8
10.0
4.9
3.8
7.9
4.4
3.8
Car
Car
All
11.9
7.5
3.5
13.3
4.1
1.8
9.9
3.9
2.0
Car
Wagon
Small
8.5
5.2
4.1
5.8
3.8
3.0
5.0
3.7
2.8
Car
Wagon
Midsize
11.9
8.8
4.0
5.7
4.5
3.6
5.4
4.4
3.9
Car
Wagon
Large
11.9
9.8
7.8
5.2
5.2
5.2
6.1
6.0
4.8
Car
Wagon
All
11.9
7.2
4.0
5.8
4.3
3.0
6.1
3.9
2.8
Truck
Van
Small
6.2
5.7
5.4
6.5
4.9
4.0
4.1
4.1
4.0
Truck
Van
Midsize
12.2
8.8
5.4
8.8
5.4
4.3
5.4
5.0
4.3
Truck
Van
Large
11.2
9.3
6.9
10.1
7.0
6.0
6.8
6.2
5.7
Truck
Van
All
12.2
9.0
5.4
10.1
5.6
4.0
6.8
5.0
4.0
Truck
SUV
Small
9.8
7.3
6.1
6.4
4.9
3.6
5.9
5.8
5.7
Truck
SUV
Midsize
12.2
9.8
5.4
9.8
6.1
4.2
7.5
4.6
3.1
Truck
SUV
Large
12.7
9.7
7.3
8.2
7.1
5.3
8.1
5.3
3.7
Truck
SUV
All
12.7
9.1
5.4
9.8
5.8
3.6
8.1
5.0
3.1
Truck
Pickup
Small
7.7
5.2
4.8
7.5
4.8
4.1
-
-
-
Truck
Pickup
Midsize
5.6
5.6
5.6
6.5
4.7
3.9
6.3
5.0
4.1
Truck
Pickup
Large
13.2
9.0
5.4
10.2
6.6
4.8
6.9
6.0
4.6
Truck
Pickup
All
13.2
8.4
4.8
10.2
5.5
3.9
6.9
5.9
4.1
Car
All
All
11.9
7.4
3.5
13.3
4.1
1.8
9.9
3.9
2.0
Truck
All
All
13.2
8.6
4.8
10.2
5.6
3.6
8.1
5.2
3.1

All
All
13.2
7.6
3.5
13.3
4.6
1.8
9.9
4.4
2.0
37

-------
Table 11
Percent Change* in Adjusted Fuel Consumption by Vehicle Type and Size




1975 to
1975 to

1975 to
1975 to

1988 to
1988 to
Car or
Vehicle

1975 to
2010
2010
1975 to
1988
1988
1988 to
2010
2010
Truck
Type
Size
2010 Low
Average
High
1988 Low
Average
High
2010 Low
Average
High
Car
Car
Small
15%
42%
34%
-15%
39%
49%
26%
5%
-28%
Car
Car
Midsize
29%
56%
63%
18%
49%
33%
14%
14%
44%
Car
Car
Large
34%
51%
44%
16%
45%
44%
21%
10%
0%
Car
Car
All
17%
48%
43%
-12%
45%
49%
26%
5%
-11%
Car
Wagon
Small
41%
29%
32%
32%
27%
27%
14%
3%
7%
Car
Wagon
Midsize
55%
50%
3%
52%
49%
10%
5%
2%
-8%
Car
Wagon
Large
49%
39%
38%
56%
47%
33%
-17%
-15%
8%
Car
Wagon
All
49%
46%
30%
51%
40%
25%
-5%
9%
7%
Truck
Van
Small
34%
28%
26%
-5%
14%
26%
37%
16%
0%
Truck
Van
Midsize
56%
43%
20%
28%
39%
20%
39%
7%
0%
Truck
Van
Large
39%
33%
17%
10%
25%
13%
33%
11%
5%
Truck
Van
All
44%
44%
26%
17%
38%
26%
33%
11%
0%
Truck
SUV
Small
40%
21%
7%
35%
33%
41%
8%
-18%
-58%
Truck
SUV
Midsize
39%
53%
43%
20%
38%
22%
23%
25%
26%
Truck
SUV
Large
36%
45%
49%
35%
27%
27%
1%
25%
30%
Truck
SUV
All
36%
45%
43%
23%
36%
33%
17%
14%
14%
Truck
Pickup
Small
-
-
-
3%
8%
15%
-
-
-
Truck
Pickup
Midsize
-13%
11%
27%
-16%
16%
30%
3%
-6%
-5%
Truck
Pickup
Large
48%
33%
15%
23%
27%
11%
32%
9%
4%
Truck
Pickup
All
48%
30%
15%
23%
35%
19%
32%
-7%
-5%
Car
All
All
17%
47%
43%
-12%
45%
49%
26%
5%
-11%
Truck
All
All
39%
40%
35%
23%
35%
25%
21%
7%
14%
Both
All
All
25%
42%
43%
-1%
39%
49%
26%
4%
-11%
*Note: A negative change indicates that fuel consumption has increased.
38

-------
Cars and light trucks with conventional drive trains have a fuel consumption and weight relationship which
is well known and is shown in Figure 11. Fuel consumption increases linearly with weight. Because vehicles with
different propulsion systems, i.e., diesels and hybrids, occupy a different place on such a fuel consumption and
weight plot, the data for hybrid and diesel vehicles are plotted separately and excluded from the trend lines shown
on the graphs. At constant weight, MY2009 cars consume about 40% less fuel per mile than their MY1975
counterparts.
On this same constant weight basis, this year's vehicles with diesel engines nominally consume 20 - 25%
less fuel than the conventionally powered ones, while this year's hybrid vehicles are about 30 - 40% better.
Similarly, at constant weight this year's conventionally powered trucks achieve about 50% better fuel consumption
than MY1975 vehicles did.
Figure 11
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Consumption vs. Vehicle Weight, MY1975 and MY2010
Car
Truck
10

o
o
o
CO
O



















4


1 /


1
975





971
/






.?010




2010-
A
y#
/

~>
~
~
~









 Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000
Weight (lb)
39

-------
Figure 12 shows that the relationship between interior volume and fuel consumption is currently not as
important as in the past. The data points on both of these graphs exclude two seaters and represent production
weighted average fuel consumption calculated at increments of 1.0 cu. ft. As was done for Figure 11, the data
points for hybrid and diesel vehicles were plotted separately from those for the conventionally powered vehicles.
Figure 12
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Consumption vs. Interior Volume, MY1978 and MY2010 Cars

o
o
o
CO
O
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
12
10
8
6
4
2
0















 

* 


 



A



 A






























r*


<


a


fif
		
1 i







1978
Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
2010
60 80 100 120 140 160
Volume (cu ft)
40

-------
Figure 13 shows laboratory 55/45 fuel consumption versus footprint for cars and trucks, respectively, again
with the regression lines excluding the hybrid and diesel data points. Car fuel consumption is more sensitive to
footprint than truck fuel consumption. For a given footprint, trucks generally have somewhat higher fuel
consumption than cars, though this is not the case at the very highest footprint levels.
Figure 13
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Consumption vs. Footprint, MY2010 Vehicles
10

o
o
o
CO
O
0
10













<



A n ~
























m #

~~







Car
 Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
Truck
40	50	60	70
Footprint (sq ft)
41

-------
Figure 14 shows the improvement that occurred between 1975 and 2010 for fuel consumption as a function
of 0-to-60 acceleration time for cars and trucks.
Figure 14
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Consumption vs. 0-to-60 Time, MY1975 and MY2010 Vehicles
12
10
8
6
4
if)
0 2
O
O
CO
O
0
12
10













r#
Vs
1975


y. 
 X.


9

~
A




~ Z\J\ U








 
1975



	











nn
2010







Car
 Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
Truck
0	5	10	15	20 25
0 to 60 time (sec.)
42

-------
Figure 15 compares Ton-MPG data versus 0-to-60 time and shows that at constant vehicle performance,
there has been substantial improvement in Ton-MPG, particularly for hybrid and diesel vehicles.
Figure 15
Ton-MPG vs. 0-to-60 Time, MY1975 and MY2010 Vehicles






~
~
. MA


2010






1
975 "




Car






~
^ cH




~ ^
2010










ia/0
 Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
Truck
0	5	10 15 20 25
0 to 60 time (sec.)
43

-------
Figure 16 and Table 12 show some of the changes in the distribution of weight that have occurred over the
years for the light-duty fleet. In 1975, 13% of all light-duty vehicles had weights of less than 3000 lb compared to
less than 4% in 2010. Since 1988, production share for vehicles with weights of 5000 pounds or more has
increased from 3% to 20%.
Figure 16
Distribution of Light Vehicle Weight for Three Model Years
a)
<0
C
to
c
o
o
IS
"O
O
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
1975
1988
Type
Truck
Car
2010
1750 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 5500 6000 6500
Vehicle Weight
Table 12
Light Vehicle Production Share by Weight Class for Three Model Years
Weight
(lb)
MY1975
MY1988
MY2010
<3000
13.4%
27.2%
3.8%
3000
8.7%
25.4%
15.6%
3500
10.6%
25.2%
25.3%
4000
20.6%
13.2%
23.7%
4500
21.3%
6.0%
12.5%
5000
16.7%
2.4%
8.2%
5500
8.7%
0.5%
4.5%
>5500
0.0%
0.0%
6.4%
Avg Wt
4060
3283
4009
44

-------
Figure 17 provides data for the annual production share of different weight vehicles for cars and trucks. In
1975, about 40% of the cars were in weight classes greater than 4000 pounds, compared to less than 5% this year.
For MY2009, three weight classes (3000, 3500, and 4000 lbs) account for over 90% of all cars. Conversely, the
production share of trucks in the weight classes of 4500 lb or more have increased substantially, and these vehicles
currently account for over 70% of all trucks, compared to about 30% in 1975. Figure 18 provides additional details
of the truck data presented in Figure 17 for vans, SUVs, and pickups respectively. Appendices D, E, and F contain
a series of tables describing light-duty vehicles at the vehicle size/type level of stratification in more detail;
Appendix G provides similar data by vehicle type and weight class.
Figure 17
Production Share by Vehicle Weight Class
Car	Truck
100%
80%
CD
cc 60%
-C
cn
c
o
ts 40%
T3
O
i_
CL
20%
0%
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
2750
3000
3500
4000
>4000
45

-------
Figure 18
Production Share by Vehicle Type and Vehicle Weight Class
Van
Weight
>5000
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
46

-------
VI. Fuel Economy Technology Trends
Table 13 repeats the production fraction and adjusted composite fuel economy data from Tables 1 and 2
and adds three measures of powertrain information: engine displacement (CID), horsepower (HP), and specific
power (HP/CID). This table also includes production fraction data which specifies the percent of vehicles that:
have front-wheel drive (FWD) or four-wheel drive (4WD); have manual, lockup, or continuously variable
transmissions (CVT); have gasoline direct injection (GDI), port fuel injection or throttle body fuel injection (TBI)
or are diesels; are equipped with engines that have more than two valves per cylinder; use variable valve timing
(WT); have turbochargers; use cylinder deactivation (CD); and use hybrid technology.
For the overall MY2010 fleet, FWD accounts for about 60% of production and 4WD for nearly one-quarter
of the fleet. Regarding transmissions, manuals represent about seven percent of production, while CVTs have
grown to over ten percent. Multi-valve engines and WT both account for about 85% of the MY2010 vehicles
produced. Turbochargers are used on about three percent of the fleet. Hybrids represent about four percent of the
fleet, while diesels represent 0.4% of the projected MY2010 production. Appendix K contains additional data on
fuel metering and number of valves per cylinder.
Table 14 compares technology usage for MY2010 by vehicle type and size. As discussed earlier,
wheelbase is used in this report to distinguish whether a truck is small, mid-size, or large, and four EPA car classes
(Two-Seater, Minicompact, Compact, and Subcompact) have been combined to form the small car class. For this
table, the car classes are separated into cars and station wagons, so that the table stratifies light-duty vehicles into a
total of 15 vehicle types and sizes. Note that this table does not contain any data for small pickups, because none
have been produced for several years.
Front-wheel drive (FWD) is used heavily in all of the car classes, small wagons and small and midsize
vans. Conversely, four-wheel drive (4WD) is used heavily in SUVs and pickups. A large portion of the midsize
and large wagons also have 4WD, but very little use of it is made in vans and cars.
Manual transmissions are used primarily in small vehicles, some sports cars, and midsize pickups. Engines
with more than two valves per cylinder and WT are now prevalent for nearly all vehicle types and sizes.
Detailed tabulations of different technology types, including technology usage percentages for other model
years, can be found in the Appendices.
47

-------
Table 13
Powertrain Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles (Percentage Basis)
Cars
Adj	Front Four
Model
Production
Comp


HP/
Wheel
Wheel
Manual
Lockup

GDI
Port
TBI

Multi-




Year
Share
MPG
CID
HP
CID
Drive
Drive
Trans
Trans
CVT
Metering Metering Metering
Diesel
Valve
WT
Turbo
CD
Hybrid
1975
80.6%
13.5
288
136
0.515
6.5%
-
19.6%
0.3%
-
-
5.1%
-
0.2%
-
-
-
-
-
1976
78.8%
14.9
287
134
0.502
5.8%
-
17.1%
-
-
-
3.2%
-
0.3%
-
-
-
-
-
1977
80.0%
15.6
279
133
0.516
6.8%
-
16.8%
-
-
-
4.2%
-
0.5%
-
-
-
-
-
1978
77.3%
16.9
251
124
0.538
9.6%
-
19.8%
7.1%
-
-
5.1%
-
0.9%
-
-
-
-
-
1979
77.8%
17.2
238
119
0.545
11.9%
0.3%
21.1%
8.8%
-
-
4.7%
-
2.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1980
83.5%
20.0
188
100
0.583
29.7%
0.9%
30.9%
16.8%
-
-
6.2%
0.7%
4.4%
-
-
-
-
-
1981
82.7%
21.4
182
99
0.594
37.0%
0.7%
29.9%
33.3%
-
-
6.1%
2.6%
5.9%
-
-
-
-
-
1982
80.3%
22.2
175
99
0.609
45.6%
0.8%
29.2%
51.4%
-
-
7.2%
9.8%
4.7%
-
-
-
-
-
1983
77.7%
22.1
182
104
0.615
47.3%
3.1%
26.1%
56.7%
-
-
9.5%
18.9%
2.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1984
76.1%
22.4
179
106
0.637
53.7%
1.0%
24.1%
58.3%
-
-
15.0%
24.4%
1.7%
-
-
-
-
-
1985
74.6%
23.0
177
111
0.671
61.6%
2.1%
22.8%
58.7%
-
-
21.4%
32.0%
0.9%
-
-
-
-
-
1986
71.7%
23.7
167
111
0.701
71.1%
1.1%
24.8%
58.0%
-
-
36.7%
28.4%
0.3%
4.8%
-
-
-
-
1987
72.2%
23.8
162
112
0.732
77.0%
1.1%
24.9%
59.5%
-
-
42.5%
30.5%
0.3%
14.7%
-
-
-
-
1988
70.2%
24.1
160
116
0.759
81.7%
0.8%
24.3%
66.1%
-
-
53.7%
30.0%
0.0%
19.9%
-
-
-
-
1989
69.3%
23.7
163
121
0.783
82.5%
1.0%
21.0%
69.3%
0.1%
-
62.4%
27.8%
0.0%
24.4%
-
-
-
-
1990
69.8%
23.3
163
129
0.829
84.6%
1.0%
19.6%
72.9%
0.0%
-
77.5%
21.1%
0.0%
33.0%
0.6%
-
-
-
1991
67.8%
23.4
163
132
0.851
83.2%
1.4%
20.5%
73.6%
0.0%
-
78.0%
21.8%
0.1%
34.1%
2.4%
-
-
-
1992
66.6%
23.1
170
141
0.868
80.8%
1.1%
17.4%
76.4%
0.0%
-
89.5%
10.4%
0.1%
35.0%
4.6%
-
-
-
1993
64.0%
23.5
166
138
0.865
85.1%
1.2%
17.8%
77.0%
0.0%
-
91.6%
8.4%
-
36.7%
4.8%
-
-
-
1994
59.6%
23.3
168
143
0.884
84.4%
0.4%
16.7%
79.3%
-
-
94.9%
5.1%
0.0%
41.0%
8.0%
-
-
-
1995
62.0%
23.4
167
152
0.945
82.0%
1.2%
16.3%
81.9%
-
-
98.8%
1.2%
0.1%
52.2%
9.8%
-
-
-
1996
60.0%
23.3
165
154
0.958
86.5%
1.5%
14.9%
83.6%
0.0%
-
98.8%
1.1%
0.1%
57.3%
11.7%
0.3%
-
-
1997
57.6%
23.4
164
156
0.974
86.5%
1.7%
13.5%
85.8%
0.1%
-
99.1%
0.8%
0.1%
58.6%
11.3%
0.7%
-
-
1998
55.1%
23.4
164
159
0.993
87.0%
2.3%
12.3%
87.3%
0.1%
-
99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
61.4%
18.4%
2.4%
-
-
1999
55.1%
23.0
166
164
1.009
87.2%
2.2%
10.9%
88.4%
0.0%
-
99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
64.6%
17.1%
3.3%
-
-
2000
55.1%
22.9
165
168
1.032
84.9%
2.1%
11.2%
87.7%
0.0%
-
99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
65.1%
23.4%
2.3%
-
0.1%
2001
53.9%
23.0
165
168
1.042
84.1%
3.2%
11.4%
87.5%
0.2%
-
99.7%
-
0.3%
67.2%
28.3%
3.6%
-
0.0%
2002
51.5%
23.1
166
173
1.066
84.9%
3.8%
11.2%
88.1%
0.4%
-
99.6%
-
0.4%
69.9%
33.9%
4.2%
-
0.3%
2003
50.2%
23.3
165
176
1.086
82.0%
3.5%
11.2%
87.9%
0.9%
-
99.6%
-
0.4%
73.8%
41.3%
2.1%
-
0.6%
2004
48.0%
23.1
168
182
1.106
80.8%
5.4%
10.2%
88.2%
1.4%
-
99.7%
-
0.3%
77.2%
44.2%
4.0%
-
0.9%
2005
50.5%
23.5
166
182
1.115
79.8%
5.8%
9.3%
88.0%
2.6%
-
99.6%
-
0.4%
78.2%
51.6%
2.7%
1.1%
2.1%
2006
52.9%
23.3
172
194
1.146
75.8%
5.8%
9.4%
88.1%
2.4%
-
99.4%
-
0.6%
80.8%
60.6%
3.6%
2.2%
1.5%
2007
52.9%
24.1
165
189
1.157
80.5%
5.7%
8.5%
81.1%
10.4%
-
99.6%
-
0.0%
84.8%
65.2%
3.7%
1.0%
3.4%
2008
52.7%
24.3
165
193
1.178
77.8%
7.3%
8.0%
80.2%
11.5%
3.2%
96.8%
-
0.1%
87.8%
63.5%
4.7%
2.3%
3.4%
2009
60.2%
25.4
155
184
1.190
82.5%
6.8%
6.7%
81.9%
11.0%
4.6%
94.7%
-
0.7%
91.9%
80.7%
4.4%
2.1%
3.0%
2010
58.9%
25.8
159
192
1.205
79.8%
6.5%
10.0%
76.0%
13.8%
6.7%
92.7%
-
0.5%
93.4%
91.5%
3.9%
3.1%
6.1%
48

-------
Table 13 (continued)
Powertrain Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles (Percentage Basis)
Trucks
Adj	Front Four
Model
Production
Comp


HP/
Wheel
Wheel
Manual
Lockup

GDI
Port
TBI

Multi-




Year
Share
MPG
CID
HP
CID
Drive
Drive
Trans
Trans
CVT
Metering Metering Metering
Diesel
Valve
WT
Turbo
CD
Hybrid
1975
19.4%
11.6
311
142
0.476
-
17.1%
37.0%
-
-
-
-
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
-
1976
21.2%
12.2
319
141
0.458
-
22.9%
34.8%
-
-
-
-
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
-
1977
20.0%
13.3
318
147
0.482
-
23.6%
32.0%
-
-
-
-
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
-
1978
22.7%
12.9
314
146
0.481
-
29.0%
32.4%
-
-
-
-
0.1%
0.8%
-
-
-
-
-
1979
22.2%
12.5
298
138
0.486
-
18.0%
35.2%
2.1%
-
-
-
0.3%
1.8%
-
-
-
-
-
1980
16.5%
15.8
248
121
0.528
1.4%
25.0%
53.0%
24.6%
-
-
-
1.7%
3.5%
-
-
-
-
-
1981
17.3%
17.1
247
119
0.508
1.9%
20.1%
51.6%
31.1%
-
-
-
1.1%
5.6%
-
-
-
-
-
1982
19.7%
17.4
243
120
0.524
1.7%
20.0%
45.7%
33.2%
-
-
-
0.7%
9.3%
-
-
-
-
-
1983
22.3%
17.8
231
118
0.543
1.4%
25.8%
45.9%
36.1%
-
-
-
0.6%
4.7%
-
-
-
-
-
1984
23.9%
17.4
224
118
0.557
4.9%
31.0%
42.1%
35.1%
-
-
1.9%
0.6%
2.3%
-
-
-
-
-
1985
25.4%
17.5
224
124
0.586
7.1%
30.6%
37.1%
42.2%
-
-
8.7%
3.5%
1.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1986
28.3%
18.2
211
123
0.621
5.9%
30.3%
42.7%
42.0%
-
-
21.8%
18.7%
0.7%
-
-
-
-
-
1987
27.8%
18.3
210
131
0.654
7.4%
31.5%
39.9%
44.8%
-
-
33.3%
33.6%
0.3%
-
-
-
-
-
1988
29.8%
17.9
227
141
0.650
9.0%
33.3%
35.5%
53.1%
-
-
43.3%
44.4%
0.2%
-
-
-
-
-
1989
30.7%
17.6
234
146
0.653
9.9%
32.0%
32.7%
56.8%
-
-
45.9%
47.6%
0.2%
-
-
-
-
-
1990
30.2%
17.4
237
151
0.668
15.5%
31.3%
28.2%
67.4%
-
-
55.2%
40.8%
0.2%
-
-
-
-
-
1991
32.2%
17.8
228
150
0.681
9.7%
35.3%
31.0%
67.4%
-
-
55.0%
43.2%
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1992
33.4%
17.4
234
155
0.685
13.6%
31.4%
27.3%
71.5%
-
-
65.9%
32.5%
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1993
36.0%
17.5
235
162
0.710
15.1%
29.4%
23.3%
75.7%
-
-
73.4%
25.7%
-
-
-
-
-
-
1994
40.4%
17.2
239
166
0.717
13.1%
36.9%
23.5%
75.1%
-
-
77.2%
22.5%
-
5.6%
-
-
-
-
1995
38.0%
17.0
244
168
0.715
17.7%
40.7%
20.5%
78.6%
-
-
79.8%
20.2%
-
8.4%
-
-
-
-
1996
40.0%
17.2
243
179
0.757
20.1%
37.1%
15.6%
83.5%
-
-
99.9%
-
0.1%
12.4%
-
-
-
-
1997
42.4%
17.0
248
187
0.775
13.9%
43.2%
14.6%
85.0%
-
-
100.0%
-
0.0%
13.7%
-
-
-
-
1998
44.9%
17.1
242
187
0.795
18.7%
42.0%
13.4%
86.0%
-
-
100.0%
-
0.0%
15.8%
-
-
-
-
1999
44.9%
16.7
249
197
0.814
17.4%
44.6%
9.1%
90.5%
-
-
100.0%
-
0.0%
17.3%
-
-
-
-
2000
44.9%
16.9
242
197
0.832
19.4%
42.4%
8.0%
91.7%
-
-
100.0%
-
-
19.9%
4.7%
-
-
-
2001
46.1%
16.7
243
209
0.882
18.5%
43.8%
6.3%
93.4%
-
-
100.0%
-
-
27.6%
9.3%
-
-
-
2002
48.5%
16.7
244
219
0.918
18.5%
47.6%
5.0%
94.7%
0.0%
-
100.0%
-
-
35.6%
16.2%
-
-
-
2003
49.8%
16.9
243
221
0.927
19.1%
46.7%
4.8%
93.7%
1.2%
-
100.0%
-
-
37.1%
19.7%
0.2%
-
-
2004
52.0%
16.7
252
236
0.953
17.2%
52.3%
3.7%
95.0%
1.0%
-
100.0%
-
0.0%
48.4%
33.3%
0.8%
-
0.0%
2005
49.5%
17.2
244
237
0.983
25.7%
48.3%
3.0%
95.0%
2.0%
-
99.9%
-
0.1%
52.8%
39.8%
0.6%
0.5%
0.1%
2006
47.1%
17.5
240
235
0.992
25.1%
48.4%
3.2%
93.5%
3.3%
-
99.9%
-
0.1%
61.4%
49.6%
0.5%
5.3%
1.4%
2007
47.1%
17.7
244
248
1.034
24.9%
49.0%
2.5%
93.9%
3.7%
-
99.9%
-
0.1%
57.0%
48.5%
1.3%
14.3%
0.9%
2008
47.3%
18.2
237
247
1.059
28.0%
49.6%
2.0%
94.1%
3.9%
1.2%
98.6%
-
0.2%
63.6%
52.3%
1.1%
11.7%
1.4%
2009
39.8%
19.0
226
245
1.103
32.7%
49.3%
1.8%
91.0%
7.3%
3.8%
96.0%
-
0.2%
71.1%
58.9%
1.6%
15.3%
1.2%
2010
41.1%
19.1
236
259
1.121
30.2%
48.2%
2.0%
92.8%
5.2%
11.0%
88.8%
-
0.2%
75.6%
79.2%
2.2%
12.5%
1.6%
49

-------
Table 13 (continued)
Powertrain Characteristics of 1975 to 2010 Light Duty Vehicles (Percentage Basis)
Cars and Trucks
Adj	Front Four
Model Comp	HP/ Wheel Wheel Manual Lockup	GDI Port TBI	Multi-
Year
MPG
CID
HP
CID
Drive
Drive
Trans
Trans
CVT
Metering Metering Metering
Diesel
Valve
WT
Turbo
CD
Hybrid
1975
13.1
293
137
0.507
5.3%
3.3%
23.0%
0.2%
-
-
4.1%
0.0%
0.2%
-
-
-
-
-
1976
14.2
294
135
0.493
4.6%
4.8%
20.9%
-
-
-
2.5%
0.0%
0.2%
-
-
-
-
-
1977
15.1
287
136
0.510
5.5%
4.7%
19.8%
-
-
-
3.4%
0.0%
0.4%
-
-
-
-
-
1978
15.8
266
129
0.525
7.4%
6.6%
22.7%
5.5%
-
-
3.9%
0.0%
0.9%
-
-
-
-
-
1979
15.9
252
124
0.532
9.2%
4.3%
24.2%
7.3%
-
-
3.7%
0.1%
2.0%
-
-
-
-
-
1980
19.2
198
104
0.574
25.0%
4.9%
34.6%
18.1%
-
-
5.2%
0.8%
4.3%
-
-
-
-
-
1981
20.5
193
102
0.580
31.0%
4.0%
33.6%
33.0%
-
-
5.1%
2.4%
5.9%
-
-
-
-
-
1982
21.1
188
103
0.593
37.0%
4.6%
32.4%
47.8%
-
-
5.8%
8.0%
5.6%
-
-
-
-
-
1983
21.0
193
107
0.599
37.0%
8.1%
30.5%
52.1%
-
-
7.3%
14.8%
2.7%
-
-
-
-
-
1984
21.0
190
109
0.618
42.1%
8.2%
28.4%
52.8%
-
-
11.9%
18.7%
1.8%
-
-
-
-
-
1985
21.3
189
114
0.650
47.8%
9.3%
26.5%
54.5%
-
-
18.2%
24.8%
0.9%
-
-
-
-
-
1986
21.8
180
114
0.678
52.6%
9.3%
29.8%
53.5%
-
-
32.5%
25.7%
0.4%
-
-
-
-
-
1987
22.0
175
118
0.710
57.7%
9.6%
29.1%
55.4%
-
-
39.9%
31.4%
0.3%
-
-
-
-
-
1988
21.9
180
123
0.726
60.0%
10.5%
27.6%
62.2%
-
-
50.6%
34.3%
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1989
21.4
185
129
0.743
60.2%
10.5%
24.6%
65.5%
0.1%
-
57.3%
33.9%
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1990
21.2
185
135
0.781
63.8%
10.1%
22.2%
71.2%
0.0%
-
70.8%
27.0%
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1991
21.2
184
138
0.796
59.6%
12.3%
23.9%
71.6%
0.0%
-
70.6%
28.7%
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1992
20.8
191
145
0.807
58.4%
11.2%
20.7%
74.8%
0.0%
-
81.6%
17.8%
0.1%
-
-
-
-
-
1993
20.9
191
147
0.809
59.9%
11.3%
19.8%
76.5%
0.0%
-
85.0%
14.6%
-
-
-
-
-
-
1994
20.4
197
152
0.816
55.6%
15.2%
19.5%
77.6%
-
-
87.7%
12.1%
0.0%
26.7%
-
-
-
-
1995
20.5
196
158
0.857
57.6%
16.2%
17.9%
80.7%
-
-
91.6%
8.4%
0.0%
35.6%
-
-
-
-
1996
20.4
197
164
0.878
60.0%
15.7%
15.2%
83.5%
0.0%
-
99.3%
0.7%
0.1%
39.3%
-
0.2%
-
-
1997
20.1
199
169
0.890
55.8%
19.3%
14.0%
85.5%
0.0%
-
99.5%
0.5%
0.1%
39.6%
-
0.4%
-
-
1998
20.1
199
171
0.904
56.4%
20.1%
12.8%
86.7%
0.0%
-
99.8%
0.1%
0.1%
40.9%
-
1.4%
-
-
1999
19.7
203
179
0.921
55.8%
21.3%
10.1%
89.4%
0.0%
-
99.9%
0.1%
0.1%
43.4%
-
1.8%
-
-
2000
19.8
200
181
0.942
55.5%
20.2%
9.7%
89.5%
0.0%
-
99.8%
0.0%
0.1%
44.8%
15.0%
1.3%
-
0.0%
2001
19.6
201
187
0.968
53.8%
21.9%
9.0%
90.2%
0.1%
-
99.9%
-
0.1%
49.0%
19.6%
2.0%
-
0.0%
2002
19.4
203
195
0.994
52.7%
25.0%
8.2%
91.3%
0.2%
-
99.8%
-
0.2%
53.3%
25.3%
2.2%
-
0.2%
2003
19.6
204
199
1.007
50.7%
25.0%
8.0%
90.8%
1.1%
-
99.8%
-
0.2%
55.5%
30.6%
1.2%
-
0.3%
2004
19.3
212
211
1.026
47.7%
29.8%
6.8%
91.8%
1.2%
-
99.9%
-
0.1%
62.3%
38.5%
2.3%
-
0.5%
2005
19.9
205
209
1.049
53.0%
26.8%
6.2%
91.4%
2.3%
-
99.7%
-
0.3%
65.6%
45.8%
1.7%
0.8%
1.1%
2006
20.1
204
213
1.073
51.9%
25.8%
6.5%
90.6%
2.8%
-
99.6%
-
0.4%
71.7%
55.4%
2.1%
3.6%
1.5%
2007
20.6
203
217
1.099
54.3%
26.1%
5.6%
87.1%
7.2%
-
99.8%
-
0.1%
71.7%
57.3%
2.6%
7.3%
2.2%
2008
21.0
199
219
1.122
54.2%
27.3%
5.2%
86.8%
7.9%
2.3%
97.6%
-
0.1%
76.4%
58.2%
3.0%
6.7%
2.5%
2009
22.4
183
208
1.156
62.7%
23.7%
4.7%
85.5%
9.5%
4.2%
95.2%
-
0.5%
83.6%
72.0%
3.3%
7.4%
2.3%
2010
22.5
191
220
1.170
59.4%
23.6%
6.7%
82.9%
10.3%
8.5%
91.1%
-
0.4%
86.1%
86.4%
3.2%
7.0%
4.3%
50

-------
Table 14
MY2010 Technology Usage by Vehicle Type and Size
(Percent of Vehicle Type/Size Strata)


Front
Four



Vehicle
Vehicle
Wheel
Wheel
Manual
Multi-

Type
Size
Drive
Drive
Trans
Valve
WT
Car
Small
74%
4%
17%
92%
88%
Car
Midsize
88%
7%
4%
99%
99%
Car
Large
74%
6%
1%
78%
84%
Car
All
80%
5%
9%
93%
92%
Wagon
Small
93%
7%
22%
100%
94%
Wagon
Midsize
33%
67%
5%
100%
48%
Wagon
Large
-
100%
-
100%
100%
Wagon
All
83%
17%
19%
100%
88%
Van
Small
100%
-
6%
100%
100%
Van
Midsize
99%
1%
-
59%
46%
Van
Large
-
12%
-
-
49%
Van
All
96%
1%
0%
58%
47%
SUV
Small
-
96%
28%
-
-
SUV
Midsize
40%
57%
1%
96%
87%
SUV
Large
33%
52%
0%
83%
84%
SUV
All
36%
55%
1%
89%
84%
Pickup
Midsize
-
32%
28%
100%
100%
Pickup
Large
-
49%
1%
49%
75%
Pickup
All
-
47%
4%
55%
78%
Figure 19 shows trends in drive use for the five vehicle classes. Cars and wagons used to be nearly all rear-
wheel drive, but are now more than 80% front-wheel drive. The trend towards increased use of front wheel drive
for vans is very similar to that for cars, except it started a few years later. Over 90% of vans currently use front-
wheel drive, compared to essentially none before 1984, which coincides with the introduction of minivans to the
U.S. market. SUVs are mostly 4WD; but a trend toward front-wheel drive SUVs started in MY2000, concurrent
with the increased production of crossover vehicles. Pickups remain the bastion of rear-wheel drive, but 4WD is
approaching 50% of pickup production.
51

-------
Figure 19
Front, Rear, and Four Wheel Drive Usage - Production Share by Vehicle Type
Car	Wagon
100% ""
80%
60%
40%
20%
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 19751980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
SUV
Model Year
Van
0)
cu
100%
80%
60%
C
O
o
Z5
"O
O
40%
20%

1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
Pickup
Model Year
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
n
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
Drive
Four Wheel Drive
Front Wheel Drive
Rear Wheel Drive
52

-------
The increasing trend in Ton-MPG shown in Table 1 can be attributed to better vehicle design, including
more efficient engines, better transmission designs, and better matching of the engine and transmission.
Powertrains are matched to the load better when the engine operates closer to its best efficiency point more often.
For many conventional engines, this point is approximately 2000 RPM and two-thirds of the maximum torque at
that speed. One way to make the engine operate more closely to its best efficiency point is to increase the number
of gears in the transmission and, for automatic transmissions, employing a lockup torque converter. Three
important changes in transmission design have occurred in recent years:
1.	The use of additional gears for both automatic and manual transmissions;
2.	For the automatics, conversion to lockup (L3, L4, L5, L6) torque converter transmissions; and
3.	The use of continuously variable transmissions (CVTs).
Table 15 compares Ton-MPG by transmission and vehicle type for 1988 and this year. In 1988, every
transmission type shown in the table achieved less than 40 Ton-MPG. This year, nearly every transmission type
achieves at least 40 Ton-MPG. Figure 20 indicates that the L4 transmission has lost its position as the predominant
transmission type for all vehicle classes. L5 and L6 transmissions combined now account for over half of all
production in all classes except cars, with the car market a diverse mix of L4, L5, L6, M5, M6, and CVTs. Manual
transmissions are used essentially only in cars and pickups, and the M5 transmission now predominates.
Transmissions alter the ratio of engine speed to drive wheel speed. In conventional transmissions, this
speed ratio is limited to a fixed number of discrete values, but for a CVT, the ratio is continuous. These
transmissions differ from conventional automatic transmissions and manual transmissions in that CVTs do not have
a fixed number of gears with the advantage that the engine speed/drive wheel speed ratio can be altered to enhance
vehicle performance or fuel economy in ways not available with conventional transmissions.
More data stratified by transmission type can be found in Appendix I.
Table 15
Ton-MPG by Transmission and Vehicle Type
(Conventionally Powered Vehicles)

Car
Car
Van
Van
SUV
SUV
Pickup
Pickup
Transmission
1988
2010
1988
2010
1988
2010
1988
2010
M4
37.0
-
33.6
-
38.0
-
32.4
-
M5
37.7
42.8
37.7
43.4
33.1
42.2
35.3
41.0
M6
-
40.7
-
-
-
38.2
-
36.3
CVT
-
46.1
-
-
-
43.1
-
-
L3
36.1
-
37.1
-
33.5
-
31.4
-
L4
37.9
43.6
36.6
43.7
33.8
41.9
33.8
42.2
L5
-
44.3
-
47.3
-
43.7
-
40.0
L6
-
45.0
-
44.8
-
46.8
-
46.9
53

-------
Figure 20
Transmission Production Share by Model Year
Car	Van
100%
Other
Other
100%
Other
Other
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
Table 16 and Figure 21 show production share stratified by number of engine cylinders. Engines with 8, 6,
and 4 cylinders have accounted for 97 to 99% of all engines produced since 1975. The 8-cylinder engine was
dominant in the mid and late 1970s, accounting for over half of production. Subsequently, while production share
stratified by number of engine cylinders varied over time, there were two years with notable production shifts. The
first major shift was in MY 1980, when 8-cylinder engine production share dropped from 54% to 26%, and 4-
cylinder production share increased from 26% to 45%. The 4-cylinder engine continued to lead the market until
overtaken by 6-cylinder engines in MY1992. The second major shift was in MY2009, when 4-cylinder engines
once again became the production leader with 51% (an increase of 13% in a single year), followed by 6-cylinder
54

-------
engines with 35%, and 8-cyinder engines at an all-time low of 12%. Figure 22 breaks out the data for engine
cylinders by vehicle type. It can be seen that 4-cylinder engines account for nearly 70% of cars and about 30% of
SUVs, but are used only rarely in pickups and vans. Vans are almost exclusively powered by 6-cylinder engines,
and pickups use mostly 8-cylinder engines. Over one-half of all SUVs use 6-cylinder engines.
Table 16
Production Share by Number of Cylinders
Model Year
Other
8 Cylinder
6 Cylinder
4 Cylinder
1975
0.6%
61.9%
17.7%
19.8%
1976
0.4%
62.2%
19.3%
18.2%
1977
0.2%
65.4%
16.0%
18.4%
1978
0.3%
57.1%
20.0%
22.6%
1979
0.7%
53.6%
19.5%
26.2%
1980
1.1%
25.6%
28.3%
45.1%
1981
0.9%
23.1%
28.7%
47.3%
1982
1.1%
21.9%
28.0%
49.0%
1983
1.2%
25.9%
25.3%
47.6%
1984
1.1%
24.1%
26.1%
48.7%
1985
1.4%
23.7%
25.7%
49.2%
1986
1.4%
18.4%
26.5%
53.8%
1987
1.2%
15.4%
28.1%
55.3%
1988
1.1%
16.3%
33.0%
49.6%
1989
0.8%
15.8%
36.4%
47.0%
1990
0.7%
15.0%
39.2%
45.1%
1991
1.1%
13.2%
39.9%
45.7%
1992
1.2%
14.8%
45.6%
38.4%
1993
1.2%
13.6%
47.7%
37.6%
1994
1.2%
16.5%
46.0%
36.4%
1995
0.6%
16.7%
46.0%
36.7%
1996
0.9%
16.1%
46.9%
36.2%
1997
0.5%
20.1%
42.1%
37.4%
1998
0.8%
17.9%
45.4%
35.9%
1999
0.4%
19.9%
47.2%
32.4%
2000
0.5%
19.0%
48.9%
31.7%
2001
0.6%
20.4%
47.1%
32.0%
2002
0.5%
19.6%
48.8%
31.1%
2003
0.3%
21.3%
46.6%
31.8%
2004
2.0%
23.9%
46.1%
28.0%
2005
2.1%
20.0%
46.2%
31.7%
2006
2.6%
18.9%
47.0%
31.5%
2007
2.1%
19.3%
42.1%
36.5%
2008
2.1%
16.8%
43.4%
37.7%
2009
1.9%
12.4%
35.0%
50.8%
2010
1.1%
16.5%
34.0%
48.4%
55

-------
Figure 21
Production Share by Number of Cylinders
100%
Cylinders
I Other
1990 1995
Model Year

-------
Figure 22
Production Share by Cylinder Count and Vehicle Type
Car
Van
SUV
Pickup
1975 1980
1985 1990 1995
Model Year
2000 2005 2010
57

-------
Table 17 and Figure 23 compare horsepower (HP), displacement (CID), and specific power or horsepower
per cubic inch (HP/CID) for cars, vans, SUVs, and pickups. For all four vehicle types, significant CID reductions
occurred in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Engine displacement has been flat for cars and vans since the mid-
1980s and has declined for SUVs since the mid-1990s, but has been increasing for two decades for pickups.
Average horsepower has increased substantially for all of these vehicle types since 1981 (with a small decrease in
MY2009) with the highest increase occurring for pickups whose HP is now more than double what it was then (i.e.,
295 HP versus 115 HP). Light-duty vehicle engines, thus, have also improved in specific power with the highest
specific power being for engines used in passenger cars and SUVs.
Table 17
MY2010 Engine Characteristics by Vehicle Type
Vehicle Type
HP
CID
HP/CID
Multi-
Valve
VVT
Cylinder
Deactivation
Car
192
159
1.21
93%
92%
3%
Van
217
215
1.01
58%
47%
15%
SUV
247
209
1.20
89%
84%
6%
Pickup
295
295
1.00
55%
78%
25%
All
220
191
1.17
86%
86%
7%
58

-------
Car
Figure 23
Horsepower, CID, and Horsepower per CID
Van	SUV
250
200
150
100
300
250
200
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6

  i	
   ,
Pickup
 * * 
HP
CID
HP/CID
cococococoooo
-joooococoooi
cnotnocnocno
_i_i* l\5 l\5 l\5 iii *
cococococoooocococococoooocococococoooo
-JOOOOCOCDOO'-"JOOOOCOCDOO'-"JOOOOCDCOOOi
cnotnocnotnotnotnocnocnocnocnocnocno
Model Year
Table 18 compares HP, CID, and HP/CID by vehicle type and number of cylinders for model years 1988
and 2010. Table 18 shows that the increase in horsepower shown for the fleet in Table 13extends to all vehicle type
and cylinder number strata. These increases in horsepower range from 46 to 123%. Because displacement has
remained relatively constant, it can be seen that the primary reason for the horsepower increase is increased specific
power -- up between 39 and 111% from 1988 to 2010.
At the number-of-cylinders level of stratification, model year 2010 cars and SUVs generally achieve higher
specific power than vans or pickups. One reason for the lower specific power of some truck engines is that these
vehicles may be used to carry heavy loads or pull trailers and thus need more "torque rise," (i.e., an increase in
torque as engine speed falls from the peak power point) to achieve acceptable drivability. Engines equipped with
four valves per cylinder typically have inherently lower torque rise than two valve engines with lower specific
power.
59

-------
Table 18
Changes in Horsepower and Specific Power by Vehicle Type and Number of Cylinders


HP
HP
Percent
CID
CID
Percent
HP/
HP/
Percent
Vehicle Type
Cylinders
1988
2010
Change
1988
2010
Change
CID 1988
CID 2010
Change
Car
4
95
152
60%
118
128
8%
0.805
1.190
48%
Car
6
142
261
84%
193
209
8%
0.744
1.253
68%
Car
8
164
365
123%
301
319
6%
0.544
1.148
111%
Van
4
98
143
46%
145
126
-13%
0.678
1.134
67%
Van
6
149
222
49%
213
222
5%
0.722
1.001
39%
Van
8
168
320
90%
322
323
0%
0.520
0.991
91%
SUV
4
94
180
91%
122
148
21%
0.773
1.219
58%
SUV
6
147
259
76%
212
212
0%
0.706
1.224
73%
SUV
8
183
348
90%
338
329
-3%
0.541
1.061
96%
Pickup
4
97
159
64%
142
159
12%
0.685
1.001
46%
Pickup
6
142
229
61%
229
240
5%
0.644
0.957
49%
Pickup
8
180
320
78%
329
320
-3%
0.544
1.000
84%
Table 19 shows similar data to those in Table 18, but the stratification is based on vehicle weight. This
table clearly shows that, for nearly every case for which a comparison can be made between 1988 and 2010, there
were increases in HP, decreases in CID, and substantial increases in specific power ranging from 40 to 198%.
60

-------
Table 19
Changes in Horsepower and Specific Power by Vehicle Type and Weight
Cars
Weight
HP
HP
Percent
CID
CID
Percent
HP/CID
HP/CID
Percent
(lb)
1988
2010
Change
1988
2010
Change
1988
2010
Change
2000
59
70
19%
77
61
-21%
0.770
1.148
49%
2250
73
225
208%
90
110
22%
0.808
2.045
153%
2500
79
106
34%
100
91
-9%
0.785
1.165
48%
2750
97
115
19%
123
97
-21%
0.804
1.182
47%
3000
114
139
22%
145
115
-21%
0.797
1.208
52%
3500
151
180
19%
212
152
-28%
0.732
1.184
62%
4000
160
255
59%
289
209
-28%
0.569
1.230
116%
4500
144
329
128%
305
274
-10%
0.474
1.231
160%
5000
207
363
75%
408
275
-33%
0.509
1.329
161%
5500
205
300
46%
412
236
-43%
0.498
1.263
154%
6000
205
381
86%
412
313
-24%
0.498
1.181
137%
Vans
Weight
HP
HP
Percent
CID
CID
Percent
HP/CID
HP/CID
Percent
(lb)
1988
2010
Change
1988
2010
Change
1988
2010
Change
3500
123
143
16%
166
126
-24%
0.736
1.134
54%
4500
169
216
28%
321
222
-31%
0.528
0.975
85%
5000
156
241
54%
312
225
-28%
0.500
1.081
116%
5500
195
320
64%
347
323
-7%
0.562
0.991
76%
6000
126
320
154%
379
323
-15%
0.332
0.991
198%
SUVs
Weight
HP
HP
Percent
CID
CID
Percent
HP/CID
HP/CID
Percent
(lb)
1988
2010
Change
1988
2010
Change
1988
2010
Change
3500
147
179
22%
210
151
-28%
0.712
1.180
66%
4000
135
209
55%
190
169
-11%
0.723
1.250
73%
4500
148
258
74%
312
214
-31%
0.494
1.211
145%
5000
181
269
49%
330
223
-32%
0.545
1.217
123%
5500
200
314
57%
350
259
-26%
0.572
1.229
115%
6000
162
345
113%
368
329
-11%
0.445
1.050
136%
Pickups
Weight
HP
HP
Percent
CID
CID
Percent
HP/CID
HP/CID
Percent
(lb)
1988
2010
Change
1988
2010
Change
1988
2010
Change
3500
130
155
19%
184
154
-16%
0.719
1.010
40%
4000
154
206
34%
282
212
-25%
0.555
0.972
75%
4500
174
240
38%
322
239
-26%
0.539
1.009
87%
5000
193
304
58%
342
307
-10%
0.565
0.985
74%
5500
178
308
73%
363
315
-13%
0.495
0.979
98%
6000
140
335
139%
379
328
-13%
0.369
1.024
178%
61

-------
Figure 24 shows that increases in HP per CID apply to all of the engines, except for a few cases of engines
with three valves. Engines with more valves per cylinder deliver higher values of HP per CID. Engines with only
two valves per cylinder deliver approximately twice as much horsepower per CID than they used to. The increases
in HP and HP/CID are due to changes in engine technologies.
Figure 24
HP/CID by Number of Valves per Cylinder (with Three Year Moving Average)
Car	Van
1.2
1.0
0.8
Q 0.6
O
Q-	-I 2
CD	ue-
(A
I	1.0
0.8
0.6
SUV
Pickup
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
62

-------
Figure 25 shows that usage of multi-valve engines is increasing for all vehicle types and as shown in Table
17 for MY2010, is now about 90% for cars and SUVs, and over 50% for vans and pickups.
Figure 25
Production Share by Valves per Cylinder
Car	Van
100%
Valves
100%
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
63

-------
Figure 26 and Table 20 show how the car and truck fleet have evolved from one that consisted almost
entirely of carbureted engines in the 1970s and early 1980s, to one which is now almost entirely port fuel injected,
and increasingly dominated by variable valve timing.
Figure 26
Production Share by Engine Type
Car
Truck
1.0
0.8
0.6
Carb
0
\	
CO
sz
CO
c
o
o 0.4
O
o
0.2
0.0
Port Fixed
variab e
Diese
Carb
Port Fixed
Diesel
X.
Hybrid
Variable
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 20101975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
Table 20
Production Share of MY1988 and MY2010 Light Vehicles
by Engine Type and Valve Timing
Cars Cars Vans Vans SUVs SUVs Pickups Pickups All All
Engine Type 1988 2010 1988 2010 1988 2010 1988 2010 1988 2010
Carb	16%
TBI	30%
Port Fixed 54%
Port Variable
GDI Fixed
GDI Variable
Diesel	0%
Hybrid
8%
79%
0%
7%
1%
6%
0%	-	16%
43%	-	37%
57%	53% 47%
-	47%
0%
0%
16%
63%
18%
0%
3%
16%
48%
35%
0%
-	15%
-	34%
22% 51% 13%
78% - 74%
0%
8%
0% 0%
0% - 4%
Over the last decade, automotive manufacturers have been increasingly using engines which use either
cams or electric solenoids to provide variable intake and/or exhaust valve timing and in some cases valve lift
(earlier engines used camshafts which were permanently synchronized with the engine's crankshaft so that they
operated the valves at a specific fixed point in each combustion cycle regardless of the speed and load at which the
engine was operated). The ability to control valve timing allows the design of an engine combustion chamber with
64

-------
a higher compression level than in engines equipped with fixed valve timing engines which in turn provides greater
engine efficiency, more power and improved combustion efficiency. Variable valve timing (VVT) also allows the
valves to be operated at different points in the combustion cycle, to provide performance that is precisely tailored to
the engine's specific speed and load at any given instant with the valve timing set to allow the best overall
performance across the engine's normal operating range. This results in improved engine efficiency under low-load
conditions, such as at idle or highway cruising, and increased power at times of high demand. In addition, variable
valve timing can result in reduced pumping losses from the work required to pull air in and push exhaust out of the
cylinder.
Because automobile manufacturers are not currently required to provide EPA with data on the type of valve
timing their engines have, the database used to generate this report was augmented to indicate whether a vehicle
had fixed or variable valve timing. The data augmentation was based on data from trade publications and data
published by automotive manufacturers. In addition, no differentiation between engines which used cams or
solenoids to control the valve timing was made, nor was valve lift considered. For cars, the augmented data covers
model years 1989 to 2010, while for trucks the augmentation covered model years 1999 to 2010.
Table 21 compares horsepower, engine size (CID), specific power (HP/CID), Ton- mpg, and estimated 0-
to-60 acceleration time for two selected MY1988 and five 2010 engine types.
Table 21
Comparison of MY1988 and MY2010 Cars by Engine Fuel Metering,
Number of Valves and Valve Timing









Ton
Ton
0-to-60
0-to-60
Fuel
Number

HP
HP
CID
CID
HP/CID
HP/CID
MPG
MPG
Time
Time
Metering
of Valves
Valve Timing
1988
2010
1988
2010
1988
2010
1988
2010
1988
2010
Carb

Fixed
88
-
131
-
0.75
-
37.2
-
14.3
-
TBI
2
Fixed
97
-
141
-
0.71
-
36.9
-
13.7
-
Port
2
Fixed
137
313
193
301
0.74
1.07
36.6
37.6
11.9
7.5
Port
4
Fixed
137
191
131
168
1.05
1.14
37.9
42.8
11.1
9.8
Port
4
Variable
-
184
-
151
-
1.21
-
44.3
-
9.7
GDI
4
Fixed
-
200
-
121
-
1.65
-
45.9
-
8.9
GDI
4
Variable
-
261
-
177
-
1.50
-
45.0
-
8.2
Percent Change over 1988 Port Two Valve, Fixed Valve Timing Base Model









Ton
Ton
0-to-60
0-to-60
Fuel
Number

HP
HP
CID
CID
HP/CID
HP/CID
MPG
MPG
Time
Time
Metering
of Valves
Valve Timing
1988
2010
1988
2010
1988
2010
1988
2010
1988
2010
Carb

Fixed
-35.8%
-
-32.1%
-
1.4%
-
1.6%
-
20.2%
-
TBI
2
Fixed
-29.2%
-
-26.9%
-
-4.1%
-
0.8%
-
15.1%
-
Port
2
Fixed
-
128.5%
-
56.0%
-
44.6%
-
2.7%
-
-37.0%
Port
4
Fixed
-
39.4%
-32.1%
-13.0%
41.9%
54.1%
3.6%
16.9%
-6.7%
-17.6%
Port
4
Variable
-
34.3%
-
-21.8%
-
63.5%
-
21.0%
-
-18.5%
GDI
4
Fixed
-
46.0%
-
-37.3%
-
123.0%
-
25.4%
-
-25.2%
GDI
4
Variable
-
90.5%
-
-8.3%
-
102.7%
-
23.0%
-
-31.1%
65

-------
Because 1988 was the peak year for car fuel economy until recently, and because the two valve, fixed valve
timing, port injected engine accounted for about half of the car engines built that year, the 1988 version of this
engine was selected as a baseline engine with its average characteristics compared to five MY2010 engine
configurations. As shown in Figure 27, all of these MY2010 engine types had substantially higher horsepower than
the baseline MY1988 engine, and substantially higher specific power. Not all of these improvements in engine
design for these engine types that occurred between 1988 and 2010 were used to improve fuel economy as
indicated by the nominal 20% decrease in 0-to-60 time each achieved. As mentioned earlier, in this report vehicle
performance for conventionally powered vehicles is determined by an estimate of 0-to-60 acceleration time
calculated from the ratio of vehicle power to weight. Obtaining increased power to weight in a time when weight is
trending upwards implies that horsepower is increasing. Increased horsepower can be obtained by increasing the
engine's displacement, the engine's specific power (HP/CID), or both. Increasing specific power has been the
primary driver for increases in performance for the past two decades.
Figure 27
Percent Difference in MY2010 Vehicle Characteristics from MY1988
Port 2 Valve Fixed Car Engine
0 to 60 Time
Ton-MPG
HP/CID
CID
Engine

Port 4 Valve Variable

Port 4 Valve Fixed

Port 2 Valve Fixed

GDI 4 Valve Variable

GDI 4 Valve Fixed
-40% -20% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 140%
Percent Change
For the current model year fleet, specific power has been studied at an even more detailed level of
stratification with both car and truck engines being classified according to: (1) the number of valves per cylinder,
(2) the manufacturer's fuel recommendation, (3) the presence or absence of an intake boost device such as a
turbocharger or supercharger, and (4) whether or not the engine had fixed or variable valve timing. Higher HP/CID
is associated with: (a) more valves per cylinder, (b) higher octane fuel, (c) intake boost, and (d) use of variable
66

-------
valve timing. The technical approaches result in specific power ranges for cars and trucks from about .9 to about
1.9. The relative production fractions in Table 22 are just for each technical option in the table and exclude
hybrids.
Table 22 shows the incremental effect, on a production weighted basis, of adding each technical option, but
not all of the technical options are production significant. The effect of the use of higher octane fuel cannot be
discounted, because roughly 15% of the current car fleet is comprised of vehicles which use engines for which high
octane fuel is recommended. By comparison, about 12% of this year's light trucks require premium fuel.
Engine technology which delivers improved specific power thus can be used in many ways ranging from
reduced displacement and improved fuel economy at constant (or worse) performance, to increased performance
and the same fuel economy at constant displacement.
Table 22
HP/CID and Production Share by Fuel and Engine Technology
Model Year 2010 Cars



2 Valve
2 Valve
3 Valve
3 Valve
4 Valve
4 Valve
Total


Valve
HP/
Production
HP/
Production
HP/
Production
Production
Fuel
Boost
Timing
CID
Fraction
CID
Fraction
CID
Fraction
Fraction
Regular
No Boost
Fixed
0.94
1.5%
-
-
1.12
6.0%
7.5%
Regular
No Boost
Variable
1.07
4.8%
1.12
0.6%
1.18
71.4%
76.8%
Regular
Boost
Fixed
-
-
-
-
1.72
0.0%
0.0%
Regular
Boost
Variable
-
-
-
-
1.73
0.7%
0.7%
Premium
No Boost
Fixed
1.88
0.2%
-
-
1.35
0.0%
0.2%
Premium
No Boost
Variable
1.16
0.0%
1.06
0.0%
1.33
11.3%
11.3%
Premium
Boost
Fixed
1.49
0.1%
-
-
1.64
0.2%
0.3%
Premium
Boost
Variable
-
-
1.56
0.0%
1.72
2.6%
2.6%
Diesel
Boost

-
-
-
-
1.17
0.5%
0.5%
Total

-
-
6.6%
-
0.7%
-
92.7%
100.0%
Model Year 2010 Trucks



2 Valve
2 Valve
3 Valve
3 Valve
4 Valve
4 Valve
Total


Valve
HP/
Production
HP/
Production
HP/
Production
Production
Fuel
Boost
Timing
CID
Fraction
CID
Fraction
CID
Fraction
Fraction
Regular
No Boost
Fixed
0.88
11.4%
1.01
3.2%
1.16
6.2%
20.7%
Regular
No Boost
Variable
0.98
13.0%
0.94
4.1%
1.18
49.4%
66.6%
Regular
Boost
Variable
-
-
-
-
1.6
0.2%
0.2%
Premium
No Boost
Fixed
-
-
-
-
0.96
0.0%
0.0%
Premium
No Boost
Variable
1.13
0.0%
-
-
1.24
10.3%
10.3%
Premium
Boost
Variable
-
-
1.51
0.0%
1.72
1.9%
1.9%
Diesel
Boost

-
-
-
-
1.24
0.2%
0.2%
Total

-
-
24.4%
-
7.3%
-
68.2%
100.0%
67

-------
A relatively recent engine development has been the reintroduction of cylinder deactivation, an automotive
technology that was used by General Motors in some MY1981 V-8 engines that could be operated in 8-, 6- and 4-
cylinder modes. This approach, which has also been called by a number of names including 'variable
displacement', 'displacement on demand', 'active fuel management' and 'multiple displacement', involves allowing
the valves of selected cylinders of the engine to remain closed and interrupting the fuel supply to these cylinders
when engine power demands are below a predetermined threshold, as typically happens under less demanding
driving conditions, such as steady state operation or during idle. Under light load conditions, the engine can thus
provide better fuel mileage than would otherwise be achieved. Although frictional and thermodynamic energy
losses still occur in the cylinders that are not being used, these losses are more than offset by the increased load and
reduced specific fuel consumption of the remaining cylinders. Typically half of the usual number of cylinders is
deactivated. Challenges to the engine designer for this type of engine include mode transitions, idle quality, and
noise and vibration. For MY2010, as shown previously in Table 17, it is estimated that about seven percent of all
vehicles are equipped with cylinder deactivation.
Table 23 compares six examples of individual MY2010 vehicles with and without cylinder deactivation.
For the Dodge Charger, cylinder deactivation is offered with a smaller, less powerful engine, resulting in 19%
higher fuel economy relative to the larger engine without cylinder deactivation. The Dodge Challenger is offered
with an engine of the same size, though slightly less powerful, resulting in a 2% higher fuel economy. In the three
cases shown where cylinder deactivation was coupled with a larger, more powerful engine, this combination led to
4-15% lower fuel economy compared to the smaller engine.
Table 23
Comparison of MY2010 Vehicles with Engines with Cylinder Deactivation
Model Year 2010 Cars and Trucks
Lab	Lab MPG
Car Class
Model Name
Drive
Transmission
Weight
CID
HP
55/45
mpg
Cylinders
Cylinder
Deactivation
HP %
Change
%
Change
Small Car
Challenger
Rear
L5
4500
348
359
24.1
8
Yes
-5%
2%

Challenger
Rear
M6
4500
348
376
23.6
8
No


Small Car
TSX
Front
L5
4000
214
280
28.0
6
Yes
28%
-15%

TSX
Front
L5
3500
146
201
32.3
4
No


Large Car
Charger
Rear
L5
4500
348
359
24.1
8
Yes
-18%
19%

Charger
Rear
L5
4500
372
425
19.6
8
No


Large Car
Accord 4DR Sedan
Front
L5
4000
214
280
29.4
6
Yes
32%
-11%

Accord 4DR Sedan
Front
L5
3500
146
190
32.6
4
No


Large Pickup
Ram 1500 Pickup 2WD
Rear
L5
5000
348
390
20.4
8
Yes
23%
3%

Ram 1500 Pickup 2WD
Rear
L5
5500
287
302
19.8
8
No


Large SUV
C1500 Yukon 2WD
Rear
L6
6000
378
403
21.0
8
Yes
25%
-4%

C1500 Yukon 2WD
Rear
L6
6000
323
301
21.8
8
No


68

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Figure 28 compares market penetration rates for six passenger car technologies, namely port fuel injection
(Port FI), front-wheel drive (FWD), multi-valve engines (i.e., engines with more than two valves per cylinder),
lockup transmissions, engines with variable valve timing, and CVTs. The production fraction for VVT car engines
has increased in a similar fashion to the others shown in the figure. This indicates that, in the past, it has taken a
decade for a technology to prove itself and attain a production fraction of 40 to 50% and as long as another five or
ten years to reach maximum market penetration.
Figure 28
Car Engine Technology Penetration After First Significant Use
100%
80%
CD
i
CO
-C
m
c
o
'o 40%
3
T3
O
60%
20%
0%



Front Wheel Drive,.
Port hi,
X
t
/-Multi-Va
Ive


--A

Iockun
/
^ 7
j/
i





^ /
/ J
j variable valve I imin
g



/
1
/






Y"
>7

	^CVT





10 15 20 25
Years After First Use
30
35
A similar comparison of five technologies whose production fraction peaked out is shown in Figure 29.
This figure shows that, in the past, it has taken a number of years for technologies such as throttle body fuel
injection (TBI), lockup 3-speed (L3) and 4-speed (L4) transmissions to reach their maximum production fraction,
and, even then, use of these technologies has often continued for a decade or longer. For the limited number of
historical cases studied, the time a given technology has taken to attain and then pass a production share of about 40
to 50% appears to be one indicator of whether it later attains a stabilized high level of market penetration. L4
transmissions and both two- and four-valve, port injected, fixed valve timing car engines (Port 2V- and 4V- Fixed)
now can be classified with technologies such as TBI engines and L3 transmissions which have reached their peak
production fractions and, thus, are likely to disappear from the new vehicle fleet.
69

-------
Figure 29
Car Engine Technology Penetration After First Significant Use
100%
Port 2
3ort 4	N Valve
A/alve Fixed \ Fixed
Years After First Use
Table 24 compares fuel economy ratings, the ratio of highway to city fuel economy, and ton-mpg of the
MY2010 hybrid and diesel vehicles with those for the average MY2010 car and truck. All of the hybrid vehicles in
the table have a lower highway/city ratio than the average car or truck.
In addition, there are several cases in the table for which the highway to city ratio is less than 1.0, and these
represent cases where a vehicle achieves higher fuel economy in city than in highway driving. This year's diesel
cars achieve ton-mpg values that are roughly the same as some of the hybrid cars. For MY2010, the Toyota Prius
achieves 86 Ton-mpg, which is 87% higher than that of the average car.
70

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Table 24
Characteristics of MY 2010 Hybrid and Diesel Vehicles
Hybrid Cars




Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Hwy/


Weight
CID
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
City
Model Name
Transmission
(lb)
(cu in)
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
Ratio
CAMRY HYBRID
CVT
4000
144
45.9
33.4
34.1
33.8
67.6
1.0
CIVIC HYBRID
CVT
3000
79
58.8
40.2
45.3
42.9
64.4
1.1
FUSION HYBRID FWD
CVT
4000
153
54.2
41.4
36.4
38.4
76.8
0.9
GS 450h
CVT
4500
211
30.8
21.9
25.3
23.8
53.5
1.2
HS 250h
CVT
4000
144
47.3
35.3
33.6
34.3
68.6
0.9
INSIGHT
CVT
3000
79
57.6
40.1
43.3
41.9
62.8
1.1
LS 600h L
CVT
5500
303
26.9
19.6
21.8
20.8
57.2
1.1
MALIBU HYBRID
Other
4000
146
38.6
25.8
34.0
29.9
59.8
1.3
MILAN HYBRID FWD
CVT
4000
153
54.2
41.4
36.4
38.4
76.8
0.9
PRIUS
CVT
3500
110
70.9
50.9
48.3
49.4
86.4
0.9
S400 HYBRID
Other
5000
213
27.5
18.6
25.1
21.8
54.6
1.3
All 2010 Cars

3499
159
32.7
21.7
30.1
25.8
46.1
1.4
Hybrid Trucks




Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Hwy/


Weight
CID
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
City
Model Name
Transmission
(lb)
(cu in)
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
Ratio
ActiveHybrid X6
Other
6000
269
23.1
16.7
19.2
18.0
54.1
1.2
C15 SIERRA 2WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
64.9
1.0
C15 SILVERADO 2WD
CVT
6000
366
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
64.9
1.0
C1500TAHOE 2WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
64.9
1.0
C1500 YUKON HYBRID 2WD
CVT
6000
366
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
64.9
1.0
ESCALADE 2WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
64.9
1.0
ESCAPE HYBRID 4WD
CVT
4000
153
38.8
30.2
27.1
28.4
56.7
0.9
ESCAPE HYBRID FWD
CVT
4000
153
44.1
34.0
30.5
31.9
63.9
0.9
HIGHLANDER HYBRID 4WD
CVT
5000
202
35.2
27.3
25.1
26.0
65.0
0.9
K15 SILVERADO 4WD
CVT
6000
366
28.3
21.1
21.8
21.5
64.6
1.0
K1500 TAHOE 4WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
28.3
21.1
21.8
21.5
64.6
1.0
K1500 YUKON 4WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
28.3
21.1
21.8
21.5
64.6
1.0
MARINER HYBRID 4WD
CVT
4000
153
38.8
30.2
27.1
28.4
56.7
0.9
MARINER HYBRID FWD
CVT
4000
153
44.1
34.0
30.5
31.9
63.9
0.9
ML450 HYBRID 4MATIC
Other
5500
213
29.6
21.2
24.2
22.8
62.7
1.1
RX 450h
CVT
5000
211
40.4
31.5
27.9
29.4
73.4
0.9
RX 450h AWD
CVT
5000
211
39.2
30.2
27.7
28.7
71.7
0.9
TRIBUTE HYBRID 2WD
CVT
4000
153
44.1
34.0
30.5
31.9
63.9
0.9
TRIBUTE HYBRID 4WD
CVT
4000
153
38.8
30.2
27.1
28.4
56.7
0.9
VUE FWD HYBRID
L4
4000
146
36.7
24.8
32.2
28.5
57.0
1.3
All 2010 Trucks

4738
236
23.8
16.2
22.0
19.1
45.3
1.4
71

-------
Table 24 (continued)
Diesel Cars




Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Hwy/


Weight
CID
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
City
Model Name
Transmission
(lb)
(cu in)
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
Ratio
335d
L6
4000
183
36.0
22.7
36.1
28.8
57.6
1.6
A3
L6
3500
120
46.2
29.7
42.0
35.7
62.4
1.4
GOLF
L6
3500
120
46.2
29.7
42.0
35.7
62.4
1.4
GOLF
M6
3500
120
45.7
29.7
41.0
35.2
61.6
1.4
J ETTA
L6
3500
120
46.2
29.7
42.0
35.7
62.4
1.4
J ETTA
M6
3500
120
45.7
29.7
41.0
35.2
61.6
1.4
JETTASPORTWAGEN
L6
3500
120
46.2
29.7
42.0
35.7
62.4
1.4
JETTASPORTWAGEN
M6
3500
120
45.7
29.7
41.0
35.2
61.6
1.4
R 350 BLUETEC
Other
5500
182
26.3
17.9
23.9
20.9
57.5
1.3
All 2010 Cars

3499
159
32.7
21.7
30.1
25.8
46.1
1.4
Diesel Trucks




Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Hwy/


Weight
CID
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
City
Model Name
Transmission
(lb)
(cu in)
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
Ratio
GL 350 BLUETEC
Other
6000
182
24.8
16.9
22.7
19.8
59.3
1.3
ML 350 BLUETEC
Other
5000
182
27.1
18.4
24.7
21.5
53.7
1.3
Q7
L6
6000
183
24.2
15.9
23.8
19.6
58.9
1.5
Touareg
L6
5500
183
26.2
17.5
24.7
21.0
57.7
1.4
X5 xDrive35d
L6
5500
183
28.4
19.1
26.2
22.5
62.0
1.4
All 2010 Trucks

4738
236
23.8
16.2
22.0
19.1
45.3
1.4
Most of the vehicles in Table 24 have conventionally powered counterparts. Table 25 compares the
adjusted composite fuel economy and an estimate of annual fuel usage (assuming 15,000 miles per year) for these
vehicles with their conventionally powered (baseline) counterparts. The comparisons in both tables are limited to a
basis of model name, drive, weight, transmission, and engine size (CID). Differences in the performance attributes
of these vehicles complicate the analysis of the fuel economy improvement potential due to hybridization and
dieselization. In particular, hybrid vehicles are sometimes reported to have faster 0-to-60 acceleration times than
their conventional counterparts, while vehicles equipped with diesel engines have higher low-end torque, but
slower 0-to-60 times. In addition, some hybrid vehicles use technologies such as cylinder deactivation and CVT
transmissions that are not offered in their counterparts.
Fuel economy improvements and fuel savings per year for the hybrid vehicles in Table 25 vary
considerably from 5-10% for the larger, luxury hybrid vehicles to nearly 50% for several others. Ten years after the
introduction for sale in the U.S. of the first hybrid vehicle, the MY2000 Honda Insight (a two-seater that is not
comparable to the current Honda Insight), hybrid vehicles now account for about four percent of the combined
car/truck fleet. Similarly, Table 26 shows fuel economy improvements for diesels range from 20% to 50%, and
these vehicles also offer relatively high fuel savings. In addition, the production fraction for diesels remains at or
below 0.5%, an order of magnitude smaller than their 5.9% production fraction in 1981.
72

-------
Table 25
Comparison of MY 2010 Hybrid Vehicles with Their Conventional Counterparts
Hybrid Version	Baseline Version	Improvement




Adj Comp
Gal Per



Adj Comp
Gal Per
Adj Comp
Gal Per
Model Name
Weight
CID
Trans
MPG
Year
Weight
CID
Trans
MPG
Year
MPG
Year
FUSION HYBRID












FWD
4000
153
CVT
38.4
391
3500
153
L6
26.0
576
47%
185
MALIBU HYBRID
4000
146
A4
29.9
501
3500
146
L4
25.9
580
16%
78
CIVIC HYBRID
3000
79
CVT
42.9
349
3000
110
L5
29.6
506
45%
157
GS 450h**
4500
211
CVT
23.8
631
4000
211
L6
22.4
669
6%
37
LS 600h L**
5500
303
CVT
20.8
721
5000
281
L8
19.2
781
8%
60
CAMRY HYBRID
4000
144
CVT
33.8
444
3500
152
L6
26.8
560
26%
116
HIGHLANDER












HYBRID 4WD
5000
202
CVT
26.0
577
4500
211
L5
19.7
760
32%
183
ActiveHybrid X6
6000
269
L7
18.0
831
5500
269
L6
15.4
977
18%
146
ML450 HYBRID












4MATIC
5500
213
A8
22.8
657
5000
213
L7
17.3
866
32%
209
TRIBUTE HYBRID












2WD
4000
153
CVT
31.9
470
3500
153
L6
24.3
617
31%
147
TRIBUTE HYBRID












4WD
4000
153
CVT
28.4
529
4000
153
L6
23.3
644
22%
115
ESCAPE HYBRID












4WD
4000
153
CVT
28.4
529
4000
153
L6
22.9
656
24%
127
ESCAPE HYBRID












FWD
4000
153
CVT
31.9
470
3500
153
L6
24.3
617
31%
147
MARINER HYBRID












4WD
4000
153
CVT
28.4
529
4000
153
L6
22.9
656
24%
127
MARINER HYBRID












FWD
4000
153
CVT
31.9
470
3500
153
L6
24.3
617
31%
147
MILAN HYBRID












FWD
4000
153
CVT
38.4
391
3500
153
L6
26.0
576
47%
185
ESCALADE 2WD












HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.6
693
6000
378
L6
17.1
878
27%
185
C15 SILVERADO












2WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.6
693
5000
323
L6
17.9
840
21%
146
K15 SILVERADO












4WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.5
697
5000
323
L6
17.6
850
22%
153
C1500 TAHOE 2WD












HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.6
693
6000
323
L6
17.6
850
23%
157
K1500 TAHOE 4WD












HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.5
697
6000
323
L6
17.6
850
22%
154
C15 SIERRA 2WD












HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.6
693
5500
323
L6
17.9
839
21%
146
C1500 YUKON












HYBRID 2WD
6000
366
CVT
21.6
693
6000
323
L6
17.6
850
23%
157
K1500 YUKON 4WD












HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.5
697
6000
378
L6
16.7
898
29%
201
VUE FWD HYBRID
4000
146
A4
28.5
526
4000
146
L4
22.6
663
26%
136
RX 450h
5000
211
CVT
29.4
511
4500
211
L6
21.5
699
37%
188
RX 450h AWD
5000
211
CVT
28.7
523
4500
211
L6
21.1
712
36%
189
S400 HYBRID**
5000
350
A7
21.8
688
5000
546
L7
17.6
852
24%
164
*Note: Gallons per year calculation is based on all vehicles being driven 15,000 miles.
**Note: Baseline version used for the GS 450h comparison is the GS 350. Baseline vehicle used for the LS 600HL comparison is the LS 460L. Baseline
versions used for the Rx 450h and Rx 450h AWD comparison were the Rx 350 and the Rx 350 AWD. Baseline version used for the S400
comparison is the S550 4MATIC
73

-------
Table 26
Comparison of MY 2010 Diesel Vehicles with Their Conventional Counterparts
Diesel Version	Baseline Version	Improvement
Model Name
Weight
CID
Trans
Adj Comp
MPG
Gal
Per
Year*
Weight
CID
Trans
Adj
Comp
MPG
Gal Per
Year*
Adj Comp
MPG
Gal
Per
Year'
335d
4000
183.0
L6
28.8
521
4000
183.0
L6
21.3
704
35%
183
A3
3500
120.0
L6
35.7
420
3500
121.0
L6
24.6
610
45%
190
Golf
3500
120.0
L6
35.7
420
3000
151.0
L6
25.1
598
42%
177
Golf
3500
120.0
M6
35.7
420
3000
151.0
M5
24.0
625
49%
205
Jetta
3500
120.0
L6
35.7
420
3500
121.0
L6
27.2
551
31%
131
Jetta
3500
120.0
M6
35.7
420
3500
121.0
M6
24.9
602
43%
182
Jetta
Sportwagen
3500
120.0
L6
35.7
420
3500
151.0
L6
24.9
602
43%
182
Jetta
Sportwagen
3500
120.0
M6
35.7
420
3500
151.0
M6
23.8
630
50%
210
GL 350
Bluetec**
6000
182.0
L7
19.8
758
6000
285.0
L7
15.0
1000
32%
242
ML 350
Bluetec**
5000
182.0
L7
21.5
698
5000
213.0
L7
17.3
867
24%
169
Q7
6000
183.0
L6
19.6
765
5500
219.0
L6
16.3
920
20%
155
R 350
Bluetec**
5500
182.0
L7
20.9
718
5500
213.0
L7
16.5
909
27%
191
Touareg
X5
xDrive35d**
5500
183.0
L6
21.0
714
5500
219.0
L6
16.3
920
29%
206
5500
183.0
L6
22.5
667
5000
183.0
L6
18.3
820
23%
153
*Note: Gallons per year calculation is based on all vehicles being driven 15,000 miles.
"Note: Baseline version used for the R350 Bluetec comparison is the R350 4MATIC. Baseline version used for the GL350 Bluetec comparison is the
GL450 4MATIC. Baseline version used for the ML350 Bluetec comparison is the ML350 4MATIC. Baseline version used for the X5 xDrive
35d comparison is the X5 xDrive 30i.
74

-------
VII. Fuel Economy by Manufacturer and Make
This report adopts a new approach for grouping vehicles, by manufacturer and make, compared to previous
reports in this series. The initial reports in this series examined fuel economy and technology trends for the
"Domestic" and "Import" vehicle categories which are part of the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE)
program. Over time, this classification approach evolved into a market segment approach in which cars were
apportioned to a "Domestic," "European," and "Asian" category, with trucks classified as "Domestic" or
"Imported." More recent reports in this series used "Marketing Groups" to better reflect the financial arrangements
and transnational nature of the modern automobile industry.
This report is the first in this series to group vehicles by "Manufacturer" and "Make." The manufacturer
definition is that used by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for purposes of
implementation of and manufacturer compliance with the CAFE program. Table 27 lists the 14 manufacturers
which had MY2009 production of 100,000 vehicles or more, which together accounted for approximately 99% of
total industry-wide production, and for which data are shown in Tables 28 through 32 (industry-wide tables in the
rest of this report also include production from those manufacturers that do not meet the 100,000 production
threshold).
Make is typically included in the model name and is generally equivalent to the "brand" of the vehicle.
Table 27 also lists the 32 makes for which data are shown in Tables 28 and 29. The MY2009 production threshold
for makes to be included in Tables 28 and 29 is 40,000 vehicles, though the Smart was included as well because of
the high interest in this make. The Pontiac and Saturn makes no longer exist in 2010, but are included since Tables
28 and 29 also provide data for model years 2008 and 2009, during which Pontiacs and Saturns were produced.
General Motors provided projected production volumes for both Pontiac and Saturn for MY2010, since the pre-
model year projections were submitted to EPA prior to the corporate decision to end the Pontiac and Saturn brands.
EPA has retained the projected production volumes for Pontiac and Saturn in the MY2010 database and concluded
that the impact of the combined Pontiac/Saturn data on GM's projected overall MY2010 fuel economy performance
is very small.
Table 27
Manufacturers and Makes in This Report
Manufacturer
Makes Above Threshold
Makes Below Threshold
General Motors
Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick, GMC, Pontiac, Saturn
Hummer, Isuzu, Daewoo
Ford
Ford, Lincoln, Mercury, Volvo
Saleen, Roush, Shelby
Chrysler
Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep, Ram

Toyota
Toyota, Lexus, Scion

Honda
Honda, Acura

Nissan
Nissan, Infiniti

Hyundai
Hyundai

Volkswagen
Volkswagen, Audi
Lamborghini, Bentley, Bugatti
Kia
Kia

Subaru
Subaru

BMW
BMW, Mini
Rolls Royce, Phantom
Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi

Daimler
Mercedes-Benz, Smart
Maybach
Mazda
Mazda

Others

Jaguar, Land Rover, Spyker, Saab, Ferrari, Maserati,
Aston Martin, Lotus, Suzuki, Porsche
75

-------
It is important to note that when a manufacturer or make grouping is changed to reflect a change in the
industry's current financial structure, EPA makes the same adjustment for the entire historical database back to
1975. This maintains a consistent manufacturer or make definition overtime, which allows a better identification
of long-term trends. On the other hand, this also means that the current database does not necessarily reflect actual
financial or structural arrangements in the past. For example, the 2010 database no longer accounts for the fact that
Chrysler was combined with Daimler for several years, and Tables 28 and 29 show a separate Chrysler Ram make
for 2008 and 2009, even though Ram did not become a separate make until MY2010.
Automakers submit vehicle production data, rather than vehicle sales data, in formal end-of-year CAFE
compliance reports to EPA. Accordingly, the vehicle production data in this report may differ from sales data
reported by press sources. In addition, the vehicle production data presented in this report are tabulated on a model
year basis. In years past, manufacturers typically used a more consistent approach for model year designations, i.e.,
from fall of one year to the fall of the following year. More recently, however, many manufacturers have used a
more flexible approach and it is not uncommon to see a new or redesigned model be introduced in the spring or
summer, with a new model year designation, rather than the fall. This means that a model year for an individual
vehicle can be either shortened or lengthened. Accordingly, year-to-year comparisons can be affected by these
model year anomalies, though, of course, these even out over a multi-year period.
Tables 28 and 29 give laboratory and adjusted fuel economy values for cars, trucks, and cars and trucks
combined for MY2008-2010, for the 14 manufacturers and 32 makes shown in Table 27. Due to the higher-than-
usual uncertainty associated with the MY2010 projections (because they were submitted by automakers to EPA
during the market turmoil of 2009), three years of data are shown in these tables. By including data from both
MY2008 and MY2009, with formal end-of-year data for both years, it is possible to identify meaningful changes
from year-to-year (though MY2009 was admittedly a very unusual year in terms of economic recession and
industry sales). Because of the uncertainty associated with the MY2010 projections, changes from MY2009 to
MY2010 may be less meaningful.
The relative fuel economy comparisons for manufacturers and makes in Tables 28 and 29 will be similar,
of course, since the relative offset between laboratory and adjusted values will be similar across manufacturers and
makes. The following discussion will be based on the adjusted composite fuel economy data from Table 29.
For MY2008, Hyundai's overall, adjusted composite fuel economy of 24.4 mpg was the highest of any
manufacturer, followed by Honda at 23.9 mpg and Mazda at 23.1 mpg. Chrysler, Daimler, and Ford all had the
lowest adjusted composite fuel economy values of 19.3 mpg.
MY2009 was a landmark year for fuel economy, with 13 of the 14 highest-selling manufacturers increasing
fuel economy and the industry reaching an all-time high of 22.4 mpg. In terms of manufacturers, Toyota had the
highest MY2009 adjusted composite fuel economy of 25.4 mpg, followed by Hyundai at 25.1 mpg and Honda at
24.6 mpg. Chrysler had the lowest MY2009 adjusted fuel economy for any manufacturer, 19.2 mpg, and was
followed by Daimler at 19.5 mpg and Ford at 20.3 mpg. In terms of improvement from MY2008 to MY2009,
Toyota had the largest improvement of 2.6 mpg, followed by Nissan at 1.7 mpg and Volkswagen at 1.5 mpg.
While Toyota improved both its car mpg (the highest in the industry) and its truck mpg in MY2009, a major factor
in its 2.6 mpg overall improvement was a 17% decrease in its truck production share, from 48% in MY2008 to 31%
in MY2009, which was the largest decrease in truck production share in the industry (see Table 30).
In terms of makes in MY2009, the Smart make was the leader at 37.1 mpg. Of course, the Smart Fourtwo
is the smallest and lightest car in the U.S. market and has relatively low production. The make with the second-
highest fuel economy in MY2009 was the Mini, which produces a relatively low number of small vehicles, at 30.3
76

-------
mpg. Of the makes with higher production, Toyota (that is, Toyota manufacturer vehicles sold under the Toyota
brand) had the highest overall fuel economy at 26.1 mpg, followed by Honda and Hyundai, both at 25.1 mpg.
Preliminary projections suggest that 10 of the 14 manufacturers will improve fuel economy further in
MY2010, though EPA will not have actual data for MY2010 until next year. Hyundai, Honda, and Kia are
projected to be the overall fuel economy leaders for MY2010, with the same three manufacturers and Volkswagen
projected to make the biggest gains in MY2010.
Table 30 shows footprint by manufacturer for MY2008-2010, along with truck production share by
manufacturer. GM, Ford, and Chrysler had the largest footprint values in MY2009 at 51-52 square feet, with most
of the other manufacturers having average footprint values in the 44-46 square feet range. Overall footprint
declined by 0.8 square feet in MY2009, with the largest decreases for Toyota, Nissan, and BMW. Chrysler had the
largest increase in footprint, followed by Mazda and Hyundai. Chrysler had the highest MY2009 truck share at
70%, followed by Ford at 61%, while Volkswagen, Mitsubishi, and BMW had the lowest truck shares, all between
13% and 16%. Industry-wide footprint and truck share is projected to grow in MY2010, but these projections are
very uncertain this year.
Table 31 (actual MY2009) and Table 32 (MY2010 projections) show the adjusted fuel economy values
broken out by manufacturer and vehicle size and type. For example, Kia had the highest small car fuel economy in
MY2009 at 30.5 mpg. Of course, these tables rely on the threshold definitions for small/midsize/large vehicle sizes
that have been discussed earlier in this report, and a vehicle that just crosses the threshold into the next largest class
can be a fuel economy leader in that class, while it may have been a relatively poor performer in the next smaller
class.
For a long-term perspective going back to 1975, Figure 30 shows the adjusted fuel economy values (cars,
trucks, and both cars and trucks) and truck production shares for each of the 14 highest-selling manufacturers. More
information for the historic database stratified by manufacturer can be found in Appendices L through P.
77

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Table 28
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Economy by Manufacturer and Make for MY2008-2010
Manufacturer
Make
2008
Cars
2008
Trucks
2008
Cars
and
Trucks
2009
Cars
2009
Trucks
2009
Cars
and
Trucks
2010
Cars
2010
Trucks
2010
Cars
and
Trucks
Toyota
T oyota
39.5
23.8
29.2
37.5
26.5
33.3
38.8
23.6
31.6
Toyota
Lexus
28.1
24.7
26.5
28.5
24.0
26.2
29.9
27.1
28.5
Toyota
Scion
32.5
-
32.5
32.5
-
32.5
33.0
-
33.0
Toyota
All
36.0
23.9
29.0
36.3
26.1
32.4
37.2
24.2
31.2
Hyundai
All
33.8
25.6
30.9
33.8
25.9
31.7
33.5
29.5
32.8
Honda
Honda
35.1
25.9
30.7
35.4
26.6
31.7
36.7
27.1
33.3
Honda
Acura
27.6
22.1
25.0
29.2
22.4
26.3
28.2
23.7
26.5
Honda
All
34.3
25.5
30.1
34.6
26.1
31.1
35.7
26.7
32.5
Kia
All
33.3
24.2
28.8
34.8
25.0
30.7
35.6
25.5
31.9
VW
VW
29.9
20.4
29.2
32.1
25.7
31.3
34.1
25.1
32.9
vw
Audi
27.8
20.0
26.2
28.6
22.9
27.3
30.5
24.3
28.9
VW
All
28.9
20.2
27.9
31.0
24.5
30.0
32.5
24.7
31.1
Nissan
Nissan
33.9
22.1
28.3
34.3
25.2
30.5
34.4
24.8
31.0
Nissan
Infiniti
25.1
21.2
23.8
26.5
22.4
25.3
26.8
23.2
25.4
Nissan
All
32.2
22.0
27.6
33.3
25.0
29.9
33.3
24.6
30.2
Mitsubishi
All
29.8
24.2
28.1
30.2
27.1
29.7
31.4
28.3
30.7
Mazda
All
32.0
25.4
29.2
31.2
26.6
29.3
31.1
25.4
28.6
Subaru
All
28.7
26.4
28.1
28.9
28.4
28.7
30.2
28.3
29.5
BMW
BMW
26.1
22.9
25.4
26.4
22.7
25.6
25.9
23.0
25.3
BMW
Mini
37.2
-
37.2
39.2
-
39.2
37.9
-
37.9
BMW
All
27.2
22.9
26.3
28.4
22.7
27.3
28.9
23.0
27.9
GM
Chevrolet
29.9
21.3
24.7
31.0
21.5
25.7
30.8
23.1
26.3
GM
Pontiac
28.5
25.3
28.2
29.7
25.3
29.5
-
-
-
GM
GMC
-
21.1
21.1
-
21.3
21.3
-
23.5
23.5
GM
Buick
25.5
23.4
24.7
30.5
23.8
28.5
26.2
24.3
25.8
GM
Cadillac
24.0
19.3
22.4
23.6
19.3
22.4
24.8
23.3
24.2
GM
Saturn
29.3
25.3
26.7
31.8
26.1
28.3
-
-
-
GM
All
28.6
21.6
24.4
30.0
21.7
25.6
29.6
23.4
25.9
Ford
Ford
28.9
22.0
24.1
31.8
23.2
25.4
31.0
23.0
25.5
Ford
Lincoln
25.4
22.1
23.6
25.2
23.7
24.9
26.2
23.0
25.5
Ford
Mercury
25.8
24.6
25.3
25.3
27.6
26.2
29.4
25.6
27.8
Ford
Volvo
26.0
20.6
24.1
26.7
20.7
25.5
26.9
23.4
25.2
Ford
All
27.9
22.1
24.1
29.4
23.4
25.4
29.7
23.1
25.6
Daimler
Mercedes-Benz
24.0
20.8
23.0
24.3
20.8
23.3
24.9
21.2
23.7
Daimler
Smart
49.5
-
49.5
49.5
-
49.5
49.5
-
49.5
Daimler
All
25.3
20.8
24.0
25.6
20.8
24.3
25.6
21.2
24.1
Chrysler
Dodge
28.4
22.6
25.6
27.6
23.6
25.9
26.8
23.6
25.1
Chrysler
Chrysler
27.0
24.4
26.0
27.6
24.4
25.4
27.9
24.4
26.0
Chrysler
Jeep
-
22.7
22.7
-
22.6
22.6
-
23.6
23.6
Chrysler
Ram
-
20.2
20.2
-
19.5
19.5
-
19.7
19.7
Chrysler
All
27.8
22.4
24.2
27.6
22.5
23.9
27.1
22.6
23.9
Other
All
27.9
20.8
23.9
27.0
20.8
24.4
27.8
20.0
23.1
Fleet

30.5
22.7
26.3
32.1
23.8
28.2
32.7
23.8
28.3
78

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Table 29
Adjusted Composite Fuel Economy by Manufacturer and Make for MY2008-2010
Manufacturer
Make
2008
Cars
2008
Trucks
2008
Cars
and
Trucks
2009
Cars
2009
Trucks
2009
Cars
and
Trucks
2010
Cars
2010
Trucks
2010
Cars
and
Trucks
Toyota
Toyota
30.4
19.0
23.0
29.2
21.0
26.1
30.0
18.9
24.8
Toyota
Lexus
22.4
19.5
21.0
22.8
19.1
20.9
23.7
21.4
22.5
Toyota
Scion
25.4
-
25.4
25.4
-
25.4
25.8
-
25.8
Toyota
All
28.1
19.0
22.8
28.3
20.7
25.4
28.9
19.3
24.5
Hyundai
All
26.6
20.4
24.4
26.7
20.6
25.1
26.4
23.3
25.9
Honda
Honda
27.7
20.7
24.4
27.9
21.2
25.1
28.8
21.6
26.3
Honda
Acura
22.2
17.6
20.1
23.3
17.9
21.0
22.6
18.8
21.1
Honda
All
27.1
20.3
23.9
27.3
20.8
24.6
28.1
21.2
25.6
Kia
All
26.2
19.4
22.9
27.3
19.9
24.2
27.9
20.3
25.1
VW
VW
23.8
16.5
23.3
25.4
20.4
24.8
26.9
20.0
25.9
vw
Audi
22.3
16.2
21.0
22.7
18.2
21.7
24.1
19.3
22.9
VW
All
23.1
16.3
22.3
24.6
19.5
23.8
25.7
19.6
24.6
Nissan
Nissan
26.6
17.8
22.4
26.8
20.0
24.0
26.9
19.7
24.4
Nissan
Infiniti
20.1
17.1
19.1
21.3
18.1
20.3
21.5
18.7
20.4
Nissan
All
25.3
17.7
21.9
26.1
19.9
23.6
26.2
19.5
23.8
Mitsubishi
All
23.5
19.3
22.3
23.8
21.4
23.5
24.7
22.3
24.2
Mazda
All
25.2
20.2
23.1
24.7
21.1
23.2
24.6
20.3
22.7
Subaru
All
22.7
20.9
22.3
22.8
22.4
22.6
23.8
22.3
23.3
BMW
BMW
21.1
18.5
20.5
21.3
18.3
20.6
21.0
18.5
20.4
BMW
Mini
29.0
-
29.0
30.3
-
30.3
29.4
-
29.4
BMW
All
21.9
18.5
21.2
22.8
18.3
21.9
23.1
18.5
22.3
GM
Chevrolet
24.0
17.2
19.8
24.8
17.3
20.7
24.6
18.6
21.1
GM
Pontiac
22.9
20.3
22.6
23.6
20.3
23.5
-
-
-
GM
GMC
-
17.0
17.0
-
17.2
17.2
-
19.0
19.0
GM
Buick
20.7
18.9
20.0
24.3
19.2
22.8
21.3
19.6
20.9
GM
Cadillac
19.5
15.9
18.2
19.1
15.8
18.2
20.1
18.7
19.5
GM
Saturn
23.4
20.3
21.4
25.4
20.9
22.6
-
-
-
GM
All
23.0
17.4
19.6
24.0
17.5
20.6
23.7
18.8
20.8
Ford
Ford
23.1
17.7
19.3
25.2
18.6
20.3
24.6
18.4
20.4
Ford
Lincoln
20.6
17.8
19.1
20.3
19.1
20.1
21.1
18.5
20.5
Ford
Mercury
20.9
19.6
20.3
20.4
21.9
21.1
23.4
20.4
22.1
Ford
Volvo
21.0
16.7
19.5
21.5
16.8
20.6
21.6
18.8
20.3
Ford
All
22.4
17.7
19.3
23.5
18.7
20.3
23.7
18.5
20.5
Daimler
Mercedes-Benz
19.3
16.6
18.6
19.6
16.7
18.8
20.1
17.0
19.1
Daimler
Smart
37.1
-
37.1
37.1
-
37.1
37.1
-
37.1
Daimler
All
20.3
16.6
19.3
20.6
16.7
19.5
20.6
17.0
19.4
Chrysler
Dodge
22.6
18.2
20.5
22.0
19.0
20.7
21.5
19.0
20.2
Chrysler
Chrysler
21.6
19.7
20.9
22.0
19.6
20.4
22.3
19.7
20.9
Chrysler
Jeep
-
18.1
18.1
-
18.0
18.0
-
18.8
18.8
Chrysler
Ram
-
16.2
16.2
-
15.8
15.8
-
15.9
15.9
Chrysler
All
22.2
18.0
19.3
22.0
18.1
19.2
21.7
18.2
19.2
Other
All
22.3
16.8
19.2
21.6
16.9
19.6
22.2
16.2
18.7
Fleet

24.3
18.2
21.0
25.4
no
19.0
22.4
25.8
19.1
22.5
79

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Table 30
Footprint (sq ft) and Truck Share by Manufacturer for MY2008-2010



2008



2009



2010




Cars
2008


Cars
2009


Cars
2010

2008
2008
and
Percent
2009
2009
and
Percent
2010
2010
and
Percent
Manufacturer
Cars
Trucks
Trucks
Trucks
Cars
Trucks
Trucks
Trucks
Cars
Trucks
Trucks
Trucks
GM
46.3
56.7
51.8
53.1%
46.6
59.1
52.1
44.6%
46.7
57.4
52.4
53.2%
Toyota
44.1
52.8
48.3
48.3%
44.3
51.0
46.4
30.6%
44.3
54.5
47.9
36.0%
Honda
44.7
48.4
46.2
40.5%
44.6
48.3
45.9
34.7%
44.3
48.5
45.5
29.3%
Ford
46.7
53.7
50.9
59.9%
45.7
54.3
50.9
60.6%
46.1
56.2
51.7
55.9%
Nissan
45.4
53.7
48.4
36.2%
45.0
50.3
46.8
33.7%
44.8
50.8
46.6
29.3%
Chrysler
47.7
51.8
50.3
62.5%
48.1
52.1
50.9
69.6%
49.6
53.5
52.2
67.3%
Hyundai
44.2
47.0
45.0
29.4%
45.0
46.8
45.4
22.1%
45.5
47.0
45.8
14.4%
VW
43.6
52.6
44.3
8.2%
43.4
48.5
44.0
12.7%
43.6
48.1
44.2
14.1%
Kia
45.1
49.3
46.8
41.6%
44.6
49.2
46.2
34.5%
44.4
51.0
46.3
29.7%
BMW
45.4
50.0
46.2
17.4%
44.3
51.2
45.4
16.4%
44.2
50.6
45.1
14.8%
Subaru
44.4
44.5
44.4
24.8%
44.4
43.4
43.9
47.6%
44.8
43.4
44.3
35.6%
Daimler
48.1
52.5
49.1
23.9%
47.7
52.2
48.7
22.8%
47.8
50.7
48.7
29.6%
Mazda
44.0
47.5
45.3
36.8%
45.0
47.2
45.8
36.6%
45.3
48.6
46.6
39.2%
Mitsubishi
43.9
45.8
44.4
25.9%
44.5
44.2
44.5
13.3%
44.1
44.5
44.2
20.3%
Other
41.9
48.0
44.9
48.8%
42.9
49.1
45.2
36.5%
43.4
48.3
46.1
51.3%
All
45.4
53.0
49.0
47.3%
45.2
52.7
48.2
39.8%
45.2
54.0
48.8
41.1%
80

-------
Table 31
MY2009 Adjusted Composite Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type
and Size for Largest Manufacturers
Vehicle
Type/Size
GM
Toyota
Honda
Ford
Nissan
Chrysler
Hyundai
VW
Kia
BMW
Cars










Small
25.6
30.0
29.4
26.3
23.1
19.1
30.2
24.5
30.5
23.5
Midsize
23.8
27.6
21.5
21.5
26.5
25.0
28.5
22.1
27.1
21.1
Large
21.6
23.7
25.1
20.4
19.4
20.7
25.1
19.0
20.2
17.6
All Sizes
23.8
28.6
27.0
23.5
26.0
22.1
26.7
24.3
28.0
22.8
Wagons










Small
25.6
25.7
30.6
23.4
28.7
21.8
26.9
27.5
-
21.6
Midsize
-
-
-
18.9
-
-
-
22.8
23.0
20.1
Large
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
All Sizes
25.6
25.7
30.6
19.8
28.7
21.8
26.9
27.0
23.0
21.2
All Cars










Small
25.6
29.2
29.7
26.2
24.5
20.1
29.8
24.8
30.5
23.5
Midsize
23.8
27.6
21.5
21.3
26.5
25.0
28.5
22.2
26.4
21.1
Large
21.6
23.7
25.1
20.4
19.4
20.7
25.1
19.0
20.2
17.6
All Sizes
24.0
28.3
27.3
23.5
26.1
22.0
26.7
24.6
27.3
22.8
Vans










Small
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Midsize
-
20.8
20.4
19.6
19.7
19.8
-
-
19.2
-
Large
16.0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
All Sizes
16.0
20.8
20.4
19.6
19.7
19.8
-
-
19.2
-
SUVs










Small
-
-
-
-
-
16.6
-
-
-
-
Midsize
21.6
21.8
21.0
22.1
22.7
18.7
20.7
21.2
20.6
-
Large
18.2
15.1
-
17.9
19.5
19.1
18.9
18.0
18.7
18.3
All Sizes
18.4
21.6
21.0
20.6
20.6
18.3
20.6
19.5
20.1
18.3
Pickups










Midsize
19.8
19.3
-
19.9
-
-
-
-
-
-
Large
16.6
15.6
17.6
16.3
16.4
15.8
-
-
-
-
All Sizes
16.8
18.7
17.6
16.8
16.4
15.8
-
-
-
-
All Trucks










Small
-
-
-
-
-
16.6
-
-
-
-
Midsize
21.0
21.1
20.9
21.6
22.4
19.3
20.7
21.2
20.2
-
Large
17.3
15.5
17.6
16.8
18.7
17.1
18.9
18.0
18.7
18.3
All Sizes
17.5
20.7
20.8
18.7
19.9
18.1
20.6
19.5
19.9
18.3
Fleet










All Sizes
20.6
25.4
24.6
20.3
23.6
19.2
25.1
23.8
24.2
21.9
BMW Subaru Daimler Mazda Mitsubishi All
23.0
23.0
22.9
22.7
22.8
22.4
22.4
22.4
22.4
22.6
21.4
19.9
16.7
20.7
18.4
17.2
17.4
21.4
19.8
16.8
20.6
16.7
16.7
16.7
16.7
19.5
25.5
23.7
24.7
25.5
23.7
24.7
23.8
23.8
20.6
18.2
19.5
23.4
15.1
22.3
23.8
20.7
18.2
21.1
23.2
24.0
23.4
23.8
24.0
23.4
23.8
21.7
21.7
16.3
16.3
21.7
16.3
21.4
26.4
25.6
22.8
25.4
26.2
22.3
17.2
25.5
26.4
25.5
22.8
25.4
23.8
20.1
16.0
20.1
16.6
21.2
18.3
19.9
19.5
16.4
16.9
18.1
20.8
17.3
19.0
23.5 22.4
81

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Table 32
MY2010 Adjusted Composite Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type
and Size for Largest Manufacturers
Vehicle
Type/Size
GM
Toyota
Honda
Ford
Nissan
Chrysler
Hyundai
VW
Kia
BMW
Cars










Small
24.4
29.7
30.7
24.5
22.9
20.1
26.6
25.6
29.5
24.7
Midsize
23.5
29.0
21.3
24.5
26.8
25.1
30.0
22.2
25.7
20.7
Large
22.0
23.7
25.2
20.6
19.5
20.6
24.4
19.2
-
17.8
All Sizes
23.5
29.2
27.7
23.8
26.0
21.7
26.4
25.3
28.7
23.2
Wagons










Small
25.5
25.6
30.6
23.4
28.8
21.7
26.9
29.8
27.2
21.6
Midsize
-
-
-
19.2
-
-
-
24.9
22.3
20.0
Large
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
All Sizes
25.5
25.6
30.6
19.6
28.8
21.7
26.9
29.1
25.5
20.6
All Cars










Small
24.7
29.0
30.7
24.5
24.3
20.5
26.7
26.0
29.0
24.7
Midsize
23.5
29.0
21.3
24.1
26.8
25.1
30.0
22.7
24.5
20.7
Large
22.0
23.7
25.2
20.6
19.5
20.6
24.4
19.2
-
17.8
All Sizes
23.7
28.9
28.1
23.7
26.2
21.7
26.4
25.7
27.9
23.1
Vans










Small
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Midsize
-
20.8
20.4
23.5
-
19.7
-
-
19.8
-
Large
16.0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
All Sizes
16.0
20.8
20.4
23.5
-
19.7
-
-
19.8
-
SUVs










Small
-
-
-
-
-
17.1
-
-
-
-
Midsize
22.1
22.2
21.8
22.0
22.1
19.5
24.0
21.2
21.5
-
Large
19.8
15.6
-
17.9
18.9
19.9
19.5
18.8
18.7
18.5
All Sizes
19.9
21.0
21.8
20.1
20.4
18.9
23.3
19.6
20.7
18.5
Pickups










Midsize
21.1
19.5
-
21.9
-
-
-
-
-
-
Large
17.4
15.8
17.6
16.6
16.5
16.1
-
-
-
-
All Sizes
17.5
16.9
17.6
16.8
16.5
16.1
-
-
-
-
All Trucks










Small
-
-
-
-
-
17.1
-
-
-
-
Midsize
21.9
21.5
21.5
22.1
22.1
19.6
24.0
21.2
20.5
-
Large
18.7
15.7
17.6
17.0
18.0
16.7
19.5
18.8
18.7
18.5
All Sizes
18.8
19.3
21.2
18.5
19.5
18.2
23.3
19.6
20.3
18.5
Fleet










All Sizes
20.8
24.5
25.6
20.5
23.8
19.2
25.9
24.6
25.1
22.3
BMW Subaru Daimler Mazda Mitsubishi All
22.6
24.7
23.7
22.3
24.5
23.8
22.3
22.3
22.3
22.3
23.3
21.2
20.7
18.3
20.8
16.8
16.8
21.2
20.7
17.8
20.6
18.5
16.4
17.0
18.5
16.4
17.0
19.4
25.9
23.7
24.6
25.9
23.7
24.6
24.1
24.1
21.4
18.3
20.0
24.1
21.4
18.3
20.3
22.7
24.7
25.4
24.9
23.5
23.5
24.6
25.4
24.7
22.3
22.3
22.3
22.3
26.7
26.1
22.7
25.8
26.8
22.6
16.8
25.9
26.7
26.0
22.6
25.8
24.1
20.2
16.0
20.1
17.1
21.6
18.7
20.2
19.9
16.6
16.9
17.8
21.2
17.5
19.1
24.2 22.5
82

-------
Figure 30
Manufacturer Adjusted Fuel Economy and Percent Truck by Model Year
GM	Toyota	Honda	Ford	Nissan
O
CL
E
o
o
<

Car
Both
fc^
Bothy
Truck
1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005
Chrysler	Hyundai	VW	Kia	BMW



Car

Q_
E
o
O
T?
<


Both
Truck1



1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005
Subaru	Daimler	Mazda	Mitsubishi
o
Q_
2 25
Q.
E
O 20
< 15


i i




Car
Both






Mb*

Car


A^Car



Truck

k


r\

Car


f



V

oth^V/
h






j

Boti^^r
TruckVJ^



/Thick



r



















jV
1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985 1995 2005
83

-------
VIII. Characteristics of Fleets Comprising Existing Fuel-Efficient Vehicles
This section is limited to a discussion of hypothetical fleets of vehicles composed of existing fuel-efficient
vehicles and the fuel economy and other characteristics of those fleets. While it includes a discussion of some of
the technical and engineering factors that affect fleet fuel economy, it does not attempt to evaluate either the
benefits or the costs of achieving various fuel economy levels. In addition, the analysis presented here also does
not attempt to evaluate the marketability or the public acceptance of any of the hypothetical fleets that result from
the scenarios discussed below.
There are several different ways to look at the potential for improved fuel economy from the light-duty
vehicle fleet. Many of these approaches utilize projections of more fuel efficient technologies that are not currently
being used in the fleet today. As an example, a fleet made up of a large fraction of fuel cell vehicles could be
considered. Such projections can be associated with a good deal of uncertainty, since uncertainty in the projections
of market share compound with uncertainties about the fuel economy performance of yet uncommercialized
technology. These uncertainties can be thought of as a combination of technical risk (i.e., can the technology be
developed and mass produced?) and market risk (i.e., will people buy vehicles with the new technology and
improved fuel economy?).
One general approach used in this report is to consider only the fuel economy performance of those
technologies which exist in today's fleet. This eliminates uncertainty about the feasibility and production readiness
of the technology, but does not address market risk. Therefore, the analysis can be thought of as the fuel economy
potential now in the fleet, with no new technologies added, if the higher mpg choices available were to be selected
by a much higher percentage of consumers.
As was shown in Figure 3, there is a wide distribution of fuel economy. Because of the interest in the high
end of this spectrum, this portion of the database was examined in more detail using three "best in class" (BIC)
analysis techniques. This type of technique is not new, and in fact was one of the methods used to investigate
future fleet fuel economy capability when the original fuel economy standards were set in the 1970s.
In any group or class of vehicles there will be a distribution of fuel economy performance, and the "best in
class" method relies on that fact. The analysis involves dividing the fleet of vehicles into classes, selecting a set of
high mpg "role model" vehicles to represent the fuel economy of that class, and then calculating the average
characteristics of the resultant fleet using the same relative production proportions for each class as in the baseline
fleet.
One potential problem with a BIC analysis is that the high mpg vehicles used in the analysis may be
unusual in some way - so unusual that the hypothetical BIC fleet may be deficient in some other attributes
considered desirable by vehicle buyers. Because the BIC analysis is also sensitive to the selection of the best
vehicles, three different procedures were used to select the role models.
Two of these selection procedures use the EPA car size classes (which for cars are the same as those used
for the EPA/DOE Fuel Economy Guide) and the truck type/size classes described previously in this report. The
third best-in-class role model selection procedure is based on using the vehicle weight classes used for EPA's
vehicle testing and certification programs.
The advantage of using and analyzing data from the best-in-size-class methods is that if the production
proportions of each class are held constant, the production distribution of the resultant fleet by vehicle type and size
does not change. This means that the size of the average vehicle does not change a lot, but there can be some
84

-------
fluctuation in interior volume for cars because of the distribution of interior volume within a car class. Similarly,
an advantage of using the weight classes to determine the role models is, if the production proportions in each
weight class are held constant, the production distribution of the resultant fleet by weight does not change, and in
this case, the average weight remains the same.
One way of performing a best-in-class analysis is to use as role models the four nameplates with the highest
fuel economy in each size class. (See Tables Q-l and Q-2 in Appendix Q.) Under this procedure, all vehicles in a
class with the same nameplate are included as role models regardless of vehicle configuration. Each role model
nameplate from each class was assigned the same production weighting factor, but the original production
weighting distribution for different vehicle configurations within a given nameplate (e.g., transmission type, engine
size, and/or drive type) was retained. The resulting values were used to recalculate the fleet average values using
the same relative proportions in each of the size classes that constitute the fleet. In cases where two identical
vehicles differ by only one characteristic, but have slightly different nameplates (such as the two-wheel drive
Chevrolet CI500 and the four-wheel drive Chevrolet K1500 pickups), both are considered to be different
nameplates. Conversely, in the cases where there are technically identical vehicles with different nameplates, only
one representative vehicle nameplate was considered in the BIC analysis.
The second best-in-class role model selection procedure involves selecting as role models the best dozen
vehicles in each size class with each vehicle configuration (some of which may have the same nameplate)
considered separately. Tables Q-3 and Q-4 in Appendix Q give listings of the representative vehicles used in this
method. As with the previous procedure, in cases where technically identical vehicle configurations have different
nameplates, only one representative vehicle was considered. Under this best-in-class method, the production data
for each role model vehicle in each class was assigned the same value, and the resulting values were used to re-
calculate the fleet values again using the same relative proportions in each of the size classes that constitute the
fleet.
The third best-in-class procedure involves selecting as role models the best dozen vehicles in each weight
class. As with the previous method, each vehicle configuration was considered separately. (See Tables Q-5 and Q-
6 in Appendix Q for a listing of the vehicles used in this analysis.) It should be noted that some of the weight
classes have less than a dozen representative vehicles. In addition, as in the previous two best-in-class methods,
where technically identical vehicle configurations with different nameplates exist, only one representative vehicle
was included. As with the two best-in-size class methods, the production data for each role model vehicle in each
class was assigned the same value, and the resulting values were used to recalculate the fleet values again using the
same relative proportions in each of the size classes that constitute the fleet.
Tables 33 to 35 compare, for cars, trucks, and both cars and trucks, respectively, the results of the best-in-
class analysis with actual average data for model year 2010. As discussed earlier, for the size class scenarios, the
percentage of vehicles that are small, midsize, or large are the same as for the baseline fleet, and in the weight class
scenarios, the average weight of the BIC data sets is the same as the actual one.
In general, the vehicles used for the BIC analysis have less powerful engines, have slower 0-to-60
acceleration times, and are more likely to be equipped with front wheel drive, VVT, CVTs, and hybrid powertrains
than the entire fleet as a whole.
As shown in Table 33, depending on the BIC scenario chosen, MY2010 cars could have achieved from
16% to 26% better fuel economy than they did. Table 34 shows that the potential truck BIC fuel economy
improvement ranges from 12% to 25%, and the combined car and truck fleet could have been 15% to 26% better as
shown in Table 35.
85

-------
The best-in-class analyses can be thought of as the mpg potential now in the fleet with no new technologies
added if the higher mpg choices available were selected. As such, the best-in-class analyses provide a useful
reference point reflecting the variation in fuel economy levels that results in large part from consumer preferences
as opposed to technological availability.
Table 33
Best in Class Results 2010 Cars



Best 4
Best 12
Best 12

Vehicle
Actual
Nameplates in
Vehicles in
Vehicles in
Category
Characteristic
Data
Size Class
Size Class
Weight Class
Fuel Economy
Lab. 55/45
32.7
42.8
39.4
38.8

Adjusted City
21.7
29.4
26.5
26.0

Adjusted Highway
30.1
35.2
34.0
34.0

Adjusted Composite
25.8
32.4
30.4
30.0
Vehicle Size
Weight (lb.)
3499
3407
3233
3499

Volume (Cu. Ft.)
110
109
109
106

CID
159
125
124
129

HP
192
148
145
162

HP/CID
1.21
1.19
1.17
1.26

HP/WT
0.054
0.043
0.044
0.046

Percent Multivalve
93%
88%
92%
93%

Percent Variable Valve
92%
98%
94%
81%

Percent Diesel
0.5%
1.6%
5.5%
14.2%
Performance
0-60 Time (Sec.)
9.5
9.9
10.3
9.9

Top Speed
136
122
122
125

Ton-MPG
46.1
57.7
50.3
53.7

Cu. Ft. MPG
2947
3698
3394
3282

Cu. Ft. Ton-MPG
5100
6339
5502
5701
Drive
Front
80%
95%
95%
84%

Rear
14%
5%
4%
6%

4WD
6%
1%
1%
10%
Transmission
Manual
10%
10%
37%
28%

Lockup
76%
42%
36%
32%

CVT
14%
48%
24%
37%

Hybrid Vehicle
6.1%
46.4%
20.6%
18.9%
86

-------
Table 34
Best in Class Results 2010 Trucks



Best 4
Best 12
Best 12

Vehicle
Actual
Nameplates in
Vehicles in
Vehicles in
Category
Characteristic
Data
Size Class
Size Class
Weight Class
Fuel Economy
Lab. 55/45
23.8
31.1
29.5
27.1

Adjusted City
16.2
22.4
20.5
18.6

Adjusted Highway
22.0
25.1
25.5
24.2

Adjusted Composite
19.1
23.9
23.0
21.4
Vehicle Size
Weight (lb.)
4738
4733
4329
4738

CID
236
221
192
210

HP
259
232
211
244

HP/CID
1.12
1.08
1.12
1.18

HP/WT
0.054
0.048
0.049
0.051

Percent Multivalve
76%
76%
88%
88%

Percent Variable Valve
79%
95%
91%
89%

Percent Diesel
0.2%
-
6.3%
5.8%
Performance
0-60 Time (Sec.)
9.4
8.6
9.3
9.3

Top Speed
143
135
133
139

Ton-MPG
45.3
57.7
50.5
51.1
Drive
Front
30%
33%
41%
36%

Rear
22%
28%
26%
13%

4WD
48%
40%
33%
52%
Transmission
Manual
2%
4%
25%
6%

Lockup
93%
33%
45%
75%

CVT
5%
56%
28%
18%

Hybrid Vehicle
1.6%
62.7%
28.0%
16.5%
87

-------
Table 35
Best in Class Results 2010 Light Duty Vehicles



Best 4
Best 12
Best 12

Vehicle
Actual
Nameplates in
Vehicles in
Vehicles in
Category
Characteristic
Data
Size Class
Size Class
Weight Class
Fuel Economy
Lab. 55/45
28.3
37.2
34.6
33.0

Adjusted City
19.0
26.1
23.7
22.3

Adjusted Highway
26.1
30.3
29.9
29.2

Adjusted Composite
22.5
28.3
26.9
25.8
Vehicle Size
Weight (lb.)
4009
3941
3684
4009

CID
191
163
152
162

HP
220
182
173
196

HP/CID
1.17
1.15
1.15
1.23

HP/WT
0.054
0.045
0.046
0.048

Percent Multivalve
86%
83%
90%
91%

Percent Variable Valve
86%
97%
93%
84%

Percent Diesel
0.4%
0.9%
5.8%
10.7%
Performance
0-60 Time (Sec.)
9.5
9.4
9.9
9.6

Top Speed
139
127
127
131

Ton-MPG
45.8
57.7
50.4
52.6
Drive
Front
59%
70%
73%
64%

Rear
17%
14%
13%
9%

4WD
24%
16%
14%
27%
Transmission
Manual
7%
7%
32%
19%

Lockup
83%
38%
39%
50%

CVT
10%
51%
26%
29%

Hybrid Vehicle
4.3%
53.0%
23.6%
17.9%
88

-------
Another general approach for determining potential fuel economy improvement is to study the effects on
fuel economy caused by the changes that have occurred in the distributions of vehicle weight and size. This
technique involves preserving the average characteristics of vehicles within each size or weight strata in today's
fleet, but re-mixing the production distributions for each size or weight strata to match those of a baseline year and
then calculating the fleet wide averages for the hypothetical fleet using the re-mixed production data. The
production distribution of the resultant fleet is by vehicle type and size, thus it is forced to be the same as that for
the base year. As with the best in car size class technique, there can be some fluctuation in average interior volume
for cars because of the distribution of interior volume within a car class. Similarly, if the production proportions in
each weight class are held the same as the base years, the production distribution of the resultant fleet by weight
remains the same as that for the base year change, and the recalculated average weight is the same as the base years.
It is important to note that, for Tables 36 and 37 below, both hybrid and diesel vehicles were excluded so
that only vehicles with conventional powertrains were considered. Accordingly, the data in the rows for actual
2010, 1981, and 1988 typically differ slightly from data reported elsewhere in this report.
Table 36 compares weight, interior volume, engine CID and HP, estimated 0-to-60 time and laboratory fuel
economy for conventionally powered MY2010 cars as calculated from the projected 2010 production distribution
and then recalculated using the size and weight distributions from MY1981 and MY1988. The base years of 1981
and 1988 were chosen because 1981 was the year with the lowest average weight and horsepower levels, and 1988
was, until recently, the year with the highest LAB fuel economy. This table includes the actual 1981 and 1988 fleet
averages as a point of reference. In both of the weight distribution cases, the fuel economy of the re-mixed
MY2010 fleet would have been higher than actually is: 7%ifthe 1981 weight distribution is used, 12%ifthe 1988
weight distribution is used. For both re-mixed weight cases, interior volume and horsepower are substantially
lower. Using the MY 1981 and MY 1988 size mix distributions did not change car fuel economy.
Table 36
Characteristics of 2010 Cars
Calculated From:

Vehicle Weight
Interior Volume
CID
HP
0-to-60 Time
Lab 55/45 MPG
2010 Actual Distribution
3493
110
162
197
9.5
31.7
1981 Weight Distribution
3043
98
133
173
9.6
34.0
1988 Weight Distribution
3053
103
127
156
10.2
35.5
1981 Size Distribution
3482
108
161
198
9.5
31.7
1988 Size Distribution
3449
108
160
194
9.6
32.0
Reference: 1981 Actual
3043
106
178
99
14.1
24.9
Reference: 1988 Actual
3047
107
160
116
12.8
28.6
Percent Change:

Vehicle Weight
Interior Volume
CID
HP
0-to-60 Time
Lab 55/45 MPG
1981 Weight Distribution
-13%
-11%
-18%
-12%
1%
7%
1988 Weight Distribution
-13%
-6%
-21%
-21%
8%
12%
1981 Size Distribution
0%
-2%
-1%
0%
0%
0%
1988 Size Distribution
-1%
-2%
-2%
-1%
0%
1%
Reference: 1981 Actual
-13%
-4%
9%
-49%
48%
-22%
Reference: 1988 Actual
-13%
-3%
-1%
-41%
34%
-10%
89

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Table 37 shows similar data for trucks, and as with the car class cases using either the 1981 or the 1988
production distribution by weight class, results in higher recalculated fuel economy than using the corresponding
size class production distribution. Figure 31 compares actual fuel economy for all model years from 1975 to 2010
with what it would have been had the distributions of weight or size been the same as 1981 or 1988. For both cars
and trucks, using either the 1981 or 1988 weight class distribution, results in significantly higher fuel economy
improvements than the similar size class cases.
Table 37
Characteristics of 2010 Trucks
Calculated From:

Vehicle Weight
CID
HP
0-to-60 Time
Lab 55/45 MPG
2010 Actual Distribution
4734
237
260
9.4
23.7
1981 Weight Distribution
4185
192
223
9.7
26.2
1988 Weight Distribution
4083
188
216
9.7
26.7
1981 Size Distribution
5060
277
276
9.5
21.7
1988 Size Distribution
4551
232
235
10.0
23.6
Reference: 1981 Actual
3841
252
121
14.4
19.7
Reference: 1988 Actual
3838
227
141
12.9
21.2
Percent Change:

Vehicle Weight
CID
HP
0-to-60 Time
Lab 55/45 MPG
1981 Weight Distribution
-12%
-19%
-14%
2%
11%
1988 Weight Distribution
-14%
-21%
-17%
3%
13%
1981 Size Distribution
7%
17%
6%
1%
-8%
1988 Size Distribution
-4%
-2%
-10%
5%
0%
Reference: 1981 Actual
-19%
6%
-53%
52%
-17%
Reference: 1988 Actual
-19%
-4%
-46%
37%
-10%
90

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35
30
25
20
O
CL
(J
CL
5 &
LO
LO
cc 15
3

S 

CD
c
35
= 30
25
20
15
Figure 31
Effect of Weight and Size on Fuel Economy
Car	Truck
1981
Parameter
O Size
A Weight
1988
1975 1985 1995 2005 1975 1985
Model Year
1995 2005
91

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IX. References
1.	"U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Fuel Economy and Emission Control," November 1972.
2.	"Passenger Car Fuel Economy - Trends and Influencing Factors," SAE Paper 730790, Austin and Hellman,
September 1973.
3.	"Fuel Economy of the 1975 Models," SAE Paper 740970, Austin and Hellman, October 1974.
4.	"Passenger Car Fuel Economy Trends Through 1976," SAE Paper 750957, Austin and Service, October 1975.
5.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1977," SAE Paper 760795, Murrell, Pace, Service, and
Yeager, October 1976.
6.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1978," SAE Paper 780036, Murrell, February 1978.
7.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1979," SAE Paper 790225, Murrell, February 1979.
8.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1980," SAE Paper 800853, Murrell, Foster and Bristor,
June 1980.
9.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1981," SAE Paper 810386, Foster, Murrell and Loos,
February 1981.
10.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1982," SAE Paper 820300, Cheng, LeBaron, Murrell,
and Loos, February 1982.
11.	"Why Vehicles Don't Achieve EPA MPG On the Road and How That Shortfall Can Be Accounted For," SAE
Paper 820791, Hellman and Murrell, June 1982.
12.	"Light-Duty Automobile Fuel Economy Trends through 1983," SAE Paper 830544, Murrell, Loos, Heavenrich,
and Cheng, February 1983.
13.	"Passenger Car Fuel Economy - Trends Through 1984," SAE Paper 840499, Heavenrich, Murrell, Cheng, and
Loos, February 1984.
14.	"Light Truck Fuel Economy - Trends through 1984," SAE Paper 841405, Loos, Cheng, Murrell and
Heavenrich, October 1984.
15.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy - Trends Through 1985," SAE Paper 850550, Heavenrich, Murrell,
Cheng, and Loos, March 1985.
16.	"Light-Duty Automotive Trends Through 1986," SAE Paper 860366, Heavenrich, Cheng, and Murrell,
February 1986.
17.	"Trends in Alternate Measures of Vehicle Fuel Economy," SAE Paper 861426, Hellman and Murrell,
September 1986.
92

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18.	"Light-Duty Automotive Trends Through 1987," SAE Paper 871088, Heavenrich, Murrell, and Cheng, May
1987.
19.	"Light-Duty Automotive Trends Through 1988," U.S. EPA, EPA/AA/CTAB/88-07, Heavenrich and Murrell,
June 1988.
20.	"Light-Duty Automotive and Technology Trends Through 1989," U.S. EPA, EPA/AA/CTAB/89-04,
Heavenrich, Murrell, and Hellman, May 1989.
21.	"Downward Trend in Passenger Car Fuel EconomyA View of Recent Data," U.S. EPA,
EPA/AA/CTAB/90-01, Murrell and Heavenrich, January 1990.
22.	"Options for Controlling the Global Warming Impact from Motor Vehicles," U.S. EPA,
EPA/AA/CTAB/89-08, Heavenrich, Murrell, and Hellman, December 1989.
23.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1990," U.S. EPA,
EPA/AA/CTAB/90-03, Heavenrich and Murrell, June 1990.
24.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1991," U.S. EPA/AA/CTAB/91-02,
Heavenrich, Murrell, and Hellman, May 1991.
25.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1993," U.S. EPA/AA/TDG/93-01,
Murrell, Hellman, and Heavenrich, May 1993.
26.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1996," U.S. EPA/AA/TDSG/96-01,
Heavenrich and Hellman, July 1996.
27.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1999," U.S. EPA420-R-99-018,
Heavenrich and Hellman, September 1999.
28.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2000," U.S. EPA420-R-00-008,
Heavenrich and Hellman, December 2000.
29.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2001," U.S. EPA420-R-01-008,
Heavenrich and Hellman, September 2001.
30.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2003," U.S. EPA420-R-03-006,
Heavenrich and Hellman, April 2003.
31.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2004," U.S. EPA420-R-04-001,
Heavenrich and Hellman, April 2004.
32.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2005," U.S. EPA420-R-05-001,
Robert M. Heavenrich, July 2005.
33.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2006," U.S. EPA420-R-06-011,
Robert M. Heavenrich, July 2006.
93

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34.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2007," U.S. EPA420-S-07-
001, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, September 2007.
35.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2008," U.S. EPA420-R-08-
015, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, September 2008.
36.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2009," U.S. EPA420-R-09-
014, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, September 2009.
37.	"Concise Description of Auto Fuel Economy in Recent Years," SAE Paper 760045, Malliaris, Hsia and Gould,
February 1976.
38.	"Automotive Engine ~ A Future Perspective," SAE Paper 891666, Amann, 1989.
39.	"Regression Analysis of Acceleration Performance of Light-Duty Vehicles," DOT HS 807 763, Young,
September 1991.
40.	"Determinates of Multiple Measures of Acceleration," SAE Paper 931805, Santini and Anderson, 1993.
94

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Appendices
Appendix A: Database Details and Calculation Methods
Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Appendix C: Fuel Economy Distribution Data
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and
Weight Class
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and
Drive Type
Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and
Transmission Type
Appendix J: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and
Cylinder Count
Appendix K: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type, Engine Type
and Valves Per Cylinder
Appendix L: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
and Manufacturer
Appendix M: Fuel Economy by Manufacturer, Vehicle Type
and Weight Class
Appendix N: Fuel Economy and Ton-MPG by Manufacturer,
Vehicle Type and Size
Appendix O: MY2010 Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type, Weight
and Manufacturer
Appendix P: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Manufacturer and
Vehicle Type
Appendix Q: Characteristics of Fleets Comprised of Fuel
Efficient Vehicles
&EPA
United States	EPA-420-R-10-023
Environmental Protection
Agency	November 2010

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Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel
Appendix A
Database Details and Calculation Methods
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
SERA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

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Harmonically Averaging Fuel Economy Values
Dimensionally, fuel economy is miles divided by gallons. Then, presented with more than one
fuel economy value, an approach to averaging the values is to compute the result by determining the total
miles traveled and dividing that by the total gallons used.
Example: A motorist's fuel economy log for May shows that 704 miles were accumulated around
town in which the fuel economy was 16 mpg, and one 216 mile highway trip was taken on which the fuel
economy was 24 mpg. What is the average fuel economy for May?
The total miles are 704 + 216 = 920. The total gallons thus are 704 / 16 = 44 plus
216 / 24 = 9 or atotal of 53 gallons. The average mpg is 920 / 53 = 17.4 mpg. Notice that the arithmetic
average of the two fuel economy values (16 + 24) / 2 = 20 mpg gives an individual result that is higher
than the total miles/total gallons result.
Even if the around-town miles traveled and the highway trip miles traveled were the same (460
miles), the average fuel economy would not be 20; it would be 19.2 mpg. This is because in the total
miles/total gallons approach./?^/ consumption is arithmetically averaged, but fuel economy is
harmonically averaged, so for the second example (equal trip distances), the calculation would be:
Average MPG =

which is the same as arithmetically averaging the two fuel consumption values.
A specific example of this type of averaging approach is shown in the calculation of the overall
average fuel economy using the EPA "city" (MPGC) and EPA "highway" (MPGH) fuel economy values.
Total Miles
Average MPG =
Total Gallons
Total Miles
City Gallons + Highway Gallons
Total Miles
( City Miles Highway Miles
\ City MPG Highway MPG
Now, if city miles are 55 percent of total miles and highway miles are the remaining 45 percent,
after dividing by total miles,
A-l

-------
Average MPG = 0 55 0 45
\MPGC + MPGi
and this average mpg would represent a composite mpg value based on the 55% city/45% highway
driving in this example. This 55% city/45% highway weighting is the metric in this report for laboratory
composite fuel economy values.
The same approach can be used when the average mpg of a group of vehicles with different mpg
values is to be calculated. Suppose a fleet of 100,000 vehicles is made up of two classes, one of 70,000
vehicles whose fuel economy is 10 mpg and the other of 30,000 vehicles whose fuel economy is 14 mpg.
Each vehicle in the fleet is assumed to travel the same number of miles (M),
Total Miles = 100,000 M
70,000 M 30,000 M
Total Gallons =	1	
10	14
and the average fuel economy is:
1
Average Fuel Economy =    = 10.9 mpg
(iff + Tl)
where .7 and .3 are the relative shares of each vehicle class in the fleet. Notice that, again, the arithmetic
average of the class fuel economy values (10 + 14)/2 = 12 mpg is higher.
In general, some form of a weighted harmonic mean must be used when averaging different fuel
economy values in order to maintain mathematical integrity.
While fuel economy values (in miles per gallon) must be harmonically averaged to maintain
mathematical integrity, fuel consumption values (in gallons per mile) and carbon dioxide emissions
values (in grams per mile) can be arithmetically averaged.
A-2

-------
Estimated and Final Production Data
Table A-l compares average laboratory 55/45 fuel economy for model years 1998 through 2009
at three points in time:
(1)	an initial estimate determined early in the model year using projected production;
(2)	for some years, a revised estimate determined by using trade publication sales data
that were obtained after the end of each model year, but before the final CAFE data were
submitted by automakers to the Federal Government; and
(3)	final fuel economy values determined from CAFE compliance data provided by the
manufacturers to the Federal Government after the end of the model year.
Historically, the final car plus truck laboratory 55/45 fuel economy values have generally varied
from 0.4 mpg lower to 0.6 mpg higher compared to the original estimates based exclusively on projected
production. But, MY2009 was a very unusual year in this regard. The final car plus truck laboratory
55/45 value for MY2009 in this report is 1.8 mpg higher than the initial estimate for 2009 in last year's
report, due to the market turmoil in MY2009. The final adjusted car plus truck fuel economy value for
MY2009 is 1.3 mpg higher than the initial estimate in last year's report.
A-3

-------
Table A-l
Comparison of Laboratory 55/45 MPG
Model
Initial
Revised
Final
Year
Estimates
Estimates
Value
1998
28.6
28.6
28.5
1999
28.1
28.2
28.1
2000
28.1
28.3
28.2
2001
28.3
28.3
28.4
2002
28.5
28.5
28.6
2003
29.0
28.9
28.9
2004
28.7
28.9
28.9
2005
28.9
29.2
29.5
2006
28.8
29.2
29.2
2007
29.4
30.3
30.3
2008
30.3

30.5
2009
30.9

32.1
2010
32.7


1998
20.6
20.6
20.9
1999
20.3
20.4
20.5
2000
20.5
20.5
20.8
2001
20.3
20.4
20.6
2002
20.4
20.3
20.6
2003
20.8
20.9
20.9
2004
20.9
20.9
20.8
2005
21.3
21.2
21.4
2006
21.5
21.9
21.8
2007
22.1
22.1
22.1
2008
22.5

22.7
2009
22.9

23.8
2010
23.8


1998
24.4
24.4
24.5
1999
23.8
24.0
24.1
2000
24.0
23.9
24.3
2001
23.9
24.0
24.2
2002
24.0
23.9
24.1
2003
24.4
24.2
24.3
2004
24.4
24.4
24.0
2005
24.6
24.6
24.8
2006
24.6
25.3
25.2
2007
25.3
25.7
25.8
2008
26.0

26.3
2009
26.4

28.2
2010
28.3


A-4

-------
Use of 3-Year Moving Averages
Use of the three-year moving averages, which effectively smoothes the trends, results in an
improvement in discriminating real trends from what might be relatively small year-to-year variations in
the data. For this report, as shown in Table A-2, these three-year moving averages are tabulated at the
midpoint. For example, the midpoint for model years 2007, 2008, and 2009 is MY2008.
Table A-2
Light-Duty
Vehicle Laboratory Fuel Economy
and Truck Sales Fraction


Actual Data


Three-Year Moving Average
Year
55/45
Cars
Fuel Economy
Trucks Both
Truck
Production
Fraction
55/45
Cars
Fuel Economy
Trucks Both
Truck
Production
Fraction
1975
15.8
13.7
15.3
0.194




1976
17.5
14.4
16.7
0.212
17.1
14.5
16.5
0.202
1977
18.3
15.6
17.7
0.200
18.5
15.1
17.6
0.213
1978
19.9
15.2
18.6
0.227
19.4
15.2
18.3
0.216
1979
20.3
14.7
18.7
0.222
21.1
16.0
19.8
0.205
1980
23.5
18.6
22.5
0.165
22.8
17.5
21.5
0.187
1981
25.1
20.1
24.1
0.173
24.8
19.7
23.7
0.178
1982
26.0
20.5
24.7
0.197
25.7
20.5
24.5
0.197
1983
25.9
20.9
24.6
0.223
26.1
20.6
24.6
0.219
1984
26.3
20.5
24.6
0.239
26.4
20.6
24.7
0.239
1985
27.0
20.6
25.0
0.254
27.0
20.8
25.1
0.258
1986
27.9
21.4
25.7
0.283
27.6
21.2
25.5
0.272
1987
28.1
21.6
25.9
0.278
28.2
21.4
25.8
0.286
1988
28.6
21.2
25.9
0.298
28.3
21.2
25.8
0.294
1989
28.1
20.9
25.4
0.307
28.2
20.9
25.5
0.302
1990
27.8
20.7
25.2
0.302
28.0
21.0
25.3
0.310
1991
28.0
21.3
25.4
0.322
27.8
20.9
25.2
0.319
1992
27.6
20.8
24.9
0.334
27.9
21.0
25.1
0.339
1993
28.2
21.0
25.1
0.360
28.0
20.8
24.8
0.366
1994
28.0
20.8
24.6
0.404
28.2
20.7
24.8
0.381
1995
28.3
20.5
24.7
0.380
28.2
20.7
24.7
0.395
1996
28.3
20.8
24.8
0.400
28.3
20.7
24.7
0.401
1997
28.4
20.6
24.5
0.424
28.4
20.8
24.6
0.424
1998
28.5
20.9
24.5
0.449
28.4
20.7
24.4
0.441
1999
28.2
20.5
24.1
0.449
28.3
20.7
24.3
0.449
2000
28.2
20.8
24.3
0.449
28.3
20.6
24.2
0.453
2001
28.4
20.6
24.2
0.461
28.4
20.6
24.2
0.465
2002
28.6
20.6
24.1
0.485
28.7
20.7
24.2
0.481
2003
28.9
20.9
24.3
0.496
28.8
20.8
24.1
0.500
2004
28.9
20.8
24.0
0.520
29.1
21.0
24.4
0.504
2005
29.5
21.4
24.8
0.495
29.2
21.3
24.7
0.495
2006
29.2
21.8
25.2
0.471
29.7
21.7
25.2
0.480
2007
30.3
22.1
25.8
0.471
30.0
22.2
25.7
0.471
2008
30.6
22.7
26.3
0.473
31.0
22.9
26.7
0.447
2009
32.1
23.8
28.2
0.398
31.8
23.4
27.6
0.428
2010
32.7
23.8
28.3
0.411




A-5

-------
Model
Year
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Table A-2 (Continued)
Light-Duty Vehicle Adjusted Fuel Economy
Cars
Three-Year Moving Average
CITY HWY COMP
CITY
12.3
13.7
14.4
15.5
15.9
18.3
19.6
20.1
19.9
20.2
20.7
21.2
21.2
21.4
20.9
20.5
20.5
20.0
20.3
20.0
20.0
19.8
19.8
19.7
19.4
19.3
19.4
19.4
19.5
19.3
19.6
19.4
20.1
20.3
21.3
21.7
Actual Data
HWY
15.2
16.6
17.4
19.1
19.2
22.6
24.2
25.5
25.5
26.0
26.8
27.6
27.7
28.2
27.9
27.5
27.6
27.5
27.9
27.7
28.1
28.0
28.0
28.0
27.5
27.3
27.3
27.2
27.5
27.4
27.6
27.5
28.3
28.5
29.7
30.1
COMP
13.5
14.9
15.6
16.9
17.2
20.0
21.4
22.2
22.1
22.4
23.0
23.7
23.8
24.1
23.7
23.3
23.4
23.1
23.5
23.3
23.4
23.3
23.4
23.4
23.0
22.9
23.0
23.1
23.2
23.1
23.5
23.3
24.1
24.3
25.4
25.8
13.4
14.5
15.3
16.5
17.8
19.3
19.8
20.1
20.3
20.7
21.0
21.3
21.2
20.9
20.6
20.3
20.2
20.1
20.1
19.9
19.9
19.8
19.6
19.5
19.3
19.4
19.4
19.4
19.4
19.4
19.7
19.9
20.6
21.1
16.3
17.6
18.5
20.2
21.8
24.1
25.1
25.7
26.1
26.8
27.4
27.8
27.9
27.8
27.7
27.5
27.6
27.7
27.9
27.9
28.0
28.0
27.8
27.6
27.4
27.3
27.3
27.4
27.5
27.5
27.8
28.1
28.9
29.4
14.6
15.8
16.6
18.0
19.4
21.2
21.9
22.2
22.5
23.0
23.5
23.9
23.9
23.7
23.5
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.4
23.3
23.4
23.4
23.2
23.1
23.0
23.0
23.1
23.2
23.3
23.3
23.6
23.9
24.6
25.1
A-6

-------
Table A-2 (Continued)
Light-Duty Vehicle Adjusted Fuel Economy
Trucks
Model

Actual Data

Three-Year
Moving Average
Year
CITY
HWY
COMP
CITY
HWY
COMP
1977
12.6
14.1
13.3
12.2
13.7
12.8
1978
12.4
13.7
12.9
12.4
13.6
12.9
1979
12.1
13.1
12.5
13.0
14.4
13.6
1980
14.8
17.1
15.8
14.1
15.9
14.9
1981
16.0
18.6
17.1
15.7
18.2
16.7
1982
16.3
19.0
17.4
16.3
19.1
17.4
1983
16.5
19.6
17.8
16.3
19.3
17.5
1984
16.1
19.3
17.4
16.3
19.4
17.6
1985
16.2
19.4
17.5
16.4
19.6
17.7
1986
16.8
20.2
18.2
16.6
20.0
18.0
1987
16.8
20.5
18.3
16.6
20.3
18.1
1988
16.2
20.2
17.9
16.3
20.2
17.9
1989
15.9
19.8
17.6
15.9
19.9
17.6
1990
15.6
19.8
17.4
15.8
20.0
17.6
1991
15.9
20.3
17.8
15.7
20.0
17.5
1992
15.5
19.9
17.4
15.6
20.1
17.5
1993
15.5
20.1
17.5
15.4
19.9
17.3
1994
15.3
19.7
17.2
15.2
19.7
17.2
1995
15.0
19.5
17.0
15.1
19.7
17.1
1996
15.1
19.9
17.2
15.0
19.6
17.0
1997
14.8
19.5
17.0
14.9
19.7
17.1
1998
14.9
19.8
17.1
14.8
19.5
16.9
1999
14.6
19.2
16.7
14.7
19.5
16.9
2000
14.7
19.4
16.9
14.6
19.2
16.8
2001
14.6
19.1
16.7
14.6
19.2
16.8
2002
14.4
19.1
16.7
14.5
19.1
16.8
2003
14.6
19.3
16.9
14.4
19.2
16.8
2004
14.3
19.2
16.7
14.5
19.4
16.9
2005
14.6
19.8
17.2
14.6
19.7
17.1
2006
14.9
20.1
17.5
14.9
20.1
17.5
2007
15.1
20.4
17.7
15.1
20.5
17.8
2008
15.5
21.0
18.2
15.6
21.1
18.3
2009
16.2
21.9
19.0
15.9
21.7
18.8
2010
16.2
22.0
19.1




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Model
Year
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Table A-2 (Continued)
Light-Duty Vehicle Adjusted Fuel Economy
Cars and Trucks

Actual Data

Three-Year Moving Average
CITY
HWY
COMP
CITY
HWY
COMP
14.0
16.6
15.1
13.9
16.6
15.0
14.7
17.5
15.8
14.5
17.2
15.6
14.9
17.4
15.9
15.6
18.6
16.8
17.6
21.5
19.2
16.9
20.3
18.3
18.8
23.0
20.5
18.5
22.8
20.2
19.2
23.9
21.1
19.0
23.6
20.8
19.0
23.9
21.0
19.1
23.9
21.0
19.1
24.0
21.0
19.1
24.1
21.1
19.3
24.4
21.3
19.4
24.5
21.4
19.8
25.0
21.8
19.6
24.9
21.7
19.8
25.3
22.0
19.7
25.2
21.9
19.6
25.2
21.9
19.5
25.1
21.7
19.1
24.8
21.4
19.1
24.9
21.5
18.7
24.6
21.2
18.9
24.7
21.3
18.8
24.7
21.2
18.6
24.6
21.1
18.2
24.4
20.8
18.4
24.5
21.0
18.2
24.4
20.9
18.1
24.2
20.7
17.8
23.8
20.4
17.9
24.1
20.6
17.7
24.1
20.5
17.7
24.0
20.4
17.6
24.0
20.4
17.6
23.9
20.3
17.4
23.6
20.1
17.4
23.7
20.2
17.2
23.6
20.1
17.1
23.4
20.0
16.9
23.0
19.7
17.0
23.2
19.8
16.9
23.0
19.8
16.9
23.0
19.7
16.8
22.8
19.6
16.8
22.8
19.6
16.6
22.5
19.4
16.7
22.7
19.5
16.7
22.7
19.6
16.6
22.6
19.4
16.3
22.4
19.3
16.6
22.7
19.6
16.8
23.1
19.9
16.7
23.0
19.8
17.0
23.4
20.1
17.0
23.5
20.2
17.3
23.9
20.6
17.3
23.9
20.6
17.7
24.4
21.0
18.0
24.8
21.3
18.9
26.0
22.4
18.5
25.5
22.0
19.0
26.1
22.5



A-8

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Vehicle Classification Exceptions
The truck size classification scheme used in this report is based primarily on published wheelbase
data. For cars, vehicle classification as to vehicle type, size class, and manufacturer generally follows
fuel economy label, Fuel Economy Guide, and fuel economy standards protocols; exceptions are listed in
Table A-3. The classification of a vehicle for this report is based on the authors' engineering judgment
and is not a replacement for definitions used in implementing automotive standards legislation.
Table A-3
Manufacturer	Make/Vehicles	Classified As:
Chrysler:	Colt 4WD Wagon*	Small Wagon
Chrysler:	Colt Vista*	Small Van
Chrysler:	Pacifica*	Large Wagon
Chrysler:	PT Cruiser	Small Wagon
Chrysler:	PT Cruiser Convertible*	Subcompact
Chrysler:	Summit Wagon*	Small Van
Chrysler:	Dodge Ram Charger*	Large Sedan
Chrysler:	Dodge Magnum*	Midsize Wagon
Chrysler:	Eagle 4WD Wagon*	Car
Ford:	Ford Pinto Van*	Car
Ford:	Volvo V70 XC	Midsize Wagon
GM:	HHR	Small Wagon
GM:	Isuzu Oasis*	Midsize Van
GM:	Pontiac Vibe	Small Wagon
Nissan:	Infmiti EX35	Midsize SUV
Toyota:	Lexus RX300*	Midsize SUV
Toyota:	Matrix	Small Wagon
VW:	AudiAllroad*	Midsize Wagon
Other:	Subaru Outback AWD Wagon	Midsize Wagon
Other:	Subaru Forester	Small SUV
Other:	Subaru Baja*	Small Pickup
Other:	Suzuki X-90*	Small SUV
Other:	Mitsubishi Expo*	Small Van
Other:	Mitsubishi Space Wagon*	Small Van
Other:	Mercedes R-Series	Large Wagon
* Not manufactured for MY 2010.
A-9

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Methodology for Adjusted Fuel Economy Values
for Model Years 1986-2010
On December 27, 2006, EPA published regulations that changed the methodology for calculating
the city and highway fuel economy label estimates for new passenger cars and light trucks (71 Federal
Register 77872). This revised methodology provides fuel economy estimates to consumers that better
reflect real world fuel economy. The methodology incorporates test data that directly account for several
important factors that affect fuel economy in the real world, such as high speeds, aggressive accelerations
and decelerations, the use of air conditioning, and operation in cold temperatures, and indirectly account
for a number of other factors that are not reflected in EPA laboratory test data such as changing fuel
composition, road conditions, etc.
These vehicle fuel economy label changes were implemented beginning with the 2008 model
year. For model years 2008-2010, manufacturers have two options for calculating city and highway fuel
economy labels: 1) use vehicle-specific "5-cycle" (Federal Test Procedure for urban stop-and-go driving,
Highway Fuel Economy Test for rural driving, US06 test for high speeds and aggressive driving, SC03
test for air conditioning operation, and cold FTP test for cold temperature operation) fuel economy test
data in "composite" equations that calculate vehicle-specific city and highway fuel economy values using
weighting factors for data from each of the 5 EPA test cycles, or 2) use an industry-average "mpg-based"
method, which yields mpg-based adjustments based on a regression of recent 5-cycle fuel economy data
for the industry as a whole. Beginning in 2011, manufacturers must use the 5-cycle method. For more
details on the derivation of these options, the specific equations that allow an automaker to calculate new
label values using either the vehicle-specific 5-cycle test data or the industry-average mpg-based
approach, and the impact of these changes on average fuel economy label values, see the Preamble to the
new regulations (71 Federal Register 77881-77893).
Beginning with the 2007 Trends report, EPA has made significant changes in how adjusted (ADJ)
fuel economy values for model years 1986 through 2010 are calculated to reflect the revised EPA fuel
economy label methodology. These changes affect every table and figure in this report that involve
adjusted fuel economy data. Accordingly, adjusted fuel economy values for 1986 and later model years
should not be compared with the corresponding values from pre-2007 reports in this series. Specifically,
the adjusted fuel economy values for 1986-2010 in this report differ from those in pre-2007 reports as
explained below.
 For model years 2005-2010, EPA calculates adjusted fuel economy values for most of the
individual models in the fuel economy trends database using the following city and highway
"mpg-based" equations from the EPA fuel economy labeling rulemaking:
New ADJ CITY = 	-r^
0.003259 + LAB CITY
New ADJ HWY = 	
0.001376+ 13466
LAB HWY
A-10

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The above equations are not used if a manufacturer chooses the option of providing vehicle-
specific 5-cycle test data for an individual model. In that case, the adjusted fuel economy
values are calculated using equations with weighting factors for the data from the 5-cycle
tests. For MY2010, manufacturers chose this option for a small number of individual models.
Calculating fleetwide adjusted city and highway fuel economy values for a given model year
requires a harmonic, production-weighted average of all of the adjusted city and highway fuel
economy values for individual models.
The above equations yield a greater downward adjustment for higher fuel economy vehicles
than for lower fuel economy vehicles. For example, compared to the older fuel economy
label methodology, a 15 mpg city value will be reduced by an additional 10%, while a 50
mpg city value will be reduced by an additional 18%. Likewise, a 20 mpg highway value
will be reduced by an additional 7%, while a 50 mpg highway value will be reduced by an
additional 11%. EPA projected an overall average fleetwide adjustment of 11% lower for
city fuel economy and 8% lower for highway fuel economy, beyond that in the older label
adjustment methodology that has been used in pre-2007 reports in this series. These factors
can be used to convert older adjusted fuel economy values to the newer adjusted fuel
economy values for the current fleet as a whole, but would not be appropriate factors to use
for individual models or for a future fleet with different mpg characteristics.
This report seldom uses separate city and highway fuel economy values, but typically uses
the composite city/highway fuel economy value. Pre-2007 reports used a 55% city/45%
highway weighting for adjusted composite fuel economy values, the same weighting used for
laboratory composite values and for the CAFE compliance program. The analysis of real
world driving activity underlying the newer fuel economy label methodology assumed a
"speed cutpoint" of 45 miles per hour to differentiate between city and highway driving (71
Federal Register 77904). Based on this speed cutpoint, the correct weighting for correlating
the new city and highway fuel economy values with real world driving, on a miles driven
basis, is 43% city/57% highway. Accordingly, the 43% city/57% highway weighting is now
used for all adjusted composite city/highway fuel economy values in this report beginning
with the 2005 model year (note that the historic 55% city/45% highway weighting is still used
for both CAFE compliance and fuel economy labels).
The appropriate fleetwide factors to convert laboratory or older adjusted fuel economy values
to the newer adjusted fuel economy values are dependent on the city fuel economy-to-
highway fuel economy ratios in the fleet. On average, for the current fleet, combining the
11% lower adjustment for city fuel economy, the 8% lower adjustment for highway fuel
economy, and the shift to the 43% city/57% highway weighting, the newer adjustment for
city/highway composite fuel economy values is 6% lower than that used in the older label
adjustment methodology. This 6% lower value is the average impact for a fleet with the mpg
and city fuel economy-to-highway fuel economy characteristics of the current fleet, and
would not be the appropriate value for individual models, partial fleet segments, or for future
fleets with different mpg and city fuel economy-to-highway fuel economy distributions.
 For model years 1986 through 2004, EPA calculates adjusted fuel economy values based on
the assumption that the impacts of the factors that have led to lower real world fuel economy
have occurred in a gradual (i.e., linear) manner over the 20 years from 1986 through 2005.
A-ll

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On April 6, 1984, EPA published regulations that established the older fuel economy label
adjustment factors of 0.9 for city fuel economy and 0.78 for highway fuel economy that took
effect for model year 1985 vehicles (49 Federal Register 13832). EPA believes that these
adjustment factors were appropriate through the 1985 model year. EPA has not attempted to
perform a year-by-year analysis to determine the extent to which the many relevant factors
(including highway speed limits, more aggressive driving, vehicle horsepower-to-weight
ratio, suburbanization, congestion, use of air conditioning, gasoline composition, et al) that
have affected real world fuel economy since 1985 have changed over time. Rather, EPA has
made the simplifying, but we think reasonable, assumption that the collective impact of these
changes has been a linearly increasing impact over the 20 years from 1986 through 2005.
Using the equations shown above for individual models, EPA has assumed 1/20 of the fully
phased-in downward adjustment for city and highway values would be reflected in the 1986
data, 2/20 of this adjustment would be reflected in the 1987 data, etc., up to 19/20 of this
adjustment in 2004 and the full adjustment in 2005 and later years. Likewise, EPA has
assumed the 55/45 city/highway weighting changes to a 43/57 city/highway weighting in a
linear fashion over the 1986 to 2005 time period as well. As discussed above, the average
fleetwide composite city/highway fuel economy values for 2005-2010 are 6% lower than the
composite city/highway fuel economy value calculated with the older adjustment factors.
To generate precise adjusted city, highway, or composite fuel economy values for individual
models or for future fleetwide averages with different mpg or city fuel economy-to-highway fuel
economy ratios than the current fleet, it is essential to use the above equations to calculate adjusted city
and highway fuel economy values for individual models, then use the 43% city/57% highway weighting
to generate an adjusted composite fuel economy value for individual models, and then calculate the
harmonically production-weighted average of the individual models to yield the average composite fuel
economy for the fleet as a whole. Alternatively, for a first-order estimate of generic fleetwide factors that
one could use to convert values from the historic fuel economy trends database to the newer adjusted fuel
economy levels, see the factors in Table A-4, which are based on the mpg and city fuel economy-to-
highway fuel economy characteristics of the current fleet. For example, the industry-wide adjusted
composite city/highway fuel economy value for model year 1986 in this year's report, which will be
reported as ADJ COMP, is about .997 (1.0 minus 0.003, where 0.003 equals 0.3%, and the latter is equal
to 6% divided by 20) times the adjusted composite city/highway fuel economy value, or ADJ 55/45, from
pre-2007 reports in this series. Likewise, the same industry-wide ADJ COMP value for 1986 can be
approximated by multiplying the laboratory composite 55/45 value for 1986 by 0.851. The industry-wide
ADJ COMP fuel economy values for model years 2005-2010 in this year's report are all equal to 0.80
times the laboratory composite 55/45 values.
It is important to note that the above discussion, as well as all the data in this report, is focused on
new model year vehicle fleets, i.e., the data for a MY2000 vehicle is most directly relevant for that
vehicle operated on the road in calendar year 2000. Because most (though not all) of the real world
factors reflected in this methodology are relatively independent of vehicle design, the best approximation
of the adjusted fuel economy of a used MY2000 vehicle in calendar year 2010 would be to use the 2010
factors in Table A-4.
Table A-5 provides a comparison of adjusted composite fuel economy values, for cars and trucks
combined, using both the older fuel economy label methodology that has been used in pre-2007 reports in
this series as well as the newer fuel economy label methodology described above and used in 2007 and
later reports.
A-12

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No changes have been made in the way EPA calculates adjusted fuel economy values for 1975-
1985. For these model years, EPA still uses the 0.9 city/0.78 highway fuel economy adjustments
established in 1984, along with the 55% city/45% highway weighting factor. EPA believes that this
methodology was appropriate for the late 1970s and early 1980s and is not making any changes to
adjusted fuel economy values for 1975 through 1985.
No changes have been made in the laboratory (LAB) fuel economy values in this report. The
laboratory city value remains the fuel economy value over the EPA Federal Test Procedure, the laboratory
highway value remains the fuel economy value over the EPA Highway Fuel Economy Test, and the
laboratory 55/45 is a weighted value of these two tests, with a 55% weighting of the Federal Test
Procedure and a 45% weighting of the Highway Fuel Economy Test. The laboratory 55/45 values are
used for CAFE compliance, in conjunction with alternative fuel vehicle credits and test procedure
adjustments. Because the underlying methodology for generating and reporting the laboratory fuel
economy values have not changed since this series began in the mid-1970s, these values provide an
excellent basis with which to compare long-term fuel economy trends from the perspective of vehicle
design, apart from the factors that affect real world fuel economy that are reflected in the adjusted fuel
economy values.
Finally, this same methodology for including real world factors in the adjusted fuel economy
values is also reflected in the adjusted carbon dioxide (C02) emissions data as well. As discussed in
Section IV, EPA back-calculated all C02 emissions values in this report from corresponding fuel
economy values in the historical Trends database. Accordingly, the adjusted C02 emissions values
explicitly account for the above methodology for 1986 and later model years.
A-13

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Table A-4
Approximate Factors for Converting Industry-Wide Fuel Economy Values from Previous
Reports to the New Fuel Economy Values in this 2010 Report


Factors to convert


Factors to convert


older ADJ to new ADJ

LAB to new ADJ


CITY
HWY
55/45
CITY
HWY
55/45
1975-1985
1.000
1.000
1.000
0.900
0.780
0.854
1986
0.995
0.996
0.997
0.895
0.777
0.851
1987
0.989
0.992
0.994
0.890
0.774
0.849
1998
0.984
0.988
0.991
0.885
0.771
0.846
1989
0.978
0.984
0.988
0.880
0.768
0.843
1990
0.973
0.980
0.985
0.875
0.765
0.841
1991
0.967
0.976
0.982
0.870
0.762
0.838
1992
0.962
0.972
0.979
0.865
0.759
0.835
1993
0.956
0.968
0.976
0.860
0.756
0.832
1994
0.951
0.964
0.973
0.855
0.753
0.830
1995
0.945
0.960
0.970
0.850
0.750
0.827
1996
0.940
0.956
0.967
0.845
0.747
0.824
1997
0.934
0.952
0.964
0.840
0.744
0.822
1998
0.929
0.948
0.961
0.835
0.741
0.819
1999
0.923
0.944
0.958
0.830
0.738
0.816
2000
0.918
0.940
0.955
0.825
0.735
0.814
2001
0.912
0.936
0.952
0.820
0.732
0.811
2002
0.907
0.932
0.949
0.815
0.729
0.808
2003
0.901
0.928
0.946
0.810
0.726
0.805
2004
0.896
0.924
0.943
0.805
0.723
0.803
2005
0.890
0.920
0.940
0.800
0.720
0.800
2006
0.890
0.920
0.940
0.800
0.720
0.800
2007
0.890
0.920
0.940
0.800
0.720
0.800
2008
0.890
0.920
0.940
0.800
0.720
0.800
2009
0.890
0.920
0.940
0.800
0.720
0.800
2010
0.890
0.920
0.940
0.800
0.720
0.800
Important Notes for Table A-4:
1.	Multiplying the factors above times the appropriate values from pre-2007 reports approximates the
newer adjusted (ADJ) fuel economy values in this 2010 report. Also, these factors can be used "in
reverse" to convert new adjusted fuel economy values in this report to corresponding old adjusted fuel
economy values or to corresponding laboratory fuel economy values, e.g., dividing an adjusted, combined
city/highway MY2010 fuel economy value in this report by .940 would yield a corresponding adjusted
fuel economy value based on the methodology used in pre-2007 reports.
2.	These factors are first-order approximations relevant only for industry-wide fuel economy values for
the 1986 through 2010 timeframe.
3.	Precise estimates for individual models require the use of the mpg-based equations for ADJ CITY and
ADJ HWY provided above as well as a linear phase-in, over the 1986 to 2005 time period, for both the
mpg-based equations and the change from a 55/45 city/highway weighting to a 43/57 city/highway
weighting.
4.	These approximations would yield the largest error for individual models or fleets with high mpg
and/or high city fuel economy-to-highway fuel economy ratios.
A-14

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Table A-5
Comparison of "Old" and "New" Adjusted Composite Fuel Economy Values,
for Cars and Trucks Combined, for 2003-2010
Cars and Trucks Combined
Model
Year
"Old"
Adjusted
Composite
"New"
Adjusted
Composite
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
20.8
20.5
21.2
21.5
22.0
22.4
24.0
24.2
19.6
19.3
19.9
20.1
20.6
21.0
22.4
22.5
Important Notes for Table A-5:
1.	"Old" adjusted composite fuel economy values are based on the EPA fuel economy label
methodology used in previous reports in this series, i.e., 10% downward city adjustment, 22% downward
highway adjustment, and a 55% city/45% highway weighting factor.
2.	"New" adjusted composite fuel economy values are based on the new EPA fuel economy label
methodology, applicable to MY2010 vehicles and used for the first time in the 2007 report and described
in the previous section.
3.	The "new" adjusted composite fuel economy values for cars and trucks combined are approximately
6% lower than the "old" adjusted composite fuel economy values for cars and trucks combined. For cars
only, the "new" adjusted composite fuel economy values would be more than 6% lower than the "old"
values, while for trucks only, the "new" adjusted composite fuel economy values would be less than 6%
lower than the "old" values.
A-15

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Comparison of EPA and NHTSA Data, 1975-2010
Table A-6 compares CAFE performance data reported by the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration ("Summary of Fuel Economy Performance" report dated April 20, 2010 and available at
w ww.nhtsa.gov) with the adjusted and unadjusted (laboratory) composite fuel economy data in this
report. The NHTSA values in Table A-6 are generally higher than the EPA laboratory values due to
differences in alternative fuel credits, test procedure adjustment factors for cars, and vehicle classification.
In recent years for which both Agencies report final data, the NHTSA values are typically 0.6-0.8 mpg
higher than the EPA values. For MY2010, the preliminary NHTSA value is 0.9 mpg higher than the
preliminary EPA value. These preliminary projections are based on different data sets. The EPA value is
based on automaker submissions in the spring and summer of 2009 to support vehicle fuel economy
labels. The NHTSA value is based on automaker estimates provided in pre-model year CAFE reports
later in 2009. Final MY2010 results will be reported in next year's report.
Table A-6
EPA Adjusted, Laboratory, and NHTSA CAFE Fuel Economy Values by Model Year
Cars	Trucks	Both Cars and Trucks
Model
EPA
EPA
NHTSA

EPA
EPA
NHTSA

EPA
EPA
NHTSA

Year
Adj.
Unadj.
(CAFE)
Diff.
Adj.
Unadj.
(CAFE)
Diff.
Adj.
Unadj.
(CAFE)
Diff.
1975
13.5
15.8
n/a

11.6
13.7
n/a

13.1
15.3
n/a

1976
14.9
17.5
n/a

12.2
14.4
n/a

14.2
16.7
n/a

1977
15.6
18.3
n/a

13.3
15.6
n/a

15.1
17.7
n/a

1978
16.9
19.9
19.9
0.0
12.9
15.2
n/a

15.8
18.6
19.9
1.3
1979
17.2
20.3
20.3
0.0
12.5
14.7
18.2
3.5
15.9
18.7
20.1
1.4
1980
20.0
23.5
24.3
0.8
15.8
18.6
18.5
-0.1
19.2
22.5
23.1
0.6
1981
21.4
25.1
25.9
0.8
17.1
20.1
20.1

20.5
24.1
24.6
0.5
1982
22.2
26.0
26.6
0.6
17.4
20.5
20.5

21.1
24.7
25.1
0.4
1983
22.1
25.9
26.4
0.5
17.8
20.9
20.7
-0.2
21.0
24.6
24.8
0.2
1984
22.4
26.3
26.9
0.6
17.4
20.5
20.6
0.1
21.0
24.6
25.0
0.4
1985
23.0
27.0
27.6
0.6
17.5
20.6
20.7
0.1
21.3
25.0
25.4
0.4
1986
23.7
27.9
28.2
0.3
18.2
21.4
21.5
0.1
21.8
25.7
25.9
0.2
1987
23.8
28.1
28.5
0.4
18.3
21.6
21.7
0.1
22.0
25.9
26.2
0.3
1988
24.1
28.6
28.8
0.2
17.9
21.2
21.3
0.1
21.9
25.9
26.0
0.1
1989
23.7
28.1
28.4
0.3
17.6
20.9
21.0
0.1
21.4
25.4
25.6
0.2
1990
23.3
27.8
28.0
0.2
17.4
20.7
20.8
0.1
21.2
25.2
25.4
0.2
1991
23.4
28.0
28.4
0.4
17.8
21.3
21.3

21.2
25.4
25.6
0.2
1992
23.1
27.6
27.9
0.3
17.4
20.8
20.8

20.8
24.9
25.1
0.2
1993
23.5
28.2
28.4
0.2
17.5
21.0
21.0

20.9
25.1
25.2
0.1
1994
23.3
28.0
28.3
0.3
17.2
20.8
20.8

20.4
24.6
24.7
0.1
1995
23.4
28.3
28.6
0.3
17.0
20.5
20.5

20.5
24.7
24.9
0.2
1996
23.3
28.3
28.5
0.2
17.2
20.8
20.8

20.4
24.8
24.9
0.1
1997
23.4
28.4
28.7
0.3
17.0
20.6
20.6

20.1
24.5
24.6
0.1
1998
23.4
28.5
28.8
0.3
17.1
20.9
21.0
0.1
20.1
24.5
24.7
0.2
1999
23.0
28.2
28.3
0.1
16.7
20.5
20.9
0.4
19.7
24.1
24.5
0.4
2000
22.9
28.2
28.5
0.3
16.9
20.8
21.3
0.5
19.8
24.3
24.8
0.5
2001
23.0
28.4
28.8
0.4
16.7
20.6
20.9
0.3
19.6
24.2
24.5
0.3
2002
23.1
28.6
29.0
0.4
16.7
20.6
21.4
0.8
19.4
24.1
24.7
0.6
2003
23.2
28.9
29.5
0.6
16.9
20.9
21.8
0.9
19.6
24.3
25.1
0.8
2004
23.1
28.9
29.5
0.6
16.7
20.8
21.5
0.7
19.3
24.0
24.6
0.6
2005
23.5
29.5
30.3
0.8
17.2
21.4
22.1
0.7
19.9
24.8
25.4
0.6
2006
23.3
29.2
30.1
0.9
17.5
21.8
22.5
0.7
20.1
25.2
25.8
0.6
2007
24.1
30.3
31.2
0.9
17.7
22.1
23.1
1.0
20.6
25.8
26.6
0.8
2008
24.3
30.5
31.6
1.1
18.2
22.7
23.6
0.9
21.0
26.3
27.1
0.8
2009
25.4
32.1
32.6
0.5
19.0
23.8
24.6
0.8
22.4
28.2
28.8
0.6
2010
25.8
32.7
33.8
1.1
19.1
23.8
24.9
1.1
22.5
28.3
29.2
0.9
A-16

-------
Comparison of EPA and NHTSA Data for MY2008 by Manufacturer
The primary differences between EPA unadjusted laboratory fuel economy data and NHTSA
CAFE values are flexible fuel vehicle (FFV) credits that are available to manufacturers that produce
vehicles capable of operation on an alternative fuel (generally a blend of 85 percent ethanol and 15
percent gasoline), and test procedure adjustment (TPA) credits that apply to manufacturers of passenger
cars.
Table A-7 shows a detailed MY2008 comparison, for the thirteen highest-volume manufacturers,
of the EPA laboratory fuel economy values from this report and final NHTSA CAFE values based on the
year end fuel economy report data provided to EPA and NHTSA by automakers (MY2008 is the last year
for which NHTSA has published final CAFE values). This table shows how EPA laboratory values, FFV
credits, and TPA credits "add up" to CAFE values. It is important to emphasize that while the values in
Table A-7 approximately add up for most manufacturers, in some cases they do not add up precisely. The
primary explanation for this is that there are slight differences in car and truck classifications between
EPA and NHTSA, which can affect the individual car and truck comparisons, though not the combined
car and truck values. In the most notable example, NHTSA classifies the Subaru Forester as a car and the
Subaru Outback as a truck, while EPA takes the reverse position. Changing the classification of these
two vehicles actually does not affect Subaru's car values, however it does lead to nearly a 1 mpg
discrepancy between the truck EPA LAB and NHTSA CAFE values. In addition, rounding differences
can lead to slight discrepancies in Table A-7.
The manufacturer column in Table A-7 differs from the manufacturer columns elsewhere in this
report in two ways in order to be consistent with the way NHTSA reports CAFE data for MY2008. The
differences in Table A-7 are that GM includes Saab, and Ford includes Mazda (Table 28 gives different
EPA laboratory fuel economy values for Ford excluding Mazda, while the inclusion of Saab does not
change the GM values).
The FFV credit values in Table A-7 for the truck column were obtained directly from EPA's fuel
economy compliance program (trucks are not eligible for TPA credits). The FFV and TPA credits for the
car columns were generated by weighting the values for domestic cars and import cars by the NHTSA
sales for each car category (see cite below). The FFV and TPA credit values for the combined car and
truck columns were generated using the car and truck sales from the NHTSA report. For MY2008, four
manufacturers earned FFV credits for cars and four manufacturers did so for trucks. All thirteen
manufacturers were eligible for the TPA credits for cars.
All of the NHTSA CAFE values in Table A-7 were taken or generated from the April 20, 2010
NHTSA report "Summary of Fuel Economy Performance" available at www.nhtsa.gov. The car values
were generated from the NHTSA fuel economy and production data for the separate domestic car and
import car CAFE categories. The truck values were taken directly from the NHTSA report. The
combined car and truck values were generated from the NHTSA fuel economy and production data for
the separate domestic car, import car, and light truck CAFE categories. While there are no CAFE
standards for combined cars and trucks, this column is shown for illustrative purposes.
A-17

-------
Table A-7
Comparison of MY2008 EPA Laboratory and Final NHTSA CAFE Values
by Manufacturer
Passenger Car
Light Truck
Both Cars and Trucks
Manufacturer
EPA
FFV
TPA
NHTSA
EPA
FFV
TPA
NHTSA
EPA
FFV
TPA
NHTS

LAB
Credit
Credit
CAFE
LAB
Credit
Credit
CAFE
LAB
Credit
Credit
CAFE
General












Motors / Saab
28.6
1.1
0.2
29.7
21.6
1.2
0.0
23.2
24.4
1.2
0.1
25.7
Toyota
36.0
0.0
0.3
36.4
23.9
0.0
0.0
23.9
29.0
0.0
0.1
29.0
Ford / Mazda
28.6
0.9
0.3
30.3
22.4
1.2
0.0
23.6
24.7
1.1
0.1
26.0
Honda
34.3
0.0
0.4
34.6
25.5
0.0
0.0
25.5
30.1
0.0
0.2
30.3
Chrysler
27.8
0.9
0.2
29.3
22.4
1.2
0.0
23.6
24.2
1.1
0.1
25.1
Nissan
32.2
0.0
0.3
32.2
22.0
1.2
0.0
23.1
27.6
0.7
0.1
28.3
Hyundai
33.8
0.0
0.4
34.2
25.6
0.0
0.0
25.6
30.9
0.0
0.2
31.1
Volkswagen
28.9
0.0
0.2
29.1
20.2
0.0
0.0
20.2
27.9
0.0
0.2
28.1
BMW
27.2
0.0
0.2
27.4
22.9
0.0
0.0
22.9
26.3
0.0
0.2
26.5
Kia
33.3
0.0
0.3
33.6
24.2
0.0
0.0
24.2
28.8
0.0
0.1
28.9
Daimler
25.3
1.2
0.2
26.9
20.8
0.0
0.0
20.8
24.0
0.8
0.1
24.9
Subaru
28.7
0.0
0.2
28.9
26.4
0.0
0.0
27.3
28.1
0.0
0.1
28.2
Mitsubishi
29.8
0.0
0.2
30.0
24.2
0.0
0.0
24.7
28.1
0.0
0.2
28.5
Final MY2008 CAFE values are based on manufacturer reports to EPA and NHTSA summarized in
''Summary of Fuel Economy Performance" dated April 20, 2010 and available at www.nhtsa.gov
A-18

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Appendix B
Model Year 2010 Nameplate
Fuel Economy Listings
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
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1 VIS
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55/45
(in
11\\
( OMI'
Two-seater
Daimler Smart fortwo (CABRIOLET)
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
Two-seater
Daimler Smart fortwo (COUPE)
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
Two-seater
VW TT ROADSTER QUATTRO
31.9
21.7
28.3
25.0
Two-seater
Mazda MX-5
31.1
21.1
27.7
24.4
Two-seater
Porsche Boxster
29.9
19.6
28.5
23.9
Two-seater
Porsche Cayman S
29.6
19.4
28.5
23.7
Two-seater
Lotus Elise / Exige
30.0
20.4
26.7
23.6
Two-seater
Porsche Boxster S
29.4
19.3
28.1
23.5
Two-seater
Porsche Cayman
29.2
19.3
27.8
23.4
Two-seater
BMW Z4 sDrive30i
28.4
18.4
28.2
23.0
Two-seater
GM SKY
28.4
19.0
26.5
22.6
Two-seater
GM SOLSTICE
28.3
18.9
26.3
22.5
Two-seater
Nissan 370Z
27.6
18.4
26.1
22.1
Two-seater
Daimler SLK 300
27.6
18.4
25.9
22.1
Two-seater
Nissan 370Z ROADSTER
26.7
17.9
24.9
21.3
Two-seater
Daimler SLK 350
26.5
17.8
24.8
21.2
Two-seater
BMW Z4 sDrive35i
25.7
17.2
24.4
20.7
Two-seater
GM CORVETTE
23.5
15.1
24.5
19.3
Two-seater
Daimler SLK 55 AMG
21.9
14.3
22.2
17.9
Two-seater
Porsche 911 GT3
21.0
13.9
20.6
17.1
Two-seater
Porsche 911 GT3 RS
21.0
13.9
20.6
17.1
Two-seater
Daimler SL 550
20.5
13.4
21.1
16.9
Two-seater
Chrysler Viper Convertible
19.9
12.7
21.6
16.6
Two-seater
Chrysler Viper Coupe
19.9
12.7
21.6
16.6
Two-seater
Aston Martin V8 Vantage
20.1
13.3
19.8
16.4
Two-seater
VWR8
18.6
12.4
18.5
15.2
Two-seater
VW Continental Supersports
17.7
11.7
17.7
14.5
Two-seater
VW Gallardo Coupe
17.2
11.4
17.4
14.2
Two-seater
VW Gallardo Spyder
16.1
10.6
16.4
13.3
Two-seater
Fiat Ferrari 599 GTB FIORANO
15.7
10.6
15.3
12.9
Two-seater
VW Murcielago Reventon Roadster
13.7
9.0
14.5
11.5
Two-seater
VW MURCIELAGO ROADSTER
13.6
8.9
14.4
11.4
Two-seater
VW MURCIELAGO
13.6
8.9
14.4
11.4
Two-seater
VW Veyron
12.0
7.8
13.0
10.1
Mini-compact
BMW Mini Cooper
39.2
26.2
34.5
30.4
Mini-compact
BMW Mini Convertible
39.2
26.2
34.5
30.3
Mini-compact
BMW Mini John Cooper Works
37.1
24.8
33.0
28.9
Mini-compact
BMW Mini John Cooper Works Conv
37.1
24.8
33.0
28.9
Mini-compact
BMW Mini Cooper S
36.9
24.7
32.7
28.7
Mini-compact
BMW Mini Cooper S Convertible
36.7
24.6
32.5
28.5
Mini-compact
VW NEW BEETLE CONVERTIBLE
29.9
19.7
28.4
23.8
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera
27.9
18.6
26.4
22.3
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet
27.9
18.5
26.2
22.3
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera S Cabriolet
27.7
18.4
26.0
22.1
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera S
27.6
18.4
26.0
22.1
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S Cabriolet
27.4
18.2
26.0
22.0
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S Targa
27.3
18.2
25.8
21.9
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera 4
27.4
18.3
25.6
21.9
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera 4 Cabriolet
27.3
18.2
25.6
21.8
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera 4 Targa
27.3
18.2
25.6
21.8
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Carrera 4S
27.2
18.1
25.5
21.7
Mini-compact
Mitsubishi ECLIPSE SPYDER
27.1
18.2
25.3
21.7
Mini-compact
Lotus Evora
26.2
17.0
26.1
21.2
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Turbo Coupe
24.8
16.5
24.0
20.1
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-l
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
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Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Turbo S Cabriolet
24.3
15.9
24.3
19.8
Mini-compact
Porsche 911 Turbo Cabriolet
24.3
16.0
24.0
19.7
Mini-compact
Toyota SC 430
24.2
16.3
22.7
19.4
Mini-compact
Jaguar Jaguar XK
23.2
15.4
22.7
18.8
Mini-compact
Jaguar XK Convertible
23.3
15.6
22.2
18.8
Mini-compact
Aston Martin DB9
19.4
12.9
19.4
15.9
Mini-compact
Fiat Ferrari California
19.0
12.6
18.9
15.6
Mini-compact
Aston Martin DBS
17.6
11.6
17.7
14.5
Subcompact
Toyota YARIS
42.0
28.8
34.7
31.9
Subcompact
GM COBALT XFE COUPE
39.3
25.5
36.6
30.8
Subcompact
GM G5 XFE
39.3
25.5
36.6
30.8
Subcompact
BMW Mini Clubman
39.1
26.1
34.4
30.3
Subcompact
Toyota SCION xD
39.3
26.7
33.4
30.2
Subcompact
Honda CIVIC
38.5
25.2
35.3
30.1
Subcompact
GM AVEO 5
37.8
25.1
34.0
29.5
Subcompact
BMW Mini John Cooper Works Clubma
37.1
24.8
33.0
28.9
Subcompact
GM G5 GT
36.7
24.0
34.0
28.8
Subcompact
BMW Mini Clubman S
36.7
24.6
32.6
28.6
Subcompact
GM COBALT COUPE
36.0
23.6
33.3
28.3
Subcompact
GMG5
35.9
23.6
33.3
28.3
Subcompact
GM SWIFT +
35.5
24.2
30.7
27.5
Subcompact
VW A5 Cabriolet
34.1
22.9
30.4
26.7
Subcompact
GM COBALT SS COUPE
33.0
22.1
29.8
25.9
Subcompact
Nissan ALTIMA COUPE
32.6
21.7
29.7
25.7
Subcompact
VW EOS
32.6
21.9
29.4
25.7
Subcompact
VW TT COUPE QUATTRO
31.9
21.7
28.3
25.0
Subcompact
Toyota IS 250/IS 250C
31.2
20.7
29.0
24.7
Subcompact
Toyota SCION tC
30.7
20.5
28.3
24.3
Subcompact
VW NEW BEETLE
30.4
19.9
29.0
24.2
Subcompact
VW A5 QUATTRO
30.5
20.6
27.5
24.0
Subcompact
VW A5 Cabriolet quattro
29.9
20.5
26.5
23.5
Subcompact
Spyker 9-3 CONVERTIBLE
28.8
19.0
27.5
23.0
Subcompact
BMW 328Ci
28.5
18.4
28.3
23.0
Subcompact
BMW 128i
28.4
18.4
28.2
22.9
Subcompact
Mitsubishi ECLIPSE
28.7
19.3
26.5
22.8
Subcompact
Toyota IS 250 AWD
28.8
19.5
26.0
22.7
Subcompact
Ford C70 FWD
28.2
18.4
27.4
22.7
Subcompact
Hyundai GENESIS COUPE
28.1
18.3
27.7
22.7
Subcompact
Toyota IS 350/IS 350C
28.2
18.9
26.2
22.4
Subcompact
BMW 128Ci Convertible
27.7
18.0
27.3
22.4
Subcompact
BMW 328Ci Convertible
27.5
17.9
27.2
22.2
Subcompact
Nissan G37 COUPE
27.6
18.3
26.2
22.1
Subcompact
Daimler E 350 Coupe
26.5
17.4
26.0
21.4
Subcompact
Nissan G37X COUPE
26.6
17.7
25.2
21.3
Subcompact
BMW 13 5i
26.5
17.6
25.4
21.3
Subcompact
BMW 335Ci Convertible
26.4
17.3
25.8
21.3
Subcompact
BMW 335Ci
26.4
17.3
25.8
21.3
Subcompact
BMW 135i Convertible
26.4
17.3
25.8
21.3
Subcompact
BMW 328Ci xDrive
26.3
17.4
25.5
21.2
Subcompact
Nissan G37 CONVERTIBLE
25.9
17.2
25.0
20.9
Subcompact
BMW 335Ci xDrive
25.4
16.7
24.8
20.5
Subcompact
BMW 335i xDrive
25.4
16.7
24.8
20.5
Subcompact
VW S5 Cabriolet
24.8
16.3
24.4
20.1
Subcompact
Ford MUSTANG
24.6
16.4
23.6
19.9
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-2
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
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( OMI'
Subcompact
Mazda RX-8
24.1
16.3
22.4
19.3
Subcompact
Toyota IS F
23.8
15.8
23.1
19.2
Subcompact
BMW 650Ci
23.1
15.3
22.5
18.7
Subcompact
Daimler E 550 (coupe)
22.9
15.1
22.8
18.7
Subcompact
BMW 650CI Convertible
22.9
15.0
22.8
18.6
Subcompact
Ford Stage 3 Mustang
22.8
15.0
22.6
18.6
Subcompact
VWS5
22.9
15.3
21.8
18.5
Subcompact
Nissan GT-R
22.4
15.2
20.9
18.0
Subcompact
BMW M3 Coupe
20.8
13.8
20.4
16.9
Subcompact
BMW M3 Convertible
20.2
13.5
19.7
16.4
Subcompact
Aston Martin Rapide
19.2
12.7
19.2
15.8
Subcompact
Fiat GRANTURISMO
18.8
12.3
19.4
15.5
Subcompact
Fiat Granturismo Convertible
18.6
12.1
19.2
15.4
Subcompact
BMW M6 Convertible
16.3
10.6
17.4
13.6
Subcompact
BMW M6
16.3
10.7
17.1
13.6
Subcompact
VW Continental GTC
15.8
10.3
16.9
13.2
Compact
Honda CIVIC HYBRID
58.8
40.2
45.3
42.9
Compact
Honda INSIGHT
57.6
40.1
43.3
41.9
Compact
Toyota HS 250h
47.3
35.3
33.6
34.3
Compact
Kia RIO
40.5
27.1
35.3
31.2
Compact
Hyundai ACCENT
40.3
26.8
35.4
31.1
Compact
GM COBALT XFE SEDAN
39.3
25.5
36.6
30.8
Compact
Toyota COROLLA
39.2
26.3
34.2
30.3
Compact
GM G3 (5 DOOR)
38.2
25.4
34.1
29.7
Compact
GM AVEO
37.8
25.1
34.0
29.5
Compact
Kia FORTE
37.2
24.7
33.4
29.0
Compact
Ford FOCUS FWD
36.9
24.3
33.6
28.9
Compact
BMW 335d
36.0
22.7
36.1
28.8
Compact
Suzuki SX4 SEDAN
37.0
25.1
32.1
28.7
Compact
GM COBALT SEDAN
35.9
23.6
33.2
28.2
Compact
VW JETTA
35.2
23.4
32.0
27.6
Compact
Mazda MAZDA3
34.3
22.8
31.2
27.0
Compact
Suzuki KIZASHI S
33.9
22.5
31.1
26.7
Compact
VW A4
34.1
22.9
30.4
26.7
Compact
Suzuki SX4 SPORT
33.9
23.0
29.9
26.5
Compact
VW GOLF
33.6
22.4
30.5
26.4
Compact
Suzuki KIZASHI
33.7
22.7
30.1
26.4
Compact
Suzuki KIZASHI S AWD
33.4
22.5
29.6
26.1
Compact
VWGTI
32.9
21.9
30.3
26.0
Compact
Suzuki KIZASHI AWD
32.7
22.1
29.1
25.6
Compact
Mitsubishi LANCER
32.5
21.8
29.3
25.5
Compact
VWCC
32.0
21.1
29.7
25.3
Compact
Honda ACCORD 2DR COUPE
31.3
20.5
29.9
25.0
Compact
Honda TSX
31.0
20.5
29.1
24.6
Compact
Ford C30 FWD
30.6
20.2
28.9
24.4
Compact
GMG6
30.3
19.9
28.7
24.1
Compact
VW A4 QUATTRO
30.6
20.7
27.4
24.1
Compact
Toyota GS 450h
30.8
21.9
25.3
23.8
Compact
Ford S40 FWD
29.8
19.7
28.1
23.8
Compact
Spyker 9-3 SPORT SEDAN
29.5
19.4
28.3
23.6
Compact
Spyker 9-3 SEDAN AWD
28.6
18.6
27.9
23.0
Compact
BMW 328i
28.5
18.4
28.3
23.0
Compact
Chrysler Sebring Convertible
28.7
19.0
27.4
23.0
Compact
Ford S40 AWD
28.2
18.6
27.0
22.6
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-3
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
\ rlliilc si/.r ( lil".-
Mmli'l Yuiir
i i i:i i:< <\c\n
1 VIS
VD.I
\l).l
AIM
55/45
(in
11\\
( OMI'
Compact
Subaru Impreza AWD
28.6
19.6
25.5
22.6
Compact
GM CAMARO
26.7
17.1
27.1
21.7
Compact
Daimler C 300
26.9
17.8
25.6
21.5
Compact
BMW 335i
26.4
17.3
25.9
21.3
Compact
BMW 328i xDrive
26.3
17.4
25.5
21.2
Compact
Daimler C 300 4MATIC
26.3
17.5
24.8
21.0
Compact
VWS4
25.9
17.2
24.7
20.8
Compact
Daimler C 350
25.8
17.1
24.8
20.8
Compact
VW CC 4MOTION
24.8
16.4
24.1
20.1
Compact
Chrysler Challenger
24.5
16.0
24.4
19.9
Compact
Mitsubishi LANCER EVOLUTION
24.0
16.3
22.1
19.2
Compact
Daimler CL 550 4MATIC
21.3
14.1
21.1
17.3
Compact
Daimler CLS 550
21.1
14.0
20.9
17.2
Compact
BMW M3
20.8
13.8
20.4
16.9
Compact
Daimler C 63 AMG
18.8
12.3
19.3
15.5
Compact
Daimler CLS 63 AMG
18.0
12.0
18.0
14.8
Compact
Daimler CL 63 AMG
17.4
11.4
17.9
14.4
Compact
BMW Phantom Coupe
17.3
11.4
17.5
14.2
Compact
BMW Phantom Drophead Coupe
17.3
11.4
17.5
14.2
Compact
Daimler CL 600
17.3
11.5
17.3
14.2
Compact
Daimler CL 65 AMG
16.8
11.2
17.0
13.9
Compact
VW Continental GT
16.2
10.5
17.3
13.5
Compact
VW Azure
14.4
9.4
15.3
12.1
Compact
VW Brooklands
14.4
9.4
15.3
12.1
Midsize Sedan
Toyota PRIUS
70.9
50.9
48.3
49.4
Midsize Sedan
Ford FUSION HYBRID FWD
54.2
41.4
36.4
38.4
Midsize Sedan
Ford MILAN HYBRID FWD
54.2
41.4
36.4
38.4
Midsize Sedan
Toyota CAMRY HYBRID
45.9
33.4
34.1
33.8
Midsize Sedan
Hyundai ELANTRA BLUE
39.2
26.1
34.8
30.4
Midsize Sedan
Hyundai ELANTRA
38.8
26.0
33.8
30.0
Midsize Sedan
GM MAT .TBI I HYBRID
38.6
25.8
34.0
29.9
Midsize Sedan
Nissan SENTRA
38.7
26.2
33.3
29.8
Midsize Sedan
Nissan VERSA
36.9
24.9
32.2
28.6
Midsize Sedan
Ford FUSION S FWD
34.9
22.6
33.2
27.7
Midsize Sedan
Ford MILAN S FWD
34.3
22.3
32.6
27.2
Midsize Sedan
Nissan ALTIMA
34.0
22.5
31.3
26.8
Midsize Sedan
Toyota CAMRY
33.1
21.6
31.4
26.3
Midsize Sedan
Kia OPTIMA
32.3
21.2
30.6
25.7
Midsize Sedan
VW PASSAT
32.3
21.4
29.9
25.5
Midsize Sedan
Ford FUSION FWD
32.1
21.2
29.9
25.4
Midsize Sedan
Mitsubishi GALANT
32.0
21.1
30.1
25.4
Midsize Sedan
GM MAT TBI J
31.9
20.9
30.2
25.4
Midsize Sedan
Ford MIT,AN FWD
31.9
21.1
29.7
25.2
Midsize Sedan
Chrysler Sebring
31.7
21.0
29.4
25.1
Midsize Sedan
Chrysler Avenger
31.6
21.0
29.4
25.1
Midsize Sedan
Chrysler Caliber
32.3
22.5
27.4
25.0
Midsize Sedan
Subaru LEGACY AWD
31.3
21.0
28.6
24.7
Midsize Sedan
Mazda MAZDA6
30.0
19.9
28.1
23.9
Midsize Sedan
GM AURA
29.6
19.2
28.9
23.8
Midsize Sedan
Toyota ES 350
28.7
18.9
27.4
23.0
Midsize Sedan
VW A6
28.2
18.3
27.8
22.7
Midsize Sedan
Nissan MAXIMA
28.6
19.3
26.1
22.7
Midsize Sedan
GMSTS
27.9
17.9
28.2
22.6
Midsize Sedan
Toyota GS 350
28.2
18.9
26.2
22.4
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-4
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
\ rlliilc si/.r ( lil".-
Mmli'l Yuiir
i i i:i i:< <\c\n
1 VIS
VD.I
\l).l
AIM
55/45
(in
11\\
( OMI'
Midsize Sedan
BMW 528i
27.7
18.0
27.3
22.3
Midsize Sedan
Nissan G37
28.0
18.6
26.4
22.3
Midsize Sedan
Ford MKZ FWD
27.3
17.9
26.8
22.0
Midsize Sedan
Honda TL 2 WD
27.3
18.0
26.3
22.0
Midsize Sedan
GM STS AWD
27.1
17.7
26.5
21.8
Midsize Sedan
GM CTS AWD
26.8
17.6
26.0
21.6
Midsize Sedan
Daimler E 350
26.7
17.6
25.9
21.5
Midsize Sedan
GM LACROSSE/ALLURE
26.5
17.1
26.8
21.5
Midsize Sedan
Mazda Mazdaspeed3
27.0
18.2
24.9
21.5
Midsize Sedan
Ford FUSION AWD FFV
26.7
17.7
25.4
21.4
Midsize Sedan
Ford MILAN AWD FFV
26.7
17.7
25.4
21.4
Midsize Sedan
Nissan G37X
26.6
17.7
25.2
21.3
Midsize Sedan
Toyota GS 350 AWD
26.7
17.9
24.9
21.3
Midsize Sedan
Ford S80 FWD
26.3
17.1
26.1
21.3
Midsize Sedan
BMW 53 5i
26.1
17.1
25.7
21.1
Midsize Sedan
BMW 528i xDrive
26.3
17.5
25.0
21.1
Midsize Sedan
Toyota LS 600h L
26.9
19.6
21.8
20.8
Midsize Sedan
VW A6 QUATTRO
25.8
17.2
24.6
20.7
Midsize Sedan
Honda TL 4WD
25.7
17.1
24.6
20.7
Midsize Sedan
GM CTS
25.6
16.8
25.1
20.7
Midsize Sedan
BMW 53 5i xDrive
25.5
16.8
24.9
20.6
Midsize Sedan
Toyota GS 460
25.4
16.9
24.4
20.5
Midsize Sedan
Ford FUSION AWD
25.0
16.6
24.1
20.2
Midsize Sedan
Ford MKZ AWD
25.0
16.6
24.1
20.2
Midsize Sedan
Daimler E 350 4MATIC
24.8
16.5
23.8
20.0
Midsize Sedan
Toyota LS 460
24.6
16.2
24.1
19.9
Midsize Sedan
Toyota LS 460 L
24.6
16.2
24.1
19.9
Midsize Sedan
GM LACROSSE/AT .TURF, AWD
24.4
15.8
24.7
19.9
Midsize Sedan
Jaguar Jaguar XF
24.1
15.8
24.1
19.6
Midsize Sedan
Daimler E 550
23.7
15.5
23.7
19.3
Midsize Sedan
VW A8
23.8
16.0
22.7
19.2
Midsize Sedan
Ford S80 AWD
23.7
15.8
23.0
19.2
Midsize Sedan
Toyota LS 460 AWD
23.7
15.7
23.1
19.2
Midsize Sedan
Toyota LS 460 L AWD
23.7
15.7
23.1
19.2
Midsize Sedan
Honda RL
23.8
16.1
22.2
19.1
Midsize Sedan
Daimler E 550 4MATIC
23.2
15.2
23.2
18.9
Midsize Sedan
BMW 550i
23.1
15.3
22.5
18.7
Midsize Sedan
VW S6
20.5
13.9
19.3
16.5
Midsize Sedan
Daimler E 63 AMG
19.4
12.7
19.6
15.9
Midsize Sedan
BMW Phantom
17.3
11.4
17.5
14.2
Midsize Sedan
BMW M5
16.3
10.7
17.0
13.6
Midsize Sedan
VW Continental Flying Spur
15.8
10.3
16.9
13.2
Midsize Sedan
Fiat Ferrari 612 SCAGLIETTI
14.6
9.4
15.7
12.2
Large Sedan
Honda ACCORD 4DR SEDAN
32.2
21.0
30.6
25.6
Large Sedan
Hyundai SONATA
31.9
20.8
30.6
25.5
Large Sedan
Toyota AVALON
29.6
19.4
28.4
23.7
Large Sedan
GM IMP ALA
29.2
18.8
29.1
23.6
Large Sedan
BMW 535i Gran Turismo
29.4
19.3
28.2
23.5
Large Sedan
Honda ACCORD CROSSTOUR 2WD
27.8
18.1
27.4
22.4
Large Sedan
Daimler S400 HYBRID
27.5
18.6
25.1
21.8
Large Sedan
Hyundai GENESIS
27.1
17.7
26.5
21.8
Large Sedan
GM LUCERNE
26.2
17.0
26.2
21.3
Large Sedan
Hyundai AZERA
26.2
17.2
25.5
21.1
Large Sedan
Ford TAURUS FWD
26.1
17.2
25.3
21.1
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-5
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
\ rlliilc si/.r ( lil".-
Mmli'l Yuiir
i i i:i i:< <\c\n
1 VIS
VD.I
\l).l
AIM
55/45
(in
11\\
( OMI'
Large Sedan
Chrysler 300
25.9
17.3
24.6
20.8
Large Sedan
Ford TAURUS AWD
25.7
17.0
25.0
20.8
Large Sedan
Ford MKS AWD
25.7
17.0
24.9
20.7
Large Sedan
Honda ACCORD CROSSTOUR 4WD
25.7
17.0
24.8
20.7
Large Sedan
Chrysler Charger
25.7
17.0
24.8
20.7
Large Sedan
Nissan M35
25.3
16.7
24.5
20.4
Large Sedan
Ford MKS FWD
25.0
16.7
23.7
20.1
Large Sedan
Porsche Panamera 4S
24.6
16.2
23.9
19.9
Large Sedan
Porsche Panamera S
24.6
16.2
23.9
19.9
Large Sedan
Chrysler 300 AWD
24.6
16.6
23.1
19.8
Large Sedan
Chrysler 300S
24.1
15.5
24.7
19.7
Large Sedan
Ford CROWN VICTORIA FFV
24.2
15.9
23.9
19.6
Large Sedan
Ford GRAND MARQUIS FFV
24.2
15.9
23.9
19.6
Large Sedan
Ford TOWN CAR FFV
24.2
15.9
23.9
19.6
Large Sedan
VW A8L
23.8
16.0
22.7
19.2
Large Sedan
Chrysler Charger AWD
23.7
15.7
22.9
19.2
Large Sedan
Chrysler 300C AWD
23.6
15.7
22.9
19.1
Large Sedan
GMDTS
23.2
15.3
22.9
18.9
Large Sedan
Nissan M35X
23.4
15.8
22.0
18.8
Large Sedan
Daimler S 550
23.1
15.1
23.0
18.8
Large Sedan
Porsche Panamera Turbo
22.9
14.9
23.0
18.7
Large Sedan
Jaguar Jaguar XJ
22.9
15.2
22.3
18.6
Large Sedan
Nissan M45
23.0
15.7
21.3
18.5
Large Sedan
BMW 750i
22.2
14.7
21.7
18.0
Large Sedan
BMW 550 GT
22.1
14.7
21.4
17.9
Large Sedan
Daimler S 550 4MATIC
21.5
14.1
21.5
17.6
Large Sedan
BMW 750Li
21.3
14.0
21.2
17.4
Large Sedan
Nissan M45X
20.7
14.0
19.7
16.7
Large Sedan
BMW 750i xDrive
20.6
13.8
20.0
16.7
Large Sedan
BMW 750Li xDrive
20.6
13.8
20.0
16.7
Large Sedan
BMW Ghost
19.4
12.7
19.7
16.0
Large Sedan
BMW 760Li
19.2
12.7
19.3
15.8
Large Sedan
GM LIMOUSINE
18.0
12.0
17.7
14.7
Large Sedan
Fiat QUATTROPORTE
17.7
11.7
18.0
14.6
Large Sedan
Daimler S 63 AMG
17.3
11.3
17.8
14.3
Large Sedan
GM FUNERAL COACH/HEARSE
17.6
12.1
16.5
14.3
Large Sedan
BMW Phantom EWB
17.3
11.4
17.5
14.2
Large Sedan
Daimler S 600
17.0
11.2
17.3
14.0
Large Sedan
Daimler S 65 AMG
16.6
11.0
16.8
13.7
Large Sedan
Daimler MAYBACH 57 Zeppelin
15.5
10.3
15.8
12.8
Large Sedan
Daimler MAYBACH 57
15.3
10.2
15.6
12.7
Large Sedan
Daimler MAYBACH 57 S
15.2
10.1
15.6
12.6
Small Wagon
VW JETTA SPORTWAGEN
42.1
27.4
38.1
32.7
Small Wagon
VW A3
39.4
25.9
35.8
30.7
Small Wagon
Honda FIT
40.0
27.4
33.6
30.6
Small Wagon
Nissan CUBE
37.9
26.7
30.7
28.8
Small Wagon
Kia SOUL
35.2
24.2
30.0
27.2
Small Wagon
Hyundai ELANTRA TOURING
34.5
23.4
30.4
26.9
Small Wagon
Suzuki SX4
33.8
23.0
29.7
26.4
Small Wagon
Suzuki SX4 AWD
33.4
22.8
28.9
25.9
Small Wagon
Toyota COROLLA MATRIX
33.2
22.6
29.1
25.9
Small Wagon
GM HHR PANEL FWD
32.6
21.6
30.3
25.8
Small Wagon
GM HHR FWD
32.4
21.5
30.0
25.6
Small Wagon
GM VIBE
32.7
22.3
28.7
25.6
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-6
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
\ rlliilc si/.r ( lil".-
Mmli'l Yuiir
i i i:i i:< <\c\n
1 VIS
VD.I
\l).l
AIM
55/45
(in
11\\
( OMI'
Small Wagon
Toyota SCION xB
31.6
21.6
27.6
24.7
Small Wagon
VW A3 QUATTRO
30.9
21.4
26.5
24.1
Small Wagon
VW A4 AVANT QUATTRO
30.2
20.5
27.0
23.8
Small Wagon
Ford V50 FWD
29.8
19.7
28.1
23.7
Small Wagon
Mitsubishi LANCER SPORTBACK
29.9
20.4
26.6
23.5
Small Wagon
Spyker 9-3 SPORTCOMBI
29.3
19.3
27.9
23.4
Small Wagon
Spyker 9-3X SPORTCOMBI AWD
28.6
18.6
28.2
23.1
Small Wagon
Ford V50 AWD
28.2
18.6
26.9
22.6
Small Wagon
GM CTS WAGON
27.9
18.3
27.2
22.5
Small Wagon
BMW 328i sport wagon
27.5
17.9
27.2
22.2
Small Wagon
Subaru Impreza Wagon/Outback Sport
27.6
18.8
24.9
21.8
Small Wagon
Chrysler PT Cruiser
27.5
18.8
24.5
21.7
Small Wagon
GM CTS WAGON AWD
26.8
17.6
26.0
21.6
Small Wagon
BMW 328i sport wagon xDrive
26.3
17.4
25.5
21.2
Midsize Wagon
VW PASSAT WAGON
32.3
21.4
29.9
25.5
Midsize Wagon
Subaru OUTBACK WAGON AWD
30.9
20.8
27.9
24.4
Midsize Wagon
Kia RONDO
28.0
18.7
26.0
22.3
Midsize Wagon
Ford V70 FWD
26.3
17.1
26.1
21.3
Midsize Wagon
VW A6 AVANT QUATTRO
26.2
17.4
24.9
21.0
Midsize Wagon
Ford MKT FWD
25.2
17.1
23.2
20.1
Midsize Wagon
BMW 535i Sport Wagon xDrive
24.7
16.3
24.2
20.0
Midsize Wagon
Ford MKT AWD
23.5
16.0
21.7
18.8
Midsize Wagon
Ford XC70 AWD
23.0
15.4
21.9
18.5
Large Wagon
Daimler R 350 BLUETEC
26.3
17.9
23.9
20.9
Large Wagon
Daimler R 350 4MATIC
20.6
14.3
18.7
16.5
Small Van
Mazda MAZDA 5
30.7
20.9
27.3
24.1
Midsize Van
Ford TRANSIT CONNECT
30.4
21.6
25.1
23.5
Midsize Van
Toyota SIENNA 2WD
26.5
17.9
24.4
21.1
Midsize Van
Honda ODYSSEY 2WD
25.3
16.6
24.8
20.4
Midsize Van
Hyundai ENTOURAGE
24.7
16.6
23.3
19.8
Midsize Van
Kia SEDONA
24.7
16.6
23.3
19.8
Midsize Van
Chrysler Town & Country FWD
24.5
16.3
23.6
19.8
Midsize Van
Chrysler Grand Caravan FWD
24.3
16.2
23.3
19.6
Midsize Van
Chrysler Routan
24.2
16.1
23.3
19.5
Midsize Van
Toyota SIENNA 4WD
23.0
15.8
21.1
18.4
Large Van
GM G1500 EXPRESS 2WD CARGO
21.3
14.7
19.6
17.1
Large Van
GM G1500 SAVANA 2WD CARGO
21.2
14.6
19.5
17.0
Large Van
GM G1500 EXPRESS 2WD PASS
18.3
12.7
16.9
14.8
Large Van
GM G1500 EXPRESS CONV 2WD CARGO
18.3
12.7
16.9
14.8
Large Van
GM G1500 SAVANA 2WD PASS
18.3
12.7
16.9
14.8
Large Van
GM G1500 SAVANA CONV 2WD CARGO
18.3
12.7
16.9
14.8
Large Van
GM H1500 EXPRESS AWD PASS
18.4
12.8
16.6
14.7
Large Van
GM H1500 EXPRESS CONV AWD CARGO
18.4
12.8
16.6
14.7
Large Van
GM H1500 SAVANA CONV AWD CARGO
18.4
12.8
16.6
14.7
Large Van
GM H1500 SAVANA AWD PASS
18.4
12.8
16.6
14.7
Large Van
GM H1500 EXPRESS AWD CARGO
18.3
12.8
16.5
14.7
Large Van
GM HI 500 SAVANA AWD CARGO
18.3
12.8
16.5
14.7
Small SUV
Chrysler Wrangler 2WD
21.9
14.9
20.4
17.6
Small SUV
Chrysler Wrangler 4WD
21.4
14.9
19.1
17.1
Midsize SUV
Ford ESCAPE HYBRID FWD
44.1
34.0
30.5
31.9
Midsize SUV
Ford MARINER HYBRID FWD
44.1
34.0
30.5
31.9
Midsize SUV
Mazda TRIBUTE HYBRID 2 WD
44.1
34.0
30.5
31.9
Midsize SUV
Toyota RX 450h
40.4
31.5
27.9
29.4
Midsize SUV
Toyota RX 450h AWD
39.2
30.2
27.7
28.7
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-7
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
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Midsize SUV
GM VUE FWD HYBRID
36.7
24.8
32.2
28.5
Midsize SUV
Ford ESCAPE HYBRID 4WD
38.8
30.2
27.1
28.4
Midsize SUV
Ford MARINER HYBRID 4WD
38.8
30.2
27.1
28.4
Midsize SUV
Mazda TRIBUTE HYBRID 4WD
38.8
30.2
27.1
28.4
Midsize SUV
Hyundai TUCSON 2WD
33.9
22.6
30.7
26.6
Midsize SUV
Toyota HIGHLANDER HYBRID 4WD
35.2
27.3
25.1
26.0
Midsize SUV
Nissan ROGUE FWD
32.1
22.3
27.2
24.9
Midsize SUV
Honda CR-V 2 WD
31.2
21.1
28.0
24.6
Midsize SUV
Toyota RAV4 2WD
31.1
21.0
28.0
24.5
Midsize SUV
Hyundai TUCSON 4WD
31.1
21.0
28.0
24.5
Midsize SUV
Mazda TRIBUTE FWD
31.0
20.9
27.9
24.4
Midsize SUV
Ford ESCAPE FWD
30.9
20.8
28.0
24.4
Midsize SUV
Ford MARINER FWD
30.8
20.7
28.0
24.3
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Compass 2WD
31.4
22.1
26.2
24.3
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Patriot 2WD
31.1
21.9
26.0
24.0
Midsize SUV
Honda CR-V 4WD
30.5
20.8
27.0
23.9
Midsize SUV
Toyota VENZA
30.1
20.1
27.9
23.9
Midsize SUV
Nissan ROGUE AWD
30.5
21.4
25.7
23.6
Midsize SUV
Hyundai SANTA FE 2WD
29.9
20.3
26.8
23.6
Midsize SUV
Toyota RAV4 4 WD
29.8
20.2
26.7
23.5
Midsize SUV
Mitsubishi OUTLANDER 2WD
29.8
20.4
26.4
23.4
Midsize SUV
Mazda TRIBUTE 4WD
29.6
20.1
26.5
23.3
Midsize SUV
Hyundai SANTA FE 4WD
29.4
20.1
26.3
23.2
Midsize SUV
Ford ESCAPE 4WD
29.1
19.9
25.8
22.9
Midsize SUV
Ford MARINER 4WD
29.1
19.9
25.8
22.9
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Compass 4WD
29.4
20.9
24.4
22.8
Midsize SUV
Subaru Forester AWD
28.9
19.8
25.7
22.8
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Patriot 4WD
29.4
20.9
24.4
22.8
Midsize SUV
Mitsubishi OUTLANDER 4WD
28.4
19.7
24.8
22.3
Midsize SUV
Honda ELEMENT 2 WD
28.3
19.7
24.6
22.2
Midsize SUV
Kia SPORTAGE 2WD
28.4
19.8
24.5
22.2
Midsize SUV
Toyota VENZA AWD
27.8
18.6
25.8
22.1
Midsize SUV
Ford ESCAPE FWD FFV
27.9
19.1
25.0
22.0
Midsize SUV
Ford MARINER FWD FFV
27.9
19.1
25.0
22.0
Midsize SUV
Mazda TRIBUTE FWD FFV
27.9
19.1
25.0
22.0
Midsize SUV
Mazda CX-7 2 WD
27.6
18.5
25.6
22.0
Midsize SUV
Toyota HIGHLANDER 2 WD
27.4
18.5
25.2
21.8
Midsize SUV
Honda RDX 2WD
27.5
18.8
24.7
21.7
Midsize SUV
Suzuki GRAND VITARA
27.4
18.8
24.6
21.7
Midsize SUV
Honda ELEMENT 4WD
27.4
18.9
24.0
21.5
Midsize SUV
Toyota RX 350
27.0
18.2
24.7
21.5
Midsize SUV
GM VUE FWD
26.7
17.8
25.2
21.4
Midsize SUV
VW TIGUAN
26.9
18.3
24.5
21.4
Midsize SUV
Ford XC 60 FWD
26.3
17.1
26.1
21.3
Midsize SUV
Toyota RX 350 AWD
26.5
17.9
24.3
21.1
Midsize SUV
Ford FLEX FWD
26.4
17.7
24.5
21.1
Midsize SUV
VW TIGUAN 4MOTION
26.3
17.9
23.9
20.9
Midsize SUV
Suzuki GRAND VITARA 4WD
26.4
18.3
23.3
20.8
Midsize SUV
Mazda TRIBUTE 4WD FFV
26.4
18.3
23.1
20.8
Midsize SUV
Toyota 4RUNNER 2 WD
26.0
18.1
22.8
20.5
Midsize SUV
Honda RDX 4WD
25.9
17.9
22.9
20.4
Midsize SUV
Ford ESCAPE 4WD FFV
25.8
18.0
22.6
20.4
Midsize SUV
Ford MARINER 4WD FFV
25.8
18.0
22.6
20.4
Midsize SUV
Kia SPORTAGE 4WD
25.8
17.9
22.6
20.3
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-8
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
\ rlliilc si/.r ( lii>
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1 VIS
VD.I
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( OMI'
Midsize SUV
Mazda CX-7 4WD
25.1
17.2
22.8
20.0
Midsize SUV
Nissan EX35
24.5
16.3
23.5
19.8
Midsize SUV
Toyota HIGHLANDER 4WD
24.8
17.0
22.5
19.7
Midsize SUV
Honda PILOT 2 WD
24.5
16.5
23.0
19.7
Midsize SUV
GM VUE AWD
24.4
16.3
23.1
19.6
Midsize SUV
Honda ZDX 4 WD
24.4
16.5
22.7
19.6
Midsize SUV
Toyota FJ CRUISER 2 WD
24.7
17.2
21.8
19.5
Midsize SUV
Toyota 4RUNNER 4 WD
24.1
16.6
21.6
19.1
Midsize SUV
Daimler GLK 350
23.8
16.2
22.1
19.1
Midsize SUV
Honda PILOT 4WD
23.7
16.1
22.0
19.0
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Liberty 2WD
23.5
15.9
22.0
18.9
Midsize SUV
Toyota FJ CRUISER 4WD
23.7
16.7
20.7
18.8
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Nitro 2wd
23.4
15.9
21.7
18.7
Midsize SUV
Ford FLEX AWD
23.3
15.8
21.8
18.7
Midsize SUV
Subaru Tribeca AWD
23.4
16.1
21.3
18.7
Midsize SUV
Ford XC60 AWD
23.0
15.5
21.7
18.5
Midsize SUV
Mitsubishi ENDEAVOR 2WD
22.8
15.4
21.5
18.3
Midsize SUV
Honda MDX 4 WD
23.0
15.9
20.7
18.3
Midsize SUV
Rover LR2
22.5
15.0
21.9
18.3
Midsize SUV
Daimler GLK 350 4MATIC
22.9
15.8
20.7
18.3
Midsize SUV
Nissan XTERRA 2 WD
22.2
15.1
20.6
17.8
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Nitro 4wd
22.2
15.1
20.6
17.8
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Liberty 4WD
22.1
15.1
20.6
17.8
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Grand Cherokee 2WD
22.0
15.0
20.4
17.7
Midsize SUV
Toyota GX 460
22.0
15.0
20.4
17.7
Midsize SUV
Nissan XTERRA 4WD
21.5
14.7
19.9
17.3
Midsize SUV
Mitsubishi ENDEAVOR AWD
21.5
14.8
19.4
17.2
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Commander 2WD
21.0
14.3
19.6
16.9
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Grand Cherokee 4WD
21.0
14.4
19.5
16.9
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Commander 4WD
20.1
13.7
19.0
16.3
Midsize SUV
Rover Range Rover Sport
18.4
12.4
17.8
15.0
Midsize SUV
Chrysler Grand Cherokee SRT8 AWD
16.6
11.6
15.2
13.4
Large SUV
GM EQUINOX FWD
31.7
20.8
30.0
25.2
Large SUV
GM EQUINOX AWD
29.2
19.5
27.3
23.3
Large SUV
GM TERRAIN FWD
28.8
19.0
27.5
23.1
Large SUV
Daimler ML450 HYBRID 4MATIC
29.6
21.2
24.2
22.8
Large SUV
BMW X5 xDrive35d
28.4
19.1
26.2
22.5
Large SUV
GM TERRAIN AWD
28.2
18.8
26.4
22.5
Large SUV
GM C1500 TAHOE 2WD HYBRID
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
Large SUV
GM C1500 YUKON HYBRID 2WD
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
Large SUV
GM ESCALADE 2WD HYBRID
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
Large SUV
GM K1500 TAHOE 4WD HYBRID
28.3
21.1
21.8
21.5
Large SUV
GM K1500 YUKON 4WD HYBRID
28.3
21.1
21.8
21.5
Large SUV
Daimler ML 350 BLUETEC
27.1
18.4
24.7
21.5
Large SUV
GM SRX 2 WD
26.8
18.1
24.7
21.4
Large SUV
Ford EDGE FWD
26.4
17.7
24.5
21.1
Large SUV
Ford MKX FWD
26.4
17.7
24.5
21.1
Large SUV
VW Touareg
26.2
17.5
24.7
21.0
Large SUV
Nissan MURANO FWD
26.2
18.0
23.3
20.7
Large SUV
BMW X3 xDrive30i
25.4
17.1
23.7
20.3
Large SUV
Nissan MURANO AWD
25.7
17.8
22.8
20.3
Large SUV
Chrysler Journey 2wd
25.0
16.6
24.2
20.2
Large SUV
VWQ5
25.7
18.1
22.1
20.2
Large SUV
GM ACADIA FWD
24.8
16.5
23.7
20.0
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-9
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
\ rlliilc si/.r ( lii>
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1 VIS
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( OMI'
Large SUV
GM ENCLAVE FWD
24.8
16.5
23.7
20.0
Large SUV
GM OUTLOOK FWD
24.8
16.5
23.7
20.0
Large SUV
GM TRAVERSE FWD
24.8
16.5
23.7
20.0
Large SUV
Hyundai VERACRUZ 2 WD
24.7
16.5
23.4
19.8
Large SUV
Daimler GL 350 BLUETEC
24.8
16.9
22.7
19.8
Large SUV
Ford EDGE AWD
24.6
16.7
22.6
19.6
Large SUV
Ford MKX AWD
24.6
16.7
22.6
19.6
Large SUV
GM SRX AWD
24.4
16.6
22.3
19.5
Large SUV
Nissan FX35 RWD
24.1
16.2
22.7
19.3
Large SUV
GM ACADIA AWD
24.0
16.1
22.7
19.3
Large SUV
GM OUTLOOK AWD
24.0
16.1
22.7
19.3
Large SUV
GM TRAVERSE AWD
24.0
16.1
22.7
19.3
Large SUV
Hyundai VERACRUZ 4WD
23.7
15.9
22.4
19.0
Large SUV
Chrysler Journey 4wd
23.4
15.4
22.9
19.0
Large SUV
Kia BORREGO 2WD
23.7
16.4
21.3
18.9
Large SUV
GM ENCLAVE AWD
23.4
15.7
22.2
18.8
Large SUV
Mazda CX-9 2 WD
23.3
15.7
22.0
18.7
Large SUV
Nissan FX35 AWD
23.2
15.7
21.5
18.6
Large SUV
Kia BORREGO 4WD
23.2
16.0
21.1
18.5
Large SUV
Nissan PATHFINDER FE+ 2WD
22.8
15.1
22.3
18.5
Large SUV
BMW X5 xDrive30i
22.8
15.4
21.3
18.3
Large SUV
Daimler ML 350
22.7
15.6
20.7
18.2
Large SUV
Ford XC90 FWD
22.4
15.1
21.4
18.1
Large SUV
Nissan PATHFINDER 2WD
22.3
14.9
21.5
18.0
Large SUV
BMW ActiveHybrid X6
23.1
16.7
19.2
18.0
Large SUV
BMW X6 xDrive35i
22.2
14.9
21.3
18.0
Large SUV
Ford XC90 AWD
22.2
14.9
21.1
17.9
Large SUV
Mazda CX-9 4WD
22.2
15.1
20.7
17.8
Large SUV
GM CI 500 TAHOE 2WD
21.8
14.6
20.9
17.6
Large SUV
GM CI 500 YUKON XL 2WD
21.8
14.6
20.9
17.6
Large SUV
GM K1500 TAHOE 4WD
21.8
14.6
20.9
17.6
Large SUV
GM K1500 YUKON 4WD
21.8
14.6
20.9
17.6
Large SUV
GM CI 500 YUKON 2WD
21.5
14.3
20.7
17.4
Large SUV
Daimler ML 350 4MATIC
21.6
14.9
19.7
17.3
Large SUV
Ford MOUNTAINEER 2WD
21.2
14.2
20.3
17.2
Large SUV
VWQ7
21.2
14.4
20.1
17.1
Large SUV
GM ESCALADE 2WD
21.0
14.0
20.5
17.1
Large SUV
GM ESCALADE ESV 2WD
21.0
14.0
20.5
17.1
Large SUV
Porsche Cayenne
21.2
14.3
20.0
17.1
Large SUV
Ford EXPLORER 2 WD
20.9
14.0
20.1
17.0
Large SUV
Nissan FX50
21.1
14.3
19.7
17.0
Large SUV
GM ESCALADE AWD
20.6
13.8
19.8
16.7
Large SUV
GM K1500 YUKON DENALI AWD
20.6
13.8
19.8
16.7
Large SUV
Ford EXPEDITION 2 WD FFV
20.5
13.8
19.5
16.6
Large SUV
Ford NAVIGATOR 2 WD FFV
20.5
13.8
19.5
16.6
Large SUV
Nissan PATHFINDER 4WD
20.4
13.9
19.2
16.5
Large SUV
BMW X5 xDrive48i
20.1
13.6
19.4
16.4
Large SUV
VW TOUAREG
20.3
13.9
18.9
16.3
Large SUV
GM CI 500 SUBURBAN 2WD
20.0
13.3
19.8
16.3
Large SUV
Toyota SEQUOIA 2WD
20.1
13.8
18.7
16.2
Large SUV
Ford MOUNTAINEER AWD
19.8
13.4
18.8
16.0
Large SUV
Ford EXPLORER 4WD
19.7
13.3
18.7
15.9
Large SUV
Porsche Cayenne S
19.4
12.9
19.1
15.8
Large SUV
GM H3 4WD
19.7
13.9
17.6
15.8
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-10
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
\ rlliilc si/.r ( lii>
Mmli'l Yuiir
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1 VIS
VD.I
\l).l
AIM
55/45
(in
11\\
( OMI'
Large SUV
Porsche Cayenne GTS
19.1
12.9
18.4
15.6
Large SUV
Daimler ML 550 4MATIC
19.2
13.2
17.8
15.5
Large SUV
Toyota LAND CRUISER WAGON 4WD
18.9
12.9
17.9
15.4
Large SUV
BMW X6 xDrive50i
18.9
12.8
18.0
15.4
Large SUV
Toyota SEQUOIA 4WD
18.9
12.9
17.8
15.3
Large SUV
Nissan ARMADA 2WD
18.5
12.4
18.2
15.2
Large SUV
Rover Range Rover
18.3
12.1
18.3
15.0
Large SUV
Daimler GL 450 4MATIC
18.6
12.8
17.3
15.0
Large SUV
Toyota SEQUOIA 4WD FFV
18.4
12.5
17.6
15.0
Large SUV
Porsche Cayenne Turbo S
18.1
11.8
18.7
15.0
Large SUV
Porsche Cayenne Turbo
18.1
11.8
18.7
15.0
Large SUV
Porsche Cayenne Turbo Kit
18.1
11.8
18.7
15.0
Large SUV
Toyota LX 570
18.3
12.4
17.5
14.9
Large SUV
Nissan QX56 2WD
18.2
12.4
17.5
14.9
Large SUV
Nissan ARMADA 4WD
18.2
12.3
17.5
14.8
Large SUV
Rover LR4
18.2
12.4
17.3
14.8
Large SUV
Ford EXPEDITION 4WD FFV
18.1
12.3
17.3
14.7
Large SUV
Nissan QX56 4WD
18.0
12.3
17.1
14.6
Large SUV
Daimler GL 550 4MATIC
18.1
12.4
16.8
14.6
Large SUV
BMW X6 xDriveM
18.0
12.3
16.8
14.5
Large SUV
BMW X5 xDriveM
18.0
12.3
16.8
14.5
Large SUV
Porsche Cayenne TransSiberia
16.7
11.0
17.1
13.8
Large SUV
Daimler G 550
16.2
11.4
14.6
13.0
Large SUV
Daimler G 55 AMG
15.8
10.8
15.1
12.9
Large SUV
Daimler ML 63 AMG
15.2
10.5
14.3
12.4
Midsize Pickup
Ford RANGER 2 WD
27.9
19.4
24.3
21.9
Midsize Pickup
GM CANYON 2 WD
26.9
18.2
24.6
21.4
Midsize Pickup
GM COLORADO 2WD
26.8
18.1
24.6
21.3
Midsize Pickup
Toyota TACOMA 2 WD
25.8
17.8
23.0
20.4
Midsize Pickup
GM COLORADO 4WD
25.0
17.0
23.0
19.9
Midsize Pickup
GM CANYON 4WD
24.7
16.8
22.7
19.7
Midsize Pickup
Toyota TACOMA 4WD
22.9
15.9
20.4
18.2
Large Pickup
GM CI 5 SIERRA 2WD HYBRID
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
Large Pickup
GM CI 5 SILVERADO 2WD HYBRID
28.4
21.2
22.0
21.6
Large Pickup
GM K15 SILVERADO 4WD HYBRID
28.3
21.1
21.8
21.5
Large Pickup
GM CANYON 2WD
26.0
17.6
23.8
20.7
Large Pickup
GM COLORADO 2 WD
25.4
17.2
23.4
20.3
Large Pickup
GM CANYON CREW CAB 2WD
23.8
16.2
22.1
19.1
Large Pickup
GM COLORADO 4WD
23.8
16.2
22.0
19.1
Large Pickup
Suzuki EQUATOR 2 WD
23.9
16.5
21.4
19.0
Large Pickup
GM CANYON 4WD
23.5
16.0
21.8
18.8
Large Pickup
GM CANYON CAB CHASSIS INC 4WD
23.2
15.8
21.5
18.6
Large Pickup
GM COLORADO CAB CHASSIS INC 4WD
23.2
15.8
21.5
18.6
Large Pickup
GM C15 SIERRA 2WD XFE
22.9
15.4
21.9
18.5
Large Pickup
GM COLORADO CREW CAB 2 WD
23.1
15.6
21.5
18.5
Large Pickup
Ford RANGER 2WD
22.7
15.6
20.6
18.1
Large Pickup
Nissan FRONTIER 2WD
22.4
15.4
20.5
17.9
Large Pickup
GM CANYON CREW CAB 4WD
22.2
15.1
20.7
17.8
Large Pickup
GM COLORADO CREW CAB 4WD
22.2
15.1
20.7
17.8
Large Pickup
Honda RIDGELINE 4WD
22.0
15.0
20.4
17.6
Large Pickup
GM CI 5 SILVERADO 2WD
21.7
14.6
20.5
17.5
Large Pickup
GM CANYON CAB CHASSIS INC 2WD
21.8
15.1
19.5
17.4
Large Pickup
GM COLORADO CAB CHASSIS INC 2WD
21.8
15.1
19.5
17.4
Large Pickup
Chrysler Dakota Pickup 2wd
21.5
14.6
20.2
17.3
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-ll
November 2010

-------
ofJA	Appendix B: Model Year 2010 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Environment*! Protection
A^iaiicy
\ rlliilc si/.r ( lil".-
Mmli'l Yuiir
i i i:i i:< <\c\n
1 VIS
VD.I
\l).l
AIM
55/45
(in
11\\
( OMI'
Large Pickup
GM K15 SILVERADO 4WD
21.4
14.4
20.4
17.3
Large Pickup
Ford F150 PICKUP 2WD
21.5
14.7
19.9
17.3
Large Pickup
GM CI 5 SIERRA 2WD
21.3
14.4
20.3
17.2
Large Pickup
GMK15 SIERRA 4WD
21.1
14.2
20.2
17.1
Large Pickup
Ford EXPLORER SPORT TRAC 2WD
21.0
14.1
20.2
17.0
Large Pickup
Nissan FRONTIER 4WD
21.1
14.6
19.3
16.9
Large Pickup
Suzuki EQUATOR 4WD
21.0
14.5
19.1
16.8
Large Pickup
Ford F150 FFV 2WD
20.8
14.1
19.5
16.8
Large Pickup
Ford F150 PICKUP 4WD
20.7
14.1
19.2
16.6
Large Pickup
Toyota TUNDRA 2 WD
20.6
14.2
18.8
16.5
Large Pickup
GM CI 500 AVALANCHE 2WD
20.0
13.3
19.8
16.3
Large Pickup
Chrysler Ram 1500 Pickup 2wd
20.2
13.7
19.1
16.3
Large Pickup
Ford RANGER 4WD
20.2
14.1
18.0
16.1
Large Pickup
Ford EXPLORER SPORT TRAC 4WD
19.7
13.4
18.7
16.0
Large Pickup
Chrysler Dakota Pickup 4wd
19.6
13.6
18.0
15.8
Large Pickup
Ford F150 FFV 4WD
19.6
13.5
18.0
15.8
EPA-420-R-10-023
B-12
November 2010

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Appendix C
Fuel Economy Distribution Data
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

-------
Uoit*3 $<*
Environmental Protection
Agency
Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
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Cur
h-'75
G_\l


5500
From



175
455


8.4



Low
Car
1976
Jaguar
JENSEN
Two-seater
4500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
250
440
7.7
9.9
8.6
Low
Car
1977
BMW
ROLLS ROYCE/
Compact
5500
Rear
Automatic

Carbureted
170
412
7.8
8.9
8.3
Low
Car
1978
Chrysler
MONACO
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
240
440
7.5
8.7
8.0
Low
Car
1979
Aston Martin
ASTON MARTIN V8
Subcompact
4500
Rear
Manual
5
Carbureted
60
326
6.8
9.7
7.9
Low
Car
1980
Aston Martin
79 ASTON MARTIN
Subcompact
4500
Rear
Manual
5
Carbureted
275
326
6.8
9.7
7.9
Low
Car
1981
Peugeot
604
Compact
3500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
132
174
3.1
6.0
4.0
Low
Car
1982
Fiat
QUATTROPORTE
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
288
301
7.6
9.8
8.5
Low
Car
1983
Fiat
QUATTROPORTE
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
288
301
7.6
9.8
8.5
Low
Car
1984
Fiat
QUATTROPORTE
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
288
301
7.6
9.8
8.5
Low
Car
1985
Fiat
QUATTROPORTE
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
288
301
7.6
9.8
8.5
Low
Car
1986
VW
COUNTACH
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
420
315
6.1
10.4
7.5
Low
Car
1987
vw
COUNTACH
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
420
315
6.1
10.4
7.5
Low
Car
1988
VW
COUNTACH
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
420
315
6.1
10.4
7.5
Low
Car
1989
vw
COUNTACH
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Manual
5
TBI
420
315
6.0
10.3
7.5
Low
Car
1990
Aston Martin
LAG
Subcompact
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Port
240
326
8.2
10.7
9.2
Low
Car
1991
Vector
VECTOR W8
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Automatic
3
Port
450
365
7.2
10.5
8.5
Low
Car
1992
Vector
VECTOR W8
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Automatic
3
Port
450
365
7.2
10.5
8.5
Low
Car
1993
Vector
VECTOR W8
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Automatic
3
Port
450
365
7.1
10.4
8.5
Low
Car
1994
VW
DB13 2/DIABLO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
5
Port
492
348
9.0
13.7
10.9
Low
Car
1995
Fiat
FERRARI F50
Two-seater
3000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
510
287
7.3
10.7
8.7
Low
Car
1996
VW
AVTECHSC - Ml 2
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
492
348
8.5
12.2
10.1
Low
Car
1997
VW
DB 13 2-144- DIABLO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
5
Port
492
348
8.7
13.6
10.7
Low
Car
1998
Fiat
FERRARI 550 MARANELLO
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
475
334
8.6
14.1
10.8
Low
Car
1999
Fiat
FERRARI 550 MARANELLO
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
475
334
8.5
13.4
10.5
Low
Car
2000
Fiat
FERRARI 550 MARANELLO
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
475
334
7.9
12.4
9.9
Low
Car
2001
Fiat
FERRARI 550 MARANELLO-BARCHE
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
475
334
7.9
12.4
9.8
Low
Car
2002
VW
L-147 MURCIELAGO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
580
378
8.4
12.0
10.1
Low
Car
2003
Fiat
ENZO FERRARI
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Lockup
6
Port
646
366
7.1
11.6
9.0
Low
Car
2004
VW
L-147-148 MURCIELAGO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
580
378
8.4
12.5
10.3
Low
Car
2005
VW
L-147-148 MURCIELAGO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
580
378
8.3
12.5
10.3
Low
Car
2006
VW
VEYRON
Two-seater
4500
4wd
Lockup
6
Port
1001
488
7.8
13.8
10.3
Low
Car
2007
VW
L-147-148 MURCIELAGO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
631
396
8.3
12.8
10.4
Low
Car
2008
VW
VEYRON
Two-seater
4500
4wd
Lockup
6
Port
1001
488
7.8
13.0
10.1
Low
Car
2009
VW
MURCIELAGO ROADSTER
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
631
396
8.3
12.8
10.4
Low
Car
2010
VW
Veyron
Two-seater
4500
4wd
Lockup
7
Port
1001
488
7.8
13.0
10.1
EPA-420-R-10-023
C-l p. 1
November 2010

-------
Uoit*3 $<*
Environmental Protection
Agency
Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
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Cur
h-'75

C1Y1C CYCC

2000
From

5

52

25.4
33.0
28.3




High
Car
1976
Honda
CIVIC CVCC
Mini-compact
2000
Front
Manual
3
Carbureted
60
91
28.4
33.4
30.5
High
Car
1977
Honda
CIVIC CVCC
Mini-compact
2000
Front
Manual

Carbureted
60
91
35.7
40.2
37.6
High
Car
1978
VW
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
48
90
35.2
40.7
37.5
High
Car
1979
vw
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
48
90
36.7
42.6
39.1
High
Car
1980
VW
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
48
90
37.7
44.1
40.3
High
Car
1981
vw
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
52
97
37.9
45.4
40.9
High
Car
1982
vw
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
52
97
40.9
45.1
42.7
High
Car
1983
Nissan
NISSAN SENTRA
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
55
103
43.4
47.8
45.3
High
Car
1984
Honda
CIVIC COUPE
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
60
82
45.7
51.2
48.0
High
Car
1985
GM
SPRINT
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
48
61
47.4
52.6
49.6
High
Car
1985
Suzuki
SA310
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
48
61
47.4
52.6
49.6
High
Car
1985
GM
FIREFLY
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
48
61
47.4
52.6
49.6
High
Car
1986
GM
SPRINT ER
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
46
61
54.8
59.2
56.7
High
Car
1987
GM
SPRINT ER
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
46
61
52.7
57.4
54.8
High
Car
1988
GM
SPRINT METRO
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
46
61
52.2
57.1
54.4
High
Car
1989
Honda
CIVIC CRX
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
62
91
47.9
53.8
50.5
High
Car
1990
GM
METRO XFI
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
49
61
50.7
56.7
53.4
High
Car
1991
GM
METRO XFI
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
50.2
56.3
53.0
High
Car
1992
GM
METRO XFi
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
49.6
56.0
52.6
High
Car
1993
GM
METRO XFi
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
49.1
55.6
52.2
High
Car
1994
GM
METRO XFi
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
49.3
55.3
52.1
High
Car
1995
Honda
CIVIC HB VX
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
5
Port
91
91
42.4
53.0
47.2
High
Car
1996
Suzuki
SWIFT
Subcompact
2000
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
40.3
46.4
43.2
High
Car
1997
GM
METRO
Subcompact
2000
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
39.5
46.1
42.7
High
Car
1998
GM
METRO
Subcompact
2000
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
60
38.1
46.1
41.9
High
Car
1999
VW
NEW JETTA
Compact
3000
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
90
116
36.8
45.4
40.9
High
Car
1999
VW
NEW BEETLE
Subcompact
3000
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
90
116
36.8
45.4
40.9
High
Car
1999
VW
NEW GOLF
Compact
3000
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
90
116
36.8
45.4
40.9
High
Car
2000
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
51.8
63.0
57.3
High
Car
2001
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
50.8
61.8
56.3
High
Car
2002
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
50.2
60.7
55.5
High
Car
2003
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
49.4
60.3
54.9
High
Car
2004
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
48.6
57.9
53.4
High
Car
2005
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
73
61
48.3
57.7
53.3
High
Car
2006
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
73
61
47.9
57.6
53.0
High
Car
2007
Toyota
PRIUS
Midsize Sedan
3000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
76
91
47.7
45.1
46.2
High
Car
2008
Toyota
PRIUS
Midsize Sedan
3000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
76
91
47.7
45.1
46.2
High
Car
2009
Toyota
PRIUS
Midsize Sedan
3000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
76
91
47.7
45.1
46.2
High
Car
2010
Toyota
PRIUS
Midsize Sedan
3500
Front
Automatic
V
Port
99
110
50.9
48.3
49.4
EPA-420-R-10-023
C-l p. 2
November 2010

-------
Uoit*3 $<*
Environmental Protection
Agency
Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
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1 link
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h-'75
I'ord
1'URD l'-25U

5000




15U
3 O0
7.5
7.8
7.0




Low
Truck
1976
GM
CHEV P20 STEP
Midsize Van
6500
Rear
Automatic

Carbureted
245
454
7.3
8.5
7.8
Low
Truck
1977
Toyota
LAND CRUISER WAG
Midsize SUV
4500
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
125
258
7.4
8.9
8.0
Low
Truck
1978
GM
CHEV C20 SUBN
Large SUV
5500
Rear
Automatic

Carbureted
185
454
8.0
8.1
8.0
Low
Truck
1978
GM
GMC C2500 SUBN
Large SUV
5500
Rear
Automatic

Carbureted
185
454
8.0
8.1
8.0
Low
Truck
1979
Ford
PICKUP
Large Pickup
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
270
460
8.1
7.7
7.9
Low
Truck
1980
GM
CAB CHAS.
Large Pickup
6000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
155
350
8.1
CO
CO
8.4
Low
Truck
1981
Chrysler
B250 VAN CONVERS
Midsize Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
170
360
9.0
10.1
9.4
Low
Truck
1982
GM
G35 SPRTVN 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
165
350
9.5
10.8
10.1
Low
Truck
1982
GM
G35 SPRTVN 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
165
350
9.5
10.8
10.1
Low
Truck
1982
GM
G30 SPRTVN 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
165
350
9.5
10.8
10.1
Low
Truck
1982
GM
G30 SPRTVN 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
165
350
9.5
10.8
10.1
Low
Truck
1983
Ford
E250 ECONOLINE 2
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
143
351
9.8
10.8
10.3
Low
Truck
1984
Chrysler
B350 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
175
360
8.7
10.7
9.5
Low
Truck
1985
Ford
E250 ECONOLINE 2
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
154
351
9.5
9.6
9.6
Low
Truck
1986
Chrysler
B350 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
170
360
9.8
11.2
10.4
Low
Truck
1987
Chrysler
AW150 RAMCHARGER
Midsize SUV
5000
4wd
Automatic
3
Carbureted
175
360
9.2
11.2
10.0
Low
Truck
1988
Chrysler
W250 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5000
4wd
Automatic
3
Carbureted
175
360
9.2
10.6
9.8
Low
Truck
1988
Chrysler
W100/W150 PICKUP
Large Pickup
5000
4wd
Automatic
3
Carbureted
175
360
9.2
10.6
9.8
Low
Truck
1989
Chrysler
B350 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
TBI
145
360
9.7
10.9
10.2
Low
Truck
1990
GM
CI 500 P/U 2WD
Large Pickup
4500
Rear
Automatic
3
TBI
230
454
9.3
10.8
10.0
Low
Truck
1991
Chrysler
W250 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5500
4wd
Manual
3
TBI
190
360
9.1
12.3
10.4
Low
Truck
1992
Chrysler
W250 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5000
4wd
Automatic
4
TBI
203
360
9.6
11.4
10.4
Low
Truck
1992
Chrysler
W250 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5500
4wd
Automatic
4
TBI
203
360
9.6
11.4
10.4
Low
Truck
1993
GM
CI 500 P/U 2WD
Large Pickup
4500
Rear
Lockup
4
TBI
255
454
9.3
12.0
10.5
Low
Truck
1994
Chrysler
B150/B250 WAGON
Midsize Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
230
360
11.0
13.8
12.2
Low
Truck
1995
Chrysler
B3500 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
230
360
10.7
14.1
12.2
Low
Truck
1996
Chrysler
B3500 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
230
360
10.7
14.1
12.2
Low
Truck
1997
Ford
E250 ECONOLINE 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
235
330
10.7
13.4
12.0
Low
Truck
1998
Ford
E250 ECONOLINE 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
235
330
10.7
13.4
11.9
Low
Truck
1999
Chrysler
B2500 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
200
318
10.0
13.3
11.5
Low
Truck
2000
Ford
E250 ECONOLINE 2WD
Large Van
6500
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
193
330
10.1
13.5
11.7
Low
Truck
2001
GM
K1500 SIERRA 4WD
Large Pickup
5500
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
300
364
10.4
13.3
11.8
Low
Truck
2002
GM
C2500HD SILVERADO 2WD
Large Pickup
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
300
412
10.2
12.6
11.4
Low
Truck
2003
GM
C2500HD SILVERADO 2WD
Large Pickup
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
300
366
9.7
11.5
10.6
Low
Truck
2004
GM
CHEVY C2500 HD DED SLVRD 2WD
Large Pickup
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
300
412
9.2
11.4
10.3
Low
Truck
2005
GM
K2500 HD SILVERADO 4WD
Large Pickup
6000
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
300
364
8.5
11.0
9.7
Low
Truck
2006
Chrysler
RAM 1500 PICKUP 2WD
Large Pickup
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
500
505
8.2
11.5
9.8
Low
Truck
2007
Daimler
G55 AMG
Large SUV
6000
4wd
Lockup
7
Port
493
333
10.8
13.5
12.2
Low
Truck
2008
Daimler
G55 AMG
Large SUV
6000
4wd
Lockup
5
Port
493
332
10.8
13.5
12.2
Low
Truck
2009
Daimler
ML63 AMG
Large SUV
5500
4wd
Lockup
7
Port
503
379
10.5
14.4
12.4
Low
Truck
2010
Daimler
ML 63 AMG
Large SUV
5500
4wd
Lockup
7
Port
503
384
10.5
14.3
12.4
EPA-420-R-10-023
C-l p. 3
November 2010

-------
Uoit*3 $<*
Environmental Protection
Agency
Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
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h-'75



2750






18.3
24.8
2U.8








High
Truck
1976
Ford
COURIER PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
65
109
21.1
25.9
23.0
High
Truck
1977
Mazda
MAZDA B1800 PICK
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
25.0
31.1
27.4
High
Truck
1977
Ford
COURIER PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
25.0
31.1
27.4
High
Truck
1977
Ford
COURIER CAB CHAS
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
25.0
31.1
27.4
High
Truck
1978
Ford
COURIER CAB CHAS
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
26.3
30.0
27.8
High
Truck
1978
Ford
COURIER PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
26.3
30.0
27.8
High
Truck
1978
Mazda
B1800 PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
26.3
30.0
27.8
High
Truck
1979
Ford
COURIER PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Carbureted
72
120
24.0
28.7
25.9
High
Truck
1979
Mazda
B2000 PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Carbureted
72
120
24.0
28.7
25.9
High
Truck
1980
VW
2WD
Small Pickup
2250
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
48
90
35.9
41.6
38.3
High
Truck
1981
VW
P/U 2 WD
Small Pickup
2250
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
52
97
33.4
39.7
36.0
High
Truck
1982
VW
P/U 2 WD
Small Pickup
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
52
97
36.6
37.4
37.0
High
Truck
1983
VW
P/U 2 WD
Small Pickup
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
52
97
37.8
38.7
38.2
High
Truck
1984
GM
PUP P/U 2WD
Small Pickup
2750
Rear
Manual
4
Diesel
62
137
34.6
38.3
36.1
High
Truck
1985
GM
P'UP P/U 2WD
Small Pickup
2750
Rear
Manual
4
Diesel
62
137
34.6
38.3
36.1
High
Truck
1986
GM
P'UP 2WD
Small Pickup
2750
Rear
Manual
4
Diesel
62
137
34.3
38.1
35.9
High
Truck
1987
GM
P'UP-2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
4
Diesel
60
137
34.0
38.5
36.0
High
Truck
1988
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small SUV
2250
4wd
Manual
5
Carbureted
64
81
27.0
28.7
27.7
High
Truck
1989
Suzuki
SIDEKICK
Small SUV
2250
4wd
Manual
5
Carbureted
64
79
27.2
28.3
27.7
High
Truck
1990
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
27.2
28.1
27.6
High
Truck
1991
Suzuki
SAMURAI 2WD
Small SUV
2500
Rear
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
27.0
27.9
27.5
High
Truck
1991
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
27.0
27.9
27.5
High
Truck
1992
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
26.8
27.8
27.3
High
Truck
1993
Suzuki
SAMURAI 2WD
Small SUV
2500
Rear
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
26.6
27.7
27.1
High
Truck
1993
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
26.6
27.7
27.1
High
Truck
1994
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
26.4
27.6
27.0
High
Truck
1995
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
26.3
27.5
26.9
High
Truck
1996
GM
SONOMA 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
118
134
22.3
29.6
25.6
High
Truck
1996
GM
S10 PICKUP 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
118
134
22.3
29.6
25.6
High
Truck
1997
GM
S10 PICKUP 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
118
134
22.2
29.5
25.5
High
Truck
1997
GM
SONOMA 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
118
134
22.2
29.5
25.5
High
Truck
1998
Ford
RANGER ELECTRIC 2WD
Midsize Pickup
5000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
118
152
20.2
32.1
25.1
High
Truck
1999
Toyota
RAV4 SOFT TOP 2WD
Small SUV
2750
Front
Manual
5
Port
127
122
22.3
27.4
24.7
High
Truck
1999
Toyota
RAV4 2WD
Small SUV
2750
Front
Manual
5
Port
127
122
22.3
27.4
24.7
High
Truck
1999
Toyota
RAV4 2WD
Small SUV
3000
Front
Manual
5
Port
127
122
22.3
27.4
24.7
High
Truck
1999
Toyota
RAV4 SOFT TOP 2WD
Small SUV
3000
Front
Manual
5
Port
127
122
22.3
27.4
24.7
High
Truck
2000
Ford
RANGER ELECTRIC 2WD
Midsize Pickup
5000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
118
153
19.9
31.3
24.8
High
Truck
2001
Toyota
RAV4 2WD
Small SUV
3000
Front
Manual
5
Port
148
122
22.3
28.6
25.4
High
Truck
2002
Toyota
RAV4EV
Small SUV
3500
Front
Automatic
V
Port
148
122
35.1
25.0
28.7
High
Truck
2003
Toyota
RAV4EV
Small SUV
3500
Front
Automatic
V
Port
148
122
34.8
26.3
29.5
High
Truck
2004
Toyota
RAV4 2WD
Small SUV
3000
Front
Manual
5
Port
161
144
21.1
27.5
24.3
High
Truck
2005
Ford
ESCAPE HEV 2WD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
135
140
30.1
27.9
28.8
High
Truck
2006
Ford
ESCAPE HYBRID FWD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
135
140
30.0
27.7
28.7
High
Truck
2007
Ford
ESCAPE HYBRID FWD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
133
140
31.3
28.5
29.7
High
Truck
2008
Ford
ESCAPE HYBRID FWD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
133
140
34.2
29.4
31.3
High
Truck
2008
Mazda
TRIBUTE HYBRID 2WD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
133
140
34.2
29.4
31.3
EPA-420-R-10-023
C-l p. 4
November 2010

-------
Uoit*3 $<*
Environmental Protection
Agency
Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
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_\LVRl\liR HYBRID [WD
Midsize SL V
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34.2
2i.-'.4
31.3



High
Truck
2009
Ford
MARINER HYBRID FWD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
155
153
34.0
30.7
32.0
High
Truck
2009
Mazda
TRIBUTE HYBRID 2WD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
155
153
34.0
30.7
32.0
High
Truck
2009
Ford
ESCAPE HYBRID FWD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
155
153
34.0
30.7
32.0
High
Truck
2010
Ford
MARINER HYBRID FWD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
155
153
34.0
30.5
31.9
High
Truck
2010
Mazda
TRIBUTE HYBRID 2WD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
155
153
34.0
30.5
31.9
High
Truck
2010
Ford
ESCAPE HYBRID FWD
Midsize SUV
4000
Front
Automatic
V
Port
155
153
34.0
30.5
31.9
EPA-420-R-10-023
C-l p. 5
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Production-Weighted Percent Distribution of
Adjusted Composite MPG
( 111' III'
1 link
Mmlrl
Wiir
  	IVninlilc 1 i'M'1	  
Ai l Hill
\\ t'1'.iiir
(1%
1%
?'/'()
1(1%
2(1%
25%
5(1%
75%
8(1"..
9(1%
95%
99".,
IIMI"..
Car
1975
8.4
9.0
9.7
10.1
11.0
11.2
13.1
16.7
17.9
20.9
23.3
27.4
28.3
13.5
Car
1976
8.6
10.4
11.3
11.7
12.3
12.7
14.6
17.3
18.9
22.9
24.5
28.5
30.5
14.9
Car
1977
8.3
10.5
11.6
12.4
13.6
14.0
15.0
17.3
18.9
24.3
28.0
33.8
37.6
15.6
Car
1978
8.0
11.3
12.6
13.2
14.2
14.9
16.9
19.8
21.3
25.0
28.2
32.7
37.5
16.9
Car
1979
7.9
12.0
13.1
13.7
14.7
15.1
16.9
20.4
21.9
24.9
26.5
31.0
39.1
17.2
Car
1980
7.9
13.9
14.8
15.9
17.3
17.6
19.8
23.1
24.0
26.6
29.1
36.1
40.3
20.0
Car
1981
4.0
14.6
15.8
17.0
18.3
18.6
21.6
25.5
26.2
28.6
31.6
37.9
40.9
21.4
Car
1982
8.5
15.4
16.6
17.0
18.2
19.1
23.4
26.0
27.2
29.6
32.6
38.9
42.7
22.2
Car
1983
8.5
16.3
16.5
17.0
17.8
18.4
22.3
26.7
28.0
31.2
33.4
36.6
45.3
22.1
Car
1984
8.5
16.6
17.1
17.3
18.1
19.3
22.9
26.5
27.3
29.9
32.8
38.2
48.0
22.4
Car
1985
8.5
17.6
17.8
18.4
19.5
19.9
23.1
26.7
27.7
29.9
33.6
39.0
49.6
23.0
Car
1986
7.5
18.3
18.8
19.6
20.3
20.6
24.4
26.7
27.9
30.1
33.6
39.3
56.7
23.7
Car
1987
7.5
18.2
18.6
19.2
20.8
21.2
23.8
27.2
27.9
30.4
31.5
38.1
54.8
23.8
Car
1988
7.5
18.1
19.2
19.5
21.3
22.4
24.4
27.2
27.7
30.5
32.3
37.9
54.4
24.1
Car
1989
7.5
18.3
19.3
19.6
20.8
21.9
23.3
26.5
27.2
29.2
31.1
37.6
50.5
23.7
Car
1990
9.2
18.1
19.0
19.3
21.3
21.5
23.1
26.0
26.4
28.3
30.9
34.6
53.4
23.3
Car
1991
8.5
18.4
19.3
19.7
20.8
21.2
23.1
26.1
26.4
29.2
31.2
36.6
53.0
23.4
Car
1992
8.5
18.3
19.1
19.8
20.8
20.8
22.5
25.5
26.0
28.6
31.5
39.1
52.6
23.1
Car
1993
8.5
18.2
19.0
19.9
21.3
21.4
23.1
26.0
27.2
28.9
31.5
35.7
52.2
23.5
Car
1994
10.9
18.2
19.2
19.6
20.7
21.4
22.7
26.0
26.5
28.5
30.6
35.7
52.1
23.3
Car
1995
8.7
18.5
19.1
19.4
21.4
21.7
22.9
26.0
27.2
29.1
31.4
33.8
47.2
23.4
Car
1996
10.1
19.0
19.3
19.7
21.3
21.4
22.7
25.7
26.1
29.1
30.5
33.8
43.2
23.3
Car
1997
10.7
18.7
19.3
19.8
21.1
21.1
23.2
25.4
26.7
28.9
29.8
33.0
42.7
23.4
Car
1998
10.8
18.7
19.0
20.1
21.3
21.4
22.9
25.3
26.5
29.3
29.8
31.5
41.9
23.4
Car
1999
10.5
18.8
19.2
20.0
21.3
21.4
22.5
24.7
25.4
28.0
29.3
30.9
40.9
23.0
Car
2000
9.9
18.4
19.5
20.0
21.3
21.3
22.2
24.4
25.1
27.7
28.7
31.0
57.3
22.9
Car
2001
9.8
18.4
19.3
19.7
20.8
21.2
22.4
25.4
26.0
28.1
31.1
31.9
56.3
23.0
Car
2002
10.1
18.1
19.4
20.0
21.0
21.5
22.5
24.9
25.8
27.6
29.3
31.7
55.5
23.1
Car
2003
9.0
17.7
19.2
19.9
21.0
21.6
23.1
25.1
25.7
28.3
29.8
34.6
54.9
23.3
Car
2004
10.3
17.6
18.9
19.6
20.9
21.2
23.1
25.7
25.8
28.2
29.7
36.6
53.4
23.1
Car
2005
10.3
17.5
18.7
19.5
21.0
21.7
23.4
25.8
25.8
29.6
29.8
41.8
53.3
23.5
Car
2006
10.3
17.0
18.7
19.3
21.0
21.3
23.2
25.8
26.0
30.2
30.9
42.9
53.0
23.3
Car
2007
10.4
17.3
18.8
20.0
21.2
21.9
24.3
26.8
27.6
30.2
31.3
42.9
46.2
24.1
Car
2008
10.1
17.0
18.7
20.1
21.4
22.0
24.3
26.9
28.0
30.3
31.3
42.9
46.2
24.3
Car
2009
10.4
17.2
19.6
21.1
22.3
23.0
25.8
28.8
30.1
30.9
31.6
42.9
46.2
25.4
Car
2010
10.1
17.4
19.8
20.7
22.0
22.9
26.0
30.0
30.3
31.1
35.2
42.9
49.4
25.8
^tanrV
United Siaies
nvifonm
-------
Appendix C: Production-Weighted Percent Distribution of
Adjusted Composite MPG
( 111' III'
1 link
Mmlrl
Wiir
  	IVninlilc 1 i'M'1	  
Ai l Hill
\\ t'1'.iiir
(1%
1%
?'/'()
1(1%
2(1%
25%
5(1%
75%
8(1"..
9(1%
95%
99".,
IIMI"..
Truck
1975
7.6
7.9
8.9
9.2
9.6
9.8
11.7
13.3
15.4
17.7
19.0
19.2
20.8
11.6
Truck
1976
7.8
9.0
9.6
10.0
10.4
10.5
11.9
14.1
15.6
17.2
19.7
21.6
23.0
12.2
Truck
1977
8.0
8.8
10.3
10.8
11.5
11.6
12.5
15.5
15.8
19.6
21.7
25.6
27.4
13.3
Truck
1978
8.0
9.6
10.3
10.6
11.0
11.1
12.2
15.7
16.3
19.3
22.3
24.4
27.8
12.9
Truck
1979
7.9
8.1
9.2
9.6
10.3
10.7
12.1
15.5
16.1
19.4
20.7
25.8
25.9
12.5
Truck
1980
8.4
10.7
11.4
12.1
13.2
13.4
16.1
19.2
20.3
22.2
23.1
25.9
38.3
15.8
Truck
1981
9.4
11.2
12.5
13.4
14.9
15.2
16.1
20.3
21.6
25.0
26.6
31.2
36.0
17.1
Truck
1982
10.1
11.1
12.1
13.2
14.8
15.2
17.1
20.9
22.8
24.3
26.4
30.6
37.0
17.4
Truck
1983
10.3
11.0
12.1
13.5
14.9
15.4
18.3
22.0
22.8
25.1
26.5
30.0
38.2
17.8
Truck
1984
9.5
11.0
12.1
13.2
14.7
15.1
18.3
20.5
21.5
24.3
25.9
29.2
36.1
17.4
Truck
1985
9.6
11.4
12.5
13.7
14.0
14.8
18.7
20.8
21.6
23.7
25.0
28.4
36.1
17.5
Truck
1986
10.4
11.8
13.5
14.4
15.1
15.7
18.6
21.8
22.9
23.7
25.4
27.8
35.9
18.2
Truck
1987
10.0
11.6
13.8
14.2
15.1
16.0
18.6
21.3
22.7
23.7
25.9
27.8
36.0
18.3
Truck
1988
9.8
12.2
13.8
14.2
15.4
15.6
18.5
20.2
21.5
23.3
25.0
27.7
27.7
17.9
Truck
1989
10.2
11.6
13.7
14.4
15.2
15.5
18.5
20.0
20.4
22.6
24.0
24.8
27.7
17.6
Truck
1990
10.0
11.7
13.5
14.0
14.9
15.6
17.6
19.2
20.5
22.3
24.1
24.3
27.6
17.4
Truck
1991
10.4
12.5
13.8
14.5
15.8
16.3
18.2
19.7
20.2
22.7
24.0
24.8
27.5
17.8
Truck
1992
10.4
12.5
14.0
14.3
15.3
15.8
17.5
19.4
20.0
21.8
23.3
24.7
27.3
17.4
Truck
1993
10.5
12.9
13.9
14.5
15.4
15.9
17.7
19.4
19.8
21.7
23.6
24.6
27.1
17.5
Truck
1994
12.2
13.0
13.8
14.1
14.9
15.4
17.4
19.6
19.7
22.3
23.3
24.3
27.0
17.2
Truck
1995
12.2
12.8
13.7
13.9
14.9
15.1
16.9
19.0
19.2
21.5
23.5
24.1
26.9
17.0
Truck
1996
12.2
12.3
13.8
14.4
14.8
15.2
17.4
19.2
19.5
21.8
22.7
24.4
25.6
17.2
Truck
1997
12.0
13.1
13.7
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.8
18.6
19.3
21.0
22.9
24.2
25.5
17.0
Truck
1998
11.9
13.1
13.6
14.2
14.9
15.3
17.2
19.2
19.7
21.5
22.5
23.9
25.1
17.1
Truck
1999
11.5
13.0
13.6
13.9
14.8
15.2
16.8
18.6
19.3
20.3
21.7
23.5
24.7
16.7
Truck
2000
11.7
13.1
13.8
14.5
15.3
15.4
16.9
18.7
19.6
20.1
21.5
22.8
24.8
16.9
Truck
2001
11.8
12.5
13.6
14.1
14.9
15.2
16.4
18.7
19.1
20.4
21.8
22.9
25.4
16.7
Truck
2002
11.4
12.6
13.9
14.5
15.0
15.2
16.2
18.5
19.2
20.9
21.8
23.9
28.7
16.7
Truck
2003
10.6
13.0
13.8
14.3
14.9
15.3
16.5
19.2
19.7
20.8
21.9
23.5
29.5
16.9
Truck
2004
10.3
13.5
13.8
14.4
14.8
15.2
16.7
18.7
19.3
20.7
21.4
22.8
24.3
16.7
Truck
2005
9.7
13.2
14.3
14.5
15.1
15.5
17.3
19.6
19.9
20.7
21.8
23.5
28.8
17.2
Truck
2006
9.8
14.0
14.3
14.8
15.4
15.6
17.3
19.7
20.1
21.4
22.2
24.2
28.7
17.5
Truck
2007
12.2
14.2
14.7
15.0
15.9
16.2
17.6
19.7
20.1
21.7
22.7
24.2
29.7
17.7
Truck
2008
12.2
14.3
14.8
15.1
16.1
16.4
18.2
20.1
20.8
22.6
23.3
25.0
31.3
18.2
Truck
2009
12.4
14.9
15.4
16.0
16.6
16.9
19.3
21.1
22.1
23.4
24.0
25.0
32.0
19.0
Truck
2010
12.4
14.8
15.2
15.7
16.7
17.0
19.2
21.3
22.1
23.9
24.8
27.0
31.9
19.1
^tanrV
United Siaies
nvifonm
-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
III
Ml
Ml
III
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(iO In
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Adjusted Composite
Car
1975

6.6%
57.3%
23.9%
9.0%
3.1%














Adjusted Composite
Car
1976

0.2%
57.6%
24.4%
13.2%
3.8%
0.7%













Adjusted Composite
Car
1977

0.2%
44.0%
36.7%
10.2%
6.6%
1.5%
0.8%












Adjusted Composite
Car
1978

0.3%
26.8%
48.4%
13.7%
6.9%
3.6%
0.3%












Adjusted Composite
Car
1979

0.0%
24.2%
48.5%
17.9%
8.0%
1.0%
0.4%












Adjusted Composite
Car
1980

0.0%
5.7%
44.7%
33.0%
12.7%
2.7%
1.0%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1981
0.0%
0.0%
2.6%
38.1%
33.6%
18.4%
5.1%
1.5%
0.8%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1982

0.0%
0.3%
31.1%
31.7%
27.9%
7.0%
1.2%
0.8%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1983

0.0%
0.3%
33.6%
29.5%
24.8%
9.5%
1.9%
0.4%
0.0%










Adjusted Composite
Car
1984

0.0%
0.1%
26.9%
33.1%
30.8%
5.6%
3.0%
0.4%
0.2%










Adjusted Composite
Car
1985

0.0%
0.1%
27.5%
28.9%
33.8%
7.3%
1.5%
0.4%
0.5%










Adjusted Composite
Car
1986

0.0%
0.3%
16.3%
36.5%
36.8%
7.3%
1.9%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%








Adjusted Composite
Car
1987

0.0%
0.3%
15.3%
40.3%
33.4%
8.7%
1.6%
0.0%
0.3%
0.2%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1988

0.0%
0.3%
13.8%
40.6%
34.2%
8.2%
2.5%
0.0%
0.2%
0.2%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1989

0.0%
0.3%
13.8%
46.6%
30.8%
6.2%
1.9%
0.0%
0.3%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1990

0.0%
0.2%
13.4%
51.1%
28.9%
5.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1991

0.0%
0.2%
14.5%
50.4%
27.3%
5.9%
0.9%
0.7%
0.1%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1992

0.0%
0.2%
11.8%
57.5%
22.8%
5.1%
1.6%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1993

0.0%
0.1%
13.1%
53.4%
25.5%
5.5%
1.6%
0.7%
0.0%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1994


0.1%
16.1%
52.1%
24.6%
4.9%
1.5%
0.6%
0.0%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1995

0.0%
0.1%
13.5%
52.6%
25.8%
7.1%
0.5%
0.4%
0.0%










Adjusted Composite
Car
1996


0.1%
10.4%
62.2%
21.5%
5.1%
0.4%
0.3%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1997


0.1%
10.9%
59.7%
25.2%
3.7%
0.2%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1998


0.1%
9.9%
59.4%
26.8%
3.4%
0.1%
0.3%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1999


0.1%
9.9%
65.6%
22.6%
1.6%
0.1%
0.1%











Adjusted Composite
Car
2000

0.0%
0.0%
9.2%
69.8%
19.0%
1.6%
0.2%
0.2%


0.1%








Adjusted Composite
Car
2001

0.0%
0.0%
11.8%
60.7%
19.9%
7.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.0%

0.0%








Adjusted Composite
Car
2002


0.1%
10.1%
65.8%
17.5%
5.9%
0.2%
0.4%
0.0%

0.0%








Adjusted Composite
Car
2003

0.0%
0.1%
10.4%
60.3%
24.2%
4.1%
0.0%
0.8%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
2004


0.1%
13.1%
56.3%
27.2%
2.2%
0.2%
0.3%
0.6%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
2005


0.2%
13.5%
47.7%
30.3%
6.4%
0.1%
0.3%
1.5%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
2006


0.4%
13.8%
51.9%
23.5%
8.9%
0.0%
0.4%
1.1%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
2007


0.3%
10.1%
43.9%
32.3%
11.1%

0.4%
2.0%










Adjusted Composite
Car
2008


0.3%
8.9%
44.6%
33.3%
9.9%
0.3%
0.4%
2.3%










Adjusted Composite
Car
2009


0.2%
5.1%
33.7%
40.7%
18.1%
0.4%
0.3%
1.5%










Adjusted Composite
Car
2010


0.2%
6.1%
31.1%
37.4%
20.2%
1.0%
1.2%
2.8%










EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 8
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 In
20
211 in
"> ^
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(iO lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Adjusted Composite
Truck
1975

27.6%
52.1%
17.9%
2.5%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
1976

12.3%
66.0%
16.6%
5.1%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
1977

3.8%
66.0%
19.8%
9.1%
1.3%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1978

3.1%
68.6%
18.9%
8.5%
0.9%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1979

14.4%
59.1%
18.6%
6.7%
1.2%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1980

0.2%
40.7%
37.9%
19.1%
1.5%

0.6%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1981

0.0%
22.8%
50.7%
16.1%
7.1%
2.6%
0.7%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1982


21.8%
45.3%
23.7%
7.9%
0.7%
0.6%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1983


20.8%
41.4%
27.1%
9.7%
0.9%
0.2%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1984

0.1%
23.9%
42.8%
25.4%
7.0%
0.7%
0.1%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1985

0.0%
27.2%
40.2%
27.7%
4.7%
0.3%
0.0%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1986


19.4%
42.0%
33.2%
5.3%
0.1%
0.0%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1987


16.9%
44.2%
32.9%
6.0%
0.0%
0.0%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1988

0.0%
17.4%
53.6%
22.2%
6.8%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1989


18.3%
54.9%
24.2%
2.6%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1990

0.3%
21.4%
56.2%
18.5%
3.5%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1991


15.7%
61.8%
20.5%
2.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1992


18.2%
61.7%
20.0%
0.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1993


13.1%
69.1%
17.8%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1994


21.7%
62.3%
15.8%
0.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1995


23.5%
60.8%
15.6%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1996


21.0%
61.9%
17.0%
0.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1997


18.3%
69.8%
11.9%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1998


21.8%
63.4%
14.8%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1999


22.4%
65.1%
12.4%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
2000


15.7%
73.4%
10.9%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
2001


21.1%
67.3%
11.6%
0.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2002


18.3%
69.6%
11.7%
0.3%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2003


22.3%
59.8%
17.8%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2004


23.5%
61.2%
15.3%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
2005

0.0%
18.7%
62.0%
19.1%
0.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2006

0.0%
12.3%
66.8%
19.4%
1.4%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2007


8.8%
71.1%
19.2%
0.9%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2008


8.3%
65.1%
25.1%
1.1%
0.3%













Adjusted Composite
Truck
2009


2.2%
57.9%
37.9%
1.6%
0.3%













Adjusted Composite
Truck
2010


3.3%
58.5%
35.0%
3.0%
0.2%




































EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 9
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
III
Ml
Ml
III
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
551(1
60
(iO In
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Adjusted Composite
.Vll
1975

10.7%
56.3%
T) 7%
7.8%
2.5%














Adjusted Composite
All
1976

2.8%
59.4%
22.8%
11.5%
3.0%
0.5%













Adjusted Composite
All
1977

0.9%
48.4%
33.3%
10.0%
5.5%
1.2%
0.7%












Adjusted Composite
All
1978

0.9%
36.2%
41.7%
12.5%
5.6%
2.8%
0.3%












Adjusted Composite
All
1979

3.2%
31.9%
41.8%
15.5%
6.5%
0.8%
0.3%












Adjusted Composite
All
1980

0.0%
11.4%
43.6%
30.7%
10.8%
2.3%
1.0%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
All
1981
0.0%
0.0%
6.1%
40.2%
30.6%
16.4%
4.6%
1.3%
0.7%











Adjusted Composite
All
1982

0.0%
4.5%
33.9%
30.1%
24.0%
5.8%
1.1%
0.6%











Adjusted Composite
All
1983

0.0%
4.9%
35.3%
28.9%
21.4%
7.6%
1.5%
0.3%
0.0%










Adjusted Composite
All
1984

0.0%
5.8%
30.7%
31.2%
25.1%
4.4%
2.3%
0.3%
0.1%










Adjusted Composite
All
1985

0.0%
7.0%
30.7%
28.6%
26.4%
5.5%
1.1%
0.3%
0.3%










Adjusted Composite
All
1986

0.0%
5.7%
23.6%
35.6%
27.8%
5.3%
1.4%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%








Adjusted Composite
All
1987

0.0%
4.9%
23.3%
38.2%
25.8%
6.3%
1.1%
0.0%
0.2%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1988

0.0%
5.4%
25.7%
35.1%
26.0%
5.7%
1.8%
0.0%
0.2%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1989

0.0%
5.8%
26.4%
39.7%
22.1%
4.3%
1.3%
0.0%
0.2%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1990

0.1%
6.6%
26.4%
41.3%
21.2%
3.7%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
1991

0.0%
5.2%
29.7%
40.8%
19.2%
4.0%
0.6%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
1992

0.0%
6.2%
28.5%
44.9%
15.2%
3.4%
1.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1993

0.0%
4.8%
33.2%
40.6%
16.3%
3.5%
1.0%
0.4%
0.0%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1994


8.8%
34.8%
37.5%
14.7%
2.9%
0.9%
0.4%
0.0%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1995

0.0%
9.0%
31.5%
38.6%
16.0%
4.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%










Adjusted Composite
All
1996


8.5%
31.0%
44.1%
12.9%
3.1%
0.3%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
All
1997


7.8%
35.8%
39.4%
14.5%
2.2%
0.1%
0.1%











Adjusted Composite
All
1998


9.8%
33.9%
39.4%
14.8%
1.9%
0.1%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
All
1999


10.1%
34.7%
41.7%
12.4%
0.9%
0.1%
0.1%











Adjusted Composite
All
2000

0.0%
7.1%
38.1%
43.3%
10.5%
0.9%
0.1%
0.1%


0.0%








Adjusted Composite
All
2001

0.0%
9.8%
37.4%
38.1%
10.7%
3.8%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%

0.0%








Adjusted Composite
All
2002


8.9%
39.0%
39.5%
9.2%
3.0%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%

0.0%








Adjusted Composite
All
2003

0.0%
11.2%
35.0%
39.1%
12.2%
2.1%
0.0%
0.4%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
2004


12.3%
38.1%
35.0%
13.1%
1.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
2005

0.0%
9.3%
37.5%
33.6%
15.4%
3.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.8%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
2006

0.0%
6.0%
38.8%
36.6%
13.1%
4.7%
0.0%
0.2%
0.6%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
2007


4.3%
38.8%
32.3%
17.5%
5.9%

0.2%
1.0%










Adjusted Composite
All
2008


4.1%
35.5%
35.4%
18.1%
5.4%
0.2%
0.2%
1.2%










Adjusted Composite
All
2009


1.0%
26.1%
35.4%
25.1%
11.0%
0.3%
0.2%
0.9%










Adjusted Composite
All
2010


1.5%
27.6%
32.7%
23.2%
12.0%
0.6%
0.7%
1.7%










EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 10
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
III
15
15 lii
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(i0 In
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Adjusted Highway
Car
1975

0.3%
S7
21.2%
12.8%
6.0%
2.6%













Adjusted Highway
Car
1976

0.1%
38.9%
38.8%
9.9%
8.4%
4.0%













Adjusted Highway
Car
1977

0.0%
21.4%
55.5%
8.5%
7.2%
5.5%
1.4%
0.5%











Adjusted Highway
Car
1978

0.0%
8.0%
59.2%
15.8%
9.5%
5.3%
1.8%
0.3%











Adjusted Highway
Car
1979

0.0%
5.5%
61.2%
17.9%
10.4%
4.1%
0.6%
0.1%











Adjusted Highway
Car
1980

0.0%
0.7%
30.0%
34.1%
23.9%
9.3%
0.8%
1.1%











Adjusted Highway
Car
1981

0.0%
0.0%
14.9%
39.4%
27.3%
13.6%
3.1%
1.0%
0.7%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1982

0.0%
0.0%
9.2%
35.3%
32.2%
16.0%
5.6%
0.8%
0.8%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1983

0.0%
0.0%
7.8%
38.8%
28.8%
15.8%
6.8%
1.6%
0.3%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1984

0.0%
0.0%
3.7%
37.4%
24.7%
27.7%
4.4%
1.7%
0.2%
0.2%









Adjusted Highway
Car
1985

0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
40.8%
25.7%
23.6%
6.7%
1.7%
0.2%
0.5%









Adjusted Highway
Car
1986

0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
25.3%
47.6%
19.4%
4.6%
1.7%
0.2%
0.0%
0.3%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1987

0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
21.7%
39.4%
31.5%
5.2%
1.1%
0.3%

0.2%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1988


0.0%
0.7%
17.4%
50.8%
23.9%
5.8%
1.0%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1989


0.0%
0.6%
16.4%
59.5%
18.5%
3.9%
0.7%
0.1%
0.3%









Adjusted Highway
Car
1990


0.0%
0.4%
17.0%
63.9%
14.2%
3.6%
0.7%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1991


0.0%
0.5%
19.8%
53.8%
20.9%
3.7%
0.6%
0.6%
0.1%
0.0%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1992


0.0%
0.3%
19.1%
57.9%
16.4%
5.0%
0.5%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1993


0.0%
0.3%
19.0%
53.9%
20.7%
4.9%
0.6%
0.5%
0.0%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1994


0.0%
0.2%
19.9%
54.0%
20.5%
4.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.0%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1995


0.0%
0.2%
16.8%
57.4%
17.5%
7.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%









Adjusted Highway
Car
1996


0.0%
0.1%
14.1%
63.4%
17.4%
4.4%
0.3%
0.3%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1997


0.0%
0.1%
15.8%
57.7%
21.8%
4.3%
0.2%
0.2%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1998


0.0%
0.1%
12.6%
61.4%
22.3%
3.1%
0.1%
0.3%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1999


0.0%
0.1%
13.2%
67.2%
18.0%
1.3%
0.1%
0.1%










Adjusted Highway
Car
2000


0.0%
0.2%
12.7%
70.6%
14.4%
1.7%
0.1%
0.2%


0.1%







Adjusted Highway
Car
2001


0.0%
0.3%
17.7%
61.0%
15.7%
4.8%
0.5%

0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
Car
2002


0.0%
0.2%
17.8%
63.0%
14.5%
3.8%
0.6%
0.0%
0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
Car
2003


0.0%
0.3%
19.6%
61.1%
17.1%
1.1%
0.8%
0.1%
0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
Car
2004


0.0%
0.4%
21.3%
53.5%
22.3%
1.4%
0.4%
0.7%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
Car
2005


0.0%
0.4%
19.1%
48.8%
29.1%
0.7%
0.3%
1.6%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
Car
2006


0.0%
0.9%
21.4%
49.3%
22.8%
4.0%

1.5%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
Car
2007


0.0%
0.8%
17.6%
39.1%
34.9%
5.3%

2.4%










Adjusted Highway
Car
2008


0.0%
0.8%
15.1%
44.2%
32.6%
4.2%
0.3%
2.8%










Adjusted Highway
Car
2009


0.0%
0.9%
9.1%
33.6%
48.8%
5.3%
0.4%
1.8%










Adjusted Highway
Car
2010


0.0%
0.5%
10.6%
31.4%
46.1%
6.7%
1.6%
3.2%










EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 11
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(i0 lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Adjusted Highway
Truck
1975

20.1%
54.9%
14.8%
10.1%















Adjusted Highway
Truck
1976

6.2%
66.0%
19.3%
6.6%
1.9%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1977

2.5%
58.7%
25.0%
8.1%
4.8%
0.9%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
1978

0.9%
65.6%
21.5%
8.2%
3.7%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1979

10.8%
56.2%
21.3%
8.2%
3.5%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1980

0.1%
28.9%
41.1%
23.3%
5.8%

0.5%
0.1%











Adjusted Highway
Truck
1981


12.0%
51.6%
21.0%
11.1%
3.0%
1.3%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1982


12.8%
42.8%
24.1%
16.6%
3.1%
0.6%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1983


10.0%
38.0%
28.4%
19.7%
3.1%
0.9%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1984

0.0%
12.0%
39.1%
32.6%
14.5%
1.5%
0.3%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1985

0.0%
11.4%
31.0%
41.3%
14.4%
1.8%
0.1%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1986


5.6%
33.0%
40.6%
18.4%
2.2%
0.1%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1987


8.0%
23.7%
47.5%
19.0%
1.7%
0.0%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1988


7.3%
34.6%
43.5%
14.6%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1989


4.9%
38.9%
43.0%
13.2%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1990


3.3%
42.0%
45.0%
9.6%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1991


2.3%
38.9%
46.9%
11.8%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1992


1.8%
42.8%
46.2%
9.2%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1993


0.9%
46.3%
43.9%
8.9%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1994


0.8%
50.7%
38.8%
9.7%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1995


2.3%
52.8%
38.7%
6.2%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1996


2.1%
47.0%
41.7%
9.2%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1997


0.6%
56.2%
37.3%
6.0%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1998


0.0%
53.2%
39.3%
7.5%
0.0%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
1999


0.2%
63.1%
32.2%
4.5%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2000


0.1%
63.4%
33.7%
2.7%
0.0%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
2001


2.0%
61.9%
31.3%
4.9%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2002


1.3%
67.6%
24.9%
6.2%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2003


2.2%
60.3%
33.6%
3.9%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2004


0.3%
60.5%
36.2%
3.0%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2005


0.2%
48.7%
47.3%
3.8%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2006


0.2%
49.7%
43.2%
6.9%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2007


0.1%
48.8%
43.0%
8.1%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2008


0.1%
40.0%
46.1%
13.8%
0.0%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
2009


0.0%
28.2%
49.2%
22.1%
0.4%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
2010


0.0%
26.5%
51.6%
20.1%
1.8%













EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 12
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
551(1
60
(iO lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Adjusted Highway
-Vll
1975

4.1%
S(, 7"
19.9%
12.3%
4.8%
2.1%













Adjusted Highway
All
1976

1.3%
44.6%
34.7%
9.2%
7.0%
3.1%













Adjusted Highway
All
1977

0.5%
28.8%
49.4%
8.4%
6.7%
4.6%
1.1%
0.4%











Adjusted Highway
All
1978

0.2%
21.0%
50.7%
14.1%
8.2%
4.1%
1.4%
0.3%











Adjusted Highway
All
1979

2.4%
16.8%
52.3%
15.8%
8.9%
3.2%
0.5%
0.1%











Adjusted Highway
All
1980

0.0%
5.3%
31.9%
32.4%
21.0%
7.8%
0.7%
1.0%











Adjusted Highway
All
1981

0.0%
2.1%
21.2%
36.2%
24.5%
11.7%
2.8%
0.8%
0.6%










Adjusted Highway
All
1982

0.0%
2.6%
15.8%
33.1%
29.1%
13.5%
4.6%
0.7%
0.6%










Adjusted Highway
All
1983

0.0%
2.3%
14.6%
36.5%
26.8%
13.0%
5.5%
1.2%
0.2%










Adjusted Highway
All
1984

0.0%
2.9%
12.1%
36.2%
22.2%
21.4%
3.5%
1.3%
0.2%
0.1%









Adjusted Highway
All
1985

0.0%
2.9%
8.5%
40.9%
22.8%
18.1%
5.1%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%









Adjusted Highway
All
1986

0.0%
1.6%
9.9%
29.7%
39.3%
14.5%
3.3%
1.2%
0.2%
0.0%
0.2%








Adjusted Highway
All
1987

0.0%
2.2%
7.1%
28.8%
33.7%
23.2%
3.7%
0.8%
0.2%

0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1988


2.2%
10.8%
25.2%
40.0%
16.8%
4.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1989


1.5%
12.3%
24.6%
45.3%
12.8%
2.7%
0.5%
0.0%
0.2%









Adjusted Highway
All
1990


1.0%
13.0%
25.4%
47.5%
9.9%
2.5%
0.5%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
1991


0.8%
12.9%
28.5%
40.3%
14.2%
2.5%
0.4%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
1992


0.6%
14.5%
28.1%
41.6%
10.9%
3.3%
0.4%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1993


0.3%
16.8%
28.0%
37.7%
13.3%
3.2%
0.4%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1994


0.3%
20.6%
27.5%
36.1%
12.2%
2.7%
0.1%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1995


0.9%
20.2%
25.1%
38.0%
10.9%
4.6%
0.2%
0.2%
0.0%









Adjusted Highway
All
1996


0.8%
18.9%
25.1%
41.7%
10.5%
2.7%
0.2%
0.2%










Adjusted Highway
All
1997


0.2%
23.8%
24.9%
35.8%
12.5%
2.5%
0.1%
0.1%










Adjusted Highway
All
1998


0.0%
23.9%
24.6%
37.3%
12.3%
1.7%
0.1%
0.2%










Adjusted Highway
All
1999


0.1%
28.4%
21.7%
39.0%
9.9%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%










Adjusted Highway
All
2000


0.1%
28.6%
22.1%
40.1%
7.9%
0.9%
0.1%
0.1%


0.0%







Adjusted Highway
All
2001


0.9%
28.7%
24.0%
35.1%
8.4%
2.6%
0.3%

0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
All
2002


0.6%
32.9%
21.2%
35.5%
7.5%
2.0%
0.3%
0.0%
0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
All
2003


1.1%
30.2%
26.5%
32.6%
8.6%
0.6%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
All
2004


0.2%
31.6%
29.1%
27.2%
10.7%
0.7%
0.2%
0.3%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
2005


0.1%
24.3%
33.1%
26.5%
14.7%
0.4%
0.2%
0.8%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
2006


0.1%
23.9%
31.7%
29.3%
12.1%
2.1%

0.8%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
2007


0.1%
23.4%
29.5%
24.5%
18.5%
2.8%

1.3%










Adjusted Highway
All
2008


0.1%
19.3%
29.8%
29.8%
17.2%
2.2%
0.2%
1.5%










Adjusted Highway
All
2009


0.0%
11.8%
25.0%
29.1%
29.5%
3.2%
0.3%
1.1%










Adjusted Highway
All
2010


0.0%
11.2%
27.5%
26.8%
27.9%
4.0%
0.9%
1.9%










EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 13
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
III
Ml
Ml
III
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(iO lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Adjusted City
Car
1975

19.1%
52.1%
20.8%
7.8%
0.2%














Adjusted City
Car
1976

3.1%
61.1%
22.2%
11.1%
2.5%














Adjusted City
Car
1977

4.5%
60.1%
20.0%
8.2%
5.4%
1.2%
0.5%












Adjusted City
Car
1978

0.7%
45.1%
34.2%
11.1%
7.0%
1.5%
0.3%












Adjusted City
Car
1979

0.2%
43.9%
35.9%
15.7%
3.6%
0.4%
0.4%












Adjusted City
Car
1980

0.0%
17.1%
43.8%
28.8%
8.1%
1.1%
1.1%












Adjusted City
Car
1981
0.0%
0.0%
9.8%
44.3%
29.2%
12.1%
3.5%
1.0%












Adjusted City
Car
1982

0.0%
9.3%
36.2%
36.7%
12.7%
3.5%
1.3%
0.3%











Adjusted City
Car
1983

0.0%
13.7%
37.0%
24.3%
18.2%
5.8%
0.9%
0.1%











Adjusted City
Car
1984

0.0%
8.5%
38.3%
31.7%
15.2%
5.1%
0.9%
0.2%
0.1%










Adjusted City
Car
1985

0.0%
0.4%
47.3%
32.0%
13.8%
5.1%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%










Adjusted City
Car
1986

0.0%
0.4%
43.2%
35.8%
15.1%
3.3%
1.3%
0.5%
0.0%
0.3%









Adjusted City
Car
1987

0.0%
0.7%
40.1%
35.9%
20.1%
1.7%
0.9%
0.3%

0.2%









Adjusted City
Car
1988

0.0%
0.6%
39.6%
37.8%
17.6%
2.2%
1.8%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%









Adjusted City
Car
1989

0.0%
0.5%
45.5%
35.6%
15.6%
1.3%
1.1%
0.1%
0.3%










Adjusted City
Car
1990

0.0%
0.6%
47.1%
37.9%
11.3%
2.4%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%









Adjusted City
Car
1991

0.0%
0.5%
48.4%
37.6%
10.4%
2.2%
0.2%
0.6%
0.1%
0.0%









Adjusted City
Car
1992

0.0%
3.0%
53.6%
32.0%
8.0%
2.3%
0.4%
0.6%
0.1%










Adjusted City
Car
1993

0.0%
2.2%
47.5%
37.4%
10.3%
1.7%
0.2%
0.6%
0.1%










Adjusted City
Car
1994

0.0%
0.4%
52.4%
37.0%
7.9%
1.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%










Adjusted City
Car
1995

0.0%
0.3%
54.9%
32.6%
10.0%
1.5%
0.3%
0.3%











Adjusted City
Car
1996

0.0%
0.2%
55.9%
31.7%
10.5%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%











Adjusted City
Car
1997

0.0%
0.3%
51.8%
37.5%
8.9%
1.3%
0.2%












Adjusted City
Car
1998

0.0%
0.3%
51.8%
35.7%
11.6%
0.3%
0.3%












Adjusted City
Car
1999

0.0%
0.3%
60.3%
30.8%
8.3%
0.1%
0.2%












Adjusted City
Car
2000

0.0%
0.5%
60.1%
33.5%
5.2%
0.3%
0.2%


0.1%









Adjusted City
Car
2001

0.0%
0.7%
61.9%
27.6%
9.0%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted City
Car
2002

0.0%
0.6%
59.5%
31.9%
7.6%
0.0%
0.2%
0.3%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted City
Car
2003

0.0%
1.3%
55.7%
33.3%
8.8%
0.1%
0.4%
0.5%
0.0%










Adjusted City
Car
2004

0.0%
2.9%
55.7%
32.1%
8.2%
0.2%
0.3%

0.6%










Adjusted City
Car
2005

0.0%
3.0%
51.7%
33.5%
9.9%
0.1%
0.3%

1.5%










Adjusted City
Car
2006

0.0%
2.9%
54.9%
30.1%
10.4%
0.2%

0.4%
1.1%










Adjusted City
Car
2007

0.0%
3.0%
44.7%
37.6%
11.4%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%
2.0%










Adjusted City
Car
2008

0.0%
4.4%
44.8%
36.0%
11.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.4%
2.3%










Adjusted City
Car
2009

0.0%
2.5%
31.5%
42.9%
20.0%
1.1%
0.2%
0.3%
1.5%










Adjusted City
Car
2010

0.0%
1.5%
30.8%
38.4%
23.2%
1.3%
0.4%
1.6%

2.8%









EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 14
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(iO lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Adjusted City
Truck
1975

35.5%
53.1%
11.5%
















Adjusted City
Truck
1976

20.6%
60.8%
17.1%
1.6%















Adjusted City
Truck
1977

6.5%
69.8%
18.1%
4.7%
0.9%














Adjusted City
Truck
1978

7.7%
70.9%
13.1%
7.4%
0.9%














Adjusted City
Truck
1979

17.7%
61.6%
16.3%
4.4%















Adjusted City
Truck
1980

0.6%
48.0%
37.5%
13.3%

0.5%
0.1%












Adjusted City
Truck
1981

0.0%
44.4%
35.6%
15.6%
2.3%
2.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
1982

0.1%
32.1%
43.5%
19.9%
3.7%
0.2%
0.6%












Adjusted City
Truck
1983

0.0%
35.5%
39.8%
21.7%
2.0%
0.9%
0.0%












Adjusted City
Truck
1984

0.8%
36.5%
41.7%
19.7%
0.9%
0.5%
0.0%












Adjusted City
Truck
1985

0.0%
34.8%
42.5%
19.9%
2.6%
0.2%













Adjusted City
Truck
1986

0.2%
31.0%
40.6%
25.5%
2.4%
0.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
1987

0.1%
25.0%
49.8%
22.3%
2.7%
0.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
1988

0.1%
33.5%
45.0%
19.6%
1.8%














Adjusted City
Truck
1989

0.1%
34.4%
50.1%
14.8%
0.6%














Adjusted City
Truck
1990

0.5%
35.6%
50.1%
13.6%
0.3%














Adjusted City
Truck
1991

0.1%
33.6%
52.9%
13.3%
0.1%














Adjusted City
Truck
1992

0.1%
43.2%
47.1%
9.6%
0.1%














Adjusted City
Truck
1993

0.0%
41.7%
49.6%
8.7%
0.0%














Adjusted City
Truck
1994


45.4%
43.8%
10.8%
0.1%














Adjusted City
Truck
1995


49.2%
41.5%
9.2%
0.0%














Adjusted City
Truck
1996


46.4%
44.3%
9.3%















Adjusted City
Truck
1997


52.1%
39.5%
8.4%















Adjusted City
Truck
1998


46.7%
46.2%
7.1%















Adjusted City
Truck
1999


57.3%
36.9%
5.8%















Adjusted City
Truck
2000


57.9%
38.8%
3.3%















Adjusted City
Truck
2001


60.3%
36.0%
3.7%















Adjusted City
Truck
2002


63.3%
34.0%
2.7%


0.0%












Adjusted City
Truck
2003

0.0%
57.7%
39.7%
2.5%

0.0%













Adjusted City
Truck
2004

0.0%
65.7%
32.9%
1.4%















Adjusted City
Truck
2005

0.1%
55.2%
43.3%
1.3%
0.1%
0.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
2006

0.0%
53.4%
43.0%
2.1%
1.3%
0.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
2007


51.1%
43.6%
4.6%
0.7%
0.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
2008


44.0%
47.6%
7.1%
1.0%
0.3%













Adjusted City
Truck
2009


33.0%
54.9%
11.2%
0.5%
0.3%













Adjusted City
Truck
2010


37.6%
46.3%
14.9%
0.3%
0.9%




































EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 15
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
'1i-.ir
0 to
III
Ml
Ml
III
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
351o
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(iO lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100























Adjusted City
All
1975

22.3%
52.3%
19.0%
6.3%
0.2%














Adjusted City
All
1976

6.8%
61.1%
21.1%
9.0%
2.0%














Adjusted City
All
1977

4.9%
62.0%
19.6%
7.5%
4.5%
1.0%
0.4%












Adjusted City
All
1978

2.3%
50.9%
29.4%
10.3%
5.6%
1.2%
0.3%












Adjusted City
All
1979

4.1%
47.8%
31.6%
13.2%
2.8%
0.3%
0.3%












Adjusted City
All
1980

0.1%
22.2%
42.7%
26.2%
6.8%
1.0%
1.0%












Adjusted City
All
1981
0.0%
0.0%
15.8%
42.8%
26.9%
10.4%
3.3%
0.8%












Adjusted City
All
1982

0.1%
13.7%
37.6%
33.4%
10.9%
2.8%
1.2%
0.2%











Adjusted City
All
1983

0.0%
18.5%
37.6%
23.7%
14.6%
4.7%
0.7%
0.1%











Adjusted City
All
1984

0.2%
15.2%
39.1%
28.8%
11.8%
4.0%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%










Adjusted City
All
1985

0.0%
9.2%
46.1%
28.9%
11.0%
3.9%
0.6%
0.0%
0.3%










Adjusted City
All
1986

0.1%
9.1%
42.5%
32.9%
11.5%
2.4%
0.9%
0.4%
0.0%
0.2%









Adjusted City
All
1987

0.0%
7.4%
42.8%
32.1%
15.3%
1.3%
0.7%
0.2%

0.1%









Adjusted City
All
1988

0.0%
10.4%
41.2%
32.4%
12.9%
1.5%
1.3%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%









Adjusted City
All
1989

0.0%
10.9%
46.9%
29.2%
11.0%
0.9%
0.8%
0.1%
0.2%










Adjusted City
All
1990

0.1%
11.1%
48.0%
30.6%
8.0%
1.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted City
All
1991

0.0%
11.2%
49.8%
29.8%
7.1%
1.5%
0.1%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%









Adjusted City
All
1992

0.0%
16.4%
51.4%
24.5%
5.3%
1.5%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%










Adjusted City
All
1993

0.0%
16.4%
48.2%
27.1%
6.6%
1.1%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%










Adjusted City
All
1994

0.0%
18.6%
48.9%
26.4%
4.7%
0.9%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%










Adjusted City
All
1995

0.0%
18.9%
49.8%
23.8%
6.2%
1.0%
0.2%
0.2%











Adjusted City
All
1996

0.0%
18.7%
51.2%
22.7%
6.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%











Adjusted City
All
1997

0.0%
22.2%
46.6%
25.2%
5.1%
0.7%
0.1%












Adjusted City
All
1998

0.0%
21.1%
49.3%
22.9%
6.4%
0.2%
0.2%












Adjusted City
All
1999

0.0%
25.9%
49.8%
19.5%
4.6%
0.0%
0.1%












Adjusted City
All
2000

0.0%
26.3%
50.5%
20.0%
2.9%
0.2%
0.1%


0.0%









Adjusted City
All
2001

0.0%
28.2%
50.0%
16.6%
4.9%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted City
All
2002

0.0%
31.0%
47.1%
17.7%
3.9%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted City
All
2003

0.0%
29.4%
47.7%
18.0%
4.4%
0.0%
0.2%
0.2%
0.0%










Adjusted City
All
2004

0.0%
35.6%
43.8%
16.1%
4.0%
0.1%
0.1%

0.3%










Adjusted City
All
2005

0.1%
28.8%
47.5%
17.5%
5.0%
0.1%
0.2%

0.8%










Adjusted City
All
2006

0.0%
26.7%
49.3%
16.9%
6.1%
0.2%

0.2%
0.6%










Adjusted City
All
2007

0.0%
25.6%
44.2%
22.0%
6.3%
0.5%
0.0%
0.2%
1.0%










Adjusted City
All
2008

0.0%
23.1%
46.1%
22.4%
6.3%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
1.2%










Adjusted City
All
2009

0.0%
14.6%
40.8%
30.3%
12.3%
0.8%
0.1%
0.2%
0.9%










Adjusted City
All
2010

0.0%
16.3%
37.2%
28.7%
13.8%
1.2%
0.3%
0.9%

1.7%









EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 16
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
III
Ml
Ml
III
15
15 lii
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
351o
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(i0 lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Lab 55 45
Car
1975

0.0%
47.9%
29.0%
14.3%
6.4%
2.4%













Lab 55/45
Car
1976


26.3%
46.9%
12.3%
10.6%
3.2%
0.7%












Lab 55/45
Car
1977

0.0%
15.8%
56.8%
10.8%
8.6%
5.6%
1.0%
1.3%











Lab 55/45
Car
1978

0.0%
5.6%
50.2%
23.9%
10.7%
5.6%
3.4%
0.5%











Lab 55/45
Car
1979

0.0%
3.4%
47.7%
27.2%
14.0%
6.3%
1.0%
0.3%
0.1%










Lab 55/45
Car
1980

0.0%
0.0%
19.7%
39.2%
25.4%
11.8%
2.0%
1.7%
0.2%










Lab 55/45
Car
1981
0.0%

0.0%
10.3%
38.0%
26.7%
16.9%
5.3%
1.7%
1.0%










Lab 55/45
Car
1982

0.0%
0.0%
13.1%
27.3%
29.3%
20.9%
6.6%
1.7%
0.8%
0.3%









Lab 55/45
Car
1983

0.0%
0.0%
11.6%
34.6%
18.7%
22.1%
10.0%
2.2%
0.6%
0.1%









Lab 55/45
Car
1984

0.0%
0.0%
7.9%
33.4%
24.8%
23.6%
6.7%
2.7%
0.6%
0.2%
0.1%








Lab 55/45
Car
1985

0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
42.5%
15.2%
31.1%
7.8%
1.2%
0.9%
0.0%
0.4%








Lab 55/45
Car
1986

0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
27.7%
35.0%
24.3%
8.5%
1.8%
1.5%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%






Lab 55/45
Car
1987

0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
24.4%
31.4%
32.3%
8.9%
0.9%
0.9%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1988

0.0%
0.0%
0.5%
18.5%
35.9%
32.9%
8.0%
2.0%
1.6%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1989

0.0%
0.0%
0.5%
19.8%
41.4%
28.5%
7.2%
1.1%
1.1%

0.3%
0.1%







Lab 55/45
Car
1990


0.0%
0.5%
16.6%
51.1%
23.6%
6.5%
1.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.3%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1991


0.0%
0.4%
19.4%
45.4%
24.2%
7.7%
2.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.6%

0.0%






Lab 55/45
Car
1992


0.0%
0.3%
26.2%
42.6%
21.2%
6.9%
1.7%
0.3%
0.6%
0.1%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1993


0.0%
0.3%
16.3%
49.2%
24.1%
7.4%
1.8%
0.1%
0.2%
0.5%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1994


0.0%
0.3%
21.8%
45.3%
23.4%
6.8%
1.4%
0.4%
0.1%
0.5%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1995


0.0%
0.2%
16.7%
48.8%
22.0%
10.0%
1.5%
0.5%
0.4%
0.0%








Lab 55/45
Car
1996


0.0%
0.2%
15.4%
49.8%
23.0%
9.8%
1.3%
0.3%
0.3%









Lab 55/45
Car
1997


0.0%
0.1%
16.0%
46.3%
25.4%
10.6%
1.2%
0.2%
0.2%









Lab 55/45
Car
1998


0.0%
0.1%
12.2%
51.9%
23.0%
12.0%
0.4%
0.1%
0.3%









Lab 55/45
Car
1999


0.0%
0.1%
12.9%
57.3%
18.9%
10.3%
0.3%
0.0%
0.2%









Lab 55/45
Car
2000


0.0%
0.1%
13.3%
57.1%
20.7%
8.1%
0.4%
0.0%
0.2%




0.1%




Lab 55/45
Car
2001


0.0%
0.1%
12.3%
53.3%
23.4%
8.8%
1.7%
0.0%
0.2%
0.2%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
Car
2002


0.0%
0.1%
11.5%
52.9%
25.9%
7.8%
1.3%
0.0%
0.2%
0.3%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
Car
2003


0.0%
0.2%
12.4%
47.3%
27.5%
10.1%
1.5%
0.0%
0.3%
0.6%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
Car
2004


0.0%
0.2%
14.2%
45.8%
27.0%
10.7%
1.0%
0.2%

0.3%

0.6%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
Car
2005


0.0%
0.2%
14.6%
40.3%
29.0%
12.6%
1.2%
0.1%

0.3%

1.5%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
Car
2006


0.0%
0.6%
14.1%
41.2%
28.3%
12.9%
1.4%
0.0%

0.4%

1.1%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
Car
2007


0.0%
0.5%
11.1%
36.6%
29.4%
16.4%
2.7%
0.9%

0.4%

2.0%






Lab 55/45
Car
2008


0.0%
0.5%
9.7%
38.9%
27.3%
17.4%
2.4%
0.8%

0.4%

2.3%






Lab 55/45
Car
2009


0.0%
0.4%
5.3%
28.8%
35.8%
17.9%
8.5%
1.5%

0.3%

1.5%






Lab 55/45
Car
2010


0.0%
0.3%
7.1%
25.2%
29.1%
27.4%
4.2%
2.3%
0.4%
1.2%


2.8%





EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 17
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
351o
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(i0 lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Lab 55 45
Truck
1975

2.5%
68.1%
18.4%
11.0%















Lab 55/45
Truck
1976

0.1%
63.2%
24.9%
9.9%
1.9%














Lab 55/45
Truck
1977

0.2%
52.8%
31.9%
7.1%
6.7%
1.3%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1978

0.1%
58.7%
27.5%
5.7%
7.1%
0.9%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1979

1.4%
55.0%
30.1%
9.4%
3.0%
1.1%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1980

0.0%
17.9%
46.5%
21.6%
11.8%
1.5%

0.6%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1981


7.4%
47.6%
23.3%
14.7%
3.7%
1.9%
1.3%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1982


8.2%
41.4%
26.7%
14.8%
6.2%
2.0%
0.6%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1983


6.8%
35.5%
28.5%
21.2%
5.9%
1.8%
0.2%
0.0%










Lab 55/45
Truck
1984


7.5%
34.4%
37.1%
14.4%
5.7%
0.8%
0.1%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1985


7.0%
31.9%
39.0%
17.5%
4.3%
0.3%
0.0%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1986


2.7%
32.5%
37.0%
22.6%
5.1%
0.1%
0.0%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1987


2.6%
26.1%
44.5%
21.7%
5.0%
0.0%
0.0%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1988


2.1%
36.9%
38.3%
15.9%
6.8%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1989


2.9%
34.9%
43.2%
16.3%
2.6%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1990


3.3%
35.8%
44.1%
13.2%
3.5%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1991


1.1%
29.6%
54.0%
12.6%
2.7%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1992


1.3%
39.8%
45.3%
12.4%
1.2%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1993


0.1%
37.4%
48.3%
13.7%
0.5%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1994


0.1%
38.3%
48.5%
12.5%
0.7%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1995


0.2%
46.3%
39.0%
14.2%
0.2%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1996


1.0%
36.6%
49.9%
12.1%
0.4%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1997


0.0%
40.7%
47.8%
11.4%
0.0%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1998


0.0%
33.3%
53.7%
12.6%
0.4%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1999


0.0%
40.9%
49.4%
9.2%
0.5%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2000


0.0%
36.9%
52.4%
10.4%
0.3%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2001


0.1%
41.1%
48.1%
10.2%
0.6%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2002


0.0%
46.7%
42.4%
9.3%
1.5%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2003


0.0%
42.1%
42.3%
14.6%
0.9%

0.0%











Lab 55/45
Truck
2004


0.0%
41.8%
43.4%
14.1%
0.7%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2005


0.1%
36.4%
43.4%
19.3%
0.7%
0.1%












Lab 55/45
Truck
2006


0.0%
30.6%
47.9%
19.2%
1.6%
0.6%












Lab 55/45
Truck
2007



24.0%
57.2%
16.6%
1.9%
0.3%
0.1%











Lab 55/45
Truck
2008



18.5%
56.3%
20.5%
3.7%
0.6%
0.3%











Lab 55/45
Truck
2009



11.4%
50.6%
29.8%
7.3%
0.6%
0.3%











Lab 55/45
Truck
2010



13.9%
48.6%
23.3%
12.8%
1.0%
0.3%











EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 18
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
III
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 lii
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
351o
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(i0 In
1.5
651(i
70
~0 In
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Lab 55 45
.Vll
1975

0.5%
51.8%
26.9%
13.7%
5.1%
2.0%













Lab 55/45
All
1976

0.0%
34.1%
42.3%
11.8%
8.8%
2.5%
0.5%












Lab 55/45
All
1977

0.1%
23.2%
51.8%
10.1%
8.2%
4.8%
0.8%
1.1%











Lab 55/45
All
1978

0.0%
17.6%
45.1%
19.8%
9.9%
4.5%
2.6%
0.4%











Lab 55/45
All
1979

0.3%
14.9%
43.8%
23.2%
11.5%
5.1%
0.8%
0.2%
0.1%










Lab 55/45
All
1980

0.0%
3.0%
24.1%
36.3%
23.2%
10.1%
1.7%
1.5%
0.2%










Lab 55/45
All
1981
0.0%

1.3%
16.8%
35.4%
24.7%
14.6%
4.7%
1.6%
0.8%










Lab 55/45
All
1982

0.0%
1.6%
18.7%
27.2%
26.5%
18.0%
5.7%
1.5%
0.6%
0.2%









Lab 55/45
All
1983

0.0%
1.6%
17.0%
33.3%
19.3%
18.5%
8.1%
1.7%
0.5%
0.1%









Lab 55/45
All
1984

0.0%
1.8%
14.2%
34.3%
22.3%
19.3%
5.3%
2.1%
0.5%
0.2%
0.1%








Lab 55/45
All
1985

0.0%
1.8%
8.7%
41.7%
15.7%
24.3%
5.9%
0.9%
0.6%
0.0%
0.3%








Lab 55/45
All
1986

0.0%
0.8%
9.7%
30.3%
31.5%
18.9%
6.1%
1.3%
1.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%






Lab 55/45
All
1987

0.0%
0.8%
7.7%
30.0%
28.7%
24.7%
6.4%
0.7%
0.7%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1988

0.0%
0.7%
11.4%
24.4%
29.9%
25.1%
5.6%
1.4%
1.1%
0.1%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1989

0.0%
0.9%
11.0%
27.0%
33.7%
20.6%
5.0%
0.8%
0.8%

0.2%
0.1%







Lab 55/45
All
1990


1.0%
11.2%
24.9%
39.7%
17.5%
4.5%
0.7%
0.1%
0.0%
0.2%

0.0%






Lab 55/45
All
1991


0.4%
9.8%
30.5%
34.8%
17.3%
5.2%
1.4%
0.1%
0.1%
0.4%

0.0%






Lab 55/45
All
1992


0.4%
13.5%
32.6%
32.5%
14.5%
4.6%
1.1%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1993


0.1%
13.6%
27.8%
36.4%
15.6%
4.8%
1.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1994


0.0%
15.6%
32.6%
32.0%
14.2%
4.0%
0.8%
0.2%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1995


0.1%
17.7%
25.2%
35.7%
13.7%
6.2%
0.9%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%








Lab 55/45
All
1996


0.4%
14.7%
29.2%
34.7%
13.9%
5.9%
0.8%
0.2%
0.2%









Lab 55/45
All
1997


0.0%
17.3%
29.5%
31.5%
14.6%
6.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%









Lab 55/45
All
1998


0.0%
15.0%
30.8%
34.3%
12.9%
6.6%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%









Lab 55/45
All
1999


0.0%
18.4%
29.3%
35.7%
10.6%
5.7%
0.1%
0.0%
0.1%









Lab 55/45
All
2000


0.0%
16.7%
30.8%
36.1%
11.5%
4.5%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%




0.0%




Lab 55/45
All
2001


0.0%
19.0%
28.8%
33.4%
12.8%
4.7%
0.9%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
All
2002


0.0%
22.7%
26.5%
31.8%
14.1%
4.0%
0.6%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
All
2003


0.0%
21.1%
27.3%
31.1%
14.3%
5.0%
0.8%
0.0%
0.1%
0.3%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
All
2004


0.0%
21.8%
29.4%
29.3%
13.3%
5.1%
0.5%
0.1%

0.1%

0.3%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
All
2005


0.1%
18.1%
28.8%
29.9%
15.0%
6.4%
0.6%
0.1%

0.2%

0.8%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
All
2006


0.0%
14.8%
30.0%
30.8%
15.7%
7.1%
0.7%
0.0%

0.2%

0.6%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
All
2007


0.0%
11.6%
32.8%
27.2%
16.4%
8.8%
1.5%
0.5%

0.2%

1.0%






Lab 55/45
All
2008


0.0%
9.1%
31.7%
30.2%
16.2%
9.5%
1.4%
0.4%

0.2%

1.2%






Lab 55/45
All
2009


0.0%
4.8%
23.3%
29.2%
24.4%
11.0%
5.3%
0.9%

0.2%

0.9%






Lab 55/45
All
2010


0.0%
5.9%
24.2%
24.4%
22.4%
16.6%
2.6%
1.3%
0.2%
0.7%


1.7%





EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 19
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
III
Ml
Ml
III
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(i0 In
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Lab City
Car
1975

7.1%
^ 7%
26.6%
10.0%
2.5%














Lab City
Car
1976

0.9%
47.2%
35.6%
10.7%
4.9%
0.7%













Lab City
Car
1977

0.3%
38.8%
41.6%
9.5%
7.4%
1.0%
1.4%












Lab City
Car
1978

0.3%
26.0%
49.1%
13.8%
6.1%
3.5%
1.3%












Lab City
Car
1979

0.0%
18.6%
53.7%
15.1%
10.5%
1.7%
0.3%
0.1%











Lab City
Car
1980

0.0%
5.5%
41.6%
33.8%
12.8%
4.4%
0.8%
1.1%











Lab City
Car
1981
0.0%
0.0%
2.5%
37.4%
29.3%
21.7%
5.9%
2.2%
1.0%











Lab City
Car
1982

0.0%
1.4%
27.6%
33.0%
25.9%
9.2%
1.8%
0.8%
0.3%










Lab City
Car
1983

0.0%
0.3%
34.9%
26.6%
22.5%
12.7%
2.4%
0.5%
0.1%










Lab City
Car
1984

0.0%
0.0%
26.4%
33.5%
28.9%
7.6%
2.5%
0.8%
0.2%
0.1%









Lab City
Car
1985

0.0%
0.1%
29.7%
25.1%
34.1%
8.3%
1.4%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%









Lab City
Car
1986

0.0%
0.2%
18.9%
38.2%
29.7%
9.2%
1.8%
1.3%
0.5%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%







Lab City
Car
1987

0.0%
0.1%
16.5%
35.4%
34.4%
11.2%
0.9%
0.9%
0.3%

0.2%








Lab City
Car
1988

0.0%
0.2%
15.7%
34.2%
35.1%
11.2%
1.4%
1.8%
0.2%

0.2%








Lab City
Car
1989

0.0%
0.2%
14.0%
42.8%
31.9%
8.4%
1.1%
1.1%
0.0%
0.3%
0.1%








Lab City
Car
1990

0.0%
0.2%
13.5%
49.5%
26.4%
8.8%
1.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.3%
0.1%








Lab City
Car
1991

0.0%
0.1%
16.5%
44.2%
27.1%
9.4%
1.8%
0.2%
0.6%
0.1%
0.0%








Lab City
Car
1992

0.0%
0.2%
19.1%
49.0%
21.0%
7.3%
2.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%








Lab City
Car
1993

0.0%
0.1%
13.1%
49.1%
27.3%
7.8%
1.8%
0.1%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%








Lab City
Car
1994


0.1%
15.6%
46.9%
27.8%
7.0%
1.6%
0.4%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%








Lab City
Car
1995

0.0%
0.1%
14.8%
47.4%
25.7%
10.0%
1.3%
0.5%
0.4%
0.0%









Lab City
Car
1996

0.0%
0.1%
12.8%
51.5%
23.5%
10.3%
1.3%
0.3%
0.3%










Lab City
Car
1997


0.1%
13.4%
48.8%
25.0%
11.1%
1.4%
0.1%
0.2%










Lab City
Car
1998


0.1%
9.9%
48.9%
28.8%
10.9%
1.2%
0.2%
0.2%










Lab City
Car
1999

0.0%
0.1%
10.6%
55.2%
24.0%
9.4%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab City
Car
2000

0.0%
0.1%
10.5%
55.2%
25.4%
8.1%
0.4%
0.0%
0.2%



0.1%






Lab City
Car
2001

0.0%
0.1%
11.1%
52.3%
25.7%
8.3%
2.0%
0.0%
0.2%

0.2%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
Car
2002


0.1%
9.5%
50.8%
29.2%
8.6%
1.3%
0.0%
0.2%

0.3%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
Car
2003

0.0%
0.1%
8.6%
48.4%
31.2%
9.7%
1.2%
0.0%
0.3%
0.4%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
Car
2004


0.1%
11.2%
47.2%
29.1%
10.3%
0.9%
0.2%
0.0%
0.3%

0.0%
0.6%






Lab City
Car
2005


0.2%
11.1%
41.3%
32.5%
12.1%
0.9%
0.1%
0.0%
0.3%

0.0%
1.5%






Lab City
Car
2006

0.0%
0.4%
10.3%
46.5%
27.4%
12.7%
1.2%
0.0%

0.4%

0.0%
1.1%






Lab City
Car
2007


0.3%
8.3%
37.9%
31.8%
15.8%
2.7%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%


2.0%






Lab City
Car
2008

0.0%
0.3%
7.2%
41.1%
28.1%
17.3%
2.4%
0.7%
0.1%
0.4%


2.3%






Lab City
Car
2009


0.2%
4.3%
27.6%
37.2%
23.2%
4.3%
1.1%
0.2%
0.3%


1.5%






Lab City
Car
2010

0.0%
0.2%
4.9%
26.6%
32.4%
25.1%
4.6%
1.3%
0.4%
1.2%
0.4%


2.8%





EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 20
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(i0 lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 III
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Lab City
Truck
1975

11.3%
66.2%
20.1%
2.5%















Lab City
Truck
1976

3.3%
72.2%
19.2%
5.3%















Lab City
Truck
1977

2.0%
63.4%
24.1%
9.2%
1.3%














Lab City
Truck
1978

1.3%
64.3%
24.3%
8.3%
1.8%














Lab City
Truck
1979

7.2%
60.2%
21.9%
8.6%
2.2%














Lab City
Truck
1980

0.1%
30.5%
43.7%
21.2%
3.9%

0.6%












Lab City
Truck
1981

0.0%
14.0%
56.9%
15.8%
9.1%
2.8%
1.3%












Lab City
Truck
1982


14.7%
49.6%
23.5%
8.4%
3.0%
0.5%
0.2%











Lab City
Truck
1983


13.7%
45.9%
27.6%
10.7%
1.7%
0.4%
0.0%











Lab City
Truck
1984

0.0%
16.6%
49.6%
24.3%
8.3%
0.8%
0.4%
0.0%











Lab City
Truck
1985


26.2%
37.8%
28.0%
7.6%
0.2%
0.2%












Lab City
Truck
1986


8.2%
52.2%
29.2%
9.3%
1.1%
0.1%












Lab City
Truck
1987


12.1%
47.4%
32.1%
6.8%
1.6%
0.1%












Lab City
Truck
1988


13.0%
58.1%
19.8%
7.2%
1.8%













Lab City
Truck
1989


14.4%
56.2%
22.0%
6.9%
0.4%













Lab City
Truck
1990


16.5%
58.1%
17.3%
8.0%
0.2%













Lab City
Truck
1991


10.5%
59.6%
21.3%
8.5%
0.1%













Lab City
Truck
1992


11.7%
63.3%
20.8%
4.0%
0.1%













Lab City
Truck
1993


10.6%
65.9%
18.0%
5.5%
0.0%













Lab City
Truck
1994


13.2%
59.5%
23.0%
4.2%
0.1%













Lab City
Truck
1995


14.8%
66.8%
14.3%
4.1%
0.0%













Lab City
Truck
1996


14.8%
65.3%
16.3%
3.6%














Lab City
Truck
1997


15.5%
65.8%
13.8%
4.9%














Lab City
Truck
1998


17.2%
62.2%
16.1%
4.5%














Lab City
Truck
1999


19.1%
63.3%
15.6%
2.0%














Lab City
Truck
2000


10.4%
68.7%
19.9%
1.0%














Lab City
Truck
2001


12.3%
68.2%
17.7%
1.7%














Lab City
Truck
2002


6.7%
72.1%
19.1%
2.1%



0.0%










Lab City
Truck
2003


9.4%
65.5%
22.6%
2.4%



0.0%










Lab City
Truck
2004


8.9%
67.0%
22.7%
1.4%














Lab City
Truck
2005

0.0%
4.9%
62.7%
30.8%
1.4%

0.1%












Lab City
Truck
2006

0.0%
3.3%
63.2%
29.3%
2.8%
0.8%
0.6%












Lab City
Truck
2007


3.0%
64.4%
26.3%
5.5%
0.4%
0.3%
0.1%











Lab City
Truck
2008


2.5%
58.1%
29.3%
8.7%
0.4%
0.6%

0.3%










Lab City
Truck
2009


1.2%
47.3%
34.5%
16.0%
0.1%
0.5%

0.3%










Lab City
Truck
2010


0.9%
50.0%
31.3%
16.4%
0.1%
0.9%
0.2%
0.2%










EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 21
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
III
Ml
Ml
III
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
35 to
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(iO lii
1.5
651(i
70
~0 In
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Lab City
.Vll
1975

7 9%
56.1%
25.3%
8.6 o
2.0%














Lab City
All
1976

1.4%
52.5%
32.2%
9.6%
3.9%
0.5%













Lab City
All
1977

0.7%
43.7%
38.1%
9.4%
6.2%
0.8%
1.1%












Lab City
All
1978

0.5%
34.7%
43.5%
12.5%
5.1%
2.7%
1.0%












Lab City
All
1979

1.6%
27.8%
46.6%
13.6%
8.6%
1.3%
0.2%
0.1%











Lab City
All
1980

0.0%
9.6%
42.0%
31.7%
11.3%
3.7%
0.7%
1.0%











Lab City
All
1981
0.0%
0.0%
4.5%
40.7%
27.0%
19.5%
5.3%
2.1%
0.8%











Lab City
All
1982

0.0%
4.0%
31.9%
31.1%
22.4%
8.0%
1.5%
0.7%
0.2%










Lab City
All
1983

0.0%
3.3%
37.4%
26.9%
19.8%
10.2%
1.9%
0.4%
0.1%










Lab City
All
1984

0.0%
4.0%
31.9%
31.3%
24.0%
6.0%
2.0%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%









Lab City
All
1985

0.0%
6.7%
31.8%
25.9%
27.4%
6.2%
1.1%
0.6%
0.0%
0.3%









Lab City
All
1986

0.0%
2.4%
28.3%
35.7%
23.9%
6.9%
1.3%
0.9%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%







Lab City
All
1987

0.0%
3.5%
25.1%
34.5%
26.7%
8.5%
0.7%
0.7%
0.2%

0.1%








Lab City
All
1988

0.0%
4.0%
28.4%
29.9%
26.7%
8.4%
1.0%
1.3%
0.2%

0.1%








Lab City
All
1989

0.0%
4.6%
27.0%
36.4%
24.2%
5.9%
0.8%
0.8%
0.0%
0.2%
0.1%








Lab City
All
1990

0.0%
5.1%
27.0%
39.8%
20.8%
6.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.0%
0.2%
0.0%








Lab City
All
1991

0.0%
3.5%
30.3%
36.8%
21.1%
6.4%
1.2%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%








Lab City
All
1992

0.0%
4.0%
33.9%
39.6%
15.4%
4.9%
1.5%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%








Lab City
All
1993

0.0%
3.9%
32.1%
37.9%
19.4%
5.0%
1.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%








Lab City
All
1994


5.4%
33.3%
37.2%
18.3%
4.2%
0.9%
0.2%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%








Lab City
All
1995

0.0%
5.7%
34.5%
34.8%
17.5%
6.2%
0.8%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%









Lab City
All
1996

0.0%
6.0%
33.8%
37.4%
15.5%
6.2%
0.8%
0.2%
0.2%










Lab City
All
1997


6.6%
35.6%
33.9%
16.5%
6.4%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab City
All
1998


7.7%
33.4%
34.2%
17.9%
6.0%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab City
All
1999

0.0%
8.6%
34.3%
37.4%
14.1%
5.2%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab City
All
2000

0.0%
4.7%
36.6%
39.3%
14.4%
4.5%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%



0.0%






Lab City
All
2001

0.0%
5.7%
37.5%
36.3%
14.6%
4.5%
1.1%
0.0%
0.1%

0.1%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
All
2002


3.3%
39.9%
35.5%
16.1%
4.4%
0.6%
0.0%
0.1%

0.1%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
All
2003

0.0%
4.7%
36.9%
35.5%
16.9%
4.9%
0.6%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
All
2004


4.7%
40.2%
34.5%
14.7%
5.0%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%
0.1%

0.0%
0.3%






Lab City
All
2005

0.0%
2.5%
36.6%
36.1%
17.1%
6.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.0%
0.2%

0.0%
0.8%






Lab City
All
2006

0.0%
1.7%
35.2%
38.4%
15.8%
7.1%
0.9%
0.0%

0.2%

0.0%
0.6%






Lab City
All
2007


1.6%
34.7%
32.4%
19.4%
8.5%
1.5%
0.5%
0.0%
0.2%


1.0%






Lab City
All
2008

0.0%
1.4%
31.3%
35.5%
18.9%
9.3%
1.6%
0.4%
0.2%
0.2%


1.2%






Lab City
All
2009


0.6%
21.4%
30.3%
28.8%
14.0%
2.8%
0.7%
0.3%
0.2%


0.9%






Lab City
All
2010

0.0%
0.5%
23.5%
28.5%
25.8%
14.8%
3.1%
0.8%
0.3%
0.7%
0.2%


1.7%





EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 22
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 lii
20
211 III
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
351o
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(i0 In
1.5
651(i
70
~0 In
"5
751(1
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
')0 III
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Lab Highway
Car
1975


9.1%
53.1%
15.2%
10.5%
7 S"
2.5%
2.0%











Lab Highway
Car
1976


0.7%
40.9%
34.9%
6.4%
10.7%
3.8%
2.5%











Lab Highway
Car
1977


0.1%
31.9%
41.9%
9.3%
5.9%
5.3%
3.6%
1.3%
0.6%









Lab Highway
Car
1978


0.2%
14.0%
45.1%
19.0%
10.2%
5.4%
4.1%
1.8%
0.3%









Lab Highway
Car
1979


0.0%
12.3%
46.0%
17.6%
12.3%
8.1%
2.9%
0.6%
0.1%









Lab Highway
Car
1980


0.0%
1.0%
17.9%
33.7%
27.2%
12.0%
6.3%
0.7%
1.0%
0.2%








Lab Highway
Car
1981

0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
11.0%
33.3%
25.6%
15.6%
9.9%
2.7%
0.5%
1.3%








Lab Highway
Car
1982


0.0%
0.0%
6.7%
25.6%
22.2%
28.8%
9.6%
4.7%
1.5%
0.9%








Lab Highway
Car
1983


0.0%
0.0%
5.2%
36.3%
18.7%
18.6%
13.1%
5.5%
2.0%
0.4%
0.1%







Lab Highway
Car
1984


0.0%
0.0%
2.4%
29.2%
25.5%
23.6%
12.8%
3.3%
2.0%
1.0%
0.2%
0.2%






Lab Highway
Car
1985


0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
20.8%
32.2%
22.6%
14.9%
5.7%
1.7%
0.8%
0.0%
0.4%






Lab Highway
Car
1986


0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
12.9%
28.4%
37.9%
13.1%
3.4%
2.8%
0.2%
0.3%

0.1%
0.2%




Lab Highway
Car
1987


0.0%
0.1%
0.7%
10.5%
31.8%
35.7%
14.1%
5.2%
1.1%
0.2%
0.3%

0.2%





Lab Highway
Car
1988


0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
7.8%
26.0%
42.2%
15.7%
4.7%
2.5%

0.2%
0.0%
0.2%





Lab Highway
Car
1989


0.0%
0.0%
0.6%
4.2%
30.6%
44.5%
13.1%
4.9%
1.7%
0.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%





Lab Highway
Car
1990


0.0%
0.0%
0.4%
7.3%
30.7%
45.6%
10.5%
4.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%





Lab Highway
Car
1991


0.0%
0.0%
0.3%
3.1%
35.0%
38.1%
16.1%
5.6%
0.9%
0.2%
0.6%
0.1%
0.0%





Lab Highway
Car
1992


0.0%
0.0%
0.3%
2.4%
36.6%
41.0%
10.8%
6.2%
1.6%
0.3%
0.5%
0.0%
0.2%





Lab Highway
Car
1993


0.0%
0.0%
0.2%
2.4%
29.1%
42.2%
17.1%
6.3%
1.7%
0.2%
0.5%
0.0%
0.1%





Lab Highway
Car
1994



0.0%
0.1%
1.6%
29.5%
43.4%
14.1%
8.9%
1.5%
0.2%
0.5%

0.1%





Lab Highway
Car
1995


0.0%
0.0%
0.1%
0.9%
21.6%
51.6%
15.1%
8.4%
1.6%
0.3%
0.3%

0.0%





Lab Highway
Car
1996



0.0%
0.1%
0.4%
29.8%
46.6%
12.6%
8.0%
2.1%
0.1%
0.3%







Lab Highway
Car
1997



0.0%
0.0%
0.6%
26.4%
45.0%
19.8%
6.6%
1.1%
0.2%
0.2%







Lab Highway
Car
1998



0.0%
0.0%
0.9%
16.4%
53.4%
18.3%
10.0%
0.7%
0.0%
0.3%







Lab Highway
Car
1999



0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
17.8%
59.3%
14.9%
6.3%
0.6%
0.0%
0.2%







Lab Highway
Car
2000



0.0%
0.1%
1.3%
18.3%
58.5%
16.7%
4.2%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%




0.1%


Lab Highway
Car
2001



0.0%
0.0%
1.8%
26.8%
43.3%
17.4%
7.1%
3.1%
0.3%
0.2%

0.0%


0.0%


Lab Highway
Car
2002



0.0%
0.1%
1.4%
21.7%
45.9%
20.8%
7.1%
2.2%
0.5%
0.2%

0.0%


0.0%


Lab Highway
Car
2003



0.0%
0.0%
1.6%
21.6%
39.5%
27.2%
8.4%
0.8%
0.3%
0.7%

0.0%


0.0%


Lab Highway
Car
2004



0.0%
0.1%
2.8%
20.5%
41.0%
25.3%
8.7%
0.4%
0.2%
1.0%

0.0%

0.0%



Lab Highway
Car
2005



0.0%
0.1%
2.1%
18.3%
34.8%
32.7%
9.4%
0.6%
0.2%
1.8%

0.0%

0.0%



Lab Highway
Car
2006



0.0%
0.3%
2.1%
20.3%
38.6%
26.7%
6.4%
4.0%
0.0%
1.5%

0.0%

0.0%



Lab Highway
Car
2007



0.0%
0.3%
1.7%
16.6%
33.8%
29.5%
12.1%
3.7%

2.4%







Lab Highway
Car
2008



0.0%
0.3%
2.0%
13.7%
33.3%
29.5%
13.9%
4.2%
0.3%
2.8%







Lab Highway
Car
2009



0.0%
0.1%
1.7%
8.4%
24.2%
35.6%
22.7%
4.6%
0.9%
1.8%







Lab Highway
Car
2010



0.0%
0.2%
0.9%
10.5%
20.1%
26.4%
30.9%
6.3%
0.3%
1.6%
2.8%






EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 23
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
.15
35 to
411
411 in
45
45l(i
5(1
5(1 in
55l(i
6(1
(id in
1.5
651(i
7(1
"II in
"5
75Ki
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
in in
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Lab Highway
Truck
1975

0.0%
38.6%
39.2%
12.0%
7 6%
2.5%













Lab Highway
Truck
1976


32.9%
42.6%
15.9%
3.9%
4.7%













Lab Highway
Truck
1977


18.5%
45.8%
21.9%
5.0%
7.6%
1.3%












Lab Highway
Truck
1978


31.4%
37.3%
18.9%
5.3%
6.2%
0.9%












Lab Highway
Truck
1979

0.6%
33.3%
37.0%
17.1%
7.7%
2.3%
1.9%












Lab Highway
Truck
1980


3.2%
31.8%
33.5%
14.4%
12.7%
3.8%

0.5%
0.1%









Lab Highway
Truck
1981


0.5%
14.5%
48.2%
16.2%
11.6%
5.8%
1.9%
0.7%
0.7%









Lab Highway
Truck
1982


2.2%
13.9%
38.2%
18.4%
18.4%
6.7%
1.5%
0.6%










Lab Highway
Truck
1983


0.8%
13.0%
34.0%
21.1%
21.1%
7.7%
1.5%
0.8%










Lab Highway
Truck
1984


0.9%
12.6%
33.1%
26.7%
16.0%
9.8%
0.6%
0.3%










Lab Highway
Truck
1985


0.3%
20.6%
20.5%
29.8%
23.7%
3.7%
1.3%
0.1%










Lab Highway
Truck
1986


0.2%
12.4%
23.5%
35.8%
21.1%
7.0%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab Highway
Truck
1987


0.1%
9.1%
20.9%
38.5%
24.5%
6.8%
0.0%
0.0%










Lab Highway
Truck
1988


0.1%
7.5%
30.7%
33.9%
19.5%
8.3%












Lab Highway
Truck
1989


0.4%
5.3%
32.8%
40.4%
17.0%
4.2%












Lab Highway
Truck
1990


0.5%
4.9%
35.7%
39.1%
15.3%
4.4%












Lab Highway
Truck
1991


0.1%
3.2%
27.9%
49.1%
17.1%
2.7%












Lab Highway
Truck
1992


0.1%
1.9%
36.9%
39.4%
17.6%
4.1%












Lab Highway
Truck
1993


0.1%
0.8%
30.3%
47.3%
18.4%
3.1%












Lab Highway
Truck
1994



2.7%
35.8%
43.2%
16.4%
1.9%












Lab Highway
Truck
1995



2.7%
42.3%
28.7%
21.1%
5.2%












Lab Highway
Truck
1996



2.2%
36.4%
33.0%
25.4%
3.0%












Lab Highway
Truck
1997



0.6%
38.7%
38.6%
17.1%
5.0%












Lab Highway
Truck
1998



0.0%
31.6%
38.8%
27.1%
2.6%
0.0%











Lab Highway
Truck
1999



0.2%
38.6%
38.8%
20.7%
1.7%












Lab Highway
Truck
2000



0.1%
35.9%
40.4%
22.7%
0.9%
0.0%











Lab Highway
Truck
2001



0.1%
42.2%
32.7%
23.5%
1.4%












Lab Highway
Truck
2002



0.8%
44.2%
33.7%
19.4%
1.9%












Lab Highway
Truck
2003



0.0%
35.6%
36.3%
25.8%
2.2%












Lab Highway
Truck
2004



0.1%
40.1%
35.0%
22.8%
2.0%












Lab Highway
Truck
2005


0.0%
0.1%
30.2%
35.8%
30.1%
3.8%












Lab Highway
Truck
2006



0.0%
26.8%
38.0%
28.3%
6.9%












Lab Highway
Truck
2007



0.1%
17.2%
44.2%
30.5%
7.9%
0.2%











Lab Highway
Truck
2008



0.1%
13.3%
40.3%
32.9%
13.1%
0.3%
0.0%










Lab Highway
Truck
2009



0.0%
7.5%
32.8%
37.8%
20.9%
0.8%
0.1%










Lab Highway
Truck
2010



0.0%
9.3%
35.2%
35.1%
17.4%
1.6%
1.4%










EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 24
November 2010

-------
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2010 Production by MPG Band
W
Slate*
Enwooment-Bl Protection
Agency
MI'C \ .in.ililc
(';ir in'
1 link
MiiiK'I
c.ir
0 to
in
Ml
Ml
In
15
15 In
20
211 in
25Ki
3(1
.<11 in
35
351o
40
40 in
45
45l(i
50
50 in
55l(i
60
(i0 In
1.5
651(i
70
~0 In
"5
751(1
HO
SO III
85
N51(i
yo
')0 III
)5
lJ5l(i
100
Lab Highway
-Vll
1975

0.0%
14.8%
50.4%
14.6%
10.0%
6.5%
2.0%
1.6%











Lab Highway
All
1976


7.5%
41.3%
30.9%
5.9%
9.5%
3.0%
2.0%











Lab Highway
All
1977


3.8%
34.7%
37.9%
8.4%
6.3%
4.5%
2.9%
1.0%
0.5%









Lab Highway
All
1978


7.2%
19.3%
39.1%
15.9%
9.3%
4.4%
3.2%
1.4%
0.3%









Lab Highway
All
1979

0.1%
7.5%
17.8%
39.6%
15.4%
10.1%
6.8%
2.3%
0.5%
0.1%









Lab Highway
All
1980


0.5%
6.1%
20.5%
30.5%
24.8%
10.6%
5.2%
0.6%
0.9%
0.2%








Lab Highway
All
1981

0.0%
0.1%
2.5%
17.4%
30.3%
23.2%
13.9%
8.5%
2.4%
0.5%
1.1%








Lab Highway
All
1982


0.5%
2.8%
12.9%
24.2%
21.4%
24.5%
8.0%
3.9%
1.2%
0.8%








Lab Highway
All
1983


0.2%
2.9%
11.6%
32.9%
19.2%
16.1%
10.5%
4.4%
1.6%
0.3%
0.1%







Lab Highway
All
1984


0.2%
3.0%
9.7%
28.6%
23.2%
20.3%
9.9%
2.6%
1.5%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab Highway
All
1985


0.1%
5.2%
5.8%
23.1%
30.0%
17.8%
11.5%
4.3%
1.3%
0.6%
0.0%
0.3%






Lab Highway
All
1986


0.1%
3.5%
7.1%
19.4%
26.3%
29.2%
9.4%
2.4%
2.0%
0.2%
0.2%

0.1%
0.2%




Lab Highway
All
1987


0.0%
2.6%
6.3%
18.3%
29.8%
27.7%
10.2%
3.8%
0.8%
0.1%
0.2%

0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1988


0.0%
2.2%
9.6%
15.6%
24.1%
32.1%
11.0%
3.3%
1.7%

0.1%
0.0%
0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1989


0.1%
1.6%
10.5%
15.3%
26.4%
32.1%
9.1%
3.4%
1.2%
0.0%
0.0%
0.2%
0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1990


0.2%
1.5%
11.1%
16.9%
26.1%
33.2%
7.3%
3.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%





Lab Highway
All
1991


0.0%
1.0%
9.2%
17.9%
29.2%
26.7%
10.9%
3.8%
0.6%
0.1%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%





Lab Highway
All
1992


0.0%
0.6%
12.5%
14.7%
30.3%
28.7%
7.2%
4.1%
1.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1993


0.0%
0.3%
11.0%
18.6%
25.3%
28.1%
11.0%
4.0%
1.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1994



1.1%
14.5%
18.4%
24.2%
26.6%
8.4%
5.3%
0.9%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1995


0.0%
1.0%
16.1%
11.4%
21.4%
34.0%
9.4%
5.2%
1.0%
0.2%
0.2%

0.0%





Lab Highway
All
1996



0.9%
14.6%
13.4%
28.0%
29.2%
7.6%
4.8%
1.3%
0.1%
0.2%







Lab Highway
All
1997



0.2%
16.4%
16.7%
22.4%
28.1%
11.4%
3.8%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%







Lab Highway
All
1998



0.0%
14.2%
17.9%
21.2%
30.6%
10.1%
5.5%
0.4%
0.0%
0.2%







Lab Highway
All
1999



0.1%
17.3%
17.9%
19.1%
33.4%
8.2%
3.5%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%







Lab Highway
All
2000



0.1%
16.2%
18.9%
20.3%
32.6%
9.2%
2.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%




0.0%


Lab Highway
All
2001



0.1%
19.5%
16.1%
25.3%
23.9%
9.4%
3.8%
1.7%
0.2%
0.1%

0.0%


0.0%


Lab Highway
All
2002



0.4%
21.4%
17.1%
20.6%
24.6%
10.7%
3.7%
1.1%
0.3%
0.1%

0.0%


0.0%


Lab Highway
All
2003



0.0%
17.8%
18.8%
23.7%
21.0%
13.6%
4.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.3%

0.0%


0.0%


Lab Highway
All
2004



0.0%
20.9%
19.6%
21.7%
20.7%
12.2%
4.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.5%

0.0%

0.0%



Lab Highway
All
2005


0.0%
0.1%
15.0%
18.8%
24.1%
19.5%
16.5%
4.7%
0.3%
0.1%
0.9%

0.0%

0.0%



Lab Highway
All
2006



0.0%
12.8%
19.0%
24.1%
23.7%
14.1%
3.4%
2.1%
0.0%
0.8%

0.0%

0.0%



Lab Highway
All
2007



0.0%
8.2%
21.7%
23.1%
21.6%
15.7%
6.4%
1.9%

1.3%







Lab Highway
All
2008



0.0%
6.4%
20.1%
22.8%
23.8%
15.7%
7.4%
2.2%
0.2%
1.5%







Lab Highway
All
2009



0.0%
3.1%
14.1%
20.1%
22.9%
21.7%
13.7%
2.7%
0.6%
1.1%







Lab Highway
All
2010



0.0%
3.9%
15.0%
20.6%
19.0%
16.2%
18.8%
3.7%
0.2%
1.0%
1.7%






EPA-420-R-10-023
C-3 p. 25
November 2010

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Appendix D
Fuel Economy Data Stratified
by Vehicle Type
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

-------
oEPA
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type






11 11. F.CONOMN



I.NCIM.




TOV
CI -IT
CI -I I -
Yiliiik-
Ciir or

PROD

LAI)
A 1)1
A 1)1
A 1)1
WCIII
VOL


0-60
TOP
IIP/
IIP/
mih;
-mih;
TOVMPC
' > lK"
Truck
\ I.AK
(000)
1 RAC
55/45
cm
ll\\\
COMP
1.15
CI -IT
CM)
IIP
II Ml.
SPI I I)
(II)
\\ 1
(L;il> 55/45)
(L;il> 55/45)
(l.iil) 55/45)
Cm-
Car
1975
7274
0.711
15.8
12.3
15.1
13.4
4071

293
137
14.1
112
0 SQ6
n
32.4


Car
Car
1976
8685
0.704
17.5
13.7
16.6
14.9
4044

288
134
14.4
111
0.500
0.0326
35.4


Car
Car
1977
10027
0.710
18.4
14.4
17.4
15.6
3936
106.9
281
134
13.9
112
0.516
0.0337
36.4
2031
3894
Car
Car
1978
10018
0.693
20.0
15.6
19.2
17.0
3572
106.0
252
124
13.6
111
0.537
0.0344
35.9
2193
3816
Car
Car
1979
9727
0.701
20.3
16.0
19.3
17.3
3468
105.9
239
120
13.7
111
0.546
0.0341
35.4
2210
3770
Car
Car
1980
8774
0.776
23.5
18.3
22.6
20.0
3092
102.4
188
101
14.2
107
0.584
0.0324
36.5
2462
3756
Car
Car
1981
7935
0.752
25.1
19.5
24.2
21.4
3079
104.5
184
99
14.3
106
0.589
0.0321
38.9
2689
4081
Car
Car
1982
7007
0.720
26.1
20.1
25.6
22.3
3039
103.4
175
99
14.3
107
0.610
0.0322
40.1
2779
4161
Car
Car
1983
7066
0.686
25.7
19.8
25.4
22.0
3121
106.7
185
105
13.9
108
0.613
0.0334
40.5
2835
4331
Car
Car
1984
9672
0.690
26.3
20.2
26.0
22.4
3091
105.1
180
106
13.7
109
0.636
0.0341
41.0
2843
4309
Car
Car
1985
9807
0.678
26.9
20.6
26.7
23.0
3091
106.0
179
112
13.2
111
0.670
0.0358
41.9
2928
4448
Car
Car
1986
10136
0.660
28.0
21.3
27.7
23.8
3026
105.0
168
111
13.1
111
0.702
0.0363
42.6
3006
4479
Car
Car
1987
9923
0.668
28.2
21.3
27.8
23.9
3013
104.4
162
113
13.0
112
0.732
0.0367
42.7
3001
4460
Car
Car
1988
10122
0.662
28.6
21.5
28.3
24.2
3035
105.4
160
116
12.7
113
0.759
0.0376
43.7
3083
4615
Car
Car
1989
9558
0.661
28.2
20.9
27.9
23.8
3088
106.4
162
121
12.4
115
0.784
0.0388
43.7
3052
4659
Car
Car
1990
8434
0.669
27.8
20.5
27.5
23.4
3167
105.8
163
129
12.1
117
0.830
0.0402
44.2
2987
4687
Car
Car
1991
8158
0.649
28.0
20.5
27.6
23.4
3147
105.6
163
133
11.8
118
0.852
0.0415
44.2
3007
4680
Car
Car
1992
7800
0.641
27.6
20.0
27.5
23.1
3234
107.3
170
141
11.5
121
0.868
0.0429
44.8
3011
4819
Car
Car
1993
7971
0.603
28.1
20.2
27.8
23.4
3210
107.1
167
140
11.5
120
0.868
0.0429
45.3
3059
4859
Car
Car
1994
8055
0.570
28.0
20.0
27.7
23.2
3251
107.2
168
143
11.4
121
0.885
0.0434
45.7
3049
4900
Car
Car
1995
9011
0.595
28.3
19.9
28.1
23.4
3266
107.8
168
154
10.8
125
0.948
0.0463
46.3
3098
4998
Car
Car
1996
7622
0.580
28.3
19.8
28.0
23.3
3276
108.2
166
154
10.8
125
0.958
0.0465
46.5
3106
5036
Car
Car
1997
8037
0.556
28.4
19.8
28.0
23.4
3274
108.0
164
157
10.7
126
0.975
0.0471
46.6
3104
5039
Car
Car
1998
7722
0.534
28.5
19.7
28.0
23.4
3304
108.0
164
159
10.6
127
0.991
0.0476
47.3
3122
5115
Car
Car
1999
8120
0.534
28.2
19.4
27.5
23.0
3361
108.4
166
164
10.5
128
1.007
0.0482
47.5
3088
5157
Car
Car
2000
8826
0.532
28.2
19.3
27.3
22.9
3366
108.9
166
168
10.3
129
1.030
0.0493
47.6
3103
5188
Car
Car
2001
7961
0.510
28.5
19.4
27.5
23.1
3366
108.3
165
169
10.3
130
1.039
0.0495
48.3
3142
5240
Car
Car
2002
7860
0.488
28.8
19.5
27.4
23.2
3379
109.1
166
173
10.1
131
1.063
0.0507
48.9
3190
5342
Car
Car
2003
7413
0.470
29.0
19.5
27.6
23.3
3416
108.8
167
178
10.0
132
1.081
0.0514
49.9
3212
5438
Car
Car
2004
6982
0.444
29.0
19.3
27.6
23.2
3444
108.8
170
182
9.8
133
1.095
0.0522
50.4
3227
5496
Car
Car
2005
7305
0.460
29.7
19.7
27.9
23.6
3444
109.6
167
181
9.8
133
1.104
0.0519
51.8
3353
5703
Car
Car
2006
7179
0.475
29.3
19.4
27.7
23.4
3526
109.5
174
195
9.5
137
1.137
0.0543
52.5
3311
5770
Car
Car
2007
7473
0.489
30.5
20.2
28.5
24.2
3503
109.1
167
190
9.6
135
1.152
0.0533
54.4
3454
5960
Car
Car
2008
6750
0.486
30.6
20.2
28.6
24.3
3529
109.0
167
195
9.5
136
1.175
0.0540
55.1
3471
6025
Car
Car
2009
5016
0.547
32.0
21.2
29.7
25.3
3481
109.2
158
187
9.7
134
1.189
0.0526
56.7
3618
6208
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-l
November 2010

-------
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Yiliiik-
T\ |K'
("sir or
Truck
^ i :.\k
nm\ i:i uain
IKA\s\||\SI<>\
i i i:i mi:ii:m\<;
M Mlil'.R <>l \ VI \ i:s
\ \ 1

\ I NK 1 1. M/.l.
1 KOM
4\\ 1)
VI\M VI
1 ()( k
( \ 1
(.Di
I'OKI
1 lil
l)S|
1 WO
i iiui.i:
IOI U
mm:
in Kui i >
s\l VI 1
Mil)
i \i;i:
Car
Car
1975
6

18.9%
0.3" o


* *0

0.3" o






^6 2" o
224" o
214"o



Car
Car
1976
6.0%

17.0%



3.3%

0.3%






58.0%
22.6%
19.3%
Car
Car
1977
6.8%

16.6%



4.3%

0.5%






54.7%
22.2%
23.1%
Car
Car
1978
9.9%

19.8%
7.0%


5.3%

1.0%






46.2%
33.3%
20.4%
Car
Car
1979
12.8%

21.3%
9.2%


5.1%

2.2%






45.3%
33.0%
21.7%
Car
Car
1980
31.1%
0.6%
30.7%
15.7%


6.5%
0.7%
4.1%






55.0%
34.0%
11.0%
Car
Car
1981
36.5%
0.4%
29.2%
33.9%


6.3%
2.9%
5.9%






51.4%
36.6%
12.1%
Car
Car
1982
46.1%
0.4%
29.4%
51.6%


7.5%
10.9%
4.7%






57.6%
30.5%
11.9%
Car
Car
1983
48.1%
0.5%
25.4%
58.7%


10.1%
19.7%
2.1%






52.6%
32.1%
15.3%
Car
Car
1984
52.8%
0.4%
24.4%
58.3%


15.9%
24.1%
1.6%






58.6%
28.6%
12.8%
Car
Car
1985
62.3%
0.1%
22.7%
58.7%


22.4%
33.0%
0.9%






56.3%
28.3%
15.4%
Car
Car
1986
71.2%
0.3%
25.1%
58.0%


37.3%
28.9%
0.3%
94.8%
3.4%
1.7%



61.2%
26.3%
12.5%
Car
Car
1987
77.5%
0.3%
25.5%
58.9%


42.0%
30.6%
0.2%
84.9%
9.6%
5.5%



65.0%
22.7%
12.3%
Car
Car
1988
82.2%
0.4%
24.7%
66.0%


54.0%
29.4%
0.0%
79.4%
10.0%
10.6%



66.3%
20.9%
12.9%
Car
Car
1989
83.1%
0.6%
21.4%
69.1%
0.1%

62.3%
28.1%
0.0%
75.1%
12.1%
12.8%



59.4%
27.1%
13.5%
Car
Car
1990
85.3%
0.4%
19.9%
72.7%
0.0%

77.5%
21.2%
0.0%
66.8%
5.6%
27.6%

0.6%

59.3%
27.8%
13.0%
Car
Car
1991
83.8%
0.9%
20.8%
73.3%
0.0%

77.9%
22.0%
0.1%
65.7%
6.4%
27.9%

2.5%

61.7%
25.9%
12.4%
Car
Car
1992
81.2%
0.7%
17.5%
76.3%
0.0%

89.6%
10.4%
0.1%
64.7%
4.6%
30.7%

4.7%

56.9%
27.2%
15.9%
Car
Car
1993
85.3%
0.6%
17.8%
76.8%
0.0%

91.4%
8.6%

62.3%
3.2%
34.5%

5.0%

56.9%
29.2%
13.8%
Car
Car
1994
84.4%
0.2%
16.8%
79.1%


94.7%
5.3%
0.0%
58.0%
1.9%
40.0%

8.2%

58.6%
25.5%
15.9%
Car
Car
1995
82.2%
0.6%
16.3%
81.9%


98.7%
1.2%
0.1%
47.2%
1.1%
51.7%
0.0%
10.0%

57.6%
27.9%
14.5%
Car
Car
1996
87.2%
0.6%
14.9%
83.5%
0.0%

98.8%
1.1%
0.1%
42.7%
1.0%
56.3%
0.0%
11.9%

55.1%
31.0%
14.0%
Car
Car
1997
87.3%
0.6%
13.4%
85.9%
0.1%

99.1%
0.8%
0.1%
41.2%
1.0%
57.6%
0.1%
11.6%

55.3%
29.8%
14.9%
Car
Car
1998
88.2%
0.8%
12.2%
87.4%
0.1%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
39.0%
1.5%
58.7%
0.8%
18.8%

49.8%
38.4%
11.8%
Car
Car
1999
88.3%
0.9%
10.8%
88.6%
0.0%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
35.8%
2.1%
60.7%
1.5%
17.2%

48.3%
38.7%
13.0%
Car
Car
2000
85.8%
0.9%
11.2%
87.7%
0.0%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
35.4%
1.8%
61.3%
1.6%
23.3%
0.1%
48.3%
32.8%
18.9%
Car
Car
2001
85.1%
1.6%
11.4%
87.5%
0.2%

99.7%

0.3%
34.2%
2.1%
60.9%
2.8%
28.7%
0.0%
51.1%
31.2%
17.8%
Car
Car
2002
86.0%
2.3%
11.0%
88.3%
0.5%

99.6%

0.4%
31.5%
2.0%
63.8%
2.7%
34.7%
0.3%
48.4%
35.7%
15.9%
Car
Car
2003
82.6%
2.0%
11.0%
88.0%
1.0%

99.7%

0.3%
27.7%
2.4%
67.0%
2.9%
41.2%
0.6%
49.5%
33.5%
17.0%
Car
Car
2004
82.0%
3.2%
10.1%
88.1%
1.5%

99.7%

0.3%
24.3%
1.9%
71.3%
2.4%
44.4%
1.0%
46.9%
36.1%
17.0%
Car
Car
2005
81.6%
3.5%
9.2%
87.8%
2.9%

99.6%

0.4%
22.2%
2.5%
74.2%
1.1%
52.7%
2.3%
43.6%
39.5%
16.9%
Car
Car
2006
76.7%
3.9%
9.5%
87.7%
2.7%

99.3%

0.7%
20.4%
1.8%
77.4%
0.3%
62.4%
1.7%
44.5%
33.6%
21.9%
Car
Car
2007
80.9%
4.5%
8.5%
80.3%
11.2%
0.3%
99.6%

0.0%
15.8%
1.1%
83.1%
0.0%
67.3%
3.7%
43.0%
41.3%
15.7%
Car
Car
2008
78.3%
5.7%
7.6%
79.6%
12.5%
3.2%
96.7%

0.1%
13.2%
0.7%
86.2%
0.0%
65.2%
3.7%
42.3%
36.8%
20.8%
Car
Car
2009
82.7%
5.5%
6.2%
82.4%
10.9%
4.8%
94.6%

0.6%
9.0%
0.2%
90.8%
0.0%
81.0%
3.3%
44.8%
36.2%
19.0%
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-2
November 2010

-------
oEPA
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type






11 11. F.CONOMN



I.NCIM.




TOV
CI -IT
CI -I I -
Yiliiik-
Ciimr

PROD

LAI)
A 1)1
A 1)1
A 1)1
wciii
VOL


0-60
TOP
IIP/
IIP/
mih;
-MP(;
TOVMPC
' > lK"
Truck
\ I.AK
(OOO)
1 RAC
55/45
cm
ll\\\
COMP
1.15
CI -IT
CM)
IIP
II Ml.
SPI I I)
(II)
\\ 1
(L;il> 55/45)
(l.;il) 55/45)
(l.iil) 55/45)
Cm-
Car
2Q10
72 9 s
0
32.6
21.6
30.2
25.8
3512
109 2
162
196
9.4
137
1.207
0 0^4^
sy "i
17-s i
A-SQ-S
Car
Wagon
1975
963
0.094
16.1
12.5
15.6
13.8
3957

256
129
14.3
110
0.585
0.0322
32.2


Car
Wagon
1976
1037
0.084
17.3
13.6
16.4
14.7
4182

276
132
14.7
109
0.526
0.0312
36.2


Car
Wagon
1977
1273
0.090
18.0
14.3
16.9
15.3
4005
138.1
266
127
14.6
109
0.523
0.0315
36.3
2559
5018
Car
Wagon
1978
1157
0.080
19.2
15.1
18.3
16.4
3723
135.7
243
123
14.1
110
0.548
0.0327
35.8
2642
4875
Car
Wagon
1979
1067
0.077
19.7
15.6
18.4
16.7
3637
135.6
234
117
14.5
108
0.535
0.0317
35.8
2694
4864
Car
Wagon
1980
669
0.059
23.6
18.5
22.5
20.1
3231
128.4
189
96
15.2
104
0.567
0.0297
38.4
3098
4956
Car
Wagon
1981
798
0.076
25.6
20.0
24.6
21.8
3040
126.2
165
94
14.6
105
0.644
0.0312
39.1
3287
4956
Car
Wagon
1982
812
0.083
25.3
19.6
24.6
21.6
3188
129.4
178
98
14.8
105
0.603
0.0305
40.4
3334
5245
Car
Wagon
1983
936
0.091
27.2
21.1
26.3
23.2
3047
123.9
161
94
14.8
104
0.636
0.0305
41.6
3420
5149
Car
Wagon
1984
1003
0.072
26.4
20.4
25.9
22.6
3175
131.5
166
100
14.6
106
0.645
0.0311
42.1
3546
5543
Car
Wagon
1985
983
0.068
27.5
21.2
26.9
23.4
3112
130.2
158
101
14.3
107
0.677
0.0320
42.7
3638
5580
Car
Wagon
1986
878
0.057
27.1
20.7
26.6
23.0
3215
133.3
162
106
14.1
108
0.690
0.0327
43.4
3642
5813
Car
Wagon
1987
808
0.054
27.2
20.6
26.7
23.0
3248
133.5
162
112
13.6
110
0.730
0.0342
44.1
3660
5911
Car
Wagon
1988
613
0.040
27.6
20.7
27.0
23.3
3242
133.6
163
114
13.3
111
0.745
0.0352
44.6
3708
5987
Car
Wagon
1989
461
0.032
26.9
20.0
26.5
22.6
3327
135.5
171
121
13.0
113
0.758
0.0363
44.6
3663
6068
Car
Wagon
1990
376
0.030
26.7
19.7
26.4
22.4
3367
135.0
165
127
12.6
115
0.815
0.0376
45.0
3624
6080
Car
Wagon
1991
366
0.029
28.0
20.5
27.6
23.4
3305
134.0
158
124
12.7
114
0.823
0.0372
46.3
3783
6218
Car
Wagon
1992
307
0.025
27.5
19.9
27.4
23.0
3391
136.2
171
137
12.1
118
0.867
0.0403
46.7
3772
6371
Car
Wagon
1993
486
0.037
29.6
21.3
29.1
24.6
3154
129.8
150
117
12.8
113
0.811
0.0368
46.8
3894
6087
Car
Wagon
1994
360
0.026
29.4
20.9
29.1
24.4
3217
130.5
154
128
12.4
116
0.848
0.0390
47.5
3896
6196
Car
Wagon
1995
385
0.025
29.6
21.0
29.0
24.4
3189
129.7
147
126
12.4
116
0.873
0.0390
47.3
3885
6132
Car
Wagon
1996
268
0.020
27.7
19.6
27.0
22.8
3453
131.8
155
144
11.8
120
0.945
0.0414
47.9
3677
6323
Car
Wagon
1997
298
0.021
28.9
20.4
27.9
23.7
3283
128.0
142
138
11.6
119
0.972
0.0419
47.5
3741
6086
Car
Wagon
1998
250
0.017
28.3
19.8
27.0
23.1
3359
128.1
143
149
11.1
123
1.043
0.0442
47.4
3650
6084
Car
Wagon
1999
259
0.017
27.7
19.2
26.6
22.6
3460
130.8
148
156
10.9
124
1.062
0.0449
47.9
3650
6280
Car
Wagon
2000
302
0.018
27.7
19.2
26.2
22.4
3468
130.8
147
158
10.9
125
1.076
0.0454
48.0
3649
6291
Car
Wagon
2001
447
0.029
26.9
18.7
25.1
21.7
3631
127.0
150
162
11.0
125
1.084
0.0446
49.0
3448
6233
Car
Wagon
2002
444
0.028
26.7
18.4
24.9
21.5
3610
125.4
149
163
10.9
125
1.109
0.0452
48.4
3378
6090
Car
Wagon
2003
509
0.032
29.1
20.0
26.5
23.2
3425
121.3
135
155
10.9
124
1.160
0.0453
50.4
3595
6117
Car
Wagon
2004
556
0.035
27.8
19.0
25.4
22.1
3683
130.9
151
187
10.1
132
1.248
0.0504
51.4
3687
6732
Car
Wagon
2005
722
0.045
28.0
19.0
25.5
22.2
3652
129.7
158
189
9.9
133
1.220
0.0511
51.4
3705
6678
Car
Wagon
2006
815
0.054
28.4
19.2
25.8
22.5
3603
128.8
154
188
10.0
133
1.228
0.0514
51.3
3701
6605
Car
Wagon
2007
612
0.040
29.0
19.5
26.5
23.0
3559
123.3
148
179
10.2
131
1.217
0.0497
51.9
3642
6410
Car
Wagon
2008
579
0.042
30.3
20.4
27.4
23.9
3495
121.4
142
172
10.3
129
1.215
0.0486
53.2
3739
6470
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-3
November 2010

-------
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Yiliiik-
T\ |K'
('sir in-
Truck
\ I.AK
nm\ i:i uain
IKA\s\||\SI<>\
i i i:i mi:ii.m\<;
M Mlil'.R <>l \ VI \ i:s
\ \ 1

\ I NK 1 1. M/.l.
1 KOM
-IN 1)
VI\M VI
1 ()( k
( \ 1
(.Di
I'OKI
1 lil
l)S|
1 WO
i iim.i.
IOI U
mm:
in Kui i >
s\l VI 1
Mil)
i \i;i:
Car
Car
2()l()
79 6" ii
5.4"..
9.1%
76 7" ii
13.9"o
7.1%
92.5" o

0.4" o
7.2" u
0.8" o
92.0" o

91.9%
6 7" n
44.2%
40.8"o
15.0%
Car
Wagon
1975
6.6%

25.3%



2.7%

0.1%






49.5%
30.0%
20.4%
Car
Wagon
1976
4.1%

17.5%



2.6%

0.1%






33.3%
46.7%
20.0%
Car
Wagon
1977
7.0%

18.0%



3.4%

0.3%






30.2%
43.0%
26.8%
Car
Wagon
1978
7.2%

19.5%
7.8%


3.4%

0.5%






31.2%
43.5%
25.3%
Car
Wagon
1979
3.8%
3.5%
19.0%
4.8%


1.4%

1.1%






29.0%
45.2%
25.8%
Car
Wagon
1980
11.3%
4.6%
33.8%
31.5%


2.2%

9.3%






46.4%
38.4%
15.2%
Car
Wagon
1981
42.4%
4.2%
36.8%
27.5%


4.4%
0.0%
6.5%






52.4%
34.1%
13.5%
Car
Wagon
1982
42.0%
4.2%
28.0%
49.0%


4.3%
0.3%
4.7%






47.0%
35.0%
18.0%
Car
Wagon
1983
41.1%
22.3%
30.7%
42.1%


4.4%
13.0%
1.5%






56.7%
29.5%
13.9%
Car
Wagon
1984
62.9%
7.2%
22.1%
58.4%


6.1%
26.7%
2.0%






46.0%
36.4%
17.6%
Car
Wagon
1985
54.4%
21.5%
23.6%
58.6%


12.1%
22.7%
1.0%






50.5%
34.7%
14.8%
Car
Wagon
1986
69.4%
9.2%
21.4%
58.3%


29.8%
22.7%
0.4%
100.0%





39.7%
46.6%
13.7%
Car
Wagon
1987
71.5%
10.5%
17.3%
66.4%


48.2%
29.2%
0.3%
90.5%
2.2%
7.3%



44.7%
44.4%
10.9%
Car
Wagon
1988
73.8%
8.5%
17.4%
67.1%


48.9%
39.8%

91.9%
0.3%
7.8%



41.3%
46.4%
12.3%
Car
Wagon
1989
71.2%
7.7%
12.9%
73.3%


64.1%
23.2%

85.6%
1.1%
13.3%



34.5%
51.9%
13.6%
Car
Wagon
1990
68.9%
13.7%
13.9%
76.5%


76.4%
18.0%

70.8%

29.2%



42.6%
49.1%
8.3%
Car
Wagon
1991
71.8%
12.4%
14.7%
80.4%


80.8%
19.2%

71.1%

28.9%



57.1%
33.5%
9.4%
Car
Wagon
1992
70.2%
12.2%
15.2%
80.2%


89.0%
11.0%

74.3%

25.7%

0.7%

46.6%
44.7%
8.7%
Car
Wagon
1993
81.3%
10.3%
18.6%
78.7%


93.5%
6.5%

79.6%

20.4%

0.3%

62.1%
34.1%
3.8%
Car
Wagon
1994
84.9%
6.2%
16.4%
81.7%


98.7%
1.3%

80.4%

19.6%

4.4%

57.3%
38.4%
4.4%
Car
Wagon
1995
77.5%
15.1%
16.9%
81.7%


100.0%


63.5%

36.5%

5.1%

51.5%
45.8%
2.7%
Car
Wagon
1996
66.7%
28.3%
15.1%
84.9%


99.5%

0.5%
42.9%

57.1%

5.8%

33.5%
63.0%
3.5%
Car
Wagon
1997
65.7%
32.9%
16.5%
83.5%


100.0%

0.0%
45.9%

54.1%

3.9%

50.0%
50.0%

Car
Wagon
1998
50.7%
46.3%
15.7%
84.3%


100.0%


27.7%
1.9%
68.1%
2.3%
6.8%

39.0%
61.0%

Car
Wagon
1999
52.9%
43.3%
14.5%
84.8%


100.0%


22.9%
2.3%
66.5%
8.4%
12.3%

30.0%
70.0%

Car
Wagon
2000
58.2%
37.6%
11.1%
87.4%


100.0%


20.1%
1.8%
69.1%
9.0%
25.0%

22.4%
77.6%

Car
Wagon
2001
66.2%
32.2%
11.6%
88.1%


100.0%


7.3%
1.3%
84.0%
7.5%
22.5%

47.3%
52.7%

Car
Wagon
2002
66.5%
31.5%
14.6%
85.1%


99.5%

0.5%
5.9%
1.8%
86.1%
6.3%
18.4%

53.2%
46.8%

Car
Wagon
2003
73.0%
25.5%
14.1%
85.9%


98.7%

1.3%
4.9%
0.9%
86.8%
7.4%
42.5%

66.4%
33.6%

Car
Wagon
2004
65.8%
33.3%
10.5%
89.5%


99.2%

0.8%
2.8%
1.5%
90.6%
5.1%
41.6%

54.0%
28.4%
17.7%
Car
Wagon
2005
61.4%
28.2%
10.1%
89.9%


99.0%

1.0%
17.8%
0.6%
79.8%
1.8%
40.9%

50.6%
33.0%
16.4%
Car
Wagon
2006
67.5%
22.5%
8.5%
91.5%


100.0%


7.9%
2.6%
89.5%
0.0%
44.6%

60.5%
27.0%
12.5%
Car
Wagon
2007
75.6%
21.1%
8.4%
91.6%


99.8%

0.2%
7.4%
0.2%
92.4%
0.0%
39.9%

63.6%
24.5%
11.9%
Car
Wagon
2008
71.2%
25.7%
12.6%
87.4%

2.7%
97.1%

0.2%
0.7%

99.3%
0.0%
43.2%

72.6%
23.4%
3.9%
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-4
November 2010

-------
oEPA
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type






11 11. F.CONOMN



I.NCIM.




TOV
CI -IT
CI -I I -
Yiliiik-
Ciimr

PROD

LAI)
A 1)1
A 1)1
A 1)1
wciii
VOL


0-60
TOP
IIP/
IIP/
mih;
-MP(;
TOVMPC
' > lK"
Truck
\ I.AK
(000)
1 RAC
55/45
cm
ll\\\
COMP
1.15
CI -IT
CM)
IIP
II Ml.
SPI I I)
(II)
\\ 1
(L;il> 55/45)
(l.;il) 55/45)
(l.iil) 55/45)
Cm-
Wagon
2009
501
0 0^
** 0 7

28.9
2S s
3326
117.5
129
156
10.6
125
1.208
0 046^
54.7
3886
6417
Car
Wagon
2010
725
0.053
33.2
22.5
29.2
25.9
3373
119.9
130
154
10.8
124
1.186
0.0454
56.1
4030
6735
Car
All
1975
8237
0.806
15.8
12.3
15.2
13.5
4058

288
136
14.2
111
0.515
0.0331
32.3


Car
All
1976
9722
0.788
17.5
13.7
16.6
14.9
4059

287
134
14.4
110
0.502
0.0324
35.5


Car
All
1977
11300
0.800
18.3
14.4
17.4
15.6
3944
110.4
279
133
14.0
111
0.516
0.0335
36.4
2091
4021
Car
All
1978
11175
0.773
19.9
15.5
19.1
16.9
3588
109.0
251
124
13.7
111
0.538
0.0342
35.9
2240
3926
Car
All
1979
10794
0.778
20.3
15.9
19.2
17.2
3485
108.9
238
119
13.8
110
0.545
0.0338
35.4
2258
3878
Car
All
1980
9443
0.835
23.5
18.3
22.6
20.0
3101
104.2
188
100
14.3
107
0.583
0.0322
36.6
2507
3841
Car
All
1981
8733
0.827
25.1
19.6
24.2
21.4
3076
106.5
182
99
14.4
106
0.594
0.0320
38.9
2744
4161
Car
All
1982
7819
0.803
26.0
20.1
25.5
22.2
3054
106.1
175
99
14.4
106
0.609
0.0320
40.1
2836
4273
Car
All
1983
8002
0.777
25.9
19.9
25.5
22.1
3112
108.7
182
104
14.0
108
0.615
0.0330
40.7
2904
4426
Car
All
1984
10675
0.761
26.3
20.2
26.0
22.4
3099
107.5
179
106
13.8
109
0.637
0.0339
41.1
2910
4425
Car
All
1985
10791
0.746
27.0
20.7
26.8
23.0
3093
108.2
177
111
13.3
111
0.671
0.0355
42.0
2992
4551
Car
All
1986
11015
0.717
27.9
21.2
27.6
23.7
3041
107.3
167
111
13.2
111
0.701
0.0360
42.6
3057
4585
Car
All
1987
10731
0.722
28.1
21.2
27.7
23.8
3031
106.6
162
112
13.0
112
0.732
0.0365
42.8
3051
4569
Car
All
1988
10736
0.702
28.6
21.4
28.2
24.1
3047
107.0
160
116
12.8
113
0.759
0.0375
43.7
3119
4693
Car
All
1989
10018
0.693
28.1
20.9
27.9
23.7
3099
107.7
163
121
12.5
115
0.783
0.0387
43.8
3080
4723
Car
All
1990
8810
0.698
27.8
20.5
27.5
23.3
3176
107.1
163
129
12.1
117
0.829
0.0401
44.2
3014
4746
Car
All
1991
8524
0.678
28.0
20.5
27.6
23.4
3154
106.8
163
132
11.8
118
0.851
0.0413
44.3
3040
4746
Car
All
1992
8108
0.666
27.6
20.0
27.5
23.1
3240
108.4
170
141
11.5
120
0.868
0.0428
44.9
3040
4877
Car
All
1993
8456
0.640
28.2
20.3
27.9
23.5
3207
108.4
166
138
11.6
120
0.865
0.0425
45.4
3107
4929
Car
All
1994
8415
0.596
28.0
20.0
27.7
23.3
3250
108.2
168
143
11.4
121
0.884
0.0432
45.7
3086
4955
Car
All
1995
9396
0.620
28.3
20.0
28.1
23.4
3263
108.7
167
152
10.9
125
0.945
0.0460
46.4
3130
5045
Car
All
1996
7890
0.600
28.3
19.8
28.0
23.3
3282
109.0
165
154
10.8
125
0.958
0.0464
46.5
3125
5080
Car
All
1997
8335
0.576
28.4
19.8
28.0
23.4
3274
108.7
164
156
10.7
126
0.974
0.0469
46.7
3127
5076
Car
All
1998
7972
0.551
28.5
19.7
28.0
23.4
3306
108.6
164
159
10.6
127
0.993
0.0475
47.3
3138
5145
Car
All
1999
8379
0.551
28.2
19.4
27.5
23.0
3365
109.1
166
164
10.5
128
1.009
0.0481
47.5
3106
5191
Car
All
2000
9128
0.551
28.2
19.3
27.3
22.9
3369
109.6
165
168
10.4
129
1.032
0.0492
47.6
3121
5224
Car
All
2001
8408
0.539
28.4
19.4
27.3
23.0
3380
109.3
165
168
10.3
129
1.042
0.0492
48.4
3158
5292
Car
All
2002
8304
0.515
28.6
19.4
27.2
23.1
3391
110.0
166
173
10.2
131
1.066
0.0504
48.9
3200
5382
Car
All
2003
7922
0.502
29.0
19.5
27.5
23.3
3417
109.6
165
176
10.0
132
1.086
0.0510
49.9
3237
5481
Car
All
2004
7538
0.480
28.9
19.3
27.4
23.1
3462
110.4
168
182
9.8
133
1.106
0.0521
50.5
3261
5587
Car
All
2005
8027
0.505
29.5
19.6
27.6
23.5
3463
111.4
166
182
9.8
133
1.115
0.0518
51.8
3384
5790
Car
All
2006
7993
0.529
29.2
19.4
27.5
23.3
3534
111.5
172
194
9.6
136
1.146
0.0540
52.4
3351
5855
Car
All
2007
8085
0.529
30.3
20.1
28.3
24.1
3507
110.2
165
189
9.6
135
1.157
0.0531
54.2
3468
5994
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-5
November 2010

-------
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Yiliiik-
T\ |K'
('sir in-
Truck
\ I.AK
nm\ i:i uain
IKA\s\||\SI<>\
i i i:i mi:ii.m\<;
M Mlil'.R <>l \ VI \ i:s
\ \ 1

\ I NK 1 1. M/.l.
1 KOM
4\\ 1)
VI\M VI
1 ()( k
( \ 1
(.Di
I'OKI
1 lil
l)S|
1 WO
i iiui.i:
IOI U
mm:
in Kui i >
s\l VI 1
Mil)
i \i;i:
Car
Wagon
2009
79 V'n
20.5" O
12.1%
84.5%
3.4" n
2.6" O
95 .2" O

2.2" 0


100.0" n

76 0" ii

86.6" o
12.7" o
0.6" 0
Car
Wagon
2010
82.6%
17.0%
18.8%
68.6%
12.6%
3.0%
95.0%

2.0%


100.0%

87.7%

84.0%
14.5%
1.5%
Car
All
1975
6.5%

19.6%
0.3%


5.1%

0.2%






55.4%
23.3%
21.3%
Car
All
1976
5.8%

17.1%



3.2%

0.3%






55.4%
25.2%
19.4%
Car
All
1977
6.8%

16.8%



4.2%

0.5%






51.9%
24.5%
23.5%
Car
All
1978
9.6%

19.8%
7.1%


5.1%

0.9%






44.7%
34.4%
21.0%
Car
All
1979
11.9%
0.3%
21.1%
8.8%


4.7%

2.1%






43.7%
34.2%
22.1%
Car
All
1980
29.7%
0.9%
30.9%
16.8%


6.2%
0.7%
4.4%






54.4%
34.4%
11.3%
Car
All
1981
37.0%
0.7%
29.9%
33.3%


6.1%
2.6%
5.9%






51.5%
36.4%
12.2%
Car
All
1982
45.6%
0.8%
29.2%
51.4%


7.2%
9.8%
4.7%






56.5%
31.0%
12.5%
Car
All
1983
47.3%
3.1%
26.1%
56.7%


9.5%
18.9%
2.1%






53.1%
31.8%
15.1%
Car
All
1984
53.7%
1.0%
24.1%
58.3%


15.0%
24.4%
1.7%






57.4%
29.4%
13.2%
Car
All
1985
61.6%
2.1%
22.8%
58.7%


21.4%
32.0%
0.9%






55.7%
28.9%
15.4%
Car
All
1986
71.1%
1.1%
24.8%
58.0%


36.7%
28.4%
0.3%
95.2%
3.2%
1.6%



59.5%
27.9%
12.6%
Car
All
1987
77.0%
1.1%
24.9%
59.5%


42.5%
30.5%
0.3%
85.3%
9.1%
5.6%



63.5%
24.3%
12.2%
Car
All
1988
81.7%
0.8%
24.3%
66.1%


53.7%
30.0%
0.0%
80.1%
9.5%
10.4%



64.8%
22.3%
12.8%
Car
All
1989
82.5%
1.0%
21.0%
69.3%
0.1%

62.4%
27.8%
0.0%
75.6%
11.6%
12.8%



58.3%
28.2%
13.5%
Car
All
1990
84.6%
1.0%
19.6%
72.9%
0.0%

77.5%
21.1%
0.0%
67.0%
5.4%
27.6%

0.6%

58.6%
28.7%
12.8%
Car
All
1991
83.2%
1.4%
20.5%
73.6%
0.0%

78.0%
21.8%
0.1%
65.9%
6.2%
27.9%

2.4%

61.5%
26.2%
12.3%
Car
All
1992
80.8%
1.1%
17.4%
76.4%
0.0%

89.5%
10.4%
0.1%
65.0%
4.4%
30.5%

4.6%

56.5%
27.8%
15.6%
Car
All
1993
85.1%
1.2%
17.8%
77.0%
0.0%

91.6%
8.4%

63.3%
3.0%
33.7%

4.8%

57.2%
29.5%
13.3%
Car
All
1994
84.4%
0.4%
16.7%
79.3%


94.9%
5.1%
0.0%
59.0%
1.8%
39.2%

8.0%

58.5%
26.1%
15.4%
Car
All
1995
82.0%
1.2%
16.3%
81.9%


98.8%
1.2%
0.1%
47.8%
1.1%
51.1%
0.0%
9.8%

57.3%
28.6%
14.0%
Car
All
1996
86.5%
1.5%
14.9%
83.6%
0.0%

98.8%
1.1%
0.1%
42.7%
0.9%
56.3%
0.0%
11.7%

54.3%
32.0%
13.6%
Car
All
1997
86.5%
1.7%
13.5%
85.8%
0.1%

99.1%
0.8%
0.1%
41.4%
1.0%
57.5%
0.1%
11.3%

55.1%
30.6%
14.3%
Car
All
1998
87.0%
2.3%
12.3%
87.3%
0.1%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
38.6%
1.5%
59.0%
0.9%
18.4%

49.4%
39.1%
11.4%
Car
All
1999
87.2%
2.2%
10.9%
88.4%
0.0%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
35.4%
2.1%
60.9%
1.7%
17.1%

47.7%
39.7%
12.6%
Car
All
2000
84.9%
2.1%
11.2%
87.7%
0.0%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
34.9%
1.8%
61.5%
1.8%
23.4%
0.1%
47.5%
34.3%
18.2%
Car
All
2001
84.1%
3.2%
11.4%
87.5%
0.2%

99.7%

0.3%
32.8%
2.1%
62.1%
3.1%
28.3%
0.0%
50.9%
32.3%
16.8%
Car
All
2002
84.9%
3.8%
11.2%
88.1%
0.4%

99.6%

0.4%
30.1%
2.0%
65.0%
2.9%
33.9%
0.3%
48.6%
36.3%
15.1%
Car
All
2003
82.0%
3.5%
11.2%
87.9%
0.9%

99.6%

0.4%
26.2%
2.3%
68.3%
3.2%
41.3%
0.6%
50.6%
33.5%
15.9%
Car
All
2004
80.8%
5.4%
10.2%
88.2%
1.4%

99.7%

0.3%
22.8%
1.9%
72.7%
2.6%
44.2%
0.9%
47.4%
35.5%
17.0%
Car
All
2005
79.8%
5.8%
9.3%
88.0%
2.6%

99.6%

0.4%
21.8%
2.3%
74.7%
1.2%
51.6%
2.1%
44.2%
38.9%
16.8%
Car
All
2006
75.8%
5.8%
9.4%
88.1%
2.4%

99.4%

0.6%
19.2%
1.9%
78.6%
0.3%
60.6%
1.5%
46.2%
32.9%
20.9%
Car
All
2007
80.5%
5.7%
8.5%
81.1%
10.4%
0.3%
99.6%

0.0%
15.2%
1.0%
83.8%
0.0%
65.2%
3.4%
44.6%
40.0%
15.4%
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-6
November 2010

-------
oEPA
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type






11 11. F.CONOMN



I.NCIM.




TOV
CI -IT
CI -I I -
Yiliiik-
Ciimr

PROD

LAI)
A 1)1
A 1)1
A 1)1
wciii
VOL


0-60
TOP
IIP/
IIP/
mih;
-MP(;
TOVMPC
' > lK"
Truck
\ I.AK
(000)
1 RAC
55/45
cm
ll\\\
COMP
1.15
CI -IT
CM)
IIP
II Ml.
SPI I I)
(II)
\\ 1
(L;il> 55/45)
(l.;il) 55/45)
(l.iil) 55/45)
Car
All
2008
7329
0.527
tQ
20.3
28.5
24.3
3^27
110.0
165
193
9 6
136
1.178
n n-s
54.9
3492
6060
Car
All
2009
5517
0.602
32.1
21.3
29.7
25.4
3467
110.0
155
184
9.8
133
1.191
0.0521
56.5
3642
6227
Car
All
2010
8020
0.589
32.7
21.7
30.1
25.8
3499
110.2
159
192
9.5
136
1.205
0.0537
59.0
3778
6526
Truck
Van
1975
457
0.045
13.1
10.6
11.9
11.1
4196

318
143
13.9
113
0.448
0.0341
28.1


Truck
Van
1976
502
0.041
13.9
11.1
12.8
11.8
4200

324
146
13.7
114
0.447
0.0347
29.7


Truck
Van
1977
514
0.036
14.7
11.9
13.3
12.5
4252

332
152
13.3
116
0.458
0.0359
31.7


Truck
Van
1978
625
0.043
14.2
11.6
12.7
12.1
4250

329
149
13.4
115
0.453
0.0351
30.8


Truck
Van
1979
481
0.035
13.5
11.1
12.1
11.5
4541

322
144
14.6
111
0.451
0.0317
31.3


Truck
Van
1980
242
0.021
16.6
13.3
15.4
14.1
4353

288
131
15.2
108
0.459
0.0299
36.4


Truck
Van
1981
245
0.023
17.5
14.0
16.0
14.8
4324

284
129
15.3
108
0.458
0.0298
38.0


Truck
Van
1982
311
0.032
17.3
13.9
15.9
14.7
4342

287
132
15.2
109
0.463
0.0303
38.0


Truck
Van
1983
383
0.037
17.7
14.1
16.5
15.1
4414

294
136
15.0
109
0.466
0.0307
39.7


Truck
Van
1984
676
0.048
18.9
15.0
17.7
16.1
4075

249
126
14.9
108
0.538
0.0307
39.3


Truck
Van
1985
855
0.059
19.5
15.5
18.1
16.5
3975

236
129
14.3
110
0.578
0.0322
39.3


Truck
Van
1986
1044
0.068
20.6
16.1
19.4
17.5
3998

228
127
14.5
109
0.588
0.0317
41.5


Truck
Van
1987
1114
0.075
20.9
16.2
19.8
17.7
3972

226
142
13.3
114
0.657
0.0356
41.7


Truck
Van
1988
1133
0.074
21.2
16.2
20.3
17.9
4053

229
147
13.0
116
0.671
0.0363
43.2


Truck
Van
1989
1278
0.088
21.1
16.1
20.2
17.8
4057

225
146
13.1
115
0.680
0.0360
43.2


Truck
Van
1990
1262
0.100
21.2
16.0
20.4
17.8
4095

225
149
13.0
116
0.682
0.0363
43.8


Truck
Van
1991
1034
0.082
21.4
16.0
20.5
17.9
4133

220
149
13.1
115
0.701
0.0359
44.5


Truck
Van
1992
1221
0.100
21.5
15.9
20.5
17.9
4151

222
152
12.9
116
0.705
0.0366
44.8


Truck
Van
1993
1441
0.109
21.9
16.0
21.0
18.2
4105

218
155
12.6
118
0.730
0.0378
45.0


Truck
Van
1994
1418
0.100
21.5
15.7
20.5
17.8
4156

226
159
12.4
119
0.721
0.0383
44.9


Truck
Van
1995
1662
0.110
21.8
15.8
21.0
18.1
4110

231
159
12.3
119
0.708
0.0387
45.0


Truck
Van
1996
1409
0.107
22.2
15.9
21.4
18.3
4195

220
171
11.8
122
0.790
0.0408
46.8


Truck
Van
1997
1266
0.088
22.1
15.7
21.2
18.2
4241

220
174
11.8
123
0.802
0.0410
46.9


Truck
Van
1998
1489
0.103
22.7
16.0
22.0
18.7
4183

217
180
11.3
125
0.840
0.0431
47.7


Truck
Van
1999
1463
0.096
22.3
15.6
21.5
18.3
4307

223
183
11.4
125
0.832
0.0424
48.1


Truck
Van
2000
1691
0.102
22.8
15.9
21.8
18.6
4276

217
183
11.4
125
0.857
0.0428
48.9


Truck
Van
2001
1233
0.079
22.1
15.3
21.1
18.0
4519

229
202
10.9
129
0.897
0.0447
50.3


Truck
Van
2002
1243
0.077
23.0
15.9
21.9
18.7
4394

218
199
10.8
129
0.929
0.0455
50.9


Truck
Van
2003
1232
0.078
23.5
16.0
22.2
19.0
4393

219
202
10.7
130
0.929
0.0459
51.7


Truck
Van
2004
953
0.061
23.7
16.0
22.7
19.2
4487

219
214
10.4
133
0.988
0.0477
53.4


Truck
Van
2005
1481
0.093
24.0
16.1
22.8
19.3
4430

216
209
10.5
132
0.976
0.0472
53.2


Truck
Van
2006
1166
0.077
24.3
16.2
23.1
19.5
4475

216
211
10.5
132
0.984
0.0472
54.4


EPA-420-R-10-023
D-7
November 2010

-------
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Yiliiik-
T\ |K'
('sir in-
Truck
\ I.AK
nm\ i:i uain
IKA\s\||\SI<>\
i i i:i mi:ii.m\<;
M Mlil'.R <>l \ VI \ i:s
\ \ 1

\ I NK 1 1. M/.l.
1 KOM
4\\ 1)
VI\M VI
1 ()( k
( \ 1
(.Di
I'OKI
1 lil
l)S|
1 WO
i iim.i.
IOI U
mm:
in Kui i >
s\l VI 1
Mil)
i \i;i:
Car
All
2008
77.8" 0
7 3" n
8.0" o
80.2"0
11.5%
3.2" o
96.8"o

0.1%
12.2" o
0.6" 0
87.2%
0.0" 0
6 3.5" o
3.4" o
44.7" 
35.8" 0
19.5"o
Car
All
2009
82.4%
6.8%
6.8%
82.6%
10.3%
4.6%
94.7%

0.7%
8.2%
0.2%
91.6%
0.0%
80.5%
3.0%
48.6%
34.0%
17.4%
Car
All
2010
79.8%
6.5%
10.0%
76.0%
13.8%
6.7%
92.7%

0.5%
6.6%
0.7%
92.7%

91.5%
6.1%
47.8%
38.5%
13.8%
Truck
Van
1975


23.3%




0.2%







0.4%
66.1%
33.6%
Truck
Van
1976


20.5%




0.3%







0.3%
61.4%
38.3%
Truck
Van
1977


14.3%




0.4%







0.4%
61.0%
38.6%
Truck
Van
1978


13.0%




0.4%







0.4%
63.8%
35.8%
Truck
Van
1979


14.8%
6.8%



1.8%







1.8%
65.1%
33.1%
Truck
Van
1980


26.0%
39.0%



6.5%







6.5%
53.8%
39.7%
Truck
Van
1981
0.3%

21.9%
46.6%



4.6%







4.6%
56.3%
39.2%
Truck
Van
1982


15.7%
45.8%



3.0%
1.8%






4.8%
58.0%
37.2%
Truck
Van
1983
0.2%

12.0%
59.3%



3.5%
4.5%






3.7%
60.1%
36.2%
Truck
Van
1984
22.3%

15.5%
45.6%


6.6%
3.1%
1.2%






12.2%
62.1%
25.7%
Truck
Van
1985
30.4%
0.3%
10.0%
47.4%


6.3%
2.9%
0.3%






10.9%
70.1%
19.0%
Truck
Van
1986
24.4%
1.3%
8.5%
60.1%


21.8%
16.3%
0.4%






9.8%
74.9%
15.3%
Truck
Van
1987
27.5%
1.9%
6.4%
67.6%


45.8%
30.2%
0.1%






11.3%
76.2%
12.5%
Truck
Van
1988
36.3%
0.8%
3.7%
78.7%


56.9%
42.8%
0.1%






4.9%
83.0%
12.1%
Truck
Van
1989
34.4%
0.7%
2.9%
76.5%


58.1%
41.8%
0.1%






2.8%
86.1%
11.1%
Truck
Van
1990
46.8%
6.6%
1.8%
93.5%


58.1%
41.9%
0.1%






2.4%
89.1%
8.5%
Truck
Van
1991
38.2%
10.9%
1.4%
96.5%


63.3%
36.6%
0.1%






1.5%
91.2%
7.3%
Truck
Van
1992
45.4%
5.5%
1.6%
96.4%


71.9%
28.1%
0.1%






3.3%
89.1%
7.6%
Truck
Van
1993
49.8%
4.5%
1.2%
97.2%


79.0%
21.0%







0.8%
91.8%
7.4%
Truck
Van
1994
52.3%
6.4%
0.5%
97.4%


81.2%
18.8%

96.5%
2.1%
1.4%



0.8%
91.4%
7.9%
Truck
Van
1995
61.3%
9.1%
0.1%
98.2%


87.4%
12.6%

95.5%
1.0%
3.6%



0.4%
93.4%
6.3%
Truck
Van
1996
73.8%
2.3%
0.0%
98.4%


100.0%


94.3%
1.0%
4.7%



0.1%
92.1%
7.8%
Truck
Van
1997
64.7%
4.7%

99.6%


100.0%


93.7%
1.1%
5.3%




89.0%
11.0%
Truck
Van
1998
78.3%
3.2%

100.0%


100.0%


89.6%

10.4%




91.1%
8.9%
Truck
Van
1999
76.0%
2.7%

100.0%


100.0%


87.5%

12.5%

8.2%


88.3%
11.7%
Truck
Van
2000
80.6%
2.7%

100.0%


100.0%


78.4%

21.6%

15.0%


90.0%
10.0%
Truck
Van
2001
69.3%
8.7%

100.0%


100.0%


77.4%

22.6%

17.0%


76.1%
23.9%
Truck
Van
2002
84.3%
3.0%

100.0%


100.0%


71.6%

28.4%

20.9%


91.0%
9.0%
Truck
Van
2003
83.5%
5.0%

100.0%


100.0%


74.2%

25.8%

19.6%


91.0%
9.0%
Truck
Van
2004
86.6%
4.9%

100.0%


100.0%


47.7%

52.3%

46.1%


93.7%
6.3%
Truck
Van
2005
89.2%
5.5%

94.9%
5.1%

100.0%


62.0%

38.0%

25.0%


96.3%
3.7%
Truck
Van
2006
89.8%
4.5%

95.3%
4.7%

100.0%


53.2%

46.8%

36.4%


94.0%
6.0%
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-8
November 2010

-------
oEPA
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type






11 11. F.CONOMN



I.NCIM.




TOV
CI -IT
CI -I I -
Yiliiik-
Ciimr

PROD

LAI)
A 1)1
A 1)1
A 1)1
WCIII
VOL


0-60
TOP
IIP/
IIP/
mih;
-MP(;
TOVMPC
' > lK"
Truck
\ I.AK
(000)
1 RAC
55/45
cm
ll\\\
COMP
1.15
CI -IT
CM)
IIP
II Ml.
SPI I I)
(II)
\\ 1
(L;il> 55/45)
(l.;il) 55/45)
(l.iil) 55/45)
Truck
Van
2007
847
0 0^
24.2
16.1
23.1
19.5
4479

219
22S
10 0
136
1.034
0 o^o*>
54.3











Truck
Van
2008
790
0.057
24.6
16.4
23.5
19.8
4527

220
221
10.4
134
1.010
0.0488
55.9


Truck
Van
2009
368
0.040
25.0
16.7
23.7
20.1
4572

215
220
10.4
134
1.033
0.0482
57.2


Truck
Van
2010
478
0.035
25.0
16.7
23.7
20.1
4541

215
217
10.5
133
1.014
0.0475
56.8


Truck
SUV
1975
187
0.018
13.0
10.6
11.6
11.0
4202

328
146
13.3
115
0.442
0.0357
27.1


Truck
SUV
1976
243
0.020
13.8
11.1
12.5
11.7
4312

335
141
14.0
112
0.417
0.0331
29.6


Truck
SUV
1977
283
0.020
15.1
12.2
13.7
12.8
4232

332
144
13.6
113
0.431
0.0343
31.8


Truck
SUV
1978
380
0.026
14.4
11.6
13.2
12.3
4270

339
149
13.2
114
0.437
0.0351
30.6


Truck
SUV
1979
401
0.029
12.6
10.4
10.9
10.6
4509

331
143
14.4
111
0.439
0.0322
28.3


Truck
SUV
1980
185
0.016
15.5
12.5
14.1
13.2
4236

295
131
14.7
109
0.453
0.0307
32.9


Truck
SUV
1981
136
0.013
16.8
13.4
15.5
14.3
4208

290
132
14.4
109
0.460
0.0315
35.4


Truck
SUV
1982
162
0.017
17.6
14.0
16.4
15.0
4349

294
129
15.0
108
0.453
0.0303
39.2


Truck
SUV
1983
289
0.028
19.1
15.0
18.1
16.2
4137

254
124
15.0
108
0.520
0.0303
40.1


Truck
SUV
1984
625
0.045
19.3
15.1
18.3
16.4
3999

227
120
15.0
107
0.560
0.0301
39.1


Truck
SUV
1985
736
0.051
19.8
15.4
19.3
16.9
4018

216
122
15.0
107
0.590
0.0301
40.3


Truck
SUV
1986
774
0.050
20.2
15.7
19.2
17.2
3921

207
127
14.1
110
0.657
0.0325
39.9


Truck
SUV
1987
873
0.059
20.6
15.9
19.8
17.5
3840

209
137
13.3
114
0.686
0.0355
39.7


Truck
SUV
1988
968
0.063
20.4
15.7
19.5
17.2
3859

219
144
12.8
116
0.686
0.0373
39.5


Truck
SUV
1989
926
0.064
20.0
15.2
19.0
16.8
4018

242
155
12.4
119
0.666
0.0388
40.3


Truck
SUV
1990
708
0.056
19.8
15.0
18.9
16.6
4045

232
154
12.5
118
0.696
0.0384
40.0


Truck
SUV
1991
1095
0.087
20.3
15.3
19.4
17.0
4070

230
158
12.3
119
0.703
0.0389
41.4


Truck
SUV
1992
1003
0.082
19.9
14.8
18.9
16.6
4085

229
165
12.0
121
0.737
0.0408
40.6


Truck
SUV
1993
1311
0.099
19.9
14.7
18.9
16.5
4157

242
179
11.4
125
0.754
0.0434
41.3


Truck
SUV
1994
1623
0.115
19.7
14.6
18.6
16.4
4209

238
177
11.6
124
0.763
0.0423
41.6


Truck
SUV
1995
1816
0.120
19.6
14.4
18.4
16.2
4255

241
176
11.7
123
0.755
0.0417
41.7


Truck
SUV
1996
1890
0.144
20.0
14.5
19.0
16.5
4283

252
185
11.3
126
0.753
0.0434
42.9


Truck
SUV
1997
2450
0.169
20.1
14.6
18.8
16.5
4329

246
186
11.3
125
0.781
0.0430
43.5


Truck
SUV
1998
2581
0.179
20.1
14.4
18.9
16.5
4340

246
188
11.3
126
0.789
0.0433
43.7


Truck
SUV
1999
2831
0.186
20.1
14.4
18.8
16.4
4400

246
198
10.9
129
0.838
0.0450
44.3


Truck
SUV
2000
3143
0.190
20.1
14.3
18.6
16.3
4458

245
200
10.9
129
0.843
0.0448
44.7


Truck
SUV
2001
3450
0.221
20.8
14.8
19.1
16.9
4378

229
206
10.5
131
0.929
0.0471
45.6


Truck
SUV
2002
4191
0.260
20.6
14.4
19.1
16.7
4508

236
222
10.2
135
0.960
0.0491
46.4


Truck
SUV
2003
4146
0.263
20.8
14.5
19.3
16.8
4610

238
226
10.2
135
0.973
0.0491
47.9


Truck
SUV
2004
4713
0.300
20.9
14.4
19.4
16.9
4634

244
234
10.0
137
0.982
0.0506
48.5


Truck
SUV
2005
4084
0.257
21.6
14.8
19.9
17.3
4575

233
234
9.9
137
1.022
0.0509
49.4


EPA-420-R-10-023
D-9
November 2010

-------
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Yiliiik-
T\ |K'
('sir in-
Truck
\ I.AK
nm\ i:i uain
IKANSMISSION
i i i:i mi:ii.m\<;
M Mlil'.R <>l \ VI \ i:s
\ \ 1

\ I NK 1 1. M/.l.
1 KOM
4\\ 1)
VI\M VI
1 ()( k
( \ 1
(.Di
I'OKI
1 lil
l)S|
1 wo
i iim.i.
IOI U
mm:
in Kui i >
s\l VI 1
Mil)
i \i;i:
Truck
Vail
2007
93.8"o
2.9" o

95.5" o
4.5" o

100.0" O


46.9"o

53.1%

48.7" o


96 V1 o
^ 7%
Truck
Van
2008
92.9%
4.0%
0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


47.2%

52.8%

48.1%

2.1%
94.5%
3.4%
Truck
Van
2009
94.1%
2.5%
0.3%
99.7%


100.0%


41.1%

58.9%

47.1%

6.0%
89.9%
4.1%
Truck
Van
2010
95.5%
1.2%
0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


42.5%

57.5%

47.4%

2.2%
94.0%
3.8%
Truck
SUV
1975

84.1%
41.4%












28.6%
65.7%
5.7%
Truck
SUV
1976

85.3%
33.9%












24.5%
68.9%
6.6%
Truck
SUV
1977

82.5%
35.9%












25.4%
68.5%
6.1%
Truck
SUV
1978

88.5%
34.3%












23.9%
70.9%
5.1%
Truck
SUV
1979

69.3%
33.3%
0.6%




0.2%






26.1%
46.7%
27.2%
Truck
SUV
1980

88.8%
43.5%
26.2%




2.3%






32.8%
54.4%
12.8%
Truck
SUV
1981

90.4%
40.9%
41.1%











31.3%
58.3%
10.4%
Truck
SUV
1982

79.5%
29.8%
42.2%




15.3%






26.2%
60.4%
13.4%
Truck
SUV
1983

80.7%
32.1%
51.2%




6.7%






19.1%
70.4%
10.6%
Truck
SUV
1984

85.0%
29.3%
42.9%




2.3%






23.2%
69.0%
7.8%
Truck
SUV
1985

80.4%
27.9%
60.1%


3.8%
1.5%
1.5%






15.7%
76.5%
7.8%
Truck
SUV
1986

86.1%
37.3%
55.8%


23.9%
25.7%
1.5%






22.9%
69.6%
7.5%
Truck
SUV
1987

83.9%
36.8%
54.7%


33.0%
41.8%
0.4%






29.2%
64.3%
6.5%
Truck
SUV
1988

83.7%
33.4%
59.5%


47.4%
36.7%
0.3%






29.8%
63.1%
7.1%
Truck
SUV
1989

82.6%
26.1%
66.4%


46.1%
47.4%
0.3%






24.6%
67.4%
8.0%
Truck
SUV
1990

83.9%
29.7%
66.5%


57.3%
37.3%
0.3%






26.8%
63.1%
10.2%
Truck
SUV
1991

76.6%
21.9%
76.7%


59.6%
39.8%
0.2%






12.4%
82.6%
5.0%
Truck
SUV
1992

72.3%
22.4%
76.9%


73.1%
26.6%







12.8%
79.7%
7.5%
Truck
SUV
1993

59.5%
16.2%
83.2%


85.7%
14.1%







11.0%
79.2%
9.8%
Truck
SUV
1994
0.5%
76.1%
16.5%
81.9%


86.2%
13.8%

87.0%
4.3%
8.7%



11.6%
78.0%
10.4%
Truck
SUV
1995
0.0%
79.2%
15.3%
84.7%


85.7%
14.3%

84.4%

15.6%



10.4%
76.9%
12.7%
Truck
SUV
1996
1.0%
71.1%
7.5%
92.5%


100.0%

0.0%
83.6%

16.4%



6.4%
80.9%
12.7%
Truck
SUV
1997
1.2%
71.6%
11.7%
87.4%


100.0%

0.0%
75.7%

24.3%



20.0%
57.2%
22.8%
Truck
SUV
1998
1.8%
71.0%
8.2%
91.8%


100.0%

0.0%
76.7%
1.5%
21.7%



12.2%
62.9%
24.9%
Truck
SUV
1999
2.7%
65.7%
6.3%
93.7%


100.0%


71.5%
1.8%
26.6%

3.2%

11.1%
62.3%
26.6%
Truck
SUV
2000
2.5%
67.1%
5.1%
94.9%


100.0%


75.1%
1.1%
23.8%

3.0%

12.7%
59.3%
28.0%
Truck
SUV
2001
13.8%
60.1%
4.3%
95.7%


100.0%


59.7%
1.2%
39.2%

13.4%

11.3%
56.4%
32.3%
Truck
SUV
2002
9.4%
63.7%
3.8%
96.1%
0.1%

100.0%


52.1%
1.0%
46.9%

24.0%

8.5%
43.0%
48.5%
Truck
SUV
2003
11.4%
63.5%
2.9%
94.8%
2.3%

100.0%


46.1%
0.9%
53.0%

31.5%

6.4%
51.2%
42.5%
Truck
SUV
2004
12.3%
65.1%
2.7%
95.5%
1.7%

100.0%

0.0%
43.8%
0.4%
55.4%
0.4%
38.4%

5.4%
53.1%
41.5%
Truck
SUV
2005
17.1%
64.7%
2.5%
95.4%
2.1%

99.8%

0.2%
35.1%
3.4%
61.4%
0.2%
45.5%
0.3%
5.3%
50.9%
43.8%
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-10
November 2010

-------
oEPA
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type






11 11. F.CONOMN



I.NCIM.




TOV
CI -IT
CI -I I -
Yiliiik-
Ciimr

PROD

LAI)
A 1)1
A 1)1
A 1)1
wciii
VOL


0-60
TOP
IIP/
IIP/
mih;
-MP(;
TOVMPC
' > lK"
Truck
\ I.AK
(000)
1 RAC
55/45
cm
ll\\\
COMP
1.15
CI -IT
CM)
IIP
II Ml.
SPI I I)
(II)
\\ 1
(L;il> 55/45)
(l.;il) 55/45)
(l.iil) 55/45)
Truck
SUV
20Q6
37^7
0 249
22.1
15.2
20.3
17.7
4547

226
230
0 0
137
1.033
0 0-SQ4
SO 7


Truck
SUV
2007
4231
0.277
22.8
15.6
21.0
18.2
4611

228
242
9.7
140
1.081
0.0523
52.7


Truck
SUV
2008
3987
0.287
23.5
16.0
21.6
18.8
4539

218
239
9.7
139
1.113
0.0524
53.6


Truck
SUV
2009
2296
0.250
25.0
17.0
22.9
19.9
4360

202
234
9.5
140
1.170
0.0533
54.8


Truck
SUV
2010
3400
0.250
25.3
17.2
23.2
20.2
4515

209
247
9.3
142
1.200
0.0545
57.6


Truck
Pickup
1975
1343
0.131
14.0
11.1
13.1
11.9
4012

306
141
13.5
114
0.491
0.0351
28.8


Truck
Pickup
1976
1866
0.151
14.6
11.7
13.4
12.4
4122

316
139
13.9
112
0.466
0.0339
30.9


Truck
Pickup
1977
2026
0.143
16.0
12.9
14.5
13.6
4092

313
146
13.3
115
0.496
0.0357
33.4


Truck
Pickup
1978
2268
0.157
15.7
12.8
14.1
13.3
4104

306
144
13.4
114
0.496
0.0350
33.1


Truck
Pickup
1979
2207
0.159
15.5
12.7
13.9
13.2
4142

287
136
14.2
111
0.502
0.0327
32.9


Truck
Pickup
1980
1437
0.127
19.4
15.5
17.9
16.5
3740

236
118
14.4
108
0.549
0.0315
36.7


Truck
Pickup
1981
1440
0.136
21.0
16.7
19.5
17.9
3679

237
115
14.5
108
0.521
0.0313
39.3


Truck
Pickup
1982
1441
0.148
21.7
17.2
20.3
18.5
3629

228
117
14.3
109
0.545
0.0322
40.1


Truck
Pickup
1983
1628
0.158
22.2
17.5
20.9
18.9
3544

212
112
14.4
108
0.566
0.0317
40.0


Truck
Pickup
1984
2043
0.146
21.5
16.9
20.2
18.3
3619

215
114
14.5
108
0.563
0.0314
39.4


Truck
Pickup
1985
2078
0.144
21.4
16.9
20.1
18.2
3642

221
123
13.7
110
0.588
0.0336
39.6


Truck
Pickup
1986
2532
0.165
22.2
17.5
20.8
18.9
3574

206
120
13.7
110
0.623
0.0336
40.1


Truck
Pickup
1987
2147
0.144
22.5
17.5
21.2
19.0
3526

202
123
13.4
112
0.639
0.0347
40.1


Truck
Pickup
1988
2459
0.161
21.5
16.5
20.4
18.1
3737

229
138
12.9
115
0.627
0.0365
40.5


Truck
Pickup
1989
2232
0.154
21.2
16.2
20.0
17.8
3803

236
143
12.7
116
0.633
0.0373
40.5


Truck
Pickup
1990
1835
0.145
20.7
15.7
19.7
17.4
3928

247
152
12.4
118
0.647
0.0384
41.1


Truck
Pickup
1991
1920
0.153
21.7
16.3
20.7
18.2
3779

232
146
12.4
117
0.658
0.0385
41.4


Truck
Pickup
1992
1840
0.151
20.9
15.5
20.0
17.5
3976

245
151
12.5
117
0.644
0.0379
41.8


Truck
Pickup
1993
2002
0.152
21.1
15.6
20.2
17.6
3996

244
156
12.2
119
0.666
0.0390
42.4


Truck
Pickup
1994
2669
0.189
21.0
15.5
19.9
17.4
4056

248
163
12.0
121
0.687
0.0401
43.0


Truck
Pickup
1995
2271
0.150
20.4
14.9
19.3
16.9
4182

257
167
12.0
121
0.687
0.0399
43.1


Truck
Pickup
1996
1955
0.149
20.8
15.1
19.7
17.1
4190

251
178
11.5
124
0.737
0.0422
43.9


Truck
Pickup
1997
2408
0.167
20.4
14.7
19.4
16.8
4415

264
196
11.1
127
0.756
0.0439
45.3


Truck
Pickup
1998
2415
0.167
20.7
14.8
19.6
17.0
4282

252
190
11.2
127
0.773
0.0439
44.6


Truck
Pickup
1999
2545
0.167
19.9
14.2
18.6
16.3
4487

267
205
10.9
129
0.776
0.0453
44.7


Truck
Pickup
2000
2613
0.158
20.5
14.6
18.9
16.6
4340

255
203
10.8
130
0.803
0.0462
44.4


Truck
Pickup
2001
2519
0.161
19.6
13.9
18.1
15.9
4552

269
216
10.6
132
0.812
0.0470
44.7


Truck
Pickup
2002
2381
0.148
19.5
13.8
17.8
15.7
4690

271
226
10.4
134
0.838
0.0480
45.6


Truck
Pickup
2003
2475
0.157
19.9
14.0
18.2
16.1
4642

264
223
10.5
133
0.847
0.0475
46.3


Truck
Pickup
2004
2506
0.160
19.6
13.7
17.8
15.7
4939

282
249
10.1
138
0.885
0.0501
48.2


EPA-420-R-10-023
D-ll
November 2010

-------
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Yiliiik-
T\ |K'
('sir in-
Truck
\ I.AK
nm\ i:i uain
IKANSMISSION
i i i:i mi:ii.m\<;
M Mlil'.R <>l \ VI \ i:s
\ \ 1

\ I NK 1 1. M/.l.
1 KOM
4\\ 1)
VI\M VI
1 ()( k
( \ 1
(.Di
I'OKI
1 lil
l)S|
1 wo
i iim.i.
IOI U
mm:
in Kui i >
s\l VI 1
Mil)
i \i;i:
Truck
SUV
2()()(>
19.6" o
63.4" n
2.5" U
92.7" 0
4.7" n

99.8" 0

0.2" 0
26.8"..
5.3" 0
67.8" 0
0.1" n
54.9" n
2.7" U
3.5" 0
56.4" n
40. l"o
Truck
SUV
2007
23.6%
60.0%
2.0%
92.6%
5.4%

99.8%

0.2%
33.7%
1.5%
64.8%

52.7%
1.4%
3.4%
50.7%
45.8%
Truck
SUV
2008
27.7%
59.6%
1.5%
92.1%
6.4%
2.0%
97.6%

0.3%
24.2%
1.3%
74.5%

59.6%
2.4%
3.8%
56.0%
40.2%
Truck
SUV
2009
37.2%
55.9%
1.0%
87.5%
11.5%
6.0%
93.6%

0.4%
14.8%
0.5%
84.7%

69.7%
1.9%
2.5%
61.7%
35.8%
Truck
SUV
2010
36.3%
55.4%
1.3%
90.3%
8.4%
18.1%
81.5%

0.3%
11.4%
1.5%
87.1%

84.2%
2.5%
2.0%
56.2%
41.8%
Truck
Pickup
1975

13.5%
41.1%












11.9%
4.2%
83.9%
Truck
Pickup
1976

20.9%
38.8%












9.3%
2.9%
87.8%
Truck
Pickup
1977

21.4%
35.9%












11.7%
3.4%
84.9%
Truck
Pickup
1978

27.0%
37.4%





1.2%






11.6%
3.3%
85.0%
Truck
Pickup
1979

12.6%
39.9%
1.3%




2.5%






16.2%
4.6%
79.2%
Truck
Pickup
1980
1.8%
21.1%
58.8%
21.9%



1.0%
4.2%






31.5%
6.8%
61.7%
Truck
Pickup
1981
2.3%
16.8%
57.7%
27.5%



0.6%
7.1%






25.6%
9.1%
65.3%
Truck
Pickup
1982
2.2%
17.7%
53.9%
29.5%



0.2%
10.3%






24.0%
21.9%
54.1%
Truck
Pickup
1983
1.9%
22.1%
56.3%
28.0%



0.1%
4.4%






19.2%
38.2%
42.7%
Truck
Pickup
1984
0.6%
24.7%
54.9%
29.3%


1.0%

2.7%






20.7%
34.4%
44.9%
Truck
Pickup
1985

25.4%
51.6%
33.7%


11.4%
4.5%
1.2%






23.9%
29.7%
46.4%
Truck
Pickup
1986

25.2%
58.4%
30.4%


21.2%
17.6%
0.6%






29.4%
31.1%
39.5%
Truck
Pickup
1987
0.0%
25.5%
58.5%
28.9%


26.9%
32.0%
0.3%






20.5%
49.0%
30.5%
Truck
Pickup
1988
0.0%
28.4%
51.0%
38.8%


35.4%
48.3%
0.2%






13.8%
42.9%
43.3%
Truck
Pickup
1989

28.9%
52.4%
41.5%


38.8%
51.1%
0.2%






15.9%
39.8%
44.4%
Truck
Pickup
1990

27.9%
45.8%
49.8%


52.4%
41.4%
0.2%






15.8%
32.7%
51.5%
Truck
Pickup
1991

24.8%
52.2%
46.4%


47.9%
48.7%
0.2%






16.1%
45.5%
38.4%
Truck
Pickup
1992

26.3%
47.1%
52.1%


58.0%
38.6%
0.1%






13.7%
38.9%
47.4%
Truck
Pickup
1993
0.0%
27.6%
43.9%
55.3%


61.2%
36.7%







13.1%
37.1%
49.7%
Truck
Pickup
1994

29.3%
40.0%
59.0%


69.5%
29.7%

97.8%
2.1%
0.1%



13.4%
39.0%
47.6%
Truck
Pickup
1995

33.0%
39.6%
59.5%


69.5%
30.5%

94.5%

5.5%



13.1%
30.8%
56.0%
Truck
Pickup
1996

29.3%
34.6%
64.0%


99.8%

0.2%
86.7%
4.5%
8.7%



11.3%
35.7%
53.0%
Truck
Pickup
1997

34.6%
25.3%
74.7%


99.9%

0.1%
93.3%
5.4%
1.3%



5.4%
28.7%
65.9%
Truck
Pickup
1998

34.8%
27.3%
71.1%


100.0%

0.0%
88.8%

11.2%



10.8%
34.3%
54.9%
Truck
Pickup
1999

45.3%
17.5%
81.5%


100.0%

0.0%
92.3%

7.7%



8.4%
29.9%
61.7%
Truck
Pickup
2000

38.4%
16.7%
82.5%


100.0%


87.3%

12.7%



3.9%
29.3%
66.8%
Truck
Pickup
2001

38.7%
12.0%
87.1%


100.0%


87.2%

12.8%



3.2%
21.6%
75.1%
Truck
Pickup
2002

42.3%
9.5%
89.6%


100.0%


82.2%

17.8%



8.3%
19.6%
72.1%
Truck
Pickup
2003

39.4%
10.3%
88.8%


100.0%


85.5%

14.5%



7.9%
21.3%
70.8%
Truck
Pickup
2004

46.3%
7.0%
92.1%


100.0%


67.6%
14.3%
18.1%

18.9%
0.0%
6.4%
15.1%
78.5%
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-12
November 2010

-------
oEPA
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type






11 11. F.CONOMN



I.NCIM.




TOV
CI -IT
CI -I I -
Yiliiik-
Ciimr

PROD

LAI)
A 1)1
A 1)1
A 1)1
wciii
VOL


0-60
TOP
IIP/
IIP/
mih;
-MP(;
TOVMPC
' > lK"
Truck
\ I.AK
(000)
1 RAC
55/45
cm
ll\\\
COMP
1.15
CI -IT
CM)
IIP
II Ml.
SPI I I)
(II)
\\ 1
(L;il> 55/45)
(l.;il) 55/45)
(l.iil) 55/45)
Truck
Pickup
20Q-S
2301
0.145
19.7
13.6
18.1
15.8
4988

284
260
9.8
141
0.917
0 0^20
49.1


Truck
Pickup
2006
2188
0.145
20.1
13.9
18.4
16.1
4968

278
256
9.9
140
0.925
0.0514
49.8


Truck
Pickup
2007
2113
0.138
20.1
13.8
18.5
16.2
5144

286
269
9.8
142
0.938
0.0519
51.6


Truck
Pickup
2008
1794
0.129
20.5
14.1
18.9
16.5
5161

286
276
9.7
143
0.962
0.0531
53.0


Truck
Pickup
2009
989
0.108
21.0
14.4
19.5
16.9
5176

287
278
9.5
144
0.971
0.0534
54.3


Truck
Pickup
2010
1723
0.127
21.0
14.4
19.6
16.9
5233

295
295
9.2
148
0.995
0.0561
55.0


Truck
All
1975
1987
0.194
13.7
10.9
12.7
11.6
4072

311
142
13.6
114
0.476
0.0349
28.4


Truck
All
1976
2612
0.212
14.4
11.5
13.2
12.2
4155

319
141
13.8
113
0.458
0.0340
30.5


Truck
All
1977
2823
0.200
15.6
12.6
14.1
13.3
4135

318
147
13.3
115
0.482
0.0356
33.0


Truck
All
1978
3273
0.227
15.2
12.4
13.7
12.9
4151

314
146
13.4
114
0.481
0.0351
32.4


Truck
All
1979
3088
0.222
14.7
12.1
13.1
12.5
4252

298
138
14.3
111
0.486
0.0325
32.1


Truck
All
1980
1863
0.165
18.6
14.8
17.1
15.8
3869

248
121
14.5
108
0.528
0.0313
36.3


Truck
All
1981
1821
0.173
20.1
16.0
18.6
17.1
3806

247
119
14.6
108
0.508
0.0311
38.8


Truck
All
1982
1914
0.197
20.5
16.3
19.0
17.4
3806

243
120
14.5
109
0.524
0.0317
39.7


Truck
All
1983
2300
0.223
20.9
16.5
19.6
17.8
3763

231
118
14.5
108
0.543
0.0313
39.9


Truck
All
1984
3345
0.239
20.5
16.1
19.3
17.4
3782

224
118
14.7
108
0.557
0.0310
39.3


Truck
All
1985
3669
0.254
20.6
16.2
19.4
17.5
3795

224
124
14.1
110
0.586
0.0326
39.6


Truck
All
1986
4350
0.283
21.4
16.8
20.2
18.2
3738

211
123
14.0
110
0.621
0.0330
40.4


Truck
All
1987
4134
0.278
21.6
16.8
20.5
18.3
3713

210
131
13.3
113
0.654
0.0351
40.5


Truck
All
1988
4559
0.298
21.2
16.2
20.2
17.9
3841

227
141
12.9
115
0.650
0.0366
40.9


Truck
All
1989
4435
0.307
20.9
15.9
19.8
17.6
3921

234
146
12.8
116
0.653
0.0372
41.2


Truck
All
1990
3805
0.302
20.7
15.6
19.8
17.4
4005

237
151
12.6
117
0.668
0.0377
41.8


Truck
All
1991
4049
0.322
21.3
15.9
20.3
17.8
3948

228
150
12.6
117
0.681
0.0379
42.2


Truck
All
1992
4064
0.334
20.8
15.5
19.9
17.4
4056

234
155
12.5
118
0.685
0.0382
42.4


Truck
All
1993
4754
0.360
21.0
15.5
20.1
17.5
4073

235
162
12.1
120
0.710
0.0398
42.9


Truck
All
1994
5710
0.404
20.8
15.3
19.7
17.2
4125

239
166
12.0
121
0.717
0.0403
43.0


Truck
All
1995
5749
0.380
20.5
15.0
19.5
17.0
4184

244
168
12.0
121
0.715
0.0401
43.2


Truck
All
1996
5254
0.400
20.8
15.1
19.9
17.2
4225

243
179
11.5
124
0.757
0.0423
44.3


Truck
All
1997
6124
0.424
20.6
14.8
19.5
17.0
4344

248
187
11.4
126
0.775
0.0429
44.9


Truck
All
1998
6485
0.449
20.9
14.9
19.8
17.1
4283

242
187
11.2
126
0.795
0.0435
44.9


Truck
All
1999
6839
0.449
20.5
14.6
19.2
16.7
4412

249
197
11.0
128
0.814
0.0446
45.3


Truck
All
2000
7447
0.449
20.8
14.7
19.4
16.9
4375

242
197
11.0
128
0.832
0.0448
45.6


Truck
All
2001
7202
0.461
20.6
14.6
19.1
16.7
4463

243
209
10.6
131
0.882
0.0466
46.1


Truck
All
2002
7815
0.485
20.6
14.4
19.1
16.7
4546

244
219
10.4
134
0.918
0.0482
46.9


Truck
All
2003
7853
0.498
20.9
14.6
19.3
16.9
4586

243
221
10.4
134
0.927
0.0481
48.0


EPA-420-R-10-023
D-13
November 2010

-------
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Yiliiik-
T\ |K'
('sir in-
Truck
\ I.AK
nm\ i:i uain
IKANSMISSION
i i i:i mi:ii.m\<;
M Mlil'.R <>l \ VI \ i:s
\ \ i

\ I NK 1 1. M/.l.
1 KOM
-IN 1)
VI\M VI
1 ()( k
( \ 1
(.Di
I'OKI
1 lil
l)S|
1 wo
i iiui.i:
IOI U
mm:
in Kui i >
s\l VI 1
Mil)
i \i;i:
Truck
Pickup
200 s

46.7%
5 7%
94.3%


100.0%


^9 2" o
14.0%
26.8" o

39.1%
0 0%
0.4%
9.4%
90 2" o




Truck
Pickup
2006

45.8%
6.2%
93.8%


100.0%


51.0%
14.9%
34.2%

47.5%
0.1%
0.3%
12.5%
87.1%
Truck
Pickup
2007

45.4%
4.4%
95.6%


100.0%


60.0%
12.5%
27.5%

40.0%
0.0%

12.5%
87.5%
Truck
Pickup
2008

47.5%
4.0%
96.0%


100.0%


58.7%
11.0%
30.2%

37.8%


15.5%
84.5%
Truck
Pickup
2009

50.6%
4.1%
95.7%
0.2%

100.0%


57.6%
16.4%
26.0%

36.8%
0.2%

18.6%
81.4%
Truck
Pickup
2010

47.0%
3.9%
95.8%
0.3%

100.0%


45.2%
20.8%
34.0%

78.1%
0.3%

11.4%
88.6%
Truck
All
1975

17.1%
37.0%




0.1%







10.9%
24.2%
64.9%
Truck
All
1976

22.9%
34.8%




0.1%







9.0%
20.3%
70.7%
Truck
All
1977

23.6%
32.0%




0.1%







11.0%
20.4%
68.5%
Truck
All
1978

29.0%
32.4%




0.1%
0.8%






10.9%
22.7%
66.3%
Truck
All
1979

18.0%
35.2%
2.1%



0.3%
1.8%






15.2%
19.5%
65.3%
Truck
All
1980
1.4%
25.0%
53.0%
24.6%



1.7%
3.5%






28.4%
17.6%
54.0%
Truck
All
1981
1.9%
20.1%
51.6%
31.1%



1.1%
5.6%






23.2%
19.1%
57.7%
Truck
All
1982
1.7%
20.0%
45.7%
33.2%



0.7%
9.3%






21.1%
31.0%
47.9%
Truck
All
1983
1.4%
25.8%
45.9%
36.1%



0.6%
4.7%






16.6%
45.9%
37.6%
Truck
All
1984
4.9%
31.0%
42.1%
35.1%


1.9%
0.6%
2.3%






19.5%
46.4%
34.1%
Truck
All
1985
7.1%
30.6%
37.1%
42.2%


8.7%
3.5%
1.1%






19.2%
48.5%
32.3%
Truck
All
1986
5.9%
30.3%
42.7%
42.0%


21.8%
18.7%
0.7%






23.5%
48.5%
28.0%
Truck
All
1987
7.4%
31.5%
39.9%
44.8%


33.3%
33.6%
0.3%






19.9%
59.6%
20.6%
Truck
All
1988
9.0%
33.3%
35.5%
53.1%


43.3%
44.4%
0.2%






15.0%
57.2%
27.8%
Truck
All
1989
9.9%
32.0%
32.7%
56.8%


45.9%
47.6%
0.2%






13.9%
58.9%
27.2%
Truck
All
1990
15.5%
31.3%
28.2%
67.4%


55.2%
40.8%
0.2%






13.4%
57.1%
29.6%
Truck
All
1991
9.7%
35.3%
31.0%
67.4%


55.0%
43.2%
0.1%






11.4%
67.2%
21.4%
Truck
All
1992
13.6%
31.4%
27.3%
71.5%


65.9%
32.5%
0.1%






10.4%
64.0%
25.6%
Truck
All
1993
15.1%
29.4%
23.3%
75.7%


73.4%
25.7%







8.8%
65.3%
25.9%
Truck
All
1994
13.1%
36.9%
23.5%
75.1%


77.2%
22.5%

94.4%
2.7%
2.9%



9.8%
63.1%
27.2%
Truck
All
1995
17.7%
40.7%
20.5%
78.6%


79.8%
20.2%

91.6%
0.3%
8.1%



8.6%
63.5%
27.9%
Truck
All
1996
20.1%
37.1%
15.6%
83.5%


99.9%

0.1%
87.6%
2.0%
10.4%



6.5%
67.1%
26.4%
Truck
All
1997
13.9%
43.2%
14.6%
85.0%


100.0%

0.0%
86.3%
2.4%
11.3%



10.1%
52.5%
37.3%
Truck
All
1998
18.7%
42.0%
13.4%
86.0%


100.0%

0.0%
84.2%
0.6%
15.2%



8.9%
58.7%
32.4%
Truck
All
1999
17.4%
44.6%
9.1%
90.5%


100.0%

0.0%
82.7%
0.8%
16.6%

3.1%

7.7%
55.8%
36.5%
Truck
All
2000
19.4%
42.4%
8.0%
91.7%


100.0%


80.1%
0.5%
19.4%

4.7%

6.7%
55.7%
37.5%
Truck
All
2001
18.5%
43.8%
6.3%
93.4%


100.0%


72.4%
0.6%
27.1%

9.3%

6.6%
47.6%
45.9%
Truck
All
2002
18.5%
47.6%
5.0%
94.7%
0.0%

100.0%


64.4%
0.6%
35.1%

16.2%

7.1%
43.5%
49.4%
Truck
All
2003
19.1%
46.7%
4.8%
93.7%
1.2%

100.0%


62.9%
0.5%
36.6%

19.7%

5.8%
48.0%
46.1%
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-14
November 2010

-------
oEPA
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type






11 11. F.CONOMN



I.NCIM.




TOV
CI -IT
CI -I I -
Yiliiik-
Ciimr

PROD

LAI)
A 1)1
A 1)1
A 1)1
wciii
VOL


0-60
TOP
IIP/
IIP/
mih;
-MP(;
TOVMPC
' > lK"
Truck
\ I.AK
(000)
1 RAC
55/45
cm
ll\\\
COMP
1.15
CI -IT
CM)
IIP
II Ml.
SPI I I)
(II)
\\ 1
(L;il> 55/45)
(l.;il) 55/45)
(l.iil) 55/45)
Truck
All
2004
8173
0 "^.20
20.8
14.3
19.2
16.7
4710

2^2
236
loo
137
0
0 0^01
49.0


Truck
All
2005
7866
0.495
21.4
14.6
19.8
17.2
4668

244
237
10.0
137
0.983
0.0505
50.1


Truck
All
2006
7111
0.471
21.8
14.9
20.1
17.5
4665

240
235
10.0
137
0.992
0.0502
51.0


Truck
All
2007
7192
0.471
22.1
15.1
20.4
17.7
4752

244
248
9.8
140
1.034
0.0520
52.6


Truck
All
2008
6571
0.473
22.7
15.5
21.0
18.2
4707

237
247
9.7
140
1.059
0.0521
53.7


Truck
All
2009
3653
0.398
23.8
16.2
22.0
19.0
4602

226
244
9.6
140
1.102
0.0528
54.9


Truck
All
2010
5601
0.411
23.8
16.2
22.0
19.1
4738

236
259
9.4
143
1.121
0.0544
56.7


All
All
1975
10224
1.000
15.3
12.0
14.6
13.1
4060

293
137
14.1
112
0.507
0.0335
31.6


All
All
1976
12334
1.000
16.7
13.2
15.7
14.2
4079

294
135
14.3
111
0.493
0.0328
34.4


All
All
1977
14123
1.000
17.7
14.0
16.6
15.1
3982

287
136
13.8
112
0.510
0.0339
35.7


All
All
1978
14448
1.000
18.6
14.7
17.5
15.8
3715

266
129
13.6
112
0.525
0.0344
35.1


All
All
1979
13882
1.000
18.7
14.9
17.4
15.9
3655

252
124
13.9
110
0.532
0.0335
34.7


All
All
1980
11306
1.000
22.5
17.6
21.5
19.2
3228

198
104
14.3
107
0.574
0.0320
36.6


All
All
1981
10554
1.000
24.1
18.8
23.0
20.5
3202

193
102
14.4
107
0.580
0.0318
38.9


All
All
1982
9732
1.000
24.7
19.2
23.9
21.1
3202

188
103
14.4
107
0.593
0.0320
40.0


All
All
1983
10302
1.000
24.6
19.0
23.9
21.0
3257

193
107
14.1
108
0.599
0.0327
40.5


All
All
1984
14020
1.000
24.6
19.1
24.0
21.0
3262

190
109
14.0
109
0.618
0.0332
40.7


All
All
1985
14460
1.000
25.0
19.3
24.4
21.3
3271

189
114
13.5
110
0.650
0.0347
41.4


All
All
1986
15365
1.000
25.7
19.8
25.0
21.8
3238

180
114
13.4
111
0.678
0.0351
42.0


All
All
1987
14865
1.000
25.9
19.8
25.3
22.0
3221

175
118
13.1
112
0.710
0.0361
42.1


All
All
1988
15295
1.000
25.9
19.6
25.2
21.9
3283

180
123
12.8
114
0.726
0.0372
42.9


All
All
1989
14453
1.000
25.4
19.1
24.8
21.4
3351

185
129
12.5
115
0.743
0.0382
43.0


All
All
1990
12615
1.000
25.2
18.7
24.6
21.2
3426

185
135
12.2
117
0.781
0.0394
43.5


All
All
1991
12573
1.000
25.4
18.8
24.7
21.2
3410

184
138
12.1
118
0.796
0.0402
43.6


All
All
1992
12172
1.000
24.9
18.2
24.4
20.8
3512

191
145
11.8
120
0.807
0.0413
44.1


All
All
1993
13211
1.000
25.1
18.2
24.4
20.9
3519

191
147
11.8
120
0.809
0.0416
44.5


All
All
1994
14125
1.000
24.6
17.8
23.8
20.4
3603

197
152
11.7
121
0.816
0.0420
44.6


All
All
1995
15145
1.000
24.7
17.7
24.1
20.5
3613

196
158
11.3
123
0.857
0.0438
45.2


All
All
1996
13144
1.000
24.8
17.6
24.0
20.4
3659

197
164
11.1
125
0.878
0.0447
45.6


All
All
1997
14459
1.000
24.5
17.4
23.6
20.1
3727

199
169
11.0
126
0.890
0.0452
45.9


All
All
1998
14458
1.000
24.5
17.2
23.6
20.1
3744

199
171
10.9
126
0.904
0.0457
46.3


All
All
1999
15218
1.000
24.1
16.9
23.0
19.7
3835

203
179
10.7
128
0.921
0.0465
46.5


All
All
2000
16574
1.000
24.3
16.9
23.0
19.8
3821

200
181
10.6
129
0.942
0.0472
46.7


All
All
2001
15610
1.000
24.2
16.8
22.8
19.6
3879

201
187
10.5
130
0.968
0.0480
47.3


All
All
2002
16119
1.000
24.1
16.6
22.5
19.4
3951

203
195
10.3
132
0.994
0.0493
47.9


EPA-420-R-10-023
D-15
November 2010

-------
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Yiliiik-
T\ |K'
('sir in-
Truck
\ I.AK
nm\ i:i uain
IKA\s\||\SI<>\
i i i:i mi:ii.m\<;
M Mlil'.R <>l \ VI \ i:s
\ \ 1

\ I NK 1 1. M/.l.
1 KOM
4\\ 1)
VI\M VI
1 ()( k
( \ 1
(.Di
I'OKI
1 lil
l)S|
1 wo
i iim.i.
IOI U
mm:
in Kui i >
s\l VI 1
Mil)
i \i;i:
Truck
All
2004
17.2" o
52.3" 0
? 7" n
95.0" 0
1.0" n

100.0" n

0.0" 0
51.6%
4.6" n
43.6%
0.2" 0
33.3"..
0.0" 0
5.1%
46.2" n
48.7" n
Truck
All
2005
257%
48.3%
3.0%
95.0%
2.0%

99.9%

0.1%
47.2%
5.9%
46.9%
0.1%
39.8%
0.1%
2.8%
47.3%
49.9%
Truck
All
2006
25.1%
48.4%
3.2%
93.5%
3.3%

99.9%

0.1%
38.6%
7.4%
54.0%
0.1%
49.6%
1.4%
2.0%
49.0%
49.0%
Truck
All
2007
24.9%
49.0%
2.5%
93.9%
3.7%

99.9%

0.1%
43.0%
4.6%
52.5%

48.5%
0.9%
2.0%
44.9%
53.1%
Truck
All
2008
28.0%
49.6%
2.0%
94.1%
3.9%
1.2%
98.6%

0.2%
36.4%
3.8%
59.8%

52.3%
1.4%
2.5%
49.6%
47.9%
Truck
All
2009
32.9%
49.1%
1.8%
90.9%
7.3%
3.8%
96.0%

0.2%
29.0%
4.8%
66.2%

58.5%
1.2%
2.2%
52.9%
45.0%
Truck
All
2010
30.2%
48.2%
2.0%
92.8%
5.2%
11.0%
88.8%

0.2%
24.4%
7.3%
68.2%

79.2%
1.6%
1.4%
45.7%
52.9%
All
All
1975
5.3%
3.3%
23.0%
0.2%


4.1%
0.0%
0.2%






46.8%
23.5%
29.8%
All
All
1976
4.6%
4.8%
20.9%



2.5%
0.0%
0.2%






45.6%
24.2%
30.3%
All
All
1977
5.5%
4.7%
19.8%



3.4%
0.0%
0.4%






43.7%
23.7%
32.5%
All
All
1978
7.4%
6.6%
22.7%
5.5%


3.9%
0.0%
0.9%






37.0%
31.7%
31.2%
All
All
1979
9.2%
4.3%
24.2%
7.3%


3.7%
0.1%
2.0%






37.3%
30.9%
31.7%
All
All
1980
25.0%
4.9%
34.6%
18.1%


5.2%
0.8%
4.3%






50.1%
31.6%
18.3%
All
All
1981
31.0%
4.0%
33.6%
33.0%


5.1%
2.4%
5.9%






46.6%
33.4%
20.0%
All
All
1982
37.0%
4.6%
32.4%
47.8%


5.8%
8.0%
5.6%






49.6%
31.0%
19.5%
All
All
1983
37.0%
8.1%
30.5%
52.1%


7.3%
14.8%
2.7%






44.9%
34.9%
20.1%
All
All
1984
42.1%
8.2%
28.4%
52.8%


11.9%
18.7%
1.8%






48.4%
33.4%
18.2%
All
All
1985
47.8%
9.3%
26.5%
54.5%


18.2%
24.8%
0.9%






46.5%
33.9%
19.7%
All
All
1986
52.6%
9.3%
29.8%
53.5%


32.5%
25.7%
0.4%
68.3%
2.3%
1.1%



49.3%
33.7%
17.0%
All
All
1987
57.7%
9.6%
29.1%
55.4%


39.9%
31.4%
0.3%
61.6%
6.6%
4.0%



51.4%
34.1%
14.5%
All
All
1988
60.0%
10.5%
27.6%
62.2%


50.6%
34.3%
0.1%
56.2%
6.6%
7.3%



50.0%
32.7%
17.3%
All
All
1989
60.2%
10.5%
24.6%
65.5%
0.1%

57.3%
33.9%
0.1%
52.4%
8.0%
8.9%



44.7%
37.6%
17.7%
All
All
1990
63.8%
10.1%
22.2%
71.2%
0.0%

70.8%
27.0%
0.1%
46.8%
3.8%
19.3%

0.4%

44.9%
37.2%
17.8%
All
All
1991
59.6%
12.3%
23.9%
71.6%
0.0%

70.6%
28.7%
0.1%
44.7%
4.2%
18.9%

1.7%

45.3%
39.4%
15.2%
All
All
1992
58.4%
11.2%
20.7%
74.8%
0.0%

81.6%
17.8%
0.1%
43.3%
3.0%
20.3%

3.0%

41.1%
39.9%
19.0%
All
All
1993
59.9%
11.3%
19.8%
76.5%
0.0%

85.0%
14.6%

40.5%
1.9%
21.6%

3.0%

39.8%
42.4%
17.8%
All
All
1994
55.6%
15.2%
19.5%
77.6%


87.7%
12.1%
0.0%
73.3%
2.2%
24.5%

4.8%

38.8%
41.0%
20.1%
All
All
1995
57.6%
16.2%
17.9%
80.7%


91.6%
8.4%
0.0%
64.4%
0.8%
34.8%
0.0%
6.1%

38.8%
41.9%
19.3%
All
All
1996
60.0%
15.7%
15.2%
83.5%
0.0%

99.3%
0.7%
0.1%
60.7%
1.3%
38.0%
0.0%
7.0%

35.2%
46.0%
18.7%
All
All
1997
55.8%
19.3%
14.0%
85.5%
0.0%

99.5%
0.5%
0.1%
60.4%
1.6%
37.9%
0.1%
6.5%

36.0%
39.9%
24.1%
All
All
1998
56.4%
20.1%
12.8%
86.7%
0.0%

99.8%
0.1%
0.1%
59.1%
1.1%
39.4%
0.5%
10.1%

31.2%
47.9%
20.8%
All
All
1999
55.8%
21.3%
10.1%
89.4%
0.0%

99.9%
0.1%
0.1%
56.6%
1.5%
41.0%
0.9%
10.8%

29.7%
46.9%
23.4%
All
All
2000
55.5%
20.2%
9.7%
89.5%
0.0%

99.8%
0.0%
0.1%
55.2%
1.2%
42.6%
1.0%
15.0%
0.0%
29.2%
43.9%
26.9%
All
All
2001
53.8%
21.9%
9.0%
90.2%
0.1%

99.9%

0.1%
51.0%
1.4%
46.0%
1.6%
19.6%
0.0%
30.4%
39.4%
30.2%
All
All
2002
52.7%
25.0%
8.2%
91.3%
0.2%

99.8%

0.2%
46.7%
1.3%
50.5%
1.5%
25.3%
0.2%
28.5%
39.8%
31.7%
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-16
November 2010

-------
oEPA
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type






11 11. F.CONOMN



I.NCIM.




TOV
CI -IT
CI -I I -
Yiliiik-
Ciimr

PROD

LAI)
A 1)1
A 1)1
A 1)1
wciii
VOL


0-60
TOP
IIP/
IIP/
mih;
-MP(;
TOVMPC
' > lK"
Truck
\ I.AK
(000)
1 RAC
55/45
cm
ll\\\
COMP
1.15
CI -IT
CM)
IIP
II Ml.
SPI I I)
(II)
\\ 1
(L;il> 55/45)
(l.;il) 55/45)
(l.iil) 55/45)
All
All
200 ^
15775
1 000
24.3
16.7
0 0 7
19.6
3999

204
199
10.2
133
1 007
(j 0496
49.0


All
All
2004
15711
1.000
24.0
16.3
22.4
19.3
4111

212
211
9.9
135
1.026
0.0511
49.7


All
All
2005
15893
1.000
24.8
16.8
23.1
19.9
4059

205
209
9.9
135
1.049
0.0512
50.9


All
All
2006
15105
1.000
25.2
17.0
23.4
20.1
4067

204
213
9.8
137
1.073
0.0522
51.7


All
All
2007
15277
1.000
25.8
17.4
24.0
20.6
4093

203
217
9.7
137
1.099
0.0525
53.4


All
All
2008
13900
1.000
26.3
17.7
24.4
21.0
4085

199
219
9.7
138
1.122
0.0529
54.4


All
All
2009
9170
1.000
28.2
18.9
26.0
22.4
3919

183
208
9.7
136
1.156
0.0524
55.9


All
All
2010
13621
1.000
28.3
19.0
26.1
22.5
4009

191
220
9.5
139
1.170
0.0540
58.1


EPA-420-R-10-023
D-17
November 2010

-------
Protection
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Yiliiik-
T\ |K'
('sir in-
Truck
\ I.AK
l)|{|\ III KAIN
IKANSMISSION
11 1:1 mi: 1 i.m\<;
M Mlil'.R Ol \ VI \ i:s
\ \ 1

\ I NK 1 1. Sl/i:
1 KOM
4\\ 1)
VI\M VI
1 ()( k
( \ 1
(.Di
I'OKI
1 lil
l)S|
1 WO
1 iiui.i:
101 u
mm:
in Kui 1 >
s\l VI 1
Mil)
1
All
All
2()() i
S() 70 n
25 .0" 0
8.0" 0
90.8" 0
1.1" n

99.8" 0

0.2" 0
44.5" 0
1.4%
52.5" U
1.6%
30.6 n
0.3" n
28.3"..
40.7"n
31.0%
All
All
2004
47.7%
29.8%
6.8%
91.8%
1.2%

99.9%

0.1%
37.7%
3.3%
57.6%
1.4%
38.5%
0.5%
25.4%
41.1%
33.5%
All
All
2005
53.0%
26.8%
6.2%
91.4%
2.3%

99.7%

0.3%
34.4%
4.1%
60.9%
0.6%
45.8%
1.1%
23.7%
43.1%
33.2%
All
All
2006
51.9%
25.8%
6.5%
90.6%
2.8%

99.6%

0.4%
28.3%
4.5%
67.1%
0.2%
55.4%
1.5%
25.4%
40.5%
34.1%
All
All
2007
54.3%
26.1%
5.6%
87.1%
7.2%
0.2%
99.8%

0.1%
28.3%
2.7%
69.1%
0.0%
57.3%
2.2%
24.6%
42.3%
33.2%
All
All
2008
54.2%
27.3%
5.2%
86.8%
7.9%
2.3%
97.6%

0.1%
23.6%
2.1%
74.3%
0.0%
58.2%
2.5%
24.8%
42.3%
32.9%
All
All
2009
62.7%
23.7%
4.8%
85.9%
9.1%
4.3%
95.2%

0.5%
16.5%
2.0%
81.5%
0.0%
71.8%
2.3%
30.1%
41.6%
28.4%
All
All
2010
59.4%
23.6%
6.7%
82.9%
10.3%
8.5%
91.1%

0.4%
13.9%
3.4%
82.7%

86.4%
4.3%
28.7%
41.4%
29.9%
EPA-420-R-10-023
D-18
November 2010

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Appendix E
Fuel Economy Data Stratified
by Vehicle Type and Size
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
TOP
SPI)
IIP
(II)
IIP
W 1
|()\
m i (;
(1 II
m i (;
CI -IT
TO.V
Mp(;
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Small
Car
1975
4089
0.400
18.3
14.4
17.5
15.6
3440

224
113
14.5
108
0.554
0.0323
27.2


Small
Car
1976
5041
0.409
19.9
15.7
18.8
17.0
3474

226
110
14.9
107
0.537
0.0313
29.6


Small
Car
1977
5481
0.388
20.7
16.3
19.5
17.6
3486
95.4
224
114
14.3
108
0.567
0.0324
31.0
1769
2969
Small
Car
1978
4630
0.320
23.2
18.2
22.0
19.7
3029
90.9
177
100
14.2
107
0.625
0.0325
30.3
1901
2765
Small
Car
1979
4405
0.317
23.3
18.3
22.1
19.8
2936
89.2
166
98
14.2
107
0.642
0.0327
29.5
1862
2639
Small
Car
1980
4825
0.427
26.1
20.4
24.8
22.2
2717
90.0
137
86
14.5
104
0.658
0.0314
30.5
2077
2753
Small
Car
1981
4077
0.386
28.5
22.4
26.9
24.2
2648
91.6
130
85
14.4
105
0.681
0.0319
32.5
2311
2988
Small
Car
1982
4039
0.415
29.1
22.6
28.1
24.8
2684
92.2
131
87
14.4
105
0.682
0.0319
33.7
2374
3121
Small
Car
1983
3718
0.361
29.4
22.8
28.6
25.1
2734
95.1
137
91
14.1
106
0.693
0.0329
34.8
2494
3324
Small
Car
1984
5666
0.404
29.4
22.7
28.7
25.1
2776
95.2
141
96
13.8
108
0.706
0.0340
35.3
2479
3363
Small
Car
1985
5519
0.382
29.8
23.1
29.0
25.4
2771
95.8
138
100
13.3
110
0.746
0.0357
35.6
2528
3423
Small
Car
1986
6203
0.404
30.0
23.1
29.1
25.5
2791
96.7
138
101
13.3
110
0.754
0.0355
36.0
2553
3483
Small
Car
1987
6453
0.434
30.1
22.9
29.1
25.4
2803
96.9
134
102
13.3
110
0.777
0.0356
35.9
2534
3484
Small
Car
1988
6707
0.438
30.5
23.1
29.3
25.7
2818
98.5
133
105
13.1
111
0.806
0.0366
36.4
2597
3592
Small
Car
1989
5677
0.393
30.2
22.8
29.0
25.4
2841
98.3
131
108
12.8
112
0.844
0.0375
36.3
2558
3569
Small
Car
1990
4999
0.396
29.8
22.4
28.5
24.9
2897
97.6
131
116
12.2
115
0.906
0.0395
36.4
2486
3550
Small
Car
1991
5032
0.400
30.0
22.3
28.8
25.0
2886
97.6
131
117
12.1
115
0.919
0.0401
36.4
2506
3556
Small
Car
1992
4440
0.365
30.0
22.0
28.9
24.9
2921
97.9
134
123
11.8
117
0.943
0.0416
36.7
2503
3591
Small
Car
1993
4537
0.343
30.5
22.2
29.3
25.3
2903
98.3
133
122
11.8
117
0.933
0.0415
36.9
2541
3628
Small
Car
1994
4720
0.334
30.4
21.9
29.3
25.1
2965
98.7
137
126
11.7
118
0.943
0.0419
37.4
2537
3699
Small
Car
1995
5190
0.343
30.7
21.9
29.7
25.3
2988
99.6
137
134
11.2
121
1.002
0.0443
38.0
2575
3784
Small
Car
1996
4197
0.319
30.8
21.8
29.7
25.3
2977
99.9
136
134
11.1
121
1.008
0.0446
37.8
2573
3775
Small
Car
1997
4443
0.307
30.9
21.7
29.6
25.2
2977
99.2
133
133
11.2
121
1.016
0.0442
37.7
2543
3739
Small
Car
1998
3842
0.266
30.9
21.5
29.7
25.2
3013
98.8
137
138
11.0
122
1.028
0.0452
38.1
2540
3771
Small
Car
1999
3919
0.258
30.3
21.0
28.9
24.6
3085
98.9
141
144
10.9
124
1.036
0.0459
38.0
2477
3769
Small
Car
2000
4266
0.257
30.3
20.9
28.7
24.5
3079
99.4
139
144
10.9
124
1.052
0.0461
37.9
2482
3772
Small
Car
2001
4065
0.260
30.7
21.1
28.9
24.7
3101
99.2
140
149
10.6
126
1.080
0.0475
38.7
2520
3844
Small
Car
2002
3801
0.236
30.7
20.9
28.7
24.6
3125
99.9
141
153
10.6
127
1.098
0.0482
38.8
2526
3881
Small
Car
2003
3669
0.233
30.7
20.8
28.5
24.5
3169
99.4
143
159
10.3
128
1.124
0.0495
39.2
2510
3908
Small
Car
2004
3275
0.208
30.5
20.4
28.4
24.3
3192
99.0
146
165
10.1
130
1.145
0.0510
39.1
2480
3883
Small
Car
2005
3185
0.200
31.1
20.7
28.6
24.6
3163
99.1
144
165
10.0
131
1.166
0.0512
39.2
2518
3903
Small
Car
2006
3197
0.212
31.1
20.6
28.8
24.6
3255
98.8
151
176
9.8
133
1.181
0.0530
40.6
2521
4031
Small
Car
2007
3217
0.211
31.7
21.1
29.2
25.1
3238
99.3
146
173
9.8
133
1.203
0.0525
41.0
2573
4082
Small
Car
2008
2857
0.206
31.7
21.0
29.4
25.1
3284
98.3
148
179
9.8
134
1.220
0.0534
41.6
2550
4103
Small
Car
2009
2246
0.245
33.5
22.3
30.7
26.4
3251
99.8
140
171
10.0
132
1.228
0.0515
43.4
2722
4344
Small
Car
2010
3223
0.237
34.0
22.5
31.1
26.7
3263
99.8
147
181
9.7
135
1.241
0.0539
44.2
2768
4427
EPA-420-R-10-023	E-l	November 2010

-------
rm
Uivmwj Sliaso*
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
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VVT
in Hkii)
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M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CYT
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Small
Car
1975
10.0%

33.3%
0.6%


9.4%

0.5%






Small
Car
1976
8.8%

29.2%



5.0%

0.5%






Small
Car
1977
11.0%

30.3%



7.5%

0.9%






Small
Car
1978
19.9%

41.7%
6.1%


10.3%

1.5%






Small
Car
1979
24.4%

45.6%
1.7%


9.4%

2.2%






Small
Car
1980
37.8%
1.1%
51.0%
4.6%


11.1%

3.7%






Small
Car
1981
48.1%
0.7%
52.8%
7.8%


12.2%

5.1%






Small
Car
1982
56.2%
0.7%
49.9%
26.7%


13.0%
6.6%
4.0%






Small
Car
1983
61.6%
1.0%
47.6%
33.7%


18.9%
16.1%
2.4%






Small
Car
1984
63.2%
0.6%
41.1%
37.6%


25.4%
20.2%
2.2%






Small
Car
1985
70.9%
0.2%
39.8%
37.8%


28.0%
27.6%
1.4%






Small
Car
1986
74.5%
0.5%
40.0%
41.7%


36.7%
25.9%
0.4%
91.7%
5.6%
2.7%



Small
Car
1987
80.7%
0.4%
38.6%
44.7%


37.2%
29.1%
0.2%
77.0%
14.8%
8.2%



Small
Car
1988
85.2%
0.5%
36.0%
51.6%


45.5%
33.1%
0.0%
71.2%
13.1%
15.7%



Small
Car
1989
86.3%
1.0%
33.8%
51.8%
0.2%

52.1%
32.6%
0.1%
60.9%
18.1%
21.0%



Small
Car
1990
89.0%
0.6%
31.7%
56.9%
0.1%

69.9%
28.3%
0.1%
48.5%
7.5%
44.0%



Small
Car
1991
87.1%
1.4%
32.1%
59.0%
0.1%

72.2%
27.5%
0.2%
48.9%
8.4%
42.7%

3.0%

Small
Car
1992
88.6%
1.2%
29.4%
60.3%
0.0%

87.2%
12.7%
0.1%
49.4%
7.3%
43.2%

6.4%

Small
Car
1993
90.2%
1.0%
30.0%
61.2%
0.0%

89.7%
10.3%

49.7%
5.6%
44.7%

6.5%

Small
Car
1994
88.4%
0.3%
27.7%
65.7%


92.7%
7.3%

46.9%
3.3%
49.8%

12.1%

Small
Car
1995
86.1%
1.0%
26.8%
70.4%


98.3%
1.6%
0.1%
32.8%
2.0%
65.2%
0.0%
12.9%

Small
Car
1996
89.6%
1.0%
24.5%
73.1%
0.0%

97.9%
2.1%

32.4%
1.8%
65.8%
0.0%
15.1%

Small
Car
1997
89.6%
1.0%
22.7%
76.0%
0.1%

98.5%
1.5%
0.0%
30.2%
1.9%
67.7%
0.2%
15.0%

Small
Car
1998
86.1%
1.2%
22.1%
77.0%
0.1%

99.4%
0.3%
0.3%
29.7%
2.1%
67.5%
0.7%
20.1%

Small
Car
1999
87.0%
1.3%
19.7%
79.3%
0.1%

99.6%
0.2%
0.2%
31.7%
3.2%
64.3%
0.8%
18.5%

Small
Car
2000
83.4%
1.1%
20.8%
77.5%
0.0%

99.4%
0.1%
0.5%
32.7%
2.3%
63.4%
1.6%
25.4%
0.1%
Small
Car
2001
82.3%
2.4%
20.4%
77.8%
0.5%

99.4%

0.6%
27.4%
2.3%
66.9%
3.4%
37.5%
0.1%
Small
Car
2002
79.7%
4.1%
20.8%
77.9%
0.9%

99.2%

0.8%
28.6%
2.8%
65.2%
3.4%
36.3%
0.7%
Small
Car
2003
78.4%
3.5%
20.2%
77.9%
2.0%

99.4%

0.6%
16.2%
2.7%
77.8%
3.4%
42.8%
1.3%
Small
Car
2004
76.4%
5.6%
19.1%
79.1%
1.7%

99.5%

0.5%
15.6%
2.4%
78.9%
3.1%
48.7%
0.7%
Small
Car
2005
77.7%
4.9%
18.2%
80.2%
1.5%

99.5%

0.5%
13.6%
4.3%
80.3%
1.8%
55.4%
0.9%
Small
Car
2006
74.0%
4.6%
18.4%
79.7%
1.8%

98.6%

1.4%
12.6%
3.5%
83.4%
0.4%
66.5%
1.0%
Small
Car
2007
77.1%
5.3%
17.1%
76.2%
6.7%
0.8%
99.2%


10.5%
2.4%
87.0%
0.1%
63.9%
1.1%
Small
Car
2008
75.0%
6.4%
15.4%
79.2%
4.6%
3.8%
96.2%


7.2%
1.6%
91.2%
0.0%
62.0%
1.1%
Small
Car
2009
78.7%
7.2%
11.8%
83.9%
3.4%
7.7%
91.1%

1.3%
6.1%
0.5%
93.4%
0.0%
71.0%
0.9%
Small
Car
2010
74.0%
4.2%
16.7%
76.1%
6.8%
9.2%
89.8%

0.9%
8.2%
1.7%
90.1%

88.3%
4.1%
EPA-420-R-10-023
E-2
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
TOP
SPI)
IIP
(II)
IIP
W 1
|()\
m i (;
(1 II
m i (;
CI -IT
TO.V
Mp(;
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Midsize
Car
1975
1631
0.160
13.6
10.5
13.1
11.6
4630

353
158
13.9
115
0.447
0.0341
27.2


Midsize
Car
1976
1964
0.159
15.7
12.2
15.1
13.4
4558

343
156
13.8
114
0.454
0.0340
30.7


Midsize
Car
1977
2226
0.158
16.4
12.9
15.7
14.0
4474
112.9
332
151
13.9
114
0.454
0.0337
31.6
1601
3565
Midsize
Car
1978
3339
0.231
18.6
14.4
17.9
15.8
3820
113.0
292
135
13.4
113
0.464
0.0353
30.3
1823
3422
Midsize
Car
1979
3211
0.231
19.1
15.0
18.1
16.3
3710
113.1
272
128
13.6
112
0.474
0.0345
30.3
1870
3425
Midsize
Car
1980
2987
0.264
21.6
16.8
21.0
18.4
3362
113.2
229
113
13.8
109
0.512
0.0336
31.1
2113
3523
Midsize
Car
1981
2902
0.275
22.9
17.8
22.3
19.6
3346
113.9
220
107
14.2
108
0.509
0.0322
32.9
2255
3746
Midsize
Car
1982
2136
0.219
24.0
18.4
23.8
20.5
3321
113.9
211
107
14.2
108
0.529
0.0324
34.3
2377
3906
Midsize
Car
1983
2269
0.220
23.9
18.4
23.6
20.4
3316
113.8
212
111
13.8
109
0.544
0.0336
34.0
2363
3876
Midsize
Car
1984
2770
0.198
24.1
18.5
23.9
20.6
3318
113.7
210
113
13.6
110
0.563
0.0342
34.3
2373
3896
Midsize
Car
1985
2777
0.192
24.9
19.0
24.9
21.3
3319
113.6
205
117
13.3
112
0.606
0.0354
35.4
2453
4025
Midsize
Car
1986
2666
0.174
25.9
19.6
25.9
22.0
3241
113.8
194
119
13.0
113
0.640
0.0364
35.8
2535
4074
Midsize
Car
1987
2253
0.152
26.0
19.5
26.0
22.1
3247
113.7
189
123
12.7
114
0.684
0.0379
35.9
2540
4087
Midsize
Car
1988
2113
0.138
26.7
19.7
27.1
22.6
3293
113.4
183
129
12.3
116
0.718
0.0389
37.3
2588
4230
Midsize
Car
1989
2591
0.179
26.6
19.5
27.1
22.5
3314
113.6
181
131
12.2
117
0.735
0.0396
37.4
2574
4245
Midsize
Car
1990
2342
0.186
26.2
19.0
26.8
22.1
3450
113.7
187
141
12.0
119
0.758
0.0407
38.2
2528
4342
Midsize
Car
1991
2114
0.168
26.0
18.8
26.5
21.9
3412
113.5
191
147
11.5
121
0.773
0.0428
37.4
2497
4242
Midsize
Car
1992
2120
0.174
25.8
18.4
26.3
21.6
3515
113.9
191
151
11.5
122
0.801
0.0427
38.0
2471
4333
Midsize
Car
1993
2330
0.176
26.1
18.6
26.4
21.8
3515
113.9
192
153
11.4
123
0.812
0.0434
38.4
2497
4376
Midsize
Car
1994
2057
0.146
25.9
18.3
26.0
21.5
3529
113.5
190
155
11.4
123
0.827
0.0437
38.0
2457
4320
Midsize
Car
1995
2515
0.166
26.1
18.2
26.5
21.7
3546
114.3
189
166
10.7
127
0.889
0.0465
38.5
2491
4402
Midsize
Car
1996
2359
0.179
26.5
18.5
26.5
21.9
3527
114.1
181
162
10.9
126
0.906
0.0459
38.6
2505
4407
Midsize
Car
1997
2399
0.166
26.5
18.4
26.7
21.9
3551
114.5
184
170
10.6
128
0.933
0.0476
39.0
2522
4464
Midsize
Car
1998
2967
0.205
27.1
18.7
26.9
22.3
3534
114.0
177
169
10.5
128
0.965
0.0477
39.5
2552
4500
Midsize
Car
1999
3141
0.206
27.1
18.5
26.8
22.2
3540
114.0
175
171
10.5
128
0.984
0.0480
39.4
2538
4485
Midsize
Car
2000
2894
0.175
27.0
18.4
26.5
22.0
3550
113.6
174
178
10.2
131
1.027
0.0499
39.2
2512
4447
Midsize
Car
2001
2480
0.159
27.2
18.5
26.5
22.1
3566
113.7
175
180
10.1
132
1.034
0.0503
39.6
2529
4500
Midsize
Car
2002
2807
0.174
27.7
18.8
26.5
22.4
3549
114.8
177
185
9.8
134
1.055
0.0519
39.8
2581
4571
Midsize
Car
2003
2483
0.157
28.3
18.9
27.3
22.8
3567
114.6
174
189
9.7
135
1.096
0.0529
40.8
2628
4675
Midsize
Car
2004
2522
0.161
28.7
19.0
27.5
23.0
3577
114.0
174
190
9.7
135
1.100
0.0528
41.6
2667
4737
Midsize
Car
2005
2886
0.182
29.8
19.7
28.2
23.8
3545
114.5
168
185
9.8
133
1.096
0.0515
42.8
2793
4900
Midsize
Car
2006
2413
0.160
29.6
19.6
28.0
23.6
3568
114.0
169
191
9.6
135
1.137
0.0531
42.8
2759
4874
Midsize
Car
2007
3083
0.202
31.2
20.7
29.1
24.8
3581
113.8
165
191
9.6
135
1.143
0.0524
45.3
2913
5149
Midsize
Car
2008
2486
0.179
31.4
20.9
29.0
24.8
3564
113.3
163
191
9.5
135
1.161
0.0525
45.4
2937
5142
Midsize
Car
2009
1815
0.198
32.3
21.5
29.8
25.6
3554
113.9
158
186
9.7
133
1.163
0.0514
46.2
2997
5261
Midsize
Car
2010
2979
0.219
33.1
22.0
30.5
26.1
3630
114.5
163
196
9.4
136
1.180
0.0532
49.3
3141
5647
EPA-420-R-10-023	E-3	November 2010

-------
rm
Uivmwj Sliaso*
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4U 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Midsize
Car
1975
2.7%

0.6%



0.7%








Midsize
Car
1976
2.5%

0.4%



0.6%








Midsize
Car
1977
2.1%

0.3%



0.7%








Midsize
Car
1978
1.4%

1.7%
11.1%


1.4%








Midsize
Car
1979
5.2%

1.9%
21.4%


2.3%

1.4%






Midsize
Car
1980
30.2%

7.8%
25.3%


1.0%
1.5%
2.5%






Midsize
Car
1981
32.3%

5.6%
52.2%


0.1%
2.3%
4.0%






Midsize
Car
1982
44.7%

2.0%
82.6%


0.2%
15.4%
3.8%






Midsize
Car
1983
48.9%

1.2%
80.0%


0.5%
17.2%
1.7%






Midsize
Car
1984
55.1%

0.9%
82.0%


3.8%
25.6%
1.0%






Midsize
Car
1985
61.9%

1.3%
77.6%


13.0%
37.1%
0.3%






Midsize
Car
1986
71.0%
0.1%
1.8%
76.4%


25.4%
42.3%
0.2%
100.0%





Midsize
Car
1987
77.3%
0.2%
1.5%
77.6%


40.7%
43.4%
0.4%
100.0%





Midsize
Car
1988
87.0%
0.1%
3.8%
91.1%


66.9%
28.0%

93.4%
6.5%
0.1%



Midsize
Car
1989
86.5%
0.1%
4.7%
91.7%


78.3%
21.0%

94.3%
4.9%
0.8%



Midsize
Car
1990
85.2%
0.2%
3.9%
93.9%


86.6%
13.3%
0.0%
90.6%
4.3%
5.1%

2.3%

Midsize
Car
1991
87.2%
0.1%
3.6%
94.5%


88.7%
11.2%
0.1%
89.7%
4.9%
5.3%

2.7%

Midsize
Car
1992
79.1%
0.1%
2.7%
96.6%


94.7%
5.3%

77.0%
1.6%
21.4%

3.6%

Midsize
Car
1993
85.4%
0.2%
2.3%
97.2%


95.6%
4.4%

72.7%

27.3%

4.0%

Midsize
Car
1994
84.7%

2.0%
97.7%


96.0%
4.0%

68.1%

31.9%

3.9%

Midsize
Car
1995
79.6%

2.7%
97.2%


98.9%
1.1%

61.5%

38.5%

8.9%

Midsize
Car
1996
91.9%

4.3%
94.9%


99.7%

0.3%
52.6%

47.4%

11.0%

Midsize
Car
1997
90.6%
0.1%
2.5%
97.5%


99.8%

0.2%
50.1%

49.9%

10.1%

Midsize
Car
1998
95.2%
0.5%
3.0%
97.0%


99.9%

0.1%
44.5%
1.2%
53.1%
1.3%
22.0%

Midsize
Car
1999
95.2%
0.7%
3.3%
96.3%


99.8%

0.2%
36.1%
1.4%
59.7%
2.7%
20.9%

Midsize
Car
2000
92.3%
0.9%
3.5%
95.7%


100.0%


25.1%
1.4%
71.1%
2.4%
29.4%

Midsize
Car
2001
93.0%
1.2%
3.1%
96.1%


100.0%


28.2%
1.8%
66.6%
3.4%
25.3%

Midsize
Car
2002
94.2%
0.8%
2.6%
97.1%
0.1%

100.0%


21.4%
0.9%
74.7%
3.0%
45.0%

Midsize
Car
2003
91.7%
0.6%
2.9%
97.0%
0.1%

100.0%


21.9%
2.5%
72.1%
3.6%
55.3%

Midsize
Car
2004
91.7%
1.0%
3.2%
94.2%
1.9%

99.9%

0.1%
16.2%
1.6%
80.0%
2.2%
54.7%
1.9%
Midsize
Car
2005
91.4%
1.9%
3.2%
92.4%
4.2%

99.6%

0.4%
13.6%
1.1%
84.6%
0.7%
68.5%
4.9%
Midsize
Car
2006
89.4%
3.0%
3.7%
92.5%
3.7%

99.8%

0.2%
12.5%
0.2%
87.2%
0.2%
78.5%
3.8%
Midsize
Car
2007
89.0%
3.8%
2.7%
77.6%
19.8%

99.9%

0.1%
7.3%

92.7%

79.0%
7.8%
Midsize
Car
2008
85.3%
6.5%
2.5%
68.9%
28.6%
3.8%
96.0%

0.1%
6.5%

93.5%

73.1%
8.7%
Midsize
Car
2009
89.9%
4.8%
2.2%
71.8%
26.0%
3.3%
96.6%

0.1%
1.3%

98.7%

92.6%
8.1%
Midsize
Car
2010
87.6%
6.5%
3.9%
69.2%
26.7%
6.1%
93.9%


0.5%

99.5%

98.6%
11.8%
EPA-420-R-10-023
E-4
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
TOl'
M'l)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|()\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
CI -IT
TO.V
MI'C
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Large
Car
1975
1555
0.152
13.1
10.2
12.6
11.2
5142

410
180
13.5
117
0.439
0.0348
28.9


Large
Car
1976
1679
0.136
14.2
11.1
13.5
12.1
5156

410
180
13.4
117
0.440
0.0349
31.1


Large
Car
1977
2319
0.164
15.9
12.4
15.2
13.5
4482
128.1
366
166
12.8
118
0.453
0.0370
30.4
1759
3895
Large
Car
1978
2048
0.142
16.8
13.0
16.3
14.3
4394
128.5
357
162
12.8
118
0.457
0.0370
31.7
1869
4071
Large
Car
1979
2111
0.152
17.4
13.7
16.5
14.8
4210
130.0
339
154
12.9
116
0.454
0.0365
31.3
1940
4073
Large
Car
1980
963
0.085
19.1
14.7
18.8
16.3
4130
130.9
314
137
14.0
112
0.440
0.0331
34.0
2156
4448
Large
Car
1981
956
0.091
20.4
15.4
20.8
17.4
4108
131.0
304
133
14.3
111
0.444
0.0325
36.4
2318
4762
Large
Car
1982
832
0.085
20.7
15.6
21.0
17.7
4034
131.0
292
135
13.9
112
0.468
0.0337
36.0
2333
4715
Large
Car
1983
1079
0.105
20.2
15.2
20.6
17.3
4041
131.3
293
140
13.4
113
0.481
0.0347
35.0
2272
4590
Large
Car
1984
1236
0.088
20.5
15.5
21.0
17.5
4022
130.9
294
140
13.4
114
0.478
0.0349
35.3
2298
4622
Large
Car
1985
1512
0.105
22.3
16.6
23.3
19.1
3841
129.3
279
143
12.7
116
0.512
0.0371
36.7
2470
4743
Large
Car
1986
1267
0.082
23.9
17.6
25.4
20.4
3719
127.4
260
147
12.1
119
0.577
0.0396
38.0
2610
4845
Large
Car
1987
1218
0.082
23.9
17.4
25.4
20.3
3696
127.0
260
149
11.8
120
0.587
0.0405
37.6
2588
4774
Large
Car
1988
1303
0.085
24.2
17.6
25.6
20.6
3730
128.1
262
150
11.9
120
0.587
0.0405
38.4
2644
4923
Large
Car
1989
1289
0.089
24.0
17.3
25.3
20.4
3721
127.4
262
158
11.4
122
0.619
0.0427
37.9
2598
4829
Large
Car
1990
1092
0.087
23.7
16.9
25.1
20.0
3799
126.7
258
161
11.4
123
0.639
0.0427
38.0
2542
4819
Large
Car
1991
1012
0.080
23.6
16.8
24.8
19.9
3893
129.0
264
178
10.7
127
0.685
0.0459
38.8
2575
5011
Large
Car
1992
1241
0.102
23.8
16.8
25.0
20.0
3872
129.6
262
186
10.4
130
0.715
0.0480
38.8
2601
5032
Large
Car
1993
1104
0.084
24.2
17.0
25.2
20.3
3831
128.9
256
181
10.5
129
0.720
0.0473
38.9
2627
5024
Large
Car
1994
1277
0.090
24.1
16.8
24.9
20.1
3859
128.3
249
188
10.2
131
0.766
0.0487
38.8
2587
4986
Large
Car
1995
1305
0.086
24.4
16.9
25.4
20.4
3830
127.9
248
207
9.4
138
0.845
0.0539
39.1
2618
5003
Large
Car
1996
1066
0.081
24.3
16.7
25.3
20.3
3895
128.1
250
217
9.2
140
0.879
0.0557
39.5
2601
5058
Large
Car
1997
1195
0.083
24.5
16.8
25.4
20.4
3821
127.4
242
217
9.1
141
0.903
0.0567
39.0
2606
4968
Large
Car
1998
912
0.063
24.6
16.8
25.2
20.4
3784
127.4
240
218
8.9
142
0.922
0.0575
38.5
2601
4909
Large
Car
1999
1059
0.070
24.8
16.8
25.2
20.5
3854
127.0
235
222
8.9
143
0.971
0.0576
39.5
2608
5014
Large
Car
2000
1665
0.100
25.6
17.3
25.7
21.0
3782
124.9
221
215
9.2
141
0.980
0.0564
39.7
2627
4958
Large
Car
2001
1416
0.091
25.4
17.1
25.5
20.8
3774
124.8
221
204
9.5
137
0.932
0.0538
39.3
2607
4912
Large
Car
2002
1252
0.078
26.0
17.4
25.7
21.2
3768
124.3
218
209
9.3
139
0.975
0.0554
39.9
2641
4962
Large
Car
2003
1261
0.080
26.0
17.3
25.6
21.1
3841
124.8
224
208
9.5
138
0.929
0.0538
40.6
2648
5068
Large
Car
2004
1185
0.075
26.0
17.2
25.6
21.1
3858
124.7
225
211
9.4
139
0.944
0.0546
40.6
2642
5073
Large
Car
2005
1234
0.078
26.4
17.4
25.5
21.2
3933
125.0
225
216
9.5
139
0.964
0.0545
41.8
2670
5230
Large
Car
2006
1570
0.104
26.0
17.1
25.2
20.9
4014
124.7
230
238
8.9
145
1.045
0.0589
42.2
2630
5263
Large
Car
2007
1174
0.077
26.0
17.1
25.3
21.0
4026
123.8
229
236
9.0
144
1.036
0.0581
42.5
2623
5256
Large
Car
2008
1407
0.101
27.3
17.8
26.8
22.0
3966
123.2
213
232
9.0
144
1.106
0.0581
43.9
2745
5406
Large
Car
2009
955
0.104
28.4
18.6
27.6
22.8
3883
122.6
200
225
9.0
143
1.146
0.0576
44.6
2833
5461
Large
Car
2010
1093
0.080
28.2
18.5
27.4
22.7
3924
122.9
204
237
8.8
146
1.179
0.0598
44.7
2823
5491
EPA-420-R-10-023	E-5	November 2010

-------
rm
Uivmwj Sliaso*
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4U 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Large
Car
1975
1.5%

0.0%












Large
Car
1976
1.5%

0.0%



1.2%








Large
Car
1977
1.5%





0.5%








Large
Car
1978
1.1%


2.5%


0.2%

1.4%






Large
Car
1979



6.5%


0.2%

3.5%






Large
Car
1980



41.6%



2.0%
10.4%






Large
Car
1981



89.8%



17.1%
15.2%






Large
Car
1982



93.1%



20.1%
10.0%






Large
Car
1983



99.9%



37.3%
2.4%






Large
Car
1984



99.9%



39.0%
0.8%






Large
Car
1985
31.9%


100.0%


19.1%
44.9%
0.3%






Large
Car
1986
55.9%

0.7%
99.2%


65.4%
15.8%

99.3%

0.7%



Large
Car
1987
60.9%

0.5%
99.5%


69.9%
15.2%

98.9%

1.1%



Large
Car
1988
58.7%

0.4%
99.6%


76.9%
12.6%

98.9%

1.1%



Large
Car
1989
61.9%

0.3%
99.7%


74.8%
22.2%

99.2%

0.8%



Large
Car
1990
69.0%

0.2%
99.8%


92.9%
6.0%

99.5%

0.5%



Large
Car
1991
59.8%

0.4%
99.6%


83.3%
16.7%

99.1%

0.9%



Large
Car
1992
58.5%

0.3%
98.5%


89.2%
10.7%
0.1%
98.1%

1.9%

0.7%

Large
Car
1993
64.8%

0.4%
98.2%


89.7%
10.3%

92.0%

8.0%

0.9%

Large
Car
1994
69.2%

0.2%
99.0%


99.9%

0.1%
82.9%

17.1%

0.5%

Large
Car
1995
71.3%

0.2%
98.3%


100.0%

0.0%
76.5%

23.5%

0.7%

Large
Car
1996
67.7%

0.1%
99.3%


100.0%


61.6%

38.4%

1.2%

Large
Car
1997
72.4%

0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


64.4%

35.6%

1.8%

Large
Car
1998
74.2%

0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


60.2%

39.8%

2.5%

Large
Car
1999
72.5%


100.0%


100.0%


49.7%

50.3%

1.8%

Large
Car
2000
80.9%
0.0%

100.0%


100.0%


60.2%
1.2%
38.6%
0.0%
7.2%

Large
Car
2001
79.3%
0.1%

100.0%


100.0%


64.0%
2.3%
33.6%
0.1%
9.1%

Large
Car
2002
86.6%
0.0%

100.0%


100.0%


62.8%
2.1%
35.0%
0.0%
6.9%

Large
Car
2003
77.1%
0.3%

100.0%


100.0%


72.7%
1.7%
25.5%
0.0%
8.9%

Large
Car
2004
77.1%
1.3%

100.0%


100.0%


65.9%
1.4%
31.9%
0.8%
10.6%

Large
Car
2005
68.6%
3.8%

96.7%
3.2%

100.0%


64.4%
0.9%
34.4%
0.4%
8.8%

Large
Car
2006
62.7%
3.8%
0.1%
96.8%
3.0%

100.0%


48.6%
0.9%
50.2%
0.3%
29.2%

Large
Car
2007
70.1%
3.9%
0.1%
98.7%
1.1%

100.0%


52.5%
0.2%
47.2%

45.5%

Large
Car
2008
72.7%
3.0%
0.6%
99.3%

0.9%
99.1%


37.0%
0.0%
63.0%

57.9%

Large
Car
2009
78.4%
2.8%
0.8%
99.2%

1.0%
99.0%


30.4%
0.1%
69.5%

82.4%

Large
Car
2010
74.3%
5.8%
0.9%
98.7%

3.3%
96.7%


22.4%
0.1%
77.4%

84.2%
0.4%
EPA-420-R-10-023
E-6
November 2010

-------
I I- I
l<>\
MI'(:
3317
3176
3135
3463
3601
3789
3817
4180
4227
4150
4378
4317
4339
4577
4726
4774
4784
4872
4782
4507
4562
4393
4413
4414
4570
4384
4557
4719
4671
4755
4579
4849
4933
5011
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
\ ilii.lc
I % |ti-
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
MODI I
'I I \l<
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
477
345
385
361
310
310
418
382
531
461
496
349
361
253
159
160
209
143
302
206
198
90
149
78
212
236
338
300
365
493
389
420
434
609
I k \<
0.047
0.028
0.027
0.025
0.022
0.027
0.040
0.039
0.052
0.033
0.034
0.023
0.024
0.017
0.011
0.013
0.017
0.012
0.023
0.015
0.013
0.007
0.010
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.014
0.015
0.021
0.019
0.023
0.033
0.025
0.030
0.047
0.045
m ii i(o\o\n
i \n
55 45
22.4
23.9
25.5
24.3
25.7
28.6
30.0
30.6
32.2
31.9
32.5
31.0
30.7
31.3
31.5
29.6
30.6
30.2
32.5
32.9
33.3
31.6
32.2
32.1
31.5
29.2
27.3
26.1
30.2
31.4
32.4
31.4
31.7
32.3
33.6
34.5
M).l
( I I 'I
17.4
18.7
20.2
19.2
20.3
22.6
23.6
23.9
25.3
24.9
25.4
24.2
23.8
24.3
24.2
22.4
22.8
22.3
23.7
23.6
23.9
22.5
22.7
22.3
21.8
20.0
19.0
18.0
20.8
21.6
22.2
21.3
21.5
21.9
22.8
23.5
M).l
IIW 'I
21.6
22.9
23.8
22.9
24.3
27.0
28.5
29.4
30.5
30.7
30.9
29.2
28.9
29.0
29.4
27.7
28.9
28.6
31.0
31.7
31.8
30.0
30.8
30.7
30.1
28.2
25.4
24.4
27.1
27.7
28.4
27.8
28.2
28.7
29.5
30.0
\ I >-l
dlMI'
19.1
20.4
21.7
20.7
21.9
24.4
25.6
26.1
27.4
27.2
27.7
26.3
25.9
26.3
26.4
24.7
25.4
25.0
26.9
27.1
27.3
25.8
26.3
26.1
25.5
23.7
22.0
21.1
23.9
24.7
25.3
24.6
24.9
25.3
26.2
26.8
Weill I
I II
2834
2902
2801
2805
2711
2591
2531
2580
2565
2620
2579
2648
2795
2757
2766
3026
3005
3076
2882
2908
2859
2952
2901
2874
2923
3107
3470
3504
3262
3235
3160
3255
3264
3300
3263
3217
\ <>l
(I II
108.0
108.0
105.1
108.2
110.6
112.2
108.2
116.5
117.7
118.4
120.0
118.7
118.6
122.2
123.3
123.7
123.0
122.9
122.1
118.0
119.5
116.9
117.9
119.7
119.6
118.2
115.2
117.5
115.9
118.4
112.0
115.0
114.8
115.8
I \CI\I
128
136
134
134
123
113
108
109
105
107
107
113
116
113
112
120
120
122
118
121
118
122
125
124
125
127
145
145
127
126
122
127
127
130
125
123
87
86
85
90
81
75
79
75
74
77
78
82
91
93
110
106
123
99
103
100
114
118
119
126
143
148
156
146
166
156
160
160
160
150
144
II (ill
I IMI
14.8
15.2
14.9
14.3
15.1
15.4
14.4
15.3
15.3
15.2
15.0
14.7
14.2
13.7
13.5
12.9
13.3
12.4
13.5
13.3
13.4
12.5
11.8
11.7
11.3
10.7
11.3
11.0
11.0
10.1
10.4
10.5
10.4
10.5
10.7
10.9
Mil'
SI'I)
104
103
104
105
102
101
103
101
101
102
102
103
106
107
108
111
110
116
108
110
109
113
116
117
119
123
121
124
123
130
127
128
128
127
124
123
0.713
0.668
0.685
0.709
0.684
0.685
0.755
0.698
0.713
0.719
0.727
0.730
0.788
0.829
0.862
0.920
0.880
1.017
0.842
0.848
0.844
0.928
0.943
0.959
1.004
1.129
1.022
1.085
1.162
1.298
1.268
1.244
1.247
1.228
1.207
1.185
E-7

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4U 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Small
Wagon
1975
13.3%

48.6%



0.8%








Small
Wagon
1976
12.2%

42.8%



3.2%








Small
Wagon
1977
23.3%

52.9%



6.4%

0.6%






Small
Wagon
1978
23.0%

55.1%
1.2%


6.9%








Small
Wagon
1979
13.3%
12.1%
57.0%
2.3%


1.0%








Small
Wagon
1980
24.4%
9.8%
64.5%
7.4%


1.1%

6.3%






Small
Wagon
1981
57.9%
8.0%
62.0%
8.1%


4.0%

2.2%






Small
Wagon
1982
68.3%
8.9%
54.0%
19.4%


4.8%
0.7%
1.2%






Small
Wagon
1983
55.4%
39.3%
51.0%
23.7%


3.7%
17.0%
0.3%






Small
Wagon
1984
81.4%
15.6%
43.7%
39.2%


5.1%
32.2%
1.6%






Small
Wagon
1985
60.0%
39.6%
42.7%
42.2%


6.2%
15.4%
0.5%






Small
Wagon
1986
78.4%
20.7%
43.3%
29.0%


6.8%
24.3%
0.8%
100.0%





Small
Wagon
1987
76.6%
23.4%
34.4%
41.0%


29.2%
42.6%

78.8%
4.9%
16.3%



Small
Wagon
1988
80.2%
19.8%
37.8%
34.6%


30.6%
62.8%

80.5%
0.6%
18.9%



Small
Wagon
1989
89.9%
10.1%
26.6%
51.8%


41.0%
48.8%

59.8%
3.2%
36.9%



Small
Wagon
1990
68.3%
31.7%
30.6%
58.8%


59.4%
40.6%

35.5%

64.5%



Small
Wagon
1991
79.1%
20.9%
24.4%
74.1%


80.0%
20.0%

51.4%

48.6%



Small
Wagon
1992
73.0%
25.5%
30.9%
68.2%


95.3%
4.7%

54.7%

45.3%

1.4%

Small
Wagon
1993
83.2%
16.2%
28.9%
70.6%


95.8%
4.2%

73.5%

26.5%

0.5%

Small
Wagon
1994
88.6%
10.6%
27.6%
72.1%


97.8%
2.2%

79.2%

20.8%

3.5%

Small
Wagon
1995
92.8%
4.6%
23.8%
76.2%


100.0%


74.3%

25.7%

4.5%

Small
Wagon
1996
84.5%
11.2%
20.8%
79.2%


100.0%


48.9%

51.1%

4.5%

Small
Wagon
1997
82.9%
14.4%
19.6%
80.4%


100.0%


59.3%

40.7%

3.0%

Small
Wagon
1998
78.9%
18.3%
18.8%
81.2%


100.0%


50.9%

45.6%
3.5%
3.5%

Small
Wagon
1999
71.8%
22.8%
20.1%
77.6%


100.0%


36.8%

58.7%
4.4%
16.3%

Small
Wagon
2000
71.5%
17.9%
15.2%
78.0%


100.0%


0.8%

95.8%
3.4%
43.1%

Small
Wagon
2001
92.6%
5.1%
14.9%
84.5%


100.0%


2.6%

95.2%
2.2%
4.1%

Small
Wagon
2002
82.0%
14.9%
19.6%
79.8%


99.1%

0.9%
4.7%
1.6%
91.5%
2.2%
2.2%

Small
Wagon
2003
86.2%
11.7%
16.6%
83.4%


98.0%

2.0%
3.8%
1.1%
93.2%
1.9%
48.3%

Small
Wagon
2004
85.7%
13.4%
15.7%
84.3%


98.8%

1.2%
2.5%
0.9%
95.0%
1.6%
51.5%

Small
Wagon
2005
89.0%
10.7%
15.5%
84.5%


98.9%

1.1%
20.9%
0.6%
77.9%
0.6%
60.4%

Small
Wagon
2006
90.8%
8.8%
11.9%
88.1%


100.0%


10.4%

89.6%
0.1%
55.5%

Small
Wagon
2007
90.2%
9.4%
11.0%
89.0%


100.0%


8.3%

91.6%
0.1%
49.3%

Small
Wagon
2008
87.2%
12.6%
15.6%
84.4%

1.9%
98.1%




99.9%
0.1%
50.9%

Small
Wagon
2009
86.7%
13.1%
12.9%
83.1%
4.0%
2.3%
95.3%

2.4%


100.0%

85.1%

Small
Wagon
2010
92.5%
7.0%
21.5%
70.8%
7.7%
2.4%
95.4%

2.2%


100.0%

94.4%

EPA-420-R-10-023
E-8
November 2010

-------
I I- I
l<>\
MI'(:
4417
4266
4293
4455
4417
4669
4759
4793
4876
5116
5245
5249
5217
5298
5451
5502
5296
5273
5235
5458
5403
5327
5419
5294
5433
5477
5461
5531
5338
5481
5511
5531
5433
6433
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
\ ilii.lc
I % |ti-
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
Wagon
MODI I
'I I \l<
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
289
485
548
503
482
257
272
284
276
365
342
409
359
285
239
184
122
137
166
138
176
169
149
153
181
234
236
208
171
158
238
220
150
136
64
105
I k \<
0.028
0.039
0.039
0.035
0.035
0.023
0.026
0.029
0.027
0.026
0.024
0.027
0.024
0.019
0.017
0.015
0.010
0.011
0.013
0.010
0.012
0.013
0.010
0.011
0.012
0.014
0.015
0.013
0.011
0.010
0.015
0.015
0.010
0.010
0.007
0.008
m ii i(o\o\n
i \n
55 45
13.2
16.0
16.3
18.6
19.1
21.1
23.1
23.7
24.4
25.0
25.2
26.0
25.6
26.2
25.6
25.3
25.9
26.2
26.2
26.0
26.6
26.3
26.3
26.2
26.3
27.3
26.6
27.4
27.2
26.4
26.0
26.4
27.3
26.7
28.1
28.5
M).l
( I I 'I
10.2
12.6
12.9
14.6
15.2
16.5
18.1
18.5
19.1
19.4
19.4
19.8
19.3
19.4
18.8
18.3
18.6
18.6
18.7
18.4
18.8
18.5
18.5
18.5
18.3
18.9
18.5
18.9
18.6
17.9
17.4
17.7
18.4
17.9
19.0
19.2
M).l
IIW 'I
12.9
15.1
15.3
17.6
17.9
20.1
21.8
22.6
23.3
24.2
24.6
25.7
25.6
26.5
25.9
25.9
26.4
26.9
26.6
26.4
26.6
25.8
25.5
25.0
25.4
25.7
24.8
25.4
25.4
24.7
24.4
24.7
25.4
25.0
25.5
26.2
\ I >-l
dlMI'
11.3
13.6
13.9
15.8
16.3
18.0
19.6
20.2
20.8
21.3
21.5
22.1
21.8
22.2
21.7
21.3
21.8
21.9
21.9
21.7
22.1
21.7
21.6
21.4
21.5
22.1
21.5
22.0
21.9
21.2
20.8
21.1
21.8
21.4
22.3
22.6
Weill I
I II
4791
4555
4410
3836
3758
3535
3285
3384
3348
3298
3356
3355
3434
3378
3436
3499
3506
3504
3498
3533
3482
3661
3666
3669
3691
3572
3775
3732
3745
3860
3839
3827
3727
3845
3653
4064
\ <>l
(I II
143.6
140.0
139.7
139.7
136.2
136.1
136.2
135.9
134.8
137.8
140.2
139.4
139.9
141.6
142.3
142.6
137.7
137.4
135.9
136.9
136.5
135.3
136.4
134.0
133.6
133.6
133.5
135.0
133.3
135.6
135.4
134.6
133.7
139.2
I \CI\I
361
315
297
258
249
228
193
205
200
172
170
162
173
171
176
181
181
188
188
180
167
161
160
155
157
153
155
153
151
158
183
183
161
165
153
167
162
142
135
123
118
107
103
108
109
107
112
115
125
126
132
139
140
143
144
151
149
154
158
169
169
162
176
172
174
189
213
221
195
195
186
200
II (ill
I IMI
13.8
14.8
15.1
14.4
14.7
15.0
14.5
14.3
14.1
14.1
13.9
13.6
13.0
12.7
12.4
12.0
12.0
11.8
11.7
11.4
11.4
11.6
11.3
10.7
10.8
11.0
10.7
10.7
10.7
10.3
9.3
9.1
9.8
10.0
9.9
10.3
Mil'
SI'I)
115
110
109
109
108
106
107
108
108
108
109
110
113
114
116
118
118
119
120
122
121
122
123
127
126
125
128
127
127
131
139
142
134
133
132
132
0.473
0.458
0.459
0.484
0.480
0.482
0.562
0.551
0.568
0.633
0.679
0.718
0.735
0.743
0.765
0.782
0.794
0.777
0.790
0.863
0.915
0.965
1.001
1.097
1.087
1.060
1.139
1.136
1.157
1.208
1.195
1.221
1.223
1.185
1.211
1.189
E-9

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4U 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Midsize
Wagon
1975


4.0%



7.6%

0.2%






Midsize
Wagon
1976


7.1%



3.4%

0.1%






Midsize
Wagon
1977


4.6%



3.5%

0.3%






Midsize
Wagon
1978


5.3%
17.2%


3.0%

0.3%






Midsize
Wagon
1979


5.3%
9.1%


2.5%

2.5%






Midsize
Wagon
1980


9.9%
43.8%


4.3%

5.9%






Midsize
Wagon
1981
35.6%

12.8%
28.5%


6.9%

5.9%






Midsize
Wagon
1982
28.2%

7.4%
62.6%


5.7%

6.3%






Midsize
Wagon
1983
32.8%

6.2%
50.2%


7.9%

2.3%






Midsize
Wagon
1984
69.9%

5.4%
62.5%


10.4%
20.3%
2.5%






Midsize
Wagon
1985
69.5%
4.5%
5.9%
64.7%


25.7%
30.5%
1.8%






Midsize
Wagon
1986
82.2%
2.1%
9.1%
71.0%


51.3%
28.0%
0.2%
100.0%





Midsize
Wagon
1987
83.9%
0.1%
4.4%
83.6%


71.7%
22.8%
0.8%
100.0%





Midsize
Wagon
1988
87.7%
0.7%
3.8%
87.2%


70.2%
29.8%

100.0%





Midsize
Wagon
1989
77.5%
8.2%
7.1%
80.7%


87.7%
12.3%

99.0%

1.0%



Midsize
Wagon
1990
81.1%
0.4%
1.7%
87.9%


98.5%
1.5%

96.6%

3.4%



Midsize
Wagon
1991
79.6%
1.3%
2.4%
85.6%


99.3%
0.7%

96.4%

3.6%



Midsize
Wagon
1992
80.8%
0.6%
1.7%
88.9%


99.7%
0.3%

89.7%

10.3%



Midsize
Wagon
1993
87.0%
0.6%
1.8%
91.2%


100.0%


88.4%

11.6%



Midsize
Wagon
1994
89.0%
0.4%
1.6%
94.0%


100.0%


79.9%

20.1%

6.2%

Midsize
Wagon
1995
64.8%
27.8%
10.1%
86.7%


100.0%


49.2%

50.8%

6.1%

Midsize
Wagon
1996
61.0%
39.0%
12.9%
87.1%


99.2%

0.8%
36.5%

63.5%

6.8%

Midsize
Wagon
1997
48.5%
51.5%
13.4%
86.6%


99.9%

0.1%
32.4%

67.6%

4.8%

Midsize
Wagon
1998
32.7%
64.2%
13.7%
86.3%


100.0%


12.9%
3.1%
82.4%
1.6%
8.9%

Midsize
Wagon
1999
44.8%
52.0%
12.1%
87.9%


100.0%


16.9%
3.2%
69.8%
10.1%
10.6%

Midsize
Wagon
2000
54.4%
43.3%
9.9%
90.1%


100.0%


25.7%
2.3%
61.3%
10.6%
19.8%

Midsize
Wagon
2001
42.4%
56.5%
8.5%
91.5%


100.0%


11.4%
2.4%
74.0%
12.2%
39.1%

Midsize
Wagon
2002
49.0%
50.3%
8.9%
91.1%


100.0%


7.2%
1.9%
80.0%
10.9%
36.7%

Midsize
Wagon
2003
46.9%
52.7%
9.2%
90.8%


100.0%


7.0%
0.7%
74.1%
18.2%
30.9%

Midsize
Wagon
2004
40.3%
58.2%
7.3%
92.7%


99.4%

0.6%
5.0%
3.7%
76.5%
14.9%
48.6%

Midsize
Wagon
2005
19.9%
49.3%
6.8%
93.2%


98.6%

1.4%
14.8%
1.0%
79.8%
4.4%
31.3%

Midsize
Wagon
2006
19.7%
44.1%
4.8%
95.2%


100.0%


5.9%
0.8%
93.2%

34.1%

Midsize
Wagon
2007
45.4%
42.4%
5.5%
94.5%


100.0%


2.6%

97.4%

28.1%

Midsize
Wagon
2008
28.2%
60.7%
5.5%
94.5%

5.8%
94.2%


3.0%

97.0%

20.0%

Midsize
Wagon
2009
32.9%
67.0%
6.8%
93.2%

4.8%
95.2%




100.0%

13.6%

Midsize
Wagon
2010
33.4%
66.6%
4.7%
53.1%
42.1%
6.7%
93.3%




100.0%

47.8%

EPA-420-R-10-023
E-10
November 2010

-------
I I- I
l<>\
MI'(:
5113
5161
4996
5953
6154
5877
5940
6028
6299
6656
6634
6807
6671
6701
7207
7337
7231
7321
7274
7421
6996
7078
6969
6811
7108
7664
7483
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
\ i lii.'li*
I % |ti-
MODI I
*11 \l<
I'KOI)
lIMIIIi
I k \<
m ii i(o\o\n
i \n
55 45
M).l
(I I *1
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
dlMI'
Weill I
I It
\ (>l
(I I I
I \ci\l
II (ill
I IMI
I'll'
SI'I)
Wagon
975
197
0.019
11.9
9.3
11.6
10.2
5453
410
181
14.0
116
0.441
Wagon
976
207
0.017
13.5
10.<
12.9
11.5
5444
416
185
13.7
117
0.445
Wagon
977
341
0.024
15.5
12.2
14.6
13.2
4713
163.1
365
161
13.6
115
0.442
Wagon
978
293
0.020
15.9
12.4
15.4
13.6
4664
162.4
354
162
13.4
116
0.460
Wagon
979
275
0.020
16.1
12.8
15.1
13.7
4467
162.5
333
155
13.4
115
0.465
Wagon
980
102
0.009
19.1
14.7
18.9
16.3
4423
161.5
324
134
15.2
109
0.418
Wagon
981
108
0.010
19.9
15.0
20.3
17.0
4394
161.4
313
131
15.3
108
0.424
Wagon
982
146
0.015
19.2
14.4
19.8
16.4
4396
161.3
306
139
14.6
110
0.456
Wagon
983
130
0.013
19.6
14.7
20.2
16.7
4380
161.6
307
142
14.1
112
0.465
Wagon
984
176
0.013
19.9
14.9
20.5
17.0
4371
161.7
305
144
13.9
112
0.472
Wagon
985
146
0.010
20.9
15.6
21.8
17.9
4354
161.7
305
154
13.2
115
0.504
Wagon
986
120
0.008
22.0
16.2
23.3
18.8
4381
161.4
304
146
13.9
113
0.479
Wagon
987
0.006
22.1
16.3
23.1
18.9
4348
161.8
304
143
14.0
112
0.470
Wagon
75
0.005
22.8
16.8
23.4
19.4
4349
161.7
304
143
14.0
112
0.470
Wagon
989
63
0.004
22.5
16.5
23.0
19.0
4334
161.8
304
143
13.9
112
0.471
Wagon
990
31
0.002
22.7
16.5
23.1
19.1
4337
161.6
304
143
13.9
112
0.471
Wagon
991
34
0.003
22.9
16.3
24.2
19.4
4403
169.1
304
177
11.9
122
0.581
Wagon
992
27
0.002
22.7
15.9
24.3
19.1
4500
170.3
338
177
12.1
121
0.526
Wagon
993
19
0.001
22.5
15.6
24.3
19.0
4500
169.3
340
174
12.2
120
0.513
Wagon
994
16
0.001
22.9
15.9
24.1
19.2
4500
169.2
350
250
9.1
144
0.714
Wagon
995
10
0.001
22.8
15.8
23.9
19.1
4500
169.3
350
250
9.1
144
0.714
Wagon
996
0.001
23.2
15.9
24.5
19.4
4500
170.2
350
260
8.9
147
0.743
Wagon
997
Wagon
998
Wagon
999
Wagon
2000
Wagon
2001
Wagon
2002
Wagon
2003
Wagon
2004
0.006
22.0
14.9
20.9
17.8
4769
165.0
215
249
9.6
140
1.158
Wagon
2005
118
0.007
22.2
14.9
21.1
17.9
4791
165.0
217
244
9.8
139
1.125
Wagon
2006
102
0.007
21.9
14.8
20.7
17.7
4806
164.4
219
254
9.5
142
1.165
Wagon
2007
73
0.005
21.9
14.5
21.6
17.9
4785
159.2
237
247
9.7
140
1.048
Wagon
2008
23
0.002
21.8
14.6
21.0
17.7
5017
160.1
227
256
9.6
140
1.135
Wagon
Wagon
2009
2010
11
0.000
0.001
21.4
21.0
14.8
14.5
19.5
19.0
17.2
16.8
5500
5500
161.7
161.7
209
211
261
264
10.0
10.0
137
137
1.246
1.250
E-ll

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4W 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Large
Wagon
1975















Large
Wagon
1976















Large
Wagon
1977















Large
Wagon
1978








1.4%






Large
Wagon
1979















Large
Wagon
1980



74.0%




26.7%






Large
Wagon
1981



100.0%



0.2%
25.2%






Large
Wagon
1982



100.0%




11.0%






Large
Wagon
1983



100.0%



24.1%
4.6%






Large
Wagon
1984



100.0%



25.8%
1.5%






Large
Wagon
1985



100.0%



29.2%
0.4%






Large
Wagon
1986



100.0%


23.7%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1987



100.0%


30.3%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1988



100.0%


30.2%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1989



100.0%


33.1%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1990



100.0%


32.7%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1991



100.0%


19.5%
80.5%

100.0%





Large
Wagon
1992



100.0%



100.0%

100.0%





Large
Wagon
1993



100.0%



100.0%

100.0%





Large
Wagon
1994



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1995



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1996



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1997















Large
Wagon
1998















Large
Wagon
1999















Large
Wagon
2000















Large
Wagon
2001















Large
Wagon
2002















Large
Wagon
2003















Large
Wagon
2004
46.1%
53.9%

100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Large
Wagon
2005
60.1%
39.9%

100.0%


100.0%


14.5%

85.5%



Large
Wagon
2006
57.8%
42.2%

100.0%


100.0%


0.0%
19.0%
81.0%

14.5%

Large
Wagon
2007
60.0%
40.0%

100.0%


97.9%

2.1%
12.2%
1.6%
86.3%

13.3%

Large
Wagon
2008
31.7%
57.6%

100.0%


95.2%

4.8%


100.0%

41.0%

Large
Wagon
2009

100.0%

100.0%


88.5%

11.5%


100.0%

88.5%

Large
Wagon
2010

100.0%

100.0%


92.5%

7.5%


100.0%

100.0%

EPA-420-R-10-023	E-12	November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \ci\l
II (ill
1 IMI
TOl'
M'l)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|()\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
CI -IT
TO.V
MI'C
1 \li
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Small
Van
1975
2
0.000
20.6
16.2
19.6
17.5
3498

118
78
19.1
96
0.656
0.0224
30.7


Small
Van
1976
2
0.000
19.9
15.1
20.1
17.0
3500

120
67
20.9
92
0.558
0.0191
29.8


Small
Van
1977
2
0.000
22.2
17.2
21.5
18.9
3500

120
67
20.8
92
0.558
0.0191
33.1


Small
Van
1978
3
0.000
20.0
15.7
19.1
17.0
3500

120
67
20.9
92
0.558
0.0191
29.8


Small
Van
1979
8
0.001
18.7
14.8
17.6
16.0
3500

120
67
20.9
92
0.558
0.0191
28.0


Small
Van
1980
16
0.001
19.0
14.7
18.6
16.2
3619

120
67
21.4
91
0.558
0.0186
29.4


Small
Van
1981
11
0.001
18.5
14.6
17.4
15.8
3644

120
67
21.6
91
0.558
0.0185
28.7


Small
Van
1982
15
0.002
21.7
17.7
19.4
18.4
3668

111
61
23.4
89
0.550
0.0168
35.6


Small
Van
1983
14
0.001
19.7
15.6
18.4
16.8
3567

118
69
20.9
92
0.583
0.0194
30.3


Small
Van
1984
83
0.006
25.6
20.8
23.0
21.7
3314

120
87
16.6
100
0.721
0.0265
36.4


Small
Van
1985
93
0.006
25.5
20.7
23.1
21.7
3270

121
88
16.2
101
0.727
0.0272
35.6


Small
Van
1986
102
0.007
25.7
20.6
23.1
21.7
3298

131
95
15.3
104
0.728
0.0291
36.0


Small
Van
1987
126
0.008
24.3
19.4
21.9
20.5
3299

134
98
15.0
105
0.736
0.0301
34.0


Small
Van
1988
56
0.004
24.5
19.2
22.3
20.6
3402

134
101
15.1
105
0.751
0.0297
35.2


Small
Van
1989
36
0.002
25.0
19.8
22.4
20.9
3390

130
98
15.3
104
0.755
0.0293
35.5


Small
Van
1990
31
0.002
23.9
18.5
21.8
20.0
3554

140
120
14.0
111
0.855
0.0344
35.6


Small
Van
1991
15
0.001
24.0
18.6
21.5
19.9
3402

124
95
15.8
103
0.761
0.0284
33.8


Small
Van
1992
40
0.003
27.0
20.2
25.3
22.4
3217

129
115
13.0
112
0.901
0.0358
36.1


Small
Van
1993
12
0.001
28.2
20.9
26.4
23.3
3032

122
120
12.0
115
0.991
0.0396
35.4


Small
Van
1994
11
0.001
27.0
19.7
25.7
22.3
3248

135
130
11.9
117
0.966
0.0402
36.3


Small
Van
1995
6
0.000
26.5
19.3
24.8
21.8
3163

135
130
11.7
118
0.967
0.0411
34.6


Small
Van
1996
2
0.000
26.2
18.8
24.9
21.5
3416

142
135
12.1
117
0.949
0.0394
36.8


Small
Van
1997

















Small
Van
1998

















Small
Van
1999

















Small
Van
2000

















Small
Van
2001

















Small
Van
2002

















Small
Van
2003

















Small
Van
2004

















Small
Van
2005

















Small
Van
2006

















Small
Van
2007

















Small
Van
2008
16
0.001
30.7
20.9
27.3
24.1
3500

140
153
11.1
123
1.093
0.0437
42.2


Small
Van
2009
22
0.002
30.3
20.7
26.8
23.8
3500

140
153
11.1
123
1.093
0.0437
41.6


Small
Van
2010
11
0.001
30.7
20.9
27.3
24.1
3500

140
153
11.1
123
1.093
0.0437
42.2


EPA-420-R-10-023	E-13	November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
I I I I Ml 1 I KI\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4W 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Small
Van
1975


43.3%




61.1%







Small
Van
1976


84.8%




100.0%







Small
Van
1977


89.9%




100.0%







Small
Van
1978


85.0%




100.0%







Small
Van
1979


81.2%




100.0%







Small
Van
1980


82.9%




100.0%







Small
Van
1981


81.2%




100.0%







Small
Van
1982


89.0%




61.7%
38.3%






Small
Van
1983
4.2%

76.9%




93.6%
6.4%






Small
Van
1984
20.0%

41.9%
50.1%


54.4%
25.6%
2.4%






Small
Van
1985
18.7%
3.2%
40.8%
53.3%


57.7%
20.5%







Small
Van
1986
22.4%
13.1%
36.4%
60.8%


64.5%








Small
Van
1987
20.5%
17.0%
28.6%
66.8%


65.1%
18.1%







Small
Van
1988
21.1%
16.0%
28.4%
68.6%


81.6%
18.4%







Small
Van
1989
27.6%
21.3%
29.5%
65.4%


99.7%
0.3%







Small
Van
1990
55.8%
22.8%
31.4%
55.9%


99.0%
1.0%







Small
Van
1991
42.3%
28.4%
46.0%
36.5%


100.0%








Small
Van
1992
84.4%
15.6%
26.8%
73.2%


100.0%








Small
Van
1993
98.5%
1.5%
14.5%
85.5%


100.0%








Small
Van
1994
66.1%
33.9%
14.1%
85.9%


100.0%


42.9%
33.9%
23.3%



Small
Van
1995
27.3%
72.7%
18.8%
81.2%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Van
1996
92.3%
7.7%
3.8%
96.2%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Van
1997















Small
Van
1998















Small
Van
1999















Small
Van
2000















Small
Van
2001















Small
Van
2002















Small
Van
2003















Small
Van
2004















Small
Van
2005















Small
Van
2006















Small
Van
2007















Small
Van
2008
100.0%

4.9%
95.1%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Small
Van
2009
100.0%

4.8%
95.2%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Small
Van
2010
100.0%

6.0%
94.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

EPA-420-R-10-023
E-14
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \ci\l
II (ill
1 IMI
TOP
SPI)
IIP
(II)
IIP
W 1
|()\
m i (;
(1 II
m i (;
Cl -IT
ro.v
Mp(;
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Midsize
Van
1975
302
0.030
13.3
10.8
11.9
11.3
4230

310
141
13.9
112
0.454
0.0334
24.5


Midsize
Van
1976
308
0.025
14.1
11.3
12.9
12.0
4278

317
143
14.0
112
0.449
0.0334
26.1


Midsize
Van
1977
314
0.022
14.3
11.6
12.8
12.1
4348

326
149
13.6
114
0.456
0.0343
26.6


Midsize
Van
1978
399
0.028
13.8
11.3
12.2
11.7
4345

327
152
13.3
115
0.465
0.0351
25.9


Midsize
Van
1979
313
0.023
14.3
11.8
12.5
12.1
4506

320
137
15.0
109
0.433
0.0305
27.6


Midsize
Van
1980
130
0.011
16.9
13.5
15.6
14.3
4230

288
136
14.3
111
0.475
0.0321
30.5


Midsize
Van
1981
138
0.013
17.9
14.3
16.5
15.2
4248

279
134
14.6
110
0.480
0.0315
32.4


Midsize
Van
1982
180
0.019
17.9
14.3
16.5
15.2
4266

284
139
14.3
111
0.485
0.0324
32.5


Midsize
Van
1983
230
0.022
18.7
14.8
17.4
15.9
4396

294
141
14.5
111
0.480
0.0320
35.3


Midsize
Van
1984
420
0.030
19.2
15.1
18.1
16.3
4081

248
127
14.8
109
0.538
0.0309
33.8


Midsize
Van
1985
600
0.041
19.8
15.8
18.5
16.9
3945

233
131
14.1
111
0.586
0.0330
33.7


Midsize
Van
1986
782
0.051
20.8
16.2
19.7
17.6
3964

224
129
14.3
110
0.595
0.0323
35.2


Midsize
Van
1987
848
0.057
21.2
16.3
20.3
18.0
3959

226
146
12.9
116
0.671
0.0368
35.8


Midsize
Van
1988
941
0.062
21.8
16.6
21.0
18.4
3974

223
148
12.7
117
0.691
0.0373
36.7


Midsize
Van
1989
1100
0.076
21.8
16.5
20.9
18.3
3980

218
146
12.9
116
0.700
0.0367
36.7


Midsize
Van
1990
1124
0.089
21.8
16.3
21.0
18.3
4033

219
148
12.9
116
0.693
0.0367
37.1


Midsize
Van
1991
943
0.075
21.9
16.3
20.9
18.3
4079

214
148
13.0
116
0.714
0.0363
37.5


Midsize
Van
1992
1088
0.089
21.8
16.2
20.9
18.2
4102

218
152
12.8
117
0.713
0.0369
37.5


Midsize
Van
1993
1323
0.100
22.3
16.4
21.5
18.6
4033

211
154
12.5
118
0.741
0.0380
37.5


Midsize
Van
1994
1295
0.092
22.0
16.1
21.0
18.2
4078

219
158
12.4
119
0.732
0.0386
37.3


Midsize
Van
1995
1552
0.102
22.2
16.0
21.4
18.4
4041

226
158
12.3
119
0.717
0.0390
37.3


Midsize
Van
1996
1298
0.099
22.8
16.3
22.0
18.8
4116

212
168
11.8
122
0.806
0.0410
38.8


Midsize
Van
1997
1126
0.078
22.6
16.1
21.7
18.6
4132

210
168
11.8
122
0.810
0.0407
38.5


Midsize
Van
1998
1357
0.094
23.3
16.4
22.5
19.1
4090

209
176
11.3
125
0.849
0.0431
39.2


Midsize
Van
1999
1293
0.085
23.0
16.1
22.3
18.9
4199

213
177
11.4
124
0.842
0.0422
39.7


Midsize
Van
2000
1522
0.092
23.5
16.3
22.6
19.2
4197

208
179
11.4
124
0.869
0.0426
40.3


Midsize
Van
2001
939
0.060
24.0
16.5
22.9
19.5
4267

206
190
11.0
127
0.930
0.0446
41.7


Midsize
Van
2002
1132
0.070
23.7
16.3
22.6
19.2
4332

210
197
10.8
129
0.945
0.0456
41.8


Midsize
Van
2003
1121
0.071
24.1
16.4
22.9
19.5
4313

212
198
10.7
130
0.940
0.0461
42.1


Midsize
Van
2004
893
0.057
24.1
16.2
23.1
19.5
4431

214
212
10.4
133
0.999
0.0479
43.2


Midsize
Van
2005
1426
0.090
24.2
16.2
23.0
19.5
4398

213
208
10.5
132
0.983
0.0473
42.9


Midsize
Van
2006
1096
0.073
24.7
16.4
23.6
19.9
4431

212
210
10.5
132
0.995
0.0474
44.0


Midsize
Van
2007
816
0.053
24.4
16.3
23.4
19.7
4450

216
225
10.0
136
1.043
0.0505
43.8


Midsize
Van
2008
746
0.054
24.7
16.5
23.7
19.9
4524

219
222
10.4
135
1.016
0.0491
45.1


Midsize
Van
2009
331
0.036
24.9
16.6
23.9
20.1
4612

217
224
10.4
135
1.039
0.0487
46.4


Midsize
Van
2010
450
0.033
25.1
16.8
23.9
20.2
4531

214
217
10.5
133
1.018
0.0476
45.8


EPA-420-R-10-023	E-15	November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4U 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Midsize
Van
1975


19.1%












Midsize
Van
1976


17.6%












Midsize
Van
1977


11.8%












Midsize
Van
1978


10.6%












Midsize
Van
1979


13.5%
10.4%











Midsize
Van
1980


21.9%
71.3%











Midsize
Van
1981
0.6%

16.0%
81.1%











Midsize
Van
1982


10.5%
78.7%











Midsize
Van
1983


9.1%
77.2%




7.1%






Midsize
Van
1984
32.0%

12.0%
48.7%




1.5%






Midsize
Van
1985
40.4%

6.1%
45.9%


0.1%
1.0%
0.4%






Midsize
Van
1986
29.7%

5.7%
61.5%


10.9%
21.7%
0.2%






Midsize
Van
1987
33.1%

3.9%
70.6%


36.9%
36.8%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1988
42.4%

2.6%
83.1%


49.9%
49.8%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1989
39.0%
0.1%
2.3%
80.2%


52.0%
47.9%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1990
51.0%
6.8%
1.2%
96.2%


53.5%
46.4%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1991
41.2%
11.5%
0.7%
99.0%


60.2%
39.7%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1992
47.8%
5.6%
0.8%
98.3%


68.6%
31.3%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1993
53.4%
4.9%
1.1%
98.6%


77.4%
22.6%







Midsize
Van
1994
56.7%
6.8%
0.4%
98.7%


79.6%
20.4%

96.6%
2.0%
1.3%



Midsize
Van
1995
65.5%
9.4%

99.5%


86.9%
13.1%

95.5%
1.1%
3.4%



Midsize
Van
1996
80.0%
2.5%

99.5%


100.0%


93.9%
1.1%
5.0%



Midsize
Van
1997
72.6%
5.3%

99.5%


100.0%


92.9%
1.2%
5.9%



Midsize
Van
1998
86.0%
3.5%

100.0%


100.0%


88.6%

11.4%



Midsize
Van
1999
86.0%
3.1%

100.0%


100.0%


85.9%

14.1%

9.3%

Midsize
Van
2000
89.5%
3.0%

100.0%


100.0%


76.0%

24.0%

16.7%

Midsize
Van
2001
91.0%
3.3%

100.0%


100.0%


70.4%

29.6%

22.3%

Midsize
Van
2002
92.6%
3.3%

100.0%


100.0%


68.9%

31.1%

22.9%

Midsize
Van
2003
91.4%
4.9%

100.0%


100.0%


72.0%

28.0%

21.5%

Midsize
Van
2004
92.4%
4.8%

100.0%


100.0%


44.2%

55.8%

49.2%

Midsize
Van
2005
92.6%
5.4%

94.7%
5.3%

100.0%


60.6%

39.4%

26.0%

Midsize
Van
2006
95.5%
4.5%

95.0%
5.0%

100.0%


50.2%

49.8%

38.8%

Midsize
Van
2007
97.4%
2.6%

95.3%
4.7%

100.0%


44.9%

55.1%

50.6%

Midsize
Van
2008
96.1%
3.7%

100.0%


100.0%


46.3%

53.7%

48.7%

Midsize
Van
2009
98.0%
2.0%

100.0%


100.0%


41.2%

58.8%

45.7%

Midsize
Van
2010
99.2%
0.8%

100.0%


100.0%


41.2%

58.8%

46.1%

EPA-420-R-10-023
E-16
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \ci\l
II (ill
1 IMI
TOl'
M'l)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|()\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
CI -IT
TO.V
MI'C
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Large
Van
1975
153
0.015
12.6
10.0
11.7
10.7
4135

334
148
13.7
115
0.434
0.0356
22.5


Large
Van
1976
192
0.016
13.4
10.6
12.7
11.4
4081

336
151
13.3
117
0.444
0.0370
23.8


Large
Van
1977
199
0.014
15.5
12.5
14.1
13.2
4110

343
158
12.6
119
0.459
0.0385
27.4


Large
Van
1978
224
0.015
15.0
12.2
13.6
12.8
4088

335
145
13.3
114
0.430
0.0354
26.5


Large
Van
1979
159
0.011
12.1
9.7
11.1
10.3
4665

336
163
13.5
116
0.480
0.0348
24.3


Large
Van
1980
96
0.008
16.0
12.8
14.7
13.6
4639

315
133
15.5
107
0.421
0.0287
31.9


Large
Van
1981
96
0.009
16.8
13.5
15.3
14.3
4513

310
129
15.6
107
0.414
0.0285
32.5


Large
Van
1982
115
0.012
16.1
13.0
14.7
13.7
4548

314
131
15.5
107
0.418
0.0289
31.5


Large
Van
1983
138
0.013
16.2
12.9
15.0
13.8
4532

314
135
15.1
108
0.429
0.0297
31.5


Large
Van
1984
174
0.012
16.4
13.0
15.4
14.0
4421

314
143
14.4
111
0.452
0.0322
31.2


Large
Van
1985
162
0.011
16.1
12.7
15.1
13.7
4491

312
146
14.3
112
0.464
0.0325
30.9


Large
Van
1986
160
0.010
17.6
13.8
16.5
14.9
4611

306
142
14.9
110
0.464
0.0308
34.6


Large
Van
1987
140
0.009
17.0
13.2
16.1
14.4
4660

309
155
13.9
113
0.500
0.0332
33.7


Large
Van
1988
137
0.009
16.9
13.0
16.0
14.3
4858

309
156
14.3
113
0.502
0.0321
34.8


Large
Van
1989
142
0.010
16.8
12.9
15.7
14.1
4821

309
155
14.3
113
0.501
0.0323
34.2


Large
Van
1990
107
0.009
16.5
12.6
15.7
13.9
4901

314
162
14.0
114
0.514
0.0331
34.1


Large
Van
1991
76
0.006
16.7
12.6
15.8
14.0
4943

312
163
14.1
114
0.518
0.0329
34.7


Large
Van
1992
93
0.008
16.9
12.6
16.2
14.2
5132

315
167
14.2
114
0.527
0.0326
36.5


Large
Van
1993
107
0.008
17.0
12.6
16.1
14.1
5132

315
178
13.5
117
0.565
0.0348
36.4


Large
Van
1994
112
0.008
17.0
12.5
16.3
14.2
5156

318
184
13.3
118
0.577
0.0357
36.5


Large
Van
1995
104
0.007
17.1
12.5
16.3
14.2
5185

314
178
13.7
117
0.567
0.0345
36.8


Large
Van
1996
110
0.008
17.1
12.4
16.3
14.1
5153

325
197
12.7
122
0.604
0.0384
36.5


Large
Van
1997
139
0.010
18.6
13.3
17.8
15.3
5121

300
221
11.3
129
0.740
0.0432
39.3


Large
Van
1998
132
0.009
18.3
13.1
17.6
15.1
5137

297
220
11.3
129
0.745
0.0430
38.9


Large
Van
1999
171
0.011
17.9
12.7
17.0
14.7
5124

297
223
11.2
130
0.756
0.0436
37.7


Large
Van
2000
170
0.010
18.0
12.8
16.8
14.7
4988

296
221
11.1
130
0.750
0.0444
36.7


Large
Van
2001
294
0.019
17.7
12.5
16.9
14.5
5323

303
239
10.9
132
0.791
0.0450
38.7


Large
Van
2002
112
0.007
17.9
12.7
16.5
14.6
5025

293
223
11.0
130
0.765
0.0444
36.7


Large
Van
2003
111
0.007
18.7
13.2
17.0
15.1
5203

289
233
11.0
132
0.811
0.0447
39.5


Large
Van
2004
60
0.004
19.4
13.5
17.9
15.7
5314

292
240
10.9
132
0.817
0.0450
41.6


Large
Van
2005
55
0.003
19.4
13.4
17.7
15.6
5241

288
234
11.0
131
0.808
0.0445
40.8


Large
Van
2006
70
0.005
19.4
13.4
17.7
15.6
5171

283
229
11.1
131
0.806
0.0443
40.3


Large
Van
2007
32
0.002
19.8
13.7
18.2
15.9
5229

283
229
11.3
130
0.800
0.0435
41.6


Large
Van
2008
27
0.002
20.1
14.0
18.1
16.1
5232

282
230
11.3
130
0.806
0.0436
42.1


Large
Van
2009
15
0.002
20.0
13.9
18.1
16.0
5271

285
233
11.2
131
0.809
0.0438
42.2


Large
Van
2010
18
0.001
20.0
13.8
18.3
16.0
5421

292
257
10.7
136
0.866
0.0468
43.5


EPA-420-R-10-023	E-17	November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % lu-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4U 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Large
Van
1975


31.4%












Large
Van
1976


24.8%












Large
Van
1977


17.4%












Large
Van
1978


16.5%












Large
Van
1979


13.9%












Large
Van
1980


22.2%
1.6%











Large
Van
1981


23.5%
2.6%











Large
Van
1982


14.4%
0.4%











Large
Van
1983


10.3%
35.6%











Large
Van
1984


11.2%
35.8%











Large
Van
1985


6.5%
49.5%











Large
Van
1986


4.8%
52.8%


47.7%

1.2%






Large
Van
1987


2.0%
50.4%


82.8%
1.4%







Large
Van
1988


1.5%
52.5%


94.7%
4.5%







Large
Van
1989


1.2%
51.1%


95.0%
5.0%







Large
Van
1990



75.3%


94.5%
5.5%







Large
Van
1991



77.6%


95.0%
5.0%







Large
Van
1992



83.7%


97.2%
2.8%







Large
Van
1993

0.2%

80.9%


97.3%
2.7%







Large
Van
1994



83.7%


98.1%
1.9%

100.0%





Large
Van
1995
1.7%

0.8%
80.2%


94.5%
5.5%

100.0%





Large
Van
1996



85.1%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
1997
1.2%


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
1998



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
1999
0.6%


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2000
1.0%


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2001

25.8%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2002
0.7%


100.0%


100.0%


99.3%

0.7%



Large
Van
2003
3.9%
6.5%

100.0%


100.0%


96.1%

3.9%



Large
Van
2004

7.3%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2005

7.0%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2006

5.7%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2007

12.5%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2008

14.8%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2009

16.4%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2010

12.2%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%



49.3%

EPA-420-R-10-023	E-18	November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*11 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \ci\l
II (ill
1 1 Mi-
TOP
SPI)
IIP
(II)
IIP
W 1
|()\
m i (;
(1 II
m i (;
Cl -IT
ro.v
Mp(;
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Small
SUV
1975
54
0.005
16.1
12.7
15.1
13.7
2897

273
119
ll.9
117
0.429
0.0416
19.8


Small
SUV
1976
60
0.005
15.9
12.8
14.5
13.5
2980

273
108
12.7
112
0.397
0.0367
20.3


Small
SUV
1977
72
0.005
17.0
13.7
15.5
14.5
3055

274
111
12.7
112
0.405
0.0367
22.2


Small
SUV
1978
91
0.006
16.9
13.5
15.4
14.3
2986

276
110
12.6
112
0.398
0.0370
21.4


Small
SUV
1979
104
0.008
16.7
13.9
14.5
14.2
3192

261
117
12.7
113
0.463
0.0367
22.6


Small
SUV
1980
61
0.005
18.8
15.3
17.0
16.0
3083

227
95
14.6
105
0.454
0.0306
24.9


Small
SUV
1981
43
0.004
20.4
16.3
18.7
17.3
3054

225
103
13.6
108
0.475
0.0335
26.7


Small
SUV
1982
42
0.004
20.5
16.6
18.5
17.4
2922

207
97
13.9
107
0.495
0.0331
25.5


Small
SUV
1983
55
0.005
21.4
17.4
19.1
18.1
2830

210
100
13.3
109
0.505
0.0349
25.6


Small
SUV
1984
145
0.010
21.6
17.3
19.8
18.3
3302

186
101
14.7
106
0.563
0.0308
30.3


Small
SUV
1985
115
0.008
22.1
17.2
21.3
18.8
3438

167
99
15.5
103
0.596
0.0285
32.3


Small
SUV
1986
177
0.012
23.7
18.5
22.3
20.1
3232

167
119
13.0
112
0.734
0.0361
32.4


Small
SUV
1987
255
0.017
24.2
18.9
22.6
20.4
3169

161
112
13.4
110
0.723
0.0347
32.3


Small
SUV
1988
288
0.019
24.2
18.8
22.4
20.4
3128

157
112
13.2
111
0.739
0.0351
31.9


Small
SUV
1989
228
0.016
22.8
17.7
21.0
19.1
3443

171
120
13.3
111
0.731
0.0347
33.0


Small
SUV
1990
190
0.015
23.4
18.1
21.3
19.5
3329

162
116
13.4
110
0.749
0.0345
32.6


Small
SUV
1991
136
0.011
23.6
18.7
20.5
19.5
3195

145
110
14.0
109
0.769
0.0339
31.4


Small
SUV
1992
129
0.011
23.4
18.4
20.3
19.3
3087

146
117
13.0
113
0.811
0.0373
30.2


Small
SUV
1993
144
0.011
23.2
18.2
20.1
19.1
3113

150
121
12.8
114
0.814
0.0383
30.0


Small
SUV
1994
188
0.013
24.1
18.6
20.9
19.7
3049

139
116
12.9
113
0.842
0.0373
30.3


Small
SUV
1995
190
0.013
24.2
18.6
20.9
19.7
2965

138
118
12.4
115
0.864
0.0391
29.5


Small
SUV
1996
120
0.009
28.5
21.3
25.1
23.1
2896

107
106
12.8
111
0.988
0.0365
33.5


Small
SUV
1997
489
0.034
22.8
16.7
20.7
18.6
3474

182
152
11.2
122
0.861
0.0434
32.4


Small
SUV
1998
316
0.022
23.8
17.5
21.3
19.3
3474

162
154
11.2
123
0.970
0.0440
33.9


Small
SUV
1999
315
0.021
24.1
17.7
21.3
19.4
3522

157
148
11.5
121
0.969
0.0418
34.6


Small
SUV
2000
400
0.024
22.5
16.4
19.9
18.1
3742

171
154
11.7
121
0.929
0.0411
34.2


Small
SUV
2001
391
0.025
24.9
18.0
21.6
19.8
3483

153
152
11.1
123
1.026
0.0437
35.0


Small
SUV
2002
354
0.022
24.7
17.7
21.6
19.7
3528

156
157
10.9
124
1.048
0.0447
35.3


Small
SUV
2003
264
0.017
25.2
17.8
22.2
20.0
3498

161
160
10.7
125
1.040
0.0458
35.4


Small
SUV
2004
256
0.016
24.7
17.1
22.1
19.6
3587

181
174
10.2
130
0.999
0.0488
35.6


Small
SUV
2005
215
0.014
24.3
16.9
21.5
19.3
3521

178
173
10.1
130
1.009
0.0492
34.8


Small
SUV
2006
132
0.009
21.5
15.0
19.2
17.2
3774

200
183
10.2
130
0.955
0.0485
33.5


Small
SUV
2007
145
0.009
22.4
15.7
19.8
17.8
4054

207
186
10.6
128
0.926
0.0462
36.3


Small
SUV
2008
151
0.011
22.8
15.8
20.5
18.1
4142

215
187
10.8
128
0.892
0.0454
37.7


Small
SUV
2009
57
0.006
20.7
14.3
18.8
16.6
4332

231
199
10.7
130
0.860
0.0460
35.9


Small
SUV
2010
67
0.005
21.4
14.9
19.2
17.1
4314

232
200
10.5
130
0.862
0.0465
36.8


EPA-420-R-10-023	E-19	November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*11 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4W 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Small
SUV
1975

88.3%
100.0%












Small
SUV
1976

85.9%
84.6%












Small
SUV
1977

79.1%
90.1%












Small
SUV
1978

85.5%
86.9%












Small
SUV
1979

87.3%
77.5%












Small
SUV
1980

100.0%
88.6%












Small
SUV
1981

100.0%
90.5%
8.8%











Small
SUV
1982

74.2%
67.4%
6.8%











Small
SUV
1983

77.2%
70.5%
6.6%











Small
SUV
1984

97.9%
42.2%
3.2%











Small
SUV
1985

100.0%
55.1%
44.0%




0.0%






Small
SUV
1986

100.0%
60.2%
37.4%


62.3%








Small
SUV
1987

91.0%
65.3%
25.3%


44.0%
4.2%







Small
SUV
1988

86.7%
67.3%
27.3%


51.7%
2.3%







Small
SUV
1989

84.9%
60.4%
31.1%


53.9%
26.0%







Small
SUV
1990

85.8%
64.6%
31.6%


48.2%
36.0%







Small
SUV
1991

65.6%
61.0%
33.9%


39.3%
59.4%







Small
SUV
1992

62.6%
66.5%
28.8%


49.7%
47.9%







Small
SUV
1993

66.4%
63.5%
31.0%


57.3%
40.4%







Small
SUV
1994

67.1%
59.6%
26.9%


63.9%
36.1%

90.6%

9.4%



Small
SUV
1995

86.6%
70.4%
29.6%


78.9%
21.1%

100.0%





Small
SUV
1996
14.9%
65.6%
39.7%
60.3%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
SUV
1997
6.2%
78.3%
41.6%
53.9%


100.0%


52.7%

47.3%



Small
SUV
1998
8.8%
73.6%
42.6%
57.4%


100.0%


28.6%

71.4%



Small
SUV
1999
8.7%
79.0%
35.4%
64.6%


100.0%


38.1%

61.9%



Small
SUV
2000
5.4%
67.2%
27.1%
72.9%


100.0%


62.9%

37.1%



Small
SUV
2001
10.4%
62.9%
20.6%
79.4%


100.0%


46.7%

53.3%

22.3%

Small
SUV
2002
20.2%
67.3%
20.4%
79.5%
0.1%

100.0%


34.6%

65.4%

27.1%

Small
SUV
2003
20.4%
77.1%
22.5%
77.5%
0.0%

100.0%


40.3%

59.7%

29.2%

Small
SUV
2004
15.5%
80.7%
23.4%
76.6%


100.0%


33.2%

66.8%

30.4%

Small
SUV
2005
18.9%
78.9%
23.5%
76.5%


100.0%


33.0%

67.0%

38.2%

Small
SUV
2006

100.0%
35.1%
64.9%


100.0%


54.7%

45.3%

2.4%

Small
SUV
2007

92.4%
25.2%
74.8%


100.0%


69.7%

30.3%

1.5%

Small
SUV
2008

96.2%
22.8%
77.2%


100.0%


79.9%

20.1%

0.8%

Small
SUV
2009

95.6%
9.1%
90.9%


100.0%


100.0%





Small
SUV
2010

95.5%
28.3%
71.7%


100.0%


100.0%





EPA-420-R-10-023
E-20
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*11 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \ci\l
II (ill
1 IMI
TOP
SPI)
IIP
(II)
IIP
W 1
|()\
m i (;
(1 II
m i (;
Cl -IT
ro.v
Mp(;
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Midsize
SUV
1975
123
0.012
12.1
9.9
10.6
10.2
4724

349
156
14.0
113
0.445
0.0330
24.3


Midsize
SUV
1976
168
0.014
13.3
10.7
12.0
11.3
4730

354
150
14.5
112
0.422
0.0318
26.7


Midsize
SUV
1977
194
0.014
14.6
11.8
13.2
12.4
4610

349
153
13.9
113
0.439
0.0334
28.7


Midsize
SUV
1978
270
0.019
13.8
11.1
12.7
11.8
4653

358
160
13.4
115
0.449
0.0345
27.4


Midsize
SUV
1979
187
0.013
11.9
9.7
10.5
10.1
4807

344
153
14.5
112
0.446
0.0318
24.3


Midsize
SUV
1980
100
0.009
14.3
11.5
13.0
12.1
4708

324
145
14.8
110
0.448
0.0308
28.9


Midsize
SUV
1981
79
0.008
15.6
12.4
14.5
13.3
4664

317
140
15.0
109
0.445
0.0301
31.3


Midsize
SUV
1982
98
0.010
16.4
13.1
15.2
13.9
4732

320
140
15.2
109
0.441
0.0297
34.2


Midsize
SUV
1983
204
0.020
18.8
14.6
18.0
16.0
4312

250
126
15.3
107
0.537
0.0293
35.4


Midsize
SUV
1984
431
0.031
18.9
14.8
18.1
16.1
4092

226
123
15.0
107
0.571
0.0299
33.7


Midsize
SUV
1985
563
0.039
19.7
15.3
19.2
16.8
4011

212
122
14.9
108
0.602
0.0304
34.3


Midsize
SUV
1986
538
0.035
19.7
15.4
18.7
16.7
4006

205
126
14.4
109
0.653
0.0315
33.9


Midsize
SUV
1987
562
0.038
19.8
15.2
19.1
16.8
3975

216
141
13.3
114
0.679
0.0357
33.6


Midsize
SUV
1988
611
0.040
19.5
14.9
18.8
16.5
4017

234
152
12.6
118
0.675
0.0384
33.3


Midsize
SUV
1989
624
0.043
19.5
14.9
18.6
16.5
4027

254
161
12.0
121
0.650
0.0406
33.4


Midsize
SUV
1990
447
0.035
19.1
14.4
18.4
16.1
4079

243
162
12.1
121
0.689
0.0404
32.9


Midsize
SUV
1991
905
0.072
20.2
15.1
19.5
16.9
4112

236
163
12.0
120
0.699
0.0399
35.0


Midsize
SUV
1992
799
0.066
19.9
14.7
19.1
16.6
4106

233
170
11.7
123
0.735
0.0418
34.1


Midsize
SUV
1993
1038
0.079
20.0
14.7
19.3
16.7
4115

242
183
11.0
127
0.764
0.0449
34.5


Midsize
SUV
1994
1266
0.090
19.8
14.5
18.8
16.4
4192

238
182
11.2
126
0.772
0.0437
34.6


Midsize
SUV
1995
1397
0.092
19.6
14.3
18.7
16.3
4213

237
179
11.4
125
0.766
0.0428
34.5


Midsize
SUV
1996
1528
0.116
20.0
14.5
19.1
16.5
4196

249
182
11.2
126
0.740
0.0438
34.9


Midsize
SUV
1997
1401
0.097
20.5
14.8
19.1
16.8
4220

235
179
11.5
124
0.780
0.0425
35.6


Midsize
SUV
1998
1624
0.112
20.8
14.9
19.5
17.0
4151

236
179
11.3
125
0.774
0.0431
35.4


Midsize
SUV
1999
1762
0.116
21.0
15.1
19.4
17.1
4175

228
189
10.8
128
0.856
0.0454
35.8


Midsize
SUV
2000
1863
0.112
21.0
14.9
19.4
17.0
4170

229
188
10.9
128
0.846
0.0452
35.6


Midsize
SUV
2001
1944
0.125
21.7
15.3
20.0
17.5
4110

214
194
10.5
131
0.936
0.0475
36.2


Midsize
SUV
2002
1802
0.112
21.8
15.4
19.9
17.6
4090

204
198
10.3
132
0.989
0.0486
36.1


Midsize
SUV
2003
2122
0.135
22.4
15.6
20.6
18.0
4137

207
201
10.3
132
0.994
0.0488
37.4


Midsize
SUV
2004
2502
0.159
22.5
15.5
20.7
18.1
4179

214
209
10.0
134
0.994
0.0501
37.9


Midsize
SUV
2005
2080
0.131
23.0
15.8
21.0
18.4
4187

204
210
10.0
134
1.043
0.0499
38.6


Midsize
SUV
2006
2117
0.140
23.6
16.2
21.4
18.8
4236

204
209
10.0
134
1.041
0.0493
40.2


Midsize
SUV
2007
2147
0.141
24.7
17.0
22.2
19.6
4154

194
213
9.9
136
1.116
0.0511
41.0


Midsize
SUV
2008
2234
0.161
25.5
17.5
22.8
20.2
4139

189
212
9.8
136
1.135
0.0510
42.2


Midsize
SUV
2009
1417
0.154
26.8
18.3
24.1
21.2
4039

179
210
9.8
136
1.183
0.0519
43.1


Midsize
SUV
2010
1912
0.140
27.4
18.7
24.6
21.6
4126

183
222
9.5
139
1.217
0.0536
44.9


EPA-420-R-10-023	E-21	November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*11 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4U 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Midsize
SUV
1975

88.4%
18.3%












Midsize
SUV
1976

91.1%
17.7%












Midsize
SUV
1977

89.5%
17.8%












Midsize
SUV
1978

93.9%
17.7%












Midsize
SUV
1979

90.3%
19.1%
1.2%











Midsize
SUV
1980

95.8%
22.4%
29.7%




2.9%






Midsize
SUV
1981

ox
CO
C\
21.0%
48.6%











Midsize
SUV
1982

93.0%
19.8%
45.0%




13.5%






Midsize
SUV
1983

89.2%
26.3%
56.1%




4.3%






Midsize
SUV
1984

86.9%
28.2%
50.0%




1.2%






Midsize
SUV
1985

81.4%
25.1%
59.4%


5.0%
2.0%
0.8%






Midsize
SUV
1986

87.3%
33.8%
57.1%


13.9%
36.9%
1.3%






Midsize
SUV
1987

85.5%
27.6%
63.6%


31.4%
53.4%
0.2%






Midsize
SUV
1988

87.1%
21.1%
70.2%


50.8%
46.1%
0.1%






Midsize
SUV
1989

86.4%
16.7%
75.4%


48.7%
49.2%
0.1%






Midsize
SUV
1990

89.8%
19.6%
75.9%


70.4%
28.0%
0.1%






Midsize
SUV
1991

79.6%
17.3%
81.7%


64.9%
34.6%
0.0%






Midsize
SUV
1992

74.4%
17.4%
82.6%


82.6%
17.4%







Midsize
SUV
1993

57.9%
11.6%
88.4%


99.4%
0.6%







Midsize
SUV
1994
0.7%
78.7%
12.3%
87.7%


99.7%
0.3%

86.0%
5.5%
8.5%



Midsize
SUV
1995
0.0%
79.4%
10.3%
89.7%


100.0%


80.3%

19.7%



Midsize
SUV
1996

70.8%
6.1%
93.9%


100.0%


88.8%

11.2%



Midsize
SUV
1997

68.5%
5.9%
94.1%


100.0%


75.8%

24.2%



Midsize
SUV
1998
1.2%
71.6%
4.7%
95.3%


100.0%


80.3%

19.7%



Midsize
SUV
1999
2.7%
68.7%
3.8%
96.2%


100.0%


69.5%
2.0%
28.5%

5.2%

Midsize
SUV
2000
3.1%
69.1%
2.8%
97.2%


100.0%


69.7%

30.3%

4.8%

Midsize
SUV
2001
20.6%
57.7%
3.2%
96.8%


100.0%


54.2%

45.8%

13.0%

Midsize
SUV
2002
15.8%
62.2%
4.7%
95.1%
0.1%

100.0%


36.0%

64.0%

24.6%

Midsize
SUV
2003
18.6%
63.6%
2.9%
95.2%
1.9%

100.0%


37.7%
0.0%
62.3%

31.8%

Midsize
SUV
2004
19.4%
65.7%
2.7%
94.0%
3.3%

100.0%


38.8%

61.2%

39.1%

Midsize
SUV
2005
24.1%
64.4%
2.5%
96.9%
0.6%

99.6%

0.4%
25.9%

74.1%

43.8%
0.5%
Midsize
SUV
2006
26.3%
60.5%
2.2%
93.1%
4.7%

99.7%

0.3%
27.7%
1.5%
70.9%

51.6%
4.7%
Midsize
SUV
2007
31.9%
58.6%
2.1%
91.6%
6.3%

99.9%

0.1%
16.2%

83.8%

66.3%
2.9%
Midsize
SUV
2008
34.8%
58.1%
1.1%
87.8%
11.1%
1.5%
98.4%

0.1%
12.3%

87.7%

68.4%
3.9%
Midsize
SUV
2009
40.3%
56.8%
1.2%
88.1%
10.7%
2.3%
97.7%


6.7%

93.3%

76.1%
2.5%
Midsize
SUV
2010
40.1%
56.6%
1.2%
87.8%
11.0%
2.1%
97.9%


4.1%

95.9%

87.4%
4.0%
EPA-420-R-10-023
E-22
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*11 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \ci\l
II (ill
1 IMI
TOP
SPI)
IIP
(II)
IIP
W 1
|()\
m i (;
(1 II
m i (;
Cl -IT
ro.v
Mp(;
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Large
SUV
1975
11
0.001
12.2
10.0
10.7
10.3
4728

364
171
13.0
118
0.467
0.0361
24.5


Large
SUV
1976
16
0.001
12.7
10.1
11.6
10.8
4904

373
166
13.9
115
0.440
0.0338
26.6


Large
SUV
1977
17
0.001
13.6
11.1
12.2
11.6
4870

371
170
13.6
116
0.453
0.0348
28.6


Large
SUV
1978
20
0.001
13.2
10.8
11.7
11.2
4953

373
168
13.5
116
0.455
0.0342
27.9


Large
SUV
1979
109
0.008
11.1
9.3
9.4
9.4
5260

375
152
15.8
109
0.403
0.0288
24.8


Large
SUV
1980
24
0.002
14.3
11.3
13.4
12.2
5188

341
160
14.7
112
0.471
0.0309
31.8


Large
SUV
1981
14
0.001
15.3
12.3
14.1
13.0
5127

338
170
13.9
115
0.502
0.0331
33.4


Large
SUV
1982
22
0.002
18.9
14.4
18.9
16.1
5410

344
146
16.5
107
0.427
0.0273
45.0


Large
SUV
1983
31
0.003
17.6
13.6
17.1
15.0
5327

355
153
15.8
109
0.435
0.0290
41.5


Large
SUV
1984
49
0.003
16.9
13.0
16.5
14.4
5247

351
157
15.1
111
0.450
0.0302
38.6


Large
SUV
1985
57
0.004
16.9
12.9
16.8
14.4
5248

350
161
14.9
112
0.460
0.0308
38.4


Large
SUV
1986
58
0.004
16.8
12.8
16.7
14.3
5227

350
162
14.7
112
0.464
0.0311
37.9


Large
SUV
1987
57
0.004
17.0
12.9
16.6
14.4
5501

350
205
12.7
122
0.587
0.0373
39.8


Large
SUV
1988
69
0.005
16.6
12.6
16.2
14.0
5518

351
199
13.0
120
0.568
0.0361
38.9


Large
SUV
1989
74
0.005
16.7
12.4
16.6
14.1
5716

351
208
12.9
121
0.594
0.0365
40.5


Large
SUV
1990
72
0.006
16.7
12.4
16.6
14.1
5720

351
208
12.9
121
0.595
0.0365
40.4


Large
SUV
1991
54
0.004
16.2
12.1
15.7
13.6
5571

328
197
13.3
119
0.603
0.0353
38.1


Large
SUV
1992
75
0.006
15.7
11.6
15.2
13.1
5578

331
204
12.9
121
0.629
0.0365
36.7


Large
SUV
1993
129
0.010
16.3
12.1
15.7
13.6
5652

345
210
12.6
122
0.612
0.0373
38.6


Large
SUV
1994
170
0.012
16.4
12.2
15.5
13.6
5628

343
210
12.6
122
0.616
0.0374
38.4


Large
SUV
1995
230
0.015
16.6
12.2
15.7
13.8
5576

347
206
12.7
122
0.594
0.0370
38.4


Large
SUV
1996
241
0.018
17.3
12.6
16.5
14.3
5534

344
247
10.9
133
0.719
0.0447
39.6


Large
SUV
1997
560
0.039
17.5
12.6
16.8
14.5
5349

328
234
11.1
131
0.714
0.0438
38.7


Large
SUV
1998
642
0.044
17.4
12.4
16.7
14.3
5243

313
227
11.2
130
0.736
0.0434
37.6


Large
SUV
1999
754
0.050
17.2
12.2
16.6
14.2
5290

323
239
10.8
133
0.743
0.0455
37.6


Large
SUV
2000
880
0.053
17.6
12.5
16.7
14.4
5395

312
246
10.7
134
0.797
0.0458
39.0


Large
SUV
2001
1115
0.071
18.5
13.2
17.1
15.1
5158

283
244
10.4
135
0.882
0.0475
38.9


Large
SUV
2002
2034
0.126
19.1
13.3
18.0
15.6
5050

278
253
10.0
139
0.918
0.0503
39.3


Large
SUV
2003
1760
0.112
18.8
13.0
17.6
15.3
5347

288
266
10.0
140
0.939
0.0501
40.7


Large
SUV
2004
1956
0.124
18.9
13.0
17.7
15.3
5352

289
274
9.8
142
0.965
0.0515
41.0


Large
SUV
2005
1790
0.113
19.9
13.6
18.6
16.1
5152

272
269
9.7
142
1.001
0.0522
41.4


Large
SUV
2006
1508
0.100
20.4
13.9
19.1
16.4
5053

259
263
9.7
141
1.028
0.0521
41.5


Large
SUV
2007
1939
0.127
21.0
14.2
19.9
17.0
5158

268
279
9.4
145
1.054
0.0541
43.7


Large
SUV
2008
1602
0.115
21.2
14.3
20.2
17.2
5134

259
282
9.3
146
1.104
0.0549
44.1


Large
SUV
2009
822
0.090
22.8
15.4
21.5
18.3
4914

240
276
9.1
146
1.170
0.0562
45.1


Large
SUV
2010
1420
0.104
23.2
15.6
21.9
18.7
5049

243
283
9.1
147
1.193
0.0560
47.3


EPA-420-R-10-023	E-23	November 2010

-------
rm
Uivmwj Sliaso*
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*11 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
M I I Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4W 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Large
SUV
1975

13.5%
13.4%












Large
SUV
1976

22.8%
14.6%












Large
SUV
1977

18.4%
13.9%












Large
SUV
1978

26.9%
19.3%












Large
SUV
1979

16.1%
15.3%





0.7%






Large
SUV
1980

30.0%
17.8%
78.6%




5.9%






Large
SUV
1981

25.4%
3.1%
96.9%











Large
SUV
1982

28.7%
1.1%
98.9%




53.2%






Large
SUV
1983

30.5%
0.9%
99.1%




35.0%






Large
SUV
1984

30.2%
1.0%
99.0%




19.3%






Large
SUV
1985

31.3%
0.9%
99.1%




11.5%






Large
SUV
1986

32.8%
0.6%
99.4%




8.3%






Large
SUV
1987

36.2%
0.6%
99.4%



95.6%
4.4%






Large
SUV
1988

41.0%
0.5%
99.5%



96.9%
3.1%






Large
SUV
1989

43.4%
0.5%
99.5%



97.6%
2.4%






Large
SUV
1990

42.8%
0.3%
99.7%



97.8%
2.2%






Large
SUV
1991

54.1%

100.0%


21.2%
76.3%
2.5%






Large
SUV
1992

67.5%
0.6%
99.4%


11.2%
88.8%







Large
SUV
1993

64.6%
0.5%
99.5%


6.8%
93.2%







Large
SUV
1994

67.0%
0.4%
99.6%


10.3%
89.7%

90.5%

9.5%



Large
SUV
1995

71.9%
0.2%
99.8%


4.1%
95.9%

96.1%

3.9%



Large
SUV
1996

75.7%

100.0%


99.9%

0.1%
92.3%

7.7%



Large
SUV
1997

73.4%

100.0%


100.0%

0.0%
95.6%

4.4%



Large
SUV
1998

68.4%

100.0%


100.0%

0.0%
91.4%
6.2%
2.4%



Large
SUV
1999

53.1%

100.0%


100.0%


90.1%
2.2%
7.7%



Large
SUV
2000

62.9%

100.0%


100.0%


92.0%
4.1%
4.0%

0.6%

Large
SUV
2001
3.2%
63.1%
0.5%
99.5%


100.0%


73.8%
3.6%
22.6%

11.1%

Large
SUV
2002
1.9%
64.5%
0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


69.3%
2.1%
28.6%

23.0%

Large
SUV
2003
1.4%
61.3%
0.1%
96.8%
3.1%

100.0%


57.1%
2.0%
40.9%

31.5%

Large
SUV
2004
2.8%
62.4%
0.0%
100.0%


100.0%

0.0%
51.5%
1.0%
46.6%
0.9%
38.5%

Large
SUV
2005
8.7%
63.4%
0.0%
95.9%
4.0%

100.0%


46.0%
7.7%
45.9%
0.4%
48.3%

Large
SUV
2006
12.1%
64.4%
0.2%
94.6%
5.2%

100.0%

0.0%
23.1%
11.1%
65.5%
0.2%
64.0%

Large
SUV
2007
16.1%
59.2%
0.1%
95.1%
4.8%

99.7%

0.3%
50.3%
3.3%
46.4%

41.6%

Large
SUV
2008
20.4%
58.2%
0.1%
99.4%
0.5%
2.9%
96.3%

0.7%
35.4%
3.3%
61.3%

52.9%
0.5%
Large
SUV
2009
34.5%
51.6%
0.1%
86.1%
13.9%
12.9%
86.1%

1.0%
22.8%
1.4%
75.7%

63.4%
1.0%
Large
SUV
2010
32.9%
52.1%
0.1%
94.4%
5.4%
40.5%
58.6%

0.8%
17.1%
3.6%
79.4%

83.8%
0.7%
EPA-420-R-10-023
E-24
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \ci\l
II (ill
1 IMI
TOl'
M'l)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|()\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
CI -IT
TO.V
MI'C
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Small
Pickup
1975
160
0.016
22.5
17.3
22.2
19.2
2756

118
96
13.3
108
0.814
0.0347
26.6


Small
Pickup
1976
173
0.014
23.8
18.3
23.4
20.3
2775

119
98
13.2
109
0.828
0.0353
28.3


Small
Pickup
1977
238
0.017
25.5
19.9
24.5
21.7
2768

121
97
13.2
109
0.807
0.0349
30.2


Small
Pickup
1978
264
0.018
25.6
20.4
23.6
21.7
2800

120
92
13.8
107
0.774
0.0331
30.5


Small
Pickup
1979
358
0.026
22.8
17.9
21.6
19.4
2793

120
86
14.5
104
0.715
0.0308
27.5


Small
Pickup
1980
452
0.040
24.3
19.4
22.5
20.7
2790

122
88
14.2
105
0.724
0.0317
29.3


Small
Pickup
1981
369
0.035
28.2
22.5
26.0
23.9
2819

130
85
15.0
103
0.655
0.0302
34.4


Small
Pickup
1982
346
0.036
27.3
21.9
25.1
23.2
2899

137
89
14.8
104
0.651
0.0309
34.4


Small
Pickup
1983
312
0.030
26.9
21.6
24.8
22.9
2976

142
96
14.0
106
0.679
0.0324
34.5


Small
Pickup
1984
423
0.030
26.1
20.9
24.0
22.2
3035

142
97
14.1
106
0.684
0.0321
34.1


Small
Pickup
1985
497
0.034
26.7
21.4
24.5
22.7
3099

143
103
13.6
108
0.718
0.0334
35.4


Small
Pickup
1986
744
0.048
25.9
20.5
24.0
21.9
3142

145
105
13.5
109
0.726
0.0338
34.7


Small
Pickup
1987
441
0.030
26.0
20.3
24.1
21.9
3135

147
107
13.3
110
0.732
0.0345
34.5


Small
Pickup
1988
340
0.022
25.0
19.6
22.8
21.0
3200

148
113
13.0
111
0.758
0.0354
33.7


Small
Pickup
1989
355
0.025
23.9
18.6
21.8
20.0
3328

153
119
12.9
112
0.774
0.0360
33.5


Small
Pickup
1990
289
0.023
24.8
19.2
22.6
20.7
3293

153
129
12.0
116
0.844
0.0396
34.3


Small
Pickup
1991
309
0.025
25.0
19.2
22.8
20.8
3324

152
128
12.1
116
0.845
0.0389
34.7


Small
Pickup
1992
252
0.021
24.6
18.7
22.4
20.4
3321

152
126
12.3
115
0.828
0.0383
34.1


Small
Pickup
1993
263
0.020
26.3
19.8
23.8
21.6
3232

147
123
12.3
115
0.835
0.0383
35.2


Small
Pickup
1994
358
0.025
24.9
18.7
22.6
20.5
3355

151
125
12.4
114
0.829
0.0377
34.5


Small
Pickup
1995
298
0.020
24.4
18.3
22.0
20.0
3385

157
138
11.6
119
0.879
0.0411
33.9


Small
Pickup
1996
221
0.017
24.6
18.3
22.0
20.1
3362

159
147
11.0
122
0.926
0.0439
33.7


Small
Pickup
1997
131
0.009
24.9
18.5
22.1
20.2
3350

146
134
11.7
118
0.918
0.0405
33.8


Small
Pickup
1998
260
0.018
24.5
18.0
21.8
19.8
3462

160
151
11.0
123
0.947
0.0439
34.4


Small
Pickup
1999
213
0.014
23.2
17.0
20.5
18.7
3600

173
160
10.9
124
0.928
0.0445
33.7


Small
Pickup
2000
101
0.006
26.3
19.1
23.0
21.0
3307

148
143
11.1
121
0.966
0.0435
34.8


Small
Pickup
2001
81
0.005
26.5
19.2
22.9
21.1
3357

147
143
11.3
121
0.967
0.0427
35.4


Small
Pickup
2002
197
0.012
23.2
16.8
20.0
18.5
3735

177
164
11.0
124
0.934
0.0440
34.6


Small
Pickup
2003
194
0.012
23.2
16.6
20.4
18.5
3769

178
167
11.0
125
0.945
0.0443
35.0


Small
Pickup
2004
162
0.010
22.6
16.0
19.7
17.9
3796

184
171
10.8
126
0.933
0.0452
34.1


Small
Pickup
2005
8
0.001
25.8
17.6
23.5
20.5
4000

150
184
10.7
128
1.229
0.0461
41.3


Small
Pickup
2006
7
0.000
26.9
18.3
24.3
21.3
3921

150
178
10.8
127
1.187
0.0455
42.0


Small
Pickup
2007

















Small
Pickup
2008

















Small
Pickup
2009

















Small
Pickup
2010

















EPA-420-R-10-023	E-25	November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
I I I I Ml 1 I KI\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4W 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Small
Pickup
1975


88.4%












Small
Pickup
1976


80.1%












Small
Pickup
1977


79.6%












Small
Pickup
1978

8.8%
88.5%












Small
Pickup
1979

26.3%
90.3%












Small
Pickup
1980
5.8%
24.5%
91.2%




3.3%
2.5%






Small
Pickup
1981
9.1%
31.6%
94.8%
0.1%



2.5%
22.0%






Small
Pickup
1982
9.3%
30.7%
92.3%
0.3%



1.0%
19.7%






Small
Pickup
1983
9.8%
30.9%
90.4%
1.6%



0.4%
6.0%






Small
Pickup
1984
2.9%
32.5%
88.7%
3.2%


4.6%

4.6%






Small
Pickup
1985

31.7%
85.0%
6.9%


13.8%

1.9%






Small
Pickup
1986

29.9%
85.1%
7.9%


10.5%
28.1%
1.0%






Small
Pickup
1987

29.6%
81.3%
9.9%


9.0%
39.2%







Small
Pickup
1988

38.4%
83.2%
8.5%


40.4%
31.4%







Small
Pickup
1989

38.0%
79.9%
14.1%


51.1%
34.9%







Small
Pickup
1990

31.5%
81.5%
14.3%


88.4%








Small
Pickup
1991

34.7%
79.6%
14.9%


100.0%








Small
Pickup
1992

36.8%
80.8%
13.3%


100.0%








Small
Pickup
1993

27.1%
81.8%
12.2%


100.0%








Small
Pickup
1994

39.5%
81.4%
11.5%


100.0%


87.3%
12.7%




Small
Pickup
1995

37.8%
73.2%
20.0%


100.0%


69.9%

30.1%



Small
Pickup
1996

36.6%
69.2%
18.7%


100.0%



40.2%
59.8%



Small
Pickup
1997

20.8%
79.6%
20.4%


100.0%



100.0%




Small
Pickup
1998

39.7%
62.9%
22.9%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
1999

45.3%
46.4%
42.4%


100.0%


7.9%

92.1%



Small
Pickup
2000

0.7%
48.5%
30.9%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2001


49.2%
24.6%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2002

32.9%
30.5%
58.9%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2003

39.3%
28.7%
59.9%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2004

40.5%
24.7%
60.7%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2005

100.0%
20.6%
79.4%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2006

100.0%
21.4%
78.6%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2007















Small
Pickup
2008















Small
Pickup
2009















Small
Pickup
2010















EPA-420-R-10-023
E-26
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
lIHIIIl
I k \<
h ii i(o\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\  >1
(I II
1 \ci\l
II (ill
1 IMI
TOl'
M'l)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|()\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
CI -IT
TO.V
MI'C
i \n
\l).l
M).l
\ 1 >-l
(II)
III'
55 45
(1 1 *1
IIW
( <>\ir
Midsize
Pickup
1975
56
0.005
21.1
16.8
19.6
17.9
3000

109
67
18.6
95
0.615
0.0223
26.9


Midsize
Pickup
1976
55
0.004
22.9
18.1
21.6
19.5
3000

109
65
18.9
94
0.596
0.0217
29.7


Midsize
Pickup
1977
69
0.005
29.6
23.3
28.1
25.2
3000

124
72
17.5
96
0.581
0.0240
38.0


Midsize
Pickup
1978
75
0.005
29.3
23.4
27.1
24.9
3000

124
72
17.6
96
0.581
0.0239
37.7


Midsize
Pickup
1979
101
0.007
25.9
20.6
24.1
22.0
2971

131
80
16.2
100
0.609
0.0270
33.3


Midsize
Pickup
1980
98
0.009
25.9
20.5
24.1
22.0
2944

133
82
15.7
101
0.621
0.0282
32.9


Midsize
Pickup
1981
131
0.012
26.4
20.8
24.8
22.5
2909

131
84
15.2
102
0.641
0.0290
33.2


Midsize
Pickup
1982
315
0.032
26.7
20.8
25.7
22.7
2936

152
98
13.8
108
0.648
0.0333
33.6


Midsize
Pickup
1983
621
0.060
26.5
20.7
25.4
22.6
3016

146
91
14.8
104
0.626
0.0303
34.3


Midsize
Pickup
1984
703
0.050
25.7
19.9
24.8
21.9
3093

148
92
14.9
104
0.626
0.0299
34.1


Midsize
Pickup
1985
617
0.043
25.7
19.9
25.1
21.9
3064

154
98
14.2
106
0.637
0.0319
33.9


Midsize
Pickup
1986
788
0.051
26.1
20.2
24.9
22.1
3081

147
102
14.0
108
0.687
0.0329
34.3


Midsize
Pickup
1987
1052
0.071
25.4
19.5
24.3
21.5
3163

159
106
13.8
109
0.672
0.0334
34.2


Midsize
Pickup
1988
1055
0.069
25.3
19.3
24.1
21.3
3205

166
110
13.6
110
0.670
0.0343
34.4


Midsize
Pickup
1989
887
0.061
24.8
18.9
23.5
20.8
3278

177
116
13.2
111
0.671
0.0353
34.4


Midsize
Pickup
1990
600
0.048
24.7
18.7
23.3
20.6
3338

175
120
13.0
112
0.697
0.0358
34.7


Midsize
Pickup
1991
873
0.069
24.6
18.4
23.4
20.5
3352

190
126
12.7
114
0.674
0.0372
34.6


Midsize
Pickup
1992
716
0.059
23.8
17.6
22.8
19.8
3493

195
131
12.7
115
0.685
0.0373
34.9


Midsize
Pickup
1993
743
0.056
23.7
17.4
22.6
19.7
3521

198
135
12.5
116
0.694
0.0383
34.8


Midsize
Pickup
1994
1040
0.074
24.0
17.7
22.6
19.9
3618

197
145
12.1
118
0.744
0.0398
36.3


Midsize
Pickup
1995
700
0.046
24.7
18.0
23.3
20.4
3631

190
141
12.3
117
0.768
0.0387
37.5


Midsize
Pickup
1996
698
0.053
24.8
17.9
23.4
20.4
3668

187
141
12.4
117
0.775
0.0381
37.7


Midsize
Pickup
1997
690
0.048
24.2
17.4
22.7
19.8
3728

196
147
12.3
118
0.769
0.0390
37.4


Midsize
Pickup
1998
829
0.057
23.9
17.1
22.4
19.5
3714

192
146
12.2
118
0.780
0.0390
36.8


Midsize
Pickup
1999
761
0.050
22.5
16.0
21.0
18.3
3761

200
149
12.1
118
0.762
0.0393
34.9


Midsize
Pickup
2000
766
0.046
22.8
16.2
21.2
18.6
3740

192
148
12.2
119
0.788
0.0395
35.0


Midsize
Pickup
2001
545
0.035
21.8
15.4
20.2
17.7
3835

207
165
11.5
123
0.804
0.0427
34.1


Midsize
Pickup
2002
466
0.029
21.1
14.8
19.4
17.0
4019

226
180
11.0
127
0.808
0.0447
34.5


Midsize
Pickup
2003
527
0.033
22.8
15.9
21.0
18.4
3850

197
157
11.9
121
0.818
0.0407
35.6


Midsize
Pickup
2004
378
0.024
21.8
15.1
20.0
17.5
4070

219
192
10.6
130
0.884
0.0470
35.8


Midsize
Pickup
2005
216
0.014
23.6
16.2
21.5
18.8
3789

192
178
10.6
128
0.934
0.0469
35.9


Midsize
Pickup
2006
274
0.018
24.1
16.5
21.8
19.2
3820

197
188
10.3
131
0.959
0.0491
36.8


Midsize
Pickup
2007
264
0.017
23.5
16.2
21.1
18.7
3926

202
193
10.3
132
0.958
0.0490
36.9


Midsize
Pickup
2008
277
0.020
24.0
16.6
21.4
19.0
3902

201
192
10.3
132
0.961
0.0490
37.3


Midsize
Pickup
2009
184
0.020
24.6
17.1
21.9
19.5
3985

202
198
10.2
133
0.983
0.0493
39.0


Midsize
Pickup
2010
196
0.014
25.2
17.4
22.4
19.9
3957

196
193
10.3
131
0.988
0.0485
39.6


EPA-420-R-10-023	E-27	November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
Si/1-
\ ilii.lc
1 % |ti-
MODI 1
*1 1 \l<
Dki\ I I \< \i\
1 \< WSMISSION
I I I I Ml 1 I KI\(,
\l Mill- H Ml- \ \\ \ I S
VVT
in Hkii)
IKON 1
4W 1)
M \\l \l
1 (>( k
CVT
< .1 >1
I'ok I
1 Itl
DSL
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1- IN 1
Midsize
Pickup
1975


68.8%












Midsize
Pickup
1976


85.5%












Midsize
Pickup
1977


91.8%












Midsize
Pickup
1978


86.9%












Midsize
Pickup
1979


80.2%












Midsize
Pickup
1980


83.7%












Midsize
Pickup
1981


88.1%












Midsize
Pickup
1982

4.1%
68.7%
28.8%




2.1%






Midsize
Pickup
1983

17.3%
72.6%
14.2%




3.5%






Midsize
Pickup
1984

19.6%
71.1%
16.8%




2.0%






Midsize
Pickup
1985

19.8%
65.1%
32.7%


13.2%
14.2%
0.7%






Midsize
Pickup
1986

16.8%
73.0%
23.7%


30.7%
26.7%
0.2%






Midsize
Pickup
1987

20.5%
67.2%
28.9%


24.4%
26.5%
0.3%






Midsize
Pickup
1988

19.8%
65.0%
32.6%


32.7%
39.2%







Midsize
Pickup
1989

18.7%
62.9%
35.6%


33.8%
46.7%







Midsize
Pickup
1990

16.7%
61.6%
38.4%


59.3%
27.9%







Midsize
Pickup
1991

14.8%
63.5%
36.5%


36.6%
56.4%







Midsize
Pickup
1992

15.5%
59.9%
40.1%


59.0%
32.7%







Midsize
Pickup
1993

18.0%
59.4%
40.6%


65.5%
28.9%







Midsize
Pickup
1994

16.9%
55.3%
44.7%


86.1%
11.9%

100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
1995

15.6%
59.8%
40.2%


82.8%
17.2%

100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
1996

14.3%
52.9%
47.1%


100.0%


99.9%

0.1%



Midsize
Pickup
1997

17.4%
48.9%
51.1%


100.0%


100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
1998

19.9%
44.1%
55.9%


100.0%


100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
1999

28.2%
32.7%
67.3%


100.0%


100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
2000

28.8%
27.5%
72.5%


100.0%


99.4%

0.6%



Midsize
Pickup
2001

30.5%
21.8%
78.2%


100.0%


95.2%

4.8%



Midsize
Pickup
2002

41.8%
15.8%
84.2%


100.0%


88.5%

11.5%



Midsize
Pickup
2003

28.5%
21.3%
78.7%


100.0%


90.5%

9.5%



Midsize
Pickup
2004

42.1%
17.1%
82.9%


100.0%


73.5%

26.5%

17.7%

Midsize
Pickup
2005

29.3%
22.7%
77.3%


100.0%


39.4%

60.6%

49.4%

Midsize
Pickup
2006

14.8%
19.7%
80.3%


100.0%


22.6%

77.4%

67.9%

Midsize
Pickup
2007

28.8%
15.8%
84.2%


100.0%


24.1%

75.9%

45.2%

Midsize
Pickup
2008

32.5%
16.4%
83.6%


100.0%


22.2%

77.8%

48.8%

Midsize
Pickup
2009

39.0%
19.5%
80.5%


100.0%


9.3%

90.7%

50.1%

Midsize
Pickup
2010

32.3%
27.7%
72.3%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

EPA-420-R-10-023
E-28
November 2010

-------
oLIA	Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
\ cllirlc
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( <>\ir
Large
Pickup
1975
1126
0.110
13.1
10.4
12.2
11.1
4241

343
151
13.3
115
0.438
0.0358
24.1


Large
Pickup
1976
1639
0.133
13.9
11.2
12.7
11.8
4301

344
146
13.8
113
0.423
0.0341
25.9


Large
Pickup
1977
1719
0.122
14.9
12.1
13.4
12.7
4319

347
156
13.1
116
0.449
0.0363
27.8


Large
Pickup
1978
1928
0.133
14.7
12.0
13.1
12.4
4326

339
154
13.2
116
0.454
0.0357
27.4


Large
Pickup
1979
1748
0.126
14.3
11.8
12.6
12.1
4486

330
149
14.1
113
0.452
0.0334
27.8


Large
Pickup
1980
887
0.078
17.2
13.7
15.8
14.6
4312

305
137
14.3
110
0.452
0.0318
32.0


Large
Pickup
1981
940
0.089
18.6
14.8
17.3
15.9
4124

293
132
14.2
110
0.452
0.0320
33.0


Large
Pickup
1982
780
0.080
18.6
14.8
17.3
15.9
4233

299
136
14.2
111
0.457
0.0323
34.1


Large
Pickup
1983
695
0.067
18.1
14.3
16.9
15.4
4270

302
139
14.2
111
0.461
0.0325
33.5


Large
Pickup
1984
917
0.065
17.8
14.0
16.7
15.1
4291

301
139
14.3
111
0.459
0.0323
32.9


Large
Pickup
1985
965
0.067
17.7
14.0
16.5
15.0
4292

305
149
13.4
114
0.490
0.0348
32.7


Large
Pickup
1986
1001
0.065
18.2
14.4
17.0
15.5
4284

298
146
13.6
113
0.495
0.0341
33.3


Large
Pickup
1987
654
0.044
17.7
13.9
16.5
15.0
4375

309
162
12.8
118
0.523
0.0370
32.9


Large
Pickup
1988
1064
0.070
18.0
13.9
17.2
15.2
4436

318
173
12.2
121
0.542
0.0390
33.9


Large
Pickup
1989
990
0.068
18.1
13.8
17.2
15.2
4444

318
175
12.2
121
0.548
0.0395
34.0


Large
Pickup
1990
945
0.075
18.0
13.6
17.4
15.2
4497

320
178
12.1
122
0.555
0.0398
34.3


Large
Pickup
1991
738
0.059
18.2
13.6
17.6
15.3
4476

315
178
12.1
122
0.562
0.0397
34.4


Large
Pickup
1992
872
0.072
18.3
13.6
17.8
15.3
4562

312
174
12.5
120
0.556
0.0382
35.1


Large
Pickup
1993
996
0.075
18.7
13.7
18.0
15.6
4552

303
180
12.1
122
0.600
0.0396
35.5


Large
Pickup
1994
1271
0.090
18.4
13.5
17.6
15.3
4612

316
189
11.7
124
0.601
0.0411
35.3


Large
Pickup
1995
1273
0.084
18.0
13.1
17.2
14.9
4672

317
188
11.9
123
0.598
0.0403
35.0


Large
Pickup
1996
1036
0.079
18.2
13.2
17.4
15.1
4718

315
210
11.1
129
0.671
0.0446
35.7


Large
Pickup
1997
1588
0.110
18.9
13.6
18.1
15.6
4801

303
222
10.6
132
0.737
0.0464
37.5


Large
Pickup
1998
1326
0.092
18.6
13.2
17.8
15.3
4799

308
225
10.5
133
0.735
0.0470
36.8


Large
Pickup
1999
1571
0.103
18.5
13.2
17.5
15.2
4958

313
238
10.3
135
0.762
0.0483
37.6


Large
Pickup
2000
1746
0.105
19.3
13.8
17.9
15.7
4664

289
230
10.2
136
0.800
0.0492
36.7


Large
Pickup
2001
1893
0.121
18.9
13.4
17.5
15.4
4809

292
234
10.3
135
0.807
0.0485
37.0


Large
Pickup
2002
1717
0.107
18.7
13.2
17.2
15.2
4982

294
246
10.1
137
0.836
0.0493
37.8


Large
Pickup
2003
1753
0.111
18.9
13.3
17.3
15.3
4977

294
249
10.1
138
0.845
0.0499
38.0


Large
Pickup
2004
1967
0.125
19.0
13.3
17.3
15.3
5200

302
266
9.9
141
0.881
0.0511
39.7


Large
Pickup
2005
2076
0.131
19.4
13.4
17.8
15.6
5117

294
269
9.7
142
0.914
0.0526
39.8


Large
Pickup
2006
1906
0.126
19.6
13.6
18.0
15.8
5137

290
266
9.8
141
0.919
0.0517
40.4


Large
Pickup
2007
1850
0.121
19.7
13.6
18.2
15.9
5318

298
279
9.7
143
0.935
0.0524
42.2


Large
Pickup
2008
1517
0.109
20.0
13.7
18.5
16.1
5391

302
292
9.6
146
0.962
0.0538
43.5


Large
Pickup
2009
805
0.088
20.3
13.9
19.0
16.4
5449

306
296
9.4
146
0.968
0.0543
44.7


Large
Pickup
2010
1527
0.112
20.6
14.1
19.3
16.6
5396

308
308
9.1
150
0.996
0.0571
44.9


EPA-420-R-10-023	E-29	November 2010

-------
rm
Uivmwj Sliaso*
Environments! Pio!c.ficvn
Agoiity
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
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Large
Pickup
1975

16.1%
33.0%












Large
Pickup
1976

23.8%
32.9%












Large
Pickup
1977

25.2%
27.7%












Large
Pickup
1978

30.5%
28.5%





1.4%






Large
Pickup
1979

10.5%
27.3%
1.7%




3.1%






Large
Pickup
1980

21.6%
39.5%
35.5%




5.5%






Large
Pickup
1981

13.4%
38.9%
42.1%




2.3%






Large
Pickup
1982

17.3%
30.9%
42.8%




9.4%






Large
Pickup
1983

22.3%
26.4%
52.2%




4.5%






Large
Pickup
1984

25.1%
26.7%
50.9%




2.4%






Large
Pickup
1985

25.8%
25.7%
48.1%


9.1%
0.7%
1.2%






Large
Pickup
1986

28.3%
27.0%
52.5%


21.7%
2.6%
0.7%






Large
Pickup
1987
0.0%
30.8%
29.1%
41.6%


43.1%
36.0%
0.4%






Large
Pickup
1988
0.0%
33.8%
26.8%
54.5%


36.5%
62.6%
0.5%






Large
Pickup
1989

34.8%
33.2%
56.6%


38.8%
60.8%
0.4%






Large
Pickup
1990

33.9%
24.9%
68.0%


37.0%
62.6%
0.4%






Large
Pickup
1991

32.5%
27.3%
71.3%


39.5%
60.1%
0.4%






Large
Pickup
1992

32.1%
26.8%
73.1%


45.0%
54.7%
0.3%






Large
Pickup
1993
0.0%
35.0%
22.4%
77.6%


47.9%
52.1%







Large
Pickup
1994

36.6%
16.0%
84.0%


47.3%
52.7%

98.9%
0.9%
0.1%



Large
Pickup
1995

41.5%
20.7%
79.3%


55.1%
44.9%

97.2%

2.8%



Large
Pickup
1996

37.9%
15.0%
85.0%


99.7%

0.3%
96.3%

3.7%



Large
Pickup
1997

43.3%
10.5%
89.5%


99.9%

0.1%
98.1%

1.9%



Large
Pickup
1998

43.2%
9.8%
90.2%


99.9%

0.1%
99.2%

0.8%



Large
Pickup
1999

53.6%
6.3%
93.7%


100.0%

0.0%
100.0%





Large
Pickup
2000

44.8%
10.0%
90.0%


100.0%


87.0%

13.0%



Large
Pickup
2001

42.7%
7.6%
92.4%


100.0%


88.7%

11.3%



Large
Pickup
2002

43.6%
5.4%
94.6%


100.0%


89.9%

10.1%



Large
Pickup
2003

42.8%
5.0%
95.0%


100.0%


93.5%

6.5%



Large
Pickup
2004

47.6%
3.5%
96.5%


100.0%


72.0%
18.2%
9.8%

20.6%
0.0%
Large
Pickup
2005

48.3%
3.9%
96.1%


100.0%


61.4%
15.5%
23.0%

38.2%
0.1%
Large
Pickup
2006

50.1%
4.2%
95.8%


100.0%


55.2%
17.1%
27.7%

44.8%
0.1%
Large
Pickup
2007

47.8%
2.8%
97.2%


100.0%


65.1%
14.3%
20.6%

39.2%
0.0%
Large
Pickup
2008

50.2%
1.8%
98.2%


100.0%


65.4%
13.0%
21.5%

35.8%

Large
Pickup
2009

53.3%
0.6%
99.1%
0.3%

100.0%


68.7%
20.2%
11.2%

33.8%
0.3%
Large
Pickup
2010

48.8%
0.8%
98.9%
0.3%

100.0%


51.0%
23.5%
25.5%

75.3%
0.3%
EPA-420-R-10-023
E-30
November 2010

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Appendix F
Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified
by EPA Car Class
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

-------
rrlft
wcrA
U(iiiS4 SsflWs
E nvwonnwntii I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
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1 \\<
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1 \< \c
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WCII 1
1 It
\ (>l.
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i \<;im
0	<>ll
1	IMI
TOP
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W 1
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h-'75



15.1
	
	



125
	

0.7o4
0.U4UO
	


Two-seater
1976
203
0.021
19.4
14.9
19.2
16.5
3032

187
136
12.1
120
0.752
0.0429
25.1


Two-seater
1977
221
0.020
20.0
15.5
19.5
17.1
3062
50.0
183
134
12.4
119
0.755
0.0421
26.2
880
1308
Two-seater
1978
191
0.017
19.4
15.0
19.1
16.6
3079
50.0
187
143
11.8
122
0.795
0.0446
25.5
855
1276
Two-seater
1979
256
0.024
20.1
15.3
20.0
17.1
3026
50.0
180
128
12.2
118
0.735
0.0411
26.1
887
1305
Two-seater
1980
200
0.021
20.6
15.6
20.8
17.6
2954
50.0
180
121
12.3
116
0.702
0.0400
26.3
904
1315
Two-seater
1981
162
0.019
21.9
17.1
21.1
18.7
3005
50.0
202
142
10.6
124
0.758
0.0469
28.3
959
1415
Two-seater
1982
263
0.034
25.7
19.7
25.5
21.9
2726
50.0
147
106
13.0
112
0.734
0.0377
30.5
1141
1523
Two-seater
1983
137
0.017
23.9
18.4
23.4
20.3
2756
50.0
146
115
11.8
116
0.778
0.0411
28.3
1038
1416
Two-seater
1984
348
0.033
26.7
20.3
27.0
22.8
2886
50.0
174
121
12.1
117
0.717
0.0410
33.9
1215
1694
Two-seater
1985
335
0.031
26.9
20.5
26.9
23.0
2826
50.1
158
123
11.6
118
0.806
0.0425
33.4
1234
1672
Two-seater
1986
304
0.028
28.1
21.3
28.2
24.0
2916
50.0
166
130
11.7
119
0.818
0.0430
35.7
1278
1784
Two-seater
1987
282
0.026
27.5
20.5
27.7
23.3
2920
50.0
167
134
11.5
121
0.830
0.0442
35.2
1259
1758
Two-seater
1988
203
0.019
27.4
20.3
27.5
23.2
2940
50.0
171
138
11.2
122
0.845
0.0455
35.3
1268
1765
Two-seater
1989
113
0.011
26.9
19.9
26.9
22.7
3031
50.0
199
160
10.2
130
0.891
0.0509
35.6
1264
1782
Two-seater
1990
177
0.020
27.7
20.5
27.1
23.2
2979
50.0
164
160
10.3
130
1.019
0.0511
35.2
1239
1759
Two-seater
1991
178
0.021
29.0
21.4
27.9
24.2
2890
50.0
149
150
10.8
127
1.040
0.0491
35.7
1305
1784
Two-seater
1992
81
0.010
26.7
19.4
26.1
22.3
3022
50.0
187
183
10.0
137
1.018
0.0565
33.8
1189
1690
Two-seater
1993
118
0.014
28.4
20.6
27.6
23.6
2975
50.0
169
178
9.6
137
1.138
0.0572
35.8
1255
1791
Two-seater
1994
84
0.010
26.0
18.7
25.5
21.6
3134
50.0
207
198
oo
oo
143
1.073
0.0613
34.4
1132
1718
Two-seater
1995
79
0.008
26.3
18.7
25.9
21.8
3177
50.0
204
199
8.9
142
1.077
0.0606
35.0
1144
1752
Two-seater
1996
65
0.008
26.0
18.2
25.8
21.5
3168
50.0
216
205
8.6
145
1.050
0.0632
34.1
1101
1705
Two-seater
1997
72
0.009
26.7
18.7
26.1
21.9
3057
50.0
178
198
8.7
144
1.157
0.0628
33.9
1131
1693
Two-seater
1998
78
0.010
24.4
17.0
24.0
20.0
3458
50.0
244
255
7.7
160
1.108
0.0732
35.1
1021
1753
Two-seater
1999
118
0.014
25.8
17.9
25.0
21.1
3179
50.0
208
225
7.9
153
1.152
0.0695
33.6
1076
1682
Two-seater
2000
122
0.013
25.9
17.9
25.0
21.1
3124
50.0
208
232
7.7
156
1.192
0.0723
33.8
1125
1688
Two-seater
2001
143
0.017
26.2
18.0
25.1
21.3
3207
50.0
200
239
7.6
158
1.292
0.0732
34.6
1100
1732
Two-seater
2002
132
0.016
24.9
16.9
24.1
20.2
3397
50.0
224
251
7.6
159
1.212
0.0732
34.6
1040
1732
Two-seater
2003
180
0.023
25.0
16.9
24.1
20.3
3440
50.0
229
266
7.3
164
1.223
0.0765
35.0
1031
1749
Two-seater
2004
168
0.022
24.5
16.4
23.5
19.8
3540
50.0
235
271
7.4
164
1.203
0.0762
35.3
1004
1763
Two-seater
2005
163
0.020
24.6
16.3
23.6
19.8
3502
50.0
241
291
7.1
172
1.243
0.0828
34.9
1004
1745
Two-seater
2006
168
0.021
25.3
16.8
24.3
20.4
3378
50.0
226
282
7.1
171
1.288
0.0824
34.6
1037
1731
Two-seater
2007
154
0.019
25.6
16.9
24.7
20.6
3398
50.0
227
290
7.0
173
1.344
0.0843
35.2
1044
1759
Two-seater
2008
148
0.020
27.5
18.3
26.0
22.0
3187
50.4
207
270
7.7
168
1.359
0.0806
35.5
1173
1790
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-l
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
Ukl\ 1 1 \< \l\
Ik WSMISSION
M M mi 11 ki\<;
M Mlil k (>l- \ WWS
\ 1
in itkiD
I-kO\|
4WI)
M \M \l
l .( X k
( \ 1
(; i > i
i'(>k I
1 lil
DM
1 \\(>
uiki I
i-oi k
1- IN 1
.... 		
1975


















Two-seater
1976


70.5%



37.1%








Two-seater
1977


70.5%



40.2%








Two-seater
1978


71.8%



46.9%








Two-seater
1979


72.8%



31.5%








Two-seater
1980


74.0%
13.6%


34.4%








Two-seater
1981


61.3%
20.1%


55.4%








Two-seater
1982
47.8%

69.2%
9.5%


23.3%
9.5%







Two-seater
1983
17.1%

81.0%
4.5%


40.3%








Two-seater
1984
17.9%

60.4%
33.7%


20.5%
53.1%







Two-seater
1985
25.0%

67.4%
26.3%


53.3%
11.6%







Two-seater
1986
29.8%

62.4%
30.8%


70.0%
11.7%

81.2%
7.3%
11.5%



Two-seater
1987
32.7%

64.0%
28.5%


71.3%
14.6%

70.4%
22.2%
7.4%



Two-seater
1988
41.9%

62.1%
27.4%


73.9%
26.1%

76.2%

23.8%



Two-seater
1989
32.6%
16.5%
51.5%
36.6%


85.8%
14.2%

61.5%

38.5%



Two-seater
1990
31.3%

66.9%
27.2%


88.5%
11.5%

33.0%

67.0%



Two-seater
1991
34.9%

68.5%
21.1%


81.4%
18.6%

33.1%

66.9%

1.8%

Two-seater
1992
16.1%
0.1%
55.3%
26.8%


86.3%
13.7%

49.7%

50.3%

8.7%

Two-seater
1993
42.3%
0.0%
59.8%
35.5%


94.4%
5.6%

51.4%

48.6%

22.1%

Two-seater
1994
24.1%
0.1%
57.5%
35.6%


100.0%


34.4%

65.6%

22.0%

Two-seater
1995
23.5%
0.1%
57.9%
31.4%


100.0%


33.9%

65.4%
0.7%
31.2%

Two-seater
1996
4.7%
0.0%
55.6%
40.8%


100.0%


35.3%

64.3%
0.4%
27.1%

Two-seater
1997
10.8%
0.1%
64.0%
34.3%


100.0%


14.8%

84.3%
0.9%
51.8%

Two-seater
1998

0.1%
36.6%
61.2%


100.0%


38.2%

61.1%
0.7%
45.3%

Two-seater
1999
28.5%
0.1%
54.1%
42.6%


100.0%


26.1%
7.7%
65.2%
0.9%
22.6%

Two-seater
2000
4.6%

63.0%
34.6%


100.0%


26.9%

72.7%
0.5%
49.1%
4.6%
Two-seater
2001
5.0%
7.1%
60.9%
36.1%
1.1%

100.0%


24.4%
9.6%
56.8%
9.2%
42.4%
2.4%
Two-seater
2002
3.0%
2.9%
47.3%
49.8%
1.0%

100.0%


26.5%
5.6%
63.3%
4.6%
30.6%
1.5%
Two-seater
2003
1.5%
0.8%
45.8%
53.8%
0.4%

100.0%


19.3%
13.6%
64.9%
2.2%
50.6%
0.6%
Two-seater
2004
1.0%
9.5%
38.9%
60.2%
0.2%

100.0%


20.0%
18.6%
58.7%
2.8%
51.4%
0.3%
Two-seater
2005
0.7%
0.8%
38.2%
60.8%
0.2%

100.0%


21.7%
22.6%
54.7%
1.0%
50.5%
0.4%
Two-seater
2006
0.8%
0.5%
50.7%
47.5%
0.2%

100.0%


19.8%
8.5%
70.7%
0.3%
75.1%
0.5%
Two-seater
2007

0.5%
43.9%
56.1%

3.0%
97.0%


24.5%
3.1%
72.4%

64.2%

Two-seater
2008
1.3%
2.2%
35.8%
49.6%

2.7%
97.3%


23.1%
1.8%
75.1%
0.0%
69.5%

EPA-420-R-10-023
F-2
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
I'koi)
(OOOi
1 \< \c
i-i i i m (>\n\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ (>l.
<1 II
i \<;im
0	<>ll
1	IMI
TOP
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
M>\
m i (;
(1 M
Mp(;
(1 II
M>\ Mi*(;
i \i<
55/45
M)-l
(1 1
\l).l
\\W\
M)-l
( mir
(ID
III'
_ . 	
20US'


21.1

	
	


	
2s'0







Two-seater
2010
113
0.014
27.5
18.2
26.4
22.1
3266
50.0
230
299
7.1
177
1.332
0.0877
36.3
1156
1816
Mini-compact
1975
941
0.114
23.0
17.6
22.8
19.6
2721

128
82
15.2
102
0.669
0.0298
27.4


Mini-compact
1976
913
0.094
26.0
20.2
25.2
22.2
2688

125
80
15.1
102
0.673
0.0297
30.1


Mini-compact
1977
916
0.081
27.9
21.7
26.8
23.8
2544
78.8
116
83
14.0
105
0.756
0.0326
30.7
1957
2420
Mini-compact
1978
901
0.081
27.4
21.7
25.6
23.3
2584
79.1
120
83
14.1
105
0.730
0.0322
30.6
1920
2422
Mini-compact
1979
436
0.040
27.6
21.7
26.3
23.5
2450
79.7
113
77
14.4
103
0.689
0.0312
29.0
1906
2315
Mini-compact
1980
383
0.041
28.1
22.1
26.8
24.0
2459
82.8
116
78
14.4
103
0.675
0.0314
29.6
2031
2449
Mini-compact
1981
227
0.026
34.3
27.6
31.3
29.1
2164
82.6
92
67
14.5
101
0.723
0.0307
31.9
2472
2639
Mini-compact
1982
178
0.023
35.5
28.5
32.3
30.1
2193
82.7
95
70
14.6
102
0.727
0.0311
33.7
2604
2792
Mini-compact
1983
156
0.020
35.7
28.4
33.3
30.4
2273
82.0
100
77
14.2
104
0.754
0.0327
35.3
2630
2901
Mini-compact
1984
42
0.004
25.6
19.5
25.7
21.8
2855
75.9
151
141
10.5
125
0.927
0.0484
31.6
1721
2400
Mini-compact
1985
73
0.007
36.0
28.0
34.9
30.7
2300
79.2
114
95
13.1
111
0.818
0.0380
37.6
2896
2994
Mini-compact
1986
176
0.016
30.7
23.3
30.4
26.1
2408
80.5
113
105
12.8
114
0.881
0.0403
33.4
2458
2693
Mini-compact
1987
71
0.007
30.7
23.3
30.0
26.0
2636
77.2
128
131
11.3
123
0.985
0.0469
35.8
2294
2786
Mini-compact
1988
43
0.004
31.1
23.7
29.8
26.2
2619
77.9
128
129
11.7
122
0.954
0.0462
36.4
2408
2861
Mini-compact
1989
28
0.003
26.9
20.2
25.9
22.6
2866
77.2
146
148
10.7
128
0.985
0.0504
32.9
1810
2561
Mini-compact
1990
76
0.009
26.3
19.6
25.6
22.1
3019
80.7
148
145
10.5
125
0.969
0.0475
33.4
1799
2696
Mini-compact
1991
95
0.011
28.6
21.3
27.3
23.8
2912
75.5
127
137
10.8
123
1.076
0.0464
34.9
1820
2639
Mini-compact
1992
118
0.015
31.4
23.2
29.7
26.0
2691
81.0
110
118
11.2
118
1.073
0.0435
35.0
2140
2834
Mini-compact
1993
74
0.009
30.0
22.1
28.3
24.8
2819
79.5
119
130
10.9
121
1.089
0.0454
35.0
2012
2778
Mini-compact
1994
39
0.005
28.1
20.2
27.3
23.3
3146
81.0
132
163
10.3
129
1.202
0.0501
36.4
1934
2957
Mini-compact
1995
56
0.006
27.3
19.6
26.3
22.5
3218
79.9
147
166
9.9
131
1.122
0.0513
36.3
1823
2906
Mini-compact
1996
44
0.006
26.9
19.0
26.1
22.1
3270
76.8
158
179
9.8
134
1.127
0.0538
36.5
1763
2820
Mini-compact
1997
44
0.005
26.6
18.7
25.9
21.9
3338
76.6
154
185
9.7
136
1.194
0.0547
36.8
1713
2833
Mini-compact
1998
37
0.005
25.8
17.9
25.4
21.2
3522
78.9
169
195
9.6
137
1.146
0.0548
37.5
1688
2960
Mini-compact
1999
51
0.006
25.2
17.3
25.1
20.7
3602
79.3
181
220
9.0
145
1.199
0.0609
37.5
1658
2983
Mini-compact
2000
40
0.004
24.2
16.6
23.9
19.9
3729
79.6
193
244
8.3
152
1.300
0.0656
37.2
1599
2970
Mini-compact
2001
80
0.010
24.9
16.9
24.4
20.3
3711
80.5
178
228
oo
oo
147
1.293
0.0615
37.9
1650
3059
Mini-compact
2002
96
0.012
25.6
17.4
24.5
20.7
3649
81.5
188
238
8.5
150
1.301
0.0646
38.0
1728
3102
Mini-compact
2003
92
0.012
27.8
18.7
26.4
22.3
3408
82.1
152
199
9.8
140
1.309
0.0571
38.4
1894
3156
Mini-compact
2004
132
0.018
27.6
18.4
26.2
22.1
3491
82.3
149
185
10.2
134
1.241
0.0522
38.8
1860
3196
Mini-compact
2005
107
0.013
28.5
19.0
26.8
22.7
3368
81.7
143
187
9.9
136
1.328
0.0544
38.4
1901
3144
Mini-compact
2006
111
0.014
28.7
19.1
27.0
22.9
3354
81.4
150
197
9.4
140
1.338
0.0578
38.5
1903
3136
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-3
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
Uki\ I Ik \i\
Ik WSMISSION
M M mi 11 ki\<;
M M lil k 0|- \ \\ M S
\ 1
in itkiD
I-kO\|
4WI)
M \M \l
l .( X k
( \ 1
(; i > i
i'(>k I
1 lil
DM
1 WO
iiiki I
i-oi k
1- IN 1
_ . 	


2.5" n

51.5%





20.7" n
2 .0" n




Two-seater
2010

1.2%
41.3%
47.1%

7.5%
92.5%


23.9%
0.2%
75.9%

77.2%

Mini-compact
1975
19.6%

65.5%
2.3%


11.5%








Mini-compact
1976
22.1%

63.5%



4.5%








Mini-compact
1977
25.4%

70.6%



1.9%








Mini-compact
1978
22.3%

61.0%
2.0%


1.5%








Mini-compact
1979
44.8%

67.8%
5.5%


3.4%








Mini-compact
1980
47.2%

54.1%
5.9%


1.6%








Mini-compact
1981
83.2%

81.2%



1.0%








Mini-compact
1982
80.4%

80.8%



6.4%








Mini-compact
1983
81.8%

80.9%
0.2%


20.6%








Mini-compact
1984
30.6%

84.3%
0.2%


92.6%








Mini-compact
1985
67.7%

86.1%
0.1%


46.9%








Mini-compact
1986
54.6%

82.7%
5.1%


52.2%


94.2%

5.8%



Mini-compact
1987
54.9%

81.9%
3.9%


85.9%


81.4%

18.6%



Mini-compact
1988
62.4%

76.6%
8.3%


77.0%


76.5%

23.5%



Mini-compact
1989
62.4%
3.5%
65.3%
16.1%


100.0%


63.1%

36.9%



Mini-compact
1990
11.4%

61.6%
32.9%


100.0%


17.4%
79.4%
3.2%



Mini-compact
1991
50.9%

59.8%
37.8%


100.0%


9.4%

90.6%

4.0%

Mini-compact
1992
71.5%

55.3%
41.7%


100.0%


8.2%

91.8%

4.9%

Mini-compact
1993
64.9%

52.5%
45.7%


100.0%


18.0%

82.0%

6.6%

Mini-compact
1994
44.5%

43.2%
51.4%


100.0%


5.4%

94.6%

29.5%

Mini-compact
1995
17.3%

40.8%
50.6%


100.0%


5.3%

94.7%

23.1%

Mini-compact
1996
37.7%
6.7%
48.0%
50.2%


100.0%


19.2%

80.8%

45.3%

Mini-compact
1997
48.1%
4.7%
47.8%
50.2%


100.0%


17.7%

82.3%

40.3%

Mini-compact
1998
38.5%
1.1%
34.4%
64.6%


100.0%


8.9%

91.1%

54.4%

Mini-compact
1999
25.7%
3.2%
38.4%
55.9%


100.0%



11.8%
88.2%

62.5%

Mini-compact
2000
8.3%
13.5%
46.9%
48.4%


100.0%



22.8%
59.1%
18.1%
54.2%

Mini-compact
2001
33.7%
16.0%
37.2%
59.2%


100.0%



7.6%
81.8%
10.7%
47.0%

Mini-compact
2002
29.0%
10.7%
38.8%
55.4%
3.3%

100.0%




94.0%
6.0%
64.1%

Mini-compact
2003
58.3%
7.0%
44.4%
46.0%
9.7%

100.0%


16.6%

76.4%
6.9%
39.4%

Mini-compact
2004
65.0%
5.4%
28.8%
62.9%
7.2%

100.0%


11.1%

79.7%
9.2%
34.3%

Mini-compact
2005
67.0%
2.3%
39.1%
49.1%
11.8%

100.0%


12.9%

79.7%
7.5%
32.5%

Mini-compact
2006
64.5%
5.2%
37.7%
51.6%
10.6%

100.0%




98.2%
1.8%
35.4%

EPA-420-R-10-023
F-4
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
I'koi)
(OOOi
1 \< \c
i-i i i m (>\n\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ (>l.
<1 II
i \<;im
0	<>ll
1	IMI
TOP
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
M>\
m i (;
(1 M
Mp(;
(1 II
M>\ Mi*(;
i \i<
55/45
M)-l
(1 1
\l).l
\\W\
M)-l
( mir
(ID
III'
		r	
20U7




	




215



0JXO5



Mini-compact
2008
69
0.009
30.9
20.5
28.7
24.5
3342
81.0
147
203
9.4
142
1.389
0.0595
41.4
2049
3357
Mini-compact
2009
49
0.009
33.1
22.0
30.3
26.1
3260
80.5
140
200
9.5
142
1.433
0.0600
43.0
2171
3464
Mini-compact
2010
59
0.007
33.8
22.5
30.6
26.5
3183
80.9
131
193
9.4
140
1.480
0.0588
42.6
2207
3450
Subcompact
1975
1011
0.123
19.2
15.0
18.6
16.4
3243

207
107
14.2
108
0.585
0.0329
26.8


Subcompact
1976
1368
0.141
22.2
17.4
21.1
18.9
3033

181
97
14.7
106
0.607
0.0316
28.8


Subcompact
1977
1577
0.140
23.9
18.8
22.6
20.3
2966
90.7
174
98
14.2
107
0.633
0.0325
30.7
1983
2783
Subcompact
1978
2056
0.184
24.6
19.4
23.4
21.0
2842
89.7
159
94
14.4
106
0.649
0.0321
30.4
2032
2726
Subcompact
1979
3044
0.282
24.1
19.0
22.8
20.5
2847
90.4
155
94
14.2
106
0.659
0.0323
29.6
1955
2674
Subcompact
1980
3552
0.376
27.1
21.3
25.7
23.1
2640
89.9
128
82
14.7
103
0.669
0.0308
30.8
2148
2768
Subcompact
1981
2712
0.311
29.3
23.3
27.3
24.9
2604
90.3
124
81
14.7
103
0.676
0.0308
32.9
2334
2971
Subcompact
1982
2329
0.298
29.1
22.8
27.7
24.8
2657
91.8
133
86
14.5
105
0.666
0.0317
33.6
2377
3077
Subcompact
1983
1968
0.246
30.0
23.4
29.0
25.6
2688
93.3
136
91
14.0
106
0.693
0.0330
34.9
2505
3262
Subcompact
1984
2545
0.238
29.6
22.9
28.8
25.2
2737
93.3
140
97
13.5
108
0.722
0.0348
35.0
2457
3265
Subcompact
1985
2181
0.202
30.1
23.3
29.2
25.6
2734
93.9
136
100
13.2
110
0.760
0.0358
35.4
2506
3325
Subcompact
1986
2376
0.216
30.6
23.6
29.5
25.9
2764
94.7
136
100
13.4
109
0.765
0.0354
36.2
2560
3434
Subcompact
1987
2088
0.195
31.1
23.9
29.7
26.3
2728
92.7
128
99
13.7
109
0.795
0.0350
36.1
2528
3348
Subcompact
1988
2143
0.200
32.0
24.6
30.1
26.9
2668
93.2
122
99
13.5
110
0.823
0.0358
36.2
2615
3375
Subcompact
1989
1950
0.195
31.2
23.6
29.6
26.1
2748
93.1
129
104
13.0
111
0.852
0.0369
36.2
2545
3377
Subcompact
1990
1975
0.224
31.5
23.9
29.5
26.3
2762
94.5
117
108
12.5
113
0.962
0.0385
36.5
2557
3456
Subcompact
1991
2303
0.270
31.5
23.4
29.9
26.2
2779
94.8
124
111
12.3
114
0.938
0.0392
36.6
2562
3474
Subcompact
1992
2021
0.249
31.8
23.5
30.3
26.4
2806
93.8
122
117
12.0
116
0.987
0.0408
37.4
2570
3509
Subcompact
1993
1872
0.221
32.0
23.3
30.4
26.4
2797
94.4
124
120
11.8
117
0.977
0.0418
37.3
2585
3522
Subcompact
1994
1995
0.237
31.6
22.7
30.4
26.0
2879
94.4
134
125
11.7
118
0.973
0.0423
37.8
2547
3568
Subcompact
1995
1623
0.173
31.5
22.5
30.4
25.9
2949
93.6
141
134
11.3
121
1.015
0.0443
38.5
2531
3610
Subcompact
1996
1108
0.140
32.9
23.3
31.4
26.9
2875
94.9
136
132
11.2
121
1.024
0.0446
38.9
2649
3691
Subcompact
1997
1488
0.178
32.5
23.1
30.5
26.4
2909
95.5
126
128
11.5
119
1.058
0.0431
38.6
2588
3693
Subcompact
1998
1601
0.201
31.6
22.1
30.0
25.7
2984
96.4
139
135
11.1
122
1.022
0.0447
38.5
2529
3714
Subcompact
1999
1382
0.165
31.3
21.8
29.5
25.3
2973
96.4
137
137
11.0
122
1.032
0.0454
37.8
2490
3646
Subcompact
2000
1492
0.163
30.7
21.3
28.7
24.7
3026
96.5
145
144
10.7
124
1.040
0.0469
37.6
2433
3629
Subcompact
2001
645
0.077
28.4
19.4
27.1
22.9
3226
93.5
173
173
9.9
133
1.035
0.0528
37.2
2195
3480
Subcompact
2002
575
0.069
28.2
19.1
27.0
22.8
3293
95.5
183
186
9.5
137
1.074
0.0557
37.7
2221
3600
Subcompact
2003
586
0.074
27.2
18.4
25.7
21.9
3438
94.9
176
185
9.8
135
1.079
0.0535
37.8
2104
3584
Subcompact
2004
453
0.060
27.3
18.3
25.7
21.9
3365
95.9
174
192
9.5
138
1.144
0.0559
37.1
2154
3555
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-5
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
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Mini-compact
2008
77.3%
8.0%
30.6%
67.2%
2.3%
23.4%
76.6%



0.4%
99.6%

68.8%

Mini-compact
2009
78.6%
6.8%
40.1%
51.9%

31.8%
68.2%




100.0%

85.9%

Mini-compact
2010
82.5%
2.2%
36.2%
63.8%

50.3%
49.7%




100.0%

99.0%

Subcompact
1975
17.6%

40.9%



8.9%








Subcompact
1976
13.1%

42.8%



3.1%








Subcompact
1977
19.4%

46.5%



12.5%

1.2%






Subcompact
1978
22.3%

53.3%
1.1%


11.7%

1.8%






Subcompact
1979
25.9%

48.2%
1.6%


7.3%

1.5%






Subcompact
1980
35.3%
0.4%
56.5%
3.5%


10.9%

3.4%






Subcompact
1981
36.0%
0.3%
57.0%
8.5%


12.1%

5.5%






Subcompact
1982
39.8%
0.2%
53.6%
23.6%


14.8%
3.2%
4.1%






Subcompact
1983
53.4%
0.2%
53.9%
32.0%


21.5%
2.7%
1.2%






Subcompact
1984
49.8%
0.5%
51.5%
35.1%


28.9%
3.0%
1.7%






Subcompact
1985
58.7%
0.3%
49.4%
34.1%


28.8%
5.1%
0.2%






Subcompact
1986
64.5%
1.1%
50.3%
34.0%


36.5%
4.9%
0.1%
82.5%
13.8%
3.7%



Subcompact
1987
69.1%
0.5%
51.3%
39.4%


40.3%
6.8%
0.1%
59.7%
26.9%
13.4%



Subcompact
1988
77.7%
1.2%
53.6%
40.0%


35.7%
15.2%
0.0%
53.6%
21.8%
24.6%



Subcompact
1989
72.3%
1.1%
46.5%
45.3%
0.6%

44.5%
20.6%
0.0%
58.1%
12.6%
29.3%



Subcompact
1990
87.9%
0.5%
44.9%
51.1%
0.2%

71.5%
24.0%

35.0%
8.2%
56.8%



Subcompact
1991
84.3%
1.4%
39.1%
56.2%
0.2%

59.6%
40.3%

45.1%
11.8%
43.1%

5.7%

Subcompact
1992
84.2%
1.6%
38.0%
56.4%
0.0%

84.5%
15.5%

41.6%
11.0%
47.4%

12.3%

Subcompact
1993
84.6%
1.7%
42.6%
51.9%
0.0%

91.7%
8.3%

43.3%
11.5%
45.2%

13.4%

Subcompact
1994
81.8%
0.2%
37.7%
58.0%


93.6%
6.4%

45.2%
7.8%
47.0%

17.6%

Subcompact
1995
72.1%
1.4%
40.4%
55.4%


95.0%
5.0%

34.9%
3.1%
62.0%

18.0%

Subcompact
1996
75.8%
1.1%
41.4%
52.1%
0.1%

92.2%
7.8%

32.4%
2.6%
64.9%

26.0%

Subcompact
1997
83.3%
0.6%
31.4%
64.9%
0.4%

95.5%
4.5%

21.3%

78.7%

26.9%

Subcompact
1998
81.3%
0.6%
30.1%
68.3%
0.3%

99.1%
0.7%
0.2%
39.1%
2.4%
58.4%

28.2%

Subcompact
1999
83.2%
0.5%
27.5%
71.0%
0.1%

99.2%
0.6%
0.2%
41.3%
6.8%
51.7%
0.2%
24.7%

Subcompact
2000
76.7%
0.5%
26.2%
71.9%
0.1%

99.2%
0.3%
0.5%
45.3%
1.5%
51.4%
1.8%
22.5%

Subcompact
2001
57.7%
0.8%
32.1%
64.4%
0.2%

98.9%

1.1%
47.4%
1.4%
47.5%
3.7%
27.7%

Subcompact
2002
51.0%
5.9%
34.2%
65.5%
0.1%

98.6%

1.4%
47.5%
4.8%
44.0%
3.7%
23.8%

Subcompact
2003
65.4%
2.2%
27.5%
71.4%
1.1%

99.3%

0.7%
26.8%
5.3%
64.5%
3.5%
15.8%

Subcompact
2004
44.3%
6.6%
34.2%
64.6%
1.2%

99.5%

0.5%
38.8%
4.4%
53.8%
2.9%
21.1%

EPA-420-R-10-023
F-6
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
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Ageney
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Subcompact
2006
1098
0.137
31.3
20.7
29.1
24.8
3223
98.0
149
171
9.9
132
1.178
0.0521
40.5
2508
3973
Subcompact
2007
1252
0.155
31.8
21.1
29.4
25.2
3190
98.2
147
172
9.8
132
1.195
0.0526
40.6
2556
3984
Subcompact
2008
1218
0.166
32.2
21.4
29.8
25.5
3261
97.7
147
177
9.8
133
1.212
0.0530
41.9
2574
4099
Subcompact
2009
804
0.146
34.0
22.5
31.2
26.7
3173
97.7
136
167
9.9
131
1.234
0.0515
42.8
2682
4176
Subcompact
2010
1064
0.133
33.3
22.1
30.7
26.3
3223
97.0
146
183
9.6
136
1.259
0.0549
42.7
2640
4144
Compact
1975
1893
0.230
16.2
12.9
15.0
13.8
3958

288
129
14.6
110
0.454
0.0322
27.6


Compact
1976
2557
0.263
17.5
13.9
16.4
14.9
4025

289
125
15.2
108
0.434
0.0307
30.2


Compact
1977
2767
0.245
17.9
14.2
16.7
15.2
4129
107.3
291
131
14.6
110
0.452
0.0315
31.6
1655
3391
Compact
1978
1482
0.133
20.2
15.8
19.3
17.2
3552
105.1
236
113
14.5
108
0.506
0.0318
30.6
1842
3221
Compact
1979
668
0.062
19.5
15.4
18.3
16.6
3624
105.3
246
117
14.4
109
0.495
0.0321
30.4
1783
3201
Compact
1980
690
0.073
22.4
17.4
21.6
19.1
3185
106.2
186
102
14.4
107
0.577
0.0324
30.7
2078
3265
Compact
1981
976
0.112
26.7
20.7
26.1
22.8
2825
104.3
142
91
14.2
106
0.671
0.0325
32.4
2433
3377
Compact
1982
1268
0.162
29.0
22.2
28.8
24.8
2794
102.9
128
87
14.6
104
0.695
0.0310
34.8
2591
3579
Compact
1983
1456
0.182
28.8
22.2
28.2
24.5
2844
103.2
141
91
14.4
105
0.677
0.0318
35.2
2602
3633
Compact
1984
2732
0.256
29.7
23.0
28.8
25.3
2798
103.1
137
91
14.3
106
0.687
0.0321
35.7
2672
3682
Compact
1985
2929
0.271
29.8
23.1
29.0
25.5
2804
102.9
138
98
13.5
109
0.727
0.0347
36.0
2684
3706
Compact
1986
3348
0.304
29.8
23.0
28.9
25.3
2819
103.2
137
98
13.5
109
0.735
0.0346
36.0
2669
3713
Compact
1987
4012
0.374
29.7
22.7
28.9
25.2
2836
102.8
135
101
13.3
109
0.759
0.0351
35.9
2631
3688
Compact
1988
4317
0.402
29.9
22.6
28.9
25.2
2889
103.6
136
107
13.0
111
0.794
0.0365
36.6
2652
3793
Compact
1989
3585
0.358
29.9
22.5
28.8
25.1
2886
102.8
130
108
12.7
112
0.837
0.0372
36.4
2611
3738
Compact
1990
2771
0.315
29.0
21.6
28.1
24.3
2985
103.3
138
118
12.3
115
0.857
0.0393
36.4
2534
3755
Compact
1991
2455
0.288
29.0
21.4
27.9
24.2
2984
104.5
136
120
12.1
116
0.887
0.0400
36.3
2568
3797
Compact
1992
2221
0.274
28.6
20.9
27.8
23.8
3034
104.3
143
127
11.8
118
0.893
0.0416
36.2
2509
3776
Compact
1993
2473
0.292
29.6
21.5
28.6
24.5
2982
104.1
139
121
12.0
116
0.886
0.0405
36.7
2584
3821
Compact
1994
2602
0.309
29.8
21.5
28.7
24.6
3023
103.9
138
124
11.9
117
0.912
0.0408
37.3
2584
3874
Compact
1995
3432
0.365
30.6
21.8
29.5
25.1
2998
103.9
134
133
11.2
121
0.992
0.0439
37.8
2642
3927
Compact
1996
2981
0.378
30.3
21.4
29.3
24.9
3007
103.1
134
133
11.1
121
0.999
0.0441
37.5
2589
3865
Compact
1997
2840
0.341
30.3
21.2
29.3
24.8
3004
102.6
135
134
11.1
121
0.988
0.0442
37.3
2568
3829
Compact
1998
2126
0.267
30.9
21.4
29.7
25.2
3010
102.7
131
134
11.0
121
1.028
0.0444
38.0
2619
3902
Compact
1999
2368
0.283
30.1
20.8
28.8
24.4
3135
103.2
139
141
11.0
122
1.028
0.0448
38.4
2557
3962
Compact
2000
2612
0.286
30.5
21.0
28.9
24.6
3097
103.6
132
138
11.1
121
1.049
0.0441
38.3
2587
3964
Compact
2001
3197
0.380
31.7
21.8
29.6
25.5
3056
103.0
130
139
11.0
122
1.074
0.0449
39.1
2670
4032
Compact
2002
2998
0.361
31.8
21.6
29.5
25.4
3065
103.6
128
140
11.0
122
1.091
0.0451
39.2
2675
4054
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-7
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
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21.8%
12.8"n






Subcompact
2006
75.3%
3.8%
21.2%
78.3%
0.5%

99.5%

0.5%
13.3%
6.9%
79.0%
0.7%
60.9%

Subcompact
2007
73.6%
4.3%
20.1%
79.7%
0.2%

100.0%


10.8%
5.7%
83.4%
0.0%
64.5%

Subcompact
2008
76.3%
2.9%
17.3%
78.3%
4.3%
3.2%
96.8%


4.9%
3.4%
91.7%
0.0%
72.7%

Subcompact
2009
79.7%
4.7%
12.8%
84.0%
3.0%
9.8%
90.0%

0.1%
3.4%
1.0%
95.6%
0.0%
75.1%

Subcompact
2010
68.7%
3.7%
20.3%
76.5%
3.2%
9.0%
91.0%


5.7%
5.0%
89.3%

94.0%

Compact
1975
2.4%

8.1%
0.0%


4.4%

1.0%






Compact
1976
2.5%

6.3%



3.6%

0.9%






Compact
1977
2.3%

4.4%



3.8%

1.1%






Compact
1978
17.8%

10.0%
16.3%


9.1%

2.2%






Compact
1979
13.6%

9.0%



14.8%

8.0%






Compact
1980
56.8%
5.8%
14.5%
6.7%


10.8%

8.4%






Compact
1981
81.4%
2.1%
32.9%
5.8%


8.0%

6.0%






Compact
1982
84.8%
1.9%
34.8%
39.7%


8.3%
13.1%
5.3%






Compact
1983
74.7%
2.2%
32.3%
42.4%


13.2%
37.4%
4.4%






Compact
1984
82.0%
0.8%
28.4%
41.0%


21.6%
32.4%
2.8%






Compact
1985
85.3%
0.2%
28.3%
42.8%


24.0%
46.9%
2.4%






Compact
1986
86.6%
0.2%
28.5%
50.0%


33.0%
43.4%
0.7%
99.0%

1.0%



Compact
1987
90.5%
0.4%
29.5%
49.3%


32.4%
42.2%
0.3%
86.4%
8.3%
5.3%



Compact
1988
91.2%
0.2%
25.6%
59.0%


48.7%
42.7%

79.6%
9.5%
10.9%



Compact
1989
95.8%
0.5%
26.0%
56.2%


54.9%
40.0%
0.1%
62.4%
21.8%
15.8%



Compact
1990
95.5%
0.8%
19.3%
63.6%


66.7%
33.2%
0.1%
60.0%
5.5%
34.5%



Compact
1991
95.0%
1.6%
21.7%
65.3%


82.3%
17.3%
0.4%
55.1%
6.1%
38.8%

0.5%

Compact
1992
96.1%
0.9%
19.2%
66.2%


89.0%
10.8%
0.2%
58.8%
4.7%
36.6%

1.0%

Compact
1993
97.5%
0.5%
18.3%
69.9%


87.7%
12.3%

55.5%
1.5%
43.0%

0.6%

Compact
1994
96.2%
0.4%
18.8%
72.8%


91.7%
8.3%

49.3%

50.7%

7.4%

Compact
1995
95.4%
0.8%
19.5%
78.7%


99.8%

0.2%
32.3%
1.5%
66.2%

9.9%

Compact
1996
97.3%
0.9%
17.2%
81.9%


100.0%


32.5%
1.5%
65.9%

10.3%

Compact
1997
95.5%
1.1%
16.8%
83.2%


100.0%

0.0%
35.5%
2.9%
61.3%
0.3%
7.4%

Compact
1998
93.8%
1.8%
15.3%
84.4%


99.6%

0.4%
22.6%
1.9%
74.2%
1.2%
12.5%

Compact
1999
93.5%
1.7%
13.1%
86.4%


99.7%

0.3%
27.0%
0.7%
71.1%
1.2%
13.7%

Compact
2000
92.0%
1.4%
15.3%
83.2%


99.5%

0.5%
26.2%
2.5%
69.9%
1.3%
25.5%

Compact
2001
92.0%
2.2%
15.8%
82.8%
0.5%

99.5%

0.5%
24.2%
2.0%
70.9%
2.9%
39.0%

Compact
2002
90.2%
3.5%
16.5%
82.3%
0.9%

99.2%

0.8%
26.0%
2.4%
68.4%
3.2%
38.1%
0.8%
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-8
November 2010

-------
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124
1.121






Compact
2004
2521
0.334
31.9
21.3
29.5
25.3
3122
103.6
135
153
10.4
127
1.137
0.0483
39.8
2669
4119
Compact
2005
2342
0.292
32.7
21.8
29.8
25.7
3084
103.8
131
150
10.4
126
1.152
0.0479
40.0
2723
4146
Compact
2006
1819
0.228
31.8
21.2
29.3
25.1
3256
104.8
145
167
10.0
130
1.164
0.0506
41.3
2704
4333
Compact
2007
1722
0.213
32.4
21.6
29.7
25.6
3251
105.4
137
162
10.2
128
1.188
0.0491
41.8
2752
4404
Compact
2008
1421
0.194
31.8
21.1
29.5
25.2
3311
104.6
142
170
10.0
131
1.204
0.0506
41.9
2698
4384
Compact
2009
1315
0.238
33.7
22.5
30.7
26.5
3297
104.9
137
166
10.2
129
1.211
0.0493
44.2
2859
4632
Compact
2010
1987
0.248
34.8
23.1
31.6
27.3
3286
104.7
142
173
9.8
132
1.219
0.0513
45.5
2945
4756
Midsize Sedan
1975
1631
0.198
13.6
10.5
13.1
11.6
4630

353
158
13.9
115
0.447
0.0341
27.2


Midsize Sedan
1976
1964
0.202
15.7
12.2
15.1
13.4
4558

343
156
13.8
114
0.454
0.0340
30.7


Midsize Sedan
1977
2226
0.197
16.4
12.9
15.7
14.0
4474
112.9
332
151
13.9
114
0.454
0.0337
31.6
1601
3565
Midsize Sedan
1978
3339
0.299
18.6
14.4
17.9
15.8
3820
113.0
292
135
13.4
113
0.464
0.0353
30.3
1823
3422
Midsize Sedan
1979
3211
0.297
19.1
15.0
18.1
16.3
3710
113.1
272
128
13.6
112
0.474
0.0345
30.3
1870
3425
Midsize Sedan
1980
2987
0.316
21.6
16.8
21.0
18.4
3362
113.2
229
113
13.8
109
0.512
0.0336
31.1
2113
3523
Midsize Sedan
1981
2902
0.332
22.9
17.8
22.3
19.6
3346
113.9
220
107
14.2
108
0.509
0.0322
32.9
2255
3746
Midsize Sedan
1982
2136
0.273
24.0
18.4
23.8
20.5
3321
113.9
211
107
14.2
108
0.529
0.0324
34.3
2377
3906
Midsize Sedan
1983
2269
0.284
23.9
18.4
23.6
20.4
3316
113.8
212
111
13.8
109
0.544
0.0336
34.0
2363
3876
Midsize Sedan
1984
2770
0.260
24.1
18.5
23.9
20.6
3318
113.7
210
113
13.6
110
0.563
0.0342
34.3
2373
3896
Midsize Sedan
1985
2777
0.257
24.9
19.0
24.9
21.3
3319
113.6
205
117
13.3
112
0.606
0.0354
35.4
2453
4025
Midsize Sedan
1986
2666
0.242
25.9
19.6
25.9
22.0
3241
113.8
194
119
13.0
113
0.640
0.0364
35.8
2535
4074
Midsize Sedan
1987
2253
0.210
26.0
19.5
26.0
22.1
3247
113.7
189
123
12.7
114
0.684
0.0379
35.9
2540
4087
Midsize Sedan
1988
2113
0.197
26.7
19.7
27.1
22.6
3293
113.4
183
129
12.3
116
0.718
0.0389
37.3
2588
4230
Midsize Sedan
1989
2591
0.259
26.6
19.5
27.1
22.5
3314
113.6
181
131
12.2
117
0.735
0.0396
37.4
2574
4245
Midsize Sedan
1990
2342
0.266
26.2
19.0
26.8
22.1
3450
113.7
187
141
12.0
119
0.758
0.0407
38.2
2528
4342
Midsize Sedan
1991
2114
0.248
26.0
18.8
26.5
21.9
3412
113.5
191
147
11.5
121
0.773
0.0428
37.4
2497
4242
Midsize Sedan
1992
2120
0.261
25.8
18.4
26.3
21.6
3515
113.9
191
151
11.5
122
0.801
0.0427
38.0
2471
4333
Midsize Sedan
1993
2330
0.276
26.1
18.6
26.4
21.8
3515
113.9
192
153
11.4
123
0.812
0.0434
38.4
2497
4376
Midsize Sedan
1994
2057
0.244
25.9
18.3
26.0
21.5
3529
113.5
190
155
11.4
123
0.827
0.0437
38.0
2457
4320
Midsize Sedan
1995
2515
0.268
26.1
18.2
26.5
21.7
3546
114.3
189
166
10.7
127
0.889
0.0465
38.5
2491
4402
Midsize Sedan
1996
2359
0.299
26.5
18.5
26.5
21.9
3527
114.1
181
162
10.9
126
0.906
0.0459
38.6
2505
4407
Midsize Sedan
1997
2399
0.288
26.5
18.4
26.7
21.9
3551
114.5
184
170
10.6
128
0.933
0.0476
39.0
2522
4464
Midsize Sedan
1998
2967
0.372
27.1
18.7
26.9
22.3
3534
114.0
177
169
10.5
128
0.965
0.0477
39.5
2552
4500
Midsize Sedan
1999
3141
0.375
27.1
18.5
26.8
22.2
3540
114.0
175
171
10.5
128
0.984
0.0480
39.4
2538
4485
Midsize Sedan
2000
2894
0.317
27.0
18.4
26.5
22.0
3550
113.6
174
178
10.2
131
1.027
0.0499
39.2
2512
4447
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-9
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
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Compact
2004
87.8%
5.2%
14.6%
83.9%
1.5%

99.5%

0.5%
11.3%
i.i%
84.7%
2.8%
54.2%
0.9%
Compact
2005
88.1%
5.3%
14.1%
84.6%
1.3%

99.5%

0.5%
11.1%
1.2%
86.2%
1.6%
61.3%
1.2%
Compact
2006
80.6%
5.4%
12.5%
85.2%
2.2%

97.8%

2.2%
12.3%
1.3%
86.3%
0.1%
71.0%
1.7%
Compact
2007
86.7%
6.3%
11.7%
76.0%
12.3%

100.0%


9.6%
0.0%
90.3%
0.1%
62.8%
2.1%
Compact
2008
81.5%
9.7%
11.0%
83.6%
5.4%
3.5%
96.5%


8.0%
0.0%
92.0%
0.0%
51.6%
2.3%
Compact
2009
82.8%
9.0%
9.1%
86.9%
4.0%
5.4%
92.5%

2.1%
7.1%
0.0%
92.9%

68.2%
1.5%
Compact
2010
80.8%
4.8%
12.7%
77.9%
9.3%
8.3%
90.2%

1.5%
9.0%
0.0%
91.0%

85.6%
6.7%
Midsize Sedan
1975
2.7%

0.6%



0.7%








Midsize Sedan
1976
2.5%

0.4%



0.6%








Midsize Sedan
1977
2.1%

0.3%



0.7%








Midsize Sedan
1978
1.4%

1.7%
11.1%


1.4%








Midsize Sedan
1979
5.2%

1.9%
21.4%


2.3%

1.4%






Midsize Sedan
1980
30.2%

7.8%
25.3%


1.0%
1.5%
2.5%






Midsize Sedan
1981
32.3%

5.6%
52.2%


0.1%
2.3%
4.0%






Midsize Sedan
1982
44.7%

2.0%
82.6%


0.2%
15.4%
3.8%






Midsize Sedan
1983
48.9%

1.2%
80.0%


0.5%
17.2%
1.7%






Midsize Sedan
1984
55.1%

0.9%
82.0%


3.8%
25.6%
1.0%






Midsize Sedan
1985
61.9%

1.3%
77.6%


13.0%
37.1%
0.3%






Midsize Sedan
1986
71.0%
0.1%
1.8%
76.4%


25.4%
42.3%
0.2%
100.0%





Midsize Sedan
1987
77.3%
0.2%
1.5%
77.6%


40.7%
43.4%
0.4%
100.0%





Midsize Sedan
1988
87.0%
0.1%
3.8%
91.1%


66.9%
28.0%

93.4%
6.5%
0.1%



Midsize Sedan
1989
86.5%
0.1%
4.7%
91.7%


78.3%
21.0%

94.3%
4.9%
0.8%



Midsize Sedan
1990
85.2%
0.2%
3.9%
93.9%


86.6%
13.3%
0.0%
90.6%
4.3%
5.1%

2.3%

Midsize Sedan
1991
87.2%
0.1%
3.6%
94.5%


88.7%
11.2%
0.1%
89.7%
4.9%
5.3%

2.7%

Midsize Sedan
1992
79.1%
0.1%
2.7%
96.6%


94.7%
5.3%

77.0%
1.6%
21.4%

3.6%

Midsize Sedan
1993
85.4%
0.2%
2.3%
97.2%


95.6%
4.4%

72.7%

27.3%

4.0%

Midsize Sedan
1994
84.7%

2.0%
97.7%


96.0%
4.0%

68.1%

31.9%

3.9%

Midsize Sedan
1995
79.6%

2.7%
97.2%


98.9%
1.1%

61.5%

38.5%

8.9%

Midsize Sedan
1996
91.9%

4.3%
94.9%


99.7%

0.3%
52.6%

47.4%

11.0%

Midsize Sedan
1997
90.6%
0.1%
2.5%
97.5%


99.8%

0.2%
50.1%

49.9%

10.1%

Midsize Sedan
1998
95.2%
0.5%
3.0%
97.0%


99.9%

0.1%
44.5%
1.2%
53.1%
1.3%
22.0%

Midsize Sedan
1999
95.2%
0.7%
3.3%
96.3%


99.8%

0.2%
36.1%
1.4%
59.7%
2.7%
20.9%

Midsize Sedan
2000
92.3%
0.9%
3.5%
95.7%


100.0%


25.1%
1.4%
71.1%
2.4%
29.4%

EPA-420-R-10-023
F-10
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
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45UO


Midsize Sedan
2002
2807
0.338
27.7
oo
oo
26.5
22.4
3549
114.8
177
185
9.8
134
1.055
0.0519
39.8
2581
4571
Midsize Sedan
2003
2483
0.313
28.3
18.9
27.3
22.8
3567
114.6
174
189
9.7
135
1.096
0.0529
40.8
2628
4675
Midsize Sedan
2004
2522
0.335
28.7
19.0
27.5
23.0
3577
114.0
174
190
9.7
135
1.100
0.0528
41.6
2667
4737
Midsize Sedan
2005
2886
0.360
29.8
19.7
28.2
23.8
3545
114.5
168
185
9.8
133
1.096
0.0515
42.8
2793
4900
Midsize Sedan
2006
2413
0.302
29.6
19.6
28.0
23.6
3568
114.0
169
191
9.6
135
1.137
0.0531
42.8
2759
4874
Midsize Sedan
2007
3083
0.381
31.2
20.7
29.1
24.8
3581
113.8
165
191
9.6
135
1.143
0.0524
45.3
2913
5149
Midsize Sedan
2008
2486
0.339
31.4
20.9
29.0
24.8
3564
113.3
163
191
9.5
135
1.161
0.0525
45.4
2937
5142
Midsize Sedan
2009
1815
0.329
32.3
21.5
29.8
25.6
3554
113.9
158
186
9.7
133
1.163
0.0514
46.2
2997
5261
Midsize Sedan
2010
2979
0.371
33.1
22.0
30.5
26.1
3630
114.5
163
196
9.4
136
1.180
0.0532
49.3
3141
5647
Large Sedan
1975
1555
0.189
13.1
10.2
12.6
11.2
5142

410
180
13.5
117
0.439
0.0348
28.9


Large Sedan
1976
1679
0.173
14.2
11.1
13.5
12.1
5156

410
180
13.4
117
0.440
0.0349
31.1


Large Sedan
1977
2319
0.205
15.9
12.4
15.2
13.5
4482
128.1
366
166
12.8
118
0.453
0.0370
30.4
1759
3895
Large Sedan
1978
2048
0.183
16.8
13.0
16.3
14.3
4394
128.5
357
162
12.8
118
0.457
0.0370
31.7
1869
4071
Large Sedan
1979
2111
0.196
17.4
13.7
16.5
14.8
4210
130.0
339
154
12.9
116
0.454
0.0365
31.3
1940
4073
Large Sedan
1980
963
0.102
19.1
14.7
18.8
16.3
4130
130.9
314
137
14.0
112
0.440
0.0331
34.0
2156
4448
Large Sedan
1981
956
0.109
20.4
15.4
20.8
17.4
4108
131.0
304
133
14.3
111
0.444
0.0325
36.4
2318
4762
Large Sedan
1982
832
0.106
20.7
15.6
21.0
17.7
4034
131.0
292
135
13.9
112
0.468
0.0337
36.0
2333
4715
Large Sedan
1983
1079
0.135
20.2
15.2
20.6
17.3
4041
131.3
293
140
13.4
113
0.481
0.0347
35.0
2272
4590
Large Sedan
1984
1236
0.116
20.5
15.5
21.0
17.5
4022
130.9
294
140
13.4
114
0.478
0.0349
35.3
2298
4622
Large Sedan
1985
1512
0.140
22.3
16.6
23.3
19.1
3841
129.3
279
143
12.7
116
0.512
0.0371
36.7
2470
4743
Large Sedan
1986
1267
0.115
23.9
17.6
25.4
20.4
3719
127.4
260
147
12.1
119
0.577
0.0396
38.0
2610
4845
Large Sedan
1987
1218
0.113
23.9
17.4
25.4
20.3
3696
127.0
260
149
11.8
120
0.587
0.0405
37.6
2588
4774
Large Sedan
1988
1303
0.121
24.2
17.6
25.6
20.6
3730
128.1
262
150
11.9
120
0.587
0.0405
38.4
2644
4923
Large Sedan
1989
1289
0.129
24.0
17.3
25.3
20.4
3721
127.4
262
158
11.4
122
0.619
0.0427
37.9
2598
4829
Large Sedan
1990
1092
0.124
23.7
16.9
25.1
20.0
3799
126.7
258
161
11.4
123
0.639
0.0427
38.0
2542
4819
Large Sedan
1991
1012
0.119
23.6
16.8
24.8
19.9
3893
129.0
264
178
10.7
127
0.685
0.0459
38.8
2575
5011
Large Sedan
1992
1241
0.153
23.8
16.8
25.0
20.0
3872
129.6
262
186
10.4
130
0.715
0.0480
38.8
2601
5032
Large Sedan
1993
1104
0.130
24.2
17.0
25.2
20.3
3831
128.9
256
181
10.5
129
0.720
0.0473
38.9
2627
5024
Large Sedan
1994
1277
0.152
24.1
16.8
24.9
20.1
3859
128.3
249
188
10.2
131
0.766
0.0487
38.8
2587
4986
Large Sedan
1995
1305
0.139
24.4
16.9
25.4
20.4
3830
127.9
248
207
9.4
138
0.845
0.0539
39.1
2618
5003
Large Sedan
1996
1066
0.135
24.3
16.7
25.3
20.3
3895
128.1
250
217
9.2
140
0.879
0.0557
39.5
2601
5058
Large Sedan
1997
1195
0.143
24.5
16.8
25.4
20.4
3821
127.4
242
217
9.1
141
0.903
0.0567
39.0
2606
4968
Large Sedan
1998
912
0.114
24.6
16.8
25.2
20.4
3784
127.4
240
218
8.9
142
0.922
0.0575
38.5
2601
4909
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-ll
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
Uki\ I Ik \i\
Ik WSMISSION
M M mi 11 ki\<;
M Mlil k o|- \ \\ M S
\ 1
in itkiD
I-kO\|
4WI)
M \M \l
l .( X k
( \ 1
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1 lil
DM
1 WO
iiiki I
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2U01

1.2" 0







2S.2" n







Midsize Sedan
2002
94.2%
0.8%
2.6%
97.1%
0.1%

100.0%


21.4%
0.9%
74.7%
3.0%
45.0%

Midsize Sedan
2003
91.7%
0.6%
2.9%
97.0%
0.1%

100.0%


21.9%
2.5%
72.1%
3.6%
55.3%

Midsize Sedan
2004
91.7%
1.0%
3.2%
94.2%
1.9%

99.9%

0.1%
16.2%
1.6%
80.0%
2.2%
54.7%
1.9%
Midsize Sedan
2005
91.4%
1.9%
3.2%
92.4%
4.2%

99.6%

0.4%
13.6%
1.1%
84.6%
0.7%
68.5%
4.9%
Midsize Sedan
2006
89.4%
3.0%
3.7%
92.5%
3.7%

99.8%

0.2%
12.5%
0.2%
87.2%
0.2%
78.5%
3.8%
Midsize Sedan
2007
89.0%
3.8%
2.7%
77.6%
19.8%

99.9%

0.1%
7.3%

92.7%

79.0%
7.8%
Midsize Sedan
2008
85.3%
6.5%
2.5%
68.9%
28.6%
3.8%
96.0%

0.1%
6.5%

93.5%

73.1%
8.7%
Midsize Sedan
2009
89.9%
4.8%
2.2%
71.8%
26.0%
3.3%
96.6%

0.1%
1.3%

98.7%

92.6%
8.1%
Midsize Sedan
2010
87.6%
6.5%
3.9%
69.2%
26.7%
6.1%
93.9%


0.5%

99.5%

98.6%
11.8%
Large Sedan
1975
1.5%

0.0%












Large Sedan
1976
1.5%

0.0%



1.2%








Large Sedan
1977
1.5%





0.5%








Large Sedan
1978
1.1%


2.5%


0.2%

1.4%






Large Sedan
1979



6.5%


0.2%

3.5%






Large Sedan
1980



41.6%



2.0%
10.4%






Large Sedan
1981



89.8%



17.1%
15.2%






Large Sedan
1982



93.1%



20.1%
10.0%






Large Sedan
1983



99.9%



37.3%
2.4%






Large Sedan
1984



99.9%



39.0%
0.8%






Large Sedan
1985
31.9%


100.0%


19.1%
44.9%
0.3%






Large Sedan
1986
55.9%

0.7%
99.2%


65.4%
15.8%

99.3%

0.7%



Large Sedan
1987
60.9%

0.5%
99.5%


69.9%
15.2%

98.9%

1.1%



Large Sedan
1988
58.7%

0.4%
99.6%


76.9%
12.6%

98.9%

1.1%



Large Sedan
1989
61.9%

0.3%
99.7%


74.8%
22.2%

99.2%

0.8%



Large Sedan
1990
69.0%

0.2%
99.8%


92.9%
6.0%

99.5%

0.5%



Large Sedan
1991
59.8%

0.4%
99.6%


83.3%
16.7%

99.1%

0.9%



Large Sedan
1992
58.5%

0.3%
98.5%


89.2%
10.7%
0.1%
98.1%

1.9%

0.7%

Large Sedan
1993
64.8%

0.4%
98.2%


89.7%
10.3%

92.0%

8.0%

0.9%

Large Sedan
1994
69.2%

0.2%
99.0%


99.9%

0.1%
82.9%

17.1%

0.5%

Large Sedan
1995
71.3%

0.2%
98.3%


100.0%

0.0%
76.5%

23.5%

0.7%

Large Sedan
1996
67.7%

0.1%
99.3%


100.0%


61.6%

38.4%

1.2%

Large Sedan
1997
72.4%

0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


64.4%

35.6%

1.8%

Large Sedan
1998
74.2%

0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


60.2%

39.8%

2.5%

EPA-420-R-10-023
F-12
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
I'koi)
(OOOi
1 \< \c
i-i i i m (>\n\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ (>l.
<1 II
i \<;im
0	<>ll
1	IMI
TOP
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
M>\
m i (;
(1 M
Mp(;
(1 II
M>\ Mi*(;
i \i<
55/45
M)-l
(1 1
\l).l
\\W\
M)-l
( mir
(ID
III'
	0. 	

	
0.12o
24. S

	
	

	

222





	

Large Sedan
2000
1665
0.182
25.6
17.3
25.7
21.0
3782
124.9
221
215
9.2
141
0.980
0.0564
39.7
2627
4958
Large Sedan
2001
1416
0.168
25.4
17.1
25.5
20.8
3774
124.8
221
204
9.5
137
0.932
0.0538
39.3
2607
4912
Large Sedan
2002
1252
0.151
26.0
17.4
25.7
21.2
3768
124.3
218
209
9.3
139
0.975
0.0554
39.9
2641
4962
Large Sedan
2003
1261
0.159
26.0
17.3
25.6
21.1
3841
124.8
224
208
9.5
138
0.929
0.0538
40.6
2648
5068
Large Sedan
2004
1185
0.157
26.0
17.2
25.6
21.1
3858
124.7
225
211
9.4
139
0.944
0.0546
40.6
2642
5073
Large Sedan
2005
1234
0.154
26.4
17.4
25.5
21.2
3933
125.0
225
216
9.5
139
0.964
0.0545
41.8
2670
5230
Large Sedan
2006
1570
0.196
26.0
17.1
25.2
20.9
4014
124.7
230
238
8.9
145
1.045
0.0589
42.2
2630
5263
Large Sedan
2007
1174
0.145
26.0
17.1
25.3
21.0
4026
123.8
229
236
9.0
144
1.036
0.0581
42.5
2623
5256
Large Sedan
2008
1407
0.192
27.3
17.8
26.8
22.0
3966
123.2
213
232
9.0
144
1.106
0.0581
43.9
2745
5406
Large Sedan
2009
955
0.173
28.4
18.6
27.6
22.8
3883
122.6
200
225
9.0
143
1.146
0.0576
44.6
2833
5461
Large Sedan
2010
1093
0.136
28.2
18.5
27.4
22.7
3924
122.9
204
237
oo
oo
146
1.179
0.0598
44.7
2823
5491
Small Wagon
1975
477
0.058
22.4
17.4
21.6
19.1
2834

128
87
14.8
104
0.713
0.0307
27.3


Small Wagon
1976
345
0.036
23.9
18.7
22.9
20.4
2902

136
86
15.2
103
0.668
0.0297
29.8


Small Wagon
1977
385
0.034
25.5
20.2
23.8
21.7
2801
108.0
134
85
14.9
104
0.685
0.0305
30.8
2404
3317
Small Wagon
1978
361
0.032
24.3
19.2
22.9
20.7
2805
108.0
134
90
14.3
105
0.709
0.0319
29.5
2291
3176
Small Wagon
1979
310
0.029
25.7
20.3
24.3
21.9
2711
105.1
123
81
15.1
102
0.684
0.0295
29.8
2335
3135
Small Wagon
1980
310
0.033
28.6
22.6
27.0
24.4
2591
108.2
113
75
15.4
101
0.685
0.0289
32.0
2702
3463
Small Wagon
1981
418
0.048
30.0
23.6
28.5
25.6
2531
110.6
108
79
14.4
103
0.755
0.0313
32.6
2858
3601
Small Wagon
1982
382
0.049
30.6
23.9
29.4
26.1
2580
112.2
109
75
15.3
101
0.698
0.0289
33.8
2951
3789
Small Wagon
1983
531
0.066
32.2
25.3
30.5
27.4
2565
108.2
105
74
15.3
101
0.713
0.0289
35.3
2986
3817
Small Wagon
1984
461
0.043
31.9
24.9
30.7
27.2
2620
116.5
107
77
15.2
102
0.719
0.0294
35.9
3206
4180
Small Wagon
1985
496
0.046
32.5
25.4
30.9
27.7
2579
117.7
107
78
15.0
102
0.727
0.0300
35.9
3296
4227
Small Wagon
1986
349
0.032
31.0
24.2
29.2
26.3
2648
118.4
113
82
14.7
103
0.730
0.0308
35.1
3162
4150
Small Wagon
1987
361
0.034
30.7
23.8
28.9
25.9
2795
120.0
116
91
14.2
106
0.788
0.0324
36.5
3152
4378
Small Wagon
1988
253
0.024
31.3
24.3
29.0
26.3
2757
118.7
113
93
13.7
107
0.829
0.0336
36.4
3147
4317
Small Wagon
1989
159
0.016
31.5
24.2
29.4
26.4
2766
118.6
112
96
13.5
108
0.862
0.0344
36.6
3154
4339
Small Wagon
1990
160
0.018
29.6
22.4
27.7
24.7
3026
122.2
120
110
12.9
111
0.920
0.0361
37.4
3047
4577
Small Wagon
1991
209
0.025
30.6
22.8
28.9
25.4
3005
123.3
120
106
13.3
110
0.880
0.0350
38.3
3174
4726
Small Wagon
1992
143
0.018
30.2
22.3
28.6
25.0
3076
123.7
122
123
12.4
116
1.017
0.0399
38.6
3133
4774
Small Wagon
1993
302
0.036
32.5
23.7
31.0
26.9
2882
123.0
118
99
13.5
108
0.842
0.0343
38.9
3342
4784
Small Wagon
1994
206
0.025
32.9
23.6
31.7
27.1
2908
122.9
121
103
13.3
110
0.848
0.0352
39.6
3381
4872
Small Wagon
1995
198
0.021
33.3
23.9
31.8
27.3
2859
122.1
118
100
13.4
109
0.844
0.0348
39.2
3372
4782
Small Wagon
1996
90
0.011
31.6
22.5
30.0
25.8
2952
118.0
122
114
12.5
113
0.928
0.0382
38.2
3079
4507
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-13
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
Uki\ I Ik \i\
Ik WSMISSION
M M mi 11 ki\<;
M Mlil k o|- \ \\ M S
\ 1
in itkiD
I-kO\|
4WI)
M \M \l
l .( X k
( \ 1
(; i > i
i'(>k I
1 lil
DM
1 WO
iiiki I
i-oi k
1- IN 1
	0	





















Large Sedan
2000
80.9%
0.0%

100.0%


100.0%


60.2%
1.2%
38.6%
0.0%
7.2%

Large Sedan
2001
79.3%
0.1%

100.0%


100.0%


64.0%
2.3%
33.6%
0.1%
9.1%

Large Sedan
2002
86.6%
0.0%

100.0%


100.0%


62.8%
2.1%
35.0%
0.0%
6.9%

Large Sedan
2003
77.1%
0.3%

100.0%


100.0%


72.7%
1.7%
25.5%
0.0%
8.9%

Large Sedan
2004
77.1%
1.3%

100.0%


100.0%


65.9%
1.4%
31.9%
0.8%
10.6%

Large Sedan
2005
68.6%
3.8%

96.7%
3.2%

100.0%


64.4%
0.9%
34.4%
0.4%
oo
co

Large Sedan
2006
62.7%
3.8%
0.1%
96.8%
3.0%

100.0%


48.6%
0.9%
50.2%
0.3%
29.2%

Large Sedan
2007
70.1%
3.9%
0.1%
98.7%
1.1%

100.0%


52.5%
0.2%
47.2%

45.5%

Large Sedan
2008
72.7%
3.0%
0.6%
99.3%

0.9%
99.1%


37.0%
0.0%
63.0%

57.9%

Large Sedan
2009
78.4%
2.8%
0.8%
99.2%

1.0%
99.0%


30.4%
0.1%
69.5%

82.4%

Large Sedan
2010
74.3%
5.8%
0.9%
98.7%

3.3%
96.7%


22.4%
0.1%
77.4%

84.2%
0.4%
Small Wagon
1975
13.3%

48.6%



0.8%








Small Wagon
1976
12.2%

42.8%



3.2%








Small Wagon
1977
23.3%

52.9%



6.4%

0.6%






Small Wagon
1978
23.0%

55.1%
1.2%


6.9%








Small Wagon
1979
13.3%
12.1%
57.0%
2.3%


1.0%








Small Wagon
1980
24.4%
9.8%
64.5%
7.4%


1.1%

6.3%






Small Wagon
1981
57.9%
8.0%
62.0%
8.1%


4.0%

2.2%






Small Wagon
1982
68.3%
8.9%
54.0%
19.4%


4.8%
0.7%
1.2%






Small Wagon
1983
55.4%
39.3%
51.0%
23.7%


3.7%
17.0%
0.3%






Small Wagon
1984
81.4%
15.6%
43.7%
39.2%


5.1%
32.2%
1.6%






Small Wagon
1985
60.0%
39.6%
42.7%
42.2%


6.2%
15.4%
0.5%






Small Wagon
1986
78.4%
20.7%
43.3%
29.0%


6.8%
24.3%
0.8%
100.0%





Small Wagon
1987
76.6%
23.4%
34.4%
41.0%


29.2%
42.6%

78.8%
4.9%
16.3%



Small Wagon
1988
80.2%
19.8%
37.8%
34.6%


30.6%
62.8%

80.5%
0.6%
18.9%



Small Wagon
1989
89.9%
10.1%
26.6%
51.8%


41.0%
48.8%

59.8%
3.2%
36.9%



Small Wagon
1990
68.3%
31.7%
30.6%
58.8%


59.4%
40.6%

35.5%

64.5%



Small Wagon
1991
79.1%
20.9%
24.4%
74.1%


80.0%
20.0%

51.4%

48.6%



Small Wagon
1992
73.0%
25.5%
30.9%
68.2%


95.3%
4.7%

54.7%

45.3%

1.4%

Small Wagon
1993
83.2%
16.2%
28.9%
70.6%


95.8%
4.2%

73.5%

26.5%

0.5%

Small Wagon
1994
88.6%
10.6%
27.6%
72.1%


97.8%
2.2%

79.2%

20.8%

3.5%

Small Wagon
1995
92.8%
4.6%
23.8%
76.2%


100.0%


74.3%

25.7%

4.5%

Small Wagon
1996
84.5%
11.2%
20.8%
79.2%


100.0%


48.9%

51.1%

4.5%

EPA-420-R-10-023
F-14
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
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(OOOi
1 \< \c
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1 It
\ (>l.
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i \<;im
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1	1 Mi-
TOP
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
M>\
m i (;
(1 M
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55/45
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(1 1
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( mir
(ID
III'
	 -C- -




22.1


	









45'.0



Small Wagon
1998
98
0.012
32.1
22.3
30.7
26.1
2874
116.9
124
119
ll.7
117
0.959
0.0412
37.5
3079
4393
Small Wagon
1999
78
0.009
31.5
21.8
30.1
25.5
2923
117.9
125
126
11.3
119
1.004
0.0428
37.4
3046
4413
Small Wagon
2000
68
0.007
29.2
20.0
28.2
23.7
3107
119.7
127
143
10.7
123
1.129
0.0459
36.9
2860
4414
Small Wagon
2001
212
0.025
27.3
19.0
25.4
22.0
3470
119.6
145
148
11.3
121
1.022
0.0426
38.2
2639
4570
Small Wagon
2002
236
0.028
26.1
18.0
24.4
21.1
3504
118.2
145
156
11.0
124
1.085
0.0445
37.1
2504
4384
Small Wagon
2003
338
0.043
30.2
20.8
27.1
23.9
3262
115.2
127
146
11.0
123
1.162
0.0448
39.6
2812
4557
Small Wagon
2004
300
0.040
31.4
21.6
27.7
24.7
3235
117.5
126
166
10.1
130
1.298
0.0506
40.1
2943
4719
Small Wagon
2005
365
0.045
32.4
22.2
28.4
25.3
3160
115.9
122
156
10.4
127
1.268
0.0487
40.3
2984
4671
Small Wagon
2006
493
0.062
31.4
21.3
27.8
24.6
3255
118.4
127
160
10.5
128
1.244
0.0486
40.1
2940
4755
Small Wagon
2007
389
0.048
31.7
21.5
28.2
24.9
3264
112.0
127
160
10.4
128
1.247
0.0484
40.7
2840
4579
Small Wagon
2008
420
0.057
32.3
21.9
28.7
25.3
3300
115.0
130
160
10.5
127
1.228
0.0479
42.0
2961
4849
Small Wagon
2009
434
0.079
33.6
22.8
29.5
26.2
3263
114.8
125
150
10.7
124
1.207
0.0459
42.9
3040
4933
Small Wagon
2010
609
0.076
34.5
23.5
30.0
26.8
3217
115.8
123
144
10.9
123
1.185
0.0447
43.2
3136
5011
Midsize Wagon
1975
289
0.035
13.2
10.2
12.9
11.3
4791

361
162
13.8
115
0.473
0.0338
27.4


Midsize Wagon
1976
485
0.050
16.0
12.6
15.1
13.6
4555

315
142
14.8
110
0.458
0.0311
31.2


Midsize Wagon
1977
548
0.048
16.3
12.9
15.3
13.9
4410
143.6
297
135
15.1
109
0.459
0.0305
30.7
2015
4417
Midsize Wagon
1978
503
0.045
18.6
14.6
17.6
15.8
3836
140.0
258
123
14.4
109
0.484
0.0320
30.5
2240
4266
Midsize Wagon
1979
482
0.045
19.1
15.2
17.9
16.3
3758
139.7
249
118
14.7
108
0.480
0.0313
30.7
2295
4293
Midsize Wagon
1980
257
0.027
21.1
16.5
20.1
18.0
3535
139.7
228
107
15.0
106
0.482
0.0304
31.9
2542
4455
Midsize Wagon
1981
272
0.031
23.1
18.1
21.8
19.6
3285
136.2
193
103
14.5
107
0.562
0.0316
32.4
2714
4417
Midsize Wagon
1982
284
0.036
23.7
18.5
22.6
20.2
3384
136.1
205
108
14.3
108
0.551
0.0320
34.3
2781
4669
Midsize Wagon
1983
276
0.034
24.4
19.1
23.3
20.8
3348
136.2
200
109
14.1
108
0.568
0.0325
35.0
2869
4759
Midsize Wagon
1984
365
0.034
25.0
19.4
24.2
21.3
3298
135.9
172
107
14.1
108
0.633
0.0324
35.3
2922
4793
Midsize Wagon
1985
342
0.032
25.2
19.4
24.6
21.5
3356
134.8
170
112
13.9
109
0.679
0.0334
36.2
2909
4876
Midsize Wagon
1986
409
0.037
26.0
19.8
25.7
22.1
3355
137.8
162
115
13.6
110
0.718
0.0342
37.1
3055
5116
Midsize Wagon
1987
359
0.033
25.6
19.3
25.6
21.8
3434
140.2
173
125
13.0
113
0.735
0.0363
37.4
3059
5245
Midsize Wagon
1988
285
0.027
26.2
19.4
26.5
22.2
3378
139.4
171
126
12.7
114
0.743
0.0372
37.7
3113
5249
Midsize Wagon
1989
239
0.024
25.6
18.8
25.9
21.7
3436
139.9
176
132
12.4
116
0.765
0.0383
37.3
3038
5217
Midsize Wagon
1990
184
0.021
25.3
18.3
25.9
21.3
3499
141.6
181
139
12.0
118
0.782
0.0397
37.4
3030
5298
Midsize Wagon
1991
122
0.014
25.9
18.6
26.4
21.8
3506
142.3
181
140
12.0
118
0.794
0.0401
38.3
3111
5451
Midsize Wagon
1992
137
0.017
26.2
18.6
26.9
21.9
3504
142.6
188
143
11.8
119
0.777
0.0408
38.5
3143
5502
Midsize Wagon
1993
166
0.020
26.2
18.7
26.6
21.9
3498
137.7
188
144
11.7
120
0.790
0.0411
38.4
3028
5296
Midsize Wagon
1994
138
0.016
26.0
18.4
26.4
21.7
3533
137.4
180
151
11.4
122
0.863
0.0428
38.4
2987
5273
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-15
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
Uki\ I Ik \i\
Ik WSMISSION
M M mi 11 ki\<;
M Mlil k o|- \ \\ M S
\ 1
in itkiD
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l .( X k
( \ 1
(; i > i
i'(>k I
1 lil
DM
1 WO
iiiki I
i-oi k
1- IN 1
	 -C- -

	 .














Small Wagon
1998
78.9%
18.3%
18.8%
81.2%


100.0%


50.9%

45.6%
3.5%
3.5%

Small Wagon
1999
71.8%
22.8%
20.1%
77.6%


100.0%


36.8%

58.7%
4.4%
16.3%

Small Wagon
2000
71.5%
17.9%
15.2%
78.0%


100.0%


0.8%

95.8%
3.4%
43.1%

Small Wagon
2001
92.6%
5.1%
14.9%
84.5%


100.0%


2.6%

95.2%
2.2%
4.1%

Small Wagon
2002
82.0%
14.9%
19.6%
79.8%


99.1%

0.9%
4.7%
1.6%
91.5%
2.2%
2.2%

Small Wagon
2003
86.2%
11.7%
16.6%
83.4%


98.0%

2.0%
3.8%
1.1%
93.2%
1.9%
48.3%

Small Wagon
2004
85.7%
13.4%
15.7%
84.3%


98.8%

1.2%
2.5%
0.9%
95.0%
1.6%
51.5%

Small Wagon
2005
89.0%
10.7%
15.5%
84.5%


98.9%

1.1%
20.9%
0.6%
77.9%
0.6%
60.4%

Small Wagon
2006
90.8%
oo
oo
Ss
11.9%
88.1%


100.0%


10.4%

89.6%
0.1%
55.5%

Small Wagon
2007
90.2%
9.4%
11.0%
89.0%


100.0%


8.3%

91.6%
0.1%
49.3%

Small Wagon
2008
87.2%
12.6%
15.6%
84.4%

1.9%
98.1%




99.9%
0.1%
50.9%

Small Wagon
2009
86.7%
13.1%
12.9%
83.1%
4.0%
2.3%
95.3%

2.4%


100.0%

85.1%

Small Wagon
2010
92.5%
7.0%
21.5%
70.8%
7.7%
2.4%
95.4%

2.2%


100.0%

94.4%

Midsize Wagon
1975


4.0%



7.6%

0.2%






Midsize Wagon
1976


7.1%



3.4%

0.1%






Midsize Wagon
1977


4.6%



3.5%

0.3%






Midsize Wagon
1978


5.3%
17.2%


3.0%

0.3%






Midsize Wagon
1979


5.3%
9.1%


2.5%

2.5%






Midsize Wagon
1980


9.9%
43.8%


4.3%

5.9%






Midsize Wagon
1981
35.6%

12.8%
28.5%


6.9%

5.9%






Midsize Wagon
1982
28.2%

7.4%
62.6%


5.7%

6.3%






Midsize Wagon
1983
32.8%

6.2%
50.2%


7.9%

2.3%






Midsize Wagon
1984
69.9%

5.4%
62.5%


10.4%
20.3%
2.5%






Midsize Wagon
1985
69.5%
4.5%
5.9%
64.7%


25.7%
30.5%
1.8%






Midsize Wagon
1986
82.2%
2.1%
9.1%
71.0%


51.3%
28.0%
0.2%
100.0%





Midsize Wagon
1987
83.9%
0.1%
4.4%
83.6%


71.7%
22.8%
0.8%
100.0%





Midsize Wagon
1988
87.7%
0.7%
3.8%
87.2%


70.2%
29.8%

100.0%





Midsize Wagon
1989
77.5%
8.2%
7.1%
80.7%


87.7%
12.3%

99.0%

1.0%



Midsize Wagon
1990
81.1%
0.4%
1.7%
87.9%


98.5%
1.5%

96.6%

3.4%



Midsize Wagon
1991
79.6%
1.3%
2.4%
85.6%


99.3%
0.7%

96.4%

3.6%



Midsize Wagon
1992
80.8%
0.6%
1.7%
88.9%


99.7%
0.3%

89.7%

10.3%



Midsize Wagon
1993
87.0%
0.6%
1.8%
91.2%


100.0%


88.4%

11.6%



Midsize Wagon
1994
89.0%
0.4%
1.6%
94.0%


100.0%


79.9%

20.1%

6.2%

EPA-420-R-10-023
F-16
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 \ |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
I'koi)
(OOOi
1 \< \c
i-i i i m (>\n\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ (>l.
<1 II
i \<;im
0	<>ll
1	1 Mi-
TOP
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
M>\
m i (;
(1 M
Mp(;
(1 II
M>\ Mi*(;
i \i<
55/45
M)-l
(1 1
\l).l
\\W\
M)-l
( mir
(ID
III'
	 -C--



o

	
	





121

0.U42o



Midsize Wagon
1996
169
0.021
26.3
18.5
25.8
21.7
3661
136.9
161
154
ll.6
122
0.965
0.0422
39.8
2982
5458
Midsize Wagon
1997
149
0.018
26.3
18.5
25.5
21.6
3666
136.5
160
158
11.3
123
1.001
0.0434
39.5
2948
5403
Midsize Wagon
1998
153
0.019
26.2
18.5
25.0
21.4
3669
135.3
155
169
10.7
127
1.097
0.0461
39.3
2909
5327
Midsize Wagon
1999
181
0.022
26.3
18.3
25.4
21.5
3691
136.4
157
169
10.8
126
1.087
0.0457
39.7
2940
5419
Midsize Wagon
2000
234
0.026
27.3
18.9
25.7
22.1
3572
134.0
153
162
11.0
125
1.060
0.0452
39.5
2982
5294
Midsize Wagon
2001
236
0.028
26.6
18.5
24.8
21.5
3775
133.6
155
176
10.7
128
1.139
0.0463
40.7
2905
5433
Midsize Wagon
2002
208
0.025
27.4
18.9
25.4
22.0
3732
133.6
153
172
10.7
127
1.136
0.0460
41.0
2953
5477
Midsize Wagon
2003
171
0.022
27.2
18.6
25.4
21.9
3745
133.5
151
174
10.7
127
1.157
0.0463
40.9
2936
5461
Midsize Wagon
2004
158
0.021
26.4
17.9
24.7
21.2
3860
135.0
158
189
10.3
131
1.208
0.0489
41.0
2877
5531
Midsize Wagon
2005
238
0.030
26.0
17.4
24.4
20.8
3839
133.3
183
213
9.3
139
1.195
0.0547
40.0
2810
5338
Midsize Wagon
2006
220
0.027
26.4
17.7
24.7
21.1
3827
135.6
183
221
9.1
142
1.221
0.0570
40.4
2884
5481
Midsize Wagon
2007
150
0.019
27.3
18.4
25.4
21.8
3727
135.4
161
195
9.8
134
1.223
0.0518
40.7
2976
5511
Midsize Wagon
2008
136
0.018
26.7
17.9
25.0
21.4
3845
134.6
165
195
10.0
133
1.185
0.0504
41.1
2895
5531
Midsize Wagon
2009
64
0.012
28.1
19.0
25.5
22.3
3653
133.7
153
186
9.9
132
1.211
0.0505
40.6
2989
5433
Midsize Wagon
2010
105
0.013
28.5
19.2
26.2
22.6
4064
139.2
167
200
10.3
132
1.189
0.0489
46.2
3185
6433
Large Wagon
1975
197
0.024
11.9
9.3
11.6
10.2
5453

410
181
14.0
116
0.441
0.0333
27.9


Large Wagon
1976
207
0.021
13.5
10.6
12.9
11.5
5444

416
185
13.7
117
0.445
0.0340
31.4


Large Wagon
1977
341
0.030
15.5
12.2
14.6
13.2
4713
163.1
365
161
13.6
115
0.442
0.0342
31.4
2185
5113
Large Wagon
1978
293
0.026
15.9
12.4
15.4
13.6
4664
162.4
354
162
13.4
116
0.460
0.0348
31.8
2216
5161
Large Wagon
1979
275
0.026
16.1
12.8
15.1
13.7
4467
162.5
333
155
13.4
115
0.465
0.0346
30.7
2240
4996
Large Wagon
1980
102
0.011
19.1
14.7
18.9
16.3
4423
161.5
324
134
15.2
109
0.418
0.0304
36.9
2690
5953
Large Wagon
1981
108
0.012
19.9
15.0
20.3
17.0
4394
161.4
313
131
15.3
108
0.424
0.0299
38.2
2797
6154
Large Wagon
1982
146
0.019
19.2
14.4
19.8
16.4
4396
161.3
306
139
14.6
110
0.456
0.0316
36.5
2677
5877
Large Wagon
1983
130
0.016
19.6
14.7
20.2
16.7
4380
161.6
307
142
14.1
112
0.465
0.0325
36.8
2714
5940
Large Wagon
1984
176
0.017
19.9
14.9
20.5
17.0
4371
161.7
305
144
13.9
112
0.472
0.0330
37.3
2760
6028
Large Wagon
1985
146
0.013
20.9
15.6
21.8
17.9
4354
161.7
305
154
13.2
115
0.504
0.0354
39.0
2894
6299
Large Wagon
1986
120
0.011
22.0
16.2
23.3
18.8
4381
161.4
304
146
13.9
113
0.479
0.0334
41.3
3040
6656
Large Wagon
1987
88
0.008
22.1
16.3
23.1
18.9
4348
161.8
304
143
14.0
112
0.470
0.0330
41.0
3051
6634
Large Wagon
1988
75
0.007
22.8
16.8
23.4
19.4
4349
161.7
304
143
14.0
112
0.470
0.0330
42.1
3131
6807
Large Wagon
1989
63
0.006
22.5
16.5
23.0
19.0
4334
161.8
304
143
13.9
112
0.471
0.0332
41.2
3081
6671
Large Wagon
1990
31
0.004
22.7
16.5
23.1
19.1
4337
161.6
304
143
13.9
112
0.471
0.0332
41.5
3092
6701
Large Wagon
1991
34
0.004
22.9
16.3
24.2
19.4
4403
169.1
304
177
11.9
122
0.581
0.0404
42.6
3273
7207
Large Wagon
1992
27
0.003
22.7
15.9
24.3
19.1
4500
170.3
338
177
12.1
121
0.526
0.0394
43.1
3261
7337
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-17
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
Uki\ I Ik \i\
Ik WSMISSION
M M mi 11 ki\<;
M Mlil k o|- \ \\ M S
\ 1
in itkiD
I-kO\|
4WI)
M \M \l
l .( X k
( \ 1
(; i > i
i'(>k I
1 lil
DM
1 WO
iiiki I
i-oi k
1- IN 1
	 . -CP---


27.8" n







4s',2" n





Midsize Wagon
1996
61.0%
39.0%
12.9%
87.1%


99.2%

0.8%
36.5%

63.5%

6.8%

Midsize Wagon
1997
48.5%
51.5%
13.4%
86.6%


99.9%

0.1%
32.4%

67.6%

4.8%

Midsize Wagon
1998
32.7%
64.2%
13.7%
86.3%


100.0%


12.9%
3.1%
82.4%
1.6%
8.9%

Midsize Wagon
1999
44.8%
52.0%
12.1%
87.9%


100.0%


16.9%
3.2%
69.8%
10.1%
10.6%

Midsize Wagon
2000
54.4%
43.3%
9.9%
90.1%


100.0%


25.7%
2.3%
61.3%
10.6%
19.8%

Midsize Wagon
2001
42.4%
56.5%
8.5%
91.5%


100.0%


11.4%
2.4%
74.0%
12.2%
39.1%

Midsize Wagon
2002
49.0%
50.3%
8.9%
91.1%


100.0%


7.2%
1.9%
80.0%
10.9%
36.7%

Midsize Wagon
2003
46.9%
52.7%
9.2%
90.8%


100.0%


7.0%
0.7%
74.1%
18.2%
30.9%

Midsize Wagon
2004
40.3%
58.2%
7.3%
92.7%


99.4%

0.6%
5.0%
3.7%
76.5%
14.9%
48.6%

Midsize Wagon
2005
19.9%
49.3%
6.8%
93.2%


98.6%

1.4%
14.8%
1.0%
79.8%
4.4%
31.3%

Midsize Wagon
2006
19.7%
44.1%
4.8%
95.2%


100.0%


5.9%
0.8%
93.2%

34.1%

Midsize Wagon
2007
45.4%
42.4%
5.5%
94.5%


100.0%


2.6%

97.4%

28.1%

Midsize Wagon
2008
28.2%
60.7%
5.5%
94.5%

5.8%
94.2%


3.0%

97.0%

20.0%

Midsize Wagon
2009
32.9%
67.0%
6.8%
93.2%

4.8%
95.2%




100.0%

13.6%

Midsize Wagon
2010
33.4%
66.6%
4.7%
53.1%
42.1%
6.7%
93.3%




100.0%

47.8%

Large Wagon
1975















Large Wagon
1976















Large Wagon
1977















Large Wagon
1978








1.4%






Large Wagon
1979















Large Wagon
1980



74.0%




26.7%






Large Wagon
1981



100.0%



0.2%
25.2%






Large Wagon
1982



100.0%




11.0%






Large Wagon
1983



100.0%



24.1%
4.6%






Large Wagon
1984



100.0%



25.8%
1.5%






Large Wagon
1985



100.0%



29.2%
0.4%






Large Wagon
1986



100.0%


23.7%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1987



100.0%


30.3%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1988



100.0%


30.2%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1989



100.0%


33.1%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1990



100.0%


32.7%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1991



100.0%


19.5%
80.5%

100.0%





Large Wagon
1992



100.0%



100.0%

100.0%





EPA-420-R-10-023
F-18
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
I'koi)
(OOOi
1 \< \c
i-i i i m (>\n\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ (>l.
<1 II
i \<;im
0	<>ll
1	IMI
TOP
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
M>\
m i (;
(1 M
Mp(;
(1 II
M>\ Mi*(;
i \i<
55/45
M)-l
(1 1
\l).l
\\W\
M)-l
( mir
(ID
III'
	C5. .


0.U02
22.5



	



	
12U


	





Large Wagon
1994
16
0.002
22.9
15.9
24.1
19.2
4500
169.2
350
250
9.1
144
0.714
0.0556
43.3
3254
7321
Large Wagon
1995
10
0.001
22.8
15.8
23.9
19.1
4500
169.3
350
250
9.1
144
0.714
0.0556
43.0
3233
7274
Large Wagon
1996
9
0.001
23.2
15.9
24.5
19.4
4500
170.2
350
260
8.9
147
0.743
0.0578
43.6
3298
7421
Large Wagon
1997

















Large Wagon
1998

















Large Wagon
1999

















Large Wagon
2000

















Large Wagon
2001

















Large Wagon
2002

















Large Wagon
2003

















Large Wagon
2004
98
0.013
22.0
14.9
20.9
17.8
4769
165.0
215
249
9.6
140
1.158
0.0524
42.4
2936
6996
Large Wagon
2005
118
0.015
22.2
14.9
21.1
17.9
4791
165.0
217
244
9.8
139
1.125
0.0510
42.9
2958
7078
Large Wagon
2006
102
0.013
21.9
14.8
20.7
17.7
4806
164.4
219
254
9.5
142
1.165
0.0531
42.4
2911
6969
Large Wagon
2007
73
0.009
21.9
14.5
21.6
17.9
4785
159.2
237
247
9.7
140
1.048
0.0519
42.8
2849
6811
Large Wagon
2008
23
0.003
21.8
14.6
21.0
17.7
5017
160.1
227
256
9.6
140
1.135
0.0512
44.4
2837
7108
Large Wagon
2009
3
0.001
21.4
14.8
19.5
17.2
5500
161.7
209
261
10.0
137
1.246
0.0475
47.4
2787
7664
Large Wagon
2010
11
0.001
21.0
14.5
19.0
16.8
5500
161.7
211
264
10.0
137
1.250
0.0479
46.3
2721
7483
EPA-420-R-10-023
F-19
November 2010

-------
4% a-r%ii
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
E nvwtwvHMita I Po!ctiorp
Ageney
( .11' 1 N |H'
MODI 1
1 \\<
Uki\ I Ik \i\
Ik WSMISSION
I I i i mi 11 ki\<;
M Mlil k (>l- \ \\ M S
\ 1
in itkiD
I-kO\|
4WI)
M \M \l
l .( X k
( \ 1
(; I > I
i'(>k I
1 lil
DM
1 WO
iiiki I
i-oi k
1- IN 1
		



















Large Wagon
1994



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1995



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1996



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1997















Large Wagon
1998















Large Wagon
1999















Large Wagon
2000















Large Wagon
2001















Large Wagon
2002















Large Wagon
2003















Large Wagon
2004
46.1%
53.9%

100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Large Wagon
2005
60.1%
39.9%

100.0%


100.0%


14.5%

85.5%



Large Wagon
2006
57.8%
42.2%

100.0%


100.0%


0.0%
19.0%
81.0%

14.5%

Large Wagon
2007
60.0%
40.0%

100.0%


97.9%

2.1%
12.2%
1.6%
86.3%

13.3%

Large Wagon
2008
31.7%
57.6%

100.0%


95.2%

4.8%


100.0%

41.0%

Large Wagon
2009

100.0%

100.0%


88.5%

11.5%


100.0%

88.5%

Large Wagon
2010

100.0%

100.0%


92.5%

7.5%


100.0%

100.0%

EPA-420-R-10-023
F-20
November 2010

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Appendix G
Fuel Economy Data Stratified by
Vehicle Type and Weight Class
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
37
0.003
57.4
46.7
51.5
48.8
1750
82.6
48
15.7
96
0.787
0.0274
42.8
4037
3533
81
0.005
55.9
45.4
49.4
47.1
1750
84.6
46
16.3
95
0.759
0.0264
42.0
4052
3546
38
0.003
56.8
45.4
50.5
47.6
1750
84.4
46
16.2
95
0.756
0.0264
41.9
4043
3537
55
0.004
51.6
41.2
45.1
42.9
1750
84.6
47
16.3
95
0.766
0.0267
38.3
3695
3234
25
0.002
59.4
46.9
51.4
49.0
1750
90.9
49
15.4
96
0.806
0.0281
42.8
4453
3896
10
0.000
0.000
0.001
0.001
0.001
65.3
65.3
65.3
65.3
65.8
50.7
50.2
49.6
49.1
49.3
56.7
56.3
56.0
55.6
55.3
53.4
53.0
52.6
52.2
52.1
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
89.
89.
89.
49
55
55
55
55
15.5
14.1
14.1
14.1
14.1
96
100
100
100
100
0.803
0.902
0.902
0.902
0.902
0.0280
0.0314
0.0314
0.0314
0.0314
46.7
46.3
46.0
45.7
45.6
4755
4719
4684
4649
4645
4161
4129
4098
4068
4065
G-l
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
90.1%
100.0%
64.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
59.5%
2.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-2
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(Ill
l(>\-
Ml'(.
105
0.010
31.4
24.5
30.1
26.7
2000
83
54
15.9
97
0.655
0.0272
26.9
154
0.012
32.6
25.5
31.0
27.8
2000
84
56
15.6
97
0.670
0.0279
28.0
157
0.011
36.0
28.2
34.3
30.7
2000
73.7
84
61
14.4
100
0.739
0.0307
31.4
2307
2307
270
0.019
34.9
27.8
32.5
29.7
2000
90
62
14.3
101
0.695
0.0312
30.0
2423
2423
234
0.017
32.0
25.4
29.9
27.2
2000
62
14.3
101
0.712
0.0312
27.5
2208
2208
280
0.025
33.0
26.1
30.9
28.0
2000
85.7
90
63
14.3
101
0.696
0.0314
28.4
2434
2434
209
0.020
38.4
30.8
35.0
32.6
2000
64
14.0
102
0.744
0.0321
33.0
2857
2857
157
0.016
40.3
32.3
36.9
34.2
2000
87.3
62
14.5
100
0.715
0.0308
34.6
3022
3022
94
0.009
43.6
34.9
40.2
37.1
2000
86.0
84
62
14.4
100
0.728
0.0308
37.4
3216
3216
92
0.007
44.3
35.4
40.8
37.7
2000
73.5
67
13.5
103
0.776
0.0335
38.2
2802
2802
62
0.004
44.4
35.5
40.9
37.7
2000
60.2
89
70
13.3
105
0.782
0.0348
38.7
2343
2343
58
0.004
36.6
28.4
34.9
31.0
2000
72.3
76
56
15.4
98
0.750
0.0281
33.0
2253
2253
106
0.007
40.0
31.7
36.2
33.6
2000
79.9
70
55
15.9
97
0.799
0.0276
35.0
2735
2735
186
0.012
43.6
34.8
38.3
36.4
2000
91.0
77
59
15.0
99
0.770
0.0293
37.0
3341
3341
135
0.009
43.5
34.7
37.6
36.0
2000
92.4
76
59
15.2
99
0.782
0.0294
36.8
3357
3357
71
0.006
47.5
36.8
42.2
39.2
2000
92.7
72
58
15.2
99
0.813
0.0290
39.6
3667
3667
142
0.011
47.1
36.2
41.4
38.6
2000
67
58
15.3
0.866
0.0288
39.1
3475
3475
120
0.010
47.3
36.2
41.2
38.5
2000
64
56
15.6
0.886
0.0282
38.9
3461
3461
111
0.008
48.6
36.7
42.3
39.3
2000
91.1
67
58
15.2
99
0.870
0.0291
39.8
3625
3625
97
0.007
48.9
36.9
41.9
39.3
2000
91.9
62
56
15.7
98
0.902
0.0281
39.8
3656
3656
33
0.002
53.7
39.7
46.0
42.7
2000
99.9
63
57
15.4
98
0.900
0.0284
42.8
4272
4272
37
0.003
52.3
38.6
44.4
41.4
2000
99.9
72
60
14.8
99
0.846
0.0298
41.5
4151
4151
13
0.001
54.4
39.5
46.1
42.7
2000
90.5
61
55
15.7
97
0.902
0.0275
42.7
3866
3866
12
0.001
53.6
38.1
46.1
41.9
2000
89.7
60
55
15.7
97
0.917
0.0275
41.9
3761
3761
0.001
50.3
35.4
43.5
39.3
2000
88.0
55
15.7
97
0.902
0.0275
39.3
3458
3458
11
0.001
61.6
42.7
51.6
47.1
2000
61
13.2
100
1.005
0.0306
48.8
3150
3150
0.000
75.6
50.8
61.8
56.3
2000
50.0
67
11.0
103
1.098
0.0335
56.3
2814
2814
0.000
75.3
50.2
60.7
55.5
2000
50.0
67
11.0
103
1.098
0.0335
55.5
2776
2776
0.000
75.1
49.4
60.3
54.9
2000
50.0
67
11.0
103
1.098
0.0335
54.9
2747
2747
0.000
73.8
48.6
57.9
53.4
2000
50.0
67
11.0
103
1.098
0.0335
53.4
2672
2672
0.000
74.3
48.3
57.7
53.3
2000
50.0
73
11.2
107
1.197
0.0365
53.3
2663
2663
0.000
73.8
47.9
57.6
53.0
2000
50.0
73
11.0
107
1.197
0.0365
53.0
2649
2649
22
0.002
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
2000
50.0
70
13.3
105
1.148
0.0350
37.1
1857
1857
14
0.002
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
2000
50.0
70
13.3
105
1.148
0.0350
37.1
1857
1857
13
0.001
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
2000
50.0
70
13.0
105
1.148
0.0350
37.1
1857
1857
G-3
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
100.0%
88.1%
11.9%
92.5%
89.7%
100.0%
87.0%
100.0%
93.4%
6.6%
100.0%
78.8%
10.3%
100.0%
68.5%
8.0%
82.7%
90.6%
85.1%
88.3%
2.5%
91.9%
93.4%
8.1%
98.7%
96.7%
3.1%
1.3%
100.0%
94.7%
5.3%
11.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
80.5%
6.3%
73.6%
26.4%
93.9%
6.1%
99.0%
14.0%
0.0%
82.5%
17.5%
100.0%
65.0%
37.9%
19.3%
91.7%
6.1%
2.1%
100.0%
89.8%
50.5%
46.9%
97.0%
2.6%
0.4%
100.0%
68.4%
29.1%
69.2%
98.7%
1.3%
100.0%
53.4%
13.0%
86.6%
99.6%
0.4%
100.0%
76.2%
28.7%
71.3%
98.2%
1.8%
100.0%
52.3%
1.5%
98.5%
98.5%
1.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
52.4%
100.0%
52.4%
47.6%
47.6%
52.4%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-4

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
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on
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< i -i i
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ior
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l(>\-
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375
0.037
28.3
21.6
28.4
24.2
2250
89
66
15.3
100
0.749
0.0294
27.4
570
0.046
29.6
23.2
28.2
25.2
2250
91
67
15.3
100
0.736
0.0296
28.6
851
0.060
32.1
25.0
30.8
27.3
2250
85.5
90
14.8
101
0.762
0.0303
31.3
2385
2683
887
0.061
31.9
25.2
29.9
27.1
2250
85.6
89
67
15.0
100
0.758
0.0298
31.3
2394
2694
699
0.050
31.4
24.7
29.6
26.7
2250
88.0
66
15.2
100
0.745
0.0291
30.5
2394
2694
1162
0.103
32.4
25.6
30.4
27.5
2250
89.6
92
67
15.0
100
0.722
0.0296
31.6
2515
2830
1191
0.113
34.4
27.2
32.4
29.3
2250
91.3
96
14.8
101
0.710
0.0302
33.5
2713
3052
884
0.091
35.6
28.2
33.3
30.3
2250
92.5
94
66
15.0
100
0.703
0.0294
34.5
2833
3187
985
0.096
36.2
28.6
34.1
30.8
2250
96.4
95
67
14.9
101
0.709
0.0298
35.1
3003
3379
899
0.064
37.1
29.3
34.8
31.5
2250
97.2
94
14.8
101
0.721
0.0303
36.0
3113
3502
840
0.058
37.5
29.8
34.9
31.9
2250
96.9
94
70
14.4
102
0.748
0.0312
36.3
3130
3521
745
0.048
38.5
30.6
35.2
32.5
2250
93.1
93
14.8
101
0.737
0.0304
37.0
3068
3451
461
0.031
39.0
30.9
35.3
32.8
2250
89.7
91
69
14.6
102
0.766
0.0308
37.2
2971
3343
401
0.026
38.9
30.6
35.1
32.6
2250
91.7
90
73
14.0
104
0.808
0.0325
36.9
3013
3390
280
0.019
38.7
30.2
34.8
32.2
2250
93.4
89
78
13.3
106
0.876
0.0347
36.6
3041
3422
97
0.008
39.6
30.9
35.0
32.7
2250
87.6
77
13.5
105
0.891
0.0341
37.3
2856
3213
129
0.010
38.1
29.3
33.9
31.3
2250
90.3
81
12.9
107
0.921
0.0360
35.9
2836
3190
146
0.012
39.7
30.1
35.4
32.5
2250
93.2
89
82
12.8
108
0.924
0.0365
37.5
3107
3495
136
0.010
38.7
29.2
34.3
31.5
2250
94.4
81
12.8
108
0.921
0.0362
36.0
3023
3401
117
0.008
39.6
29.4
35.3
32.1
2250
95.5
76
13.6
105
0.885
0.0340
36.5
3104
3492
161
0.011
40.4
30.0
35.6
32.6
2250
95.8
84
76
13.7
105
0.903
0.0339
37.0
3149
3543
135
0.010
38.9
28.7
34.1
31.2
2250
95.7
90
78
13.5
106
0.869
0.0349
35.3
2998
3373
87
0.006
39.3
28.7
34.4
31.4
2250
92.1
81
73
14.2
103
0.891
0.0322
35.5
2913
3278
26
0.002
39.0
28.4
33.7
31.0
2250
89.8
13.0
107
1.002
0.0356
35.1
2799
3149
23
0.002
38.6
27.8
33.4
30.6
2250
81
81
13.0
107
1.003
0.0359
34.5
2704
3042
43
0.003
39.6
28.2
34.3
31.2
2250
92.3
83
89
12.2
111
1.063
0.0395
35.2
2905
3268
24
0.002
39.3
27.9
33.6
30.7
2250
81
12.8
107
1.015
0.0361
35.2
2671
3005
0.000
51.5
35.9
42.4
39.2
2250
77.9
78
10.6
111
1.125
0.0393
45.6
2967
3338
0.000
50.8
35.0
41.8
38.5
2250
82.9
81
93
10.5
113
1.136
0.0414
44.4
3113
3502
0.000
64.5
44.5
48.8
46.8
2250
53.2
63
11.1
101
1.073
0.0301
53.0
2467
2775
0.000
34.1
23.6
29.0
26.4
2250
65.4
101
157
8.0
145
1.520
0.0698
31.4
1924
2165
0.000
34.3
23.4
29.6
26.6
2250
50.0
100
166
7.5
149
1.615
0.0739
32.3
1434
1613
0.000
29.9
20.3
26.6
23.5
2250
50.0
110
232
5.7
182
2.110
0.1031
26.4
1175
1322
0.000
29.9
20.4
26.7
23.5
2250
50.0
110
229
180
2.082
0.1018
26.5
1177
1324
0.000
30.0
20.4
26.7
23.6
2250
50.0
110
225
5.9
178
2.045
0.1000
26.5
1179
1326
0.000
30.0
20.4
26.7
23.6
2250
50.0
110
225
5.9
178
2.045
0.1000
26.5
1179
1326
G-5
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
46.1%
88.0%
2.3%
22.6%
37.5%
72.2%
5.7%
43.0%
78.9%
14.4%
1.9%
41.6%
77.5%
3.1%
16.7%
4.1%
44.8%
82.5%
1.0%
15.6%
5.5%
57.9%
76.5%
0.7%
14.9%
9.3%
69.8%
78.4%
5.0%
6.5%
9.2%
79.8%
71.6%
6.8%
5.7%
4.7%
93.2%
1.6%
70.6%
10.2%
8.0%
12.1%
1.4%
91.1%
71.8%
13.5%
6.8%
16.5%
2.6%
97.1%
0.3%
65.3%
21.6%
1.6%
8.6%
0.1%
96.3%
65.5%
20.1%
7.7%
6.3%
0.0%
94.4%
5.6%
96.3%
70.5%
14.1%
9.9%
3.4%
50.5%
47.9%
1.6%
100.0%
69.9%
18.0%
9.4%
28.1%
51.6%
20.4%
28.0%
100.0%
63.5%
15.0%
4.5%
5.1%
28.0%
36.5%
40.4%
23.1%
95.4%
4.6%
70.3%
3.6%
2.5%
39.4%
20.3%
33.7%
46.9%
19.3%
95.7%
4.3%
69.6%
22.3%
2.4%
80.3%
18.8%
13.1%
68.8%
18.1%
99.8%
0.2%
80.0%
12.5%
0.2%
97.8%
2.0%
22.1%
57.3%
20.6%
98.6%
1.4%
76.0%
13.3%
0.5%
98.2%
1.8%
12.2%
71.8%
16.1%
100.0%
79.9%
16.6%
96.5%
3.5%
37.7%
54.8%
7.5%
100.0%
48.7%
27.7%
69.9%
30.1%
62.1%
6.2%
31.6%
100.0%
29.5%
32.8%
63.1%
36.9%
56.8%
4.8%
38.4%
100.0%
39.1%
4.4%
38.2%
61.8%
82.7%
17.3%
100.0%
22.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
23.5%
100.0%
100.0%
40.6%
39.3%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
15.3%
6.2%
100.0%
65.6%
34.4%
100.0%
54.4%
45.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
65.3%
34.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
6.4%
93.6%
100.0%
100.0%
37.0%
93.7%
6.3%
100.0%
100.0%
20.0%
80.0%
20.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-6

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(Ill
l(>\-
Ml'(.
406
0.040
24.4
18.8
23.8
20.8
2500
95
73
15.2
101
0.774
0.0292
26.1
349
0.028
26.2
20.2
25.8
22.4
2500
97
73
15.1
101
0.755
0.0294
28.3
465
0.033
29.3
23.0
27.9
24.9
2500
90.3
98
75
14.9
102
0.764
0.0299
31.5
2278
2847
782
0.054
27.9
22.1
26.2
23.8
2500
91.6
101
74
15.1
101
0.734
0.0297
30.0
2197
2746
1078
0.078
27.9
22.2
25.8
23.7
2500
90.6
101
72
15.4
100
0.710
0.0287
29.8
2163
2703
1172
0.104
28.0
22.3
26.0
23.8
2500
92.3
104
71
15.6
100
0.680
0.0283
30.0
2218
2772
1532
0.145
29.4
23.2
27.6
25.0
2500
94.8
108
76
14.8
102
0.711
0.0305
31.5
2398
2997
1443
0.148
31.2
24.4
29.7
26.6
2500
91.5
106
72
15.4
101
0.683
0.0289
33.6
2469
3086
1240
0.120
32.2
25.3
30.5
27.4
2500
94.8
107
75
15.0
102
0.705
0.0300
34.6
2643
3303
1529
0.109
32.7
25.6
31.2
27.8
2500
96.3
107
78
14.7
103
0.726
0.0312
35.2
2721
3401
1699
0.118
32.8
25.6
31.5
28.0
2500
98.0
109
83
14.0
105
0.760
0.0330
35.4
2789
3486
1622
0.106
33.7
26.3
31.8
28.6
2500
100.0
106
14.3
104
0.759
0.0321
36.0
2881
3602
1975
0.133
33.4
26.0
31.3
28.2
2500
98.9
104
78
14.6
103
0.749
0.0311
35.5
2809
3512
1802
0.118
34.1
26.5
31.5
28.6
2500
99.5
100
79
14.5
103
0.785
0.0314
36.0
2868
3585
1335
0.092
34.4
26.4
31.8
28.7
2500
98.0
99
85
13.6
106
0.865
0.0339
36.1
2829
3536
942
0.075
35.1
26.9
32.1
29.2
2500
94.0
97
89
13.0
108
0.920
0.0356
36.7
2767
3458
748
0.059
35.8
27.2
32.7
29.6
2500
94.2
96
91
12.8
109
0.957
0.0365
37.2
2818
3522
525
0.043
35.9
26.8
33.1
29.6
2500
94.1
97
94
12.5
110
0.980
0.0376
37.3
2816
3520
517
0.039
36.5
26.9
33.9
30.0
2500
93.9
99
94
12.5
110
0.956
0.0374
37.8
2844
3555
424
0.030
36.0
26.3
33.5
29.5
2500
94.4
100
92
12.8
109
0.930
0.0366
37.3
2826
3532
484
0.032
37.5
27.0
35.1
30.6
2500
94.1
100
99
12.0
113
0.991
0.0396
38.5
2907
3634
329
0.025
37.4
26.6
34.9
30.3
2500
95.3
103
102
11.8
114
0.999
0.0407
38.2
2931
3664
329
0.023
37.0
26.2
34.2
29.9
2500
94.8
101
98
12.2
112
0.976
0.0393
37.6
2872
3590
207
0.014
37.3
26.0
34.9
30.0
2500
99.6
104
97
12.1
112
0.948
0.0390
37.6
3001
3752
253
0.017
35.9
24.9
33.3
28.8
2500
93.1
105
103
11.7
114
0.983
0.0411
36.2
2721
3401
166
0.010
36.7
25.4
33.7
29.3
2500
95.2
103
107
11.3
116
1.049
0.0428
36.8
2834
3543
214
0.014
36.2
25.0
32.6
28.7
2500
99.8
100
102
11.7
114
1.032
0.0408
36.1
2889
3611
149
0.009
37.3
25.3
34.2
29.5
2500
100.1
106
102
11.7
114
0.968
0.0406
37.1
2975
3718
39
0.002
40.8
28.0
35.3
31.6
2500
93.6
94
112
10.9
119
1.185
0.0448
39.8
3017
3771
0.000
40.8
27.8
35.1
31.5
2500
92.6
94
113
10.8
119
1.197
0.0450
39.6
2975
3718
10
0.001
41.1
27.8
35.1
31.5
2500
95.7
93
111
11.0
118
1.193
0.0443
39.5
3052
3815
0.000
41.6
28.6
34.3
31.6
2500
97.4
91
106
11.3
116
1.165
0.0424
39.5
3079
3849
159
0.010
42.4
28.9
35.3
32.2
2500
99.1
91
106
11.3
116
1.165
0.0424
40.3
3193
3991
121
0.009
42.1
28.8
34.9
32.0
2500
98.7
91
106
11.3
116
1.165
0.0424
40.0
3157
3946
73
0.008
42.0
28.8
34.7
31.9
2500
97.6
91
106
11.3
116
1.165
0.0424
39.9
3114
3892
151
0.011
42.0
28.8
34.7
31.9
2500
98.2
91
106
11.3
116
1.165
0.0424
39.9
3132
3915
G-7
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
36.0%
75.2%
0.1%
20.4%
18.3%
67.5%
12.9%
20.7%
69.3%
12.5%
1.2%
34.3%
53.2%
8.0%
43.7%
3.5%
52.1%
4.7%
2.3%
0.6%
47.9%
3.9%
52.5%
3.8%
2.8%
53.6%
2.7%
52.4%
0.9%
4.1%
2.5%
69.3%
0.6%
57.3%
8.6%
4.6%
3.0%
68.9%
13.1%
50.5%
20.7%
3.2%
0.1%
0.4%
75.4%
2.4%
47.3%
26.4%
11.9%
1.6%
2.2%
77.1%
9.2%
53.7%
19.8%
15.7%
4.2%
1.7%
94.3%
0.9%
49.5%
22.1%
16.9%
5.3%
1.0%
97.3%
1.9%
0.8%
97.7%
0.8%
47.7%
32.6%
13.6%
19.5%
79.3%
18.1%
2.7%
99.7%
0.3%
48.3%
41.8%
11.9%
51.5%
68.2%
18.2%
13.6%
97.8%
2.2%
52.0%
37.6%
24.7%
47.3%
55.3%
20.2%
24.5%
94.4%
0.1%
56.7%
34.2%
0.1%
44.5%
51.0%
41.3%
11.5%
47.2%
94.7%
0.1%
62.7%
36.6%
0.1%
64.0%
36.0%
33.9%
23.0%
43.1%
94.7%
0.0%
53.6%
46.3%
0.0%
82.6%
17.4%
35.7%
13.7%
50.6%
95.8%
0.0%
61.9%
32.8%
0.0%
76.7%
23.3%
44.9%
19.3%
35.8%
95.2%
50.7%
41.6%
75.4%
24.6%
31.6%
21.0%
47.3%
95.9%
48.4%
45.6%
100.0%
33.6%
19.0%
47.4%
94.2%
50.1%
43.7%
100.0%
34.9%
20.5%
44.6%
94.4%
47.0%
53.0%
100.0%
39.6%
21.6%
38.8%
100.0%
38.9%
61.1%
100.0%
46.0%
31.7%
22.2%
100.0%
41.9%
58.1%
100.0%
40.1%
32.5%
27.4%
88.4%
45.3%
54.7%
100.0%
29.0%
19.2%
51.8%
96.8%
36.1%
63.9%
100.0%
26.6%
12.8%
60.6%
96.4%
38.0%
62.0%
100.0%
56.6%
17.0%
26.5%
86.7%
23.9%
76.1%
100.0%
100.0%
84.7%
32.3%
67.7%
100.0%
100.0%
90.7%
15.0%
85.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
29.5%
70.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
18.2%
81.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
16.8%
83.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
12.9%
87.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
15.8%
84.2%
100.0%
100.0%
G-8

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
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281
0.027
21.7
16.6
21.6
18.5
2750
127
100
12.8
110
0.799
0.0365
25.9
203
0.016
24.5
19.0
23.7
20.9
2750
122
96
13.4
108
0.794
0.0348
29.1
349
0.025
24.8
19.2
24.1
21.1
2750
126
96
13.3
109
0.765
0.0350
29.4
1728
2375
498
0.034
24.8
19.3
24.1
21.2
2750
129
95
13.4
108
0.740
0.0344
29.4
1892
2602
459
0.033
24.0
18.5
23.7
20.5
2750
82.2
132
94
13.6
108
0.710
0.0341
28.4
1720
2365
973
0.086
26.1
19.9
26.0
22.2
2750
96.0
142
93
13.6
107
0.665
0.0339
30.9
2176
2992
715
0.068
27.7
21.6
26.7
23.6
2750
107.2
137
92
13.8
107
0.678
0.0333
32.7
2533
3482
961
0.099
28.8
22.0
28.5
24.5
2750
104.3
124
87
14.4
105
0.707
0.0316
33.8
2566
3528
863
0.084
30.2
23.6
28.9
25.7
2750
106.3
124
14.2
105
0.712
0.0320
35.6
2756
3790
2051
0.146
30.1
23.3
29.3
25.7
2750
102.7
127
89
14.1
106
0.705
0.0324
35.5
2653
3648
1878
0.130
30.6
23.7
29.6
26.0
2750
103.3
128
94
13.6
108
0.735
0.0340
36.0
2707
3722
1899
0.124
30.6
23.6
29.7
26.0
2750
102.0
125
95
13.4
108
0.769
0.0347
36.0
2667
3667
1896
0.128
30.8
23.6
29.7
26.1
2750
101.7
124
96
13.3
109
0.790
0.0350
36.0
2658
3655
1519
0.099
31.5
23.9
30.3
26.5
2750
102.1
123
97
13.1
109
0.804
0.0354
36.6
2717
3735
1204
0.083
31.8
24.0
30.4
26.6
2750
101.7
118
96
13.3
109
0.820
0.0349
36.8
2718
3737
1081
0.086
31.9
24.1
30.1
26.6
2750
98.7
111
100
12.9
110
0.919
0.0364
36.7
2635
3624
1462
0.116
32.5
24.1
31.0
27.0
2750
100.3
112
100
12.9
110
0.913
0.0364
37.3
2723
3744
1280
0.105
32.6
24.0
31.1
27.0
2750
98.5
110
106
12.3
113
0.972
0.0386
37.4
2680
3685
1651
0.125
33.0
24.0
31.4
27.2
2750
101.9
112
106
12.4
113
0.955
0.0384
37.6
2788
3833
1522
0.108
33.6
24.3
32.1
27.7
2750
101.2
109
108
12.1
114
1.001
0.0394
38.2
2815
3870
1747
0.115
33.9
24.4
32.1
27.8
2750
102.6
110
111
12.0
115
1.017
0.0403
38.4
2864
3938
1241
0.094
33.9
24.2
31.7
27.6
2750
101.5
108
117
11.5
118
1.086
0.0427
38.2
2815
3870
1637
0.113
34.0
24.1
31.8
27.6
2750
100.5
109
113
11.7
116
1.039
0.0409
38.1
2786
3831
1622
0.112
34.5
24.2
32.4
27.9
2750
100.5
110
117
11.3
118
1.071
0.0427
38.6
2818
3875
1348
0.089
34.6
24.2
32.0
27.8
2750
100.5
110
118
11.3
118
1.078
0.0428
38.4
2806
3858
1318
0.080
34.3
23.8
31.5
27.4
2750
100.5
108
120
11.2
119
1.118
0.0437
37.9
2767
3805
1184
0.076
35.9
24.7
33.0
28.6
2750
99.6
108
121
11.0
119
1.122
0.0440
39.6
2873
3950
913
0.057
36.3
24.8
33.0
28.7
2750
99.6
107
119
11.2
119
1.121
0.0434
39.8
2883
3964
691
0.044
37.1
25.1
33.5
29.2
2750
100.8
106
123
10.9
120
1.154
0.0447
40.3
2963
4075
729
0.046
36.9
24.8
33.2
28.9
2750
101.6
105
120
11.1
119
1.144
0.0436
39.9
2954
4062
941
0.059
37.3
25.0
33.1
29.0
2750
102.1
106
121
11.1
119
1.144
0.0439
40.1
2976
4092
628
0.042
37.8
25.3
33.4
29.3
2750
101.0
104
119
11.3
118
1.142
0.0432
40.5
2982
4100
549
0.036
38.2
25.4
33.9
29.7
2750
102.0
104
120
11.2
119
1.145
0.0435
40.9
3044
4186
437
0.031
37.9
25.2
33.7
29.4
2750
102.5
104
119
11.2
118
1.147
0.0434
40.6
3042
4182
271
0.030
38.3
25.9
33.1
29.6
2750
104.9
96
111
11.8
115
1.159
0.0404
40.8
3122
4293
352
0.026
39.2
26.4
34.0
30.2
2750
104.2
97
115
11.5
117
1.182
0.0419
41.7
3172
4361
G-9
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
0.4%
70.3%
0.3%
3.9%
0.9%
63.5%
3.6%
2.0%
67.5%
9.4%
0.9%
66.7%
5.5%
5.4%
59.6%
6.1%
47.9%
53.6%
13.8%
70.0%
36.0%
18.3%
0.6%
77.9%
3.1%
33.7%
30.2%
6.4%
5.8%
0.4%
89.4%
4.0%
31.2%
33.0%
12.3%
40.6%
0.6%
87.7%
2.2%
30.5%
36.3%
12.2%
42.4%
1.0%
93.3%
2.8%
21.8%
45.1%
14.5%
59.5%
0.4%
92.7%
2.9%
34.7%
47.5%
32.1%
52.6%
0.3%
82.5%
14.6%
3.0%
95.7%
1.9%
31.5%
44.0%
24.7%
58.4%
0.2%
73.6%
19.5%
6.9%
97.4%
1.8%
31.0%
58.1%
18.9%
59.8%
72.8%
19.3%
7.9%
97.5%
1.1%
29.6%
59.2%
21.8%
63.8%
0.3%
77.4%
9.4%
13.1%
99.0%
0.9%
25.7%
65.5%
56.5%
43.0%
0.2%
53.1%
0.4%
46.5%
99.3%
0.2%
28.1%
68.0%
63.5%
36.1%
0.3%
53.0%
2.7%
44.2%
99.5%
0.5%
30.1%
64.4%
85.9%
14.0%
0.1%
41.2%
5.2%
53.6%
98.4%
1.6%
27.3%
69.4%
93.8%
6.2%
47.1%
1.7%
51.2%
98.7%
0.1%
32.1%
66.4%
99.7%
0.3%
32.6%
67.4%
99.9%
0.0%
27.6%
72.4%
100.0%
25.3%
74.7%
100.0%
25.1%
74.8%
0.1%
100.0%
12.0%
88.0%
100.0%
22.1%
77.5%
0.4%
100.0%
24.3%
75.7%
100.0%
22.3%
77.1%
0.3%
100.0%
16.8%
83.2%
100.0%
19.1%
80.3%
0.2%
100.0%
16.7%
83.3%
96.9%
21.1%
77.2%
0.1%
100.0%
7.8%
3.1%
89.1%
94.2%
20.1%
78.4%
0.1%
100.0%
6.9%
0.0%
93.1%
98.5%
22.1%
77.0%
0.4%
100.0%
6.2%
93.8%
98.2%
21.3%
77.4%
1.3%
100.0%
100.0%
98.8%
23.0%
75.7%
1.3%
100.0%
0.4%
99.6%
99.6%
16.8%
82.2%
1.0%
100.0%
6.8%
93.2%
96.7%
17.1%
81.5%
1.5%
100.0%
8.2%
91.8%
97.6%
14.9%
85.1%
100.0%
12.2%
87.8%
96.3%
19.3%
80.7%
100.0%
2.0%
98.0%
98.4%
21.1%
78.9%
100.0%
100.0%
96.1%
23.9%
75.5%
100.0%
100.0%
G-10

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
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tin mi
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55 45
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on
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< id
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ior
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l<>\-
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828
0.081
21.4
16.6
20.9
18.3
3000
147
99
14.4
107
0.674
0.0329
27.8
0.072
23.5
18.1
23.1
20.1
3000
147
95
14.6
106
0.657
0.0317
30.4
584
0.041
23.2
18.1
22.3
19.8
3000
87.6
146
104
13.7
109
0.715
0.0347
30.1
1771
2656
903
0.062
22.5
17.7
21.3
19.2
3000
97.3
164
102
13.9
108
0.637
0.0339
29.1
1885
2828
1286
0.093
22.1
17.2
21.3
18.9
3000
96.3
162
100
13.9
108
0.634
0.0333
28.6
1834
2751
2026
0.179
23.6
18.3
23.0
20.1
3000
100.9
164
100
13.8
108
0.624
0.0334
30.3
2040
3060
1626
0.154
24.4
19.0
23.4
20.8
3000
103.8
165
101
13.9
108
0.619
0.0335
31.4
2168
3252
1554
0.160
25.7
19.7
25.4
21.9
3000
104.2
163
103
13.6
109
0.640
0.0343
33.3
2319
3479
1515
0.147
25.8
19.8
25.6
22.0
3000
105.4
161
105
13.4
110
0.658
0.0349
33.4
2346
3520
1994
0.142
26.4
20.2
26.2
22.5
3000
104.9
157
107
13.3
111
0.689
0.0357
34.1
2381
3571
2037
0.141
27.1
20.7
26.9
23.1
3000
106.7
154
110
13.0
112
0.727
0.0366
35.0
2489
3734
2830
0.184
27.5
21.0
27.1
23.4
3000
106.6
151
108
13.2
111
0.723
0.0359
35.3
2513
3770
2743
0.185
27.9
21.2
27.4
23.6
3000
106.3
147
111
12.9
112
0.767
0.0371
35.8
2539
3808
3146
0.206
28.4
21.4
27.8
24.0
3000
105.3
145
114
12.6
113
0.797
0.0380
36.3
2547
3820
3402
0.235
28.4
21.2
27.7
23.9
3000
105.2
146
118
12.3
115
0.815
0.0393
36.0
2525
3787
2857
0.226
28.6
21.3
27.7
23.9
3000
103.9
142
122
12.0
116
0.867
0.0405
36.0
2496
3745
2714
0.216
28.1
20.8
27.3
23.5
3000
104.0
145
124
11.8
118
0.868
0.0414
35.4
2457
3686
1918
0.158
28.4
20.8
27.6
23.6
3000
102.7
146
127
11.6
119
0.885
0.0423
35.6
2437
3656
2021
0.153
28.7
20.8
27.8
23.8
3000
102.6
147
125
11.8
118
0.863
0.0417
35.8
2454
3681
2033
0.144
29.1
21.0
28.0
24.0
3000
102.9
143
124
11.8
117
0.881
0.0413
36.2
2480
3720
1933
0.128
29.7
21.2
28.8
24.5
3000
103.6
139
136
10.9
122
0.988
0.0452
36.9
2545
3818
1796
0.137
29.9
21.1
29.2
24.6
3000
103.1
137
133
11.0
121
0.980
0.0444
37.0
2543
3815
1765
0.122
30.0
21.0
29.0
24.5
3000
102.5
136
134
11.0
121
0.993
0.0447
36.9
2520
3780
1153
0.080
30.1
21.0
28.8
24.5
3000
101.1
132
131
11.2
120
0.997
0.0436
37.0
2493
3740
924
0.061
30.1
20.9
28.4
24.4
3000
99.9
128
128
11.4
119
1.001
0.0426
36.8
2454
3680
1470
0.089
30.6
21.3
28.6
24.7
3000
102.0
126
127
11.6
119
1.007
0.0423
37.3
2543
3815
1256
0.080
31.6
21.8
29.1
25.3
3000
102.5
125
129
11.4
119
1.031
0.0429
38.3
2627
3940
1588
0.099
31.4
21.6
28.9
25.1
3000
104.2
124
132
11.2
121
1.064
0.0439
38.0
2641
3962
1776
0.113
32.8
22.4
29.8
26.0
3000
104.4
121
133
11.0
121
1.098
0.0443
39.5
2747
4120
1577
0.100
33.5
22.6
30.4
26.4
3000
105.5
123
136
10.7
122
1.103
0.0452
40.3
2841
4262
1738
0.109
34.2
23.0
30.6
26.8
3000
106.1
121
135
10.6
122
1.110
0.0449
41.3
2935
4402
1673
0.111
34.9
23.3
31.4
27.3
3000
103.4
120
139
10.4
123
1.156
0.0462
42.1
2913
4369
1781
0.117
36.4
24.3
32.4
28.4
3000
104.5
120
137
10.4
123
1.143
0.0457
43.9
3081
4622
1662
0.120
37.5
25.1
33.2
29.2
3000
104.2
118
135
10.4
122
1.144
0.0450
45.2
3155
4733
1521
0.166
38.4
25.7
33.9
29.8
3000
104.0
115
135
10.6
122
1.172
0.0450
45.4
3157
4736
2125
0.156
38.2
25.5
33.8
29.7
3000
104.8
115
139
10.5
123
1.208
0.0462
44.9
3133
4699
G-ll
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
3.5%
48.5%
0.1%
17.1%
2.5%
50.4%
9.8%
3.6%
51.3%
22.4%
4.4%
35.2%
18.0%
2.6%
39.7%
14.1%
0.1%
32.0%
30.9%
1.0%
7.5%
0.5%
45.4%
21.6%
0.7%
11.9%
0.4%
53.2%
17.0%
65.1%
18.6%
26.9%
0.7%
63.0%
17.2%
62.7%
22.7%
26.5%
0.7%
73.9%
0.2%
16.2%
58.2%
27.6%
29.6%
0.8%
77.9%
0.5%
14.4%
53.5%
37.5%
34.7%
0.4%
82.2%
1.0%
15.1%
56.4%
35.7%
49.0%
0.2%
97.7%
2.3%
84.1%
1.9%
15.7%
63.5%
49.6%
49.5%
0.0%
89.4%
10.6%
90.6%
1.2%
17.2%
66.8%
69.9%
30.1%
0.0%
77.4%
8.1%
14.6%
91.3%
1.4%
16.4%
71.5%
73.4%
24.0%
66.4%
18.7%
15.0%
95.0%
0.7%
20.8%
68.8%
74.9%
25.0%
53.3%
10.7%
36.0%
93.3%
1.5%
18.4%
72.4%
75.7%
24.3%
58.2%
8.0%
33.8%
94.2%
0.7%
20.3%
66.3%
87.2%
12.8%
63.5%
7.1%
29.4%
94.6%
0.9%
19.7%
68.9%
86.8%
13.2%
61.8%
1.2%
37.0%
99.1%
0.3%
16.5%
75.6%
89.5%
10.5%
62.8%
37.2%
95.4%
2.6%
22.1%
77.9%
98.6%
1.4%
34.5%
65.5%
96.7%
1.8%
20.7%
79.3%
100.0%
38.1%
61.9%
95.5%
2.3%
19.8%
80.1%
99.9%
0.1%
30.9%
68.9%
0.2%
94.6%
2.7%
24.2%
75.5%
99.0%
.0%
42.6%
57.2%
0.2%
94.4%
2.5%
26.9%
72.0%
99.0%
.0%
50.1%
49.4%
0.5%
95.7%
1.2%
21.2%
77.1%
98.6%
.4%
51.8%
45.2%
2.9%
95.9%
0.7%
22.8%
74.8%
1.3%
98.6%
.4%
43.5%
51.1%
5.5%
98.2%
0.2%
19.2%
78.9%
1.5%
98.9%
1%
35.6%
63.0%
1.4%
97.0%
1.4%
19.4%
77.9%
2.7%
99.0%
.0%
14.4%
84.2%
1.4%
97.6%
1.2%
15.2%
79.7%
5.1%
99.4%
0.6%
7.3%
92.1%
0.5%
98.0%
0.8%
15.9%
75.6%
8.5%
99.7%
0.3%
8.1%
91.6%
0.3%
97.2%
97.3%
98.0%
98.9%
99.7%
1.2%
0.8%
0.9%
0.8%
0.1%
17.0%
14.3%
12.0%
10.1%
12.9%
75.8%
68.2%
67.0%
79.7%
73.4%
7.2%
17.5%
21.1%
10.3%
13.7%
1.2%
1.3%
0.9%
1.5%
99.9%
98.8%
98.7%
99.1%
98.5%
0.1%
5.3%
3.7%
1.9%
1.3%
4.5%
94.7%
96.3%
98.1%
98.7%
95.5%
0.0%
G-12

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
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55 45
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< id
ill'
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ior
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(III-
l<>\-
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1029
0.101
18.2
14.3
17.1
15.5
3500
227
102
15.6
104
0.463
0.0292
27.6
934
0.076
19.4
15.5
18.0
16.5
3500
231
100
15.8
104
0.447
0.0286
29.2
724
0.051
20.2
16.1
18.8
17.2
3500
102.4
232
104
15.3
105
0.458
0.0297
30.5
1789
3132
2992
0.207
20.2
15.8
19.2
17.2
3500
111.1
257
120
13.8
111
0.468
0.0342
30.2
1919
3358
2684
0.193
20.2
16.0
18.8
17.2
3500
112.3
252
120
13.7
111
0.477
0.0342
30.1
1934
3385
2148
0.190
20.7
16.3
19.8
17.7
3500
111.3
244
115
14.1
109
0.477
0.0329
31.1
1980
3465
1829
0.173
22.2
17.3
21.4
18.9
3500
113.3
234
113
14.3
108
0.487
0.0322
33.3
2160
3780
1421
0.146
22.4
17.3
21.8
19.1
3500
112.0
237
118
14.0
110
0.505
0.0338
33.8
2170
3798
1669
0.162
22.8
17.5
22.6
19.5
3500
111.8
238
122
13.6
112
0.524
0.0348
34.3
2199
3848
2220
0.158
22.9
17.5
22.8
19.5
3500
109.6
236
127
13.2
113
0.556
0.0363
34.5
2167
3792
2461
0.170
23.4
17.7
23.7
20.0
3500
111.9
228
133
12.7
116
0.603
0.0379
35.1
2246
3930
2760
0.180
24.4
18.2
25.1
20.8
3500
113.5
225
141
12.0
119
0.654
0.0404
36.5
2377
4160
2521
0.170
24.6
18.0
25.7
20.9
3500
114.0
217
147
11.6
121
0.703
0.0421
36.7
2399
4199
2693
0.176
25.4
18.5
26.5
21.5
3500
113.5
212
151
11.4
122
0.732
0.0431
37.9
2464
4311
2688
0.186
25.1
18.2
26.2
21.3
3500
114.2
207
151
11.4
122
0.751
0.0431
37.4
2444
4277
2704
0.214
25.5
18.3
26.4
21.5
3500
113.0
194
150
11.4
122
0.795
0.0429
37.7
2442
4274
2137
0.170
25.4
18.2
26.0
21.3
3500
111.2
195
156
11.1
124
0.822
0.0446
37.4
2386
4175
2822
0.232
25.6
18.2
26.2
21.4
3500
113.6
192
155
11.2
123
0.829
0.0442
37.6
2447
4282
2848
0.216
26.0
18.5
26.5
21.7
3500
114.2
194
156
11.1
124
0.825
0.0447
38.1
2494
4364
2770
0.196
26.1
18.4
26.5
21.7
3500
111.7
191
156
11.1
124
0.837
0.0445
38.1
2437
4265
3628
0.240
26.4
18.5
26.9
22.0
3500
111.9
188
166
10.6
127
0.906
0.0473
38.5
2465
4314
3154
0.240
26.5
18.5
26.6
21.9
3500
111.5
181
164
10.7
127
0.925
0.0470
38.5
2455
4296
3196
0.221
26.7
18.5
26.8
22.0
3500
112.4
181
170
10.4
129
0.957
0.0486
38.7
2487
4352
3995
0.276
27.1
18.6
27.0
22.3
3500
111.5
178
170
10.4
129
0.969
0.0485
39.1
2494
4364
4610
0.303
27.2
18.6
26.8
22.3
3500
110.8
174
170
10.4
129
0.993
0.0486
39.1
2475
4332
4666
0.282
27.1
18.5
26.7
22.2
3500
111.5
175
174
10.2
131
1.013
0.0498
38.9
2479
4338
4315
0.276
27.2
18.5
26.5
22.1
3500
110.6
174
177
10.1
131
1.029
0.0505
38.9
2461
4306
4295
0.266
27.7
18.7
26.6
22.4
3500
112.5
176
183
9.8
134
1.063
0.0524
39.4
2532
4432
4120
0.261
28.0
18.7
26.9
22.6
3500
111.1
175
185
9.8
134
1.076
0.0528
39.7
2529
4425
3561
0.227
28.1
18.7
26.9
22.6
3500
110.4
176
188
9.6
136
1.097
0.0538
39.8
2516
4403
3265
0.205
28.9
19.2
27.3
23.1
3500
111.8
170
185
9.8
134
1.111
0.0528
40.7
2608
4563
3024
0.200
29.2
19.3
27.4
23.2
3500
111.4
167
188
9.7
135
1.144
0.0537
41.0
2618
4581
3018
0.198
29.9
19.9
28.0
23.8
3500
110.4
160
184
9.8
134
1.163
0.0525
42.0
2658
4652
2467
0.177
30.6
20.3
28.4
24.3
3500
111.0
155
183
9.8
134
1.195
0.0524
42.8
2725
4769
2125
2866
0.232
0.210
31.7
33.7
21.0
22.3
29.5
31.0
25.1
26.5
3500
3500
113.2
112.7
149
152
178
180
9.9
9.6
132
133
1.194
1.184
0.0508
0.0514
44.3
48.3
2874
3122
5029
5464
G-13
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
19.3%
6.5%
1.9%
17.2%
5.7%
1.4%
16.2%
6.1%
2.7%
4.7%
6.4%
1.4%
0.5%
4.0%
16.9%
1.3%
0.8%
0.2%
0.4%
3.1%
37.9%
2.2%
1.7%
0.5%
3.4%
84.4%
3.0%
2.5%
0.5%
0.6%
6.9%
88.4%
5.1%
4.4%
4.9%
0.9%
0.8%
8.7%
83.4%
9.1%
5.3%
2.6%
8.2%
0.2%
7.7%
88.9%
23.5%
12.1%
1.4%
35.2%
0.0%
8.3%
37.6%
32.3%
0.7%
49.2%
0.5%
8.6%
88.5%
59.4%
20.7%
0.1%
98.9%
1.1%
64.1%
0.4%
8.8%
87.8%
77.1%
15.0%
0.4%
96.9%
3.1%
72.8%
0.2%
7.9%
89.7%
88.2%
11.4%
93.9%
1.1%
5.0%
80.6%
0.2%
6.8%
88.2%
87.8%
12.2%
0.0%
92.3%
0.8%
6.9%
84.5%
1.9%
6.3%
89.6%
97.2%
2.8%
0.0%
87.4%
0.4%
12.3%
79.7%
2.7%
7.4%
88.3%
96.0%
3.9%
0.1%
83.6%
0.2%
16.1%
78.6%
1.7%
5.2%
92.2%
98.0%
1.9%
0.1%
76.0%
0.0%
24.0%
87.5%
1.6%
4.6%
93.7%
99.6%
0.4%
75.6%
24.4%
84.8%
0.9%
7.4%
91.5%
100.0%
73.8%
26.2%
79.4%
1.4%
7.1%
91.8%
100.0%
62.6%
37.4%
89.0%
2.5%
7.5%
91.8%
99.8%
0.2%
53.0%
47.0%
0.0%
2.9%
6.2%
93.8%
99.9%
0.1%
51.3%
0.4%
48.2%
0.2%
88.0%
2.7%
5.7%
94.2%
100.0%
44.9%
0.4%
53.5%
1.3%
90.0%
2.6%
5.9%
93.7%
100.0%
36.6%
0.6%
60.4%
2.4%
88.4%
2.5%
6.4%
93.0%
100.0%
34.3%
0.3%
63.6%
1.8%
1.9%
7.1%
92.3%
99.9%
0.1%
35.2%
1.2%
60.8%
2.8%
88.3%
2.6%
7.7%
92.0%
0.1%
99.7%
0.3%
32.3%
1.1%
63.2%
3.4%
87.1%
1.7%
8.5%
91.3%
0.2%
99.7%
0.3%
33.4%
0.9%
62.3%
3.4%
84.1%
2.6%
8.6%
90.7%
0.2%
99.6%
0.4%
33.4%
1.0%
62.8%
2.8%
85.9%
4.4%
7.2%
92.4%
0.1%
99.4%
0.6%
29.4%
1.3%
68.0%
1.3%
85.4%
4.1%
91.0%
98.6%
1.4%
21.5%
0.2%
78.2%
0.0%
86.8%
3.7%
8.1%
79.8%
12.1%
0.2%
99.8%
12.8%
1.1%
86.1%
86.7%
6.0%
7.8%
75.8%
16.4%
2.5%
97.5%
6.1%
0.1%
93.8%
0.0%
89.0%
89.8%
5.8%
3.4%
5.8%
9.2%
80.1%
71.9%
14.0%
18.8%
3.1%
2.8%
95.1%
95.7%
1.8%
1.5%
2.0%
2.6%
0.0%
0.0%
98.0%
97.4%
0.0%
G-14

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
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1089
0.106
15.6
12.4
14.5
13.3
4000
292
130
14.5
110
0.443
0.0325
27.0
1977
0.160
17.7
14.0
16.5
15.0
4000
280
122
15.4
108
0.433
0.0305
30.4
3323
0.235
17.9
14.2
16.7
15.2
4000
113.5
293
133
14.2
111
0.453
0.0333
30.6
1739
3477
2235
0.155
18.0
14.1
17.1
15.3
4000
114.9
306
145
13.1
115
0.474
0.0362
30.9
1782
3563
2643
0.190
17.8
14.0
16.7
15.1
4000
119.6
311
147
13.0
116
0.472
0.0367
30.5
1830
3660
1316
0.116
18.8
14.6
18.3
16.1
4000
122.4
302
136
13.9
112
0.453
0.0339
32.6
2003
4007
1313
0.124
20.3
15.5
20.3
17.3
4000
123.2
296
134
14.0
112
0.458
0.0334
35.2
2171
4343
1215
0.125
20.6
15.6
20.9
17.6
4000
126.4
287
135
13.8
112
0.479
0.0339
35.6
2244
4487
1446
0.140
20.3
15.4
20.6
17.4
4000
126.7
287
139
13.4
113
0.490
0.0348
35.0
2211
4422
1702
0.121
20.6
15.5
20.9
17.6
4000
126.3
289
139
13.4
113
0.485
0.0347
35.3
2225
4449
1671
0.116
21.7
16.4
22.3
18.6
4000
125.3
294
148
12.8
116
0.508
0.0371
37.3
2337
4674
918
0.060
22.1
16.5
22.6
18.8
4000
124.9
299
154
12.4
118
0.520
0.0384
37.8
2366
4732
912
0.061
21.7
16.3
22.0
18.5
4000
122.2
294
157
12.3
119
0.551
0.0392
37.1
2275
4549
829
0.054
22.2
16.4
22.7
18.8
4000
125.8
289
160
12.1
120
0.569
0.0400
37.9
2391
4782
860
0.060
23.0
16.8
23.5
19.4
4000
125.1
275
155
12.5
118
0.576
0.0386
39.1
2447
4894
986
0.078
23.0
16.7
23.7
19.4
4000
123.1
263
165
12.0
122
0.643
0.0412
39.0
2400
4799
1114
0.089
23.3
16.7
24.1
19.6
4000
124.9
265
187
10.7
129
0.718
0.0466
39.4
2459
4917
1166
0.096
23.4
16.7
24.1
19.7
4000
123.4
258
198
10.2
133
0.788
0.0495
39.5
2440
4880
1059
0.080
23.6
16.7
24.1
19.7
4000
121.9
253
198
10.3
133
0.806
0.0494
39.6
2414
4828
1342
0.095
23.5
16.6
24.0
19.6
4000
121.5
248
204
10.0
135
0.842
0.0510
39.3
2389
4779
1281
0.085
23.5
16.4
24.2
19.6
4000
121.3
253
219
9.4
140
0.885
0.0547
39.3
2386
4772
1093
0.083
23.9
16.6
24.6
19.9
4000
124.1
249
218
9.5
139
0.885
0.0546
39.9
2476
4952
1259
0.087
23.8
16.4
24.3
19.8
4000
123.1
249
225
9.3
142
0.913
0.0562
39.6
2439
4878
918
0.063
23.8
16.4
24.0
19.7
4000
123.0
247
234
8.9
145
0.963
0.0585
39.5
2426
4853
1179
0.077
24.2
16.4
24.5
19.9
4000
123.5
238
233
9.0
144
1.003
0.0582
40.0
2468
4937
1382
0.083
24.4
16.5
24.5
20.0
4000
122.3
235
240
147
1.036
0.0600
40.2
2459
4917
1331
0.085
24.6
16.6
24.5
20.2
4000
121.2
227
226
9.2
142
1.021
0.0565
40.5
2455
4909
1256
0.078
24.8
16.7
24.3
20.2
4000
116.6
223
230
9.1
143
1.052
0.0574
40.5
2369
4737
1013
0.064
25.1
16.8
24.5
20.4
4000
114.0
215
233
9.0
144
1.106
0.0584
40.9
2343
4685
1287
0.082
25.4
16.8
24.9
20.6
4000
113.7
211
239
146
1.147
0.0596
41.4
2359
4718
1637
0.103
25.7
16.9
25.0
20.7
4000
115.1
214
240
147
1.138
0.0600
41.7
2406
4812
2241
0.148
26.0
17.2
25.1
21.0
4000
116.3
215
245
8.6
148
1.159
0.0613
42.2
2459
4917
2197
0.144
27.0
17.8
25.9
21.7
4000
114.4
208
241
8.6
147
1.177
0.0603
43.9
2513
5026
2284
0.164
26.9
17.7
26.1
21.7
4000
113.6
209
247
149
1.202
0.0619
43.7
2487
4974
1306
0.142
27.6
18.2
26.5
22.1
4000
113.1
208
250
150
1.219
0.0626
44.9
2539
5078
2138
0.157
28.2
18.6
26.8
22.5
4000
113.0
209
255
152
1.230
0.0638
46.0
2601
5201
G-15
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
7.6%
0.6%
6.9%
0.4%
0.6%
3.3%
0.5%
0.4%
0.0%
3.0%
10.4%
0.9%
0.7%
5.3%
2.2%
10.4%
2.8%
2.3%
10.9%
2.3%
0.9%
40.1%
2.5%
4.9%
9.6%
11.1%
0.9%
0.9%
82.8%
1.2%
10.3%
13.2%
11.1%
1.3%
89.6%
1.8%
18.7%
9.4%
12.5%
1.3%
94.6%
2.0%
38.0%
4.4%
12.8%
1.1%
95.8%
2.1%
41.1%
2.8%
13.0%
0.0%
0.1%
94.8%
3.8%
41.4%
2.0%
0.2%
0.7%
0.2%
92.5%
48.3%
4.4%
0.5%
98.9%
1.1%
1.1%
0.4%
3.6%
87.9%
50.9%
3.2%
1.2%
95.5%
4.5%
6.3%
0.3%
1.6%
92.7%
75.0%
2.2%
94.5%
5.5%
8.9%
0.0%
2.5%
92.5%
84.4%
13.6%
96.0%
4.0%
33.2%
0.1%
1.8%
95.5%
95.3%
4.6%
0.1%
89.5%
10.5%
38.6%
0.9%
1.9%
95.4%
86.8%
12.9%
0.4%
89.6%
10.4%
41.3%
1.9%
1.6%
97.3%
94.8%
5.2%
79.5%
20.5%
39.2%
0.7%
0.9%
97.1%
95.7%
4.3%
68.6%
31.4%
45.6%
0.2%
0.8%
97.3%
100.0%
58.3%
41.7%
44.7%
0.6%
1.2%
96.4%
99.6%
0.4%
58.1%
41.9%
0.0%
51.6%
0.7%
1.1%
97.1%
99.8%
0.2%
51.7%
48.3%
50.7%
0.9%
1.0%
99.0%
99.8%
0.2%
51.8%
48.2%
50.5%
4.4%
1.2%
98.8%
99.6%
0.4%
45.1%
4.3%
48.9%
1.7%
55.1%
3.8%
1.5%
98.5%
99.6%
0.4%
40.5%
4.8%
52.5%
2.2%
55.7%
4.0%
2.1%
97.9%
100.0%
47.8%
4.0%
45.3%
2.9%
51.4%
12.9%
3.3%
96.7%
100.0%
39.7%
4.3%
51.7%
4.4%
51.9%
15.7%
2.5%
97.3%
0.2%
100.0%
29.5%
4.8%
60.6%
5.1%
46.2%
16.8%
3.1%
96.0%
0.9%
100.0%
22.5%
12.0%
57.6%
8.0%
61.0%
17.1%
3.7%
95.8%
0.5%
99.9%
0.1%
17.8%
6.3%
70.3%
5.5%
53.4%
13.3%
4.1%
93.0%
2.9%
99.4%
0.6%
21.3%
7.5%
69.3%
1.9%
52.5%
10.4%
3.9%
93.3%
2.8%
99.8%
0.2%
23.5%
4.7%
71.3%
0.5%
64.5%
12.1%
3.4%
89.3%
7.3%
99.9%
0.1%
24.9%
2.0%
73.1%
0.1%
60.2%
12.4%
3.8%
92.4%
3.8%
5.8%
94.1%
0.2%
24.4%
1.8%
73.7%
0.0%
60.6%
13.7%
1.5%
89.8%
8.6%
11.2%
88.6%
0.2%
24.1%
0.6%
75.3%
55.6%
12.6%
6.0%
80.9%
12.9%
16.3%
83.6%
0.1%
11.7%
2.5%
85.8%
G-16

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
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l<>\-
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1791
0.175
14.3
11.1
13.7
12.2
4500
347
158
13.6
116
0.455
0.0351
27.7
2223
0.180
15.7
12.3
15.1
13.4
4500
346
157
13.5
115
0.454
0.0349
30.4
3496
0.248
16.5
13.0
15.6
14.1
4500
118.7
346
157
13.4
115
0.454
0.0349
31.9
1680
3780
1997
0.138
16.3
12.6
16.1
13.9
4500
123.8
356
161
13.1
117
0.453
0.0358
31.6
1739
3912
1528
0.110
16.5
12.8
15.9
14.0
4500
127.6
353
157
13.4
115
0.445
0.0349
31.9
1808
4068
363
0.032
19.0
14.4
19.0
16.2
4500
137.3
350
137
15.1
109
0.394
0.0305
37.3
2273
5115
318
0.030
20.4
15.4
20.9
17.5
4500
137.1
343
127
16.1
106
0.374
0.0282
40.4
2459
5532
183
0.019
21.0
15.8
21.6
17.9
4500
148.3
323
127
16.1
106
0.401
0.0283
41.5
2696
6067
188
0.018
19.9
14.8
20.8
17.0
4500
146.6
311
143
14.4
111
0.463
0.0318
38.7
2512
5651
185
0.013
20.2
15.1
21.0
17.3
4500
152.0
308
148
14.0
113
0.482
0.0329
39.0
2630
5918
104
0.007
21.0
15.6
22.1
18.0
4500
160.2
306
150
13.8
113
0.490
0.0333
40.5
2884
6490
101
0.007
21.5
15.9
22.5
18.3
4500
156.5
308
150
14.0
113
0.485
0.0333
41.5
2903
6532
78
0.005
22.3
16.3
23.5
19.0
4500
160.2
306
140
14.6
110
0.458
0.0311
42.7
3043
6846
105
0.007
22.6
16.6
23.3
19.2
4500
144.8
305
144
14.4
111
0.474
0.0321
43.4
2796
6292
87
0.006
21.8
16.0
22.2
18.4
4500
141.1
306
151
14.1
114
0.494
0.0336
41.7
2638
5935
67
0.005
20.3
14.8
20.9
17.2
4500
130.1
322
179
12.6
122
0.555
0.0397
39.2
2306
5188
73
0.006
20.9
15.0
21.7
17.6
4500
133.6
312
201
11.3
129
0.648
0.0448
40.2
2444
5499
113
0.009
22.1
15.5
23.3
18.6
4500
137.2
334
191
11.6
126
0.587
0.0424
42.1
2590
5827
85
0.006
22.1
15.4
23.8
18.7
4500
141.4
339
187
11.8
124
0.567
0.0416
42.1
2658
5980
0.006
22.4
15.6
23.4
18.8
4500
136.8
344
255
9.0
145
0.747
0.0567
42.4
2601
5853
111
0.007
22.4
15.6
23.2
18.7
4500
127.7
310
257
9.0
146
0.867
0.0572
42.3
2413
5428
96
0.007
22.9
15.8
23.8
19.1
4500
131.5
324
260
8.9
147
0.826
0.0578
43.1
2525
5680
38
0.003
22.2
15.5
22.1
18.4
4500
109.2
257
271
150
1.057
0.0602
41.5
2028
4563
31
0.002
22.0
15.3
21.9
18.2
4500
100.4
272
287
155
1.059
0.0637
41.0
1846
4153
25
0.002
22.1
15.3
21.8
18.2
4500
93.9
264
276
8.6
152
1.058
0.0614
41.1
1728
3889
0.004
21.9
15.1
21.5
18.0
4500
114.9
281
287
8.2
155
1.023
0.0638
40.6
2080
4681
78
0.005
22.0
15.0
21.6
18.0
4500
117.4
271
283
154
1.067
0.0630
40.6
2122
4775
96
0.006
22.3
15.2
21.6
18.2
4500
123.7
274
266
8.9
149
0.988
0.0592
41.0
2254
5071
278
0.018
23.2
15.5
22.9
18.9
4500
128.6
279
255
9.2
145
0.918
0.0567
42.6
2442
5494
318
0.020
22.9
15.2
22.7
18.7
4500
132.6
267
252
9.3
144
0.956
0.0560
42.0
2477
5573
355
0.022
23.1
15.4
22.4
18.7
4500
132.1
283
272
150
0.967
0.0605
42.2
2481
5582
371
0.025
22.6
14.9
22.3
18.4
4500
132.0
289
296
8.2
158
1.030
0.0658
41.5
2436
5482
328
0.022
22.5
14.8
22.3
18.3
4500
124.9
295
312
7.9
162
1.060
0.0694
41.5
2301
5178
297
0.021
22.4
14.7
22.2
18.2
4500
122.0
284
303
160
1.079
0.0674
41.2
2236
5030
183
304
0.020
0.022
23.3
24.0
15.4
15.8
22.9
23.7
18.9
19.5
4500
4500
115.1
116.2
280
274
316
329
7.6
164
167
1.149
1.231
0.0702
0.0731
42.8
44.1
2201
2282
4953
5134
G-17
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
0.9%
0.6%
1.6%
2.0%
0.1%
2.3%
1.3%
0.1%
1.6%
2.7%
12.9%
3.1%
1.5%
4.4%
0.0%
9.3%
3.4%
5.5%
7.5%
0.0%
54.2%
0.0%
28.7%
8.6%
61.7%
29.7%
44.2%
6.3%
0.0%
99.8%
45.3%
1.4%
0.0%
100.0%
12.3%
0.6%
0.0%
100.0%
4.2%
0.1%
0.0%
100.0%
0.0%
1.1%
0.0%
91.2%
8.7%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
0.1%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
2.9%
100.0%
0.0%
96.2%
8.0%
100.0%
84.4%
20.5%
30.5%
95.8%
4.2%
0.7%
82.1%
26.2%
73.8%
88.4%
11.6%
0.2%
89.6%
12.2%
87.8%
95.0%
5.0%
0.2%
96.0%
10.6%
89.4%
90.7%
9.3%
0.2%
93.6%
100.0%
91.1%
8.9%
0.5%
0.5%
82.4%
100.0%
64.7%
35.3%
0.4%
0.4%
90.7%
100.0%
76.5%
23.5%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
3.2%
96.8%
0.0%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
5.6%
94.4%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
1.9%
36.9%
61.2%
1.0%
0.3%
99.7%
100.0%
4.1%
29.2%
65.7%
1.0%
11.3%
1.1%
98.9%
100.0%
6.0%
50.0%
32.6%
11.3%
6.9%
0.7%
99.3%
100.0%
38.8%
34.6%
19.7%
6.9%
3.6%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
77.4%
9.7%
10.2%
2.7%
14.3%
7.2%
0.4%
99.6%
100.0%
55.8%
8.4%
31.3%
4.4%
13.9%
9.6%
0.4%
99.3%
100.0%
66.8%
5.2%
24.4%
3.5%
15.8%
9.9%
0.1%
99.4%
100.0%
58.1%
5.4%
34.3%
2.2%
13.3%
8.0%
0.1%
99.6%
100.0%
47.7%
0.4%
51.7%
0.2%
3.8%
19.3%
0.8%
98.3%
6.0%
94.0%
48.4%
0.2%
51.3%
0.1%
8.9%
8.4%
27.8%
33.0%
5.6%
7.3%
93.3%
92.4%
0.2%
12.2%
21.5%
87.8%
78.5%
40.7%
34.6%
0.9%
58.4%
65.4%
0.0%
G-18

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
1505
0.147
12.9
10.0
12.5
11.0
5000
388
166
14.0
115
0.429
0.0333
27.8
1495
0.121
14.6
11.5
13.9
12.5
5000
378
166
13.9
115
0.440
0.0333
31.2
1051
0.074
14.1
10.9
13.8
12.1
5000
129.7
387
175
13.3
117
0.453
0.0351
30.3
1571
3927
477
0.033
14.6
11.1
14.5
12.4
5000
132.3
403
179
13.1
118
0.445
0.0358
31.3
1663
4157
182
0.013
14.4
11.1
14.2
12.3
5000
126.5
396
169
13.7
115
0.426
0.0339
31.3
1587
3968
0.000
12.5
9.9
11.9
10.7
5000
121.9
382
156
14.6
112
0.409
0.0312
26.8
1320
3299
0.000
11.7
9.3
11.1
10.0
5000
122.2
387
156
14.6
112
0.402
0.0311
25.1
1231
3078
0.000
11.2
10.6
9.5
5000
121.4
378
176
13.7
117
0.482
0.0353
23.8
1160
2900
0.000
11.5
9.1
10.9
9.8
5000
126.4
373
157
14.7
112
0.426
0.0314
24.6
1246
3115
0.000
11.2
10.6
9.5
5000
122.1
374
176
13.7
117
0.485
0.0351
23.9
1171
2928
0.000
10.9
10.3
9.2
5000
113.5
394
187
12.9
121
0.494
0.0375
23.1
1050
2626
0.000
10.7
10.2
9.1
5000
114.2
378
205
12.2
125
0.574
0.0409
22.8
1039
2598
0.000
11.4
9.0
10.6
9.7
5000
113.0
410
191
12.4
122
0.466
0.0382
24.2
1095
2738
0.000
12.3
9.5
11.7
10.4
5000
112.0
408
207
11.6
126
0.509
0.0413
26.1
1170
2924
0.000
12.4
9.5
11.7
10.4
5000
112.9
410
206
11.6
126
0.502
0.0411
26.1
1180
2949
0.000
10.9
8.2
10.7
9.2
5000
95.9
326
240
10.3
135
0.736
0.0480
23.1
885
2212
10
0.001
17.3
12.8
16.7
14.5
5000
126.0
283
297
9.1
152
1.041
0.0594
36.8
1851
4627
16
0.001
18.9
13.9
18.3
15.8
5000
125.8
247
263
9.8
142
1.072
0.0526
39.7
1995
4987
11
0.001
20.4
14.6
20.2
17.0
5000
124.5
254
266
9.8
143
1.051
0.0532
43.0
2141
5352
16
0.001
19.6
14.1
19.0
16.3
5000
119.6
284
298
152
1.048
0.0595
40.9
1961
4902
0.001
19.9
13.9
20.3
16.6
5000
125.5
286
303
8.6
153
1.058
0.0605
41.6
2092
5231
10
0.001
20.2
14.0
20.5
16.8
5000
125.1
288
304
8.6
154
1.057
0.0608
42.1
2107
5268
0.000
20.2
14.0
20.2
16.7
5000
126.1
283
299
152
1.059
0.0598
41.9
2114
5284
0.001
19.7
13.6
19.5
16.3
5000
124.0
290
307
154
1.060
0.0613
40.8
2030
5074
0.000
18.3
12.4
18.8
15.2
5000
120.1
325
324
159
0.996
0.0648
38.0
1826
4566
0.000
18.2
12.3
18.7
15.1
5000
120.1
327
325
8.0
160
0.995
0.0650
37.7
1813
4534
0.000
19.1
13.5
17.7
15.5
5000
121.2
303
302
153
0.997
0.0604
38.8
1880
4699
0.000
19.6
13.0
20.1
16.2
5000
124.6
346
373
7.9
173
1.057
0.0747
40.6
2017
5043
54
0.003
21.7
14.9
20.3
17.5
5000
164.2
218
253
9.9
139
1.161
0.0506
43.8
2880
7199
70
0.004
21.7
14.7
20.6
17.5
5000
164.1
218
254
9.9
139
1.163
0.0508
43.9
2883
7207
25
0.002
21.5
14.6
20.3
17.4
5000
162.4
224
264
9.7
142
1.172
0.0528
43.5
2828
7069
30
0.002
20.9
13.7
21.0
17.1
5000
143.8
281
319
8.6
158
1.119
0.0638
42.9
2478
6196
24
0.002
20.2
13.4
20.0
16.5
5000
134.6
308
370
7.6
172
1.189
0.0740
41.6
2253
5633
17
53
0.002
0.004
21.2
22.7
14.1
15.1
21.0
22.0
17.3
18.4
5000
5000
121.9
124.8
304
275
402
363
6.8
7.3
181
170
1.333
1.329
0.0804
0.0727
43.6
46.3
2123
2316
5308
5789
G-19
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
0.3%
3.3%
0.7%
4.9%
14.1%
0.4%
0.9%
0.9%
9.1%
6.7%
42.6%
57.4%
14.2%
44.2%
41.5%
6.5%
19.3%
74.2%
15.8%
37.4%
46.8%
16.3%
83.7%
30.6%
69.4%
100.0%
1.8%
100.0%
100.0%
4.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
89.1%
10.9%
10.9%
89.1%
100.0%
6.5%
93.5%
94.0%
6.0%
6.0%
94.0%
97.3%
2.7%
2.7%
97.3%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
8.0%
92.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
97.7%
1.2%
1.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
21.9%
78.1%
98.1%
100.0%
100.0%
0.9%
99.1%
30.8%
67.6%
100.0%
100.0%
1.2%
98.5%
94.6%
100.0%
100.0%
2.7%
96.7%
1.2%
90.7%
100.0%
100.0%
7.4%
92.6%
1.1%
68.8%
100.0%
2.0%
98.0%
1.1%
98.9%
58.1%
100.0%
33.0%
67.0%
10.2%
89.8%
9.5%
69.3%
92.6%
21.8%
78.2%
2.0%
98.0%
G-20

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
828
0.081
12.2
9.4
11.8
10.4
5500
458
208
12.6
123
0.454
0.0378
28.6
934
0.076
13.3
10.4
12.7
11.3
5500
460
204
12.7
121
0.443
0.0370
31.2
298
0.021
12.6
9.6
12.6
10.8
5500
131.8
447
194
13.2
119
0.435
0.0353
29.7
1421
3908
134
0.009
12.8
9.7
12.9
10.9
5500
130.7
445
191
13.3
118
0.429
0.0348
30.1
1437
3951
0.000
11.0
10.1
9.4
5500
112.7
417
174
14.4
114
0.417
0.0317
25.8
1060
2916
0.000
10.7
8.6
9.8
9.1
5500
100.7
412
170
14.7
113
0.413
0.0309
25.2
922
2534
0.000
10.5
9.9
8.9
5500
98.8
412
170
14.7
113
0.413
0.0309
24.6
2442
0.000
10.1
8.0
9.5
8.6
5500
92.5
412
170
14.7
113
0.413
0.0309
23.7
798
2194
0.000
10.9
10.7
9.3
5500
92.3
412
170
14.7
113
0.413
0.0309
25.7
862
2370
0.000
11.0
10.7
9.3
5500
92.6
412
170
14.7
113
0.413
0.0309
25.7
866
2382
0.000
11.0
10.8
9.4
5500
92.5
412
170
14.7
113
0.413
0.0309
25.7
866
2382
0.000
11.0
8.4
10.7
9.3
5500
92.4
412
170
14.7
113
0.413
0.0309
25.6
861
2369
0.000
10.9
10.3
9.2
5500
92.0
412
187
13.7
117
0.454
0.0340
25.5
854
2348
0.000
12.2
9.4
11.4
10.3
5500
91.3
412
205
12.6
122
0.498
0.0373
28.2
937
2577
0.000
12.5
9.6
11.9
10.5
5500
103.8
412
259
10.7
136
0.630
0.0472
29.0
1097
3018
0.000
13.1
10.0
12.5
11.0
5500
107.2
412
250
11.0
134
0.607
0.0455
30.3
1182
3250
0.000
13.2
10.0
12.4
11.0
5500
107.5
412
238
11.4
131
0.577
0.0432
30.4
1186
3263
0.000
14.1
10.2
14.4
11.9
5500
107.2
412
258
10.7
136
0.625
0.0468
32.8
1279
3518
0.000
15.6
11.5
15.1
13.0
5500
126.5
374
290
10.4
144
0.777
0.0527
36.1
1677
4612
0.000
17.7
12.8
17.3
14.7
5500
141.3
356
262
10.5
137
0.735
0.0476
40.7
2106
5790
0.000
18.2
13.2
17.6
15.1
5500
143.1
355
252
10.7
134
0.712
0.0459
41.8
2185
6009
0.000
17.8
13.1
16.7
14.7
5500
155.8
357
261
10.4
137
0.734
0.0475
40.6
2310
6354
0.000
18.1
12.6
18.4
15.1
5500
149.9
315
312
9.0
150
1.011
0.0567
42.0
2328
6401
0.000
17.0
11.4
18.9
14.4
5500
142.7
287
303
9.2
148
1.062
0.0551
39.6
2060
5665
0.000
14.9
10.4
14.9
12.4
5500
98.1
412
349
8.2
160
0.847
0.0635
34.1
1216
3344
0.000
18.1
12.6
17.5
14.9
5500
160.0
284
279
9.8
141
0.984
0.0507
41.0
2390
6572
0.000
16.1
11.3
15.3
13.2
5500
123.3
328
322
153
0.982
0.0585
36.4
1630
4481
0.000
16.1
11.3
15.3
13.2
5500
120.5
328
322
153
0.982
0.0585
36.3
1589
4370
0.000
18.8
12.5
18.9
15.4
5500
123.8
309
391
171
1.268
0.0711
43.0
1952
5368
0.000
16.7
11.0
17.3
13.9
5500
107.8
347
491
6.5
198
1.409
0.0893
38.6
1529
4205
21
0.001
19.9
13.6
18.7
16.1
5500
157.1
245
295
9.6
146
1.213
0.0536
44.6
2559
7037
15
0.001
20.5
13.9
19.4
16.6
5500
154.1
243
314
9.6
151
1.275
0.0571
46.3
2619
7203
12
0.001
21.6
14.9
19.6
17.3
5500
146.8
246
320
152
1.284
0.0582
48.3
2576
7083
13
0.000
0.001
20.6
20.8
14.1
14.3
19.2
19.0
16.6
16.6
5500
5500
149.9
153.2
249
236
318
300
9.0
9.3
152
147
1.269
1.263
0.0578
0.0545
46.2
46.2
2537
2575
6976
7082
G-21
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
8.2%
7.4%
2.9%
15.9%
3.1%
33.7%
30.0%
5.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
56.9%
71.8%
28.2%
56.9%
43.1%
92.4%
100.0%
92.4%
7.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
73.2%
100.0%
100.0%
26.8%
73.2%
94.1%
100.0%
100.0%
5.9%
94.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
92.1%
100.0%
100.0%
7.8%
92.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
11.6%
76.2%
100.0%
100.0%
52.7%
5.9%
85.4%
100.0%
100.0%
84.0%
98.4%
100.0%
100.0%
91.8%
7.1%
91.6%
100.0%
89.8%
10.2%
13.5%
i.5%
94.3%
100.0%
3.3%
87.2%
9.5%
100.0%
87.9%
92.0%
100.0%
93.3%
6.7%
15.3%
6.2%
76.0%
87.6%
8.7%
6.2%
2.1%
1.8%
97.9%
98.2%
G-22

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
10.1
8.0
9.5
8.6
6000
157.5
412
170
15.7
110
0.413
0.0283
25.9
1358
4075
0.000
10.1
8.0
9.5
8.6
6000
157.5
412
170
15.7
110
0.413
0.0283
25.8
1355
4064
0.000
10.4
9.5
6000
157.5
412
173
15.5
111
0.420
0.0288
26.5
1391
4173
0.000
11.8
9.3
10.8
10.0
6000
157.5
412
205
13.5
119
0.498
0.0342
29.9
1571
4712
0.000
17.6
13.0
16.8
14.7
6000
145.5
350
175
15.3
111
0.500
0.0292
44.0
2134
6402
0.000
13.9
9.9
14.2
11.7
6000
90.6
412
241
11.9
128
0.585
0.0402
35.1
1060
3179
0.000
13.9
9.9
14.2
11.7
6000
90.6
412
280
10.7
137
0.679
0.0466
35.0
1058
3175
0.000
14.9
10.5
15.0
12.4
6000
412
350
155
0.850
0.0583
37.3
1106
3318
0.000
14.9
10.5
15.0
12.4
6000
412
350
155
0.850
0.0583
37.3
1104
3311
0.000
14.9
10.4
14.9
12.4
6000
412
350
155
0.850
0.0583
37.2
1102
3305
0.000
19.3
13.3
19.2
15.9
6000
145.8
279
300
10.0
142
1.075
0.0500
47.8
2325
6974
0.000
15.0
10.4
14.8
12.4
6000
112.8
412
350
155
0.850
0.0583
37.2
1399
4197
0.000
17.6
12.2
17.1
14.4
6000
168.6
303
289
10.3
140
0.961
0.0481
43.6
2474
7421
0.000
17.6
12.1
17.1
14.4
6000
155.7
297
294
10.3
141
0.990
0.0490
43.6
2277
6832
0.000
18.2
12.3
18.1
15.0
6000
157.3
287
286
10.5
139
0.992
0.0476
45.2
2379
7138
0.000
18.5
12.3
18.5
15.2
6000
149.9
294
295
10.3
141
0.998
0.0492
46.1
2318
6955
0.000
17.3
11.7
16.9
14.2
6000
138.4
313
320
9.8
147
1.013
0.0533
43.3
2019
6058
0.000
15.4
10.0
16.3
12.8
6000
114.9
369
545
6.2
204
1.478
0.0908
38.6
1477
4431
0.000
16.2
10.7
16.9
13.5
6000
111.2
348
514
7.0
196
1.451
0.0857
40.6
1520
4561
0.000
16.4
10.8
17.0
13.6
6000
112.5
342
505
7.1
194
1.445
0.0842
41.0
1553
4660
0.000
16.4
11.0
16.4
13.5
6000
124.1
331
438
177
1.287
0.0729
40.7
1696
5087
0.000
16.9
11.3
16.6
13.8
6000
120.3
313
381
8.9
163
1.181
0.0634
41.6
1676
5029
G-23
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
0.5%
99.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
81.6%
100.0%
100.0%
18.4%
81.6%
100.0%
100.0%
13.2%
93.9%
100.0%
100.0%
6.1%
93.9%
88.6%
100.0%
100.0%
11.4%
!.6%
74.5%
100.0%
100.0%
25.5%
74.5%
92.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
24.3%
68.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
28.6%
69.8%
100.0%
100.0%
1.6%
98.4%
46.4%
42.1%
100.0%
100.0%
5.4%
94.6%
61.9%
38.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-24

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
13.6
9.8
13.7
11.4
6500
140.2
412
241
12.7
125
0.585
0.0371
37.1
1602
5205
0.000
13.6
9.7
13.7
11.4
6500
140.2
412
241
12.7
125
0.585
0.0371
37.0
1598
5194
0.000
14.9
10.7
14.5
12.4
6500
140.1
412
241
12.7
125
0.585
0.0371
40.3
1737
5645
0.000
13.8
9.7
13.9
11.5
6500
140.1
412
300
10.6
139
0.728
0.0462
37.4
1615
5247
0.000
15.2
10.6
15.1
12.6
6500
412
325
10.0
144
0.789
0.0500
41.0
1121
3643
0.000
15.2
10.5
15.1
12.6
6500
412
377
8.9
157
0.914
0.0580
40.9
1119
3636
0.000
15.2
10.5
15.0
12.6
6500
412
325
10.0
144
0.789
0.0500
40.8
1116
3628
0.000
15.2
10.4
14.9
12.5
6500
412
325
10.0
144
0.789
0.0500
40.7
1114
3620
0.000
18.9
12.7
18.9
15.5
6500
133.2
281
234
13.0
123
0.833
0.0360
50.5
2072
6734
0.000
17.9
12.0
17.5
14.6
6500
144.4
279
275
11.4
133
0.986
0.0423
47.6
2113
6869
0.000
19.1
12.7
19.0
15.6
6500
129.7
281
234
13.0
123
0.833
0.0360
50.8
2027
6587
0.000
16.6
11.0
16.7
13.7
6500
131.8
323
375
9.5
156
1.136
0.0578
44.8
1834
5959
0.000
16.6
11.1
16.5
13.7
6500
135.0
308
345
10.1
149
1.094
0.0530
44.6
1865
6060
0.000
17.7
11.8
17.6
14.5
6500
130.7
288
298
11.0
138
1.020
0.0458
47.4
1906
6195
G-25
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
99.9%
0.1%
59.4%
100.0%
100.0%
19.7%
20.9%
59.4%
73.5%
100.0%
100.0%
15.4%
11.1%
73.5%
92.1%
100.0%
100.0%
2.7%
5.2%
92.1%
5.2%
G-26
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
0.000
0.000
39.0
38.6
AD.I
on
33.5
33.5
\l).l
iin ^
32.3
31.7
AIM
(<>\ir
32.9
32.6
\\<;n i
i ii
2250
2250
\<>l
< I -I I
i:\<;im.
< id
97
97
III'
52
52
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
18.3
18.3
ior
SI'I)
93
93
III*
( II)
0.536
0.536
III*
\\ I
0.0231
0.0231
l<>\-
\ir<;
37.2
36.9
(III
\ir;
(i-ii-
io\-
Ml'(.
G-27
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
33.3%
100.0%
100.0%
40.0%
100.0%
G-28
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
15
0.001
29.8
24.0
26.9
25.3
2750
122
14.1
105
0.721
0.0320
34.8
0.001
29.8
23.5
28.2
25.4
2750
122
14.0
105
0.721
0.0320
35.0
0.000
29.4
23.6
26.7
24.9
2750
122
14.1
105
0.721
0.0320
34.3
0.000
29.3
23.3
26.4
24.7
2750
122
14.1
105
0.721
0.0320
34.0
G-29
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
42.3%
77.4%
52.5%
47.8%
57.7%
22.6%
47.5%
52.2%
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
G-30
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
21.2
16.1
21.6
18.2
3000
109
67
18.6
95
0.615
0.0223
27.2
31
0.002
25.7
20.4
23.8
21.8
3000
134
92
14.6
105
0.691
0.0307
33.0
56
0.004
26.1
21.1
23.7
22.2
3000
128
94
14.5
105
0.733
0.0313
33.4
50
0.003
26.9
21.3
24.9
22.8
3000
128
92
14.6
104
0.717
0.0306
34.3
59
0.004
26.6
21.2
23.9
22.4
3000
130
96
14.2
106
0.742
0.0320
33.6
17
0.001
27.4
21.5
24.9
23.0
3000
124
97
14.0
107
0.782
0.0323
34.5
13
0.001
26.3
20.6
23.8
22.0
3000
124
97
14.0
107
0.783
0.0323
33.0
0.000
26.4
20.3
24.3
22.0
3000
137
116
12.4
114
0.842
0.0387
33.1
0.001
26.2
20.3
23.5
21.7
3000
122
96
14.1
106
0.789
0.0321
32.6
23
0.002
28.3
21.2
26.4
23.4
3000
119
114
12.4
113
0.963
0.0379
35.3
11
0.001
28.5
21.1
26.6
23.5
3000
120
119
12.0
115
0.994
0.0397
35.4
0.000
0.000
0.000
28.4
27.7
27.7
20.8
20.1
19.9
26.7
26.1
26.0
23.4
22.8
22.6
3000
3000
3000
127
130
134
124
127
127
11.6
11.4
11.4
118
118
119
0.981
0.974
0.954
0.0414
0.0422
0.0424
35.3
34.3
34.1
G-31
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
71.4%
100.0%
69.4%
32.4%
23.6%
30.6%
51.2%
5.3%
22.2%
50.3%
43.5%
43.5%
26.9%
62.2%
32.2%
29.6%
38.2%
14.4%
31.7%
!.3%
69.3%
68.9%
19.5%
41.5%
58.5%
100.0%
73.5%
18.0%
35.0%
65.0%
99.3%
0.7%
71.5%
8.5%
57.2%
42.8%
97.2%
2.8%
78.8%
21.2%
32.2%
67.8%
100.0%
99.5%
0.5%
35.3%
64.7%
100.0%
100.0%
13.3%
86.7%
100.0%
51.0%
49.0%
21.4%
78.6%
100.0%
4.8%
49.0%
46.2%
40.5%
59.5%
16.4%
83.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
13.2%
100.0%
100.0%
G-32
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
17
0.002
19.0
14.5
18.9
16.2
3500
214
98
15.9
103
0.466
0.0280
28.4
12
0.001
19.5
15.4
18.3
16.6
3500
211
96
16.3
102
0.460
0.0273
29.1
10
0.001
20.2
16.4
18.2
17.1
3500
201
92
16.8
101
0.471
0.0264
30.1
12
0.001
19.4
15.6
17.7
16.5
3500
200
101
15.8
104
0.509
0.0288
28.9
0.001
18.7
14.8
17.6
16.0
3500
120
67
20.9
92
0.558
0.0191
28.0
17
0.002
19.0
14.9
17.9
16.1
3500
151
77
19.3
95
0.524
0.0219
28.3
16
0.001
19.3
15.5
17.7
16.4
3500
172
81
18.6
97
0.490
0.0230
28.8
25
0.003
20.9
16.9
18.9
17.8
3500
179
82
18.7
97
0.473
0.0233
31.9
10
0.001
19.5
15.5
18.2
16.6
3500
119
69
20.5
93
0.582
0.0198
29.4
164
0.012
24.2
19.3
22.4
20.6
3500
139
96
16.1
102
0.694
0.0275
36.3
292
0.020
23.5
18.7
21.9
20.0
3500
154
102
15.4
105
0.673
0.0293
35.2
320
0.021
24.3
19.1
22.7
20.6
3500
152
102
15.3
105
0.674
0.0292
36.2
329
0.022
24.1
18.7
22.7
20.4
3500
162
120
13.8
111
0.735
0.0343
35.8
262
0.017
24.5
18.8
23.2
20.6
3500
166
123
13.5
112
0.736
0.0353
36.2
264
0.018
24.3
18.7
22.5
20.3
3500
159
120
13.9
111
0.753
0.0343
35.7
213
0.017
25.2
19.0
23.9
21.1
3500
170
129
13.0
114
0.758
0.0368
36.9
63
0.005
25.3
19.2
23.5
21.0
3500
161
109
14.9
107
0.674
0.0312
36.9
84
0.007
25.7
19.4
23.7
21.3
3500
156
110
14.6
107
0.707
0.0314
37.3
220
0.017
25.3
18.6
24.0
21.0
3500
176
133
12.6
116
0.755
0.0380
36.7
144
0.010
24.7
18.3
22.9
20.4
3500
173
131
12.8
115
0.755
0.0374
35.6
237
0.016
25.1
18.4
23.4
20.6
3500
171
137
12.2
117
0.807
0.0391
36.1
33
0.002
27.0
19.4
25.6
22.1
3500
145
144
11.6
120
1.013
0.0411
39.0
33
0.002
24.2
17.6
22.2
19.7
3500
145
133
12.4
115
0.927
0.0379
34.6
16
0.001
27.0
19.3
24.9
21.9
3500
138
150
11.3
122
1.087
0.0429
38.4
0.000
26.9
19.3
24.3
21.7
3500
138
150
11.3
122
1.087
0.0429
37.9
16
0.001
30.7
20.9
27.3
24.1
3500
140
153
11.1
123
1.093
0.0437
42.2
22
0.002
30.3
20.7
26.8
23.8
3500
140
153
11.1
123
1.093
0.0437
41.6
45
0.003
30.4
21.4
25.6
23.6
3500
126
143
11.7
119
1.134
0.0409
41.3
G-33
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
!.<>< k ( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
18.7%
6.1%
24.4%
13.3%
28.8%
23.2%
28.4%
23.4%
81.2%
100.0%
62.8%
25.0%
70.1%
55.9%
34.3%
50.6%
62.9%
32.5%
25.1%
15.0%
79.6%
96.9%
3.1%
27.1%
15.7%
21.6%
9.6%
76.3%
15.2%
14.6%
10.1%
6.6%
71.0%
9.6%
23.5%
22.0%
2.7%
75.9%
1.8%
9.6%
52.8%
50.5%
8.5%
80.7%
1.7%
7.3%
63.9%
63.5%
36.5%
84.5%
1.3%
5.6%
30.6%
53.6%
46.4%
92.4%
1.3%
5.0%
90.9%
72.1%
27.9%
81.4%
3.6%
4.1%
95.9%
28.9%
71.1%
85.5%
7.3%
8.6%
91.4%
35.5%
64.5%
96.5%
0.1%
2.9%
97.1%
80.2%
19.8%
96.5%
0.7%
2.8%
97.2%
73.4%
26.6%
99.3%
0.7%
95.4%
0.8%
0.2%
99.8%
87.5%
12.5%
85.7%
14.3%
76.3%
0.4%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
24.5%
75.5%
73.1%
100.0%
100.0%
26.9%
73.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
4.9%
95.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
4.8%
95.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1.4%
98.6%
100.0%
100.0%
23.9%
G-34
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
262
0.026
14.0
11.2
12.9
11.9
4000
311
136
14.0
112
0.434
0.0340
24.5
293
0.024
14.1
11.2
13.1
12.0
4000
323
142
13.5
114
0.437
0.0356
24.7
262
0.019
16.1
13.0
14.6
13.7
4000
323
148
12.9
116
0.457
0.0371
27.7
310
0.021
15.6
12.7
14.1
13.3
4000
321
142
13.2
115
0.444
0.0356
27.0
83
0.006
16.5
13.5
14.8
14.0
4000
275
128
14.3
110
0.468
0.0320
28.4
90
0.008
18.4
14.6
17.0
15.6
4000
263
121
15.0
108
0.466
0.0304
31.4
82
0.008
18.7
14.9
17.4
15.9
4000
262
120
15.2
107
0.463
0.0300
32.1
85
0.009
18.8
15.0
17.4
16.0
4000
264
117
15.8
106
0.445
0.0292
32.4
102
0.010
18.8
15.0
17.5
16.0
4000
261
112
16.1
105
0.433
0.0281
32.4
160
0.011
18.0
14.3
16.8
15.3
4000
276
116
15.5
106
0.427
0.0290
31.0
184
0.013
19.8
15.6
18.6
16.8
4000
272
137
13.7
113
0.510
0.0342
34.1
316
0.021
21.1
16.3
20.5
18.0
4000
232
134
13.9
112
0.590
0.0335
36.0
401
0.027
21.7
16.6
21.0
18.4
4000
222
149
12.8
117
0.689
0.0371
36.8
559
0.037
22.2
16.8
21.7
18.8
4000
214
150
12.6
117
0.717
0.0374
37.6
674
0.047
22.5
16.9
21.9
18.9
4000
207
145
12.9
115
0.722
0.0364
37.9
684
0.054
22.2
16.6
21.5
18.7
4000
199
143
13.2
115
0.722
0.0357
37.5
686
0.055
22.5
16.8
21.5
18.8
4000
194
144
13.0
115
0.756
0.0361
37.8
758
0.062
22.6
16.7
21.7
18.9
4000
198
146
12.9
116
0.745
0.0365
37.8
826
0.063
22.6
16.5
22.0
18.9
4000
196
149
12.6
117
0.768
0.0373
37.8
849
0.060
22.7
16.5
21.9
18.8
4000
203
151
12.5
117
0.752
0.0378
37.8
990
0.065
22.9
16.4
22.4
19.0
4000
217
152
12.5
118
0.713
0.0380
38.0
956
0.073
23.5
16.8
22.6
19.4
4000
201
166
11.7
122
0.828
0.0415
38.8
792
0.055
23.4
16.6
22.5
19.2
4000
197
164
11.8
121
0.835
0.0409
38.6
1116
0.077
23.8
16.7
23.0
19.5
4000
202
174
11.2
125
0.863
0.0435
39.1
822
0.054
23.9
16.6
23.2
19.6
4000
198
168
11.5
123
0.857
0.0420
39.2
948
0.057
24.2
16.7
23.3
19.7
4000
194
171
11.3
124
0.892
0.0427
39.5
463
0.030
24.6
16.9
23.4
20.0
4000
194
183
10.7
128
0.953
0.0457
40.0
451
0.028
24.9
17.0
23.8
20.2
4000
196
186
10.6
129
0.956
0.0464
40.4
493
0.031
25.4
17.2
24.2
20.5
4000
199
185
10.6
128
0.934
0.0462
41.1
186
0.012
25.1
16.8
24.2
20.3
4000
203
185
10.6
129
0.917
0.0463
40.6
380
0.024
25.5
17.0
24.0
20.4
4000
198
182
10.8
128
0.926
0.0456
40.9
160
0.011
25.7
17.2
24.2
20.6
4000
190
183
10.7
128
0.969
0.0457
41.2
81
0.005
25.9
17.4
24.4
20.8
4000
190
184
10.7
128
0.976
0.0460
41.6
G-35
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
!.<>< k ( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
34.8%
30.9%
23.4%
22.6%
34.8%
29.1%
41.3%
43.7%
4.1%
0.8%
33.7%
50.9%
4.0%
23.9%
55.3%
3.5%
2.3%
28.5%
40.0%
3.3%
21.2%
29.8%
3.4%
0.2%
10.2%
58.0%
0.2%
3.2%
0.1%
6.5%
86.3%
21.1%
51.1%
7.6%
1.7%
4.2%
90.3%
48.9%
46.1%
33.5%
0.2%
2.6%
93.8%
60.7%
39.3%
30.6%
0.4%
2.4%
96.5%
67.7%
32.3%
57.0%
10.0%
1.4%
97.1%
69.4%
30.6%
49.2%
12.6%
1.3%
98.4%
79.7%
20.3%
60.7%
1.8%
0.6%
99.4%
85.2%
14.8%
59.4%
1.1%
1.1%
98.9%
90.4%
9.6%
70.6%
3.1%
0.2%
99.8%
90.2%
9.8%
95.4%
2.7%
1.9%
79.7%
10.1%
100.0%
96.0%
4.0%
97.0%
1.4%
1.7%
90.3%
100.0%
100.0%
94.7%
1.1%
4.2%
87.9%
100.0%
100.0%
93.7%
1.1%
5.2%
96.2%
100.0%
100.0%
88.4%
11.6%
95.7%
100.0%
100.0%
84.1%
15.9%
95.9%
100.0%
100.0%
74.3%
25.7%
95.8%
100.0%
100.0%
67.4%
32.6%
95.7%
100.0%
100.0%
67.0%
33.0%
96.9%
100.0%
100.0%
80.4%
19.6%
92.6%
100.0%
100.0%
84.7%
15.3%
95.4%
89.6%
10.4%
100.0%
79.3%
20.7%
100.0%
78.1%
21.9%
100.0%
60.7%
39.3%
100.0%
68.9%
31.1%
100.0%
58.7%
41.3%
G-36

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
165
0.016
11.6
9.5
10.3
9.8
4500
333
155
13.6
115
0.464
0.0345
22.2
188
0.015
13.3
10.7
12.3
11.3
4500
330
153
13.8
114
0.463
0.0340
25.7
222
0.016
13.5
11.0
12.0
11.4
4500
342
157
13.5
115
0.458
0.0348
25.9
289
0.020
13.0
10.7
11.4
11.0
4500
341
157
13.4
115
0.460
0.0348
24.9
273
0.020
13.6
11.1
12.0
11.5
4500
329
145
14.3
112
0.443
0.0322
26.3
91
0.008
16.3
13.1
15.1
13.9
4500
313
141
14.6
110
0.449
0.0313
31.5
121
0.011
17.1
13.7
15.7
14.6
4500
305
138
14.8
109
0.453
0.0306
33.0
164
0.017
16.8
13.5
15.3
14.2
4500
307
145
14.3
112
0.474
0.0323
32.3
215
0.021
17.3
13.7
16.1
14.7
4500
308
149
14.0
113
0.485
0.0332
33.3
245
0.017
17.0
13.4
16.0
14.4
4500
309
153
13.8
114
0.493
0.0339
32.8
258
0.018
16.1
12.8
14.9
13.7
4500
309
156
13.5
115
0.503
0.0346
30.9
284
0.019
17.5
13.8
16.2
14.8
4500
304
148
14.1
112
0.485
0.0328
33.4
252
0.017
17.3
13.5
16.2
14.7
4500
313
163
13.0
117
0.521
0.0363
33.1
184
0.012
17.9
13.9
16.8
15.1
4500
321
169
12.6
119
0.528
0.0376
34.0
223
0.015
17.5
13.5
16.5
14.8
4500
323
175
12.4
121
0.541
0.0389
33.3
268
0.021
18.7
14.1
17.9
15.7
4500
306
174
12.4
121
0.569
0.0387
35.6
211
0.017
19.1
14.3
18.4
16.0
4500
294
170
12.7
119
0.580
0.0377
36.3
242
0.020
19.2
14.3
18.3
16.0
4500
288
179
12.2
122
0.626
0.0398
36.5
251
0.019
19.8
14.6
19.0
16.5
4500
282
180
12.1
122
0.646
0.0400
37.3
278
0.020
19.3
14.2
18.3
16.1
4500
283
187
11.7
124
0.664
0.0414
36.4
291
0.019
19.1
14.0
18.1
15.8
4500
292
190
11.5
125
0.662
0.0421
35.9
291
0.022
20.6
14.8
20.0
17.1
4500
248
177
12.2
121
0.716
0.0393
38.8
275
0.019
20.7
14.8
19.9
17.1
4500
252
182
11.9
123
0.727
0.0405
38.8
188
0.013
21.5
15.3
20.6
17.7
4500
242
186
11.6
124
0.770
0.0413
39.9
426
0.028
22.1
15.5
21.2
18.1
4500
234
193
11.3
126
0.826
0.0428
40.8
578
0.035
22.3
15.5
21.4
18.2
4500
232
192
11.4
126
0.832
0.0426
41.2
462
0.030
23.5
16.2
22.5
19.1
4500
217
196
11.2
127
0.908
0.0436
43.2
623
0.039
23.3
16.0
22.2
18.9
4500
220
206
10.8
130
0.941
0.0458
42.8
564
0.036
23.6
16.1
22.4
19.1
4500
222
211
10.6
132
0.955
0.0468
43.1
644
0.041
24.2
16.2
23.1
19.5
4500
216
221
10.1
135
1.033
0.0492
44.1
955
0.060
24.1
16.1
22.9
19.4
4500
218
219
10.2
134
1.012
0.0487
43.7
928
0.061
24.5
16.3
23.5
19.8
4500
216
215
10.4
133
1.000
0.0477
44.5
734
0.048
24.2
16.1
23.3
19.6
4500
219
230
9.9
137
1.051
0.0510
44.1
713
0.051
24.7
16.4
23.6
19.9
4500
218
221
10.4
135
1.014
0.0490
44.8
256
0.028
24.7
16.5
23.5
19.9
4500
216
219
10.4
134
1.019
0.0486
44.7
320
0.024
24.5
16.3
23.3
19.7
4500
222
216
10.5
133
0.975
0.0480
44.4
G-37
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
6.2%
5.0%
3.8%
2.6%
11.3%
0.9%
14.5%
47.9%
0.2%
13.3%
48.8%
6.8%
46.6%
3.4%
68.7%
2.9%
76.7%
1.0%
73.3%
0.6%
78.0%
21.6%
0.0%
1.0%
56.3%
32.2%
45.0%
0.0%
0.9%
60.4%
16.5%
82.8%
0.0%
0.1%
0.7%
71.9%
20.8%
79.1%
0.0%
4.2%
0.0%
89.1%
9.2%
90.8%
0.0%
10.8%
0.1%
94.3%
12.7%
87.2%
0.0%
13.6%
0.0%
97.4%
31.2%
68.8%
1.3%
14.9%
98.7%
32.3%
67.7%
0.0%
14.8%
96.6%
49.7%
50.3%
98.4%
1.3%
0.3%
7.5%
97.8%
56.0%
44.0%
97.5%
1.0%
1.5%
52.1%
6.1%
97.8%
100.0%
98.3%
1.3%
0.4%
35.5%
13.3%
98.0%
100.0%
97.8%
1.7%
0.5%
40.3%
14.7%
100.0%
100.0%
95.4%
4.6%
76.0%
4.8%
100.0%
100.0%
88.2%
11.8%
78.4%
3.7%
100.0%
100.0%
78.9%
21.1%
88.5%
1.9%
100.0%
100.0%
72.8%
27.2%
90.9%
2.8%
100.0%
100.0%
75.3%
24.7%
88.6%
6.0%
100.0%
100.0%
69.9%
30.1%
93.2%
5.0%
100.0%
100.0%
35.2%
64.8%
92.3%
6.6%
96.2%
3.8%
100.0%
57.4%
42.6%
95.6%
4.4%
97.9%
2.1%
100.0%
48.0%
52.0%
97.2%
2.8%
98.3%
1.7%
100.0%
43.4%
56.6%
96.1%
3.9%
100.0%
100.0%
48.3%
51.7%
97.4%
2.6%
100.0%
100.0%
53.1%
46.9%
98.9%
1.1%
100.0%
100.0%
57.8%
42.2%
G-38

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
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12
0.001
12.0
9.7
10.7
10.2
5000
398
200
12.3
124
0.497
0.0401
25.5
0.001
12.4
10.1
10.9
10.5
5000
370
169
13.9
115
0.455
0.0338
26.3
18
0.001
12.4
10.0
11.2
10.5
5000
404
187
12.6
121
0.464
0.0375
26.3
12
0.001
12.5
10.3
11.0
10.6
5000
389
183
12.9
119
0.470
0.0365
26.5
96
0.007
11.8
9.6
10.6
10.0
5000
347
155
14.9
111
0.446
0.0309
25.4
35
0.003
14.2
11.4
13.1
12.1
5000
334
148
15.3
109
0.441
0.0295
30.3
26
0.002
14.8
11.9
13.6
12.6
5000
325
145
15.5
109
0.448
0.0290
31.8
36
0.004
15.1
12.1
13.8
12.8
5000
320
144
15.6
108
0.450
0.0288
32.3
49
0.005
17.1
13.5
16.0
14.5
5000
336
143
15.7
108
0.431
0.0286
38.0
54
0.004
15.6
12.3
14.7
13.3
5000
329
155
14.9
111
0.472
0.0310
34.1
52
0.004
15.4
12.2
14.4
13.1
5000
323
158
14.6
112
0.486
0.0315
33.3
62
0.004
16.0
12.5
15.0
13.5
5000
326
162
14.4
113
0.495
0.0324
34.2
64
0.004
15.9
12.3
15.0
13.4
5000
323
167
14.0
115
0.516
0.0334
33.8
100
0.007
16.7
12.8
16.1
14.2
5000
312
156
14.7
112
0.500
0.0313
35.6
99
0.007
16.5
12.5
15.8
13.9
5000
315
159
14.5
113
0.503
0.0318
34.9
84
0.007
16.5
12.5
15.7
13.9
5000
317
165
14.1
114
0.519
0.0331
34.8
56
0.004
16.6
12.5
15.8
13.9
5000
315
165
14.1
114
0.522
0.0330
34.9
92
0.008
17.5
13.1
16.7
14.7
5000
305
169
13.8
115
0.557
0.0339
36.9
101
0.008
17.7
13.1
16.9
14.8
5000
306
184
12.8
120
0.607
0.0369
37.1
108
0.008
17.6
12.9
17.0
14.7
5000
308
190
12.5
121
0.623
0.0381
36.8
106
0.007
17.8
13.0
16.9
14.7
5000
302
184
12.9
120
0.613
0.0367
36.9
100
0.008
17.8
12.9
17.0
14.8
5000
317
203
12.0
125
0.644
0.0407
37.0
136
0.009
19.0
13.7
18.1
15.7
5000
296
219
11.1
129
0.743
0.0438
39.3
135
0.009
18.6
13.3
17.8
15.4
5000
295
217
11.2
129
0.738
0.0433
38.5
176
0.012
18.2
13.0
17.3
15.0
5000
296
219
11.2
129
0.741
0.0437
37.4
145
0.009
18.4
13.1
17.1
15.0
5000
292
219
11.2
129
0.751
0.0437
37.6
174
0.011
19.1
13.4
17.9
15.5
5000
284
226
10.8
131
0.800
0.0452
39.0
155
0.010
18.7
13.2
17.3
15.2
5000
262
210
11.5
127
0.813
0.0420
38.1
137
0.009
19.3
13.5
17.7
15.6
5000
252
205
11.8
125
0.820
0.0409
39.1
101
0.006
20.4
13.9
19.4
16.5
5000
241
205
11.7
126
0.857
0.0410
41.4
130
0.008
20.7
14.0
19.6
16.7
5000
235
202
11.9
125
0.869
0.0404
41.9
63
0.004
19.9
13.7
18.1
15.9
5000
267
216
11.3
129
0.810
0.0432
39.9
23
0.002
20.4
14.1
18.7
16.4
5000
269
205
11.8
126
0.761
0.0411
41.0
51
0.004
23.9
16.1
22.5
19.2
5000
249
232
10.7
133
0.939
0.0464
48.6
84
0.009
25.3
16.7
24.5
20.4
5000
226
239
10.3
135
1.066
0.0479
51.3
104
0.008
25.5
16.8
24.8
20.6
5000
225
241
10.3
136
1.081
0.0483
51.6
G-39
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
13.1%
1.9%
2.7%
1.0%
4.3%
6.5%
5.0%
19.9%
4.8%
31.7%
4.7%
29.4%
2.6%
69.4%
26.9%
3.5%
51.9%
8.4%
1.5%
65.2%
2.8%
0.7%
58.7%
23.5%
1.4%
0.4%
48.1%
40.0%
13.6%
0.6%
0.0%
74.2%
84.0%
14.3%
0.7%
0.0%
76.6%
83.0%
16.5%
0.5%
0.3%
86.9%
81.8%
17.5%
0.7%
86.4%
82.8%
16.3%
0.8%
15.4%
81.4%
90.0%
9.5%
0.5%
18.3%
86.4%
94.3%
5.7%
18.3%
88.0%
98.0%
2.0%
100.0%
1.7%
22.7%
0.7%
87.0%
90.2%
9.8%
100.0%
15.2%
93.1%
100.0%
100.0%
16.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
15.3%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
0.1%
11.3%
100.0%
100.0%
99.9%
0.1%
16.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
12.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
32.1%
13.3%
100.0%
100.0%
67.9%
32.1%
37.7%
15.3%
100.0%
100.0%
62.3%
37.7%
52.5%
10.0%
100.0%
100.0%
47.5%
52.5%
58.9%
10.5%
100.0%
100.0%
41.1%
58.9%
13.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
63.9%
100.0%
100.0%
36.1%
63.9%
88.5%
100.0%
100.0%
11.5%
88.5%
58.9%
91.3%
100.0%
100.0%
8.7%
91.3%
68.8%
in limn
G-40
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
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i:\<;im.
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ill'
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III*
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Ml'(!
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l()\-
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0.000
11.1
9.0
10.0
9.4
5500
350
160
15.4
110
0.457
0.0291
25.9
17
0.001
11.4
9.5
9.9
9.7
5500
377
168
15.6
112
0.438
0.0305
26.9
0.001
12.4
10.0
11.2
10.5
5500
356
154
16.0
108
0.431
0.0279
28.9
0.000
12.3
9.9
11.2
10.5
5500
346
154
15.9
109
0.447
0.0281
29.0
0.000
13.4
10.9
12.1
11.4
5500
337
143
16.8
106
0.427
0.0260
31.4
0.000
18.2
14.2
17.5
15.5
5500
369
140
17.2
105
0.383
0.0255
46.3
0.000
14.5
11.4
13.9
12.4
5500
362
158
15.8
109
0.438
0.0287
37.1
0.000
12.9
10.3
12.0
11.0
5500
351
180
14.1
115
0.512
0.0327
30.4
0.000
15.0
12.0
13.7
12.7
5500
286
158
15.9
110
0.594
0.0288
36.6
0.000
14.6
11.3
13.8
12.4
5500
346
196
13.2
119
0.564
0.0356
34.6
10
0.001
14.2
11.0
13.3
12.0
5500
347
195
13.2
119
0.562
0.0355
33.4
0.000
14.4
11.2
13.4
12.1
5500
343
192
13.5
118
0.559
0.0349
34.0
0.001
14.4
10.7
14.3
12.2
5500
347
199
13.0
120
0.574
0.0363
33.7
10
0.001
15.2
11.3
14.9
12.8
5500
334
187
13.8
117
0.556
0.0340
35.3
18
0.002
15.9
11.8
15.3
13.3
5500
323
178
14.4
115
0.548
0.0323
36.8
31
0.002
16.1
12.1
15.2
13.4
5500
321
178
14.3
115
0.553
0.0324
37.1
27
0.002
16.2
12.1
15.1
13.5
5500
316
174
14.6
114
0.550
0.0316
37.2
27
0.002
16.2
12.0
15.1
13.4
5500
314
172
14.8
113
0.545
0.0312
37.1
25
0.002
15.8
11.6
14.8
13.1
5500
314
169
15.0
112
0.536
0.0308
36.0
27
0.002
17.3
12.4
16.7
14.3
5500
288
212
12.4
124
0.743
0.0385
39.6
31
0.002
17.4
12.4
16.9
14.4
5500
296
217
12.1
125
0.738
0.0395
39.7
36
0.002
17.5
12.3
16.9
14.4
5500
294
226
11.8
127
0.772
0.0410
39.7
17
0.001
17.2
12.2
16.3
14.1
5500
296
221
12.1
126
0.752
0.0402
39.0
67
0.004
17.4
12.1
16.9
14.3
5500
314
249
10.8
133
0.798
0.0452
39.3
11
0.001
17.5
12.3
16.4
14.2
5500
298
228
11.6
128
0.780
0.0415
39.4
21
0.001
18.2
12.9
16.6
14.7
5500
312
263
10.4
137
0.844
0.0479
40.6
0.000
19.1
13.3
17.5
15.4
5500
298
251
10.8
134
0.842
0.0457
42.4
0.000
19.3
13.3
17.8
15.5
5500
301
260
10.6
136
0.859
0.0472
42.8
0.000
19.2
13.2
17.6
15.4
5500
293
250
10.9
134
0.847
0.0454
42.4
0.000
19.2
13.2
18.0
15.6
5500
325
295
9.4
146
0.908
0.0536
42.8
0.000
19.3
13.6
17.3
15.5
5500
325
301
9.2
147
0.926
0.0547
42.5
0.000
17.8
12.5
15.9
14.2
5500
325
301
9.2
147
0.926
0.0547
39.2
0.000
18.7
12.9
17.1
15.0
5500
323
320
152
0.991
0.0582
41.3
G-41
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
3.1%
0.8%
4.4%
2.3%
2.5%
0.6%
83.2%
61.2%
1.0%
59.3%
32.8%
44.9%
32.4%
35.0%
32.4%
50.7%
11.6%
39.1%
29.0%
71.4%
24.3%
1.1%
45.0%
66.2%
33.5%
0.3%
95.1%
82.5%
17.5%
0.0%
100.0%
89.0%
10.9%
0.0%
93.7%
92.9%
7.1%
0.6%
78.0%
89.5%
10.5%
74.1%
90.9%
9.1%
100.0%
70.8%
94.9%
5.1%
100.0%
61.5%
100.0%
100.0%
5.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
9.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1.9%
17.8%
100.0%
100.0%
98.1%
1.9%
7.1%
100.0%
100.0%
92.9%
7.1%
1.4%
1.9%
100.0%
100.0%
98.6%
1.4%
24.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
39.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
33.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
48.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
55.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
44.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-42
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
11.1
9.1
9.7
9.4
6000
317
149
17.1
105
0.470
0.0248
28.5
0.000
11.9
9.7
10.6
10.1
6000
325
144
17.5
103
0.445
0.0240
30.5
0.000
13.0
10.9
11.2
11.0
6000
318
148
17.3
105
0.468
0.0247
33.2
0.000
12.5
10.4
10.9
10.6
6000
324
154
16.8
106
0.475
0.0256
31.9
0.000
10.6
8.4
10.1
9.1
6000
460
270
10.8
135
0.587
0.0450
27.2
0.000
10.9
9.1
9.4
9.2
6000
400
187
14.6
114
0.468
0.0312
27.7
0.000
11.9
9.5
10.8
10.1
6000
350
165
16.1
109
0.471
0.0275
30.3
0.000
12.6
10.1
11.6
10.7
6000
366
150
17.4
105
0.410
0.0250
32.2
0.000
12.9
10.4
11.8
10.9
6000
366
150
17.4
105
0.410
0.0250
32.8
0.000
21.3
16.2
21.5
18.2
6000
376
133
19.2
101
0.354
0.0222
55.7
0.000
23.1
17.5
22.9
19.6
6000
379
130
19.5
100
0.343
0.0217
58.9
0.000
22.9
17.4
22.4
19.4
6000
379
130
19.5
100
0.343
0.0217
58.1
0.000
21.7
16.1
21.9
18.4
6000
379
126
20.0
99
0.332
0.0210
55.1
0.000
21.3
16.0
20.8
18.0
6000
379
130
19.5
100
0.343
0.0217
53.9
0.000
21.5
15.8
21.7
18.2
6000
379
135
18.9
101
0.356
0.0225
54.5
0.000
20.4
15.2
19.8
17.1
6000
379
140
18.4
103
0.369
0.0233
51.4
0.000
15.0
10.8
15.2
12.6
6000
352
202
13.7
118
0.574
0.0337
38.0
0.000
21.3
15.7
20.2
17.7
6000
379
145
17.9
104
0.383
0.0242
53.0
0.000
15.5
11.2
15.4
13.0
6000
352
204
13.6
119
0.582
0.0341
39.0
0.000
16.1
11.5
15.9
13.4
6000
344
197
14.1
117
0.570
0.0328
40.3
0.000
16.1
11.5
15.9
13.4
6000
350
205
13.5
119
0.587
0.0342
40.2
0.000
16.3
11.6
16.1
13.6
6000
331
226
12.5
124
0.683
0.0377
40.8
0.000
16.4
11.6
16.1
13.6
6000
330
226
12.5
124
0.684
0.0376
40.9
0.000
16.0
11.3
15.7
13.3
6000
330
234
12.2
126
0.709
0.0390
39.8
0.000
16.2
11.6
15.2
13.3
6000
330
250
11.5
130
0.759
0.0417
39.9
67
0.004
16.0
11.2
15.4
13.1
6000
330
260
11.2
132
0.787
0.0433
39.4
0.000
17.1
12.0
16.0
13.9
6000
330
254
11.4
131
0.771
0.0424
41.7
17
0.001
18.5
12.8
17.4
15.0
6000
322
281
10.5
138
0.871
0.0468
45.3
16
0.001
18.7
13.1
17.2
15.1
6000
324
278
10.6
137
0.857
0.0463
45.5
11
0.001
18.2
12.7
16.5
14.7
6000
325
278
10.6
137
0.856
0.0463
44.0
0.001
18.2
12.6
16.6
14.6
6000
326
283
10.5
138
0.868
0.0471
44.0
0.000
18.1
12.6
16.5
14.6
6000
325
295
10.1
141
0.908
0.0492
43.8
0.000
17.6
12.4
15.8
14.1
6000
325
310
9.7
145
0.955
0.0517
42.3
0.000
17.7
12.5
15.9
14.2
6000
325
301
9.9
143
0.926
0.0502
42.7
0.000
18.3
12.7
16.9
14.8
6000
323
320
9.4
147
0.991
0.0533
44.3
G-43
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M M
85.3%
85.7%
65.6%
64.3%
I l<\\SMIss|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
2.1%
2.2%
0.6%
0.9%
1.4%
97.9%
97.8%
99.4%
99.1%
98.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
95.4%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
95.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
39.1%
100.0%
100.0%
17.8%
100.0%
100.0%
18.6%
100.0%
100.0%
19.0%
100.0%
100.0%
28.6%
100.0%
100.0%
32.9%
100.0%
100.0%
37.3%
100.0%
100.0%
16.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-44
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
10.6
8.9
9.0
9.0
6500
321
150
18.6
103
0.468
0.0231
29.2
0.000
11.5
9.4
10.4
9.8
6500
324
144
19.2
102
0.447
0.0222
31.9
0.000
12.3
10.3
10.6
10.4
6500
316
142
19.3
101
0.453
0.0219
34.0
0.000
11.7
9.7
10.3
9.9
6500
328
155
18.1
104
0.474
0.0239
32.3
0.000
14.2
10.1
13.5
11.7
6500
330
193
15.1
113
0.585
0.0297
37.9
G-45
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
0.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-46
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
25.7
20.9
23.0
21.8
2000
49
41
19.7
89
0.837
0.0205
21.8
0.000
25.2
20.3
22.9
21.4
2000
49
41
19.7
89
0.837
0.0205
21.4
0.000
25.2
20.3
22.9
21.4
2000
49
41
19.7
89
0.837
0.0205
21.4
0.000
0.000
25.2
25.2
21.3
21.3
21.3
21.3
21.3
21.3
2000
2000
59
59
45
45
18.3
18.3
92
92
0.763
0.763
0.0225
0.0225
21.3
21.3
G-47
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-48
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
24.8
20.9
21.1
21.0
2250
59
45
20.1
90
0.763
0.0200
23.6
0.000
24.8
20.9
21.1
21.0
2250
59
45
20.1
90
0.763
0.0200
23.6
0.000
28.8
25.3
23.1
24.2
2250
59
45
20.1
90
0.763
0.0200
27.3
0.000
28.8
25.3
23.1
24.2
2250
61
45
20.1
90
0.738
0.0200
27.3
37
0.002
33.1
27.0
29.1
27.9
2250
81
64
15.3
99
0.790
0.0284
31.4
63
0.004
33.1
26.8
29.0
27.8
2250
81
64
15.3
99
0.790
0.0284
31.3
83
0.005
33.3
27.0
28.7
27.7
2250
81
64
15.3
99
0.790
0.0284
31.2
0.000
33.4
27.0
28.4
27.7
2250
64
15.3
99
0.797
0.0284
31.1
G-49
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-50
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
11
0.001
23.6
20.7
19.1
19.9
2500
151
84
13.7
106
0.556
0.0336
24.9
13
0.001
23.2
20.4
18.7
19.6
2500
151
87
13.3
107
0.580
0.0350
24.5
0.000
22.6
19.7
18.3
19.1
2500
150
93
12.6
110
0.620
0.0372
23.8
40
0.003
31.3
25.3
26.8
26.0
2500
97
14.1
104
0.825
0.0320
32.6
34
0.003
31.9
25.4
27.4
26.3
2500
94
78
14.3
103
0.827
0.0310
32.9
15
0.001
31.2
24.8
26.7
25.7
2500
91
75
14.7
102
0.829
0.0300
32.2
19
0.002
30.0
23.7
25.5
24.6
2500
94
77
14.4
103
0.827
0.0310
30.8
19
0.001
29.4
23.0
25.0
24.0
2500
96
79
14.2
104
0.825
0.0317
30.0
30
0.002
29.4
23.0
24.9
23.9
2500
95
79
14.3
104
0.829
0.0315
30.0
20
0.001
29.7
22.8
25.4
24.0
2500
97
81
13.9
105
0.840
0.0325
30.1
0.000
29.3
22.3
25.1
23.6
2500
97
95
12.3
111
0.979
0.0380
29.6
0.000
28.4
21.6
23.9
22.8
2500
97
95
12.4
111
0.979
0.0380
28.5
0.000
28.5
21.5
23.9
22.7
2500
97
95
12.3
111
0.979
0.0380
28.4
G-51
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
56.2%
43.8/
100.0%
95.5%
100.0%
100.0%
20.6%
100.0%
100.0%
11.5%
75.8%
24.2%
100.0%
2.4%
67.2%
32.8%
6.5%
93.5%
11.0%
60.4%
39.6%
7.4%
92.6%
97.7%
2.3%
5.9%
60.8%
39.2%
10.0%
90.0%
100.0%
66.6%
33.4%
100.0%
100.0%
27.2%
72.8/
100.0%
100.0%
52.5%
47.5%
100.0%
100.0%
G-52
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
47
0.005
16.8
13.5
15.5
14.3
2750
276
120
11.4
119
0.429
0.0435
19.8
41
0.003
17.8
14.7
15.5
15.1
2750
268
102
12.6
111
0.379
0.0371
20.8
44
0.003
18.6
15.2
16.6
15.8
2750
271
104
12.4
112
0.381
0.0377
21.8
58
0.004
18.1
14.8
16.2
15.4
2750
270
103
12.5
111
0.379
0.0373
21.2
0.001
20.8
17.5
17.7
17.6
2750
121
15.4
102
0.661
0.0291
24.2
0.000
25.6
20.0
24.2
21.7
2750
96
14.2
104
0.896
0.0313
29.8
0.000
29.3
23.9
24.9
24.3
2750
97
15.4
102
0.825
0.0291
33.5
14
0.001
28.7
23.2
24.4
23.7
2750
97
15.4
102
0.825
0.0291
32.6
28
0.002
28.9
23.0
24.8
23.8
2750
97
15.2
102
0.825
0.0291
32.8
27
0.002
29.0
22.8
24.8
23.8
2750
97
82
14.8
103
0.849
0.0300
32.7
24
0.002
29.0
22.7
24.7
23.6
2750
97
81
15.0
102
0.836
0.0295
32.6
41
0.003
28.6
22.3
24.3
23.3
2750
97
83
14.8
103
0.857
0.0302
32.0
39
0.003
28.4
21.8
24.2
23.0
2750
97
95
13.3
108
0.979
0.0345
31.6
44
0.003
28.5
21.6
24.5
23.0
2750
99
97
13.1
109
0.980
0.0353
31.7
12
0.001
28.6
21.6
24.4
22.9
2750
100
98
13.0
110
0.980
0.0358
31.6
0.001
28.5
21.5
23.9
22.7
2750
97
95
13.3
108
0.979
0.0345
31.2
0.000
31.0
22.9
26.3
24.6
2750
97
97
12.9
109
1.001
0.0354
33.8
0.000
31.1
22.8
26.3
24.6
2750
97
97
12.9
109
1.000
0.0353
33.8
0.000
31.0
22.7
26.0
24.4
2750
122
97
12.9
109
0.795
0.0353
33.6
G-53
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
9.1%
100.0%
92.5%
100.0%
89.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
56.7%
43.3%
100.0%
84.1%
63.7%
36.3%
15.9%
84.1%
92.9%
60.6%
39.4%
21.8%
78.2%
92.4%
49.8%
50.2%
20.8%
79.2%
79.2%
20.8%
97.2%
46.1%
53.9%
100.0%
100.0%
8.5%
59.5%
51.5%
48.5%
100.0%
100.0%
13.6%
81.0%
48.4%
51.6%
100.0%
100.0%
99.4%
45.8%
54.2%
100.0%
100.0%
1.4%
100.0%
100.0%
95.9%
4.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-54
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
10
0.001
15.4
12.3
14.2
13.1
3000
304
120
11.8
116
0.395
0.0400
19.7
13
0.001
16.8
13.7
15.1
14.3
3000
304
120
11.8
116
0.395
0.0400
21.5
20
0.001
16.8
13.5
15.3
14.2
3000
304
120
11.8
116
0.395
0.0400
21.4
52
0.004
17.2
14.3
14.9
14.6
3000
258
120
11.7
116
0.465
0.0400
21.9
43
0.004
19.7
16.0
17.6
16.7
3000
222
92
14.4
105
0.440
0.0307
25.3
38
0.004
20.9
16.8
19.0
17.7
3000
223
101
13.5
108
0.469
0.0338
26.9
26
0.003
20.3
16.0
19.2
17.3
3000
239
104
13.2
110
0.447
0.0348
26.2
37
0.004
20.5
16.3
19.0
17.4
3000
251
110
12.6
112
0.444
0.0367
26.2
70
0.005
22.7
18.3
20.6
19.3
3000
202
102
13.5
108
0.528
0.0339
29.1
20
0.001
24.2
19.1
22.8
20.6
3000
152
97
14.0
107
0.639
0.0324
31.0
0.000
24.0
19.2
21.7
20.3
3000
151
111
12.5
112
0.735
0.0369
30.7
12
0.001
22.8
18.2
20.6
19.2
3000
150
117
12.0
115
0.780
0.0390
28.9
0.001
22.8
18.1
20.4
19.1
3000
150
117
12.0
115
0.780
0.0390
28.8
20
0.001
22.2
17.4
20.0
18.6
3000
150
117
12.0
115
0.780
0.0390
27.9
29
0.002
23.4
18.4
20.6
19.4
3000
136
111
12.5
112
0.830
0.0370
29.4
11
0.001
27.0
21.6
22.9
22.2
3000
99
87
15.3
102
0.876
0.0289
33.4
29
0.002
23.7
18.5
20.8
19.5
3000
139
123
11.7
117
0.890
0.0409
29.6
42
0.003
24.1
18.8
21.0
19.8
3000
135
120
11.9
116
0.899
0.0400
30.0
58
0.004
23.8
18.4
20.5
19.4
3000
135
116
12.3
114
0.865
0.0387
29.4
110
0.007
23.5
18.1
20.1
19.1
3000
138
117
12.4
114
0.847
0.0389
28.9
78
0.006
28.2
20.9
25.2
22.9
3000
114
113
12.6
113
0.986
0.0376
34.5
154
0.011
27.9
20.5
24.9
22.6
3000
127
124
11.7
117
0.980
0.0413
34.0
53
0.004
28.9
21.1
25.5
23.2
3000
114
117
12.2
114
1.024
0.0389
34.9
55
0.004
29.4
21.5
25.5
23.5
3000
122
125
11.5
118
1.024
0.0417
35.3
46
0.003
29.3
21.2
25.4
23.3
3000
121
126
11.4
118
1.044
0.0421
35.0
74
0.005
29.5
21.2
25.5
23.3
3000
122
138
10.6
123
1.135
0.0462
35.1
69
60
40
41
0.004
0.004
0.003
0.003
30.3
29.6
30.7
30.8
21.3
20.8
21.4
21.3
26.6
25.8
26.7
26.6
24.0
23.3
24.1
24.0
3000
3000
3000
3000
121
122
144
144
144
141
161
161
10.3
10.5
9.4
9.4
125
124
132
132
1.191
1.158
1.117
1.118
0.0480
0.0471
0.0537
0.0537
36.0
35.1
36.2
36.0
G-55
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
100.0%
54.6%
100.0%
70.2%
100.0%
70.0%
100.0%
8.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
90.6%
8.7%
96.6%
87.8%
12.2%
100.0%
90.1%
9.9%
98.6%
76.6%
23.4%
73.2%
62.9%
37.1%
54.7%
83.3%
16.7%
44.8%
87.3%
98.4%
1.6%
100.0%
85.5%
98.3%
1.7%
100.0%
97.0%
99.6%
0.4%
100.0%
97.5%
99.7%
0.3%
26.2%
73.8%
96.5%
71.5%
28.5%
38.3%
61.7%
98.3%
97.8%
2.2%
100.0%
92.3%
86.7%
13.3%
100.0%
;.3%
79.8%
20.2%
86.1%
13.9%
85.3%
14.7%
95.1%
80.7%
19.3%
3.1%
19.9%
100.0%
18.2%
67.7%
35.5%
64.5%
100.0%
5.8%
94.2%
18.7%
36.7%
39.9%
45.8%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
52.0%
35.3%
26.8%
73.2%
100.0%
100.0%
50.1%
31.2%
32.5%
67.5%
100.0%
39.8%
60.2%
46.1%
24.1%
24.5%
75.5%
100.0%
53.9%
46.1%
54.6%
10.5%
21.4%
78.6%
100.0%
45.4%
54.6%
90.1%
9.9%
14.7%
85.3%
100.0%
25.3%
74.7%
89.4%
10.6%
12.6%
87.4%
100.0%
32.3%
67.7%
98.7%
6.7%
93.3%
100.0%
100.0%
99.1%
6.2%
93.8%
100.0%
100.0%
G-56

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
14.3
11.4
13.3
12.2
3500
350
161
10.6
126
0.459
0.0459
21.3
38
0.003
15.6
13.0
13.4
13.2
3500
304
122
13.1
112
0.402
0.0349
23.2
12
0.001
16.3
13.1
14.8
13.8
3500
285
115
14.1
109
0.401
0.0329
24.3
0.000
17.2
13.3
16.8
14.7
3500
304
130
12.5
115
0.428
0.0371
25.7
0.000
16.6
14.6
13.4
14.0
3500
173
110
14.5
107
0.636
0.0314
24.5
34
0.003
24.4
18.6
24.4
20.8
3500
169
108
14.5
107
0.643
0.0309
36.6
218
0.016
21.7
17.1
20.6
18.5
3500
168
104
15.1
105
0.619
0.0297
32.5
319
0.022
22.2
17.2
21.6
18.9
3500
167
105
15.0
105
0.630
0.0299
33.3
373
0.024
21.9
17.1
20.6
18.5
3500
171
120
13.5
111
0.706
0.0342
32.6
429
0.029
22.3
17.2
21.5
18.9
3500
191
134
12.5
116
0.710
0.0382
33.2
413
0.027
21.4
16.2
20.7
18.0
3500
210
147
11.6
121
0.712
0.0421
31.7
296
0.021
21.1
16.0
20.2
17.7
3500
236
157
11.0
124
0.673
0.0449
31.2
216
0.017
21.0
15.7
20.3
17.6
3500
235
160
10.9
125
0.687
0.0456
30.9
221
0.018
20.5
15.6
19.2
17.1
3500
219
156
11.3
124
0.714
0.0446
30.1
195
0.016
20.0
15.0
18.8
16.6
3500
228
175
10.3
131
0.764
0.0499
29.3
186
0.014
19.9
14.8
18.7
16.5
3500
228
177
10.2
131
0.772
0.0505
29.0
180
0.013
20.2
14.9
19.0
16.7
3500
224
177
10.0
132
0.797
0.0507
29.4
153
0.010
19.8
14.4
18.9
16.4
3500
233
184
9.7
134
0.793
0.0526
28.9
210
0.016
20.4
14.8
19.4
16.8
3500
232
185
9.5
134
0.807
0.0530
29.6
330
0.023
22.6
16.7
20.3
18.4
3500
176
150
11.5
122
0.881
0.0429
32.6
364
0.025
24.0
17.6
21.4
19.4
3500
161
148
11.6
121
0.951
0.0422
34.6
342
0.022
25.3
18.5
22.3
20.4
3500
143
147
11.5
121
1.058
0.0420
36.0
421
0.025
24.0
17.4
21.2
19.3
3500
157
153
11.3
123
1.019
0.0436
34.2
652
0.042
24.7
17.6
22.1
19.8
3500
155
165
10.6
127
1.080
0.0470
35.0
578
0.036
25.8
18.2
23.1
20.6
3500
155
169
10.4
128
1.094
0.0482
36.4
634
0.040
26.2
18.2
23.7
20.9
3500
156
168
10.4
128
1.082
0.0481
36.8
497
0.032
26.5
18.3
23.8
21.0
3500
156
171
10.2
129
1.098
0.0488
37.0
520
0.033
27.0
18.7
23.8
21.3
3500
153
166
10.4
128
1.093
0.0476
37.5
464
0.031
28.2
19.4
24.8
22.2
3500
147
162
10.6
126
1.106
0.0464
38.9
429
0.028
28.9
20.0
25.3
22.7
3500
145
162
10.7
126
1.120
0.0464
39.9
522
0.038
29.1
20.0
25.5
22.8
3500
148
168
10.3
128
1.137
0.0481
40.1
415
471
0.045
0.035
29.6
30.3
20.2
20.7
26.2
26.7
23.2
23.8
3500
3500
150
151
176
179
10.0
9.9
131
132
1.170
1.180
0.0503
0.0511
40.8
41.7
G-57
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
15.6%
100.0%
78.6%
100.0%
44.2%
100.0%
76.8%
23.2%
100.0%
38.3%
57.3%
42.7%
79.1%
33.2%
31.9%
74.2%
42.4%
57.2%
6.0%
3.5%
0.4%
84.8%
49.6%
49.3%
29.5%
22.3%
0.1%
78.3%
46.0%
48.4%
57.0%
19.7%
0.0%
73.8%
33.9%
62.3%
74.2%
13.9%
63.8%
26.9%
69.6%
66.6%
19.8%
73.6%
27.6%
69.1%
77.2%
9.0%
62.7%
28.9%
68.0%
71.7%
27.5%
61.0%
24.4%
72.4%
84.4%
14.1%
58.3%
25.4%
70.4%
85.9%
12.4%
58.5%
26.9%
59.1%
99.3%
0.7%
100.0%
0.2%
77.8%
25.8%
74.2%
100.0%
96.6%
3.4%
70.1%
12.7%
87.3%
100.0%
87.3%
12.7%
87.0%
43.9%
56.1%
100.0%
54.1%
45.9%
5.3%
76.0%
37.5%
62.5%
100.0%
35.7%
64.3%
7.4%
75.3%
24.9%
75.1%
100.0%
20.5%
79.5%
6.2%
79.2%
14.5%
85.5%
100.0%
36.0%
64.0%
18.7%
66.1%
10.4%
89.6%
100.0%
20.7%
79.3%
25.1%
68.0%
10.7%
0.5%
100.0%
8.0%
92.0%
37.4%
61.6%
8.7%
84.9%
6.4%
100.0%
4.5%
95.5%
31.8%
66.4%
10.6%
85.8%
3.5%
100.0%
100.0%
49.5%
49.6%
13.3%
86.3%
0.3%
100.0%
4.1%
95.9%
59.9%
39.9%
8.5%
91.5%
100.0%
100.0%
76.7%
23.2%
5.8%
75.2%
19.0%
100.0%
100.0%
80.6%
19.4%
3.3%
72.5%
24.1%
100.0%
100.0%
69.0%
30.1%
3.7%
74.5%
21.8%
100.0%
100.0%
75.1%
23.9%
3.6%
74.7%
21.7%
100.0%
100.0%
G-58

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
26
0.003
13.2
10.4
12.4
11.2
4000
315
132
14.1
111
0.419
0.0329
22.6
35
0.003
13.3
10.4
12.6
11.3
4000
324
138
13.6
113
0.426
0.0344
23.1
48
0.003
14.5
11.5
13.6
12.4
4000
321
139
13.5
113
0.435
0.0347
25.1
56
0.004
14.2
11.2
13.4
12.1
4000
332
139
13.3
113
0.423
0.0348
24.5
13
0.001
14.4
11.6
13.0
12.2
4000
248
110
16.2
104
0.440
0.0275
24.8
0.001
16.0
13.0
14.4
13.6
4000
250
101
17.3
101
0.402
0.0251
27.4
0.001
16.9
13.4
15.7
14.4
4000
260
113
15.7
105
0.434
0.0282
28.8
0.001
19.4
15.3
18.2
16.5
4000
257
111
15.9
104
0.431
0.0277
33.4
0.007
21.9
16.7
21.8
18.7
4000
175
110
16.0
104
0.631
0.0275
37.4
122
0.009
21.8
16.6
22.0
18.6
4000
177
110
16.0
104
0.626
0.0275
37.4
173
0.012
22.0
16.6
22.6
18.8
4000
173
110
16.0
104
0.636
0.0275
37.7
154
0.010
21.1
16.2
20.6
17.9
4000
165
121
14.8
108
0.738
0.0304
36.4
184
0.012
20.4
15.5
20.0
17.3
4000
172
127
14.3
109
0.737
0.0317
34.7
259
0.017
20.8
15.9
19.8
17.6
4000
190
135
13.7
112
0.723
0.0337
35.3
348
0.024
21.2
16.2
20.0
17.8
4000
213
146
12.8
116
0.703
0.0366
35.7
202
0.016
20.5
15.7
19.2
17.2
4000
196
141
13.1
114
0.738
0.0353
34.5
463
0.037
20.9
15.7
20.0
17.5
4000
231
155
12.3
119
0.681
0.0388
35.1
371
0.030
20.4
15.1
19.7
17.1
4000
232
165
11.8
122
0.713
0.0412
34.3
576
0.044
20.5
15.0
19.9
17.1
4000
250
189
10.5
130
0.761
0.0472
34.4
565
0.040
19.7
14.5
18.7
16.3
4000
241
184
10.7
128
0.774
0.0459
32.9
575
0.038
19.5
14.3
18.5
16.1
4000
237
183
10.8
128
0.784
0.0457
32.4
537
0.041
19.9
14.5
18.9
16.4
4000
249
188
10.5
129
0.765
0.0469
33.1
617
0.043
20.2
14.7
18.9
16.6
4000
239
188
10.5
129
0.799
0.0470
33.4
841
0.058
20.7
14.8
19.5
17.0
4000
238
185
10.7
129
0.790
0.0463
34.0
964
0.063
21.2
15.2
19.6
17.3
4000
226
188
10.5
130
0.850
0.0470
34.7
944
0.057
21.1
15.1
19.4
17.1
4000
226
186
10.6
129
0.841
0.0466
34.4
936
0.060
21.7
15.3
19.9
17.5
4000
217
194
10.3
132
0.917
0.0486
35.3
884
0.055
21.9
15.5
20.0
17.7
4000
204
193
10.3
131
0.965
0.0483
35.7
875
0.055
22.9
16.0
20.8
18.4
4000
202
198
10.2
133
0.997
0.0494
37.0
1177
0.075
23.0
15.7
21.3
18.5
4000
212
203
10.0
134
0.969
0.0508
37.2
1059
0.067
23.9
16.4
21.8
19.1
4000
197
199
10.1
133
1.019
0.0498
38.5
986
0.065
24.1
16.5
22.0
19.2
4000
196
198
10.1
133
1.021
0.0495
39.0
1173
0.077
25.4
17.4
23.0
20.2
4000
186
207
9.8
136
1.134
0.0517
40.7
1016
694
957
0.073
0.076
0.070
26.4
27.4
28.4
18.1
18.7
19.2
23.7
24.6
25.6
20.9
21.7
22.4
4000
4000
4000
178
174
169
199
205
209
10.1
9.9
9.8
133
135
137
1.134
1.186
1.250
0.0498
0.0513
0.0523
42.3
43.8
45.4
G-59
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
60.2%
43.9%
68.4%
41.6%
61.1%
48.1%
71.0%
45.1%
50.4%
94.0%
4.7%
94.9%
66.3%
4.4%
97.1%
32.7%
67.3%
90.9%
30.7%
69.3%
100.0%
28.9%
71.1%
95.4%
21.9%
73.5%
100.0%
17.9%
82.1%
100.0%
31.9%
68.1%
23.4%
73.4%
3.2%
100.0%
19.9%
80.1%
5.4%
94.6%
0.0%
100.0%
32.8%
67.2%
33.2%
66.8%
99.0%
30.4%
66.9%
43.8%
56.2%
95.8%
41.0%
58.5%
65.6%
34.4%
71.0%
20.9%
79.0%
42.5%
57.5%
58.4%
20.3%
79.7%
64.7%
35.3%
33.5%
10.4%
89.6%
99.2%
0.8%
1.5%
60.9%
15.8%
84.2%
99.5%
0.5%
80.2%
3.0%
16.9%
66.7%
14.1%
85.9%
100.0%
77.2%
22.8%
64.0%
6.9%
93.1%
100.0%
86.0%
14.0%
61.0%
8.5%
91.5%
100.0%
69.6%
30.4%
52.9%
4.8%
95.2%
100.0%
74.9%
25.1%
2.3%
53.4%
7.0%
93.0%
100.0%
67.1%
32.9%
3.3%
39.5%
7.5%
92.5%
100.0%
69.5%
30.5%
15.9%
39.2%
5.0%
95.0%
100.0%
60.9%
39.1%
21.2%
40.5%
6.4%
93.6%
100.0%
42.0%
58.0%
20.8%
52.7%
6.1%
87.6%
6.2%
100.0%
41.4%
58.6%
29.8%
49.4%
5.4%
89.1%
5.5%
100.0%
51.0%
49.0%
37.0%
58.6%
2.1%
90.0%
7.9%
100.0%
41.7%
58.3%
38.4%
56.1%
4.3%
88.7%
6.9%
100.0%
30.7%
69.3%
38.5%
54.4%
2.4%
91.6%
6.0%
100.0%
26.5%
73.5%
34.0%
59.7%
2.1%
90.7%
7.2%
3.3%
96.7%
18.7%
81.3%
41.8%
56.6%
0.2%
83.8%
15.9%
4.6%
95.4%
9.8%
90.2%
40.1%
56.5%
1.1%
88.6%
10.3%
17.7%
82.3%
4.1%
95.9%
G-60

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
41
0.004
13.5
10.7
12.6
11.5
4500
351
157
13.4
115
0.446
0.0348
26.0
47
0.004
13.9
11.0
13.0
11.8
4500
349
150
14.0
113
0.430
0.0333
26.8
101
0.007
15.4
12.3
14.2
13.1
4500
345
150
13.8
113
0.436
0.0334
29.6
119
0.008
14.7
11.7
13.6
12.5
4500
343
157
13.3
115
0.459
0.0350
28.2
56
0.004
12.9
10.4
11.7
10.9
4500
334
140
14.6
110
0.420
0.0311
24.8
50
0.004
14.5
11.7
13.1
12.3
4500
313
139
14.8
110
0.446
0.0308
28.4
42
0.004
15.8
12.5
14.7
13.4
4500
317
137
14.8
109
0.435
0.0304
30.5
50
0.005
15.7
12.4
14.6
13.3
4500
316
139
14.6
110
0.443
0.0309
30.3
55
0.005
15.7
12.5
14.6
13.3
4500
317
135
14.9
109
0.430
0.0301
30.4
61
0.004
14.8
11.8
13.7
12.6
4500
320
134
15.0
108
0.420
0.0298
28.7
60
0.004
15.0
12.0
13.9
12.8
4500
321
145
14.1
112
0.456
0.0323
29.2
46
0.003
15.6
12.3
14.6
13.2
4500
325
142
14.4
111
0.438
0.0315
30.3
32
0.002
14.6
11.4
13.7
12.4
4500
326
144
14.2
111
0.450
0.0320
28.2
34
0.002
15.0
11.8
13.8
12.7
4500
312
148
14.0
112
0.494
0.0328
28.8
31
0.002
14.9
11.6
13.8
12.5
4500
311
151
13.8
113
0.505
0.0335
28.4
58
0.005
17.5
13.4
16.5
14.7
4500
221
153
13.6
114
0.740
0.0341
33.6
262
0.021
19.8
14.7
19.1
16.6
4500
227
167
12.6
118
0.742
0.0371
37.4
260
0.021
19.4
14.6
18.4
16.2
4500
221
167
12.6
118
0.764
0.0372
36.6
298
0.023
19.7
14.6
18.6
16.4
4500
217
167
12.6
118
0.778
0.0372
36.9
546
0.039
19.9
14.7
19.0
16.6
4500
229
177
12.1
121
0.776
0.0393
37.4
645
0.043
19.9
14.5
18.9
16.5
4500
233
174
12.3
120
0.754
0.0386
37.4
736
0.056
20.2
14.5
19.5
16.7
4500
251
176
12.2
121
0.708
0.0391
37.7
832
0.058
19.8
14.3
18.8
16.3
4500
252
181
11.9
123
0.724
0.0402
36.9
719
0.050
20.1
14.4
19.1
16.5
4500
251
184
11.8
124
0.745
0.0410
37.3
747
0.049
19.7
14.1
18.4
16.1
4500
259
199
11.1
128
0.777
0.0442
36.3
904
0.055
19.9
14.1
18.6
16.2
4500
254
197
11.2
127
0.783
0.0437
36.6
1006
0.064
20.4
14.4
19.0
16.6
4500
237
207
10.7
130
0.886
0.0460
37.5
1525
0.095
19.9
14.0
18.6
16.2
4500
243
225
10.1
136
0.931
0.0501
36.5
968
0.061
20.7
14.4
19.3
16.8
4500
238
229
9.9
137
0.968
0.0509
37.8
1198
0.076
21.3
14.7
19.8
17.2
4500
234
230
9.9
138
0.997
0.0512
38.8
976
0.061
21.6
14.7
20.0
17.3
4500
227
237
9.6
140
1.051
0.0527
39.2
924
1189
1176
663
929
0.061
0.078
0.085
0.072
0.068
22.7
22.6
23.1
23.6
24.6
15.6
15.5
15.7
16.0
16.7
20.7
20.7
21.3
21.8
22.6
18.1
18.1
18.5
18.9
19.6
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
223
224
221
216
214
234
243
247
251
258
9.4
9.3
9.3
9.2
9.0
139
142
143
144
146
1.055
1.091
1.121
1.162
1.211
0.0520
0.0541
0.0549
0.0557
0.0574
41.3
41.0
41.8
42.6
44.4
G-61
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
56.9%
12.0%
57.7%
12.5%
74.2%
13.7%
81.5%
13.3%
84.3%
11.2%
1.3%
92.3%
25.0%
12.8%
8.6%
94.4%
31.1%
41.3%
89.6%
28.2%
31.6%
98.0%
22.8%
39.5%
93.0%
29.0%
1.9%
72.2%
23.2%
80.7%
14.0%
32.4%
22.5%
70.4%
16.4%
22.7%
7.0%
76.8%
1.6%
45.1%
31.5%
21.5%
74.0%
1.9%
47.3%
34.2%
26.0%
91.6%
2.2%
77.7%
79.9%
8.4%
99.3%
14.6%
83.3%
97.9%
0.7%
99.7%
15.3%
84.7%
100.0%
99.7%
13.1%
86.9%
100.0%
100.0%
8.1%
91.9%
100.0%
88.1%
9.6%
2.3%
90.4%
5.7%
94.3%
100.0%
78.5%
21.5%
74.7%
3.2%
96.8%
100.0%
90.6%
9.4%
79.0%
2.5%
97.5%
100.0%
92.5%
7.5%
89.8%
1.6%
98.4%
100.0%
90.2%
5.5%
4.4%
91.2%
0.9%
99.1%
100.0%
90.1%
9.9%
91.6%
1.7%
98.3%
100.0%
87.4%
12.6%
16.4%
71.8%
1.6%
98.4%
100.0%
71.2%
28.8%
73.4%
0.9%
99.1%
100.0%
64.1%
35.9%
0.0%
68.6%
0.4%
99.6%
100.0%
49.4%
50.6%
2.5%
74.3%
0.6%
99.4%
100.0%
40.0%
60.0%
0.9%
67.3%
0.9%
99.1%
99.1%
0.9%
28.6%
71.4%
8.1%
60.4%
1.1%
87.0%
11.9%
99.3%
0.7%
17.8%
82.2%
14.2%
66.8%
2.4%
91.1%
6.4%
100.0%
0.0%
19.0%
81.0%
18.6%
67.1%
1.7%
96.1%
2.2%
100.0%
0.0%
21.0%
79.0%
25.2%
67.6%
0.9%
92.0%
7.1%
1.2%
98.8%
15.9%
84.1%
32.3%
62.3%
1.6%
95.8%
2.6%
7.4%
92.6%
10.1%
89.9%
G-62

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
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tin mi
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67
0.007
11.1
9.4
9.4
9.4
5000
347
157
14.4
112
0.453
0.0315
23.6
101
0.008
12.8
10.5
11.5
10.9
5000
357
151
15.0
110
0.421
0.0301
27.3
66
0.005
13.6
11.2
12.0
11.5
5000
351
160
14.4
113
0.457
0.0320
29.0
114
0.008
13.0
10.5
11.7
11.0
5000
370
168
13.7
115
0.454
0.0336
27.6
173
0.012
11.4
9.5
9.9
9.6
5000
351
152
15.2
110
0.433
0.0303
24.2
60
0.005
14.0
11.2
12.9
11.9
5000
343
159
14.3
112
0.463
0.0317
30.0
43
0.004
15.3
12.2
14.1
13.0
5000
328
154
14.7
111
0.473
0.0309
32.9
37
0.004
15.1
12.0
14.1
12.9
5000
330
156
14.6
112
0.476
0.0311
32.8
54
0.005
15.7
12.3
15.0
13.4
5000
328
157
14.5
112
0.482
0.0315
34.1
121
0.009
15.3
12.0
14.6
13.0
5000
330
164
14.1
114
0.497
0.0327
33.2
133
0.009
15.7
12.3
15.0
13.4
5000
330
169
13.7
115
0.510
0.0337
33.9
135
0.009
16.4
12.7
15.8
14.0
5000
324
163
14.1
114
0.503
0.0326
35.1
97
0.007
15.7
12.2
14.9
13.3
5000
326
175
13.5
117
0.535
0.0350
33.7
101
0.007
16.1
12.4
15.3
13.6
5000
330
181
13.2
119
0.545
0.0362
34.2
112
0.008
15.9
12.2
15.2
13.4
5000
328
179
13.3
118
0.540
0.0357
33.9
83
0.007
16.0
11.9
15.7
13.5
5000
332
184
12.9
120
0.553
0.0369
33.9
51
0.004
15.8
11.8
15.3
13.3
5000
312
188
12.7
121
0.604
0.0375
33.3
36
0.003
15.7
11.6
15.2
13.1
5000
292
174
13.5
117
0.622
0.0348
33.0
46
0.003
16.1
11.9
15.5
13.5
5000
313
200
11.9
124
0.646
0.0400
33.8
51
0.004
16.5
12.2
15.7
13.7
5000
310
202
11.8
125
0.659
0.0404
34.4
70
0.005
17.0
12.4
16.3
14.1
5000
322
199
12.0
124
0.625
0.0398
35.4
82
0.006
17.0
12.4
16.1
14.1
5000
318
216
11.3
129
0.685
0.0431
35.3
120
0.008
18.0
13.0
17.1
14.8
5000
308
226
10.8
132
0.738
0.0453
37.3
265
0.018
17.3
12.4
16.7
14.3
5000
317
223
10.9
131
0.705
0.0446
35.9
356
0.023
17.4
12.4
16.6
14.3
5000
307
234
10.6
134
0.779
0.0468
36.0
254
0.015
17.6
12.4
16.8
14.5
5000
295
229
10.7
132
0.784
0.0459
36.4
160
0.010
17.1
12.0
16.4
14.0
5000
282
233
10.6
134
0.847
0.0467
35.2
404
0.025
18.9
13.2
17.8
15.4
5000
255
244
10.2
137
0.976
0.0489
38.6
638
0.040
19.3
13.4
18.2
15.7
5000
259
256
9.8
140
1.002
0.0513
39.3
683
0.044
19.6
13.4
18.5
15.9
5000
263
265
9.6
142
1.025
0.0529
39.8
634
0.040
19.5
13.3
18.4
15.8
5000
259
261
9.7
141
1.028
0.0522
39.6
826
0.055
20.0
13.7
18.8
16.2
5000
251
255
9.9
140
1.026
0.0510
40.5
594
0.039
20.4
13.9
19.2
16.5
5000
249
259
9.8
141
1.053
0.0518
41.5
699
0.050
21.4
14.5
20.1
17.2
5000
240
260
9.6
141
1.096
0.0519
43.7
312
0.034
22.6
15.3
21.2
18.2
5000
228
272
9.2
145
1.207
0.0545
46.0
560
0.041
24.0
16.3
22.2
19.2
5000
223
269
9.2
144
1.217
0.0538
49.0
G-63
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
98.7%
19.5%
97.9%
18.9%
96.4%
21.0%
97.3%
19.7%
68.1%
14.7%
0.9%
78.4%
18.9%
55.3%
75.3%
7.8%
62.7%
79.2%
8.9%
51.5%
72.6%
5.7%
66.6%
76.2%
6.5%
55.5%
73.0%
4.6%
64.6%
6.7%
72.8%
4.9%
76.8%
21.1%
97.3%
7.1%
62.0%
32.4%
43.2%
99.1%
6.3%
59.4%
54.9%
42.9%
99.4%
6.6%
63.0%
59.4%
40.6%
100.0%
4.8%
86.4%
63.3%
36.7%
100.0%
3.1%
91.6%
70.6%
29.4%
99.9%
4.7%
94.1%
97.4%
2.6%
100.0%
4.4%
95.6%
98.6%
1.4%
100.0%
3.4%
96.6%
98.5%
1.5%
68.5%
31.5%
75.9%
2.3%
97.7%
75.2%
24.8%
87.3%
12.7%
72.0%
2.6%
97.4%
100.0%
77.5%
22.5%
26.2%
100.0%
100.0%
79.4%
20.6%
58.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
54.4%
100.0%
100.0%
85.4%
14.6%
68.0%
100.0%
100.0%
97.8%
2.2%
97.1%
0.3%
99.7%
100.0%
79.7%
20.3%
88.4%
4.5%
95.5%
100.0%
37.5%
10.8%
51.7%
86.9%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
28.5%
4.1%
67.4%
79.3%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
26.5%
73.5%
82.8%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
29.3%
3.1%
67.6%
0.9%
83.7%
0.4%
99.6%
100.0%
34.9%
11.3%
53.8%
7.9%
81.4%
0.3%
99.7%
99.0%
1.0%
41.3%
4.4%
54.4%
17.0%
71.5%
0.1%
96.4%
3.5%
0.5%
98.4%
1.1%
30.4%
2.3%
67.3%
35.7%
58.8%
0.1%
96.5%
3.4%
24.8%
74.2%
1.0%
15.9%
1.0%
83.0%
34.9%
59.1%
0.0%
90.4%
9.6%
53.8%
45.6%
0.7%
13.0%
1.2%
85.8%
G-64

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
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on
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ill'
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ior
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l<>\-
Ml'(.
0.001
10.5
9.6
8.9
5500
429
210
12.5
123
0.488
0.0381
24.7
0.001
11.2
9.1
10.2
9.6
5500
412
197
13.3
120
0.475
0.0359
26.4
10
0.001
11.7
9.4
10.7
10.0
5500
419
193
13.4
119
0.459
0.0351
27.6
12
0.001
11.8
9.6
10.6
10.1
5500
410
188
13.5
117
0.461
0.0343
27.7
59
0.004
10.6
8.9
9.1
9.0
5500
405
176
14.5
114
0.432
0.0320
24.9
0.000
13.8
11.0
12.9
11.7
5500
350
165
15.0
111
0.471
0.0300
32.3
0.000
14.1
11.4
12.9
12.0
5500
350
175
14.3
114
0.500
0.0318
33.0
24
0.002
21.2
16.5
20.4
18.0
5500
350
134
17.8
103
0.382
0.0243
50.5
20
0.002
20.2
15.6
19.8
17.3
5500
372
139
17.4
104
0.375
0.0252
48.9
21
0.001
17.9
13.9
17.4
15.3
5500
364
148
16.6
107
0.408
0.0269
43.6
18
0.001
16.1
12.3
16.0
13.7
5500
355
159
15.5
110
0.450
0.0289
38.3
19
0.001
15.7
11.9
15.6
13.4
5500
353
162
15.3
110
0.459
0.0294
37.1
52
0.004
16.8
12.8
16.4
14.3
5500
350
209
12.5
123
0.596
0.0379
39.3
66
0.004
16.5
12.5
16.1
14.0
5500
350
200
12.9
121
0.572
0.0364
38.6
41
0.003
17.5
12.9
17.8
14.8
5500
350
209
12.4
123
0.596
0.0380
40.9
41
0.003
17.3
12.7
17.6
14.7
5500
350
209
12.4
123
0.597
0.0380
40.3
25
0.002
17.2
12.6
17.2
14.5
5500
350
209
12.4
123
0.597
0.0380
39.9
45
0.004
16.3
12.1
15.8
13.7
5500
350
210
12.4
123
0.600
0.0382
37.6
71
0.005
16.8
12.4
16.3
14.1
5500
350
210
12.4
123
0.600
0.0382
38.7
92
0.007
16.8
12.4
16.1
14.0
5500
351
210
12.4
123
0.598
0.0381
38.5
143
0.009
16.9
12.4
16.0
14.0
5500
350
205
12.6
122
0.586
0.0373
38.5
141
0.011
17.4
12.7
16.6
14.4
5500
350
250
10.7
134
0.714
0.0455
39.7
307
0.021
17.4
12.5
16.7
14.4
5500
334
238
11.2
131
0.713
0.0432
39.6
273
0.019
17.0
12.1
16.3
14.0
5500
327
234
11.3
130
0.720
0.0426
38.6
199
0.013
17.5
12.3
17.0
14.4
5500
333
252
10.7
134
0.759
0.0459
39.7
303
0.018
18.2
13.0
17.1
14.9
5500
306
253
10.7
135
0.841
0.0460
41.1
402
0.026
18.5
13.3
16.7
15.0
5500
306
260
10.5
136
0.857
0.0472
41.3
278
0.017
18.4
12.9
17.3
15.0
5500
310
267
10.2
138
0.862
0.0486
41.2
317
0.020
18.3
12.8
16.9
14.8
5500
297
258
10.5
136
0.867
0.0469
40.8
483
0.031
18.4
12.8
17.0
14.9
5500
302
280
10.0
142
0.933
0.0509
41.0
365
0.023
18.6
12.8
17.2
15.0
5500
296
287
9.7
144
0.978
0.0522
41.3
231
165
92
69
66
0.015
0.011
0.007
0.007
0.005
18.7
19.0
19.4
21.1
21.7
12.9
13.1
13.3
14.2
14.7
17.4
17.5
18.3
19.9
20.3
15.1
15.3
15.7
17.0
17.5
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
303
291
283
267
259
289
305
327
311
314
9.7
9.3
9.0
144
148
154
150
151
0.959
1.058
1.175
1.189
1.229
0.0526
0.0554
0.0595
0.0565
0.0572
41.6
42.2
43.4
47.2
48.5
G-65
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
84.6%
15.4%
72.3%
9.9%
77.0%
8.8%
79.0%
8.2%
26.5%
21.0%
84.1%
100.0%
100.0%
6.8%
93.2%
66.8%
10.8%
89.2%
89.3%
68.3%
1.3%
98.7%
75.1%
74.8%
2.3%
97.7%
49.3%
100.0%
2.8%
97.2%
16.9%
100.0%
1.9%
98.1%
9.6%
37.9%
0.2%
99.8%
98.4%
6%
40.7%
0.2%
99.8%
2%
2.2%
100.0%
98
6%
4%
1.0%
100.0%
98
9%
1%
1.3%
100.0%
98.6%
4%
46.2%
100.0%
100.0%
35.6%
100.0%
100.0%
39.3%
100.0%
1.5%
98.5%
100.0%
66.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
74.9%
100.0%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
85.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
85.1%
100.0%
100.0%
96.6%
3.4%
14.8%
100.0%
100.0%
95.7%
4.3%
40.6%
100.0%
100.0%
84.2%
11.8%
4.0%
45.7%
100.0%
100.0%
76.3%
10.0%
13.7%
19.9%
100.0%
100.0%
71.2%
28.8%
20.0%
100.0%
100.0%
75.3%
2.7%
22.0%
47.7%
100.0%
100.0%
52.8%
3.8%
39.8%
56.9%
100.0%
100.0%
53.6%
0.2%
44.3%
62.1%
100.0%
100.0%
56.5%
41.9%
84.3%
100.0%
100.0%
38.9%
61.1%
94.1%
0.1%
99.9%
43.7%
56.3%
39.6%
60.4%
73.4%
0.3%
99.7%
28.0%
68.0%
4.0%
35.2%
3.0%
61.8%
100.0%
0.9%
96.8%
43.1%
51.3%
5.7%
3.1%
96.9%
G-66

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
10.3
9.3
6000
400
170
15.7
110
0.425
0.0283
26.2
0.000
11.9
9.5
11.0
10.1
6000
400
170
15.6
110
0.426
0.0284
30.4
0.000
11.9
9.5
11.0
10.1
6000
400
180
15.0
113
0.450
0.0300
30.4
0.000
11.4
9.2
10.2
9.7
6000
400
180
15.0
112
0.449
0.0300
29.0
0.000
13.4
10.3
13.2
11.4
6000
350
165
16.1
109
0.470
0.0274
34.2
0.000
21.2
16.5
20.5
18.1
6000
350
130
19.5
100
0.371
0.0217
54.2
0.000
20.8
16.0
20.4
17.7
6000
379
130
19.5
100
0.343
0.0217
53.2
0.000
21.0
16.1
20.8
17.9
6000
379
130
19.5
100
0.343
0.0217
53.8
0.000
21.4
16.2
21.7
18.3
6000
378
131
19.4
100
0.348
0.0219
55.3
0.000
22.1
16.7
22.1
18.8
6000
379
130
19.5
100
0.343
0.0217
56.5
0.000
20.9
15.9
20.5
17.8
6000
376
137
18.9
102
0.366
0.0229
54.1
0.000
18.3
13.9
17.8
15.5
6000
368
162
16.9
108
0.445
0.0270
47.9
33
0.002
15.8
11.9
15.4
13.3
6000
352
206
13.6
119
0.586
0.0343
40.2
32
0.003
16.0
12.0
15.6
13.5
6000
351
206
13.5
119
0.588
0.0344
40.6
18
0.001
15.7
11.7
15.2
13.2
6000
351
207
13.5
119
0.591
0.0345
39.7
21
0.002
14.9
10.9
14.7
12.5
6000
350
210
13.3
120
0.600
0.0350
37.5
49
0.004
15.8
11.6
15.3
13.2
6000
350
210
13.3
120
0.600
0.0350
39.6
60
0.004
16.1
12.0
15.0
13.3
6000
350
210
13.3
120
0.600
0.0350
40.0
61
0.004
15.7
11.6
14.9
13.1
6000
350
210
13.3
120
0.599
0.0350
39.2
58
0.004
16.8
12.1
16.3
13.9
6000
350
250
11.5
130
0.713
0.0416
41.8
74
0.005
16.7
12.0
15.9
13.8
6000
350
250
11.5
130
0.713
0.0416
41.4
50
0.003
16.1
11.5
15.7
13.4
6000
323
230
12.3
125
0.715
0.0383
40.1
166
0.011
16.5
11.7
16.1
13.6
6000
319
237
12.1
127
0.747
0.0395
41.0
269
0.016
16.6
11.9
15.5
13.6
6000
325
257
11.3
132
0.795
0.0429
40.8
219
0.014
16.8
12.0
15.4
13.6
6000
326
274
10.7
136
0.842
0.0457
41.0
453
0.028
17.7
12.4
16.6
14.4
6000
332
295
10.2
141
0.885
0.0491
43.5
654
0.041
17.4
12.1
16.4
14.2
6000
329
279
10.6
137
0.851
0.0465
42.7
635
0.040
17.4
12.1
16.2
14.1
6000
331
287
10.4
139
0.869
0.0479
42.4
490
0.031
18.2
12.5
16.9
14.7
6000
330
302
9.9
143
0.917
0.0504
44.2
327
0.022
18.1
12.4
16.9
14.6
6000
318
306
9.8
144
0.973
0.0510
43.9
681
0.045
19.8
13.3
19.0
16.0
6000
329
322
9.5
148
0.979
0.0537
48.3
442
0.032
19.5
13.2
18.7
15.8
6000
324
333
9.2
151
1.031
0.0554
47.7
139
353
0.015
0.026
19.8
20.3
13.3
13.7
19.0
19.4
16.1
16.4
6000
6000
329
329
339
345
9.0
8.9
152
154
1.039
1.050
0.0566
0.0574
48.7
49.6
G-67
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
100.0%
12.7%
100.0%
12.8%
100.0%
11.6%
100.0%
15.5%
3.4%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
47.3%
100.0%
95.9%
49.0%
100.0%
100.0%
56.8%
9.1%
90.9%
9.1%
90.9%
70.0%
7.3%
92.7%
37.7%
62.3%
97.2%
1.0%
99.0%
94.6%
5.4%
97.5%
0.7%
99.3%
95.2%
4.8%
96.2%
100.0%
96.1%
3.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1.0%
99.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
99.5%
0.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
99.6%
0.4%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
99.7%
0.3%
87.0%
13.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
70.2%
29.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
86.4%
13.6%
93.4%
100.0%
100.0%
77.0%
23.0%
84.5%
100.0%
100.0%
92.7%
7.3%
75.1%
100.0%
100.0%
92.2%
0.1%
7.7%
78.2%
100.0%
99.9%
0.1%
86.6%
0.2%
13.1%
76.6%
100.0%
100.0%
63.4%
24.1%
12.5%
77.2%
100.0%
99.8%
0.2%
36.9%
32.1%
31.0%
56.7%
100.0%
99.7%
0.3%
85.2%
5.4%
9.4%
57.2%
98.2%
1.8%
0.8%
97.9%
1.2%
62.7%
8.3%
29.1%
57.2%
95.5%
4.5%
1.4%
96.9%
1.7%
66.2%
4.7%
29.1%
54.7%
97.9%
2.1%
14.1%
84.8%
1.1%
50.8%
9.2%
40.0%
G-68

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
20.2
14.7
20.4
17.0
6500
379
140
19.6
101
0.369
0.0215
55.2
40
0.003
18.4
12.5
17.5
14.9
6500
344
375
8.9
156
1.090
0.0577
48.6
0.000
18.3
12.4
17.5
14.9
6500
346
383
158
1.107
0.0589
48.4
63
0.005
18.6
12.6
17.6
15.1
6500
341
366
9.1
154
1.072
0.0563
48.9
G-69
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
18.2%
81.8%
81.8%
G-70
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
25.2
20.3
22.9
21.4
2000
49
41
19.7
89
0.837
0.0205
21.4
0.000
25.2
20.3
22.9
21.4
2000
49
41
19.7
89
0.837
0.0205
21.4
G-71
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-72
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
(<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
I	Mill
II	Ml'.
IOI'
SI'I)
III*
( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
0.000
25.0
20.1
22.9
21.2
2250
49
41
21.6
0.837
0.0182
23.9
25
0.002
32.0
25.3
30.0
27.2
2250
94
64
15.9
99
0.677
0.0284
32.4
24
0.002
41.5
33.2
38.1
35.2
2250
97
52
17.9
93
0.536
0.0231
39.7
11
0.001
43.1
35.7
37.6
36.5
2250
97
52
18.0
93
0.539
0.0231
41.2
0.000
39.2
32.6
34.0
33.2
2250
91
51
18.3
93
0.571
0.0226
39.1
0.000
28.8
25.3
23.1
24.2
2250
59
45
20.1
90
0.763
0.0200
27.3
G-73
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
54.6%
45.4%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
98.8%
1.2%
100.0%
98.8%
84.5%
15.5%
100.0%
84.5%
100.0%
100.0%
G-74
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
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on
\d.i
iin ^
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(<>\ir
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i:\<;im.
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I	Mill
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IOI'
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( II)
III*
\\ I
l<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l()\-
Ml'(.
23
0.002
27.2
21.2
26.3
23.2
2500
97
67
16.0
98
0.691
0.0268
29.1
39
0.003
27.5
21.7
26.1
23.5
2500
97
67
16.0
98
0.691
0.0268
29.4
17
0.001
25.8
19.9
25.2
22.0
2500
97
15.8
99
0.701
0.0272
27.5
27
0.003
28.4
22.4
26.7
24.2
2500
108
73
14.9
101
0.683
0.0294
30.2
25
0.003
29.7
23.1
28.8
25.3
2500
123
14.0
104
0.655
0.0321
31.7
21
0.002
32.6
24.6
33.1
27.8
2500
128
13.3
107
0.670
0.0343
34.9
15
0.001
28.1
22.2
26.3
23.9
2500
102
70
16.4
99
0.700
0.0279
30.1
0.000
29.6
23.5
27.4
25.2
2500
109
73
15.0
101
0.670
0.0292
31.5
0.000
0.000
30.0
29.8
23.6
23.4
27.9
27.5
25.4
25.1
2500
2500
109
109
73
73
15.0
15.0
101
101
0.670
0.670
0.0292
0.0292
31.7
31.4
G-75
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
9.5%
90.5%
90.5%
9.5%
34.2%
65.8%
100.0%
34.2%
71.2%
28.8%
83.6%
13.5%
78.8%
21.2%
95.7%
4.3%
4.2%
36.0%
64.0%
96.0%
4.0%
100.0%
95.6%
4.4%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-76
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
156
0.015
22.7
17.4
22.4
19.4
2750
119
95
13.3
108
0.799
0.0347
26.7
162
0.013
24.1
18.6
23.8
20.6
2750
120
98
13.1
109
0.815
0.0355
28.4
226
0.016
25.7
20.0
24.7
21.9
2750
121
97
13.2
109
0.801
0.0352
30.2
183
0.013
25.8
20.7
23.7
22.0
2750
121
97
13.1
109
0.801
0.0353
30.3
240
0.017
22.7
17.8
21.6
19.3
2750
126
91
13.7
106
0.722
0.0330
27.0
324
0.029
25.2
20.0
23.4
21.4
2750
126
91
13.6
107
0.728
0.0333
29.7
222
0.021
27.9
22.2
26.0
23.8
2750
130
90
13.8
106
0.695
0.0329
32.9
227
0.023
28.3
22.4
26.3
24.0
2750
130
91
13.7
106
0.699
0.0331
33.3
340
0.033
28.8
22.9
26.7
24.5
2750
132
87
14.2
105
0.658
0.0315
33.9
314
0.022
28.2
22.5
26.1
24.0
2750
130
87
14.2
105
0.670
0.0317
33.3
238
0.016
29.9
23.7
27.8
25.4
2750
130
90
13.8
106
0.692
0.0328
35.1
311
0.020
29.5
23.3
27.4
25.0
2750
132
92
13.6
107
0.694
0.0334
34.6
240
0.016
29.7
23.2
27.7
25.1
2750
134
93
13.5
107
0.694
0.0338
34.6
121
0.008
27.8
21.7
25.5
23.3
2750
136
98
12.9
109
0.721
0.0356
32.2
76
0.005
27.6
21.6
25.1
23.1
2750
135
97
12.9
109
0.721
0.0354
31.9
31
0.002
26.0
20.4
23.0
21.6
2750
144
102
12.4
111
0.708
0.0371
29.7
19
0.002
28.2
21.3
25.7
23.3
2750
144
112
11.6
115
0.778
0.0407
32.0
G-77
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
!.<>< k ( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
88.7%
80.2%
79.9%
86.1%
85.8%
86.9%
90.3%
1.4%
1.4%
87.1%
4.9%
1.7%
4.0%
0.1%
89.4%
0.2%
0.1%
0.9%
2.2%
0.1%
8.1%
0.3%
1.2%
0.7%
92.5%
1.5%
0.4%
89.0%
0.4%
90.6%
99.4%
0.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-78
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
60
0.006
20.7
16.4
19.4
17.6
3000
107
70
18.2
96
0.667
0.0234
26.6
63
0.005
22.3
17.5
21.2
19.0
3000
108
70
18.3
96
0.667
0.0234
29.0
78
0.006
28.6
22.4
27.2
24.3
3000
122
75
17.2
98
0.629
0.0249
37.0
124
0.009
27.5
21.9
25.5
23.4
3000
123
77
16.7
99
0.631
0.0258
35.5
174
0.013
23.9
18.9
22.4
20.3
3000
124
16.2
100
0.649
0.0266
31.2
169
0.015
23.6
18.8
21.9
20.1
3000
127
84
15.5
101
0.666
0.0281
30.7
211
0.020
27.1
21.6
25.2
23.1
3000
136
83
16.0
101
0.613
0.0278
35.6
353
0.036
26.4
20.8
25.0
22.5
3000
157
96
14.4
106
0.616
0.0322
34.4
378
0.037
26.4
20.7
25.0
22.5
3000
149
93
14.7
105
0.626
0.0310
34.3
475
0.034
26.6
20.8
25.4
22.6
3000
147
93
14.6
105
0.636
0.0310
34.5
583
0.040
26.3
20.6
25.0
22.4
3000
153
100
13.6
108
0.656
0.0334
33.9
785
0.051
26.8
20.9
25.3
22.7
3000
144
100
13.8
108
0.689
0.0333
34.3
728
0.049
27.0
20.8
25.7
22.8
3000
146
100
13.8
108
0.684
0.0334
34.4
715
0.047
27.4
21.1
25.9
23.1
3000
146
98
14.0
107
0.672
0.0328
34.9
575
0.040
27.6
21.2
25.8
23.2
3000
146
102
13.5
109
0.699
0.0340
34.9
413
0.033
28.2
21.6
25.9
23.5
3000
143
110
12.8
112
0.765
0.0365
35.4
577
0.046
27.5
20.8
25.6
22.9
3000
149
109
12.8
112
0.735
0.0364
34.5
318
0.026
27.1
20.4
25.2
22.5
3000
148
112
12.5
113
0.760
0.0375
33.9
364
0.028
27.4
20.4
25.5
22.6
3000
150
115
12.2
114
0.771
0.0385
34.1
275
0.019
28.0
20.9
25.5
23.0
3000
143
117
12.0
115
0.818
0.0390
34.6
172
0.011
27.3
20.4
24.6
22.3
3000
145
129
11.2
119
0.883
0.0429
33.5
103
0.008
27.2
20.1
24.5
22.1
3000
148
139
10.5
123
0.938
0.0462
33.2
66
0.005
26.6
19.6
23.9
21.6
3000
146
134
10.8
121
0.917
0.0446
32.5
81
0.006
27.3
20.0
24.2
22.0
3000
149
142
10.3
125
0.954
0.0473
33.0
50
0.003
27.2
19.8
24.0
21.8
3000
149
142
10.3
125
0.953
0.0473
32.8
40
0.002
26.7
19.5
23.2
21.3
3000
149
142
10.3
125
0.953
0.0473
32.0
23
0.001
27.1
19.7
23.2
21.5
3000
149
142
10.3
125
0.953
0.0473
32.3
21
21
23
0.001
0.001
0.001
27.7
27.7
27.6
19.6
19.6
19.4
24.3
24.1
23.9
22.0
21.9
21.7
3000
3000
3000
149
149
149
142
142
142
10.3
10.3
10.3
125
125
125
0.953
0.953
0.953
0.0473
0.0473
0.0473
32.9
32.8
32.6
G-79
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
!.<>< k ( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
in iiuii>
69.3%
84.5%
88.1%
31.7%
8.1%
56.9%
93.2%
44.0%
93.7%
0.1%
25.5%
21.0%
74.1%
22.7%
17.0%
16.4%
73.6%
9.6%
9.4%
74.8%
11.5%
3.4%
4.7%
9.9%
26.0%
16.8%
14.0%
1.:
4.1%
78.9%
16.7%
19.3%
33.6%
0.9%
4.6%
77.4%
15.9%
20.3%
39.9%
0.4%
1.0%
77.9%
15.9%
28.3%
37.0%
82.7%
11.6%
31.0%
45.2%
86.3%
10.7%
70.8%
10.1%
8.1%
9.0%
51.5%
37.9%
85.9%
9.4%
53.1%
28.2%
87.3%
8.3%
63.2%
25.2%
85.5%
5.3%
92.5%
100.0%
79.0%
9.2%
100.0%
81.9%
18.1%
72.2%
2.1%
100.0%
0.1%
39.0%
60.9%
82.0%
18.0%
100.0%
0.9%
99.1%
54.3%
100.0%
100.0%
52.2%
100.0%
100.0%
47.6%
100.0%
100.0%
47.6%
100.0%
100.0%
47.2%
100.0%
100.0%
45.1%
100.0%
100.0%
42.9%
100.0%
100.0%
G-80
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
39
0.004
15.1
11.9
14.4
12.9
3500
348
156
11.1
124
0.447
0.0445
22.7
71
0.006
16.5
13.1
15.5
14.1
3500
319
138
12.3
117
0.440
0.0394
25.0
65
0.005
17.1
13.6
15.9
14.6
3500
328
143
12.1
119
0.442
0.0408
25.8
89
0.006
18.5
14.6
17.4
15.8
3500
275
132
12.9
115
0.497
0.0377
27.8
22
0.002
18.9
15.1
17.5
16.1
3500
209
106
15.0
106
0.531
0.0304
28.6
53
0.005
18.7
15.2
16.8
15.9
3500
213
113
14.3
108
0.557
0.0323
28.1
105
0.010
21.3
16.9
19.8
18.1
3500
247
112
14.2
108
0.472
0.0319
31.9
120
0.012
22.3
17.7
21.0
19.0
3500
210
108
14.4
107
0.545
0.0310
33.4
231
0.022
23.4
18.2
22.5
19.9
3500
178
107
14.6
106
0.618
0.0305
35.1
356
0.025
22.7
17.8
21.7
19.4
3500
174
104
15.0
105
0.615
0.0297
34.2
342
0.024
23.3
18.3
22.3
19.9
3500
180
110
14.3
107
0.641
0.0313
35.0
432
0.028
23.2
18.1
22.0
19.7
3500
167
119
13.5
111
0.726
0.0341
34.7
478
0.032
22.9
17.6
21.9
19.4
3500
178
121
13.4
111
0.696
0.0347
34.1
491
0.032
22.8
17.5
21.8
19.3
3500
184
130
12.7
114
0.719
0.0370
33.9
439
0.030
22.6
17.3
21.5
19.0
3500
195
132
12.6
115
0.696
0.0376
33.5
317
0.025
23.1
17.5
21.9
19.4
3500
186
135
12.3
116
0.741
0.0386
34.0
413
0.033
23.9
17.9
22.8
20.0
3500
199
137
12.1
117
0.712
0.0393
35.1
413
0.034
24.7
18.3
23.4
20.5
3500
187
131
12.6
115
0.719
0.0374
36.2
444
0.034
24.5
18.2
23.2
20.4
3500
186
134
12.4
116
0.738
0.0384
35.9
736
0.052
25.3
18.6
23.7
20.9
3500
178
132
12.7
115
0.752
0.0377
36.8
578
0.038
26.3
19.1
24.6
21.6
3500
167
131
12.6
115
0.804
0.0375
38.2
568
0.043
26.3
19.1
24.6
21.6
3500
158
129
12.8
114
0.828
0.0368
38.1
457
0.032
27.0
19.5
24.9
22.0
3500
154
123
13.1
112
0.815
0.0353
38.9
630
0.044
26.1
18.7
24.1
21.2
3500
157
131
12.6
115
0.840
0.0373
37.5
493
0.032
24.9
17.7
23.0
20.2
3500
162
133
12.4
116
0.827
0.0380
35.8
545
0.033
24.9
17.6
22.9
20.1
3500
163
135
12.3
116
0.842
0.0386
35.5
348
0.022
24.5
17.4
22.3
19.7
3500
161
138
12.1
118
0.867
0.0395
34.8
213
0.013
24.9
17.6
22.3
19.9
3500
168
146
11.5
120
0.884
0.0417
35.3
293
0.019
25.7
17.8
23.5
20.6
3500
154
135
12.4
116
0.889
0.0385
36.3
131
0.008
25.9
18.0
23.1
20.6
3500
158
149
11.4
121
0.944
0.0425
36.3
92
0.006
25.9
17.7
23.5
20.6
3500
167
159
10.8
125
0.960
0.0455
36.3
100
0.007
26.1
17.7
23.9
20.8
3500
164
161
10.7
126
0.984
0.0459
36.6
89
0.006
26.0
17.8
23.5
20.6
3500
161
159
10.8
125
0.995
0.0455
36.5
89
0.006
26.7
18.3
23.8
21.1
3500
159
157
10.9
124
0.991
0.0448
37.2
54
0.006
27.9
19.3
24.5
21.9
3500
154
155
11.0
124
1.011
0.0443
38.6
66
0.005
28.0
19.3
24.8
22.1
3500
154
155
11.0
124
1.010
0.0444
38.7
G-81
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
!.<>< k ( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
5.9%
11.9%
9.3%
20.5%
35.1%
42.1%
49.3%
6.1%
62.3%
31.0%
31.5%
80.0%
16.2%
59.4%
66.6%
28.0%
0.1%
1.6%
62.0%
67.5%
25.4%
2.5%
60.9%
71.5%
25.0%
14.2%
3.5%
0.7%
67.4%
69.0%
30.2%
35.6%
30.1%
0.3%
56.2%
55.2%
44.0%
28.5%
30.0%
0.2%
55.6%
54.0%
45.2%
54.5%
40.6%
37.3%
51.7%
47.9%
53.8%
44.0%
30.7%
52.7%
47.3%
77.5%
22.5%
21.3%
52.4%
47.6%
59.0%
41.0%
18.4%
65.1%
34.9%
70.5%
29.5%
19.1%
64.4%
35.6%
76.2%
23.8%
9.0%
63.2%
36.8%
86.6%
13.4%
98.1%
1.7%
0.2%
7.7%
69.5%
30.5%
83.1%
16.9%
93.1%
6.9%
7.5%
66.2%
33.8%
100.0%
85.2%
5.9%
8.9%
1.0%
67.9%
32.1%
100.0%
90.8%
8.7%
0.5%
8.5%
57.8%
42.2%
100.0%
81.1%
18.9%
7.5%
46.9%
53.1%
100.0%
83.9%
16.1%
5.4%
41.0%
59.0%
100.0%
3.3%
19.7%
2.8%
40.2%
57.1%
100.0%
65.6%
34.4%
34.7%
60.6%
100.0%
45.2%
54.8%
1.4%
36.1%
60.4%
100.0%
66.8%
33.2%
38.5%
53.7%
100.0%
22.6%
77.4%
37.7%
62.3%
100.0%
22.1%
77.9%
1.2%
35.8%
64.2%
100.0%
13.3%
86.7%
32.3%
67.7%
100.0%
10.8%
89.2%
25.7%
74.3%
100.0%
12.6%
87.4%
23.9%
76.1%
100.0%
1.7%
98.3%
30.2%
69.8%
100.0%
100.0%
G-82

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
733
0.072
14.1
11.0
13.6
12.0
4000
330
143
13.2
115
0.433
0.0358
24.6
907
0.073
15.3
12.2
14.3
13.1
4000
327
135
13.8
112
0.412
0.0338
26.8
855
0.061
16.7
13.4
15.3
14.2
4000
322
144
13.2
115
0.445
0.0359
28.9
951
0.066
16.1
13.0
14.4
13.6
4000
318
144
13.1
115
0.453
0.0361
28.0
606
0.044
15.9
12.9
14.4
13.5
4000
306
142
13.2
114
0.465
0.0356
27.4
439
0.039
18.7
14.9
17.4
15.9
4000
283
127
14.3
109
0.451
0.0317
32.1
587
0.056
19.2
15.2
17.9
16.3
4000
286
128
14.2
110
0.451
0.0320
33.0
397
0.041
18.7
14.9
17.4
15.9
4000
292
130
14.2
110
0.446
0.0325
32.2
332
0.032
18.5
14.7
17.4
15.8
4000
291
130
14.2
110
0.446
0.0324
32.0
406
0.029
18.5
14.6
17.4
15.7
4000
287
127
14.5
109
0.442
0.0317
32.0
385
0.027
18.5
14.8
17.2
15.8
4000
292
140
13.5
114
0.479
0.0349
31.9
465
0.030
19.2
15.2
17.7
16.3
4000
276
134
13.8
112
0.505
0.0336
32.8
271
0.018
19.1
15.1
17.6
16.2
4000
273
141
13.3
114
0.530
0.0353
32.5
370
0.024
19.7
15.2
18.7
16.6
4000
282
154
12.3
118
0.555
0.0385
33.4
369
0.026
20.1
15.3
19.3
17.0
4000
269
159
12.1
120
0.607
0.0397
34.2
342
0.027
20.2
15.1
19.4
16.9
4000
271
162
11.9
121
0.612
0.0405
34.0
353
0.028
20.4
15.2
19.6
17.1
4000
262
159
12.1
120
0.623
0.0397
34.3
332
0.027
20.4
15.1
19.7
17.1
4000
250
154
12.4
118
0.628
0.0386
34.3
313
0.024
20.5
15.2
19.5
17.1
4000
236
155
12.3
119
0.669
0.0388
34.3
536
0.038
20.9
15.4
19.8
17.3
4000
241
169
11.5
123
0.715
0.0423
34.8
292
0.019
20.9
15.4
19.5
17.3
4000
230
164
11.7
122
0.727
0.0411
34.7
286
0.022
21.6
15.7
20.3
17.8
4000
239
173
11.2
124
0.734
0.0432
35.7
425
0.029
21.5
15.5
20.2
17.6
4000
246
185
10.7
128
0.756
0.0461
35.3
437
0.030
21.3
15.3
19.9
17.4
4000
236
178
11.0
126
0.766
0.0446
34.9
420
0.028
20.7
14.9
19.1
16.9
4000
231
173
11.3
124
0.755
0.0431
33.8
481
0.029
20.8
14.9
19.1
16.9
4000
222
171
11.4
124
0.779
0.0429
33.9
437
0.028
20.7
14.8
18.8
16.7
4000
226
184
10.7
128
0.819
0.0460
33.6
386
0.024
20.9
15.0
18.6
16.8
4000
220
183
10.8
128
0.836
0.0457
33.7
396
0.025
21.4
15.2
19.2
17.2
4000
213
178
11.1
126
0.844
0.0445
34.5
380
0.024
21.8
15.2
19.6
17.4
4000
208
189
10.5
130
0.910
0.0473
35.0
293
0.018
23.1
15.9
20.9
18.4
4000
211
206
9.9
136
0.978
0.0516
37.1
282
0.019
23.4
16.1
21.1
18.7
4000
209
202
10.1
134
0.970
0.0505
37.5
209
0.014
22.8
15.7
20.6
18.2
4000
212
199
10.2
133
0.941
0.0498
36.6
186
0.013
23.2
16.0
20.8
18.5
4000
213
199
10.2
133
0.938
0.0498
37.1
97
136
0.011
0.010
24.2
24.4
16.7
16.8
21.6
21.8
19.2
19.3
4000
4000
209
212
202
206
10.1
10.0
134
135
0.974
0.972
0.0506
0.0514
38.7
39.0
G-83
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
0.7%
33.1%
1.0%
33.8%
1.2%
30.6%
1.1%
30.5%
0.7%
6.3%
33.8%
4.8%
5.6%
51.5%
17.4%
7.3%
44.3%
35.1%
9.4%
32.9%
28.4%
4.8%
27.0%
49.0%
0.2%
6.3%
34.2%
39.9%
0.0%
7.8%
26.7%
32.0%
13.8%
0.0%
13.5%
36.8%
33.5%
28.0%
11.0%
0.1%
17.6%
40.2%
35.5%
48.8%
17.6%
0.0%
18.0%
43.2%
40.1%
39.6%
60.4%
37.0%
39.8%
54.8%
28.4%
71.6%
27.6%
36.9%
57.8%
31.6%
68.4%
40.0%
42.4%
57.6%
36.0%
64.0%
32.0%
37.3%
62.7%
54.4%
45.6%
42.3%
38.0%
62.0%
68.8%
31.2%
43.7%
38.4%
61.6%
66.0%
34.0%
91.6%
8.4%
53.8%
38.4%
61.6%
77.2%
22.8%
83.0%
17.0%
44.0%
31.7%
68.3%
100.0%
77.6%
5.1%
17.3%
26.0%
31.3%
68.7%
100.0%
89.1%
6.1%
4.8%
42.1%
35.5%
64.5%
100.0%
84.5%
15.5%
52.4%
26.1%
73.9%
100.0%
84.0%
16.0%
45.0%
21.0%
79.0%
100.0%
86.4%
13.6%
43.1%
16.7%
83.3%
100.0%
78.5%
21.5%
38.1%
19.7%
80.3%
100.0%
60.0%
40.0%
36.3%
15.4%
84.6%
100.0%
65.5%
34.5%
41.3%
16.3%
83.7%
100.0%
46.6%
53.4%
35.2%
17.1%
82.9%
100.0%
22.1%
77.9%
29.8%
17.1%
82.9%
100.0%
17.3%
82.7%
27.6%
14.2%
85.8%
100.0%
34.1%
65.9%
31.3%
13.9%
86.1%
100.0%
36.5%
63.5%
25.5%
22.1%
77.9%
100.0%
18.7%
81.3%
23.3%
25.3%
74.7%
100.0%
18.4%
81.6%
G-84

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iiw ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
180
0.018
11.8
9.6
10.6
10.0
4500
366
166
12.9
118
0.451
0.0369
22.6
375
0.030
12.6
10.3
11.3
10.7
4500
365
161
13.2
117
0.439
0.0358
24.3
539
0.038
13.7
11.2
12.2
11.6
4500
369
169
12.6
119
0.459
0.0377
26.3
578
0.040
13.6
11.2
12.1
11.5
4500
361
163
12.9
117
0.453
0.0363
26.3
631
0.045
14.2
11.8
12.7
12.2
4500
320
146
14.3
112
0.459
0.0323
27.9
247
0.022
15.7
12.6
14.3
13.3
4500
323
147
14.1
112
0.456
0.0326
30.3
210
0.020
16.8
13.4
15.5
14.3
4500
314
147
14.0
112
0.472
0.0327
32.6
193
0.020
17.1
13.7
15.7
14.5
4500
311
156
13.4
115
0.504
0.0347
33.2
247
0.024
17.0
13.5
15.8
14.5
4500
310
151
13.8
113
0.488
0.0335
33.0
385
0.027
16.8
13.4
15.6
14.3
4500
310
150
13.9
113
0.483
0.0333
32.6
428
0.030
16.8
13.4
15.5
14.3
4500
310
159
13.1
116
0.513
0.0354
32.4
439
0.029
17.4
13.8
16.1
14.8
4500
307
155
13.5
115
0.503
0.0344
33.5
353
0.024
17.2
13.5
16.0
14.6
4500
316
168
12.7
119
0.531
0.0374
33.0
596
0.039
17.8
13.7
16.9
15.0
4500
322
174
12.4
120
0.539
0.0387
33.9
641
0.044
17.8
13.6
16.9
15.0
4500
320
174
12.4
121
0.542
0.0388
33.9
507
0.040
18.0
13.6
17.2
15.1
4500
318
172
12.5
120
0.536
0.0381
34.3
435
0.035
18.1
13.5
17.5
15.2
4500
315
176
12.3
121
0.555
0.0390
34.4
513
0.042
18.4
13.6
17.8
15.4
4500
310
171
12.6
120
0.550
0.0380
34.8
614
0.046
19.0
13.9
18.4
15.8
4500
306
177
12.2
121
0.579
0.0394
35.8
684
0.048
18.7
13.7
18.0
15.6
4500
311
186
11.7
124
0.600
0.0414
35.1
744
0.049
18.6
13.5
17.8
15.4
4500
308
182
11.9
123
0.593
0.0404
34.8
543
0.041
18.9
13.7
17.9
15.6
4500
305
201
11.1
129
0.660
0.0447
35.3
611
0.042
19.8
14.2
18.8
16.3
4500
283
212
10.4
132
0.753
0.0472
36.8
585
0.040
19.8
14.2
18.8
16.3
4500
289
217
10.3
133
0.752
0.0481
36.8
624
0.041
19.9
14.2
18.6
16.2
4500
287
224
10.1
136
0.780
0.0497
36.7
766
0.046
20.0
14.3
18.6
16.3
4500
281
224
10.1
136
0.798
0.0498
36.8
518
0.033
20.0
14.1
18.4
16.2
4500
264
210
10.6
131
0.796
0.0468
36.5
556
0.034
19.8
14.0
18.2
16.0
4500
262
213
10.5
132
0.811
0.0473
36.1
511
0.032
20.2
14.2
18.5
16.3
4500
261
212
10.5
132
0.814
0.0472
36.8
350
0.022
20.5
14.3
18.8
16.5
4500
257
215
10.4
133
0.841
0.0478
37.2
374
0.024
20.8
14.3
19.2
16.7
4500
247
227
10.0
137
0.924
0.0505
37.7
368
252
201
105
149
0.024
0.017
0.014
0.011
0.011
21.3
21.4
21.5
22.1
21.8
14.6
14.7
14.8
15.2
15.0
19.5
19.5
19.7
20.1
20.0
17.1
17.1
17.3
17.7
17.5
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
240
237
234
238
239
233
233
230
239
240
9.8
9.8
9.8
9.5
9.5
138
138
137
140
141
0.980
0.993
0.990
1.008
1.009
0.0518
0.0517
0.0511
0.0531
0.0534
38.4
38.5
38.9
39.8
39.4
G-85
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
55.4%
51.3%
64.5%
45.2%
58.2%
31.0%
68.5%
31.7%
3.5%
16.4%
25.6%
0.3%
30.9%
32.0%
44.4%
2.6%
25.2%
18.6%
60.3%
1.8%
20.0%
15.7%
64.1%
0.8%
34.0%
21.4%
55.4%
0.9%
34.6%
18.6%
58.4%
0.4%
33.6%
16.9%
64.9%
8.0%
0.0%
36.8%
19.9%
66.3%
22.3%
0.0%
35.5%
21.6%
45.7%
41.5%
45.8%
0.1%
38.3%
20.3%
61.7%
35.5%
63.9%
0.1%
37.7%
32.4%
58.1%
45.1%
54.7%
0.1%
34.2%
25.5%
66.5%
51.7%
48.2%
0.1%
28.6%
23.7%
75.3%
48.0%
51.9%
0.1%
21.1%
27.9%
72.0%
59.3%
40.6%
0.1%
0.0%
16.9%
19.5%
80.5%
55.4%
44.6%
14.5%
17.3%
82.7%
59.9%
40.1%
100.0%
18.4%
26.6%
73.4%
58.9%
41.1%
99.3%
0.7%
11.9%
19.0%
81.0%
100.0%
98.6%
1.4%
16.3%
12.5%
87.5%
100.0%
98.8%
1.2%
9.6%
11.4%
88.6%
100.0%
99.4%
0.6%
18.1%
9.4%
90.6%
100.0%
100.0%
17.7%
10.3%
89.7%
100.0%
92.7%
7.3%
16.0%
11.0%
89.0%
100.0%
90.9%
9.1%
27.1%
8.7%
91.3%
100.0%
84.6%
15.4%
27.6%
12.5%
87.5%
100.0%
87.8%
12.2%
31.9%
10.9%
89.1%
100.0%
90.9%
9.1%
35.7%
7.6%
92.4%
100.0%
61.9%
38.1%
48.2%
7.0%
93.0%
100.0%
38.9%
61.1%
52.3%
7.3%
92.7%
100.0%
43.8%
56.2%
57.6%
9.1%
90.9%
100.0%
40.6%
59.4%
77.2%
5.8%
94.2%
100.0%
15.9%
84.1%
67.1%
8.2%
91.8%
100.0%
28.0%
72.0%
G-86

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
I'kOI)
tin mi
i u\<
i \it
55 45
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on
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ill'
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ior
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in*
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i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
122
0.012
11.0
9.0
9.7
9.3
5000
371
165
14.1
114
0.443
0.0331
23.4
188
0.015
11.7
9.6
10.3
9.9
5000
367
159
14.5
112
0.430
0.0318
24.9
172
0.012
12.9
10.6
11.4
11.0
5000
378
167
14.0
115
0.440
0.0334
27.5
198
0.014
12.8
10.5
11.3
10.8
5000
370
171
13.5
116
0.462
0.0341
27.2
404
0.029
12.9
10.8
11.2
11.0
5000
372
158
15.1
112
0.419
0.0315
28.5
147
0.013
15.9
12.7
14.6
13.5
5000
351
153
14.9
111
0.436
0.0306
35.2
53
0.005
16.9
13.5
15.6
14.4
5000
333
141
15.8
107
0.425
0.0282
37.2
97
0.010
18.9
15.0
17.5
16.0
5000
336
140
15.9
107
0.420
0.0280
41.8
69
0.007
18.0
14.1
17.1
15.3
5000
334
150
15.0
110
0.458
0.0301
39.7
85
0.006
17.4
13.6
16.6
14.8
5000
322
155
14.6
111
0.487
0.0311
37.9
92
0.006
16.3
12.7
15.7
13.9
5000
322
162
14.1
113
0.505
0.0324
35.5
93
0.006
16.3
12.7
15.6
13.8
5000
321
162
14.1
113
0.507
0.0324
35.1
74
0.005
16.0
12.5
15.0
13.6
5000
332
183
12.9
119
0.550
0.0366
34.2
165
0.011
16.4
12.6
15.7
13.9
5000
342
193
12.3
122
0.565
0.0387
35.0
129
0.009
16.0
12.4
15.0
13.5
5000
323
187
12.7
120
0.588
0.0373
34.0
223
0.018
16.4
12.4
15.9
13.8
5000
337
198
12.1
124
0.591
0.0397
34.8
138
0.011
16.2
12.2
15.4
13.5
5000
333
198
12.1
123
0.598
0.0396
34.0
235
0.019
16.7
12.4
16.2
14.0
5000
330
189
12.7
121
0.571
0.0377
35.2
258
0.020
16.9
12.5
16.3
14.1
5000
333
199
12.0
124
0.599
0.0399
35.4
414
0.029
17.0
12.5
16.2
14.1
5000
336
202
11.9
125
0.601
0.0404
35.4
453
0.030
16.8
12.3
16.1
14.0
5000
337
202
11.9
125
0.601
0.0405
35.0
390
0.030
17.3
12.5
16.7
14.4
5000
334
225
10.9
131
0.675
0.0451
36.1
573
0.040
18.2
13.1
17.4
15.0
5000
319
229
10.7
132
0.722
0.0459
37.7
525
0.036
17.6
12.5
17.0
14.6
5000
327
236
10.4
134
0.724
0.0473
36.4
628
0.041
18.1
13.0
17.0
14.9
5000
322
245
10.2
137
0.763
0.0491
37.2
707
0.043
18.4
13.2
17.0
15.0
5000
317
252
9.9
139
0.797
0.0504
37.6
929
0.059
18.6
13.2
17.3
15.1
5000
314
255
9.8
140
0.813
0.0509
37.9
780
0.048
18.7
13.2
17.1
15.1
5000
305
261
9.7
141
0.854
0.0521
37.9
870
0.055
18.9
13.3
17.2
15.2
5000
305
259
9.7
141
0.852
0.0518
38.2
707
0.045
19.2
13.4
17.4
15.4
5000
311
269
9.5
144
0.862
0.0537
38.6
679
0.043
19.4
13.4
17.8
15.6
5000
304
272
9.4
145
0.892
0.0545
39.1
608
0.040
19.9
13.8
18.1
16.0
5000
297
265
9.6
143
0.891
0.0530
40.0
444
0.029
20.0
13.7
18.5
16.1
5000
282
245
10.3
137
0.866
0.0489
40.3
257
0.019
20.3
14.0
18.7
16.3
5000
270
233
10.7
134
0.862
0.0466
40.9
98
0.011
20.8
14.3
19.1
16.7
5000
275
244
10.3
137
0.885
0.0488
41.7
395
0.029
21.0
14.2
19.8
16.9
5000
307
304
154
0.985
0.0609
42.4
G-87
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
26.4%
27.9%
26.9%
28.8%
23.5%
24.6%
36.6%
32.8%
0.0%
8.3%
18.5%
13.0%
53.2%
21.5%
65.3%
28.8%
55.4%
31.1%
57.2%
32.9%
43.4%
26.2%
65.1%
56.0%
65.2%
23.9%
66.1%
26.4%
74.8%
26.8%
68.4%
14.7%
85.9%
28.0%
61.2%
6.8%
89.6%
22.2%
64.0%
4.2%
3.8%
95.4%
31.5%
47.0%
20.5%
58.7%
2.0%
74.8%
17.8%
61.4%
25.5%
71.2%
2.1%
78.9%
27.4%
56.9%
43.5%
55.1%
1.4%
65.5%
13.4%
82.7%
23.9%
75.3%
0.8%
86.9%
17.5%
78.2%
31.2%
67.9%
0.9%
78.2%
14.7%
85.1%
43.8%
55.8%
0.4%
86.6%
13.7%
86.3%
38.8%
61.2%
87.0%
10.0%
90.0%
45.0%
55.0%
100.0%
83.9%
11.0%
89.0%
52.3%
47.7%
100.0%
70.7%
7.8%
92.1%
99.8%
0.2%
100.0%
60.1%
5.7%
94.3%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
75.4%
5.1%
94.9%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
73.5%
2.6%
97.4%
100.0%
100.0%
78.9%
1.6%
98.4%
100.0%
91.1%
8.9%
46.9%
1.7%
98.3%
100.0%
95.9%
4.1%
51.3%
2.0%
98.0%
100.0%
94.5%
5.5%
49.6%
1.5%
98.5%
100.0%
95.3%
4.7%
46.5%
1.4%
98.6%
100.0%
90.9%
0.3%
8.8%
0.3%
33.5%
2.3%
97.7%
100.0%
85.0%
0.2%
14.8%
15.0%
28.9%
3.8%
96.2%
100.0%
79.8%
0.4%
19.8%
20.2%
17.1%
3.2%
96.8%
100.0%
89.7%
3.8%
6.5%
20.8%
16.1%
1.8%
98.2%
100.0%
91.7%
3.2%
5.0%
1.7%
18.3%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
89.3%
5.1%
5.6%
5.3%
20.7%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
81.2%
13.9%
5.0%
60.8%
G-88

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
i i i:i. i: <>\<>\n
i \it
55 45
AD.I
on
\d.i
iin ^
A I).I
<>\ir
\\(.ii i
i ii
\<>i
< i -i i
i:\<;im.
< id
ill'
n-(.n
11 Ml'.
ior
SI'I)
in*
< id
in*
\\ i
i<>\-
\ir<;
(ill
Ml'(!
(III-
l<>\-
Ml'(.
53
0.005
10.0
5500
374
171
14.9
113
0.452
0.0310
23.4
102
0.008
11.4
9.3
10.2
9.7
5500
383
171
14.9
113
0.443
0.0311
26.8
91
0.006
11.8
9.7
10.4
10.0
5500
396
183
14.1
116
0.458
0.0333
27.8
120
0.008
12.1
10.0
10.8
10.3
5500
377
172
14.6
113
0.457
0.0312
28.4
83
0.006
11.3
9.5
9.8
9.6
5500
401
192
13.8
118
0.473
0.0348
26.8
14
0.001
13.3
10.7
12.2
11.3
5500
353
165
14.9
111
0.467
0.0299
31.3
0.000
13.3
10.5
12.4
11.3
5500
351
143
16.5
105
0.407
0.0260
31.1
17
0.002
22.4
17.5
21.3
19.1
5500
350
130
18.1
102
0.371
0.0236
52.4
10
0.001
22.1
17.3
21.2
18.9
5500
379
130
18.1
102
0.343
0.0236
51.9
0.001
21.9
17.3
20.5
18.6
5500
379
130
18.1
102
0.343
0.0236
51.2
0.000
21.1
16.5
20.2
18.0
5500
379
130
18.1
102
0.343
0.0236
49.5
0.000
21.1
16.4
20.1
17.9
5500
379
130
18.1
102
0.343
0.0236
49.3
0.000
21.1
16.3
20.1
17.9
5500
379
130
18.1
102
0.343
0.0236
49.1
0.000
16.9
13.4
15.2
14.2
5500
363
178
14.4
115
0.495
0.0324
40.7
0.000
19.2
14.8
17.9
16.1
5500
370
153
16.6
108
0.417
0.0278
45.3
0.000
18.6
14.3
17.2
15.5
5500
370
159
15.8
110
0.434
0.0289
44.0
0.000
17.5
13.2
16.7
14.7
5500
364
176
14.6
114
0.489
0.0321
41.7
0.001
16.3
12.2
15.6
13.7
5500
353
200
12.9
121
0.570
0.0364
38.0
0.001
17.0
12.6
16.3
14.2
5500
352
199
13.0
120
0.569
0.0363
39.4
21
0.001
16.9
12.5
15.9
14.0
5500
364
205
12.6
122
0.568
0.0373
39.0
29
0.002
15.9
11.6
15.2
13.2
5500
358
215
12.2
125
0.605
0.0392
36.5
65
0.005
15.3
11.0
15.0
12.8
5500
345
225
11.7
127
0.655
0.0410
35.3
275
0.019
17.0
12.1
16.6
14.1
5500
347
240
11.1
131
0.693
0.0437
38.9
112
0.008
16.4
11.7
16.0
13.6
5500
330
226
11.7
127
0.684
0.0410
37.5
130
0.009
16.3
11.5
15.9
13.5
5500
344
242
11.1
132
0.704
0.0440
37.1
72
0.004
16.2
11.3
15.9
13.4
5500
347
244
11.0
132
0.705
0.0444
36.9
258
0.017
16.3
11.5
15.5
13.4
5500
340
251
10.7
134
0.740
0.0456
36.9
280
271
539
549
570
707
461
533
0.017
0.017
0.034
0.035
0.038
0.045
0.051
0.050
0.039
17.0
17.2
17.9
18.3
18.7
19.5
20.1
20.4
20.8
11.9
12.1
12.5
12.6
13.0
13.5
13.7
13.9
14.1
16.0
15.9
16.5
16.8
17.3
18.0
18.6
19.2
19.5
13.9
13.9
14.5
14.7
15.1
15.7
16.2
16.5
16.8
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
322
319
316
319
313
317
319
317
315
255
264
287
292
283
297
311
309
308
10.6
10.4
9.8
9.6
9.8
9.4
9.1
9.1
9.1
135
137
143
145
143
146
150
149
149
0.795
0.827
0.901
0.913
0.902
0.934
0.974
0.974
0.979
0.0464
0.0479
0.0521
0.0531
0.0515
0.0541
0.0566
0.0561
0.0561
38.4
38.4
40.0
40.6
41.6
43.3
44.9
45.4
46.2
G-89
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I HON I
4\\ I)
M \M \l
I l<\\SMISS|()\
l <>< k
( \ I
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
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M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
\ \ I
84.9%
1.1%
87.1%
2.9%
76.0%
1.0%
91.0%
0.4%
0.0%
3.9%
40.8%
0.1%
84.0%
44.1%
40.9%
44.3%
62.0%
100.0%
16.7%
83.3%
100.0%
100.0%
10.0%
90.0%
100.0%
97.0%
13.1%
86.9%
100.0%
83.2%
11.9%
88.1%
100.0%
84.4%
14.5%
85.5%
100.0%
80.0%
7.7%
92.3%
100.0%
97.8%
62.7%
37.3%
54.9%
45.1%
100.0%
36.0%
64.0%
31.7%
68.3%
94.8%
41.0%
59.0%
32.0%
68.0%
97.5%
8.7%
91.3%
52.2%
47.8%
99.6%
30.4%
69.2%
0.7%
86.5%
12.8%
99.9%
13.3%
86.7%
16.0%
84.0%
95.5%
14.9%
85.1%
47.8%
52.2%
100.0%
96.8%
9.4%
90.6%
79.9%
20.1%
100.0%
99.1%
3.9%
95.3%
96.2%
3.8%
100.0%
99.7%
0.7%
99.3%
99.8%
0.2%
100.0%
94.7%
3.9%
96.1%
99.7%
0.3%
100.0%
92.7%
3.5%
96.5%
100.0%
100.0%
85.8%
2.2%
97.8%
100.0%
100.0%
97.7%
1.8%
98.2%
100.0%
100.0%
73.6%
1.1%
98.9%
100.0%
100.0%
65.6%
0.9%
99.1%
100.0%
100.0%
43.3%
0.8%
99.2%
100.0%
72.6%
21.4%
6.0%
21.4%
60.5%
0.5%
99.5%
100.0%
67.0%
19.5%
13.6%
33.0%
56.6%
0.3%
99.7%
100.0%
66.6%
18.8%
14.6%
33.4%
48.5%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
76.3%
10.8%
13.0%
23.7%
46.9%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
81.5%
7.0%
11.5%
18.6%
46.1%
100.0%
100.0%
84.5%
12.3%
3.2%
17.4%
43.5%
100.0%
100.0%
65.0%
18.3%
16.7%
78.2%
G-90

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
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55 45
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\\ I
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0.000
12.6
10.4
11.1
10.7
6000
325
154
16.8
106
0.474
0.0256
32.3
0.001
10.9
9.0
9.7
9.3
6000
390
153
17.9
106
0.386
0.0255
27.9
0.000
9.9
8.4
6000
350
155
16.9
106
0.443
0.0258
25.2
0.000
19.6
16.0
17.5
16.6
6000
379
130
18.8
100
0.343
0.0217
49.8
0.000
19.6
16.1
16.7
16.4
6000
379
140
17.8
103
0.369
0.0233
49.1
0.000
21.2
17.3
18.0
17.6
6000
379
126
19.3
99
0.332
0.0210
52.8
0.000
20.5
16.4
17.8
17.0
6000
379
135
18.3
101
0.356
0.0225
51.1
0.000
19.5
15.6
16.7
16.1
6000
379
140
17.8
103
0.369
0.0233
48.4
0.000
18.1
13.6
16.7
15.0
6000
395
180
15.0
112
0.455
0.0299
45.0
0.000
18.1
13.4
16.9
15.0
6000
395
180
15.0
112
0.455
0.0300
45.0
0.000
18.7
13.7
17.4
15.4
6000
395
180
15.0
113
0.456
0.0300
46.2
0.000
18.7
13.7
17.3
15.4
6000
395
180
15.0
113
0.456
0.0300
46.1
46
0.003
15.6
10.9
15.6
13.0
6000
359
234
12.2
126
0.651
0.0389
38.9
200
0.013
16.8
12.0
16.1
13.9
6000
350
254
11.4
131
0.727
0.0424
41.6
0.000
15.8
10.8
16.0
13.1
6000
352
242
11.8
128
0.688
0.0404
39.3
0.000
15.8
10.9
15.8
13.1
6000
343
239
11.9
127
0.698
0.0398
39.3
146
0.009
17.5
12.3
16.3
14.3
6000
329
283
10.5
138
0.861
0.0472
42.9
112
0.007
17.6
12.3
16.5
14.3
6000
329
295
10.1
141
0.895
0.0491
43.1
376
0.024
18.1
12.6
16.6
14.6
6000
325
290
10.3
140
0.894
0.0484
43.8
311
0.020
18.0
12.5
16.4
14.5
6000
326
294
10.2
141
0.901
0.0490
43.5
260
430
355
174
445
0.017
0.028
0.026
0.019
0.033
17.6
18.5
18.7
19.2
19.6
12.3
12.8
12.8
13.2
13.5
16.1
17.2
17.4
17.8
18.2
14.2
15.0
15.1
15.5
15.8
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
329
333
334
328
328
298
325
334
320
335
10.0
9.4
9.2
9.5
9.1
142
149
151
147
151
0.906
0.974
0.999
0.973
1.024
0.0497
0.0541
0.0557
0.0533
0.0559
42.7
45.0
45.3
46.6
47.6
G-91
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
3.7%
77.6%
62.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1.0%
99.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
0.5%
99.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
0.5%
99.5%
98.4%
1.6%
100.0%
100.0%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
3.0%
97.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
17.0%
83.0%
100.0%
100.0%
71.3%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
97.7%
2.3%
69.1%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
87.8%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
36.1%
63.9%
88.5%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
32.1%
67.9%
93.0%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
17.0%
83.0%
83.6%
100.0%
100.0%
35.5%
40.3%
24.2%
86.2%
100.0%
100.0%
23.0%
39.3%
37.7%
94.5%
98.8%
1.2%
100.0%
32.5%
57.7%
9.8%
81.9%
98.9%
1.1%
100.0%
10.2%
46.5%
43.3%
G-92

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
I'UOI)
(III III)
I l<\(
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55 45
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0.000
11.8
9.7
10.4
10.0
6500
322
153
18.3
104
0.475
0.0235
32.6
0.000
12.0
9.5
11.3
10.3
6500
368
150
18.5
103
0.408
0.0231
33.3
0.000
16.3
11.4
14.9
13.2
6500
330
300
10.6
139
0.909
0.0462
42.8
0.000
15.2
10.6
14.2
12.4
6500
330
445
7.7
173
1.348
0.0685
40.2
0.000
15.1
10.6
13.9
12.2
6500
330
445
7.7
173
1.348
0.0685
39.8
0.000
16.0
11.0
15.0
13.0
6500
330
445
7.7
173
1.348
0.0685
42.2
G-93
November 2010

-------
ODII
11: \u
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
mm ii k\i\
I l>\| 4\\ I)
M \M \l !.<>< k ( \ I
I l<\\SMISS|()\
I I I I Ml II KIM.
(.1)1
I'OKI
I lil
l)S|
M Mlil.KOI \ \l \ I S
i\\<> 111ui:I l-OI |{ MM
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
G-94

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Appendix H
Fuel Economy Data Stratified by
Vehicle Type and Drive Type
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

-------
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....

.....


















Car
Front Wheel Drive
1976
59.7%



18.9%








86.9%
oo
4.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1977
68.2%



31.3%

2.8%






89.5%
6.1%
4.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1978
66.2%
4.2%


31.0%

3.6%






93.6%
4.2%
2.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1979
57.2%
6.4%


19.6%

5.6%






87.0%
13.0%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1980
45.5%
2.1%


9.5%
1.6%
6.8%






67.8%
32.2%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1981
45.2%



5.4%
1.8%
5.4%






68.1%
31.9%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1982
40.0%
32.2%


5.0%
13.9%
2.7%






71.0%
29.0%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1983
36.4%
38.9%


5.8%
25.1%
1.3%






68.3%
31.7%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1984
30.3%
42.4%


8.6%
27.9%
1.6%






69.0%
31.0%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1985
26.3%
48.6%


21.0%
33.5%
0.7%






63.3%
29.4%
7.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1986
27.1%
52.4%


33.1%
34.2%
0.3%
94.3%
4.5%
1.3%



62.5%
28.5%
9.1%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1987
26.1%
56.5%


38.0%
36.7%
0.0%
82.1%
11.7%
6.1%



66.3%
24.7%
9.0%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1988
25.5%
64.6%


48.5%
35.1%

76.9%
11.1%
12.0%



67.5%
23.8%
8.7%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1989
21.7%
68.6%
0.2%

58.0%
31.4%
0.0%
73.1%
12.9%
14.0%



61.0%
29.3%
9.7%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1990
19.7%
73.1%
0.0%

75.2%
23.6%
0.0%
65.6%
5.4%
29.0%



61.1%
28.8%
10.1%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1991
21.0%
73.7%


77.5%
22.3%
0.1%
64.6%
7.3%
28.1%

1.9%

64.1%
27.3%
8.5%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1992
18.5%
75.4%
0.0%

90.3%
9.7%
0.0%
65.5%
5.5%
29.0%

3.4%

61.6%
27.3%
11.1%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1993
18.7%
76.3%


91.9%
8.1%

62.1%
3.5%
34.5%

3.8%

60.4%
29.7%
9.9%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1994
17.4%
78.8%


93.9%
6.1%

56.2%
2.2%
41.6%

7.7%

61.3%
26.3%
12.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1995
16.8%
82.4%


98.6%
1.4%

46.3%
1.3%
52.4%

9.9%

60.4%
27.5%
12.1%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1996
14.6%
84.4%
0.0%

98.7%
1.3%
0.1%
38.9%
1.1%
60.0%

11.6%

56.2%
33.3%
10.6%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1997
13.1%
86.1%
0.1%

99.0%
0.9%
0.0%
39.2%
1.0%
59.7%
0.0%
9.7%

56.9%
31.1%
12.0%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1998
11.5%
88.0%
0.1%

99.7%
0.2%
0.2%
37.3%
0.9%
61.3%
0.5%
17.3%

48.8%
41.4%
9.8%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1999
10.0%
89.4%
0.0%

99.8%
0.1%
0.1%
33.7%
1.1%
64.0%
1.2%
15.9%

47.4%
42.0%
10.5%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2000
9.7%
89.3%
0.0%

99.7%

0.3%
33.5%
0.9%
64.1%
1.4%
22.5%
0.1%
46.5%
36.1%
17.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2001
9.9%
88.8%
0.3%

99.7%

0.3%
32.7%
0.4%
64.8%
2.1%
26.6%
0.0%
50.1%
34.0%
15.9%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2002
9.5%
89.8%
0.5%

99.5%

0.5%
30.3%
0.4%
67.1%
2.3%
33.7%
0.4%
45.7%
38.9%
15.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2003
10.1%
88.8%
1.1%

99.5%

0.5%
26.2%

71.0%
2.8%
41.9%
0.7%
48.8%
36.3%
15.0%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2004
8.5%
89.6%
1.7%

99.6%

0.4%
21.8%

76.3%
1.9%
43.9%
1.2%
45.3%
39.0%
15.7%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2005
8.2%
88.9%
2.8%

99.5%

0.5%
21.3%

77.9%
0.8%
54.1%
2.6%
43.7%
41.9%
14.3%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2006
8.3%
88.9%
2.8%

99.3%

0.7%
18.7%

81.2%
0.1%
62.3%
2.0%
46.5%
36.3%
17.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2007
7.1%
80.4%
12.4%
0.3%
99.7%


14.5%

85.5%

67.7%
4.2%
43.5%
43.2%
13.3%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2008
6.9%
78.4%
14.7%
2.0%
98.0%


11.6%

88.4%

66.8%
4.3%
44.1%
37.9%
18.1%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-2
November 2010

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
\ i-liuli-
1 .x lH'
Di'im- 1 \ pi-
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Car
Front Wheel Drive
2010
8.5%
75.3%
16.1%
3.2%
96.1%

0.7%
4.5%

95.5%

95.4%
7.6%
46.0%
41.3%
12.7%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1975
16.5%
0.1%


4.3%

0.3%






53.2%
24.4%
22.4%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1976
14.5%



2.2%

0.3%






53.5%
26.2%
20.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1977
13.0%



2.2%

0.3%






49.2%
25.9%
24.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1978
14.9%
7.4%


2.3%

0.6%






39.5%
37.6%
23.0%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1979
15.9%
9.2%


2.7%

1.6%






37.6%
37.2%
25.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1980
24.4%
23.4%


4.9%
0.3%
3.5%






48.0%
35.7%
16.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1981
20.3%
53.3%


6.6%
3.1%
6.3%






41.0%
39.4%
19.6%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1982
19.5%
68.0%


9.2%
6.4%
6.4%






43.6%
33.1%
23.4%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1983
14.3%
76.4%


13.5%
14.1%
2.9%






35.7%
33.9%
30.4%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1984
16.1%
77.7%


22.8%
20.8%
1.8%






42.7%
28.0%
29.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1985
15.1%
77.0%


22.9%
31.3%
1.3%






40.8%
29.2%
30.0%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1986
17.0%
74.4%


46.0%
14.9%
0.3%
97.5%

2.5%



50.6%
27.2%
22.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1987
18.3%
73.0%


58.9%
9.8%
1.0%
96.0%

4.0%



52.0%
24.0%
24.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1988
16.1%
76.2%


78.8%
5.3%
0.0%
95.5%
1.5%
3.0%



51.1%
16.2%
32.7%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1989
14.9%
75.9%


83.3%
10.7%
0.0%
89.2%
5.4%
5.4%



43.4%
23.1%
33.5%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1990
17.5%
73.4%


90.5%
6.8%
0.2%
77.9%
5.1%
17.0%

4.2%

41.1%
29.8%
29.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1991
15.8%
75.3%


79.5%
20.1%
0.5%
77.6%
0.3%
22.1%

5.6%

44.0%
22.4%
33.7%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1992
10.6%
83.1%


85.7%
14.0%
0.3%
64.5%

35.5%

10.2%

31.3%
31.8%
36.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1993
11.4%
81.8%


89.4%
10.6%

75.2%

24.8%

11.3%

34.4%
30.5%
35.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1994
12.6%
82.0%


99.9%

0.1%
73.8%

26.2%

10.3%

42.1%
25.8%
32.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1995
12.9%
80.5%


99.6%

0.4%
58.3%

41.7%
0.0%
10.2%

42.5%
33.2%
24.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1996
14.9%
79.6%


99.7%

0.3%
73.9%

26.0%
0.0%
13.1%

42.2%
20.3%
37.5%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1997
13.9%
85.9%


99.7%

0.3%
61.8%
1.2%
37.0%
0.1%
24.7%

43.3%
22.9%
33.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1998
15.7%
84.0%


99.6%

0.4%
57.2%
6.3%
36.5%
0.1%
27.5%

57.1%
15.4%
27.5%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1999
15.9%
83.3%


99.5%

0.5%
56.0%
10.5%
33.4%
0.1%
25.8%

52.1%
15.1%
32.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2000
18.3%
79.3%


99.6%
0.4%

49.1%
7.5%
43.3%
0.0%
29.0%

56.3%
16.9%
26.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2001
16.8%
82.8%


100.0%


41.7%
12.8%
45.4%
0.1%
38.7%

58.9%
13.8%
27.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2002
18.3%
81.2%


100.0%


38.7%
14.3%
46.9%
0.1%
36.5%

67.1%
15.1%
17.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2003
15.5%
84.5%


100.0%


32.4%
15.6%
51.9%
0.1%
39.0%

58.5%
16.7%
24.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2004
17.2%
82.6%


100.0%


37.1%
10.0%
52.7%
0.2%
46.9%

57.2%
17.9%
24.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2005
13.1%
86.6%


99.4%

0.6%
32.4%
13.3%
54.3%
0.0%
43.2%

47.7%
22.9%
29.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2006
12.5%
87.2%


99.6%

0.4%
25.8%
oo
CO
65.3%
0.0%
53.8%

46.6%
17.8%
35.6%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-4
November 2010

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Agttiwy
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Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2008
11.8%
86.0%

5.7%
94.0%

0.3%
21.0%
4.1%
74.9%
0.0%
54.5%
0.1%
48.5%
20.0%
31.5%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2009
8.7%
88.0%

12.9%
86.7%

0.4%
22.4%
2.1%
75.5%
0.0%
65.4%
0.1%
53.5%
16.2%
30.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2010
18.7%
79.7%
0.1%
20.1%
79.8%

0.1%
21.5%
5.0%
73.5%

75.1%
0.4%
64.2%
16.0%
19.8%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
1975
















Car
Four Wheel Drive
1976
















Car
Four Wheel Drive
1977
















Car
Four Wheel Drive
1978
















Car
Four Wheel Drive
1979
100.0%












100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1980
53.5%












100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1981
73.3%
26.7%











100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1982
67.5%
32.5%











100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1983
55.8%
14.5%


1.0%








100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1984
59.2%
35.4%


7.8%








100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1985
54.0%
36.7%


9.8%








93.1%
6.9%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1986
72.4%
0.0%


34.7%


100.0%





90.3%
9.7%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1987
69.7%
0.5%


27.6%
6.8%

94.9%
5.1%




94.9%
5.1%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1988
76.8%
6.2%


35.2%
44.3%

75.2%
14.7%
10.1%



95.3%
4.7%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1989
60.9%
15.4%


78.1%
21.0%

58.2%
1.1%
40.7%



77.1%
22.9%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1990
45.8%
45.1%
2.4%

82.1%
17.9%

28.6%
5.9%
65.5%



95.0%
5.0%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1991
42.4%
45.0%
3.1%

87.5%
12.5%

15.1%
5.2%
79.6%



97.3%
2.7%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1992
49.3%
38.0%
0.1%

100.0%


37.7%
0.5%
61.9%



97.7%
2.3%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1993
32.6%
63.9%
0.8%

93.4%
6.6%

14.6%
2.0%
83.3%



93.8%
6.2%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1994
36.5%
61.6%


100.0%


83.3%

16.7%



98.4%
1.6%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1995
30.7%
69.3%


100.0%


5.8%

94.2%



55.1%
44.9%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1996
32.5%
67.5%


100.0%


15.4%

84.6%

2.4%

44.4%
55.6%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1997
27.9%
72.1%


100.0%


11.3%

84.8%
4.0%
1.4%

45.3%
54.7%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1998
24.3%
75.7%


100.0%


1.2%

77.8%
21.0%
17.9%

36.7%
63.3%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1999
22.7%
77.1%


100.0%


1.2%

70.9%
27.9%
22.7%

36.7%
63.3%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
2000
25.4%
74.4%


100.0%




69.0%
31.0%
23.7%

32.0%
67.6%
0.3%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2001
27.7%
71.9%


100.0%



3.7%
56.7%
39.6%
32.9%

39.9%
59.4%
0.7%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2002
27.5%
72.2%


100.0%



2.9%
72.1%
25.1%
30.3%

59.5%
40.3%
0.2%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2003
18.9%
81.1%


100.0%



2.1%
72.8%
25.1%
36.6%

60.6%
38.2%
1.1%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2004
17.2%
82.7%


100.0%



10.0%
70.4%
19.6%
40.8%

54.7%
28.6%
16.7%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-6
November 2010

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Agttiwy
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Car
Four Wheel Drive
2006
13.3%
81.5%
5.2%

100.0%


3.6%
4.9%
88.3%
3.2%
59.6%

41.0%
36.8%
22.2%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2007
13.7%
80.3%
6.0%

99.7%

0.3%
1.1%
0.2%
98.2%
0.5%
53.4%

44.5%
39.3%
16.2%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2008
11.3%
88.1%
0.6%
10.7%
89.1%

0.2%
0.2%

99.6%
0.2%
46.6%
0.4%
44.1%
45.5%
10.5%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2009
9.0%
90.7%

24.8%
75.1%

0.1%
0.4%

99.6%
0.0%
63.1%
0.1%
57.7%
34.5%
7.8%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2010
9.0%
76.5%
14.5%
21.4%
78.4%

0.2%
0.7%

99.3%

78.1%
0.2%
34.7%
51.0%
14.3%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
1975
















Van
Front Wheel Drive
1976
















Van
Front Wheel Drive
1977
















Van
Front Wheel Drive
1978
















Van
Front Wheel Drive
1979
















Van
Front Wheel Drive
1980
















Van
Front Wheel Drive
1981
100.0%













100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1982
















Van
Front Wheel Drive
1983
33.3%





100.0%






100.0%


Van
Front Wheel Drive
1984
25.1%
5.6%




1.3%






11.0%
89.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1985
12.4%
4.4%


0.1%








6.7%
93.3%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1986
8.7%
6.1%



0.1%







9.0%
91.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1987
5.5%
54.1%


51.6%
0.2%







8.4%
91.6%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1988
3.0%
78.4%


79.2%
20.8%







2.9%
97.1%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1989
2.6%
58.8%


72.7%
27.3%







2.2%
97.8%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1990
1.9%
96.7%


67.9%
32.1%







2.9%
97.1%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1991
0.2%
99.8%


70.5%
29.5%







1.6%
98.4%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1992
2.4%
97.6%


82.0%
18.0%







6.1%
93.9%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1993
1.6%
98.4%


88.8%
11.2%







1.7%
98.3%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1994
0.6%
99.4%


90.8%
9.2%

99.7%

0.3%



1.0%
99.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1995
0.1%
99.9%


93.2%
6.8%

96.7%

3.3%



0.2%
99.7%
0.2%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
1996
0.0%
100.0%


100.0%


94.4%

5.6%



0.1%
99.9%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1997

100.0%


100.0%


92.5%

7.5%




99.8%
0.2%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
1998

100.0%


100.0%


88.0%

12.0%




100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1999

100.0%


100.0%


83.6%

16.4%

10.8%


99.9%
0.1%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2000

100.0%


100.0%


73.2%

26.8%

18.6%


99.9%
0.1%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2001

100.0%


100.0%


67.4%

32.6%

24.5%


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2002

100.0%


100.0%


66.3%

33.7%

24.7%


99.9%
0.1%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-8
November 2010

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
\ i-liuli-
1 .x lH'
Di'im- 1 \ pi-
Mnik-I
i.ii
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(111111)
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Agttiwy
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2003











23.5%










Van
Front Wheel Drive
2004

100.0%


100.0%


42.7%

57.3%

50.1%


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2005

97.0%
3.0%

100.0%


62.0%

38.0%

26.2%


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2006

96.6%
3.4%

100.0%


51.8%

48.2%

38.6%


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2007

96.8%
3.2%

100.0%


46.1%

53.9%

51.0%


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2008
0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


46.9%

53.1%

50.0%

2.2%
97.8%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2009
0.3%
99.7%


100.0%


39.3%

60.7%

48.1%

6.4%
93.6%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2010
0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


40.5%

59.5%

46.9%

2.3%
97.7%

Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1975
23.3%




0.2%







0.4%
66.1%
33.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1976
20.5%




0.3%







0.3%
61.4%
38.3%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1977
14.3%




0.4%







0.4%
61.0%
38.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1978
13.0%




0.4%







0.4%
63.8%
35.8%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1979
14.8%
6.8%



1.8%







1.8%
65.1%
33.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1980
26.0%
39.0%



6.5%







6.5%
53.8%
39.7%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1981
21.7%
46.8%



4.6%







4.6%
56.1%
39.3%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1982
15.7%
45.8%



3.0%
1.8%






4.8%
58.0%
37.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1983
12.0%
59.4%



3.5%
4.4%






3.6%
60.2%
36.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1984
12.7%
57.1%


8.6%
4.0%
1.2%






12.6%
54.3%
33.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1985
8.4%
66.5%


9.1%
4.2%
0.4%






12.3%
60.3%
27.4%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1986
6.9%
78.8%


29.4%
21.9%
0.5%






8.5%
70.9%
20.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1987
5.1%
74.1%


43.0%
42.8%
0.1%






10.0%
72.2%
17.8%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1988
3.1%
79.6%


43.5%
56.0%
0.2%






4.9%
75.9%
19.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1989
2.5%
86.3%


49.9%
50.0%
0.1%






2.2%
80.7%
17.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1990
1.6%
90.4%


44.4%
55.4%
0.1%






1.1%
80.6%
18.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1991
1.5%
94.3%


53.1%
46.7%
0.1%






0.8%
84.8%
14.4%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1992
0.7%
95.2%


60.3%
39.6%
0.1%







84.5%
15.5%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1993
0.8%
95.6%


66.3%
33.7%








83.8%
16.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1994
0.3%
94.7%


66.6%
33.4%

97.4%
0.2%
2.4%




80.9%
19.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1995

94.4%


71.6%
28.4%

96.7%

3.3%




79.2%
20.8%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1996

93.2%


100.0%


94.7%
3.2%
2.1%




67.4%
32.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1997

98.6%


100.0%


96.9%
2.2%
0.9%




64.4%
35.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1998

100.0%


100.0%


97.7%

2.3%




51.8%
48.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1999

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






45.4%
54.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2000

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






40.5%
59.5%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-10
November 2010

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
\ iliuli-
1 .x lH'
Dm I- 1 \|H-
Mmkl
r.ir
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Mil

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nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
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Rear Wheel Drive
















	




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2002

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






29.3%
70.7%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2003

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






29.4%
70.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2004

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






31.4%
68.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2005

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






35.1%
64.9%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2006

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%







100.0%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2007

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%







100.0%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2008

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






4.5%
95.5%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2009

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%







100.0%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2010

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%



42.2%



100.0%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
1975
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1976
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1977
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1978
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1979
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1980
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1981
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1982
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1983
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1984
















Van
Four Wheel Drive
1985
100.0%












100.0%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1986
100.0%












100.0%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1987
66.4%
22.9%


67.5%








100.0%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1988
89.7%
10.3%


100.0%








100.0%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1989
59.4%
37.2%


100.0%








82.6%
17.4%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1990
3.2%
92.5%


85.0%
15.0%







8.4%
91.6%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1991
4.6%
95.4%


85.9%
14.1%







3.8%
96.2%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1992
3.3%
96.7%


91.1%
8.9%







9.3%
90.7%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1993
0.2%
99.5%


100.0%








0.3%
99.4%
0.3%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
1994
0.5%
99.5%


97.5%
2.5%

65.1%
31.7%
3.2%



4.0%
96.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1995
0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


83.0%
10.9%
6.2%



2.9%
97.1%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1996
0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


84.7%
11.8%
3.6%



0.4%
99.6%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1997

100.0%


100.0%


89.8%
8.0%
2.2%




100.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1998

100.0%


100.0%


82.1%

17.9%




100.0%

EPA-420-R-10-023
H-12
November 2010

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
\ iliuli-
1 .x lH'
Dm I- 1 \|H-
Mmkl
i.ii
I'KOI)
(111111)
1 l< \<
11 m i < o\o\n
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-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
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I-our Wheel Drive





















Van
Four Wheel Drive
2000

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






100.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
2001

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






28.9%
71.1%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2002

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






100.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
2003

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%






88.4%
11.6%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2004

100.0%


100.0%


44.4%

55.6%

55.6%


90.7%
9.3%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2005

55.2%
44.8%

100.0%


25.2%

74.8%

30.0%


95.2%
4.8%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2006

62.4%
37.6%

100.0%


23.1%

76.9%

39.3%


92.4%
7.6%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2007

48.4%
51.6%

100.0%


15.9%

84.1%

32.5%


84.1%
15.9%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2008

100.0%


100.0%


12.6%

87.4%

41.0%


87.4%
12.6%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2009

100.0%


100.0%


26.8%

73.2%

73.2%


73.2%
26.8%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2010

100.0%


100.0%


38.9%

61.1%

100.0%


61.1%
38.9%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1975
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1976
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1977
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1978
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1979
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1980
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1981
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1982
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1983
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1984
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1985
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1986
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1987
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1988
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1989
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1990
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1991
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1992
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1993
















SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1994
54.8%
45.2%


100.0%


26.2%

73.8%




100.0%

SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1995
100.0%



100.0%


100.0%






100.0%

SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1996
23.2%
76.8%


100.0%




100.0%



100.0%


EPA-420-R-10-023
H-14
November 2010

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
\ i-liuli-
1 .x lH'
Di'im- 1 \ pi-
Mnik-I
i.ii
I'KOI)
(111111)
1 l< \<
11 i-i i-< o\o\n
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( II)
III'
W 1
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(III
Mil.
(Ill
ION
Ml'(.
i \u
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Mil

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
\ i lm U
1 x |H'
Di'im- 1 \ pi-
Mnik-I
i.ii
1 l<\\s\||sM(>\
1 1 l-l Ml- 1 l-KIM.
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SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1998
13.0%
87.0%


100.0%




100.0%



59.1%
40.9%

SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1999
5.8%
94.2%


100.0%




100.0%

29.7%

36.5%
63.5%

SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2000
3.2%
96.8%


100.0%




100.0%

39.4%

27.2%
72.8%

SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2001
3.7%
96.3%


100.0%


45.5%

54.5%

23.0%

8.5%
84.1%
7.4%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2002
6.1%
93.7%
0.3%

100.0%


18.1%

81.9%

43.1%

18.1%
72.2%
9.7%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2003
7.3%
82.4%
10.3%

100.0%


7.6%

92.4%

42.5%

11.4%
83.6%
5.0%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2004
5.1%
88.0%
6.9%

100.0%


13.8%

86.2%

51.0%

6.9%
83.8%
9.3%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2005
4.1%
90.7%
5.2%

100.0%


17.4%

82.6%

37.1%
0.6%
5.8%
71.8%
22.4%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2006
2.8%
89.2%
8.0%

100.0%


9.1%

90.9%

46.6%
3.8%

75.4%
24.6%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2007
1.6%
89.9%
8.5%

100.0%


10.4%

89.6%

58.5%
2.7%

68.6%
31.4%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2008
1.0%
89.5%
9.5%
1.8%
98.2%


5.9%

94.1%

66.7%
2.5%

70.4%
29.6%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2009
0.7%
86.8%
12.5%
8.0%
92.0%


2.8%

97.2%

78.0%
1.9%

66.8%
33.2%
SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2010
0.8%
90.1%
9.1%
25.8%
74.2%




100.0%

88.0%
2.1%

62.2%
37.8%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1975
33.4%












21.1%
47.9%
31.1%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1976
35.8%












23.6%
41.7%
34.7%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1977
42.3%












30.3%
41.1%
28.6%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1978
46.4%












30.1%
37.4%
32.5%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1979
19.9%
1.8%











10.8%
14.7%
74.5%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1980
14.9%
84.2%




0.0%







20.4%
79.6%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1981
2.3%
97.7%












19.6%
80.4%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1982
1.7%
60.7%




23.5%






32.9%
20.7%
46.4%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1983
11.6%
63.9%




11.4%






22.6%
39.5%
38.0%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1984
11.5%
74.6%




5.6%






3.3%
60.3%
36.4%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1985
9.7%
78.8%



3.3%
2.5%







72.6%
27.4%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1986
10.0%
86.0%


0.0%
47.9%
2.3%






0.0%
63.4%
36.5%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1987
9.6%
87.6%


22.1%
70.4%
0.9%






16.3%
57.8%
25.9%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1988
17.0%
81.3%


33.3%
65.6%
0.7%






24.3%
49.8%
25.8%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1989
19.5%
78.5%


29.9%
68.6%
0.6%






21.4%
52.7%
25.9%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1990
20.9%
73.9%


38.5%
57.8%
0.7%






23.7%
40.2%
36.2%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1991
20.0%
79.2%


45.3%
53.7%
0.3%






18.3%
72.0%
9.8%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1992
22.5%
77.5%


63.6%
35.3%







17.4%
73.8%
8.8%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1993
10.2%
89.8%


83.0%
16.4%







9.1%
82.3%
8.6%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1994
17.6%
75.8%


78.4%
21.6%

91.6%

8.4%



16.3%
68.9%
14.8%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-16
November 2010

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
\ i-liuli-
1 .x lH'
Dnw- 1 \ pi-
Mnili-I
i-.ir
I'KOI)
(111111)
1 l< \<
11 i-i i-< o\o\n
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( II)
III'
W 1
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Ml'(.
(III
Mil.
(Ill
ION
Ml'(.
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Mil

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
\ i lili li
1 x pi*
l>nw- 1 \ pi-
Mnili-I
i-.ir
1 l<\\s\||sM(>\
1 1 l-l Ml- 1 l-KIM.
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SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1996
10.2%
89.8%


100.0%


74.8%

25.2%



4.4%
84.5%
11.1%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1997
11.5%
85.2%


100.0%


66.6%

33.4%



11.4%
66.3%
22.3%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1998
6.8%
93.2%


100.0%


74.5%
5.6%
19.8%



7.9%
63.1%
28.9%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1999
4.4%
95.6%


100.0%


76.1%
4.0%
19.9%



4.3%
56.2%
39.5%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2000
3.6%
96.4%


100.0%


75.5%
3.8%
20.7%

0.6%

11.5%
54.3%
34.2%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2001
3.4%
96.6%


100.0%


74.4%

25.6%

5.1%

11.6%
46.7%
41.7%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2002
2.3%
97.7%


100.0%


63.2%

36.8%

13.5%

3.9%
35.3%
60.8%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2003
1.0%
99.0%


100.0%


64.6%

35.4%

19.5%

0.6%
36.3%
63.1%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2004
1.1%
98.9%


100.0%


59.3%

40.7%

27.5%

0.9%
35.1%
64.0%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2005
0.8%
99.2%


100.0%


46.0%
9.0%
45.0%

42.9%

0.7%
32.2%
67.2%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2006
1.1%
98.9%


100.0%


38.2%
11.1%
50.7%

52.5%


44.2%
55.8%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2007
0.7%
99.3%


99.9%

0.1%
60.6%
6.0%
33.4%

35.7%

1.6%
29.4%
69.0%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2008
0.4%
98.8%
0.7%

100.0%

0.0%
47.2%
7.6%
45.2%

45.9%
0.7%
1.1%
31.3%
67.6%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2009
0.2%
98.2%
1.6%

100.0%


63.4%
4.1%
32.5%

36.1%
1.6%
1.6%
25.7%
72.7%
SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2010
0.2%
98.9%
0.9%

100.0%


43.3%
12.3%
44.4%

72.6%
0.9%
1.1%
22.7%
76.2%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1975
42.9%












30.0%
69.1%
0.9%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1976
33.6%












24.7%
73.5%
1.8%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1977
34.6%












24.3%
74.3%
1.4%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1978
32.8%












23.1%
75.3%
1.6%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1979
39.2%





0.3%






32.8%
60.9%
6.3%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1980
47.2%
18.8%




2.6%






37.0%
58.7%
4.3%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1981
45.0%
35.1%











34.7%
62.4%
2.9%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1982
37.0%
37.4%




13.2%






24.5%
70.7%
4.8%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1983
37.0%
48.2%




5.6%






18.3%
77.7%
4.0%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1984
32.5%
37.4%




1.7%






26.7%
70.5%
2.8%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1985
32.3%
55.6%


4.8%
1.1%
1.2%






19.5%
77.5%
3.0%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1986
41.7%
50.9%


27.8%
22.1%
1.4%






26.5%
70.6%
2.9%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1987
42.1%
48.5%


35.1%
36.3%
0.3%






31.6%
65.6%
2.8%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1988
36.6%
55.3%


50.2%
31.1%
0.2%






30.8%
65.7%
3.5%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1989
27.5%
63.8%


49.5%
42.9%
0.2%






25.3%
70.5%
4.2%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1990
31.3%
65.0%


60.9%
33.3%
0.2%






27.4%
67.5%
5.2%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1991
22.4%
76.0%


63.9%
35.5%
0.1%






10.6%
85.9%
3.5%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1992
22.4%
76.7%


76.7%
23.3%







11.1%
81.9%
7.0%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-18
November 2010

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87.5%
	







	


SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1994
15.9%
84.1%


88.5%
11.5%

86.0%
5.6%
8.4%



10.2%
80.6%
9.2%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1995
15.3%
84.7%


87.8%
12.2%

83.2%

16.8%



11.4%
77.1%
11.5%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1996
6.2%
93.8%


100.0%

0.0%
88.2%

11.8%



5.9%
80.5%
13.6%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1997
11.4%
88.6%


100.0%

0.0%
80.5%

19.5%



21.8%
54.7%
23.4%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1998
8.5%
91.5%


100.0%

0.0%
79.6%

20.4%



12.7%
63.4%
24.0%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1999
7.3%
92.7%


100.0%


72.2%
0.9%
26.9%

3.7%

13.4%
65.1%
21.5%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2000
5.8%
94.2%


100.0%


77.7%

22.3%

2.8%

12.7%
61.0%
26.2%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2001
4.8%
95.2%


100.0%


56.5%
1.9%
41.5%

14.9%

11.9%
54.2%
34.0%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2002
4.1%
95.8%
0.1%

100.0%


52.4%
1.6%
46.0%

25.7%

8.9%
41.9%
49.1%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2003
2.9%
95.4%
1.8%

100.0%


45.7%
1.4%
52.9%

34.3%

7.7%
51.3%
41.0%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2004
2.8%
95.8%
1.4%

100.0%

0.0%
44.1%
0.6%
54.7%
0.6%
39.7%

6.7%
53.5%
39.7%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2005
2.6%
95.6%
1.8%

99.7%

0.3%
36.7%
2.7%
60.3%
0.3%
48.4%
0.2%
6.4%
50.7%
42.9%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2006
2.8%
92.2%
5.0%

99.7%

0.3%
29.2%
5.4%
65.2%
0.2%
58.0%
3.0%
5.6%
53.7%
40.7%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2007
2.5%
91.9%
5.6%

99.7%

0.3%
35.5%
0.8%
63.7%

55.1%
1.4%
5.3%
49.5%
45.2%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2008
2.0%
91.8%
6.3%
2.5%
96.9%

0.6%
27.7%
0.6%
71.7%

59.2%
2.7%
6.1%
54.6%
39.3%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2009
1.3%
86.5%
12.1%
5.4%
93.9%

0.7%
16.7%
0.4%
82.9%

68.3%
1.9%
4.2%
62.7%
33.1%
SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2010
1.7%
89.1%
9.1%
15.8%
83.6%

0.6%
14.1%
0.9%
85.1%

83.4%
3.0%
3.4%
57.4%
39.2%
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1975
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1976
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1977
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1978
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1979
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1980
94.0%




57.3%
42.7%






100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1981
100.0%




27.2%
72.8%






100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1982
77.4%




10.7%
34.0%






100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1983
55.7%




2.8%
2.7%






100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1984
71.0%












100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1985
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1986
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1987

100.0%



100.0%









100.0%
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1988

100.0%



100.0%









100.0%
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1989
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1990
















EPA-420-R-10-023
H-20
November 2010

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Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1991
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1992
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1993

100.0%


100.0%










100.0%
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1994
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1995
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1996
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1997
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1998
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1999
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2000
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2001
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2002
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2003
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2004
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2005
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2006
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2007
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2008
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2009
















Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2010
















Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1975
41.5%












13.8%
4.8%
81.4%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1976
40.3%












11.7%
3.7%
84.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1977
39.0%












14.9%
4.3%
80.8%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1978
40.0%





1.6%






14.5%
4.5%
80.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1979
36.3%
1.5%




2.8%






13.7%
5.2%
81.1%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1980
55.8%
23.4%




4.3%






28.4%
oo
62.8%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1981
52.6%
31.0%




6.2%






18.8%
11.2%
70.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1982
49.4%
32.9%




9.8%






18.0%
26.2%
55.8%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1983
53.3%
31.1%



0.0%
4.3%






14.9%
41.5%
43.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1984
52.1%
32.9%


1.3%

2.7%






17.9%
37.0%
45.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1985
47.9%
36.2%


11.0%
5.7%
1.1%






21.9%
31.9%
46.2%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1986
56.7%
30.8%


18.6%
17.5%
0.6%






27.5%
34.6%
37.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1987
58.0%
28.4%


23.7%
33.1%
0.3%






19.4%
52.3%
28.3%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1988
51.5%
37.9%


30.1%
48.7%
0.1%






11.9%
48.1%
40.0%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-22
November 2010

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
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Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1990
46.2%
49.1%


52.0%
39.6%
0.1%






15.0%
37.8%
47.2%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1991
53.7%
44.9%


46.1%
49.6%
0.1%






14.0%
51.5%
34.5%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1992
48.3%
50.6%


57.4%
38.1%
0.1%






11.7%
44.6%
43.7%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1993
45.2%
53.7%


60.6%
36.5%







13.2%
42.1%
44.7%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1994
42.3%
56.4%


72.5%
26.4%

99.3%
0.7%
0.1%



11.5%
45.8%
42.7%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1995
45.2%
53.4%


72.9%
27.1%

96.4%

3.6%



12.2%
38.9%
48.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1996
38.5%
59.6%


99.9%

0.1%
88.3%
5.3%
6.4%



10.1%
43.3%
46.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1997
31.2%
68.8%


100.0%

0.0%
92.6%
6.6%
0.9%



6.6%
36.2%
57.2%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1998
31.3%
66.4%


100.0%

0.0%
89.7%

10.3%



10.0%
42.2%
47.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1999
22.6%
75.7%


100.0%


91.6%

8.4%



8.4%
39.2%
52.4%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2000
20.4%
78.3%


100.0%


87.7%

12.3%



6.2%
33.8%
59.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2001
14.5%
84.1%


100.0%


86.2%

13.8%



5.3%
24.5%
70.2%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2002
11.4%
87.1%


100.0%


78.9%

21.1%



9.6%
19.8%
70.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2003
12.3%
86.2%


100.0%


84.2%

15.8%



7.9%
25.2%
67.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2004
oo
89.7%


100.0%


69.8%
8.2%
22.0%

13.5%
0.0%
7.1%
16.3%
76.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2005
7.2%
92.8%


100.0%


61.6%
8.6%
29.8%

35.8%
0.1%

12.5%
87.5%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2006
7.8%
92.2%


100.0%


55.2%
8.9%
35.8%

42.6%
0.1%

19.7%
80.3%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2007
5.6%
94.4%


100.0%


63.4%
7.5%
29.0%

38.5%
0.0%

16.3%
83.7%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2008
5.1%
94.9%


100.0%


61.6%
6.5%
31.9%

34.3%


19.9%
80.1%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2009
4.4%
95.4%
0.2%

100.0%


58.5%
11.9%
29.5%

34.1%
0.2%

23.0%
77.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2010
4.0%
95.7%
0.3%

100.0%


49.1%
16.6%
34.4%

71.8%
0.3%

14.5%
85.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1975
38.4%














100.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1976
33.3%














100.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1977
24.7%














100.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1978
30.2%





0.0%






3.8%

96.2%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1979
64.9%





0.0%






34.0%

66.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1980
66.8%
18.6%




0.3%






36.7%

63.3%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1981
76.4%
14.7%




2.3%






48.1%

51.9%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1982
71.4%
17.7%




9.6%






41.8%
5.1%
53.1%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1983
66.6%
19.9%



0.1%
4.8%






26.8%
30.0%
43.2%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1984
62.7%
19.1%


0.1%

2.7%






27.2%
27.3%
45.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1985
62.4%
26.2%


12.7%
1.1%
1.5%






29.8%
23.1%
47.1%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1986
63.3%
29.4%


29.0%
17.7%
0.7%






34.9%
20.7%
44.4%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-24
November 2010

-------
nt#l Protection
Agttiwy
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Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1988
49.7%
40.9%


48.7%
47.1%
0.4%






18.7%
29.9%
51.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1989
52.3%
41.5%


50.5%
47.8%
0.3%






20.9%
25.7%
53.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1990
44.9%
51.7%


53.5%
46.1%
0.3%






17.8%
19.6%
62.6%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1991
47.5%
50.8%


53.5%
46.1%
0.4%






22.5%
27.2%
50.3%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1992
43.7%
56.2%


59.7%
40.0%
0.3%






19.2%
22.9%
57.9%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1993
40.5%
59.5%


62.9%
37.1%







12.9%
24.2%
63.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1994
34.6%
65.4%


62.2%
37.8%

94.3%
5.7%




18.1%
22.5%
59.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1995
28.3%
71.7%


62.8%
37.2%

90.5%

9.5%



15.0%
14.5%
70.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1996
25.4%
74.5%


99.6%

0.4%
82.9%
2.8%
14.3%



14.1%
17.4%
68.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1997
14.0%
86.0%


99.9%

0.1%
94.7%
3.3%
2.0%



3.3%
14.4%
82.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1998
19.9%
80.1%


99.9%

0.1%
87.0%

13.0%



12.3%
19.7%
68.1%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1999
11.4%
88.6%


100.0%

0.0%
93.1%

6.9%



8.4%
18.6%
73.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2000
10.7%
89.3%


100.0%


86.7%

13.3%



0.1%
22.0%
77.9%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2001
8.0%
92.0%


100.0%


88.9%

11.1%




17.0%
83.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2002
7.0%
93.0%


100.0%


86.8%

13.2%



6.4%
19.3%
74.2%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2003
7.3%
92.7%


100.0%


87.6%

12.4%



7.8%
15.4%
76.8%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2004
5.1%
94.9%


100.0%


65.1%
21.3%
13.6%

25.0%
0.0%
5.6%
13.7%
80.7%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2005
4.0%
96.0%


100.0%


56.3%
20.2%
23.4%

42.9%
0.0%
0.8%
5.9%
93.3%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2006
4.2%
95.8%


100.0%


45.9%
21.9%
32.2%

53.3%
0.2%
0.7%
4.0%
95.2%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2007
2.8%
97.2%


100.0%


55.8%
18.6%
25.7%

41.7%
0.0%

7.9%
92.1%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2008
2.9%
97.1%


100.0%


55.5%
16.0%
28.4%

41.7%


10.6%
89.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2009
3.8%
95.9%
0.2%

100.0%


56.7%
20.8%
22.6%

39.5%
0.2%

14.4%
85.6%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2010
3.7%
96.0%
0.3%

100.0%


40.8%
25.7%
33.6%

85.2%
0.3%

7.8%
92.2%
EPA-420-R-10-023
H-26
November 2010

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2010
Appendix I
Fuel Economy Data Stratified by
Vehicle Type and Transmission Type
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
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lit
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
0	(ill
1	IMI
TOP
SP1)
IIP
(II)
IIP
U 1
|o\
Mp(;
(1 II
m i (;
(1 II
io\ mi(;
1. \ 14
55 45
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(in
M).l
IIW
M >-l
(o\ir
(II)
III'
Car
A3
1975

















Car
A3
1976

















Car
A3
1977

















Car
A3
1978
8125
0.727
18.6
14.6
17.8
15.9
3819
114.4
283
134
13.6
113
0.493
0.0347
30.4
1845
3490
Car
A3
1979
7462
0.691
19.0
15.0
17.8
16.2
3729
115.0
269
129
13.7
112
0.501
0.0343
30.2
1882
3488
Car
A3
1980
4814
0.510
22.3
17.6
21.2
19.0
3215
107.8
203
106
14.1
108
0.562
0.0328
30.6
2075
3316
Car
A3
1981
3027
0.347
24.4
19.2
22.9
20.7
2958
106.5
165
95
14.4
106
0.621
0.0321
30.7
2238
3279
Car
A3
1982
1251
0.160
27.9
22.3
25.8
23.7
2679
101.1
124
84
14.8
104
0.684
0.0311
31.9
2434
3239
Car
A3
1983
1158
0.145
28.2
22.6
25.9
24.0
2749
106.1
130
85
14.8
104
0.670
0.0309
33.1
2588
3522
Car
A3
1984
1667
0.156
28.3
22.4
26.5
24.1
2741
106.0
129
88
14.4
105
0.691
0.0321
33.1
2578
3510
Car
A3
1985
1798
0.167
28.8
22.8
26.9
24.5
2764
105.8
129
99
13.3
109
0.769
0.0356
34.0
2626
3600
Car
A3
1986
1743
0.158
28.8
22.7
26.8
24.4
2778
105.5
130
97
13.6
109
0.756
0.0348
34.0
2607
3584
Car
A3
1987
1498
0.140
28.2
21.9
26.5
23.9
2763
105.1
130
97
13.6
109
0.752
0.0349
33.1
2538
3477
Car
A3
1988
892
0.083
28.7
22.3
26.7
24.2
2792
103.4
125
98
13.5
109
0.795
0.0350
33.9
2539
3501
Car
A3
1989
815
0.081
28.8
22.2
26.5
24.1
2819
102.8
126
97
13.7
108
0.774
0.0341
34.0
2524
3499
Car
A3
1990
535
0.061
28.8
22.1
26.5
24.0
2869
101.6
129
98
13.7
108
0.774
0.0341
34.6
2479
3515
Car
A3
1991
368
0.043
27.3
20.8
25.1
22.7
2834
99.5
125
96
13.9
107
0.784
0.0334
32.4
2312
3215
Car
A3
1992
394
0.049
29.3
22.0
27.0
24.2
2799
99.2
126
98
13.7
108
0.797
0.0345
34.1
2452
3376
Car
A3
1993
351
0.042
29.5
22.1
27.1
24.3
2819
100.6
128
96
13.8
108
0.767
0.0338
34.4
2481
3458
Car
A3
1994
267
0.032
30.6
22.7
27.9
25.1
2735
100.2
120
91
14.0
106
0.784
0.0330
34.4
2572
3449
Car
A3
1995
67
0.007
36.8
27.5
32.2
29.7
2358
99.8
84
80
13.8
105
0.945
0.0336
35.0
2968
3496
Car
A3
1996
71
0.009
36.7
27.2
32.0
29.5
2322
99.9
94
77
14.0
104
0.818
0.0329
34.2
2947
3419
Car
A3
1997
49
0.006
37.2
27.4
32.3
29.7
2250
90.5
79
70
14.6
102
0.886
0.0311
33.4
2691
3027
Car
A3
1998
21
0.003
37.2
27.2
32.2
29.6
2274
89.9
80
80
13.2
106
0.998
0.0351
33.7
2667
3028
Car
A3
1999
18
0.002
36.8
26.6
31.9
29.2
2312
88.3
82
81
13.2
107
0.995
0.0351
33.6
2579
2970
Car
A3
2000
27
0.003
36.8
26.4
31.7
29.0
2318
88.4
82
80
13.3
106
0.988
0.0348
33.5
2568
2965
Car
A3
2001
22
0.003
36.3
25.7
31.5
28.6
2390
88.8
86
83
13.3
107
0.975
0.0349
34.0
2541
3025
Car
A3
2002

















Car
A3
2003

















Car
A3
2004

















Car
A3
2005

















Car
A3
2006

















Car
A3
2007

















Car
A3
2008

















EPA-420-R-10-023
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
di1- \ \l M-S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4UD
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
niki I
I'OI \<
1 l\ 1
Car
A3
1975












Car
A3
1976












Car
A3
1977












Car
A3
1978
3.9%


3.2%

0.5%






Car
A3
1979
5.6%


3.0%

1.9%






Car
A3
1980
29.3%
0.8%

3.9%
0.9%
2.3%






Car
A3
1981
56.9%
0.0%

5.9%
5.1%
1.8%






Car
A3
1982
76.5%


8.9%
0.1%
1.8%






Car
A3
1983
76.1%
5.6%

7.0%
7.1%
1.0%






Car
A3
1984
94.0%
0.4%

13.1%
12.2%
0.4%






Car
A3
1985
92.8%
1.1%

18.0%
34.9%
0.1%






Car
A3
1986
92.0%
1.8%

22.6%
42.7%

99.6%

0.4%



Car
A3
1987
96.0%
2.4%

22.2%
56.9%

99.4%

0.6%



Car
A3
1988
96.9%
1.7%

54.3%
37.3%

98.9%
0.1%
1.1%



Car
A3
1989
95.9%
2.8%

64.8%
30.3%

97.7%

2.3%



Car
A3
1990
97.9%
1.0%

73.6%
26.4%

94.2%
4.7%
1.1%



Car
A3
1991
97.8%
1.2%

79.6%
20.4%

89.0%
9.2%
1.9%



Car
A3
1992
97.8%
1.6%

77.4%
22.6%

90.7%
8.0%
1.3%



Car
A3
1993
99.4%
0.6%

85.4%
14.6%

86.7%
12.4%
1.0%



Car
A3
1994
99.8%
0.2%

81.1%
18.9%

87.0%
12.3%
0.7%



Car
A3
1995
100.0%


43.4%
56.6%

56.6%
43.4%




Car
A3
1996
100.0%


30.8%
69.2%

69.2%
30.8%




Car
A3
1997
100.0%



100.0%

100.0%





Car
A3
1998
100.0%


100.0%


1.9%

98.1%



Car
A3
1999
100.0%


100.0%


5.0%

95.0%



Car
A3
2000
12.2%


100.0%


5.4%

94.6%



Car
A3
2001
100.0%


100.0%


85.4%

14.6%



Car
A3
2002












Car
A3
2003












Car
A3
2004












Car
A3
2005












Car
A3
2006












Car
A3
2007












Car
A3
2008












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-2
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
A3
2009

















Car
A3
2010

















Car
A4
1975

















Car
A4
1976

















Car
A4
1977

















Car
A4
1978
42
0.004
22.0
17.7
20.0
18.7
3589
102.4
167
105
15.8
105
0.632
0.0298
34.4
1959
3515
Car
A4
1979
58
0.005
22.8
18.4
20.7
19.4
3567
100.6
168
102
16.2
104
0.609
0.0291
35.6
2004
3630
Car
A4
1980
57
0.006
24.5
20.2
21.6
20.8
3477
101.0
169
95
16.6
103
0.569
0.0280
36.8
2129
3763
Car
A4
1981
136
0.016
26.0
20.9
23.9
22.1
3277
94.6
165
105
14.6
107
0.635
0.0322
36.7
2136
3504
Car
A4
1982
230
0.029
24.4
19.2
23.1
20.8
3456
107.6
194
114
14.0
109
0.624
0.0332
36.3
2256
3912
Car
A4
1983
183
0.023
27.1
21.7
24.8
23.0
3325
99.1
156
112
13.9
109
0.723
0.0338
38.7
2331
3871
Car
A4
1984
206
0.019
25.4
20.1
23.8
21.6
3377
99.5
166
127
12.8
115
0.775
0.0377
37.1
2205
3715
Car
A4
1985
200
0.019
24.7
19.8
22.7
21.0
3408
100.5
168
129
12.6
115
0.790
0.0381
36.3
2165
3661
Car
A4
1986
154
0.014
22.6
17.9
21.0
19.2
3514
105.6
191
158
11.3
124
0.852
0.0443
34.2
2105
3647
Car
A4
1987
181
0.017
23.1
18.1
21.5
19.5
3519
105.9
191
161
11.0
125
0.871
0.0452
34.9
2143
3733
Car
A4
1988
142
0.013
22.5
17.4
21.0
18.9
3504
104.6
188
161
11.0
125
0.886
0.0455
33.4
2039
3522
Car
A4
1989
147
0.015
22.4
17.2
21.0
18.8
3546
106.6
184
163
10.9
125
0.912
0.0455
33.6
2050
3599
Car
A4
1990
117
0.013
22.7
17.2
21.3
19.0
3652
110.1
175
160
11.5
123
0.926
0.0434
34.8
2120
3836
Car
A4
1991
131
0.015
23.1
17.3
21.9
19.3
3662
106.2
177
167
11.1
126
0.970
0.0453
35.6
2088
3784
Car
A4
1992
100
0.012
22.9
17.0
21.9
19.1
3757
107.3
182
181
10.9
129
0.986
0.0472
36.1
2093
3876
Car
A4
1993
83
0.010
23.6
17.4
22.5
19.6
3853
109.5
186
186
10.9
130
0.991
0.0474
37.9
2174
4146
Car
A4
1994
65
0.008
23.7
17.2
22.8
19.7
3946
106.1
201
219
9.4
140
1.098
0.0548
38.9
2117
4135
Car
A4
1995
91
0.010
24.7
17.9
23.7
20.4
3996
103.8
202
217
9.7
138
1.079
0.0537
41.2
2175
4296
Car
A4
1996
44
0.006
27.1
19.3
26.1
22.3
3720
104.4
171
172
10.9
127
1.008
0.0460
41.8
2351
4382
Car
A4
1997
1
0.000
22.6
15.7
22.7
18.7
3500
59.9
220
270
7.0
165
1.227
0.0771
32.7
1120
1960
Car
A4
1998
7
0.001
30.6
20.7
31.3
25.2
2920
102.0
109
109
13.3
112
0.981
0.0367
36.9
2607
3772
Car
A4
1999
28
0.003
28.2
19.3
28.0
23.1
3192
109.1
123
125
12.1
116
1.023
0.0392
36.8
2524
4021
Car
A4
2000
70
0.008
28.1
19.0
27.9
23.0
3104
107.6
119
122
12.1
116
1.031
0.0395
35.6
2477
3840
Car
A4
2001
48
0.006
28.0
18.8
27.7
22.8
3117
107.8
119
121
12.2
115
1.027
0.0390
35.4
2458
3825
Car
A4
2002
17
0.002
27.9
18.8
27.0
22.6
3131
106.9
120
121
12.3
115
1.013
0.0387
35.3
2415
3773
Car
A4
2003

















Car
A4
2004
16
0.002
26.4
17.6
25.4
21.3
3500
114.5
152
113
14.2
108
0.743
0.0323
37.3
2437
4265
Car
A4
2005
7
0.001
26.4
17.5
25.3
21.2
3500
114.5
152
113
14.2
108
0.743
0.0323
37.1
2430
4252
Car
A4
2006
2
0.000
26.2
17.3
25.1
21.0
3500
114.5
152
154
11.0
123
1.013
0.0440
36.8
2409
4216
EPA-420-R-10-023
1-3
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
Car
A3
2009












Car
A3
2010












Car
A4
1975












Car
A4
1976












Car
A4
1977












Car
A4
1978



15.1%

48.3%






Car
A4
1979



23.5%

56.1%






Car
A4
1980



39.8%

60.2%






Car
A4
1981



32.1%

26.5%






Car
A4
1982



32.7%
24.5%
19.4%






Car
A4
1983
10.1%
4.2%

59.5%

27.5%






Car
A4
1984



80.0%

20.0%






Car
A4
1985



82.3%

17.7%






Car
A4
1986



95.8%

4.2%
99.5%

0.5%



Car
A4
1987



87.1%

12.9%
98.9%

1.1%



Car
A4
1988
5.9%


99.5%

0.5%
99.2%

0.8%



Car
A4
1989
4.0%


99.8%

0.2%
96.9%

3.1%



Car
A4
1990
7.5%
0.4%

98.3%

1.7%
95.5%

4.5%



Car
A4
1991
11.3%
5.1%

95.4%

4.6%
86.2%

13.8%



Car
A4
1992
10.4%
5.0%

96.0%

4.0%
82.3%

17.7%

20.3%

Car
A4
1993
10.8%
0.9%

100.0%


58.8%

41.2%

19.6%

Car
A4
1994
2.2%
0.0%

98.9%

1.1%
16.6%

83.4%

25.7%

Car
A4
1995



93.8%

6.2%
4.7%

95.3%

27.7%

Car
A4
1996



94.0%

6.0%
1.8%

98.2%

2.6%

Car
A4
1997



100.0%


100.0%



100.0%

Car
A4
1998
95.2%


100.0%


64.7%

35.3%

4.8%

Car
A4
1999
100.0%


100.0%


0.0%

100.0%



Car
A4
2000
100.0%


100.0%


0.0%

100.0%



Car
A4
2001
100.0%


100.0%


0.0%

100.0%



Car
A4
2002
100.0%


100.0%


8.8%

91.2%



Car
A4
2003












Car
A4
2004
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
A4
2005
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
A4
2006
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



EPA-420-R-10-023
1-4
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
A4
2007

















Car
A4
2008

















Car
A4
2009

















Car
A4
2010
4
0.000
38.6
25.8
34.0
29.9
4000
110.5
146
170
8.9
124
1.164
0.0425
59.8
3305
6610
Car
A5
1975

















Car
A5
1976

















Car
A5
1977

















Car
A5
1978

















Car
A5
1979

















Car
A5
1980

















Car
A5
1981

















Car
A5
1982

















Car
A5
1983

















Car
A5
1984

















Car
A5
1985

















Car
A5
1986

















Car
A5
1987

















Car
A5
1988

















Car
A5
1989

















Car
A5
1990
2
0.000
21.5
15.9
21.5
18.1
4000
50.0
181
228
9.0
143
1.260
0.0570
36.3
907
1814
Car
A5
1991
3
0.000
21.9
15.8
22.3
18.4
4000
50.0
181
228
9.0
143
1.260
0.0570
36.8
921
1842
Car
A5
1992
6
0.001
20.1
14.7
19.7
16.8
4372
104.8
191
228
9.6
138
1.192
0.0523
36.8
1739
3853
Car
A5
1993
6
0.001
19.7
14.4
19.1
16.4
4941
114.6
193
228
10.6
133
1.180
0.0462
40.5
1869
4645
Car
A5
1994
5
0.001
22.8
16.1
23.3
19.1
4853
102.1
195
217
10.9
130
1.113
0.0448
46.3
1940
4779
Car
A5
1995
13
0.001
23.1
16.2
23.4
19.3
4500
109.6
195
217
10.2
134
1.113
0.0482
43.3
2111
4750
Car
A5
1996
9
0.001
23.1
16.2
23.3
19.2
4500
105.4
195
217
10.2
134
1.113
0.0482
43.2
2025
4556
Car
A5
1997
1
0.000
22.4
15.5
22.8
18.6
3000
50.0
151
201
7.9
148
1.331
0.0670
27.9
931
1396
Car
A5
1998
1
0.000
22.4
15.4
22.7
18.6
3000
50.0
151
201
7.9
148
1.331
0.0670
27.9
928
1393
Car
A5
1999
6
0.001
22.5
15.3
23.1
18.7
3239
62.0
178
246
7.2
161
1.378
0.0754
30.2
1158
1905
Car
A5
2000
5
0.001
23.0
15.5
23.2
18.9
3292
59.9
187
255
7.1
163
1.358
0.0770
31.1
1133
1882
Car
A5
2001
6
0.001
22.6
15.2
22.8
18.6
3338
62.5
193
276
6.8
170
1.423
0.0823
31.0
1158
1949
Car
A5
2002
5
0.001
23.6
15.9
23.1
19.2
3327
61.4
197
273
6.8
169
1.381
0.0816
32.0
1184
1990
Car
A5
2003

















Car
A5
2004
3
0.000
23.6
15.7
23.2
19.2
3500
62.8
199
282
6.9
169
1.410
0.0806
33.7
1204
2107
EPA-420-R-10-023
1-5
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in Hkii)
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
A4
2007












Car
A4
2008












Car
A4
2009












Car
A4
2010
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%
100.0%
Car
A5
1975












Car
A5
1976












Car
A5
1977












Car
A5
1978












Car
A5
1979












Car
A5
1980












Car
A5
1981












Car
A5
1982












Car
A5
1983












Car
A5
1984












Car
A5
1985












Car
A5
1986












Car
A5
1987












Car
A5
1988












Car
A5
1989












Car
A5
1990



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1991



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1992



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1993



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1994



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1995



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1996



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1997



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
1998



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
1999

5.4%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2000

6.7%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2001

22.2%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2002

14.4%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2003












Car
A5
2004

28.0%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

EPA-420-R-10-023
1-6
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
A5
2005
1
0.000
26.0
17.4
24.4
20.8
3500
50.0
176
255
7.4
160
1.453
0.0729
36.4
1041
1822
Car
A5
2006
3
0.000
26.4
17.7
24.7
21.1
3500
50.0
182
269
7.1
165
1.478
0.0769
36.9
1055
1846
Car
A5
2007

















Car
A5
2008
22
0.003
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
2000
50.0
61
70
13.3
105
1.148
0.0350
37.1
1857
1857
Car
A5
2009
14
0.003
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
2000
50.0
61
70
13.3
105
1.148
0.0350
37.1
1857
1857
Car
A5
2010
13
0.002
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
2000
50.0
61
70
13.0
105
1.148
0.0350
37.1
1857
1857
Car
A6
1975

















Car
A6
1976

















Car
A6
1977

















Car
A6
1978

















Car
A6
1979

















Car
A6
1980

















Car
A6
1981

















Car
A6
1982

















Car
A6
1983

















Car
A6
1984

















Car
A6
1985

















Car
A6
1986

















Car
A6
1987

















Car
A6
1988

















Car
A6
1989

















Car
A6
1990

















Car
A6
1991

















Car
A6
1992

















Car
A6
1993

















Car
A6
1994

















Car
A6
1995

















Car
A6
1996

















Car
A6
1997

















Car
A6
1998
0
0.000
13.3
9.3
13.4
11.1
3500
50.0
213
375
5.4
203
1.761
0.1071
19.5
556
974
Car
A6
1999
1
0.000
13.9
9.7
14.1
11.6
3500
50.0
215
382
5.3
205
1.775
0.1091
20.4
583
1021
Car
A6
2000

















Car
A6
2001

















Car
A6
2002

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-7
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
I I 1 1. Ml 1 I KI\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in Hkii)
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
A5
2005



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2006



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2007












Car
A5
2008



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2009



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2010



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A6
1975












Car
A6
1976












Car
A6
1977












Car
A6
1978












Car
A6
1979












Car
A6
1980












Car
A6
1981












Car
A6
1982












Car
A6
1983












Car
A6
1984












Car
A6
1985












Car
A6
1986












Car
A6
1987












Car
A6
1988












Car
A6
1989












Car
A6
1990












Car
A6
1991












Car
A6
1992












Car
A6
1993












Car
A6
1994












Car
A6
1995












Car
A6
1996












Car
A6
1997












Car
A6
1998



100.0%





100.0%
100.0%

Car
A6
1999



100.0%





100.0%
100.0%

Car
A6
2000












Car
A6
2001












Car
A6
2002












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-8
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
A6
2003

















Car
A6
2004

















Car
A6
2005
1
0.000
15.9
11.2
14.4
12.8
4500
129.5
259
396
6.3
188
1.529
0.0880
28.9
1662
3739
Car
A6
2006
2
0.000
16.9
11.3
16.8
13.9
4337
116.9
259
392
6.2
190
1.515
0.0907
30.0
1616
3531
Car
A6
2007
1
0.000
16.8
11.4
16.4
13.8
4500
129.5
259
396
6.3
188
1.529
0.0880
31.0
1781
4007
Car
A6
2008
3
0.000
18.5
12.2
18.5
15.2
4485
107.4
260
399
6.3
189
1.536
0.0891
34.1
1621
3641
Car
A6
2009
3
0.000
17.6
11.7
17.7
14.5
4245
92.2
275
431
5.7
206
1.572
0.1037
31.0
1356
2963
Car
A6
2010

















Car
A7
1975

















Car
A7
1976

















Car
A7
1977

















Car
A7
1978

















Car
A7
1979

















Car
A7
1980

















Car
A7
1981

















Car
A7
1982

















Car
A7
1983

















Car
A7
1984

















Car
A7
1985

















Car
A7
1986

















Car
A7
1987

















Car
A7
1988

















Car
A7
1989

















Car
A7
1990

















Car
A7
1991

















Car
A7
1992

















Car
A7
1993

















Car
A7
1994

















Car
A7
1995

















Car
A7
1996

















Car
A7
1997

















Car
A7
1998

















Car
A7
1999

















Car
A7
2000

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-9
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ m\ I I k \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mlil l< Ol- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in Hkii)
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
A6
2003












Car
A6
2004












Car
A6
2005



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A6
2006



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A6
2007



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A6
2008



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A6
2009



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A6
2010












Car
A7
1975












Car
A7
1976












Car
A7
1977












Car
A7
1978












Car
A7
1979












Car
A7
1980












Car
A7
1981












Car
A7
1982












Car
A7
1983












Car
A7
1984












Car
A7
1985












Car
A7
1986












Car
A7
1987












Car
A7
1988












Car
A7
1989












Car
A7
1990












Car
A7
1991












Car
A7
1992












Car
A7
1993












Car
A7
1994












Car
A7
1995












Car
A7
1996












Car
A7
1997












Car
A7
1998












Car
A7
1999












Car
A7
2000












EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 10
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
Ay
2001

















Car
A7
2002

















Car
A7
2003

















Car
A7
2004

















Car
A7
2005

















Car
A7
2006

















Car
A7
2007

















Car
A7
2008

















Car
A7
2009
4
0.001
28.0
18.6
26.5
22.4
3590
73.8
229
373
5.5
200
1.633
0.1042
40.2
1652
2965
Car
A7
2010
4
0.000
27.5
18.6
25.1
21.8
5000
125.7
213
275
6.7
145
1.291
0.0550
54.6
2743
6857
Car
CVT
1975

















Car
CVT
1976

















Car
CVT
1977

















Car
CVT
1978

















Car
CVT
1979

















Car
CVT
1980

















Car
CVT
1981

















Car
CVT
1982

















Car
CVT
1983

















Car
CVT
1984

















Car
CVT
1985

















Car
CVT
1986

















Car
CVT
1987

















Car
CVT
1988

















Car
CVT
1989
13
0.001
39.6
32.0
33.6
32.8
2250
88.6
73
66
15.3
100
0.904
0.0293
36.9
2904
3267
Car
CVT
1990
3
0.000
37.7
31.2
30.5
30.9
2299
88.7
73
73
14.3
103
1.000
0.0318
35.5
2740
3150
Car
CVT
1991
4
0.000
37.3
30.7
30.0
30.4
2289
88.7
73
73
14.3
103
1.000
0.0319
34.7
2693
3082
Car
CVT
1992
0
0.000
38.8
31.0
32.1
31.5
2295
88.5
73
73
14.3
103
1.000
0.0319
36.2
2796
3205
Car
CVT
1993
1
0.000
37.2
30.0
29.9
30.0
2290
88.5
73
73
14.3
103
1.000
0.0319
34.3
2654
3039
Car
CVT
1994

















Car
CVT
1995

















Car
CVT
1996
1
0.000
40.4
30.1
34.5
32.3
2750
97.1
97
115
11.5
117
1.186
0.0418
44.4
3132
4307
Car
CVT
1997
7
0.001
41.9
31.0
35.7
33.3
2750
99.5
97
115
11.5
117
1.186
0.0418
45.8
3310
4552
Car
CVT
1998
5
0.001
42.4
30.9
36.2
33.5
2750
97.1
97
115
11.5
117
1.186
0.0418
46.1
3254
4474
EPA-420-R-10-023
I- 11
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in Hkii)
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
Ay
2001












Car
A7
2002












Car
A7
2003












Car
A7
2004












Car
A7
2005












Car
A7
2006












Car
A7
2007












Car
A7
2008












Car
A7
2009

32.9%
100.0%





100.0%

100.0%

Car
A7
2010



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%
100.0%
Car
CVT
1975












Car
CVT
1976












Car
CVT
1977












Car
CVT
1978












Car
CVT
1979












Car
CVT
1980












Car
CVT
1981












Car
CVT
1982












Car
CVT
1983












Car
CVT
1984












Car
CVT
1985












Car
CVT
1986












Car
CVT
1987












Car
CVT
1988












Car
CVT
1989
100.0%






100.0%




Car
CVT
1990
30.8%
69.2%

100.0%



100.0%




Car
CVT
1991

100.0%

100.0%



100.0%




Car
CVT
1992
54.5%
45.5%

100.0%



100.0%




Car
CVT
1993

100.0%

100.0%



100.0%




Car
CVT
1994












Car
CVT
1995












Car
CVT
1996
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
CVT
1997
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
CVT
1998
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 12
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
CVT
1999
2
0.000
41.8
30.2
35.6
32.9
2750
97.1
97
115
11.5
117
1.186
0.0418
45.2
3192
4389
Car
CVT
2000
2
0.000
41.9
30.0
35.5
32.8
2750
97.1
97
115
11.5
117
1.186
0.0418
45.0
3181
4374
Car
CVT
2001
19
0.002
55.7
41.8
41.3
41.5
2924
96.3
90
74
17.1
98
0.827
0.0255
61.2
4012
5917
Car
CVT
2002
36
0.004
43.3
30.9
35.4
33.2
3085
98.4
103
101
15.5
106
0.947
0.0318
54.8
3536
5396
Car
CVT
2003
74
0.009
41.3
28.7
34.8
31.8
3125
98.5
104
115
11.2
112
1.075
0.0359
52.5
3374
5196
Car
CVT
2004
103
0.014
46.6
32.5
37.4
35.1
3068
104.6
100
103
10.8
108
1.012
0.0331
57.8
4045
6142
Car
CVT
2005
209
0.026
45.4
31.5
36.3
34.1
3224
111.5
109
110
10.2
108
0.971
0.0327
59.6
4232
6637
Car
CVT
2006
194
0.024
42.5
29.1
35.2
32.3
3312
111.6
115
125
10.2
113
1.067
0.0363
58.1
4026
6448
Car
CVT
2007
838
0.104
37.9
26.1
31.8
29.0
3410
112.6
134
155
9.9
124
1.144
0.0446
51.9
3477
5833
Car
CVT
2008
842
0.115
38.4
26.3
32.5
29.5
3343
111.7
133
152
9.9
124
1.128
0.0448
51.6
3498
5756
Car
CVT
2009
566
0.103
37.5
25.7
31.8
28.9
3462
111.4
140
164
9.8
126
1.147
0.0465
51.8
3385
5775
Car
CVT
2010
1107
0.138
41.8
28.7
34.6
31.8
3495
112.2
136
152
9.9
122
1.109
0.0432
59.2
3811
6652
Car
L3
1975

















Car
L3
1976

















Car
L3
1977

















Car
L3
1978
749
0.067
17.2
13.3
16.9
14.7
4133
114.8
311
146
13.3
114
0.471
0.0352
30.4
1701
3486
Car
L3
1979
869
0.080
18.5
14.4
17.9
15.8
3822
116.0
301
142
12.8
116
0.472
0.0373
30.2
1842
3507
Car
L3
1980
1339
0.142
19.9
15.4
19.4
17.0
3759
117.5
270
120
14.5
109
0.449
0.0322
32.2
2020
3826
Car
L3
1981
2261
0.259
22.4
17.4
21.8
19.1
3641
115.3
254
115
14.6
108
0.466
0.0317
35.1
2235
4086
Car
L3
1982
3031
0.388
24.4
18.7
24.0
20.8
3265
111.6
204
105
14.4
107
0.549
0.0322
34.2
2358
3838
Car
L3
1983
2832
0.354
24.4
18.8
24.0
20.8
3235
112.1
202
108
14.0
108
0.563
0.0331
33.9
2372
3803
Car
L3
1984
3927
0.368
25.5
19.6
25.1
21.7
3184
111.1
190
106
14.0
108
0.594
0.0332
34.7
2447
3858
Car
L3
1985
3203
0.297
26.8
20.6
26.5
22.9
3104
109.6
180
104
13.9
108
0.611
0.0333
35.6
2543
3910
Car
L3
1986
2990
0.271
27.7
21.2
27.1
23.5
3022
107.5
167
100
14.0
108
0.633
0.0331
35.6
2562
3841
Car
L3
1987
2679
0.250
29.1
22.2
28.2
24.6
2925
107.0
151
99
13.9
108
0.684
0.0335
36.1
2659
3865
Car
L3
1988
3028
0.282
29.8
22.7
28.7
25.1
2866
105.8
140
101
13.5
109
0.736
0.0350
36.1
2678
3824
Car
L3
1989
2467
0.246
30.0
22.6
28.9
25.2
2865
104.8
138
105
13.1
111
0.775
0.0365
36.1
2648
3788
Car
L3
1990
1980
0.225
29.7
22.1
28.7
24.9
2913
104.1
139
111
12.7
113
0.814
0.0379
36.3
2596
3776
Car
L3
1991
1765
0.207
29.1
21.5
28.2
24.3
2918
104.1
144
114
12.4
114
0.806
0.0389
35.5
2537
3698
Car
L3
1992
1635
0.202
28.5
20.8
27.8
23.7
3003
104.0
151
123
11.9
117
0.833
0.0409
35.6
2477
3712
Car
L3
1993
1421
0.168
28.4
20.6
27.8
23.6
3020
105.0
158
126
11.8
118
0.808
0.0414
35.7
2487
3750
Car
L3
1994
899
0.107
30.2
22.0
28.6
24.9
2901
102.2
132
110
12.5
113
0.852
0.0380
36.1
2547
3691
Car
L3
1995
893
0.095
31.3
22.6
29.4
25.6
2843
103.1
124
121
11.5
118
0.982
0.0427
36.5
2648
3762
Car
L3
1996
671
0.085
31.6
22.9
29.3
25.8
2826
101.6
120
122
11.5
119
1.020
0.0431
36.4
2622
3702
EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 13
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ 
-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
L3
1997
611
0.073
31.3
22.6
28.5
25.4
2817
99.8
116
114
12.0
115
0.988
0.0405
35.7
2532
3565
Car
L3
1998
438
0.055
31.3
22.1
29.1
25.3
2842
100.8
123
125
11.1
120
1.016
0.0440
36.0
2559
3629
Car
L3
1999
359
0.043
31.6
22.4
28.8
25.4
2853
100.2
122
122
11.3
119
1.010
0.0429
36.4
2559
3641
Car
L3
2000
505
0.055
31.2
22.0
28.3
25.0
2924
101.4
124
126
11.2
119
1.025
0.0433
36.5
2538
3705
Car
L3
2001
289
0.034
32.7
22.9
29.3
26.0
2909
102.0
120
127
11.1
120
1.065
0.0437
37.9
2664
3868
Car
L3
2002
70
0.008
36.0
25.3
30.9
28.1
2750
100.1
109
125
10.7
121
1.142
0.0455
38.7
2817
3873
Car
L3
2003

















Car
L3
2004

















Car
L3
2005

















Car
L3
2006

















Car
L3
2007

















Car
L3
2008

















Car
L3
2009

















Car
L3
2010

















Car
L4
1975

















Car
L4
1976

















Car
L4
1977

















Car
L4
1978

















Car
L4
1979

















Car
L4
1980
219
0.023
19.3
14.5
20.0
16.5
3975
128.1
321
141
13.1
114
0.438
0.0356
32.8
2114
4220
Car
L4
1981
651
0.074
19.8
14.8
20.5
16.9
4001
132.8
297
140
13.3
114
0.472
0.0351
33.9
2247
4508
Car
L4
1982
986
0.126
20.2
15.1
20.9
17.3
4016
128.3
288
141
13.4
114
0.495
0.0352
34.9
2225
4495
Car
L4
1983
1708
0.213
21.4
16.0
22.0
18.3
3823
123.3
267
135
13.3
113
0.523
0.0352
35.1
2269
4333
Car
L4
1984
2296
0.215
21.9
16.4
22.5
18.7
3736
118.3
261
134
13.1
114
0.542
0.0360
35.1
2234
4173
Car
L4
1985
3127
0.290
23.1
17.3
23.9
19.8
3633
119.4
247
137
12.7
116
0.583
0.0378
36.0
2382
4319
Car
L4
1986
3400
0.309
25.0
18.5
26.0
21.3
3478
117.2
224
138
12.2
117
0.652
0.0395
37.1
2513
4365
Car
L4
1987
3702
0.345
25.3
18.7
26.1
21.5
3445
115.1
212
138
12.1
118
0.693
0.0399
37.0
2489
4279
Car
L4
1988
4069
0.379
25.8
18.9
26.5
21.8
3464
115.4
210
141
11.9
119
0.714
0.0405
37.9
2536
4389
Car
L4
1989
4475
0.447
25.7
18.8
26.4
21.7
3442
114.9
202
141
11.9
119
0.741
0.0410
37.4
2507
4316
Car
L4
1990
4441
0.504
25.8
18.8
26.3
21.8
3466
113.4
193
144
11.7
120
0.790
0.0416
37.7
2479
4290
Car
L4
1991
4503
0.528
26.4
19.1
26.6
22.1
3407
112.9
189
148
11.4
122
0.823
0.0431
37.7
2517
4271
Car
L4
1992
4559
0.562
26.1
18.6
26.5
21.8
3491
114.5
195
156
11.2
124
0.841
0.0443
38.1
2515
4378
Car
L4
1993
5077
0.600
26.9
19.2
27.1
22.5
3407
113.3
184
150
11.3
122
0.853
0.0436
38.3
2566
4347
Car
L4
1994
5748
0.683
26.7
18.9
26.8
22.2
3420
112.2
185
154
11.1
124
0.865
0.0446
38.0
2510
4271
EPA-420-R-10-023
I- 15
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
L3
1997
100.0%


100.0%


39.2%

60.8%



Car
L3
1998
100.0%


100.0%


38.0%

62.0%



Car
L3
1999
100.0%


100.0%


43.1%

56.9%



Car
L3
2000
94.5%


100.0%


37.0%

63.0%

17.0%

Car
L3
2001
87.2%


100.0%


19.4%

80.6%

36.2%

Car
L3
2002
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
L3
2003












Car
L3
2004












Car
L3
2005












Car
L3
2006












Car
L3
2007












Car
L3
2008












Car
L3
2009












Car
L3
2010












Car
L4
1975












Car
L4
1976












Car
L4
1977












Car
L4
1978












Car
L4
1979












Car
L4
1980




8.9%







Car
L4
1981




10.4%







Car
L4
1982
14.8%


2.3%
19.7%
4.6%






Car
L4
1983
17.5%


6.6%
37.0%
1.9%






Car
L4
1984
18.2%


14.5%
35.8%
0.8%






Car
L4
1985
42.4%
1.3%

28.5%
31.5%
0.5%






Car
L4
1986
57.3%
0.0%

62.3%
6.7%
0.1%
94.8%
4.1%
1.2%



Car
L4
1987
62.2%
0.0%

69.6%
11.6%

82.9%
8.9%
8.2%



Car
L4
1988
66.4%
0.1%

79.9%
9.7%

79.8%
8.2%
12.0%



Car
L4
1989
72.0%
0.3%

84.2%
10.8%

77.7%
10.1%
12.2%



Car
L4
1990
78.2%
0.8%

95.2%
4.0%

70.8%
4.3%
24.9%

1.2%

Car
L4
1991
76.9%
1.2%

91.9%
8.1%

68.5%
4.1%
27.3%

2.7%

Car
L4
1992
72.5%
0.7%

94.8%
5.2%

66.2%
2.6%
31.3%

4.7%

Car
L4
1993
80.2%
1.3%

96.3%
3.7%

61.1%
0.6%
38.3%

5.2%

Car
L4
1994
81.8%
0.4%

99.0%
1.0%

60.1%

39.9%

8.0%

EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 16
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
L4
1995
6773
0.721
27.2
19.0
27.3
22.5
3397
111.9
181
161
10.7
126
0.919
0.0469
38.3
2541
4289
Car
L4
1996
5895
0.747
27.2
18.9
27.2
22.5
3408
112.0
178
162
10.6
127
0.937
0.0471
38.3
2529
4294
Car
L4
1997
6394
0.767
27.6
19.1
27.4
22.7
3371
111.5
174
163
10.6
127
0.957
0.0477
38.3
2549
4277
Car
L4
1998
6261
0.785
27.9
19.3
27.6
22.9
3368
110.9
170
162
10.6
127
0.975
0.0476
38.7
2560
4291
Car
L4
1999
6688
0.798
27.8
19.0
27.3
22.7
3417
111.4
171
166
10.5
128
0.988
0.0480
38.8
2544
4331
Car
L4
2000
6877
0.753
27.9
19.0
27.2
22.7
3416
112.1
170
169
10.4
129
1.011
0.0490
38.9
2564
4365
Car
L4
2001
6239
0.742
28.4
19.3
27.5
23.0
3397
111.8
168
166
10.4
128
1.005
0.0484
39.2
2597
4389
Car
L4
2002
6276
0.756
28.8
19.5
27.4
23.2
3377
112.3
167
168
10.3
129
1.027
0.0492
39.3
2626
4417
Car
L4
2003
5301
0.669
29.3
19.7
27.8
23.5
3380
112.7
165
165
10.3
128
1.026
0.0485
39.8
2674
4499
Car
L4
2004
4840
0.642
29.3
19.6
27.8
23.5
3406
113.5
168
171
10.1
130
1.046
0.0497
40.0
2685
4551
Car
L4
2005
4656
0.580
30.2
20.1
28.0
24.0
3356
113.6
160
167
10.2
129
1.068
0.0491
40.2
2742
4580
Car
L4
2006
3780
0.473
29.9
19.9
27.9
23.8
3416
114.8
164
172
10.1
130
1.080
0.0499
40.6
2750
4674
Car
L4
2007
3012
0.373
31.0
20.5
28.9
24.6
3340
111.5
158
165
10.2
129
1.074
0.0489
41.1
2776
4595
Car
L4
2008
2911
0.397
30.7
20.3
28.7
24.4
3432
112.1
160
171
10.2
130
1.091
0.0492
41.9
2766
4702
Car
L4
2009
2056
0.373
33.1
22.0
30.3
26.1
3303
110.8
144
159
10.5
127
1.124
0.0475
43.2
2922
4787
Car
L4
2010
2204
0.275
34.3
22.9
31.1
26.9
3234
110.3
138
154
10.5
126
1.140
0.0472
43.6
3001
4811
Car
L5
1975

















Car
L5
1976

















Car
L5
1977

















Car
L5
1978

















Car
L5
1979

















Car
L5
1980

















Car
L5
1981

















Car
L5
1982

















Car
L5
1983

















Car
L5
1984

















Car
L5
1985

















Car
L5
1986

















Car
L5
1987

















Car
L5
1988

















Car
L5
1989

















Car
L5
1990

















Car
L5
1991

















Car
L5
1992

















EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 17
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
L4
1995
80.5%
1.1%

100.0%


53.2%
0.5%
46.3%

10.0%

Car
L4
1996
86.3%
1.3%

100.0%


44.5%
0.5%
55.0%

11.5%

Car
L4
1997
87.5%
1.5%

100.0%


43.8%
0.7%
55.5%

10.3%

Car
L4
1998
90.2%
1.7%

100.0%

0.0%
41.6%
0.7%
57.7%

16.8%

Car
L4
1999
91.3%
1.5%

100.0%

0.0%
37.8%
0.9%
61.3%
0.0%
14.9%

Car
L4
2000
91.3%
1.5%

100.0%


38.4%
0.7%
60.7%
0.2%
19.6%

Car
L4
2001
92.4%
1.4%

99.9%

0.1%
38.9%
0.1%
61.0%

22.4%

Car
L4
2002
94.0%
1.5%

99.7%

0.3%
36.3%
0.1%
63.5%
0.1%
28.5%

Car
L4
2003
91.8%
2.0%

99.8%

0.2%
35.7%

64.2%
0.2%
32.7%

Car
L4
2004
90.7%
2.8%

100.0%


32.2%

67.8%
0.1%
32.0%

Car
L4
2005
90.2%
3.1%

100.0%


30.7%

69.3%

37.9%

Car
L4
2006
90.8%
3.2%

100.0%


30.5%

69.5%

42.6%

Car
L4
2007
94.6%
2.5%

100.0%


32.4%

67.6%

47.2%
0.0%
Car
L4
2008
86.9%
4.1%

100.0%


25.0%

75.0%

47.9%
0.1%
Car
L4
2009
89.6%
5.1%
0.1%
99.9%


16.1%

83.9%

71.7%
0.3%
Car
L4
2010
92.2%
1.8%
0.1%
99.9%


9.9%

90.1%

82.4%

Car
L5
1975












Car
L5
1976












Car
L5
1977












Car
L5
1978












Car
L5
1979












Car
L5
1980












Car
L5
1981












Car
L5
1982












Car
L5
1983












Car
L5
1984












Car
L5
1985












Car
L5
1986












Car
L5
1987












Car
L5
1988












Car
L5
1989












Car
L5
1990












Car
L5
1991












Car
L5
1992












EPA-420-R-10-023
I- 18
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
L5
1993
9
0.001
20.7
14.6
21.3
17.4
4247
116.2
243
280
8.0
156
1.153
0.0662
36.8
2017
4285
Car
L5
1994
22
0.003
21.8
15.3
22.7
18.3
4011
110.0
222
258
8.2
152
1.164
0.0643
36.7
2013
4034
Car
L5
1995
29
0.003
22.5
15.7
23.2
18.8
4301
110.8
233
271
8.3
152
1.167
0.0630
40.5
2085
4492
Car
L5
1996
27
0.003
22.1
15.4
22.4
18.4
4310
106.7
246
258
8.8
148
1.054
0.0592
39.5
1972
4234
Car
L5
1997
150
0.018
24.5
17.0
24.4
20.2
4027
107.3
217
236
9.0
144
1.097
0.0582
40.9
2196
4400
Car
L5
1998
261
0.033
25.3
17.5
24.9
20.8
3923
105.7
202
233
8.9
145
1.165
0.0590
41.0
2215
4334
Car
L5
1999
363
0.043
25.4
17.4
25.2
20.8
3826
106.2
187
223
9.1
143
1.214
0.0578
40.0
2232
4257
Car
L5
2000
622
0.068
24.7
16.8
24.3
20.2
3822
109.7
195
222
9.1
143
1.151
0.0576
38.7
2233
4249
Car
L5
2001
829
0.099
24.9
17.0
24.2
20.3
3792
108.3
186
220
9.0
143
1.210
0.0578
38.6
2207
4184
Car
L5
2002
950
0.114
25.5
17.3
24.7
20.7
3788
106.2
184
219
9.0
142
1.218
0.0575
39.3
2218
4186
Car
L5
2003
1591
0.201
26.9
18.0
26.1
21.8
3655
106.4
177
211
9.1
141
1.210
0.0576
40.0
2352
4276
Car
L5
2004
1603
0.213
27.2
18.1
26.2
21.9
3704
107.6
174
211
9.2
141
1.222
0.0568
40.8
2387
4402
Car
L5
2005
2046
0.255
27.5
18.2
26.5
22.1
3749
111.0
186
216
9.2
141
1.174
0.0570
41.8
2498
4658
Car
L5
2006
2247
0.281
28.3
18.7
27.0
22.6
3716
112.5
189
220
9.0
143
1.184
0.0584
42.5
2595
4780
Car
L5
2007
2243
0.277
29.6
19.5
28.1
23.6
3596
111.2
169
198
9.6
137
1.182
0.0542
42.8
2676
4771
Car
L5
2008
1560
0.213
30.7
20.2
28.9
24.4
3548
110.6
163
197
9.5
137
1.221
0.0546
43.6
2756
4839
Car
L5
2009
1435
0.260
32.4
21.3
30.6
25.7
3471
113.0
151
180
9.9
132
1.201
0.0511
44.8
2942
5073
Car
L5
2010
1522
0.190
32.3
21.2
30.2
25.6
3453
111.7
158
191
9.5
136
1.232
0.0544
44.3
2903
4959
Car
L6
1975

















Car
L6
1976

















Car
L6
1977

















Car
L6
1978

















Car
L6
1979

















Car
L6
1980

















Car
L6
1981

















Car
L6
1982

















Car
L6
1983

















Car
L6
1984

















Car
L6
1985

















Car
L6
1986

















Car
L6
1987

















Car
L6
1988

















Car
L6
1989

















Car
L6
1990

















EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 19
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
L5
1993



100.0%




100.0%



Car
L5
1994



100.0%




100.0%

35.2%

Car
L5
1995



100.0%


2.0%

98.0%

21.5%

Car
L5
1996
16.2%
11.4%

100.0%


32.2%

67.8%

72.4%

Car
L5
1997
2.0%
5.4%

98.2%

1.8%
2.6%
7.8%
86.0%
3.6%
46.4%

Car
L5
1998
7.5%
10.6%

98.7%

1.3%
0.4%
20.6%
61.6%
17.3%
56.2%

Car
L5
1999
17.3%
11.7%

98.7%

1.3%
0.8%
25.7%
45.2%
28.4%
50.1%

Car
L5
2000
26.8%
6.6%

98.9%

1.1%
3.7%
14.4%
67.6%
14.4%
54.9%

Car
L5
2001
31.8%
13.1%

100.0%


0.1%
17.3%
65.3%
17.3%
61.1%

Car
L5
2002
38.0%
14.3%

100.0%


0.0%
14.9%
68.4%
16.7%
57.8%

Car
L5
2003
55.5%
7.5%

100.0%


0.8%
11.7%
77.8%
9.7%
66.4%

Car
L5
2004
65.0%
11.8%

99.4%

0.6%
0.6%
6.5%
85.9%
7.0%
73.6%

Car
L5
2005
64.3%
8.9%

98.9%

1.1%
8.9%
5.8%
83.1%
2.2%
79.2%
0.9%
Car
L5
2006
68.3%
6.6%

99.7%

0.3%
9.9%
2.5%
87.5%
0.1%
81.7%
0.2%
Car
L5
2007
76.6%
5.0%
0.1%
99.9%


6.3%
1.4%
92.4%

82.5%
0.2%
Car
L5
2008
81.9%
5.5%

100.0%


4.7%
1.0%
94.3%

80.4%

Car
L5
2009
92.6%
2.2%
0.1%
99.9%


3.6%
0.4%
96.0%

93.7%

Car
L5
2010
86.8%
3.3%
0.1%
99.9%


6.7%
1.5%
91.8%

94.8%

Car
L6
1975












Car
L6
1976












Car
L6
1977












Car
L6
1978












Car
L6
1979












Car
L6
1980












Car
L6
1981












Car
L6
1982












Car
L6
1983












Car
L6
1984












Car
L6
1985












Car
L6
1986












Car
L6
1987












Car
L6
1988












Car
L6
1989












Car
L6
1990












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-20
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
L6
1991

















Car
L6
1992

















Car
L6
1993

















Car
L6
1994

















Car
L6
1995

















Car
L6
1996

















Car
L6
1997

















Car
L6
1998

















Car
L6
1999

















Car
L6
2000
0
0.000
14.5
9.8
15.2
12.1
3500
50.0
219
394
5.2
210
1.799
0.1126
21.2
606
1060
Car
L6
2001
1
0.000
14.5
9.7
15.1
12.1
3500
50.0
219
394
5.2
210
1.799
0.1126
21.2
605
1058
Car
L6
2002
23
0.003
22.5
15.1
22.5
18.5
4351
113.6
258
334
7.1
172
1.311
0.0773
40.8
2153
4742
Car
L6
2003
71
0.009
24.4
16.3
23.9
19.8
3980
101.7
206
263
8.7
153
1.269
0.0651
39.6
2024
4080
Car
L6
2004
172
0.023
24.6
16.3
24.3
20.0
3996
109.1
216
264
8.5
154
1.218
0.0653
40.1
2199
4410
Car
L6
2005
322
0.040
26.2
17.3
25.2
21.1
3897
113.0
193
229
9.2
143
1.179
0.0578
41.3
2417
4702
Car
L6
2006
851
0.106
27.6
18.2
26.4
22.1
3745
107.0
183
224
9.0
144
1.239
0.0595
41.7
2396
4483
Car
L6
2007
1100
0.136
27.3
18.0
26.3
21.9
3871
110.2
194
242
8.6
149
1.255
0.0622
42.6
2431
4717
Car
L6
2008
1197
0.163
27.2
17.9
26.4
21.9
3880
109.5
194
249
8.4
151
1.298
0.0639
42.7
2419
4696
Car
L6
2009
882
0.160
28.2
18.6
27.1
22.6
3838
109.3
188
239
8.5
148
1.290
0.0618
43.8
2512
4801
Car
L6
2010
1982
0.247
29.8
19.6
28.5
23.8
3772
112.7
181
228
8.8
145
1.262
0.0598
45.3
2726
5110
Car
L7
1975

















Car
L7
1976

















Car
L7
1977

















Car
L7
1978

















Car
L7
1979

















Car
L7
1980

















Car
L7
1981

















Car
L7
1982

















Car
L7
1983

















Car
L7
1984

















Car
L7
1985

















Car
L7
1986

















Car
L7
1987

















Car
L7
1988

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-21
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
i>m\ I I k \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
Car
L6
1991












Car
L6
1992












Car
L6
1993












Car
L6
1994












Car
L6
1995












Car
L6
1996












Car
L6
1997












Car
L6
1998












Car
L6
1999












Car
L6
2000



100.0%





100.0%
100.0%

Car
L6
2001



100.0%





100.0%
100.0%

Car
L6
2002



100.0%




98.0%
2.0%
100.0%

Car
L6
2003
25.0%


100.0%


16.8%

74.2%
9.0%
75.0%

Car
L6
2004
14.2%
8.4%

99.4%

0.6%
9.0%

77.3%
13.7%
84.7%

Car
L6
2005
55.8%
11.9%

98.7%

1.3%
7.7%

86.0%
6.3%
43.4%

Car
L6
2006
48.7%
10.6%

96.7%

3.3%
5.8%

92.8%
1.3%
73.2%

Car
L6
2007
60.5%
14.7%
0.8%
99.2%


2.2%

97.7%
0.1%
59.0%
0.3%
Car
L6
2008
55.1%
18.6%
14.7%
85.3%


2.1%

97.8%
0.1%
59.9%
0.1%
Car
L6
2009
59.0%
17.0%
22.4%
74.2%

3.4%
2.9%

97.1%
0.0%
70.2%
0.1%
Car
L6
2010
74.0%
9.8%
21.1%
77.1%

1.8%
2.1%

97.9%

97.2%

Car
L7
1975












Car
L7
1976












Car
L7
1977












Car
L7
1978












Car
L7
1979












Car
L7
1980












Car
L7
1981












Car
L7
1982












Car
L7
1983












Car
L7
1984












Car
L7
1985












Car
L7
1986












Car
L7
1987












Car
L7
1988












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-22
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
L7
1989

















Car
L7
1990

















Car
L7
1991

















Car
L7
1992

















Car
L7
1993

















Car
L7
1994

















Car
L7
1995

















Car
L7
1996

















Car
L7
1997

















Car
L7
1998

















Car
L7
1999

















Car
L7
2000

















Car
L7
2001

















Car
L7
2002

















Car
L7
2003

















Car
L7
2004
35
0.005
21.9
14.6
21.6
17.9
4161
93.4
296
298
7.5
163
1.006
0.0718
37.3
1684
3547
Car
L7
2005
39
0.005
22.9
15.2
22.5
18.6
3951
79.1
279
293
7.3
165
1.066
0.0745
36.8
1469
2965
Car
L7
2006
166
0.021
23.7
15.8
22.7
19.1
4171
111.0
226
268
8.3
154
1.211
0.0650
40.1
2136
4522
Car
L7
2007
170
0.021
23.0
15.3
22.4
18.6
4295
108.8
246
300
7.9
162
1.236
0.0698
40.2
2039
4423
Car
L7
2008
178
0.024
23.9
15.8
23.0
19.3
4227
106.5
239
295
7.8
161
1.240
0.0695
41.1
2070
4402
Car
L7
2009
174
0.032
25.1
16.6
24.1
20.2
4093
99.3
229
299
7.5
164
1.315
0.0731
41.6
2024
4154
Car
L7
2010
343
0.043
25.5
16.9
24.5
20.5
4144
101.9
232
300
7.6
164
1.300
0.0727
42.6
2094
4370
Car
M3
1975

















Car
M3
1976

















Car
M3
1977

















Car
M3
1978
47
0.004
22.3
17.3
21.6
19.0
3441
113.5
219
100
15.0
104
0.459
0.0293
32.7
2173
3708
Car
M3
1979
23
0.002
22.1
17.4
20.9
18.8
3584
111.7
224
102
15.2
104
0.458
0.0286
33.8
2122
3783
Car
M3
1980
17
0.002
21.1
16.9
19.5
18.0
3526
109.1
228
111
14.2
107
0.485
0.0314
31.8
1964
3464
Car
M3
1981
9
0.001
21.4
16.9
20.2
18.2
3500
103.7
229
115
13.7
109
0.501
0.0328
31.9
1892
3311
Car
M3
1982

















Car
M3
1983

















Car
M3
1984

















Car
M3
1985

















Car
M3
1986

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-23
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
i>m\ I I k \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
L7
1989












Car
L7
1990












Car
L7
1991












Car
L7
1992












Car
L7
1993












Car
L7
1994












Car
L7
1995












Car
L7
1996












Car
L7
1997












Car
L7
1998












Car
L7
1999












Car
L7
2000












Car
L7
2001












Car
L7
2002












Car
L7
2003












Car
L7
2004



100.0%



100.0%




Car
L7
2005



100.0%



75.9%
24.1%

26.1%

Car
L7
2006

11.7%

100.0%



37.4%
62.6%

71.5%

Car
L7
2007

12.7%

97.7%

2.3%

0.7%
99.3%

38.3%

Car
L7
2008

23.4%

97.4%

2.6%

0.2%
99.8%

24.4%

Car
L7
2009

28.9%
1.1%
98.0%

0.9%

1.9%
98.1%

72.6%

Car
L7
2010

28.8%
5.0%
94.8%

0.2%

0.1%
99.9%

100.0%

Car
M3
1975












Car
M3
1976












Car
M3
1977












Car
M3
1978












Car
M3
1979












Car
M3
1980












Car
M3
1981












Car
M3
1982












Car
M3
1983












Car
M3
1984












Car
M3
1985












Car
M3
1986












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-24
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
M3
1987

















Car
M3
1988

















Car
M3
1989

















Car
M3
1990

















Car
M3
1991

















Car
M3
1992

















Car
M3
1993

















Car
M3
1994

















Car
M3
1995

















Car
M3
1996

















Car
M3
1997

















Car
M3
1998

















Car
M3
1999

















Car
M3
2000

















Car
M3
2001

















Car
M3
2002

















Car
M3
2003

















Car
M3
2004

















Car
M3
2005

















Car
M3
2006

















Car
M3
2007

















Car
M3
2008

















Car
M3
2009

















Car
M3
2010

















Car
M4
1975

















Car
M4
1976

















Car
M4
1977

















Car
M4
1978
1129
0.101
27.7
21.5
26.9
23.6
2567
88.4
123
82
14.4
104
0.701
0.0316
30.9
2208
2753
Car
M4
1979
1509
0.140
26.8
20.7
26.2
22.8
2606
89.9
124
83
14.5
104
0.696
0.0313
30.1
2133
2723
Car
M4
1980
1733
0.183
28.0
21.5
27.6
23.9
2582
93.9
123
80
14.7
103
0.659
0.0306
31.2
2307
2944
Car
M4
1981
1335
0.153
31.2
24.1
30.6
26.6
2499
99.0
116
78
14.4
103
0.692
0.0312
33.7
2697
3329
Car
M4
1982
1074
0.137
31.3
24.0
31.1
26.7
2557
94.7
117
77
14.9
102
0.675
0.0299
34.5
2596
3272
Car
M4
1983
542
0.068
33.7
26.1
32.7
28.7
2494
98.6
112
75
14.9
102
0.682
0.0299
36.3
2912
3578
Car
M4
1984
668
0.063
35.1
27.2
34.2
30.0
2505
93.6
112
77
14.7
103
0.695
0.0306
38.0
2902
3568
EPA-420-R-10-023
1-25
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
l-oi k
1- IN 1
Car
M3
1987












Car
M3
1988












Car
M3
1989












Car
M3
1990












Car
M3
1991












Car
M3
1992












Car
M3
1993












Car
M3
1994












Car
M3
1995












Car
M3
1996












Car
M3
1997












Car
M3
1998












Car
M3
1999












Car
M3
2000












Car
M3
2001












Car
M3
2002












Car
M3
2003












Car
M3
2004












Car
M3
2005












Car
M3
2006












Car
M3
2007












Car
M3
2008












Car
M3
2009












Car
M3
2010












Car
M4
1975












Car
M4
1976












Car
M4
1977












Car
M4
1978
44.2%


21.2%

3.7%






Car
M4
1979
32.0%
2.5%

9.8%

2.7%






Car
M4
1980
47.2%
2.6%

8.3%

7.7%






Car
M4
1981
62.3%
3.4%

4.3%

6.9%






Car
M4
1982
69.6%
3.7%

4.4%
3.6%
3.5%






Car
M4
1983
65.4%
7.8%

7.5%
13.0%
3.5%






Car
M4
1984
61.2%
5.5%

5.7%
28.8%
3.7%






EPA-420-R-10-023
1-26
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
M4
1985
444
0.041
36.4
28.2
35.4
31.0
2508
98.5
110
81
14.2
104
0.733
0.0319
39.3
3148
3886
Car
M4
1986
489
0.044
34.9
26.9
33.6
29.6
2535
95.5
114
83
14.1
105
0.738
0.0324
38.2
2944
3676
Car
M4
1987
344
0.032
35.9
28.0
33.3
30.2
2417
94.4
100
77
14.4
103
0.769
0.0314
37.2
2943
3525
Car
M4
1988
487
0.045
37.1
29.0
33.9
31.1
2354
96.4
97
74
14.4
103
0.761
0.0311
37.0
3065
3577
Car
M4
1989
315
0.031
38.1
29.3
35.1
31.8
2380
98.0
96
79
13.7
105
0.824
0.0330
38.1
3163
3740
Car
M4
1990
195
0.022
37.6
28.7
34.4
31.2
2462
97.1
97
86
13.0
107
0.892
0.0350
38.6
3055
3759
Car
M4
1991
143
0.017
38.8
29.8
34.7
32.0
2417
97.2
92
89
12.5
109
0.975
0.0370
38.7
3119
3766
Car
M4
1992
107
0.013
38.5
29.1
34.7
31.6
2376
96.4
92
88
12.5
109
0.963
0.0371
37.5
3050
3620
Car
M4
1993
78
0.009
38.6
29.1
34.3
31.5
2308
96.2
90
81
12.9
107
0.911
0.0354
36.3
3031
3496
Car
M4
1994
53
0.006
39.2
29.3
34.9
31.9
2250
95.0
89
82
12.6
108
0.921
0.0364
35.8
3026
3405
Car
M4
1995
18
0.002
42.5
31.1
38.0
34.3
2250
90.0
91
93
11.4
113
1.022
0.0413
38.6
3085
3471
Car
M4
1996
20
0.003
42.6
30.9
37.8
34.2
2250
90.0
91
93
11.4
113
1.022
0.0413
38.4
3074
3458
Car
M4
1997

















Car
M4
1998

















Car
M4
1999

















Car
M4
2000

















Car
M4
2001

















Car
M4
2002

















Car
M4
2003

















Car
M4
2004

















Car
M4
2005

















Car
M4
2006

















Car
M4
2007

















Car
M4
2008

















Car
M4
2009

















Car
M4
2010

















Car
M5
1975

















Car
M5
1976

















Car
M5
1977

















Car
M5
1978
1037
0.093
28.7
22.3
27.8
24.5
2564
86.2
114
85
14.1
105
0.753
0.0326
32.0
2203
2767
Car
M5
1979
742
0.069
25.9
19.8
25.7
22.1
2633
82.6
117
85
14.3
105
0.724
0.0318
29.7
1926
2471
Car
M5
1980
1173
0.124
29.1
22.4
28.5
24.8
2541
86.7
110
80
14.4
104
0.726
0.0313
32.0
2240
2792
Car
M5
1981
1264
0.145
31.8
24.8
30.6
27.1
2488
87.2
110
79
14.4
103
0.710
0.0313
34.1
2445
2993
Car
M5
1982
1210
0.155
32.3
25.1
31.2
27.5
2519
89.8
114
81
14.3
104
0.710
0.0318
35.2
2577
3190
EPA-420-R-10-023
1-27
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
M4
1985
74.5%
0.8%

9.0%
18.4%
0.4%






Car
M4
1986
74.2%
0.9%

14.4%
9.1%
0.1%
99.8%

0.2%



Car
M4
1987
92.0%
1.0%

14.2%
31.2%

77.2%
21.3%
1.5%



Car
M4
1988
97.9%
0.6%

19.5%
36.1%

81.9%
13.8%
4.4%



Car
M4
1989
99.3%
0.3%

20.9%
44.7%

64.5%
27.9%
7.6%



Car
M4
1990
99.6%


31.9%
58.4%

42.6%
9.7%
47.8%



Car
M4
1991
100.0%


69.5%
30.1%

21.3%
37.5%
41.2%

11.0%

Car
M4
1992
100.0%


97.5%
2.5%

19.2%
60.8%
20.0%

20.0%

Car
M4
1993
100.0%


95.8%
4.2%

23.3%
76.7%




Car
M4
1994
100.0%


100.0%



100.0%




Car
M4
1995
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
M4
1996
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
M4
1997












Car
M4
1998












Car
M4
1999












Car
M4
2000












Car
M4
2001












Car
M4
2002












Car
M4
2003












Car
M4
2004












Car
M4
2005












Car
M4
2006












Car
M4
2007












Car
M4
2008












Car
M4
2009












Car
M4
2010












Car
M5
1975












Car
M5
1976












Car
M5
1977












Car
M5
1978
20.5%


5.8%








Car
M5
1979
33.8%


16.3%

2.0%






Car
M5
1980
39.2%


19.5%

2.4%






Car
M5
1981
49.8%


20.2%

5.3%






Car
M5
1982
56.1%
0.2%

20.2%

4.9%






EPA-420-R-10-023
1-28
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
M5
1983
1543
0.193
31.9
24.6
31.4
27.3
2583
93.3
120
87
13.9
106
0.732
0.0331
35.8
2670
3375
Car
M5
1984
1908
0.179
31.5
24.2
31.1
26.9
2646
94.3
125
94
13.4
108
0.757
0.0349
36.3
2649
3439
Car
M5
1985
2019
0.187
32.1
24.6
31.7
27.4
2629
93.8
122
96
13.1
109
0.791
0.0358
36.5
2678
3446
Car
M5
1986
2239
0.203
32.2
24.7
31.6
27.4
2684
96.0
122
97
13.2
109
0.805
0.0356
37.3
2728
3582
Car
M5
1987
2328
0.217
31.9
24.2
31.2
27.0
2719
95.5
122
99
13.2
110
0.821
0.0358
37.1
2660
3546
Car
M5
1988
2117
0.197
32.3
24.3
31.4
27.2
2738
96.8
122
104
12.8
111
0.852
0.0370
37.7
2727
3656
Car
M5
1989
1784
0.178
31.8
23.8
31.0
26.7
2786
98.0
125
108
12.4
113
0.883
0.0382
37.6
2699
3689
Car
M5
1990
1528
0.173
31.2
23.2
30.0
26.1
2834
95.9
125
118
11.8
116
0.967
0.0410
37.3
2574
3588
Car
M5
1991
1599
0.188
32.3
23.9
30.8
26.9
2796
95.7
121
117
11.9
116
0.974
0.0409
38.0
2658
3644
Car
M5
1992
1299
0.160
32.5
23.8
31.2
26.9
2813
96.7
122
121
11.6
118
1.009
0.0423
38.4
2703
3723
Car
M5
1993
1416
0.167
33.3
24.2
31.7
27.5
2771
97.1
120
117
11.8
117
0.978
0.0415
38.5
2763
3755
Car
M5
1994
1329
0.158
33.4
24.1
31.8
27.5
2831
97.8
123
119
11.7
117
0.986
0.0414
39.4
2781
3864
Car
M5
1995
1476
0.157
33.2
23.7
31.8
27.3
2869
99.2
125
126
11.3
119
1.026
0.0433
39.5
2786
3927
Car
M5
1996
1125
0.143
33.2
23.5
31.8
27.2
2912
100.1
128
130
11.1
120
1.029
0.0441
39.9
2791
4002
Car
M5
1997
1096
0.132
33.3
23.4
31.7
27.1
2897
98.7
125
129
11.1
120
1.048
0.0441
39.6
2743
3924
Car
M5
1998
955
0.120
32.9
22.9
31.2
26.7
2961
99.6
130
134
10.9
122
1.052
0.0448
39.9
2722
3980
Car
M5
1999
870
0.104
32.0
22.2
30.1
25.9
3001
98.7
131
139
10.7
123
1.079
0.0460
39.1
2608
3880
Car
M5
2000
941
0.103
31.8
22.0
29.7
25.6
3017
99.3
134
141
10.6
124
1.084
0.0465
38.9
2597
3881
Car
M5
2001
851
0.101
32.0
22.0
29.8
25.7
3049
99.8
134
144
10.6
124
1.095
0.0468
39.5
2627
3961
Car
M5
2002
779
0.094
32.0
21.8
29.6
25.5
3081
102.4
133
147
10.6
125
1.126
0.0472
39.7
2671
4076
Car
M5
2003
689
0.087
32.1
21.8
29.6
25.5
3139
102.7
134
153
10.4
127
1.159
0.0484
40.7
2696
4197
Car
M5
2004
532
0.071
32.5
21.9
29.8
25.7
3095
103.6
134
154
10.2
128
1.164
0.0492
40.3
2729
4185
Car
M5
2005
561
0.070
32.4
21.7
29.5
25.6
3112
104.5
136
157
10.2
128
1.166
0.0497
40.2
2737
4214
Car
M5
2006
514
0.064
32.1
21.4
29.3
25.3
3166
102.5
139
160
10.2
129
1.161
0.0499
40.6
2663
4181
Car
M5
2007
459
0.057
32.7
21.8
30.0
25.8
3116
102.0
140
161
10.0
130
1.161
0.0509
40.6
2703
4162
Car
M5
2008
388
0.053
33.0
22.1
29.9
25.9
3152
103.6
137
162
10.1
129
1.194
0.0504
41.2
2755
4278
Car
M5
2009
241
0.044
34.8
23.3
31.1
27.2
3073
106.0
124
148
10.4
126
1.195
0.0478
42.0
2917
4455
Car
M5
2010
430
0.054
34.7
23.3
31.1
27.2
3130
105.4
135
159
10.1
129
1.195
0.0500
42.8
2925
4517
Car
M6
1975

















Car
M6
1976

















Car
M6
1977

















Car
M6
1978

















Car
M6
1979

















Car
M6
1980

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-29
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envircvmontu! PcalBe'n
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
di
-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
M6
1981

















Car
M6
1982

















Car
M6
1983

















Car
M6
1984

















Car
M6
1985

















Car
M6
1986

















Car
M6
1987

















Car
M6
1988

















Car
M6
1989
4
0.000
22.7
16.0
25.0
19.3
3500
50.0
350
240
7.7
154
0.686
0.0686
33.8
967
1691
Car
M6
1990
8
0.001
22.3
15.7
24.2
18.9
3503
50.0
350
302
6.6
177
0.864
0.0863
33.1
945
1654
Car
M6
1991
6
0.001
21.9
15.3
23.8
18.5
3583
53.3
346
296
6.8
173
0.857
0.0831
33.3
981
1770
Car
M6
1992
6
0.001
22.7
15.9
24.2
19.1
3532
52.8
339
303
6.5
177
0.914
0.0860
33.8
1008
1784
Car
M6
1993
14
0.002
22.8
15.9
24.0
19.1
3541
73.4
333
284
6.9
169
0.896
0.0804
34.0
1416
2512
Car
M6
1994
27
0.003
23.0
15.9
24.6
19.3
3608
79.5
325
276
7.2
165
0.932
0.0765
35.0
1551
2809
Car
M6
1995
35
0.004
22.6
15.5
24.3
19.0
3637
79.2
311
269
7.3
162
0.934
0.0740
34.7
1522
2774
Car
M6
1996
27
0.003
21.9
14.9
23.6
18.4
3623
73.2
323
291
6.9
170
0.954
0.0807
33.6
1369
2509
Car
M6
1997
26
0.003
22.3
15.1
23.7
18.6
3675
79.4
309
320
6.5
180
1.090
0.0875
34.9
1530
2840
Car
M6
1998
23
0.003
23.4
15.8
24.5
19.5
3654
76.5
327
319
6.4
180
1.002
0.0878
36.0
1517
2799
Car
M6
1999
43
0.005
24.2
16.4
24.8
20.0
3537
72.6
294
300
6.7
175
1.075
0.0845
35.6
1462
2616
Car
M6
2000
78
0.009
24.6
16.7
24.5
20.2
3405
75.5
240
271
7.0
167
1.284
0.0790
34.5
1560
2653
Car
M6
2001
105
0.013
24.4
16.6
24.0
19.9
3512
73.5
210
274
7.2
166
1.450
0.0779
35.2
1466
2620
Car
M6
2002
148
0.018
26.1
17.6
25.4
21.2
3361
83.3
202
249
7.5
159
1.375
0.0734
35.9
1809
3028
Car
M6
2003
196
0.025
26.6
18.0
25.4
21.5
3355
82.4
188
251
7.6
160
1.409
0.0738
36.3
1817
3017
Car
M6
2004
234
0.031
25.8
17.3
24.8
20.8
3469
87.1
186
253
7.7
159
1.427
0.0723
36.5
1854
3206
Car
M6
2005
184
0.023
26.0
17.3
24.9
20.9
3438
83.8
186
262
7.5
163
1.548
0.0757
36.3
1797
3087
Car
M6
2006
235
0.029
26.6
17.6
25.5
21.4
3458
86.3
185
258
7.6
161
1.491
0.0743
37.2
1887
3267
Car
M6
2007
227
0.028
27.7
18.3
26.4
22.2
3476
89.9
177
248
8.0
157
1.484
0.0709
39.0
2060
3561
Car
M6
2008
196
0.027
27.4
18.1
26.2
22.0
3488
90.6
188
264
7.7
162
1.481
0.0749
38.9
2060
3563
Car
M6
2009
132
0.024
29.3
19.4
27.7
23.4
3452
92.3
180
246
8.0
156
1.455
0.0701
41.4
2277
3879
Car
M6
2010
369
0.046
28.5
18.8
27.4
22.9
3556
99.2
199
264
7.9
160
1.375
0.0727
41.2
2341
4123
Car
M7
1975

















Car
M7
1976

















Car
M7
1977

















Car
M7
1978

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-31
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Car
M6
1981












Car
M6
1982












Car
M6
1983












Car
M6
1984












Car
M6
1985












Car
M6
1986












Car
M6
1987












Car
M6
1988












Car
M6
1989



100.0%


100.0%





Car
M6
1990



100.0%


62.8%

37.2%



Car
M6
1991



100.0%


69.2%

30.8%



Car
M6
1992



100.0%


83.8%

16.2%

9.1%

Car
M6
1993
6.4%


100.0%


80.8%

19.2%

4.8%

Car
M6
1994
12.1%


100.0%


75.8%

24.2%

4.5%

Car
M6
1995
6.0%
1.5%

100.0%


84.1%

15.9%

20.2%

Car
M6
1996

13.3%

100.0%


96.3%

2.6%
1.1%
24.2%

Car
M6
1997

10.6%

100.0%


80.8%

16.8%
2.3%
33.9%

Car
M6
1998

2.8%

100.0%


85.8%

12.9%
1.3%
21.0%

Car
M6
1999
7.0%
3.7%

100.0%


62.6%

36.7%
0.7%
29.5%

Car
M6
2000
15.1%
10.2%

100.0%


38.9%

52.2%
8.9%
47.8%

Car
M6
2001
2.8%
34.7%

100.0%


26.1%
2.6%
40.1%
31.2%
33.5%

Car
M6
2002
37.4%
11.4%

100.0%


24.6%
0.8%
62.7%
11.9%
53.0%

Car
M6
2003
43.0%
5.9%

100.0%


9.1%
0.2%
83.7%
6.9%
65.8%

Car
M6
2004
32.1%
14.8%

100.0%


18.7%
2.0%
70.5%
8.7%
57.3%

Car
M6
2005
33.3%
12.7%

100.0%


20.0%
3.3%
70.7%
6.0%
60.0%

Car
M6
2006
38.6%
12.1%

100.0%


13.2%
1.1%
85.0%
0.6%
78.7%

Car
M6
2007
44.7%
17.2%
5.4%
94.6%


9.2%
5.3%
85.1%
0.5%
65.0%

Car
M6
2008
47.2%
11.8%
19.0%
81.0%


8.8%
0.1%
90.8%
0.3%
77.6%

Car
M6
2009
58.0%
7.5%
26.4%
66.8%

6.8%
14.5%
2.4%
83.1%
0.0%
77.5%

Car
M6
2010
47.8%
9.1%
20.4%
77.4%

2.2%
16.9%

83.1%

80.7%

Car
M7
1975












Car
M7
1976












Car
M7
1977












Car
M7
1978












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-32
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
\(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
M7
1979

















Car
M7
1980

















Car
M7
1981

















Car
M7
1982

















Car
M7
1983

















Car
M7
1984

















Car
M7
1985

















Car
M7
1986

















Car
M7
1987

















Car
M7
1988

















Car
M7
1989

















Car
M7
1990

















Car
M7
1991

















Car
M7
1992

















Car
M7
1993

















Car
M7
1994

















Car
M7
1995

















Car
M7
1996

















Car
M7
1997

















Car
M7
1998

















Car
M7
1999

















Car
M7
2000

















Car
M7
2001

















Car
M7
2002

















Car
M7
2003

















Car
M7
2004

















Car
M7
2005

















Car
M7
2006

















Car
M7
2007

















Car
M7
2008

















Car
M7
2009
0
0.000
19.0
12.6
18.9
15.6
4000
50.0
262
450
5.3
216
1.718
0.1125
31.1
778
1556
Car
M7
2010
0
0.000
19.0
12.6
18.9
15.6
4000
82.0
262
450
5.3
216
1.718
0.1125
31.1
1276
2551
Car
Other
1975

















Car
Other
1976

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-33
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
I I 1 1. Ml 1 I KI\(,
\i Mui-mn- \ \i \ i s
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
i iti
DM
1 WO
iiiki i
i-oi k
1- IN 1
Car
M7
1979












Car
M7
1980












Car
M7
1981












Car
M7
1982












Car
M7
1983












Car
M7
1984












Car
M7
1985












Car
M7
1986












Car
M7
1987












Car
M7
1988












Car
M7
1989












Car
M7
1990












Car
M7
1991












Car
M7
1992












Car
M7
1993












Car
M7
1994












Car
M7
1995












Car
M7
1996












Car
M7
1997












Car
M7
1998












Car
M7
1999












Car
M7
2000












Car
M7
2001












Car
M7
2002












Car
M7
2003












Car
M7
2004












Car
M7
2005












Car
M7
2006












Car
M7
2007












Car
M7
2008












Car
M7
2009


100.0%





100.0%

100.0%

Car
M7
2010


100.0%





100.0%

100.0%

Car
Other
1975












Car
Other
1976












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-34
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % in-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Car
Other
1977

















Car
Other
1978
45
0.004
28.7
23.8
25.1
24.3
2151
85.7
92
64
14.7
100
0.698
0.0299
26.3
2097
2272
Car
Other
1979
131
0.012
29.3
24.1
25.9
24.9
2251
86.0
96
68
14.6
101
0.715
0.0304
28.6
2206
2471
Car
Other
1980
91
0.010
34.2
27.9
30.5
29.0
2132
88.4
93
73
13.2
105
0.789
0.0344
31.2
2581
2758
Car
Other
1981
51
0.006
34.9
27.9
32.0
29.6
2250
87.8
96
78
13.1
106
0.816
0.0349
33.4
2603
2928
Car
Other
1982
37
0.005
36.6
29.3
33.5
31.1
2200
87.8
91
67
14.4
101
0.740
0.0307
34.2
2734
3003
Car
Other
1983
36
0.005
35.4
28.3
32.7
30.1
2278
89.2
94
70
14.3
102
0.748
0.0309
34.4
2706
3067
Car
Other
1984
3
0.000
33.1
26.4
30.6
28.2
2545
93.5
117
88
13.4
107
0.758
0.0348
35.8
2643
3352
Car
Other
1985

















Car
Other
1986
0
0.000
23.0
17.4
23.2
19.6
2750
50.0
170
160
8.8
136
0.941
0.0582
27.0
981
1348
Car
Other
1987

















Car
Other
1988

















Car
Other
1989

















Car
Other
1990
1
0.000
21.1
15.2
22.1
17.8
3500
59.9
220
247
7.5
157
1.123
0.0706
31.2
1069
1871
Car
Other
1991
1
0.000
21.1
15.1
22.0
17.8
3500
59.9
220
247
7.5
157
1.123
0.0706
31.2
1067
1867
Car
Other
1992
1
0.000
22.4
15.9
23.5
18.9
3500
62.6
193
239
7.7
154
1.245
0.0683
33.1
1184
2072
Car
Other
1993

















Car
Other
1994

















Car
Other
1995

















Car
Other
1996

















Car
Other
1997

















Car
Other
1998

















Car
Other
1999

















Car
Other
2000

















Car
Other
2001

















Car
Other
2002

















Car
Other
2003

















Car
Other
2004

















Car
Other
2005

















Car
Other
2006

















Car
Other
2007
35
0.004
25.2
16.5
24.7
20.4
4500
115.7
281
380
6.6
183
1.352
0.0844
45.9
2360
5309
Car
Other
2008
33
0.005
24.7
16.4
23.9
19.9
4497
113.8
284
382
6.4
184
1.343
0.0853
44.9
2272
5120
Car
Other
2009
10
0.002
24.2
16.0
23.6
19.6
4699
114.8
282
382
6.7
180
1.351
0.0816
46.0
2251
5290
Car
Other
2010
42
0.005
24.6
16.2
23.9
19.9
4589
115.0
270
369
7.0
178
1.357
0.0799
45.5
2303
5251
EPA-420-R-10-023
1-35
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % in-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
Car
Other
1977












Car
Other
1978
100.0%











Car
Other
1979
100.0%











Car
Other
1980
100.0%











Car
Other
1981
100.0%











Car
Other
1982
100.0%











Car
Other
1983
100.0%











Car
Other
1984
100.0%


10.9%








Car
Other
1985












Car
Other
1986



100.0%


100.0%





Car
Other
1987












Car
Other
1988












Car
Other
1989












Car
Other
1990



100.0%


100.0%





Car
Other
1991



100.0%


100.0%





Car
Other
1992



100.0%


26.6%

73.4%

73.4%

Car
Other
1993












Car
Other
1994












Car
Other
1995












Car
Other
1996












Car
Other
1997












Car
Other
1998












Car
Other
1999












Car
Other
2000












Car
Other
2001












Car
Other
2002












Car
Other
2003












Car
Other
2004












Car
Other
2005












Car
Other
2006












Car
Other
2007



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
Other
2008

6.3%
8.4%
91.6%




100.0%

100.0%
6.3%
Car
Other
2009

42.6%
6.6%
93.4%




100.0%

100.0%
2.2%
Car
Other
2010
4.9%
38.1%
9.2%
90.8%




100.0%

100.0%

EPA-420-R-10-023
1-36
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
A3
1975

















Van
A3
1976

















Van
A3
1977

















Van
A3
1978

















Van
A3
1979
377
0.784
13.0
10.7
11.6
11.1
4626

334
148
14.5
112
0.445
0.0321
25.9


Van
A3
1980
85
0.350
15.2
12.2
13.9
12.9
4657

315
137
15.5
108
0.437
0.0294
30.3


Van
A3
1981
77
0.314
16.0
12.9
14.5
13.6
4511

309
131
15.6
107
0.425
0.0290
30.8


Van
A3
1982
119
0.385
15.6
12.6
14.2
13.3
4519

314
135
15.2
108
0.431
0.0299
30.1


Van
A3
1983
110
0.286
15.7
12.7
14.3
13.4
4399

316
133
15.1
109
0.424
0.0304
29.6


Van
A3
1984
264
0.390
17.8
14.2
16.4
15.1
3962

249
127
14.5
109
0.548
0.0319
30.6


Van
A3
1985
365
0.427
19.2
15.5
17.6
16.4
3827

218
121
14.7
108
0.593
0.0314
31.9


Van
A3
1986
328
0.314
21.0
16.7
19.4
17.8
3843

204
115
15.2
106
0.597
0.0299
34.5


Van
A3
1987
287
0.257
19.3
15.3
17.6
16.3
4098

240
137
14.1
111
0.593
0.0329
33.8


Van
A3
1988
199
0.176
19.4
15.3
17.5
16.3
4172

247
139
14.2
112
0.578
0.0329
34.6


Van
A3
1989
262
0.205
20.8
16.3
18.8
17.4
3899

208
131
14.1
111
0.667
0.0333
34.5


Van
A3
1990
53
0.042
18.7
14.8
16.4
15.6
4326

260
151
13.5
115
0.615
0.0352
33.7


Van
A3
1991
19
0.018
17.3
13.8
14.9
14.3
4609

276
142
14.9
110
0.527
0.0307
33.0


Van
A3
1992
23
0.019
16.4
12.9
14.4
13.6
4897

307
174
13.4
118
0.564
0.0358
33.5


Van
A3
1993
24
0.017
16.6
13.0
14.6
13.7
5074

303
160
14.7
113
0.526
0.0318
34.9


Van
A3
1994
30
0.021
16.4
12.7
14.4
13.5
4956

307
175
13.5
118
0.568
0.0359
33.5


Van
A3
1995
27
0.016
16.3
12.6
14.2
13.4
5030

305
168
14.1
115
0.549
0.0339
33.7


Van
A3
1996
23
0.016
15.9
12.1
14.0
13.0
5066

305
170
14.1
116
0.554
0.0342
33.0


Van
A3
1997
5
0.004
16.0
12.1
14.2
13.1
4500

318
215
10.3
133
0.676
0.0478
29.4


Van
A3
1998

















Van
A3
1999

















Van
A3
2000

















Van
A3
2001

















Van
A3
2002

















Van
A3
2003

















Van
A3
2004

















Van
A3
2005

















Van
A3
2006

















Van
A3
2007

















Van
A3
2008

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-37
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
i-oi k
1- IN 1
Van
A3
1975












Van
A3
1976












Van
A3
1977












Van
A3
1978












Van
A3
1979




0.4%







Van
A3
1980




3.2%







Van
A3
1981




2.7%







Van
A3
1982




1.4%







Van
A3
1983
0.4%



2.6%
0.4%






Van
A3
1984
39.7%



2.1%
0.5%






Van
A3
1985
59.2%



1.5%







Van
A3
1986
66.3%


0.9%








Van
A3
1987
43.2%


16.7%
24.5%







Van
A3
1988
38.1%


29.9%
68.8%







Van
A3
1989
64.6%


46.7%
53.3%







Van
A3
1990
16.3%
6.7%

70.3%
29.7%







Van
A3
1991



100.0%








Van
A3
1992



100.0%








Van
A3
1993

1.0%

100.0%








Van
A3
1994



100.0%


100.0%





Van
A3
1995



100.0%


100.0%





Van
A3
1996



100.0%


100.0%





Van
A3
1997



100.0%


100.0%





Van
A3
1998












Van
A3
1999












Van
A3
2000












Van
A3
2001












Van
A3
2002












Van
A3
2003












Van
A3
2004












Van
A3
2005












Van
A3
2006












Van
A3
2007












Van
A3
2008












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-38
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
A3
2009

















Van
A3
2010

















Van
A4
1975

















Van
A4
1976

















Van
A4
1977

















Van
A4
1978

















Van
A4
1979

















Van
A4
1980

















Van
A4
1981

















Van
A4
1982

















Van
A4
1983

















Van
A4
1984

















Van
A4
1985

















Van
A4
1986

















Van
A4
1987

















Van
A4
1988

















Van
A4
1989

















Van
A4
1990
6
0.005
14.5
11.2
13.5
12.2
4709

348
184
12.1
122
0.530
0.0393
28.7


Van
A4
1991
3
0.003
14.4
11.1
13.2
12.0
4640

344
182
12.1
122
0.530
0.0394
27.9


Van
A4
1992
1
0.001
13.6
10.4
12.5
11.3
4856

360
203
11.5
126
0.564
0.0421
27.4


Van
A4
1993

















Van
A4
1994

















Van
A4
1995

















Van
A4
1996

















Van
A4
1997

















Van
A4
1998

















Van
A4
1999

















Van
A4
2000

















Van
A4
2001

















Van
A4
2002

















Van
A4
2003

















Van
A4
2004

















Van
A4
2005

















Van
A4
2006

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-39
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
I Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Van
A3
2009












Van
A3
2010












Van
A4
1975












Van
A4
1976












Van
A4
1977












Van
A4
1978












Van
A4
1979












Van
A4
1980












Van
A4
1981












Van
A4
1982












Van
A4
1983












Van
A4
1984












Van
A4
1985












Van
A4
1986












Van
A4
1987












Van
A4
1988












Van
A4
1989












Van
A4
1990




100.0%







Van
A4
1991




100.0%







Van
A4
1992




100.0%







Van
A4
1993












Van
A4
1994












Van
A4
1995












Van
A4
1996












Van
A4
1997












Van
A4
1998












Van
A4
1999












Van
A4
2000












Van
A4
2001












Van
A4
2002












Van
A4
2003












Van
A4
2004












Van
A4
2005












Van
A4
2006












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-40
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i i-ro\o\n
well 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
IOI-
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
A4
2007

















Van
A4
2008

















Van
A4
2009

















Van
A4
2010

















Van
CVT
1975

















Van
CVT
1976

















Van
CVT
1977

















Van
CVT
1978

















Van
CVT
1979

















Van
CVT
1980

















Van
CVT
1981

















Van
CVT
1982

















Van
CVT
1983

















Van
CVT
1984

















Van
CVT
1985

















Van
CVT
1986

















Van
CVT
1987

















Van
CVT
1988

















Van
CVT
1989

















Van
CVT
1990

















Van
CVT
1991

















Van
CVT
1992

















Van
CVT
1993

















Van
CVT
1994

















Van
CVT
1995

















Van
CVT
1996

















Van
CVT
1997

















Van
CVT
1998

















Van
CVT
1999

















Van
CVT
2000

















Van
CVT
2001

















Van
CVT
2002

















Van
CVT
2003

















Van
CVT
2004

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-41
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
I I 1 1. Ml 1 I KI\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in likii)
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
I Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Van
A4
2007












Van
A4
2008












Van
A4
2009












Van
A4
2010












Van
CVT
1975












Van
CVT
1976












Van
CVT
1977












Van
CVT
1978












Van
CVT
1979












Van
CVT
1980












Van
CVT
1981












Van
CVT
1982












Van
CVT
1983












Van
CVT
1984












Van
CVT
1985












Van
CVT
1986












Van
CVT
1987












Van
CVT
1988












Van
CVT
1989












Van
CVT
1990












Van
CVT
1991












Van
CVT
1992












Van
CVT
1993












Van
CVT
1994












Van
CVT
1995












Van
CVT
1996












Van
CVT
1997












Van
CVT
1998












Van
CVT
1999












Van
CVT
2000












Van
CVT
2001












Van
CVT
2002












Van
CVT
2003












Van
CVT
2004












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-42
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
CVT
2005
76
0.051
25.4
17.3
23.2
20.2
4239

182
203
10.3
132
1.115
0.0480
42.8


Van
CVT
2006
55
0.047
25.7
17.4
23.6
20.5
4181

182
203
10.2
133
1.115
0.0487
42.8


Van
CVT
2007
38
0.045
25.7
17.4
23.6
20.5
4168

182
203
10.2
133
1.115
0.0489
42.7


Van
CVT
2008

















Van
CVT
2009

















Van
CVT
2010

















Van
L3
1975

















Van
L3
1976

















Van
L3
1977

















Van
L3
1978

















Van
L3
1979
33
0.068
14.7
12.0
13.0
12.4
4227

301
136
14.4
111
0.452
0.0322
26.6


Van
L3
1980
94
0.390
16.6
13.3
15.3
14.1
4283

297
139
14.2
111
0.471
0.0325
30.2


Van
L3
1981
114
0.466
17.6
14.1
16.3
15.0
4307

285
138
14.5
111
0.482
0.0318
32.4


Van
L3
1982
142
0.458
17.9
14.4
16.5
15.2
4315

286
142
14.3
112
0.493
0.0327
32.9


Van
L3
1983
26
0.068
19.7
15.9
17.8
16.7
4000

225
95
18.1
99
0.422
0.0238
33.5


Van
L3
1984
101
0.149
18.4
14.6
17.0
15.6
4208

266
131
14.9
109
0.499
0.0309
32.9


Van
L3
1985
150
0.175
17.2
13.8
15.6
14.6
4369

285
149
13.7
114
0.531
0.0340
32.0


Van
L3
1986
183
0.175
17.5
14.0
16.0
14.8
4365

288
146
13.9
113
0.518
0.0333
32.4


Van
L3
1987
228
0.205
22.0
17.1
20.7
18.6
3773

207
138
13.0
115
0.702
0.0368
35.2


Van
L3
1988
367
0.324
22.7
17.3
22.0
19.2
3853

194
143
12.6
116
0.760
0.0374
37.1


Van
L3
1989
111
0.087
20.9
16.1
19.6
17.6
3871

215
138
13.1
114
0.682
0.0360
34.2


Van
L3
1990
308
0.244
23.3
17.7
21.9
19.5
3789

186
125
14.1
110
0.677
0.0331
37.1


Van
L3
1991
225
0.218
23.5
17.9
21.7
19.6
3893

183
125
14.4
109
0.687
0.0320
38.3


Van
L3
1992
258
0.211
24.0
18.1
22.3
19.9
3902

179
129
14.0
111
0.718
0.0329
39.0


Van
L3
1993
274
0.190
24.6
18.2
23.1
20.4
3632

179
132
13.0
114
0.737
0.0365
37.0


Van
L3
1994
259
0.182
23.0
17.2
21.2
19.0
3800

190
142
12.8
116
0.745
0.0374
36.2


Van
L3
1995
226
0.136
24.4
18.0
22.5
20.0
3647

184
136
12.8
115
0.737
0.0374
36.6


Van
L3
1996
243
0.172
23.7
17.4
21.9
19.5
4042

182
153
12.5
118
0.845
0.0378
39.5


Van
L3
1997
204
0.161
23.5
17.0
21.7
19.2
4047

183
149
12.8
116
0.822
0.0367
39.0


Van
L3
1998
113
0.076
24.1
17.3
22.5
19.7
4059

173
153
12.5
117
0.898
0.0377
40.3


Van
L3
1999
78
0.053
23.7
17.0
21.7
19.2
4112

168
155
12.5
118
0.953
0.0378
40.0


Van
L3
2000
76
0.045
24.1
17.1
22.1
19.5
4097

165
155
12.5
118
0.961
0.0377
40.5


Van
L3
2001
39
0.031
23.0
16.6
20.4
18.5
4136

172
156
12.5
118
0.941
0.0378
38.8


Van
L3
2002
17
0.014
21.5
15.4
19.0
17.2
4219

186
160
12.4
118
0.896
0.0380
36.9


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-43
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
Van
CVT
2005
52.1%
47.9%

100.0%




100.0%



Van
CVT
2006
63.9%
36.1%

100.0%




100.0%



Van
CVT
2007
66.4%
33.6%

100.0%




100.0%



Van
CVT
2008












Van
CVT
2009












Van
CVT
2010












Van
L3
1975












Van
L3
1976












Van
L3
1977












Van
L3
1978












Van
L3
1979












Van
L3
1980












Van
L3
1981












Van
L3
1982












Van
L3
1983












Van
L3
1984
8.3%











Van
L3
1985
7.4%











Van
L3
1986
8.3%











Van
L3
1987
72.9%


68.2%








Van
L3
1988
87.8%


87.8%
12.2%







Van
L3
1989
63.5%


63.5%
36.5%







Van
L3
1990
90.1%


30.6%
69.4%







Van
L3
1991
90.8%


39.1%
60.9%







Van
L3
1992
94.0%


63.0%
37.0%







Van
L3
1993
96.8%


72.7%
27.3%







Van
L3
1994
78.6%


75.0%
25.0%

100.0%





Van
L3
1995
91.2%


69.3%
30.7%

100.0%





Van
L3
1996
90.2%


100.0%


87.1%

12.9%



Van
L3
1997
86.5%


100.0%


81.7%

18.3%



Van
L3
1998
88.4%


100.0%


56.4%

43.6%



Van
L3
1999
78.5%


100.0%


21.5%

78.5%



Van
L3
2000
81.2%


100.0%


18.8%

81.2%



Van
L3
2001
74.1%


100.0%


25.9%

74.1%



Van
L3
2002
58.1%


100.0%


41.9%

58.1%



EPA-420-R-10-023
1-44
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
L3
2003
5
0.004
17.7
13.2
14.8
14.0
4516

239
175
12.2
121
0.732
0.0388
31.7


Van
L3
2004

















Van
L3
2005

















Van
L3
2006

















Van
L3
2007

















Van
L3
2008

















Van
L3
2009

















Van
L3
2010

















Van
L4
1975

















Van
L4
1976

















Van
L4
1977

















Van
L4
1978

















Van
L4
1979

















Van
L4
1980

















Van
L4
1981
0
0.000
15.9
12.7
14.7
13.5
4500

302
142
14.4
111
0.470
0.0316
30.5


Van
L4
1982

















Van
L4
1983
201
0.525
18.2
14.3
17.3
15.5
4569

306
151
14.0
113
0.495
0.0331
35.8


Van
L4
1984
207
0.307
19.0
14.8
18.3
16.2
4363

276
136
14.8
110
0.517
0.0310
35.7


Van
L4
1985
255
0.299
19.9
15.4
19.2
16.9
4106

259
138
13.9
112
0.556
0.0337
35.2


Van
L4
1986
445
0.426
21.1
16.2
20.5
17.9
4064

234
134
14.1
111
0.593
0.0329
36.5


Van
L4
1987
526
0.472
21.0
16.0
20.4
17.8
4053

237
151
12.8
117
0.665
0.0372
36.1


Van
L4
1988
524
0.463
20.7
15.6
20.3
17.5
4182

251
155
12.8
117
0.641
0.0372
36.6


Van
L4
1989
867
0.679
21.2
15.9
20.7
17.8
4144

234
153
12.8
117
0.681
0.0369
37.2


Van
L4
1990
872
0.691
20.8
15.5
20.3
17.5
4196

238
158
12.6
118
0.686
0.0376
36.9


Van
L4
1991
772
0.747
21.0
15.6
20.3
17.6
4196

230
156
12.7
117
0.708
0.0373
37.1


Van
L4
1992
919
0.753
21.0
15.5
20.2
17.5
4217

234
159
12.6
118
0.702
0.0377
37.0


Van
L4
1993
1127
0.782
21.4
15.6
20.8
17.8
4206

226
161
12.4
119
0.733
0.0383
37.6


Van
L4
1994
1123
0.792
21.3
15.5
20.6
17.7
4221

233
163
12.3
119
0.720
0.0387
37.5


Van
L4
1995
1406
0.846
21.6
15.5
21.0
17.9
4166

237
162
12.2
120
0.707
0.0390
37.4


Van
L4
1996
1143
0.811
22.1
15.7
21.5
18.3
4211

227
174
11.7
123
0.783
0.0415
38.5


Van
L4
1997
1039
0.821
21.9
15.5
21.1
18.0
4277

227
179
11.6
124
0.801
0.0419
38.6


Van
L4
1998
1376
0.924
22.6
15.9
21.9
18.6
4193

221
182
11.2
126
0.835
0.0435
39.1


Van
L4
1999
1385
0.947
22.2
15.5
21.5
18.2
4318

226
184
11.4
125
0.825
0.0427
39.4


Van
L4
2000
1615
0.955
22.7
15.8
21.8
18.6
4284

219
184
11.3
125
0.853
0.0430
39.9


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-45
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Van
L3
2003



100.0%


100.0%





Van
L3
2004












Van
L3
2005












Van
L3
2006












Van
L3
2007












Van
L3
2008












Van
L3
2009












Van
L3
2010












Van
L4
1975












Van
L4
1976












Van
L4
1977












Van
L4
1978












Van
L4
1979












Van
L4
1980












Van
L4
1981












Van
L4
1982












Van
L4
1983





8.1%






Van
L4
1984



15.9%

3.0%






Van
L4
1985
0.1%


15.3%
0.9%
1.0%






Van
L4
1986
0.1%


44.0%
37.0%
0.4%






Van
L4
1987

0.9%

50.9%
48.9%
0.2%






Van
L4
1988

0.2%

45.0%
54.8%
0.2%






Van
L4
1989
21.7%
0.4%

60.4%
39.5%
0.1%






Van
L4
1990
33.6%
8.8%

67.1%
32.8%
0.1%






Van
L4
1991
24.5%
13.9%

69.1%
30.8%
0.1%






Van
L4
1992
32.5%
7.1%

73.6%
26.4%
0.1%






Van
L4
1993
39.2%
5.8%

80.3%
19.7%







Van
L4
1994
47.5%
8.1%

82.4%
17.6%

95.7%
2.6%
1.7%



Van
L4
1995
57.7%
10.7%

90.0%
10.0%

94.7%
1.2%
4.1%



Van
L4
1996
71.8%
2.9%

100.0%


95.7%
1.3%
3.0%



Van
L4
1997
61.9%
4.9%

100.0%


95.9%
1.3%
2.8%



Van
L4
1998
77.5%
3.5%

100.0%


92.4%

7.6%



Van
L4
1999
75.8%
2.9%

100.0%


91.3%

8.7%

8.7%

Van
L4
2000
80.6%
2.8%

100.0%


81.2%

18.8%

15.7%

EPA-420-R-10-023
1-46
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
L4
2001
1194
0.969
22.1
15.3
21.1
18.0
4531

231
203
10.9
129
0.896
0.0449
41.1


Van
L4
2002
1028
0.827
23.1
15.9
21.9
18.7
4352

219
195
10.9
128
0.901
0.0448
41.0


Van
L4
2003
977
0.793
23.6
16.1
22.3
19.1
4356

222
196
10.9
128
0.891
0.0450
41.7


Van
L4
2004
505
0.530
23.2
15.7
22.1
18.7
4444

230
201
10.8
129
0.882
0.0453
41.7


Van
L4
2005
952
0.643
23.7
15.9
22.4
19.1
4381

222
198
10.8
129
0.896
0.0452
41.8


Van
L4
2006
657
0.563
23.6
15.8
22.4
19.0
4491

224
198
11.0
128
0.891
0.0442
42.7


Van
L4
2007
406
0.479
23.4
15.6
22.5
18.9
4488

227
204
10.8
130
0.901
0.0454
42.5


Van
L4
2008
213
0.270
23.8
16.0
22.6
19.2
4601

225
204
11.2
128
0.902
0.0442
44.2


Van
L4
2009
80
0.218
23.9
16.1
22.4
19.2
4645

217
206
11.0
129
0.960
0.0443
44.6


Van
L4
2010
118
0.247
25.3
17.2
23.1
20.1
4353

192
177
11.9
122
0.949
0.0404
43.7


Van
L5
1975

















Van
L5
1976

















Van
L5
1977

















Van
L5
1978

















Van
L5
1979

















Van
L5
1980

















Van
L5
1981

















Van
L5
1982

















Van
L5
1983

















Van
L5
1984

















Van
L5
1985

















Van
L5
1986

















Van
L5
1987

















Van
L5
1988

















Van
L5
1989

















Van
L5
1990

















Van
L5
1991

















Van
L5
1992

















Van
L5
1993

















Van
L5
1994

















Van
L5
1995

















Van
L5
1996

















Van
L5
1997
17
0.014
20.4
14.6
19.5
16.8
4236

244
160
12.5
118
0.656
0.0379
35.6


Van
L5
1998

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-47
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
Van
L4
2001
69.1%
8.9%

100.0%


79.1%

20.9%

17.5%

Van
L4
2002
81.7%
3.7%

100.0%


86.0%

14.0%

10.8%

Van
L4
2003
79.8%
6.3%

100.0%


93.0%

7.0%

4.4%

Van
L4
2004
79.9%
4.1%

100.0%


90.0%

10.0%

8.8%

Van
L4
2005
89.5%
2.1%

100.0%


96.5%

3.5%

1.3%

Van
L4
2006
88.0%
1.9%

100.0%


94.6%

5.4%

3.4%

Van
L4
2007
92.2%
1.0%

100.0%


98.0%

2.0%

17.4%

Van
L4
2008
86.7%
1.9%

100.0%


100.0%



36.3%

Van
L4
2009
81.2%
3.1%

100.0%


100.0%





Van
L4
2010
84.8%
1.9%

100.0%


71.3%

28.7%

7.5%

Van
L5
1975












Van
L5
1976












Van
L5
1977












Van
L5
1978












Van
L5
1979












Van
L5
1980












Van
L5
1981












Van
L5
1982












Van
L5
1983












Van
L5
1984












Van
L5
1985












Van
L5
1986












Van
L5
1987












Van
L5
1988












Van
L5
1989












Van
L5
1990












Van
L5
1991












Van
L5
1992












Van
L5
1993












Van
L5
1994












Van
L5
1995












Van
L5
1996












Van
L5
1997

47.3%

100.0%


100.0%





Van
L5
1998












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-48
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
well 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
L5
1999

















Van
L5
2000

















Van
L5
2001

















Van
L5
2002
199
0.160
23.0
15.8
22.0
18.7
4625

212
228
10.1
136
1.075
0.0496
43.4


Van
L5
2003
250
0.203
23.2
15.8
22.1
18.8
4536

208
225
10.1
136
1.080
0.0499
42.7


Van
L5
2004
448
0.470
24.3
16.3
23.4
19.7
4534

206
228
9.9
137
1.107
0.0504
44.7


Van
L5
2005
454
0.306
24.4
16.2
23.5
19.7
4564

207
232
9.9
138
1.121
0.0511
45.1


Van
L5
2006
455
0.390
25.1
16.7
24.1
20.3
4489

209
231
9.8
138
1.102
0.0514
45.6


Van
L5
2007
403
0.476
24.8
16.6
23.7
20.0
4500

215
249
9.2
143
1.161
0.0553
45.1


Van
L5
2008
342
0.433
25.5
17.0
24.2
20.5
4454

211
247
9.2
143
1.173
0.0553
45.7


Van
L5
2009
186
0.504
25.8
17.2
24.4
20.7
4519

205
241
9.5
140
1.170
0.0532
46.8


Van
L5
2010
217
0.454
25.4
16.9
24.2
20.4
4620

216
245
9.5
141
1.137
0.0531
47.3


Van
L6
1975

















Van
L6
1976

















Van
L6
1977

















Van
L6
1978

















Van
L6
1979

















Van
L6
1980

















Van
L6
1981

















Van
L6
1982

















Van
L6
1983

















Van
L6
1984

















Van
L6
1985

















Van
L6
1986

















Van
L6
1987

















Van
L6
1988

















Van
L6
1989

















Van
L6
1990

















Van
L6
1991

















Van
L6
1992

















Van
L6
1993

















Van
L6
1994

















Van
L6
1995

















Van
L6
1996

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-49
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Van
L5
1999












Van
L5
2000












Van
L5
2001












Van
L5
2002
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

75.0%

Van
L5
2003
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

79.4%

Van
L5
2004
94.2%
5.8%

100.0%




100.0%

88.1%

Van
L5
2005
94.7%
5.3%

100.0%




100.0%

79.0%

Van
L5
2006
95.4%
4.6%

100.0%




100.0%

88.5%

Van
L5
2007
98.0%
2.0%

100.0%




100.0%

84.9%

Van
L5
2008
96.2%
3.8%

100.0%




100.0%

88.3%

Van
L5
2009
97.0%
3.0%

100.0%




100.0%

89.9%

Van
L5
2010
98.4%
1.6%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Van
L6
1975












Van
L6
1976












Van
L6
1977












Van
L6
1978












Van
L6
1979












Van
L6
1980












Van
L6
1981












Van
L6
1982












Van
L6
1983












Van
L6
1984












Van
L6
1985












Van
L6
1986












Van
L6
1987












Van
L6
1988












Van
L6
1989












Van
L6
1990












Van
L6
1991












Van
L6
1992












Van
L6
1993












Van
L6
1994












Van
L6
1995












Van
L6
1996












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-50
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
L6
1997

















Van
L6
1998

















Van
L6
1999

















Van
L6
2000

















Van
L6
2001

















Van
L6
2002

















Van
L6
2003

















Van
L6
2004

















Van
L6
2005

















Van
L6
2006

















Van
L6
2007

















Van
L6
2008
234
0.296
24.1
16.0
23.2
19.5
4570

229
199
11.4
127
0.871
0.0434
44.6


Van
L6
2009
101
0.275
24.3
16.1
23.5
19.6
4623

233
195
11.6
126
0.839
0.0420
45.5


Van
L6
2010
142
0.298
24.1
16.0
23.3
19.5
4582

234
206
10.9
129
0.879
0.0448
44.8


Van
M3
1975

















Van
M3
1976

















Van
M3
1977

















Van
M3
1978

















Van
M3
1979
40
0.083
17.3
14.1
15.7
14.8
4248

264
129
14.6
108
0.490
0.0304
31.6


Van
M3
1980
29
0.121
19.0
15.1
17.7
16.1
4172

275
126
14.6
108
0.464
0.0304
33.7


Van
M3
1981
20
0.082
19.9
15.9
18.4
16.9
4166

274
125
14.7
108
0.461
0.0301
35.3


Van
M3
1982
12
0.039
20.1
16.1
18.4
17.1
4177

276
117
15.4
105
0.428
0.0281
35.6


Van
M3
1983
11
0.029
19.9
15.9
18.4
17.0
4227

279
118
15.5
105
0.424
0.0279
35.8


Van
M3
1984
14
0.020
20.7
16.6
19.0
17.6
4096

285
118
15.2
106
0.414
0.0288
36.1


Van
M3
1985
7
0.008
20.8
16.8
18.7
17.6
4034

287
132
13.8
111
0.465
0.0327
35.6


Van
M3
1986
5
0.004
20.9
16.9
18.7
17.6
4023

281
136
13.5
112
0.488
0.0337
35.6


Van
M3
1987
1
0.001
20.6
16.4
18.6
17.4
4069

266
161
11.8
120
0.605
0.0396
35.3


Van
M3
1988

















Van
M3
1989

















Van
M3
1990

















Van
M3
1991

















Van
M3
1992

















Van
M3
1993

















Van
M3
1994

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-51
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
Van
L6
1997












Van
L6
1998












Van
L6
1999












Van
L6
2000












Van
L6
2001












Van
L6
2002












Van
L6
2003












Van
L6
2004












Van
L6
2005












Van
L6
2006












Van
L6
2007












Van
L6
2008
93.7%
6.3%

100.0%


68.1%

31.9%



Van
L6
2009
98.8%
1.2%

100.0%


70.3%

29.7%

5.1%

Van
L6
2010
100.0%


100.0%


83.5%

16.5%



Van
M3
1975












Van
M3
1976












Van
M3
1977












Van
M3
1978












Van
M3
1979












Van
M3
1980












Van
M3
1981












Van
M3
1982












Van
M3
1983












Van
M3
1984












Van
M3
1985












Van
M3
1986












Van
M3
1987




100.0%







Van
M3
1988












Van
M3
1989












Van
M3
1990












Van
M3
1991












Van
M3
1992












Van
M3
1993












Van
M3
1994












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-52
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
M3
1995

















Van
M3
1996

















Van
M3
1997

















Van
M3
1998

















Van
M3
1999

















Van
M3
2000

















Van
M3
2001

















Van
M3
2002

















Van
M3
2003

















Van
M3
2004

















Van
M3
2005

















Van
M3
2006

















Van
M3
2007

















Van
M3
2008

















Van
M3
2009

















Van
M3
2010

















Van
M4
1975

















Van
M4
1976

















Van
M4
1977

















Van
M4
1978

















Van
M4
1979
31
0.065
15.0
12.0
13.7
12.7
4224

272
125
15.7
107
0.470
0.0290
27.2


Van
M4
1980
33
0.139
19.3
15.1
18.6
16.5
3938

207
94
18.1
99
0.476
0.0236
32.5


Van
M4
1981
34
0.137
19.5
15.5
18.2
16.6
4048

230
99
17.7
100
0.451
0.0243
33.8


Van
M4
1982
37
0.118
21.1
16.8
19.5
17.9
3928

208
92
18.8
98
0.463
0.0231
35.8


Van
M4
1983
35
0.090
20.1
15.8
19.1
17.1
3953

217
98
17.6
100
0.473
0.0245
34.0


Van
M4
1984
50
0.074
21.3
16.7
20.1
18.1
3774

196
100
16.4
102
0.559
0.0265
34.4


Van
M4
1985
31
0.036
22.5
17.9
20.9
19.2
3752

180
98
16.6
101
0.600
0.0263
36.1


Van
M4
1986
17
0.016
21.2
16.7
19.6
17.9
3799

191
102
16.1
102
0.582
0.0269
34.4


Van
M4
1987
13
0.011
20.0
15.7
18.3
16.8
3903

190
107
16.1
103
0.601
0.0272
33.0


Van
M4
1988
3
0.003
20.6
16.4
18.5
17.3
3885

172
111
15.8
105
0.666
0.0284
33.7


Van
M4
1989
3
0.002
21.5
17.2
19.0
18.0
4050

168
107
16.8
102
0.662
0.0263
36.4


Van
M4
1990
3
0.003
21.8
17.6
18.8
18.1
4000

129
90
18.9
97
0.698
0.0225
36.3


Van
M4
1991
0
0.000
18.5
15.2
15.4
15.3
4311

129
90
19.6
96
0.698
0.0209
32.9


Van
M4
1992

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-53
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Van
M3
1995












Van
M3
1996












Van
M3
1997












Van
M3
1998












Van
M3
1999












Van
M3
2000












Van
M3
2001












Van
M3
2002












Van
M3
2003












Van
M3
2004












Van
M3
2005












Van
M3
2006












Van
M3
2007












Van
M3
2008












Van
M3
2009












Van
M3
2010












Van
M4
1975












Van
M4
1976












Van
M4
1977












Van
M4
1978












Van
M4
1979




22.1%







Van
M4
1980




38.7%







Van
M4
1981
2.4%



27.1%







Van
M4
1982




20.7%
15.6%






Van
M4
1983
0.3%



30.1%
0.6%






Van
M4
1984
17.7%



31.6%
0.4%






Van
M4
1985
10.4%



55.5%
0.3%






Van
M4
1986
6.5%


40.4%
15.0%
0.4%






Van
M4
1987



76.2%
6.3%
0.1%






Van
M4
1988



70.3%
29.1%
0.6%






Van
M4
1989



73.7%
25.1%
1.2%






Van
M4
1990

6.6%

100.0%








Van
M4
1991

100.0%

100.0%








Van
M4
1992












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-54
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
M4
1993

















Van
M4
1994

















Van
M4
1995

















Van
M4
1996

















Van
M4
1997

















Van
M4
1998

















Van
M4
1999

















Van
M4
2000

















Van
M4
2001

















Van
M4
2002

















Van
M4
2003

















Van
M4
2004

















Van
M4
2005

















Van
M4
2006

















Van
M4
2007

















Van
M4
2008

















Van
M4
2009

















Van
M4
2010

















Van
M5
1975

















Van
M5
1976

















Van
M5
1977

















Van
M5
1978

















Van
M5
1979

















Van
M5
1980

















Van
M5
1981

















Van
M5
1982

















Van
M5
1983
0
0.001
33.9
29.8
27.3
28.6
3198

97
49
24.7
87
0.505
0.0160
45.5


Van
M5
1984
41
0.061
27.8
21.6
26.7
23.7
3370

130
89
16.1
101
0.689
0.0266
39.9


Van
M5
1985
47
0.055
27.4
21.3
26.5
23.3
3301

128
95
15.1
104
0.743
0.0290
38.5


Van
M5
1986
68
0.065
26.0
20.1
24.9
22.1
3377

143
101
14.8
105
0.708
0.0300
37.3


Van
M5
1987
58
0.052
25.5
19.5
24.7
21.6
3408

147
108
14.3
107
0.738
0.0316
36.9


Van
M5
1988
39
0.035
24.6
18.5
24.3
20.8
3607

167
116
14.1
109
0.714
0.0321
37.7


Van
M5
1989
35
0.027
24.1
18.0
23.7
20.3
3673

170
120
13.9
109
0.724
0.0326
37.5


Van
M5
1990
19
0.015
25.2
18.8
24.4
21.2
3584

159
123
13.5
111
0.777
0.0344
38.2


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-55
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Van
M4
1993












Van
M4
1994












Van
M4
1995












Van
M4
1996












Van
M4
1997












Van
M4
1998












Van
M4
1999












Van
M4
2000












Van
M4
2001












Van
M4
2002












Van
M4
2003












Van
M4
2004












Van
M4
2005












Van
M4
2006












Van
M4
2007












Van
M4
2008












Van
M4
2009












Van
M4
2010












Van
M5
1975












Van
M5
1976












Van
M5
1977












Van
M5
1978












Van
M5
1979












Van
M5
1980












Van
M5
1981












Van
M5
1982












Van
M5
1983
24.2%




100.0%






Van
M5
1984
70.9%


29.1%

1.9%






Van
M5
1985
61.6%
6.3%

32.0%
0.1%







Van
M5
1986
31.1%
19.7%

33.1%
4.4%
2.9%






Van
M5
1987
29.3%
24.5%

47.5%
12.7%







Van
M5
1988
31.8%
20.3%

63.1%
36.9%







Van
M5
1989
32.2%
15.7%

68.7%
31.3%







Van
M5
1990
56.8%
12.7%

64.9%
35.1%







EPA-420-R-10-023
1-56
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
M5
1991
14
0.013
23.8
17.8
22.6
19.9
3719

146
117
14.4
108
0.802
0.0314
36.9


Van
M5
1992
20
0.016
26.3
19.4
25.0
21.8
3407

141
118
13.2
111
0.854
0.0347
37.2


Van
M5
1993
17
0.012
24.4
17.6
24.1
20.4
3723

156
118
14.2
108
0.762
0.0318
38.1


Van
M5
1994
7
0.005
25.9
18.7
25.1
21.4
3542

154
115
14.0
109
0.755
0.0325
38.0


Van
M5
1995
2
0.001
23.9
17.9
21.5
19.6
3942

138
119
14.7
109
0.874
0.0321
38.4


Van
M5
1996
0
0.000
28.3
20.9
25.5
23.0
3210

133
127
11.9
116
0.955
0.0395
37.0


Van
M5
1997

















Van
M5
1998

















Van
M5
1999

















Van
M5
2000

















Van
M5
2001

















Van
M5
2002

















Van
M5
2003

















Van
M5
2004

















Van
M5
2005

















Van
M5
2006

















Van
M5
2007

















Van
M5
2008
1
0.001
31.6
21.5
28.0
24.8
3500

140
153
10.9
123
1.093
0.0437
43.4


Van
M5
2009
1
0.003
31.6
21.5
28.0
24.8
3500

140
153
10.9
123
1.093
0.0437
43.3


Van
M5
2010
1
0.001
31.6
21.5
28.0
24.8
3500

140
153
10.9
123
1.093
0.0437
43.4


Van
Other
1975

















Van
Other
1976

















Van
Other
1977

















Van
Other
1978

















Van
Other
1979

















Van
Other
1980

















Van
Other
1981

















Van
Other
1982

















Van
Other
1983

















Van
Other
1984
0
0.000
32.4
25.9
30.0
27.6
2750

122
88
14.3
105
0.721
0.0320
37.9


Van
Other
1985

















Van
Other
1986

















Van
Other
1987
2
0.002
18.4
15.4
15.4
15.4
4000

129
90
18.3
97
0.698
0.0225
30.8


Van
Other
1988

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-57
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Van
M5
1991
6.4%
35.6%

99.0%
1.0%







Van
M5
1992
67.5%
11.3%

78.6%
21.4%







Van
M5
1993
66.5%
0.6%

66.0%
34.0%







Van
M5
1994
68.5%
7.0%

48.1%
51.9%

83.2%
7.0%
9.9%



Van
M5
1995
67.2%
32.8%

100.0%


41.0%

59.0%



Van
M5
1996
58.1%
41.9%

100.0%




100.0%



Van
M5
1997












Van
M5
1998












Van
M5
1999












Van
M5
2000












Van
M5
2001












Van
M5
2002












Van
M5
2003












Van
M5
2004












Van
M5
2005












Van
M5
2006












Van
M5
2007












Van
M5
2008
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Van
M5
2009
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Van
M5
2010
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Van
Other
1975












Van
Other
1976












Van
Other
1977












Van
Other
1978












Van
Other
1979












Van
Other
1980












Van
Other
1981












Van
Other
1982












Van
Other
1983












Van
Other
1984
100.0%











Van
Other
1985












Van
Other
1986












Van
Other
1987

100.0%

100.0%








Van
Other
1988












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-58
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % in-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Van
Other
1989
0
0.000
18.6
15.3
15.5
15.4
4500

129
90
20.4
95
0.698
0.0200
34.7


Van
Other
1990
0
0.000
18.5
15.3
15.3
15.3
4500

129
90
20.8
95
0.698
0.0200
34.4


Van
Other
1991

















Van
Other
1992

















Van
Other
1993

















Van
Other
1994

















Van
Other
1995

















Van
Other
1996

















Van
Other
1997

















Van
Other
1998

















Van
Other
1999

















Van
Other
2000

















Van
Other
2001

















Van
Other
2002

















Van
Other
2003

















Van
Other
2004

















Van
Other
2005

















Van
Other
2006

















Van
Other
2007

















Van
Other
2008

















Van
Other
2009

















Van
Other
2010

















SUV
A3
1975

















SUV
A3
1976

















SUV
A3
1977

















SUV
A3
1978

















SUV
A3
1979
265
0.661
11.7
9.7
10.1
9.9
4823

349
149
14.9
111
0.432
0.0310
23.9


SUV
A3
1980
56
0.303
13.7
11.1
12.4
11.6
4497

327
141
14.6
110
0.429
0.0312
26.2


SUV
A3
1981
24
0.179
14.2
11.5
12.8
12.1
4743

326
142
15.0
109
0.439
0.0301
28.6


SUV
A3
1982
46
0.280
15.7
12.9
13.7
13.3
4178

281
129
14.6
109
0.472
0.0312
27.5


SUV
A3
1983
47
0.164
16.2
13.2
14.4
13.7
4116

276
126
14.6
109
0.476
0.0313
28.0


SUV
A3
1984
173
0.277
16.4
13.1
15.0
13.9
4141

258
128
14.8
109
0.518
0.0307
29.1


SUV
A3
1985
88
0.120
14.2
11.4
13.0
12.0
4717

337
165
13.4
116
0.492
0.0349
28.5


SUV
A3
1986
53
0.069
14.5
11.5
13.3
12.3
4653

337
158
13.8
114
0.469
0.0338
28.7


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-59
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % in-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Van
Other
1989

100.0%

100.0%








Van
Other
1990



100.0%








Van
Other
1991












Van
Other
1992












Van
Other
1993












Van
Other
1994












Van
Other
1995












Van
Other
1996












Van
Other
1997












Van
Other
1998












Van
Other
1999












Van
Other
2000












Van
Other
2001












Van
Other
2002












Van
Other
2003












Van
Other
2004












Van
Other
2005












Van
Other
2006












Van
Other
2007












Van
Other
2008












Van
Other
2009












Van
Other
2010












SUV
A3
1975












SUV
A3
1976












SUV
A3
1977












SUV
A3
1978












SUV
A3
1979

63.7%










SUV
A3
1980

99.7%










SUV
A3
1981

100.0%










SUV
A3
1982

72.5%










SUV
A3
1983

71.1%










SUV
A3
1984

92.5%










SUV
A3
1985

81.2%



0.4%






SUV
A3
1986

91.9%










EPA-420-R-10-023
1-60
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
A3
1987
58
0.067
14.6
11.5
13.3
12.3
4604

327
152
14.0
113
0.464
0.0330
28.5


SUV
A3
1988
61
0.063
14.9
11.7
13.7
12.6
4649

331
161
13.6
115
0.484
0.0344
29.3


SUV
A3
1989
60
0.065
14.5
11.4
13.2
12.2
4610

330
162
13.4
116
0.488
0.0350
28.1


SUV
A3
1990
14
0.020
15.9
12.4
14.3
13.3
3991

307
128
14.3
110
0.418
0.0320
26.6


SUV
A3
1991
11
0.010
16.4
12.8
14.8
13.7
3847

283
168
11.3
125
0.625
0.0447
26.4


SUV
A3
1992
6
0.006
16.2
13.0
13.7
13.3
3500

242
190
9.3
136
0.785
0.0543
23.3


SUV
A3
1993
8
0.006
18.0
14.2
15.6
14.8
3500

242
190
9.3
136
0.785
0.0543
26.0


SUV
A3
1994
25
0.016
22.1
17.3
18.9
18.0
3500

134
118
13.7
110
0.881
0.0337
31.6


SUV
A3
1995

















SUV
A3
1996

















SUV
A3
1997

















SUV
A3
1998

















SUV
A3
1999

















SUV
A3
2000

















SUV
A3
2001

















SUV
A3
2002

















SUV
A3
2003

















SUV
A3
2004

















SUV
A3
2005

















SUV
A3
2006

















SUV
A3
2007

















SUV
A3
2008

















SUV
A3
2009

















SUV
A3
2010

















SUV
A4
1975

















SUV
A4
1976

















SUV
A4
1977

















SUV
A4
1978

















SUV
A4
1979

















SUV
A4
1980

















SUV
A4
1981

















SUV
A4
1982

















SUV
A4
1983

















SUV
A4
1984

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-61
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
iiiki i
i-oi k
1- IN 1
SUV
A3
1987

93.2%

11.9%








SUV
A3
1988

95.6%

39.8%
17.1%







SUV
A3
1989

94.7%

36.8%
25.3%







SUV
A3
1990

100.0%

0.7%








SUV
A3
1991

100.0%

65.3%








SUV
A3
1992

100.0%

100.0%








SUV
A3
1993

100.0%

100.0%








SUV
A3
1994



100.0%


100.0%





SUV
A3
1995












SUV
A3
1996












SUV
A3
1997












SUV
A3
1998












SUV
A3
1999












SUV
A3
2000












SUV
A3
2001












SUV
A3
2002












SUV
A3
2003












SUV
A3
2004












SUV
A3
2005












SUV
A3
2006












SUV
A3
2007












SUV
A3
2008












SUV
A3
2009












SUV
A3
2010












SUV
A4
1975












SUV
A4
1976












SUV
A4
1977












SUV
A4
1978












SUV
A4
1979












SUV
A4
1980












SUV
A4
1981












SUV
A4
1982












SUV
A4
1983












SUV
A4
1984












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-62
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
A4
1985

















SUV
A4
1986

















SUV
A4
1987
15
0.017
21.0
17.4
18.0
17.7
3500

156
109
14.6
107
0.699
0.0311
30.9


SUV
A4
1988
7
0.008
20.1
16.5
17.1
16.8
3500

156
109
14.6
107
0.699
0.0311
29.4


SUV
A4
1989
9
0.010
19.4
15.8
16.5
16.1
4000

181
143
13.0
115
0.790
0.0358
32.3


SUV
A4
1990
13
0.019
15.5
11.9
14.4
13.0
4728

312
170
13.1
117
0.557
0.0358
31.0


SUV
A4
1991
5
0.004
15.8
12.1
14.5
13.2
4749

313
169
13.1
117
0.550
0.0357
31.4


SUV
A4
1992
0
0.000
13.0
10.0
11.9
10.9
5000

357
193
12.3
122
0.541
0.0386
27.2


SUV
A4
1993

















SUV
A4
1994

















SUV
A4
1995

















SUV
A4
1996

















SUV
A4
1997
22
0.009
25.9
19.4
22.6
21.0
3000

149
142
10.4
125
0.953
0.0473
31.4


SUV
A4
1998

















SUV
A4
1999

















SUV
A4
2000

















SUV
A4
2001

















SUV
A4
2002

















SUV
A4
2003

















SUV
A4
2004

















SUV
A4
2005

















SUV
A4
2006

















SUV
A4
2007

















SUV
A4
2008

















SUV
A4
2009

















SUV
A4
2010

















SUV
CVT
1975

















SUV
CVT
1976

















SUV
CVT
1977

















SUV
CVT
1978

















SUV
CVT
1979

















SUV
CVT
1980

















SUV
CVT
1981

















SUV
CVT
1982

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-63
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
SUV
A4
1985












SUV
A4
1986












SUV
A4
1987

100.0%










SUV
A4
1988

100.0%










SUV
A4
1989

100.0%

100.0%








SUV
A4
1990

54.6%

9.0%
91.0%







SUV
A4
1991

56.6%

6.9%
93.1%







SUV
A4
1992

91.2%

6.9%
93.1%







SUV
A4
1993












SUV
A4
1994












SUV
A4
1995












SUV
A4
1996












SUV
A4
1997



100.0%




100.0%



SUV
A4
1998












SUV
A4
1999












SUV
A4
2000












SUV
A4
2001












SUV
A4
2002












SUV
A4
2003












SUV
A4
2004












SUV
A4
2005












SUV
A4
2006












SUV
A4
2007












SUV
A4
2008












SUV
A4
2009












SUV
A4
2010












SUV
CVT
1975












SUV
CVT
1976












SUV
CVT
1977












SUV
CVT
1978












SUV
CVT
1979












SUV
CVT
1980












SUV
CVT
1981












SUV
CVT
1982












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-64
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
CVT
1983

















SUV
CVT
1984

















SUV
CVT
1985

















SUV
CVT
1986

















SUV
CVT
1987

















SUV
CVT
1988

















SUV
CVT
1989

















SUV
CVT
1990

















SUV
CVT
1991

















SUV
CVT
1992

















SUV
CVT
1993

















SUV
CVT
1994

















SUV
CVT
1995

















SUV
CVT
1996

















SUV
CVT
1997

















SUV
CVT
1998

















SUV
CVT
1999

















SUV
CVT
2000

















SUV
CVT
2001

















SUV
CVT
2002
3
0.001
27.4
19.9
24.1
22.0
3500

132
141
11.8
119
1.067
0.0403
39.0


SUV
CVT
2003
95
0.023
26.6
18.6
23.8
21.1
3787

179
200
9.9
135
1.105
0.0522
40.0


SUV
CVT
2004
82
0.017
26.2
18.1
23.5
20.8
3893

197
222
9.2
142
1.123
0.0567
40.5


SUV
CVT
2005
85
0.021
26.8
18.7
23.3
21.1
3990

203
229
8.9
143
1.120
0.0574
42.4


SUV
CVT
2006
178
0.047
30.2
21.9
24.1
23.1
4308

200
216
8.2
135
1.072
0.0502
50.8


SUV
CVT
2007
228
0.054
28.6
20.3
23.8
22.2
3989

183
204
9.3
135
1.112
0.0510
44.8


SUV
CVT
2008
257
0.064
32.1
23.3
25.5
24.5
3962

163
176
9.9
126
1.096
0.0446
49.0


SUV
CVT
2009
265
0.115
28.9
20.4
24.4
22.5
4005

182
209
9.5
136
1.150
0.0521
45.5


SUV
CVT
2010
287
0.084
30.8
22.0
25.3
23.8
4103

181
208
9.3
135
1.152
0.0506
49.7


SUV
L3
1975

















SUV
L3
1976

















SUV
L3
1977

















SUV
L3
1978

















SUV
L3
1979
2
0.006
13.1
10.8
11.5
11.1
4720

340
152
14.3
112
0.447
0.0322
26.3


SUV
L3
1980
48
0.262
14.4
11.4
13.4
12.2
5042

342
161
14.3
113
0.470
0.0319
30.9


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-65
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
SUV
CVT
1983












SUV
CVT
1984












SUV
CVT
1985












SUV
CVT
1986












SUV
CVT
1987












SUV
CVT
1988












SUV
CVT
1989












SUV
CVT
1990












SUV
CVT
1991












SUV
CVT
1992












SUV
CVT
1993












SUV
CVT
1994












SUV
CVT
1995












SUV
CVT
1996












SUV
CVT
1997












SUV
CVT
1998












SUV
CVT
1999












SUV
CVT
2000












SUV
CVT
2001












SUV
CVT
2002
39.5%
60.5%

100.0%


13.3%

86.7%



SUV
CVT
2003
51.3%
48.7%

100.0%


0.1%

99.9%

57.4%

SUV
CVT
2004
49.0%
51.0%

100.0%




100.0%

78.5%

SUV
CVT
2005
42.8%
57.2%

100.0%




100.0%

85.4%
12.6%
SUV
CVT
2006
33.2%
66.8%

100.0%




100.0%

88.4%
56.3%
SUV
CVT
2007
37.2%
62.8%

100.0%




100.0%

93.7%
23.6%
SUV
CVT
2008
40.7%
57.8%

100.0%


3.1%

96.9%

83.7%
36.0%
SUV
CVT
2009
40.4%
58.7%
0.1%
99.9%


2.4%

97.6%

99.1%
14.2%
SUV
CVT
2010
39.1%
60.0%

100.0%


2.6%

97.4%

100.0%
26.8%
SUV
L3
1975












SUV
L3
1976












SUV
L3
1977












SUV
L3
1978












SUV
L3
1979












SUV
L3
1980

63.9%










EPA-420-R-10-023
1-66
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
L3
1981
56
0.411
16.0
12.7
14.9
13.6
4659

318
149
14.3
112
0.468
0.0319
31.8


SUV
L3
1982
25
0.157
16.7
13.2
15.8
14.2
4284

313
135
14.5
110
0.436
0.0316
30.7


SUV
L3
1983
26
0.090
15.7
12.5
14.6
13.4
4281

330
135
14.5
110
0.410
0.0317
28.9


SUV
L3
1984
51
0.082
20.8
17.0
18.7
17.7
3364

175
104
14.7
106
0.607
0.0311
29.7


SUV
L3
1985
63
0.086
20.6
16.6
18.7
17.5
3441

166
105
14.9
106
0.632
0.0305
30.2


SUV
L3
1986
83
0.108
20.0
16.2
17.8
16.9
3549

178
117
13.9
109
0.669
0.0330
30.1


SUV
L3
1987
24
0.027
17.9
14.3
16.1
15.1
4114

212
142
13.4
113
0.702
0.0345
31.0


SUV
L3
1988
5
0.005
17.7
13.7
16.6
14.9
4500

318
145
14.2
112
0.456
0.0322
33.5


SUV
L3
1989
17
0.019
29.6
24.1
25.3
24.6
2500

97
80
14.3
104
0.825
0.0320
30.8


SUV
L3
1990
14
0.020
28.7
23.2
24.4
23.7
2750

97
80
15.4
102
0.825
0.0291
32.6


SUV
L3
1991
46
0.042
22.5
18.4
18.7
18.6
3270

133
88
16.3
101
0.681
0.0270
30.4


SUV
L3
1992
34
0.034
22.1
18.0
18.2
18.1
3146

129
94
15.0
104
0.748
0.0300
28.7


SUV
L3
1993
37
0.028
22.0
17.9
18.0
18.0
3145

128
95
15.0
104
0.749
0.0301
28.4


SUV
L3
1994
42
0.026
24.6
19.2
21.0
20.1
2830

127
104
13.5
110
0.834
0.0360
28.7


SUV
L3
1995
45
0.025
24.1
18.7
20.6
19.6
2870

130
113
12.5
114
0.893
0.0387
28.6


SUV
L3
1996
18
0.009
27.4
21.2
22.9
22.0
2737

97
95
13.3
108
0.979
0.0347
30.1


SUV
L3
1997
37
0.015
20.7
15.5
18.2
16.8
3335

188
147
11.4
122
0.808
0.0437
28.1


SUV
L3
1998
32
0.012
20.4
15.3
17.7
16.5
3300

191
150
11.2
123
0.812
0.0448
27.4


SUV
L3
1999
31
0.011
18.8
13.9
16.7
15.3
3915

226
171
11.2
124
0.758
0.0434
29.9


SUV
L3
2000
37
0.012
19.1
14.1
16.8
15.4
3934

230
173
11.1
125
0.755
0.0438
30.3


SUV
L3
2001
28
0.008
18.9
14.0
16.4
15.2
3951

233
175
11.0
126
0.753
0.0442
30.0


SUV
L3
2002
28
0.007
18.4
13.6
15.7
14.7
3969

236
190
10.4
131
0.805
0.0478
29.1


SUV
L3
2003

















SUV
L3
2004

















SUV
L3
2005

















SUV
L3
2006

















SUV
L3
2007

















SUV
L3
2008

















SUV
L3
2009

















SUV
L3
2010

















SUV
L4
1975

















SUV
L4
1976

















SUV
L4
1977

















SUV
L4
1978

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-67
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
SUV
L3
1981

77.2%










SUV
L3
1982

95.6%










SUV
L3
1983

99.9%










SUV
L3
1984

100.0%










SUV
L3
1985

94.8%










SUV
L3
1986

84.3%


13.8%







SUV
L3
1987

77.1%


77.2%







SUV
L3
1988




100.0%







SUV
L3
1989

100.0%


100.0%







SUV
L3
1990

100.0%


100.0%







SUV
L3
1991

33.1%


100.0%







SUV
L3
1992

28.8%


100.0%







SUV
L3
1993

25.0%

5.0%
95.0%







SUV
L3
1994

71.9%

37.6%
62.4%

91.7%

8.3%



SUV
L3
1995

81.9%

82.5%
17.5%

100.0%





SUV
L3
1996

61.2%

100.0%


0.0%

100.0%



SUV
L3
1997

92.3%

100.0%


80.5%

19.5%



SUV
L3
1998

89.8%

100.0%


76.6%

23.4%



SUV
L3
1999

97.6%

100.0%


100.0%





SUV
L3
2000

98.9%

100.0%


100.0%





SUV
L3
2001

100.0%

100.0%


100.0%





SUV
L3
2002

100.0%

100.0%


100.0%





SUV
L3
2003












SUV
L3
2004












SUV
L3
2005












SUV
L3
2006












SUV
L3
2007












SUV
L3
2008












SUV
L3
2009












SUV
L3
2010












SUV
L4
1975












SUV
L4
1976












SUV
L4
1977












SUV
L4
1978












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-68
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
L4
1979

















SUV
L4
1980

















SUV
L4
1981

















SUV
L4
1982
43
0.265
19.4
14.9
19.0
16.5
5287

336
146
16.3
108
0.437
0.0279
44.9


SUV
L4
1983
122
0.423
20.2
15.5
20.0
17.2
4550

256
131
15.7
107
0.545
0.0288
39.6


SUV
L4
1984
217
0.347
20.1
15.4
20.0
17.2
4406

242
130
15.3
108
0.567
0.0295
38.0


SUV
L4
1985
379
0.515
20.6
15.7
20.7
17.6
4164

218
123
15.3
107
0.586
0.0294
36.7


SUV
L4
1986
348
0.450
19.2
14.7
18.9
16.4
4266

233
140
13.9
112
0.643
0.0333
34.8


SUV
L4
1987
454
0.520
20.1
15.2
19.9
17.0
4089

228
152
12.8
117
0.689
0.0375
34.7


SUV
L4
1988
571
0.590
19.7
15.0
19.2
16.7
4072

240
158
12.3
119
0.679
0.0395
33.9


SUV
L4
1989
597
0.645
19.8
15.0
19.0
16.7
4168

263
168
11.9
122
0.652
0.0410
34.6


SUV
L4
1990
457
0.645
19.0
14.2
18.4
15.9
4315

260
171
12.1
122
0.680
0.0404
34.3


SUV
L4
1991
794
0.725
19.9
14.8
19.3
16.7
4215

247
167
12.0
121
0.687
0.0401
35.2


SUV
L4
1992
738
0.735
19.2
14.2
18.5
16.1
4260

247
176
11.7
123
0.723
0.0419
34.2


SUV
L4
1993
1053
0.804
19.4
14.2
18.8
16.2
4301

257
188
11.2
127
0.743
0.0444
34.8


SUV
L4
1994
1288
0.793
19.2
14.1
18.3
16.0
4389

255
187
11.4
126
0.747
0.0431
35.1


SUV
L4
1995
1494
0.822
19.1
13.9
18.2
15.8
4431

258
184
11.6
125
0.734
0.0422
35.1


SUV
L4
1996
1730
0.916
19.7
14.2
18.8
16.3
4356

260
189
11.2
127
0.741
0.0438
35.5


SUV
L4
1997
1808
0.738
19.6
14.2
18.5
16.2
4467

259
197
11.1
128
0.786
0.0442
36.1


SUV
L4
1998
1928
0.747
19.7
14.1
18.7
16.2
4447

256
197
11.0
128
0.795
0.0444
36.1


SUV
L4
1999
2226
0.786
19.9
14.2
18.6
16.2
4477

252
204
10.8
130
0.843
0.0456
36.3


SUV
L4
2000
2556
0.813
19.9
14.2
18.5
16.2
4514

250
205
10.8
130
0.850
0.0455
36.5


SUV
L4
2001
2739
0.794
20.9
14.8
19.1
16.9
4394

230
206
10.6
131
0.929
0.0469
37.1


SUV
L4
2002
3065
0.731
20.8
14.6
19.2
16.8
4534

235
224
10.2
135
0.978
0.0494
38.1


SUV
L4
2003
2934
0.708
20.7
14.4
19.2
16.8
4669

240
228
10.2
135
0.974
0.0489
38.9


SUV
L4
2004
2876
0.610
21.0
14.5
19.5
16.9
4650

245
231
10.1
136
0.961
0.0496
39.2


SUV
L4
2005
1882
0.461
21.7
14.9
19.8
17.4
4634

237
235
10.0
137
1.009
0.0504
40.0


SUV
L4
2006
1471
0.391
22.3
15.3
20.4
17.9
4481

223
225
10.1
136
1.028
0.0499
40.0


SUV
L4
2007
1473
0.348
22.5
15.4
20.8
18.1
4755

239
238
10.1
137
1.012
0.0497
42.8


SUV
L4
2008
1208
0.303
23.6
16.1
21.7
18.9
4435

216
220
10.2
134
1.038
0.0492
41.7


SUV
L4
2009
432
0.188
25.9
17.7
23.3
20.5
4021

178
190
10.5
130
1.089
0.0471
41.7


SUV
L4
2010
379
0.111
26.9
18.4
24.0
21.2
3928

172
182
10.6
128
1.081
0.0465
42.2


SUV
L5
1975

















SUV
L5
1976

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-69
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
SUV
L4
1979












SUV
L4
1980












SUV
L4
1981












SUV
L4
1982

55.6%



52.3%






SUV
L4
1983

70.8%



15.9%






SUV
L4
1984

67.8%



6.7%






SUV
L4
1985

71.0%

2.7%
1.2%
2.5%






SUV
L4
1986

77.2%

32.4%
38.4%
1.9%






SUV
L4
1987

74.1%

39.3%
60.0%
0.7%






SUV
L4
1988

78.4%

47.9%
51.6%
0.5%






SUV
L4
1989

78.8%

45.5%
54.1%
0.4%






SUV
L4
1990

81.6%

63.4%
36.1%
0.4%






SUV
L4
1991

78.3%

60.0%
39.8%
0.2%






SUV
L4
1992

74.1%

76.8%
23.2%







SUV
L4
1993

57.4%

88.6%
11.4%







SUV
L4
1994
0.3%
78.3%

88.3%
11.7%

88.5%
4.0%
7.5%



SUV
L4
1995

79.1%

84.6%
15.4%

84.7%

15.3%



SUV
L4
1996
0.8%
72.1%

100.0%

0.0%
87.4%

12.6%



SUV
L4
1997
1.2%
73.4%

100.0%

0.0%
76.8%

23.2%



SUV
L4
1998
2.1%
74.2%

100.0%

0.0%
76.8%

23.2%



SUV
L4
1999
3.2%
66.4%

100.0%


70.0%

30.0%

4.1%

SUV
L4
2000
3.0%
68.2%

100.0%


74.0%

26.0%

3.5%

SUV
L4
2001
16.7%
57.7%

100.0%


57.0%

43.0%

12.9%

SUV
L4
2002
12.1%
61.4%

100.0%


42.9%

57.1%

29.3%

SUV
L4
2003
12.4%
60.1%

100.0%


46.0%

54.0%

33.2%

SUV
L4
2004
12.1%
60.7%

100.0%


50.2%

49.8%

30.5%

SUV
L4
2005
21.1%
58.7%

100.0%


37.9%
5.6%
56.5%

32.4%

SUV
L4
2006
24.1%
58.4%

100.0%


28.9%
6.3%
64.8%

41.8%

SUV
L4
2007
20.3%
54.5%

100.0%


55.3%

44.7%

28.6%
0.5%
SUV
L4
2008
28.2%
55.2%

100.0%


40.0%

60.0%

34.2%
0.2%
SUV
L4
2009
32.2%
61.1%

100.0%


24.4%

75.6%

43.2%
1.3%
SUV
L4
2010
32.3%
60.9%

100.0%


25.9%

74.1%

52.3%
1.8%
SUV
L5
1975












SUV
L5
1976












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-70
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
well 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
L5
1977

















SUV
L5
1978

















SUV
L5
1979

















SUV
L5
1980

















SUV
L5
1981

















SUV
L5
1982

















SUV
L5
1983

















SUV
L5
1984

















SUV
L5
1985

















SUV
L5
1986

















SUV
L5
1987

















SUV
L5
1988

















SUV
L5
1989

















SUV
L5
1990

















SUV
L5
1991

















SUV
L5
1992

















SUV
L5
1993

















SUV
L5
1994

















SUV
L5
1995

















SUV
L5
1996

















SUV
L5
1997
297
0.121
20.1
14.5
19.1
16.6
4470

244
160
13.0
116
0.656
0.0358
37.0


SUV
L5
1998
411
0.159
20.5
14.7
19.3
16.8
4307

239
166
12.3
120
0.701
0.0386
36.2


SUV
L5
1999
394
0.139
20.6
14.7
19.2
16.8
4337

240
187
11.3
126
0.782
0.0430
36.4


SUV
L5
2000
390
0.124
20.5
14.5
19.1
16.7
4418

241
187
11.5
125
0.780
0.0422
36.8


SUV
L5
2001
534
0.155
20.0
14.1
18.8
16.3
4497

242
220
10.1
135
0.922
0.0492
36.8


SUV
L5
2002
935
0.223
19.6
13.7
18.5
16.0
4547

249
223
10.1
135
0.906
0.0492
36.4


SUV
L5
2003
997
0.240
20.4
14.1
19.0
16.5
4620

245
231
10.0
137
0.957
0.0502
38.1


SUV
L5
2004
1578
0.335
20.5
14.1
19.1
16.5
4685

249
246
9.7
140
1.007
0.0526
38.9


SUV
L5
2005
1948
0.477
21.4
14.6
19.8
17.2
4555

231
234
9.9
138
1.030
0.0513
39.2


SUV
L5
2006
1806
0.481
21.8
14.8
20.2
17.5
4558

228
231
10.0
137
1.024
0.0506
39.9


SUV
L5
2007
1732
0.409
22.9
15.7
21.0
18.3
4444

221
233
9.7
139
1.076
0.0525
40.9


SUV
L5
2008
1535
0.385
23.4
16.0
21.6
18.7
4441

216
239
9.6
141
1.118
0.0537
41.8


SUV
L5
2009
714
0.311
24.6
16.8
22.6
19.6
4311

203
232
9.6
140
1.152
0.0536
42.5


SUV
L5
2010
653
0.192
25.3
17.2
23.2
20.2
4312

202
233
9.5
140
1.174
0.0540
43.7


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-71
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
SUV
L5
1977












SUV
L5
1978












SUV
L5
1979












SUV
L5
1980












SUV
L5
1981












SUV
L5
1982












SUV
L5
1983












SUV
L5
1984












SUV
L5
1985












SUV
L5
1986












SUV
L5
1987












SUV
L5
1988












SUV
L5
1989












SUV
L5
1990












SUV
L5
1991












SUV
L5
1992












SUV
L5
1993












SUV
L5
1994












SUV
L5
1995












SUV
L5
1996












SUV
L5
1997

64.6%

100.0%


100.0%





SUV
L5
1998

53.0%

100.0%


90.4%
9.6%




SUV
L5
1999

54.8%

100.0%


86.8%
13.2%




SUV
L5
2000

53.2%

100.0%


86.3%
9.2%
4.5%

1.4%

SUV
L5
2001

67.8%

100.0%


75.0%
7.5%
17.5%

17.5%

SUV
L5
2002

69.5%

100.0%


83.4%
4.7%
11.9%

9.5%

SUV
L5
2003
2.7%
74.8%

100.0%


51.6%
3.6%
44.9%

25.6%

SUV
L5
2004
10.2%
72.5%

100.0%


36.2%
1.2%
62.5%

50.2%

SUV
L5
2005
12.2%
70.1%

99.6%

0.4%
35.1%
1.1%
63.8%

55.9%

SUV
L5
2006
16.8%
63.9%

99.6%

0.4%
29.9%
0.0%
70.1%

59.6%

SUV
L5
2007
22.5%
62.2%

99.8%

0.2%
27.4%

72.6%

63.6%

SUV
L5
2008
22.3%
62.6%

99.9%

0.1%
24.2%
0.0%
75.8%

69.9%

SUV
L5
2009
28.1%
63.7%

100.0%


17.2%
0.0%
82.7%

81.9%

SUV
L5
2010
24.2%
64.4%

100.0%


13.7%
0.1%
86.3%

86.1%

EPA-420-R-10-023
1-72
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
L6
1975

















SUV
L6
1976

















SUV
L6
1977

















SUV
L6
1978

















SUV
L6
1979

















SUV
L6
1980

















SUV
L6
1981

















SUV
L6
1982

















SUV
L6
1983

















SUV
L6
1984

















SUV
L6
1985

















SUV
L6
1986

















SUV
L6
1987

















SUV
L6
1988

















SUV
L6
1989

















SUV
L6
1990

















SUV
L6
1991

















SUV
L6
1992

















SUV
L6
1993

















SUV
L6
1994

















SUV
L6
1995

















SUV
L6
1996

















SUV
L6
1997

















SUV
L6
1998

















SUV
L6
1999

















SUV
L6
2000

















SUV
L6
2001

















SUV
L6
2002

















SUV
L6
2003

















SUV
L6
2004
49
0.010
19.3
13.2
18.4
15.7
5410

232
274
10.1
141
1.175
0.0510
42.6


SUV
L6
2005
67
0.016
19.1
12.9
18.1
15.5
5585

264
294
9.6
145
1.127
0.0530
43.2


SUV
L6
2006
157
0.042
18.8
12.7
18.0
15.3
5580

271
302
9.4
147
1.122
0.0545
42.6


SUV
L6
2007
652
0.154
21.6
14.5
20.7
17.5
4954

242
289
CO
CO
150
1.237
0.0583
43.2


SUV
L6
2008
859
0.216
21.9
14.7
21.0
17.7
4992

239
285
9.0
148
1.217
0.0572
44.2


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-73
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
SUV
L6
1975












SUV
L6
1976












SUV
L6
1977












SUV
L6
1978












SUV
L6
1979












SUV
L6
1980












SUV
L6
1981












SUV
L6
1982












SUV
L6
1983












SUV
L6
1984












SUV
L6
1985












SUV
L6
1986












SUV
L6
1987












SUV
L6
1988












SUV
L6
1989












SUV
L6
1990












SUV
L6
1991












SUV
L6
1992












SUV
L6
1993












SUV
L6
1994












SUV
L6
1995












SUV
L6
1996












SUV
L6
1997












SUV
L6
1998












SUV
L6
1999












SUV
L6
2000












SUV
L6
2001












SUV
L6
2002












SUV
L6
2003












SUV
L6
2004

100.0%

98.7%

1.3%
1.3%

62.6%
36.1%
98.7%

SUV
L6
2005

83.4%

100.0%


1.9%
16.6%
70.7%
10.8%
98.1%

SUV
L6
2006

85.6%

99.6%

0.4%
3.8%
35.9%
58.0%
2.4%
96.2%

SUV
L6
2007
31.7%
60.1%

99.9%

0.1%
15.4%
9.3%
75.3%

70.7%

SUV
L6
2008
35.6%
56.5%
9.3%
90.7%

0.0%
7.8%
6.0%
86.2%

76.4%

EPA-420-R-10-023
1-74
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
L6
2009
828
0.360
24.0
16.1
22.8
19.3
4671

218
264
9.1
146
1.232
0.0566
45.0


SUV
L6
2010
1911
0.562
24.7
16.6
23.1
19.8
4739

222
270
9.1
146
1.242
0.0568
46.9


SUV
L7
1975

















SUV
L7
1976

















SUV
L7
1977

















SUV
L7
1978

















SUV
L7
1979

















SUV
L7
1980

















SUV
L7
1981

















SUV
L7
1982

















SUV
L7
1983

















SUV
L7
1984

















SUV
L7
1985

















SUV
L7
1986

















SUV
L7
1987

















SUV
L7
1988

















SUV
L7
1989

















SUV
L7
1990

















SUV
L7
1991

















SUV
L7
1992

















SUV
L7
1993

















SUV
L7
1994

















SUV
L7
1995

















SUV
L7
1996

















SUV
L7
1997

















SUV
L7
1998

















SUV
L7
1999

















SUV
L7
2000

















SUV
L7
2001

















SUV
L7
2002

















SUV
L7
2003

















SUV
L7
2004

















SUV
L7
2005

















SUV
L7
2006
50
0.013
21.0
14.4
19.3
16.8
5000

233
275
9.2
145
1.201
0.0551
42.3


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-75
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
i>m\ I I k \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
SUV
L6
2009
48.6%
43.8%
16.6%
83.1%

0.3%
12.0%
1.1%
86.9%

65.2%

SUV
L6
2010
43.5%
48.6%
32.2%
67.5%

0.3%
9.1%
2.6%
88.3%

87.4%

SUV
L7
1975












SUV
L7
1976












SUV
L7
1977












SUV
L7
1978












SUV
L7
1979












SUV
L7
1980












SUV
L7
1981












SUV
L7
1982












SUV
L7
1983












SUV
L7
1984












SUV
L7
1985












SUV
L7
1986












SUV
L7
1987












SUV
L7
1988












SUV
L7
1989












SUV
L7
1990












SUV
L7
1991












SUV
L7
1992












SUV
L7
1993












SUV
L7
1994












SUV
L7
1995












SUV
L7
1996












SUV
L7
1997












SUV
L7
1998












SUV
L7
1999












SUV
L7
2000












SUV
L7
2001












SUV
L7
2002












SUV
L7
2003












SUV
L7
2004












SUV
L7
2005












SUV
L7
2006

100.0%

100.0%



100.0%


78.2%

EPA-420-R-10-023
1-76
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
L7
2007
63
0.015
20.2
14.0
18.4
16.2
5290

252
303
8.7
150
1.204
0.0570
43.2


SUV
L7
2008
68
0.017
20.8
14.3
19.1
16.7
5474

247
297
9.0
146
1.206
0.0541
46.1


SUV
L7
2009
35
0.015
21.3
14.6
19.8
17.1
5247

252
315
8.2
154
1.261
0.0606
45.2


SUV
L7
2010
125
0.037
21.4
14.7
19.7
17.2
5041

239
290
8.8
149
1.218
0.0576
43.4


SUV
M3
1975

















SUV
M3
1976

















SUV
M3
1977

















SUV
M3
1978

















SUV
M3
1979
83
0.207
16.6
13.8
14.4
14.0
3272

276
120
12.6
113
0.436
0.0370
23.0


SUV
M3
1980
20
0.106
15.6
12.5
14.1
13.2
4781

310
140
15.2
108
0.451
0.0291
31.7


SUV
M3
1981
9
0.066
16.5
13.4
14.9
14.0
4693

304
131
15.6
106
0.430
0.0278
33.1


SUV
M3
1982
9
0.058
16.3
13.1
14.9
13.9
4657

307
136
15.1
108
0.442
0.0290
32.4


SUV
M3
1983
8
0.028
17.5
14.0
16.0
14.8
4705

308
137
15.0
108
0.447
0.0291
35.2


SUV
M3
1984
4
0.006
15.6
12.2
15.0
13.3
5066

311
161
14.0
113
0.518
0.0317
33.8


SUV
M3
1985
12
0.016
16.9
13.6
15.5
14.4
4794

306
150
14.2
111
0.489
0.0313
34.8


SUV
M3
1986
10
0.012
16.7
13.3
15.4
14.2
4884

307
146
14.8
109
0.474
0.0298
34.8


SUV
M3
1987
7
0.007
16.4
13.0
14.9
13.8
5047

314
165
13.9
114
0.522
0.0326
35.1


SUV
M3
1988
3
0.003
15.6
12.2
14.4
13.1
5098

340
192
12.5
121
0.563
0.0377
33.6


SUV
M3
1989
3
0.003
15.8
12.3
14.5
13.3
5111

326
174
13.5
116
0.531
0.0340
34.1


SUV
M3
1990
1
0.001
14.9
11.4
14.0
12.5
5204

343
199
12.2
122
0.578
0.0383
32.6


SUV
M3
1991
1
0.000
15.0
11.6
13.6
12.5
5000

348
207
11.4
126
0.593
0.0414
31.3


SUV
M3
1992
19
0.019
21.2
16.0
19.7
17.6
3500

242
190
9.3
136
0.785
0.0543
30.8


SUV
M3
1993

















SUV
M3
1994

















SUV
M3
1995

















SUV
M3
1996

















SUV
M3
1997

















SUV
M3
1998

















SUV
M3
1999

















SUV
M3
2000

















SUV
M3
2001

















SUV
M3
2002

















SUV
M3
2003

















SUV
M3
2004

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-77
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
di
-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
M3
2005

















SUV
M3
2006

















SUV
M3
2007

















SUV
M3
2008

















SUV
M3
2009

















SUV
M3
2010

















SUV
M4
1975

















SUV
M4
1976

















SUV
M4
1977

















SUV
M4
1978

















SUV
M4
1979
50
0.126
12.4
10.1
11.1
10.5
4888

322
153
14.5
in
0.479
0.0311
25.9


SUV
M4
1980
61
0.330
19.1
15.4
17.2
16.2
3184

222
95
14.9
104
0.462
0.0299
26.1


SUV
M4
1981
47
0.343
20.1
16.0
18.7
17.1
3293

235
106
14.0
107
0.467
0.0323
28.3


SUV
M4
1982
28
0.175
19.5
15.4
18.2
16.6
3634

245
107
15.0
105
0.472
0.0299
30.4


SUV
M4
1983
47
0.163
20.7
16.4
19.4
17.6
3404

212
106
14.5
107
0.538
0.0313
30.2


SUV
M4
1984
83
0.133
20.6
16.3
19.2
17.5
3603

205
105
15.2
105
0.555
0.0294
31.8


SUV
M4
1985
58
0.078
22.0
17.3
20.7
18.7
3529

158
95
16.2
102
0.630
0.0268
33.4


SUV
M4
1986
27
0.035
21.6
17.1
20.0
18.3
3616

198
114
14.1
108
0.610
0.0317
33.6


SUV
M4
1987
18
0.021
20.1
15.7
18.7
17.0
3872

193
118
14.5
107
0.639
0.0307
34.3


SUV
M4
1988
1
0.001
27.1
21.2
24.7
22.7
3348

150
117
13.0
111
0.780
0.0351
38.0


SUV
M4
1989

















SUV
M4
1990

















SUV
M4
1991

















SUV
M4
1992
16
0.016
22.1
16.5
20.8
18.4
3484

239
188
9.3
136
0.788
0.0539
32.0


SUV
M4
1993

















SUV
M4
1994

















SUV
M4
1995

















SUV
M4
1996

















SUV
M4
1997

















SUV
M4
1998

















SUV
M4
1999

















SUV
M4
2000

















SUV
M4
2001

















SUV
M4
2002

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-79
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
SUV
M3
2005












SUV
M3
2006












SUV
M3
2007












SUV
M3
2008












SUV
M3
2009












SUV
M3
2010












SUV
M4
1975












SUV
M4
1976












SUV
M4
1977












SUV
M4
1978












SUV
M4
1979

55.3%



1.5%






SUV
M4
1980

100.0%



6.6%






SUV
M4
1981

100.0%










SUV
M4
1982

98.0%



8.2%






SUV
M4
1983

93.9%










SUV
M4
1984

95.5%










SUV
M4
1985

88.3%


9.0%







SUV
M4
1986

84.8%


53.0%







SUV
M4
1987

79.1%

6.4%
67.8%







SUV
M4
1988

69.7%


100.0%







SUV
M4
1989












SUV
M4
1990












SUV
M4
1991












SUV
M4
1992

67.7%

100.0%








SUV
M4
1993












SUV
M4
1994












SUV
M4
1995












SUV
M4
1996












SUV
M4
1997












SUV
M4
1998












SUV
M4
1999












SUV
M4
2000












SUV
M4
2001












SUV
M4
2002












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-80
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
M4
2003

















SUV
M4
2004

















SUV
M4
2005

















SUV
M4
2006

















SUV
M4
2007

















SUV
M4
2008

















SUV
M4
2009

















SUV
M4
2010

















SUV
M5
1975

















SUV
M5
1976

















SUV
M5
1977

















SUV
M5
1978

















SUV
M5
1979

















SUV
M5
1980

















SUV
M5
1981

















SUV
M5
1982
11
0.065
20.2
15.7
19.6
17.2
3063

244
105
13.3
109
0.437
0.0344
26.5


SUV
M5
1983
38
0.130
21.6
16.7
21.2
18.5
3495

203
110
14.1
108
0.563
0.0319
32.6


SUV
M5
1984
97
0.155
22.5
17.3
22.0
19.2
3468

180
105
14.5
106
0.599
0.0307
33.2


SUV
M5
1985
135
0.184
22.2
17.0
22.0
19.0
3564

169
106
14.7
106
0.636
0.0299
33.9


SUV
M5
1986
252
0.326
24.0
18.8
22.6
20.4
3409

150
107
14.4
107
0.725
0.0313
34.8


SUV
M5
1987
297
0.340
24.1
18.8
22.5
20.4
3274

157
111
13.7
109
0.729
0.0336
33.3


SUV
M5
1988
319
0.329
23.8
18.5
22.2
20.0
3315

159
115
13.5
110
0.742
0.0341
33.1


SUV
M5
1989
239
0.258
22.3
17.1
20.9
18.7
3589

178
126
13.2
112
0.730
0.0351
33.7


SUV
M5
1990
209
0.295
22.4
17.2
20.6
18.7
3497

172
124
13.1
112
0.750
0.0353
32.7


SUV
M5
1991
239
0.218
22.0
16.8
20.2
18.3
3739

186
140
12.7
116
0.766
0.0373
34.2


SUV
M5
1992
191
0.190
22.2
16.8
20.4
18.4
3700

176
133
12.9
114
0.776
0.0359
34.1


SUV
M5
1993
212
0.162
22.3
16.9
20.3
18.4
3641

187
149
11.8
120
0.811
0.0408
33.6


SUV
M5
1994
268
0.165
21.9
16.5
19.7
18.0
3630

180
146
12.0
119
0.820
0.0401
32.7


SUV
M5
1995
278
0.153
22.0
16.6
19.5
18.0
3535

169
140
12.1
118
0.841
0.0397
31.8


SUV
M5
1996
142
0.075
23.7
17.6
21.3
19.3
3588

174
146
11.8
119
0.876
0.0406
34.6


SUV
M5
1997
286
0.117
23.1
17.1
20.6
18.7
3537

176
149
11.4
121
0.866
0.0423
33.2


SUV
M5
1998
210
0.082
23.1
17.0
20.5
18.7
3586

177
153
11.4
122
0.894
0.0426
33.8


SUV
M5
1999
179
0.063
23.2
17.0
20.6
18.7
3666

176
154
11.4
121
0.913
0.0419
34.6


SUV
M5
2000
160
0.051
22.6
16.5
20.0
18.2
3778

181
156
11.6
121
0.900
0.0411
34.6


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-81
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
SUV
M4
2003












SUV
M4
2004












SUV
M4
2005












SUV
M4
2006












SUV
M4
2007












SUV
M4
2008












SUV
M4
2009












SUV
M4
2010












SUV
M5
1975












SUV
M5
1976












SUV
M5
1977












SUV
M5
1978












SUV
M5
1979












SUV
M5
1980












SUV
M5
1981












SUV
M5
1982

100.0%










SUV
M5
1983

90.4%










SUV
M5
1984

92.7%










SUV
M5
1985

94.7%

11.9%
1.2%
0.6%






SUV
M5
1986

97.4%

27.3%
15.5%
2.0%






SUV
M5
1987

96.7%

33.2%
19.9%
0.1%






SUV
M5
1988

91.7%

50.4%
12.9%







SUV
M5
1989

86.8%

51.3%
33.9%







SUV
M5
1990

88.6%

54.9%
34.3%







SUV
M5
1991

78.5%

70.5%
28.8%







SUV
M5
1992

69.9%

66.0%
32.5%







SUV
M5
1993

74.4%

84.8%
13.7%







SUV
M5
1994
1.8%
73.4%

82.7%
17.3%

77.8%
6.5%
15.6%



SUV
M5
1995
0.1%
79.2%

92.0%
8.0%

79.9%

20.1%



SUV
M5
1996
2.9%
59.0%

100.0%


47.1%

52.9%



SUV
M5
1997
2.9%
70.3%

100.0%


48.9%

51.1%



SUV
M5
1998
2.9%
74.4%

100.0%


49.7%

50.3%



SUV
M5
1999
2.4%
75.5%

100.0%


52.2%

47.8%



SUV
M5
2000
1.6%
76.8%

100.0%


59.2%

40.8%



EPA-420-R-10-023
1-82
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
M5
2001
148
0.043
23.8
17.2
20.9
19.0
3718

169
158
11.3
122
0.974
0.0424
35.7


SUV
M5
2002
160
0.038
22.8
16.3
20.3
18.3
3899

179
166
11.3
123
0.956
0.0425
36.0


SUV
M5
2003
121
0.029
24.0
17.0
21.2
19.1
3732

174
164
11.0
124
0.979
0.0440
36.2


SUV
M5
2004
122
0.026
23.5
16.5
20.9
18.7
3793

182
169
10.9
125
0.963
0.0447
36.0


SUV
M5
2005
57
0.014
27.7
19.0
24.6
21.8
3608

147
157
11.1
123
1.081
0.0438
39.5


SUV
M5
2006
47
0.012
26.6
18.3
23.7
21.0
3744

151
163
11.1
124
1.088
0.0435
39.5


SUV
M5
2007
33
0.008
28.1
19.3
25.1
22.2
3677

145
167
10.6
126
1.156
0.0455
40.9


SUV
M5
2008
21
0.005
28.9
19.9
25.4
22.7
3632

146
166
10.6
126
1.140
0.0457
41.3


SUV
M5
2009
17
0.007
29.3
20.1
26.0
23.0
3562

147
173
10.1
130
1.183
0.0488
41.1


SUV
M5
2010
18
0.005
30.1
20.6
26.4
23.6
3566

145
166
10.5
127
1.145
0.0467
42.2


SUV
M6
1975

















SUV
M6
1976

















SUV
M6
1977

















SUV
M6
1978

















SUV
M6
1979

















SUV
M6
1980

















SUV
M6
1981

















SUV
M6
1982

















SUV
M6
1983

















SUV
M6
1984

















SUV
M6
1985

















SUV
M6
1986

















SUV
M6
1987

















SUV
M6
1988

















SUV
M6
1989

















SUV
M6
1990

















SUV
M6
1991

















SUV
M6
1992

















SUV
M6
1993

















SUV
M6
1994

















SUV
M6
1995

















SUV
M6
1996

















SUV
M6
1997

















SUV
M6
1998

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-83
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
SUV
M5
2001
11.8%
67.7%

100.0%


47.1%

52.9%

10.7%

SUV
M5
2002
14.9%
68.9%

100.0%


35.9%

64.1%

12.6%

SUV
M5
2003
28.6%
62.4%

100.0%


39.9%

60.1%

19.1%

SUV
M5
2004
23.9%
66.1%

100.0%


39.7%

60.3%

16.8%

SUV
M5
2005
50.2%
43.7%

100.0%


0.4%

99.6%

27.6%

SUV
M5
2006
43.9%
48.0%

100.0%




100.0%

34.6%

SUV
M5
2007
49.6%
48.8%

100.0%


5.1%

94.9%

49.4%

SUV
M5
2008
51.4%
47.5%

100.0%


3.8%

96.2%

66.5%

SUV
M5
2009
32.0%
66.6%

100.0%




100.0%

41.6%

SUV
M5
2010
44.2%
54.8%

100.0%




100.0%

65.1%

SUV
M6
1975












SUV
M6
1976












SUV
M6
1977












SUV
M6
1978












SUV
M6
1979












SUV
M6
1980












SUV
M6
1981












SUV
M6
1982












SUV
M6
1983












SUV
M6
1984












SUV
M6
1985












SUV
M6
1986












SUV
M6
1987












SUV
M6
1988












SUV
M6
1989












SUV
M6
1990












SUV
M6
1991












SUV
M6
1992












SUV
M6
1993












SUV
M6
1994












SUV
M6
1995












SUV
M6
1996












SUV
M6
1997












SUV
M6
1998












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-84
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
M6
1999

















SUV
M6
2000

















SUV
M6
2001

















SUV
M6
2002

















SUV
M6
2003

















SUV
M6
2004
6
0.001
22.3
14.8
22.0
18.2
4253

177
219
9.7
137
1.232
0.0518
38.5


SUV
M6
2005
47
0.011
20.1
14.1
18.0
16.1
3784

228
194
9.7
134
0.861
0.0513
30.7


SUV
M6
2006
49
0.013
19.5
13.7
17.3
15.5
4010

229
196
10.1
132
0.865
0.0487
31.4


SUV
M6
2007
51
0.012
20.7
14.6
18.1
16.4
4282

234
209
10.1
133
0.895
0.0488
35.2


SUV
M6
2008
38
0.010
21.4
15.0
18.8
17.0
4263

231
202
10.4
131
0.872
0.0473
36.2


SUV
M6
2009
6
0.003
21.5
15.1
19.1
17.1
4492

225
204
10.8
129
0.926
0.0452
38.5


SUV
M6
2010
25
0.007
22.2
15.6
19.7
17.7
4300

224
208
10.2
133
0.942
0.0484
38.2


SUV
Other
1975

















SUV
Other
1976

















SUV
Other
1977

















SUV
Other
1978

















SUV
Other
1979

















SUV
Other
1980

















SUV
Other
1981

















SUV
Other
1982

















SUV
Other
1983
1
0.003
13.7
10.6
13.3
11.6
5000

318
160
14.3
113
0.503
0.0320
29.1


SUV
Other
1984

















SUV
Other
1985

















SUV
Other
1986

















SUV
Other
1987

















SUV
Other
1988

















SUV
Other
1989

















SUV
Other
1990

















SUV
Other
1991

















SUV
Other
1992

















SUV
Other
1993

















SUV
Other
1994

















SUV
Other
1995

















SUV
Other
1996

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-85
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % ll-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
roi< i
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
SUV
M6
1999












SUV
M6
2000












SUV
M6
2001












SUV
M6
2002












SUV
M6
2003












SUV
M6
2004

100.0%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

SUV
M6
2005

94.0%

100.0%


76.7%

23.3%

11.9%

SUV
M6
2006

93.4%

100.0%


75.1%

24.9%

13.7%

SUV
M6
2007

91.2%

100.0%


67.4%

32.6%

32.6%

SUV
M6
2008

94.8%
0.7%
99.3%


86.6%

13.4%

13.4%

SUV
M6
2009
6.9%
92.2%
10.5%
89.5%


79.7%

20.3%

20.3%

SUV
M6
2010
7.8%
90.4%
3.9%
96.1%


75.8%

24.2%

24.2%

SUV
Other
1975












SUV
Other
1976












SUV
Other
1977












SUV
Other
1978












SUV
Other
1979












SUV
Other
1980












SUV
Other
1981












SUV
Other
1982












SUV
Other
1983

100.0%










SUV
Other
1984












SUV
Other
1985












SUV
Other
1986












SUV
Other
1987












SUV
Other
1988












SUV
Other
1989












SUV
Other
1990












SUV
Other
1991












SUV
Other
1992












SUV
Other
1993












SUV
Other
1994












SUV
Other
1995












SUV
Other
1996












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-86
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l-lll.l.-
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % in-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
i-k \(
i-i i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
M).l
(in
M).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
SUV
Other
1997

















SUV
Other
1998

















SUV
Other
1999

















SUV
Other
2000

















SUV
Other
2001

















SUV
Other
2002

















SUV
Other
2003

















SUV
Other
2004

















SUV
Other
2005

















SUV
Other
2006

















SUV
Other
2007

















SUV
Other
2008

















SUV
Other
2009

















SUV
Other
2010
2
0.000
29.6
21.2
24.2
22.8
5500

213
275
7.4
140
1.291
0.0500
62.7


Pickup
A3
1975

















Pickup
A3
1976

















Pickup
A3
1977

















Pickup
A3
1978

















Pickup
A3
1979
1297
0.588
14.0
11.6
12.3
11.9
4448

331
149
14.2
113
0.456
0.0336
27.1


Pickup
A3
1980
277
0.193
17.3
14.0
15.5
14.7
3944

278
129
14.1
110
0.492
0.0327
29.1


Pickup
A3
1981
207
0.144
17.6
14.2
16.0
15.0
3968

288
125
14.5
109
0.455
0.0315
29.9


Pickup
A3
1982
196
0.136
17.1
13.9
15.3
14.5
3987

292
129
14.1
110
0.459
0.0325
29.3


Pickup
A3
1983
240
0.147
17.9
14.4
16.3
15.2
3705

248
116
14.6
108
0.502
0.0313
28.7


Pickup
A3
1984
297
0.146
17.1
13.8
15.6
14.6
3855

269
130
14.1
111
0.501
0.0334
28.4


Pickup
A3
1985
268
0.129
16.5
13.4
14.9
14.0
4106

306
154
12.8
117
0.507
0.0372
29.1


Pickup
A3
1986
237
0.093
17.7
14.3
15.9
14.9
4023

288
145
13.3
115
0.516
0.0358
30.4


Pickup
A3
1987
200
0.093
16.7
13.4
15.1
14.1
4318

303
157
13.0
117
0.522
0.0363
30.7


Pickup
A3
1988
199
0.081
16.8
13.3
15.2
14.1
4441

309
168
12.5
119
0.546
0.0380
31.6


Pickup
A3
1989
101
0.045
16.0
12.7
14.4
13.4
4501

319
170
12.6
119
0.533
0.0378
30.5


Pickup
A3
1990
47
0.026
16.4
13.0
14.6
13.7
4323

328
183
11.6
125
0.566
0.0422
30.9


Pickup
A3
1991

















Pickup
A3
1992

















Pickup
A3
1993

















Pickup
A3
1994

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-87
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % ik-
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % in-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I-OI k
1- IN 1
SUV
Other
1997












SUV
Other
1998












SUV
Other
1999












SUV
Other
2000












SUV
Other
2001












SUV
Other
2002












SUV
Other
2003












SUV
Other
2004












SUV
Other
2005












SUV
Other
2006












SUV
Other
2007












SUV
Other
2008












SUV
Other
2009












SUV
Other
2010

100.0%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%
100.0%
Pickup
A3
1975












Pickup
A3
1976












Pickup
A3
1977












Pickup
A3
1978












Pickup
A3
1979

7.5%



4.2%






Pickup
A3
1980
0.6%
15.9%


0.6%







Pickup
A3
1981

10.5%










Pickup
A3
1982
3.7%
14.1%










Pickup
A3
1983
5.7%
18.6%


0.1%
0.1%






Pickup
A3
1984
1.2%
30.9%



0.5%






Pickup
A3
1985

22.4%

2.3%

0.2%






Pickup
A3
1986

19.7%

8.9%

0.1%






Pickup
A3
1987

25.5%

44.4%
21.6%







Pickup
A3
1988

31.0%

44.5%
53.5%







Pickup
A3
1989

37.7%

56.4%
43.6%







Pickup
A3
1990

12.2%

2.5%
97.5%







Pickup
A3
1991












Pickup
A3
1992












Pickup
A3
1993












Pickup
A3
1994












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-88
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
A3
1995

















Pickup
A3
1996

















Pickup
A3
1997

















Pickup
A3
1998

















Pickup
A3
1999

















Pickup
A3
2000

















Pickup
A3
2001

















Pickup
A3
2002

















Pickup
A3
2003

















Pickup
A3
2004

















Pickup
A3
2005

















Pickup
A3
2006

















Pickup
A3
2007

















Pickup
A3
2008

















Pickup
A3
2009

















Pickup
A3
2010

















Pickup
A4
1975

















Pickup
A4
1976

















Pickup
A4
1977

















Pickup
A4
1978

















Pickup
A4
1979

















Pickup
A4
1980

















Pickup
A4
1981
6
0.004
26.5
21.5
23.9
22.5
2750

144
98
13.1
109
0.681
0.0356
30.9


Pickup
A4
1982
42
0.029
19.6
15.2
19.2
16.7
3715

262
131
13.2
113
0.525
0.0353
31.0


Pickup
A4
1983
9
0.006
26.6
22.0
23.1
22.5
2788

144
99
13.1
109
0.685
0.0354
31.4


Pickup
A4
1984
27
0.013
24.6
20.6
21.0
20.8
2809

144
100
13.1
110
0.694
0.0356
29.3


Pickup
A4
1985
38
0.018
25.1
21.0
21.6
21.3
3019

144
107
13.2
110
0.741
0.0354
32.3


Pickup
A4
1986
47
0.019
23.4
19.6
19.8
19.7
3134

144
107
13.4
110
0.745
0.0346
31.2


Pickup
A4
1987
72
0.034
26.1
21.1
23.0
22.0
3040

142
103
13.7
109
0.725
0.0340
33.7


Pickup
A4
1988
53
0.022
24.7
20.1
21.3
20.6
3112

142
109
13.4
110
0.765
0.0351
32.4


Pickup
A4
1989
35
0.016
27.1
21.5
23.9
22.6
3024

141
109
13.0
111
0.773
0.0361
34.2


Pickup
A4
1990
32
0.018
17.8
13.8
16.2
14.9
4047

259
153
12.5
117
0.635
0.0379
30.8


Pickup
A4
1991
27
0.014
20.0
15.7
17.8
16.6
3683

213
135
12.7
115
0.684
0.0369
31.1


Pickup
A4
1992
16
0.009
24.8
19.5
21.5
20.4
3105

156
118
12.5
114
0.767
0.0377
32.0


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-89
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Pickup
A3
1995












Pickup
A3
1996












Pickup
A3
1997












Pickup
A3
1998












Pickup
A3
1999












Pickup
A3
2000












Pickup
A3
2001












Pickup
A3
2002












Pickup
A3
2003












Pickup
A3
2004












Pickup
A3
2005












Pickup
A3
2006












Pickup
A3
2007












Pickup
A3
2008












Pickup
A3
2009












Pickup
A3
2010












Pickup
A4
1975












Pickup
A4
1976












Pickup
A4
1977












Pickup
A4
1978












Pickup
A4
1979












Pickup
A4
1980












Pickup
A4
1981












Pickup
A4
1982












Pickup
A4
1983












Pickup
A4
1984



17.1%








Pickup
A4
1985



28.4%








Pickup
A4
1986



33.5%








Pickup
A4
1987

5.3%

9.7%








Pickup
A4
1988

7.2%

54.3%








Pickup
A4
1989

4.9%

61.9%








Pickup
A4
1990

37.1%

37.7%
62.3%







Pickup
A4
1991

28.4%

61.7%
38.3%







Pickup
A4
1992

3.9%

96.0%
4.0%







EPA-420-R-10-023
1-90
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
A4
1993
16
0.008
26.3
20.2
23.2
21.6
3000

144
112
12.6
113
0.778
0.0373
32.4


Pickup
A4
1994
25
0.010
26.3
20.0
23.1
21.5
3000

144
112
12.6
113
0.778
0.0373
32.2


Pickup
A4
1995
20
0.009
26.3
20.0
22.9
21.4
3000

147
132
11.1
121
0.897
0.0442
32.1


Pickup
A4
1996
27
0.014
25.9
19.5
22.7
21.0
3000

149
142
10.4
125
0.953
0.0473
31.5


Pickup
A4
1997

















Pickup
A4
1998
37
0.015
26.5
19.7
22.9
21.3
3000

149
142
10.4
125
0.953
0.0473
31.9


Pickup
A4
1999
24
0.009
26.5
19.6
22.8
21.2
3000

149
142
10.4
125
0.953
0.0473
31.8


Pickup
A4
2000
21
0.008
26.2
19.4
22.4
20.9
3000

149
142
10.4
125
0.953
0.0473
31.3


Pickup
A4
2001
21
0.008
26.0
19.2
22.0
20.6
3214

149
142
11.0
122
0.953
0.0444
33.1


Pickup
A4
2002
21
0.009
27.0
19.5
23.1
21.3
3238

149
142
11.1
122
0.953
0.0441
34.5


Pickup
A4
2003
22
0.009
27.0
19.3
23.0
21.2
3234

149
142
11.0
122
0.953
0.0442
34.3


Pickup
A4
2004
24
0.009
27.0
19.2
22.9
21.1
3216

149
142
11.0
122
0.953
0.0444
34.0


Pickup
A4
2005

















Pickup
A4
2006

















Pickup
A4
2007

















Pickup
A4
2008

















Pickup
A4
2009

















Pickup
A4
2010

















Pickup
CVT
1975

















Pickup
CVT
1976

















Pickup
CVT
1977

















Pickup
CVT
1978

















Pickup
CVT
1979

















Pickup
CVT
1980

















Pickup
CVT
1981

















Pickup
CVT
1982

















Pickup
CVT
1983

















Pickup
CVT
1984

















Pickup
CVT
1985

















Pickup
CVT
1986

















Pickup
CVT
1987

















Pickup
CVT
1988

















Pickup
CVT
1989

















Pickup
CVT
1990

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-91
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
i>m\ I I \< \i\
I I 1 1. Ml 1 I KI\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in Hkii)
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
Pickup
A4
1993



100.0%








Pickup
A4
1994



100.0%


100.0%





Pickup
A4
1995



100.0%


31.8%

68.2%



Pickup
A4
1996



100.0%




100.0%



Pickup
A4
1997












Pickup
A4
1998



100.0%




100.0%



Pickup
A4
1999



100.0%




100.0%



Pickup
A4
2000



100.0%




100.0%



Pickup
A4
2001



100.0%




100.0%



Pickup
A4
2002



100.0%




100.0%



Pickup
A4
2003



100.0%




100.0%



Pickup
A4
2004



100.0%




100.0%



Pickup
A4
2005












Pickup
A4
2006












Pickup
A4
2007












Pickup
A4
2008












Pickup
A4
2009












Pickup
A4
2010












Pickup
CVT
1975












Pickup
CVT
1976












Pickup
CVT
1977












Pickup
CVT
1978












Pickup
CVT
1979












Pickup
CVT
1980












Pickup
CVT
1981












Pickup
CVT
1982












Pickup
CVT
1983












Pickup
CVT
1984












Pickup
CVT
1985












Pickup
CVT
1986












Pickup
CVT
1987












Pickup
CVT
1988












Pickup
CVT
1989












Pickup
CVT
1990












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-92
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
CVT
1991

















Pickup
CVT
1992

















Pickup
CVT
1993

















Pickup
CVT
1994

















Pickup
CVT
1995

















Pickup
CVT
1996

















Pickup
CVT
1997

















Pickup
CVT
1998

















Pickup
CVT
1999

















Pickup
CVT
2000

















Pickup
CVT
2001

















Pickup
CVT
2002

















Pickup
CVT
2003

















Pickup
CVT
2004

















Pickup
CVT
2005

















Pickup
CVT
2006

















Pickup
CVT
2007

















Pickup
CVT
2008

















Pickup
CVT
2009
2
0.002
28.3
21.1
21.8
21.5
6000

364
332
8.2
150
0.912
0.0553
64.6


Pickup
CVT
2010
5
0.003
28.3
21.2
21.9
21.6
6000

366
332
6.6
150
0.907
0.0553
64.7


Pickup
L3
1975

















Pickup
L3
1976

















Pickup
L3
1977

















Pickup
L3
1978

















Pickup
L3
1979
29
0.013
16.2
13.1
14.6
13.7
4000

291
132
14.2
111
0.454
0.0330
27.5


Pickup
L3
1980
315
0.219
17.0
13.6
15.7
14.5
4469

313
142
14.4
111
0.458
0.0320
33.0


Pickup
L3
1981
343
0.238
18.3
14.6
17.0
15.6
4221

290
139
14.0
112
0.483
0.0331
33.1


Pickup
L3
1982
275
0.191
20.1
15.9
18.9
17.1
3768

245
130
13.6
112
0.546
0.0346
32.2


Pickup
L3
1983
119
0.073
19.0
15.0
17.8
16.1
4100

277
139
13.9
113
0.503
0.0338
33.1


Pickup
L3
1984
193
0.095
18.5
14.7
17.2
15.7
4164

276
137
14.1
111
0.502
0.0328
32.8


Pickup
L3
1985
234
0.113
17.8
14.2
16.3
15.1
4204

279
147
13.4
114
0.536
0.0350
31.8


Pickup
L3
1986
206
0.081
18.0
14.4
16.4
15.3
4155

279
146
13.3
114
0.535
0.0350
31.7


Pickup
L3
1987
134
0.063
20.0
15.7
18.5
16.9
3751

251
125
14.0
111
0.502
0.0334
31.8


Pickup
L3
1988
99
0.040
19.5
15.2
18.1
16.4
3826

247
123
14.3
109
0.512
0.0322
31.4


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-93
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
iiiki i
i-oi k
1- IN 1
Pickup
CVT
1991












Pickup
CVT
1992












Pickup
CVT
1993












Pickup
CVT
1994












Pickup
CVT
1995












Pickup
CVT
1996












Pickup
CVT
1997












Pickup
CVT
1998












Pickup
CVT
1999












Pickup
CVT
2000












Pickup
CVT
2001












Pickup
CVT
2002












Pickup
CVT
2003












Pickup
CVT
2004












Pickup
CVT
2005












Pickup
CVT
2006












Pickup
CVT
2007












Pickup
CVT
2008












Pickup
CVT
2009

56.2%

100.0%


100.0%



100.0%
100.0%
Pickup
CVT
2010

50.6%

100.0%


100.0%



100.0%
100.0%
Pickup
L3
1975












Pickup
L3
1976












Pickup
L3
1977












Pickup
L3
1978












Pickup
L3
1979












Pickup
L3
1980

17.8%



15.2%






Pickup
L3
1981

10.4%



6.2%






Pickup
L3
1982

5.9%










Pickup
L3
1983

3.0%


0.2%
0.6%






Pickup
L3
1984

1.1%

0.1%

0.1%






Pickup
L3
1985

0.1%


2.5%







Pickup
L3
1986

3.8%


3.3%







Pickup
L3
1987

21.6%


4.9%







Pickup
L3
1988

13.1%


100.0%







EPA-420-R-10-023
1-94
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
L3
1989
40
0.018
19.4
15.3
17.5
16.3
3835

230
118
15.0
107
0.533
0.0304
31.2


Pickup
L3
1990
24
0.013
18.7
14.8
16.6
15.6
3919

242
132
14.1
111
0.556
0.0334
30.7


Pickup
L3
1991
13
0.007
17.0
13.1
15.6
14.2
4273

294
157
12.9
117
0.531
0.0366
30.4


Pickup
L3
1992
5
0.003
18.1
14.1
16.1
15.0
4043

239
127
14.5
109
0.531
0.0314
30.3


Pickup
L3
1993
4
0.002
18.5
14.4
16.4
15.3
4039

239
127
14.5
109
0.531
0.0315
30.9


Pickup
L3
1994

















Pickup
L3
1995

















Pickup
L3
1996

















Pickup
L3
1997

















Pickup
L3
1998

















Pickup
L3
1999

















Pickup
L3
2000

















Pickup
L3
2001

















Pickup
L3
2002

















Pickup
L3
2003

















Pickup
L3
2004

















Pickup
L3
2005

















Pickup
L3
2006

















Pickup
L3
2007

















Pickup
L3
2008

















Pickup
L3
2009

















Pickup
L3
2010

















Pickup
L4
1975

















Pickup
L4
1976

















Pickup
L4
1977

















Pickup
L4
1978

















Pickup
L4
1979

















Pickup
L4
1980

















Pickup
L4
1981
53
0.037
18.0
13.8
18.0
15.4
4030

302
142
13.2
114
0.470
0.0353
31.0


Pickup
L4
1982
150
0.104
20.2
15.8
19.2
17.2
4713

324
149
14.6
112
0.465
0.0321
41.0


Pickup
L4
1983
337
0.207
20.2
15.6
19.5
17.2
4134

274
138
13.9
112
0.524
0.0336
35.8


Pickup
L4
1984
405
0.198
19.8
15.3
19.4
16.9
4115

269
135
14.0
111
0.521
0.0328
34.9


Pickup
L4
1985
465
0.224
20.5
15.7
20.2
17.5
3914

244
131
13.8
111
0.558
0.0336
34.2


Pickup
L4
1986
564
0.223
20.2
15.6
19.6
17.2
3966

248
140
13.2
114
0.593
0.0355
34.1


EPA-420-R-10-023
1-95
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \l<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Pickup
L3
1989




100.0%







Pickup
L3
1990




100.0%







Pickup
L3
1991




100.0%







Pickup
L3
1992



100.0%








Pickup
L3
1993



100.0%








Pickup
L3
1994












Pickup
L3
1995












Pickup
L3
1996












Pickup
L3
1997












Pickup
L3
1998












Pickup
L3
1999












Pickup
L3
2000












Pickup
L3
2001












Pickup
L3
2002












Pickup
L3
2003












Pickup
L3
2004












Pickup
L3
2005












Pickup
L3
2006












Pickup
L3
2007












Pickup
L3
2008












Pickup
L3
2009












Pickup
L3
2010












Pickup
L4
1975












Pickup
L4
1976












Pickup
L4
1977












Pickup
L4
1978












Pickup
L4
1979












Pickup
L4
1980












Pickup
L4
1981












Pickup
L4
1982

19.3%



42.0%






Pickup
L4
1983

20.1%



8.3%






Pickup
L4
1984

23.3%



5.0%






Pickup
L4
1985

29.6%

20.0%
4.9%
2.3%






Pickup
L4
1986

31.8%

46.6%
22.2%
1.1%






EPA-420-R-10-023
1-96
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
L4
1987
485
0.226
20.5
15.6
20.1
17.4
3855

240
149
12.5
118
0.645
0.0384
33.5


Pickup
L4
1988
855
0.348
19.6
14.8
19.1
16.6
4092

279
164
12.1
121
0.606
0.0400
33.9


Pickup
L4
1989
886
0.397
19.4
14.7
18.7
16.4
4108

284
167
12.0
122
0.599
0.0406
33.6


Pickup
L4
1990
890
0.485
19.1
14.3
18.5
16.0
4266

290
170
12.2
121
0.601
0.0400
34.2


Pickup
L4
1991
877
0.457
19.6
14.6
18.9
16.4
4139

282
167
12.0
121
0.607
0.0405
34.1


Pickup
L4
1992
954
0.518
19.1
14.1
18.5
15.9
4307

288
168
12.3
120
0.594
0.0392
34.4


Pickup
L4
1993
1103
0.551
19.3
14.2
18.6
16.1
4337

287
176
11.9
122
0.622
0.0406
35.0


Pickup
L4
1994
1575
0.590
19.3
14.1
18.5
16.0
4342

290
184
11.5
125
0.648
0.0424
34.9


Pickup
L4
1995
1350
0.595
18.7
13.6
17.8
15.5
4458

296
186
11.6
124
0.642
0.0417
34.6


Pickup
L4
1996
1251
0.640
19.2
13.9
18.3
15.9
4459

288
199
11.1
128
0.702
0.0444
35.5


Pickup
L4
1997
1749
0.726
19.3
13.8
18.4
15.9
4649

291
213
10.8
131
0.740
0.0457
37.0


Pickup
L4
1998
1660
0.687
19.4
13.8
18.5
16.0
4534

282
208
10.8
130
0.749
0.0456
36.2


Pickup
L4
1999
2008
0.789
19.2
13.7
18.0
15.7
4675

286
218
10.7
132
0.768
0.0464
36.6


Pickup
L4
2000
2097
0.803
19.9
14.2
18.5
16.2
4472

270
214
10.6
132
0.798
0.0473
36.2


Pickup
L4
2001
1982
0.787
19.0
13.5
17.7
15.5
4741

287
229
10.4
134
0.803
0.0481
36.7


Pickup
L4
2002
1903
0.799
18.9
13.4
17.4
15.3
4887

288
240
10.2
136
0.834
0.0490
37.4


Pickup
L4
2003
1674
0.677
19.6
13.8
17.9
15.8
4750

277
234
10.3
136
0.845
0.0488
37.5


Pickup
L4
2004
1771
0.707
19.5
13.7
17.7
15.7
5083

291
256
10.0
139
0.880
0.0503
39.8


Pickup
L4
2005
1398
0.608
19.7
13.6
18.1
15.8
5167

293
264
9.9
141
0.905
0.0512
40.8


Pickup
L4
2006
1299
0.594
19.8
13.7
18.1
15.9
5159

291
261
10.0
140
0.901
0.0506
40.9


Pickup
L4
2007
1298
0.614
19.9
13.7
18.4
16.0
5286

296
269
9.9
141
0.909
0.0507
42.4


Pickup
L4
2008
1056
0.589
20.4
13.9
18.9
16.4
5299

294
268
10.0
140
0.910
0.0504
43.4


Pickup
L4
2009
343
0.347
21.2
14.6
19.4
17.0
5119

281
261
9.9
140
0.929
0.0508
43.4


Pickup
L4
2010
302
0.175
21.7
14.9
19.9
17.4
4861

259
241
10.2
137
0.933
0.0496
42.2


Pickup
L5
1975

















Pickup
L5
1976

















Pickup
L5
1977

















Pickup
L5
1978

















Pickup
L5
1979

















Pickup
L5
1980

















Pickup
L5
1981

















Pickup
L5
1982

















Pickup
L5
1983

















Pickup
L5
1984

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-97
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
dik 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Pickup
L4
1987
0.1%
28.0%

28.5%
65.7%
0.5%






Pickup
L4
1988
0.0%
31.9%

26.6%
71.8%
0.5%






Pickup
L4
1989

30.2%

24.9%
73.3%
0.4%






Pickup
L4
1990

29.7%

44.8%
53.9%
0.3%






Pickup
L4
1991

27.6%

38.5%
60.5%
0.3%






Pickup
L4
1992

28.5%

52.5%
46.9%
0.2%






Pickup
L4
1993
0.0%
29.8%

51.6%
48.1%







Pickup
L4
1994

32.5%

56.6%
43.4%

98.8%
1.2%




Pickup
L4
1995

39.8%

59.5%
40.5%

97.0%

3.0%



Pickup
L4
1996

34.1%

99.7%

0.3%
94.7%
1.6%
3.7%



Pickup
L4
1997

39.8%

99.9%

0.1%
97.2%
1.5%
1.3%



Pickup
L4
1998

38.5%

99.9%

0.1%
95.9%

4.1%



Pickup
L4
1999

48.6%

100.0%

0.0%
96.0%

4.0%



Pickup
L4
2000

40.7%

100.0%


89.8%

10.2%



Pickup
L4
2001

41.3%

100.0%


90.0%

10.0%



Pickup
L4
2002

44.4%

100.0%


85.5%

14.5%



Pickup
L4
2003

42.1%

100.0%


86.6%

13.4%



Pickup
L4
2004

48.7%

100.0%


61.4%
20.2%
18.4%

26.1%
0.0%
Pickup
L4
2005

48.6%

100.0%


63.9%
23.0%
13.0%

35.6%
0.1%
Pickup
L4
2006

45.5%

100.0%


63.1%
25.0%
11.9%

36.5%
0.2%
Pickup
L4
2007

44.2%

100.0%


76.0%
19.1%
4.8%

31.7%
0.0%
Pickup
L4
2008

47.0%

100.0%


76.6%
18.2%
5.2%

28.0%

Pickup
L4
2009

41.5%

100.0%


84.1%

15.9%

16.0%

Pickup
L4
2010

25.1%

100.0%


78.8%

21.2%

47.8%

Pickup
L5
1975












Pickup
L5
1976












Pickup
L5
1977












Pickup
L5
1978












Pickup
L5
1979












Pickup
L5
1980












Pickup
L5
1981












Pickup
L5
1982












Pickup
L5
1983












Pickup
L5
1984












EPA-420-R-10-023
1-98
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ llll.lc
1 % |tc
1 I'JIIMIIINMiill
1 % |tl-
MODI I
*1 1 \\<
I'koi)
(0011)
I k \(
m i i ko\o\n
WCII 1
1 It
\ <>l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
L5
1985

















Pickup
L5
1986

















Pickup
L5
1987

















Pickup
L5
1988

















Pickup
L5
1989

















Pickup
L5
1990

















Pickup
L5
1991

















Pickup
L5
1992

















Pickup
L5
1993

















Pickup
L5
1994

















Pickup
L5
1995

















Pickup
L5
1996

















Pickup
L5
1997
51
0.021
21.1
15.1
20.0
17.3
3974

244
160
11.8
121
0.656
0.0403
34.4


Pickup
L5
1998
58
0.024
21.1
15.2
19.6
17.2
3843

244
160
11.5
122
0.656
0.0418
33.1


Pickup
L5
1999
67
0.026
20.5
14.7
18.9
16.7
3949

244
160
11.8
121
0.656
0.0406
32.9


Pickup
L5
2000
60
0.023
20.0
14.3
18.4
16.3
3948

244
160
11.8
121
0.656
0.0406
32.1


Pickup
L5
2001
213
0.085
21.0
14.9
19.4
17.0
3834

207
173
11.0
126
0.831
0.0449
32.7


Pickup
L5
2002
230
0.097
21.1
14.8
19.4
17.0
3882

205
171
11.2
125
0.835
0.0439
33.1


Pickup
L5
2003
522
0.211
19.4
13.6
17.8
15.7
4695

262
218
10.8
132
0.834
0.0462
36.7


Pickup
L5
2004
537
0.214
18.6
13.0
17.2
15.1
4846

280
253
10.0
140
0.890
0.0514
36.4


Pickup
L5
2005
771
0.335
19.3
13.4
17.7
15.5
4810

279
261
9.5
143
0.934
0.0541
37.3


Pickup
L5
2006
754
0.345
20.2
14.0
18.4
16.2
4783

268
257
9.5
142
0.962
0.0536
38.6


Pickup
L5
2007
575
0.272
20.2
13.9
18.6
16.2
4835

265
254
9.7
141
0.963
0.0524
39.1


Pickup
L5
2008
521
0.290
20.8
14.4
19.0
16.7
4845

267
277
9.3
147
1.029
0.0563
40.8


Pickup
L5
2009
277
0.280
21.2
14.5
19.5
17.0
4835

268
269
9.3
145
1.005
0.0550
40.9


Pickup
L5
2010
394
0.228
21.1
14.4
19.5
16.9
4731

274
286
8.9
151
1.037
0.0599
40.0


Pickup
L6
1975

















Pickup
L6
1976

















Pickup
L6
1977

















Pickup
L6
1978

















Pickup
L6
1979

















Pickup
L6
1980

















Pickup
L6
1981

















Pickup
L6
1982

















EPA-420-R-10-023
1-99
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
l-oi k
1- IN 1
Pickup
L5
1985












Pickup
L5
1986












Pickup
L5
1987












Pickup
L5
1988












Pickup
L5
1989












Pickup
L5
1990












Pickup
L5
1991












Pickup
L5
1992












Pickup
L5
1993












Pickup
L5
1994












Pickup
L5
1995












Pickup
L5
1996












Pickup
L5
1997

42.2%

100.0%


100.0%





Pickup
L5
1998

58.9%

100.0%


100.0%





Pickup
L5
1999

69.3%

100.0%


100.0%





Pickup
L5
2000

71.5%

100.0%


100.0%





Pickup
L5
2001

36.7%

100.0%


95.6%

4.4%



Pickup
L5
2002

40.0%

100.0%


91.2%

8.8%



Pickup
L5
2003

38.3%

100.0%


96.1%

3.9%



Pickup
L5
2004

44.6%

100.0%


97.1%

2.9%



Pickup
L5
2005

45.7%

100.0%


54.5%

45.5%

43.3%

Pickup
L5
2006

48.9%

100.0%


33.1%

66.9%

65.0%

Pickup
L5
2007

47.8%

100.0%


42.9%

57.1%

41.3%

Pickup
L5
2008

46.0%

100.0%


41.3%

58.7%

38.8%

Pickup
L5
2009

51.6%

100.0%


45.5%

54.5%

53.4%

Pickup
L5
2010

43.3%

100.0%


50.6%

49.4%

77.2%

Pickup
L6
1975












Pickup
L6
1976












Pickup
L6
1977












Pickup
L6
1978












Pickup
L6
1979












Pickup
L6
1980












Pickup
L6
1981












Pickup
L6
1982












EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 100
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
L6
1983

















Pickup
L6
1984

















Pickup
L6
1985

















Pickup
L6
1986

















Pickup
L6
1987

















Pickup
L6
1988

















Pickup
L6
1989

















Pickup
L6
1990

















Pickup
L6
1991

















Pickup
L6
1992

















Pickup
L6
1993

















Pickup
L6
1994

















Pickup
L6
1995

















Pickup
L6
1996

















Pickup
L6
1997

















Pickup
L6
1998

















Pickup
L6
1999

















Pickup
L6
2000

















Pickup
L6
2001

















Pickup
L6
2002

















Pickup
L6
2003

















Pickup
L6
2004

















Pickup
L6
2005

















Pickup
L6
2006

















Pickup
L6
2007
147
0.069
19.2
13.2
17.9
15.5
5752

339
372
8.1
163
1.094
0.0646
44.6


Pickup
L6
2008
145
0.081
18.9
13.0
17.6
15.2
5848

346
379
8.1
164
1.096
0.0648
44.6


Pickup
L6
2009
327
0.330
20.2
13.7
19.1
16.4
5676

322
316
9.1
150
0.984
0.0558
46.4


Pickup
L6
2010
957
0.555
20.6
14.0
19.3
16.6
5642

323
323
9.0
152
0.998
0.0573
46.9


Pickup
M3
1975

















Pickup
M3
1976

















Pickup
M3
1977

















Pickup
M3
1978

















Pickup
M3
1979
230
0.104
17.7
14.4
16.0
15.1
4181

272
127
14.6
108
0.469
0.0304
31.7


Pickup
M3
1980
267
0.186
17.5
13.9
16.1
14.8
4282

293
135
14.2
110
0.464
0.0315
32.1


EPA-420-R-10-023
I- 101
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ m\ I I \< \i\
M I I. Ml I l kl\(,
\l Mill- \< Ml- \ \l \ I S
\ \ 1
in HkiD
I ko\ I
4\M)
(.1)1
l'(>k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Pickup
L6
1983












Pickup
L6
1984












Pickup
L6
1985












Pickup
L6
1986












Pickup
L6
1987












Pickup
L6
1988












Pickup
L6
1989












Pickup
L6
1990












Pickup
L6
1991












Pickup
L6
1992












Pickup
L6
1993












Pickup
L6
1994












Pickup
L6
1995












Pickup
L6
1996












Pickup
L6
1997












Pickup
L6
1998












Pickup
L6
1999












Pickup
L6
2000












Pickup
L6
2001












Pickup
L6
2002












Pickup
L6
2003












Pickup
L6
2004












Pickup
L6
2005












Pickup
L6
2006












Pickup
L6
2007

56.4%

100.0%


2.1%
11.0%
86.9%

86.9%

Pickup
L6
2008

63.4%

100.0%


5.8%
3.6%
90.6%

96.4%

Pickup
L6
2009

59.8%

100.0%


46.3%
49.7%
4.0%

38.7%

Pickup
L6
2010

55.5%

100.0%


35.1%
37.5%
27.4%

86.6%

Pickup
M3
1975












Pickup
M3
1976












Pickup
M3
1977












Pickup
M3
1978












Pickup
M3
1979

9.7%










Pickup
M3
1980

32.2%



0.0%






EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 102
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
M3
1981
221
0.154
19.2
15.3
17.7
16.3
4126

285
127
14.4
109
0.449
0.0308
33.9


Pickup
M3
1982
151
0.105
18.7
15.0
17.2
15.9
4146

289
128
14.4
109
0.445
0.0310
33.3


Pickup
M3
1983
125
0.077
18.9
15.1
17.3
16.0
4269

296
129
14.6
108
0.438
0.0304
34.5


Pickup
M3
1984
87
0.042
19.6
15.6
18.3
16.7
4259

289
129
14.7
108
0.445
0.0302
35.7


Pickup
M3
1985
165
0.079
18.2
14.7
16.6
15.5
4352

302
141
13.8
112
0.469
0.0325
34.1


Pickup
M3
1986
170
0.067
18.5
14.8
16.7
15.6
4329

299
137
14.2
110
0.459
0.0316
34.0


Pickup
M3
1987
120
0.056
17.7
14.2
15.9
14.9
4454

303
155
13.1
115
0.512
0.0350
33.4


Pickup
M3
1988
67
0.027
17.9
14.2
16.1
15.1
4462

311
164
12.6
118
0.527
0.0368
33.7


Pickup
M3
1989
72
0.032
17.7
14.0
15.8
14.8
4559

307
157
13.3
115
0.511
0.0345
34.1


Pickup
M3
1990
27
0.015
16.6
12.9
15.2
13.9
4671

316
169
12.8
118
0.534
0.0362
33.0


Pickup
M3
1991
14
0.007
16.8
13.1
15.2
14.0
4644

314
171
12.6
118
0.545
0.0369
33.1


Pickup
M3
1992
5
0.003
18.1
14.3
15.7
15.0
4556

301
150
13.6
113
0.499
0.0330
34.1


Pickup
M3
1993
3
0.002
18.7
14.7
16.2
15.4
4555

300
159
13.1
115
0.528
0.0349
35.2


Pickup
M3
1994

















Pickup
M3
1995

















Pickup
M3
1996

















Pickup
M3
1997

















Pickup
M3
1998

















Pickup
M3
1999

















Pickup
M3
2000

















Pickup
M3
2001

















Pickup
M3
2002

















Pickup
M3
2003

















Pickup
M3
2004

















Pickup
M3
2005

















Pickup
M3
2006

















Pickup
M3
2007

















Pickup
M3
2008

















Pickup
M3
2009

















Pickup
M3
2010

















Pickup
M4
1975

















Pickup
M4
1976

















Pickup
M4
1977

















Pickup
M4
1978

















EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 103
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
1 llkl 1
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Pickup
M3
1981

24.9%










Pickup
M3
1982

32.5%










Pickup
M3
1983

41.8%










Pickup
M3
1984

23.3%



1.3%






Pickup
M3
1985

54.3%

5.2%

0.6%






Pickup
M3
1986

51.0%

17.9%

0.4%






Pickup
M3
1987

54.8%

71.4%
22.2%
0.2%






Pickup
M3
1988

49.2%

55.1%
42.4%
1.0%






Pickup
M3
1989

55.8%

74.8%
24.6%
0.6%






Pickup
M3
1990

67.4%

42.1%
56.6%
1.3%






Pickup
M3
1991

62.1%

44.1%
54.1%
1.8%






Pickup
M3
1992

55.3%

100.0%








Pickup
M3
1993

56.4%

100.0%








Pickup
M3
1994












Pickup
M3
1995












Pickup
M3
1996












Pickup
M3
1997












Pickup
M3
1998












Pickup
M3
1999












Pickup
M3
2000












Pickup
M3
2001












Pickup
M3
2002












Pickup
M3
2003












Pickup
M3
2004












Pickup
M3
2005












Pickup
M3
2006












Pickup
M3
2007












Pickup
M3
2008












Pickup
M3
2009












Pickup
M3
2010












Pickup
M4
1975












Pickup
M4
1976












Pickup
M4
1977












Pickup
M4
1978












EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 104
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
M4
1979
527
0.239
17.8
14.5
16.5
15.4
3692

220
118
14.3
108
0.592
0.0314
28.8


Pickup
M4
1980
378
0.263
23.2
18.3
21.7
19.7
3104

156
92
14.9
104
0.644
0.0297
31.0


Pickup
M4
1981
356
0.247
24.6
19.4
23.2
20.9
3254

191
98
14.8
105
0.567
0.0300
34.2


Pickup
M4
1982
327
0.227
25.5
20.1
24.2
21.7
3166

181
101
14.0
107
0.601
0.0322
34.5


Pickup
M4
1983
409
0.251
26.5
20.9
24.9
22.5
3035

159
93
14.6
104
0.606
0.0306
34.4


Pickup
M4
1984
460
0.225
22.9
18.1
21.5
19.5
3412

193
101
14.9
105
0.564
0.0298
33.7


Pickup
M4
1985
316
0.152
26.4
20.7
25.2
22.5
3135

181
102
13.8
107
0.606
0.0327
35.5


Pickup
M4
1986
295
0.116
26.6
20.8
25.1
22.6
3206

181
104
13.8
108
0.617
0.0328
36.4


Pickup
M4
1987
276
0.129
26.1
20.3
24.6
22.1
3235

182
109
13.5
109
0.629
0.0338
35.9


Pickup
M4
1988
110
0.045
26.2
20.8
23.5
22.0
2947

146
106
12.7
111
0.723
0.0361
32.4


Pickup
M4
1989
57
0.026
25.6
20.2
22.9
21.4
2955

157
107
12.6
111
0.698
0.0365
31.4


Pickup
M4
1990
51
0.028
26.0
20.2
23.4
21.6
2988

156
110
12.5
112
0.721
0.0371
32.3


Pickup
M4
1991
5
0.003
20.3
15.4
19.0
16.9
4271

249
143
13.6
113
0.606
0.0338
35.9


Pickup
M4
1992
45
0.024
18.9
14.0
18.4
15.9
4312

279
161
12.6
118
0.576
0.0372
34.3


Pickup
M4
1993
24
0.012
17.7
13.2
16.7
14.7
4813

313
190
12.0
123
0.606
0.0394
35.7


Pickup
M4
1994
18
0.007
17.4
13.0
16.2
14.4
4947

326
198
11.8
124
0.609
0.0400
36.0


Pickup
M4
1995
11
0.005
17.6
13.0
16.6
14.6
4961

331
199
11.7
124
0.604
0.0401
36.3


Pickup
M4
1996

















Pickup
M4
1997

















Pickup
M4
1998

















Pickup
M4
1999

















Pickup
M4
2000

















Pickup
M4
2001

















Pickup
M4
2002

















Pickup
M4
2003

















Pickup
M4
2004

















Pickup
M4
2005

















Pickup
M4
2006

















Pickup
M4
2007

















Pickup
M4
2008

















Pickup
M4
2009

















Pickup
M4
2010

















Pickup
M5
1975

















Pickup
M5
1976

















EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 105
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
iiiki i
i-oi k
1- IN 1
Pickup
M4
1979

29.9%



0.1%






Pickup
M4
1980
5.5%
28.8%


3.1%
2.5%






Pickup
M4
1981
4.8%
22.7%


1.4%
4.9%






Pickup
M4
1982
4.8%
15.9%


0.4%
5.7%






Pickup
M4
1983
1.1%
16.7%


0.1%
3.5%






Pickup
M4
1984
0.4%
27.0%



1.9%






Pickup
M4
1985

10.1%

2.5%
18.1%
0.7%






Pickup
M4
1986

9.0%

4.6%
30.7%
0.5%






Pickup
M4
1987

7.3%

22.3%
41.7%
0.2%






Pickup
M4
1988

0.8%

3.2%
38.5%







Pickup
M4
1989

6.6%

6.2%
13.0%







Pickup
M4
1990

5.5%

33.5%
4.9%







Pickup
M4
1991

59.6%

65.9%
16.6%
0.1%






Pickup
M4
1992

46.1%

57.2%
42.1%
0.8%






Pickup
M4
1993

67.6%

19.7%
80.3%







Pickup
M4
1994

74.7%

11.4%
88.6%

100.0%





Pickup
M4
1995

68.9%

11.3%
88.7%

100.0%





Pickup
M4
1996












Pickup
M4
1997












Pickup
M4
1998












Pickup
M4
1999












Pickup
M4
2000












Pickup
M4
2001












Pickup
M4
2002












Pickup
M4
2003












Pickup
M4
2004












Pickup
M4
2005












Pickup
M4
2006












Pickup
M4
2007












Pickup
M4
2008












Pickup
M4
2009












Pickup
M4
2010












Pickup
M5
1975












Pickup
M5
1976












EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 106
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ l
(1 II
1 \CI\I
II (ill
1 IMI
lor
SI'I)
III'
(II)
III'
W 1
|o\
M1'(
(1 II
M1'(
(1 II
ION M1'(
1. \ 14
55 45
\l).l
(in
\l).l
IIW
\l).l
( <>\ir
(II)
III'
Pickup
M5
1977

















Pickup
M5
1978

















Pickup
M5
1979
124
0.056
22.7
17.5
22.1
19.4
2811

132
89
14.2
105
0.675
0.0318
27.8


Pickup
M5
1980
200
0.139
25.5
20.0
24.2
21.7
2788

129
91
13.9
106
0.704
0.0326
30.6


Pickup
M5
1981
254
0.176
28.7
22.7
26.9
24.4
2868

134
85
15.2
103
0.632
0.0298
35.8


Pickup
M5
1982
298
0.207
28.0
22.2
26.1
23.8
2955

139
88
15.1
103
0.634
0.0300
35.9


Pickup
M5
1983
383
0.235
27.0
21.2
25.6
23.0
3059

144
94
14.5
105
0.659
0.0310
35.6


Pickup
M5
1984
575
0.281
26.8
21.1
25.4
22.8
3069

141
92
14.8
104
0.657
0.0302
35.4


Pickup
M5
1985
590
0.284
26.3
20.8
24.8
22.4
3109

146
100
14.0
107
0.682
0.0321
35.1


Pickup
M5
1986
1013
0.400
26.1
20.4
24.6
22.1
3133

143
101
14.0
107
0.705
0.0323
34.8


Pickup
M5
1987
859
0.400
26.1
20.2
24.7
22.1
3127

147
103
13.9
108
0.697
0.0329
34.6


Pickup
M5
1988
1076
0.438
24.6
18.9
23.4
20.7
3383

181
116
13.6
110
0.658
0.0339
35.3


Pickup
M5
1989
1041
0.466
23.8
18.1
22.4
19.9
3495

189
122
13.2
112
0.674
0.0349
35.0


Pickup
M5
1990
763
0.416
23.7
18.0
22.3
19.9
3541

193
130
12.7
114
0.708
0.0368
35.4


Pickup
M5
1991
983
0.512
24.4
18.4
23.0
20.4
3439

186
127
12.7
114
0.707
0.0368
35.2


Pickup
M5
1992
816
0.444
23.8
17.8
22.4
19.8
3585

193
130
12.8
114
0.704
0.0364
35.6


Pickup
M5
1993
852
0.426
24.1
17.8
22.7
20.0
3548

188
131
12.6
114
0.723
0.0370
35.5


Pickup
M5
1994
1051
0.394
24.3
18.0
22.6
20.0
3639

186
133
12.8
114
0.745
0.0367
36.7


Pickup
M5
1995
889
0.391
23.7
17.4
22.1
19.5
3781

197
139
12.6
115
0.752
0.0371
37.3


Pickup
M5
1996
677
0.346
24.4
17.7
22.7
20.0
3739

188
142
12.4
116
0.794
0.0380
37.7


Pickup
M5
1997
608
0.253
24.7
17.9
22.8
20.2
3778

189
149
12.1
118
0.809
0.0392
38.4


Pickup
M5
1998
660
0.273
24.4
17.6
22.5
19.9
3759

184
150
12.0
119
0.834
0.0397
37.8


Pickup
M5
1999
446
0.175
23.7
16.9
21.8
19.2
3800

192
156
11.7
120
0.822
0.0407
36.9


Pickup
M5
2000
435
0.167
23.5
16.8
21.2
18.9
3823

192
160
11.6
121
0.841
0.0415
36.5


Pickup
M5
2001
303
0.120
22.9
16.4
20.7
18.5
3909

199
164
11.5
122
0.844
0.0418
36.3


Pickup
M5
2002
227
0.095
22.7
16.1
20.4
18.2
3991

206
176
11.0
125
0.868
0.0439
36.6


Pickup
M5
2003
256
0.103
23.4
16.4
21.1
18.7
3946

195
168
11.4
123
0.878
0.0423
37.2


Pickup
M5
2004
172
0.068
22.9
16.0
20.6
18.3
3979

200
177
10.9
126
0.900
0.0445
36.6


Pickup
M5
2005
94
0.041
24.0
16.4
21.7
19.1
4005

194
176
11.0
125
0.928
0.0440
38.4


Pickup
M5
2006
96
0.044
24.4
16.7
22.2
19.5
4017

190
173
11.1
124
0.933
0.0432
39.2


Pickup
M5
2007
67
0.031
25.0
17.2
22.4
19.8
3991

187
171
11.1
124
0.939
0.0431
39.7


Pickup
M5
2008
50
0.028
25.6
17.7
22.8
20.3
3872

179
168
11.1
124
0.954
0.0433
39.5


Pickup
M5
2009
34
0.034
27.2
18.9
23.8
21.4
3810

164
161
11.3
123
0.986
0.0424
41.0


Pickup
M5
2010
52
0.030
27.2
18.8
24.0
21.4
3809

165
163
11.2
123
0.992
0.0430
41.0


EPA-420-R-10-023
I - 107
November 2010

-------
oUA	Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Envirowncnt#! PcalBcl'twi
Agency
\ k 1
1 Itl
DM
1 WO
I llkl I
I'OI k
1- IN 1
Pickup
M5
1977












Pickup
M5
1978












Pickup
M5
1979












Pickup
M5
1980
2.1%
3.8%


0.8%
1.3%






Pickup
M5
1981
6.5%
19.5%


1.7%
25.0%






Pickup
M5
1982
3.0%
27.1%


0.7%
22.3%






Pickup
M5
1983
3.3%
31.0%


0.1%
7.4%






Pickup
M5
1984
1.2%
30.0%

2.6%

4.1%






Pickup
M5
1985

35.2%

18.8%
1.3%
1.9%






Pickup
M5
1986

28.7%

19.1%
21.9%
0.8%






Pickup
M5
1987

28.2%

22.9%
20.5%
0.4%






Pickup
M5
1988

29.1%

45.1%
27.6%







Pickup
M5
1989

28.2%

48.9%
36.6%







Pickup
M5
1990

27.4%

68.3%
22.5%







Pickup
M5
1991

21.8%

56.6%
37.9%







Pickup
M5
1992

23.0%

63.3%
29.9%







Pickup
M5
1993

24.2%

73.9%
21.6%







Pickup
M5
1994

24.5%

89.1%
9.0%

96.1%
3.7%
0.2%



Pickup
M5
1995

23.0%

84.8%
15.2%

92.0%

8.0%



Pickup
M5
1996

21.5%

100.0%


75.5%
10.1%
14.5%



Pickup
M5
1997

19.2%

100.0%


81.6%
17.1%
1.3%



Pickup
M5
1998

25.3%

100.0%


74.9%

25.1%



Pickup
M5
1999

29.4%

100.0%


79.6%

20.4%



Pickup
M5
2000

24.6%

100.0%


77.7%

22.3%



Pickup
M5
2001

25.9%

100.0%


69.2%

30.8%



Pickup
M5
2002

31.1%

100.0%


52.8%

47.2%



Pickup
M5
2003

28.0%

100.0%


64.5%

35.5%



Pickup
M5
2004

34.3%

100.0%


50.5%

49.5%

5.7%

Pickup
M5
2005

26.1%

100.0%


39.0%

61.0%

43.7%

Pickup
M5
2006

23.6%

100.0%


32.9%

67.1%

53.2%

Pickup
M5
2007

19.7%

100.0%


31.0%

69.0%

86.2%

Pickup
M5
2008

25.6%

100.0%


24.0%