Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel
Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012

United States
Environmental Protection
Mm. Agency

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Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

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Table of Contents
Page
I.	Executive Summary	i
II.	Introduction	1
III.	Fuel Economy Trends	6
IV.	Carbon Dioxide Emissions Trends	19
V.	Fuel Economy Trends by Vehicle Type, Size, and Weight	33
VI.	Fuel Economy Powertrain Technology Trends	49
VII.	Fuel Economy by Manufacturer and Make	81
VIII.	Alternative Fuel Vehicle Trends	90
IX.	References	101

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Table of Contents, continued
Appendices
APPENDIX A — Database Details and Calculation Methods
APPENDIX B — Model Year 2012 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
APPENDIX C — Fuel Economy Distribution Data
APPENDIX D — Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
APPENDIX E — Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
APPENDIX F — Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
APPENDIX G — Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
APPENDIX H — Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
APPENDIX I — Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission Type
APPENDIX J — Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Cylinder Count
APPENDIX K — Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type, Engine Type and
Valves Per Cylinder
APPENDIX L — Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Manufacturer
APPENDIX M — Fuel Economy by Manufacturer, Vehicle Type and Weight Class
APPENDIX N — Fuel Economy and Ton-MPG by Manufacturer, Vehicle Type and Size
APPENDIX O — MY 2012 Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type, Weight and Manufacturer
APPENDIX P — Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Manufacturer and Vehicle Type

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I. Executive Summary
Introduction
This report summarizes key trends in carbon dioxide (C02) emissions, fuel economy, and C02- and fuel
economy-related technology for gasoline- and diesel-fiieled personal vehicles sold in the United States, from model
years (MY) 1975 through 2012. Personal vehicles are those vehicles that EPA classifies as cars, light-duty trucks, or
medium-duty passenger vehicles. The data in this report cover the MY 1975-2012 timeframe, supersede the data in
previous reports in this series, and, for many important reasons, should not be compared with data from previous
years' editions of this report. Most C02 emissions and fuel economy values in this report have been adjusted to
reflect "real world" consumer performance and therefore are not comparable to C02 emissions and fuel economy
standards.
C02 emissions rates and fuel economy values reflect a very favorable multi-year trend beginning in MY
2005. Data for MY 2011 are final, whereas data for MY 2012 are preliminary and based on projected vehicle
production values provided to EPA by manufacturers. The fleetwide average real world MY 2011 personal vehicle
C02 emissions value is 398 grams per mile (g/mi) and average fuel economy is 22.4 miles per gallon (mpg), both
slightly worse relative to MY 2010. Preliminary projections for MY 2012 are 374 g/mi C02 emissions and 23.8
miles per gallon, which, if realized, would represent one of the largest annual improvements since 1975.
One factor which almost certainly contributes to both the apparent slight worsening in MY 2011 and the large
projected improvement in MY 2012 is the reduction in MY 2011 car and car parts production in Japan in the
aftermath of the March 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disasters. While it is impossible to project the precise
impact, EPA estimates that the fleetwide average MY 2011 C02 emissions and fuel economy values would likely
have been similar to or slightly better than MY 2010 levels if car production from major Japan-based manufacturers
had not been constrained by the tragedies. Likewise, the improvement projected for MY 2012 would be somewhat
smaller.
For more discussion of the key conclusions of this report, see the Highlights below.
What's New This Year
One change to this year's report is the addition of Section VIII on Alternative Fuel Vehicle Trends. Previous
reports in this series have only included data for vehicles that are dedicated to or are expected to operate primarily on
petroleum fuels, i.e., gasoline and diesel, and the primary Trends database that is the subject of this report (with the
exception of Section VIII) continues to include data only from vehicles operated on petroleum fuels. Since 1975,
these vehicles have represented well over 99 percent of all light-duty vehicles sold in the U.S. But, the number of
vehicles dedicated to (or designed to operate frequently on) nonpetroleum fuels is increasing, and Section VIII
provides relevant data from electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and compressed natural gas vehicles.
For the first time, EPA presents data on technology penetration rates by individual manufacturers, to
complement the industry-wide data that have been included in the report for many years. For each manufacturer, data
are presented for the maximum increases in technology deployment over 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year intervals for five
"mature" technologies (fuel injection, lockup transmissions, front wheel drive, multi-valve engines, and variable
valve timing) and three emerging technologies (6-speed transmissions, continuously variable transmissions, and
gasoline direct injection engines). These new data are presented near the end of Section VI.
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Vehicle footprint data are of increasing interest, of course, because greenhouse gas emissions and corporate
average fuel economy (CAFE) standards are now footprint-based. This series of reports has included footprint data
since MY 2008, the first year that manufacturers could optionally comply with footprint-based light truck CAFE
standards. EPA received formal, comprehensive footprint data from all manufacturers, for the first time, in the final
CAFE compliance reports for MY 2011, the first year footprint-based CAFE standards became required for all
vehicles, and these data are included in this report. EPA will continue to receive, and report, formal footprint data
from manufacturers in future years as well. It is important to note that, while some of the footprint data that EPA
reports for MY 2008-2010 came from formal manufacturer submissions, EPA supplemented this with informal data
from manufacturer websites and commercial websites, and EPA cannot be certain that the data from MY 2008-2010
is comparable, with respect to both precision and consistency, to the formal footprint data from MY 2011 and future
years. For purposes of footprint trends over time, EPA has a higher level of confidence in data from MY 2011 and
future years, and a lower level of confidence in data from MY 2008-2010.
The one change to manufacturer definitions in this year's report is that, due to new corporate financial
relationships, Chrysler has been combined with Fiat, Ferrari, and Maserati to form the Chrysler-Fiat manufacturing
group. Consistent with this new manufacturer definition and the long-standing approach of propagating current
manufacturer definitions backwards in the historical database in order to protect the integrity of long-term trends, all
historical Chrysler data now reflect production for the U.S. market for Fiat, Ferrari, and Maserati as well.
Two important changes initiated in the 2011 report have been retained in this year's report: 1) all car/truck
classifications throughout the historical database are consistent with the regulatory definitions used by the
Department of Transportation's (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for CAFE
standards beginning in MY 2011, and by EPA and NHTSA for the greenhouse gas emissions and CAFE standards for
MY 2012-2025, and 2) medium-duty passenger vehicles (MDPVs), which include larger sport utility vehicles
(SUVs) and passenger vans, but not the largest pickup trucks, in the 8500-10,000 pound gross vehicle weight rating
(GVWR) range, are included beginning with MY 2011 data.
Finally, on November 2, 2012, EPA announced that Hyundai and Kia would lower their fuel economy
estimates for many vehicle models as the result of an EPA investigation of test data. Hyundai and Kia submitted
corrected MY 2011-2013 fuel economy and C02 emissions data to EPA and re-labeled the majority of their model
year 2012 and 2013 vehicle models on the market. The database for this report includes all Hyundai and Kia
vehicles, including the corrected fuel economy values submitted by Hyundai and Kia for four MY 2011 vehicles and
for a majority of Hyundai and Kia vehicles for MY 2012. The magnitude of the changes between the original fuel
economy label values and the corrected fuel economy label values ranges from 1 mpg to 6 mpg. For the changes in
fuel economy label values for individual vehicles, see http://www.epa.gov/fueleconomy/labelchange.htm. Since
EPA's investigation into Hyundai and Kia data submissions is continuing, Hyundai and Kia-specific values are
excluded from tables that list the fuel economy and C02 emissions performance for individual manufacturers, but are
generally provided in footnotes associated with the tables.
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Highlight #1: CO2 emission rates and fuel economy values reflect a very favorable multi-year trend,
beginning with MY 2005.
MY 2011 adjusted composite C02 emissions are 398 g/mi, a 4 g/mi increase relative to the record low set in
MY 2010. MY 2011 adjusted composite fuel economy is 22.4 mpg, 0.2 mpg lower than the historic high set in MY
2010. Preliminary MY 2012 values are 374 g/mi C02 emissions and 23.8 mpg fuel economy, which, if achieved, will
be amongst the largest single year improvements since 1975.
One factor which contributes to both the apparent slight worsening in MY 2011 and the large projected
improvement in MY 2012 is the reduction in MY 2011 car and car parts production in Japan in the aftermath of the
March 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disasters. For example, MY 2011 car production by Toyota and Honda
was over 500,000 units lower relative to MY 2010, while the rest of the industry, collectively, increased car
production in MY 2011. While it is impossible to project the precise industry-wide impact, since some of this lower
car production was likely captured by other manufacturers, EPA estimates that the fleetwide average MY 2011 C02
emissions and fuel economy values would likely have been similar to or slightly higher than MY 2010 levels if car
production from major Japan-based manufacturers had not been constrained by the tragedies. Likewise, the
improvement projected for MY 2012 would be somewhat less had the final MY 2011 fuel economy value been
greater.
While year-to-year changes often receive the most public attention, annual values can be volatile for many
reasons and the greatest value of the historical trends database is the identification and documentation of longer-term
trends. For example, there have been three major factors that have contributed to year-to-year volatility since 2009:
the economic recession in MY 2009; rising and volatile gasoline and diesel fuel prices; and the impact of the tsunami
aftermath on Japan-based manufacturers. Using a 5-year timeframe (2006 and 2007 are good base years since there
was little market volatility), C02 emission rates have decreased by 10 percent and fuel economy values have
increased by 11 percent from MY 2006-2011. Based on preliminary estimates, C02 emission rates have decreased by
13 percent and fuel economy values have increased by 16 percent from MY 2007-2012. The improvements have
been even greater since the "inflection point" year in 2004.
Adjusted CO2 Emissions
Adjusted Fuel Economy
Trucks
Trucks
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
CN
O

O

T5


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Highlight #2: Many new technologies are rapidly gaining market share.
New technologies are continually being introduced into the marketplace, replacing older and less effective
technologies. Technological innovation is a major driving force behind the recent improvements in C02 emissions
and fuel economy, and the majority of the carbon and oil savings from current vehicles is due to new gasoline vehicle
technologies.
Two engine technologies first introduced over 20 years ago—variable valve timing and multi-valve—are
projected to be used on 90 percent or more of all MY 2012 vehicles. Through the mid-1980s, most vehicles relied on
carburetors to deliver fuel to the engine. Carburetors were replaced by fuel injection systems in the late 1980s. Now,
in some vehicles, conventional fuel injection systems are being replaced by more sophisticated gasoline direct
injection systems, the use of which has grown from essentially zero in MY 2007 to a projected 24 percent of the
market in MY 2012. The use of turbochargers/superchargers has tripled from about 3 percent in MY 2007 to a
projected 9 percent in MY 2012, while the use of cylinder deactivation has remained in the 8-9 percent range. Both
conventional hybrids and diesel vehicles have increased market share slightly since MY 2007.
Light Duty Vehicle Technology Penetration Share
100%
90%
80%
70%
a
flj
-C
CO
|i 60%
flj
OJ
o_
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Variable Multi-Valve
Valve	Engine
Timing
I
Gasoline
Direct
Injection
I MY 2007
I MY 2012
Turbocharged Cylinder
or Deactivation
Supercharged
Hybrid
Diesel
6 Speed Continuously 7+Speed
Transmission Variable Transmission
Transmission
Recent changes in transmission technology adoption are particularly noteworthy. Through 2005, the 4 speed
transmission was the dominant automatic transmission. Transmissions with 6 or more speeds and continuously
variable transmissions cumulatively accounted for about 25% of vehicle production in MY 2007, but are projected to
reach 75% market share in MY 2012.
See Section VI for more detailed data on technology trends in general, as well as for new data on the
maximum technology penetration rates for individual manufacturers.
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Highlight #3: Consumers have an increasing number of high fuel economy/low CO2 vehicle choices.
The U.S. personal vehicle market is diversifying, and consumers now have a much broader range of vehicle
choices with respect to fuel economy/C02 emissions performance and powertrain technology. The number of SUV,
pickup, minivan, and van models that have combined EPA label values of 20 mpg or more have increased by 71%,
from 38 in 2007 to 65 in 2012. There are almost 3 times more SUVs with combined labels of 25 mpg or more and 6
times more cars with ratings of 30 mpg or more. The number of cars with 40 mpg (or higher) labels have increased
from 2 in 2007 to 15 in 2012.
SUVs, Pickups, Minivans, and
Vans >=20 MPG
There are also many more advanced technology vehicle choices. In MY 2007, the only advanced technology
for which there were meaningful choices was conventional hybrids (and, to a lesser degree, diesel vehicles). Today,
not only are there about twice as many conventional hybrids and diesels in the market, but growing numbers of
electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, natural gas vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles as well. Some of these
alternative fueled vehicles have limited consumer availability. For example, the two fuel cell vehicles are only
available to some consumers in selected California markets.
Hybrid vehicles
Diesel vehicles
Electric vehicles Plug-in hybrid electric Compressed natural Fuel cell vehicles
vehicles	gas vehicles
For this analysis, the authors used engineering judgment to differentiate between those configurations that are
generally marketed and perceived by consumers to be the same model (e.g., 2WD/4WD, different engine sizes and/or
pickup truck wheelbases, and different trim levels were treated as one model) versus those configurations that are
generally marketed and perceived by consumers to be unique vehicle choices (e.g., vehicles which are marketed
separately and have distinct vehicle sizes such as the Prius, Prius v, and Prius c). This same approach was used for
both MY 2007 and MY 2012. All fuel economy values in this highlight are consistent with label values and
classifications. For more detail on this analysis, see the brochure and technical support memorandum at
http://www.epa.gov/nvfel/showcase.htm. See fueleconomy.gov for formal EPA label values for individual vehicles.
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Highlight #4: Manufacturers are selling many vehicles today that can meet future CO2 emission
targets.
EPA evaluated MY 2012 vehicles against future footprint-based C02 emission targets to determine which
vehicles could meet or exceed the targets in model years 2016-2025, based on current powertrain designs and
assuming improvements in air conditioner refrigerants and efficiency. It is important to note there are no C02
emissions standards for individual vehicles. Rather, manufacturers are subject to corporate average standards for
both their passenger car and light truck fleets. The standards are derived from the footprint-based C02 emissions
target curves, and the production volume-weighted distribution of vehicles produced for sale in the U.S.
Nearly 25% of projected MY 2012 vehicle production already meets the MY 2016 C02 targets, or can meet
these targets with the addition of expected air conditioning improvements. The bulk of this production share is
accounted for by non-hybrid gasoline vehicles, although other technologies, including hybrids, electric vehicles, and
diesel vehicles are also represented. These 25% represent approximately 80 MY 2012 vehicle models that are in
showrooms today, and include a wide range of vehicle segments, including cars, SUVs, minivans, and pickup trucks.
Looking ahead, there are about 20 vehicle models (3% of projected 2012 production) that could meet the MY
2025 C02 targets. Vehicles meeting the MY 2025 C02 targets are comprised solely of hybrids, plug-in hybrids,
electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles. Since the MY 2025 standards are over a decade away, there's considerable
time for continued improvements in gasoline vehicle technology.
MY 2012 Vehicle Production Share (Projected) That Meets Future C02 Targets, by Technology
30%
25%
c
o
-
^ 10%
20%
15%
5%
0%
CNG
EV
Fuel Cell
IPHEV
HEV
I Diesel
I Gasoline
2016
2017
2020
2025
EPA assumed the addition of only air conditioning improvements since these are considered to be among the
most straightforward and least expensive technologies available to reduce C02 and other greenhouse gas emissions.
See the "Regulatory Context" section below for more information on C02 and fuel economy standards.
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Highlight #5: Most manufacturers continue to increase fuel economy, resulting in lower CO2
emission rates.
Seven of the 11 manufacturers shown below increased fuel economy from MY 2010 to MY 2011, the last
two years for which we have definitive data. Preliminary MY 2012 values suggest that all manufacturers will
improve in MY 2012, several by 20 g/mi C02 or more and 1.5 mpg or more, though these projections are uncertain
and EPA will not have final data until next year's report.
In MY 2011, for the 11 manufacturers shown, Volkswagen had the lowest fleetwide adjusted composite C02
emissions and highest adjusted fuel economy performance, followed by Mazda and then a tie between Honda and
Toyota. All of these manufacturers have average footprint values lower than the industry average. Daimler had the
highest C02 emissions (and lowest fuel economy), followed by Chrysler-Fiat and GM. VW had the biggest
improvement in adjusted C02 (and fuel economy) performance from MY 2010 to MY 2011, with a 14 g/mi reduction
in fleetwide C02 emissions (and 1.0 mpg fuel economy improvement), followed by Ford (13 g/mi reduction in C02
emissions and 0.7 mpg improvement). The higher C02 and lower fuel economy values for Honda and Toyota in MY
2011 are at least partially explained by the lower car production in Japan due to the March 2011 tsunami. Section VII
has greater detail on the fuel economy and C02 emissions for these manufacturers (e.g., for individual manufacturer
car and truck fleets), as well as for these manufacturers' individual makes (i.e., brands).
MY 2010-2012 Manufacturer Fuel Economy and C02 Emissions1
Manufacturer
MY2010
MY2010
MY2011
MY2011
MY2012
MY2012

MPG
C02
(g/mi)
MPG
C02
(g/mi)
MPG
C02
(g/mi)
VW
25,0
—»f -%
3Q3
26,0
349
26,2
346
Mazda
24,4
364
25,0
356
25,9
343
Toyota
25,4
350
24,1
369
25,6
347
Honda
24,9
357
24,1
369
26,4
337
Subaru
23,4
379
23,9
372
25 2
353
Nissan
23 1
384
23 3
381
24,6
361
BMW
22,1
404
22,7
393
23,1
386
Ford
20,4
435
21,1
422
23,2
382
GM
213
418
20,7
429
21,4
415
Chrysler-Fiat
19,5
455
19,4
458
20,6
431
Daimler
18,9
471
19,1
469
21,4
418
All
22,6
394
22,4
398
23,8
374
1 Two manufacturers, Hyundai and Kia, are not included in the table above due to a continuing investigation. On November 2,
2012, EP A announced that Hyundai and Kia would lower their fuel economy estimates for many vehicle models as the result of
an EPA investigation of test data. This report uses the corrected fuel economy values submitted by Hyundai and Kia for four MY
2011 vehicles and for a majority of Hyundai and Kia vehicles for MY 2012. Based on these corrected data, Hyundai's 2011
values are 27.2 mpg and 327 g/mi C02, Hyundai's preliminary 2012 values are 28.8 mpg and 309 g/mi C02, Kia's 2011 values
are 25.8 mpg and 345 g/mi C02, and Kia's preliminary 2012 values are 26.7 mpg and 333 g/mi C02.
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Highlight #6: Truck market share continues to be volatile.
Light trucks, which include pickup trucks, minivans/vans, and most SUVs, accounted for 42 percent of all
light-duty vehicle production in MY 2011. This represents a 5 percent increase over MY 2010. The MY 2012 light
truck market share is projected to be 36 percent, based on pre-model year production projections by automakers,
which, if realized, would return truck market share to slightly below the MY 2010 level and to the second lowest
level since 1993.
Truck market share has been very volatile in recent years, decreasing by 8 percent in MY 2009, and
increasing by 4 percent in MY 2010 and by 5 percent in MY 2011. Three factors that have likely contributed to the
volatility in truck share include: 1) MY 2009 was a particularly unusual year due to the serious economic recession
that led to much turmoil in the automotive market and almost certainly led to an artificially low truck production
share in that year, which then results in an apparently larger truck production share increase since MY 2009; 2) the
Car Allowance Rebate System (CARS), commonly referred to as Cash for Clunkers, managed by NHTSA, which
provided incentives of up to $4500 for the trade-in of a vehicle with lower fuel economy and purchase of a new
vehicle with higher fuel economy, that resulted in 677,081 new vehicle purchases in 2009, and 3) the earthquake,
tsunami, and nuclear tragedies in Japan in March 2011 almost certainly decreased the supply of cars from Japan
(possibly trucks as well, but likely more cars than trucks), which likely contributed to the truck share increase in MY
2011 (as well as to the projected truck share decrease in MY 2012).
Production Share by Vehicle Type
£
CO
_£Z
cn
c
o
"G
15
T3
O
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Cars (Including Non-Truck SUVs)
Truck SUVs
Pickups
1975
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
Vlll

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Highlight #7: Vehicle power is at a record high, while the vehicle weight trend is generally flat.
MY 2011 vehicle weight averaged 4127 pounds, an increase of 125 pounds compared to MY 2010. The
average car weight increased 81 pounds and truck weight increased 40 pounds, and the remaining difference was due
to higher truck market share. In MY 2011, the average vehicle power was 230 horsepower, an increase of 16
horsepower since MY 2010. Car power increased by 10 horsepower and truck power increased by 18 horsepower,
and the remaining difference was due to higher truck market share. Estimated MY 2011 0-to-60 acceleration time
decreased to 9.4 seconds. Preliminary MY 2012 values suggest that average vehicle weight and power will both
decrease, though these projections are uncertain and EPA will not have final data until next year's report. While the
preliminary MY 2012 weight value is lower than all but one year since 2001, the preliminary MY 2012 power value
would still be the second highest value ever, exceeded only by MY 2011.
Weight, Horsepower and 0-to-60 Performance
4200
4000
3800
3600
3400
3200
Weight (lb)
Horsepower
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Model Year
0-to-60 Time
(seconds)
Vehicle weight and performance are two of the most important engineering parameters that help determine a
vehicle's C02 emissions and fuel economy. In general, all other factors being equal, higher vehicle weight (which
supports new options and features) and faster acceleration performance (e.g., lower 0-to-60 mile-per-hour
acceleration time), both increase a vehicle's C02 emissions and decrease fuel economy. From MY 1987 through MY
2004, on a fleetwide basis, automotive technology innovation was generally utilized to support market-driven
attributes other than C02 emissions and fuel economy, such as vehicle weight, performance, and utility. Beginning in
MY 2005, technology has been used to increase both fuel economy (which has reduced C02 emissions) and
performance, while keeping vehicle weight relatively constant.
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Regulatory Context
CAFE standards have been in place since 1978. NHTSA has the responsibility for setting and enforcing
CAFE standards. EPA is responsible for establishing fuel economy test procedures and calculation methods, and for
collecting data used to determine vehicle fuel economy and manufacturer CAFE levels.
For MY 2012 through 2025, EPA and NHTSA have jointly developed a coordinated National Program which
established EPA greenhouse gas emissions standards and NHTSA CAFE standards that allow manufacturers to build
a single national fleet to meet requirements of both programs while ensuring that consumers have a full range of
vehicle choices. The National Program has been supported by a wide range of stakeholders: most major automakers,
the United Auto Workers, the State of California, and major consumer and environmental groups.
In 2010, the agencies finalized the first coordinated standards for MY 2012-2016 (75 Federal Register 25324,
May 7, 2010). The standards for MY 2012 are now in effect, and are projected to require average fleetwide C02
emissions compliance of about 295 g/mi and average CAFE compliance of about 29.3 mpg (actual fleetwide
compliance levels will depend on the mix of vehicle footprint levels). By MY 2016, the average industry-wide
compliance levels for these footprint-based standards are projected to be 250 g/mi C02 and 34.1 mpg CAFE. The
250 g/mi C02 compliance level would be equivalent to 35.5 mpg if all C02 emissions reductions are achieved
through fuel economy improvements. In 2012, the agencies finalized additional coordinated standards for MY 2017-
2025 (77 Federal Register 62624, October 15, 2012). By MY 2025, the average industry-wide compliance levels are
projected to be 163 g/mi C02 and 48.7-49.7 mpg CAFE.2 The 163 g/mi C02 compliance level would be equivalent to
54.5 mpg if all C02 emissions reductions are achieved solely through improvements in fuel economy. For both MY
2012-2016 and MY 2017-2025, the agencies expect that a portion of the required C02 emissions improvements will
be achieved by reductions in air conditioner refrigerant leakage, which would not contribute to higher fuel economy.
Automaker compliance with both C02 and CAFE standards is based on unadjusted laboratory C02 and fuel
economy values, along with various regulatory incentives and credits. Neither unadjusted laboratory nor adjusted
composite C02 and fuel economy values reflect various incentives (e.g., for flexible fuel vehicles for both CAFE and
C02 standards) and credits (air conditioner and other off-cycle technologies for C02 standards) that are available to
manufacturers for regulatory compliance. With real world (i.e., 5-cycle label) adjustments, alternative fuel vehicle
credits, and test procedure adjustments, fleetwide CAFE compliance values are a minimum of 25 percent higher than
EPA adjusted (5-cycle) fuel economy values. See Appendix A for a detailed comparison of EPA adjusted and
laboratory fuel economy values and CAFE compliance values.
Notes on Data Contained in This Report
This report supersedes all previous reports in this series. Users of this report should rely exclusively on data
in this latest report, which covers MY 1975 through 2012, and not make comparisons to data in previous reports in
this series. There are several reasons for this.
One, EPA revised the methodology for estimating "real-world" (i.e., label) fuel economy values in December
2006. Every adjusted (ADJ) fuel economy value in this report for 1986 and later model years is lower than given in
2 NHTSA CAFE standards for model years 2022-2025 are not final, and are augural. NHTSA is required by Congress to set
CAFE standards for no more than five years at a time. NHTSA will conduct a new and full rulemaking in the future to establish
standards for model years 2022-2025. NHTSA projects the augural standards would require a combined fleetwide fuel economy
of 48.7-49.7 mpg.
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reports in this series prior to the 2007 report. See Appendix A for more in-depth discussion of the current
methodology and how it affects both the adjusted fuel economy values for individual models and the historical fuel
economy trends database. This same methodology is used to calculate adjusted C02 emissions values as well. Two,
beginning with the 2011 report, all car/truck classifications in this database are consistent with determinations made
by NHTSA for CAFE standards beginning in MY 2011 and by EPA for C02 emissions standards for MY 2012 and
later, which means that many small and midsize 2-wheel drive SUVs have been reclassified from trucks to cars for
the entire MY 1975-2012 database.. Three, when EPA changes a manufacturer or vehicle make definition to reflect a
change in the industry's current financial structure, EPA makes the same adjustment in the historical database as well.
This maintains a consistent manufacturer/make definition over time, which allows the identification of long-term
trends. On the other hand, it means that the database does not necessarily reflect actual past financial arrangements.
For example, the 2012 database, which includes data for the entire time series MY 1975 through 2012, accounts for
all Chrysler, Fiat, Ferrari, and Maserati vehicles in the 1975-2012 timeframe under the Chrysler-Fiat manufacturer
designation, and does not reflect that Chrysler was combined with Daimler for several years nor that there was no
historic relationship between Chrysler and Fiat/Ferrari/Maserati.
The great majority of the C02 emissions and fuel economy values in this report are EPA adjusted composite
(ADJ COMP) city/highway real-world estimates provided to consumers and based on EPA's 5-cycle test
methodology (which represents city, highway, high speed/high acceleration, high temperature/air conditioning, and
cold temperature driving) that was first implemented in MY 2008. Appendix A provides a detailed explanation of the
method used to calculate these adjusted fuel economy and C02 values, which last changed with the 2007 version of
this report. All adjusted composite city/highway fuel economy values in this report use a 43 percent city/57 percent
highway weighting to be consistent with the national driving activity analysis underlying EPA's 5-cycle fuel
economy label methodology. In 2011, EPA and NHTSA revised the fuel economy and environment label to include,
among other things, grams of C02 emissions per mile and a fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions rating (76
Federal Register 39478, July 6, 2011).
In some tables, the report also provides unadjusted EPA laboratory (LAB) values, which are based on a 2-
cycle test methodology (city and highway tests only) and are the basis for automaker compliance with C02 emissions
and CAFE standards. All combinations of adjusted or laboratory, and C02 emissions or fuel economy values, may be
reported as city, highway, or, most commonly, as composite (combined city/highway).
Because the underlying methodology for generating unadjusted laboratory C02 emissions and fuel economy
values has not changed since this series began in the mid-1970s, these values provide a basis for comparing long-term
C02 emissions and fuel economy trends from the perspective of vehicle design, apart from the factors that affect real-
world driving that are reflected in the adjusted values. Laboratory composite values represent a harmonic average of
55 percent city and 45 percent highway operation, or "55/45" (the historic 55 percent city/45 percent highway
weighting is still used for both CAFE compliance and the combined value on individual fuel economy labels). For
2005 and later model years, unadjusted fleetwide laboratory composite C02 emissions values are about 20 percent
lower than adjusted composite C02 values, and unadjusted fleetwide laboratory composite fuel economy values are
about 25 percent greater than adjusted composite fuel economy values. Neither unadjusted laboratory nor adjusted
composite C02 and fuel economy values reflect various incentives and credits that are available to manufacturers for
regulatory compliance.
Through MY 2011, the C02 emissions, fuel economy, vehicle characteristics, and vehicle production volume
data used for this report were from the formal end-of-year submissions from automakers obtained from EPA's fuel
economy database that is used for CAFE compliance purposes. For preliminary MY 2012 data, EPA has exclusively
used confidential pre-model year production volume projections from automaker label submissions. Accordingly,
xi

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MY 2012 projections are uncertain. Historically, as shown in Table A-l, the differences between the initial
unadjusted laboratory fuel economy estimates based on vehicle production projections and later, final values have
typically been within a few tenths of a mile per gallon. But, the market turmoil in MY 2009 was a major exception in
this regard, as the final MY 2009 unadjusted laboratory fuel economy value from the 2010 report was 1.8 mpg higher
than the preliminary unadjusted laboratory value for MY 2009 from the 2009 report based on projected production
volumes. The final MY 2011 unadjusted laboratory fuel economy value is 0.5 mpg lower than the preliminary
unadjusted laboratory fuel economy value for MY 2011 in the 2011 report based on projected production volumes.
The primary database in this report includes data only from vehicles certified to operate on gasoline or diesel
fuel, from laboratory testing with test fuels as defined in EPA test protocols (e.g., with zero ethanol). It includes data
from ethanol flexible fuel vehicles, which can operate on gasoline or an 85 percent ethanol/15 percent gasoline blend
or any mixture in between, operated on gasoline only. Data from the small number of vehicles that are certified to
operate only on alternative fuels or are expected to operate frequently on alternative fuels (such as plug-in hybrid
electric vehicles or dual-fuel compressed natural gas vehicles) are not included in this primary database because they
represented less than 0.2 percent of all production in MY 2011 and because the emissions and fuel economy data
from alternative fuel vehicles raise issues with respect to the metrics that are used in this report. See the new Section
VIII for relevant data from these alternative fuel vehicles.
Vehicle population data in this report represent production delivered for sale in the U.S., rather than actual
sales data. Automakers submit production data in formal end-of-year CAFE compliance reports to EPA, which is the
basis for this report. Accordingly, the production data in this report may differ from sales data reported by press
sources, because not all vehicles produced for sale in a given model year will necessarily be sold in that model year.
In addition, the data presented in this report are tabulated on a model year, not calendar year, basis.

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For More Information
Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2012
(EPA-420-R-13-001) is available on the Office of Transportation and Air Quality's (OTAQ) Web site at:
www.epa.gov/otaq/fetrends.htm
Printed copies are available from the OTAQ library at:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Transportation and Air Quality Library
2000 Traverwood Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
(734)214-4311
A copy of the Fuel Economy Guide giving city and highway fuel economy data for individual models is available at:
www. fuel economy. gov
or by calling the U.S. Department of Energy at (800) 423-1363.
For information about EPA's Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards, see:
http://epa.gov/otaq/climate/regulations.htm
For information about the EPA/Department of Transportation (DOT) Fuel Economy and Environment Labels, see:
http: //e pa. gov/otaq/carlabel
For information about DOT's Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program, including a program overview,
related rulemaking activities, and summaries of the fuel economy performance of individual manufacturers since
1978, see:
http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/fiiel-economv
Xlll

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II. Introduction
This report examines light-duty vehicle technology, C02 emissions, and fuel economy trends since MY
1975 using the latest EPA data available. Pre-2009 reports in this series [1-35]1 presented fuel economy and
technology trends only, and did not include C02 emissions data. Beginning in 2009, reports [36-38] have included
key C02 emissions summary tables as well. When comparing data in this and previous reports, please note that
revisions are made for some prior model years for which more complete data have become available. In addition,
important changes have been made periodically in the database, e.g., reflecting changes in manufacturer definitions,
the methodology by which we calculate adjusted fuel economy values, car-truck classifications, and whether
MDPVs are included in the database. Thus, it is generally not appropriate to compare values from this report with
others in this series and it is not necessary to do so since each report reflects the entire database back to MY 1975.
The EPA C02 emissions and fuel economy database used in this report was frozen in September 2012.
Through MY 2011, the C02 emissions, fuel economy, vehicle characteristics, and production volume data used for
this report came from the formal end-of-year submissions from automakers obtained from EPA's database that is
used for CAFE compliance purposes, and can be considered to be final. For MY 2012, EPA has exclusively used
confidential pre-model year production projections submitted to EPA by automakers. Vehicle population data in
this report represent production delivered for sale in the U.S., rather than actual sales data. Accordingly, the vehicle
production data in this report may differ from sales data reported by press sources. In addition, the data presented
in this report were tabulated on a model year, not calendar year, basis. In years past, manufacturers typically used a
consistent approach toward model year designations, i.e., from fall of one year to the fall of the following year.
More recently, however, many manufacturers have used a more flexible approach and it is not uncommon to see a
new or redesigned model be introduced in the spring or summer, rather than the fall. This means that a model year
for an individual vehicle can be "stretched out." Accordingly, year-to-year comparisons can be affected by these
model year anomalies, though these even out over a multi-year period.
All fuel economy values in this report are production-weighted harmonic averages (necessary to maintain
mathematical integrity) and all C02 emissions values are production-weighted arithmetic averages. In earlier
reports in this series through MY 2000, the only fuel economy values used were the unadjusted laboratory-based
city, highway, and composite (combined city/highway) mpg values—which are used as the basis for compliance
with the fuel economy standards and the gas guzzler tax. Since the laboratory mpg values tend to over predict the
mpg achieved in actual use, adjusted mpg values are used for the Government's fuel economy information
programs: fueleconomy.gov, the Fuel Economy Guide, and the Fuel Economy and Environment Labels that are on
new vehicles. Starting with the MY 2001 report, this series has provided fuel economy trends in adjusted mpg
values in addition to the laboratory mpg values. Now, most of the tables exclusively show the adjusted C02
emissions and fuel economy values. A few tables include both adjusted city, highway, and composite fuel
economy values and laboratory 55/45 fuel economy values. In the tables, these two mpg values are called
"Adjusted MPG" and "Laboratory MPG" and are abbreviated as "ADJ" MPG and "LAB" MPG. These same
metrics are used for C02 emissions values as well.
Where only one C02 or mpg value is presented in this report and it is not explicitly identified otherwise, it
is the "adjusted composite" value. This value represents a combined city/highway C02 or fuel economy value, and
is based on equations (see Appendix A) that allow a computation of adjusted city and highway values based on
laboratory city and highway test values.
1 Numbers in brackets denote references listed in the references section of this report.
1

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It is important to note that EPA revised the methodology by which EPA estimates adjusted fuel economy
values in December 2006. Every adjusted fuel economy value in this report for 1986 and later model years is lower
than given in pre-2007 reports. Accordingly, adjusted fuel economy values for 1986 and later model years should
not be compared with corresponding values from older reports. These new downward adjustments are phased in,
linearly, beginning in 1986, and for 2005 and later model years the new adjusted composite values are, on average,
about six percent lower than under the methodology previously used by EPA. This same methodology is used to
generate adjusted C02 emissions values as well. See Appendix A for more in-depth discussion of this new
methodology and how it affects both the adjusted C02 and fuel economy values for individual models and the
historical trends database.
Data are tabulated on a model year basis, but some figures use three-year moving averages which
effectively smooth the trends, and these three-year moving averages are tabulated at their midpoint. For example,
the midpoint for model years 2010, 2011, and 2012 is MY 2011. The fuel economy values reported by the
Department of Transportation (DOT) for compliance with the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program
are higher than the data in this report for three reasons:
1.	The DOT data do not include the EPA real world fuel economy adjustments for city and highway mpg;
2.	The DOT data include CAFE credits for those manufacturers that produce dedicated alternative fuel
vehicles and flexible fuel vehicles (credits generated through the production of flexible fuel vehicles are
currently capped at 1.2 mpg per fleet);
3.	The DOT data include credits for test procedure adjustments for cars.
Accordingly, the fuel economy values in this series of reports are always lower than those reported by
DOT. Table A-6, Appendix A, compares CAFE data reported by DOT with EPA adjusted and laboratory fuel
economy data for MY 1975-2012. Table A-7 shows a more detailed comparison for MY 2011, by manufacturer, of
values for EPA laboratory fuel economy, alternative fuel vehicle credits, test procedure adjustment credits for cars,
and NHTSA CAFE performance.
Beginning in MY 2011, footprint data is obtained from the final CAFE compliance reports provided by
automakers to DOT/NHTSA. It is important to note that, while some of the footprint data that EPA reports for MY
2008-2012 came from formal manufacturer submissions, EPA supplemented this with footprint data from external
sources such as individual manufacturer websites, Edmunds.com, and Motortrend.com. Since the MY 2008-2010
footprint data was generated in a more piecemeal fashion, there is some uncertainty associated with this data.
In the various appendices to this report, when there is no entry under "Model Year," that means there was
no production volume for the parameter in question.
While this report contains data through MY 2012, it is important to emphasize that the data through MY
2011 is based on formal end-of-year CAFE data submitted by automakers to EPA and therefore is final data that
will not change. On the other hand, the MY 2012 data is based on confidential pre-model year production volume
projections provided by manufacturers to EPA in the spring/summer of 2011 and therefore are projections that may
well change when final production data is presented in the next report. Given the uncertainty in the MY 2012 data,
this report will often focus more on the MY 2011 data than on the MY 2012 data.
2

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Other Variables
All vehicle weight data are based on inertia weight class (nominally curb weight plus 300 pounds). For
vehicles with inertia weights up to and including the 3000-pound inertia weight class, these classes have 250-pound
increments. For vehicles above the 3000-pound inertia weight class (i.e., vehicles 3500 pounds and above), 500-
pound increments are used.
The light truck data in this report include vehicles classified as light-duty trucks with gross vehicle weight
ratings (GVWR)upto 8500 pounds as well as, for the first time beginning with MY 2011, medium-duty passenger
vehicles (MDPVs). MDPVs are large SUVs and passenger vans with GVWRs between 8500 and 10,000 pounds
(MDPVs do not include the much larger number of pickup trucks in the same GVWR range). EPA does not have
data for MDPVs for MY 1975-2010, so there is and will continue to be a small discontinuity in the database
beginning in MY 2011. For the overall fleet in MY 2011, the inclusion of MDPVs increased projected average
adjusted C02 emissions by 0.3 g/mi and decreased projected average adjusted fuel economy by 0.01 mpg compared
to the fleet without MDPVs. For the light truck fleet in MY 2011, the inclusion of MDPVs increased projected
C02 emissions by 0.5 g/mi and decreased average adjusted fuel economy by 0.02 mpg.
"Ton-MPG" is defined as a vehicle's mpg multiplied by its weight in tons. Ton-MPG is a measure of
powertrain/drive-line efficiency. Just as an increase in vehicle mpg at constant weight can be considered an
improvement in a vehicle's efficiency, an increase in a vehicle's weight at constant mpg can also be considered an
improvement. "C02/ton" is the equivalent C02 metric and is reported in Section IV.
" Cubic-feet-MPG" for cars is defined in this report as the product of a car's mpg and its interior volume,
including trunk space. This metric associates a relative measure of a vehicle's ability to transport both passengers
and their cargo. An increase in vehicle volume at constant mpg could be considered an improvement just as an
increase in mpg at constant volume can be. "C02/cubic feet" values are given in Section IV.
"Cubic-feet-ton-MPG" is defined in this report as a combination of the two previous metrics, i.e., a car's
mpg multiplied by its weight in tons and also by its interior volume. It ascribes vehicle utility to fuel economy,
weight and volume. "C02/ton-cubic feet"" is the equivalent C02 metric and is shown in Section IV.
This report also includes an estimate of 0-to-60 mph acceleration time—calculated from engine rated
horsepower and vehicle weight—from the relationship:
t = F (HP/WT)f
where the coefficients F and f are empirical parameters determined in the literature by obtaining a least-squares fit
for available test data. The values for the F and f coefficients are .892 and .805, respectively, for vehicles with
automatic transmissions and .967 and .775, respectively, for those with manual transmissions [39], Other authors
[40, 41, 42] have evaluated the relationships between weight, horsepower, and 0-to-60 acceleration time and have
calculated and published slightly different values for the F and f coefficients. Since the equation form and
coefficients were developed for vehicles with conventional powertrains with gasoline-fueled engines, we have not
used the equation to estimate 0-to-60 time for vehicles with hybrid powertrains or diesel engines. Published values
are used for these vehicles instead.
The 0-to-60 estimate used in this report is intended to provide a quantitative time "index" of vehicle
performance capability. It is the authors' engineering judgment that, given the differences in test methods for
3

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measuring 0-to-60 time and given the fact that the weight is based on inertia weight, use of these other published
values for the F and f coefficients would not result in statistically significantly different 0-to-60 averages or trends.
Car-truck classifications are based on the regulatory definitions used by NHTSA for fuel economy
standards compliance beginning in MY 2011 and by EPA for C02 emissions standards compliance beginning in
MY 2012. Accordingly, some small and mid-size 2 wheel drive SUVs that had previously been considered trucks
in previous versions of this report are now classified as cars throughout the entire MY 1975-2012 database. In
some tables and figures, these vehicles are identified as "non-truck SUVs." The overall car class is typically sub-
divided into cars, wagons, and non-truck SUVs. The reclassification of small and mid-size 2 wheel drive SUVs
from trucks to cars affects about one million vehicles in MY 2010 and MY 2011, and reduces the absolute truck
share by about 10% compared to the classification used in previous reports.
Cars and wagons are sometimes further divided into sub-classes in three different ways. One approach
generally follows the fuel economy label and Fuel Economy Guide protocol. With this approach, sedan and wagon
sub-classes are based on the interior volume (passenger plus cargo) thresholds described in the Fuel Economy
Guide (since interior volume is undefined for the two-seater class, this report assigns an interior volume value of 50
cubic feet for all two-seater cars):
Class
Mini compact sedan
Subcompact sedan
Compact sedan
Midsize sedan
Large sedan
Small wagon
Midsize wagon
Large wagon
Interior Volume
(cubic feet)
Up to 84
85 to 99
100 to 109
110 to 119
120 or more
Up to 129
130 to 159
160 or more
In the second approach for car sub-classes, large sedans and wagons are aggregated as "Large," midsize sedans and
wagons are aggregated as "Midsize," and all other cars are aggregated as "Small." The third approach uses Large
Cars, Large Wagons, Midsize Cars, Midsize Wagons, Small Cars, and Small Wagons with the EPA Two-Seater,
Mini compact, Subcompact, and Compact sedan classes combined into the "Small Car" class. In some tables and
figures in this report wagons have been merged with cars. This is because the wagon production fraction, in some
instances, is so small that the information is more conveniently represented by combining the two vehicle types.
When they have been combined, the differences between them are insignificant.
The truck sub-classification scheme divides pickups, vans, and Truck SUVs into "Small," "Midsize," and
"Large." These truck size classifications are based primarily on published wheelbase data according to the
following criteria:
Pickup	Van	Truck SUV
Small	Less than 105"	Less than 109"	Less than 100"
Midsize	105"to 115"	109"to 124"	100"to 110"
Large	More than 115"	More than 124"	More than 110"
4

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This classification scheme is similar to that used in many trade and consumer publications. For those
vehicle nameplates with a variety of wheelbases, the size classification was determined by considering only the
smallest wheelbase produced.
Published data from external sources is also used for three other engine or vehicle characteristics for which
data has not always been submitted to EPA by the automotive manufacturers, or to supplement data that is
submitted to EPA: (1) engines with variable valve timing (VVT) that use either cams or electric solenoids to
provide variable intake and/or exhaust valve timing and in some cases valve lift; (2) engines with cylinder
deactivation, which involves allowing the valves of selected cylinders of the engine to remain closed under certain
driving conditions; and (3) vehicle footprint, which is the product of wheelbase times average track width and upon
which future CAFE (MY 2011 and later) and C02 emissions standards are based. Beginning with final data for
MY 2011, manufacturers will be submitting data on these engine or vehicle characteristics to EPA.
5

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III. Fuel Economy Trends
Figure 1 and Table 1 depict time trends in car, light truck, and car-plus-light truck fuel economy, as well as
truck production share, with the individual data points representing the data for each year, and trend lines
representing three-year moving averages. Since 1975, the fuel economy of the combined car and light truck fleet
has moved through several phases:
1.	A rapid increase from 1975 through 1981;
2.	A slow increase until reaching its peak in 1987;
3.	A gradual decline until 2004; and
4.	An increase beginning in 2005, with the largest annual increases in 2009 and 2012.
Figure 1
Adjusted Fuel Economy and Percent Truck by Model Year
(with Three-Year Moving Average)
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1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
6

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Year
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1930
1931
1932
1933
1984
1935
1986
1987
1983
1939
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Table 1
Fuel Economy of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles










Cu


Lab
Lab
Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Cu
Ft-
-oduction
Production
City
Hwy
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
Ft-
Ton-
(000)
Percent
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
8247
80.7%
13.7
19.5
15.8
12.3
15.2
13.5

.
.
9734
78,9%
15.2
21.3
17.5
13.7
16.6
14.9
30.2
.
.
11313
30.1%
16.0
22.2
18.3
14.4
17.4
15.6
31.0
1779
3422
11191
77.5%
17.2
24.5
19.9
15.5
19.1
16.9
30.6
1907
3343
10310
77.9%
17.7
24.6
20.2
15.9
19.2
17.2
30.2
1922
3300
9444
33.5%
20.3
29.0
23.5
18.3
22.6
20.0
31.2
2136
3273
3734
82.8%
21.7
31.1
25.1
19.5
24.2
21.4
33.1
2338
3547
7832
80.5%
22.3
32.7
26.0
20.1
25.5
22.2
34.2
2418
3644
3035
78.0%
22.1
32.6
25.9
19.9
25.5
22.1
34.7
2476
3776
10730
76.5%
22.4
33.3
26.3
20.2
25.9
22.4
35.1
2481
3778
10879
75.2%
22.9
34.3
26.9
20.6
26.7
23.0
35.8
2553
3888
11074
72.1%
23.7
35.5
27.9
21.2
27.6
23.7
36.2
2597
3901
10826
72.3%
23.8
35.8
28.0
21.2
27.7
23.8
36.2
2582
3874
10845
70.9%
24.2
36.5
28.5
21.4
28.1
24.1
36.9
2628
3963
10126
70.1%
23.7
36.2
28.1
20.8
27.8
23.6
36.8
2588
3977
8875
70.4%
23.4
35.9
27.7
20.4
27.4
23.3
37.1
2526
3984
8748
69.6%
23.4
36.0
27.8
20.4
27.4
23.3
37.0
2532
3974
8350
68.6%
22.9
35.9
27.4
19.8
27.2
22.9
37.3
2524
4071
3929
67.6%
23.2
36.1
27.6
19.9
27.3
23.0
37.4
2555
4096
8747
61.9%
23.2
36.4
27.7
19.8
27.4
23.0
37.7
2541
4107
9616
63.5%
23.4
37.3
28.1
19.8
27.9
23.3
38.2
2576
4171
8177
62.2%
23.3
37.1
28.0
19.7
27.6
23.1
38.2
2562
4187
8695
60.1%
23.5
37.3
28.2
19.7
27.6
23.2
38.1
2551
4160
8425
58.3%
23.4
37.2
28.1
19.5
27.5
23.0
33.5
2547
4211
8865
58.3%
23.2
36.8
27.8
19.2
27.0
22.7
38.6
2518
4243
9742
58.8%
23.1
36.5
27.7
19.0
26.7
22.5
33.4
2511
4243
9143
58.6%
23.4
36.7
27.9
19.1
26.7
22.6
38.8
2532
4286
8904
55.3%
23.7
37.0
28.3
19.2
26.8
22.8
39.1
2560
4341
8496
53.9%
24.0
37.6
28.7
19.3
27.1
23.0
39.8
2585
4410
8176
52.0%
23.8
37.6
28.5
19.1
27.0
22.9
40.2
2597
4499
3839
55.6%
24.4
38.0
29.1
19.4
27.2
23.1
40.8
2678
4645
8744
57.9%
24.2
37.9
28.9
19.2
27.1
23.0
41.4
2663
4706
9001
58.9%
25.0
38.9
29.8
19.8
27.8
23.7
42.6
2736
4805
8243
59.3%
25.2
39.2
30.1
20.0
28.0
23.9
43.1
2755
4860
6244
67.0%
26.6
40.9
31.6
21.0
29.2
25.0
44.2
2863
4961
6969
62.7%
27.5
42.0
32.6
21.7
29.9
25.7
46.5
3015
5285
6934
57.8%
27.0
42.2
32.3
21.3
30.1
25.6
47.0
3022
5421
.
63.9%
29.2
44.9
34.6
22.9
31.8
27.3
48.3
3161
5450
7

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Table 1 (Continued)
Fuel Economy of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Trucks



Lab
Lab
Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Model
Production
Production
City
Hwy
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
Year
(000)
Percent
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
1975
1977
19,3%
12,1
16,2
13,7
10.9
12.7
11.6
24.2
1976
2600
21,1%
12,3
16,9
14,4
11.6
13.2
12.2
26.0
1977
2305
19,9%
14,1
13,1
15,6
12.6
14.2
13.3
28.0
1978
3257
22,5%
13,3
17,5
15,3
12.4
13.7
12.9
27.5
1979
3072
22,1%
13,4
16,3
14,7
12.1
13.1
12.5
27.3
1930
1363
16,5%
16,5
21,9
18,6
14.8
17.1
15.3
30.9
1931
1321
17,2%
17,8
23,9
20.1
16.0
18.6
17.1
33.0
1932
1901
19,5%
13,1
24,4
20.5
16.3
19.0
17.4
33.3
1933
2267
22,0%
13,3
25,1
20.8
16.5
19.6
17.7
34.0
1934
3239
23,5%
17,9
24,7
20.4
16.1
19.3
17.4
33.5
1935
3531
24,3%
18,0
24,8
20.5
16.2
19.3
17.5
33.7
1936
4291
27,9%
13,3
25,9
21.4
16.8
20.1
18.2
34.3
1937
4039
27.2%
13,8
26,4
21.6
16.8
20.4
13.3
34.2
1933
4450
29,1%
13,3
26,1
21.1
16.2
20.1
17.8
34.5
1939
4327
29,9%
13,1
25,7
20.9
15.9
19.3
17.6
34.7
1990
3740
29,6%
17,8
25,3
20.7
15.6
19.3
17.4
35.1
1991
3325
30.4%
18,2
26,5
21.2
15.9
20.2
17.8
35.4
1992
3822
31,4%
17,8
26,1
20.3
15.4
19.9
17.3
35.5
1993
4281
32,4%
18,0
26,6
21.0
15.5
20.1
17.5
36.0
1994
5373
38,1%
17,7
26,0
20.7
15.2
19.6
17.2
35.3
1995
5529
36,5%
17,5
25,9
20.5
14.9
19.4
17.0
35.3
1996
4967
37,8%
17,7
26,4
20.8
15.0
19.3
17.2
36.7
1997
5762
39,9%
17,4
26,0
20.5
14.7
19.4
16.3
37.1
1993
6030
41,7%
17,6
26,5
20.3
14.8
19.7
17.1
37.0
1999
6350
41,7%
17,3
25,3
20.3
14.5
19.1
16.6
37.1
2000
6329
41,2%
17,6
26,1
20.7
14.7
19.3
16.3
37.3
2001
6458
41,4%
17,4
25,6
20.3
14.4
13.3
16.5
37.6
2002
7211
44,7%
17,4
25,7
20.3
14.3
18.8
16.5
33.1
2003
7277
46,1%
17,6
26,2
20.7
14.4
19.1
16.7
33.9
2004
7533
43,0%
17,4
26,1
20.5
14.2
13.9
16.5
39.5
2005
7053
44,4%
17,8
26,9
21.0
14.4
19.5
16.9
40.3
2006
6360
42,1%
13,2
27,3
21.4
14.6
19.7
17.2
41.0
2007
6275
41,1%
13,3
27,7
21.6
14.8
20.0
17.4
42.3
2008
5656
40.7%
13,3
23,5
22.2
15.1
20.5
17.8
43.2
2009
3071
33,0%
19,6
29,7
J. i.
15.7
21.4
13.5
44.1
2010
4141
37,3%
19,9
30.1
23.4
15.9
21.7
13.3
45.0
2011
5069
42,2%
20.2
30.7
23.9
16.2
22.1
19.1
46.2
2012
.
36,1%
20.5
31.3
24.3
16.4
22.5
19.4
46.5
8

-------
Table 1 (Continued)
Fuel Economy of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks



Lab
Lab

Adj
Adj

Model
Production
Lab City
Hwy
55/45
Adj City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
Year
(000)
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
1975
10224
13,4
18,7
15,3
12,0
14,6
13,1
26,9
1976
12334
14,6
20.2
16,7
13,2
15,7
14,2
29,3
1977
14123
15,6
21,3
17,7
14,0
16,6
15,1
30.4
1978
14448
16,3
22,5
18,6
14,7
17,5
15,8
29,9
1979
13882
16,5
22,3
18,7
14,9
17,4
15,9
29,5
1980
11306
19,6
27,5
22,5
17,6
21,5
19,2
31,2
1981
10554
20.9
29,5
24,1
18,8
23,0
20.5
33,1
1982
9732
21,3
30.7
24,7
19,2
23,9
21,1
34,1
1983
10302
21,2
30.6
24,6
19.0
23,9
21,0
34,5
1984
14020
21,2
30.8
24,6
19,1
24,0
21,0
34,7
1985
14460
21,5
31,3
25,0
19,3
24,4
21,3
35,3
1986
15365
22,1
j /... /..
25,7
19,8
25,0
21,8
35,7
1987
14865
22,2
32,6
25,9
19,8
25,3
22,0
35,7
1988
15295
22,1
32,7
25,9
19,6
25,2
21,9
36,2
1989
14453
21,7
32,3
25,4
19,1
24,8
21,4
36,2
1990
12615
21,4
ai -y
25,2
18,7
24,6
21,2
36,5
1991
12573
21,6
32,5
25,4
18,8
24,7
21,3
36,5
1992
12172
21,0
32,1
24,9
18,2
24,4
20.8
36,8
1993
13211
21,2
32,4
25,1
18,2
24,4
20.9
37,0
1994
14125
20.8
31,6
24,6
17,8
23,8
20.4
37,0
1995
15145
20.8
32,1
24,7
17,7
24,1
20.5
37,3
1996
13144
20.8
32,2
24,8
17,6
24,0
20.4
37,6
1997
14458
20.6
31,8
24,5
17,4
23,6
20.2
37,7
1998
14456
20.6
31,9
24,5
17,2
23,6
20.1
37,9
1999
15215
20.3
31,2
24,1
16,9
23,0
19,7
38,0
2000
16571
20.5
31,4
24,3
16,9
23,0
19,8
38,0
2001
15605
20.5
31,1
24,2
16,8
22,8
19,6
38,3
2002
16115
20.4
30.9
24,1
16,6
22,5
19,5
38,7
2003
15773
20.6
31,3
24,3
16,7
22,7
19,6
39,4
2004
15709
20.2
31,0
24,0
16,3
22,4
19,3
39,9
2005
15892
21,0
32,1
24.8
16,8
23,1
19,9
40.6
2006
15104
21,2
32,6
25,2
17,0
23,4
20.1
41,2
2007
15276
21,8
33,4
25,8
17,4
24,0
20.6
42,5
2008
13898
22,1
34,0
26,3
17,7
24,4
21,0
43,2
2009
9315
23,8
36,4
28,2
18,9
26,0
22,4
44,2
2010
11110
24,1
36,6
28,4
19,1
26,2
22,6
45,9
2011
12003
23,6
36,4
28,1
18,8
26,1
22,4
46,6
2012
.
25,3
38,8
30.0
20.0
27,7
23,8
47,6
9

-------
As shown in Table 1, the final fleetwide MY 2011 adjusted composite fuel economy is 22.4 mpg. This MY
2011 value is 0.2 mpg lower than the all-time high set in MY 2010. The projected MY 2012 fleetwide fuel
economy value is 23.8 mpg, but there is uncertainty about MY 2012 projections given that they are based on
automaker submissions to EPA in the spring and summer of 2011. The reduction in fuel economy for MY 2011 is
the first time fuel economy has dropped in seven years, though projections for MY 2012 show a large improvement
in fuel economy. Based on laboratory 55/45 fuel economy values which reflect vehicle design considerations only,
the MY 2011 unadjusted fuel economy value is 28.1mpg.
Table 1 also shows that light truck production share peaked at 48% in 2004, decreased significantly to 33%
in MY 2009, and is 42% in MY 2011. Truck market share is now just 6 percent lower than the peak in MY 2004,
and recent increases in truck market share have now offset most of the 15 percent decrease in truck market share
from 2004-2009. Two factors that have likely contributed to the volatility in truck share are: 1) MY 2009 was a
particularly unusual year due to the serious economic recession that led to much turmoil in the automotive market
and almost certainly led to an artificially low truck production share in that year, which then results in an apparently
larger truck production share increase since MY 2009; and 2) the earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear tragedies in
Japan in March 2011 almost certainly decreased the supply of cars from Japan (possibly trucks as well, but likely
more cars than trucks), and this also likely contributed to the truck share increase in MY 2011 (as well as to the
projected truck share decrease in MY 2012). The MY 2012 projection is for truck production share to decrease by
6%.
Figure 1 shows the long-term fuel economy trends and truck market share trends with a three-year moving
average, which tends to even out year-to-year fluctuations, such as in MY 2009, and shows that, on a 3-year
moving average basis, truck share has been fairly stable with considerable year-to-year volatility. Figure 2 shows
laboratory 55/45 fuel economy values for the combined car and truck fleet plotted against truck production share.
The MY 2011 adjusted fuel economy for cars is 25.6 mpg, which was a 0.1 mpg drop from the all-time
high set in MY 2010. For MY 2011, the adjusted fuel economy for light trucks is 19.1 mpg, a record high. Fuel
economy standards were unchanged for MY 1996 through MY 2004. In 2003, DOT raised the truck CAFE
standards for MY 2005-2007, and DOT subsequently raised the truck CAFE standards for MY 2008-2025 through
four separate final rules. The recent fuel economy improvement for trucks is likely due, in part, to these higher
standards. The CAFE standard for cars has also been raised for MY 2011-2025 as a result of three separate final
rules. The final rule for MY 2012-2016 for both cars and trucks is at 75 Federal Register 25324, May 7, 2010, and
the final rule for MY 2017-2025 for both cars and trucks is at 77 Federal Register 62624, October 15, 2012.
10

-------
Figure 2
Truck Production Share vs. Fleet MPG by Model Year
2000 2001
ld 20
10%
20%
30%	40%	50%
Percent Truck
60%
70%
The distribution of fuel economy by model year is of interest. In Figure 3, highlights of the distribution of
gasoline/diesel car and truck mpg are shown. Since 1975, half of the cars have consistently been within a few mpg
of each other. The fuel economy difference between the least efficient and most efficient car increased from about
20 mpg in 1975 to nearly 50 mpg in 1986. The increased production share of hybrid cars accounts for the increase
in the fuel economy of the best one percent of cars with the cut point for this stratum now nearly 50 mpg. The ratio
of the highest to lowest has increased from about three to one in 1975 to nearly five to one today, because the fuel
economy of the least fuel efficient cars has remained roughly constant in comparison to the most fuel efficient cars
whose fuel economy has nearly doubled since 1975.
The overall fuel economy distribution trend for trucks is narrower than that for cars, with a peak in the
efficiency of the most efficient truck in the early 1980s when small pickup trucks equipped with diesel engines
were sold. As a result, the fuel economy range between the most efficient and least efficient truck peaked at about
25 mpg in 1982. The fuel economy range for trucks then narrowed, and is now about 20 mpg. Like cars, half of
the trucks built each year have always been within a few mpg of each year's average fuel economy value.
Appendix C contains additional fuel economy distribution data.
11

-------
Figure 3
Production Weighted Fuel Economy Distribution
Car	Truck
o
CL
0)
<7>
o
Q_
E
o
O
~C5
0)
70
60
50
40
30
2, 20
"a
<
10
Best Car
First Hybrid
Best %
Worst 1%
Worst Car
Best Truck
50% of Trucks
Worst Truck
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
As shown in Table 2, MY 2011 vehicle weight averaged 4127 pounds and is an all-time high. This reflects
an increase of 125 pounds (3%) compared to MY 2010, which is also the greatest single year-to-year increase since
1975. The average MY 2011 car increased 81 pounds, the average truck increased 40 pounds, and the remaining
impact was due to higher truck production share. In MY 2011, the average vehicle power was 230 horsepower, a
record high. Average vehicle power increased by 16 horsepower (7%); the largest annual increase in history. Both
weight and power are projected to decrease in MY 2012, with weight expected to drop 177 pounds and power
projected to drop by 8 horsepower.
Table 2 also includes vehicle footprint in square feet since MY 2008. Footprint is one metric for vehicle
size, and is the product of wheelbase and average track width. Essentially, footprint is the area defined by the four
points where the tires touch the ground. Footprint is a very important parameter as MY 2011 passenger car and
light truck CAFE standards, and MY 2012-2025 CAFE and C02 emissions standards, are all footprint-based, i.e.,
vehicles with different footprint values have different fuel economy and C02 compliance targets. The MY 2008-
2010	footprint data in Table 2 is tabulated from formal manufacturer submissions as well as external sources such
as individual manufacturer websites, Edmunds.com, and Motortrend.com, while the MY 2011 data came from final
CAFE reports provided to DOT/NHTSA from the manufacturers. Accordingly, due to the more piecemeal way that
the 2008-2010 footprint data were obtained, there is some uncertainty in comparing values through MY 2010 with
values beginning in MY 2011 and the most meaningful footprint trends will be those based on comparisons in MY
2011	and later.
For MY 2011, industry-wide footprint values were 46.0 square feet for cars, 54.4 square feet for trucks, and
49.5 square feet for cars and trucks combined. Car and truck footprints both increased in MY 2011 compared to
MY 2010 and the overall industry footprint increased by 0.9 square feet. The average footprint in MY 2012 is
12

-------
projected to decrease by 0.7 square feet for cars and increase by 0.1 square feet for trucks. The average footprint of
the industry as a whole is projected to decrease 0.9 square feet, due in part to the projected lower truck share.
The long-term trend since 1981 for both weight and power has been steady increases. MY 2011 weight is
nearly 1000 pounds greater, and MY 2011 power has more than doubled, as compared to MY 1981. As shown in
Figure 4, since 1975, Ton-MPG for both cars and trucks increased substantially. Typically, Ton-MPG for both
vehicle types has increased at a rate of about one or two percent a year.
13

-------
Table 2
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars


Adj





0-to-60



Model
Production
Comp
Vol
Weight
Footprint

HP/
Time



Year
Percent
MPG
(cu ft)
(lb)
(sq ft)
HP
Weight
(sec)
Small
Midsize
Large
1975
80.7%
13.5
.
4057

136
0.0331
14.2
55.4%
23.3%
21.2%
1976
78.9%
14.9
.
4059

134
0.0324
14.4
55.4%
25.2%
19.4%
1977
80.1%
15.6
110
3944
_
133
0.0335
14.0
52.0%
24.5%
23.5%
1973
77.5%
16.9
109
3588
_
124
0.0342
13.7
44.7%
34.4%
20.9%
1979
77.9%
17.2
109
3485
_
119
0.0338
13.8
43.7%
34.2%
22.1%
1980
83.5%
20.0
104
3101
_
100
0.0322
14.3
54.4%
34.4%
11.3%
1981
82.8%
21.4
106
3076
_
99
0.0320
14.4
51.5%
36.4%
12.2%
1982
80.5%
22.2
106
3053
_
99
0.0320
14.4
56.6%
30.9%
12.5%
1983
78.0%
22.1
109
3112
_
104
0.0330
14.0
53.0%
31.9%
15.0%
1984
76.5%
22.4
108
3101
_
106
0.0338
13.8
57.1%
29.7%
13.2%
1985
75.2%
23.0
108
3096
_
111
0.0354
13.3
55.3%
29.5%
15.2%
1986
72.1%
23.7
107
3043
_
111
0.0360
13.2
59.2%
28.3%
12.5%
1987
72.8%
23.8
107
3035
_
113
0.0365
13.0
63.2%
24.8%
12.1%
1988
70.9%
24.1
107
3051
_
116
0.0375
12.8
64.5%
22.8%
12.7%
1989
70.1%
23.6
108
3104
_
121
0.0387
12.4
58.0%
28.7%
13.4%
1990
70.4%
23.3
107
3178
_
129
0.0401
12.1
58.4%
28.9%
12.7%
1991
69.6%
23.3
107
3168
_
133
0.0413
11.9
60.4%
27.6%
12.0%
1992
68.6%
22.9
109
3254
_
141
0.0427
11.5
55.5%
29.4%
15.2%
1993
67.6%
23.0
109
3241
_
140
0.0427
11.5
54.7%
32.7%
12.6%
1994
61.9%
23.0
109
3268
_
144
0.0432
11.4
57.0%
28.2%
14.8%
1995
63.5%
23.3
109
3274
_
153
0.0460
10.9
56.3%
30.0%
13.7%
1996
62.2%
23.1
109
3297
_
155
0.0463
10.8
52.9%
33.9%
13.2%
1997
60.1%
23.2
109
3285

156
0.0468
10.7
54.5%
31.7%
13.7%
1998
58.3%
23.0
109
3334
_
160
0.0473
10.6
47.7%
41.4%
10.8%
1999
58.3%
22.7
110
3390
_
164
0.0479
10.5
45.8%
42.2%
12.0%
2000
58.8%
22.5
110
3401
_
168
0.0489
10.4
45.8%
37.1%
17.1%
2001
58.6%
22.6
110
3411

169
0.0491
10.3
48.2%
35.8%
16.0%
2002
55.3%
22.8
111
3415

173
0.0502
10.2
46.6%
39.0%
14.5%
2003
53.9%
23.0
111
3437

176
0.0508
10.0
47.8%
36.9%
15.3%
2004
52.0%
22.9
112
3492

184
0.0520
9.8
44.3%
38.9%
16.8%
2005
55.6%
23.1
113
3498

183
0.0516
9.9
40.6%
40.7%
18.6%
2006
57.9%
23.0
113
3563

194
0.0536
9.6
42.2%
35.8%
22.1%
2007
58.9%
23.7
113
3551

191
0.0530
9.6
40.0%
42.7%
17.3%
2008
59.3%
23.9
112
3569
45.3
194
0.0534
9.6
39.6%
40.0%
20.4%
2009
67.0%
25.0
112
3502
45.1
186
0.0522
9.8
43.0%
39.3%
17.8%
2010
62.7%
25.7
113
3536
45.4
190
0.0528
9.6
42.4%
40.3%
17.3%
2011
57.8%
25.6
115
3617
46.0
200
0.0544
9.5
31.8%
46.5%
21.7%
2012
63.9%
27.3
113
3482
45.3
192
0.0541
9.5
45.0%
40.7%
14.2%
*Note: all footprint values for MY 2011 and later are based on formal manufacturer data, and are based on different data sources than values for MY 2010
and earlier.
14

-------
Table 2 (continued)
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Trucks


Adj




0-to-60



Model
Production
Comp
Weight
Footprint

HP/
Time

Truck

Year
Percent
MPG
(lb)
(sqft)
HP
Weight
(sec)
Van
SUV
Pickup
1975
19,3%
11.6
4073
.
142
0.0349
13.6
23.1%
9.0%
67.9%
1976
21,1%
12.2
4155
.
141
0.0340
13.8
19.3%
8.9%
71.8%
1977
19,9%
13.3
4136
.
147
0.0356
13.3
18.3%
9.4%
72.2%
1978
22,5%
12.9
4152
.
146
0.0351
13.4
19.2%
11.2%
69.6%
1979
22,1%
12.5
4257
.
138
0.0325
14.3
15.6%
12.5%
71.8%
1930
16,5%
15.8
3869
.
121
0.0313
14.5
13.0%
9.9%
77.1%
1981
17,2%
17.1
3806
.
119
0.0311
14.6
13.5%
7.5%
79.1%
1982
19,5%
17.4
3813
.
120
0.0317
14.5
16.3%
7.9%
75.8%
1983
22,0%
17.7
3773
.
118
0.0313
14.6
16.9%
11.3%
71.8%
1984
23,5%
17.4
3787
.
118
0.0310
14.7
20.6%
17.3%
62.1%
1985
24,8%
17.5
3803
.
124
0.0326
14.1
23.9%
18.1%
58.0%
1986
27,9%
18.2
3741
.
123
0.0330
14.0
24.3%
16.6%
59.0%
1987
27,2%
18.3
3718
.
131
0.0351
13.4
27.6%
19.3%
53.1%
1988
29,1%
17.8
3850
.
141
0.0365
13.0
25.5%
19.3%
55.2%
1989
29,9%
17.6
3932
.
146
0.0371
12.8
29.5%
18.9%
51.6%
1990
29,6%
17.4
4014
.
151
0.0377
12.6
33.8%
17.2%
49.1%
1991
30.4%
17.8
3961
.
150
0.0379
12.5
27.0%
22.8%
50.2%
1992
31,4%
17.3
4078
.
155
0.0380
12.5
32.0%
19.9%
48.1%
1993
32.4%
17.5
4098
.
160
0.0391
1 /.. /.
33.7%
19.6%
46.8%
1994
38.1%
17.2
4149
.
166
0.0401
12.0
26.4%
24.0%
49.6%
1995
36.5%
17.0
4201
.
168
0.0400
12.0
30.1%
28.9%
41.1%
1996
37.8%
17.2
4255
.
179
0.0421
11.6
28.4%
32.3%
39.4%
1997
39.9%
16.8
4394
.
189
0.0428
11.4
22.0%
36.3%
41.8%
1998
41.7%
17.1
4317
.
188
0.0435
11.2
24.7%
35.3%
40.0%
1999
41.7%
16.6
4457
.
199
0.0446
11.0
23.0%
36.9%
40.1%
2000
41.2%
16.8
4421
.
199
0.0448
11.0
24.8%
37.0%
38.3%
2001
41.4%
16.5
4543
.
212
0.0465
10.6
19.1%
41.9%
39.0%
2002
44.7%
16.5
4612
.
223
0.0482
10.3
17.2%
49.8%
33.0%
2003
46.1%
16.7
4655
.
224
0.0481
10.4
16.9%
49.1%
34.0%
2004
48.0%
16.5
4783
.
240
0.0500
10.1
12.7%
54.1%
33.3%
2005
44.4%
16.9
4763
.
242
0.0506
10.0
21.0%
46.4%
32.6%
2006
42.1%
17.2
4758
.
240
0.0503
10.0
18.3%
47.3%
34.4%
2007
41.1%
17.4
4871
.
254
0.0519
9.8
13.5%
52.8%
33.7%
2008
40.7%
17.8
4837
54.0
254
0.0522
9.7
14.0%
54.3%
31.7%
2009
33.0%
18.5
4753
54.0
252
0.0527
9.7
12.0%
55.8%
32.2%
2010
37.3%
18.8
4784
53.8
253
0.0526
9.7
13.5%
55.7%
30.8%
2011
42.2%
19.1
4824
54.4
271
0.0557
9.2
10.3%
60.6%
29.2%
2012
36.1%
19.4
4779
54.5
275
0.0571
9.0
14.2%
58.0%
27.7%
*Note: all footprint values for MY 2011 and later are based on formal manufacturer data, and are based on different data sources than values for MY 2010
and earlier.
15

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Table 2 (continued)
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks
Model
Year
Adj
Comp
MPG
Weight
(lb)
Footprint
(sq ft)
HP
HP/
Weight
0-to-60
Time
(sec)
1975
13,1
4060
.
137
0.0335
14.1
1976
14,2
4079
.
135
0.0328
14.3
1977
15,1
3982
.
136
0.0339
13.8
1978
15,8
3715
.
129
0.0344
13.6
1979
15,9
3655
.
124
0.0335
13.9
1980
19,2
3228
.
104
0.0320
14.3
1981
20.5
3202
.
102
0.0318
14.4
1982
21,1
3202
.
103
0.0320
14.4
1983
21,0
3257
.
107
0.0327
14.1
1984
21,0
3262
.
109
0.0332
14.0
1985
21,3
3271
.
114
0.0347
13.5
1986
21,8
3238
.
114
0.0351
13.4
1987
22,0
3221
.
118
0.0361
13.1
1988
21,9
3283
.
123
0.0372
12.8
1989
21,4
3351
.
129
0.0382
12.5
1990
21,2
3426
.
135
0.0394
12.2
1991
21,3
3410
.
138
0.0402
12.1
1992
20.8
3512
.
145
0.0413
11.8
1993
20.9
3519
.
147
0.0416
11.8
1994
20.4
3603
.
152
0.0420
11.7
1995
20.5
3613
.
158
0.0438
11.3
1996
20.4
3659
.
164
0.0447
11.1
1997
20.2
3727
.
169
0.0452
11.0
1998
20.1
3744
.
171
0.0457
10.9
1999
19,7
3835
.
179
0.0465
10.7
2000
19,8
3821
.
181
0.0472
10.6
2001
19,6
3879
.
187
0.0480
10.5
2002
19,5
3951
.
195
0.0493
10.2
2003
19,6
3999
.
199
0.0496
10.2
2004
19,3
4111
.
211
0.0511
9.9
2005
19,9
4059
.
209
0.0512
9.9
2006
20.1
4067
.
213
0.0522
9.8
2007
20.6
4093
.
217
0.0525
9.7
2008
21.0
4085
48.9
219
0.0529
9.7
2009
22.4
3914
48.1
208
0.0523
9.7
2010
22.6
4002
48.6
214
0.0527
9.6
2011
22.4
4127
49.5
230
0.0550
9.4
2012
23.8
3950
48.6
222
0.0552
9.3
*Note: all footprint values for MY 2011 and later are based on formal manufacturer data, and are based on different data sources than values for MY 2010
and earlier.
16

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Figure 4
Ton-MPG by Model Year
(with Three-Year Moving Average)


















•
• •














uar






• ~ • A i


Truck













•








1975	1980	1985	1990	1995	2000	2005	2010	2015
Model Year
Another dramatic long-term trend has been the substantial increase in performance of cars and light trucks
as measured by their estimated 0-to-60 mph acceleration time. These trends are shown graphically in Figure 5,
which plots fuel economy versus performance for model years since 1975. Both graphs show the same story: in the
late 1970s and early 1980s, responding to the regulatory requirements for mpg improvement, the industry increased
mpg and kept performance roughly constant. After the regulatory mpg requirements stabilized, mpg improvements
ended and performance dramatically improved through 2005 or so. In recent years, both fuel economy and
performance have improved.
Figure 6 is similar to Figure 5, but shows the trends in weight and laboratory fuel economy. Weight
decreased from the mid-1970s to the mid-1980s, then increased dramatically until about 2005 or so, and has been
more stable in recent years.
17

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35
30
25
20
15
35
30
25
20
15
35
30
25
20
15
35
30
25
20
15
Figure 5
Laboratory MPG vs. 0-to-60 Time by Model Year
2012'
2010
2005
,1995
1990
2000'
1985
1980
1975
2012
2010
1985
2000,
2005
1995
1980
1990
1975-
Car
Truck
9	10	11	12	13	14
0-to-60 Time (sec.)
Figure 6
Laboratory MPG vs. Vehicle Weight by Model Year
Truck
2500	3000	3500	4000	4500	5000
Weight (lb)
18

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IV. Carbon Dioxide Emissions Trends
This section focuses on light-duty vehicle tailpipe carbon dioxide (C02) emissions data that are measured
over the EPA city and highway test procedures. As discussed below, the C02 emissions data, along with data for
carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions, are used to calculate the vehicle fuel economy levels presented in the
rest of this report.
C02 is the most important greenhouse gas, responsible for a majority of all global, anthropogenic
greenhouse gas emissions. Light-duty vehicles directly emit approximately 17% of total U.S. C02 emissions.2 In
April 2007, the U.S. Supreme Court determined that C02 is a pollutant under the Clean Air Act3, and in December
2009, EPA published two findings that C02 and other greenhouse gases from new motor vehicles and new motor
vehicle engines contribute to air pollution, and that the air pollution may reasonably be anticipated to endanger
public health and welfare.4 In May 2010, EPA published the first-ever light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions
standards, under the Clean Air Act, for MY 2012-2016.5 In October 2012, EPA published greenhouse gas
emissions standards for light-duty vehicles for MY 2017-2025.6 These standards are part of a new, coordinated
National Program which also includes CAFE standards that have been established and administered by NHTSA for
MY 2012-2021, and augural standards for MY 2022-20257. One of the goals of the National Policy is to establish a
coordinated set of greenhouse gas emissions and CAFE standards that automakers can meet with a single national
fleet.
Pre-2009 reports in this series presented fuel economy data only and did not include C02 emissions data.
Beginning with the 2009 report, EPA has added C02 emissions data. Rather than adding C02 emissions data to all
or most of the large number of tables and figures in this report, we are providing a few key summary tables and
figures dedicated to C02 emissions in this section as well as a methodology with which a reader can convert fuel
economy values from other sections of this report to equivalent C02 emissions levels. Section III and Sections V
through VII of this report, as well as all of the appendices, continue to focus exclusively on fuel economy data.
The light-duty vehicle tailpipe C02 emissions data provided in this report represent the sum of three
pollutants that EPA and automakers directly measure in the formal emissions certification and fuel economy
compliance test programs:
•	C02 emissions;
•	Carbon monoxide emissions, converted to an equivalent C02 level on a mass basis by multiplying by a
factor of 1.57, which is based on the ratio of molecular weights; and
•	Hydrocarbon emissions, converted to an equivalent C02 level on a mass basis by multiplying by a factor of
approximately 3.17, which is dependent on the measured carbon weight fraction of vehicle test fuel.
2	U.S. EPA, 2009, Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2007, EPA 430-R-09-004.
3	549 U.S. 497 (2007).
4	74 Federal Register 66496 (December 15, 2009).
5	75 Federal Register 25324 (May 7, 2010)
6	77 Federal Register 62624 (October 15, 2012).
7	NHTSA CAFE standards fro model years 2022-2025 are not final, and are augural. NHTSA is required by Congress to set
CAFE standards for no more than five years at a time. NHTSA will conduct new and full rulemaking in the future to establish
standards for model years 2022-2025. NHTSA projects the augural standards would require a combined fleet-wide fuel
economy of 48.7-49.7 mpg.
19

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While including the carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions adds, on average, less than one percent to
the tailpipe C02-equivalent emissions for late model year light-duty vehicles, they are included in the C02
emissions values for three reasons:
•	Atmospheric processes convert carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons to C02 relatively quickly compared to
the much longer atmospheric lifetime of C02;
•	Carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions are included, along with C02, in the "carbon balance"
equations that EPA uses to calculate fuel economy values, so they must also be included in the C02 values
to maintain the mathematical integrity of the equations given below to convert between C02 emissions and
fuel economy values; and
•	Including carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions is consistent with EPA's light-duty vehicle C02
emissions standard-setting approach.
EPA routinely measures C02, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbon emissions as part of its compliance
programs. The individual fuel economy test values that comprise the EPA fuel economy trends database are
calculated from a set of "carbon balance" equations based on direct measurement of C02, carbon monoxide, and
total hydrocarbon emissions. Since carbon is neither created nor destroyed in the combustion process, quantifying
the various carbon-containing compounds in the vehicle exhaust as well as the carbon weight fraction of the
gasoline test fuel allows the precise calculation of the amount of fuel that was combusted in the vehicle engine.
Ironically, while the fuel economy values are calculated from C02, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbon emissions
data, the historic EPA fuel economy trends database files do not include the direct emissions data. In order to add
C02 emissions data to the historical database, EPA has back-calculated the C02 emissions (and associated carbon
monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions, converted to C02 on a mass basis) levels from fuel economy values by
reversing the carbon balance equations.
As with the fuel economy data in this report, the light-duty vehicle C02 emissions values are expressed in
two ways: unadjusted/laboratory values (which will be the basis for C02 emissions regulatory compliance
beginning in MY 2012) and adjusted/real world values (which are used for consumer information and
environmental analysis). The C02 emissions values do not represent total light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas
emissions, as there are other sources of greenhouse gas emissions beyond the tailpipe C02 emissions values. It is
also important to note that the tailpipe C02 emissions data in this report do not reflect greenhouse gas emissions
associated with vehicle assembly, component manufacturing, or vehicle disposal, nor upstream fuel-related
production or distribution.
The unadjusted/laboratory C02 emissions values are the direct emissions data measured over the EPA city
and highway tests. The vehicle air conditioner is turned off during these tests. The EPA city and highway tests will
be used for compliance with future EPA light-duty vehicle C02 emissions standards (C02 standards allow the use
of various incentives and credits so that the unadjusted C02 tailpipe emissions data in this report will not align with
the EPA C02 standards or tailpipe compliance values). For late model year vehicles, the unadjusted C02 emissions
values represent about 90% of total unadjusted light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions. The remaining 10% of
total light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions is comprised of air conditioner efficiency-related C02 emissions
(about 4%), air conditioner hydrofluorocarbon refrigerant emissions leaks (approximately 5%), tailpipe nitrous
oxide emissions (about 2%), and tailpipe methane emissions (methane is one hydrocarbon compound with a longer
atmospheric lifetime and higher global warming potency, but its mass emissions are so low from gasoline vehicles
20

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that its potency-adjusted C02-equivalent emissions are about 0.2% of total light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas
emissions).8
The adjusted C02 emissions values are calculated by increasing the unadjusted/laboratory C02 emissions
test data to account for the many variables that can affect real world vehicle C02 emissions. For a detailed
discussion of the methodology that EPA uses to convert unadjusted vehicle fuel economy values to adjusted fuel
economy values, see Appendix A. This same methodology is used to calculate adjusted C02 emissions values as
well. On average, based on the current fleet mix, adjusted C02 emissions levels are about 25% higher than
unadjusted C02 values. Because the adjusted C02 values take the impact of air conditioner operation on vehicle
tailpipe C02 emissions into account, adjusted C02 values represent about 95% of total adjusted real world light-
duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions, with the remainder composed of air conditioner hydrofluorocarbon
refrigerant emissions leaks, tailpipe nitrous oxide emissions, and the higher global warming potency associated
with tailpipe methane emissions.
Table 3 gives key light-duty vehicle C02 emissions data for the entire data series from 1975 through 2012
for cars only, trucks only, and cars and trucks combined. Table 3 is very similar to Table 1, except that the fuel
economy data in Table 1 is replaced with C02 emissions data in Table 3.
8 75 Federal Register 25421-25425 (May 7, 2010).
21

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Table 3
Carbon Dioxide Emissions of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars
Model
Year
Production
(000)
Production
Percent
Lab City
CO 2
(i/mij
Lab Hwy
CO,
(g/mi)
Lab 55/45
co2
{g/mi)
Adj City
co2
(g/mi)
Adj Hwy
co2
fe/mi)
Adj Comp
co2
(i/mij
CO J
Ton
CO J
Cu Ft
CO J
Ton-
Cu Ft
1975
8247
80.7%
650
457
563
722
586
661
327
.
.
1976
9734
78,9%
584
418
509
649
536
598
297
.
.
1977
11318
80.1%
556
400
486
618
512
570
290
5.2
2.7
1978
11191
77.5%
516
364
447
574
466
525
294
4.9
2.8
1979
10810
77.9%
503
362
440
559
465
517
298
4.8
2.9
1980
9444
83.5%
439
308
380
488
395
446
289
4.4
2.9
1981
8734
82.8%
412
288
356
458
369
418
273
4.0
2.7
1982
7832
80.5%
401
273
343
445
350
402
264
3.9
2.6
1983
8035
78.0%
402
273
344
447
350
403
259
3.8
2.5
1984
10730
76.5%
397
268
339
441
343
397
256
3.8
2.5
1985
10879
75.2%
388
260
330
431
333
387
250
3.7
2.4
1986
11074
72.1%
375
251
319
420
322
375
247
3.6
2.4
1987
10826
72.8%
373
248
317
420
321
374
247
3.6
2.4
1988
10845
70.9%
367
243
312
416
316
369
243
3.5
2.3
1989
10126
70.1%
375
245
317
426
320
376
243
3.5
2.3
1990
8875
70.4%
380
247
320
435
324
382
241
3.6
2.3
1991
8748
69.6%
379
247
320
437
325
382
242
3.6
2.3
1992
8350
68.6%
387
248
325
448
327
389
240
3.6
2.3
1993
8929
67.6%
383
246
322
447
326
386
239
3.6
2.2
1994
8747
61.9%
383
244
320
449
325
386
237
3.6
2.2
1995
9616
63.5%
380
238
316
448
319
382
234
3.5
2.2
1996
8177
62.2%
381
239
317
452
322
384
234
3.5
2.2
1997
8695
60.1%
378
238
315
452
322
384
234
3.6
2.2
1998
8425
58.3%
380
239
316
456
324
386
232
3.6
2.2
1999
8865
58.3%
384
242
320
464
329
392
231
3.6
2.2
2000
9742
58.8%
385
244
321
468
333
395
233
3.6
2.2
2001
9148
58.6%
380
242
318
466
332
393
231
3.6
2.1
2002
8904
55.3%
375
241
314
462
332
390
229
3.6
2.1
2003
8496
53.9%
370
237
310
460
328
386
225
3.6
2.1
2004
8176
52.0%
373
236
312
466
329
389
223
3.6
2.1
2005
8839
55.6%
365
234
306
459
327
384
220
3.5
2.0
2006
8744
57.9%
368
235
308
463
328
386
217
3.5
2.0
2007
9001
58.9%
355
228
298
448
320
375
211
3.4
1.9
2008
8243
59.3%
352
227
296
445
317
372
209
3.4
1.9
2009
6244
67.0%
334
217
281
423
305
356
203
3.2
1.9
2010
6969
62.7%
323
212
273
411
298
346
196
3.1
1.8
2011
6934
57.8%
329
211
276
417
295
348
193
3.1
1.7
2012
.
63.9%
305
198
257
389
279
326
188
3.0
1.7
22

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Year
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
co2/
Ton
374
349
322
330
333
294
275
272
268
270
267
261
262
259
258
255
253
252
249
250
250
244
241
242
241
240
238
235
230
227
222
218
212
208
203
200
195
193
Table 3 (continued)
Carbon Dioxide Emissions of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Production
(000)
Production
Percent
Lab City
co2
(g/mi)
Lab Hwy
co2
(g/mi)
Lab 55/45
co2
(g/mi)
Adj City
co2
(g/mi)
Adj Hwy
co2
(g/mi)
Adj Comp
co2
(g/mi)
1977
19,3%
733
548
650
814
702
764
2600
21,1%
692
525
617
769
672
726
2805
19,9%
632
490
568
703
628
669
3257
22,5%
645
507
583
717
650
687
3072
22,1%
663
530
605
737
679
711
1863
16,5%
541
407
481
602
521
565
1821
17,2%
502
374
444
558
479
523
1901
19,5%
497
368
439
552
472
516
2267
22,0%
489
356
429
543
456
504
3289
23,5%
497
361
436
553
462
512
3581
24,8%
495
359
434
550
460
509
4291
27,9%
474
343
415
529
442
489
4039
27.2%
472
337
411
531
435
486
4450
29,1%
485
341
420
548
442
498
4327
29,9%
492
345
426
558
449
506
3740
29,6%
499
344
429
569
450
512
3825
30.4%
487
335
419
559
439
500
3822
31,4%
500
340
428
576
447
512
4281
32,4%
494
335
422
573
442
507
5378
38,1%
501
342
429
584
453
518
5529
36,5%
508
344
434
595
457
524
4967
37,8%
503
336
428
592
449
518
5762
39,9%
510
342
434
603
459
528
6030
41,7%
504
335
428
599
451
521
6350
41,7%
514
344
438
615
465
535
6829
41,2%
504
340
430
606
461
528
6458
41,4%
511
347
437
618
472
538
7211
44,7%
512
345
437
623
472
539
7277
46,1%
505
339
430
618
465
533
7533
48,0%
510
341
434
628
469
538
7053
44,4%
499
330
423
617
457
526
6360
42,1%
489
325
416
607
450
518
6275
41,1%
486
321
411
602
444
512
5656
40.7%
473
312
401
587
433
499
3071
33,0%
454
300
385
565
416
480
4141
37,3%
448
296
379
558
410
474
5069
42,2%
441
290
373
549
403
466
.
36,1%
434
284
366
541
395
458
23

-------
Table 3 (continued)
Carbon Dioxide Emissions of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks
Model
Year
Production
(000J
Lab City
co2
(g/mi)
Lab Hwy
co2
(g/mi)
Lab 55/45
co2
(g/mi)
Adj City
co2
(g/mi)
Adj Hwy
co2
(g/mi)
Adj Comp
co2
(g/mi)
COJ
Ton
1975
10224
666
474
580
740
608
681
336
1976
12334
607
440
532
674
565
625
308
1977
14123
571
418
502
635
535
590
296
1973
14448
545
396
478
606
508
562
302
1979
13882
539
399
476
599
512
560
306
1980
11306
456
324
397
507
416
466
290
1981
10554
428
303
371
475
388
436
274
1982
9732
419
292
362
466
374
425
266
1983
10302
421
291
363
468
373
426
261
1984
14020
421
290
362
467
371
424
259
1985
14460
414
284
356
461
364
417
255
1986
15365
403
276
346
450
356
407
251
1987
14865
400
272
343
450
352
405
251
1988
15295
402
272
343
454
353
407
247
1989
14453
410
275
349
466
359
415
247
1990
12615
415
276
353
475
361
420
245
1991
12573
412
274
350
474
360
418
245
1992
12172
423
277
357
488
365
427
243
1993
13211
419
275
354
488
364
426
242
1994
14125
428
281
362
500
374
436
242
1995
15145
426
277
359
501
369
434
240
1996
13144
427
276
359
505
370
435
238
1997
14458
431
280
363
512
376
441
237
1998
14456
431
279
363
516
377
442
236
1999
15215
438
285
369
527
386
451
235
2000
16571
434
283
366
525
386
450
236
2001
15605
434
285
367
529
390
453
234
2002
16115
436
287
369
534
394
457
232
2003
15773
432
284
366
533
391
454
227
2004
15709
439
286
370
544
396
461
225
2005
15892
424
277
358
529
385
447
221
2006
15104
419
273
353
523
380
442
218
2007
15276
409
266
345
511
371
431
212
2008
13898
401
261
338
503
364
424
208
2009
9315
373
244
315
470
341
397
203
2010
11110
370
243
313
465
340
394
197
2011
12003
376
244
317
473
341
398
193
2012
.
352
229
296
444
321
374
190
24

-------
Figure 7 plots the adjusted C02 emissions values over time, for cars only, trucks only, and both cars and
trucks combined.
Figure 7
Adjusted C02 Emissions by Model Year (grams/mile)
700
600
Trucks
E
3 500
Both
400
Cars
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
Table 3 and Figure 7 show that, over the last 35 years, adjusted (real world) C02 emissions rates have gone
through four distinct phases. Most dramatically, adjusted composite (city/highway) C02 emissions rates for the
combined car/truck fleet fell sharply from 681 grams per mile (g/mi) in MY 1975 to 436 g/mi in MY 1981, for a
36% reduction over 6 years. Adjusted C02 emissions continued to decline, though much more slowly, reaching
405 g/mi in MY 1987, which represents a 41% reduction from MY 1975. The trend then reversed, as adjusted C02
levels rose slowly over the next 17 years, reaching 461 g/mi in MY 2004, a 14% increase relative to the MY 1987
low. Adjusted C02 emissions have been on a generally decreasing trend since 2004, but increased slightly in MY
2011 to 398 g/mi. The preliminary MY 2012 value, based on automaker production projections made prior to the
beginning of the model year, is 374 g/mi, which if realized, would be an all-time low.
Laboratory C02 emissions values are also given in Table 3. Because laboratory values do not reflect the
changes that EPA made to its methodology for adjusting fuel economy and C02 emissions levels for real world
estimates for consumers, they are the best metric for evaluating C02 emissions trends solely on vehicle design
considerations. Based on the 55/45 (city/highway) laboratory C02 values in Table 3, the MY 2011 value is 317
g/mi and the preliminary MY 2012 value is 296 g/mi, which represents a new all-time low if achieved.
Table 4 shows key light-duty vehicle characteristics, along with the adjusted composite C02 emissions
values, for the MY 1975 through 2012 timeframe for cars only, trucks only, and cars and trucks combined. Table 4
is very similar to Table 2 discussed above, except that the fuel economy data in Table 2 is replaced with C02
emissions data in Table 4.
25

-------
Table 4
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars	
Adj Comp	0-to-60
Model
Year
Production
Percent
co2
(g/mi)
Vol
feu ft)
Weight
fib)
Footprint
(sq ft)
HP
HP/
Weight
Time
(sec)
Small
Midsize
Large
1975
80.7%
661
.
4057
.
136
0.0331
14.2
55.4%
23.3%
21.2%
1976
78.9%
598
.
4059
.
134
0.0324
14.4
55.4%
25.2%
19.4%
1977
80.1%
570
110
3944
.
133
0.0335
14.0
52.0%
24.5%
23.5%
1978
77.5%
525
109
3588
.
124
0.0342
13.7
44.7%
34.4%
20.9%
1979
77.9%
517
109
3485
.
119
0.0338
13.8
43.7%
34.2%
22.1%
1980
83.5%
446
104
3101
.
100
0.0322
14.3
54.4%
34.4%
11.3%
1981
82.8%
418
106
3076
.
99
0.0320
14.4
51.5%
36.4%
12.2%
1982
80.5%
402
106
3053
.
99
0.0320
14.4
56.6%
30.9%
12.5%
1983
78.0%
403
109
3112
.
104
0.0330
14.0
53.0%
31.9%
15.0%
1984
76.5%
397
108
3101
.
106
0.0338
13.8
57.1%
29.7%
13.2%
1985
75.2%
387
108
3096
.
111
0.0354
13.3
55.3%
29.5%
15.2%
1986
72.1%
375
107
3043
.
111
0.0360
13.2
59.2%
28.3%
12.5%
1987
72.8%
374
107
3035
.
113
0.0365
13.0
63.2%
24.8%
12.1%
1988
70.9%
369
107
3051
.
116
0.0375
12.8
64.5%
22.8%
12.7%
1989
70.1%
376
108
3104
.
121
0.0387
12.4
58.0%
28.7%
13.4%
1990
70.4%
382
107
3178
.
129
0.0401
12.1
58.4%
28.9%
12.7%
1991
69.6%
382
107
3168
.
133
0.0413
11.9
60.4%
27.6%
12.0%
1992
68.6%
389
109
3254
.
141
0.0427
11.5
55.5%
29.4%
15.2%
1993
67.6%
386
109
3241
.
140
0.0427
11.5
54.7%
32.7%
12.6%
1994
61.9%
386
109
3268
.
144
0.0432
11.4
57.0%
28.2%
14.8%
1995
63.5%
382
109
3274
.
153
0.0460
10.9
56.3%
30.0%
13.7%
1996
62.2%
384
109
3297
.
155
0.0463
10.8
52.9%
33.9%
13.2%
1997
60.1%
384
109
3285
.
156
0.0468
10.7
54.5%
31.7%
13.7%
1998
58.3%
386
109
3334
.
160
0.0473
10.6
47.7%
41.4%
10.8%
1999
58.3%
392
110
3390
.
164
0.0479
10.5
45.8%
42.2%
12.0%
2000
58.8%
395
110
3401
.
168
0.0489
10.4
45.8%
37.1%
17.1%
2001
58.6%
393
110
3411
.
169
0.0491
10.3
48.2%
35.8%
16.0%
2002
55.3%
390
111
3415
.
173
0.0502
10.2
46.6%
39.0%
14.5%
2003
53.9%
386
111
3437
.
176
0.0508
10.0
47.8%
36.9%
15.3%
2004
52.0%
389
112
3492
.
184
0.0520
9.8
44.3%
38.9%
16.8%
2005
55.6%
384
113
3498
.
183
0.0516
9.9
40.6%
40.7%
18.6%
2006
57.9%
386
113
3563
.
194
0.0536
9.6
42.2%
35.8%
22.1%
2007
58.9%
375
113
3551
.
191
0.0530
9.6
40.0%
42.7%
17.3%
2008
59.3%
372
112
3569
45.3
194
0.0534
9.6
39.6%
40.0%
20.4%
2009
67.0%
356
112
3502
45.1
186
0.0522
9.8
43.0%
39.3%
17.8%
2010
62.7%
346
113
3536
45.4
190
0.0528
9.6
42.4%
40.3%
17.3%
2011
57.8%
348
115
3617
46.0
200
0.0544
9.5
31.8%
46.5%
21.7%
2012
63.9%
326
113
3482
45.3
192
0.0541
9.5
45.0%
40.7%
14.2%
*Note: all footprint values for MY 2011 and later are based on formal manufacturer data, and are based on different data sources than values for MY 2010
and earlier.
26

-------
Table 4 (continued)
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Trucks
Model
Year
Production
Percent
Adj Comp
co2
(i/mi)
Weight
fib)
Footprint
fsq ftj
HP
HP/
Weight
0-to-60
Time
(sec)
Small
Midsize
Large
Van
Truck
SUV
Pickup
1975
19,3%
764
4073
.
142
0.0349
13.6
10.6%
24.1%
65.3%
23.1%
9.0%
67.9%
1976
21,1%
726
4155
.
141
0.0340
13.8
8.7%
20.2%
71.0%
19.3%
8.9%
71.8%
1977
19,9%
669
4136
.
147
0.0356
13.3
10.6%
20.4%
69.0%
18.3%
9.4%
72.2%
1978
22,5%
687
4152
.
146
0.0351
13.4
10.6%
22.7%
66.7%
19.2%
11.2%
69.6%
1979
22,1%
711
4257
.
138
0.0325
14.3
14.9%
19.5%
65.6%
15.6%
12.5%
71.8%
1980
16,5%
565
3869
.
121
0.0313
14.5
28.4%
17.6%
54.0%
13.0%
9.9%
77.1%
1981
17,2%
523
3806
.
119
0.0311
14.6
23.2%
19.1%
57.7%
13.5%
7.5%
79.1%
1982
19,5%
516
3813
.
120
0.0317
14.5
20.6%
31.1%
48.2%
16.3%
7.9%
75.8%
1983
22,0%
504
3773
.
118
0.0313
14.6
16.3%
45.6%
38.1%
16.9%
11.3%
71.8%
1984
23,5%
512
3787
.
118
0.0310
14.7
19.7%
45.6%
34.7%
20.6%
17.3%
62.1%
1985
24,8%
509
3803
.
124
0.0326
14.1
19.7%
47.2%
33.1%
23.9%
18.1%
58.0%
1986
27,9%
489
3741
.
123
0.0330
14.0
23.8%
47.8%
28.4%
24.3%
16.6%
59.0%
1987
27,2%
486
3718
.
131
0.0351
13.4
19.8%
59.2%
21.1%
27.6%
19.3%
53.1%
1988
29,1%
498
3850
.
141
0.0365
13.0
14.5%
57.0%
28.5%
25.5%
19.3%
55.2%
1989
29,9%
506
3932
.
146
0.0371
12.8
13.5%
58.7%
27.9%
29.5%
18.9%
51.6%
1990
29,6%
512
4014
.
151
0.0377
12.6
12.9%
57.0%
30.1%
33.8%
17.2%
49.1%
1991
30.4%
500
3961
.
150
0.0379
12.5
10.8%
66.5%
22.7%
27.0%
22.8%
50.2%
1992
31,4%
512
4078
.
155
0.0380
12.5
9.8%
63.0%
27.2%
32.0%
19.9%
48.1%
1993
32.4%
507
4098
.
160
0.0391
12.2
8.7%
62.6%
28.8%
33.7%
19.6%
46.8%
1994
38.1%
518
4149
.
166
0.0401
12.0
9.2%
61.9%
28.9%
26.4%
24.0%
49.6%
1995
36.5%
524
4201
.
168
0.0400
12.0
8.5%
62.5%
29.1%
30.1%
28.9%
41.1%
1996
37.8%
518
4255
.
179
0.0421
11.6
6.1%
66.0%
27.9%
28.4%
32.3%
39.4%
1997
39.9%
528
4394
.
189
0.0428
11.4
8.2%
52.2%
39.7%
22.0%
36.3%
41.8%
1998
41.7%
521
4317
.
188
0.0435
11.2
8.2%
57.0%
34.8%
24.7%
35.3%
40.0%
1999
41.7%
535
4457
.
199
0.0446
11.0
7.3%
53.5%
39.2%
23.0%
36.9%
40.1%
2000
41.2%
528
4421
.
199
0.0448
11.0
5.4%
53.7%
40.9%
24.8%
37.0%
38.3%
2001
41.4%
538
4543
.
212
0.0465
10.6
5.2%
44.4%
50.4%
19.1%
41.9%
39.0%
2002
44.7%
539
4612
.
223
0.0482
10.3
6.1%
40.9%
53.0%
17.2%
49.8%
33.0%
2003
46.1%
533
4655
.
224
0.0481
10.4
5.5%
45.2%
49.3%
16.9%
49.1%
34.0%
2004
48.0%
538
4783
.
240
0.0500
10.1
4.9%
43.4%
51.6%
12.7%
54.1%
33.3%
2005
44.4%
526
4763
.
242
0.0506
10.0
2.6%
46.0%
51.4%
21.0%
46.4%
32.6%
2006
42.1%
518
4758
.
240
0.0503
10.0
2.2%
47.1%
50.7%
18.3%
47.3%
34.4%
2007
41.1%
512
4871
.
254
0.0519
9.8
2.3%
41.7%
56.0%
13.5%
52.8%
33.7%
2008
40.7%
499
4837
54.0
254
0.0522
9.7
3.0%
45.9%
51.2%
14.0%
54.3%
31.7%
2009
33.0%
480
4753
54.0
252
0.0527
9.7
2.6%
48.2%
49.2%
12.0%
55.8%
32.2%
2010
37.3%
474
4784
53.8
253
0.0526
9.7
2.9%
48.0%
49.2%
13.5%
55.7%
30.8%
2011
42.2%
466
4824
54.4
271
0.0557
9.2
.
43.4%
56.6%
10.3%
60.6%
29.2%
2012
36.1%
458
4779
54.5
275
0.0571
9.0
.
42.9%
57.1%
14.2%
58.0%
27.7%
*Note: all footprint values for MY 2011 and later are based on formal manufacturer data, and are based on different data sources than values for MY 2010
and earlier.
27

-------
Table 4 (continued)
Vehicle Size and Design Characteristics of MY 1975 to 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks
Model
Year
Adj Comp
co2
(g/mi)
Weight
(lb)
Footprint
(sq ft)
HP
HP/
Weight
0™to-60
Time
(sec)
1975
681
4060
.
137
0.0335
14.1
1976
625
4079
.
135
0.0328
14.3
1977
590
3982
.
136
0.0339
13.8
1978
562
3715
.
129
0.0344
13.6
1979
560
3655
.
124
0.0335
13.9
1980
466
3228
.
104
0.0320
14.3
1981
436
3202
.
102
0.0318
14.4
1982
425
3202
.
103
0.0320
14.4
1983
426
3257
.
107
0.0327
14.1
1984
424
3262
.
109
0.0332
14.0
1985
417
3271
.
114
0.0347
13.5
1986
407
3238
.
114
0.0351
13.4
1987
405
3221
.
118
0.0361
13.1
1988
407
3283
.
123
0.0372
12.8
1989
415
3351
.
129
0.0382
12.5
1990
420
3426
.
135
0.0394
12.2
1991
418
3410
.
138
0.0402
12.1
1992
427
3512
.
145
0.0413
11.8
1993
426
3519
.
147
0.0416
11.8
1994
436
3603
.
152
0.0420
11.7
1995
434
3613
.
158
0.0438
11.3
1996
435
3659
.
164
0.0447
11.1
1997
441
3727
.
169
0.0452
11.0
1998
442
3744
.
171
0.0457
10.9
1999
451
3835
.
179
0.0465
10.7
2000
450
3821
.
181
0.0472
10.6
2001
453
3879
.
187
0.0480
10.5
2002
457
3951
.
195
0.0493
10.2
2003
454
3999
.
199
0.0496
10.2
2004
461
4111
.
211
0.0511
9.9
2005
447
4059
.
209
0.0512
9.9
2006
442
4067
.
213
0.0522
9.8
2007
431
4093
.
217
0.0525
9.7
2008
424
4085
48.9
219
0.0529
9.7
2009
397
3914
48.1
208
0.0523
9.7
2010
394
4002
48.6
214
0.0527
9.6
2011
398
4127
49.5
230
0.0550
9.4
2012
374
3950
48.6
222
0.0552
9.3
*Note: all footprint values for MY 2011 and later are based on formal manufacturer data, and are based on different data sources than values for MY 2010
and earlier.
28

-------
The manufacturer definitions in this report are those used by NHTSA for purposes of implementation of
and manufacturer compliance with the CAFE program. Make is typically included in the model name and is
generally recognized by consumers as the "brand" of the vehicle. The Mercury make no longer exists, but is
included since Table 5 also includes MY 2010 and 2011. For more details on this vehicle grouping approach, and
the thresholds that were used to identify the 11 manufacturers (excluding Hyundai and Kia, as discussed in the
Executive Summary) and 26 makes shown in Table 5, see the more detailed discussion in Section VII. It is
important to note that when a manufacturer or make grouping is changed to reflect a change in the industry's
financial structure, EPA makes the same adjustment in the historical database back to 1975. This maintains a
consistent manufacturer (or make) definition over time, which allows a better identification of long-term trends.
However, this also means that the current database does not necessarily reflect actual financial or structural
arrangements in the past. For example, the 2012 database no longer accounts for the fact that Chrysler was
combined with Daimler for several years.
Table 5 gives adjusted C02 emissions values for cars, trucks, and cars and trucks combined for MY 2010-
2012, for the 11 highest-selling manufacturers (excluding Hyundai and Kia) and 26 largest makes associated with
those manufacturers. Manufacturers are listed in order of increasing MY 2011 car plus truck C02 emissions rate.
By including data from both MY 2010 and MY 2011, with formal end-of-year data for both years, it is possible to
identify meaningful changes from year-to-year. Because of the uncertainty associated with the MY 2012
projections, changes from MY 2011 to MY 2012 are less meaningful. EPA anticipates that the MY 2012 results for
all manufacturers will change after the final data has been submitted to EPA, and the final MY 2012 data will be
included in next year's report.
Seven of the 11 manufacturers reduced C02 emissions in MY 2011. Of these 11 manufacturers,
Volkswagen had the lowest MY 2011 adjusted C02 emissions performance of 349 g/mi, followed by Mazda at 356
g/mi. Toyota and Honda were tied at 369 g/mi. Daimler had the highest MY 2011 adjusted C02 emissions
performance for any manufacturer, 469 g/mi, and was followed by Chrysler-Fiat at 458 g/mi and GM at 429 g/mi.
In terms of improvement from MY 2010 to MY 2011, Volkswagen had the largest reduction of 14 g/mi, followed
by Ford and BMW.
In terms of makes in MY 2011, the Smart had the lowest C02 emissions of 243 g/mi. The Daimler Smart
Fortwo is the smallest and lightest car in the U.S. market and has very small production volumes. The make with
the second-lowest C02 emissions performance in MY 2011 is the BMW Mini, which also has relatively low
production, at 293 g/mi. Of the makes with higher production for the 11 manufacturers shown in the table,
Volkswagen had the lowest C02 emissions at 330 g/mi, followed by Scion at 340 g/mi and Mazda at 356 g/mi.
Preliminary projections suggest that all 11 of the manufacturers will improve C02 emissions performance
further in MY 2012, though EPA will not have actual data for MY 2012 until later this year. Honda, Mazda,
Volkswagen, and Toyota are projected to be the overall C02 emissions leaders for MY 2011.
29

-------
Table 5
Adjusted Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Manufacturer and Make for MY 2010-2012 (g/mi)
Manufacturer
Make
2010
Cars
2010
Trucks
2010 Cars
and
Trucks
2011
Cars
2011
Trucks
2011 Cars
and
Trucks
2012
Cars
2012
Trucks
2012 Cars
and
Trucks
VW
VW
338
435
346
318
407
330
325
394
332
vw
Audi
380
463
404
371
423
387
373
422
386
VW
All
349
450
363
333
415
349
336
406
346
Mazda
All
344
442
364
338
453
356
330
453
343
Toyota
Toyota
287
459
343
308
450
366
279
456
344
Toyota
Lexus
382
422
397
377
437
397
364
427
384
Toyota
Scion
343
-
343
340
-
340
321
-
321
Toyota
All
302
453
350
317
449
369
293
453
347
Honda
Honda
314
419
349
315
415
363
295
389
329
Honda
Acura
382
473
413
373
478
434
367
479
408
Honda
All
322
425
357
319
422
369
302
398
337
Subaru
All
373
382
379
372
371
372
325
371
353
Nissan
Nissan
337
482
378
331
464
374
319
435
353
Nissan
Infiniti
420
554
449
409
522
436
403
513
418
Nissan
All
345
487
384
340
469
381
331
439
361
BMW
BMW
422
480
434
398
447
408
395
452
413
BMW
Mini
305
-
305
293
-
293
297
-
297
BMW
All
390
480
404
383
447
393
365
452
386
Ford
Ford
362
510
437
352
484
421
317
476
380
Ford
Mercury
387
463
401
414
422
414
-
-
-
Ford
Lincoln
430
470
441
404
503
471
401
505
431
Ford
All
369
508
435
359
484
422
322
477
382
GM
Chevrolet
362
498
407
357
501
417
347
495
406
GM
GMC
372
493
465
377
503
475
373
508
471
GM
Buick
420
459
435
397
463
419
366
468
382
GM
Cadillac
438
527
449
433
570
456
434
567
478
GM
All
374
494
418
371
501
429
354
499
415
Chrysler-Fiat
Jeep
-
484
484
-
465
465
-
468
468
Chrysler-Fiat
Dodge
401
461
428
391
460
431
383
444
418
Chrysler-Fiat
Chrysler
398
452
430
386
428
405
380
425
402
Chrysler-Fiat
Ram
-
556
556
-
554
554
-
538
538
Chrysler-Fiat
All
402
482
455
392
477
458
362
464
431
Daimler
Mercedes-Benz
451
522
474
444
533
472
392
506
418
Daimler
Smart
241
-
241
243
-
243
244
-
244
Daimler
All
446
522
471
440
533
469
392
506
418
Other
All
386
510
433
373
493
423
379
463
403
Fleet

346
474
394
348
466
398
326
458
374
*Note: Two manufacturers, Hyundai and Kia, are not included in the table above due to a continuing investigation. On November 2, 2012, EPA announced
that Hyundai and Kia would lower their fuel economy estimates for many vehicle models as the result of an EPA investigation of test data. This report uses
the corrected fuel economy values submitted by Hyundai and Kia for four MY 2011 vehicles and for a majority of Hyundai and Kia vehicles for MY
2012. Based on these corrected data, Hyundai's 2010 Cars and Trucks value is 329 g/mi C02, Hyundai's 2011 Cars and Trucks value is 327 g/mi C02, Hyundai's
preliminary 2012 Cars and Trucks value is 309 g/mi C02, Kia's 2010 Cars and Trucks value is 330 g/mi C02, Kia's 2011 Cars and Truck values is 345 g/mi C02,
and Kia's preliminary 2012 Car and truck value is 333 g/mi C02.
30

-------
While Tables 3, 4, and 5 provide key summary C02 emissions data, EPA recognizes that many users will
want the C02 emissions values equivalent to the fuel economy values in many other tables in this report.
Converting fuel economy values from tables in this report to approximate equivalent C02 emissions values is fairly
straightforward.
If it is known that a fuel economy value in this report is based on a single gasoline vehicle, or a 100%
gasoline vehicle fleet, one can calculate the precise corresponding C02 value by simply dividing 8887 (which is a
typical value for the grams of C02 per gallon of gasoline test fuel, assuming all the carbon is converted to C02) by
the fuel economy value in miles per gallon. For example, 8887 divided by a gasoline vehicle fuel economy of 30
mpg would yield an equivalent C02 emissions value of 296 grams per mile.
Since gasoline vehicle production has accounted for 99+% of all light-duty vehicle production for all model
years since 1975 except for the six years from 1979 through 1984, this simple approach yields very accurate results
for most model years.
Diesel fuel has 14.5% higher carbon content per gallon than gasoline. To calculate a C02 equivalent value
for a diesel vehicle, one should divide 10,180 by the diesel vehicle fuel economy value. Accordingly, a 30 mpg
diesel vehicle would have a C02 equivalent value of 339 grams per mile.
Table 6 should be used by those who want to make the most accurate conversions of industry-wide fuel
economy values to C02 emissions values. Table 6 gives model year-specific industry-wide values for grams of C02
per gallon based on actual light-duty gasoline and diesel vehicle production in that year. Using these model year-
specific values and dividing by the fuel economy value in miles per gallon will allow accurate conversions of
industry-wide fuel economy values to industry-wide C02 emissions values.
Readers will have to make judgment calls about how to best convert fuel economy values that do not
represent industry-wide values (e.g., just small cars or vehicles with 5-speed automatic transmissions). If the user
knows the gasoline/diesel production volume fractions of the individual database component, it is best to generate a
weighted value of grams of C02 per gallon based on the 8887 (gasoline) and 10,180 (diesel) factors discussed
above. Otherwise, the reader can choose between the model year-specific weighting in Table 6 (which implicitly
assumes that the diesel fraction in the database component of interest is similar to that for the overall fleet in that
year) or the gasoline value of 8887 (implicitly assuming no diesels in that database component). In nearly all cases,
any error associated with either of these approaches will be relatively small.
31

-------
Table 6
Factors for Converting Industry-wide Fuel Economy Values from this Report to
Carbon Dioxide Emissions Values



Weighted

Gasoline
Diesel
C02 per
Model
Production
Production
Gallon
Year
Share
Share
(grams)
1975
99,8%
0.2%
8890
1976
99,8%
0.2%
8890
1977
99,6%
0.4%
8892
1978
99,1%
0.9%
8899
1979
98,0%
2,0%
8913
1980
95,7%
4,3%
8943
1981
94,1%
5,9%
8963
1982
94,4%
5,6%
8959
1983
97,3%
2,7%
8922
1984
98,2%
1,8%
8910
1985
99,1%
0.9%
8899
1986
99,6%
0.4%
8892
1987
99,7%
0.3%
8891
1988
99,9%
0.1%
8888
1989
99,9%
0.1%
8888
1990
99,9%
0.1%
8888
1991
99,9%
0.1%
8888
1992
99,9%
0.1%
8888
1993
100.0%
.
8887
1994
100.0%
0.0%
8887
1995
100.0%
0.0%
8887
1996
99,9%
0.1%
8888
1997
99,9%
0.1%
8888
1998
99,9%
0.1%
8888
1999
99,9%
0.1%
8888
2000
99,9%
0.1%
8888
2001
99,9%
0.1%
8888
2002
99,8%
0.2%
8890
2003
99,8%
0.2%
8890
2004
99,9%
0.1%
8888
2005
99,7%
0.3%
8891
2006
99,6%
0.4%
8892
2007
99,9%
0.1%
8888
2008
99,9%
0.1%
8888
2009
99,5%
0.5%
8893
2010
99,3%
0.7%
8896
2011
99,2%
0.8%
8897
2012
99,2%
0.8%
8897
32

-------
V. Fuel Economy Trends by Vehicle Type, Size, and Weight
Figure 8 shows production share trends by vehicle type. Of the six vehicle classes shown—cars, wagons,
non-truck SUVs, truck SUVs, vans, and pickups—the biggest overall increase in production share since 1975 has
been for the two categories of SUVs, which, combined, increased from less than two percent in MY 1975 to nearly
30% in MY 2012. The biggest overall decrease has been for cars, down from 71% of the fleet in MY 1975 to about
50% in MY 2012.
Figure 9 (size within vehicle type) and Table 7 (across the entire market) compares production fractions by
vehicle type and size with the fleet again stratified into six vehicle types (cars, station wagons, non-truck SUVs,
vans, truck SUVs, and pickup trucks) and three vehicle sizes (small, midsize, and large). Small cars have
historically been the leading segment, but midsize cars now have a similar share. Wagons have decreased from
about 10% of production in MY 1975 to about 3% of production today, almost exclusively small wagons.
Since 1975, the largest increases in production fractions have been for SUVs. Truck SUVs and non-truck
SUVs (those now classified as cars for regulatory purposes) are expected to account for nearly 30% of all light
vehicles sold in MY 2012, compared to combined totals of about 2% in MY 1975 and 6% in MY 1988,
respectively. Minivans and vans, whose popularity peaked in the 1990s, now account for about 5% of production,
similar to MY 1975 levels. Almost all of the vans sold today are midsize minivans. Pickups are now almost
exclusively large pickups.
Figure 8
Production Share by Vehicle Type
100%
CD 80%
CO
C/5
c
o
o
"O
o
60%
40%
20%
0%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Wagon

1975 1980 1985 1990 1995
Model Year
2000
2005
2010
2015
33

-------
Figure 9
Production Share by Vehicle Size
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Small
Midsize
Small
Midsize
Small
Midsize
Small
Midsize
Small
Midsize
Small
Midsize
Car
Wagon
Non-Truck SUV
Van
Truck SUV
Pickup
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
34

-------
Table 7
Production Shares of MY 1975, 1988, and 2012 by Vehicle Size and Type
Vehicle Type
Size
1975
1988
Difference
2012 1975 to 2012
Difference
1975 to 1988
Difference
1988 to 2012
Car
Small
40.0%
43.8%
25.1%
-14.9%
3.9%
-18.7%
Car
Midsize
16.0%
13.8%
21.7%
5.8%
-2.1%
7.9%
Car
Large
15.2%
8.5%
6.2%
-9.0%
-6.7%
-2.3%
Car
All
71.1%
66.2%
53.1%
-18.0%
-5.0%
-13.1%
Wagon
Small
4.7%
1.7%
3.6%
-1.0%
-3.0%
2.0%
Wagon
Midsize
2.8%
1.9%
0.3%
-2.5%
-1.0%
-1.6%
Wagon
Large
1.9%
0.5%
-
-1.9%
-1.4%
-0.5%
Wagon
All
9.4%
4.0%
3.9%
-5.5%
-5.4%
-0.1%
Non-Truck SUV
Small
0.1%
0.3%
-
-0.1%
0.2%
-0.3%
Non-Truck SUV
Midsize
0.0%
0.5%
4.0%
4.0%
0.4%
3.5%
Non-Truck SUV
Large
-
-
2.9%
2.9%
-
2.9%
Non-Truck SUV
All
0.1%
0.7%
6.8%
6.7%
0.6%
6.1%
Van
Small
0.0%
0.4%
-
0.0%
0.3%
-0.4%
Van
Midsize
3.0%
6.2%
4.9%
2.0%
3.2%
-1.2%
Van
Large
1.5%
0.9%
0.2%
-1.3%
-0.6%
-0.7%
Van
All
4.5%
7.4%
5.1%
0.7%
2.9%
-2.3%
Truck SUV
Small
0.5%
1.6%
-
-0.5%
1.2%
-1.6%
Truck SUV
Midsize
1.2%
3.5%
10.3%
9.2%
2.4%
6.8%
Truck SUV
Large
0.1%
0.5%
10.6%
10.5%
0.3%
10.2%
Truck SUV
All
1.7%
5.6%
21.0%
19.2%
3.9%
15.3%
Pickup
Small
1.6%
2.2%
-
-1.6%
0.7%
-2.2%
Pickup
Midsize
0.5%
6.9%
0.2%
-0.3%
6.3%
-6.7%
Pickup
Large
11.0%
7.0%
9.8%
-1.2%
-4.1%
2.8%
Pickup
All
13.1%
16.1%
10.0%
-3.1%
2.9%
-6.1%
All Trucks

19.3%
29.1%
36.1%
16.8%
9.8%
7.0%
Figure 10 shows annual trends in adjusted fuel economy, weight, and performance for cars, wagons, non-
truck SUVs, vans, truck SUVs, and pickups. For all six vehicle types, the recent trends, since 2005, have been
increasing fuel economy, fairly stable weight, and decreasing 0-60 acceleration time (or increased performance).
Table 8 shows the lowest, average, and highest adjusted mpg performance by vehicle type and size for
three selected years. For both MY 1988 and 2012, the mpg performance is such that the midsize vehicles in all
vehicle type/size combinations have better fuel economy than the corresponding entry for small vehicles in 1975.
In Table 9, the percentage changes obtainable from the entries in Table 8 are presented. Average mpg for several
vehicle type/size combinations has more than doubled since 1975. Tables 10 and 11 present this same data in terms
of fuel consumption.
35

-------
Figure 10
Fuel Economy and Performance by Vehicle Type
Car
\Nagon
Non-Truck SUV
Van
Truck SUV
Pickup
15
10
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
r"



r-
r^



1


¦v"*
y

\

V
\
\
\
- K) K) K) K)
>¦ K) K) K) K)
L K) K) K) K)
L K) K) K) K)
- K) K) K) K)
^1 CO CO CD CD O O -
•nI CO CO CD CD O O -
-vICOCOCDCDOO-
•nI CO CO CD CD O O -
•nI OD OD CD CD O O -
"-J CO CO CD CD O O -
Adjusted
Composite MPG
Weight
(lbs)
0-to-60
Time (sec)
L K) K) K) K)
CDCDCDCDCDOOOO CDCDCDCDCDOOOO CDCDCDCDCDOOOO CDCDCDCDCDOOOO CDCDCDCDCDOOOO CDCDCDCDCDOOOO
01001001001001 OlOOIOOlOOlOOl OlOOlOOlOOlOOl 01001001001001 OlOOlOOlOOIOOl OlOOlOOlOOIOOl
Model Year
36

-------
Table 8
Lowest, Average, and Highest Adjusted Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type and Size
Car or


1975
1975
1975
1988
1988
1988
2012
2012
2012
Truck
Vehicle Type
Size
Low
Average
High
Low
Average
High
Low
Average
High
Car
Car
Small
8,6
15,6
28,3
7,5
25,7
54,4
11,2
28,8
48,8
Car
Car
Midsize
8,6
11,6
18,4
10.5
22,6
27,7
13,3
27,5
49,3
Car
Car
Large
8,4
11,2
14,6
10.0
20.6
26,0
12,7
24,2
28,9
Car
Car
All
8,4
13,4
28,3
7,5
24,2
54,4
11,2
27,7
49,3
Car
Wagon
Small
11,8
19,1
24,1
17,1
26,3
33,2
14,9
27,5
35,6
Car
Wagon
Midsize
8,4
11,3
25,0
17,5
22,2
27,7
19,1
40.4
41,6
Car
Wagon
Large
8,4
10.2
12,8
19,2
19,4
19,4
.
.
.
Car
Wagon
All
8,4
13,8
25,0
17,1
23,3
33,2
14,9
28,2
41,6
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Small
10.2
10.2
10.2
18,6
19,4
20.3
.
.
.
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Midsize
11,1
12,9
18,4
17,2
19,2
23,6
18,9
24,3
31,9
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Large
.
.
.
.
.
NA
18,3
23,9
27,0
Car
Non-Truck SUV
All
10.2
11,1
18,4
17,2
19,2
23,6
18,3
24,1
31,9
Truck
Van
Small
16,2
17,5
18,5
15,5
20.6
25,0
.
.
.
Truck
Van
Midsize
8,2
11,3
18,4
11,3
18,4
23,4
15,1
21,4
24,2
Truck
Van
Large
8,9
10.7
14,5
10.0
14,3
16,8
11,5
15,3
17,4
Truck
Van
All
8,2
11,1
18,5
10.0
17,9
25,0
11,5
21,1
24,2
Truck
Truck SUV
Small
12,8
14,3
16,3
15,6
20.5
27,8
.
.
.
Truck
Truck SUV
Midsize
8,2
10.2
16,7
10.2
16,2
22,4
14,3
21,9
28,5
Truck
Truck SUV
Large
7,9
10.3
13,7
12,2
14,0
18,8
12,7
18,8
25,0
Truck
Truck SUV
All
7,9
11,0
16,7
10.2
17,0
27,8
12,7
20.2
28,5
Truck
Pickup
Small
13,0
19,2
20.8
13,3
21,0
24,6
.
.
.
Truck
Pickup
Midsize
17,8
17,9
18,0
15,3
21,3
25,9
17,7
21,1
21,8
Truck
Pickup
Large
7,6
11,1
18,5
9,8
15,2
21,0
13,6
17,2
22,7
Truck
Pickup
All
7,6
11,9
20.8
9,8
18,1
25,9
13,6
17,3
22,7
Car
All
All
8,4
13,5
28,3
7,5
24,1
54,4
11,2
27,3
49,3
Truck
All
All
7,6
11,6
20.8
9,8
17,8
27,8
11,5
19,4
28,5
Fleet
All
All
7,6
13,1
28,3
7,5
21,9
54,4
11,2
23,8
49,3
37

-------
Table 9
Percent Change in Lowest, Average, and Highest Adjusted Fuel Economy
by Vehicle Type and Size



1975 to
1975 to
1975 to
1975 to
1975 to
1975 to
1988 to
1988 to
1988 to
Car or


2012
2012
2012
1988
1988
1988
2012
2012
2012
Truck
Vehicle Type
Size
Low
Average
High
Low
Average
High
Low
Average
High
Car
Car
Small
30%
35%
72%
-13%
65%
92%
49%
12%
-10%
Car
Car
Midsize
55%
137%
168%
22%
95%
51%
27%
22%
73%
Car
Car
Large
51%
116%
93%
19%
34%
73%
27%
17%
11%
Car
Car
All
33%
107%
74%
-11%
31%
92%
49%
14%
-9%
Car
Wagon
Small
26%
44%
43%
45%
33%
38%
-13%
5%
7%
Car
Wagon
Midsize
127%
258%
66%
103%
96%
11%
9%
82%
50%
Car
Wagon
Large
-
-
-
129%
90%
52%
-
-
-
Car
Wagon
All
77%
104%
66%
104%
69%
33%
-13%
21%
25%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Small
-
-
-
32%
90%
99%
-
-
-
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Midsize
70%
88%
73%
55%
49%
28%
10%
27%
35%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Large
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Car
Non-Truck SUV
All
79%
117%
73%
69%
73%
28%
6%
26%
35%
Truck
Van
Small
-
-
-
-4%
13%
35%
-
-
-
Truck
Van
Midsize
34%
39%
32%
33%
63%
27%
34%
16%
3%
Truck
Van
Large
29%
43%
20%
12%
34%
16%
15%
7%
4%
Truck
Van
All
40%
90%
31%
22%
61%
35%
15%
18%
-3%
Truck
Truck SUV
Small
-
-
-
22%
43%
71%
-
-
-
Truck
Truck SUV
Midsize
74%
115%
71%
24%
59%
34%
40%
35%
27%
Truck
Truck SUV
Large
61%
33%
32%
54%
36%
37%
4%
34%
33%
Truck
Truck SUV
All
61%
84%
71%
29%
55%
66%
25%
19%
3%
Truck
Pickup
Small
-
-
-
2%
9%
13%
-
-
-
Truck
Pickup
Midsize
-1%
18%
21%
-14%
19%
44%
16%
-1%
-16%
Truck
Pickup
Large
79%
55%
23%
29%
37%
14%
39%
13%
3%
Truck
Pickup
All
79%
45%
9%
29%
52%
25%
39%
-4%
-12%
Car
All
All
33%
102%
74%
-11%
79%
92%
49%
13%
-9%
Truck
All
All
51%
67%
37%
29%
53%
34%
17%
9%
3%
Fleet
All
All
47%
32%
74%
-1%
67%
92%
49%
9%
-9%
38

-------
Table 10
Adjusted Fuel Consumption (Gal./100 miles) by Vehicle Type and Size
Car or


1975
1975
1975
1988
1988
1988
2012
2012
2012
Truck
Vehicle Type
Size
High
Average
Low
High
Average
Low
High
Average
Low
Car
Car
Small
11.6
6.4
3.5
13.3
3.9
1.8
8.9
3.5
2.0
Car
Car
Midsize
11.6
8.6
5.4
9.5
4.4
3.6
7.5
3.6
2.0
Car
Car
Large
11.9
8.9
6.8
10.0
4.9
3.8
7.9
4.1
3.5
Car
Car
All
11.9
7 5
3.5
13.3
4.1
1.8
8.9
3.6
2.0
Car
Wagon
Small
8.5
5.2
4.1
5.8
3.8
3.0
6.7
3.6
2.8
Car
Wagon
Midsize
11.9
8.8
4.0
5 7
4.5
3.6
5.2
2.5
2.4
Car
Wagon
Large
11.9
9.8
7.8
5.2
5.2
5.2



Car
Wagon
All
11.9
7.2
4.0
5.8
4.3
3.0
6.7
3.5
2.4
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Small
9.8
9.8
9.8
5.4
5.2
4.9



Car
Non-Truck SUV
Midsize
9.0
7.8
5.4
5.8
5.2
4.2
5.3
4.1
3.1
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Large
-





5.5
4.2
3.7
Car
Non-Truck SUV
All
9.8
9.0
5.4
5.8
5.2
4.2
5.5
4.1
3.1
Truck
Van
Small
6.2
5 7
5.4
6.5
4.9
4.0



Truck
Van
Midsize
12.2
8.8
5.4
8.8
5.4
4.3
6.6
4.7
4.1
Truck
Van
Large
11.2
9.3
6.9
10.0
7.0
6.0
8.7
6.5
5.7
Truck
Van
All
12.2
9.0
5.4
10.0
5.6
4.0
8.7
4.7
4.1
Truck
Truck SUV
Small
7.8
7.0
6.1
6.4
4.9
3.6



Truck
Truck SUV
Midsize
12.2
9.8
6.0
9.8
6.2
4.5
7.0
4.6
3.5
Truck
Truck SUV
Large
12.7
9.7
7.3
8.2
7.1
5.3
7.9
5.3
4.0
Truck
Truck SUV
All
12.7
9.1
6.0
9.8
5.9
3.6
7.9
5.0
3.5
Truck
Pickup
Small
7.7
5.2
4.8
7.5
4.8
4.1



Truck
Pickup
Midsize
5.6
5.6
5.6
6.5
4.7
3.9
5.6
4.7
4.6
Truck
Pickup
Large
13.2
9.0
5.4
10.2
6.6
4.8
7.4
5.8
4.4
Truck
Pickup
All
13.2
8.4
4.8
10.2
5.5
3.9
7.4
5.8
4.4
Car
All
All
11.9
7.4
3.5
13.3
4.1
1.8
8.9
3.7
2.0
Truck
All
All
13.2
8.6
4.8
10.2
5.6
3.6
8.7
5.2
3.5
Fleet
All
All
13.2
7.6
3.5
13.3
4.6
1.8
8.9
4.2
2.0
39

-------
Table 11
Percent Change* in Adjusted Fuel Consumption by Vehicle Type and Size








1975
1988

1988



1975 to
1975 to
1975 to
1975 to
1975 to
to
to
1988 to
to
Car or


2012
2012
2012
1988
1988
1988
2012
2012
2012
Truck
Vehicle Type
Size
High
Average
Low
High
Average
Low
High
Average
Low
Car
Car
Small
23%
45%
43%
-15%
39%
49%
33%
10%
-11%
Car
Car
Midsize
35%
58%
63%
18%
49%
33%
21%
18%
44%
Car
Car
Large
34%
54%
49%
16%
45%
44%
21%
16%
8%
Car
Car
All
25%
52%
43%
-12%
45%
49%
33%
12%
-11%
Car
Wagon
Small
21%
31%
32%
32%
27%
27%
-16%
5%
7%
Car
Wagon
Midsize
56%
72%
40%
52%
49%
10%
9%
44%
33%
Car
Wagon
Large
-
-
-
56%
47%
33%
-
-
-
Car
Wagon
All
44%
51%
40%
51%
40%
25%
-16%
19%
20%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Small
-
-
-
45%
47%
50%
-
-
-
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Midsize
41%
47%
43%
36%
33%
22%
9%
21%
26%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
Large
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Car
Non-Truck SUV
All
44%
54%
43%
41%
42%
22%
5%
21%
26%
Truck
Van
Small
-
-
-
-5%
14%
26%
-
-
-
Truck
Van
Midsize
46%
47%
24%
28%
39%
20%
25%
13%
5%
Truck
Van
Large
22%
30%
17%
11%
25%
13%
13%
7%
5%
Truck
Van
All
29%
48%
24%
18%
38%
26%
13%
16%
-2%
Truck
Truck SUV
Small
-
-
-
18%
30%
41%
-
-
-
Truck
Truck SUV
Midsize
43%
53%
42%
20%
37%
25%
29%
26%
22%
Truck
Truck SUV
Large
33%
45%
45%
35%
27%
27%
4%
25%
25%
Truck
Truck SUV
All
38%
45%
42%
23%
35%
40%
19%
15%
3%
Truck
Pickup
Small
-
-
-
3%
8%
15%
-
-
-
Truck
Pickup
Midsize
0%
16%
18%
-16%
16%
30%
14%
0%
-18%
Truck
Pickup
Large
44%
36%
19%
23%
27%
11%
27%
12%
8%
Truck
Pickup
All
44%
31%
8%
23%
35%
19%
27%
-5%
-13%
Car
All
All
25%
50%
43%
-12%
45%
49%
33%
10%
-11%
Truck
All
All
34%
40%
27%
23%
35%
25%
15%
7%
3%
Fleet
All
All
33%
45%
43%
-1%
39%
49%
33%
9%
-11%
*Note: A negative change indicates that fuel consumption has increased.
40

-------
Cars and light trucks with conventional drive trains have a fuel consumption and weight relationship which
is well known and is shown in Figure 11. Fuel consumption increases linearly with weight. Because vehicles with
different propulsion systems (i.e., diesels and hybrids) occupy a different place on such a fuel consumption and
weight plot, the data for hybrid and diesel vehicles are plotted separately and excluded from the trend lines shown
on the graphs. At constant weight, MY 2012 cars consume about 40% less fuel per mile than their MY 1975
counterparts.
On this same constant weight basis, this year's vehicles with diesel engines consume 20-30% less fuel than
the conventionally powered ones, while this year's hybrid vehicles are about 20-60% better. Similarly, at constant
weight this year's conventionally powered trucks achieve about 50% better fuel consumption than MY 1975
vehicles did.
Figure 11
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Consumption vs. Vehicle Weight, MY 1975 and MY 2012
Car	T ruck
10
8
4
2
• Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
o
O
O
o
o
o
O
o
O
o
o
o
o
o
o
O
o
o
o
o
O
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
O
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
(N
CO

LO
CD
N-
00
CM
CO

LO
CD
N-
00
Weight (lb)
41

-------
Figure 12 shows that the relationship between interior volume and fuel consumption is currently not as
important as in the past. The data points on both of these graphs exclude two seaters and represent production
weighted average fuel consumption calculated at increments of 1.0 cu. ft. As was done for Figure 11, the data
points for hybrid and diesel vehicles were plotted separately from those for the conventionally powered vehicles.
Figure 12
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Consumption vs. Interior Volume, MY 1978 and MY 2012 Cars
12
10
8
6
4
(D 2
O
O
CO
O
0
12
10









•
•

•






•
» •
• •
•
•

m


•
•
•
r£ *


••
A
• A





































•

•
\
•





H • 4
~	A

• •



•


~



60 80 100 120 140 160
Volume (cu ft)
180
1978
• Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
2012
42

-------
Figure 13 shows laboratory 55/45 fuel consumption versus footprint for MY 2012 cars and trucks,
respectively, again with the regression lines excluding the hybrid and diesel data points. Car fuel consumption is
more sensitive to footprint than truck fuel consumption. Most cars have footprint values below 50 square feet, and
at these footprint levels cars generally have lower fuel consumption than trucks. For the much smaller number of
cars that have footprint levels greater than 55 square feet (often high performance cars), these cars generally have
higher fuel consumption than trucks of the same footprint.
Figure 13
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Consumption vs. Footprint, MY 2012 Vehicles
10
(/) 2
(D
O
O
CO
O
0
10








•
• -



• ^—

•
•
•
ml
T&A AT
r# tH
~ A


[














•••


•
• „
•


»trfr
~ m
mtTA
~







Car
• Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
Truck
40	50	60	70
Footprint (sq ft)
43

-------
Figure 14 shows the improvement that occurred between MY 1975 and 2012 for fuel consumption as a
function of 0-to-60 acceleration time for cars and trucks.
Figure 14
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Consumption vs. 0-to-60 Time, MY 1975 and MY 2012 Vehicles






•
•



•
¦—«
I •
^ 1
•Vs
1975
•
• l
° A/Sf
•
• V
0
c



2012 i
~~









• •
1975
A m
•


•	•	
•
•



•
•
•
•
2012 D
•v'







Car
• Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
Truck
5	10	15	20
0-to-60 time (sec.)
25
44

-------
Figure 15 compares Ton-MPG data versus 0-to-60 time and shows that at constant vehicle performance,
there has been substantial improvement in Ton-MPG.
Figure 15
Ton-MPG vs. 0-to-60 Time, MY 1975 and MY 2012 Vehicles






~ 1
••V
dd


~
2012
A


••

w



••
1975







~
_AqD
o ^
	




2012










1975




I
Car
• Conventional
A Diesel
~ Hybrid
Truck
5	10 15 20 25
0-to-60 time (sec.)
45

-------
Figure 16 and Table 12 show some of the changes in the distribution of weight that have occurred over the
years for the light-duty fleet. In MY 1975, 13% of all light-duty vehicles had weights of less than 3000 lb
compared to less than 5% in MY 2012. Since MY 1988, production share for vehicles with weights of 5000
pounds or more has increased from 3% to 18%.
Figure 16
Distribution of Light Vehicle Weight for Three Model Years
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
I
I.
i
1975
Type
1988
Truck
Car
2012
1750 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 5500 6000 6500 7000 8000 8500
Vehicle Weight
Figure 17 provides data for the annual production share of different weight classes for cars and trucks. In
MY 1975, about one-half of the cars were in weight classes greater than 4000 pounds, compared to about 5% this
year. For MY 2012, three weight classes (3000, 3500, and 4000 lbs.) account for over 90% of all cars. Conversely,
the production share of trucks in the weight classes of 4500 lb. and above have increased substantially, and these
vehicles currently account for about 80% of all trucks, compared to about 40% in 1975. Figure 18 provides
additional details of the truck data presented in Figure 17 for vans, SUVs, and pickups, respectively. Appendices
D, E, and F contain a series of tables describing light-duty vehicles at the vehicle size/type level of stratification in
more detail; Appendix G provides similar data by vehicle type and weight class.
46

-------
Table 12
Light Vehicle Production Share by Weight Class for Three Model Years
Weight
(lb)
MY 1975
MY 1988
MY 2012
<3000
13.4%
27.2%
5.0%
3000
8.7%
25.4%
15.8%
3500
10.6%
25.2%
28.5%
4000
20.6%
13.2%
19.4%
4500
21.3%
6.0%
14.8%
5000
16.7%
2.4%
6.2%
5500
8.7%
0.5%
5.5%
>5500
0.0%
0.0%
4.8%
Avg Wt
4060
3283
3950
Figure 17
Production Share by Vehicle Weight Class
Car	Truck
<2750
2750
3000
3500
4000
>4000
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
47

-------
Figure 18
Production Share by Truck Type and Weight Class
Van
Truck SUV
Weight
<3500
>5000
Pickup
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
48

-------
VI. Fuel Economy Powertrain Technology Trends
Table 13 presents an overview of key engine technology trends for the MY 1975-2012 database.
Conventional gasoline vehicles continue to account for 95% of all light-duty vehicles. While engine size has been
relatively stable for over 30 years, overall engine horsepower has consistently increased, with the notable exception
of MY 2009. Nearly all engines now have multiple valves (91%) and variable valve timing (projected to exceed
95%). One very important trend is the recent introduction of several new engine technologies. For example,
gasoline direct injection engine production share has increased from essentially zero in MY 2007 to 15% in MY
2011,	and is projected to be more than 20% in MY 2012. The use of cylinder deactivation has increased to almost
10% of all engines in MY 2011. The use of boost technologies - turbocharging or supercharging - had been in the
2-4% range from MY 1998-2010, but increased to 7% in MY 2011 and are projected to increase to 9% in MY
2012.	Appendix K contains additional data on fuel metering and number of valves per cylinder.
Table 14 presents an overview of key transmission and drive technology trends for MY 1975-2012. The
data in this table suggest two important trends with respect to transmission design. One, the use of continuously
variable transmissions has increased significantly in recent years, growing from nearly zero in 2002 to over 10% of
the fleet. The second trend is an increase in the number of transmission gears. The average number of gears has
grown from 4 throughout the 1990s to 5.6 in MY 2011, and is projected to be 5.7 in MY 2012. The use of 6-gear
transmissions has exploded from less than 5% in 2005 to over 50% in MY 2011 and is projected to exceed 58% in
MY 2012. Figure 19 shows the same transmission data in graphical format. More data stratified by transmission
type can be found in Appendix I. With respect to drive technologies, the market seems to have approximately
stabilized, with about 60% front wheel drive, 15% rear wheel drive, and 25% four wheel drive.
In addition to CVTs, new transmission technologies such as dual clutch transmissions (DCTs) are being
introduced into the market. DCTs are essentially automatic transmissions that take advantage of the characteristics
of manual transmissions. While characterized as automatic transmissions for this report, DCTs do not have the
lock-up torque converter found on nearly all modern automatic transmissions. Currently, automaker submissions to
EPA do not explicitly identify DCTs as a separate category. Thus, the introduction of DCTs shows up in Table 14
as a slight increase in automatic transmissions without torque converters (although some DCTs may still be
reported as traditional automatic transmissions). EPA intends to further investigate the introduction of DCTs as
more explicit data becomes available.
The rest of this section examines the engine, transmission, and drive trends in Tables 13 and 14 in more
detail.
Table 15 disaggregates some of the engine and transmission technologies for MY 2012 by vehicle type and
size. As discussed earlier, wheelbase is used in this report to distinguish whether a truck is small, mid-size, or
large, and four EPA car classes (Two-Seater, Minicompact, Compact, and Subcompact) have been combined to
form the small car class. For this table, the car classes are separated into cars, station wagons, and non-truck SUVs,
so that the table stratifies light-duty vehicles into a total of 18 vehicle types and sizes. Note that this table does not
contain any data for large wagons, small non-truck SUVs, small vans, or small pickups, because none have been
produced for several years. Front wheel drive (FWD) is used heavily in all of the car, wagon, non-truck SUV, and
van classes, except midsize wagons. Conversely, four wheel drive (4WD) is used heavily in truck SUVs and large
pickups. Manual transmissions are used primarily in small vehicles, some sports cars, and midsize pickups.
Engines with more than two valves per cylinder and VVT are now prevalent for nearly all vehicle types and sizes.
Detailed tabulations of different technology types, including technology usage percentages for other model
years, can be found in the Appendices.
49

-------
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Table 13
Engine Characteristics of MY 1975 to MY 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Powertrain
Fuel Injection Metering Method
Diesel
Avg.
Number of
Cylinders
HP/
CID HP CID
Multi-
Valve
Boosted
fTurbocharged
or
VVT CD Supercharged)
97
97
99.8%
99,7%
99,5%
99,1%
',9%
i.6%
kl%
>,3%
',9%
98,3%
99,1%
99,7%
99,8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
99.9%
99.9%
100.0%
0.2%
0.3%
5%
9%
1%
4%
9%
7%
1%
7%
9%
3%
2%
0%
0%
0%
1%
1%
100.0%
.
0.0%
99.9%
.
0.1%
99.9%
.
0.1%
99.9%
.
0.1%
99.8%
.
0.2%
99.8%
.
0.2%
99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
99.7%
0.0%
0.2%
99.3%
0.3%
0.4%
99.1%
0.6%
0.3%
98.9%
0.9%
0.3%
97.6%
1.9%
0.4%
97.9%
1.5%
0.6%
96.7%
3.2%
0.0%
96.7%
3.3%
0.1%
96.4%
2.9%
0.6%
93.6%
5.5%
0.9%
95.6%
3.4%
0.9%
93.7%
5.3%
1.1%
94.6%
94
93
46
34
16
3%
0%
2%
7%
3%
4%
7%
1%
0%
4%
5%
1%
9.6%
4%
1%
0%
0.0%
5.1%
3.2%
4.2%
5.1%
4.7%
6.2%
6.1%
7.2%
9.4%
14.9%
21.3%
36
42
53
62
77
77
88
91
99
3.1%	96
4.2%	95
9.2%	89
18.4%	80
30.4%	68.6%
0
0
0
2
0.7% 4
2.6% 5
9.8% 4
18.8% 2
5%
4%
7%
2%
4%
2%
9%
5%
8%
2%
7%
8%
7%
7%
7%
6%
4%
7%
9%
2%
9%
7%
3%
8%
7%
8%
2%
1%
2%
6%
0%
8.5%
5.2%
3%
1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
3%
5%
9%
1%
4%
9%
7%
1%
7%
9%
3%
2%
0%
0%
0%
1%
1%
0%
1%
1%
1%
2%
2%
2%
2%
4%
3%
3%
4%
6%
0%
1%
6%
9%
.9%
1.1%
6.71
6.75
6.85
6.52
6.38
5.48
5.36
5.23
5.39
5.34
5.29
5.09
4.98
5.02
5.07
5.05
5.05
5.23
5.19
5.20
5.23
5.18
5.10
5.15
5.21
5.22
5.19
5.12
5.13
5.16
5.08
5.17
5.00
4.97
4.70
4.70
4.74
4.57
288 136 0.515
287 134 0.502
279 133 0.516
251 124 0.538
238 119 0.545
188 100 0.583
182 99 0.594
175 99 0.609
182 104 0.615
179 106 0.637
177 111 0.671
167	111 0.701
162	113 0.732
161 116 0.758
163	121 0.782
163	129 0.829
164	133 0.847
171 141 0.864
170 140 0.859
169	144 0.880
168	153 0.941
167 155 0.952
165	156 0.970
167	160 0.983
168	164 1.000
168 168 1.021
167 169 1.035
167	173 1.061
166	176 1.082
170	184 1.101
168	183 1.108
173 194 1.138
167	191 1.154
166 194 1.174
157	186 1.189
158	190 1.203
161 200 1.250
150 192 1.284
4.7%
.
.
14.6%
.
.
19.7%
.
.
24.1%
.
.
32.8%
0.6% -
.
33.2%
2.4% -
.
34.0%
4.4% -
.
34.8%
4.5% -
.
39.9%
7.7% -
.
51.4%
9.6% -
.
56.4%
11.3% -
0.3%
58.4%
10.8% -
0.7%
59.6%
17.4% -
2.5%
63.2%
16.4% -
3.6%
63.2%
22.2% -
2.9%
65.3%
26.9% -
3.8%
69.9%
32.8% -
4.3%
73.4%
39.8% -
2.5%
77.1%
43.7% -
4.8%
77.2%
49.4% 1.0%
3.6%
81.3%
58.2% 2.0%
4.0%
84.6%
63.3% 0.9%
4.1%
88.0%
62.7% 2.0%
4.7%
92.2%
79.1% 1.8%
4.5%
93.8%
91.8% 2.1%
4.4%
94.6%
94.9% 1.3%
8.6%
97.8%
97.9% 2.0%
10.4%
50

-------
Table 13 (continued)
Engine Characteristics of MY 1975 to MY 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Trucks
Model
Year
Powertrain
Fuel
njection Metering
Method
Avg.
Number
of
Cylinders
CID
HP
HP/
CID
Multi-
Valve
WT
CD
Boosted
flurbocharged
or
Supercharged)
Gasoline
Gasoline
Hybrid
Diesel
Carbureted GDI
Port
TBI
Diesel
1975
100.0%
.
.
99.9%
.
.
0.1%
.
7.28
311
142
0.476
.
.
.
.
1976
100.0%
.
.
99.9%
.
.
0.1%
.
7.31
320
141
0.458
.
.
.
.
1977
100.0%
.
.
99.9%
.
.
0.1%
.
7.28
318
147
0.482
.
.
.
.
1973
99.2%
.
0.8%
99.1%
.
.
0.1%
0.8%
7.25
315
146
0.481
.
.
.
.
1979
98.2%
.
1.8%
97.9%
.
.
0.3%
1.8%
7.05
299
138
0.485
.
.
.
.
1980
96.5%
.
3.5%
94.9%
.
.
1.7%
3.5%
6.15
248
121
0.528
.
.
.
.
1981
94.4%
.
5.6%
93.3%
.
.
1.1%
5.6%
6.15
247
119
0.508
.
.
.
.
1982
90.6%
.
9.4%
89.9%
.
.
0.7%
9.4%
6.26
244
120
0.524
.
.
.
.
1983
95.2%
.
4.8%
94.6%
.
.
0.6%
4.8%
6.07
232
118
0.542
.
.
.
.
1984
97.6%
.
2.4%
95.0%
.
2.0%
0.6%
2.4%
5.99
225
118
0.556
.
.
.
.
1985
98.9%
.
1.1%
86.5%
.
8.9%
3.5%
1.1%
5.97
225
124
0.585
.
.
.
.
1986
99.3%
.
0.7%
59.4%
.
22.1%
17.8%
0.7%
5.71
212
123
0.619
.
.
.
.
1987
99.7%
.
0.3%
33.6%
.
33.3%
32.8%
0.3%
5.69
211
131
0.652
.
.
.
.
1988
99.8%
.
0.2%
12.4%
.
43.2%
44.3%
0.2%
6.00
228
141
0.649
.
.
.
.
1989
99.8%
.
0.2%
6.5%
.
45.9%
47.5%
0.2%
6.04
234
146
0.653
.
.
.
.
1990
99.8%
.
0.2%
3.8%
.
55.0%
40.9%
0.2%
6.17
237
151
0.667
.
.
.
.
1991
99.9%
.
0.1%
1.7%
.
55.3%
42.8%
0.1%
5.95
229
150
0.681
.
.
.
.
1992
99.9%
.
0.1%
1.6%
.
65.7%
32.6%
0.1%
6.09
236
155
0.682
.
.
.
.
1993
100.0%
.
.
1.0%
.
71.5%
27.5%
.
6.13
235
160
0.705
.
.
.
.
1994
100.0%
.
.
0.4%
.
76.2%
23.4%
.
6.19
241
166
0.713
5.2%
.
.
.
1995
100.0%
.
.
.
.
79.4%
20.6%
.
6.22
245
168
0.712
8.0%
.
.
.
1996
99.9%
.
0.1%
.
.
99.9%
.
0.1%
6.25
245
179
0.755
11.2%
.
.
.
1997
100.0%
.
0.0%
.
.
100.0%
.
0.0%
6.47
251
189
0.769
11.1%
.
.
.
1998
100.0%
.
0.0%
.
.
100.0%
.
0.0%
6.30
244
188
0.794
14.8%
.
.
.
1999
100.0%
.
0.0%
.
.
100.0%
.
0.0%
6.50
252
199
0.811
15.7%
.
.
.
2000
100.0%
.
.
.
.
100.0%
.
.
6.48
245
199
0.830
18.6%
4.6%
.
.
2001
100.0%
.
.
.
.
100.0%
.
.
6.58
249
212
0.873
25.9%
9.3%
.
.
2002
100.0%
.
.
.
.
100.0%
.
.
6.57
249
223
0.911
32.8%
16.0%
.
.
2003
100.0%
.
.
.
.
100.0%
.
.
6.56
248
224
0.920
34.6%
19.7%
.
0.5%
2004
100.0%
0.0%
0.0%
.
.
100.0%
.
0.0%
6.70
258
240
0.946
46.2%
32.9%
.
0.9%
2005
99.8%
0.1%
0.1%
.
.
99.9%
.
0.1%
6.58
251
242
0.976
51.1%
41.2%
0.5%
0.7%
2006
98.4%
1.5%
0.1%
.
.
99.9%
.
0.1%
6.50
247
240
0.985
58.4%
51.5%
5.9%
0.8%
2007
99.1%
0.8%
0.1%
.
.
99.9%
.
0.1%
6.57
253
254
1.020
53.3%
48.7%
16.4%
1.1%
2008
98.5%
1.3%
0.2%
.
1.1%
98.7%
.
0.2%
6.42
246
254
1.046
59.5%
51.6%
13.5%
1.3%
2009
98.8%
0.9%
0.3%
.
4.2%
95.5%
.
0.3%
6.23
236
252
1.089
66.6%
56.0%
18.4%
1.8%
2010
98.8%
0.9%
0.4%
.
6.8%
92.9%
.
0.4%
6.22
237
253
1.087
71.5%
70.5%
13.8%
2.0%
2011
99.1%
0.4%
0.5%
.
11.3%
88.1%
.
0.5%
6.18
236
271
1.171
75.2%
90.7%
20.6%
5.2%
2012
98.5%
1.0%
0.5%
.
11.9%
87.6%
.
0.5%
6.17
234
275
1.198
79.3%
94.2%
18.2%
6.2%
51

-------
Table 13 (continued)
Engine Characteristics of MY 1975 to MY 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks
Model
Year
Powertrain
Fuel Injection Metering Method
Avg.
Number of
Cylinders
CID
HP/
HP CID
Multi-
Valve
WT CD
Boosted
(Turbocharged
or
Supercharged)
Gasoline
Gasoline
Hybrid
Diesel
Carbureted
GDI Port TBI
Diesel
1975
99,3%
.
0.2%
95,7%
4.1% 0.0%
0.2%
6,82
293
137 0.507
.
.
.
1976
99,8%
.
0.2%
97,3%
2,5% 0.0%
0.2%
6,87
294
135 0.493
.
.
.
1977
99,6%
.
0.4%
96,2%
3,4% 0.0%
0.4%
6,94
237
136 0.510
.
.
.
1978
99,1%
.
0.9%
95,2%
3,9% 0.0%
0.9%
6,69
266
129 0.525
.
.
.
1979
98,0%
.
2,0%
94,2%
3,7% 0.1%
2,0%
6,53
252
124 0.532
.
.
.
1930
95,7%
.
4,3%
39,7%
5.2% 0.3%
4.3%
5,59
193
104 0.574
.
.
.
1931
94,1%
.
5,9%
36,7%
5.1% 2,4%
5.9%
5,50
193
102 0.580
.
.
.
1982
94,4%
.
5,6%
30.6%
5.3% 8,0%
5.6%
5,43
133
103 0.593
.
.
.
1933
97,3%
.
2,7%
75,2%
7,3% 14,3%
2,7%
5,54
193
107 0.599
.
.
.
1984
98,2%
.
1,3%
67,6%
- 11,9% 13,7%
1,3%
5,49
190
109 0.613
.
.
.
1935
99,1%
.
0.9%
56,1%
- 13,2% 24,3%
0.9%
5,46
139
114 0.650
.
.
.
1936
99,6%
.
0.4%
41,4%
- 32,5% 25,7%
0.4%
5,26
130
114 0.678
3,4%
.
.
1987
99,7%
.
0.3%
23,4%
- 39,9% 31,4%
0.3%
5,17
175
118 0.710
10.6%
.
.
1938
99,9%
.
0.1%
15,0%
- 50.6% 34,3%
0.1%
5,31
130
123 0.726
14,0%
.
.
1939
99,9%
.
0.1%
8,7%
- 57,3% 33,9%
0.1%
5,36
135
129 0.743
16,9%
.
.
1990
99,9%
.
0.1%
2,1%
- 70.3% 27,0%
0.1%
5,39
185
135 0.731
23,1%
.
.
1991
99,9%
.
0.1%
0.6%
- 70.6% 28,7%
0.1%
5,32
134
138 0.796
23,1%
.
.
1992
99,9%
.
0.1%
0.5%
- 81,6% 17,3%
0.1%
5,50
191
145 0.807
23,3%
.
.
1993
100.0%
.
.
0.3%
- 35,0% 14,6%
.
5.50
191
147 0.309
23,5%
.
.
1994
100.0%
.
0.0%
0.1%
- 87,7% 12,1%
0.0%
5,53
197
152 0.816
26,7%
.
.
1995
100.0%
.
0.0%
.
- 91,6% 8,4%
0.0%
5,59
196
153 0.857
35,6%
.
.
1996
99,9%
.
0.1%
.
- 99,3% 0.7%
0.1%
5,59
197
164 0.873
39,3%
.
0.3%
1997
99,9%
.
0.1%
.
- 99,5% 0.5%
0.1%
5,65
199
169 0.890
39,6%
.
0.5%
1993
99,9%
.
0.1%
.
- 99,8% 0.1%
0.1%
5,63
199
171 0.904
40.9%
.
2,0%
1999
99,9%
.
0.1%
.
- 99,9% 0.1%
0.1%
5,75
203
179 0.921
43,4%
.
2,1%
2000
99,3%
0.0%
0.1%
.
- 99,8% 0.0%
0.1%
5,74
200
131 0.942
44,8%
15,0% -
1,7%
2001
99,8%
0.0%
0.1%
.
- 99,9% -
0.1%
5,76
201
187 0.963
49,0%
19,6% -
2,3%
2002
99,6%
0.2%
0.2%
.
- 99,8% -
0.2%
5,77
203
195 0.994
53,3%
25,3% -
2,6%
2003
99,5%
0.3%
0.2%
.
- 99,8% -
0.2%
5,79
204
199 1,007
55,5%
30.6% -
1,6%
2004
99,4%
0.5%
0.1%
.
- 99,9% -
0.1%
5,90
212
211 1,026
62,3%
38,5% -
2,9%
2005
93,6%
1,1%
0.3%
.
- 99,7% -
0.3%
5,75
205
209 1,049
65,6%
45,8% 0.8%
2,3%
2006
93,1%
1,5%
0.4%
.
- 99,6% -
0.4%
5,73
204
213 1,073
71,7%
55,4% 3,6%
2,6%
2007
97,7%
2,2%
0.1%
.
- 99,3% -
0.1%
5,64
203
217 1,099
71,7%
57,3% 7,3%
2,9%
2008
97,4%
2,5%
0.1%
.
2,3% 97,6% -
0.1%
5,56
199
219 1,122
76,4%
53,2% 6,7%
3,3%
2009
97,2%
2,3%
0.5%
.
4,2% 95,3% -
0.5%
5,21
133
208 1,156
83,8%
71,5% 7,3%
3,6%
2010
95,6%
3,3%
0.7%
.
3,3% 91,0% -
0.7%
5,27
183
214 1,160
35,5%
83,3% 6,4%
3,5%
2011
97,1%
2,2%
0.8%
.
15,4% 83,8% -
0.8%
5,35
192
230 1,217
86,4%
93,1% 9,5%
7.2%
2012
95,4%
3,7%
0.3%
.
23,7% 75,5% -
0.3%
5,15
180
222 1,253
91,1%
96,6% 7,9%
3,9%
52

-------
Table 14
Transmission and Drive Characteristics of MY 1975 to MY 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars










Average





Automatic
Automatic

4 Gears


7 Gears

Number
Front
Rear
Four
Model

with
without

or
5
6
or

of
Wheel
Wheel
Wheel
Year
Manual
Lockup
Lockup
COT
Fewer
Gears
Gears
More
COT
Gears
Drive
Drive
Drive
1975
19,7%
0.3%
80.0%
.
98,7%
1,3%
.
.
.
.
6,5%
93,5%
.
1976
17,2%
.
82,8%
.
100.0%
.
.
.
.
.
5,8%
94,2%
.
1977
16,9%
.
83,1%
.
100.0%
.
.
.
.
.
6,8%
93,2%
.
1978
19,9%
7,1%
73,0%
.
90.7%
9,3%
.
.
.
.
9,6%
90.4%
.
1979
21,1%
8,8%
69,6%
.
93,1%
6,9%
.
.
.
3,3
11,9%
87,8%
0.3%
1930
30.9%
16,8%
51,6%
.
87,6%
12,4%
.
.
.
3,5
29,7%
69,4%
0.9%
1981
29,9%
33,3%
36,2%
.
85,5%
14,5%
.
.
.
3,5
37,0%
62,2%
0.7%
1982
29,2%
51,3%
19,1%
.
84,6%
15,4%
.
.
.
3,6
45,6%
53,6%
0.8%
1983
26,0%
56,7%
16,8%
.
80.8%
19,2%
.
.
.
3,7
47,1%
49,9%
3,1%
1984
24,1%
58,3%
17,5%
.
82,1%
17,9%
.
.
.
3,7
53,5%
45,5%
1,0%
1985
22,8%
58,9%
18,4%
.
81,4%
18,6%
.
.
.
3,7
61,1%
36,8%
2,1%
1986
24,7%
58,1%
17,1%
.
79,7%
20.3%
.
.
.
3,8
70.7%
28,2%
1,0%
1987
24,8%
59,7%
15,5%
.
78,4%
21,6%
.
.
.
3,8
76,4%
22,6%
1,1%
1988
24,3%
66,2%
9,5%
.
80.2%
19.8%
.
.
.
3,8
80.9%
18,3%
0.8%
1989
21,1%
69,3%
9,5%
0.1%
81,9%
17,9%
0.0%
.
0.1%
3,9
81,6%
17,4%
1,0%
1990
19,8%
72,8%
7,4%
0.0%
82,4%
17,5%
0.1%
.
0.0%
3,9
84,0%
15,0%
1,0%
1991
20.6%
73,7%
5,7%
0.0%
81,0%
18,9%
0.1%
.
0.0%
3,9
81,1%
17,5%
1,3%
1992
17,6%
76,4%
6,0%
0.0%
83,6%
16,3%
0.1%
.
0.0%
3,9
78,4%
20.5%
1,1%
1993
17,5%
77,6%
4,9%
0.0%
83,2%
16,6%
0.2%
.
0.0%
4,0
80.6%
18,3%
1,1%
1994
16,9%
78,9%
4,1%
.
83,4%
16,3%
0.3%
.
.
4,0
81,3%
18,3%
0.4%
1995
16,3%
81,9%
1,8%
.
83,4%
16,2%
0.4%
.
.
4,1
80.1%
18,8%
1,1%
1996
14,9%
83,6%
1,5%
0.0%
84,9%
14.7%
0.3%
.
0.0%
4,1
83,7%
14,8%
1,4%
1997
13,9%
85,2%
0.8%
0.1%
84,1%
15.5%
0.3%
.
0.1%
4,1
83,8%
14,5%
1,7%
1998
12,2%
87,4%
0.3%
0.1%
82,8%
16,8%
0.3%
.
0.1%
4,1
82,9%
15,0%
2,1%
1999
10.8%
88,6%
0.6%
0.0%
83,4%
16,1%
0.5%
.
0.0%
4,1
83,2%
14,7%
2,1%
2000
10.8%
88,1%
1,0%
0.0%
81,3%
17,9%
0.8%
.
0.0%
4,1
80.4%
17,7%
2,0%
2001
11,0%
88,0%
0.8%
0.2%
78,5%
20.2%
1,2%
.
0.2%
4,2
80.3%
16,7%
3,0%
2002
10.9%
88,4%
0.2%
0.4%
77,4%
20.3%
1,9%
.
0.4%
4,2
82,9%
13,5%
3,6%
2003
10.9%
87,7%
.
1,4%
67,5%
27,9%
3,1%
.
1,4%
4,3
80.9%
15,9%
3,2%
2004
9,8%
88,2%
0.2%
1,7%
64,5%
28,4%
5.0%
0.4%
1,7%
4,4
80.2%
14,5%
5,3%
2005
8,8%
88,4%
0.1%
2,8%
57,3%
33,7%
5.8%
0.4%
2,8%
4,5
79,2%
14,2%
6,6%
2006
8,8%
88,4%
0.1%
2,7%
47,5%
35,4%
12,5%
1,9%
2,7%
4,7
75.9%
18,0%
6,0%
2007
7,8%
82,5%
0.0%
9,7%
36,8%
34,7%
16,5%
2,3%
9.7%
4,8
81,0%
13,4%
5,6%
2008
7,2%
81,7%
0.3%
10.8%
39,3%
28,2%
19,0%
2,6%
10.8%
4,8
78,8%
14,1%
7,1%
2009
6,2%
82,4%
0.3%
11,1%
35,1%
31,4%
19,3%
3,1%
11,1%
4,9
83,5%
10.2%
6,3%
2010
5,0%
79,5%
1,6%
13,9%
29,5%
20.2%
33,0%
3,4%
13,9%
5,1
82,5%
11,2%
6,3%
2011
4,6%
83,0%
0.5%
11,9%
15,8%
12,9%
53,8%
5,5%
11,9%
5,6
80.1%
11,3%
8,6%
2012
7,6%
75,4%
5,1%
11,9%
7,2%
13,8%
60.9%
6,2%
11,9%
5,8
83,1%
10.2%
6,7%
53

-------
Table 14 (continued)
Transmission and Drive Characteristics of MY 1975 to MY 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Trucks


Automatic
Automatic

4 Gears

Model

with
without

or
5
Year
Manual
Lockup
Lockup
COT
Fewer
Gears
1975
36,9%
.
63,1%
.
100.0%
.
1976
34,7%
.
65,3%
.
100.0%
.
1977
31,6%
.
68,4%
.
100.0%
.
1978
32,1%
.
67,9%
.
99,3%
0.7%
1979
35,1%
2,1%
62,8%
.
96,0%
4,0%
1980
53,0%
24.5%
22,4%
.
89,2%
10.8%
1981
51,6%
31,1%
17,3%
.
86,1%
13,9%
1982
45,9%
33,4%
20.7%
.
83,8%
16,2%
1983
46,3%
36,0%
17,4%
.
81,6%
18,4%
1984
42,5%
34.6%
22,9%
.
78,6%
21,4%
1985
37,6%
41,1%
21,2%
.
78,6%
21,4%
1986
43,0%
41,5%
15,5%
.
69,1%
30.9%
1987
40.5%
43,8%
15,7%
.
70.1%
29,9%
1988
35,8%
52,5%
11,7%
.
68,4%
31,6%
1989
32,8%
56,4%
10.8%
.
70.3%
29,7%
1990
28,1%
67,5%
4,4%
.
74,1%
25,9%
1991
31,5%
66,8%
1,7%
.
69,0%
31,0%
1992
27,5%
71,3%
1,2%
.
74,6%
25,4%
1993
24,7%
74.2%
1,1%
.
76,0%
24,0%
1994
23,7%
75.3%
1,0%
.
76,7%
23,3%
1995
20.7%
78,5%
0.9%
.
79,6%
20.4%
1996
15,6%
83,4%
1,0%
.
84,4%
15,6%
1997
14,1%
85.8%
0.1%
.
79,9%
20.1%
1998
13,6%
85.8%
0.6%
.
81,1%
18,9%
1999
9,2%
90.4%
0.4%
.
85,8%
14,2%
2000
8,2%
91,5%
0.3%
.
87,3%
12,7%
2001
6,3%
93,4%
0.3%
.
84,0%
16,0%
2002
4,7%
94,9%
0.3%
0.0%
76,7%
23,3%
2003
4,6%
94,4%
0.3%
0.6%
71,1%
28,2%
2004
3,5%
95,6%
0.3%
0.6%
63,2%
35,5%
2005
2,9%
95,3%
.
1,8%
54,3%
41,9%
2006
3,3%
93,7%
.
3,1%
48,0%
44,3%
2007
2,6%
93,8%
.
3,7%
45,8%
38,0%
2008
2,2%
94,1%
.
3,6%
37,9%
37,4%
2009
2,0%
92,0%
.
6,0%
23,5%
33,7%
2010
1,8%
91,9%
0.4%
5,9%
16,4%
29,1%
2011
1,3%
91,4%
0.0%
7,3%
11,9%
26,5%
2012
1,9%
90.3%
.
7,8%
11,9%
22,4%
7 Gears
or
More
COT
Average
Number
of
Gears
Front
Wheel
Drive
Rear
Wheel
Drive
Four
Wheel
Drive
0.8%
2,1%
3,8%
11,5%
19.9%
35.1%
46,7%
50.5%
54,3%
0%
i%
6%
9%
9%
3,3
.
3,5
1,4%
3,6
1,9%
3,7
1,7%
3,9
1,4%
3,9
5,0%
3,8
7,3%
4,0
5,9%
4,0
7,6%
4,1
9,2%
4,1
10.1%
4,1
15,8%
4,2
10.3%
4,2
14,5%
4,2
16,8%
4,2
13,8%
4,2
18,4%
4,1
20.9%
4,2
14,2%
4,2
19,3%
4,1
17,5%
4,1
20.0%
4,2
16,3%
4,2
15,4%
4,3
15,4%
4,4
12,5%
4,5
20.1%
4,6
18,9%
4,7
16,1%
4,8
18,4%
5,2
21,0%
5,4
20.9%
5,5
17,7%
5,6
22,1%
82,8%
77,0%
76,2%
70.9%
81,9%
73,6%
78,0%
78,1%
72,5%
63,5%
61,4%
63,4%
60.2%
56,7%
57,1%
52,4%
52,3%
52,1%
50.6%
47,0%
39,3%
39,8%
40.6%
35,5%
34,4%
33,8%
34,8%
33,1%
34,1%
31,0%
27,7%
28,0%
28,4%
24.8%
20.5%
18,0%
17,3%
18,3%
17,2%
23,0%
23,8%
29,1%
18,1%
25,0%
20.1%
20.2%
26,1%
31,5%
31,3%
30.7%
32,2%
34,1%
32,8%
31,8%
37,3%
33,4%
32,7%
39,2%
42,3%
39,2%
45,2%
45,1%
48,1%
46,3%
48,8%
51,6%
50.4%
56,5%
52,2%
53,1%
55,5%
56,8%
58,4%
61,0%
65,0%
59,6%
54

-------
Table 14 (continued)
Transmission and Drive Characteristics of MY 1975 to MY 2012 Light Duty Vehicles
Cars and Trucks










Average





Automatic
Automatic

4 Gears


7 Gears

Number
Front
Rear
Four
Model

with
without

or
5
6
or

of
Wheel
Wheel
Wheel
Year
Manual
Lockup
Lockup
COT
Fewer
Gears
Gears
More
COT
Gears
Drive
Drive
Drive
1975
23,0%
0.2%
76,8%
.
99,0%
1,0%
.
.
.
.
5,3%
91,4%
3,3%
1976
20.9%
.
79,1%
.
100.0%
.
.
.
.
.
4,6%
90.6%
4,8%
1977
19,8%
.
80.2%
.
100.0%
.
.
.
.
.
5,5%
89,8%
4,7%
1973
22,7%
5,5%
71,9%
.
92,7%
7,3%
.
.
.
.
7,4%
86,0%
6,6%
1979
24,2%
7,3%
68,1%
.
93,8%
6,2%
.
.
.
3,3
9,2%
86,5%
4,3%
1980
34,6%
18,1%
46,8%
.
87,9%
12,1%
.
.
.
3,5
25,0%
70.1%
4,9%
1981
33,6%
33,0%
32,9%
.
85,6%
14,4%
.
.
.
3,5
31,0%
65,0%
4,0%
1982
32,4%
47,8%
19,4%
.
84,4%
15,6%
.
.
.
3,6
37,0%
58,4%
4,6%
1983
30.5%
52,1%
17,0%
.
80.9%
19,1%
.
.
.
3,7
37,0%
54,8%
8,1%
1984
28,4%
52,8%
18,8%
.
81,3%
18,7%
.
.
.
3,7
42,1%
49,8%
8,2%
1985
26,5%
54,5%
19,1%
.
80.7%
19,3%
.
.
.
3,8
47,8%
42,9%
9,3%
1986
29,8%
53,5%
16,7%
.
76,8%
23,2%
.
.
.
3,8
52,6%
38,0%
9,3%
1987
29,1%
55,4%
15,5%
.
76,2%
23,8%
.
.
.
3,9
57,7%
32,8%
9,6%
1988
27,6%
62,2%
10.2%
.
76,8%
23,2%
.
.
.
3,9
60.0%
29,5%
10.5%
1989
24,6%
65,5%
9.9%
0.1%
78,5%
21,4%
0.0%
.
0.1%
3,9
60.2%
29,3%
10.5%
1990
22,2%
71,2%
6,5%
0.0%
79,9%
20.0%
0.1%
.
0.0%
4,0
63,8%
26,1%
10.1%
1991
23,9%
71,6%
4.5%
0.0%
77,3%
22,6%
0.0%
.
0.0%
4,0
59,6%
28,1%
12,3%
1992
20.7%
74,8%
4.5%
0.0%
80.8%
19,2%
0.1%
.
0.0%
4,0
58,4%
30.4%
11,2%
1993
19,8%
76,5%
3,7%
0.0%
80.9%
19,0%
0.1%
.
0.0%
4,0
59,9%
28,8%
11,3%
1994
19,5%
77,6%
3,0%
.
80.8%
19,0%
0.2%
.
.
4,1
55,6%
29,2%
15,2%
1995
17,9%
80.7%
1,4%
.
82,0%
17,7%
0.2%
.
.
4,1
57,6%
26,3%
16,2%
1996
15,2%
83,5%
1,3%
0.0%
84,7%
15,1%
0.2%
.
0.0%
4,1
60.0%
24,3%
15,7%
1997
14,0%
85,5%
0.5%
0.0%
82,4%
17,3%
0.2%
.
0.0%
4,1
56,1%
24,9%
19,0%
1998
12,8%
86,7%
0.5%
0.0%
82,1%
17,7%
0.2%
.
0.0%
4,1
56,4%
23,5%
20.1%
1999
10.1%
89,4%
0.5%
0.0%
84,4%
15,3%
0.3%
.
0.0%
4,1
55.8%
22,9%
21,3%
2000
9,7%
89,5%
0.7%
0.0%
83,7%
15,8%
0.5%
.
0.0%
4,1
55,5%
24,3%
20.2%
2001
9,0%
90.3%
0.6%
0.1%
80.7%
18,5%
0.7%
.
0.1%
4,2
53,8%
24,2%
22,0%
2002
8,2%
91,4%
0.3%
0.2%
77,1%
21,6%
1,1%
.
0.2%
4,2
52,7%
22,3%
25.0%
2003
8,0%
90.8%
0.1%
1,1%
69,2%
28,1%
1,7%
.
1,1%
4,3
50.7%
24,3%
25.0%
2004
6,8%
91,8%
0.3%
1,2%
63,9%
31,8%
3,0%
0.2%
1,2%
4,4
47,7%
22,4%
29.8%
2005
6,2%
91,5%
0.1%
2,3%
56,0%
37,3%
4,1%
0.2%
2,3%
4,5
53,0%
20.2%
26,8%
2006
6,5%
90.6%
0.0%
2,8%
47,7%
39,2%
8,8%
1,4%
2,8%
4,6
51,9%
22,3%
25.8%
2007
5,6%
87,1%
0.0%
7,2%
40.5%
36,1%
14,4%
1,8%
7,2%
4,8
54,3%
19,6%
26,1%
2008
5,2%
86,8%
0.2%
7,9%
38,8%
31,9%
19,4%
2,0%
7,9%
4,8
54,2%
18,5%
27,3%
2009
4,8%
85,5%
0.2%
9,4%
31,3%
32,2%
24,5%
2,6%
9,4%
5,0
62,9%
13,6%
23,5%
2010
3,8%
84,1%
1,2%
10.9%
24,6%
23,5%
38,1%
2,8%
10.9%
5,2
59,5%
13,8%
26,7%
2011
3,2%
86,6%
0.3%
10.0%
14,2%
18,7%
52,4%
4,8%
10.0%
5,6
53,8%
13,8%
32,4%
2012
5,6%
80.8%
3,2%
10.4%
8,9%
16,9%
58,5%
5,3%
10.4%
5,7
61,1%
13,1%
25,8%
55

-------
g)
TO
.C
CO
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
o
t>
¦g 100%
o
dI
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Figure 19
Transmission Production Share by Model Year
Car
Truck SUV
Van
I
I
I
I
Pickup
1980 1990 2000 2010
I	I
2020 1980 1990
I
I
2000 2010 2020
Model Year
56

-------
Table 15
MY 2012 Technology Usage by Vehicle Type and Size
(Percent of Vehicle Type/Size Strata)


Front
Four



Vehicle
Vehicle
Wheel
Wheel
Manual
Multi-

Type
Size
Drive
Drive
Trans
Valve
WT
Car
Small
80%
4%
14%
96%
97%
Car
Midsize
87%
7%
4%
99%
99%
Car
Large
75%
5%
1%
94%
99%
Car
All
83%
5%
8%
97%
98%
Wagon
Small
82%
16%
13%
100%
93%
Wagon
Midsize
97%
3%
.
100%
100%
Wagon
All
83%
15%
12%
100%
94%
Non-Truck SUV
Midsize
97%
.
1%
100%
100%
Non-Truck SUV
Large
72%
27%
.
100%
100%
Non-Truck SUV
All
87%
11%
1%
100%
100%
Van
Midsize
97%
3%
.
99%
92%
Van
Large
.
10%
.
-
31%
Van
All
93%
3%
.
95%
89%
Truck SUV
Midsize
11%
87%
3%
94%
94%
Truck SUV
Large
20%
67%
1%
80%
99%
Truck SUV
All
15%
76%
2%
87%
96%
Pickup
Midsize
.
28%
36%
100%
100%
Pickup
Large
.
54%
2%
54%
92%
Pickup
All
.
53%
3%
55%
92%
Figure 20 shows trends in drive use for the six vehicle classes. Cars and wagons used to be nearly all rear
wheel drive, but are now nearly all front wheel drive and four wheel drive. The trend towards increased use of
front wheel drive for vans is very similar to that for cars, except it started a few years later. Almost all non-truck
SUVs are front wheel drive vehicles, while almost all truck SUVs are four wheel drive vehicles. Consistent with
load-carrying capabilities, all pickup trucks use either rear or four wheel drive, and four wheel drive is over 50% of
pickup production.
57

-------
Figure 20
Front, Rear, and Four Wheel Drive Usage - Production Share by Vehicle Type
80%
60%
40%
20%
100%
Car	Wagon
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
Non-Truck SUV
Van
100%
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
Truck SUV
Pickup
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
Drive
Four Wheel Drive
Front Wheel Drive
Rear Wheel Drive
58

-------
Figure 21 and Table 16 show production share stratified by number of engine cylinders. Engines with 8, 6,
and 4 cylinders have accounted for 97 to 99% of all engines produced since MY 1975. The 8-cylinder engine was
dominant in the mid and late 1970s, accounting for over half of production. Subsequently, while production share
stratified by number of engine cylinders varied over time, there were two years with notable production shifts. The
first major shift was in MY 1980, when 8-cylinder engine production share dropped from 54% to 26%, and 4-
cylinder production share increased from 26% to 45%. The 4-cylinder engine continued to lead the market until
overtaken by 6-cylinder engines in MY 1992. The second major shift was in MY 2009, when 4-cylinder engines
once again became the production leader with 51% (an increase of 13% in a single year), followed by 6-cylinder
engines with 35%, and 8-cyinder engines at an all-time low of 12%. This shift in MY 2009 reversed very slightly
in MY 2010-2011, but is projected to reverse again in MY 2012. Figure 22 breaks out the data for engine cylinders
by vehicle type. It can be seen that 4-cylinder engines account for 70% of cars and about 25% of truck SUVs, but
are used only rarely in pickups and vans. Vans are almost exclusively powered by 6-cylinder engines, and pickups
use mostly 8-cylinder engines. Over one-half of all truck SUVs use 6-cylinder engines.
Figure 21
Production Share by Number of Cylinders
Cylinders
I Other
0%
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
59

-------
Table 16
Production Share by Number of Cylinders
Model Year
4 Cylinder
8 Cylinder
8 Cylinder
Other
1975
19,8%
17,7%
61.9%
0.6%
1976
13.2%
19,3%
62.2%
0.4%
1977
13,4%
16,0%
65.4%
0.2%
1978
22,6%
20.0%
57.1%
0.3%
1979
26,2%
19,5%
53.6%
0.7%
1930
45,1%
28.3%
25.6%
1.1%
1931
47,3%
28.7%
23.1%
0.9%
1982
49,0%
28.0%
21.9%
1.1%
1983
47,6%
25.3%
25.9%
1.2%
1984
48,7%
26.1%
24.1%
1.1%
1985
49,2%
25.7%
23.7%
1.4%
1986
53,8%
26.5%
13.4%
1.4%
1987
55,3%
23.1%
15.4%
1.2%
1938
49,6%
33.0%
16.3%
1.1%
1939
47,0%
36.4%
15.8%
0.8%
1990
45,1%
39.2%
15.0%
0.7%
1991
45,7%
39.9%
13.2%
1.1%
1992
33,4%
45.6%
14.8%
1.2%
1993
37,6%
47.7%
13.6%
1.2%
1994
36,4%
46.0%
16.5%
1.2%
1995
36,7%
46.0%
16.7%
0.6%
1996
36,2%
46.9%
16.1%
0.9%
1997
37,4%
42.1%
20.1%
0.5%
1993
35,9%
45.4%
17.9%
0.8%
1999
32,4%
47.2%
19.9%
0.4%
2000
31,7%
48.9%
19.0%
0.5%
2001
32,0%
47.1%
20.4%
0.6%
2002
31,0%
48.8%
19.6%
0.5%
2003
31,3%
46.6%
21.3%
0.3%
2004
28,0%
46.1%
23.9%
2.0%
2005
31,7%
46.2%
20.0%
2.1%
2006
31,5%
47.0%
18.9%
2.6%
2007
36,5%
42.1%
19.3%
2.1%
2008
37,7%
43.4%
16.3%
2.1%
2009
51,1%
34.7%
12.3%
1.8%
2010
50.0%
35.0%
13.3%
1.2%
2011
46,5%
37.8%
14.5%
1.2%
2012
54,0%
31.9%
12.1%
2.0%
60

-------
Figure 22
Production Share by Cylinder Count and Vehicle Type
Car
100%
CD
i_
CO
CO
c
o
Van
100%
Cylinders
4
Truck SUV
100%
Other
Pickup
100%
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
61

-------
Table 17 and Figure 23 compare engine horsepower (HP), engine displacement (CID), and specific power
or horsepower per cubic inch (HP/CID) for cars, vans, truck SUVs, and pickups. For all four vehicle types,
significant CID reductions occurred in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Engine displacement has been relatively flat
for cars and vans since the mid-1980s and has declined for truck SUVs since the mid-1990s, but has been
increasing for two decades for pickups. Average horsepower has increased substantially for all of these vehicle
types since MY 1981 (with a small decrease in MY 2009) with the highest increase occurring for pickups whose
horsepower is now 2.7 times what it was then (i.e., 312 versus 115). Light-duty vehicle engines, thus, have also
improved in specific power with the highest specific power being for engines used in passenger cars and truck
SUVs. The use of cylinder deactivation has been popular in pickup trucks, now used in one-quarter of the pickup
fleet.
Table 17
MY 2012 Engine Characteristics by Vehicle Type
Vehicle Type
HP
CID
HP/CID
Mufti-
Valve
WT
Cylinder
Deactivation
Car
192
150
1.28
98%
98%
2%
Van
259
214
1.22
95%
89%
19%
Truck SUV
261
215
1.24
87%
96%
15%
Pickup
312
285
1.11
55%
92%
25%
All
111
/. z /.
180
1.25
91%
97%
8%
62

-------
Car
Figure 23
Horsepower, CID, and Horsepower per CID
Van	Truck SUV
Pickup
300 ¦
250 ¦
200 ¦
150 ¦
100 ¦
350 ¦
300 ¦
250 ¦
200 ¦
150 ¦
1.2 ¦
1.0 ¦
0.8 ¦
0.6 ¦
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Model Year
Table 18 compares HP, CID, and HP/CID by vehicle type and number of cylinders for model years 1988
and 2012. Table 18 shows that the increase in horsepower shown for the fleet in Table 13 extends to all vehicle
type and cylinder number strata. These increases in horsepower range from 43 to 160%. Because displacement has
remained relatively constant, it can be seen that the primary reason for the horsepower increase is increased specific
power -- up between 46 and 147% from MY 1988 to 2012.
At the number-of-cylinders level of stratification, model year 2012 cars and truck SUVs generally achieve
higher specific power than vans or pickups. One reason for the lower specific power of some truck engines is that
these vehicles may be used to carry heavy loads or pull trailers and thus need more "torque rise," (i.e., an increase
in torque as engine speed falls from the peak power point) to achieve acceptable drivability. Engines equipped with
four valves per cylinder typically have inherently lower torque rise than two valve engines with lower specific
power.
63

-------
Table 18
Changes in Horsepower and Specific Power by Vehicle Type and Number of Cylinders


HP
HP
Percent
CID
CID
Percent
HP/
HP/
Percent
Vehicle Type
Cylinders
1988
2012
Change
1988
2012
Change
CID 1988
CID 2012
Change
Car
4
95
157
65%
118
125
6%
0.805
1.267
57%
Car
6
142
281
98%
194
209
8%
0.743
1.349
82%
Car
8
164
426
160%
301
322
7%
0.544
1.344
147%
Van
4
98
140
43%
145
125
-14%
0.678
1.117
65%
Van
6
149
269
81%
213
217
2%
0.722
1.238
71%
Van
8
168
273
62%
322
312
-3%
0.520
0.875
68%
Truck SUV
4
94
182
94%
121
146
21%
0.775
1.255
62%
Truck SUV
6
148
274
85%
214
215
1%
0.703
1.274
81%
Truck SUV
8
183
354
93%
338
333
-1%
0.541
1.066
97%
Pickup
4
97
168
73%
142
168
19%
0.685
1.000
46%
Pickup
6
142
281
98%
229
231
1%
0.644
1.241
93%
Pickup
8
180
342
90%
329
322
-2%
0.544
1.062
95%
Table 19 shows similar data to those in Table 18, but the stratification is based on vehicle weight. This
table clearly shows that, for nearly every case for which a comparison can be made between 1988 and 2012, there
were increases in HP, decreases in CID, and substantial increases in specific power ranging from 41 to 255%.
64

-------
Table 19
Changes in Horsepower and Specific Power by Vehicle Type and Weight
Cars
Weight
(lb)
HP
1988
HP
2012
Percent
Change
CID
1988
CID
2012
Percent
Change
HP/CID
1988
HP/CID
2012
Percent
Change
2000
59
70
19%
77
61
-21%
0.770
1.148
49%
2250
73
94
29%
90
81
-10%
0.808
1.160
44%
2500
79
105
33%
100
91
-9%
0.785
1.156
47%
2750
97
114
18%
123
94
-24%
0.804
1.212
51%
3000
114
145
27%
145
112
-23%
0.797
1.295
62%
3500
150
179
19%
212
145
-32%
0.731
1.246
70%
4000
160
259
62%
289
194
-33%
0.569
1.344
136%
4500
144
338
135%
305
250
-18%
0.474
1.377
191%
5000
207
400
93%
408
257
-37%
0.509
1.547
204%
5500
205
557
172%
412
374
-9%
0.498
1.490
199%
6000
205
556
171%
412
383
-7%
0.498
1.464
194%
Vans
Weight
fib)
HP
1988
HP
2012
Percent
Change
CID
1988
CID
2012
Percent
Change
HP/CID
1988
HP/CID
2012
Percent
Change
3500
123
136
11%
166
122
-27%
0.736
1.115
51%
4500
169
270
60%
321
216
-33%
0.528
1.247
136%
5000
156
233
49%
312
245
-21%
0.500
0.978
96%
5500
195
294
51%
347
321
-7%
0.562
0.914
63%
6000
126
268
113%
379
318
-16%
0.332
0.843
154%
Truck SUVs
Weight
(lb)
HP
1988
HP
2012
Percent
Change
CID
1988
CID
2012
Percent
Change
HP/CID
1988
HP/CID
2012
Percent
Change
3500
149
173
16%
213
147
-31%
0.709
1.182
67%
4000
135
213
58%
190
170
-11%
0.723
1.271
76%
4500
148
267
80%
312
213
-32%
0.494
1.261
155%
5000
181
290
60%
330
221
-33%
0.545
1.314
141%
5500
200
369
84%
350
310
-11%
0.572
1.219
113%
6000
162
337
108%
368
326
-11%
0.445
1.041
134%
Pickup
S








Weight
lib)
HP
1988
HP
2012
Percent
Change
CID
1988
CID
2012
Percent
Change
HP/CID
1988
HP/CID
2012
Percent
Change
3500
130
179
38%
184
176
-4%
0.719
1.015
41%
4000
154
212
38%
282
213
-24%
0.555
0.998
80%
4500
174
240
38%
322
250
-22%
0.539
0.964
79%
5000
193
271
40%
342
263
-23%
0.565
1.045
85%
5500
178
337
89%
363
315
-13%
0.495
1.080
118%
6000
140
360
157%
379
285
-25%
0.369
1.311
255%
65

-------
Figure 24 shows that increases in HP per CID apply to all of the engines, except for a few cases of engines
with three valves. Engines with more valves per cylinder deliver higher values of HP per CID. Engines with only
two valves per cylinder deliver over twice as much horsepower per CID than they used to.
Figure 24
HP/CID by Number of Valves per Cylinder
Car	Van

Truck SUV
Pickup
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
66

-------
Figure 25 shows that usage of multi-valve engines continues to increase and, as shown in Table 17 for MY
2012, is now 85-95% for cars, vans and SUVs, and over 50% for pickups.
Figure 25
Production Share by Valves per Cylinder
Car
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
CD
CO
0%
y 100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Truck SUV
Van
Pickup
Valves
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Model Year
67

-------
Figure 26 and Table 20 show how the car and truck fleet have evolved from one that consisted almost
entirely of carbureted engines in the 1970s and early 1980s, to one which was almost entirely port fuel injected with
variable valve timing a few years ago, to one with increasing share of gasoline direct injection engines.
(D
(0
sz
CD
d
o
o
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o
Figure 26
Production Share by Engine Type
Car
Truck
Port Fixed
Port
ariable
Diese
Port Fixed
Variable
Diesel
/ Hybrid
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mooiouiocnooi
COCDCDCDCOOOO
^IOOOOCDCOOO->-
mooiomocno
l\J
o
Ol
Model Year
Table 20
Production Share of MY 1988 and MY 2012 Light Vehicles
by Engine Type and Valve Timing
Engine Type
Cars
1988
Cars
2012
Vans
1988
Vans
2012
Truck
SUVs
1988
Truck
SUVs
2012
Pickups
1988
Pickups
2012
All
1988
All
2012
Ca rb
16%
-
0%
-
18%
-
16%
-
15%
-
TBI
30%
-
43%
-
35%
-
48%
-
34%
-
Port Fixed
54%
1%
57%
11%
47%
3%
35%
8%
51%
3%
Port Variable
-
63%
-
89%
-
79%
-
82%
-
69%
GDI Variable
-
30%
-
-
-
16%
-
10%
-
23%
Diesel
0%
1%
0%
-
0%
1%
0%
-
0%
1%
Hybrid
-
5%
-
-
-
2%
-
0%
-
4%
68

-------
Table 21 compares horsepower, engine size (CID), specific power (HP/CID), Ton- mpg, and estimated 0-
to-60 acceleration time for two selected MY 1988 and five MY 2012 engine types.
Table 21
Comparison of MY 1988 and MY 2012 Cars by Engine Fuel Metering,
Number of Valves and Valve Timing
Ton Ton O-to-SO Q-to-60
Fuel Number	HP HP CID CID HP/CID HP/CID MPG MPG Time Time
Metering of Valves Valve Timing 1988 2012 1988 2012 1988 2012 1988 2012 1988 2012
Carb	- Fixed	88 -	131	-	0.75 -	37,2 -	14.3
TBI	4 Fixed	71 -	91	0.78 -	38.1 -	15.0
Port	2	Variable -	368 -	353 -	1.04 -	43.1	-	6.6
Port	4	Variable -	180 -	145 -	1.24 -	46.5	-	9.9
TBI	2 Fixed	98 -	142	-	0.71 -	36.9 -	13.7
GDI	4	Variable -	220 -	154 -	1.44 -	47.5	-	8.9
Port	2 Fixed	137	389	193	312	0.74 1.19	36.6	37.3	11.9	6.9
Percent Change over MY 1988 Port Two Valve, Fixed Valve Timing Base Model
Ton Ton 0-to-60 0-to-SO
Fuel Number	HP HP CID CID HP/CID HP/CID MPG MPG Time Time
Metering of Valves Valve Timing 1988 2012 1988 2012 1988 2012 1988 2012 1988 2012
Carb	- Fixed	-35.8% -	-32.1%	-	1.4%	-	1.6% -	20.2%
TBI	4 Fixed	-48.2% -	-52.8%	-	5.4%	-	4.1% -	26.1%
Port	2	Variable -	168.6% -	82.9% -	40.5%	-	17.8% -	-44.5%
Port	4	Variable -	31.4% -	-24.9% -	67.6%	-	27.0% -	-16.8%
TBI	2 Fixed	-28.5% -	-26.4%	-	-4.1%	-	0.8% -	15.1%
GDI	4	Variable -	60.6% -	-20.2% -	94.6%	-	29.8% -	-25.2%
Port	2 Fixed -	183.9% -	61.7% -	60.8%	-	1.9%	-	-42.0%
Because MY 1988 was the peak year for car fuel economy until recently, and because the two valve, fixed
valve timing, port injected engine accounted for about half of the car engines built that year, the MY 1988 version
of this engine was selected as a baseline engine with its average characteristics compared to four MY 2012 engine
configurations. As shown in Figure 27, all of these MY 2012 engine types had substantially higher horsepower
than the baseline MY 1988 engine, and substantially higher specific power. Not all of these improvements in
engine design for these engine types that occurred between 1988 and 2012 were used to improve fuel economy as
indicated by the nominal 20% decrease in 0-to-60 time each achieved. Obtaining increased power to weight in a
time when weight is trending upwards implies that horsepower is increasing significantly.
69

-------
Figure 27
Percent Difference in MY 2012 Vehicle Characteristics from MY 1988
Port/2 Valve/Fixed Valve Timing Car Engine
0 to 60 Time -
Ton-MPG -
HP/CID
CID -
HP
	
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Engine
Port 4 Valve Variable
Port 4 Valve Fixed
Port 2 Valve Fixed
GDI 4 Valve Variable
Percent Change
For the current model year fleet, specific power has been studied at an even more detailed level of
stratification with both car and truck engines being classified according to: (1) the number of valves per cylinder,
(2) the manufacturer's fuel recommendation, (3) the presence or absence of an intake boost device such as a
turbocharger or supercharger, and (4) whether or not the engine had fixed or variable valve timing. Higher HP/CID
is associated with: (a) more valves per cylinder, (b) higher octane fuel, (c) intake boost, and (d) use of variable
valve timing. The technical approaches result in specific power ranges for cars and trucks from about .9 to about
1.8. The relative production fractions in Table 22 are just for each technical option in the table and exclude
hybrids.
Table 22 shows the incremental effect, on a production weighted basis, of adding each technical option, but
not all of the technical options are production significant. The effect of the use of higher octane fuel cannot be
discounted, because roughly 15% of the current car fleet is comprised of vehicles which use engines for which high
octane fuel is recommended. By comparison, about 7% of this year's light trucks require premium fuel.
Engine technology which delivers improved specific power thus can be used in many ways ranging from
reduced displacement and improved fuel economy at constant (or lower) performance, to increased performance
and the same fuel economy at constant displacement.
70

-------
Table 22
HP/CID and Production Share by Fuel and Engine Technology
MY 2012 Cars



2 Valve
2 Valve
3 Valve
3 Valve
4 Valve
4 Valve
Total


Valve
HP/
Production
HP/
Production
HP/
Production
Production
Fuel
Boost
Timing
CID
Fraction
CID
Fraction
CID
Fraction
Fraction
Regular
No Boost
Fixed
1.05
0.5%
.
.
1.23
0.2%
0.7%
Regular
No Boost
Variable
1.13
1.3%
1.31
0.4%
1.23
79.2%
80.9%
Regular
Boosted
Fixed
1.53
0.0%
.
.
.
.
0.0%
Regular
Boosted
Variable
.
.
.
.
1.74
3.8%
3.8%
Premium
No Boost
Fixed
1.20
0.1%
.
.
1.37
0.0%
0.2%
Premium
No Boost
Variable
1.03
0.1%
.
.
1.33
7.8%
7.9%
Premium
Boosted
Fixed
1.54
0.2%
1.64
0.0%
.
.
0.2%
Premium
Boosted
Variable
1.22
0.0%
1.56
0.0%
1.82
5.3%
5.3%
Diesel
Boosted
.
.
.
.
.
1.17
1.1%
1.1%
Total
.
.
.
2.2%
.
0.4%
.
97.3%
100.0%
MY 2012 Trucks



2 Valve
2 Valve
3 Valve
3 Valve
4 Valve
4 Valve
Total


Valve
HP/
Production
HP/
Production
HP/
Production
Production
Fuel
Boost
Timing
CID
Fraction
CID
Fraction
CID
Fraction
Fraction
Regular
No Boost
Fixed
0.90
4.5%
.
.
1.11
1.0%
5.5%
Regular
No Boost
Variable
1.02
16.2%
0.94
1.2%
1.21
66.8%
84.1%
Regular
Boost
Variable
.
.
.
.
1.70
3.2%
3.2%
Premium
No Boost
Fixed
1.20
0.1%
.
.
.
.
0.1%
Premium
No Boost
Variable
.
.
.
.
1.27
4.1%
4.1%
Premium
Boost
Variable
.
.
.
.
1.81
2.5%
2.5%
Diesel
Boost
.
.
.
.
.
1.27
0.5%
0.5%
Total
.
.
.
20.7%
.
1.2%
.
78.2%
100.0%
One engine technology development that began in MY 2005 is the reintroduction of cylinder deactivation,
an automotive technology that was used by General Motors in some MY 1981 V-8 engines that could be operated
in 8-, 6- and 4-cylinder modes. This approach, which has also been called by a number of names including
'variable displacement', 'displacement on demand', 'active fuel management' and 'multiple displacement', involves
allowing the valves of selected cylinders of the engine to remain closed and interrupting the fuel supply to these
cylinders when engine power demands are below a predetermined threshold, as typically happens under less
demanding driving conditions, such as steady state operation or during idle. Under light load conditions, the engine
can thus provide better fuel mileage than would otherwise be achieved. Although frictional and thermodynamic
energy losses still occur in the cylinders that are not being used, these losses are more than offset by the increased
load and reduced specific fuel consumption of the remaining cylinders. Typically half of the usual number of
cylinders is deactivated. Challenges to the engine designer for this type of engine include mode transitions, idle
quality, and noise and vibration. For MY 2012, as shown previously in Table 13, it is estimated that about 8% of
all vehicles are equipped with cylinder deactivation.
Figure 28 compares historical industry-wide market penetration rates for five mature passenger car
technologies, namely fuel injection (summing the values for all of the individual fuel injection technologies in
Table 13), front wheel drive (FWD), multi-valve engines (i.e., engines with more than two valves per cylinder),
engines with variable valve timing, and lockup transmissions. Figure 28 indicates that, in the past, after the first
71

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significant use, it has often taken an additional decade for a new technology to attain an industry-wide car
production fraction of 20 to 60%, and often as long as another five or ten years to reach maximum market
penetration.
Figure 28
Industry-Wide Car Technology Penetration After First Significant Use
CD
i_
CO
CO
c
o
"G
"O
o
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%






Fuel Injection







-^Multi-Valve






Front Wheel Drive Lockup













/Variable Valve Timing






















10 15 20 25 30 35
Years After First Use
40
For the first time in this report, EPA is presenting a disaggregation of the above historical industry-wide
technology penetration data to see what can be learned about the pace of technology deployment by individual
manufacturers. For the same five technologies shown in Figure 28, Table 23 shows the maximum technology
penetration rates for cars and trucks combined over 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year intervals for 13 individual
manufacturers, along with the specific years associated with each value.
72

-------
Table 23
Maximum Penetration Rates for Individual Manufacturers for 5 Mature Technologies
Front Wheel Drive
Manufacturer
% change
1-year
Timespan
% change
3-year
Timespan
% change
5-year
Timespan
GM
23%
1979-1980
34%
1983-1986
50%
1983-1988
Toyota
46%
1985-1986
58%
1985-1988
66%
1983-1988
Ford
23%
1980-1981
39%
1979-1982
42%
1977-1982
Honda
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Chrysler-Fiat
30%
1980-1981
57%
1978-1981
70%
1977-1982
Nissan
29%
1984-1985
53%
1980-1983
71%
1978-1983
Hyundai
2%
2010-2011
2%
2008-2011
2%
2006-2011
Kia
9%
2000-2001
12%
2008-2011
17%
2005-2010
BMW
15%
2011-2012
19%
2002-2005
28%
2000-2005
VW
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Subaru
31%
1991-1992
31%
1989-1992
31%
1987-1992
Daimler
48%
1982-1983
54%
1981-1984
54%
1979-1984
Mazda
36%
1980-1981
59%
1980-1983
75%
1979-1984
Maximum
48%

59%

75%

Fuel Injection
Manufacturer
% change
1-year
Timespan
% change
3-year
Timespan
% change
5-year
Timespan
GM
17%
1984-1985
42%
1984-1987
61%
1984-1989
Toyota
34%
1989-1990
48%
1988-1991
53%
1981-1986
Ford
28%
1986-1987
65%
1982-1985
96%
1982-1987
Honda
29%
1985-1986
61%
1987-1990
91%
1985-1990
Chrysler-Fiat
27%
1987-1988
53%
1983-1986
74%
1983-1988
Nissan
40%
1987-1988
49%
1985-1988
68%
1983-1988
Hyundai
84%
1989-1990
100%
1987-1990
100%
1986-1991
Kia
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
BMW
55%
1976-1977
55%
1975-1978
58%
1976-1981
VW
36%
1976-1977
65%
1976-1979
65%
1976-1981
Subaru
26%
1989-1990
55%
1984-1987
74%
1983-1988
Daimler
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Mazda
94%
1985-1986
99%
1983-1986
100%
1982-1987
Maximum
94%

99%

100%

Lockup
Manufacturer
% change
1-year
Timespan
% change
3-year
Timespan
% change
5-year
Timespan
GM
39%
1980-1981
86%
1979-1982
93%
1978-1983
Toyota
27%
1983-1984
41%
1983-1986
57%
1982-1987
Ford
22%
1981-1982
44%
1979-1982
56%
1978-1983
Honda
23%
1982-1983
37%
1982-1985
51%
1982-1987
Chrysler-Fiat
53%
1977-1978
65%
1986-1989
71%
1985-1990
Nissan
15%
1982-1983
39%
1980-1983
48%
1980-1985
Hyundai
37%
1986-1987
53%
1986-1989
53%
1986-1991
Kia
11%
1994-1995
14%
1993-1996
24%
1993-1998
BMW
47%
1984-1985
49%
1983-1986
73%
1984-1989
VW
38%
2010-2011
38%
2008-2011
48%
1989-1994
Subaru
28%
1982-1983
33%
1981-1984
39%
1988-1993
Daimler
83%
1996-1997
100%
1994-1997
100%
1992-1997
Mazda
23%
1987-1988
49%
1986-1989
50%
1984-1989
Maximum
83%

100%

100%

73

-------
Multi-Valve
Manufacturer
% change
1-year
Timespan
% change
3-year
Timespan
% change
5-year
Timespan
GM
17%
2011-2012
27%
2009-2012
46%
2007-2012
Toyota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Ford
24%
2004-2005
39%
2004-2007
59%
2004-2009
Honda
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Chrysler-Fiat
45%
1994-1995
64%
1993-1996
77%
1992-1997
Nissan
9%
1989-1990
18%
1989-1992
23%
1991-1996
Hyundai
46%
1993-1994
99%
1991-1994
99%
1989-1994
Kia
2%
1995-1996
2%
1993-1996
2%
1993-1998
BMW
53%
1990-1991
95%
1990-1993
98%
1989-1994
VW
26%
1997-1998
41%
1996-1999
55%
1996-2001
Subaru
59%
1994-1995
59%
1992-1995
59%
1990-1995
Daimler
33%
1993-1994
83%
1991-1994
99%
1989-1994
Mazda
19%
1993-1994
25%
1991-1994
40%
1989-1994
Maximum
59%

95%

99%

VVT
Manufacturer
% change
1-year
Timespan
% change
3-year
Timespan
% change
5-year
Timespan
GM
22%
2006-2007
53%
2006-2009
80%
2005-2010
Toyota
38%
1999-2000
75%
1999-2002
90%
1998-2003
Ford
43%
2009-2010
79%
2008-2011
95%
2007-2012
Honda
34%
1997-1998
43%
1996-1999
65%
1997-2002
Chrysler-Fiat
38%
2006-2007
49%
2009-2012
81%
2006-2011
Nissan
34%
1990-1991
52%
1989-1992
52%
1987-1992
Hyundai
53%
2008-2009
65%
2007-2010
65%
2005-2010
Kia
57%
2009-2010
78%
2008-2011
78%
2006-2011
BMW
49%
1991-1992
72%
1989-1992
77%
1991-1996
VW
62%
2009-2010
70%
2007-2010
70%
2005-2010
Subaru
56%
2009-2010
87%
2007-2010
87%
2005-2010
Daimler
43%
2009-2010
73%
2007-2010
73%
2005-2010
Mazda
43%
2003-2004
76%
2002-2005
98%
2002-2007
Maximum
62%

87%

98%

One important caveat with Table 23 is that, in some cases, individual manufacturers were already at
extremely high rates of adoption of some technologies before Trends started collecting data for that technology (for
example, Honda had essentially incorporated front wheel drive throughout its entire fleet when EPA starting
monitoring front wheel drive data in 1975, and Toyota was using multi-valve engines throughout its fleet when
EPA starting monitoring multi-valve data in the mid-1980s). Data for "rates of increase" in these and similar cases
are meaningless and are represented as "N/A" in Table 23.
Table 23 shows that individual manufacturers adopted these older technologies at different rates. In the
least aggressive cases for individual manufacturers, the maximum 1-year increases were in the 10-20% range, and
the fastest 5-year increases were in the 40-50% range. In other cases, some larger manufacturers increased
technology share by as much as 30-50% in a single year (some smaller manufacturers had even higher increases)
and by as much as 90-95% over a 5-year interval.
Interestingly, all of the data in Table 23 suggest much more rapid technology penetration rates for
individual manufacturers than for the industry as a whole. Clearly, these faster technology penetration rates by
some individual manufacturers in Table 24 have been masked by EPA's past presentation of the much slower
industry-wide technology penetration rates as shown in Figure 28. In combination, Figure 28 and Table 23 show a
historic technology penetration paradigm with much faster technology penetration cycles by some individual
manufacturers (with some major manufacturers sometimes adopting technologies across the bulk of their fleets
74

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within 5 years), along with individual manufacturers choosing to adopt the same technologies at different times.
This sequencing of individual manufacturer technology penetration cycles, i.e., starting at different times, led to
slower technology penetration cycles for the industry as a whole.
Table 24 shows similar manufacturer-specific combined car and truck data for three emerging technologies
that are projected to have more than 10% industry-wide production share in MY 2012: 6-speed transmissions (59%
share), gasoline direct injection (24% share), and continuously variable transmissions (10% share).
Table 24
Maximum Penetration Rates for Individual Manufacturers for 3 Emerging Technologies
Direct Injection Gasoline
Manufacturer
% change
1-year
Timespan
% change
3-year
Timespan
% change
5-year
Timespan
GM
28%
2009-2010
55%
2009-2012
58%
2007-2012
Toyota
2%
2008-2009
3%
2008-2011
4%
2006-2011
Ford
39%
2011-2012
40%
2009-2012
40%
2007-2012
Honda
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
Chrysler-Fiat
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
Nissan
7%
2010-2011
7%
2008-2011
7%
2006-2011
Hyundai
53%
2010-2011
62%
2009-2012
62%
2007-2012
Kia
34%
2011-2012
51%
2009-2012
51%
2007-2012
BMW
33%
2011-2012
41%
2009-2012
64%
2007-2012
VW
48%
2007-2008
49%
2006-2009
49%
2004-2009
Subaru
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
Daimler
73%
2011-2012
74%
2009-2012
74%
2007-2012
Mazda
13%
2011-2012
13%
2009-2012
16%
2007-2012
Maximum
73%

74%

74%

6-Speed Transmission
Manufacturer
% change
1-year
Timespan
% change
3-year
Timespan
% change
5-year
Timespan
GM
31%
2009-2010
80%
2009-2012
95%
2007-2012
Toyota
22%
2010-2011
41%
2008-2011
46%
2006-2011
Ford
18%
2009-2010
48%
2008-2011
70%
2007-2012
Honda
4%
2011-2012
6%
2009-2012
6%
2007-2012
Chrysler-Fiat
19%
2010-2011
36%
2009-2012
42%
2007-2012
Nissan
37%
2011-2012
37%
2009-2012
37%
2007-2012
Hyundai
69%
2010-2011
88%
2008-2011
90%
2006-2011
Kia
67%
2010-2011
100%
2009-2012
100%
2007-2012
BMW
38%
2005-2006
62%
2003-2006
82%
2001-2006
VW
35%
2005-2006
73%
2003-2006
82%
2002-2007
Subaru
7%
2003-2004
7%
2001-2004
7%
1999-2004
Daimler
2%
2000-2001
3%
1999-2002
3%
1997-2002
Mazda
13%
2011-2012
23%
2003-2006
28%
2002-2007
Maximum
38%

80%

95%

75

-------
CVT
Manufacturer
% change
1-year
Timespan
% change
3-year
Timespan
% change
5-year
Timespan
GM
2%
2002-2003
2%
2000-2003
2%
1998-2003
Toyota
9%
2009-2010
11%
2009-2012
15%
2003-2008
Ford
4%
2004-2005
6%
2003-2006
6%
2001-2006
Honda
4%
2009-2010
4%
2009-2012
4%
2007-2012
Chrysler-Fiat
28%
2006-2007
28%
2004-2007
28%
2002-2007
Nissan
63%
2006-2007
68%
2006-2009
70%
2005-2010
Hyundai
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
Kia
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
BMW
3%
2004-2005
6%
2002-2005
7%
2000-2005
VW
2%
2002-2003
4%
2001-2004
5%
2001-2006
Subaru
40%
2009-2010
68%
2009-2012
68%
2007-2012
Daimler
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
Mazda
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
0%
N/A
Maximum
63%

68%

70%

The data in Table 24 are much more variable. Some manufacturers have not adopted certain technologies
whatsoever, while other manufacturers have 1-year technology share growth rates as high as 60-70%, and some
larger manufacturers have 5-year technology share growth rates as high as 70-95%. Like the data in Table 23, the
data in Table 24 on emerging technologies suggest a sequencing of individual manufacturer technology penetration
cycles.
Table 25 compares fuel economy ratings, the ratio of highway to city fuel economy, and ton-mpg of the
MY 2012 diesel and hybrid vehicles with those for the average MY 2012 car and truck. Most of the hybrid
vehicles in the table have a lower highway/city ratio than the average car or truck. In addition, there are several
cases in the table for which the highway to city ratio is less than 1.0, and these represent cases where a vehicle
achieves higher fuel economy in city than in highway driving. This year's diesel cars achieve ton-mpg values that
are roughly the same as some of the hybrid cars. For MY 2012, the Toyota Prius has the highest adjusted
composite fuel economy value for any hybrid of 49.3 mpg and several diesel vehicles have adjusted composite fuel
economy values of 35-36 mpg. The Prius achieves 86 ton-mpg, which is 78% higher than that of the average car.
Most of the vehicles in Table 25 have conventionally powered counterparts. Tables 26 and 27 compare the
adjusted composite fuel economy and an estimate of annual fuel usage (assuming 15,000 miles per year) for these
vehicles with their conventionally powered (baseline) counterparts. The comparisons in both tables are limited to a
basis of model name, drive, weight, transmission, and engine size (CID). Differences in the performance attributes
of these vehicles complicate the analysis of the fuel economy improvement potential due to hybridization and
dieselization. In particular, hybrid vehicles are sometimes reported to have faster 0-to-60 acceleration times than
their conventional counterparts, while vehicles equipped with diesel engines often have higher low-end torque, but
slower 0-to-60 times. In addition, some hybrid vehicles use technologies such as cylinder deactivation and CVT
transmissions that are not offered in their counterparts.
Fuel economy improvements for the hybrid vehicles in Table 26 vary considerably from 5-10% for the
larger, luxury hybrid vehicles to over 40%. Similarly, Table 27 shows fuel economy improvements for diesels
range from 10% to 40%.
76

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Table 25
Characteristics of MY 2012 Diesel and Hybrid Vehicles
Diesel Cars




Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Hwy/


Weight
CID
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
City
Model Name
Transmission
(lb)
feu in)
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
Ratio
A3
A6
3500
120
46,1
29,8
41.5
35.5
62.2
1.4
E 350 BLUETEC
L7
4500
182
33,3
21,5
32.4
26.6
59.8
1.5
GOLF
A6
3500
120
46,1
29,8
41.5
35.5
62.2
1.4
GOLF
M6
3500
120
46,1
29,7
41.9
35.6
62.3
1.4
Jetta
A6
3500
120
46,1
29,8
41.5
35.5
62.2
1.4
Jetta
M6
3500
120
46,1
29,7
41.9
35.6
62.3
1.4
JETTA SPORTWAGEN
A6
3500
120
44,2
28,9
39.5
34.1
59.6
1.4
JETTA SPORTWAGEN
M6
3500
120
46,1
29,7
41.9
35.6
62.3
1.4
Passat
A6
3500
120
44,6
30.5
40.2
35.3
61.9
1.3
Passat
M6
3500
120
46,4
30.8
42.6
36.6
64.0
1.4
S 350 BLUETEC 4MATIC
L7
5000
182
32,3
20.9
31.4
25.8
64.6
1.5
Fleetwide Cars

3482
150
34.6
22.9
31.8
27.3
48.3
1.4
Hybrid Cars




Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Hwy/


Weight
CID
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
City
Model Name
Transmission
(lb)
feu inj
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
Ratio
ActiveHybrid 5
L8
4500
183
33.2
22.8
30.3
26.5
59.7
1.3
ActiveHybrid 7
L8
5000
269
25.6
17.2
24.1
20.5
51.3
1.4
ActiveHybrid 7L
L8
5000
269
25.6
17.2
24.1
20.5
51.3
1.4
CAMRY HYBRID LE
CVT
3500
152
57.4
42.7
39.4
40.8
71.4
0.9
CAMRY HYBRID XLE
CVT
4000
152
54.8
40.5
38.4
39.3
78.5
0.9
CIVIC HYBRID
CVT
3000
92
63.1
43.9
44.5
44.2
66.4
1.0
CR-Z
CVT
3000
92
50.1
34.8
39.1
37.1
55.7
1.1
CR-Z
M6
3000
92
44.9
31.3
36.7
34.2
51.2
1.2
CT 200h
CVT
3500
110
57.5
42.8
40.2
41.3
72.2
0.9
ESCAPE HYBRID FWD
CVT
4000
153
44.1
34.0
30.5
31.9
63.9
0.9
FUSION HYBRID FWD
CVT
4000
153
54.2
41.4
36.4
38.4
76.8
0.9
HS 250h
CVT
4000
144
47.3
35.4
33.6
34.3
68.7
1.0
INSIGHT
CVT
3000
79
58.9
40.8
44.3
42.7
64.1
1.1
LACROSSE
L6
4000
146
38.0
24.5
35.9
29.9
59.8
1.5
LS 600hL
CVT
5500
303
26.9
18.6
23.3
21.0
57.7
1.3
M35h
L7
4500
214
38.8
26.8
32.2
29.6
66.7
1.2
MKZ HYBRID FWD
CVT
4000
153
54.2
41.4
36.4
38.4
76.8
0.9
OPTIMA HYBRID
A6
3500
146
N/A
34.0
39.0
36.7
64.2
1.1
Panatnera S Hybrid
L8
4500
183
34.4
22.3
30.3
26.3
59.1
1.4
PRIUS
CVT
3500
110
70.7
50.7
48.2
49.3
86.2
0.9
PRIUS c
CVT
2750
91
70.7
52.5
46.3
48.8
67.1
0.9
PRIUS V
CVT
3500
110
58.7
43.5
40.2
41.6
72.8
0.9
REGAL
L6
4000
146
38.0
24.5
35.9
29.9
59.8
1.5
RX 450h
CVT
5000
211
40.4
31.5
27.9
29.4
73.4
0.9
S400 HYBRID
L7
5000
213
27.5
18.6
25.1
21.9
54.6
1.3
SONATA HYBRID
A6
3500
146
N/A
34.0
39.0
36.7
64.2
1.1
Fleetwide Cars

3482
150
34.6
22.9
31.8
27.3
48.3
1.4
77

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Table 25 (continued)
Diesel Trucks




lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Hwy/


Weight
CiD
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
City
Model Name
Transmission
(lb)
feu in)
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
Ratio
GL 350 BLUETEC 4MATIC
L7
6000
132
24,7
16,9
21,4
19,2
57,6
1,3
ML 350 BLUETEC 4MATIC
L7
5500
132
29,4
19,7
26,9
23,3
64,0
1,4
07
L8
6000
131
26,0
17,5
24,9
21,1
63,2
1,4
R 350 BLUETEC 4MATIC
L7
5500
132
26,5
17,9
22,9
20.4
56,2
1,3
TOUAREG
L8
5000
131
23,9
19,1
27,9
23,3
53,2
1,5
X5 xDrive35d
L6
5500
133
23,1
13,3
26,1
22,4
61,6
1,4
Fleetwide Trucks

4779
234
243
16.4
22.5
19.4
46.5
1.4
Hybrid Trucks




Lab
Adj
Adj
Adj

Hwy/


Weight
CID
55/45
City
Hwy
Comp
Ton-
City
Model Name
Transmission
fib)
(cu in)
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
MPG
Ratio
C15 SIERRA 2WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
23,5
19,3
22,9
21,5
64,4
1,2
C15 SILVERADO 2WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
23,5
19,3
22,9
21,5
64,4
1,2
C1500TAHOE 2WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
23,5
19,3
22,9
21,5
64,4
1,2
C1500 YUKON 2WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
23,5
19,3
22,9
21,5
64,4
1,2
Cayenne S Hybrid
L3
5500
133
23,1
19,9
23,8
21,9
60.3
1,2
ESCALADE 2WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
23,5
19,8
22,9
21,5
64,4
1,2
ESCALADE 4WD HYBRID
CVT
6500
366
23,0
20.0
23,3
21,7
70.6
1,2
ESCAPE HYBRID AWD
CVT
4000
153
39,0
30.4
27,2
28,5
57,0
0.9
HIGHLANDER HYBRID 4WD
CVT
5000
211
33,5
27,6
27,6
27,6
69,0
1,0
K15 SIERRA 4WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
23,4
19,7
22,7
21,3
63,9
1,2
K15 SILVERADO 4WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
23,4
19,7
22,7
21,3
63,9
1,2
K1500 TAHOE 4WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
23,4
19,7
22,7
21,3
63,9
1,2
K1500 YUKON 4WD HYBRID
CVT
6000
366
23,4
19,7
22,7
21,3
63,9
1,2
K1500 YUKON DENALI HYBRID 4WD
CVT
6500
366
23,0
20.0
23,3
21,7
70.6
1,2
RX 450h AWD
CVT
5000
211
33,6
29,5
27,6
28,4
70.9
0.9
Touareg Hybrid
LB
5500
133
23,2
19,9
23,3
21,9
60.3
1,2
Fleetwide Trucks

4779
234
24.3
16.4
22.5
19.4
46.5
1.4
78

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Table 26
Comparison of MY 2012 Hybrid Vehicles with Their Conventional Counterparts
Hybrid	Baseline	Improvement
Model Name
Weight
(lb)
CID
Trans
ftdj
Comp
MPG
Gal
per
Year*
Weight
(IbJ
CID
Trans
ftdj
Comp
MPG
Gal
per
Year*
ftdj
Comp
MPG
Gal
per
Year*
ActiveHybrid 5
4500
183
L8
26.5
565
4500
183
L8
24.8
606
7%
41
ActiveHybrid 7
5000
269
L8
20.5
731
4500
269
L6
18.0
832
14%
101
ActiveHybrid 7L
5000
269
L8
20.5
731
5000
269
L6
17.8
844
16%
114
C15 SIERRA 2WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.5
699
5500
378
L6
15.0
1002
43%
303
C15 SILVERADO 2WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.5
699
5500
378
L6
15.0
1002
43%
303
C1500 TAHOE 2WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.5
699
6000
323
L6
17.9
840
20%
141
C1500 YUKON 2WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.5
699
6000
323
L6
17.9
840
20%
141
CAMRY HYBRID LE
3500
152
CVT
40.8
368
3500
152
L6
29.6
507
38%
139
CAMRY HYBRID XLE
4000
152
CVT
39.3
382
3500
152
L6
29.6
507
33%
125
Cayenne S Hybrid
5500
183
L8
21.9
684
5000
220
L8
19.3
777
13%
93
CIVIC HYBRID
3000
92
CVT
44.2
339
3000
110
L5
33.3
450
33%
111
ESCALADE 2WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.5
699
6000
378
L6
16.1
934
34%
235
ESCALADE 4WD HYBRID
6500
366
CVT
21.7
690
6000
378
L6
15.3
984
43%
293
ESCAPE HYBRID AWD
4000
153
CVT
28.5
526
4000
183
L6
20.5
730
39%
204
ESCAPE HYBRID FWD
4000
153
CVT
31.9
470
3500
153
L6
24.2
621
32%
151
FUSION HYBRID FWD
4000
153
CVT
38.4
391
4000
153
L6
27.6
544
39%
153
HIGHLANDER HYBRID 4WD
5000
211
CVT
27.6
544
4500
211
L5
19.5
771
42%
227
K15 SIERRA 4WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.3
704
6000
378
L6
14.7
1017
45%
313
K15 SILVERADO 4WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.3
704
6000
378
L6
14.8
1016
44%
312
K1500 TAHOE 4WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.3
704
6000
323
L6
17.6
852
21%
148
K1500 YUKON 4WD HYBRID
6000
366
CVT
21.3
704
6000
323
L6
17.6
852
21%
148
K1500 YUKON DENALI HYBRID 4WD
6500
366
CVT
21.7
690
6000
378
L6
15.3
984
43%
293
LACROSSE
4000
146
L6
29.9
501
4000
220
L6
21.8
688
37%
187
LS 600h L**
5500
303
CVT
21.0
714
4500
281
L8
20.1
748
5%
34
MKZ HYBRID FWD
4000
153
CVT
38.4
391
4000
153
L6
27.6
544
39%
153
OPTIMA HYBRID
3500
146
A
36.7
400
3500
146
L6
29.0
518
27%
108
Panamera S Hybrid
4500
183
L8
26.3
571
4000
220
L7
22.1
679
19%
108
REGAL
4000
146
SL
29.9
501
4000
146
L6
24.7
608
21%
106
RX 450h AWD**
5000
211
CVT
28.4
529
4500
211
L6
20.7
723
37%
195
RX 450h**
5000
211
CVT
29.4
511
4500
211
L6
21.5
698
37%
187
S400 HYBRID**
5000
213
L7
21.9
686
5000
285
L7
18.7
801
17%
114
SONATA HYBRID
3500
146
A
36.7
399
3500
146
L6
28.9
520
27%
108
Touareg Hybrid
5500
183
L8
21.9
684
5000
219
L8
19.5
768
12%
84
*Note: Gallons peryear calculation is based on all vehicles being driven 15,000 miles.
** Note: Baseline vehicle used for the GS 450h comparison is the GS 350. Baseline vehicle used for the LS 600HL comparison is the LS 460L. Baseline vehicles
used for the Rx 450h and Rx 450h AWD comparison were the Rx 350 and the Rx 350 AWD. Baseline vehicle used for the S400 comparison is the S550
4MATIC. Baseline vehicle used for the MKZ Hybrid is the Fusion. Baseline vehicles used for the Panamera S and Cayenne S Hybrids are the "non-S" Panamera
and Cayenne vehicles, respectively.
79

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Table 27
Comparison of MY 2012 Diesel Vehicles with Their Conventional Counterparts
Diesel	Baseline	Improvement




Adj.
Gal.



Adj.
Gal.
Adj.
Gal.

Weight


Comp.
per
Weight


Comp.
per
Comp.
per
Model Name
(ibj
CID
Trans
MPG
Year*
(Ibj
CID
Trans
MPG
Year*
MPG
Year*
X5 xDrive35d
5500
183
L6
22.40
669.78
5000
183
L8
19.36
774.60
16%
104.8
E 350 BLUETEC
4500
182
L7
26.58
564.44
4500
213
L7
23.61
635.40
13%
71.0
GL 350 BLUETEC 4MATIC**
6000
182
L7
19.19
781.51
6000
285
L7
15.09
994.10
27%
212.6
ML 350 BLUETEC 4MATIC"
5500
182
L7
23.27
644.52
5000
213
L7
20.29
739.34
15%
94.8
R 350 BLUETEC 4MATIC**
5500
182
L7
20.44
733.78
5500
213
L7
18.60
806.40
10%
72.6
S 350 BLUETEC 4MATIC**
5000
182
L7
25.84
580.53
5000
285
L7
19.60
765.46
32%
184.9
A3
3500
120
L6
35.53
422.18
3500
121
L6
24.84
603.97
43%
181.8
GOLF
3500
120
L6
35.53
422.18
3500
151
L6
27.35
548.39
30%
126.2
GOLF
3500
120
M6
35.61
421.24
3500
151
M5
27.53
544.84
29%
123.6
Jetta
3500
120
L6
35.53
422.18
3500
151
L6
27.35
548.39
30%
126.2
Jetta
3500
120
M6
35.61
421.24
3500
151
M
27.53
544.84
29%
123.6
JETTA SPORTWAGEN
3500
120
L6
34.08
440.16
3500
151
L6
27.35
548.39
25%
108.2
JETTA SPORTWAGEN
3500
120
M6
35.61
421.24
3500
151
M5
27.53
544.84
29%
123.6
Passat
3500
120
L6
35.35
424.39
3500
151
L6
26.28
570.81
35%
146.4
Passat
3500
120
M6
36.59
410.00
3500
151
M5
26.76
560.60
37%
150.6
Q7
6000
181
L8
21.06
712.32
6000
183
L8
18.46
812.37
14%
100.0
TOUAREG
5000
181
L8
23.28
644.40
5000
219
L8
19.54
767.51
19%
123.1
*Note: Gallons per year calculation is based on all vehicles being driven 15,000 miles.
"Note: Baseline version used for the R350 Bluetec comparison is the R350 4MATIC. Baseline version used for the GL350 Bluetec comparison is the GL450
4MATIC. Baseline version used for the ML350 Bluetec comparison is the ML350 4MATIC. Baseline version used for the X5 xDrive 35d comparison is the X5
xDrive 30i.
80

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VII. Fuel Economy by Manufacturer and Make
This report groups vehicles by "manufacturer" and "make." The initial reports in this series examined fuel
economy and technology trends for the "Domestic" and "Import" vehicle categories which are part of the corporate
average fuel economy (CAFE) program. Over time, this classification approach evolved into a market segment
approach in which cars were apportioned to a "Domestic," "European," and "Asian" category, with trucks classified
as "Domestic" or "Imported." More recent reports in this series used "Marketing Groups" to better reflect the
financial arrangements and transnational nature of the modern automobile industry.
This report reflects the manufacturer definitions used by the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) for purposes of implementation of and manufacturer compliance with the CAFE
program. Table 28 lists the 13 manufacturers which had production of 100,000 or more gasoline and/or diesel
vehicles in MY 2010 and/or MY 2011, which together accounted for approximately 98% of total industry-wide
production.
Make is typically included in the model name and is generally equivalent to the "brand" of the vehicle.
Table 28 also lists the 28 makes for which data are shown in Tables 29 and 30. The MY 2011 production threshold
for makes to be included in Tables 28 through 30 is 40,000 vehicles, though the Smart was included as well
because of the high interest in this make. The Mercury make no longer exists, but is included since Tables 29 and
30 also provide data for MY 2010 and 2011.
Table 28
Manufacturers and Makes for MY 2010-2012
Manufacturer
Makes Above Threshold
Makes Below Threshold
General Motors
Toyota
Ford
Honda
Chrysler-Flat
Nissan
Hyundai
Kia
BMW
Volkswagen
Subaru
Daimler
Mazda
Others*
Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick, GMC
Toyota, Lexus, Scion
Ford, Lincoln, Mercury
Honda, Acura
Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep, Ram
Nissan, Infiniti
Hyundai
Kia
BMW, Mini
Volkswagen, Audi
Subaru
Mercedes-Benz, Smart
Mazda
Roush, Shelby
Ferrari, Maserati, Fiat
Rolls Royce
Lamborghini, Bentley, Bugatti
Maybach
*Note: Other manufacturers below the manufacturer threshold are Mitsubishi, Volvo, Rover, Porsche, Suzuki, Jaguar, Spyker (Saab), Aston
Martin, Lotus, VPG
81

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It is important to note that when a manufacturer or make grouping is changed to reflect a change in the
industry's current financial structure, EPA makes the same adjustment for the entire historical database back to
1975. This maintains a consistent manufacturer or make definition overtime, which allows a better identification
of long-term trends. On the other hand, this also means that the current database does not necessarily reflect actual
financial or structural arrangements in the past. For example, the 2011 database no longer accounts for the fact that
Chrysler was combined with Daimler for several years, and includes Fiat, Ferrari, and Maserati in the Chrysler-Fiat
manufacturer grouping for all years even though the financial relationship is very recent.
Automakers submit vehicle production data, rather than vehicle sales data, in formal end-of-year CAFE
compliance reports to EPA. Accordingly, the vehicle production data in this report may differ from sales data
reported by press sources. In addition, the vehicle production data presented in this report are tabulated on a model
year basis. In years past, manufacturers typically used a more consistent approach for model year designations, i.e.,
from fall of one year to the fall of the following year. More recently, however, many manufacturers have used a
more flexible approach and it is not uncommon to see a new or redesigned model be introduced in the spring or
summer, with a new model year designation, rather than the fall. This means that a model year for an individual
vehicle can be either shortened or lengthened. Accordingly, year-to-year comparisons can be affected by these
model year anomalies, though, of course, these even out over a multi-year period.
It is important to note that, on November 2, 2012, EPA announced that Hyundai and Kia would lower their
fuel economy estimates for many vehicle models as the result of an EPA investigation of test data. Hyundai and
Kia submitted corrected MY 2011-2013 fuel economy and CO; emissions data to EPA and re-labeled the majority
of their model year 2012 and 2013 vehicle models on the market. This report uses the corrected fuel economy
values submitted by Hyundai and Kia for four MY 2011 vehicles and for a majority of Hyundai and Kia vehicles
for MY 2012. The magnitude of the changes between the original fuel economy label values and the corrected fuel
economy label values ranges from 1 mpg to 6 mpg. For the changes in fuel economy label values for individual
vehicles, see http://www.epa.gov/fueleconomy/labelchange.htm. Since EPA's investigation into Hyundai and Kia
data submissions is continuing, Hyundai and Kia-specific values are excluded from the following tables that list the
fuel economy and C02 emissions performance for various manufacturers, but are sometimes provided in table
footnotes.
Tables 29 and 30 give laboratory and adjusted fuel economy values for cars, trucks, and cars and trucks
combined for MY 2010-2012, for 11 manufacturers and 26 makes. By including data from both MY 2010 and
2011, with formal end-of-year data for both years, it is possible to identify meaningful changes from year-to-year.
Because of the uncertainty associated with the MY 2012 projections, changes from MY 2011 to MY 2012 may be
less meaningful.
The relative fuel economy comparisons for manufacturers and makes in Tables 29 and 30 will be similar,
of course, since the relative offset between laboratory and adjusted values will be approximately similar across
manufacturers and makes. The following discussion will be based on the adjusted composite fuel economy data
from Table 30.
In MY 2011, 7 of the 11 manufacturers increased fuel economy and the industry reached a fleet average of
22.4 mpg. In terms of manufacturers, Volkswagen had the highest MY 2011 adjusted composite fuel economy of
26.0 mpg, followed by Mazda at 25.0 mpg and Toyota and Honda at 24.1 mpg. Daimler had the lowest MY 2011
adjusted fuel economy for any manufacturer, 19.1 mpg, and was followed by Chrysler-Fiat at 19.4 mpg and GM at
20.7 mpg. In terms of improvement from MY 2010 to MY 2011, Volkswagen had the largest improvement of 1.0
mpg, followed by Ford at 0.7 mpg.
82

-------
In terms of makes in MY 2011, the Smart make had the highest fuel economy at 36.5 mpg. The Smart
Fourtwo is the smallest and lightest car in the U.S. market and has relatively low production. The make with the
second-highest fuel economy in MY 2011 was the Mini, which produces a relatively low number of small vehicles,
at 30.3 mpg. Of the makes with higher production, for the 11 manufacturers shown, Volkswagen had the highest
overall fuel economy at 27.7 mpg, followed by Scion at 26.1 mpg, and Mazda at 25.0 mpg.
Preliminary projections suggest that all of the 11 manufacturers shown will improve fuel economy further
in MY 2012, though EPA will not have actual data for MY 2012 until later this year.
Table 31 shows footprint by manufacturer for MY 2010-2012, along with truck production share by
manufacturer. GM, Ford, and Chrysler-Fiat had the largest footprint values in MY 2011 at 51-53 square feet, with
most of the other manufacturers having average footprint values in the 45-49 square feet range. EPA is not making
direct manufacturer footprint comparisons between 2010 and 2011, because we have less confidence in the MY
2010 footprint data. Chrysler-Fiat had the highest MY 2011 truck share at 77%, followed by Subaru at 67%, while
Hyundai, Mazda, and BMW had the lowest truck shares, all between 8% and 17%. Industry-wide footprint and
truck share are projected to drop in MY 2012.
Table 32 (actual MY 2011) and Table 33 (MY 2012 projections) show the adjusted fuel economy values
broken out by manufacturer and vehicle size and type. For example, Honda had the highest small car adjusted
composite fuel economy in MY 2011 at 30.5 mpg. Of course, these tables rely on the threshold definitions for
small/midsize/large vehicle sizes that have been discussed earlier in this report, and a vehicle that just crosses the
threshold into the next largest class can be a fuel economy leader in that class, while it may have been a relatively
poor performer in the next smaller class.
For a long-term perspective going back to 1975, Figure 29 shows the adjusted fuel economy values (cars,
trucks, and both cars and trucks) and truck production shares for the 13 highest-selling manufacturers. More
information for the historic database stratified by manufacturer can be found in Appendices L through P.
83

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Table 29
Laboratory 55/45 Fuel Economy by Manufacturer and Make for MY 2010—2012
Manufacturer
Make
2010
Cars
2010
Trucks
2010
Cars
and
Trucks
2011
Cars
2011
Trucks
2011
Cars
and
Trucks
2012
Cars
2012
Trucks
2012
Cars
and
Trucks
VW
VW
34.4
26.0
33.5
35.4
27.7
34.1
34.5
29.2
33.9
vw
Audi
29.7
24.6
28.0
29.7
26.6
28.7
29.3
26.5
28.5
VW
All
33.1
25.2
31.7
33.5
27.1
32.1
33.2
28.0
32.3
Mazda
All
32.8
25.2
30.9
33.4
24.6
31.7
34.5
24.6
33.0
Toyota
Toyota
40.2
24.3
33.2
37.0
24.9
30.8
41.5
24.6
33.1
Toyota
Lexus
29.4
26.6
28.3
29.7
25.6
28.3
30.9
26.3
29.3
Toyota
Scion
33.1
-
33.1
33.5
-
33.5
35.8
-
35.8
Toyota
All
38.1
24.7
32.4
35.9
24.9
30.6
39.4
24.8
32.8
Subaru
All
30.2
29.6
29.7
30.2
30.4
30.4
35.0
30.5
32.1
Honda
Honda
36.0
26.6
32.2
35.9
26.9
30.9
38.7
28.6
34.3
Honda
Acura
29.1
23.6
27.0
29.9
23.4
75 -j
30.5
23.4
27.4
Honda
All
35.1
26.2
31.5
35.4
26.4
30.4
37.7
28.0
33.5
Nissan
Nissan
33.7
23.1
29.8
34.4
24.0
30.1
35.8
25.8
32.2
Nissan
Infiniti
26.4
19.8
24.6
27.1
21.0
25.4
27.6
21.4
26.6
Nissan
All
32.8
22.8
29.3
33.3
23.8
29.6
34.3
25.5
31.4
BMW
BMW
26.1
23.6
25.5
27.8
25.3
27.3
28.4
24.6
27.1
BMW
Mini
37.6
-
37.6
39.3
-
39.3
38.8
-
38.8
BMW
All
28.5
23.6
27.6
29.1
25.3
28.4
30.9
24.6
29.1
Ford
Ford
31.0
21.7
25.5
31.8
23.0
26.5
35.7
23.3
29.5
Ford
Mercury
28.7
24.1
27.7
26.7
26.8
26.7
-
-
-
Ford
Lincoln
25.6
23.7
25.1
27.6
22.0
23.6
27.6
21.9
25.7
Ford
All
30.4
21.8
25.6
31.2
23.0
26.5
35.1
23.3
29.3
GM
Chevrolet
30.7
22.1
27.2
31.0
22.0
26.5
32.1
22.3
27.3
GM
GMC
29.9
22.3
23.7
29.6
22.0
23.3
30.1
21.8
23.6
GM
Buick
26.1
24.0
25.2
27.6
23.8
26.2
30.1
24.0
29.0
GM
Cadillac
25.3
20.8
24.6
25.5
19.9
24.3
25.5
20.4
23.6
GM
All
29.7
22.3
26.5
29.8
22.0
25.7
31.4
22.2
26.7
Chrysler-Fiat
Jeep
-
23.1
23.1
-
23.9
23.9
-
23.8
23.8
Chrysler-Fiat
Dodge
27.8
23.9
25.8
28.4
24.0
25.7
28.8
24.8
26.4
Chrysler-Fiat
Chrysler
27.9
24.3
25.7
28.4
25.7
27.1
29.0
25.9
27.5
Chrysler-Fiat
Ram
-
19.7
19.7
-
19.8
19.8
-
20.4
20.4
Chrysler-Fiat
All
27.7
22.9
24.3
28.2
23.2
24.2
30.8
23.8
25.7
Daimler
Mercedes-Benz
24.5
21.4
23.4
24.9
21.1
23.6
28.3
22.5
26.7
Daimler
Smart
49.1
-
49.1
48.7
-
48.7
50.3
-
50.3
Daimler
All
24.7
21.4
23.6
25.1
21.1
23.7
28.3
22.5
26.7
Other
All
28.9
21.6
25.6
29.9
22.4
26.3
29.4
23.9
27.6
Fleet
All
32.6
23.4
28.4
32.3
23.9
28.1
34.6
24.3
30.0
*Note: Two manufacturers, Hyundai and Kia, are not included in the table above due to a continuing investigation. On November 2, 2012, EPA announced
that Hyundai and Kia would lower their fuel economy estimates for many vehicle models as the result of an EPA investigation of test data. EPA has not yet
released formal, corrected laboratory values for Hyundai and Kia.
84

-------
Table 30
Adjusted Composite Fuel Economy by Manufacturer and Make for MY 2010-2012




2010


2011


2012




Cars


Cars


Cars


2010
2010
and
2011
2011
and
2012
2012
and
Manufacturer
Make
Cars
T rucks
Trucks
Cars
Trucks
Trucks
Cars
Trucks
Trucks
VW
VW
27.1
20.7
26.4
28.9
22.1
27.7
28.1
22.9
27.4
vw
Audi
23.5
19.5
22.1
24.1
21.4
23.2
23.9
21.4
23.2
VW
All
26.1
20.0
25.0
27.3
21.7
26.0
27.0
22.2
26.2
Mazda
All
25.8
20.1
24.4
26.3
19.6
25.0
27.0
19.6
25.9
Toyota
Toyota
30.9
19.4
25.9
28.9
19.8
24.2
31.8
19.5
25.8
Toyota
Lexus
23.3
21.1
22.4
23.6
20.3
22.4
24.4
20.8
23.2
Toyota
Scion
25.9
-
25.9
26.1
-
26.1
27.7
-
27.7
Toyota
All
29.5
19.6
25.4
28.1
19.8
24.1
30.4
19.6
25.6
Honda
Honda
28.3
21.2
25.4
28.3
21.4
24.5
30.1
22.9
27.0
Honda
Acura
23.2
18.8
21.5
23.8
18.6
20.5
24.2
18.5
21.8
Honda
All
27.6
20.9
24.9
27.9
21.1
24.1
29.4
22.3
26.4
Subaru
All
23.8
23.3
23.4
23.9
23.9
23.9
27.4
24.0
25.2
Nissan
Nissan
26.4
18.4
23.5
26.8
19.1
23.7
27.8
20.5
25.2
Nissan
Infiniti
21.1
16.0
19.8
21.7
17.0
20.4
22.0
17.3
21.3
Nissan
All
25.8
18.2
23.1
26.1
19.0
23.3
26.8
20.2
24.6
BMW
BMW
21.1
18.9
20.6
22.4
20.3
21.9
22.5
19.8
21.6
BMW
Mini
29.2
-
29.2
30.3
-
30.3
29.9
-
29.9
BMW
All
22.8
18.9
22.1
23.3
20.3
22.7
24.4
19.8
23.1
Ford
Ford
24.6
17.4
20.3
25.2
18.4
21.1
28.0
18.7
23.4
Ford
Mercury
23.0
19.2
22.1
21.5
21.1
21.4
-
-
-
Ford
Lincoln
20.6
18.9
20.2
22.0
17.7
18.9
22.1
17.6
20.6
Ford
All
24.1
17.5
20.4
24.8
18.4
21.1
27.6
18.6
23.2
GM
Chevrolet
24.5
17.9
21.8
24.9
17.8
21.3
25.6
17.9
21.9
GM
GMC
23.9
18.0
19.1
23.6
17.7
18.7
23.8
17.5
18.9
GM
Buick
21.1
19.4
20.4
22.4
19.2
21.2
24.3
19.0
23.2
GM
Cadillac
20.3
16.9
19.8
20.5
15.6
19.5
20.5
15.7
18.6
GM
All
23.8
18.0
21.3
24.0
17.8
20.7
25.1
17.8
21.4
Chrysler-Fiat
Jeep
-
18.4
18.4
-
19.1
19.1
-
19.0
19.0
Chrysler-Fiat
Dodge
22.2
19.3
20.7
22.8
19.3
20.6
23.2
20.0
21.3
Chrysler-Fiat
Chrysler
22.3
19.7
20.6
23.0
20.8
21.9
23.4
20.9
22.1
Chrysler-Fiat
Ram
-
16.0
16.0
-
16.0
16.0
-
16.5
16.5
Chrysler Fiat
All
22.1
18.4
19.5
22.7
18.6
19.4
24.6
19.1
20.6
Daimler
Mercedes-Benz
19.7
17.2
18.8
20.1
16.9
19.0
22.7
18.0
21.4
Daimler
Smart
36.8
.
36.8
36.5
.
36.5
36.5
.
36.5
Daimler
All
19.9
17.2
18.9
20.2
16.9
19.1
22.7
18.0
21.4
Other
All
23.0
17.4
20.5
23.8
18.0
21.0
23.4
19.2
22.0
Fleet
All
25.7
18.8
22.6
25.6
19.1
22.4
27.3
19.4
23.8
*Note: Two manufacturers, Hyundai and Kia, are not included in the table above due to a continuing investigation. On November 2, 2012, EPA announced
that Hyundai and Kia would lower their fuel economy estimates for many vehicle models as the result of an EPA investigation of test data. This report uses
the corrected fuel economy values submitted by Hyundai and Kia for four MY 2011 vehicles and for a majority of Hyundai and Kia vehicles for MY
2012. Based on these corrected data, Hyundai's 2010 Cars and Trucks value is 27.0 mpg, Hyundai's 2011 Cars and Trucks value is 27.2 mpg, Hyundai's
preliminary 2012 Cars and Trucks value is 28.8 mpg, Kia's 2010 Cars and Trucks value is 27.0 mpg, Kia's 2011 Cars and Truck values is 25.8 mpg, and Kia's
preliminary 2012 Car and truck value is 26.7mpg.
85

-------
Table 31
Footprint (sq ft) and Truck Share by Manufacturer for MY 2010—2012*
Manufacturer
2010
Cars
2010
Trucks
2010
Cars
and
Trucks
2010
Percent
Trucks
2011
Cars
2011
Trucks
2011
Cars
and
Trucks
2011
Percent
Trucks
2012
Cars
2012
Trucks
2012
Cars
and
Trucks
2012
Percent
Trucks
GM
46,8
59,6
51.5
36.8%
47.2
61.0
53.4
44.9%
47.0
60.2
52.6
42.0%
Toyota
44,3
53,2
47.2
32.1%
45.5
53.4
48.6
39.5%
44.8
53.9
47.9
33.8%
Ford
46,1
58,3
51.9
47.7%
46.1
58.2
52.1
50.0%
44.5
59.7
50.4
39.0%
Honda
44,8
49,6
46.4
33.5%
45.1
49.7
47.4
48.9%
44.9
50.4
46.9
36.0%
Chrysler-Fiat
48,9
51,8
50.9
66.7%
49.0
52.6
51.8
77.4%
46.0
52.5
50.4
67.4%
Nissan
45,4
51,6
47.1
27.6%
45.0
51.2
47.0
31.6%
44.6
51.7
46.5
27.1%
Hyundai
45,0
46,9
45.1
7.5%
47.0
46.7
47.0
8.1%
45.5
47.4
45.5
4.4%
Kia
43,8
52,4
44.6
8.8%
45.4
48.3
45.9
19.0%
44.5
48.7
45.1
13.4%
BMW
44,9
50.7
45.8
15.7%
45.9
51.1
46.8
17.0%
46.0
51.2
47.3
24.3%
VW
43,7
47,9
44.3
14.4%
44.4
47.8
45.1
19.5%
45.3
48.1
45.6
13.8%
Subaru
44,2
44.1
44.1
71.8%
44.2
44.8
44.6
67.4%
43.7
44.6
44.2
61.5%
Daimler
47,6
50.7
48.6
32.0%
46.4
51.9
48.1
31.1%
46.1
51.5
47.3
23.0%
Mazda
44,6
48.6
45.4
19.8%
44.3
50.5
45.3
15.5%
44.1
50.9
44.9
11.1%
Other
44,8
48.1
46.1
38.3%
45.2
48.2
46.4
41.2%
45.9
48.1
46.5
28.7%
All
45,4
53.8
48.6
37.3%
46.0
54.4
49.5
42.2%
45.3
54.5
48.6
36.1%
*Note: all footprint values for MY 2011 and later are based on formal manufacturer data, and are based on different data sources than values for MY 2010
and earlier.
86

-------
Table 32
MY 2011 Adjusted Composite Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type
and Size for Largest Manufacturers
Vehicle
Type/Size
GM
Toyota
Ford
Honda
Chrysler-
Fiat
Nissan
BMW
VW
Subaru
Daimler
Mazda
All
Cars












Small
22.5
29.7
28.2
30.5
20.3
23.3
23.4
27.2
22.0
20.8
27.5
26.2
Midsize
25.1
28.8
26.3
21.5
24.3
27.0
24.4
21.0
25.6
20.2
25.2
26.6
Large
22.9
24.0
20.9
27.2
21.0
.
18.6
21.7
.
18.0
.
24.2
All Sizes
24.1
28.7
25.5
28.5
22.3
26.4
23.3
26.8
24.4
20.4
27.0
26.0
Wagons
Small
19.5
25.1
.
30.8
25.2
27.5
21.4
31.2
22.6
.
.
27.1
Midsize
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
21.5
.
19.6
.
19.9
All Sizes
19.5
25.1
.
30.8
25.2
27.5
21.4
31.1
22.6
19.6
.
27.0
SUVs (non-truck)












Midsize
25.7
23.7
23.5
24.3
.
24.6
.
.
.
18.9
23.6
24.1
Large
23.4
.
22.4
.
.
20.7
.
.
.
.
.
22.9
All Sizes
23.7
23.7
23.0
24.3
.
23.4
.
.
.
18.9
23.6
23.6
All Cars












Small
22.4
29.3
28.2
30.6
22.5
25.1
23.4
27.7
22.3
20.8
27.5
26.3
Midsize
25.2
27.9
25.3
23.9
24.3
26.7
24.4
21.0
25.6
20.0
24.2
26.0
Large
23.2
24.0
21.5
27.2
21.0
20.7
18.6
21.7
.
18.0
.
23.8
All Sizes
24.0
28.1
24.8
27.9
22.7
26.1
23.3
27.3
23.9
20.2
26.3
25.6
Vans












Midsize
.
20.8
23.5
22.4
20.8
21.5
.
.
.
.
.
21.3
Large
15.8
.
13.7
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
15.4
All Sizes
15.8
20.8
21.9
22.4
20.8
21.5
.
.
.
.
.
21.0
SUVs












Midsize
25.7
21.4
21.6
20.9
19.4
22.8
.
22.3
23.9
18.5
19.8
21.2
Large
18.2
15.2
18.9
21.9
18.6
17.7
20.3
21.4
.
16.6
19.6
18.4
All Sizes
18.3
20.9
19.6
20.9
19.1
19.8
20.3
21.7
23.9
16.9
19.6
19.8
Pickups












Midsize
21.0
21.7
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
21.4
Large
17.3
17.3
17.4
17.6
16.1
16.4
.
.
.
.
.
17.1
All Sizes
17.3
17.5
17.4
17.6
16.1
16.4
.
.
.
.
.
17.2
All Trucks












Midsize
22.0
21.2
22.0
21.2
19.8
22.6
.
22.3
23.9
18.5
19.8
21.3
Large
17.7
17.0
17.8
19.3
17.4
17.2
20.3
21.4
.
16.6
19.6
17.7
All Sizes
17.8
19.8
18.4
21.1
18.6
19.0
20.3
21.7
23.9
16.9
19.6
19.1
Fleet












All Sizes
20.7
24.1
21.1
24.1
19.4
23.3
22.7
26.0
23.9
19.1
25.0
22.4
*Note: Two manufacturers, Hyundai and Kia, are not included in the table above due to a continuing investigation. On November 2, 2012, EPA announced
that Hyundai and Kia would lower their fuel economy estimates for many vehicle models as the result of an EPA investigation of test data.
87

-------
Table 33
MY 2012 Adjusted Composite Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type
and Size for Largest Manufacturers
Vehicle
Type/Size
GM
Toyota
Ford
Honda
Chrysler-
Fiat
Nissan
BMW
VW
Subaru
Daimler
Mazda
All
Cars












Small
24.1
31.2
30.5
32.8
29.4
28.6
25.3
27.0
26.8
23.1
28.1
28.8
Midsize
26.7
31.5
26.3
23.3
23.9
26.4
25.1
26.4
25.2
23.8
26.3
27.5
Large
23.0
23.5
21.7
27.2
21.6
.
18.7
22.1
.
20.1
24.6
24.2
All Sizes
25.3
31.1
28.4
29.7
24.6
27.1
24.4
26.7
25.7
23.0
27.1
27.7
Wagons
Small
21.8
25.1

30.2
25.2
27.6
21.4
31.5
29.6


27.5
Midsize
.
41.6
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
22.3
.
40.4
All Sizes
21.8
31.7
.
30.2
25.2
27.6
21.4
31.5
29.6
22.3
.
28.2
SUVs (non-truck)












Midsize
22.9
23.6
23.5
26.5
.
24.9
.
.
.
19.1
23.0
24.3
Large
24.4
.
23.1
.
.
20.6
.
.
.
.
.
23.9
All Sizes
24.4
23.6
23.4
26.5
.
23.3
.
.
.
19.1
23.0
24.1
All Cars












Small
24.0
30.8
30.5
32.3
29.2
28.3
25.3
27.4
28.8
23.1
28.1
28.7
Midsize
26.6
30.4
25.6
25.2
23.9
26.2
25.1
26.4
25.2
22.6
25.8
27.0
Large
24.0
23.5
22.4
27.2
21.6
20.6
18.7
22.1
.
20.1
24.6
24.1
All Sizes
25.1
30.4
27.6
29.4
24.6
26.8
24.4
27.0
27.4
22.7
27.0
27.3
Vans












Midsize
.
21.1
23.9
22.4
20.9
21.5
.
.
.
.
.
21.4
Large
16.1
.
13.8
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
15.3
All Sizes
16.1
21.1
21.5
22.4
20.9
21.5
.
.
.
.
.
21.1
SUVs












Midsize
19.2
21.4
21.7
22.4
20.3
23.8
.
24.1
24.0
18.4
19.2
21.9
Large
18.4
15.3
19.0
23.0
18.5
18.6
19.8
21.1
.
17.8
19.6
18.8
All Sizes
18.4
21.1
19.7
22.5
19.1
21.1
19.8
22.2
24.0
18.0
19.6
20.2
Pickups












Midsize
21.3
20.8
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
21.1
Large
17.3
17.2
17.5
18.1
16.3
16.6
.
.
.
.
.
17.2
All Sizes
17.4
17.4
17.5
18.1
16.3
16.6
.
.
.
.
.
17.3
All Trucks












Midsize
21.0
21.4
22.5
22.4
20.6
22.7
.
24.1
24.0
18.4
19.2
21.7
Large
17.7
17.1
18.0
21.8
17.9
17.7
19.8
21.1
.
17.8
19.6
18.0
All Sizes
17.8
19.6
18.6
22.3
19.1
20.2
19.8
22.2
24.0
18.0
19.6
19.4
Fleet












All Sizes
21.4
25.6
23.2
26.4
20.6
24.6
23.1
26.2
25.2
21.4
25.9
23.8
*Note: Two manufacturers, Hyundai and Kia, are not included in the table above due to a continuing investigation. On November 2, 2012, EPA announced
that Hyundai and Kia would lower their fuel economy estimates for many vehicle models as the result of an EPA investigation of test data.
88

-------
Figure 29
Manufacturer Adjusted Fuel Economy and Percent Truck by Model Year
Toyota	Ford	Honda	Chrysler-Fiat
GM

30-
o

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25-


Q.

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Hyundai
Kia
BMW
VW
30-

o
nA Ca>
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Daimler
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Car
itKj
Truck

1975 1985 1995 2005 2015 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015
89

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VIII. Alternative Fuel Vehicle Trends
This new section addresses original equipment manufacturer (OEM)9 vehicles that are dedicated to, or are
designed and expected to frequently operate on, alternative fuels. The main focus of this section will be data from
MY 2012 vehicles that are designed and expected to operate on electricity and natural gas. OEM vehicles that
operate predominantly on other alternative fuels, including ethanol, methanol, propane, hydrogen, etc., will be
included in future reports if they become available to the public (the great majority of current ethanol flexible fuel
vehicles are operated primarily on gasoline and therefore are not included in this section). Increasing interest in
these alternative fuel vehicles is being driven by several factors: sustained high oil prices, concerns about future oil
supplies and greenhouse gas emissions, and economic and national security issues associated with oil imports. This
is an emerging area, with several new OEM alternative fuel vehicle models introduced in MY 2012 and many more
planned for subsequent model years. Often, alternative fuel vehicle models are initially introduced in selected areas
of the country, but the expectation is that many alternative fuel vehicle models will be available on a nationwide
basis in the next few years.
The primary Trends database, on which the rest of this report is based, includes vehicle data from 1975 to
the present only for vehicles that are dedicated to or are expected to operate primarily on petroleum fuels, i.e.,
gasoline and diesel fuel. The primary reason for this is simply that the number of vehicles that use alternative fuels
sold by OEMs has been so low as to be inconsequential with respect to the overall database. In addition, some
alternative fuels introduce complexities with respect to the core metrics that have traditionally been used in the
analysis of the Trends database. For example, the metric of miles per gallon (mpg) can be simply applied to
gasoline and diesel vehicles, but is a more complicated application for an electric vehicle whose fuel is not sold by
the gallon. Also, given that some alternative fuels are produced in very different ways, relative to petroleum fuels,
there are complex "life-cycle" emissions and energy accounting issues as well.
This distinction between the primary Trends database of petroleum fuel vehicles and this new section's
focus on alternative fuel vehicles is challenged by those vehicles that can operate on both a petroleum-based fuel
and an alternative fuel. There are currently a large number of these "flexible fuel vehicles" (FFVs) in the market
that are capable of using either gasoline or E85 (a mixture of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline, by volume), or any
blend in between. However, these vehicles operate predominantly on gasoline (and ethanol-gasoline blends with
low levels of ethanol) only.10 EPA believes that there are many reasons why most consumers use gasoline in their
FFVs: limited E85 fuel availability, greater vehicle range on gasoline, and E85 fuel pricing such that the fuel cost
per mile is typically cheaper on gasoline. Accordingly, this report continues to assume that ethanol FFVs operate
primarily on gasoline, with data from FFV operation on gasoline included in the primary database, and data from
FFV operation on E85 excluded from the primary database. If, in the future, FFVs operate more often on E85 fuel,
EPA will consider adding FFVs to this alternative fuel database.
Two other technologies that can use both a petroleum-based fuel and an alternative fuel are plug-in hybrid
electric vehicles (PHEVs) and dual-fuel compressed natural gas (DF-CNG) vehicles. While it is almost certain
that PHEVs and DF-CNG vehicles will use at least some gasoline, there are two factors that strongly suggest that
most owners of these vehicles will preferentially seek to use the alternative fuel as much as possible: 1) they have
paid a substantial premium to buy a vehicle that can use the alternative fuel, and 2) the alternative fuel is
9	This section, like the rest of the report, focuses only on OEM produced vehicles. There are aftermarket converters who
modify OEM gasoline vehicles to operate on alternative fuels, but those vehicles are not accounted for in this section.
10	Based on data from the Energy Information Administration, EPA projects that FFVs were fueled with E85 less than 1
percent of the time in 2008; see 75 Federal Register 14762 (March 26, 2010).
11	While there are no MY 2012 OEM DF-CNG vehicles, some manufacturers are planning to introduce DF-CNG vehicles in
the future.
90

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considerably cheaper than gasoline, and provides an opportunity for the vehicle owner to recover the higher upfront
cost of the vehicle through ongoing fuel savings. Because we expect PHEVs and DF-CNG vehicles to operate
frequently on alternative fuels, they are included in this section and not in the primary Trends database.
With respect to other vehicles that may be introduced in the future that can operate on both petroleum and
alternative fuels, EPA will determine on a case-by-case basis whether it is more appropriate to include them in the
primary petroleum fuel database or in this separate alternative fuel vehicle section.
This report is the first in this series to include data on alternative fuel vehicles. The number of alternative
fuel vehicle sales is still far too small (less than 0.2 percent of MY 2011 production) to have a large impact on the
overall technology, C02 emissions, and fuel economy trends; however, there many additional alternative fuel
vehicle models are expected to enter the market over the next few years.12 At some point in the future, if the sales
of alternative fuel vehicles continue to increase, EPA will consider merging this alternative fuel vehicle data with
the primary Trends database.
Historical Trends
Gasoline and diesel vehicles have long dominated new light vehicle sales. OEM vehicles that operate
frequently on alternative fuels have historically been available only in small numbers over the course of this report,
though those limited production vehicles have in some cases created significant consumer and media interest.13
From MY 1995 (which is as far back as reliable alternative fuel vehicle data was available for this report) to MY
2010, over 99.9% of all new OEM vehicles were petroleum fueled, with annual production of alternative fuel
vehicles less than 4,000 per year. In MY 2011, several new alternative fueled vehicles were introduced into the
market. The combined production of these vehicles led to an increase of alternative fueled vehicles from less than
1,200 in MY 2010 to well over 15,000 in MY 2011. While these vehicles still represent a very limited portion of
overall new vehicle sales (approximately 12 million in MY 2011), this change is notable and is projected to
continue.
In the mid-1990s, the state of California passed legislation creating the ZEV (Zero Emission Vehicle)
mandate. In response to the ZEV mandate, OEMs began to produce limited numbers of electric vehicles. Most of
these vehicles were leased, rather than sold, in small numbers in the state of California. The majority of these
electric vehicles were small passenger cars, SUVs, or pickup trucks, including the GM EV1, the Toyota RAV4 EV,
and the Ford Ranger EV. Dedicated CNG vehicles have been available in limited numbers for the last twenty
years, most commonly during and after periods of rising gasoline prices. CNG vehicles have spanned a wider
range of vehicles, from work trucks and vans to the Honda Civic Natural Gas, which has been available in select
markets since MY 1998.
In MY 2000, five EVs, seven dedicated CNG vehicles, and one DF-CNG vehicle were available in the
U.S. market. Chrysler-Fiat, Ford, GM, Honda, Nissan, and Toyota all produced at least one alternative fuel vehicle,
with total production of about 3,500 vehicles. Most of these vehicles were produced in small volumes and only for
a few model years. By MY 2006, only one alternative fuel vehicle was available, the Honda Civic Natural Gas.
The Tesla Roadster, a dedicated electric vehicle, was introduced with limited production in MY 2008. From MY
2008 through MY 2010, the Civic Natural Gas and the Tesla Roadster were the only two alternative fuel vehicles
produced by OEMs and available in some retail markets.
12	For example, see list of potential future EVs and PHEVs at http://www.fiKleconomv.gov/feg/evnews.shtml
13	Millions of ethanol FFVs have been sold in recent years, but these vehicles have operated primarily on gasoline.
91

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Two high profile OEM alternative fuel vehicles were introduced into the retail market in MY 2011, with
much higher production volumes than previous alternative fuel vehicles: the Nissan Leaf electric vehicle (EV) and
the Chevrolet Volt plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). The Volt and Leaf had combined sales of nearly 13,000
vehicles in MY 2011, so sales of these two vehicles alone triple the total number of alternative fuel vehicles sold in
any model year since 1995. The GM EV1, a notable alternative fueled vehicle, was leased from MY 1997 to 2000,
with total production of 1,101 vehicles over four years [43], The MY 2011 Nissan Leaf EV eclipsed the total EV1
sales mark in its first 6 months of availability, and it took only 4 months for sales of the MY 2011 Chevrolet Volt
PHEV to do the same. Both the Leaf and Volt have had individual monthly sales higher than the total production
of the EV1 over its four years of availability [44, 45], The Tesla Roadster, a small all-electric sports car, was also
available in MY 2011; however, sales were limited as Tesla ended production of the Roadster in preparation for
production of the new Tesla Model S EV.
In addition to the Honda Civic Natural Gas, a second dedicated CNG vehicle was available from OEMs in
MY 2011. The MV-1 is a specialty vehicle, available as a dedicated CNG vehicle that is a "Wheelchair Accessible
Mobility Vehicle" [46], While sales of dedicated CNG vehicles did not increase at the same rate as EVs and
PHEVs in MY 2011, Honda announced in 2011 that it will be significantly expanding the availability of the Civic
Natural Gas. When it was initially introduced, the Civic Natural Gas was only available to fleet customers, but it
subsequently became available for retail in California, New York, Utah, and Oklahoma. Availability of the MY
2012 Civic Natural Gas was increased to 36 states, with more possible as Honda trains additional dealers [47].
Figure 30 shows the historical sales of EVs, PHEVs, and CNG vehicles over the last sixteen years (we do
not have reliable data on OEM alternative fuel vehicles back to 1975). This figure was compiled from several data
sources, including manufacturer CAFE reports, Ward's, and publically available sales data. Figure 30 includes
dedicated CNG vehicles, but not dual fuel CNG vehicles as sales data were not available for dual fuel vehicles.
The data only includes offerings from manufacturers, and does not include data on vehicles converted to alternative
fuels in the aftermarket.
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Figure 30: Historical Sales of EVs, PHEVs and Dedicated CNG Vehicles
16000
14000
12000
10000
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ea
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4000
2000
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Plug-In Hybrid
I Electric
I Dedicated CNG
Model Year
MY 2012 Vehicles
Since sales of alternative fuel vehicles have historically been limited, this section of the report will focus on
currently available alternative fuel vehicles produced by OEMs and introduce several metrics that are new to this
report and important for alternative fuel vehicles, instead of analyzing aggregated data about new vehicles sales.
Table 34 shows the alternative fuel vehicles available from OEMs in MY 2012, as well as the classification of each
vehicle, inertia weight class (IWT)14, and footprint. These vehicles constitute a wide array of vehicle design, size,
and function and range from a subcompact car to a large van.
14 IWT is not precise weight of the vehicle, but curb weight plus 300 pounds, then rounded to nearest 250 or 500 pound weight
class. See page 3 of body for more details.
93

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Table 34: MY 2012 Alternative Fuel Vehicle Classification and Size 15


Fuel or
Car or

IWT
Footprint
Manufacturer
Model
Powertrain
Truck
Vehicle Classification
(lbs.)
(sqft)
BYD
e6
EV
Car
Non-Truck SUV
5500
47.4
Coda
Coda
EV
Car
Subcompact Car
4000
41.5
Ford
Focus
EV
Car
Subcompact Car
4000
43.5
Ford
Transit Connect
EV
Truck
Van
4000
47.9
Mitsubishi
i
EV
Car
Subcompact Car
2750
38.4
Nissan
Leaf
EV
Car
Midsize Car
3500
44.7
Tesla
Model S
EV
Car
Large Car
4500
53.5
Toyota
RAV4
EV
Car
Non-Truck SUV
4000
44.6
Chevrolet
Volt
PHEV
Car
Compact Car
4000
44.6
Fisker
Ka rma
PHEV
Car
Subcompact Car
5500
57.7
Toyota
Prius
PHEV
Car
Midsize Car
3500
44.2
Honda
Civic
CNG
Car
Compact Car
3000
43.5
VPG
MV-1
CNG
Truck
Special Purpose
5500
57.9
Table 35 shows basic technical specifications for the MY 2012 alternative fuel vehicles. The first eight
vehicles are EVs and have different powertrain specifications. In an electric vehicle, the traditional engine and
petroleum fuel system are replaced with an electric motor and a battery. The output of the electric motor can be
classified in terms of horsepower and torque in the same terms as a more traditional petroleum fuel-based engine.
The capacity of the battery is defined in terms of kilowatt-hours (kW-hrs). A battery with a larger capacity (in
terms of kW-hrs) can store more energy on board the vehicle and is analogous to having a larger gasoline tank. It is
important to note that the Motor HP and Battery kW-hrs values are component specifications, and may or may not
reflect actual powertrain performance depending upon other vehicle components and design parameters (e.g., the
motor may not fully utilize its maximum hp rating, and a battery may not be fully charged and/or discharged).
Table 35: MY 2012 Alternative Fuel Vehicle Powertrain Specifications and Range
Alternative


Engine
Engine
Motor
Battery
Fuel Range
Total Range
Utility
Manufacturer
Model
CID
HP
HP
kW-hrs
miles
miles
Factor
BYD
e6
N/A
N/A
101
31
122
122
N/A
Coda
Coda
N/A
N/A
134
32
88
88
N/A
Ford
Focus
N/A
N/A
143
26
76
76
N/A
Ford
Transit Connect
N/A
N/A
70
27
56
56
N/A
Mitsubishi
i
N/A
N/A
66
17
62
62
N/A
Nissan
Leaf
N/A
N/A
107
24
73
73
N/A
Tesla
Model S
N/A
N/A
349
83
265
265
N/A
Toyota
RAV4
N/A
N/A
154
50
103
103
N/A
Chevrolet
Volt
85
84
149
16
35
380
0.64
Fisker
Karma
122
290
402
20
33
240
0.62
Toyota
Prius
110
98
80
4.4
11*
540
0.29
Honda
Civic
110
110
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
VPG
MV-1
281
213
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
* PHEV operating partially in blended mode (includes some gasoline)
15 There are several other non-petroleum fueled vehicles that have been in limited lease and/or demonstration programs,
including the Honda Clarity FCX fuel cell vehicle, Mercedes F-Cell vehicle, etc. But, these vehicles have not been available to
the general public at large.
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PHEVs blend EV technology with more familiar powertrain technology from petroleum fueled vehicles.
Current PHEVs feature both an electric drive system designed to be charged from an electricity source external to
the vehicle (like an EV), and a gasoline internal combustion engine. There are generally three ways that a PHEV
can operate:
1)	Electric only mode - In electric only mode the vehicle operates like an EV, using only energy stored in
the battery to propel the vehicle.
2)	Blended mode - In blended mode the vehicle uses both energy stored in the battery and energy from
the gasoline tank to propel the vehicle.
3)	Charge sustaining mode - In charge sustaining mode, the PHEV has exhausted the external electricity
from the grid that is stored in the battery and relies on the gasoline internal combustion engine. The
vehicle will operate much like a traditional hybrid in charge sustaining mode.
The presence of both an electric drive system and an internal combustion engine results in a complex
system that can be used in many different combinations, and manufacturers are each choosing to operate PHEV
systems in different ways. This complicates direct comparisons among PHEV models in this report. For each MY
2012 PHEV, Table 35 shows data for the gasoline internal combustion engine in traditional terms of displacement
and horsepower, and data associated with EVs, such as battery size and electric motor horsepower. Table 35 also
shows the range on alternative fuel and total range. For the Chevrolet Volt and Fisker Karma PHEVs, which do not
operate in blended mode, the alternative fuel range represent the range of those vehicles operating in electric only
mode. However, for the Toyota Prius, the alternative fuel range represents the range of the vehicle operating in
both electric only and blended mode, due to the design of the vehicle. The result is that the Prius uses some
gasoline to achieve the alternative fuel range of 11 miles, while the Volt and Karma do not. Table 35 also
introduces the concept of a utility factor. The utility factor is directly related to the alternative fuel range for
PHEVs, and is a projection, on average, of the percentage of miles that will be driven using the alternative fuel (in
electric only and blended modes) by an average driver.
The two vehicles that operate on CNG have traditional internal combustion engines. Many internal
combustion engines designed to run on CNG are based on gasoline engines, with upgraded fuel systems and tanks
designed specifically for natural gas. Therefore, specifications for CNG engines such as engine displacement and
engine horsepower are essentially the same as those for traditional petroleum based engines.
This report has not previously tracked or analyzed data on the range of vehicles using petroleum fuels
because gasoline and diesel vehicles can generally travel at least 300 miles without refueling, and gasoline and
diesel fuel stations are common and well distributed across the United States (there are some rural areas where
range may in fact be an important consideration). Most alternative fuel vehicles are expected to have lower vehicle
range than gasoline and diesel vehicles, and all alternative fuel vehicles are likely to have more limited public
refueling infrastructure. Range is of particular concern with electric vehicles, as today's battery technology limits
the range of EVs to considerably less than that of comparable petroleum fueled vehicles. The availability of
dedicated EV charging stations is also currently limited.16 Table 35 includes range data for the alternative fuel
vehicles when operating on the alternative fuel, as well as total electricity plus gasoline range for PHEV vehicles.
Table 36 shows four energy-related metrics for the MY 2012 alternative fuel vehicles (no entry is shown if
the metric is not applicable to that vehicle technology). These data are generally included on the EPA/NHTSA fuel
16 While dedicated EV charging stations are currently limited, electricity is available in nearly all but the most remote parts of
the country. EVs can generally be recharged from a standard 1 lOv outlet, though charging will be slower than at a dedicated
220v charging station.
95

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economy and environment labels that are currently used for advanced technology vehicles (and are used on all
vehicles beginning in MY 2013)17. These adjusted ("adj" in the table column headings) label values reflect EPA's
best estimates of the energy consumption and fuel economy that these vehicles will achieve, on average, in real
world operation based on EPA vehicle testing and our 5-cycle label methodology. Comparing the energy or fuel
efficiency performance from alternative fuel vehicles raises complex issues of how to compare different fuels. For
example, consumers and OEMs are familiar and comfortable with evaluating gasoline and diesel vehicle fuel
economy in terms of miles per gallon, and it is the universal efficiency metric used throughout this report for the
primary database. To enable this comparison for alternative fueled vehicles, the fuel efficiency of vehicles
operating on CNG and electricity are evaluated in terms of miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (an energy
metric described in more detail below).
Table 36: MY 2012 Alternative Fuel Vehicle Fuel Economy Metrics


Adj Electric
Adj
Adj
Adj


Consumption
Electric
Gasoline Only
Overall


(kW-hrs/
Fuel Economy
Fuel Economy
Fuel Economy
Manufacturer
Model
100 miles)
mpge
mpg
mpge
BYD
e6
54
62
N/A
62
Coda
Coda
46
73
N/A
73
Ford
Focus
32
105
N/A
105
Ford
Transit Connect
54
62
N/A
62
Mitsubishi
i
30
112
N/A
112
Nissan
Leaf
34
99
N/A
99
Tesla
Model S
38
89
N/A
89
Toyota
RAV4
44
76
N/A
76
Chevrolet
Volt
36
94
37
60
Fisker
Karma
62
54
20
33
Toyota
Prius
29*
95**
50
58
Honda
Civic
N/A
N/A
N/A
31
VPG
MV-1
N/A
N/A
N/A
13
*Note: Electric consumption only. Overall, the Prius PHEV consumes both electricity and gasoline over the alternative fuel range of 11 miles, at a rate of 29
kW-hrs/100 miles and 0.2 gal/100 miles
** Prius PHEV mpge value reflects blended operation on both electricity and gasoline
The third column in Table 36 gives adjusted consumption rates for vehicles operating on electricity, which
includes EVs and PHEVs. The units for electricity consumption are kilowatt-hours per 100 miles (kW-hrs/100
miles). The values for all of the EVs and PHEVs, with the exception of the Toyota Prius PHEV, reflect electric-
only operation. The Toyota Prius PHEV adjusted electric consumption value represents the tested electric
consumption of the vehicle during both electric only and blended modes. The Prius PHEV also consumes 0.2
gallons of gasoline per 100 miles during this combination of electric-only and blended modes.
The fourth column simply converts the adjusted electricity consumption data in the third column to
adjusted miles per gallon of gasoline-equivalent (mpge), i.e., the miles the vehicle can travel on an amount of
electricity that has the same amount of energy as a gallon of gasoline. For a vehicle operating on electricity, mpge
is simply calculated as 33.705 kW-hrs/gallon divided by the vehicle electricity consumption in kW-hrs/mile. For
example, for the Leaf, 33.705 kW-hrs/gallon divided by 0.34 kW-hrs/mile (which is equivalent to 34 kW-hrs/100
miles) is 99 mpge. Because the Prius PHEV consumes both electricity and gasoline over the alternative fuel range
of 11 miles, the adjusted electric consumption value of 95 mpge includes both the electricity and gasoline
consumption, at a rate of 29 kW-hrs/100 miles of electricity and 0.2 gal/100 miles of gasoline.
17 These values represent a 55/45 city /highway weighting, consistent with the methodology used for labeling vehicles.
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The fifth column gives adjusted fuel economy values for vehicles operating on gasoline only, which is
relevant here only for the Chevrolet Volt, Fisker Karma, and Toyota Prius PHEV, while operating in charge
sustaining mode. For PHEVs, the EPA/NHTSA label shows both electricity consumption in kW-hrs/100 miles and
mpge, when the vehicle operates exclusively on electricity, and gasoline fuel economy in mpg, when the vehicle
operates exclusively on gasoline.
The final column gives the adjusted overall mpge values reflecting the overall energy efficiency of the
vehicle on all of the fuels on which vehicle can operate. While mpge does not reflect how all alternative fuels are
sold (natural gas is in fact sold in gallons of gasoline equivalent, but electricity is not), it does provide a common
metric with which to compare fuels that are sold in different units, and mpge is generally included on the
EPA/NHTSA labels for that reason. For PHEVs, the mpge metric can also be used to determine the overall
equivalent fuel economy for a vehicle that operates on two unique fuels. In addition to the energy metrics in the
previous columns, the one key additional parameter necessary to calculate a combined electricity/gasoline mpge
value for a PHEV is the utility factor that was introduced in Table 35. The Volt, for example, has a utility factor of
0.64, i.e., it is expected that the Volt will operate 64% of the time on electricity and 36% of the time on gasoline.
Utility factor calculations are based on an SAE methodology that EPA has adopted for regulatory compliance.18
For EVs and natural gas vehicles, the sixth column simply reports the mpge values that are on the EPA/NHTSA
label. CNG vehicle mpge values are based on the energy equivalency assumption that a gallon of gasoline contains
the same energy as 121.5 standard cubic feet of natural gas.
Tables 37 and 38 show several key C02 emissions metrics for MY 2012 alternative fuel vehicles.
Table 37 gives adjusted vehicle tailpipe C02 emissions values. EPA and vehicle manufacturers have been
measuring tailpipe emissions since the early 1970s using standardized laboratory tests. Table 37 gives adjusted
tailpipe C02 emissions which are the values that are included on the new EPA and NHTSA fuel economy and
environment labels (and reflected in the label's Greenhouse Gas Rating) that are currently used for advanced
technology vehicles. These adjusted label values reflect EPA's best estimate of the C02 tailpipe emissions that
these vehicles will achieve, on average, in real world operation based on EPA vehicle testing and our 5-cycle label
methodology. These values can be compared to the adjusted tailpipe C02 emissions values for gasoline and diesel
vehicles in Section IV. EVs, of course, have no tailpipe emissions. For the PHEVs, the adjusted C02 emissions
values here utilize the same utility factors discussed above to weight the C02 emissions on electric operation and
the C02 emissions on gasoline operation. For natural gas vehicles, these values are based on vehicle test data and
our 5-cycle methodology. It is important to note that, to be consistent with the primary Trends database, the
tailpipe C02 emissions values given in Table 37 for CNG vehicles do not account for the higher global warming
potency associated with methane emissions, which have the potential to be higher for some CNG vehicles.
18 See htto://www. SAE.org. specifically SAE J2841 "Utility Factor Definitions for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Using
Travel Survey Data," September 2010.
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Table 37: MY 2012 Alternative Fuel Vehicle Adjusted Tailpipe C02 Emissions Metrics
Adj
Tailpipe C02
Manufacturer	Model	(g/mile)
BYD
e6
0
Coda
Coda
0
Ford
Focus
0
Ford
Transit Connect
0
Mitsubishi
i
0
Nissan
Leaf
0
Tesla
Model S
0
Toyota
RAV4
0
Chevrolet
Volt
87
Fisker
Karma
169
Toyota
Prius
133
Honda
Civic
227
VPG
MV-1
541
Table 38 accounts for the "upstream" C02 emissions associated with the production and distribution of
electricity used in EVs and PHEVs. Gasoline and diesel fuels also have C02 emissions associated with their
production and distribution, but these upstream emissions are not reflected in the tailpipe C02 emissions values
discussed elsewhere in this report. Combining vehicle tailpipe and fuel production/distribution sources, gasoline
vehicles emit about 80 percent of total C02 emissions at the vehicle tailpipe with 20 percent associated with
upstream fuel production and distribution. Diesel and CNG fuels have a similar approximate relationship between
tailpipe and upstream C02 emissions (accordingly, CNG C02 compliance values are also tailpipe-only, and CNG
upstream C02 emissions data is not included in Table 38).19 On the other hand, vehicles using electricity emit no
C02 (or other emissions) at the vehicle tailpipe; therefore all C02 emissions associated with powering the vehicle
are due to fuel production and distribution. Depending on how the electricity is produced, these fuels can have very
high fuel production/distribution C02 emissions (for example, if coal is used with no C02 emissions control) or
very low C02 emissions (for example, if renewable processes with minimal fossil energy inputs are used).
Table 38: MY 2012 Alternative Fuel Vehicle Upstream C02 Emission Metrics
Adj Tailpipe + Total Upstream C02	Adj Tailpipe + Net Upstream C02
Low	Avg	High	Low	Avg	High
Manufacturer
Model
(g/mile)
(g/mile)
(g/mile)
(g/mile)
(g/mile)
(g/mile)
BYD
e6
218
352
527
132
266
441
Coda
Coda
186
299
449
109
222
372
Ford
Focus
129
208
312
49
128
232
Ford
Transit Connect
218
352
527
118
251
426
Mitsubishi
i
121
195
293
45
119
217
Nissan
Leaf
137
221
332
56
140
250
Tesla
Model S
154
247
371
59
153
276
Toyota
RAV4
178
286
429
96
205
348
Ford
Transit Connect
218
352
527
118
251
426
Chevrolet
Volt
202
259
334
128
185
260
Fisker
Ka rma
367
461
586
263
358
483
Toyota
Prius
200
221
248
143
164
192
19 There is also considerable research ongoing on the topic on natural gas production, particularly with respect to the hydraulic
fracturing ("fracking") processes.
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An additional complicating factor in Table 38 is that electricity production in the United States varies
significantly from region to region. Hydroelectric plants provide a large percentage of electricity in the northwest,
coal-fired power plants produce the majority of electricity in the Midwest, and natural gas is increasing its
electricity market share in many regions of the country. Nuclear power plants and renewable energy make up the
balance of U.S. electricity production. In order to bracket the possible GHG emissions impact (there are additional
complicating factors that are beyond the scope of this analysis and can only be addressed by sophisticated
powerplant modeling), Table 38 provides ranges with the low end of the range corresponding to the California
powerplant emissions factor, the middle of the range represented by the national average powerplant emissions
factor, and the upper end of the range corresponding to the powerplant emissions factor for the Rockies.
Based on data from EPA's eGRID powerplant database, and accounting for additional greenhouse gas
emissions impacts for feedstock processing upstream of the powerplant, EPA estimates that the electricity GHG
emission factors for various regions of the country vary from 404 g C02/kW-hr in California to 976 g C02/kW-hr
in the Rockies, with a national average of 651 g C02/kW-hr [43], Emission rates for the region encompassing New
York City are approximately equal to those in California, and small regions in upstate New York and Alaska have
lower electricity upstream C02 emission rates than California. However, California is a good surrogate for the
"low" end of the range because California is a leading market for current EVs and PHEVs. Initial sales of electric
vehicles have been largely, though not exclusively, focused in regions of the country with powerplant C02
emissions factors lower than the national average, such as California, New York, and other coastal areas. In
addition, sales of hybrid vehicles have also been disproportionately higher in these same areas. Accordingly, at
least in the near term, EPA believes that the "average" vehicle operating on electricity in the near term will likely
fall somewhere between the low end of this range and the national average.21
The third through fifth columns in Table 38 provide the range of adjusted tailpipe plus total upstream C02
emissions for EVs and PHEVs. For example, here are the steps that are used to calculate this value for the MY
2012 Nissan Leaf, which would be the same methodology for all EVs:
•	Start with the label, or 5-cycle, vehicle electricity consumption in kW-hrs/mile, which for the Leaf is 34
kW-hrs/100 miles, or 0.34 kW-hrs/mile
•	Determine the regional powerplant emission rate, regional losses during electricity distribution, and the
additional regional emissions due to fuel production upstream of the powerplant (for California, these
numbers are 299 g/kWh, 8.2%, and 24%). [48, 49]
•	Determine the regional upstream emission factor (for California 299 g/kWh / (1-8.2%) * (1+24%) = 404
gC02/kWh)
•	Multiply by the range of Low (California = 404 gC02/kW-hr), Average (National Average = 651 g
C02/kW-hr), and High (Rockies = 976 g C02/kW-hr) electricity upstream GHG emission rates, which
yields a range for the Leaf of 137-332 grams/mile.
The adjusted tailpipe plus total upstream C02 emissions values for PHEVs include the upstream C02
emissions associated with electricity operation and both the tailpipe and upstream C02 emissions associated with
gasoline operation, using the utility factor discussed above to weight the values for electricity and gasoline
operation.
20 For an individual who wants to know the upstream greenhouse gas emissions associated with operating an EV or PHEV in
his or her geographical area, use the emissions calculator at http://www.fueleconomv.gov/feg/Find.do7actioiFbt2
99

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The values in columns three through five are tailpipe plus total upstream C02 emissions. But, all of the
gasoline and diesel vehicle C02 emissions data in the rest of this report refers to tailpipe only emissions and do not
reflect the upstream emissions associated with gasoline or diesel production and distribution. In order to equitably
compare the overall impact of EVs and PHEVs with tailpipe emissions of petroleum fueled vehicles, EPA uses the
metric "tailpipe plus net upstream emissions" for EVs and PHEVs. The net upstream emissions for EVs are equal
to the total upstream emissions minus the upstream emissions that would be expected from a comparable-sized
(using footprint as the size metric) gasoline vehicle. The net upstream emissions for PHEVs are equal to the net
upstream emissions of the PHEV due to electricity consumption in electric or blended mode multiplied by the
utility factor.
The upstream emissions for a comparable gasoline vehicle are determined by first using the footprint based
compliance curves to determine the C02 compliance target for a vehicle with the same footprint. Since upstream
emissions account for approximately 20% of total C02 emissions for gasoline vehicles, the upstream emissions for
the comparable gasoline vehicle are equal to one fourth of the compliance target.
The final three columns of Table 38 give the adjusted tailpipe plus net upstream C02 values for the EVs
and PHEVs using the same Low, Average, and High electricity upstream C02 emissions rates discussed above.
These values bracket the possible real world net C02 emissions that would be associated with consumer use of
these vehicles. For the Leaf, these values are simply the values in columns three through five minus the upstream
GHG emissions of a comparably sized gasoline vehicle. Based on the MY 2012 C02-footprint curve, the adjusted
5-cycle tailpipe GHG emissions for a Leaf sized vehicle meeting its compliance target would be approximately 327
grams/mile, with upstream emissions of one-fourth of this value, or 82 g/mile. The net upstream emissions are
determined by subtracting this value, 82 g/mile, from the total upstream emissions for the Leaf. The result is a
range for the tailpipe plus net upstream value of 56-250 g/mile as shown in Table 38, with a more likely typical
value in the 56-126 g/mile range.
For PHEVs, the adjusted tailpipe plus net upstream emissions values use the utility factor values discussed
above to weight the individual values for electric operation and gasoline operation.
While there are still relatively few OEM alternative fuel vehicles in MY 2012, this represents a significant
increase in both the number of models available and the total production of alternative fueled vehicles. Based on
manufacturer announcements and projected sales, this segment of the market will continue to grow in MY 2013 and
beyond. This report will continue to track the metrics presented in this section and report on trends in alternative
fuel vehicle C02 emissions and fuel economy trends as more models are introduced and more data becomes
available in future years.
100

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IX. References
1.	"U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Fuel Economy and Emission Control," November 1972.
2.	"Passenger Car Fuel Economy - Trends and Influencing Factors," SAE Paper 730790, Austin and Hellman,
September 1973.
3.	"Fuel Economy of the 1975 Models," SAE Paper 740970, Austin and Hellman, October 1974.
4.	"Passenger Car Fuel Economy Trends Through 1976," SAE Paper 750957, Austin and Service, October 1975.
5.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1977," SAE Paper 760795, Murrell, Pace, Service, and
Yeager, October 1976.
6.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1978," SAE Paper 780036, Murrell, February 1978.
7.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1979," SAE Paper 790225, Murrell, February 1979.
8.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1980," SAE Paper 800853, Murrell, Foster and Bristor,
June 1980.
9.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1981," SAE Paper 810386, Foster, Murrell and Loos,
February 1981.
10.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy Trends Through 1982," SAE Paper 820300, Cheng, LeBaron, Murrell,
and Loos, February 1982.
11.	"Why Vehicles Don't Achieve EPA MPG On the Road and How That Shortfall Can Be Accounted For," SAE
Paper 820791, Hellman and Murrell, June 1982.
12.	"Light-Duty Automobile Fuel Economy Trends through 1983," SAE Paper 830544, Murrell, Loos, Heavenrich,
and Cheng, February 1983.
13.	"Passenger Car Fuel Economy - Trends Through 1984," SAE Paper 840499, Heavenrich, Murrell, Cheng, and
Loos, February 1984.
14.	"Light Truck Fuel Economy - Trends through 1984," SAE Paper 841405, Loos, Cheng, Murrell and
Heavenrich, October 1984.
15.	"Light-Duty Automotive Fuel Economy - Trends Through 1985," SAE Paper 850550, Heavenrich, Murrell,
Cheng, and Loos, March 1985.
16.	"Light-Duty Automotive Trends Through 1986," SAE Paper 860366, Heavenrich, Cheng, and Murrell,
February 1986.
17.	"Trends in Alternate Measures of Vehicle Fuel Economy," SAE Paper 861426, Hellman and Murrell,
September 1986.
101

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18.	"Light-Duty Automotive Trends Through 1987," SAE Paper 871088, Heavenrich, Murrell, and Cheng, May
1987.
19.	"Light-Duty Automotive Trends Through 1988," U.S. EPA, EPA/AA/CTAB/88-07, Heavenrich and Murrell,
June 1988.
20.	"Light-Duty Automotive and Technology Trends Through 1989," U.S. EPA, EPA/AA/CTAB/89-04,
Heavenrich, Murrell, and Hellman, May 1989.
21.	"Downward Trend in Passenger Car Fuel Economy—A View of Recent Data," U.S. EPA,
EPA/AA/CTAB/90-01, Murrell and Heavenrich, January 1990.
22.	"Options for Controlling the Global Warming Impact from Motor Vehicles," U.S. EPA,
EPA/AA/CTAB/89-08, Heavenrich, Murrell, and Hellman, December 1989.
23.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1990," U.S. EPA,
EPA/AA/CTAB/90-03, Heavenrich and Murrell, June 1990.
24.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1991," U.S. EPA/AA/CTAB/91-02,
Heavenrich, Murrell, and Hellman, May 1991.
25.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1993," U.S. EPA/AA/TDG/93-01,
Murrell, Hellman, and Heavenrich, May 1993.
26.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1996," U.S. EPA/AA/TDSG/96-01,
Heavenrich and Hellman, July 1996.
27.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends through 1999," U.S. EPA420-R-99-018,
Heavenrich and Hellman, September 1999.
28.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2000," U.S. EPA420-R-00-008,
Heavenrich and Hellman, December 2000.
29.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2001," U.S. EPA420-R-01-008,
Heavenrich and Hellman, September 2001.
30.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2003," U.S. EPA420-R-03-006,
Heavenrich and Hellman, April 2003.
31.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2004," U.S. EPA420-R-04-001,
Heavenrich and Hellman, April 2004.
32.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2005," U.S. EPA420-R-05-001,
Robert M. Heavenrich, July 2005.
33.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 through 2006," U.S. EPA420-R-06-011,
Robert M. Heavenrich, July 2006.
102

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34.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2007," U.S. EPA420-S-07-
001, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, September 2007.
35.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2008," U.S. EPA420-R-08-
015, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, September 2008.
36.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through
2009,"	U.S. EPA420-R-09-014, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, November 2009.
37.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through
2010,"	U.S. EPA-420-R-10-023, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, November 2010.
38.	"Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through
2011,"	U.S. EPA-420-R-12-001, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, March 2012.
39.	"Concise Description of Auto Fuel Economy in Recent Years," SAE Paper 760045, Malliaris, Hsia and Gould,
February 1976.
40.	"Automotive Engine ~ A Future Perspective," SAE Paper 891666, Amann, 1989.
41.	"Regression Analysis of Acceleration Performance of Light-Duty Vehicles," DOT HS 807 763, Young,
September 1991.
42.	"Determinates of Multiple Measures of Acceleration," SAE Paper 931805, Santini and Anderson, 1993.
43.	Wards Automotive, 1996 - 2008 Annual Databooks.
44.	Nissan Motor Company, Nissan monthly sales reports, fattp://nissannews.com/en-US/nissan/usa/. last accessed
October 2012.
45.	General Motors, General Motors monthly sales reports,
fattp://media.gm.com/content/media/us/en/gm/news.html last accessed October 2012.
46.	The Vehicle Production Group LLC, 2012, fattp://www.vpgautos.com/ last accessed October 2012.
47.	Honda Motor Company, 2012, Honda Civic Natural Gas web site http://automobiles.honda.com/civic-natural-
gas/ last accessed October 2012.
48.	Pechan & Associates, Inc., "The Emissions & Generation Resource Integrated Database for 2007 (eGRID2007)
Technical Support Document," prepared for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC,
September 2008.
49.	Argonne National Laboratory. 2012, GREET web site, http://greet.es.anl.gov/ last accessed October 2012.
103

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Appendices
Appendix A: Database Details and Calculation Methods
Appendix B: Model Year 2012 Nameplate Fuel Economy Listings
Appendix C: Fuel Economy Distribution Data
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and
Weight Class
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and
Drive Type
Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and
Transmission Type
Appendix J: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and
Cylinder Count
Appendix K: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type, Engine Type
and Valves Per Cylinder
Appendix L: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
and Manufacturer
Appendix M: Fuel Economy by Manufacturer, Vehicle Type
and Weight Class
Appendix N: Fuel Economy and Ton-MPG by Manufacturer,
Vehicle Type and Size
Appendix O: MY2012 Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type, Weight
and Manufacturer
Appendix P: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Manufacturer and
Vehicle Type
NOTE: The database for this report includes all Hyundai and Kia vehicles, including
the corrected fuel economy values submitted by Hyundai and Kia for four MY 2011
vehicles for a majority of Hyundai and Kia vehicles for MY 2012. For the changes in
fuel economy label values for individual vehicles, see http://www.epa.gov/fueleconomy/
labelchange.htm. Since EPA's investigation into Hyundai and Kia data submissions is
continuing. Hyundai and Kia-specific values are excluded from tables that list the fuel
economy and C02 emissions performance for individual manufacturers or vehicles,
but are included in all industry wide values.
4%	United States
Environmental Protection
** Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

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Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel
Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Appendix A
Database Details and Calculation Methods
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
£%	United States
Environmental Protection
\r ^1 mm. Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001A
March 2013

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Harmonically Averaging Fuel Economy Values
Dimensionally, fuel economy is miles divided by gallons. Then, presented with more than one
fuel economy value, an approach to averaging the values is to compute the result by determining the total
miles traveled and dividing that by the total gallons used.
Example: A motorist's fuel economy log for May shows that 704 miles were accumulated around
town in which the fuel economy was 16 mpg, and one 216 mile highway trip was taken on which the fuel
economy was 24 mpg. What is the average fuel economy for May?
The total miles are 704 + 216 = 920. The total gallons thus are 704 / 16 = 44 plus
216 / 24 = 9 or a total of 53 gallons. The average mpg is 920 / 53 = 17.4 mpg. Notice that the arithmetic
average of the two fuel economy values (16 + 24) / 2 = 20 mpg gives an individual result that is higher
than the total miles/total gallons result.
Even if the around-town miles traveled and the highway trip miles traveled were the same (460
miles), the average fuel economy would not be 20; it would be 19.2 mpg. This is because in the total
miles/total gallons approach, /ȣ?/ consumption is arithmetically averaged, but fuel economy is
harmonically averaged, so for the second example (equal trip distances), the calculation would be:
Average MPG =
(- + -
V16 24
)
which is the same as arithmetically averaging the two fuel consumption values.
A specific example of this type of averaging approach is shown in the calculation of the overall
average fuel economy using the EPA "city" (MPGC) and EPA "highway" (MPGH) fuel economy values.
Total Miles
Average MPG =
Total Gallons
Total Miles
City Gallons + Highway Gallons
Total Miles
/ City Miles Highway Miles \
\ City MPG Highway MPG )
Now, if city miles are 55 percent of total miles and highway miles are the remaining 45 percent,
after dividing by total miles,
A-l

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Average MPG =	^
¦ +
MPGC ' MPGhj
and this average mpg would represent a composite mpg value based on the 55% city/45% highway
driving in this example. This 55% city/45% highway weighting is the metric in this report for laboratory
composite fuel economy values.
The same approach can be used when the average mpg of a group of vehicles with different mpg
values is to be calculated. Suppose a fleet of 100,000 vehicles is made up of two classes, one of 70,000
vehicles whose fuel economy is 10 mpg and the other of 30,000 vehicles whose fuel economy is 14 mpg.
Each vehicle in the fleet is assumed to travel the same number of miles (M),
Total Miles = 100,000 M
70,000 M 30,000 M
Total Gallons =	1	
10	14
and the average fuel economy is:
1
Average Fuel Economy = » „—» » = 10.9 mpg
(tc+ti)
where .7 and .3 are the relative shares of each vehicle class in the fleet. Notice that, again, the arithmetic
average of the class fuel economy values (10 + 14)/2 =12 mpg is higher.
In general, some form of a weighted harmonic mean must be used when averaging different fuel
economy values in order to maintain mathematical integrity.
While fuel economy values (in miles per gallon) must be harmonically averaged to maintain
mathematical integrity, fuel consumption values (in gallons per mile) and carbon dioxide emissions
values (in grams per mile) can be arithmetically averaged.
A-2

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Estimated and Final Production Data
Table A-l compares average laboratory 55/45 fuel economy for model years 1998 through 2012
at three points in time:
(1)	an initial estimate determined early in the model year using projected production;
(2)	for some years, a revised estimate determined by using trade publication sales data
that were obtained after the end of each model year, but before the final CAFE data were
submitted by automakers to EPA; and
(3)	final fuel economy values determined from CAFE compliance data provided by the
manufacturers to EPA after the end of the model year.
Historically, the final car plus truck laboratory 55/45 fuel economy values have generally varied
from 0.5 mpg lower to 0.6 mpg higher compared to the original estimates based exclusively on projected
production. But, MY2009 was a very unusual year in this regard. The final car plus truck laboratory
55/45 value for MY2009 was 1.8 mpg higher than the initial estimate for 2009, due to the market turmoil
in MY2009. The final car plus truck adjusted fuel economy value for MY2009 was 1.3 mpg higher than
the initial estimate. For MY 2011, the final car plus truck laboratory values were 0.5 mpg lower than the
initial estimates in last year's report.
The individual EPA car, and truck, fuel economy values shown in Table A-l for years prior to
MY 2011 differ from the values found elsewhere in this report. Beginning with the 2011 report, EPA
reclassified most small, 2 wheel drive SUVs from trucks to cars for the entire database. This reflects a
regulatory change made by NHTSA for CAFE standards beginning in MY 2011 and which will apply for
the joint EPA/NHTSA greenhouse gas emissions and CAFE standards that have been finalized for MY
2012-2025. These changes were not in effect for years prior to MY 2011, and accordingly, the individual
car and truck fuel economy values prior to MY 2011 are based on the previous car and truck definitions.
To enable a comparison with the initial estimates made for this series of reports, the individual car and
truck values in table A-l were calculated using the previous car and truck definitions, which is not
consistent with the rest of this report. While the individual car and truck numbers in Table A-l are
unique, the car and truck definitions do not affect the overall (car plus truck) fuel economy values, which
are consistent with the rest of this report.
A-3

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Table A-l
Comparison of Laboratory 55/45 MPG

Model
Initial
Revised
Final

Year
Estimate
Estimate
Value
Cars
1998
28.6
28.6
28.5

1999
28.1
28.2
28.1

2000
28.1
28.3
28.2

2001
28.3
28.3
28.4

2002
28.5
28.5
28.6

2003
29.0
28.9
28.9

2004
28.7
28.9
28.9

2005
28.9
29.2
29.5

2006
28.8
29.2
29.2

2007
29.4
30.3
30.3

2008
30.3

30.5

2009
30.9

32.1

2010
32.7

32.3

2011
32.8

32.3

2012
34.6


Trucks
1998
20.6
20.6
20.9

1999
20.3
20.4
20.5

2000
20.5
20.5
20.8

2001
20.3
20.4
20.6

2002
20.4
20.3
20.6

2003
20.8
20.9
20.9

2004
20.9
20.9
20.8

2005
21.3
21.2
21.4

2006
21.5
21.9
21.8

2007
22.1
22.1
22.1

2008
22.5

22.7

2009
22.9

23.8

2010
23.8

23.4

2011
23.6

23.9

2012
24.3


Both
1998
24.4
24.4
24.5

1999
23.8
24.0
24.1

2000
24.0
23.9
24.3

2001
23.9
24.0
24.2

2002
24.0
23.9
24.1

2003
24.4
24.2
24.3

2004
24.4
24.4
24.0

2005
24.6
24.6
24.8

2006
24.6
25.3
25.2

2007
25.3
25.7
25.8

2008
26.0

26.3

2009
26.4

28.2

2010
28.3

28.4

2011
28.6

28.1

2012
30.0


A-4

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Use of 3-Year Moving Averages
Use of the three-year moving averages, which effectively smoothes the trends, results in an
improvement in discriminating real trends from what might be relatively small year-to-year variations in
the data. For this report, as shown in Table A-2 (laboratory) and Table A-3 (adjusted), these three-year
moving averages are tabulated at the midpoint. For example, the midpoint for model years 2010, 2011,
and 2012 is MY2011.
Table A-2
Light-Duty Vehicle Laboratory Fuel Economy and Truck Sales Fraction
Model
Year
Actual Data
55/45 Fuel Economy
Car Truck Both
Truck
Production
Fraction
Three-Year Moving Average
Truck
55/45 Fuel Economy Production
Car Truck Both Fraction
1975
15.8
13.7
15.3
19.3%




1976
17.5
14.4
16.7
21.1%
17.2
14.6
16.6
20.1%
1977
18.3
15.6
17.7
19.9%
18.5
15.1
17.7
21.2%
1978
19.9
15.3
18.6
22.5%
19.5
15.2
18.3
21.5%
1979
20.2
14.7
18.7
22.1%
21.2
16.2
19.9
20.4%
1980
23.5
18.6
22.5
16.5%
23.0
17.8
21.8
18.6%
1981
25.1
20.1
24.1
17.2%
24.9
19.7
23.8
17.8%
1982
26.0
20.5
24.7
19.5%
25.7
20.5
24.5
19.6%
1983
25.9
20.8
24.6
22.0%
26.1
20.6
24.6
21.7%
1984
26.3
20.4
24.6
23.5%
26.4
20.6
24.7
23.4%
1985
26.9
20.5
25.0
24.8%
27.0
20.8
25.1
25.4%
1986
27.9
21.4
25.7
27.9%
27.6
21.2
25.5
26.6%
1987
28.0
21.6
25.9
27.2%
28.1
21.4
25.8
28.1%
1988
28.5
21.1
25.9
29.1%
28.2
21.2
25.8
28.7%
1989
28.1
20.9
25.4
29.9%
28.1
20.9
25.5
29.6%
1990
27.7
20.7
25.2
29.6%
27.9
20.9
25.3
30.0%
1991
27.8
21.2
25.4
30.4%
27.6
20.9
25.2
30.5%
1992
27.4
20.8
24.9
31.4%
27.6
21.0
25.1
31.4%
1993
27.6
21.0
25.1
32.4%
27.6
20.8
24.8
34.0%
1994
27.7
20.7
24.6
38.1%
27.8
20.7
24.8
35.7%
1995
28.1
20.5
24.7
36.5%
28.0
20.6
24.7
37.5%
1996
28.0
20.8
24.8
37.8%
28.1
20.6
24.7
38.1%
1997
28.2
20.5
24.5
39.9%
28.1
20.7
24.6
39.8%
1998
28.1
20.8
24.5
41.7%
28.0
20.5
24.4
41.1%
1999
27.8
20.3
24.1
41.7%
27.9
20.6
24.3
41.6%
2000
27.7
20.7
24.3
41.2%
27.8
20.4
24.2
41.4%
2001
27.9
20.3
24.2
41.4%
28.0
20.4
24.2
42.4%
2002
28.3
20.3
24.1
44.7%
28.3
20.4
24.2
44.1%
2003
28.7
20.7
24.3
46.1%
28.5
20.5
24.1
46.3%
2004
28.5
20.5
24.0
48.0%
28.8
20.7
24.4
46.2%
2005
29.1
21.0
24.8
44.4%
28.8
21.0
24.7
44.8%
2006
28.9
21.4
25.2
42.1%
29.3
21.3
25.3
42.5%
2007
29.8
21.6
25.8
41.1%
29.6
21.7
25.7
41.3%
2008
30.1
22.2
26.3
40.7%
30.5
22.3
26.7
38.2%
2009
31.6
23.1
28.2
33.0%
31.4
22.9
27.6
37.0%
2010
32.6
23.4
28.4
37.3%
32.1
23.5
28.2
37.5%
2011
32.3
23.9
28.1
42.2%
33.1
23.9
28.8
38.5%
2012
34.6
24.3
30.0
36.1%




A-5

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Year
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Table A-3
Light-Duty Vehicle Adjusted Fuel Economy
Actual Data
City
Highway
Composite
City
Highway
Compos
12.3
15.2
13.5



13.7
16.6
14.9
13.5
16.4
14.6
14.4
17.4
15.6
14.5
17.7
15.8
15.5
19.1
16.9
15.3
18.5
16.6
15.9
19.2
17.2
16.6
20.3
18.1
18.3
22.6
20.0
17.9
22.0
19.6
19.6
24.2
21.4
19.3
24.1
21.2
20.1
25.5
22.2
19.9
25.1
21.9
19.9
25.5
22.1
20.1
25.6
22.2
20.2
25.9
22.4
20.2
26.0
22.5
20.6
26.7
23.0
20.7
26.7
23.0
21.2
27.6
23.7
21.0
27.3
23.5
21.2
27.7
23.8
21.2
27.8
23.8
21.4
28.1
24.1
21.1
27.9
23.8
20.8
27.8
23.6
20.9
27.8
23.7
20.4
27.4
23.3
20.5
27.5
23.4
20.4
27.4
23.3
20.2
27.3
23.1
19.8
27.2
22.9
20.0
27.3
23.0
19.9
27.3
23.0
19.8
27.3
23.0
19.8
27.4
23.0
19.9
27.5
23.1
19.9
27.9
23.3
19.8
27.6
23.1
19.7
27.6
23.1
19.7
27.7
23.2
19.7
27.6
23.2
19.6
27.6
23.1
19.5
27.5
23.0
19.4
27.4
23.0
19.2
27.0
22.7
19.2
27.1
22.7
19.0
26.7
22.5
19.1
26.8
22.6
19.1
26.7
22.6
19.1
26.8
22.6
19.2
26.8
22.8
19.2
26.9
22.8
19.3
27.1
23.0
19.2
27.0
22.9
19.1
27.0
22.9
19.2
27.1
23.0
19.4
27.2
23.1
19.2
27.1
23.0
19.2
27.1
23.0
19.5
27.3
23.3
19.8
27.8
23.7
19.7
27.6
23.5
20.0
28.0
23.9
20.3
28.3
24.2
21.0
29.2
25.0
20.9
29.0
24.9
21.7
29.9
25.7
21.3
29.7
25.4
21.3
30.1
25.6
22.0
30.6
26.2
22.9
31.8
27.3



Three-Year Moving Average
A-6

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A-7

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Table A-3
Light-Duty Vehicle Adjusted Fuel Economy
Trucks
Model
Year
City
Actual Data
Highway
Composite
Three-Year Moving Average
City Highway Composite
1975
10.9
12.7
11.6



1976
11.6
13.2
12.2
11.7
13.3
12.4
1977
12.7
14.2
13.3
12.2
13.7
12.8
1978
12.4
13.7
12.9
12.4
13.6
12.9
1979
12.1
13.1
12.5
13.1
14.6
13.7
1980
14.8
17.1
15.8
14.3
16.3
15.1
1981
16.0
18.6
17.1
15.7
18.3
16.8
1982
16.3
19.0
17.4
16.2
19.1
17.4
1983
16.5
19.6
17.7
16.3
19.3
17.5
1984
16.1
19.3
17.4
16.3
19.4
17.5
1985
16.2
19.3
17.5
16.4
19.6
17.7
1986
16.8
20.1
18.2
16.6
20.0
18.0
1987
16.8
20.4
18.3
16.6
20.2
18.1
1988
16.2
20.1
17.8
16.3
20.1
17.9
1989
15.9
19.8
17.6
15.9
19.9
17.6
1990
15.6
19.8
17.4
15.8
19.9
17.6
1991
15.9
20.2
17.8
15.7
20.0
17.5
1992
15.4
19.9
17.3
15.6
20.1
17.5
1993
15.5
20.1
17.5
15.4
19.9
17.3
1994
15.2
19.6
17.2
15.2
19.7
17.2
1995
14.9
19.4
17.0
15.1
19.6
17.1
1996
15.0
19.8
17.2
14.9
19.5
17.0
1997
14.7
19.4
16.8
14.9
19.6
17.0
1998
14.8
19.7
17.1
14.7
19.4
16.8
1999
14.5
19.1
16.6
14.6
19.4
16.8
2000
14.7
19.3
16.8
14.5
19.1
16.7
2001
14.4
18.8
16.5
14.4
19.0
16.6
2002
14.3
18.8
16.5
14.3
18.9
16.6
2003
14.4
19.1
16.7
14.3
19.0
16.6
2004
14.2
18.9
16.5
14.3
19.2
16.7
2005
14.4
19.5
16.9
14.4
19.4
16.9
2006
14.6
19.7
17.2
14.6
19.7
17.1
2007
14.8
20.0
17.4
14.8
20.1
17.4
2008
15.1
20.5
17.8
15.2
20.6
17.9
2009
15.7
21.4
18.5
15.6
21.2
18.4
2010
15.9
21.7
18.8
16.0
21.7
18.8
2011
16.2
22.1
19.1
16.2
22.1
19.1
2012
16.4
22.5
19.4



A-8

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Table A-3
Light-Duty Vehicle Adjusted Fuel Economy
Cars and Trucks
Model
Year
City
Actual Data
Highway
Composite
Three-Year Moving Average
City Highway Composite
1975
12.0
14.6
13.1



1976
13.2
15.7
14.2
13.1
15.7
14.1
1977
14.0
16.6
15.1
14.0
16.6
15.0
1978
14.7
17.5
15.8
14.5
17.2
15.6
1979
14.9
17.4
15.9
15.7
18.8
17.0
1980
17.6
21.5
19.2
17.1
20.6
18.5
1981
18.8
23.0
20.5
18.6
22.8
20.3
1982
19.2
23.9
21.1
19.0
23.6
20.8
1983
19.0
23.9
21.0
19.1
23.9
21.0
1984
19.1
24.0
21.0
19.1
24.1
21.1
1985
19.3
24.4
21.3
19.4
24.5
21.4
1986
19.8
25.0
21.8
19.6
24.9
21.7
1987
19.8
25.3
22.0
19.7
25.2
21.9
1988
19.6
25.2
21.9
19.5
25.1
21.8
1989
19.1
24.8
21.4
19.1
24.9
21.5
1990
18.7
24.6
21.2
18.9
24.7
21.3
1991
18.8
24.7
21.3
18.6
24.6
21.1
1992
18.2
24.4
20.8
18.4
24.5
21.0
1993
18.2
24.4
20.9
18.1
24.2
20.7
1994
17.8
23.8
20.4
17.9
24.1
20.6
1995
17.7
24.1
20.5
17.7
24.0
20.4
1996
17.6
24.0
20.4
17.6
23.9
20.4
1997
17.4
23.6
20.2
17.4
23.8
20.2
1998
17.2
23.6
20.1
17.2
23.4
20.0
1999
16.9
23.0
19.7
17.0
23.2
19.9
2000
16.9
23.0
19.8
16.9
23.0
19.7
2001
16.8
22.8
19.6
16.8
22.8
19.6
2002
16.6
22.5
19.5
16.7
22.7
19.6
2003
16.7
22.7
19.6
16.6
22.6
19.4
2004
16.3
22.4
19.3
16.6
22.7
19.6
2005
16.8
23.1
19.9
16.7
23.0
19.8
2006
17.0
23.4
20.1
17.1
23.5
20.2
2007
17.4
24.0
20.6
17.3
23.9
20.6
2008
17.7
24.4
21.0
18.0
24.8
21.3
2009
18.9
26.0
22.4
18.6
25.5
22.0
2010
19.1
26.2
22.6
18.9
26.1
22.5
2011
18.8
26.1
22.4
19.3
26.7
22.9
2012
20.0
27.7
23.8



A-9

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Methodology for Adjusted Fuel Economy Values
for Model Years 1986-2012
On December 27, 2006, EPA published regulations that changed the methodology for calculating
the city and highway fuel economy label estimates for new passenger cars and light trucks (71 Federal
Register 77872). This revised methodology provides fuel economy estimates to consumers that better
reflect real world fuel economy. The methodology incorporates test data that directly account for several
important factors that affect fuel economy in the real world, such as high speeds, aggressive accelerations
and decelerations, the use of air conditioning, and operation in cold temperatures, and indirectly account
for a number of other factors that are not reflected in EPA laboratory test data such as changing fuel
composition, road conditions, etc.
These vehicle fuel economy label changes were implemented beginning with the 2008 model
year. For model years 2008-2010, manufacturers had two options for calculating city and highway fuel
economy labels: 1) use vehicle-specific "5-cycle" (Federal Test Procedure for urban stop-and-go driving,
Highway Fuel Economy Test for rural driving, US06 test for high speeds and aggressive driving, SC03
test for air conditioning operation, and cold FTP test for cold temperature operation) fuel economy test
data in "composite" equations that calculate vehicle-specific city and highway fuel economy values using
weighting factors for data from each of the 5 EPA test cycles, or 2) use an industry-average "mpg-based"
method to derive 5-cycle values, which yields mpg-based adjustments based on a regression of recent 5-
cycle fuel economy data for the industry as a whole, and applied to "2-cycle" fuel economy test results.
Beginning with MY 2011, manufacturers are required to perform an evaluation using 5-cycle tests
conducted for vehicle emissions certification that determines whether the models represented by the
certification vehicle are eligible to use the less resource-intensive mpg-based method for determining
adjusted fuel economy values. The evaluation consists of a comparison of 5-cycle and mpg-based 2-cycle
fuel economy values to determine whether the mpg-based method achieves results comparable to the 5-
cycle method. If the evaluation finds that the 5-cycle method yields significantly lower fuel economy
estimates than the derived 5-cycle method, then the manufacturer is required to use the 5-cycle method
for all models represented by the emission certification vehicle. Of course, a manufacturer may use the
full 5-cycle method for any vehicles for which it is not required if they believe it produces better fuel
economy results. Although this required evaluation has resulted in more models using the 5-cycle
method, they are still in the minority. In the 2010 model year, before this evaluation was required, about
seven percent of models used the more complex and labor-intensive method, but two years later, in the
2012 model year, this fraction has doubled to about 14 percent. For more details on the derivation of
these options, the specific equations that allow an automaker to calculate new label values using either the
vehicle-specific 5-cycle test data or the industry-average mpg-based derived 5-cycle approach, and the
impact of these changes on average fuel economy label values, see the Preamble to the new regulations
(71 Federal Register 77881-77893).
Beginning with the 2007 Trends report, EPA has made significant changes in how adjusted (ADJ)
fuel economy values for model years 1986 through 2012 are calculated to reflect the revised EPA fuel
economy label methodology. These changes affect every table and figure in this report that involve
adjusted fuel economy data. Accordingly, adjusted fuel economy values for 1986 and later model years
should not be compared with the corresponding values from pre-2007 reports in this series. Specifically,
the adjusted fuel economy values for 1986-2012 in this report differ from those in pre-2007 reports as
explained below.
A-10

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• For model years 2005-2012, EPA calculates adjusted fuel economy values for most of the
individual models in the fuel economy trends database using the following city and highway
"mpg-based" equations from the EPA fuel economy labeling rulemaking:
New ADJ CITY = 	-r^
0.003259 + LAB CITY
New ADJ HWY = 	TTJZT
0.001376+ 13466
LAB HWY
The above equations are not used if a manufacturer chooses the option of providing vehicle-
specific 5-cycle test data for an individual model. In that case, the adjusted fuel economy
values are calculated using equations with weighting factors for the vehicle-specific data
from the 5-cycle tests.
Calculating fleetwide adjusted city and highway fuel economy values for a given model year
requires a harmonic, production-weighted average of all of the adjusted city and highway fuel
economy values for individual models.
The above equations yield a greater downward adjustment for higher fuel economy vehicles
than for lower fuel economy vehicles. For example, compared to the older fuel economy
label methodology, a 15 mpg city value will be reduced by an additional 10%, while a 50
mpg city value will be reduced by an additional 18%. Likewise, a 20 mpg highway value
will be reduced by an additional 7%, while a 50 mpg highway value will be reduced by an
additional 11%. EPA projected an overall average fleetwide adjustment of 11% lower for
city fuel economy and 8% lower for highway fuel economy, beyond that in the older label
adjustment methodology that has been used in pre-2007 reports in this series. These factors
can be used to convert older adjusted fuel economy values to the newer adjusted fuel
economy values for the current fleet as a whole, but would not be appropriate factors to use
for individual models or for a future fleet with different mpg characteristics.
This report seldom uses separate city and highway fuel economy values, but typically uses
the composite city/highway fuel economy value. Pre-2007 reports used a 55% city/45%
highway weighting for adjusted composite fuel economy values, the same weighting used for
laboratory composite values and for the CAFE compliance program. The analysis of real
world driving activity underlying the newer fuel economy label methodology assumed a
"speed cutpoint" of 45 miles per hour to differentiate between city and highway driving (71
Federal Register 77904). Based on this speed cutpoint, the correct weighting for correlating
the new city and highway fuel economy values with real world driving, on a miles driven
basis, is 43% city/57% highway. Accordingly, the 43% city/57% highway weighting is now
used for all adjusted composite city/highway fuel economy values in this report beginning
with the 2005 model year (note that the historic 55% city/45% highway weighting is still used
for both CAFE compliance and fuel economy labels).
A-ll

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The appropriate fleetwide factors to convert laboratory or older adjusted fuel economy values
to the newer adjusted fuel economy values are dependent on the city fuel economy-to-
highway fuel economy ratios in the fleet. On average, for the current fleet, combining the
11% lower adjustment for city fuel economy, the 8% lower adjustment for highway fuel
economy, and the shift to the 43% city/57% highway weighting, the newer adjustment for
city/highway composite fuel economy values is 7% lower than that used in the older label
adjustment methodology. This 7% lower value is the average impact for a fleet with the mpg
and city fuel economy-to-highway fuel economy characteristics of the current MY 2012 fleet,
and would not be the appropriate value for individual models, partial fleet segments, or for
past or future fleets with different mpg and city fuel economy-to-highway fuel economy
distributions.
• For model years 1986 through 2004, EPA calculates adjusted fuel economy values based on
the assumption that the impacts of the factors that have led to lower real world fuel economy
have occurred in a gradual (i.e., linear) manner over the 20 years from 1986 through 2005.
On April 6, 1984, EPA published regulations that established the older fuel economy label
adjustment factors of 0.9 for city fuel economy and 0.78 for highway fuel economy that took
effect for model year 1985 vehicles (49 Federal Register 13832). EPA believes that these
adjustment factors were appropriate through the 1985 model year. EPA has not attempted to
perform a year-by-year analysis to determine the extent to which the many relevant factors
(including highway speed limits, more aggressive driving, vehicle horsepower-to-weight
ratio, suburbanization, congestion, use of air conditioning, gasoline composition, et al) that
have affected real world fuel economy since 1985 have changed over time. Rather, EPA has
made the simplifying, but we think reasonable, assumption that the collective impact of these
changes has been a linearly increasing impact over the 20 years from 1986 through 2005.
Using the equations shown above for individual models, EPA has assumed 1/20 of the fully
phased-in downward adjustment for city and highway values would be reflected in the 1986
data, 2/20 of this adjustment would be reflected in the 1987 data, etc., up to 19/20 of this
adjustment in 2004 and the full adjustment in 2005 and later years. Likewise, EPA has
assumed the 55/45 city/highway weighting changes to a 43/57 city/highway weighting in a
linear fashion over the 1986 to 2005 time period as well. The average fleetwide composite
city/highway fuel economy values for 2005 were projected to be , on average, about 6%
lower than the composite city/highway fuel economy value calculated with the older
adjustment factors.
To generate precise adjusted city, highway, or composite fuel economy values for individual
models or for future fleetwide averages with different mpg or city fuel economy-to-highway fuel
economy ratios than the current fleet, it is essential to use the above equations to calculate adjusted city
and highway fuel economy values for individual models, then use the 43% city/57% highway weighting
to generate an adjusted composite fuel economy value for individual models, and then calculate the
harmonically production-weighted average of the individual models to yield the average composite fuel
economy for the fleet as a whole. Alternatively, for a first-order estimate of generic fleetwide factors that
one could use to convert values from the historic fuel economy trends database to the newer adjusted fuel
economy levels, see the factors in Table A-4, which are based on the mpg and city fuel economy-to-
highway fuel economy characteristics of the current fleet. For example, the industry-wide adjusted
composite city/highway fuel economy value for model year 1986 in this year's report, which will be
reported as ADJ COMP, is about .997 (1.0 minus 0.003, where 0.003 equals 0.3%, and the latter is equal
A-12

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to 6% divided by 20) times the adjusted composite city/highway fuel economy value, or ADJ 55/45, from
pre-2007 reports in this series. Likewise, the same industry-wide ADJ COMP value for 1986 can be
approximated by multiplying the laboratory composite 55/45 value for 1986 by 0.851. The industry-wide
ADJ COMP fuel economy values for model years 2005-2011 in this year's report are all equal to 0.80
times the laboratory composite 55/45 values.
It is important to note that the above discussion, as well as all the data in this report, is focused on
new model year vehicle fleets, i.e., the data for a MY2000 vehicle is most directly relevant for that
vehicle operated on the road in calendar year 2000. Because most (though not all) of the real world
factors reflected in this methodology are relatively independent of vehicle design, the best approximation
of the adjusted fuel economy of a used MY2000 vehicle in calendar year 2011 would be to use the 2011
factors in Table A-4.
Table A-5 provides a comparison of adjusted composite fuel economy values, for cars and trucks
combined, using both the older fuel economy label methodology that has been used in pre-2007 reports in
this series as well as the newer fuel economy label methodology described above and used in 2007 and
later reports.
No changes have been made in the way EPA calculates adjusted fuel economy values for 1975-
1985. For these model years, EPA still uses the 0.9 city/0.78 highway fuel economy adjustments
established in 1984, along with the 55% city/45% highway weighting factor. EPA believes that this
methodology was appropriate for the late 1970s and early 1980s and is not making any changes to
adjusted fuel economy values for 1975 through 1985.
No changes have been made in the laboratory (LAB) fuel economy values in this report. The
laboratory city value remains the fuel economy value over the EPA Federal Test Procedure, the laboratory
highway value remains the fuel economy value over the EPA Highway Fuel Economy Test, and the
laboratory 55/45 is a weighted value of these two tests, with a 55% weighting of the Federal Test
Procedure and a 45% weighting of the Highway Fuel Economy Test. The laboratory 55/45 values are
used for CAFE compliance, in conjunction with alternative fuel vehicle credits and test procedure
adjustments. Because the underlying methodology for generating and reporting the laboratory fuel
economy values have not changed since this series began in the mid-1970s, these values provide an
excellent basis with which to compare long-term fuel economy trends from the perspective of vehicle
design, apart from the factors that affect real world fuel economy that are reflected in the adjusted fuel
economy values.
Finally, this same methodology for including real world factors in the adjusted fuel economy
values is also reflected in the adjusted carbon dioxide (C02) emissions data as well. As discussed in
Section IV, EPA back-calculated all C02 emissions values in this report from corresponding fuel
economy values in the historical Trends database. Accordingly, the adjusted C02 emissions values
explicitly account for the above methodology for 1986 and later model years.
A-13

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Table A-4
Approximate Factors for Converting Industry-Wide Fuel Economy Values from Previous
Reports to the New Fuel Economy Values in this 2012 Report
Factors to convert	Factors to convert
older ADJ to new ADJ	LABtonewADJ

CITY
HWY
55/45
CITY
HWY
55/45
1975-1985
1.000
1.000
1.000
0.900
0.780
0.854
1986
0.995
0.996
0.997
0.895
0.777
0.851
1987
0.989
0.992
0.994
0.890
0.774
0.849
1998
0.984
0.988
0.991
0.885
0.771
0.846
1989
0.978
0.984
0.988
0.880
0.768
0.843
1990
0.973
0.980
0.985
0.875
0.765
0.841
1991
0.967
0.976
0.982
0.870
0.762
0.838
1992
0.962
0.972
0.979
0.865
0.759
0.835
1993
0.956
0.968
0.976
0.860
0.756
0.832
1994
0.951
0.964
0.973
0.855
0.753
0.830
1995
0.945
0.960
0.970
0.850
0.750
0.827
1996
0.940
0.956
0.967
0.845
0.747
0.824
1997
0.934
0.952
0.964
0.840
0.744
0.822
1998
0.929
0.948
0.961
0.835
0.741
0.819
1999
0.923
0.944
0.958
0.830
0.738
0.816
2000
0.918
0.940
0.955
0.825
0.735
0.814
2001
0.912
0.936
0.952
0.820
0.732
0.811
2002
0.907
0.932
0.949
0.815
0.729
0.808
2003
0.901
0.928
0.946
0.810
0.726
0.805
2004
0.896
0.924
0.943
0.805
0.723
0.803
2005 - 2012
0.890
0.920
0.940
0.800
0.720
0.800
Important Notes for Table A-4:
1.	Multiplying the factors above times the appropriate values from pre-2007 reports approximates the
newer adjusted (ADJ) fuel economy values in this 2012 report. Also, these factors can be used "in
reverse" to convert new adjusted fuel economy values in this report to corresponding old adjusted fuel
economy values or to corresponding laboratory fuel economy values, e.g., dividing an adjusted, combined
city/highway MY 2012 fuel economy value in this report by .940 would yield a corresponding adjusted
fuel economy value based on the methodology used in pre-2007 reports.
2.	These factors are first-order approximations relevant only for industry-wide fuel economy values for
the 1986 through 2012 timeframe.
3.	Precise estimates for individual models require the use of the mpg-based equations for ADJ CITY and
ADJ HWY provided above as well as a linear phase-in, over the 1986 to 2005 time period, for both the
mpg-based equations and the change from a 55/45 city/highway weighting to a 43/57 city/highway
weighting.
4.	These approximations would yield the largest error for individual models or fleets with high mpg
and/or high city fuel economy-to-highway fuel economy ratios.
A-14

-------
Table A-5
Comparison of "Old" and "New" Adjusted Composite Fuel Economy Values,
for Cars and Trucks Combined, for 2003-2012
Cars and Trucks Combined	
"Old"	"New"
Model Adjusted Adjusted
Year Composite Composite
2003
20.8
19.6
2004
20.5
19.3
2005
21.2
19.9
2006
21.5
20.1
2007
22.0
20.6
2008
22.4
21.0
2009
24.1
22.4
2010
24.3
22.6
2011
24.5
22.8
2012
25.6
23.8
Important Notes for Table A-5:
1.	"Old" adjusted composite fuel economy values are based on the EPA fuel economy label
methodology used in previous reports in this series, i.e., 10% downward city adjustment, 22% downward
highway adjustment, and a 55% city/45% highway weighting factor.
2.	"New" adjusted composite fuel economy values are based on the new EPA fuel economy label
methodology, applicable to MY2011 vehicles and used for the first time in the 2007 report and described
in the previous section.
A-15

-------
Comparison of EPA and NHTSA Data, 1975-2012
Table A-6 compares CAFE performance data reported by the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration ("Summary of Fuel Economy Performance" report dated October 2, 2012 and available at
www.nhtsa.gov) with the adjusted and unadjusted (laboratory) composite fuel economy data in this
report. The NHTSA values in Table A-6 are generally higher than the EPA laboratory values due to
differences in alternative fuel vehicle credits, test procedure adjustment factors for cars, and, for years
prior to MY 2011, some minor differences in vehicle classification. In recent years for which both
Agencies report final data, the NHTSA values are typically 0.6-1.0 mpg higher than the EPA values due
to these differences. For MY2012, the preliminary NHTSA value is higher than the preliminary EPA
number by 0.6 mpg for cars and 0.7 mpg for trucks. These preliminary projections are based on different
data sets. The EPA value is based on automaker submissions in the spring and summer of 2011 to
support vehicle fuel economy labels. The NHTSA value is based on automaker estimates provided in
mid-model year CAFE reports later in 2011. Final MY2012 results will be reported in next year's report.
The EPA car and truck fuel economy values shown in Table A-6 for years prior to MY 2011
differ from the values found elsewhere in this report. Beginning with the 2011 report, EPA reclassified
most small, 2 wheel drive SUVs from trucks to cars for the entire MY 1975-2012 database. This reflects
a regulatory change made by NHTSA for CAFE standards beginning in MY 2011 and which will apply
for the joint EPA/NHTSA greenhouse gas emissions and CAFE standards that have been finalized for
MY 2012-2025. These changes were not in effect for years prior to MY 2011, and accordingly NHTSA's
CAFE fuel economy values prior to MY 2011 are based on the previous car and truck definitions. To
enable a comparison to the NHTSA values, the EPA car and truck values in Table A-6 through model
year 2010 were calculated using the previous car and truck definitions, which is not consistent with the
rest of this report. While the individual car and truck numbers in Table A-6 are unique, the car and truck
definitions do not affect the overall (car plus truck)fuel economy values, which are consistent with the
rest of this report.
A-16

-------
Table A-6
EPA Adjusted, Laboratory, and NHTSA CAFE Fuel Economy Values by Model Year



Cars


Trucks


Both Cars and Trucks

Model
EPA
EPA
NHTSA

EPA
EPA
NHTSA

EPA
EPA
NHTSA

Year
Adj.
Unadj.
(CAFE)
Diff.
Adj.
Unadj.
(CAFE)
Diff.
Adj.
Unadj.
(CAFE)
Diff.
1975
13.5
15.8
n/a

11.6
13.7
n/a

13.1
15.3
n/a

1976
14.9
17.5
n/a

12.2
14.4
n/a

14.2
16.7
n/a

1977
15.6
18.3
n/a

13.3
15.6
n/a

15.1
17.7
n/a

1978
16.9
19.9
19.9
0.0
12.9
15.2
n/a

15.8
18.6
19.9
1.3
1979
17.2
20.3
20.3
0.0
12.5
14.7
18.2
3.5
15.9
18.7
20.1
1.4
1980
20.0
23.5
24.3
0.8
15.8
18.6
18.5
-0.1
19.2
22.5
23.1
0.6
1981
21.4
25.1
25.9
0.8
17.1
20.1
20.1

20.5
24.1
24.6
0.5
1982
22.2
26.0
26.6
0.6
17.4
20.5
20.5

21.1
24.7
25.1
0.4
1983
22.1
25.9
26.4
0.5
17.8
20.9
20.7
-0.2
21.0
24.6
24.8
0.2
1984
22.4
26.3
26.9
0.6
17.4
20.5
20.6
0.1
21.0
24.6
25.0
0.4
1985
23.0
27.0
27.6
0.6
17.5
20.6
20.7
0.1
21.3
25.0
25.4
0.4
1986
23.7
27.9
28.2
0.3
18.2
21.4
21.5
0.1
21.8
25.7
25.9
0.2
1987
23.8
28.1
28.5
0.4
18.3
21.6
21.7
0.1
22.0
25.9
26.2
0.3
1988
24.1
28.6
28.8
0.2
17.9
21.2
21.3
0.1
21.9
25.9
26.0
0.1
1989
23.7
28.1
28.4
0.3
17.6
20.9
21.0
0.1
21.4
25.4
25.6
0.2
1990
23.3
27.8
28.0
0.2
17.4
20.7
20.8
0.1
21.2
25.2
25.4
0.2
1991
23.4
28.0
28.4
0.4
17.8
21.3
21.3

21.3
25.4
25.6
0.2
1992
23.1
27.6
27.9
0.3
17.4
20.8
20.8

20.8
24.9
25.1
0.2
1993
23.5
28.2
28.4
0.2
17.5
21.0
21.0

20.9
25.1
25.2
0.1
1994
23.3
28.0
28.3
0.3
17.2
20.8
20.8

20.4
24.6
24.7
0.1
1995
23.4
28.3
28.6
0.3
17.0
20.5
20.5

20.5
24.7
24.9
0.2
1996
23.3
28.3
28.5
0.2
17.2
20.8
20.8

20.4
24.8
24.9
0.1
1997
23.4
28.4
28.7
0.3
17.0
20.6
20.6

20.1
24.5
24.6
0.1
1998
23.4
28.5
28.8
0.3
17.1
20.9
21.0
0.1
20.1
24.5
24.7
0.2
1999
23.0
28.2
28.3
0.1
16.7
20.5
20.9
0.4
19.7
24.1
24.5
0.4
2000
22.9
28.2
28.5
0.3
16.9
20.8
21.3
0.5
19.8
24.3
24.8
0.5
2001
23.0
28.4
28.8
0.4
16.7
20.6
20.9
0.3
19.6
24.2
24.5
0.3
2002
23.1
28.6
29.0
0.4
16.7
20.6
21.4
0.8
19.5
24.1
24.7
0.6
2003
23.2
28.9
29.5
0.6
16.9
20.9
21.8
0.9
19.6
24.3
25.1
0.8
2004
23.1
28.9
29.5
0.6
16.7
20.8
21.5
0.7
19.3
24.0
24.6
0.6
2005
23.5
29.5
30.3
0.8
17.2
21.4
22.1
0.7
19.9
24.8
25.4
0.6
2006
23.3
29.2
30.1
0.9
17.5
21.8
22.5
0.7
20.1
25.2
25.8
0.6
2007
24.1
30.3
31.2
0.9
17.7
22.1
23.1
1.0
20.6
25.8
26.6
0.8
2008
24.3
30.5
31.5
1.0
18.2
22.7
23.6
0.9
21.0
26.3
27.1
0.8
2009
25.4
32.1
32.9
0.8
19.0
23.8
24.8
1.0
22.4
28.2
29.0
0.8
2010
25.8
32.7
33.9
1.2
19.1
23.8
25.2
1.4
22.6
28.4
29.3
0.9
2011
25.6
32.3
33.3
1.0
19.1
23.9
24.6
0.7
22.4
28.1
29.0
0.9
2012
27.3
34.6
35.2

19.4
24.3
25.0

23.8
30.0
30.8

A-17

-------
Comparison of EPA and NHTSA Data for MY2011 by Manufacturer
The primary differences between EPA unadjusted laboratory fuel economy data and NHTSA
CAFE values are flexible fuel vehicle (FFV) credits that are available to manufacturers that produce
vehicles capable of operation on an alternative fuel (generally a blend of 85 percent ethanol and 15
percent gasoline), and test procedure adjustment (TPA) credits that apply to manufacturers of passenger
cars. Any remaining offsets are due to alternative fuel vehicles, which are not included in the overall fuel
economy values provided in this report (see section VIII Alternative Fuel Vehicle Trends, for more
information about alternative fuel vehicles), or due to rounding.
Table A-7 shows a detailed MY2011 comparison, for the eleven highest-volume manufacturers
(excluding Hyundai and Kia), of the EPA laboratory fuel economy values from this report and final
NHTSA CAFE values based on the year end fuel economy report data provided to EPA and NHTSA by
automakers. This table shows how EPA laboratory values, FFV credits, and TPA credits "add up" to
CAFE values.
In order to be consistent with NHTSA CAFE reports, Fiat is excluded from the Chrysler data for
Table A-7, but is included with Chrysler elsewhere in this report.
The FFV and TPA credit values in Table A-7 were obtained directly from EPA's fuel economy
compliance program. The data is from the annual manufacturer Corporate Average Fuel Economy
(CAFE) Reports. The CAFE program recognizes Domestic and Import passenger vehicles separately, so
the passenger car results in Table A-7 are calculated from these categories. The truck FFV credit values
were obtained directly (trucks are not eligible for TPA credits). The combined car and truck FFV and
TPA credits were generated using the car and truck sales. This column is shown for illustrative purposes
only, since there are no CAFE standards for combined cars and trucks.
For MY2011, five manufacturers earned FFV credits for cars and six manufacturers did so for
trucks. All manufacturers were eligible for the TPA credits for cars.
A-18

-------
Table A-7
Comparison of MY2011 EPA Laboratory and Final NHTSA CAFE Values
by Manufacturer
Manufacturer

Passenger Car


Light Truck


Both Cars and Trucks


EPA
FFV
TPA
NHTSA
EPA
FFV
TPA
NHTSA
EPA
FFV
TPA
NHTSA

LAB
Credit
Credit
CAFE
LAB
Credit
Credit
CAFE
LAB
Credit
Credit
CAFE
General Motors
29.8
1.2
0.2
31.3
22.0
1.2
0.0
23.2
25.7
1.2
0.1
27.1
Toyota
35.9
0.0
0.3
36.2
24.9
0.5
0.0
25.4
30.6
0.3
0.1
31.0
Ford
31.2
1.2
0.3
32.7
23.0
1.2
0.0
24.2
26.5
1.2
0.1
27.8
Honda
35.4
0.0
0.4
35.8
26.4
0.0
0.0
26.4
30.4
0.0
0.1
30.5
Chrysler
28.4
1.2
0.2
29.8
23.2
1.2
0.0
24.4
24.2
1.2
0.0
25.4
BMW
29.1
0.0
0.2
29.3
25.3
0.0
0.0
25.3
28.4
0.0
0.2
28.6
Daimler
25.1
1.2
0.2
26.6
21.1
0.0
0.0
21.1
23.7
0.7
0.1
24.6
Mazda
33.4
0.0
0.4
33.8
24.6
0.1
0.0
24.7
31.7
0.0
0.3
31.9
Nissan
33.3
0.0
0.3
34.1
23.8
1.0
0.0
24.8
29.6
0.5
0.2
30.5
Subaru
30.2
0.0
0.2
30.5
30.4
0.0
0.0
30.4
30.4
0.0
0.1
30.4
VW
33.5
0.1
0.2
33.9
27.1
0.0
0.0
27.1
32.1
0.1
0.2
32.3
* Two manufacturers, Hyundai and Kia, are not included in the table above due to a continuing investigation. On
November 2, 2012, EP A announced that Hyundai and Kia would lower their fuel economy estimates for many
vehicle models as the result of an EPA investigation of test data.
A-19

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Appendix B
Model Year 2012 Nameplate
Fuel Economy Listings
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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4»EB\	2012 FE Trends Report
>jnt!
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Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Appendix C
Fuel Economy Distribution Data
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

-------
2012 FE Trends Report
f m !wm?niai pratoaton	Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
k.uik
r.ii or
1 link
MimKI
^ csir
M.iiinr.ii-i ni'i-r
Model N.mii-
r i • \ si/i-
Cliiss
llliTll.l
W l i-lll
l>mr
1 r;iiiv
(¦I'ili'K
1 ml
liitlurl
III'
< ID
1 ik-I 1- roiiuinx
Cilv
11\\ \
< Olllj)
__..
Car
h-'75
G_\l


5500
1'i'onl



175
455


8.4



Low
Car
1976
Jaguar
JENSEN
Two-seater
4500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
250
440
7.7
9.9
8.6
Low
Car
1977
BMW
ROLLS ROYCE/
Compact
5500
Rear
Automatic

Carbureted
170
412
7.8
8.9
8.3
Low
Car
1978
Chrysler-Fiat
MONACO
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
240
440
7.5
8.7
8.0
Low
Car
1979
Aston Martin
ASTON MARTIN V8
Subcompact
4500
Rear
Manual
5
Carbureted
60
326
6.8
9.7
7.9
Low
Car
1980
Aston Martin
79 ASTON MARTIN
Subcompact
4500
Rear
Manual
5
Carbureted
275
326
6.8
9.7
7.9
Low
Car
1981
Peugeot
604
Compact
3500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
132
174
3.1
6.0
4.0
Low
Car
1982
Chrysler-Fiat
QUATTROPORTE
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
288
301
7.6
9.8
8.5
Low
Car
1983
Chrysler-Fiat
QUATTROPORTE
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
288
301
7.6
9.8
8.5
Low
Car
1984
Chrysler-Fiat
QUATTROPORTE
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
288
301
7.6
9.8
8.5
Low
Car
1985
Chrysler-Fiat
QUATTROPORTE
Midsize Sedan
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
288
301
7.6
9.8
8.5
Low
Car
1986
VW
COUNTACH
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
420
315
6.1
10.4
7.5
Low
Car
1987
vw
COUNTACH
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
420
315
6.1
10.4
7.5
Low
Car
1988
VW
COUNTACH
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
420
315
6.1
10.4
7.5
Low
Car
1989
vw
COUNTACH
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Manual
5
TBI
420
315
6.0
10.3
7.5
Low
Car
1990
Aston Martin
LAG
Subcompact
5000
Rear
Lockup
3
Port
240
326
8.2
10.7
9.2
Low
Car
1991
Vector
VECTOR W8
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Automatic
3
Port
450
365
7.2
10.5
8.5
Low
Car
1992
Vector
VECTOR W8
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Automatic
3
Port
450
365
7.2
10.5
8.5
Low
Car
1993
Vector
VECTOR W8
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Automatic
3
Port
450
365
7.1
10.4
8.5
Low
Car
1994
VW
DB132/DIABLO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
5
Port
492
348
9.0
13.7
10.9
Low
Car
1995
Chrysler-Fiat
FERRARI F50
Two-seater
3000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
510
287
7.3
10.7
8.7
Low
Car
1996
VW
AVTECHSC - Ml 2
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
492
348
8.5
12.2
10.1
Low
Car
1997
VW
DB132-144 - DIABLO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
5
Port
492
348
8.7
13.6
10.7
Low
Car
1998
Chrysler-Fiat
FERRARI 550 MARANELLO
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
475
334
8.6
14.1
10.8
Low
Car
1999
Chrysler-Fiat
FERRARI 550 MARANELLO
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
475
334
8.5
13.4
10.5
Low
Car
2000
Chrysler-Fiat
FERRARI 550 MARANELLO
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
475
334
7.9
12.4
9.9
Low
Car
2001
Chrysler-Fiat
FERRARI 550 MARANELLO-BARCHE
Two-seater
4000
Rear
Manual
6
Port
475
334
7.9
12.4
9.8
Low
Car
2002
VW
L-147 MURCIELAGO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
580
378
8.4
12.0
10.1
Low
Car
2003
Chrysler-Fiat
ENZO FERRARI
Two-seater
3500
Rear
Lockup
6
Port
646
366
7.1
11.6
9.0
Low
Car
2004
VW
L-147-148 MURCIELAGO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
580
378
8.4
12.5
10.3
Low
Car
2005
VW
L-147-148 MURCIELAGO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
580
378
8.3
12.5
10.3
Low
Car
2006
VW
VEYRON
Two-seater
4500
4wd
Lockup
6
Port
1001
488
7.8
13.8
10.3
Low
Car
2007
VW
L-147-148 MURCIELAGO
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
631
396
8.3
12.8
10.4
Low
Car
2008
VW
VEYRON
Two-seater
4500
4wd
Lockup
6
Port
1001
488
7.8
13.0
10.1
Low
Car
2009
VW
MURCIELAGO ROADSTER
Two-seater
4000
4wd
Manual
6
Port
631
396
8.3
12.8
10.4
Low
Car
2010
VW
Veyron
Two-seater
4500
4wd
Automatic
7
Port
1001
488
7.8
13.0
10.1
Low
Car
2011
Chrysler-Fiat
Ferrari 612 SCAGLIETTI
Midsize Sedan
4500
Rear
Automatic
6
Port
532
348
9.4
15.8
12.2
EPA-420-R-13-001
C-l p. 1
March 2013

-------
2012 FE Trends Report
f m !wm?niai pratoaton	Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
K.I Ilk
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Car
2U12

Veyron
T\\ o-scalcr
45UU



1'orl

488
8.4
14.8
11.2
High
Car
1975
Honda
CIVIC CVCC
Mini-compact
2000
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
52
90
25.4
33.0
28.3
High
Car
1976
Honda
CIVIC CVCC
Mini-compact
2000
Front
Manual
3
Carbureted
60
91
28.4
33.4
30.5
High
Car
1977
Honda
CIVIC CVCC
Mini-compact
2000
Front
Manual

Carbureted
60
91
35.7
40.2
37.6
High
Car
1978
VW
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
48
90
35.2
40.7
37.5
High
Car
1979
vw
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
48
90
36.7
42.6
39.1
High
Car
1980
VW
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
48
90
37.7
44.1
40.3
High
Car
1981
vw
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
52
97
37.9
45.4
40.9
High
Car
1982
vw
RABBIT
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
52
97
40.9
45.1
42.7
High
Car
1983
Nissan
NISSAN SENTRA
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
55
103
43.4
47.8
45.3
High
Car
1984
Honda
CIVIC COUPE
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
60
82
45.7
51.2
48.0
High
Car
1985
GM
FIREFLY
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
48
61
47.4
52.6
49.6
High
Car
1985
Suzuki
SA310
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
48
61
47.4
52.6
49.6
High
Car
1985
GM
SPRINT
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
48
61
47.4
52.6
49.6
High
Car
1986
GM
SPRINT ER
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
46
61
54.8
59.2
56.8
High
Car
1987
GM
SPRINT ER
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
46
61
52.7
57.4
54.8
High
Car
1988
GM
SPRINT METRO
Mini-compact
1750
Front
Manual
5
Carbureted
46
61
52.2
57.1
54.4
High
Car
1989
Honda
CIVIC CRX
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
62
91
47.9
53.8
50.6
High
Car
1990
GM
METRO XFI
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
49
61
50.7
56.7
53.4
High
Car
1991
GM
METRO XFI
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
50.2
56.3
53.0
High
Car
1992
GM
METRO XFi
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
49.6
56.0
52.6
High
Car
1993
GM
METRO XFi
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
49.1
55.6
52.2
High
Car
1994
GM
METRO XFi
Subcompact
1750
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
49.3
55.3
52.2
High
Car
1995
Honda
CIVIC HB VX
Subcompact
2250
Front
Manual
5
Port
91
91
42.4
53.0
47.3
High
Car
1996
Suzuki
SWIFT
Subcompact
2000
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
40.3
46.4
43.3
High
Car
1997
GM
METRO
Subcompact
2000
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
61
39.5
46.1
42.8
High
Car
1998
GM
METRO
Subcompact
2000
Front
Manual
5
TBI
55
60
38.1
46.1
42.0
High
Car
1999
VW
NEW BEETLE
Subcompact
3000
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
90
116
36.8
45.4
41.0
High
Car
1999
VW
NEW JETTA
Compact
3000
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
90
116
36.8
45.4
41.0
High
Car
1999
VW
NEW GOLF
Compact
3000
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
90
116
36.8
45.4
41.0
High
Car
2000
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
51.8
63.0
57.4
High
Car
2001
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
50.8
61.8
56.3
High
Car
2002
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
50.2
60.7
55.6
High
Car
2003
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
49.4
60.3
55.0
High
Car
2004
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
67
61
48.6
57.9
53.5
High
Car
2005
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
73
61
48.3
57.7
53.3
High
Car
2006
Honda
INSIGHT
Two-seater
2000
Front
Manual
5
Port
73
61
47.9
57.6
53.0
High
Car
2007
Toyota
PRIUS
Midsize Sedan
3000
Front
CVT
1
Port
76
91
47.7
45.1
46.2
High
Car
2008
Toyota
PRIUS
Midsize Sedan
3000
Front
CVT
1
Port
76
91
47.7
45.1
46.2
High
Car
2009
Toyota
PRIUS
Midsize Sedan
3000
Front
CVT
1
Port
76
91
47.7
45.1
46.2
High
Car
2010
Toyota
PRIUS
Midsize Sedan
3500
Front
CVT
1
Port
98
110
50.8
48.3
49.3
EPA-420-R-13-001
C-l p. 2
March 2013

-------
2012 FE Trends Report
f m !wm?niai pratoaton	Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
k.uik
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1 link
MimKI
Yi'iir
M.iiinr.ii-i ni'i-r
Model N.mii-
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Car
2ul 1
Toy ola
1'RIL S
Midsize Sedan
3500
1'i'onl
CYT

1'orl
^.-'8

io.i.-'
48.3

High
Car
2012
Toyota
PRIUS
Midsize Sedan
3500
Front
CVT
1
Port
98
110
50.7
48.2
49.3
Low
Truck
1975
Ford
FORD F-250
Large Pickup
5000
Rear
Automatic

Carbureted
150
360
7.5
7.8
7.6
Low
Truck
1976
GM
CHEV P20 STEP
Midsize Van
6500
Rear
Automatic

Carbureted
245
454
7.3
8.5
7.8
Low
Truck
1977
Toyota
LAND CRUISER WAG
Midsize Truck SUV
4500
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
125
258
7.4
8.9
8.0
Low
Truck
1978
GM
GMC C2500 SUBN
Large Truck SUV
5500
Rear
Automatic

Carbureted
185
454
8.0
8.1
8.0
Low
Truck
1978
GM
CHEV C20 SUBN
Large Truck SUV
5500
Rear
Automatic

Carbureted
185
454
8.0
8.1
8.0
Low
Truck
1979
Ford
PICKUP
Large Pickup
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
270
460
8.1
7.7
7.9
Low
Truck
1980
GM
CAB CHAS.
Large Pickup
6000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
155
350
8.1
CO
oo
8.4
Low
Truck
1981
Chrysler-Fiat
B250 VAN CONVERS
Midsize Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
170
360
9.0
10.1
9.4
Low
Truck
1982
GM
G35 SPRTVN 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
165
350
9.5
10.8
10.1
Low
Truck
1982
GM
G30 SPRTVN 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
165
350
9.5
10.8
10.1
Low
Truck
1982
GM
G35 SPRTVN 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
165
350
9.5
10.8
10.1
Low
Truck
1982
GM
G30 SPRTVN 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
3
Carbureted
165
350
9.5
10.8
10.1
Low
Truck
1983
Ford
E250 ECONOLINE 2
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
143
351
9.8
10.8
10.3
Low
Truck
1984
Chrysler-Fiat
B350 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
175
360
8.7
10.7
9.5
Low
Truck
1985
Ford
E250 ECONOLINE 2
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
154
351
9.5
9.6
9.6
Low
Truck
1986
Chrysler-Fiat
B350 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
Carbureted
170
360
9.8
11.2
10.4
Low
Truck
1987
Chrysler-Fiat
AW150 RAMCHARGER
Midsize Truck SUV
5000
4wd
Automatic
3
Carbureted
175
360
9.2
11.2
10.0
Low
Truck
1988
Chrysler-Fiat
W100/W150 PICKUP
Large Pickup
5000
4wd
Automatic
3
Carbureted
175
360
9.2
10.6
9.8
Low
Truck
1988
Chrysler-Fiat
W250 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5000
4wd
Automatic
3
Carbureted
175
360
9.2
10.6
9.8
Low
Truck
1989
Chrysler-Fiat
B350 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Automatic
3
TBI
145
360
9.7
10.9
10.2
Low
Truck
1990
GM
CI 500 P/U 2WD
Large Pickup
4500
Rear
Automatic
3
TBI
230
454
9.3
10.8
10.0
Low
Truck
1991
Chrysler-Fiat
W250 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5500
4wd
Manual
3
TBI
190
360
9.1
12.3
10.4
Low
Truck
1992
Chrysler-Fiat
W250 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5500
4wd
Automatic
4
TBI
203
360
9.6
11.4
10.4
Low
Truck
1992
Chrysler-Fiat
W250 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5000
4wd
Automatic
4
TBI
203
360
9.6
11.4
10.4
Low
Truck
1993
GM
CI 500 P/U 2WD
Large Pickup
4500
Rear
Lockup
4
TBI
255
454
9.3
12.0
10.5
Low
Truck
1994
Chrysler-Fiat
B150/B250 WAGON
Midsize Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
230
360
11.0
13.8
12.2
Low
Truck
1995
Chrysler-Fiat
B3500 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
230
360
10.7
14.1
12.2
Low
Truck
1996
Chrysler-Fiat
B3500 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
230
360
10.7
14.1
12.2
Low
Truck
1997
Chrysler-Fiat
B3500 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
230
360
10.3
14.1
12.0
Low
Truck
1997
Chrysler-Fiat
B3500 WAGON 2WD
Large Van
5500
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
230
360
10.3
14.1
12.0
Low
Truck
1998
Chrysler-Fiat
RAM 1500 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
6000
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
235
360
10.9
15.5
12.9
Low
Truck
1999
Chrysler-Fiat
RAM 1500 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5000
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
245
360
11.0
15.5
13.0
Low
Truck
1999
Chrysler-Fiat
DURANGO 4WD
Large Truck SUV
5000
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
245
360
11.0
15.5
13.0
Low
Truck
2000
Rover
RANGE ROVER
Midsize Truck SUV
5000
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
222
278
11.1
14.3
12.6
Low
Truck
2001
GM
K1500 SIERRA 4WD
Large Pickup
5500
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
300
364
10.4
13.3
11.8
Low
Truck
2002
Chrysler-Fiat
RAM 1500 PICKUP 4WD
Large Pickup
5500
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
245
360
10.5
14.5
12.4
Low
Truck
2003
GM
G1500-2500 CHEVY VAN 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
300
364
8.9
13.2
10.9
Low
Truck
2004
GM
G1500-2500 SAVANA 2WD CARGO
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
300
412
8.5
12.5
10.4
Low
Truck
2004
GM
G1500-2500 CHEVY VAN 2WD
Large Van
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
300
412
8.5
12.5
10.4
Low
Truck
2005
Chrysler-Fiat
RAM 1500 PICKUP 2WD
Large Pickup
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
500
505
8.2
11.5
9.8
Low
Truck
2006
Chrysler-Fiat
RAM 1500 PICKUP 2WD
Large Pickup
6000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
500
505
8.2
11.5
9.8
Low
Truck
2007
Daimler
G55 AMG
Large Truck SUV
6000
4wd
Lockup
7
Port
493
333
10.8
13.5
12.2
Low
Truck
2008
Daimler
G55 AMG
Large Truck SUV
6000
4wd
Lockup
5
Port
493
332
10.8
13.5
12.2
EPA-420-R-13-001
C-l p. 3
March 2013

-------
2012 FE Trends Report
f m !wm?niai pratoaton	Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
k.uik
< ,ii or
1 link
MimKI
Yi'iir
M.iiinr.ii-i ni'i-r
Model N.mii-
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2UU'-'

_\1Lo3 AMG

5500



1'orl
503
37^
10.5

12.4



Low
Truck
2010
Daimler
G 55 AMG
Large Truck SUV
6000
4wd
Lockup
5
Port
500
332
10.8
13.6
12.2
Low
Truck
2011
Ford
E350 WAGON
Large Van
7000
Rear
Lockup
5
Port
305
415
9.5
12.5
11.0
Low
Truck
2012
Ford
E350 WAGON
Large Van
7000
Rear
Lockup
5
Port
305
415
9.8
13.2
11.5
Low
Truck
2012
Ford
E350 WAGON
Large Van
6500
Rear
Lockup
5
Port
305
415
9.8
13.2
11.5
High
Truck
1975
Nissan
PICKUP
Small Pickup
2750
Rear
Manual
-
Carbureted
107
119
18.3
24.8
20.8
High
Truck
1976
Ford
COURIER PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
65
109
21.1
25.9
23.0
High
Truck
1977
Mazda
MAZDA B1800 PICK
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
25.0
31.1
27.4
High
Truck
1977
Ford
COURIER CAB CHAS
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
25.0
31.1
27.4
High
Truck
1977
Ford
COURIER PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
25.0
31.1
27.4
High
Truck
1978
Ford
COURIER PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
26.3
30.0
27.8
High
Truck
1978
Mazda
B1800 PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
26.3
30.0
27.8
High
Truck
1978
Ford
COURIER CAB CHAS
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual

Carbureted
67
110
26.3
30.0
27.8
High
Truck
1979
Ford
COURIER PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Carbureted
72
120
24.0
28.7
25.9
High
Truck
1979
Mazda
B2000 PICKUP
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Carbureted
72
120
24.0
28.7
25.9
High
Truck
1980
VW
2WD
Small Pickup
2250
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
48
90
35.9
41.6
38.3
High
Truck
1981
VW
P/U 2WD
Small Pickup
2250
Front
Manual
5
Diesel
52
97
33.4
39.7
36.0
High
Truck
1982
VW
P/U 2WD
Small Pickup
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
52
97
36.6
37.4
37.0
High
Truck
1983
VW
P/U 2 WD
Small Pickup
2250
Front
Manual
4
Diesel
52
97
37.8
38.7
38.2
High
Truck
1984
GM
P'UP P/U 2WD
Small Pickup
2750
Rear
Manual
4
Diesel
62
137
34.6
38.3
36.1
High
Truck
1985
GM
P'UP P/U 2WD
Small Pickup
2750
Rear
Manual
4
Diesel
62
137
34.6
38.3
36.1
High
Truck
1986
GM
P'UP 2WD
Small Pickup
2750
Rear
Manual
4
Diesel
62
137
34.3
38.1
36.0
High
Truck
1987
GM
P'UP-2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
4
Diesel
60
137
34.0
38.5
36.0
High
Truck
1988
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small Truck SUV
2250
4wd
Manual
5
Carbureted
64
81
27.0
28.7
27.8
High
Truck
1989
Suzuki
SIDEKICK
Small Truck SUV
2250
4wd
Manual
5
Carbureted
64
79
27.2
28.3
27.7
High
Truck
1990
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small Truck SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
27.2
28.1
27.6
High
Truck
1991
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small Truck SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
27.0
27.9
27.5
High
Truck
1992
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small Truck SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
26.8
27.8
27.3
High
Truck
1993
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small Truck SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
26.6
27.7
27.2
High
Truck
1994
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small Truck SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
26.4
27.6
27.0
High
Truck
1995
Suzuki
SAMURAI
Small Truck SUV
2500
4wd
Manual
5
TBI
66
79
26.3
27.5
26.9
High
Truck
1996
GM
SONOMA 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
118
134
22.3
29.6
25.6
High
Truck
1996
GM
SI0 PICKUP 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
118
134
22.3
29.6
25.6
High
Truck
1997
GM
SONOMA 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
118
134
22.2
29.5
. ' '
High
Truck
1997
GM
SI0 PICKUP 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3000
Rear
Manual
5
Port
118
134
22.2
29.5
25.5
High
Truck
1998
Ford
RANGER ELECTRIC 2WD
Midsize Pickup
5000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
118
152
20.2
32.1
25.1
High
Truck
1999
GM
TRACKER 4X4 CONVERTIBLE
Small Truck SUV
3000
4wd
Manual
5
Port
97
97
23.0
26.3
24.7
High
Truck
2000
Ford
RANGER ELECTRIC 2WD
Midsize Pickup
5000
Rear
Lockup
4
Port
118
153
19.9
31.3
24.8
High
Truck
2001
Ford
RANGER PICKUP 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
138
140
21.7
25.5
23.6
High
Truck
2001
Mazda
B2300 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
138
140
21.7
25.5
23.6
High
Truck
2002
GM
TRACKER 4WD HARDTOP
Small Truck SUV
3500
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
141
118
22.9
28.6
25.8
High
Truck
2002
Suzuki
VITARA 4-DOOR 4WD
Small Truck SUV
3500
4wd
Lockup
4
Port
141
118
22.9
28.6
25.8
High
Truck
2003
Ford
RANGER PICKUP 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
140
140
21.4
26.4
23.9
High
Truck
2003
Mazda
B2300 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
140
140
21.4
26.4
23.9
High
Truck
2004
Ford
RANGER PICKUP 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
140
140
20.8
26.7
23.8
High
Truck
2004
Mazda
B2300 2WD
Midsize Pickup
3500
Rear
Manual
5
Port
140
140
20.8
26.7
23.8
High
Truck
2005
Ford
ESCAPE HEV 4WD
Midsize Truck SUV
4000
4wd
CVT
1
Port
135
140
28.1
26.3
27.0
EPA-420-R-13-001
C-l p. 4
March 2013

-------
2012 FE Trends Report
f m !wm?niai pratoaton	Appendix C: Vehicles with Lowest and Highest Adjusted MPG by Model Year
K.I Ilk
< ,ii or
1 link
MimKI
Yi'iir
M.iiinr.ii-i ni'i-r
Model N.mii-
r i • \ si/i-
Cliiss
llliTll.l
W l i-lll
l>mr
1 r;iiiv
(¦I'ili'K
1 ml
lixliirl
III'
< ID
1 IK-I 1- Oi||0|||\
Cilv
11 w \
< H||||)


2000
Mazda
TRlBLTli HYBRID 4\YD
Midsize Truck SL V
4UUU

C\T


135

28.1
2o.3
27.U


High
Truck
2006
Ford
MARINER HYBRID 4WD
Midsize Truck SUV
4000
4wd
CVT
1
Port
135
140
28.1
26.3
27.0
High
Truck
2006
Ford
ESCAPE HYBRID 4WD
Midsize Truck SUV
4000
4wd
CVT
1
Port
135
140
28.1
26.3
27.0
High
Truck
2007
Ford
MARINER HYBRID 4WD
Midsize Truck SUV
4000
4wd
CVT
1
Port
133
140
27.6
26.7
27.1
High
Truck
2007
Ford
ESCAPE HYBRID 4WD
Midsize Truck SUV
4000
4wd
CVT
1
Port
133
140
27.6
26.7
27.1
High
Truck
2008
Ford
ESCAPE HYBRID 4WD
Midsize Truck SUV
4000
4wd
CVT
1
Port
133
140
29.3
27.0
27.9
High
Truck
2008
Mazda
TRIBUTE HYBRID 4WD
Midsize Truck SUV
4000
4wd
CVT
1
Port
133
140
29.3
27.0
27.9
High
Truck
2008
Ford
MARINER HYBRID 4WD
Midsize Truck SUV
4000
4wd
CVT
1
Port
133
140
29.3
27.0
27.9
EPA-420-R-13-001
C-l p. 5
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Env«fonmenlflI Pfotec^on
Appendix C: Production-Weighted Percent Distribution of
Adjusted Composite MPG
Draft 11-20-12
( 111' III'
1 llllk
Mmlrl
^ u:i I'
IVm-nlNc 1 rM'l
Ai l Hill
A\ i-nijii-

-„-l%,-»
5%
111",,
211",,
-.,•25%.,
50",,
,,,35%,,
XII",,
911",,
95%
99",,
1(1(1':,,
Car
1975
8.4
9.0
9.8
10.1
11.0
11.2
13.1
16.7
17.9
20.9
23.3
27.4
28.3
13.5
Car
1976
8.6
10.3
11.3
11.7
12.3
12.7
14.6
17.3
18.9
22.9
24.5
28.2
30.5
14.9
Car
1977
8.3
10.5
11.6
12.4
13.6
14.0
15.0
17.3
18.9
24.3
28.0
33.8
37.6
15.6
Car
1978
8.0
11.3
12.5
13.2
14.2
14.9
16.9
19.8
21.3
25.0
28.2
32.7
37.5
16.9
Car
1979
7.9
12.0
13.1
13.7
14.7
15.1
16.9
20.4
21.9
25.0
26.5
31.0
39.1
17.2
Car
1980
7.9
13.9
14.8
15.9
17.3
17.6
19.8
23.1
24.0
26.6
29.1
38.0
40.3
20.0
Car
1981
4.0
14.6
15.8
17.0
18.3
18.6
21.6
25.3
26.2
28.6
31.6
37.9
40.9
21.4
Car
1982
8.5
15.4
16.6
17.0
18.2
19.1
23.4
26.0
27.2
29.6
32.6
38.9
42.7
22.2
Car
1983
8.5
16.3
16.5
17.0
17.8
18.4
22.3
26.7
28.0
31.2
33.4
36.6
45.3
22.1
Car
1984
8.5
16.6
17.1
17.3
18.1
19.3
22.9
26.5
27.3
29.9
32.8
38.2
48.0
22.4
Car
1985
8.5
17.6
17.8
18.4
19.5
19.9
22.8
26.7
27.7
29.9
33.6
39.0
49.6
23.0
Car
1986
7.5
18.0
18.8
19.5
20.3
20.6
24.4
26.7
27.6
30.1
33.7
39.3
56.8
23.7
Car
1987
7.5
18.2
18.6
19.2
20.6
21.2
23.9
27.1
27.6
30.1
31.3
38.1
54.8
23.8
Car
1988
7.5
17.8
19.2
19.4
21.2
22.4
24.1
27.1
27.7
30.5
32.1
37.9
54.4
24.1
Car
1989
7.5
18.0
19.3
19.6
20.7
21.7
23.3
26.3
27.2
29.1
31.1
37.7
50.6
23.6
Car
1990
9.2
17.5
19.0
19.3
21.3
21.5
23.1
26.0
26.4
28.2
30.9
34.6
53.4
23.3
Car
1991
8.5
17.1
18.8
19.6
20.3
21.1
22.8
26.1
26.3
29.2
31.2
36.7
53.0
23.3
Car
1992
8.5
16.9
18.3
19.5
20.6
20.8
22.4
25.5
25.9
28.5
31.2
39.1
52.6
22.9
Car
1993
8.5
15.1
18.2
19.2
20.3
21.3
22.7
25.7
26.9
28.4
31.1
35.8
52.2
23.0
Car
1994
10.9
17.1
18.8
19.6
20.1
20.9
22.7
25.6
26.3
28.5
30.6
35.8
52.2
23.0
Car
1995
8.7
16.8
18.9
19.4
21.0
21.7
22.7
26.0
27.1
29.0
31.4
33.8
47.3
23.3
Car
1996
10.1
16.7
19.3
19.5
20.9
21.4
22.6
25.6
26.1
29.1
30.5
33.9
43.3
23.1
Car
1997
10.7
16.9
19.3
19.4
20.7
21.1
23.0
25.3
26.4
28.8
29.8
33.2
42.8
23.2
Car
1998
10.8
17.0
18.6
19.4
21.0
21.3
22.7
25.3
26.1
28.7
29.8
31.5
42.0
23.0
Car
1999
10.5
17.1
18.7
19.4
21.0
21.3
22.3
24.5
25.2
27.8
29.2
30.9
41.0
22.7
Car
2000
9.9
17.1
17.7
19.5
20.9
21.3
22.1
24.3
25.0
27.2
28.5
31.0
57.4
22.5
Car
2001
9.8
16.9
18.3
19.4
20.8
20.9
22.3
25.1
25.6
27.8
30.9
31.9
56.3
22.6
Car
2002
10.1
16.5
18.8
19.7
20.8
21.3
22.5
25.0
25.3
27.3
29.4
31.7
55.6
22.8
Car
2003
9.0
17.1
19.1
19.7
20.8
21.2
23.0
25.1
25.6
27.9
29.6
32.4
55.0
23.0
Car
2004
10.3
17.4
18.5
19.1
20.6
21.0
22.9
25.4
25.7
28.0
29.6
35.3
53.5
22.9
Car
2005
10.3
17.2
18.6
19.4
20.3
21.2
23.3
25.7
25.8
29.1
29.8
41.8
53.3
23.1
Car
2006
10.3
16.9
18.6
19.1
20.4
21.1
23.0
25.5
25.8
28.8
30.9
42.9
53.0
23.0
Car
2007
10.4
17.2
18.7
19.6
20.7
21.2
23.6
25.9
27.5
30.2
31.3
42.9
46.2
23.7
Car
2008
10.1
17.1
18.6
19.8
20.9
21.4
23.6
26.6
27.9
30.3
31.3
42.9
46.2
23.9
Car
2009
10.4
17.2
19.6
20.7
21.8
22.6
25.4
28.1
29.1
30.9
31.0
42.9
46.2
25.0
Car
2010
10.1
18.1
20.1
20.7
22.0
22.7
25.9
29.0
30.2
30.8
35.3
42.9
49.3
25.7
EPA-420-R-13-001
C-2 p. 6
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Env«fonmenlflI Pfotec^on
Appendix C: Production-Weighted Percent Distribution of
Adjusted Composite MPG
Draft 11-20-12
( 111' III'
1 llllk
Mmlrl
^ u:i I'
IVm-nlNc 1 rM'l
Ai l Hill
A\ i-nijii-

-„-l%,-»
5%
111",,
211",,
-.,•25%.,
50",,
,,,35%,,
XII",,
911",,
95%
99",,
1(1(1':,,
Car
2011
12.2
18.4
20.0
21.3
22.4
23.0
26.5
28.0
29.2
30.9
33.2
41.9
49.4
25.6
Car
2012
11.2
18.6
20.6
22.1
23.7
24.6
27.6
31.0
31.8
33.3
36.5
48.8
49.3
27.3
Track
1975
7.6
7.9
8.9
9.2
9.6
9.8
11.7
13.3
15.4
17.8
19.0
19.2
20.8
11.6
Track
1976
7.8
9.0
9.7
10.0
10.4
10.5
11.9
14.1
15.6
17.2
19.7
21.6
23.0
12.2
Track
1977
8.0
8.8
10.3
10.9
11.5
11.6
12.5
15.5
15.8
19.6
21.7
25.6
27.4
13.3
Track
1978
8.0
9.6
10.4
10.6
11.0
11.1
12.2
15.7
16.3
19.3
22.5
24.6
27.8
12.9
Track
1979
7.9
8.1
9.2
9.6
10.3
10.7
12.1
15.5
16.1
19.4
20.7
25.8
25.9
12.5
Track
1980
8.4
10.7
11.4
12.1
13.2
13.4
16.1
19.2
20.3
22.2
23.1
25.9
38.3
15.8
Track
1981
9.4
11.4
12.5
13.4
14.9
15.2
16.1
20.3
21.6
25.0
26.6
31.2
36.0
17.1
Track
1982
10.1
11.1
12.1
13.3
14.8
15.2
17.1
20.9
22.8
24.3
26.4
30.6
37.0
17.4
Track
1983
10.3
11.1
12.0
13.4
14.9
15.4
18.1
22.0
22.8
25.2
26.5
30.0
38.2
17.7
Track
1984
9.5
11.0
12.1
13.2
14.7
15.1
18.3
20.7
21.5
24.3
25.9
29.2
36.1
17.4
Track
1985
9.6
11.4
12.4
13.6
14.0
14.7
18.5
21.0
21.8
24.0
25.2
28.4
36.1
17.5
Track
1986
10.4
11.8
13.5
14.3
15.1
15.6
18.5
21.8
22.9
24.2
25.7
27.8
36.0
18.2
Track
1987
10.0
11.6
13.7
14.2
15.1
15.8
18.7
21.5
22.8
23.8
25.9
27.8
36.0
18.3
Track
1988
9.8
12.2
13.8
14.2
15.3
15.6
18.5
20.2
21.5
23.3
25.0
25.9
27.8
17.8
Track
1989
10.2
11.6
13.7
14.4
15.2
15.5
18.5
20.0
20.4
22.6
24.0
24.8
27.7
17.6
Track
1990
10.0
11.7
13.6
14.0
14.9
15.5
17.6
19.2
20.8
22.3
24.1
24.3
27.6
17.4
Track
1991
10.4
12.5
13.8
14.5
15.6
16.1
18.2
19.8
20.5
23.0
24.0
24.8
27.5
17.8
Track
1992
10.4
12.5
14.0
14.3
15.2
15.7
17.6
19.6
20.2
21.8
23.3
24.7
27.3
17.3
Track
1993
10.5
13.0
13.9
14.1
15.4
15.9
17.8
19.4
19.9
21.8
23.7
24.6
27.2
17.5
Track
1994
12.2
13.0
13.8
14.1
14.9
15.3
17.4
19.6
19.7
22.3
23.4
24.3
27.0
17.2
Track
1995
12.2
12.8
13.7
13.9
14.9
15.1
16.9
19.0
19.3
21.5
23.5
24.1
26.9
17.0
Track
1996
12.2
12.3
13.8
14.4
14.9
15.2
17.4
19.4
19.6
21.5
22.7
24.3
25.6
17.2
Track
1997
12.0
13.1
13.7
14.5
15.0
15.3
16.8
18.6
19.3
20.0
22.0
23.7
25.5
16.8
Track
1998
12.9
13.1
13.6
14.2
14.7
15.1
17.2
19.4
19.8
21.5
22.5
23.6
25.1
17.1
Track
1999
13.0
13.0
13.6
13.9
14.7
15.0
16.8
18.6
19.3
20.3
21.7
23.5
24.7
16.6
Track
2000
12.6
13.1
13.8
14.5
15.3
15.3
16.8
18.7
19.5
20.1
21.6
22.6
24.8
16.8
Track
2001
11.8
11.8
13.4
14.1
14.9
15.1
16.3
18.7
19.1
19.9
21.1
22.5
23.6
16.5
Track
2002
12.4
12.6
13.8
14.4
15.0
15.1
16.2
18.2
18.9
19.8
20.9
22.6
25.8
16.5
Track
2003
10.9
13.0
13.8
14.1
14.8
15.2
16.3
18.8
19.4
20.8
21.7
22.5
23.9
16.7
Track
2004
10.4
13.5
13.8
14.3
14.8
15.0
16.3
18.0
18.9
20.2
20.8
22.2
23.8
16.5
Track
2005
9.8
13.2
14.2
14.5
14.9
15.3
16.7
18.9
19.1
20.5
21.4
22.2
27.0
16.9
Track
2006
9.8
14.0
14.2
14.7
15.3
15.4
17.1
19.1
19.7
20.8
22.1
23.8
27.0
17.2
Track
2007
12.2
14.0
14.6
15.0
15.8
15.9
17.1
19.2
19.5
20.8
22.4
23.6
27.1
17.4
Track
2008
12.2
14.3
14.8
15.0
16.1
16.3
17.6
19.7
20.0
22.1
22.7
24.9
27.9
17.8
EPA-420-R-13-001
C-2 p. 7
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Env«fonmenlflI Pfotec^on
Appendix C: Production-Weighted Percent Distribution of
Adjusted Composite MPG
Draft 11-20-12
( 111' III'
1 lUlk
Mmlrl
W:ir
IVm-lllNc 1 rM'l
Ai l Hill
A\ i-nijii-

,,.i%,.
5%
111",,
211",,
-.,•25%.,
50",,
,,,35%,,
XII",,
911",,
,,95%.,
99",,
1(1(1':,,
Truck
2009
12.4
14.8
15.3
15.7
16.6
16.7
18.9
20.4
20.9
22.6
23.4
25.0
28.3
18.5
Track
2010
12.2
14.6
15.3
15.8
16.5
17.2
18.9
20.9
21.3
23.3
23.9
24.8
28.7
18.8
iracK
ZUII
lu.yy
14.4b
13.
lb.13
1 /.!Z8
1 /. b
iy.i
21:2
22:2

24.3
Z4.b

19.1
Track
2012
11.48
14.74
15.18
16.06
17.61
17.66
19.4
21.4
22.2
24.1
25
25.9
28.5
19.4
EPA-420-R-13-001
C-2 p. 8
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II III
5
111
III
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
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III
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Adiusted Composite
Car
1976

0.3%
57.6%
24.4%
13.2%
3.8%
0.7%













Adjusted Composite
Car
1977

0.3%
44.0%
36.6%
10.2%
6.5%
1.5%
0.8%












Adjusted Composite
Car
1978

0.3%
26.8%
48.4%
13.6%
6.9%
3.6%
0.3%












Adjusted Composite
Car
1979

0.1%
24.2%
48.5%
17.9%
8.0%
1.0%
0.4%












Adjusted Composite
Car
1980

0.0%
5.7%
44.7%
33.0%
12.7%
2.7%
1.0%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1981
0.0%
0.0%
2.6%
38.1%
33.6%
18.4%
5.1%
1.5%
0.8%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1982

0.0%
0.3%
31.1%
31.6%
27.9%
7.0%
1.2%
0.8%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1983

0.0%
0.3%
33.7%
29.6%
24.7%
9.5%
1.9%
0.4%
0.0%










Adjusted Composite
Car
1984

0.0%
0.1%
26.9%
33.2%
30.7%
5.5%
3.0%
0.4%
0.2%










Adjusted Composite
Car
1985

0.0%
0.1%
27.4%
29.3%
33.5%
7.3%
1.5%
0.4%
0.5%










Adjusted Composite
Car
1986

0.0%
0.3%
16.7%
36.4%
36.6%
7.3%
1.9%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%








Adjusted Composite
Car
1987

0.0%
0.3%
16.0%
40.0%
33.1%
8.6%
1.5%
0.0%
0.3%
0.2%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1988

0.0%
0.3%
14.4%
40.5%
33.8%
8.1%
2.5%
0.0%
0.2%
0.2%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1989

0.0%
0.3%
14.5%
46.3%
30.5%
6.2%
1.8%
0.0%
0.3%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1990

0.0%
0.2%
14.1%
50.7%
28.7%
5.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.3%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1991

0.0%
0.2%
16.5%
49.1%
26.8%
5.8%
0.9%
0.6%
0.1%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1992

0.0%
0.2%
14.1%
56.0%
22.1%
5.0%
1.6%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1993

0.0%
0.1%
17.4%
50.8%
24.2%
5.2%
1.5%
0.6%
0.0%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1994


0.1%
18.8%
50.7%
23.5%
4.9%
1.4%
0.6%
0.0%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
Car
1995

0.0%
0.1%
15.2%
51.7%
25.2%
7.0%
0.4%
0.4%
0.0%










Adjusted Composite
Car
1996


0.1%
12.9%
60.5%
20.6%
5.1%
0.4%
0.3%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1997


0.1%
12.7%
59.1%
23.6%
4.1%
0.2%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1998


0.1%
13.8%
57.2%
25.3%
3.2%
0.1%
0.3%











Adjusted Composite
Car
1999


0.0%
14.0%
62.9%
21.3%
1.5%
0.1%
0.1%











Adjusted Composite
Car
2000

0.0%
0.0%
14.2%
66.1%
17.8%
1.5%
0.2%
0.1%


0.1%








Adjusted Composite
Car
2001

0.0%
0.0%
16.8%
58.0%
18.3%
6.5%
0.1%
0.3%
0.0%

0.0%








Adjusted Composite
Car
2002


0.1%
12.8%
64.4%
16.6%
5.5%
0.2%
0.4%
0.0%

0.0%








Adjusted Composite
Car
2003

0.0%
0.1%
12.3%
60.4%
22.6%
3.9%
0.0%
0.8%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
2004


0.1%
14.8%
57.0%
25.1%
2.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.6%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
2005


0.2%
16.0%
48.7%
27.6%
5.8%
0.1%
0.3%
1.4%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
2006


0.3%
16.1%
52.4%
21.6%
8.1%
0.0%
0.4%
1.0%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
Car
2007


0.3%
13.9%
44.6%
29.1%
10.0%

0.4%
1.8%










Adjusted Composite
Car
2008


0.2%
11.5%
46.7%
29.9%
9.0%
0.3%
0.4%
2.1%










Adjusted Composite
Car
2009


0.2%
6.0%
38.6%
37.1%
16.2%
0.4%
0.3%
1.3%










Adjusted Composite
Car
2010


0.1%
4.7%
35.1%
38.4%
16.0%
1.4%
0.7%
3.6%










EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 9
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II lo
5
in
lo
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
4? in
?	
?? in
Oil In
III
"II III
"5 in
Sll In
X? In
<>n in
in

< .ir or
MimKI

in
2»
25
.>n
,<5
4ii
4?
5n

on
o?
-II

Sll
85
<>u
*»5
lull
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
1 ruck
^ l .ll










































Adiusted Composite
Car
2012


0.1%
3.6%
25.2%
37.6%
27.7%
1.8%
1.5%
2.5%










Adjusted Composite
Truck
1975

27.7%
51.8%
18.0%
2.5%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
1976

12.0%
66.1%
16.7%
5.1%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
1977

3.7%
66.0%
19.9%
9.2%
1.3%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1978

2.9%
68.6%
19.0%
8.6%
0.9%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1979

14.4%
59.3%
18.4%
6.8%
1.2%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1980

0.2%
40.7%
37.9%
19.1%
1.5%

0.6%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1981

0.0%
22.8%
50.7%
16.1%
7.1%
2.6%
0.7%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1982


21.9%
45.1%
23.7%
8.0%
0.8%
0.6%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1983


21.1%
41.3%
26.7%
9.8%
0.9%
0.2%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1984

0.1%
24.2%
43.0%
24.8%
7.1%
0.8%
0.1%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1985

0.0%
27.8%
40.8%
26.3%
4.8%
0.3%
0.0%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1986


19.7%
41.4%
33.5%
5.3%
0.1%
0.0%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1987


17.3%
43.1%
33.4%
6.1%
0.0%
0.0%












Adjusted Composite
Truck
1988

0.0%
17.8%
53.0%
22.1%
6.9%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1989


18.8%
54.3%
24.3%
2.7%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1990

0.3%
21.8%
55.5%
18.8%
3.6%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1991


16.6%
59.9%
21.4%
2.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1992


19.2%
60.0%
20.7%
0.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1993


14.5%
66.2%
19.2%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1994


23.1%
60.7%
16.1%
0.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1995


24.4%
59.8%
15.8%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1996


22.0%
61.0%
17.1%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1997


19.5%
70.5%
10.1%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1998


23.5%
62.0%
14.6%
0.0%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
1999


24.2%
63.7%
12.2%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
2000


17.1%
72.0%
11.0%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
2001


23.5%
66.6%
9.9%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
2002


19.9%
71.3%
8.6%
0.2%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2003


24.1%
61.6%
14.4%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
2004


25.5%
63.4%
11.1%















Adjusted Composite
Truck
2005

0.0%
20.9%
64.4%
14.6%
0.1%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2006

0.0%
13.8%
69.9%
14.8%
1.5%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2007


10.1%
74.4%
14.7%
0.8%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2008


9.7%
70.5%
18.9%
0.9%














EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 10
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II lo
5
111
III
15 lit
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
4? in
?	
?? in
Oil In
(O In
"II III
"5 in
Sll In
X? In
<>n in
in

< .ir or
MimKI

in
2»
25
.>n
,<5
4ii
4?
5n

on
o?
-II

Sll
85
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lull
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
1 ruck
^ l .ll










































Adiusted Composite
Truck
2010


3.0%
63.3%
31.4%
2.4%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2011


3.7%
58.8%
34.8%
2.7%














Adjusted Composite
Truck
2012


3.4%
53.2%
37.4%
6.1%














Adjusted Highway
Car
1975

0.3%
57.2%
21.2%
12.8%
6.0%
2.6%













Adjusted Highway
Car
1976

0.1%
38.9%
38.8%
9.9%
8.4%
4.0%













Adjusted Highway
Car
1977

0.0%
21.4%
55.4%
8.5%
7.2%
5.5%
1.4%
0.5%











Adjusted Highway
Car
1978

0.0%
8.1%
59.2%
15.8%
9.5%
5.3%
1.8%
0.3%











Adjusted Highway
Car
1979

0.0%
5.6%
61.2%
17.9%
10.4%
4.1%
0.6%
0.1%











Adjusted Highway
Car
1980

0.0%
0.7%
30.0%
34.1%
23.9%
9.3%
0.8%
1.1%











Adjusted Highway
Car
1981

0.0%
0.0%
14.9%
39.4%
27.3%
13.6%
3.1%
1.0%
0.7%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1982

0.0%
0.0%
9.3%
35.3%
32.1%
16.0%
5.6%
0.8%
0.8%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1983

0.0%
0.0%
7.9%
38.7%
28.9%
15.7%
6.8%
1.6%
0.3%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1984

0.0%
0.1%
3.7%
37.6%
24.6%
27.5%
4.4%
1.7%
0.2%
0.2%









Adjusted Highway
Car
1985

0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
41.3%
25.5%
23.4%
6.7%
1.7%
0.2%
0.4%









Adjusted Highway
Car
1986

0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
25.6%
47.4%
19.3%
4.6%
1.7%
0.2%
0.0%
0.3%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1987

0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
22.3%
39.0%
31.2%
5.1%
1.1%
0.3%

0.2%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1988


0.0%
0.7%
18.3%
50.3%
23.6%
5.8%
1.0%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1989


0.0%
0.6%
17.3%
58.9%
18.3%
3.9%
0.7%
0.1%
0.3%









Adjusted Highway
Car
1990


0.0%
0.5%
17.5%
63.4%
14.1%
3.5%
0.7%
0.2%
0.1%
0.0%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1991


0.0%
0.9%
21.2%
52.6%
20.4%
3.6%
0.6%
0.6%
0.1%
0.0%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1992


0.0%
1.2%
20.4%
56.4%
15.9%
4.9%
0.5%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1993


0.0%
3.6%
19.7%
51.2%
19.6%
4.7%
0.6%
0.5%
0.0%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1994


0.0%
2.1%
20.8%
52.1%
19.7%
4.4%
0.2%
0.5%
0.0%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
Car
1995


0.0%
1.4%
17.5%
56.2%
17.1%
7.2%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%









Adjusted Highway
Car
1996


0.0%
1.0%
15.7%
61.5%
16.8%
4.3%
0.3%
0.3%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1997


0.0%
0.6%
17.8%
56.3%
20.9%
4.1%
0.2%
0.2%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1998


0.0%
1.6%
15.4%
58.5%
21.1%
2.9%
0.1%
0.3%










Adjusted Highway
Car
1999


0.0%
1.7%
16.0%
63.8%
17.0%
1.2%
0.1%
0.1%










Adjusted Highway
Car
2000


0.0%
3.2%
15.0%
66.4%
13.5%
1.6%
0.1%
0.1%


0.1%







Adjusted Highway
Car
2001


0.0%
2.7%
20.9%
57.1%
14.4%
4.4%
0.4%

0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
Car
2002


0.0%
2.3%
19.5%
60.5%
13.5%
3.6%
0.6%
0.0%
0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
Car
2003


0.0%
1.6%
22.1%
58.5%
15.9%
1.0%
0.7%
0.1%
0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
Car
2004


0.0%
1.0%
25.1%
50.9%
20.6%
1.3%
0.4%
0.6%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
Car
2005


0.0%
0.8%
24.8%
45.6%
26.4%
0.6%
0.3%
1.4%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
Car
2006


0.0%
1.2%
25.8%
47.1%
20.9%
3.7%

1.4%

0.0%








EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 11
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II lo
5
in
lo
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
4? in
?	
?? in
Oil In
III
"II III
"5 in
Sll In
X? In
<>n in
in

< .ir or
MimKI

in
2»
25
.>n
,<5
4ii
4?
5n

on
o?
-II

Sll
85
<>u
*»5
lull
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
1 ruck
^ l .ll










































Adiusted Highway
Car
2008


0.0%
0.8%
20.5%
43.3%
28.9%
3.7%
0.3%
2.5%










Adjusted Highway
Car
2009


0.0%
0.9%
12.8%
35.6%
44.0%
4.7%
0.4%
1.6%










Adjusted Highway
Car
2010


0.0%
0.4%
14.1%
30.7%
44.0%
5.6%
1.5%
3.7%










Adjusted Highway
Car
2011



0.3%
10.0%
33.9%
43.8%
9.1%
1.0%
1.9%










Adjusted Highway
Car
2012


0.0%
0.3%
6.1%
25.5%
42.1%
20.6%
2.8%
2.5%










Adjusted Highway
Truck
1975

20.2%
54.7%
14.9%
10.2%















Adjusted Highway
Truck
1976

6.2%
66.0%
19.3%
6.7%
1.9%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1977

2.4%
58.7%
25.1%
8.1%
4.8%
0.9%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
1978

1.0%
65.5%
21.6%
8.3%
3.7%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1979

10.8%
56.3%
21.1%
8.2%
3.5%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1980

0.1%
29.0%
41.1%
23.3%
5.8%

0.5%
0.1%











Adjusted Highway
Truck
1981


12.0%
51.6%
21.0%
11.1%
3.0%
1.3%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1982


12.9%
42.4%
24.3%
16.7%
3.1%
0.6%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1983


10.1%
38.0%
28.6%
19.3%
3.1%
0.9%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1984

0.0%
12.0%
39.7%
31.7%
14.7%
1.5%
0.3%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1985

0.0%
11.7%
31.7%
40.0%
14.7%
1.8%
0.1%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1986


5.7%
33.3%
40.0%
18.6%
2.2%
0.1%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1987


8.2%
24.1%
46.4%
19.4%
1.8%
0.0%












Adjusted Highway
Truck
1988


7.5%
35.4%
42.2%
14.9%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1989


5.0%
39.9%
41.7%
13.4%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1990


3.4%
42.6%
44.3%
9.7%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1991


2.4%
40.1%
45.2%
12.2%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1992


1.9%
43.6%
45.1%
9.4%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1993


1.0%
44.4%
45.2%
9.5%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1994


0.9%
50.7%
38.4%
10.1%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1995


2.4%
52.9%
38.4%
6.3%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1996


2.2%
48.2%
40.5%
9.1%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1997


0.6%
58.9%
35.6%
4.8%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
1998


0.0%
55.0%
37.4%
7.6%
0.0%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
1999


0.2%
65.7%
29.7%
4.3%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2000


0.1%
64.9%
32.3%
2.7%
0.0%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
2001


2.2%
65.5%
28.4%
3.9%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2002


1.4%
70.7%
23.4%
4.5%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2003


2.3%
63.5%
31.8%
2.4%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2004


0.3%
64.8%
33.4%
1.5%














EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 12
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II lo
5
111
III
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
4? in
?	
?? in
Oil In
III
"II III
"5 in
Sll In
X? In
<>n in
in

< .ir or
MimKI
5
in
2»
25
.>n
,<5
4ii
4?
5n

on
o?
-II

Sll
85
<>u
*»5
lull
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
1 ruck
^ l .ll










































Adiusted Highway
Truck
2006


0.2%
55.1%
39.7%
4.9%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2007


0.1%
55.9%
38.5%
5.5%














Adjusted Highway
Truck
2008


0.1%
46.4%
43.2%
10.1%
0.1%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
2009


0.0%
34.0%
49.1%
16.7%
0.2%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
2010


0.0%
27.7%
53.1%
19.1%
0.1%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
2011


0.2%
20.1%
55.6%
24.0%
0.1%













Adjusted Highway
Truck
2012


0.0%
18.1%
51.7%
30.2%














Adjusted City
Car
1975

19.2%
52.1%
20.7%
7.8%
0.2%














Adjusted City
Car
1976

3.2%
61.1%
22.2%
11.0%
2.5%














Adjusted City
Car
1977

4.6%
60.1%
20.0%
8.2%
5.4%
1.2%
0.5%












Adjusted City
Car
1978

0.8%
45.2%
34.1%
11.1%
7.0%
1.5%
0.3%












Adjusted City
Car
1979

0.2%
43.8%
36.0%
15.6%
3.5%
0.4%
0.4%












Adjusted City
Car
1980

0.0%
17.1%
43.8%
28.8%
8.1%
1.1%
1.1%












Adjusted City
Car
1981
0.0%
0.0%
9.8%
44.3%
29.2%
12.1%
3.5%
1.0%












Adjusted City
Car
1982

0.0%
9.2%
36.1%
36.8%
12.7%
3.5%
1.3%
0.3%











Adjusted City
Car
1983

0.0%
13.6%
37.1%
24.3%
18.1%
5.8%
0.9%
0.1%











Adjusted City
Car
1984

0.0%
8.5%
38.6%
31.5%
15.1%
5.0%
0.9%
0.2%
0.1%










Adjusted City
Car
1985

0.0%
0.4%
47.7%
31.8%
13.7%
5.1%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%










Adjusted City
Car
1986

0.0%
0.4%
43.5%
35.7%
15.0%
3.3%
1.2%
0.5%
0.0%
0.3%









Adjusted City
Car
1987

0.0%
0.7%
40.5%
35.7%
20.0%
1.7%
0.9%
0.3%

0.2%









Adjusted City
Car
1988

0.0%
0.6%
40.2%
37.4%
17.5%
2.2%
1.8%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%









Adjusted City
Car
1989

0.0%
0.5%
46.1%
35.2%
15.4%
1.2%
1.1%
0.1%
0.3%










Adjusted City
Car
1990

0.0%
0.6%
47.5%
37.7%
11.3%
2.4%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.0%









Adjusted City
Car
1991

0.0%
0.8%
49.3%
36.7%
10.2%
2.1%
0.2%
0.6%
0.1%
0.0%









Adjusted City
Car
1992

0.0%
3.5%
54.1%
31.3%
7.8%
2.3%
0.4%
0.6%
0.1%










Adjusted City
Car
1993

0.0%
5.0%
47.2%
35.6%
9.7%
1.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%










Adjusted City
Car
1994

0.0%
1.0%
53.1%
35.9%
7.6%
1.5%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%










Adjusted City
Car
1995

0.0%
1.1%
54.9%
32.2%
9.8%
1.5%
0.3%
0.3%











Adjusted City
Car
1996

0.0%
1.6%
55.5%
31.1%
10.1%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%











Adjusted City
Car
1997

0.0%
1.5%
51.3%
37.3%
8.5%
1.2%
0.2%












Adjusted City
Car
1998

0.0%
2.3%
51.6%
34.5%
11.0%
0.3%
0.3%












Adjusted City
Car
1999

0.0%
1.2%
60.8%
29.8%
7.8%
0.1%
0.2%












Adjusted City
Car
2000

0.0%
2.9%
59.6%
32.1%
4.9%
0.3%
0.2%


0.1%









Adjusted City
Car
2001

0.0%
3.2%
60.9%
26.9%
8.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted City
Car
2002

0.0%
2.0%
59.6%
31.0%
7.0%
0.0%
0.2%
0.3%
0.0%
0.0%









EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 13
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II lo
5
in
lo
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
4? in
?	
?? in
Oil In
III
"II III
"5 in
Sll In
X? In
<>n in
in

< .ir or
MimKI

in
2»
25
.>n
,<5
4ii
4?
5n

on
o?
-II

Sll
85
<>u
*»5
lull
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
1 ruck
^ l .ll










































Adiusted City
Car
2004

0.0%
3.3%
57.3%
30.7%
7.6%
0.2%
0.3%

0.6%










Adjusted City
Car
2005

0.0%
3.3%
54.5%
31.4%
9.0%
0.2%
0.3%

1.4%










Adjusted City
Car
2006

0.0%
3.3%
57.0%
28.6%
9.5%
0.3%

0.4%
1.0%










Adjusted City
Car
2007

0.0%
3.1%
48.2%
35.4%
10.2%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%
1.8%










Adjusted City
Car
2008

0.0%
4.4%
48.1%
34.1%
9.9%
0.9%
0.1%
0.4%
2.1%










Adjusted City
Car
2009

0.0%
2.4%
34.6%
41.6%
18.4%
1.2%
0.2%
0.3%
1.3%










Adjusted City
Car
2010

0.0%
1.0%
30.5%
43.7%
19.3%
0.4%
0.3%
1.2%

3.6%









Adjusted City
Car
2011

0.0%
1.6%
32.6%
47.8%
14.6%
0.8%
0.1%
0.6%

1.9%









Adjusted City
Car
2012

0.0%
1.2%
22.7%
41.1%
28.6%
1.7%
0.4%
1.9%

2.5%









Adjusted City
Truck
1975

35.3%
53.2%
11.5%
















Adjusted City
Truck
1976

20.4%
60.9%
17.2%
1.6%















Adjusted City
Truck
1977

6.4%
69.7%
18.2%
4.7%
0.9%














Adjusted City
Truck
1978

7.6%
70.8%
13.2%
7.4%
0.9%














Adjusted City
Truck
1979

17.7%
61.8%
16.0%
4.4%















Adjusted City
Truck
1980

0.6%
48.0%
37.5%
13.3%

0.5%
0.1%












Adjusted City
Truck
1981

0.0%
44.4%
35.6%
15.6%
2.3%
2.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
1982

0.1%
32.3%
43.7%
19.5%
3.7%
0.2%
0.6%












Adjusted City
Truck
1983

0.0%
36.0%
39.3%
21.6%
2.0%
0.9%
0.0%












Adjusted City
Truck
1984

0.8%
36.9%
40.9%
20.0%
0.9%
0.5%
0.0%












Adjusted City
Truck
1985

0.0%
35.6%
41.2%
20.3%
2.6%
0.2%













Adjusted City
Truck
1986

0.2%
31.5%
39.9%
25.8%
2.5%
0.2%













Adjusted City
Truck
1987

0.1%
25.5%
48.9%
22.7%
2.8%
0.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
1988

0.1%
34.3%
43.7%
20.0%
1.9%














Adjusted City
Truck
1989

0.1%
35.2%
48.8%
15.2%
0.6%














Adjusted City
Truck
1990

0.5%
36.2%
49.3%
13.8%
0.3%














Adjusted City
Truck
1991

0.1%
35.0%
51.1%
13.8%
0.1%














Adjusted City
Truck
1992

0.1%
44.6%
45.5%
9.7%
0.1%














Adjusted City
Truck
1993

0.0%
40.3%
50.4%
9.2%
0.0%














Adjusted City
Truck
1994


47.0%
42.1%
10.9%
0.1%














Adjusted City
Truck
1995


49.8%
41.0%
9.1%
0.0%














Adjusted City
Truck
1996


46.8%
44.2%
9.0%















Adjusted City
Truck
1997


53.5%
39.6%
7.0%















Adjusted City
Truck
1998


47.3%
46.0%
6.7%















Adjusted City
Truck
1999


60.4%
34.4%
5.2%















Adjusted City
Truck
2000


59.7%
37.6%
2.7%















EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 14
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
< .ir or
1 ruck
MimKI
^ l .ll
II lo
5
l<>
111
111
III
15
15 in
2»
		
25
25
.>n
.411 lo
.*5
.<5 lu
411
4	
45
45 hi
5n
5	
55 in
on
Oil In
o5
o5 in
"II
"ii in
"5 in
Sll
Sll In
85
X5 in
*>u
<>n in
i>5
•15 in
|IMI

























Adiusted City
Truck
2002


66.8%
31.8%
1.3%















Adjusted City
Truck
2003

0.0%
61.5%
37.3%
1.3%















Adjusted City
Truck
2004

0.0%
70.6%
29.2%
0.2%















Adjusted City
Truck
2005

0.1%
60.9%
38.8%
0.2%
0.1%














Adjusted City
Truck
2006

0.0%
58.9%
38.7%
0.9%
1.5%














Adjusted City
Truck
2007


57.9%
38.5%
2.8%
0.7%














Adjusted City
Truck
2008


50.4%
43.2%
5.3%
1.2%














Adjusted City
Truck
2009


39.6%
53.9%
5.9%
0.6%














Adjusted City
Truck
2010


38.5%
48.3%
12.4%
0.6%
0.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
2011

0.0%
34.1%
50.4%
15.3%
0.2%
0.1%













Adjusted City
Truck
2012

0.0%
27.5%
57.1%
14.9%
0.4%
0.1%













Lab 55/45
Car
1975

0.0%
47.9%
29.0%
14.3%
6.4%
2.4%













Lab 55/45
Car
1976


26.4%
46.9%
12.3%
10.6%
3.2%
0.7%












Lab 55/45
Car
1977

0.0%
15.8%
56.8%
10.8%
8.6%
5.6%
1.0%
1.3%











Lab 55/45
Car
1978

0.0%
5.7%
50.2%
23.8%
10.7%
5.6%
3.4%
0.5%











Lab 55/45
Car
1979

0.0%
3.5%
47.6%
27.2%
14.0%
6.3%
1.0%
0.3%
0.1%










Lab 55/45
Car
1980

0.0%
0.0%
19.7%
39.1%
25.4%
11.8%
2.0%
1.7%
0.2%










Lab 55/45
Car
1981
0.0%

0.0%
10.3%
38.0%
26.7%
16.9%
5.3%
1.7%
1.0%










Lab 55/45
Car
1982

0.0%
0.0%
13.1%
27.4%
29.3%
20.8%
6.6%
1.7%
0.8%
0.3%









Lab 55/45
Car
1983

0.0%
0.0%
11.6%
34.7%
18.8%
22.0%
9.9%
2.2%
0.6%
0.1%









Lab 55/45
Car
1984

0.0%
0.0%
7.9%
33.7%
24.6%
23.5%
6.7%
2.7%
0.6%
0.2%
0.1%








Lab 55/45
Car
1985

0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
43.0%
15.1%
30.9%
7.8%
1.2%
0.9%
0.0%
0.4%








Lab 55/45
Car
1986

0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
28.0%
34.8%
24.2%
8.4%
1.8%
1.5%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%






Lab 55/45
Car
1987

0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
25.0%
31.2%
32.0%
8.8%
0.9%
0.9%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1988

0.0%
0.0%
0.5%
19.3%
35.6%
32.6%
7.9%
2.0%
1.6%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1989

0.0%
0.0%
0.5%
20.6%
41.0%
28.2%
7.1%
1.1%
1.1%

0.3%
0.1%







Lab 55/45
Car
1990


0.0%
0.5%
17.2%
50.7%
23.4%
6.5%
1.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.3%

0.0%






Lab 55/45
Car
1991


0.0%
0.5%
21.2%
44.2%
23.7%
7.5%
2.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.6%

0.0%






Lab 55/45
Car
1992


0.0%
0.8%
27.6%
41.5%
20.7%
6.7%
1.7%
0.3%
0.6%
0.1%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1993


0.0%
3.4%
17.4%
46.7%
22.9%
7.1%
1.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.5%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1994


0.0%
0.3%
24.4%
43.8%
22.7%
6.5%
1.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.5%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
1995


0.0%
1.0%
17.5%
47.8%
21.6%
9.8%
1.5%
0.4%
0.4%
0.0%








Lab 55/45
Car
1996


0.0%
0.4%
17.5%
48.4%
22.4%
9.4%
1.3%
0.3%
0.3%









Lab 55/45
Car
1997


0.0%
0.5%
17.4%
46.0%
24.3%
10.2%
1.2%
0.2%
0.2%









Lab 55/45
Car
1998


0.0%
0.1%
15.9%
49.7%
22.1%
11.4%
0.4%
0.1%
0.3%









EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 15
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
< .ir or
1 ruck
MimKI
^ l .ll
II lo
5
l<>
HI
in
lo
15
15 in
2»
		
25
25
.>n
.411 lo
.*5
.<5 lu
411
4	
45
45 hi
5n
5	
55 in
on
Oil In
o5
o5 in
"II
"ii in
"5 in
Sll
Sll III
85
X5 in
*>u
<>n in
i>5
•15 in
|IMI




























Lab 55/45
Car
2000


0.0%
0.8%
17.4%
53.9%
19.6%
7.6%
0.4%
0.0%
0.2%




0.1%




Lab 55/45
Car
2001


0.0%
0.2%
17.1%
50.7%
21.9%
8.1%
1.6%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
Car
2002


0.0%
0.2%
15.1%
50.9%
24.9%
7.3%
1.2%
0.0%
0.2%
0.3%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
Car
2003


0.0%
0.2%
15.2%
46.8%
26.2%
9.4%
1.4%
0.0%
0.2%
0.5%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
Car
2004


0.0%
0.3%
16.4%
46.1%
25.4%
9.9%
0.9%
0.1%

0.3%

0.6%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
Car
2005


0.0%
0.3%
16.9%
41.4%
26.8%
11.5%
1.1%
0.1%

0.3%

1.4%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
Car
2006


0.0%
0.6%
16.4%
42.1%
26.4%
11.9%
1.3%
0.0%

0.4%

1.0%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
Car
2007


0.0%
0.5%
14.9%
37.2%
27.2%
14.7%
2.5%
0.8%

0.4%

1.8%






Lab 55/45
Car
2008


0.0%
0.5%
12.3%
40.9%
25.2%
15.5%
2.4%
0.7%

0.4%

2.1%






Lab 55/45
Car
2009


0.0%
0.4%
6.3%
31.2%
34.8%
16.6%
7.7%
1.3%

0.3%

1.3%






Lab 55/45
Car
2010


0.0%
0.4%
5.4%
26.0%
31.4%
28.1%
2.6%
1.4%
0.5%
0.7%


3.6%





Lab 55/45
Car
2011


0.0%
0.2%
4.9%
28.3%
37.4%
20.2%
5.1%
1.0%
0.6%
0.4%


1.9%





Lab 55/45
Car
2012


0.0%
0.2%
3.6%
17.6%
31.0%
19.3%
21.8%
1.6%
1.0%
1.3%
0.2%

2.5%





Lab 55/45
Truck
1975

2.5%
68.1%
18.4%
11.0%















Lab 55/45
Truck
1976

0.1%
63.2%
24.9%
9.9%
1.9%














Lab 55/45
Truck
1977

0.1%
53.2%
31.5%
7.2%
6.7%
1.3%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1978

0.1%
58.6%
27.5%
5.8%
7.2%
0.9%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1979

1.4%
55.1%
30.3%
9.1%
3.0%
1.1%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1980

0.0%
17.9%
46.5%
21.7%
11.8%
1.5%

0.6%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1981


7.4%
47.6%
23.3%
14.7%
3.7%
1.9%
1.3%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1982


8.3%
41.6%
26.3%
14.9%
6.3%
2.0%
0.6%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1983


6.9%
36.0%
28.1%
20.9%
6.0%
1.9%
0.2%
0.0%










Lab 55/45
Truck
1984


7.6%
34.8%
36.2%
14.6%
5.8%
0.9%
0.1%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1985


7.2%
32.6%
37.6%
17.8%
4.4%
0.3%
0.0%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1986


2.7%
32.9%
36.3%
22.8%
5.1%
0.2%
0.0%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1987


2.7%
26.5%
43.4%
22.1%
5.1%
0.0%
0.0%











Lab 55/45
Truck
1988


2.2%
37.8%
36.9%
16.2%
6.9%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1989


3.0%
35.8%
41.8%
16.7%
2.7%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1990


3.4%
36.4%
43.2%
13.4%
3.6%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1991


1.1%
31.0%
51.9%
13.4%
2.5%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1992


1.4%
41.2%
43.5%
12.9%
1.0%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1993


0.2%
35.0%
49.6%
14.9%
0.3%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1994


0.1%
40.6%
45.9%
13.0%
0.4%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1995


0.3%
46.7%
38.4%
14.5%
0.0%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1996


1.1%
38.2%
48.4%
12.3%
0.0%













EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 16
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
< .ir or
1 ruck
MimKI
^ l .ll
II lo
5
l<>
111
111
III
15
15 in
2»
		
25
25
.>n
.411 lo
.*5
.<5 lu
411
4	
45
45 hi
5n
5	
55 in
on
Oil In
o5
o5 in
"II
"ii in
"5 in
Sll
Sll In
85
X5 in
*>u
<>n in
i>5
•15 in
|IMI





























Lab 55/45
Truck
1998



35.7%
51.6%
12.7%
0.0%













Lab 55/45
Truck
1999



44.0%
46.7%
9.2%
0.1%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2000



39.3%
50.0%
10.7%
0.0%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2001


0.1%
45.7%
45.4%
8.9%














Lab 55/45
Truck
2002



50.5%
40.6%
8.2%
0.7%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2003


0.0%
45.4%
41.5%
12.7%
0.4%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2004


0.0%
45.2%
43.5%
11.1%
0.2%













Lab 55/45
Truck
2005


0.1%
40.4%
43.8%
15.5%
0.2%
0.1%












Lab 55/45
Truck
2006


0.0%
34.2%
48.8%
15.3%
1.1%
0.5%












Lab 55/45
Truck
2007



27.5%
58.5%
12.7%
1.0%
0.3%












Lab 55/45
Truck
2008



21.5%
60.1%
14.6%
3.1%
0.7%












Lab 55/45
Truck
2009



13.5%
57.9%
23.6%
4.4%
0.6%












Lab 55/45
Truck
2010



16.7%
50.9%
21.7%
10.0%
0.8%












Lab 55/45
Truck
2011


0.0%
10.8%
51.8%
22.6%
14.5%
0.3%












Lab 55/45
Truck
2012


0.0%
9.2%
46.6%
31.0%
12.7%
0.5%












Lab City
Car
1975

7.1%
53.8%
26.6%
10.0%
2.5%














Lab City
Car
1976

0.9%
47.2%
35.6%
10.7%
4.9%
0.7%













Lab City
Car
1977

0.4%
38.9%
41.6%
9.5%
7.4%
1.0%
1.4%












Lab City
Car
1978

0.3%
26.0%
49.0%
13.7%
6.1%
3.5%
1.3%












Lab City
Car
1979

0.0%
18.6%
53.7%
15.1%
10.5%
1.7%
0.3%
0.1%











Lab City
Car
1980

0.0%
5.5%
41.6%
33.8%
12.8%
4.4%
0.8%
1.1%











Lab City
Car
1981
0.0%
0.0%
2.5%
37.4%
29.3%
21.7%
5.9%
2.2%
1.0%











Lab City
Car
1982

0.0%
1.4%
27.6%
33.1%
25.8%
9.2%
1.8%
0.8%
0.3%










Lab City
Car
1983

0.0%
0.3%
34.8%
26.9%
22.4%
12.6%
2.4%
0.5%
0.1%










Lab City
Car
1984

0.0%
0.0%
26.7%
33.4%
28.7%
7.6%
2.5%
0.8%
0.2%
0.1%









Lab City
Car
1985

0.0%
0.1%
30.1%
25.1%
33.8%
8.2%
1.4%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%









Lab City
Car
1986

0.0%
0.2%
19.3%
38.1%
29.5%
9.1%
1.8%
1.3%
0.5%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%







Lab City
Car
1987

0.0%
0.1%
17.1%
35.2%
34.1%
11.1%
0.9%
0.9%
0.3%

0.2%








Lab City
Car
1988

0.0%
0.2%
16.4%
34.1%
34.7%
11.1%
1.4%
1.8%
0.2%

0.2%








Lab City
Car
1989

0.0%
0.2%
14.7%
42.6%
31.5%
8.3%
1.1%
1.1%
0.0%
0.3%
0.1%








Lab City
Car
1990

0.0%
0.2%
14.0%
49.3%
26.2%
8.7%
1.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.3%
0.0%








Lab City
Car
1991

0.0%
0.1%
18.1%
43.4%
26.5%
9.2%
1.8%
0.2%
0.6%
0.1%
0.0%








Lab City
Car
1992

0.0%
0.2%
21.1%
47.6%
20.7%
7.1%
2.2%
0.3%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%








Lab City
Car
1993

0.0%
0.1%
17.4%
46.5%
26.0%
7.4%
1.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%








Lab City
Car
1994


0.1%
18.1%
45.5%
27.1%
6.7%
1.5%
0.3%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%








EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 17
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II lo
5
in
lo
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
4? in
?	
?? in
Oil In
(O In
"ii in
"5 in
Sll In
X? In
<>n in
in

< .ir or
MimKI

in
2»
25
.>n
,<5
4ii
4?
5n

on
o?
"II

Sll
85
<>u
*»5
lull
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
1 ruck
^ l .ll










































Lab City
Car
1996

0.0%
0.1%
15.1%
50.0%
23.1%
9.9%
1.3%
0.3%
0.3%










Lab City
Car
1997


0.1%
15.0%
48.3%
24.4%
10.7%
1.3%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab City
Car
1998


0.1%
13.6%
47.0%
27.7%
10.3%
1.1%
0.1%
0.2%










Lab City
Car
1999

0.0%
0.0%
14.0%
53.3%
23.1%
8.8%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab City
Car
2000

0.0%
0.1%
14.7%
52.8%
24.2%
7.6%
0.4%
0.0%
0.2%



0.1%






Lab City
Car
2001

0.0%
0.1%
14.6%
50.7%
24.7%
7.7%
1.9%
0.0%
0.1%

0.2%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
Car
2002


0.1%
11.5%
50.2%
28.5%
8.0%
1.2%
0.0%
0.2%

0.3%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
Car
2003

0.0%
0.1%
10.3%
48.3%
30.4%
9.0%
1.1%
0.0%
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
Car
2004


0.1%
12.8%
47.7%
28.0%
9.5%
0.8%
0.1%
0.0%
0.3%

0.0%
0.6%






Lab City
Car
2005


0.2%
11.5%
44.1%
30.5%
11.0%
0.9%
0.1%
0.0%
0.3%

0.0%
1.4%






Lab City
Car
2006

0.0%
0.3%
11.3%
48.1%
26.2%
11.6%
1.2%
0.0%

0.4%

0.0%
1.0%






Lab City
Car
2007


0.3%
8.8%
40.7%
30.6%
14.1%
2.4%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%


1.8%






Lab City
Car
2008

0.0%
0.3%
7.7%
43.0%
28.0%
15.4%
2.2%
0.7%
0.3%
0.4%


2.1%






Lab City
Car
2009


0.2%
4.3%
29.8%
37.6%
21.3%
3.8%
1.0%
0.4%
0.3%


1.3%






Lab City
Car
2010

0.0%
0.1%
3.7%
26.6%
35.8%
25.2%
3.0%
0.3%
0.4%
0.7%
0.5%


3.6%





Lab City
Car
2011


0.1%
3.6%
28.7%
41.4%
17.7%
5.1%
0.4%
0.5%
0.2%
0.4%


1.9%





Lab City
Car
2012

0.0%
0.1%
2.8%
20.1%
31.5%
20.1%
20.2%
0.1%
0.7%

1.7%
0.2%

2.5%





Lab City
Truck
1975

11.3%
66.0%
20.2%
2.5%















Lab City
Truck
1976

3.0%
72.4%
19.2%
5.4%















Lab City
Truck
1977

1.9%
63.3%
24.2%
9.3%
1.3%














Lab City
Truck
1978

1.2%
64.3%
24.4%
8.3%
1.8%














Lab City
Truck
1979

7.2%
60.3%
21.7%
8.7%
2.2%














Lab City
Truck
1980

0.1%
30.5%
43.7%
21.2%
3.9%

0.6%












Lab City
Truck
1981

0.0%
14.0%
56.9%
15.8%
9.1%
2.8%
1.3%












Lab City
Truck
1982


14.8%
49.9%
23.0%
8.5%
3.0%
0.5%
0.2%











Lab City
Truck
1983


13.9%
46.5%
26.7%
10.9%
1.7%
0.4%
0.0%











Lab City
Truck
1984

0.0%
16.8%
48.9%
24.5%
8.5%
0.8%
0.4%
0.0%











Lab City
Truck
1985


26.8%
36.8%
28.2%
7.8%
0.2%
0.2%












Lab City
Truck
1986


8.3%
51.7%
29.4%
9.5%
1.1%
0.1%












Lab City
Truck
1987


12.4%
46.4%
32.6%
6.9%
1.6%
0.1%












Lab City
Truck
1988


13.4%
57.7%
19.7%
7.4%
1.9%













Lab City
Truck
1989


14.8%
55.7%
22.0%
7.1%
0.4%













Lab City
Truck
1990


16.8%
57.8%
17.2%
8.1%
0.2%













Lab City
Truck
1991


11.1%
58.3%
21.8%
8.8%
0.1%













Lab City
Truck
1992


12.4%
61.8%
22.0%
3.8%
0.1%













EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 18
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II III
5
111
III
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
4? in
?	
?? in
Oil In
(O In
"ii in
"5 in
Sll III
X? In
<>n in
in

< .ir or
MimKI

in
2»
25
.>n
,<5
4ii
4?
5n

on
o?
"II

Sll
85
•>u
*»5
lull
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
1 ruck
^ ('.II'










































Lab City
Truck
1994


14.0%
58.2%
23.8%
3.9%
0.1%













Lab City
Truck
1995


15.4%
66.0%
14.7%
3.8%
0.0%













Lab City
Truck
1996


15.6%
64.6%
16.7%
3.1%














Lab City
Truck
1997


16.5%
66.7%
12.3%
4.6%














Lab City
Truck
1998


18.5%
61.0%
16.3%
4.3%














Lab City
Truck
1999


20.6%
62.7%
15.1%
1.6%














Lab City
Truck
2000


11.3%
68.0%
20.1%
0.6%














Lab City
Truck
2001


13.7%
69.9%
16.1%
0.3%














Lab City
Truck
2002


7.2%
74.9%
17.2%
0.7%














Lab City
Truck
2003


10.1%
68.1%
20.6%
1.2%














Lab City
Truck
2004


9.7%
70.0%
20.1%
0.2%














Lab City
Truck
2005

0.0%
5.5%
68.1%
26.1%
0.3%

0.1%












Lab City
Truck
2006

0.0%
3.6%
68.1%
25.1%
1.6%
0.9%
0.5%












Lab City
Truck
2007


3.5%
71.8%
20.5%
3.4%
0.4%
0.3%












Lab City
Truck
2008


2.9%
65.6%
24.6%
5.7%
0.5%
0.7%












Lab City
Truck
2009


1.5%
56.2%
30.0%
11.7%
0.0%
0.6%












Lab City
Truck
2010


0.7%
56.6%
27.1%
14.8%

0.6%
0.1%











Lab City
Truck
2011


1.1%
48.9%
34.2%
15.3%
0.2%
0.3%












Lab City
Truck
2012


1.1%
41.4%
41.6%
15.5%

0.5%












Lab Highway
Car
1975


9.1%
53.2%
15.2%
10.5%
7.5%
2.5%
2.0%











Lab Highway
Car
1976


0.8%
40.9%
34.9%
6.4%
10.7%
3.8%
2.5%











Lab Highway
Car
1977


0.1%
31.9%
41.8%
9.3%
5.9%
5.3%
3.6%
1.3%
0.6%









Lab Highway
Car
1978


0.2%
14.1%
45.0%
19.0%
10.2%
5.4%
4.1%
1.8%
0.3%









Lab Highway
Car
1979


0.1%
12.3%
46.0%
17.6%
12.2%
8.1%
2.9%
0.6%
0.1%









Lab Highway
Car
1980


0.0%
1.0%
17.9%
33.7%
27.2%
12.0%
6.3%
0.7%
1.0%
0.2%








Lab Highway
Car
1981

0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
11.0%
33.3%
25.6%
15.6%
9.9%
2.7%
0.5%
1.3%








Lab Highway
Car
1982


0.0%
0.0%
6.8%
25.6%
22.1%
28.8%
9.6%
4.7%
1.5%
0.9%








Lab Highway
Car
1983


0.0%
0.0%
5.3%
36.2%
18.8%
18.5%
13.1%
5.5%
2.0%
0.4%
0.1%







Lab Highway
Car
1984


0.0%
0.1%
2.4%
29.1%
25.7%
23.5%
12.7%
3.3%
2.0%
1.0%
0.2%
0.2%






Lab Highway
Car
1985


0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
20.7%
32.7%
22.4%
14.8%
5.7%
1.7%
0.8%
0.0%
0.4%






Lab Highway
Car
1986


0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
13.2%
28.3%
37.7%
13.0%
3.3%
2.7%
0.2%
0.3%

0.1%
0.2%




Lab Highway
Car
1987


0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
10.5%
32.4%
35.4%
14.0%
5.2%
1.1%
0.2%
0.3%

0.2%





Lab Highway
Car
1988


0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
8.4%
26.1%
41.8%
15.5%
4.6%
2.5%

0.2%
0.0%
0.2%





Lab Highway
Car
1989


0.0%
0.0%
0.6%
5.1%
30.4%
44.0%
12.9%
4.8%
1.7%
0.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%





Lab Highway
Car
1990


0.0%
0.0%
0.5%
7.9%
30.5%
45.3%
10.4%
4.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.0%





EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 19
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II III
5
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lo
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in
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Lab Highway
Car
1992


0.0%
0.0%
0.8%
4.4%
35.8%
39.8%
10.5%
6.0%
1.6%
0.3%
0.5%
0.0%
0.2%





Lab Highway
Car
1993


0.0%
0.0%
1.5%
6.0%
27.9%
40.0%
16.2%
5.9%
1.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.0%
0.1%





Lab Highway
Car
1994



0.0%
0.8%
4.3%
28.7%
41.7%
13.5%
8.5%
1.5%
0.2%
0.5%

0.1%





Lab Highway
Car
1995


0.0%
0.0%
0.6%
2.4%
21.3%
50.5%
14.8%
8.2%
1.5%
0.3%
0.3%

0.0%





Lab Highway
Car
1996



0.0%
0.4%
3.0%
29.1%
45.2%
12.1%
7.7%
2.0%
0.1%
0.3%







Lab Highway
Car
1997



0.0%
0.4%
2.6%
26.3%
43.8%
19.0%
6.3%
1.1%
0.2%
0.2%







Lab Highway
Car
1998



0.0%
0.1%
5.3%
16.1%
50.8%
17.3%
9.4%
0.6%
0.0%
0.3%







Lab Highway
Car
1999



0.0%
0.0%
5.1%
17.6%
56.4%
14.1%
5.9%
0.6%
0.0%
0.2%







Lab Highway
Car
2000



0.0%
0.7%
5.9%
17.9%
55.0%
15.7%
4.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%




0.1%


Lab Highway
Car
2001



0.0%
0.6%
6.0%
27.3%
40.3%
16.0%
6.6%
2.8%
0.3%
0.1%

0.0%


0.0%


Lab Highway
Car
2002



0.0%
0.6%
4.1%
22.6%
43.9%
19.4%
6.7%
2.0%
0.5%
0.2%

0.0%


0.0%


Lab Highway
Car
2003



0.0%
0.1%
3.9%
23.1%
38.2%
25.3%
7.8%
0.7%
0.3%
0.6%

0.0%


0.0%


Lab Highway
Car
2004



0.0%
0.1%
5.1%
22.5%
39.5%
23.3%
8.0%
0.4%
0.2%
0.9%

0.0%

0.0%



Lab Highway
Car
2005



0.0%
0.1%
3.2%
23.1%
33.0%
29.7%
8.5%
0.5%
0.2%
1.7%

0.0%

0.0%



Lab Highway
Car
2006



0.0%
0.3%
3.1%
23.9%
37.3%
24.4%
5.9%
3.6%
0.0%
1.4%

0.0%

0.0%



Lab Highway
Car
2007



0.0%
0.2%
2.4%
21.6%
32.8%
26.6%
10.9%
3.3%

2.1%







Lab Highway
Car
2008



0.0%
0.2%
2.4%
18.7%
33.4%
26.4%
12.4%
3.7%
0.3%
2.5%







Lab Highway
Car
2009



0.0%
0.1%
1.8%
12.0%
25.9%
33.0%
20.8%
4.0%
0.8%
1.6%







Lab Highway
Car
2010



0.0%
0.1%
0.7%
14.3%
20.5%
24.0%
29.7%
5.4%
0.9%
0.7%
3.6%






Lab Highway
Car
2011




0.1%
0.7%
9.9%
25.2%
21.1%
31.3%
8.1%
1.3%
0.4%
1.9%






Lab Highway
Car
2012



0.0%
0.1%
0.6%
5.9%
13.8%
24.4%
27.7%
18.0%
6.2%
0.6%
2.7%






Lab Highway
Truck
1975

0.0%
38.8%
38.9%
12.1%
7.7%
2.5%













Lab Highway
Truck
1976


32.8%
42.7%
15.9%
3.9%
4.7%













Lab Highway
Truck
1977


18.5%
45.6%
22.0%
5.0%
7.7%
1.3%












Lab Highway
Truck
1978


31.4%
37.1%
19.0%
5.3%
6.3%
0.9%












Lab Highway
Truck
1979

0.6%
33.4%
37.0%
16.9%
7.7%
2.3%
1.9%












Lab Highway
Truck
1980


3.2%
31.8%
33.5%
14.4%
12.8%
3.8%

0.5%
0.1%









Lab Highway
Truck
1981


0.5%
14.5%
48.1%
16.2%
11.6%
5.8%
1.9%
0.7%
0.7%









Lab Highway
Truck
1982


2.2%
14.0%
38.0%
18.4%
18.5%
6.7%
1.6%
0.6%










Lab Highway
Truck
1983


0.8%
13.2%
34.0%
21.4%
20.5%
7.8%
1.5%
0.8%










Lab Highway
Truck
1984


0.9%
12.6%
33.5%
27.1%
15.0%
9.9%
0.6%
0.3%










Lab Highway
Truck
1985


0.3%
21.1%
21.0%
30.3%
22.0%
3.8%
1.3%
0.1%










Lab Highway
Truck
1986


0.2%
12.6%
23.6%
35.2%
21.2%
7.1%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab Highway
Truck
1987


0.1%
9.3%
21.4%
39.1%
23.0%
7.0%
0.0%
0.0%










Lab Highway
Truck
1988


0.1%
7.6%
31.5%
33.2%
19.1%
8.5%












EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 20
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II III
5
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15 in
		
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Lab Highway
Truck
1990


0.5%
5.0%
36.2%
38.2%
15.6%
4.5%












Lab Highway
Truck
1991


0.1%
3.4%
28.4%
47.6%
17.8%
2.7%












Lab Highway
Truck
1992


0.1%
2.0%
38.2%
37.2%
18.2%
4.3%












Lab Highway
Truck
1993


0.1%
0.9%
31.0%
44.8%
19.9%
3.4%












Lab Highway
Truck
1994



2.9%
36.9%
41.3%
16.9%
2.0%












Lab Highway
Truck
1995



2.8%
43.1%
27.1%
21.7%
5.2%












Lab Highway
Truck
1996



2.3%
38.0%
30.6%
26.3%
2.7%












Lab Highway
Truck
1997



0.6%
40.6%
37.9%
16.6%
4.3%












Lab Highway
Truck
1998




33.9%
35.5%
28.3%
2.3%
0.0%











Lab Highway
Truck
1999



0.2%
41.5%
35.7%
21.2%
1.3%












Lab Highway
Truck
2000



0.1%
38.3%
37.3%
23.7%
0.6%
0.0%











Lab Highway
Truck
2001



0.1%
46.3%
30.4%
22.4%
0.7%












Lab Highway
Truck
2002



0.9%
47.2%
33.1%
18.1%
0.7%












Lab Highway
Truck
2003



0.0%
38.4%
36.3%
24.4%
0.8%












Lab Highway
Truck
2004



0.1%
43.5%
35.2%
20.8%
0.4%












Lab Highway
Truck
2005



0.1%
33.7%
38.2%
25.4%
2.6%












Lab Highway
Truck
2006



0.0%
30.0%
40.8%
24.3%
4.9%












Lab Highway
Truck
2007



0.1%
19.7%
49.3%
25.3%
5.5%
0.0%











Lab Highway
Truck
2008



0.1%
15.4%
45.9%
28.8%
9.7%
0.1%











Lab Highway
Truck
2009



0.0%
9.0%
39.1%
36.0%
15.8%
0.2%











Lab Highway
Truck
2010



0.0%
11.0%
37.0%
35.2%
15.3%
1.5%











Lab Highway
Truck
2011



0.2%
6.4%
36.8%
35.9%
18.2%
2.4%











Lab Highway
Truck
2012



0.0%
6.0%
34.2%
33.9%
21.0%
5.0%











Adjusted Composite
All
1975

10.7%
56.3%
22.7%
7.8%
2.5%














Adjusted Composite
All
1976

2.8%
59.4%
22.8%
11.5%
3.0%
0.5%













Adjusted Composite
All
1977

0.9%
48.4%
33.3%
10.0%
5.5%
1.2%
0.7%












Adjusted Composite
All
1978

0.9%
36.2%
41.7%
12.5%
5.6%
2.8%
0.3%












Adjusted Composite
All
1979

3.2%
31.9%
41.8%
15.5%
6.5%
0.8%
0.3%












Adjusted Composite
All
1980

0.0%
11.4%
43.6%
30.7%
10.8%
2.3%
1.0%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
All
1981
0.0%
0.0%
6.1%
40.2%
30.6%
16.4%
4.6%
1.3%
0.7%











Adjusted Composite
All
1982

0.0%
4.5%
33.9%
30.1%
24.0%
5.8%
1.1%
0.6%











Adjusted Composite
All
1983

0.0%
4.9%
35.3%
28.9%
21.4%
7.6%
1.5%
0.3%
0.0%










Adjusted Composite
All
1984

0.0%
5.8%
30.7%
31.2%
25.1%
4.4%
2.3%
0.3%
0.1%










Adjusted Composite
All
1985

0.0%
7.0%
30.7%
28.6%
26.4%
5.5%
1.1%
0.3%
0.3%










Adjusted Composite
All
1986

0.0%
5.7%
23.6%
35.6%
27.8%
5.3%
1.4%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%








EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 21
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II III
5
in
lo
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
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oil III
III
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Adiusted Composite
All
1988

0.0%
5.4%
25.7%
35.1%
26.0%
5.7%
1.8%
0.0%
0.2%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1989

0.0%
5.8%
26.4%
39.7%
22.1%
4.3%
1.3%
0.0%
0.2%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1990

0.1%
6.6%
26.4%
41.3%
21.2%
3.7%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
1991

0.0%
5.2%
29.7%
40.7%
19.3%
4.0%
0.6%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
1992

0.0%
6.2%
28.5%
44.9%
15.2%
3.4%
1.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1993

0.0%
4.8%
33.2%
40.6%
16.3%
3.5%
1.0%
0.4%
0.0%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1994


8.8%
34.7%
37.5%
14.6%
3.0%
0.9%
0.4%
0.0%
0.1%









Adjusted Composite
All
1995

0.0%
9.0%
31.5%
38.6%
16.0%
4.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%










Adjusted Composite
All
1996


8.3%
31.1%
44.1%
12.8%
3.2%
0.3%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
All
1997


7.8%
35.7%
39.6%
14.2%
2.5%
0.1%
0.1%











Adjusted Composite
All
1998


9.8%
33.9%
39.4%
14.8%
1.9%
0.1%
0.2%











Adjusted Composite
All
1999


10.1%
34.7%
41.7%
12.4%
0.9%
0.1%
0.1%











Adjusted Composite
All
2000

0.0%
7.1%
38.0%
43.3%
10.5%
0.9%
0.1%
0.1%


0.0%








Adjusted Composite
All
2001

0.0%
9.8%
37.4%
38.1%
10.7%
3.8%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%

0.0%








Adjusted Composite
All
2002


8.9%
39.0%
39.4%
9.3%
3.0%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%

0.0%








Adjusted Composite
All
2003

0.0%
11.1%
35.0%
39.1%
12.2%
2.1%
0.0%
0.4%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
2004


12.3%
38.1%
35.0%
13.0%
1.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
2005

0.0%
9.3%
37.5%
33.6%
15.4%
3.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.8%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
2006

0.0%
6.0%
38.8%
36.6%
13.1%
4.7%
0.0%
0.2%
0.6%
0.0%









Adjusted Composite
All
2007


4.3%
38.8%
32.3%
17.5%
5.9%

0.2%
1.0%










Adjusted Composite
All
2008


4.1%
35.5%
35.4%
18.1%
5.4%
0.2%
0.2%
1.2%










Adjusted Composite
All
2009


1.0%
26.0%
35.6%
25.2%
10.9%
0.2%
0.2%
0.9%










Adjusted Composite
All
2010


1.2%
26.5%
33.7%
25.0%
10.0%
0.9%
0.5%
2.3%










Adjusted Composite
All
2011


1.6%
27.7%
35.6%
25.7%
7.4%
0.7%
0.2%
1.1%










Adjusted Composite
All
2012


1.3%
21.5%
29.6%
26.2%
17.7%
1.2%
1.0%
1.6%










Adjusted Highway
All
1975

4.1%
56.7%
19.9%
12.3%
4.8%
2.1%













Adjusted Highway
All
1976

1.3%
44.6%
34.7%
9.2%
7.0%
3.1%













Adjusted Highway
All
1977

0.5%
28.8%
49.4%
8.4%
6.7%
4.6%
1.1%
0.4%











Adjusted Highway
All
1978

0.2%
21.0%
50.7%
14.1%
8.2%
4.1%
1.4%
0.3%











Adjusted Highway
All
1979

2.4%
16.8%
52.3%
15.8%
8.9%
3.2%
0.5%
0.1%











Adjusted Highway
All
1980

0.0%
5.3%
31.9%
32.4%
21.0%
7.8%
0.7%
1.0%











Adjusted Highway
All
1981

0.0%
2.1%
21.2%
36.2%
24.5%
11.7%
2.8%
0.8%
0.6%










Adjusted Highway
All
1982

0.0%
2.6%
15.8%
33.1%
29.1%
13.5%
4.6%
0.7%
0.6%










Adjusted Highway
All
1983

0.0%
2.3%
14.6%
36.5%
26.8%
13.0%
5.5%
1.2%
0.2%










Adjusted Highway
All
1984

0.0%
2.9%
12.1%
36.2%
22.2%
21.4%
3.5%
1.3%
0.2%
0.1%









EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 22
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II III
5
in
lo
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
4? in
?	
?? Ill
oil III
III
"II III
"5 in
Sll In
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^ ('.II'










































Adiusted Highway
All
1986

0.0%
1.6%
9.9%
29.7%
39.3%
14.5%
3.3%
1.2%
0.2%
0.0%
0.2%








Adjusted Highway
All
1987

0.0%
2.2%
7.1%
28.8%
33.7%
23.2%
3.7%
0.8%
0.2%

0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1988


2.2%
10.8%
25.2%
40.0%
16.8%
4.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1989


1.5%
12.3%
24.6%
45.3%
12.8%
2.7%
0.5%
0.0%
0.2%









Adjusted Highway
All
1990


1.0%
13.0%
25.4%
47.5%
9.9%
2.5%
0.5%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
1991


0.8%
12.9%
28.5%
40.3%
14.2%
2.5%
0.4%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
1992


0.6%
14.5%
28.1%
41.6%
10.9%
3.3%
0.4%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1993


0.3%
16.8%
28.0%
37.7%
13.3%
3.2%
0.4%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1994


0.3%
20.6%
27.5%
36.1%
12.2%
2.7%
0.1%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%








Adjusted Highway
All
1995


0.9%
20.2%
25.1%
38.0%
10.9%
4.6%
0.2%
0.2%
0.0%









Adjusted Highway
All
1996


0.8%
18.9%
25.1%
41.7%
10.5%
2.7%
0.2%
0.2%










Adjusted Highway
All
1997


0.2%
23.8%
24.9%
35.8%
12.5%
2.5%
0.1%
0.1%










Adjusted Highway
All
1998


0.0%
23.9%
24.6%
37.3%
12.3%
1.7%
0.1%
0.2%










Adjusted Highway
All
1999


0.1%
28.4%
21.7%
39.0%
9.9%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%










Adjusted Highway
All
2000


0.1%
28.6%
22.1%
40.1%
7.9%
0.9%
0.1%
0.1%


0.0%







Adjusted Highway
All
2001


0.9%
28.7%
24.0%
35.1%
8.4%
2.6%
0.3%

0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
All
2002


0.6%
32.9%
21.2%
35.5%
7.5%
2.0%
0.3%
0.0%
0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
All
2003


1.1%
30.2%
26.5%
32.6%
8.6%
0.6%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%

0.0%







Adjusted Highway
All
2004


0.2%
31.6%
29.1%
27.2%
10.7%
0.7%
0.2%
0.3%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
2005


0.1%
24.3%
33.1%
26.5%
14.7%
0.4%
0.2%
0.8%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
2006


0.1%
23.9%
31.7%
29.3%
12.1%
2.1%

0.8%

0.0%








Adjusted Highway
All
2007


0.1%
23.4%
29.5%
24.5%
18.5%
2.8%

1.3%










Adjusted Highway
All
2008


0.1%
19.3%
29.8%
29.8%
17.2%
2.2%
0.2%
1.5%










Adjusted Highway
All
2009


0.0%
11.8%
24.8%
29.4%
29.5%
3.2%
0.2%
1.1%










Adjusted Highway
All
2010


0.0%
10.6%
28.6%
26.4%
27.6%
3.5%
1.0%
2.3%










Adjusted Highway
All
2011


0.1%
8.6%
29.3%
29.7%
25.3%
5.2%
0.6%
1.1%










Adjusted Highway
All
2012


0.0%
6.7%
22.6%
27.2%
26.9%
13.2%
1.8%
1.6%










Adjusted City
All
1975

22.3%
52.3%
19.0%
6.3%
0.2%














Adjusted City
All
1976

6.8%
61.1%
21.1%
9.0%
2.0%














Adjusted City
All
1977

4.9%
62.0%
19.6%
7.5%
4.5%
1.0%
0.4%












Adjusted City
All
1978

2.3%
50.9%
29.4%
10.3%
5.6%
1.2%
0.3%












Adjusted City
All
1979

4.1%
47.8%
31.6%
13.2%
2.8%
0.3%
0.3%












Adjusted City
All
1980

0.1%
22.2%
42.7%
26.2%
6.8%
1.0%
1.0%












Adjusted City
All
1981
0.0%
0.0%
15.8%
42.8%
26.9%
10.4%
3.3%
0.8%












Adjusted City
All
1982

0.1%
13.7%
37.6%
33.4%
10.9%
2.8%
1.2%
0.2%











EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 23
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II III
5
111
III
15 in
		
in
.411 In
in
4	
4? in
?	
?? in
Oil In
III
"II III
"5 in
Sll In
X? In
<>n in
in

< .ir or
MimKI

in
2»
25
.>n
,<5
4ii
4?
5n

on
o?
-II

Sll
85
•>u
*»5
lull
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
1 ruck
^ ('.II'










































Adiusted City
All
1984

0.2%
15.2%
39.1%
28.8%
11.8%
4.0%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%










Adjusted City
All
1985

0.0%
9.2%
46.1%
28.9%
11.0%
3.9%
0.6%
0.0%
0.3%










Adjusted City
All
1986

0.1%
9.1%
42.5%
32.9%
11.5%
2.4%
0.9%
0.4%
0.0%
0.2%









Adjusted City
All
1987

0.0%
7.4%
42.8%
32.1%
15.3%
1.3%
0.7%
0.2%

0.1%









Adjusted City
All
1988

0.0%
10.4%
41.2%
32.4%
12.9%
1.5%
1.3%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%









Adjusted City
All
1989

0.0%
10.9%
46.9%
29.2%
11.0%
0.9%
0.8%
0.1%
0.2%










Adjusted City
All
1990

0.1%
11.1%
48.0%
30.6%
8.0%
1.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted City
All
1991

0.0%
11.2%
49.8%
29.8%
7.1%
1.5%
0.1%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%









Adjusted City
All
1992

0.0%
16.4%
51.4%
24.5%
5.3%
1.5%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%










Adjusted City
All
1993

0.0%
16.4%
48.2%
27.1%
6.6%
1.1%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%










Adjusted City
All
1994

0.0%
18.6%
48.9%
26.4%
4.7%
0.9%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%










Adjusted City
All
1995

0.0%
18.9%
49.8%
23.8%
6.2%
1.0%
0.2%
0.2%











Adjusted City
All
1996

0.0%
18.7%
51.2%
22.7%
6.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%











Adjusted City
All
1997

0.0%
22.2%
46.6%
25.2%
5.1%
0.7%
0.1%












Adjusted City
All
1998

0.0%
21.1%
49.3%
22.9%
6.4%
0.2%
0.2%












Adjusted City
All
1999

0.0%
25.9%
49.8%
19.5%
4.6%
0.0%
0.1%












Adjusted City
All
2000

0.0%
26.3%
50.5%
20.0%
2.9%
0.2%
0.1%


0.0%









Adjusted City
All
2001

0.0%
28.2%
50.0%
16.6%
4.8%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted City
All
2002

0.0%
31.0%
47.1%
17.7%
3.9%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%









Adjusted City
All
2003

0.0%
29.4%
47.7%
18.0%
4.4%
0.0%
0.2%
0.2%
0.0%










Adjusted City
All
2004

0.0%
35.6%
43.8%
16.1%
3.9%
0.1%
0.1%

0.3%










Adjusted City
All
2005

0.0%
28.8%
47.5%
17.5%
5.0%
0.1%
0.2%

0.8%










Adjusted City
All
2006

0.0%
26.7%
49.3%
16.9%
6.1%
0.2%

0.2%
0.6%










Adjusted City
All
2007

0.0%
25.6%
44.2%
22.0%
6.3%
0.5%
0.0%
0.2%
1.0%










Adjusted City
All
2008

0.0%
23.1%
46.1%
22.4%
6.3%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
1.2%










Adjusted City
All
2009

0.0%
14.7%
40.9%
29.8%
12.5%
0.8%
0.1%
0.2%
0.9%










Adjusted City
All
2010

0.0%
15.0%
37.1%
32.1%
12.3%
0.3%
0.2%
0.8%

2.3%









Adjusted City
All
2011

0.0%
15.3%
40.1%
34.1%
8.5%
0.5%
0.1%
0.4%

1.1%









Adjusted City
All
2012

0.0%
10.7%
35.1%
31.6%
18.4%
1.1%
0.3%
1.2%

1.6%









Lab 55/45
All
1975

0.5%
51.8%
26.9%
13.7%
5.1%
2.0%













Lab 55/45
All
1976

0.0%
34.1%
42.3%
11.8%
8.8%
2.5%
0.5%












Lab 55/45
All
1977

0.1%
23.2%
51.8%
10.1%
8.2%
4.8%
0.8%
1.1%











Lab 55/45
All
1978

0.0%
17.6%
45.1%
19.8%
9.9%
4.5%
2.6%
0.4%











Lab 55/45
All
1979

0.3%
14.9%
43.8%
23.2%
11.5%
5.1%
0.8%
0.2%
0.1%










Lab 55/45
All
1980

0.0%
3.0%
24.1%
36.3%
23.2%
10.1%
1.7%
1.5%
0.2%










EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 24
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
< .ir or
1 ruck
MimKI
^ ('.II'
II III
5
l<>
HI
in
lo
15
15 in
2»
		
25
25
.>n
.411 lo
.*5
.<5 lu
411
4	
45
45 in
5n
5	
55 in
on
Oil In
o5
o5 in
"II
"ii in
"5 in
Sll
Sll III
85
X5 in
*>u
<>n in
i>5
•15 in
lull























Lab 55/45
All
1982

0.0%
1.6%
18.7%
27.2%
26.5%
18.0%
5.7%
1.5%
0.6%
0.2%









Lab 55/45
All
1983

0.0%
1.6%
17.0%
33.3%
19.3%
18.5%
8.1%
1.7%
0.5%
0.1%









Lab 55/45
All
1984

0.0%
1.8%
14.2%
34.3%
22.3%
19.3%
5.3%
2.1%
0.5%
0.2%
0.1%








Lab 55/45
All
1985

0.0%
1.8%
8.7%
41.7%
15.7%
24.3%
5.9%
0.9%
0.6%
0.0%
0.3%








Lab 55/45
All
1986

0.0%
0.8%
9.7%
30.3%
31.5%
18.9%
6.1%
1.3%
1.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%






Lab 55/45
All
1987

0.0%
0.8%
7.7%
30.0%
28.7%
24.7%
6.4%
0.7%
0.7%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1988

0.0%
0.7%
11.4%
24.4%
29.9%
25.1%
5.6%
1.4%
1.1%
0.1%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1989

0.0%
0.9%
11.0%
27.0%
33.7%
20.6%
5.0%
0.8%
0.8%

0.2%
0.1%







Lab 55/45
All
1990


1.0%
11.2%
24.9%
39.7%
17.5%
4.5%
0.7%
0.1%
0.0%
0.2%

0.0%






Lab 55/45
All
1991


0.4%
9.8%
30.5%
34.8%
17.3%
5.2%
1.4%
0.1%
0.1%
0.4%

0.0%






Lab 55/45
All
1992


0.4%
13.5%
32.6%
32.5%
14.5%
4.6%
1.1%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1993


0.1%
13.6%
27.8%
36.4%
15.6%
4.8%
1.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1994


0.0%
15.6%
32.6%
32.0%
14.2%
4.0%
0.8%
0.2%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%






Lab 55/45
All
1995


0.1%
17.7%
25.2%
35.7%
13.7%
6.2%
0.9%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%








Lab 55/45
All
1996


0.4%
14.7%
29.2%
34.7%
13.9%
5.9%
0.8%
0.2%
0.2%









Lab 55/45
All
1997


0.0%
17.3%
29.5%
31.5%
14.6%
6.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%









Lab 55/45
All
1998


0.0%
15.0%
30.8%
34.3%
12.9%
6.6%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%









Lab 55/45
All
1999


0.0%
18.4%
29.3%
35.7%
10.7%
5.7%
0.1%
0.0%
0.1%









Lab 55/45
All
2000


0.0%
16.7%
30.8%
36.1%
11.5%
4.5%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%




0.0%




Lab 55/45
All
2001


0.0%
19.0%
28.8%
33.4%
12.9%
4.7%
0.9%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
All
2002


0.0%
22.7%
26.5%
31.8%
14.1%
4.0%
0.6%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
All
2003


0.0%
21.1%
27.3%
31.1%
14.3%
5.0%
0.8%
0.0%
0.1%
0.3%

0.0%

0.0%




Lab 55/45
All
2004


0.0%
21.8%
29.4%
29.3%
13.3%
5.1%
0.5%
0.1%

0.1%

0.3%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
All
2005


0.0%
18.1%
28.8%
29.9%
15.0%
6.4%
0.6%
0.1%

0.2%

0.8%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
All
2006


0.0%
14.8%
30.0%
30.8%
15.7%
7.1%
0.7%
0.0%

0.2%

0.6%
0.0%





Lab 55/45
All
2007


0.0%
11.6%
32.8%
27.2%
16.4%
8.8%
1.5%
0.5%

0.2%

1.0%






Lab 55/45
All
2008


0.0%
9.1%
31.7%
30.2%
16.2%
9.5%
1.4%
0.4%

0.2%

1.2%






Lab 55/45
All
2009


0.0%
4.7%
23.3%
28.7%
24.8%
11.3%
5.2%
0.9%

0.2%

0.9%






Lab 55/45
All
2010


0.0%
6.4%
22.3%
24.4%
23.4%
17.9%
1.6%
0.9%
0.3%
0.5%


2.3%





Lab 55/45
All
2011


0.0%
4.7%
24.7%
25.9%
27.7%
11.8%
2.9%
0.6%
0.3%
0.2%


1.1%





Lab 55/45
All
2012


0.0%
3.5%
19.1%
22.4%
24.4%
12.5%
13.9%
1.0%
0.6%
0.8%
0.1%

1.6%





Lab City
All
1975

7.9%
56.1%
25.3%
8.6%
2.0%














Lab City
All
1976

1.4%
52.5%
32.2%
9.6%
3.9%
0.5%













Lab City
All
1977

0.7%
43.7%
38.1%
9.4%
6.2%
0.8%
1.1%












Lab City
All
1978

0.5%
34.7%
43.5%
12.5%
5.1%
2.7%
1.0%












EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 25
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12
Ml**; \ ji i.iI.k
< .ir or
1 ruck
MimKI
^ ('.II'
II III
5
l<>
in
111
III
15
15 in
2»
		
25
25
.>n
.411 lo
.*5
.<5 lu
411
4	
45
45 in
5n
5	
55 in
on
Oil In
o5
o5 in
"II
"ii in
"5 in
Sll
Sll In
85
X5 in
*>u
<>n in
i>5
•15 in
lull




























Lab City
All
1980

0.0%
9.6%
42.0%
31.7%
11.3%
3.7%
0.7%
1.0%











Lab City
All
1981
0.0%
0.0%
4.5%
40.7%
27.0%
19.5%
5.3%
2.1%
0.8%











Lab City
All
1982

0.0%
4.0%
31.9%
31.1%
22.4%
8.0%
1.5%
0.7%
0.2%










Lab City
All
1983

0.0%
3.3%
37.4%
26.9%
19.8%
10.2%
1.9%
0.4%
0.1%










Lab City
All
1984

0.0%
4.0%
31.9%
31.3%
24.0%
6.0%
2.0%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%









Lab City
All
1985

0.0%
6.7%
31.8%
25.9%
27.4%
6.2%
1.1%
0.6%
0.0%
0.3%









Lab City
All
1986

0.0%
2.4%
28.3%
35.7%
23.9%
6.9%
1.3%
0.9%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%







Lab City
All
1987

0.0%
3.5%
25.1%
34.5%
26.7%
8.5%
0.7%
0.7%
0.2%

0.1%








Lab City
All
1988

0.0%
4.0%
28.4%
29.9%
26.7%
8.4%
1.0%
1.3%
0.2%

0.1%








Lab City
All
1989

0.0%
4.6%
27.0%
36.4%
24.2%
5.9%
0.8%
0.8%
0.0%
0.2%
0.1%








Lab City
All
1990

0.0%
5.1%
27.0%
39.8%
20.8%
6.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.0%
0.2%
0.0%








Lab City
All
1991

0.0%
3.5%
30.3%
36.8%
21.1%
6.4%
1.2%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%








Lab City
All
1992

0.0%
4.0%
33.9%
39.6%
15.4%
4.9%
1.5%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%








Lab City
All
1993

0.0%
3.9%
32.1%
37.9%
19.4%
5.0%
1.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%








Lab City
All
1994


5.4%
33.3%
37.2%
18.3%
4.2%
0.9%
0.2%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%








Lab City
All
1995

0.0%
5.7%
34.5%
34.8%
17.5%
6.2%
0.8%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%









Lab City
All
1996

0.0%
6.0%
33.8%
37.4%
15.5%
6.2%
0.8%
0.2%
0.2%










Lab City
All
1997


6.6%
35.6%
34.0%
16.5%
6.4%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab City
All
1998


7.7%
33.4%
34.2%
17.9%
6.0%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab City
All
1999

0.0%
8.6%
34.3%
37.4%
14.1%
5.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%










Lab City
All
2000

0.0%
4.7%
36.6%
39.3%
14.4%
4.5%
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%



0.0%






Lab City
All
2001

0.0%
5.7%
37.5%
36.4%
14.6%
4.5%
1.1%
0.0%
0.1%

0.1%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
All
2002


3.3%
39.9%
35.5%
16.1%
4.4%
0.6%
0.0%
0.1%

0.1%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
All
2003

0.0%
4.7%
36.9%
35.5%
16.9%
4.9%
0.6%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%






Lab City
All
2004


4.7%
40.2%
34.5%
14.7%
4.9%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%
0.1%

0.0%
0.3%






Lab City
All
2005

0.0%
2.5%
36.6%
36.1%
17.1%
6.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.0%
0.2%

0.0%
0.8%






Lab City
All
2006

0.0%
1.7%
35.2%
38.4%
15.8%
7.1%
0.9%
0.0%

0.2%

0.0%
0.6%






Lab City
All
2007


1.6%
34.7%
32.4%
19.4%
8.5%
1.5%
0.5%
0.0%
0.2%


1.0%






Lab City
All
2008

0.0%
1.4%
31.3%
35.5%
18.9%
9.3%
1.6%
0.4%
0.2%
0.2%


1.2%






Lab City
All
2009


0.6%
21.4%
29.8%
29.1%
14.3%
2.7%
0.7%
0.2%
0.2%


0.9%






Lab City
All
2010

0.0%
0.3%
23.4%
26.8%
27.9%
15.8%
2.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.5%
0.3%


2.3%





Lab City
All
2011


0.5%
22.7%
31.0%
30.4%
10.3%
3.0%
0.2%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%


1.1%





Lab City
All
2012

0.0%
0.5%
16.7%
27.9%
25.7%
12.8%
13.1%
0.1%
0.5%

1.1%
0.1%

1.6%





Lab Highway
All
1975

0.0%
14.8%
50.4%
14.6%
10.0%
6.5%
2.0%
1.6%











Lab Highway
All
1976


7.5%
41.3%
30.9%
5.9%
9.5%
3.0%
2.0%











EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 26
March 2013

-------
*>EPA
Ermrortro-entst Protection
2012 FE Trends Rerport
Appendix C: Percent of 1975 To 2011 Production by MPG Band
Draft 11-20-12



II III
5
111
III
15 in
		
in
.411 In
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4	
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in

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on
o?
"II

Sll
85
•>u
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1 ruck
^ ('.II'










































Lab Highway
All
1978


7.2%
19.3%
39.1%
15.9%
9.3%
4.4%
3.2%
1.4%
0.3%









Lab Highway
All
1979

0.1%
7.5%
17.8%
39.6%
15.4%
10.1%
6.8%
2.3%
0.5%
0.1%









Lab Highway
All
1980


0.5%
6.1%
20.5%
30.5%
24.8%
10.6%
5.2%
0.6%
0.9%
0.2%








Lab Highway
All
1981

0.0%
0.1%
2.5%
17.4%
30.3%
23.2%
13.9%
8.5%
2.4%
0.5%
1.1%








Lab Highway
All
1982


0.5%
2.8%
12.9%
24.2%
21.4%
24.5%
8.0%
3.9%
1.2%
0.8%








Lab Highway
All
1983


0.2%
2.9%
11.6%
32.9%
19.2%
16.1%
10.5%
4.4%
1.6%
0.3%
0.1%







Lab Highway
All
1984


0.2%
3.0%
9.7%
28.6%
23.2%
20.3%
9.9%
2.6%
1.5%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%






Lab Highway
All
1985


0.1%
5.2%
5.8%
23.1%
30.0%
17.8%
11.5%
4.3%
1.3%
0.6%
0.0%
0.3%






Lab Highway
All
1986


0.1%
3.5%
7.1%
19.4%
26.3%
29.2%
9.4%
2.4%
2.0%
0.2%
0.2%

0.1%
0.2%




Lab Highway
All
1987


0.0%
2.6%
6.3%
18.3%
29.8%
27.7%
10.2%
3.8%
0.8%
0.1%
0.2%

0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1988


0.0%
2.2%
9.6%
15.6%
24.1%
32.1%
11.0%
3.3%
1.7%

0.1%
0.0%
0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1989


0.1%
1.6%
10.5%
15.3%
26.4%
32.1%
9.1%
3.4%
1.2%
0.0%
0.0%
0.2%
0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1990


0.2%
1.5%
11.1%
16.9%
26.1%
33.2%
7.3%
3.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%





Lab Highway
All
1991


0.0%
1.0%
9.2%
17.9%
29.2%
26.7%
10.9%
3.8%
0.6%
0.1%
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%





Lab Highway
All
1992


0.0%
0.6%
12.5%
14.7%
30.3%
28.7%
7.2%
4.1%
1.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1993


0.0%
0.3%
11.0%
18.6%
25.3%
28.1%
11.0%
4.0%
1.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%





Lab Highway
All
1994



1.1%
14.5%
18.4%
24.2%
26.6%
8.4%
5.3%
0.9%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%





EPA-420-R-13-001
C-3 p. 27
March 2013

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Appendix D
Fuel Economy Data Stratified
by Vehicle Type
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii' or
lllllk
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III1
1-mill
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Car
Car
1975
7274
0.711
15.8
12.3
15.1
13.4
4071

293
137
14.1
0.506
0.0333
32.4


6.5%

Car
Car
1976
8685
0.704
17.5
13.7
16.6
14.9
4044

288
134
14.4
0.500
0.0326
35.4


6.0%

Car
Car
1977
10027
0.710
18.4
14.4
17.4
15.6
3936
106.9
281
134
13.9
0.516
0.0337
36.4
2031
3894
6.8%

Car
Car
1978
10018
0.693
20.0
15.6
19.2
17.0
3572
106.0
252
124
13.6
0.537
0.0344
35.9
2193
3816
9.9%

Car
Car
1979
9727
0.701
20.3
16.0
19.3
17.3
3468
105.9
239
120
13.7
0.546
0.0341
35.4
2210
3770
12.8%

Car
Car
1980
8774
0.776
23.5
18.3
22.6
20.0
3092
102.4
188
101
14.2
0.584
0.0324
36.5
2462
3756
31.1%
0.6%
Car
Car
1981
7935
0.752
25.1
19.5
24.2
21.4
3079
104.5
184
99
14.3
0.589
0.0321
38.9
2689
4081
36.5%
0.4%
Car
Car
1982
7007
0.720
26.1
20.1
25.6
22.3
3039
103.4
175
99
14.3
0.610
0.0322
40.1
2779
4161
46.1%
0.4%
Car
Car
1983
7066
0.686
25.7
19.8
25.4
22.0
3121
106.7
185
105
13.9
0.613
0.0334
40.5
2835
4331
48.1%
0.5%
Car
Car
1984
9672
0.690
26.3
20.2
26.0
22.4
3091
105.1
180
106
13.7
0.636
0.0341
41.0
2843
4309
52.8%
0.4%
Car
Car
1985
9807
0.678
26.9
20.6
26.7
23.0
3091
106.0
179
112
13.2
0.670
0.0358
41.9
2928
4448
62.3%
0.1%
Car
Car
1986
10136
0.660
28.0
21.3
27.7
23.8
3026
105.0
168
111
13.1
0.702
0.0363
42.6
3006
4479
71.2%
0.3%
Car
Car
1987
9923
0.668
28.2
21.3
27.8
23.9
3013
104.4
162
113
13.0
0.732
0.0367
42.7
3001
4460
77.5%
0.3%
Car
Car
1988
10122
0.662
28.6
21.5
28.3
24.2
3035
105.4
160
116
12.7
0.759
0.0376
43.7
3083
4615
82.2%
0.4%
Car
Car
1989
9558
0.661
28.2
20.9
27.9
23.8
3088
106.4
162
121
12.4
0.784
0.0388
43.7
3052
4659
83.1%
0.6%
Car
Car
1990
8434
0.669
27.8
20.5
27.5
23.4
3167
105.8
163
129
12.1
0.830
0.0402
44.2
2987
4687
85.3%
0.4%
Car
Car
1991
8158
0.649
28.0
20.5
27.6
23.4
3147
105.6
163
133
11.8
0.852
0.0415
44.2
3007
4680
83.8%
0.9%
Car
Car
1992
7800
0.641
27.6
20.0
27.5
23.1
3234
107.3
170
141
11.5
0.868
0.0429
44.8
3011
4819
81.2%
0.7%
Car
Car
1993
7971
0.603
28.1
20.2
27.8
23.4
3210
107.1
167
140
11.5
0.868
0.0429
45.3
3059
4859
85.3%
0.6%
Car
Car
1994
8055
0.570
28.0
20.0
27.7
23.2
3251
107.2
168
143
11.4
0.885
0.0434
45.7
3049
4900
84.4%
0.2%
Car
Car
1995
9011
0.595
28.3
19.9
28.1
23.4
3266
107.8
168
154
10.8
0.948
0.0463
46.3
3098
4998
82.2%
0.6%
Car
Car
1996
7622
0.580
28.3
19.8
28.0
23.4
3276
108.2
166
154
10.8
0.958
0.0465
46.5
3106
5036
87.2%
0.6%
Car
Car
1997
8037
0.556
28.4
19.8
28.0
23.4
3274
108.0
164
157
10.7
0.975
0.0471
46.6
3104
5039
87.3%
0.6%
Car
Car
1998
7720
0.534
28.5
19.7
28.0
23.4
3304
108.0
164
159
10.6
0.991
0.0476
47.3
3122
5115
88.2%
0.8%
Car
Car
1999
8117
0.534
28.2
19.4
27.5
23.0
3362
108.4
166
164
10.5
1.007
0.0482
47.5
3088
5157
88.3%
0.9%
Car
Car
2000
8823
0.532
28.2
19.3
27.3
22.9
3366
108.9
166
168
10.3
1.030
0.0493
47.6
3103
5188
85.8%
0.9%
Car
Car
2001
7957
0.510
28.5
19.4
27.5
23.1
3366
108.3
165
169
10.3
1.039
0.0495
48.3
3142
5239
85.1%
1.6%
Car
Car
2002
7857
0.488
28.8
19.5
27.4
23.2
3379
109.1
166
173
10.1
1.063
0.0507
48.9
3190
5342
86.0%
2.3%
Car
Car
2003
7412
0.470
29.0
19.5
27.6
23.3
3416
108.8
167
178
10.0
1.081
0.0514
49.9
3212
5438
82.6%
2.0%
Car
Car
2004
6981
0.444
29.0
19.3
27.6
23.2
3444
108.8
170
182
9.8
1.095
0.0522
50.4
3227
5496
82.0%
3.2%
Car
Car
2005
7305
0.460
29.7
19.7
27.9
23.6
3444
109.6
167
181
9.8
1.104
0.0519
51.8
3353
5703
81.6%
3.5%
Car
Car
2006
7178
0.475
29.3
19.4
27.7
23.4
3526
109.5
174
195
9.5
1.137
0.0543
52.5
3311
5770
76.7%
3.9%
Car
Car
2007
7472
0.489
30.5
20.2
28.5
24.2
3503
109.1
167
190
9.6
1.152
0.0533
54.4
3454
5961
80.9%
4.5%
Car
Car
2008
6749
0.486
30.6
20.2
28.6
24.3
3530
109.0
167
195
9.5
1.175
0.0540
55.1
3471
6025
78.3%
5.7%
Car
Car
2009
5140
0.552
32.0
21.2
29.7
25.3
3478
109.3
157
187
9.7
1.188
0.0526
56.7
3623
6212
82.9%
5.3%
Car
Car
2010
5600
0.504
33.1
21.9
30.6
26.1
3490
109.9
159
190
9.5
1.196
0.0533
60.1
3845
6629
81.1%
5.6%
Car
Car
2011
5366
0.447
32.7
21.5
30.8
26.0
3579
110.9
162
201
9.4
1.248
0.0552
60.0
3778
6673
78.1%
7.7%
Car
Car
2012
7085
0.531
35.1
23.1
32.5
27.7
3450
109.2
150
194
9.4
1.287
0.0548
62.2
4010
6815
82.6%
5.5%
Car
Wagon
1975
963
0.094
16.1
12.5
15.6
13.8
3957

256
129
14.3
0.585
0.0322
32.2


6.6%

Car
Wagon
1976
1037
0.084
17.3
13.6
16.4
14.7
4182

276
132
14.7
0.526
0.0312
36.2


4.1%

EPA-420-R-13-001
D-l
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Env.Vonm ' ' '
Agency
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii or
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1l\ lirid
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Slllilll
\ litKi/i-
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Car
Car
1975
18.9%
0.3%


5.5%

0.3%






56.2%
22.4%
21.4%
Car
Car
1976
17.0%



3.3%

0.3%






58.0%
22.6%
19.3%
Car
Car
1977
16.6%



4.3%

0.5%






54.7%
22.2%
23.1%
Car
Car
1978
19.8%
7.0%


5.3%

1.0%






46.2%
33.3%
20.4%
Car
Car
1979
21.3%
9.2%


5.1%

2.2%






45.3%
33.0%
21.7%
Car
Car
1980
30.7%
15.7%


6.5%
0.7%
4.1%






55.0%
34.0%
11.0%
Car
Car
1981
29.2%
33.9%


6.3%
2.9%
5.9%






51.4%
36.6%
12.1%
Car
Car
1982
29.4%
51.6%


7.5%
10.9%
4.7%






57.6%
30.5%
11.9%
Car
Car
1983
25.4%
58.7%


10.1%
19.7%
2.1%






52.6%
32.1%
15.3%
Car
Car
1984
24.4%
58.3%


15.9%
24.1%
1.6%






58.6%
28.6%
12.8%
Car
Car
1985
22.7%
58.7%


22.4%
33.0%
0.9%






56.3%
28.3%
15.4%
Car
Car
1986
25.1%
58.0%


37.3%
28.9%
0.3%
94.8%
3.4%
1.7%



61.2%
26.3%
12.5%
Car
Car
1987
25.5%
58.9%


42.0%
30.6%
0.2%
84.9%
9.6%
5.5%



65.0%
22.7%
12.3%
Car
Car
1988
24.7%
66.0%


54.0%
29.4%
0.0%
79.4%
10.0%
10.6%



66.3%
20.9%
12.9%
Car
Car
1989
21.4%
69.1%
0.1%

62.3%
28.1%
0.0%
75.1%
12.1%
12.8%



59.4%
27.1%
13.5%
Car
Car
1990
19.9%
72.7%
0.0%

77.5%
21.2%
0.0%
66.8%
5.6%
27.6%

0.6%

59.3%
27.8%
13.0%
Car
Car
1991
20.8%
73.3%
0.0%

77.9%
22.0%
0.1%
65.7%
6.4%
27.9%

2.5%

61.7%
25.9%
12.4%
Car
Car
1992
17.5%
76.3%
0.0%

89.6%
10.4%
0.1%
64.7%
4.6%
30.7%

4.7%

56.9%
27.2%
15.9%
Car
Car
1993
17.8%
76.8%
0.0%

91.4%
8.6%

62.3%
3.2%
34.5%

5.0%

56.9%
29.2%
13.8%
Car
Car
1994
16.8%
79.1%


94.7%
5.3%
0.0%
58.0%
1.9%
40.0%

8.2%

58.6%
25.5%
15.9%
Car
Car
1995
16.3%
81.9%


98.7%
1.2%
0.1%
47.2%
1.1%
51.7%
0.0%
10.0%

57.6%
27.9%
14.5%
Car
Car
1996
14.9%
83.5%
0.0%

98.8%
1.1%
0.1%
42.7%
1.0%
56.3%
0.0%
11.9%

55.1%
31.0%
14.0%
Car
Car
1997
13.4%
85.9%
0.1%

99.1%
0.8%
0.1%
41.2%
1.0%
57.6%
0.1%
11.6%

55.3%
29.8%
14.9%
Car
Car
1998
12.2%
87.4%
0.1%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
39.0%
1.5%
58.7%
0.8%
18.8%

49.8%
38.4%
11.8%
Car
Car
1999
10.8%
88.6%
0.0%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
35.7%
2.1%
60.7%
1.5%
17.2%

48.3%
38.7%
13.0%
Car
Car
2000
11.2%
87.7%
0.0%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
35.4%
1.8%
61.3%
1.6%
23.3%
0.1%
48.3%
32.8%
18.9%
Car
Car
2001
11.4%
87.5%
0.2%

99.7%

0.3%
34.2%
2.1%
60.9%
2.8%
28.7%
0.0%
51.0%
31.2%
17.8%
Car
Car
2002
11.0%
88.3%
0.4%

99.6%

0.4%
31.5%
2.0%
63.8%
2.7%
34.7%
0.3%
48.3%
35.7%
15.9%
Car
Car
2003
11.0%
88.0%
1.0%

99.7%

0.3%
27.7%
2.4%
67.0%
2.9%
41.2%
0.6%
49.5%
33.5%
17.0%
Car
Car
2004
10.1%
88.1%
1.5%

99.7%

0.3%
24.3%
1.9%
71.3%
2.4%
44.4%
1.0%
46.9%
36.1%
17.0%
Car
Car
2005
9.2%
87.8%
2.8%

99.6%

0.4%
22.2%
2.5%
74.2%
1.1%
52.7%
2.3%
43.6%
39.5%
16.9%
Car
Car
2006
9.5%
87.7%
2.7%

99.3%

0.7%
20.4%
1.8%
77.4%
0.3%
62.4%
1.7%
44.5%
33.6%
21.9%
Car
Car
2007
8.5%
80.3%
11.2%
0.3%
99.6%

0.0%
15.8%
1.1%
83.1%
0.0%
67.3%
3.7%
43.0%
41.3%
15.7%
Car
Car
2008
7.6%
79.6%
12.5%
3.2%
96.7%

0.1%
13.2%
0.7%
86.2%
0.0%
65.2%
3.7%
42.3%
36.8%
20.9%
Car
Car
2009
6.3%
81.8%
11.6%
4.7%
94.7%

0.6%
8.8%
0.4%
90.8%
0.0%
80.1%
3.2%
43.9%
37.5%
18.6%
Car
Car
2010
5.3%
78.5%
14.6%
6.9%
92.5%

0.7%
7.7%
0.4%
91.9%

90.4%
6.6%
44.8%
40.4%
14.9%
Car
Car
2011
4.9%
82.6%
11.8%
16.6%
82.6%

0.8%
6.9%
0.4%
92.7%

94.1%
4.3%
34.4%
46.2%
19.4%
Car
Car
2012
8.2%
74.7%
11.3%
30.1%
69.0%

0.9%
2.7%
0.5%
96.8%

97.9%
5.7%
47.3%
40.9%
11.7%
Car
Wagon
1975
25.3%



2.7%

0.1%






49.5%
30.0%
20.4%
Car
Wagon
1976
17.5%



2.6%

0.1%






33.3%
46.7%
20.0%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-2
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii' or
lllllk
\ chii lc 1 \ |)c
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III1
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4W 1)
Car
Wagon
1977
1273
0 090
18.0
14.3
16.9
15.3
4005
138.1

127
14.6
0.523
0.0315
36.3
2559
5018
7.0%

Car
Wagon
1978
1157
0.080
19.2
15.1
18.3
16.4
3723
135.7
243
123
14.1
0.548
0.0327
35.8
2642
4875
7.2%

Car
Wagon
1979
1067
0.077
19.7
15.6
18.4
16.7
3637
135.6
234
117
14.5
0.535
0.0317
35.8
2694
4864
3.8%
3.5%
Car
Wagon
1980
669
0.059
23.6
18.5
22.5
20.1
3231
128.4
189
96
15.2
0.567
0.0297
38.4
3098
4956
11.3%
4.6%
Car
Wagon
1981
798
0.076
25.6
20.0
24.6
21.8
3040
126.2
165
94
14.6
0.644
0.0312
39.1
3287
4956
42.4%
4.2%
Car
Wagon
1982
812
0.083
25.3
19.6
24.6
21.6
3188
129.4
178
98
14.8
0.603
0.0305
40.4
3334
5245
42.0%
4.2%
Car
Wagon
1983
936
0.091
27.2
21.1
26.3
23.2
3047
123.9
161
94
14.8
0.636
0.0305
41.6
3420
5149
41.1%
22.3%
Car
Wagon
1984
1003
0.072
26.4
20.4
25.9
22.6
3175
131.5
166
100
14.6
0.645
0.0311
42.1
3546
5543
62.9%
7.2%
Car
Wagon
1985
983
0.068
27.5
21.2
26.9
23.4
3112
130.2
158
101
14.3
0.677
0.0320
42.7
3638
5580
54.4%
21.5%
Car
Wagon
1986
878
0.057
27.1
20.7
26.6
23.0
3215
133.3
162
106
14.1
0.690
0.0327
43.4
3642
5813
69.4%
9.2%
Car
Wagon
1987
808
0.054
27.2
20.6
26.7
23.0
3248
133.5
162
112
13.6
0.730
0.0342
44.1
3660
5911
71.5%
10.5%
Car
Wagon
1988
613
0.040
27.6
20.7
27.0
23.3
3242
133.6
163
114
13.3
0.745
0.0352
44.6
3708
5987
73.8%
8.5%
Car
Wagon
1989
461
0.032
26.9
20.0
26.5
22.6
3327
135.5
171
121
13.0
0.758
0.0363
44.6
3663
6068
71.2%
7.7%
Car
Wagon
1990
376
0.030
26.7
19.7
26.4
22.4
3367
135.0
165
127
12.6
0.815
0.0376
45.0
3624
6080
68.9%
13.7%
Car
Wagon
1991
366
0.029
28.0
20.5
27.6
23.4
3305
134.0
158
124
12.7
0.823
0.0372
46.3
3783
6218
71.8%
12.4%
Car
Wagon
1992
307
0.025
27.5
19.9
27.4
23.0
3391
136.2
171
137
12.1
0.867
0.0403
46.7
3772
6371
70.2%
12.2%
Car
Wagon
1993
486
0.037
29.6
21.3
29.1
24.6
3154
129.8
150
117
12.8
0.811
0.0368
46.8
3894
6087
81.3%
10.3%
Car
Wagon
1994
360
0.026
29.4
20.9
29.1
24.4
3217
130.5
154
128
12.4
0.848
0.0390
47.5
3896
6196
84.9%
6.2%
Car
Wagon
1995
385
0.025
29.6
21.0
29.0
24.4
3189
129.7
147
126
12.4
0.873
0.0390
47.3
3885
6132
77.5%
15.1%
Car
Wagon
1996
268
0.020
27.7
19.6
27.0
22.8
3453
131.8
155
144
11.8
0.945
0.0414
47.9
3677
6323
66.7%
28.3%
Car
Wagon
1997
298
0.021
28.9
20.4
27.9
23.7
3283
128.0
142
138
11.6
0.972
0.0419
47.5
3741
6086
65.7%
32.9%
Car
Wagon
1998
250
0.017
28.3
19.8
27.0
23.1
3359
128.1
143
149
11.1
1.043
0.0442
47.4
3650
6084
50.7%
46.3%
Car
Wagon
1999
259
0.017
27.7
19.2
26.6
22.6
3460
130.8
148
156
10.9
1.062
0.0449
47.9
3650
6280
52.9%
43.3%
Car
Wagon
2000
302
0.018
27.7
19.2
26.2
22.4
3468
130.8
147
158
10.9
1.076
0.0454
48.0
3649
6291
58.2%
37.6%
Car
Wagon
2001
447
0.029
26.9
18.7
25.1
21.7
3631
127.0
150
162
11.0
1.084
0.0446
49.0
3448
6233
66.2%
32.2%
Car
Wagon
2002
444
0.028
26.7
18.4
24.9
21.5
3610
125.4
149
163
10.9
1.109
0.0452
48.4
3378
6090
66.5%
31.5%
Car
Wagon
2003
509
0.032
29.1
20.0
26.5
23.2
3425
121.3
135
155
10.9
1.160
0.0453
50.4
3595
6117
73.0%
25.5%
Car
Wagon
2004
556
0.035
27.8
19.0
25.4
22.1
3683
130.9
151
187
10.1
1.248
0.0504
51.4
3687
6732
65.8%
33.3%
Car
Wagon
2005
722
0.045
28.0
19.0
25.5
22.2
3652
129.7
158
189
9.9
1.220
0.0511
51.4
3705
6678
61.4%
28.2%
Car
Wagon
2006
815
0.054
28.4
19.2
25.8
22.5
3603
128.8
154
188
10.0
1.228
0.0514
51.3
3701
6605
67.5%
22.5%
Car
Wagon
2007
610
0.040
29.0
19.5
26.5
23.0
3559
123.2
148
179
10.2
1.218
0.0497
51.9
3637
6401
75.5%
21.2%
Car
Wagon
2008
570
0.041
30.2
20.4
27.4
23.9
3495
120.8
142
172
10.3
1.216
0.0487
53.1
3715
6427
70.7%
26.1%
Car
Wagon
2009
496
0.053
32.7
22.2
28.9
25.5
3324
117.0
129
156
10.6
1.208
0.0465
54.6
3872
6388
79.1%
20.8%
Car
Wagon
2010
454
0.041
34.0
23.1
29.7
26.5
3277
117.9
125
151
10.7
1.204
0.0457
56.1
4078
6629
88.2%
10.5%
Car
Wagon
2011
362
0.030
34.7
23.8
30.0
27.0
3262
114.9
122
158
10.2
1.307
0.0481
57.2
4047
6542
79.8%
19.0%
Car
Wagon
2012
524
0.039
36.7
25.2
31.0
28.2
3174
118.4
117
150
10.2
1.289
0.0472
59.9
4480
7117
83.3%
15.2%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
1975
10
0.001
13.1
10.1
12.6
11.1
4000

262
113
15.6
0.430
0.0282
26.5




Car
Non-Truck SUV
1976
11
0.001
12.4
9.4
12.5
10.6
3986

263
123
14.6
0.467
0.0309
25.9




Car
Non-Truck SUV
1977
19
0.001
14.3
11.2
13.6
12.2
4000
105.1
261
124
14.4
0.477
0.0311
29.5
1562
3124


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1978
16
0.001
13.6
10.4
13.5
11.6
4000
104.6
262
126
14.2
0.481
0.0315
27.9
1471
2943


EPA-420-R-13-001
D-3
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii or
1 I'lll'k
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Muriel
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1l\ lirid
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Slllilll
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1
Car
Wagon
1977
18.0%



3.4%

0.3%






30.2%
43.0%
26.8%
Car
Wagon
1978
19.5%
7.8%


3.4%

0.5%






31.2%
43.5%
25.3%
Car
Wagon
1979
19.0%
4.8%


1.4%

1.1%






29.0%
45.2%
25.8%
Car
Wagon
1980
33.8%
31.5%


2.2%

9.3%






46.4%
38.4%
15.2%
Car
Wagon
1981
36.8%
27.5%


4.4%
0.0%
6.5%






52.4%
34.1%
13.5%
Car
Wagon
1982
28.0%
49.0%


4.3%
0.3%
4.7%






47.0%
35.0%
18.0%
Car
Wagon
1983
30.7%
42.1%


4.4%
13.0%
1.5%






56.7%
29.5%
13.9%
Car
Wagon
1984
22.1%
58.4%


6.1%
26.7%
2.0%






46.0%
36.4%
17.6%
Car
Wagon
1985
23.6%
58.6%


12.1%
22.7%
1.0%






50.5%
34.7%
14.8%
Car
Wagon
1986
21.4%
58.3%


29.8%
22.7%
0.4%
100.0%





39.7%
46.6%
13.7%
Car
Wagon
1987
17.3%
66.4%


48.2%
29.2%
0.3%
90.5%
2.2%
7.3%



44.7%
44.4%
10.9%
Car
Wagon
1988
17.4%
67.1%


48.9%
39.8%

91.9%
0.3%
7.8%



41.3%
46.4%
12.3%
Car
Wagon
1989
12.9%
73.3%


64.1%
23.2%

85.6%
1.1%
13.3%



34.5%
51.9%
13.6%
Car
Wagon
1990
13.9%
76.5%


76.4%
18.0%

70.8%

29.2%



42.6%
49.1%
8.3%
Car
Wagon
1991
14.7%
80.4%


80.8%
19.2%

71.1%

28.9%



57.1%
33.5%
9.4%
Car
Wagon
1992
15.2%
80.2%


89.0%
11.0%

74.3%

25.7%

0.7%

46.6%
44.7%
8.7%
Car
Wagon
1993
18.6%
78.7%


93.5%
6.5%

79.6%

20.4%

0.3%

62.1%
34.1%
3.8%
Car
Wagon
1994
16.4%
81.7%


98.7%
1.3%

80.4%

19.6%

4.4%

57.3%
38.4%
4.4%
Car
Wagon
1995
16.9%
81.7%


100.0%


63.5%

36.5%

5.1%

51.5%
45.8%
2.7%
Car
Wagon
1996
15.1%
84.9%


99.5%

0.5%
42.9%

57.1%

5.8%

33.5%
63.0%
3.5%
Car
Wagon
1997
16.5%
83.5%


100.0%

0.0%
45.9%

54.1%

3.9%

50.0%
50.0%

Car
Wagon
1998
15.7%
84.3%


100.0%


27.7%
1.9%
68.1%
2.3%
6.8%

39.0%
61.0%

Car
Wagon
1999
14.5%
84.8%


100.0%


22.9%
2.3%
66.5%
8.4%
12.3%

30.0%
70.0%

Car
Wagon
2000
11.1%
87.4%


100.0%


20.1%
1.8%
69.1%
9.0%
25.0%

22.4%
77.6%

Car
Wagon
2001
11.6%
88.1%


100.0%


7.3%
1.3%
84.0%
7.5%
22.5%

47.3%
52.7%

Car
Wagon
2002
14.6%
85.1%


99.5%

0.5%
5.9%
1.8%
86.1%
6.3%
18.4%

53.2%
46.8%

Car
Wagon
2003
14.1%
85.9%


98.7%

1.3%
4.9%
0.9%
86.8%
7.4%
42.5%

66.4%
33.6%

Car
Wagon
2004
10.5%
89.5%


99.2%

0.8%
2.8%
1.5%
90.6%
5.1%
41.6%

54.0%
28.4%
17.7%
Car
Wagon
2005
10.1%
89.9%


99.0%

1.0%
17.8%
0.6%
79.8%
1.8%
40.9%

50.6%
33.0%
16.4%
Car
Wagon
2006
8.5%
91.5%


100.0%


7.9%
2.6%
89.5%
0.0%
44.6%

60.5%
27.0%
12.5%
Car
Wagon
2007
8.4%
91.6%


99.8%

0.2%
7.4%
0.2%
92.3%
0.0%
39.9%

63.5%
24.6%
11.9%
Car
Wagon
2008
12.7%
87.3%

2.8%
97.0%

0.2%
0.7%

99.3%
0.0%
43.6%

72.2%
23.8%
4.0%
Car
Wagon
2009
12.1%
84.4%
3.5%
2.6%
95.2%

2.2%


100.0%

75.7%

86.5%
12.9%
0.6%
Car
Wagon
2010
10.2%
68.4%
16.2%
3.2%
91.4%

5.3%


100.0%

92.5%

98.3%
1.7%

Car
Wagon
2011
12.9%
60.6%
26.5%
13.9%
79.3%

6.8%
0.1%

99.9%

91.0%

99.0%
1.0%

Car
Wagon
2012
11.6%
55.7%
28.6%
18.4%
77.1%

4.5%
0.1%

99.9%

93.8%
7.1%
92.7%
7.3%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1975
68.3%












61.4%
38.6%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1976
69.1%












63.1%
36.9%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1977
82.5%












79.5%
20.5%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1978
84.2%












81.6%
18.4%

EPA-420-R-13-001
D-4
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
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Car
Non-Truck SL'Y
1979
16
0.001
16.8
13.9
14.8
14.3
3271
104.1
185

14.9
0.576
0.0300
27.8
1823
2890


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1980
0
0.000
17.2
13.9
15.5
14.6
4000
125.0
280
122
15.1
0.436
0.0305
34.6
2162
4325


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1981
0
0.000
17.3
13.7
16.1
14.7
4000
125.0
318
140
13.3
0.440
0.0350
34.5
2158
4315


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1982
13
0.001
23.4
20.2
19.3
19.8
2630
103.4
159
88
13.7
0.557
0.0335
30.7
2425
3202


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1983
34
0.003
24.3
19.5
22.4
20.7
3124
115.6
163
101
14.1
0.617
0.0325
38.4
2833
4523


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1984
55
0.004
22.6
17.5
22.1
19.3
3487
123.6
179
109
14.5
0.615
0.0313
39.7
2829
4925


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1985
88
0.006
23.5
17.6
24.2
20.1
3469
125.0
171
109
14.4
0.637
0.0314
40.8
2940
5100


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1986
59
0.004
22.3
17.1
21.7
18.9
3479
125.0
170
121
13.3
0.713
0.0348
38.9
2795
4858


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1987
95
0.006
22.9
17.1
23.1
19.4
3492
119.0
179
131
12.7
0.730
0.0374
40.0
2725
4756


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1988
109
0.007
22.7
17.1
22.5
19.2
3495
116.2
199
142
11.9
0.719
0.0405
39.9
2650
4628


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1989
108
0.007
22.7
17.1
22.1
19.1
3497
117.0
226
148
11.4
0.668
0.0422
39.8
2658
4647


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1990
65
0.005
22.5
16.9
21.5
18.8
3518
114.7
209
146
11.7
0.714
0.0415
39.6
2580
4530


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1991
224
0.018
21.8
16.4
20.5
18.2
3733
119.8
215
145
12.6
0.680
0.0385
40.7
2628
4896


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1992
243
0.020
21.4
16.1
20.1
17.8
3713
120.0
210
153
12.0
0.734
0.0409
39.9
2594
4802


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1993
473
0.036
20.4
15.0
19.6
17.0
3848
122.4
238
179
10.8
0.757
0.0462
39.5
2524
4847


Car
Non-Truck SUV
1994
332
0.023
21.8
16.1
20.5
18.0
3735
120.3
209
163
11.3
0.791
0.0434
40.6
2632
4904
2.6%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1995
220
0.015
21.5
15.7
20.5
17.8
3763
122.1
214
165
11.4
0.783
0.0436
40.6
2648
4965
0.1%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1996
287
0.022
22.4
16.2
21.1
18.4
3710
121.4
215
167
11.0
0.802
0.0448
41.7
2736
5058
6.3%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1997
361
0.025
23.5
17.1
21.7
19.2
3549
114.7
190
159
11.0
0.875
0.0446
41.9
2716
4803
20.3%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1998
454
0.031
22.3
16.0
20.8
18.2
3824
120.4
218
168
11.1
0.802
0.0439
42.8
2703
5149
10.3%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1999
488
0.032
22.7
16.3
21.0
18.5
3831
121.8
211
170
11.1
0.846
0.0442
43.7
2788
5327
15.4%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
2000
617
0.037
22.0
15.7
20.3
17.9
3870
119.8
211
174
11.0
0.857
0.0448
42.8
2661
5137
12.7%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
2001
743
0.048
23.3
16.4
21.4
18.8
3765
121.8
194
180
10.5
0.961
0.0477
44.2
2860
5376
37.1%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
2002
603
0.037
24.0
16.8
22.0
19.3
3747
122.0
183
179
10.4
1.003
0.0479
45.3
2965
5542
55.5%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
2003
575
0.036
24.8
17.2
22.7
19.9
3716
124.1
181
181
10.3
1.014
0.0486
46.4
3114
5773
65.9%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
2004
639
0.041
24.9
17.0
23.1
20.0
3854
126.9
191
198
9.9
1.039
0.0511
48.2
3184
6126
72.9%
3.4%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2005
813
0.051
25.4
17.3
23.2
20.2
3848
132.8
186
192
10.1
1.040
0.0498
49.0
3388
6513
74.0%
14.5%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2006
751
0.050
25.7
17.5
23.5
20.5
3876
133.6
184
192
10.2
1.051
0.0493
50.0
3457
6680
77.7%
8.6%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2007
919
0.060
25.9
17.6
23.8
20.6
3935
133.3
185
208
9.7
1.127
0.0524
51.2
3479
6824
85.4%
4.7%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2008
924
0.066
26.6
18.1
24.4
21.2
3902
131.8
179
204
9.8
1.141
0.0518
52.4
3547
6904
87.0%
5.3%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2009
608
0.065
27.8
18.8
25.3
22.0
3846
131.2
175
206
9.6
1.174
0.0534
53.9
3682
7066
92.2%
2.8%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2010
915
0.082
29.1
19.6
26.5
23.0
3949
132.8
172
213
9.5
1.240
0.0538
57.8
3896
7684
88.4%
8.9%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2011
1207
0.101
29.9
20.0
27.4
23.6
3890
134.7
166
207
9.7
1.243
0.0530
58.5
4057
7897
88.8%
9.7%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2012
914
0.068
30.6
20.4
28.0
24.1
3908
135.5
163
207
9.7
1.263
0.0527
60.3
4192
8192
86.9%
11.2%
Car
All
1975
8247
0.807
15.8
12.3
15.2
13.5
4057

288
136
14.2
0.515
0.0331
32.3


6.5%

Car
All
1976
9734
0.789
17.5
13.7
16.6
14.9
4059

287
134
14.4
0.502
0.0324
35.5


5.8%

Car
All
1977
11318
0.801
18.3
14.4
17.4
15.6
3944
110.4
279
133
14.0
0.516
0.0335
36.4
2090
4020
6.8%

Car
All
1978
11191
0.775
19.9
15.5
19.1
16.9
3588
109.0
251
124
13.7
0.538
0.0342
35.9
2239
3924
9.6%

Car
All
1979
10810
0.779
20.2
15.9
19.2
17.2
3485
108.9
238
119
13.8
0.545
0.0338
35.4
2257
3877
11.9%
0.3%
Car
All
1980
9444
0.835
23.5
18.3
22.6
20.0
3101
104.2
188
100
14.3
0.583
0.0322
36.6
2507
3841
29.7%
0.9%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-5
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
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Car
Non-Truck SLY
1979
37.7%
3.9%











83.5%
16.5%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1980
3.9%
86.8%












100.0%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1981

100.0%












100.0%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1982
4.6%
8.9%











86.5%
13.5%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1983
19.3%
43.2%











37.6%
62.4%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1984
19.4%
64.8%











5.6%
94.4%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1985
15.9%
84.1%



5.3%








100.0%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1986
18.1%
81.9%


0.0%
86.8%
0.0%
100.0%





0.0%
100.0%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1987
14.3%
85.7%


32.8%
67.2%

100.0%





24.1%
75.9%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1988
24.6%
75.4%


48.2%
51.8%

100.0%





35.2%
64.8%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1989
27.4%
72.6%


44.7%
53.9%

100.0%





32.0%
68.0%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1990
35.1%
63.0%


63.3%
31.6%

100.0%





41.2%
58.8%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1991
22.2%
77.7%


49.3%
49.9%

100.0%





20.9%
79.1%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1992
24.6%
75.4%


68.4%
30.3%

100.0%





19.9%
80.1%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1993
10.9%
89.1%


90.6%
8.7%

100.0%





10.2%
89.8%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1994
21.5%
70.9%


92.1%
7.9%

88.5%

11.5%



18.7%
81.3%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1995
17.4%
82.6%


90.8%
9.2%

80.9%

19.1%



11.5%
88.5%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1996
15.4%
84.6%


100.0%


67.6%

32.4%



14.4%
85.6%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1997
23.2%
70.7%


100.0%


45.4%

54.6%



41.3%
58.7%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1998
11.1%
88.9%


100.0%


70.8%

29.2%



18.4%
81.6%

Car
Non-Truck SUV
1999
8.4%
91.6%


100.0%


61.6%

38.4%

4.6%

13.5%
85.6%
0.9%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2000
5.7%
94.3%


100.0%


66.0%

34.0%

5.0%

21.2%
78.1%
0.6%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2001
6.2%
93.8%


100.0%


56.9%

43.1%

10.0%

18.7%
75.3%
6.0%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2002
7.5%
92.3%
0.2%

100.0%


29.7%

70.3%

18.2%

18.3%
75.3%
6.4%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2003
7.2%
84.3%
8.5%

100.0%


31.9%

68.1%

19.6%

10.0%
83.4%
6.6%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2004
5.8%
87.9%
6.3%

100.0%


24.5%

75.5%

37.9%

7.0%
78.4%
14.6%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2005
3.7%
91.9%
4.5%

100.0%


32.5%

67.5%

27.3%
0.5%
5.0%
58.8%
36.2%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2006
3.1%
91.7%
5.2%

100.0%


13.2%

86.8%

33.4%
1.1%

65.8%
34.2%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2007
1.6%
94.5%
3.9%

100.0%


17.3%

82.7%

46.8%
1.6%
0.2%
66.3%
33.4%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2008
0.7%
93.6%
5.7%
2.2%
97.8%


10.4%

89.6%

56.4%
2.3%

72.8%
27.2%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2009
0.6%
85.9%
13.5%
1.3%
98.7%


5.9%

94.1%

73.7%
2.7%

75.2%
24.8%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2010
0.2%
91.5%
8.3%
26.2%
73.8%




100.0%

99.9%
1.4%

58.9%
41.1%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2011
0.5%
91.5%
8.0%
27.6%
72.4%




100.0%

99.8%
0.6%

61.3%
38.7%
Car
Non-Truck SUV
2012
0.6%
92.4%
7.0%
39.7%
60.3%




100.0%

100.0%
0.8%

58.3%
41.7%
Car
All
1975
19.7%
0.3%


5.1%

0.2%






55.4%
23.3%
21.2%
Car
All
1976
17.2%



3.2%

0.3%






55.4%
25.2%
19.4%
Car
All
1977
16.9%



4.2%

0.5%






52.0%
24.5%
23.5%
Car
All
1978
19.9%
7.1%


5.1%

0.9%






44.7%
34.4%
20.9%
Car
All
1979
21.1%
8.8%


4.7%

2.1%






43.7%
34.2%
22.1%
Car
All
1980
30.9%
16.8%


6.2%
0.7%
4.4%






54.4%
34.4%
11.3%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-6
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
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Car

1981
8734
0.828
25.1
19.5
24.2
21.4
3076
106.5
182

14.4
0.594
0.0320
38.9
2743
4161
37.0%
0.7%
Car
All
1982
7832
0.805
26.0
20.1
25.5
22.2
3053
106.1
175
99
14.4
0.609
0.0320
40.1
2836
4272
45.6%
0.8%
Car
All
1983
8035
0.780
25.9
19.9
25.5
22.1
3112
108.7
182
104
14.0
0.615
0.0330
40.7
2903
4427
47.1%
3.1%
Car
All
1984
10730
0.765
26.3
20.2
25.9
22.4
3101
107.6
179
106
13.8
0.637
0.0338
41.1
2909
4428
53.5%
1.0%
Car
All
1985
10879
0.752
26.9
20.6
26.7
23.0
3096
108.4
177
111
13.3
0.671
0.0354
41.9
2992
4556
61.1%
2.1%
Car
All
1986
11074
0.721
27.9
21.2
27.6
23.7
3043
107.4
167
111
13.2
0.701
0.0360
42.6
3055
4586
70.7%
1.0%
Car
All
1987
10826
0.728
28.0
21.2
27.7
23.8
3035
106.7
162
113
13.0
0.732
0.0365
42.7
3048
4571
76.4%
1.1%
Car
All
1988
10845
0.709
28.5
21.4
28.1
24.1
3051
107.1
161
116
12.8
0.758
0.0375
43.7
3114
4693
80.9%
0.8%
Car
All
1989
10126
0.701
28.1
20.8
27.8
23.6
3104
107.8
163
121
12.4
0.782
0.0387
43.7
3076
4723
81.6%
1.0%
Car
All
1990
8875
0.704
27.7
20.4
27.4
23.3
3178
107.1
163
129
12.1
0.829
0.0401
44.2
3011
4745
84.0%
1.0%
Car
All
1991
8748
0.696
27.8
20.4
27.4
23.3
3168
107.1
164
133
11.9
0.847
0.0413
44.2
3030
4750
81.1%
1.3%
Car
All
1992
8350
0.686
27.4
19.8
27.2
22.9
3254
108.7
171
141
11.5
0.864
0.0427
44.7
3027
4875
78.4%
1.1%
Car
All
1993
8929
0.676
27.6
19.9
27.3
23.0
3241
109.2
170
140
11.5
0.859
0.0427
45.1
3076
4925
80.6%
1.1%
Car
All
1994
8747
0.619
27.7
19.8
27.4
23.0
3268
108.7
169
144
11.4
0.880
0.0432
45.5
3068
4953
81.3%
0.4%
Car
All
1995
9616
0.635
28.1
19.8
27.9
23.3
3274
109.0
168
153
10.9
0.941
0.0460
46.2
3119
5043
80.1%
1.1%
Car
All
1996
8177
0.622
28.0
19.7
27.6
23.1
3297
109.5
167
155
10.8
0.952
0.0463
46.4
3112
5079
83.7%
1.4%
Car
All
1997
8695
0.601
28.2
19.7
27.6
23.2
3285
108.9
165
156
10.7
0.970
0.0468
46.5
3110
5065
83.8%
1.7%
Car
All
1998
8425
0.583
28.1
19.5
27.5
23.0
3334
109.3
167
160
10.6
0.983
0.0473
47.1
3115
5145
82.9%
2.1%
Car
All
1999
8865
0.583
27.8
19.2
27.0
22.7
3390
109.8
168
164
10.5
1.000
0.0479
47.3
3088
5199
83.2%
2.1%
Car
All
2000
9742
0.588
27.7
19.0
26.7
22.5
3401
110.2
168
168
10.4
1.021
0.0489
47.3
3092
5219
80.4%
2.0%
Car
All
2001
9148
0.586
27.9
19.1
26.7
22.6
3411
110.3
167
169
10.3
1.035
0.0491
48.0
3134
5299
80.3%
3.0%
Car
All
2002
8904
0.553
28.3
19.2
26.8
22.8
3415
110.8
167
173
10.2
1.061
0.0502
48.6
3184
5393
82.9%
3.6%
Car
All
2003
8496
0.539
28.7
19.3
27.1
23.0
3437
110.6
166
176
10.0
1.082
0.0508
49.7
3229
5501
80.9%
3.2%
Car
All
2004
8176
0.520
28.5
19.1
27.0
22.9
3492
111.7
170
184
9.8
1.101
0.0520
50.3
3255
5629
80.2%
5.3%
Car
All
2005
8839
0.556
29.1
19.4
27.2
23.1
3498
113.4
168
183
9.9
1.108
0.0516
51.5
3385
5857
79.2%
6.6%
Car
All
2006
8744
0.579
28.9
19.2
27.1
23.0
3563
113.4
173
194
9.6
1.138
0.0536
52.2
3360
5926
75.9%
6.0%
Car
All
2007
9001
0.589
29.8
19.8
27.8
23.7
3551
112.5
167
191
9.6
1.154
0.0530
53.9
3469
6079
81.0%
5.6%
Car
All
2008
8243
0.593
30.1
20.0
28.0
23.9
3569
112.4
166
194
9.6
1.174
0.0534
54.6
3496
6151
78.8%
7.1%
Car
All
2009
6244
0.670
31.6
21.0
29.2
25.0
3502
112.1
157
186
9.8
1.189
0.0522
56.3
3649
6309
83.5%
6.3%
Car
All
2010
6969
0.627
32.6
21.7
29.9
25.7
3536
113.4
158
190
9.6
1.203
0.0528
59.6
3867
6767
82.5%
6.3%
Car
All
2011
6934
0.578
32.3
21.3
30.1
25.6
3617
115.2
161
200
9.5
1.250
0.0544
59.6
3840
6879
80.1%
8.6%
Car
All
2012
8524
0.639
34.6
22.9
31.8
27.3
3482
112.6
150
192
9.5
1.284
0.0541
61.9
4058
6981
83.1%
6.7%
Truck
Van
1975
457
0.045
13.1
10.6
11.9
11.1
4196

318
143
13.9
0.448
0.0341
28.1




Truck
Van
1976
502
0.041
13.9
11.1
12.8
11.8
4200

324
146
13.7
0.447
0.0347
29.7




Truck
Van
1977
514
0.036
14.7
11.9
13.3
12.5
4252

332
152
13.3
0.458
0.0359
31.7




Truck
Van
1978
625
0.043
14.2
11.6
12.7
12.1
4250

329
149
13.4
0.453
0.0351
30.8




Truck
Van
1979
481
0.035
13.5
11.1
12.1
11.5
4541

322
144
14.6
0.451
0.0317
31.3




Truck
Van
1980
242
0.021
16.6
13.3
15.4
14.1
4353

288
131
15.2
0.459
0.0299
36.4




Truck
Van
1981
245
0.023
17.5
14.0
16.0
14.8
4324

284
129
15.3
0.458
0.0298
38.0


0.3%

Truck
Van
1982
311
0.032
17.3
13.9
15.9
14.7
4342

287
132
15.2
0.463
0.0303
38.0




EPA-420-R-13-001
D-7
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Env.Vonm ' ' '
Agency
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii or
1 I'lll'k
\ chicle 1 \ |H'
Muriel
^ t ;ii
1 I'illisilllssinli
l lli'l \li'liTllll>
NiiImIhT n|' \ ;i|\ i'S
YY|
1l\ lirid
\ i-lili'll- Si/i-
Milllllill
1 .1 K'lxll |'
CYT
cm
I'm-i
1 lil
Dii-M-I
I \\n
1 In i-i-
l-nlir
I'ivt.'
Slllilll
\ litKi/i-
l.;iri>i'
Car

1981

^ 3°


6.1%

^ 9%






51.5%
36.4%
12.2%


Car
All
1982
29.2%
51.3%


7.2%
9.8%
4.7%






56.6%
30.9%
12.5%
Car
All
1983
26.0%
56.7%


9.4%
18.8%
2.1%






53.0%
31.9%
15.0%
Car
All
1984
24.1%
58.3%


14.9%
24.3%
1.7%






57.1%
29.7%
13.2%
Car
All
1985
22.8%
58.9%


21.3%
31.8%
0.9%






55.3%
29.5%
15.2%
Car
All
1986
24.7%
58.1%


36.5%
28.7%
0.3%
95.3%
3.2%
1.6%



59.2%
28.3%
12.5%
Car
All
1987
24.8%
59.7%


42.4%
30.8%
0.2%
85.4%
9.0%
5.6%



63.2%
24.8%
12.1%
Car
All
1988
24.3%
66.2%


53.7%
30.2%
0.0%
80.3%
9.4%
10.3%



64.5%
22.8%
12.7%
Car
All
1989
21.1%
69.3%
0.1%

62.2%
28.1%
0.0%
75.9%
11.5%
12.7%



58.0%
28.7%
13.4%
Car
All
1990
19.8%
72.8%
0.0%

77.4%
21.2%
0.0%
67.2%
5.3%
27.4%

0.6%

58.4%
28.9%
12.7%
Car
All
1991
20.6%
73.7%
0.0%

77.2%
22.6%
0.1%
66.8%
6.0%
27.2%

2.4%

60.4%
27.6%
12.0%
Car
All
1992
17.6%
76.4%
0.0%

88.9%
11.0%
0.1%
66.0%
4.3%
29.7%

4.4%

55.5%
29.4%
15.2%
Car
All
1993
17.5%
77.6%
0.0%

91.5%
8.5%

65.2%
2.8%
31.9%

4.5%

54.7%
32.7%
12.6%
Car
All
1994
16.9%
78.9%


94.8%
5.2%
0.0%
60.1%
1.8%
38.1%

7.7%

57.0%
28.2%
14.8%
Car
All
1995
16.3%
81.9%


98.6%
1.3%
0.1%
48.6%
1.1%
50.3%
0.0%
9.6%

56.3%
30.0%
13.7%
Car
All
1996
14.9%
83.6%
0.0%

98.8%
1.1%
0.1%
43.6%
0.9%
55.5%
0.0%
11.3%

52.9%
33.9%
13.2%
Car
All
1997
13.9%
85.2%
0.1%

99.2%
0.8%
0.1%
41.6%
1.0%
57.4%
0.1%
10.8%

54.5%
31.7%
13.7%
Car
All
1998
12.2%
87.4%
0.1%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
40.4%
1.4%
57.4%
0.8%
17.4%

47.7%
41.4%
10.8%
Car
All
1999
10.8%
88.6%
0.0%

99.8%
0.1%
0.2%
36.8%
2.0%
59.6%
1.6%
16.4%

45.8%
42.2%
12.0%
Car
All
2000
10.8%
88.1%
0.0%

99.7%
0.1%
0.2%
36.8%
1.7%
59.8%
1.7%
22.2%
0.1%
45.8%
37.1%
17.1%
Car
All
2001
11.0%
88.0%
0.2%

99.8%

0.2%
34.7%
1.9%
60.6%
2.8%
26.9%
0.0%
48.2%
35.8%
16.0%
Car
All
2002
10.9%
88.4%
0.4%

99.6%

0.4%
30.1%
1.9%
65.4%
2.7%
32.8%
0.3%
46.6%
39.0%
14.5%
Car
All
2003
10.9%
87.7%
1.4%

99.7%

0.3%
26.6%
2.2%
68.3%
3.0%
39.8%
0.6%
47.8%
36.9%
15.3%
Car
All
2004
9.8%
88.2%
1.7%

99.7%

0.3%
22.9%
1.8%
73.0%
2.4%
43.7%
0.9%
44.3%
38.9%
16.8%
Car
All
2005
8.8%
88.4%
2.8%

99.6%

0.4%
22.8%
2.1%
74.1%
1.1%
49.4%
1.9%
40.6%
40.7%
18.6%
Car
All
2006
8.8%
88.4%
2.7%

99.4%

0.6%
18.7%
1.7%
79.3%
0.2%
58.2%
1.5%
42.2%
35.8%
22.1%
Car
All
2007
7.8%
82.5%
9.7%
0.3%
99.7%

0.0%
15.4%
0.9%
83.7%
0.0%
63.3%
3.2%
40.0%
42.7%
17.3%
Car
All
2008
7.2%
81.7%
10.8%
3.1%
96.9%

0.1%
12.0%
0.5%
87.4%
0.0%
62.7%
3.3%
39.6%
40.0%
20.4%
Car
All
2009
6.2%
82.4%
11.1%
4.2%
95.2%

0.6%
7.8%
0.3%
91.9%
0.0%
79.1%
2.9%
43.0%
39.3%
17.8%
Car
All
2010
5.0%
79.5%
13.9%
9.2%
89.9%

0.9%
6.2%
0.3%
93.5%

91.8%
5.5%
42.4%
40.3%
17.3%
Car
All
2011
4.6%
83.0%
11.9%
18.4%
80.7%

0.9%
5.4%
0.3%
94.3%

94.9%
3.4%
31.8%
46.5%
21.7%
Car
All
2012
7.6%
75.4%
11.9%
30.4%
68.6%

1.1%
2.2%
0.4%
97.3%

97.9%
5.3%
45.0%
40.7%
14.2%
Truck
Van
1975
23.3%




0.2%







0.4%
66.1%
33.6%
Truck
Van
1976
20.5%




0.3%







0.3%
61.4%
38.3%
Truck
Van
1977
14.3%




0.4%







0.4%
61.0%
38.6%
Truck
Van
1978
13.0%




0.4%







0.4%
63.8%
35.8%
Truck
Van
1979
14.8%
6.8%



1.8%







1.8%
65.1%
33.1%
Truck
Van
1980
26.0%
39.0%



6.5%







6.5%
53.8%
39.7%
Truck
Van
1981
21.9%
46.6%



4.6%







4.6%
56.3%
39.2%
Truck
Van
1982
15.7%
45.8%



3.0%
1.8%






4.8%
58.0%
37.2%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-8
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii' or
lllllk
\ chii lc 1 \ |)c
Model
^ rill'
Trod
(000)
1 nil
l url Kimioim
U I'iiihl
l.h
\ 
v«i.i
iiw>
Adj
< ()||||)
(II)
III1
1-mill
4W 1)
Truck
\ an
1983
383
0.037
17.7
14.1
16.5
15.1
4414

294
136
15.0
0.466
0.0307
39.7


0.2%

Truck
Van
1984
676
0.048
18.9
15.0
17.7
16.1
4075

249
126
14.9
0.538
0.0307
39.3


22.3%

Truck
Van
1985
855
0.059
19.5
15.5
18.1
16.5
3975

236
129
14.3
0.578
0.0322
39.3


30.4%
0.3%
Truck
Van
1986
1044
0.068
20.6
16.1
19.4
17.5
3998

228
127
14.5
0.588
0.0317
41.5


24.4%
1.3%
Truck
Van
1987
1114
0.075
20.9
16.2
19.8
17.7
3972

226
142
13.3
0.657
0.0356
41.7


27.5%
1.9%
Truck
Van
1988
1133
0.074
21.2
16.2
20.3
17.9
4053

229
147
13.0
0.671
0.0363
43.2


36.3%
0.8%
Truck
Van
1989
1278
0.088
21.1
16.1
20.2
17.8
4057

225
146
13.1
0.680
0.0360
43.2


34.4%
0.7%
Truck
Van
1990
1262
0.100
21.2
16.0
20.4
17.8
4095

225
149
13.0
0.682
0.0363
43.8


46.8%
6.6%
Truck
Van
1991
1034
0.082
21.4
16.0
20.5
17.9
4133

220
149
13.1
0.701
0.0359
44.5


38.2%
10.9%
Truck
Van
1992
1221
0.100
21.5
15.9
20.5
17.9
4151

222
152
12.9
0.705
0.0366
44.8


45.4%
5.5%
Truck
Van
1993
1441
0.109
21.9
16.0
21.0
18.2
4105

218
155
12.6
0.730
0.0378
45.0


49.8%
4.5%
Truck
Van
1994
1418
0.100
21.5
15.7
20.5
17.8
4156

226
159
12.4
0.721
0.0383
44.9


52.3%
6.4%
Truck
Van
1995
1662
0.110
21.8
15.8
21.0
18.1
4110

231
159
12.3
0.708
0.0387
45.0


61.3%
9.1%
Truck
Van
1996
1409
0.107
22.2
15.9
21.4
18.3
4195

220
171
11.8
0.790
0.0408
46.8


73.8%
2.3%
Truck
Van
1997
1265
0.088
22.1
15.7
21.2
18.2
4240

220
174
11.8
0.802
0.0410
46.9


64.8%
4.7%
Truck
Van
1998
1489
0.103
22.7
16.0
22.0
18.7
4183

217
180
11.3
0.840
0.0431
47.7


78.3%
3.2%
Truck
Van
1999
1463
0.096
22.3
15.6
21.5
18.3
4306

223
183
11.4
0.832
0.0424
48.1


76.0%
2.7%
Truck
Van
2000
1691
0.102
22.8
15.9
21.8
18.6
4276

217
183
11.4
0.858
0.0428
48.9


80.6%
2.7%
Truck
Van
2001
1232
0.079
22.1
15.3
21.1
18.0
4518

229
202
10.9
0.897
0.0447
50.3


69.3%
8.7%
Truck
Van
2002
1243
0.077
23.1
15.9
21.9
18.7
4394

218
199
10.8
0.929
0.0455
50.9


84.3%
3.0%
Truck
Van
2003
1232
0.078
23.5
16.0
22.2
19.0
4393

219
202
10.7
0.929
0.0459
51.7


83.5%
5.0%
Truck
Van
2004
953
0.061
23.7
16.0
22.7
19.2
4487

219
214
10.4
0.988
0.0477
53.4


86.6%
4.9%
Truck
Van
2005
1481
0.093
24.0
16.1
22.8
19.3
4430

216
209
10.5
0.976
0.0472
53.2


89.2%
5.5%
Truck
Van
2006
1166
0.077
24.3
16.2
23.1
19.5
4475

216
211
10.5
0.984
0.0472
54.4


89.8%
4.5%
Truck
Van
2007
847
0.055
24.2
16.1
23.1
19.5
4479

219
225
10.0
1.034
0.0503
54.3


93.8%
2.9%
Truck
Van
2008
790
0.057
24.6
16.4
23.5
19.8
4527

220
221
10.4
1.010
0.0488
55.9


92.9%
4.0%
Truck
Van
2009
368
0.040
25.0
16.7
23.7
20.1
4572

215
220
10.4
1.033
0.0482
57.2


94.1%
2.5%
Truck
Van
2010
559
0.050
25.0
16.7
23.7
20.1
4533

214
212
10.6
1.001
0.0467
56.8


96.3%
1.6%
Truck
Van
2011
521
0.043
26.3
17.5
24.7
21.0
4501

212
259
9.0
1.224
0.0574
59.2


91.5%
5.6%
Truck
Van
2012
685
0.051
26.3
17.5
24.9
21.1
4485

214
259
9.0
1.217
0.0576
59.1


92.5%
2.9%
Truck
Truck SUV
1975
177
0.017
13.0
10.6
11.5
11.0
4214

332
148
13.2
0.443
0.0361
27.2



88.9%
Truck
Truck SUV
1976
232
0.019
13.9
11.2
12.5
11.8
4328

339
142
14.0
0.415
0.0333
29.8



89.5%
Truck
Truck SUV
1977
264
0.019
15.1
12.2
13.7
12.8
4248

337
145
13.5
0.428
0.0345
32.0



88.4%
Truck
Truck SUV
1978
364
0.025
14.5
11.6
13.2
12.3
4282

342
150
13.2
0.435
0.0353
30.8



92.4%
Truck
Truck SUV
1979
385
0.028
12.4
10.3
10.8
10.5
4561

337
145
14.4
0.433
0.0323
28.3



72.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
1980
184
0.016
15.5
12.5
14.1
13.2
4237

295
131
14.7
0.453
0.0307
32.9



88.9%
Truck
Truck SUV
1981
136
0.013
16.8
13.4
15.5
14.3
4208

290
132
14.4
0.460
0.0315
35.4



90.5%
Truck
Truck SUV
1982
150
0.015
17.3
13.7
16.2
14.7
4494

305
133
15.1
0.444
0.0300
39.9



86.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
1983
256
0.025
18.5
14.5
17.7
15.8
4270

265
127
15.1
0.507
0.0300
40.3



91.3%
Truck
Truck SUV
1984
570
0.041
19.0
14.9
18.0
16.2
4049

231
122
15.0
0.554
0.0300
39.0



93.3%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-9
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii or
1 I'lll'k
\ chicle 1 \ |H'
Muriel
\vav
1 I'illisilllssinli
l lli'l \li'liTllll>
NiiIIiIhT n|' \ ;i|\ i'S
YY|
1l\ lirid
\ i-lili'll- Si/i-
\l;illll;il
1 .1 K'lxll |'
CYT
cm
I'nll
1 lil
Dii-M-I
I \\n
1 In i-i-
l-nlir
I'ivt.'
Slllilll
\ litKi/i-
1
Truck
\ an
1983
12.0%
59.3%



3.5%
4.5%






3.7%
60.1%
36.2%
Truck
Van
1984
15.5%
45.6%


6.6%
3.1%
1.2%






12.2%
62.1%
25.7%
Truck
Van
1985
10.0%
47.4%


6.3%
2.9%
0.3%






10.9%
70.1%
19.0%
Truck
Van
1986
8.5%
60.1%


21.8%
16.3%
0.4%






9.8%
74.9%
15.3%
Truck
Van
1987
6.4%
67.6%


45.8%
30.2%
0.1%






11.3%
76.2%
12.5%
Truck
Van
1988
3.7%
78.7%


56.9%
42.8%
0.1%






4.9%
83.0%
12.1%
Truck
Van
1989
2.9%
76.5%


58.1%
41.8%
0.1%






2.8%
86.1%
11.1%
Truck
Van
1990
1.8%
93.5%


58.1%
41.9%
0.1%






2.4%
89.1%
8.5%
Truck
Van
1991
1.4%
96.5%


63.3%
36.6%
0.1%






1.5%
91.2%
7.3%
Truck
Van
1992
1.6%
96.4%


71.9%
28.1%
0.1%






3.3%
89.1%
7.6%
Truck
Van
1993
1.2%
97.2%


79.0%
21.0%







0.8%
91.8%
7.4%
Truck
Van
1994
0.5%
97.4%


81.2%
18.8%

96.5%
2.1%
1.4%



0.8%
91.4%
7.9%
Truck
Van
1995
0.1%
98.2%


87.4%
12.6%

95.5%
1.0%
3.6%



0.4%
93.4%
6.3%
Truck
Van
1996
0.0%
98.4%


100.0%


94.3%
1.0%
4.7%



0.1%
92.1%
7.8%
Truck
Van
1997

99.6%


100.0%


93.7%
1.1%
5.3%




89.0%
11.0%
Truck
Van
1998

100.0%


100.0%


89.6%

10.4%




91.1%
8.9%
Truck
Van
1999

100.0%


100.0%


87.5%

12.5%

8.2%


88.3%
11.7%
Truck
Van
2000

100.0%


100.0%


78.4%

21.6%

15.0%


90.0%
10.0%
Truck
Van
2001

100.0%


100.0%


77.4%

22.6%

17.0%


76.2%
23.8%
Truck
Van
2002

100.0%


100.0%


71.6%

28.4%

20.9%


91.0%
9.0%
Truck
Van
2003

100.0%


100.0%


74.2%

25.8%

19.6%


91.0%
9.0%
Truck
Van
2004

100.0%


100.0%


47.7%

52.3%

46.1%


93.7%
6.3%
Truck
Van
2005

94.9%
5.1%

100.0%


62.0%

38.0%

25.0%


96.3%
3.7%
Truck
Van
2006

95.3%
4.7%

100.0%


53.2%

46.8%

36.4%


94.0%
6.0%
Truck
Van
2007

95.5%
4.5%

100.0%


46.9%

53.1%

48.7%


96.3%
3.7%
Truck
Van
2008
0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


47.2%

52.8%

48.1%

2.1%
94.5%
3.4%
Truck
Van
2009
0.3%
99.7%


100.0%


41.1%

58.9%

47.1%

6.0%
89.9%
4.1%
Truck
Van
2010
0.2%
99.8%


100.0%


48.2%

51.8%

37.7%

3.6%
93.7%
2.7%
Truck
Van
2011

96.9%
3.1%

100.0%


3.4%

96.6%

92.5%


96.6%
3.4%
Truck
Van
2012

91.8%
8.2%

100.0%


5.0%

95.0%

89.3%


95.8%
4.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
1975
39.8%












26.7%
67.3%
6.1%
Truck
Truck SUV
1976
32.2%












22.6%
70.5%
6.9%
Truck
Truck SUV
1977
32.6%












21.5%
71.9%
6.6%
Truck
Truck SUV
1978
32.1%












21.4%
73.3%
5.4%
Truck
Truck SUV
1979
33.1%
0.4%




0.2%






23.7%
48.0%
28.3%
Truck
Truck SUV
1980
43.6%
26.1%




2.3%






32.9%
54.3%
12.8%
Truck
Truck SUV
1981
41.0%
41.1%











31.4%
58.2%
10.4%
Truck
Truck SUV
1982
31.9%
45.0%




16.6%






21.1%
64.4%
14.5%
Truck
Truck SUV
1983
33.7%
52.3%




7.6%






16.7%
71.4%
11.9%
Truck
Truck SUV
1984
30.3%
40.8%




2.5%






24.9%
66.5%
8.6%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-10
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii' or
lllllk
\ chii lc 1 \ |)c
Model
^ rill'
Trod
(000)
1 nil
l url Kimioim
U I'iiihl
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\ 
v«i.i
iiw>
Adj
< ()||||)
(II)
III1
1-mill
4W 1)
Truck
Truck SL Y
1985
648
0.045
19.4
15.1
18.7
16.5
4092


123
15.1
0.583
0.0299
40.2



91.3%
Truck
Truck SUV
1986
714
0.046
20.1
15.6
19.1
17.0
3958

210
128
14.2
0.653
0.0323
40.0



93.3%
Truck
Truck SUV
1987
779
0.052
20.4
15.8
19.5
17.3
3882

212
137
13.4
0.680
0.0353
39.7



94.1%
Truck
Truck SUV
1988
859
0.056
20.2
15.5
19.2
17.0
3906

222
144
12.9
0.682
0.0369
39.4



94.3%
Truck
Truck SUV
1989
818
0.057
19.7
15.0
18.6
16.6
4086

244
156
12.5
0.665
0.0384
40.3



93.5%
Truck
Truck SUV
1990
643
0.051
19.6
14.8
18.6
16.4
4098

235
155
12.6
0.694
0.0381
40.1



92.5%
Truck
Truck SUV
1991
871
0.069
20.0
15.0
19.1
16.7
4157

233
162
12.3
0.709
0.0391
41.6



96.3%
Truck
Truck SUV
1992
761
0.062
19.4
14.5
18.5
16.2
4204

235
170
11.9
0.738
0.0408
40.8



95.4%
Truck
Truck SUV
1993
838
0.063
19.6
14.5
18.6
16.3
4331

244
179
11.7
0.753
0.0419
42.3



93.1%
Truck
Truck SUV
1994
1291
0.091
19.3
14.3
18.2
16.0
4331

245
180
11.6
0.756
0.0420
41.8



95.7%
Truck
Truck SUV
1995
1596
0.105
19.3
14.2
18.2
16.0
4323

245
177
11.7
0.751
0.0414
41.8



90.1%
Truck
Truck SUV
1996
1603
0.122
19.6
14.2
18.7
16.2
4386

259
189
11.3
0.744
0.0432
43.1



83.8%
Truck
Truck SUV
1997
2089
0.145
19.6
14.2
18.4
16.1
4463

255
190
11.4
0.765
0.0427
43.7



81.9%
Truck
Truck SUV
1998
2127
0.147
19.7
14.1
18.5
16.2
4450

252
192
11.3
0.786
0.0432
43.9



86.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
1999
2342
0.154
19.6
14.1
18.4
16.1
4518

253
204
10.9
0.837
0.0452
44.4



79.4%
Truck
Truck SUV
2000
2526
0.152
19.6
14.0
18.2
16.0
4602

253
206
10.9
0.839
0.0449
45.2



83.5%
Truck
Truck SUV
2001
2707
0.173
20.2
14.4
18.6
16.4
4546

239
213
10.6
0.920
0.0469
46.0


7.4%
76.5%
Truck
Truck SUV
2002
3588
0.223
20.1
14.1
18.7
16.3
4636

245
229
10.2
0.952
0.0493
46.6


1.7%
74.5%
Truck
Truck SUV
2003
3571
0.226
20.3
14.1
18.8
16.4
4754

247
233
10.2
0.967
0.0492
48.2


2.6%
73.7%
Truck
Truck SUV
2004
4075
0.259
20.4
14.1
19.0
16.5
4756

252
240
10.0
0.973
0.0505
48.5


2.8%
74.8%
Truck
Truck SUV
2005
3272
0.206
20.8
14.3
19.2
16.7
4756

244
244
9.8
1.018
0.0512
49.6


2.9%
77.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
2006
3006
0.199
21.4
14.7
19.7
17.2
4715

236
240
9.8
1.028
0.0507
50.9


5.1%
77.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
2007
3314
0.217
22.0
15.1
20.3
17.7
4797

240
252
9.7
1.068
0.0523
53.1


6.5%
75.3%
Truck
Truck SUV
2008
3072
0.221
22.7
15.5
20.9
18.2
4727

230
250
9.6
1.105
0.0525
54.0


10.1%
75.7%
Truck
Truck SUV
2009
1713
0.184
24.1
16.4
22.2
19.3
4547

211
244
9.5
1.170
0.0532
55.1


17.5%
75.0%
Truck
Truck SUV
2010
2305
0.208
24.7
16.8
22.6
19.7
4555

212
243
9.5
1.163
0.0531
56.6


14.2%
77.7%
Truck
Truck SUV
2011
3069
0.256
24.9
16.9
22.9
19.8
4665

217
257
9.4
1.203
0.0547
58.2


13.8%
77.3%
Truck
Truck SUV
2012
2797
0.210
25.4
17.2
23.3
20.2
4602

215
261
9.1
1.237
0.0564
58.6


15.4%
76.5%
Truck
Pickup
1975
1343
0.131
14.0
11.1
13.1
11.9
4012

306
141
13.5
0.491
0.0351
28.8



13.5%
Truck
Pickup
1976
1866
0.151
14.6
11.7
13.4
12.4
4122

316
139
13.9
0.466
0.0339
30.9



20.9%
Truck
Pickup
1977
2026
0.143
16.0
12.9
14.5
13.6
4092

313
146
13.3
0.496
0.0357
33.4



21.4%
Truck
Pickup
1978
2268
0.157
15.7
12.8
14.1
13.3
4104

306
144
13.4
0.496
0.0350
33.1



27.0%
Truck
Pickup
1979
2207
0.159
15.5
12.7
13.9
13.2
4142

287
136
14.2
0.502
0.0327
32.9



12.6%
Truck
Pickup
1980
1437
0.127
19.4
15.5
17.9
16.5
3740

236
118
14.4
0.549
0.0315
36.7


1.8%
21.1%
Truck
Pickup
1981
1440
0.136
21.0
16.7
19.5
17.9
3679

237
115
14.5
0.521
0.0313
39.3


2.3%
16.8%
Truck
Pickup
1982
1441
0.148
21.7
17.2
20.3
18.5
3629

228
117
14.3
0.545
0.0322
40.1


2.2%
17.7%
Truck
Pickup
1983
1628
0.158
22.2
17.5
20.9
18.9
3544

212
112
14.4
0.566
0.0317
40.0


1.9%
22.1%
Truck
Pickup
1984
2043
0.146
21.5
16.9
20.2
18.3
3619

215
114
14.5
0.563
0.0314
39.4


0.6%
24.7%
Truck
Pickup
1985
2078
0.144
21.4
16.9
20.1
18.2
3642

221
123
13.7
0.588
0.0336
39.6



25.4%
Truck
Pickup
1986
2532
0.165
22.2
17.5
20.8
18.9
3574

206
120
13.7
0.623
0.0336
40.1



25.2%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-ll
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii or
1 I'lll'k
\ chicle 1 \ |H'
Muriel
\vav
1 I'illisilllssinli
l lli'l \li'liTllll>
NiiImIhT n|' \ ;i|\ i'S
YY|
1l\ lirid
\ i-lili'll- Si/i-
\l;illll;il
1 .1 K'lxll |'
CYT
cm
I'm-i
1 lil
Dii-M-I
I \\n
1 In i-i-
l-nlir
I'ivt.'
Slllilll
\ litKi/i-
1
Truck
Truck SL'Y
1985
29.5%
56.9%


4.4%
1.0%
1.7%






17.8%
73.3%
8.9%
Truck
Truck SUV
1986
38.9%
53.6%


25.9%
20.6%
1.7%






24.7%
67.1%
8.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
1987
39.6%
51.0%


33.1%
38.7%
0.5%






29.8%
62.9%
7.3%
Truck
Truck SUV
1988
34.5%
57.5%


47.3%
34.8%
0.3%






29.1%
62.9%
8.1%
Truck
Truck SUV
1989
26.0%
65.6%


46.3%
46.5%
0.3%






23.6%
67.3%
9.0%
Truck
Truck SUV
1990
29.1%
66.8%


56.7%
37.8%
0.3%






25.3%
63.5%
11.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
1991
21.8%
76.5%


62.2%
37.2%
0.2%






10.2%
83.5%
6.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
1992
21.7%
77.4%


74.5%
25.5%







10.6%
79.5%
9.8%
Truck
Truck SUV
1993
19.1%
79.9%


83.0%
17.0%







11.4%
73.2%
15.4%
Truck
Truck SUV
1994
15.2%
84.8%


84.7%
15.3%

86.6%
5.4%
8.0%



9.8%
77.1%
13.1%
Truck
Truck SUV
1995
15.0%
85.0%


84.9%
15.1%

84.9%

15.1%



10.3%
75.3%
14.4%
Truck
Truck SUV
1996
6.1%
93.9%


100.0%

0.0%
86.5%

13.5%



4.9%
80.0%
15.0%
Truck
Truck SUV
1997
9.7%
90.3%


100.0%

0.0%
80.9%

19.1%



16.3%
56.9%
26.8%
Truck
Truck SUV
1998
7.5%
92.5%


100.0%

0.0%
78.0%
1.9%
20.1%



10.9%
58.9%
30.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
1999
5.9%
94.1%


100.0%


73.6%
2.2%
24.2%

2.9%

10.6%
57.4%
32.0%
Truck
Truck SUV
2000
4.9%
95.1%


100.0%


77.3%
1.4%
21.3%

2.5%

10.6%
54.7%
34.7%
Truck
Truck SUV
2001
3.8%
96.2%


100.0%


60.4%
1.5%
38.1%

14.4%

9.3%
51.1%
39.6%
Truck
Truck SUV
2002
3.2%
96.7%
0.0%

100.0%


55.8%
1.2%
43.0%

25.0%

6.8%
37.6%
55.6%
Truck
Truck SUV
2003
2.2%
96.5%
1.3%

100.0%


48.4%
1.0%
50.6%

33.4%

5.8%
46.0%
48.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
2004
2.2%
96.7%
1.0%

100.0%

0.0%
46.8%
0.5%
52.3%
0.4%
38.4%

5.2%
49.1%
45.7%
Truck
Truck SUV
2005
2.2%
96.3%
1.5%

99.7%

0.3%
35.7%
4.2%
59.8%
0.2%
50.0%
0.2%
5.3%
49.0%
45.7%
Truck
Truck SUV
2006
2.4%
93.0%
4.6%

99.7%

0.3%
30.2%
6.6%
63.1%
0.1%
60.2%
3.1%
4.4%
54.0%
41.6%
Truck
Truck SUV
2007
2.1%
92.1%
5.8%

99.7%

0.3%
38.2%
1.9%
59.9%

54.3%
1.4%
4.3%
46.4%
49.2%
Truck
Truck SUV
2008
1.7%
91.6%
6.7%
2.0%
97.6%

0.4%
28.2%
1.7%
70.1%

60.5%
2.4%
4.9%
51.1%
44.0%
Truck
Truck SUV
2009
1.2%
88.2%
10.7%
7.6%
91.9%

0.5%
17.7%
0.7%
81.6%

69.1%
1.6%
3.3%
56.3%
40.4%
Truck
Truck SUV
2010
1.8%
86.8%
10.6%
12.2%
87.2%

0.6%
17.3%
2.0%
80.8%

83.0%
1.5%
4.3%
56.8%
38.9%
Truck
Truck SUV
2011
1.2%
87.4%
11.4%
15.1%
84.1%

0.8%
16.4%
1.7%
81.9%

92.6%
0.6%

54.5%
45.5%
Truck
Truck SUV
2012
2.0%
86.7%
11.4%
15.9%
83.3%

0.8%
13.1%
2.0%
84.9%

96.4%
1.6%

49.3%
50.7%
Truck
Pickup
1975
41.1%












11.9%
4.2%
83.9%
Truck
Pickup
1976
38.8%












9.3%
2.9%
87.8%
Truck
Pickup
1977
35.9%












11.7%
3.4%
84.9%
Truck
Pickup
1978
37.4%





1.2%






11.6%
3.3%
85.0%
Truck
Pickup
1979
39.9%
1.3%




2.5%






16.2%
4.6%
79.2%
Truck
Pickup
1980
58.8%
21.9%



1.0%
4.2%






31.5%
6.8%
61.7%
Truck
Pickup
1981
57.7%
27.5%



0.6%
7.1%






25.6%
9.1%
65.3%
Truck
Pickup
1982
53.9%
29.5%



0.2%
10.3%






24.0%
21.9%
54.1%
Truck
Pickup
1983
56.3%
28.0%



0.1%
4.4%






19.2%
38.2%
42.7%
Truck
Pickup
1984
54.9%
29.3%


1.0%

2.7%






20.7%
34.4%
44.9%
Truck
Pickup
1985
51.6%
33.7%


11.4%
4.5%
1.2%






23.9%
29.7%
46.4%
Truck
Pickup
1986
58.4%
30.4%


21.2%
17.6%
0.6%






29.4%
31.1%
39.5%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-12
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii' or
lllllk
\ chii lc 1 \ |)c
Model
^ rill'
Trod
(000)
1 nil
l url Kimioim
U I'iiihl
l.h
\ 
v«i.i
iiw>
Adj
< ()||||)
(II)
III1
1-mill
4W 1)
Truck
Pickup
1987
2147
0.144
22.5
17.5
21.2
19.0
3526

202
123
13.4
0.639
0.0347
40.1


0.0%
25.5%
Truck
Pickup
1988
2459
0.161
21.5
16.5
20.4
18.1
3737

229
138
12.9
0.627
0.0365
40.5


0.0%
28.4%
Truck
Pickup
1989
2232
0.154
21.2
16.2
20.0
17.8
3803

236
143
12.7
0.633
0.0373
40.5



28.9%
Truck
Pickup
1990
1835
0.145
20.7
15.7
19.7
17.4
3928

247
152
12.4
0.647
0.0384
41.1



27.9%
Truck
Pickup
1991
1920
0.153
21.7
16.3
20.7
18.2
3779

232
146
12.4
0.658
0.0385
41.4



24.8%
Truck
Pickup
1992
1840
0.151
20.9
15.5
20.0
17.5
3976

245
151
12.5
0.644
0.0379
41.8



26.3%
Truck
Pickup
1993
2002
0.152
21.1
15.6
20.2
17.6
3996

244
156
12.2
0.666
0.0390
42.4


0.0%
27.6%
Truck
Pickup
1994
2669
0.189
21.0
15.5
19.9
17.4
4056

248
163
12.0
0.687
0.0401
43.0



29.3%
Truck
Pickup
1995
2271
0.150
20.4
14.9
19.3
16.9
4182

257
167
12.0
0.687
0.0399
43.1



33.0%
Truck
Pickup
1996
1955
0.149
20.8
15.1
19.7
17.1
4190

251
178
11.5
0.737
0.0422
43.9



29.3%
Truck
Pickup
1997
2408
0.167
20.4
14.7
19.4
16.8
4415

264
196
11.1
0.756
0.0439
45.3



34.7%
Truck
Pickup
1998
2415
0.167
20.7
14.8
19.6
17.0
4282

252
190
11.2
0.773
0.0439
44.6



34.8%
Truck
Pickup
1999
2544
0.167
19.9
14.2
18.6
16.3
4486

267
205
10.9
0.776
0.0453
44.7



45.3%
Truck
Pickup
2000
2612
0.158
20.5
14.6
18.9
16.7
4340

255
203
10.8
0.803
0.0462
44.4



38.4%
Truck
Pickup
2001
2519
0.161
19.6
13.9
18.1
16.0
4551

269
216
10.6
0.812
0.0470
44.7



38.7%
Truck
Pickup
2002
2380
0.148
19.5
13.8
17.8
15.8
4690

271
226
10.4
0.838
0.0480
45.6



42.4%
Truck
Pickup
2003
2474
0.157
19.9
14.0
18.2
16.1
4642

264
223
10.5
0.847
0.0475
46.3



39.5%
Truck
Pickup
2004
2505
0.159
19.6
13.7
17.8
15.7
4939

281
249
10.1
0.885
0.0501
48.2



46.3%
Truck
Pickup
2005
2300
0.145
19.7
13.6
18.1
15.8
4988

284
260
9.8
0.917
0.0520
49.1



46.7%
Truck
Pickup
2006
2188
0.145
20.1
13.9
18.4
16.1
4968

278
256
9.9
0.925
0.0514
49.8



45.8%
Truck
Pickup
2007
2113
0.138
20.1
13.8
18.5
16.2
5144

286
269
9.8
0.938
0.0519
51.6



45.4%
Truck
Pickup
2008
1794
0.129
20.5
14.1
18.9
16.5
5161

286
276
9.7
0.962
0.0531
53.0



47.5%
Truck
Pickup
2009
989
0.106
21.0
14.4
19.5
16.9
5176

287
278
9.5
0.971
0.0534
54.3



50.6%
Truck
Pickup
2010
1276
0.115
20.9
14.3
19.4
16.9
5309

293
289
9.4
0.987
0.0542
55.5



57.0%
Truck
Pickup
2011
1479
0.123
21.4
14.6
19.9
17.2
5268

282
304
9.1
1.086
0.0571
56.3



60.3%
Truck
Pickup
2012
1337
0.100
21.5
14.7
20.0
17.3
5301

285
312
8.9
1.109
0.0585
57.1



53.5%
Truck
All
1975
1977
0.193
13.7
10.9
12.7
11.6
4073

311
142
13.6
0.476
0.0349
28.5



17.2%
Truck
All
1976
2600
0.211
14.4
11.6
13.2
12.2
4155

320
141
13.8
0.458
0.0340
30.5



23.0%
Truck
All
1977
2805
0.199
15.6
12.6
14.2
13.3
4136

318
147
13.3
0.482
0.0356
33.0



23.8%
Truck
All
1978
3257
0.225
15.3
12.4
13.7
12.9
4152

315
146
13.4
0.481
0.0351
32.4



29.1%
Truck
All
1979
3072
0.221
14.7
12.1
13.1
12.5
4257

299
138
14.3
0.485
0.0325
32.1



18.1%
Truck
All
1980
1863
0.165
18.6
14.8
17.1
15.8
3869

248
121
14.5
0.528
0.0313
36.3


1.4%
25.0%
Truck
All
1981
1821
0.172
20.1
16.0
18.6
17.1
3806

247
119
14.6
0.508
0.0311
38.8


1.9%
20.1%
Truck
All
1982
1901
0.195
20.5
16.3
19.0
17.4
3813

244
120
14.5
0.524
0.0317
39.7


1.7%
20.2%
Truck
All
1983
2267
0.220
20.8
16.5
19.6
17.7
3773

232
118
14.6
0.542
0.0313
39.9


1.4%
26.1%
Truck
All
1984
3289
0.235
20.4
16.1
19.3
17.4
3787

225
118
14.7
0.556
0.0310
39.3


5.0%
31.5%
Truck
All
1985
3581
0.248
20.5
16.2
19.3
17.5
3803

225
124
14.1
0.585
0.0326
39.6


7.3%
31.3%
Truck
All
1986
4291
0.279
21.4
16.8
20.1
18.2
3741

212
123
14.0
0.619
0.0330
40.4


5.9%
30.7%
Truck
All
1987
4039
0.272
21.6
16.8
20.4
18.3
3718

211
131
13.4
0.652
0.0351
40.5


7.6%
32.2%
Truck
All
1988
4450
0.291
21.1
16.2
20.1
17.8
3850

228
141
13.0
0.649
0.0365
40.9


9.2%
34.1%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-13
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii or
1 I'lll'k
\ chicle 1 \ |H'
Muriel
\vav
1 I'illisilllssinli
l lli'l \li'liTllll>
NiiImIhT n|' \ ;i|\ i'S
YY|
1l\ lirid
\ i-lili'll- S|/i-
\l;illll;il
1 .1 K'lxll |'
CYT
cm
I'm-i
1 lil
Dii-M-I
I \\n
1 In i-i-
l-nlir
I'ivt.'
Slllilll
\ litKi/i-
1
Truck
Pickup
1987
^8 s»o
28.9%



32.0%
0 3%






70 >"o
49.0%
30
Truck
Pickup
1988
51.0%
38.8%


35.4%
48.3%
0.2%






13.8%
42.9%
43.3%
Truck
Pickup
1989
52.4%
41.5%


38.8%
51.1%
0.2%






15.9%
39.8%
44.4%
Truck
Pickup
1990
45.8%
49.8%


52.4%
41.4%
0.2%






15.8%
32.7%
51.5%
Truck
Pickup
1991
52.2%
46.4%


47.9%
48.7%
0.2%






16.1%
45.5%
38.4%
Truck
Pickup
1992
47.1%
52.1%


58.0%
38.6%
0.1%






13.7%
38.9%
47.4%
Truck
Pickup
1993
43.9%
55.3%


61.2%
36.7%







13.1%
37.1%
49.7%
Truck
Pickup
1994
40.0%
59.0%


69.5%
29.7%

97.8%
2.1%
0.1%



13.4%
39.0%
47.6%
Truck
Pickup
1995
39.6%
59.5%


69.5%
30.5%

94.5%

5.5%



13.1%
30.8%
56.0%
Truck
Pickup
1996
34.6%
64.0%


99.8%

0.2%
86.7%
4.5%
8.7%



11.3%
35.7%
53.0%
Truck
Pickup
1997
25.3%
74.7%


99.9%

0.1%
93.3%
5.4%
1.3%



5.4%
28.7%
65.9%
Truck
Pickup
1998
27.3%
71.1%


100.0%

0.0%
88.8%

11.2%



10.8%
34.3%
54.9%
Truck
Pickup
1999
17.5%
81.5%


100.0%

0.0%
92.3%

7.7%



8.4%
29.9%
61.7%
Truck
Pickup
2000
16.7%
82.5%


100.0%


87.3%

12.7%



3.9%
29.3%
66.8%
Truck
Pickup
2001
12.0%
87.1%


100.0%


87.2%

12.8%



3.2%
21.6%
75.1%
Truck
Pickup
2002
9.5%
89.6%


100.0%


82.2%

17.8%



8.3%
19.6%
72.1%
Truck
Pickup
2003
10.3%
88.8%


100.0%


85.5%

14.5%



7.9%
21.3%
70.8%
Truck
Pickup
2004
7.0%
92.1%


100.0%


67.6%
14.3%
18.1%

18.9%
0.0%
6.4%
15.1%
78.5%
Truck
Pickup
2005
5.7%
94.3%


100.0%


59.1%
14.0%
26.8%

39.1%
0.0%
0.4%
9.4%
90.2%
Truck
Pickup
2006
6.2%
93.8%


100.0%


51.0%
14.9%
34.2%

47.5%
0.1%
0.3%
12.5%
87.1%
Truck
Pickup
2007
4.4%
95.6%


100.0%


60.0%
12.5%
27.5%

40.0%
0.0%

12.5%
87.5%
Truck
Pickup
2008
4.0%
96.0%


100.0%


58.7%
11.0%
30.2%

37.8%


15.5%
84.5%
Truck
Pickup
2009
4.1%
95.7%
0.2%

100.0%


57.6%
16.4%
26.0%

36.8%
0.2%

18.6%
81.4%
Truck
Pickup
2010
2.4%
97.5%
0.1%

100.0%


40.1%
29.8%
30.1%

62.2%
0.1%

12.0%
88.0%
Truck
Pickup
2011
2.1%
97.8%
0.1%
7.6%
92.4%


49.9%

50.1%

86.1%
0.1%

1.4%
98.6%
Truck
Pickup
2012
2.7%
97.1%
0.2%
9.7%
90.3%


44.7%

55.3%

91.9%
0.2%

2.3%
97.7%
Truck
All
1975
36.9%




0.1%







10.6%
24.1%
65.3%
Truck
All
1976
34.7%




0.1%







8.7%
20.2%
71.0%
Truck
All
1977
31.6%




0.1%







10.6%
20.4%
69.0%
Truck
All
1978
32.1%




0.1%
0.8%






10.6%
22.7%
66.7%
Truck
All
1979
35.1%
2.1%



0.3%
1.8%






14.9%
19.5%
65.6%
Truck
All
1980
53.0%
24.5%



1.7%
3.5%






28.4%
17.6%
54.0%
Truck
All
1981
51.6%
31.1%



1.1%
5.6%






23.2%
19.1%
57.7%
Truck
All
1982
45.9%
33.4%



0.7%
9.4%






20.6%
31.1%
48.2%
Truck
All
1983
46.3%
36.0%



0.6%
4.8%






16.3%
45.6%
38.1%
Truck
All
1984
42.5%
34.6%


2.0%
0.6%
2.4%






19.7%
45.6%
34.7%
Truck
All
1985
37.6%
41.1%


8.9%
3.5%
1.1%






19.7%
47.2%
33.1%
Truck
All
1986
43.0%
41.5%


22.1%
17.8%
0.7%






23.8%
47.8%
28.4%
Truck
All
1987
40.5%
43.8%


33.3%
32.8%
0.3%






19.8%
59.2%
21.1%
Truck
All
1988
35.8%
52.5%


43.2%
44.3%
0.2%






14.5%
57.0%
28.5%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-14
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii' or
lllllk
\ chii lc 1 \ |)c
Model
^ rill'
Trod
(000)
1 nil
l llrl Ki
v«i.i
iiw>
Adj
< ()||||)
(II)
III1
1-mill
4W 1)
Truck
-U1
1989
4327
0.299
20.9
15.9
19.8
17.6
3932

234
146
12.8
0.653
0.0371
41.3


10.1%
32.8%
Truck
All
1990
3740
0.296
20.7
15.6
19.8
17.4
4014

237
151
12.6
0.667
0.0377
41.8


15.8%
31.8%
Truck
All
1991
3825
0.304
21.2
15.9
20.2
17.8
3961

229
150
12.5
0.681
0.0379
42.3


10.3%
37.3%
Truck
All
1992
3822
0.314
20.8
15.4
19.9
17.3
4078

236
155
12.5
0.682
0.0380
42.6


14.5%
33.4%
Truck
All
1993
4281
0.324
21.0
15.5
20.1
17.5
4098

235
160
12.2
0.705
0.0391
43.2


16.8%
32.7%
Truck
All
1994
5378
0.381
20.7
15.2
19.6
17.2
4149

241
166
12.0
0.713
0.0401
43.2


13.8%
39.2%
Truck
All
1995
5529
0.365
20.5
14.9
19.4
17.0
4201

245
168
12.0
0.712
0.0400
43.3


18.4%
42.3%
Truck
All
1996
4967
0.378
20.8
15.0
19.8
17.2
4255

245
179
11.6
0.755
0.0421
44.5


20.9%
39.2%
Truck
All
1997
5762
0.399
20.5
14.7
19.4
16.8
4394

251
189
11.4
0.769
0.0428
45.1


14.2%
45.2%
Truck
All
1998
6030
0.417
20.8
14.8
19.7
17.1
4317

244
188
11.2
0.794
0.0435
45.1


19.3%
45.1%
Truck
All
1999
6350
0.417
20.3
14.5
19.1
16.6
4457

252
199
11.0
0.811
0.0446
45.4


17.5%
48.1%
Truck
All
2000
6829
0.412
20.7
14.7
19.3
16.8
4421

245
199
11.0
0.830
0.0448
45.8


20.0%
46.3%
Truck
All
2001
6458
0.414
20.3
14.4
18.8
16.5
4543

249
212
10.6
0.873
0.0465
46.3


16.3%
48.8%
Truck
All
2002
7211
0.447
20.3
14.3
18.8
16.5
4612

249
223
10.3
0.911
0.0482
47.0


15.4%
51.6%
Truck
All
2003
7277
0.461
20.7
14.4
19.1
16.7
4655

248
224
10.4
0.920
0.0481
48.1


15.4%
50.4%
Truck
All
2004
7533
0.480
20.5
14.2
18.9
16.5
4783

258
240
10.1
0.946
0.0500
49.0


12.5%
56.5%
Truck
All
2005
7053
0.444
21.0
14.4
19.5
16.9
4763

251
242
10.0
0.976
0.0506
50.2


20.1%
52.2%
Truck
All
2006
6360
0.421
21.4
14.6
19.7
17.2
4758

247
240
10.0
0.985
0.0503
51.2


18.9%
53.1%
Truck
All
2007
6275
0.411
21.6
14.8
20.0
17.4
4871

253
254
9.8
1.020
0.0519
52.8


16.1%
55.5%
Truck
All
2008
5656
0.407
22.2
15.1
20.5
17.8
4837

246
254
9.7
1.046
0.0522
53.9


18.4%
56.8%
Truck
All
2009
3071
0.330
23.1
15.7
21.4
18.5
4753

236
252
9.7
1.089
0.0527
55.1


21.0%
58.4%
Truck
All
2010
4141
0.373
23.4
15.9
21.7
18.8
4784

237
253
9.7
1.087
0.0526
56.3


20.9%
61.0%
Truck
All
2011
5069
0.422
23.9
16.2
22.1
19.1
4824

236
271
9.2
1.171
0.0557
57.8


17.7%
65.0%
Truck
All
2012
4819
0.361
24.3
16.4
22.5
19.4
4779

234
275
9.0
1.198
0.0571
58.2


22.1%
59.6%
All
All
1975
10224
1.000
15.3
12.0
14.6
13.1
4060

293
137
14.1
0.507
0.0335
31.6


5.3%
3.3%
All
All
1976
12334
1.000
16.7
13.2
15.7
14.2
4079

294
135
14.3
0.493
0.0328
34.4


4.6%
4.8%
All
All
1977
14123
1.000
17.7
14.0
16.6
15.1
3982

287
136
13.8
0.510
0.0339
35.7


5.5%
4.7%
All
All
1978
14448
1.000
18.6
14.7
17.5
15.8
3715

266
129
13.6
0.525
0.0344
35.1


7.4%
6.6%
All
All
1979
13882
1.000
18.7
14.9
17.4
15.9
3655

252
124
13.9
0.532
0.0335
34.7


9.2%
4.3%
All
All
1980
11306
1.000
22.5
17.6
21.5
19.2
3228

198
104
14.3
0.574
0.0320
36.6


25.0%
4.9%
All
All
1981
10554
1.000
24.1
18.8
23.0
20.5
3202

193
102
14.4
0.580
0.0318
38.9


31.0%
4.0%
All
All
1982
9732
1.000
24.7
19.2
23.9
21.1
3202

188
103
14.4
0.593
0.0320
40.0


37.0%
4.6%
All
All
1983
10302
1.000
24.6
19.0
23.9
21.0
3257

193
107
14.1
0.599
0.0327
40.5


37.0%
8.1%
All
All
1984
14020
1.000
24.6
19.1
24.0
21.0
3262

190
109
14.0
0.618
0.0332
40.7


42.1%
8.2%
All
All
1985
14460
1.000
25.0
19.3
24.4
21.3
3271

189
114
13.5
0.650
0.0347
41.4


47.8%
9.3%
All
All
1986
15365
1.000
25.7
19.8
25.0
21.8
3238

180
114
13.4
0.678
0.0351
42.0


52.6%
9.3%
All
All
1987
14865
1.000
25.9
19.8
25.3
22.0
3221

175
118
13.1
0.710
0.0361
42.1


57.7%
9.6%
All
All
1988
15295
1.000
25.9
19.6
25.2
21.9
3283

180
123
12.8
0.726
0.0372
42.9


60.0%
10.5%
All
All
1989
14453
1.000
25.4
19.1
24.8
21.4
3351

185
129
12.5
0.743
0.0382
43.0


60.2%
10.5%
All
All
1990
12615
1.000
25.2
18.7
24.6
21.2
3426

185
135
12.2
0.781
0.0394
43.5


63.8%
10.1%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-15
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Env.Vonm ' ' '
Agency
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii or
1 I'lll'k
\ chicle 1 \ |H'
Muriel
^ t ;ii
1 I'illisilllssinli
l lli'l \li'liTllll>
NiiImIhT n|' \ ;i|\ i'S
YY|
1l\ lirid
\ i-lili'll- Si/i-
Milllllill
1 .1 K'lxll |'
CYT
cm
I'm-i
1 lil
Dii-M-I
I \\n
1 In i-i-
l-nlir
I'ivt.'
Slllilll
\ litKi/i-
l.;iri>i'
Truck
-U1
1989
32.8%
56.4%


45.9%
47.5%
0.2%






13.5%
58.7%
27 9%
Truck
All
1990
28.1%
67.5%


55.0%
40.9%
0.2%






12.9%
57.0%
30.1%
Truck
All
1991
31.5%
66.8%


55.3%
42.8%
0.1%






10.8%
66.5%
22.7%
Truck
All
1992
27.5%
71.3%


65.7%
32.6%
0.1%






9.8%
63.0%
27.2%
Truck
All
1993
24.7%
74.2%


71.5%
27.5%







8.7%
62.6%
28.8%
Truck
All
1994
23.7%
75.3%


76.2%
23.4%

94.8%
2.9%
2.3%



9.2%
61.9%
28.9%
Truck
All
1995
20.7%
78.5%


79.4%
20.6%

92.0%
0.3%
7.7%



8.5%
62.5%
29.1%
Truck
All
1996
15.6%
83.4%


99.9%

0.1%
88.8%
2.1%
9.1%



6.1%
66.0%
27.9%
Truck
All
1997
14.1%
85.8%


100.0%

0.0%
88.9%
2.5%
8.6%



8.2%
52.2%
39.7%
Truck
All
1998
13.6%
85.8%


100.0%

0.0%
85.2%
0.7%
14.2%



8.2%
57.0%
34.8%
Truck
All
1999
9.2%
90.4%


100.0%

0.0%
84.3%
0.8%
14.9%

3.0%

7.3%
53.5%
39.2%
Truck
All
2000
8.2%
91.5%


100.0%


81.4%
0.5%
18.1%

4.6%

5.4%
53.7%
40.9%
Truck
All
2001
6.3%
93.4%


100.0%


74.1%
0.6%
25.2%

9.3%

5.2%
44.4%
50.4%
Truck
All
2002
4.7%
94.9%
0.0%

100.0%


67.2%
0.6%
32.1%

16.0%

6.1%
40.9%
53.0%
Truck
All
2003
4.6%
94.4%
0.6%

100.0%


65.4%
0.5%
34.1%

19.7%

5.5%
45.2%
49.3%
Truck
All
2004
3.5%
95.6%
0.6%

100.0%

0.0%
53.8%
5.0%
40.9%
0.2%
32.9%
0.0%
4.9%
43.4%
51.6%
Truck
All
2005
2.9%
95.3%
1.8%

99.9%

0.1%
48.9%
6.5%
44.5%
0.1%
41.2%
0.1%
2.6%
46.0%
51.4%
Truck
All
2006
3.3%
93.7%
3.1%

99.9%

0.1%
41.6%
8.2%
50.1%
0.1%
51.5%
1.5%
2.2%
47.1%
50.7%
Truck
All
2007
2.6%
93.8%
3.7%

99.9%

0.1%
46.7%
5.2%
48.1%

48.7%
0.8%
2.3%
41.7%
56.0%
Truck
All
2008
2.2%
94.1%
3.6%
1.1%
98.7%

0.2%
40.5%
4.4%
55.0%

51.6%
1.3%
3.0%
45.9%
51.2%
Truck
All
2009
2.0%
92.0%
6.0%
4.2%
95.5%

0.3%
33.4%
5.7%
61.0%

56.0%
0.9%
2.6%
48.2%
49.2%
Truck
All
2010
1.8%
91.9%
5.9%
6.8%
92.9%

0.4%
28.5%
10.3%
61.2%

70.5%
0.9%
2.9%
48.0%
49.2%
Truck
All
2011
1.3%
91.4%
7.3%
11.3%
88.1%

0.5%
24.8%
1.0%
74.1%

90.7%
0.4%

43.4%
56.6%
Truck
All
2012
1.9%
90.3%
7.8%
11.9%
87.6%

0.5%
20.7%
1.2%
78.2%

94.2%
1.0%

42.9%
57.1%
All
All
1975
23.0%
0.2%


4.1%
0.0%
0.2%






46.8%
23.5%
29.8%
All
All
1976
20.9%



2.5%
0.0%
0.2%






45.6%
24.2%
30.3%
All
All
1977
19.8%



3.4%
0.0%
0.4%






43.7%
23.7%
32.5%
All
All
1978
22.7%
5.5%


3.9%
0.0%
0.9%






37.0%
31.7%
31.2%
All
All
1979
24.2%
7.3%


3.7%
0.1%
2.0%






37.3%
30.9%
31.7%
All
All
1980
34.6%
18.1%


5.2%
0.8%
4.3%






50.1%
31.6%
18.3%
All
All
1981
33.6%
33.0%


5.1%
2.4%
5.9%






46.6%
33.4%
20.0%
All
All
1982
32.4%
47.8%


5.8%
8.0%
5.6%






49.6%
31.0%
19.5%
All
All
1983
30.5%
52.1%


7.3%
14.8%
2.7%






44.9%
34.9%
20.1%
All
All
1984
28.4%
52.8%


11.9%
18.7%
1.8%






48.4%
33.4%
18.2%
All
All
1985
26.5%
54.5%


18.2%
24.8%
0.9%






46.5%
33.9%
19.7%
All
All
1986
29.8%
53.5%


32.5%
25.7%
0.4%
68.7%
2.3%
1.1%



49.3%
33.7%
17.0%
All
All
1987
29.1%
55.4%


39.9%
31.4%
0.3%
62.2%
6.6%
4.0%



51.4%
34.1%
14.5%
All
All
1988
27.6%
62.2%


50.6%
34.3%
0.1%
57.0%
6.6%
7.3%



50.0%
32.7%
17.3%
All
All
1989
24.6%
65.5%
0.1%

57.3%
33.9%
0.1%
53.2%
8.0%
8.9%



44.7%
37.6%
17.7%
All
All
1990
22.2%
71.2%
0.0%

70.8%
27.0%
0.1%
47.3%
3.8%
19.3%

0.4%

44.9%
37.2%
17.8%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-16
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii' or
lllllk
\ chii lc 1 \ |)c
Model
^ rill'
Trod
(000)
1 I'm
l-url Kimioim
U I'iiihl
l.h
\ 
v«i.i
iiw>
Adj
< ()||||)
(II)
III1
1-mill
4W 1)
-U1
-U1
1991
12573
1.000
25.4
18.8
24.7
21.3
3410

184
138
12.1
0.796
0.0402
43.6


59.6%
12.3%
All
All
1992
12172
1.000
24.9
18.2
24.4
20.8
3512

191
145
11.8
0.807
0.0413
44.1


58.4%
11.2%
All
All
1993
13211
1.000
25.1
18.2
24.4
20.9
3519

191
147
11.8
0.809
0.0416
44.5


59.9%
11.3%
All
All
1994
14125
1.000
24.6
17.8
23.8
20.4
3603

197
152
11.7
0.816
0.0420
44.6


55.6%
15.2%
All
All
1995
15145
1.000
24.7
17.7
24.1
20.5
3613

196
158
11.3
0.857
0.0438
45.2


57.6%
16.2%
All
All
1996
13144
1.000
24.8
17.6
24.0
20.4
3659

197
164
11.1
0.878
0.0447
45.6


60.0%
15.7%
All
All
1997
14458
1.000
24.5
17.4
23.6
20.2
3727

199
169
11.0
0.890
0.0452
45.9


56.1%
19.0%
All
All
1998
14456
1.000
24.5
17.2
23.6
20.1
3744

199
171
10.9
0.904
0.0457
46.3


56.4%
20.1%
All
All
1999
15215
1.000
24.1
16.9
23.0
19.7
3835

203
179
10.7
0.921
0.0465
46.5


55.8%
21.3%
All
All
2000
16571
1.000
24.3
16.9
23.0
19.8
3821

200
181
10.6
0.942
0.0472
46.7


55.5%
20.2%
All
All
2001
15605
1.000
24.2
16.8
22.8
19.6
3879

201
187
10.5
0.968
0.0480
47.3


53.8%
22.0%
All
All
2002
16115
1.000
24.1
16.6
22.5
19.5
3951

203
195
10.2
0.994
0.0493
47.9


52.7%
25.0%
All
All
2003
15773
1.000
24.3
16.7
22.7
19.6
3999

204
199
10.2
1.007
0.0496
49.0


50.7%
25.0%
All
All
2004
15709
1.000
24.0
16.3
22.4
19.3
4111

212
211
9.9
1.026
0.0511
49.7


47.7%
29.8%
All
All
2005
15892
1.000
24.8
16.8
23.1
19.9
4059

205
209
9.9
1.049
0.0512
50.9


53.0%
26.8%
All
All
2006
15104
1.000
25.2
17.0
23.4
20.1
4067

204
213
9.8
1.073
0.0522
51.7


51.9%
25.8%
All
All
2007
15276
1.000
25.8
17.4
24.0
20.6
4093

203
217
9.7
1.099
0.0525
53.4


54.3%
26.1%
All
All
2008
13898
1.000
26.3
17.7
24.4
21.0
4085

199
219
9.7
1.122
0.0529
54.4


54.2%
27.3%
All
All
2009
9315
1.000
28.2
18.9
26.0
22.4
3914

183
208
9.7
1.156
0.0523
55.9


62.9%
23.5%
All
All
2010
11110
1.000
28.4
19.1
26.2
22.6
4002

188
214
9.6
1.160
0.0527
58.3


59.5%
26.7%
All
All
2011
12003
1.000
28.1
18.8
26.1
22.4
4127

192
230
9.4
1.217
0.0550
58.8


53.8%
32.4%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-17
March 2013

-------
oEfW	2012 FE Trends Report
Env.Vonm ' ' '
Agency
Appendix D: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type
< ;ii or
1 I'lll'k
\ chicle 1 \ |H'
Muriel
^ t ;ii
1 I'illisilllssinli
l lli'l \li'liTllll>
NiiimIht n|' \ ;i|\ i'S
YY|
1l\ lirid
\ i-lili'll- Si/i-
Milllllill
1 .1 K'lxll |'
CYT
cm
I'm-i
1 lil
Dii-M-I
I \\n
1 In i-i-
l-nlir
I'ivt.'
Slllilll
\ litKi/i-
l.;iri>i'
,U1
,U1
1991
23.9%
71.6°o
0.0%

70.6%
28.7%
0.1%
46.5%
4.2%
18.9° o

1.7°.j

45.3%
39.4%
15.2%
All
All
1992
20.7%
74.8%
0.0%

81.6%
17.8%
0.1%
45.3%
3.0%
20.3%

3.0%

41.1%
39.9%
19.0%
All
All
1993
19.8%
76.5%
0.0%

85.0%
14.6%

44.1%
1.9%
21.6%

3.0%

39.8%
42.4%
17.8%
All
All
1994
19.5%
77.6%


87.7%
12.1%
0.0%
73.3%
2.2%
24.5%

4.8%

38.8%
41.0%
20.1%
All
All
1995
17.9%
80.7%


91.6%
8.4%
0.0%
64.4%
0.8%
34.8%
0.0%
6.1%

38.8%
41.9%
19.3%
All
All
1996
15.2%
83.5%
0.0%

99.3%
0.7%
0.1%
60.7%
1.3%
38.0%
0.0%
7.0%

35.2%
46.0%
18.7%
All
All
1997
14.0%
85.5%
0.0%

99.5%
0.5%
0.1%
60.4%
1.6%
37.9%
0.1%
6.5%

36.0%
39.9%
24.1%
All
All
1998
12.8%
86.7%
0.0%

99.8%
0.1%
0.1%
59.1%
1.1%
39.4%
0.5%
10.1%

31.2%
47.9%
20.8%
All
All
1999
10.1%
89.4%
0.0%

99.9%
0.1%
0.1%
56.6%
1.5%
41.0%
0.9%
10.8%

29.7%
46.9%
23.4%
All
All
2000
9.7%
89.5%
0.0%

99.8%
0.0%
0.1%
55.2%
1.2%
42.6%
1.0%
15.0%
0.0%
29.2%
43.9%
26.9%
All
All
2001
9.0%
90.3%
0.1%

99.9%

0.1%
51.0%
1.4%
46.0%
1.6%
19.6%
0.0%
30.4%
39.4%
30.2%
All
All
2002
8.2%
91.4%
0.2%

99.8%

0.2%
46.7%
1.3%
50.5%
1.5%
25.3%
0.2%
28.5%
39.8%
31.7%
All
All
2003
8.0%
90.8%
1.1%

99.8%

0.2%
44.5%
1.4%
52.5%
1.6%
30.6%
0.3%
28.3%
40.7%
31.0%
All
All
2004
6.8%
91.8%
1.2%

99.9%

0.1%
37.7%
3.3%
57.6%
1.4%
38.5%
0.5%
25.4%
41.1%
33.5%
All
All
2005
6.2%
91.5%
2.3%

99.7%

0.3%
34.4%
4.1%
60.9%
0.6%
45.8%
1.1%
23.7%
43.1%
33.2%
All
All
2006
6.5%
90.6%
2.8%

99.6%

0.4%
28.3%
4.5%
67.1%
0.2%
55.4%
1.5%
25.4%
40.5%
34.1%
All
All
2007
5.6%
87.1%
7.2%
0.2%
99.8%

0.1%
28.3%
2.7%
69.1%
0.0%
57.3%
2.2%
24.5%
42.3%
33.2%
All
All
2008
5.2%
86.8%
7.9%
2.3%
97.6%

0.1%
23.6%
2.1%
74.3%
0.0%
58.2%
2.5%
24.7%
42.4%
32.9%
All
All
2009
4.8%
85.5%
9.4%
4.2%
95.3%

0.5%
16.2%
2.1%
81.7%
0.0%
71.5%
2.3%
29.7%
42.2%
28.1%
All
All
2010
3.8%
84.1%
10.9%
8.3%
91.0%

0.7%
14.5%
4.0%
81.4%

83.8%
3.8%
27.6%
43.2%
29.2%
All
All
2011
3.2%
86.6%
10.0%
15.4%
83.8%

0.8%
13.6%
0.6%
85.8%

93.1%
2.2%
18.4%
45.2%
36.5%
EPA-420-R-13-001
D-18
March 2013

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Appendix E
Fuel Economy Data Stratified
by Vehicle Type and Size
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^iiU'
0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Small
Car
1975
4089
0.400
18.3
14.4
17.5
15.6
3440

224
113
14.5
0.554
0.0323
27.2


Small
Car
1976
5041
0.409
19.9
15.7
18.8
17.0
3474

226
110
14.9
0.537
0.0313
29.6


Small
Car
1977
5481
0.388
20.7
16.3
19.5
17.6
3486
95.4
224
114
14.3
0.567
0.0324
31.0
1769
2969
Small
Car
1978
4630
0.320
23.2
18.2
22.0
19.7
3029
90.9
177
100
14.2
0.625
0.0325
30.3
1901
2765
Small
Car
1979
4405
0.317
23.3
18.3
22.1
19.8
2936
89.2
166
98
14.2
0.642
0.0327
29.5
1862
2639
Small
Car
1980
4825
0.427
26.1
20.4
24.8
22.2
2717
90.0
137
86
14.5
0.658
0.0314
30.5
2077
2753
Small
Car
1981
4077
0.386
28.5
22.4
26.9
24.2
2648
91.6
130
85
14.4
0.681
0.0319
32.5
2311
2988
Small
Car
1982
4039
0.415
29.1
22.6
28.1
24.8
2684
92.2
131
87
14.4
0.682
0.0319
33.7
2374
3121
Small
Car
1983
3718
0.361
29.4
22.8
28.6
25.1
2734
95.1
137
91
14.1
0.693
0.0329
34.8
2494
3324
Small
Car
1984
5666
0.404
29.4
22.7
28.7
25.1
2776
95.2
141
96
13.8
0.706
0.0340
35.3
2479
3363
Small
Car
1985
5519
0.382
29.8
23.1
29.0
25.4
2771
95.8
138
100
13.3
0.746
0.0357
35.6
2528
3423
Small
Car
1986
6203
0.404
30.0
23.1
29.1
25.5
2791
96.7
138
101
13.3
0.754
0.0355
36.0
2553
3483
Small
Car
1987
6453
0.434
30.1
22.9
29.1
25.4
2803
96.9
134
102
13.3
0.777
0.0356
35.9
2534
3485
Small
Car
1988
6707
0.438
30.5
23.1
29.3
25.7
2818
98.5
133
105
13.1
0.806
0.0366
36.4
2597
3593
Small
Car
1989
5677
0.393
30.2
22.8
29.0
25.4
2841
98.3
131
108
12.8
0.844
0.0375
36.3
2559
3570
Small
Car
1990
4999
0.396
29.8
22.4
28.5
25.0
2897
97.6
131
116
12.2
0.906
0.0395
36.4
2487
3551
Small
Car
1991
5032
0.400
30.0
22.3
28.8
25.1
2886
97.6
131
117
12.1
0.919
0.0401
36.4
2507
3558
Small
Car
1992
4440
0.365
30.0
22.0
28.9
24.9
2921
97.9
134
123
11.8
0.943
0.0416
36.7
2505
3593
Small
Car
1993
4537
0.343
30.5
22.2
29.3
25.3
2903
98.3
133
122
11.8
0.933
0.0415
36.9
2542
3630
Small
Car
1994
4720
0.334
30.4
21.9
29.3
25.1
2965
98.7
137
126
11.7
0.943
0.0419
37.5
2538
3701
Small
Car
1995
5190
0.343
30.7
21.9
29.7
25.3
2988
99.6
137
134
11.2
1.002
0.0443
38.0
2576
3785
Small
Car
1996
4197
0.319
30.8
21.8
29.7
25.3
2977
99.9
136
134
11.1
1.008
0.0446
37.8
2574
3777
Small
Car
1997
4443
0.307
30.9
21.7
29.6
25.2
2977
99.2
133
133
11.2
1.016
0.0442
37.7
2544
3741
Small
Car
1998
3841
0.266
30.9
21.5
29.7
25.2
3013
98.8
137
138
11.0
1.028
0.0452
38.2
2541
3772
Small
Car
1999
3917
0.257
30.3
21.0
28.9
24.6
3085
98.9
141
144
10.9
1.036
0.0460
38.0
2478
3770
Small
Car
2000
4264
0.257
30.3
20.9
28.7
24.5
3079
99.4
139
144
10.9
1.052
0.0461
37.9
2483
3773
Small
Car
2001
4062
0.260
30.7
21.1
28.9
24.7
3101
99.2
140
150
10.6
1.080
0.0475
38.7
2520
3845
Small
Car
2002
3799
0.236
30.7
20.9
28.7
24.6
3125
99.9
141
153
10.6
1.098
0.0482
38.8
2526
3882
Small
Car
2003
3669
0.233
30.7
20.8
28.5
24.5
3169
99.4
143
159
10.3
1.124
0.0495
39.2
2511
3908
Small
Car
2004
3273
0.208
30.5
20.4
28.4
24.3
3192
99.0
146
165
10.1
1.146
0.0510
39.1
2480
3883
Small
Car
2005
3185
0.200
31.1
20.7
28.6
24.6
3163
99.1
144
165
10.0
1.166
0.0513
39.2
2518
3903
Small
Car
2006
3196
0.212
31.1
20.6
28.8
24.6
3255
98.8
151
176
9.8
1.181
0.0530
40.6
2521
4031
Small
Car
2007
3215
0.210
31.7
21.1
29.2
25.1
3238
99.3
146
173
9.8
1.203
0.0525
41.0
2572
4082
Small
Car
2008
2856
0.205
31.7
21.0
29.4
25.1
3284
98.3
148
179
9.8
1.220
0.0534
41.6
2550
4103
Small
Car
2009
2255
0.242
33.5
22.2
30.7
26.3
3254
99.8
140
172
10.0
1.228
0.0517
43.3
2718
4341
Small
Car
2010
2506
0.226
34.1
22.6
31.2
26.8
3268
101.6
145
177
9.8
1.230
0.0528
44.4
2813
4517
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-l
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Small
Car
1975
10.0%

33.3%
0.6%


9.4%

0.5%






Small
Car
1976
8.8%

29.2%



5.0%

0.5%






Small
Car
1977
11.0%

30.3%



7.5%

0.9%






Small
Car
1978
19.9%

41.7%
6.1%


10.3%

1.5%






Small
Car
1979
24.4%

45.6%
1.7%


9.4%

2.2%






Small
Car
1980
37.8%
1.1%
51.0%
4.6%


11.1%

3.7%






Small
Car
1981
48.1%
0.7%
52.8%
7.8%


12.2%

5.1%






Small
Car
1982
56.2%
0.7%
49.9%
26.7%


13.0%
6.6%
4.0%






Small
Car
1983
61.6%
1.0%
47.6%
33.7%


18.9%
16.1%
2.4%






Small
Car
1984
63.2%
0.6%
41.1%
37.6%


25.4%
20.2%
2.2%






Small
Car
1985
70.9%
0.2%
39.8%
37.8%


28.0%
27.6%
1.4%






Small
Car
1986
74.5%
0.5%
40.0%
41.7%


36.7%
25.9%
0.4%
91.7%
5.6%
2.7%



Small
Car
1987
80.7%
0.4%
38.6%
44.7%


37.2%
29.1%
0.2%
77.0%
14.8%
8.2%



Small
Car
1988
85.2%
0.5%
36.0%
51.6%


45.5%
33.1%
0.0%
71.2%
13.1%
15.7%



Small
Car
1989
86.3%
1.0%
33.8%
51.8%
0.2%

52.1%
32.6%
0.1%
60.9%
18.1%
21.0%



Small
Car
1990
89.0%
0.6%
31.7%
56.9%
0.1%

69.9%
28.3%
0.1%
48.5%
7.5%
44.0%



Small
Car
1991
87.1%
1.4%
32.1%
59.0%
0.1%

72.2%
27.5%
0.2%
48.9%
8.4%
42.7%

3.0%

Small
Car
1992
88.6%
1.2%
29.4%
60.3%
0.0%

87.2%
12.7%
0.1%
49.4%
7.3%
43.2%

6.4%

Small
Car
1993
90.2%
1.0%
30.0%
61.2%
0.0%

89.7%
10.3%

49.7%
5.6%
44.7%

6.5%

Small
Car
1994
88.4%
0.3%
27.7%
65.7%


92.7%
7.3%

46.9%
3.3%
49.8%

12.1%

Small
Car
1995
86.1%
1.0%
26.8%
70.4%


98.3%
1.6%
0.1%
32.8%
2.0%
65.2%
0.0%
12.9%

Small
Car
1996
89.6%
1.0%
24.5%
73.1%
0.0%

97.9%
2.1%

32.4%
1.8%
65.8%
0.0%
15.1%

Small
Car
1997
89.6%
1.0%
22.7%
76.0%
0.1%

98.5%
1.5%
0.0%
30.2%
1.9%
67.7%
0.2%
15.0%

Small
Car
1998
86.1%
1.2%
22.1%
77.0%
0.1%

99.4%
0.3%
0.3%
29.7%
2.1%
67.5%
0.7%
20.1%

Small
Car
1999
87.0%
1.3%
19.7%
79.3%
0.1%

99.6%
0.2%
0.2%
31.7%
3.2%
64.3%
0.8%
18.5%

Small
Car
2000
83.4%
1.1%
20.8%
77.5%
0.0%

99.4%
0.1%
0.5%
32.7%
2.3%
63.4%
1.6%
25.4%
0.1%
Small
Car
2001
82.3%
2.4%
20.4%
77.9%
0.5%

99.4%

0.6%
27.4%
2.3%
66.9%
3.4%
37.5%
0.1%
Small
Car
2002
79.7%
4.1%
20.8%
78.0%
0.9%

99.2%

0.8%
28.6%
2.8%
65.2%
3.4%
36.3%
0.7%
Small
Car
2003
78.4%
3.5%
20.2%
77.9%
1.9%

99.4%

0.6%
16.1%
2.7%
77.8%
3.4%
42.8%
1.3%
Small
Car
2004
76.4%
5.6%
19.1%
79.1%
1.6%

99.5%

0.5%
15.5%
2.4%
78.9%
3.1%
48.7%
0.7%
Small
Car
2005
77.7%
4.9%
18.2%
80.3%
1.5%

99.5%

0.5%
13.6%
4.3%
80.3%
1.8%
55.4%
0.9%
Small
Car
2006
74.0%
4.6%
18.4%
79.7%
1.8%

98.6%

1.4%
12.6%
3.5%
83.4%
0.4%
66.5%
1.0%
Small
Car
2007
77.1%
5.3%
17.1%
76.1%
6.7%
0.8%
99.2%


10.5%
2.4%
87.0%
0.1%
63.9%
1.1%
Small
Car
2008
75.0%
6.4%
15.4%
79.1%
4.6%
3.8%
96.2%


7.2%
1.6%
91.2%
0.0%
61.9%
1.1%
Small
Car
2009
78.4%
7.1%
12.2%
83.5%
3.4%
7.6%
91.1%

1.3%
6.0%
0.9%
93.1%
0.0%
71.1%
0.9%
Small
Car
2010
77.9%
4.7%
10.5%
81.2%
5.2%
9.1%
89.4%

1.5%
8.3%
0.9%
90.8%

86.2%
2.8%
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-2
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^iiU'
0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Small
Car
2011
1844
0.154
33.0
22.0
30.7
26.2
3381
100.5
153
196
9.4
1.275
0.0563
44.8
2724
4512
Small
Car
2012
3352
0.251
36.9
24.5
33.3
28.8
3207
101.3
133
176
9.7
1.311
0.0534
46.9
3026
4763
Midsize
Car
1975
1631
0.160
13.6
10.5
13.1
11.6
4630

353
158
13.9
0.447
0.0341
27.2


Midsize
Car
1976
1964
0.159
15.7
12.2
15.1
13.4
4558

343
156
13.8
0.454
0.0340
30.7


Midsize
Car
1977
2226
0.158
16.4
12.9
15.7
14.0
4474
112.9
332
151
13.9
0.454
0.0337
31.6
1601
3565
Midsize
Car
1978
3339
0.231
18.6
14.4
17.9
15.8
3820
113.0
292
135
13.4
0.464
0.0353
30.3
1823
3422
Midsize
Car
1979
3211
0.231
19.1
15.0
18.1
16.3
3710
113.1
272
128
13.6
0.474
0.0345
30.3
1870
3425
Midsize
Car
1980
2987
0.264
21.6
16.8
21.0
18.4
3362
113.2
229
113
13.8
0.512
0.0336
31.1
2113
3523
Midsize
Car
1981
2902
0.275
22.9
17.8
22.3
19.6
3346
113.9
220
107
14.2
0.509
0.0322
32.9
2255
3746
Midsize
Car
1982
2136
0.219
24.0
18.4
23.8
20.5
3321
113.9
211
107
14.2
0.529
0.0324
34.3
2377
3906
Midsize
Car
1983
2269
0.220
23.9
18.4
23.6
20.4
3316
113.8
212
111
13.8
0.544
0.0336
34.0
2363
3876
Midsize
Car
1984
2770
0.198
24.1
18.5
23.9
20.6
3318
113.7
210
113
13.6
0.563
0.0342
34.3
2373
3896
Midsize
Car
1985
2777
0.192
24.9
19.0
24.9
21.3
3319
113.6
205
117
13.3
0.606
0.0354
35.4
2453
4025
Midsize
Car
1986
2666
0.174
25.9
19.6
25.9
22.0
3241
113.8
194
119
13.0
0.640
0.0364
35.8
2535
4075
Midsize
Car
1987
2253
0.152
26.0
19.5
26.0
22.1
3247
113.7
189
123
12.7
0.684
0.0379
35.9
2540
4088
Midsize
Car
1988
2113
0.138
26.7
19.7
27.1
22.6
3293
113.4
183
129
12.3
0.718
0.0389
37.3
2589
4231
Midsize
Car
1989
2591
0.179
26.6
19.5
27.1
22.5
3314
113.6
181
131
12.2
0.735
0.0396
37.4
2575
4246
Midsize
Car
1990
2342
0.186
26.2
19.0
26.8
22.1
3450
113.7
187
141
12.0
0.758
0.0407
38.2
2529
4343
Midsize
Car
1991
2114
0.168
26.0
18.8
26.5
21.9
3412
113.5
191
147
11.5
0.773
0.0428
37.4
2497
4243
Midsize
Car
1992
2120
0.174
25.8
18.4
26.3
21.6
3515
113.9
191
151
11.5
0.801
0.0427
38.0
2472
4334
Midsize
Car
1993
2330
0.176
26.1
18.6
26.4
21.8
3515
113.9
192
153
11.4
0.812
0.0434
38.4
2497
4377
Midsize
Car
1994
2057
0.146
25.9
18.3
26.0
21.5
3529
113.5
190
155
11.4
0.827
0.0437
38.0
2457
4321
Midsize
Car
1995
2515
0.166
26.1
18.2
26.5
21.7
3546
114.3
189
166
10.7
0.889
0.0465
38.5
2491
4403
Midsize
Car
1996
2359
0.179
26.5
18.5
26.5
21.9
3527
114.1
181
162
10.9
0.906
0.0459
38.7
2506
4409
Midsize
Car
1997
2399
0.166
26.5
18.4
26.7
21.9
3551
114.5
184
170
10.6
0.933
0.0476
39.0
2523
4465
Midsize
Car
1998
2967
0.205
27.1
18.7
26.9
22.3
3534
114.0
177
169
10.5
0.965
0.0477
39.5
2553
4502
Midsize
Car
1999
3141
0.206
27.1
18.5
26.8
22.2
3540
114.0
175
171
10.5
0.984
0.0480
39.4
2538
4486
Midsize
Car
2000
2894
0.175
27.0
18.4
26.5
22.0
3550
113.6
174
178
10.2
1.027
0.0499
39.2
2513
4448
Midsize
Car
2001
2480
0.159
27.2
18.5
26.5
22.1
3566
113.7
175
180
10.1
1.034
0.0503
39.6
2530
4501
Midsize
Car
2002
2807
0.174
27.7
18.8
26.5
22.4
3549
114.8
177
185
9.8
1.055
0.0519
39.8
2582
4572
Midsize
Car
2003
2483
0.157
28.3
18.9
27.3
22.8
3567
114.6
174
189
9.7
1.096
0.0529
40.8
2629
4676
Midsize
Car
2004
2522
0.161
28.7
19.0
27.5
23.0
3577
114.0
174
190
9.7
1.100
0.0528
41.6
2667
4738
Midsize
Car
2005
2886
0.182
29.8
19.7
28.2
23.8
3545
114.5
168
185
9.8
1.096
0.0515
42.8
2793
4900
Midsize
Car
2006
2413
0.160
29.6
19.6
28.0
23.6
3568
114.0
169
191
9.6
1.137
0.0531
42.8
2759
4874
Midsize
Car
2007
3083
0.202
31.2
20.7
29.1
24.8
3581
113.8
165
191
9.6
1.143
0.0524
45.3
2913
5149
Midsize
Car
2008
2486
0.179
31.4
20.9
29.0
24.8
3564
113.3
163
191
9.5
1.161
0.0525
45.4
2937
5142
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-3
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Small
Car
2011
64.2%
10.7%
12.1%
81.6%
5.3%
13.3%
84.6%

2.0%
5.1%
1.2%
93.6%

88.2%
2.6%
Small
Car
2012
80.4%
4.2%
13.6%
66.1%
9.4%
39.6%
59.2%

1.2%
3.5%
1.0%
95.5%

96.9%
4.5%
Midsize
Car
1975
2.7%

0.6%



0.7%








Midsize
Car
1976
2.5%

0.4%



0.6%








Midsize
Car
1977
2.1%

0.3%



0.7%








Midsize
Car
1978
1.4%

1.7%
11.1%


1.4%








Midsize
Car
1979
5.2%

1.9%
21.4%


2.3%

1.4%






Midsize
Car
1980
30.2%

7.8%
25.3%


1.0%
1.5%
2.5%






Midsize
Car
1981
32.3%

5.6%
52.2%


0.1%
2.3%
4.0%






Midsize
Car
1982
44.7%

2.0%
82.6%


0.2%
15.4%
3.8%






Midsize
Car
1983
48.9%

1.2%
80.0%


0.5%
17.2%
1.7%






Midsize
Car
1984
55.1%

0.9%
82.0%


3.8%
25.6%
1.0%






Midsize
Car
1985
61.9%

1.3%
77.6%


13.0%
37.1%
0.3%






Midsize
Car
1986
71.0%
0.1%
1.8%
76.4%


25.4%
42.3%
0.2%
100.0%





Midsize
Car
1987
77.3%
0.2%
1.5%
77.6%


40.7%
43.4%
0.4%
100.0%





Midsize
Car
1988
87.0%
0.1%
3.8%
91.1%


66.9%
28.0%

93.4%
6.5%
0.1%



Midsize
Car
1989
86.5%
0.1%
4.7%
91.7%


78.3%
21.0%

94.3%
4.9%
0.8%



Midsize
Car
1990
85.2%
0.2%
3.9%
93.9%


86.6%
13.3%
0.0%
90.6%
4.3%
5.1%

2.3%

Midsize
Car
1991
87.2%
0.1%
3.6%
94.5%


88.7%
11.2%
0.1%
89.7%
4.9%
5.3%

2.7%

Midsize
Car
1992
79.1%
0.1%
2.7%
96.6%


94.7%
5.3%

77.0%
1.6%
21.4%

3.6%

Midsize
Car
1993
85.4%
0.2%
2.3%
97.2%


95.6%
4.4%

72.7%

27.3%

4.0%

Midsize
Car
1994
84.7%

2.0%
97.7%


96.0%
4.0%

68.1%

31.9%

3.9%

Midsize
Car
1995
79.6%

2.7%
97.2%


98.9%
1.1%

61.5%

38.5%

8.9%

Midsize
Car
1996
91.9%

4.3%
94.9%


99.7%

0.3%
52.6%

47.4%

11.0%

Midsize
Car
1997
90.6%
0.1%
2.5%
97.5%


99.8%

0.2%
50.1%

49.9%

10.1%

Midsize
Car
1998
95.2%
0.5%
3.0%
97.0%


99.9%

0.1%
44.5%
1.2%
53.1%
1.3%
22.0%

Midsize
Car
1999
95.2%
0.7%
3.3%
96.3%


99.8%

0.2%
36.1%
1.4%
59.7%
2.7%
20.9%

Midsize
Car
2000
92.3%
0.9%
3.5%
95.7%


100.0%


25.1%
1.4%
71.1%
2.4%
29.4%

Midsize
Car
2001
93.0%
1.2%
3.1%
96.1%


100.0%


28.2%
1.8%
66.6%
3.4%
25.3%

Midsize
Car
2002
94.2%
0.8%
2.6%
97.1%
0.1%

100.0%


21.4%
0.9%
74.7%
3.0%
45.0%

Midsize
Car
2003
91.7%
0.6%
2.9%
97.0%
0.1%

100.0%


21.9%
2.5%
72.1%
3.6%
55.3%

Midsize
Car
2004
91.7%
1.0%
3.2%
94.2%
1.9%

99.9%

0.1%
16.2%
1.6%
80.0%
2.2%
54.7%
1.9%
Midsize
Car
2005
91.4%
1.9%
3.2%
92.4%
4.2%

99.6%

0.4%
13.6%
1.1%
84.6%
0.7%
68.5%
4.9%
Midsize
Car
2006
89.4%
3.0%
3.7%
92.5%
3.7%

99.8%

0.2%
12.5%
0.2%
87.2%
0.2%
78.5%
3.8%
Midsize
Car
2007
89.0%
3.8%
2.7%
77.6%
19.8%

99.9%

0.1%
7.3%

92.7%

79.0%
7.8%
Midsize
Car
2008
85.3%
6.5%
2.5%
68.9%
28.6%
3.8%
96.0%

0.1%
6.5%

93.5%

73.1%
8.7%
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-4
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^iiU'
0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Midsize
Car
2009
1930
0.207
32.5
21.5
29.8
25.5
3539
113.9
156
184
9.8
1.162
0.0511
46.0
2993
5234
Midsize
Car
2010
2261
0.204
34.1
22.7
31.1
26.8
3577
114.3
158
188
9.5
1.170
0.0518
50.4
3252
5763
Midsize
Car
2011
2480
0.207
33.7
22.1
31.5
26.6
3605
113.8
154
191
9.6
1.235
0.0522
49.3
3146
5615
Midsize
Car
2012
2901
0.217
34.8
22.9
32.4
27.5
3603
114.4
156
194
9.5
1.250
0.0532
51.0
3269
5833
Large
Car
1975
1555
0.152
13.1
10.2
12.6
11.2
5142

410
180
13.5
0.439
0.0348
28.9


Large
Car
1976
1679
0.136
14.2
11.1
13.5
12.1
5156

410
180
13.4
0.440
0.0349
31.1


Large
Car
1977
2319
0.164
15.9
12.4
15.2
13.5
4482
128.1
366
166
12.8
0.453
0.0370
30.4
1759
3895
Large
Car
1978
2048
0.142
16.8
13.0
16.3
14.3
4394
128.5
357
162
12.8
0.457
0.0370
31.7
1869
4071
Large
Car
1979
2111
0.152
17.4
13.7
16.5
14.8
4210
130.0
339
154
12.9
0.454
0.0365
31.3
1940
4073
Large
Car
1980
963
0.085
19.1
14.7
18.8
16.3
4130
130.9
314
137
14.0
0.440
0.0331
34.0
2156
4448
Large
Car
1981
956
0.091
20.4
15.4
20.8
17.4
4108
131.0
304
133
14.3
0.444
0.0325
36.4
2318
4762
Large
Car
1982
832
0.085
20.7
15.6
21.0
17.7
4034
131.0
292
135
13.9
0.468
0.0337
36.0
2333
4715
Large
Car
1983
1079
0.105
20.2
15.2
20.6
17.3
4041
131.3
293
140
13.4
0.481
0.0347
35.0
2272
4590
Large
Car
1984
1236
0.088
20.5
15.5
21.0
17.5
4022
130.9
294
140
13.4
0.478
0.0349
35.3
2298
4622
Large
Car
1985
1512
0.105
22.3
16.6
23.3
19.1
3841
129.3
279
143
12.7
0.512
0.0371
36.7
2470
4743
Large
Car
1986
1267
0.082
23.9
17.6
25.4
20.4
3719
127.4
260
147
12.1
0.577
0.0396
38.0
2610
4846
Large
Car
1987
1218
0.082
23.9
17.4
25.4
20.3
3696
127.0
260
149
11.8
0.587
0.0405
37.6
2588
4774
Large
Car
1988
1303
0.085
24.2
17.6
25.6
20.6
3730
128.1
262
150
11.9
0.587
0.0405
38.4
2644
4924
Large
Car
1989
1289
0.089
24.0
17.3
25.3
20.4
3721
127.4
262
158
11.4
0.619
0.0427
37.9
2598
4830
Large
Car
1990
1092
0.087
23.7
16.9
25.1
20.0
3799
126.7
258
161
11.4
0.639
0.0427
38.1
2543
4820
Large
Car
1991
1012
0.080
23.6
16.8
24.8
19.9
3893
129.0
264
178
10.7
0.685
0.0459
38.8
2575
5012
Large
Car
1992
1241
0.102
23.8
16.8
25.0
20.0
3872
129.6
262
186
10.4
0.715
0.0480
38.8
2602
5033
Large
Car
1993
1104
0.084
24.2
17.0
25.2
20.3
3831
128.9
256
181
10.5
0.720
0.0473
38.9
2628
5025
Large
Car
1994
1277
0.090
24.1
16.8
24.9
20.1
3859
128.3
249
188
10.2
0.766
0.0487
38.8
2587
4987
Large
Car
1995
1305
0.086
24.4
16.9
25.4
20.4
3830
127.9
248
207
9.4
0.845
0.0539
39.1
2619
5004
Large
Car
1996
1066
0.081
24.3
16.7
25.3
20.3
3894
128.1
250
217
9.2
0.879
0.0557
39.5
2602
5058
Large
Car
1997
1195
0.083
24.5
16.8
25.4
20.4
3821
127.4
242
217
9.1
0.903
0.0567
39.0
2607
4968
Large
Car
1998
912
0.063
24.6
16.8
25.2
20.4
3784
127.4
240
218
8.9
0.922
0.0575
38.5
2602
4910
Large
Car
1999
1059
0.070
24.8
16.8
25.3
20.5
3854
127.0
235
222
8.9
0.971
0.0576
39.5
2609
5015
Large
Car
2000
1665
0.100
25.6
17.3
25.7
21.0
3782
124.9
221
215
9.2
0.980
0.0565
39.7
2628
4959
Large
Car
2001
1416
0.091
25.5
17.1
25.5
20.8
3774
124.8
221
204
9.5
0.932
0.0538
39.4
2607
4912
Large
Car
2002
1252
0.078
26.0
17.4
25.7
21.2
3767
124.3
218
209
9.3
0.975
0.0554
39.9
2641
4962
Large
Car
2003
1260
0.080
26.0
17.3
25.7
21.1
3841
124.8
224
208
9.5
0.929
0.0538
40.6
2648
5069
Large
Car
2004
1185
0.075
26.0
17.2
25.6
21.1
3858
124.7
225
211
9.4
0.944
0.0546
40.6
2643
5073
Large
Car
2005
1234
0.078
26.4
17.4
25.5
21.2
3933
125.0
225
216
9.5
0.964
0.0545
41.8
2670
5230
Large
Car
2006
1570
0.104
26.0
17.1
25.2
20.9
4014
124.7
230
238
8.9
1.045
0.0589
42.2
2630
5263
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-5
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Midsize
Car
2009
90.5%
4.5%
2.1%
71.2%
26.8%
3.1%
96.8%

0.1%
1.2%

98.8%

89.3%
7.6%
Midsize
Car
2010
88.5%
6.8%
1.4%
67.6%
30.5%
5.8%
94.2%


0.1%

99.9%

99.6%
13.2%
Midsize
Car
2011
87.5%
7.0%
1.5%
76.2%
21.7%
12.5%
87.3%

0.1%
0.2%

99.8%

99.8%
7.4%
Midsize
Car
2012
87.3%
7.0%
4.0%
77.7%
16.8%
15.4%
83.7%

0.9%
0.9%

99.1%

98.7%
8.7%
Large
Car
1975
1.5%

0.0%












Large
Car
1976
1.5%

0.0%



1.2%








Large
Car
1977
1.5%





0.5%








Large
Car
1978
1.1%


2.5%


0.2%

1.4%






Large
Car
1979



6.5%


0.2%

3.5%






Large
Car
1980



41.6%



2.0%
10.4%






Large
Car
1981



89.8%



17.1%
15.2%






Large
Car
1982



93.1%



20.1%
10.0%






Large
Car
1983



99.9%



37.3%
2.4%






Large
Car
1984



99.9%



39.0%
0.8%






Large
Car
1985
31.9%


100.0%


19.1%
44.9%
0.3%






Large
Car
1986
55.9%

0.7%
99.2%


65.4%
15.8%

99.3%

0.7%



Large
Car
1987
60.9%

0.5%
99.5%


69.9%
15.2%

98.9%

1.1%



Large
Car
1988
58.7%

0.4%
99.6%


76.9%
12.6%

98.9%

1.1%



Large
Car
1989
61.9%

0.3%
99.7%


74.8%
22.2%

99.2%

0.8%



Large
Car
1990
69.0%

0.2%
99.8%


92.9%
6.0%

99.5%

0.5%



Large
Car
1991
59.8%

0.4%
99.6%


83.3%
16.7%

99.1%

0.9%



Large
Car
1992
58.5%

0.3%
98.5%


89.2%
10.7%
0.1%
98.1%

1.9%

0.7%

Large
Car
1993
64.8%

0.4%
98.2%


89.7%
10.3%

92.0%

8.0%

0.9%

Large
Car
1994
69.2%

0.2%
99.0%


99.9%

0.1%
82.9%

17.1%

0.5%

Large
Car
1995
71.3%

0.2%
98.3%


100.0%

0.0%
76.5%

23.5%

0.7%

Large
Car
1996
67.8%

0.1%
99.3%


100.0%


61.6%

38.4%

1.2%

Large
Car
1997
72.4%

0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


64.4%

35.6%

1.8%

Large
Car
1998
74.3%

0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


60.1%

39.9%

2.5%

Large
Car
1999
72.5%


100.0%


100.0%


49.7%

50.3%

1.8%

Large
Car
2000
80.9%
0.0%

100.0%


100.0%


60.2%
1.2%
38.6%
0.0%
7.2%

Large
Car
2001
79.4%
0.1%

100.0%


100.0%


64.0%
2.3%
33.6%
0.1%
9.1%

Large
Car
2002
86.7%
0.0%

100.0%


100.0%


62.7%
2.2%
35.1%
0.0%
6.9%

Large
Car
2003
77.1%
0.3%

100.0%


100.0%


72.7%
1.7%
25.5%
0.0%
8.9%

Large
Car
2004
77.1%
1.3%

100.0%


100.0%


65.9%
1.4%
31.9%
0.8%
10.6%

Large
Car
2005
68.6%
3.8%

96.7%
3.2%

100.0%


64.4%
0.9%
34.4%
0.4%
8.8%

Large
Car
2006
62.7%
3.8%
0.1%
96.8%
3.0%

100.0%


48.6%
0.9%
50.2%
0.3%
29.2%

EPA-420-R-13-001
E-6
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^iiU'
0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Large
Car
2007
1174
0.077
26.0
17.1
25.3
21.0
4026
123.8
229
236
9.0
1.036
0.0581
42.5
2623
5256
Large
Car
2008
1407
0.101
27.3
17.8
26.8
22.0
3966
123.2
213
232
9.0
1.106
0.0581
43.9
2745
5406
Large
Car
2009
955
0.103
28.4
18.6
27.6
22.8
3883
122.6
200
225
9.0
1.146
0.0576
44.6
2833
5461
Large
Car
2010
832
0.075
28.3
18.5
27.4
22.7
3923
122.8
202
232
8.9
1.166
0.0587
44.8
2827
5501
Large
Car
2011
1041
0.087
29.9
19.5
29.6
24.2
3868
122.1
196
235
8.7
1.231
0.0603
47.0
2999
5738
Large
Car
2012
832
0.062
30.0
19.4
29.6
24.2
3889
122.9
200
260
8.2
1.316
0.0658
47.2
3016
5797
Small
Wagon
1975
477
0.047
22.4
17.4
21.6
19.1
2834

128
87
14.8
0.713
0.0307
27.3


Small
Wagon
1976
345
0.028
23.9
18.7
22.9
20.4
2902

136
86
15.2
0.668
0.0297
29.8


Small
Wagon
1977
385
0.027
25.5
20.2
23.8
21.7
2801
108.0
134
85
14.9
0.685
0.0305
30.8
2404
3317
Small
Wagon
1978
361
0.025
24.3
19.2
22.9
20.7
2805
108.0
134
90
14.3
0.709
0.0319
29.5
2291
3176
Small
Wagon
1979
310
0.022
25.7
20.3
24.3
21.9
2711
105.1
123
81
15.1
0.684
0.0295
29.8
2335
3135
Small
Wagon
1980
310
0.027
28.6
22.6
27.0
24.4
2591
108.2
113
75
15.4
0.685
0.0289
32.0
2702
3463
Small
Wagon
1981
418
0.040
30.0
23.6
28.5
25.6
2531
110.6
108
79
14.4
0.755
0.0313
32.6
2858
3601
Small
Wagon
1982
382
0.039
30.6
23.9
29.4
26.1
2580
112.2
109
75
15.3
0.698
0.0289
33.8
2951
3789
Small
Wagon
1983
531
0.052
32.2
25.3
30.5
27.4
2565
108.2
105
74
15.3
0.713
0.0289
35.3
2986
3817
Small
Wagon
1984
461
0.033
31.9
24.9
30.7
27.2
2620
116.5
107
77
15.2
0.719
0.0294
35.9
3206
4180
Small
Wagon
1985
496
0.034
32.5
25.4
30.9
27.7
2579
117.7
107
78
15.0
0.727
0.0300
35.9
3296
4227
Small
Wagon
1986
349
0.023
31.0
24.2
29.2
26.3
2648
118.4
113
82
14.7
0.730
0.0308
35.1
3162
4151
Small
Wagon
1987
361
0.024
30.7
23.8
28.9
25.9
2795
120.0
116
91
14.2
0.788
0.0324
36.5
3153
4379
Small
Wagon
1988
253
0.017
31.3
24.3
29.0
26.3
2757
118.7
113
93
13.7
0.829
0.0336
36.4
3149
4318
Small
Wagon
1989
159
0.011
31.5
24.2
29.4
26.4
2766
118.6
112
96
13.5
0.862
0.0344
36.6
3155
4341
Small
Wagon
1990
160
0.013
29.6
22.4
27.7
24.7
3026
122.2
120
110
12.9
0.920
0.0361
37.5
3048
4579
Small
Wagon
1991
209
0.017
30.6
22.8
28.9
25.4
3005
123.3
120
106
13.3
0.880
0.0350
38.3
3176
4728
Small
Wagon
1992
143
0.012
30.2
22.3
28.6
25.0
3076
123.7
122
123
12.4
1.017
0.0399
38.6
3135
4777
Small
Wagon
1993
302
0.023
32.5
23.7
31.0
26.9
2882
123.0
118
99
13.5
0.842
0.0343
38.9
3343
4787
Small
Wagon
1994
206
0.015
32.9
23.6
31.7
27.1
2908
122.9
121
103
13.3
0.848
0.0352
39.6
3383
4874
Small
Wagon
1995
198
0.013
33.3
23.9
31.8
27.3
2859
122.1
118
100
13.4
0.844
0.0348
39.2
3374
4785
Small
Wagon
1996
90
0.007
31.6
22.5
30.0
25.8
2952
118.0
122
114
12.5
0.928
0.0382
38.2
3081
4509
Small
Wagon
1997
149
0.010
32.2
22.7
30.8
26.3
2901
119.5
125
118
11.8
0.943
0.0404
38.2
3174
4564
Small
Wagon
1998
98
0.007
32.1
22.3
30.7
26.1
2874
116.9
124
119
11.7
0.959
0.0412
37.6
3080
4395
Small
Wagon
1999
78
0.005
31.5
21.8
30.1
25.6
2923
117.9
125
126
11.3
1.004
0.0428
37.4
3047
4415
Small
Wagon
2000
68
0.004
29.2
20.0
28.2
23.7
3107
119.7
127
143
10.7
1.129
0.0459
36.9
2861
4415
Small
Wagon
2001
212
0.014
27.3
19.0
25.4
22.0
3470
119.6
145
148
11.3
1.022
0.0426
38.2
2640
4571
Small
Wagon
2002
236
0.015
26.1
18.0
24.4
21.1
3504
118.2
145
156
11.0
1.085
0.0445
37.1
2505
4385
Small
Wagon
2003
338
0.021
30.2
20.8
27.1
23.9
3262
115.2
127
146
11.0
1.162
0.0448
39.6
2813
4558
Small
Wagon
2004
300
0.019
31.4
21.6
27.7
24.7
3235
117.5
126
166
10.1
1.298
0.0506
40.1
2943
4719
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-7
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Large
Car
2007
70.1%
3.9%
0.1%
98.7%
1.1%

100.0%


52.5%
0.2%
47.2%

45.5%

Large
Car
2008
72.7%
3.0%
0.6%
99.3%

0.9%
99.1%


37.0%
0.0%
63.0%

57.9%

Large
Car
2009
78.4%
2.8%
0.8%
99.2%

1.0%
99.0%


30.4%
0.1%
69.5%

82.4%

Large
Car
2010
70.5%
5.0%
0.5%
99.5%

3.1%
96.9%


26.8%
0.0%
73.2%

77.8%
0.2%
Large
Car
2011
80.6%
3.8%
0.5%
99.5%

32.2%
67.8%


26.0%
0.0%
73.9%

90.9%
0.1%
Large
Car
2012
74.8%
5.2%
1.3%
98.7%

42.7%
57.1%

0.1%
5.7%
0.0%
94.3%

99.4%
0.5%
Small
Wagon
1975
13.3%

48.6%



0.8%








Small
Wagon
1976
12.2%

42.8%



3.2%








Small
Wagon
1977
23.3%

52.9%



6.4%

0.6%






Small
Wagon
1978
23.0%

55.1%
1.2%


6.9%








Small
Wagon
1979
13.3%
12.1%
57.0%
2.3%


1.0%








Small
Wagon
1980
24.4%
9.8%
64.5%
7.4%


1.1%

6.3%






Small
Wagon
1981
57.9%
8.0%
62.0%
8.1%


4.0%

2.2%






Small
Wagon
1982
68.3%
8.9%
54.0%
19.4%


4.8%
0.7%
1.2%






Small
Wagon
1983
55.4%
39.3%
51.0%
23.7%


3.7%
17.0%
0.3%






Small
Wagon
1984
81.4%
15.6%
43.7%
39.2%


5.1%
32.2%
1.6%






Small
Wagon
1985
60.0%
39.6%
42.7%
42.2%


6.2%
15.4%
0.5%






Small
Wagon
1986
78.4%
20.7%
43.3%
29.0%


6.8%
24.3%
0.8%
100.0%





Small
Wagon
1987
76.6%
23.4%
34.4%
41.0%


29.2%
42.6%

78.8%
4.9%
16.3%



Small
Wagon
1988
80.2%
19.8%
37.8%
34.6%


30.6%
62.8%

80.5%
0.6%
18.9%



Small
Wagon
1989
89.9%
10.1%
26.6%
51.8%


41.0%
48.8%

59.8%
3.2%
36.9%



Small
Wagon
1990
68.3%
31.7%
30.6%
58.8%


59.4%
40.6%

35.5%

64.5%



Small
Wagon
1991
79.1%
20.9%
24.4%
74.1%


80.0%
20.0%

51.4%

48.6%



Small
Wagon
1992
73.0%
25.5%
30.9%
68.2%


95.3%
4.7%

54.7%

45.3%

1.4%

Small
Wagon
1993
83.2%
16.2%
28.9%
70.6%


95.8%
4.2%

73.5%

26.5%

0.5%

Small
Wagon
1994
88.6%
10.6%
27.6%
72.1%


97.8%
2.2%

79.2%

20.8%

3.5%

Small
Wagon
1995
92.8%
4.6%
23.8%
76.2%


100.0%


74.3%

25.7%

4.5%

Small
Wagon
1996
84.5%
11.2%
20.8%
79.2%


100.0%


48.9%

51.1%

4.5%

Small
Wagon
1997
82.9%
14.4%
19.6%
80.4%


100.0%


59.3%

40.7%

3.0%

Small
Wagon
1998
78.9%
18.3%
18.8%
81.2%


100.0%


50.9%

45.6%
3.5%
3.5%

Small
Wagon
1999
71.8%
22.8%
20.1%
77.6%


100.0%


36.8%

58.7%
4.4%
16.3%

Small
Wagon
2000
71.5%
17.9%
15.2%
78.0%


100.0%


0.8%

95.8%
3.4%
43.1%

Small
Wagon
2001
92.6%
5.1%
14.9%
84.5%


100.0%


2.6%

95.2%
2.2%
4.1%

Small
Wagon
2002
82.0%
14.9%
19.6%
79.8%


99.1%

0.9%
4.7%
1.6%
91.5%
2.2%
2.2%

Small
Wagon
2003
86.2%
11.7%
16.6%
83.4%


98.0%

2.0%
3.8%
1.1%
93.2%
1.9%
48.3%

Small
Wagon
2004
85.7%
13.4%
15.7%
84.3%


98.8%

1.2%
2.5%
0.9%
95.0%
1.6%
51.5%

EPA-420-R-13-001
E-8
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^iiU'
0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Small
Wagon
2005
365
0.023
32.4
22.2
28.4
25.3
3160
115.9
122
156
10.4
1.268
0.0487
40.3
2984
4671
Small
Wagon
2006
493
0.033
31.4
21.3
27.8
24.6
3255
118.4
127
160
10.5
1.244
0.0486
40.1
2940
4755
Small
Wagon
2007
387
0.025
31.7
21.5
28.2
24.9
3263
111.7
127
160
10.4
1.248
0.0485
40.7
2834
4566
Small
Wagon
2008
411
0.030
32.3
21.9
28.7
25.3
3295
114.0
129
160
10.5
1.231
0.0480
41.9
2935
4797
Small
Wagon
2009
429
0.046
33.6
22.8
29.5
26.2
3260
114.2
125
150
10.7
1.208
0.0459
42.9
3026
4904
Small
Wagon
2010
447
0.040
34.1
23.2
29.7
26.5
3268
117.6
125
150
10.7
1.200
0.0455
43.6
3168
5141
Small
Wagon
2011
359
0.030
34.9
23.9
30.1
27.1
3251
114.7
121
157
10.2
1.308
0.0480
44.3
3139
5063
Small
Wagon
2012
486
0.036
35.7
24.4
30.4
27.5
3146
117.4
117
154
10.2
1.319
0.0486
43.6
3256
5103
Midsize
Wagon
1975
289
0.028
13.2
10.2
12.9
11.3
4791

361
162
13.8
0.473
0.0338
27.4


Midsize
Wagon
1976
485
0.039
16.0
12.6
15.1
13.6
4555

315
142
14.8
0.458
0.0311
31.2


Midsize
Wagon
1977
548
0.039
16.3
12.9
15.3
13.9
4410
143.6
297
135
15.1
0.459
0.0305
30.7
2015
4417
Midsize
Wagon
1978
503
0.035
18.6
14.6
17.6
15.8
3836
140.0
258
123
14.4
0.484
0.0320
30.5
2240
4266
Midsize
Wagon
1979
482
0.035
19.1
15.2
17.9
16.3
3758
139.7
249
118
14.7
0.480
0.0313
30.7
2295
4293
Midsize
Wagon
1980
257
0.023
21.1
16.5
20.1
18.0
3535
139.7
228
107
15.0
0.482
0.0304
31.9
2542
4455
Midsize
Wagon
1981
272
0.026
23.1
18.1
21.8
19.6
3285
136.2
193
103
14.5
0.562
0.0316
32.4
2714
4417
Midsize
Wagon
1982
284
0.029
23.7
18.5
22.6
20.2
3384
136.1
205
108
14.3
0.551
0.0320
34.3
2781
4669
Midsize
Wagon
1983
276
0.027
24.4
19.1
23.3
20.8
3348
136.2
200
109
14.1
0.568
0.0325
35.0
2869
4759
Midsize
Wagon
1984
365
0.026
25.0
19.4
24.2
21.3
3298
135.9
172
107
14.1
0.633
0.0324
35.3
2922
4793
Midsize
Wagon
1985
342
0.024
25.2
19.4
24.6
21.5
3356
134.8
170
112
13.9
0.679
0.0334
36.2
2909
4876
Midsize
Wagon
1986
409
0.027
26.0
19.8
25.7
22.1
3355
137.8
162
115
13.6
0.718
0.0342
37.1
3056
5116
Midsize
Wagon
1987
359
0.024
25.6
19.3
25.6
21.8
3434
140.2
173
125
13.0
0.735
0.0363
37.4
3060
5246
Midsize
Wagon
1988
285
0.019
26.2
19.4
26.5
22.2
3378
139.4
171
126
12.7
0.743
0.0372
37.7
3114
5250
Midsize
Wagon
1989
239
0.017
25.6
18.8
25.9
21.7
3436
139.9
176
132
12.4
0.765
0.0383
37.3
3038
5218
Midsize
Wagon
1990
184
0.015
25.3
18.3
25.9
21.3
3499
141.6
181
139
12.0
0.782
0.0397
37.4
3031
5299
Midsize
Wagon
1991
122
0.010
25.9
18.6
26.4
21.8
3506
142.3
181
140
12.0
0.794
0.0401
38.3
3112
5452
Midsize
Wagon
1992
137
0.011
26.2
18.6
26.9
21.9
3504
142.6
188
143
11.8
0.777
0.0408
38.6
3143
5503
Midsize
Wagon
1993
166
0.013
26.2
18.7
26.6
21.9
3498
137.7
188
144
11.7
0.790
0.0411
38.5
3029
5297
Midsize
Wagon
1994
138
0.010
26.0
18.4
26.4
21.7
3533
137.4
180
151
11.4
0.863
0.0428
38.4
2988
5275
Midsize
Wagon
1995
176
0.012
26.6
18.8
26.6
22.1
3482
135.9
167
149
11.4
0.915
0.0426
38.5
3008
5236
Midsize
Wagon
1996
169
0.013
26.3
18.5
25.8
21.7
3661
136.9
161
154
11.6
0.965
0.0422
39.8
2983
5459
Midsize
Wagon
1997
149
0.010
26.3
18.5
25.5
21.6
3666
136.5
160
158
11.3
1.001
0.0434
39.6
2949
5405
Midsize
Wagon
1998
153
0.011
26.2
18.5
25.0
21.5
3669
135.3
155
169
10.7
1.097
0.0461
39.4
2910
5329
Midsize
Wagon
1999
181
0.012
26.3
18.3
25.4
21.5
3691
136.4
157
169
10.8
1.087
0.0457
39.7
2941
5421
Midsize
Wagon
2000
234
0.014
27.3
18.9
25.7
22.1
3572
134.0
153
162
11.0
1.060
0.0452
39.5
2983
5295
Midsize
Wagon
2001
236
0.015
26.6
18.5
24.8
21.5
3775
133.6
155
176
10.7
1.139
0.0463
40.7
2905
5435
Midsize
Wagon
2002
208
0.013
27.4
18.9
25.4
22.0
3732
133.6
153
172
10.7
1.136
0.0460
41.0
2954
5478
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-9
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Small
Wagon
2005
89.0%
10.7%
15.5%
84.5%


98.9%

1.1%
20.9%
0.6%
77.9%
0.6%
60.4%

Small
Wagon
2006
90.8%
8.8%
11.9%
88.1%


100.0%


10.4%

89.6%
0.1%
55.5%

Small
Wagon
2007
90.1%
9.5%
11.1%
88.9%


100.0%


8.4%

91.5%
0.1%
49.4%

Small
Wagon
2008
86.9%
12.9%
15.8%
84.2%

2.0%
98.0%




99.9%
0.1%
51.5%

Small
Wagon
2009
86.6%
13.3%
13.0%
82.9%
4.0%
2.3%
95.3%

2.4%


100.0%

84.9%

Small
Wagon
2010
88.4%
10.3%
10.3%
68.5%
16.5%
2.2%
92.3%

5.4%


100.0%

92.4%

Small
Wagon
2011
80.6%
18.3%
13.0%
60.2%
26.8%
13.9%
79.2%

6.9%
0.1%

99.9%

90.9%

Small
Wagon
2012
82.2%
16.2%
12.5%
59.9%
23.2%
19.7%
75.5%

4.8%
0.1%

99.9%

93.3%

Midsize
Wagon
1975


4.0%



7.6%

0.2%






Midsize
Wagon
1976


7.1%



3.4%

0.1%






Midsize
Wagon
1977


4.6%



3.5%

0.3%






Midsize
Wagon
1978


5.3%
17.2%


3.0%

0.3%






Midsize
Wagon
1979


5.3%
9.1%


2.5%

2.5%






Midsize
Wagon
1980


9.9%
43.8%


4.3%

5.9%






Midsize
Wagon
1981
35.6%

12.8%
28.5%


6.9%

5.9%






Midsize
Wagon
1982
28.2%

7.4%
62.6%


5.7%

6.3%






Midsize
Wagon
1983
32.8%

6.2%
50.2%


7.9%

2.3%






Midsize
Wagon
1984
69.9%

5.4%
62.5%


10.4%
20.3%
2.5%






Midsize
Wagon
1985
69.5%
4.5%
5.9%
64.7%


25.7%
30.5%
1.8%






Midsize
Wagon
1986
82.2%
2.1%
9.1%
71.0%


51.3%
28.0%
0.2%
100.0%





Midsize
Wagon
1987
83.9%
0.1%
4.4%
83.6%


71.7%
22.8%
0.8%
100.0%





Midsize
Wagon
1988
87.7%
0.7%
3.8%
87.2%


70.2%
29.8%

100.0%





Midsize
Wagon
1989
77.5%
8.2%
7.1%
80.7%


87.7%
12.3%

99.0%

1.0%



Midsize
Wagon
1990
81.1%
0.4%
1.7%
87.9%


98.5%
1.5%

96.6%

3.4%



Midsize
Wagon
1991
79.6%
1.3%
2.4%
85.6%


99.3%
0.7%

96.4%

3.6%



Midsize
Wagon
1992
80.8%
0.6%
1.7%
88.9%


99.7%
0.3%

89.7%

10.3%



Midsize
Wagon
1993
87.0%
0.6%
1.8%
91.2%


100.0%


88.4%

11.6%



Midsize
Wagon
1994
89.0%
0.4%
1.6%
94.0%


100.0%


79.9%

20.1%

6.2%

Midsize
Wagon
1995
64.8%
27.8%
10.1%
86.7%


100.0%


49.2%

50.8%

6.1%

Midsize
Wagon
1996
61.0%
39.0%
12.9%
87.1%


99.2%

0.8%
36.5%

63.5%

6.8%

Midsize
Wagon
1997
48.5%
51.5%
13.4%
86.6%


99.9%

0.1%
32.4%

67.6%

4.8%

Midsize
Wagon
1998
32.7%
64.2%
13.7%
86.3%


100.0%


12.9%
3.1%
82.4%
1.6%
8.9%

Midsize
Wagon
1999
44.8%
52.0%
12.1%
87.9%


100.0%


16.9%
3.2%
69.8%
10.1%
10.6%

Midsize
Wagon
2000
54.4%
43.3%
9.9%
90.1%


100.0%


25.7%
2.3%
61.3%
10.6%
19.8%

Midsize
Wagon
2001
42.4%
56.5%
8.5%
91.5%


100.0%


11.4%
2.4%
74.0%
12.2%
39.1%

Midsize
Wagon
2002
49.0%
50.3%
8.9%
91.1%


100.0%


7.2%
1.9%
80.0%
10.9%
36.7%

EPA-420-R-13-001
E-10
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(OOO)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^iiU'
0-60
li nu-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Midsize
Wagon
2003
171
0.011
27.2
18.6
25.4
21.9
3745
133.5
151
174
ll).7
1.157
0.0463
40.9
2937
5462
Midsize
Wagon
2004
158
0.010
26.4
17.9
24.7
21.2
3860
135.0
158
189
10.3
1.208
0.0489
41.0
2878
5531
Midsize
Wagon
2005
238
0.015
26.0
17.4
24.4
20.8
3839
133.3
183
213
9.3
1.195
0.0547
40.0
2810
5338
Midsize
Wagon
2006
220
0.015
26.4
17.7
24.7
21.1
3827
135.6
183
221
9.1
1.221
0.0570
40.4
2884
5481
Midsize
Wagon
2007
150
0.010
27.3
18.4
25.4
21.8
3727
135.4
161
195
9.8
1.223
0.0518
40.7
2976
5511
Midsize
Wagon
2008
136
0.010
26.7
17.9
25.0
21.4
3845
134.6
165
195
10.0
1.185
0.0504
41.1
2895
5531
Midsize
Wagon
2009
64
0.007
28.1
19.0
25.5
22.3
3653
133.7
153
186
9.9
1.211
0.0505
40.6
2989
5433
Midsize
Wagon
2010
8
0.001
28.6
18.9
27.1
22.8
3814
135.1
154
223
8.9
1.467
0.0580
43.6
3113
5881
Midsize
Wagon
2011
3
0.000
24.7
16.6
23.4
19.9
4469
135.6
208
268
8.6
1.296
0.0600
44.5
2701
6028
Midsize
Wagon
2012
38
0.003
56.6
41.6
39.5
40.4
3529
131.6
113
105
10.2
0.907
0.0293
72.0
5386
9469
Large
Wagon
1975
197
0.019
11.9
9.3
11.6
10.2
5453

410
181
14.0
0.441
0.0333
27.9


Large
Wagon
1976
207
0.017
13.5
10.6
12.9
11.5
5444

416
185
13.7
0.445
0.0340
31.4


Large
Wagon
1977
341
0.024
15.5
12.2
14.6
13.2
4713
163.1
365
161
13.6
0.442
0.0342
31.4
2185
5113
Large
Wagon
1978
293
0.020
15.9
12.4
15.4
13.6
4664
162.4
354
162
13.4
0.460
0.0348
31.8
2216
5161
Large
Wagon
1979
275
0.020
16.1
12.8
15.1
13.7
4467
162.5
333
155
13.4
0.465
0.0346
30.7
2240
4996
Large
Wagon
1980
102
0.009
19.1
14.7
18.9
16.3
4423
161.5
324
134
15.2
0.418
0.0304
36.9
2690
5953
Large
Wagon
1981
108
0.010
19.9
15.0
20.3
17.0
4394
161.4
313
131
15.3
0.424
0.0299
38.2
2797
6154
Large
Wagon
1982
146
0.015
19.2
14.4
19.8
16.4
4396
161.3
306
139
14.6
0.456
0.0316
36.5
2677
5877
Large
Wagon
1983
130
0.013
19.6
14.7
20.2
16.7
4380
161.6
307
142
14.1
0.465
0.0325
36.8
2714
5940
Large
Wagon
1984
176
0.013
19.9
14.9
20.5
17.0
4371
161.7
305
144
13.9
0.472
0.0330
37.3
2760
6028
Large
Wagon
1985
146
0.010
20.9
15.6
21.8
17.9
4354
161.7
305
154
13.2
0.504
0.0354
39.0
2894
6299
Large
Wagon
1986
120
0.008
22.0
16.2
23.3
18.8
4381
161.4
304
146
13.9
0.479
0.0334
41.3
3040
6656
Large
Wagon
1987
88
0.006
22.1
16.3
23.1
18.9
4348
161.8
304
143
14.0
0.470
0.0330
41.0
3052
6634
Large
Wagon
1988
75
0.005
22.8
16.8
23.4
19.4
4349
161.7
304
143
14.0
0.470
0.0330
42.1
3132
6808
Large
Wagon
1989
63
0.004
22.5
16.5
23.0
19.0
4334
161.8
304
143
13.9
0.471
0.0332
41.3
3082
6672
Large
Wagon
1990
31
0.002
22.7
16.5
23.1
19.1
4337
161.6
304
143
13.9
0.471
0.0332
41.5
3092
6702
Large
Wagon
1991
34
0.003
22.9
16.3
24.2
19.4
4403
169.1
304
177
11.9
0.581
0.0404
42.6
3274
7208
Large
Wagon
1992
27
0.002
22.7
15.9
24.3
19.1
4500
170.3
338
177
12.1
0.526
0.0394
43.1
3261
7338
Large
Wagon
1993
19
0.001
22.5
15.6
24.3
19.0
4500
169.3
340
174
12.2
0.513
0.0386
42.7
3214
7232
Large
Wagon
1994
16
0.001
22.9
15.9
24.1
19.2
4500
169.2
350
250
9.1
0.714
0.0556
43.3
3254
7322
Large
Wagon
1995
10
0.001
22.8
15.8
23.9
19.1
4500
169.3
350
250
9.1
0.714
0.0556
43.0
3233
7275
Large
Wagon
1996
9
0.001
23.2
15.9
24.5
19.4
4500
170.2
350
260
8.9
0.743
0.0578
43.6
3299
7422
Large
Wagon
1997
















Large
Wagon
1998
















Large
Wagon
1999
















Large
Wagon
2000
















EPA-420-R-13-001
E-ll
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
1 11 I I I-
lour
l-"i\«.¦
Midsize
Wagon
2003
46.9%
52.7%
9.2%
90.8%


100.0%


7.0%
0.7%
74.1%
18.2%
30.9%

Midsize
Wagon
2004
40.3%
58.2%
7.3%
92.7%


99.4%

0.6%
5.0%
3.7%
76.5%
14.9%
48.6%

Midsize
Wagon
2005
19.9%
49.3%
6.8%
93.2%


98.6%

1.4%
14.8%
1.0%
79.8%
4.4%
31.3%

Midsize
Wagon
2006
19.7%
44.1%
4.8%
95.2%


100.0%


5.9%
0.8%
93.2%

34.1%

Midsize
Wagon
2007
45.4%
42.4%
5.5%
94.5%


100.0%


2.6%

97.4%

28.1%

Midsize
Wagon
2008
28.2%
60.7%
5.5%
94.5%

5.8%
94.2%


3.0%

97.0%

20.0%

Midsize
Wagon
2009
32.9%
67.0%
6.8%
93.2%

4.8%
95.2%




100.0%

13.6%

Midsize
Wagon
2010
78.1%
21.9%
1.3%
61.3%

59.4%
40.6%




100.0%

100.0%

Midsize
Wagon
2011
3.1%
96.9%

100.0%

10.5%
89.5%




100.0%

100.0%

Midsize
Wagon
2012
97.2%
2.6%

3.3%
96.7%
2.8%
97.2%




100.0%

100.0%
96.7%
Large
Wagon
1975















Large
Wagon
1976















Large
Wagon
1977















Large
Wagon
1978








1.4%






Large
Wagon
1979















Large
Wagon
1980



74.0%




26.7%






Large
Wagon
1981



100.0%



0.2%
25.2%






Large
Wagon
1982



100.0%




11.0%






Large
Wagon
1983



100.0%



24.1%
4.6%






Large
Wagon
1984



100.0%



25.8%
1.5%






Large
Wagon
1985



100.0%



29.2%
0.4%






Large
Wagon
1986



100.0%


23.7%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1987



100.0%


30.3%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1988



100.0%


30.2%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1989



100.0%


33.1%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1990



100.0%


32.7%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1991



100.0%


19.5%
80.5%

100.0%





Large
Wagon
1992



100.0%



100.0%

100.0%





Large
Wagon
1993



100.0%



100.0%

100.0%





Large
Wagon
1994



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1995



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1996



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Wagon
1997















Large
Wagon
1998















Large
Wagon
1999















Large
Wagon
2000















EPA-420-R-13-001
E-12
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^ilU'
0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Large
Wagon
2001
















Large
Wagon
2002
















Large
Wagon
2003
















Large
Wagon
2004
98
0.006
22.0
14.9
20.9
17.8
4769
165.0
215
249
9.6
1.158
0.0524
42.4
2936
6996
Large
Wagon
2005
118
0.007
22.2
14.9
21.1
17.9
4791
165.0
217
244
9.8
1.125
0.0510
42.9
2958
7078
Large
Wagon
2006
102
0.007
21.9
14.8
20.7
17.7
4806
164.4
219
254
9.5
1.165
0.0531
42.4
2911
6969
Large
Wagon
2007
73
0.005
21.9
14.5
21.6
17.9
4785
159.2
237
247
9.7
1.048
0.0519
42.8
2849
6811
Large
Wagon
2008
23
0.002
21.8
14.6
21.0
17.7
5017
160.1
227
256
9.6
1.135
0.0512
44.4
2837
7108
Large
Wagon
2009
3
0.000
21.4
14.8
19.5
17.2
5500
161.7
209
261
10.0
1.246
0.0475
47.4
2787
7664
Large
Wagon
2010
















Large
Wagon
2011
















Large
Wagon
2012
















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1975
6
0.001
12.0
9.0
12.2
10.2
4000

257
110
15.7
0.428
0.0275
20.5


Small
Non-Truck SUV
1976
7
0.001
10.7
8.0
11.3
9.2
4000

258
125
14.2
0.484
0.0313
18.4


Small
Non-Truck SUV
1977
15
0.001
13.7
10.7
13.1
11.7
4000
100.0
258
125
14.2
0.484
0.0313
24.0
1202
2403
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1978
13
0.001
13.0
9.8
13.1
11.1
4000
100.0
258
125
14.2
0.484
0.0313
22.6
1128
2256
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1979
13
0.001
18.0
14.8
15.8
15.3
3127
100.0
162
94
15.0
0.608
0.0297
24.0
1581
2395
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1980
















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1981
















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1982
11
0.001
23.6
20.7
19.1
19.9
2500
100.0
151
84
13.7
0.556
0.0336
24.9
1993
2492
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1983
13
0.001
23.2
20.4
18.7
19.6
2500
100.0
151
87
13.3
0.580
0.0350
24.5
1957
2447
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1984
3
0.000
22.6
19.7
18.3
19.1
2500
100.0
150
93
12.6
0.620
0.0372
23.8
1906
2383
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1985
















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1986
0
0.000
23.5
18.0
23.0
20.0
3500
100.0
179
139
11.9
0.777
0.0397
35.0
1998
3497
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1987
23
0.002
23.3
17.5
23.3
19.8
3500
100.0
179
139
11.9
0.777
0.0397
34.6
1980
3464
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1988
38
0.003
23.0
17.5
22.1
19.4
3500
100.0
179
139
11.9
0.777
0.0397
34.0
1945
3404
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1989
34
0.002
23.0
17.5
22.1
19.4
3500
100.0
175
135
12.2
0.772
0.0387
34.0
1940
3395
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1990
27
0.002
23.4
17.7
22.1
19.6
3444
100.0
166
128
12.6
0.772
0.0372
33.8
1974
3380
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1991
47
0.004
22.8
18.5
19.1
18.8
3241
100.0
136
90
15.9
0.676
0.0279
30.6
1939
3065
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1992
48
0.004
23.3
18.7
19.6
19.2
3076
100.0
126
96
14.5
0.772
0.0312
29.8
1996
2979
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1993
48
0.004
23.0
18.4
19.1
18.8
3088
100.0
127
95
14.5
0.760
0.0309
29.2
1953
2924
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1994
62
0.004
25.0
19.4
21.5
20.4
3018
100.0
117
100
13.8
0.857
0.0331
30.7
2077
3067
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1995
25
0.002
29.2
22.3
25.1
23.7
2617
100.0
95
82
14.4
0.858
0.0314
31.0
2370
3095
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1996
41
0.003
29.3
21.8
25.9
23.8
2857
100.0
108
106
12.7
0.981
0.0370
34.1
2383
3406
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1997
149
0.010
27.8
20.5
24.8
22.6
3002
100.0
130
127
11.4
0.978
0.0423
33.9
2263
3393
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1998
83
0.006
25.5
18.6
22.9
20.7
3380
100.0
144
148
11.3
1.023
0.0432
35.0
2112
3501
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-13
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Large
Wagon
2001















Large
Wagon
2002















Large
Wagon
2003















Large
Wagon
2004
46.1%
53.9%

100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Large
Wagon
2005
60.1%
39.9%

100.0%


100.0%


14.5%

85.5%



Large
Wagon
2006
57.8%
42.2%

100.0%


100.0%


0.0%
19.0%
81.0%

14.5%

Large
Wagon
2007
60.0%
40.0%

100.0%


97.9%

2.1%
12.2%
1.6%
86.3%

13.3%

Large
Wagon
2008
31.7%
57.6%

100.0%


95.2%

4.8%


100.0%

41.0%

Large
Wagon
2009

100.0%

100.0%


88.5%

11.5%


100.0%

88.5%

Large
Wagon
2010















Large
Wagon
2011















Large
Wagon
2012















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1975


100.0%












Small
Non-Truck SUV
1976


100.0%












Small
Non-Truck SUV
1977


100.0%












Small
Non-Truck SUV
1978


100.0%












Small
Non-Truck SUV
1979


30.2%












Small
Non-Truck SUV
1980















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1981















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1982















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1983















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1984















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1985















Small
Non-Truck SUV
1986


60.0%
40.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
1987


14.8%
85.2%


100.0%


100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
1988


48.3%
51.7%


100.0%


100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
1989


62.2%
37.8%


95.6%


100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
1990


69.6%
30.4%


82.0%
5.6%

100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
1991


34.2%
65.8%


4.4%
91.7%

100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
1992


44.9%
55.1%


17.5%
76.3%

100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
1993


38.7%
61.3%


12.2%
81.0%

100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
1994


37.2%
22.1%


60.6%
39.4%

90.8%

9.2%



Small
Non-Truck SUV
1995


64.8%
35.2%


20.6%
79.4%

100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
1996
43.3%

39.9%
60.1%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Non-Truck SUV
1997
49.2%

39.6%
45.7%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Non-Truck SUV
1998
33.3%

34.3%
65.7%


100.0%




100.0%



EPA-420-R-13-001
E-14
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^iiU'
0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1999
66
0.004
27.1
19.8
23.9
21.8
3214
100.0
130
135
11.5
1.037
0.0419
35.1
2208
3514
Small
Non-Truck SUV
2000
131
0.008
23.3
17.0
20.5
18.7
3563
100.0
154
147
11.7
0.974
0.0411
33.5
1916
3353
Small
Non-Truck SUV
2001
139
0.009
26.9
19.5
23.1
21.4
3271
100.0
126
137
11.5
1.094
0.0423
35.1
2164
3514
Small
Non-Truck SUV
2002
110
0.007
26.9
19.2
23.5
21.3
3235
100.0
129
146
10.9
1.138
0.0453
34.9
2179
3485
Small
Non-Truck SUV
2003
58
0.004
29.3
20.6
25.6
23.1
3035
100.0
124
144
10.4
1.162
0.0474
35.2
2324
3518
Small
Non-Truck SUV
2004
45
0.003
29.9
20.9
25.9
23.4
3054
100.0
148
161
9.5
1.094
0.0530
35.9
2360
3590
Small
Non-Truck SUV
2005
41
0.003
30.9
21.3
26.7
24.1
3000
100.0
144
161
9.4
1.118
0.0537
36.1
2407
3611
Small
Non-Truck SUV
2006
















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2007
2
0.000
22.4
15.5
20.2
17.9
4000
100.0
232
190
10.3
0.819
0.0475
35.7
1787
3575
Small
Non-Truck SUV
2008
















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2009
















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2010
















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2011
















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2012
















Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1975
4
0.000
15.2
12.5
13.4
12.9
4000

269
117
15.5
0.434
0.0293
26.0


Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1976
4
0.000
16.8
13.4
15.5
14.2
3963

272
120
15.2
0.437
0.0304
28.4


Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1977
4
0.000
17.1
13.6
15.8
14.5
4000
125.0
273
122
15.1
0.447
0.0306
29.3
1829
3657
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1978
3
0.000
17.0
13.6
15.8
14.5
4000
125.0
282
131
14.1
0.465
0.0327
29.1
1819
3637
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1979
3
0.000
12.6
10.4
11.0
10.7
4000
125.0
301
125
14.4
0.415
0.0312
21.8
1363
2725
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1980
0
0.000
17.2
13.9
15.5
14.6
4000
125.0
280
122
15.1
0.436
0.0305
29.4
1836
3672
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1981
0
0.000
17.3
13.7
16.1
14.7
4000
125.0
318
140
13.3
0.440
0.0350
29.4
1835
3670
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1982
2
0.000
22.0
17.3
20.9
18.8
3461
125.0
207
112
14.0
0.558
0.0330
32.6
2406
4080
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1983
21
0.002
25.1
19.0
25.4
21.4
3500
125.0
170
109
14.5
0.640
0.0311
37.6
2685
4698
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1984
52
0.004
22.6
17.4
22.4
19.3
3545
125.0
181
110
14.6
0.615
0.0310
34.5
2445
4312
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1985
88
0.006
23.5
17.6
24.2
20.1
3469
125.0
171
109
14.4
0.637
0.0314
34.9
2514
4360
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1986
59
0.004
22.3
17.1
21.7
18.9
3479
125.0
170
121
13.3
0.713
0.0348
33.0
2376
4129
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1987
72
0.005
22.7
17.0
23.0
19.3
3489
125.0
179
128
12.9
0.715
0.0366
33.8
2422
4224
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1988
71
0.005
22.6
16.8
22.8
19.2
3492
125.0
210
143
11.9
0.687
0.0409
33.6
2403
4195
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1989
73
0.005
22.5
16.9
22.1
19.0
3496
125.0
250
153
11.1
0.619
0.0439
33.3
2380
4160
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1990
38
0.003
21.8
16.3
21.1
18.3
3570
125.0
239
158
11.1
0.674
0.0444
32.8
2299
4097
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1991
177
0.014
21.5
16.0
21.0
18.0
3863
125.0
236
159
11.7
0.680
0.0413
34.9
2264
4366
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1992
194
0.016
21.0
15.5
20.3
17.5
3870
125.0
231
167
11.3
0.724
0.0433
34.1
2201
4256
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1993
424
0.032
20.2
14.7
19.7
16.9
3934
125.0
251
188
10.4
0.756
0.0479
33.3
2120
4166
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1994
270
0.019
21.2
15.5
20.3
17.6
3900
125.0
230
178
10.8
0.776
0.0457
34.3
2202
4291
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1995
195
0.013
20.8
15.1
20.0
17.3
3913
125.0
229
176
11.0
0.773
0.0452
33.9
2165
4238
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1996
246
0.019
21.5
15.5
20.5
17.8
3854
125.0
233
177
10.7
0.772
0.0461
34.3
2229
4293
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-15
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
liiinsmissiim
l-'iK-l Mi-u-riii"
\llllll>lTol'Yillws
VVT
11\ l>rid
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Purl
nil
Dksil
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Small
Non-Truck SUV
1999
41.5%

23.0%
77.0%


100.0%


14.8%

85.2%



Small
Non-Truck SUV
2000
16.3%

16.3%
83.7%


100.0%


48.3%

51.7%



Small
Non-Truck SUV
2001
29.2%

13.5%
86.5%


100.0%


48.6%

51.4%

29.2%

Small
Non-Truck SUV
2002
64.8%

10.8%
88.8%
0.3%

100.0%


17.8%

82.2%

47.0%

Small
Non-Truck SUV
2003
93.5%

8.4%
91.4%
0.1%

100.0%


28.8%

71.2%

70.7%

Small
Non-Truck SUV
2004
89.3%

4.9%
95.1%


100.0%




100.0%

89.3%

Small
Non-Truck SUV
2005
100.0%

5.3%
94.7%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Small
Non-Truck SUV
2006















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2007


100.0%



100.0%


100.0%





Small
Non-Truck SUV
2008















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2009















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2010















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2011















Small
Non-Truck SUV
2012















Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1975


18.0%












Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1976


16.3%












Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1977


14.8%












Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1978


14.0%












Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1979


76.1%
23.9%











Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1980


3.9%
86.8%











Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1981



100.0%











Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1982


33.9%
66.1%











Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1983


30.8%
69.2%











Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1984


20.6%
68.6%











Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1985


15.9%
84.1%



5.3%







Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1986


18.0%
82.0%



86.8%
0.0%
100.0%





Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1987


14.1%
85.9%


11.4%
88.6%

100.0%





Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1988


11.7%
88.3%


20.1%
79.9%

100.0%





Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1989


11.1%
88.9%


20.8%
79.2%

100.0%





Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1990


11.0%
85.9%


50.1%
49.9%

100.0%





Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1991


19.0%
80.9%


61.1%
38.9%

100.0%





Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1992


19.5%
80.5%


81.1%
18.9%

100.0%





Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1993


7.7%
92.3%


99.5%
0.5%

100.0%





Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1994
3.2%

17.9%
82.1%


99.4%
0.6%

88.0%

12.0%



Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1995
0.2%

11.3%
88.7%


100.0%


78.4%

21.6%



Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1996


11.3%
88.7%


100.0%


79.0%

21.0%



EPA-420-R-13-001
E-16
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^iiU'
0-60
li nu-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1997
212
0.015
21.2
15.3
20.0
17.4
3935
125.0
231
182
ll).7
0.802
0.0463
34.4
2187
4302
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1998
371
0.026
21.7
15.5
20.4
17.8
3924
125.0
235
173
11.1
0.752
0.0441
35.0
2231
4369
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1999
418
0.027
22.2
15.8
20.6
18.1
3927
125.0
223
175
11.0
0.818
0.0446
35.6
2271
4450
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2000
482
0.029
21.7
15.4
20.2
17.7
3952
125.0
227
181
10.8
0.826
0.0458
35.1
2221
4382
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2001
560
0.036
22.8
16.0
21.2
18.4
3869
125.0
207
188
10.3
0.934
0.0487
35.9
2326
4489
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2002
454
0.028
23.2
16.2
21.5
18.8
3850
125.0
195
187
10.3
0.978
0.0486
36.4
2374
4549
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2003
479
0.030
24.4
16.9
22.5
19.6
3776
125.0
186
181
10.4
0.987
0.0479
37.3
2479
4659
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2004
501
0.032
24.9
17.0
23.0
19.9
3858
125.0
190
195
10.0
1.035
0.0506
38.7
2513
4834
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2005
478
0.030
25.7
17.6
23.1
20.4
3776
125.0
177
189
10.1
1.073
0.0498
38.6
2567
4826
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2006
494
0.033
26.4
18.1
23.8
21.0
3765
125.0
171
185
10.2
1.089
0.0490
39.7
2650
4961
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2007
610
0.040
26.8
18.3
24.2
21.2
3799
125.0
172
198
9.9
1.155
0.0516
40.5
2683
5066
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2008
673
0.048
27.6
18.8
24.8
21.8
3758
125.0
166
192
9.9
1.156
0.0509
41.3
2759
5163
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2009
457
0.049
28.8
19.5
26.0
22.7
3729
125.0
166
197
9.7
1.184
0.0526
42.7
2871
5338
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2010
539
0.048
29.8
20.2
26.8
23.5
3748
125.1
167
203
9.4
1.208
0.0539
44.2
2962
5531
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2011
740
0.062
30.6
20.6
27.6
24.1
3698
125.1
160
193
9.8
1.199
0.0519
44.7
3030
5588
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2012
533
0.040
30.9
20.8
27.9
24.3
3736
125.1
162
200
9.6
1.230
0.0533
45.6
3063
5703
Large
Non-Truck SUV
1975
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1976
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1977
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1978
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1979
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1980
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1981
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1982
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1983
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1984
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1985
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1986
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1987
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1988
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1989
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1990
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1991
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1992
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1993
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1994
















EPA-420-R-13-001
E-17
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Vehicle
Si/.e
Vehicle T\ |>e
Model
^ i ;i r
Dri\elr;iin
Transmission
I'uel Melerin"
Number of Yiilws
VVT
11\ l>rid
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
Diesel
Two
Three
lour
|-"i\e
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1997


11.6%
88.4%


100.0%


77.4%

22.6%



Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1998
5.2%

5.9%
94.1%


100.0%


86.8%

13.2%



Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
1999
11.4%

6.2%
93.8%


100.0%


68.5%

31.5%

5.3%

Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2000
11.9%

2.9%
97.1%


100.0%


70.5%

29.5%

6.4%

Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2001
42.0%

4.7%
95.3%


100.0%


56.8%

43.2%

6.0%

Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2002
49.5%

7.3%
92.6%
0.2%

100.0%


26.7%

73.3%

12.8%

Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2003
62.9%

7.5%
87.2%
5.3%

100.0%


34.8%

65.2%

8.9%

Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2004
76.2%

6.9%
85.1%
8.0%

100.0%


22.4%

77.6%

32.5%

Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2005
86.5%

5.8%
93.4%
0.9%

100.0%


9.6%

90.4%

23.7%
0.9%
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2006
83.4%

4.7%
93.6%
1.6%

100.0%


12.9%

87.1%

38.0%
1.6%
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2007
87.0%

2.1%
96.7%
1.2%

100.0%


3.4%

96.6%

61.0%
2.4%
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2008
91.6%

1.0%
91.2%
7.8%
3.0%
97.0%




100.0%

69.9%
3.2%
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2009
97.0%

0.8%
89.7%
9.6%
1.7%
98.3%




100.0%

80.9%
3.6%
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2010
95.9%

0.4%
89.5%
10.1%
0.9%
99.1%




100.0%

99.9%
2.3%
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2011
97.2%
0.7%
0.8%
88.8%
10.3%
0.4%
99.6%




100.0%

99.7%
0.9%
Midsize
Non-Truck SUV
2012
97.5%

1.0%
89.1%
9.9%
9.7%
90.3%




100.0%

100.0%
1.3%
Large
Non-Truck SUV
1975















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1976















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1977















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1978















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1979















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1980















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1981















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1982















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1983















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1984















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1985















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1986















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1987















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1988















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1989















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1990















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1991















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1992















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1993















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1994















EPA-420-R-13-001
E-18
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft
I'.n^iiU'
0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
( ll-l l-
1(111-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Large
Non-Truck SUV
1995
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1996
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1997
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1998
















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1999
4
0.000
22.3
16.0
20.6
18.2
4000
150.0
244
160
11.9
0.656
0.0400
36.3
2724
5447
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2000
4
0.000
21.3
15.0
19.9
17.3
4000
150.0
244
160
11.9
0.656
0.0400
34.7
2602
5203
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2001
44
0.003
21.0
14.9
19.2
17.0
4000
150.0
233
204
9.8
0.884
0.0510
34.0
2547
5093
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2002
38
0.002
25.6
17.2
25.2
20.9
4000
150.0
204
185
10.6
0.907
0.0463
41.8
3131
6263
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2003
38
0.002
24.3
17.1
21.7
19.4
4000
150.0
210
239
8.8
1.129
0.0596
39.1
2931
5862
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2004
93
0.006
23.1
15.5
22.4
18.8
4210
150.0
216
225
9.7
1.034
0.0531
39.7
2840
5949
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2005
294
0.019
24.4
16.4
22.9
19.6
4080
150.0
207
202
10.1
0.974
0.0494
39.9
2944
5988
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2006
257
0.017
24.3
16.4
22.9
19.5
4089
150.0
209
205
10.0
0.978
0.0499
40.0
2939
5993
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2007
307
0.020
24.3
16.3
23.0
19.6
4205
150.0
212
228
9.4
1.074
0.0541
41.1
2939
6169
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2008
251
0.018
24.4
16.3
23.3
19.7
4289
150.0
212
234
9.4
1.101
0.0543
42.2
2958
6328
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2009
151
0.016
25.2
17.0
23.4
20.2
4200
150.0
205
235
9.3
1.147
0.0558
42.3
3033
6350
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2010
376
0.034
28.1
18.8
26.2
22.4
4238
143.8
178
229
9.5
1.287
0.0537
47.9
3248
6860
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2011
466
0.039
28.8
19.1
27.1
22.9
4195
150.0
175
231
9.4
1.314
0.0547
48.6
3488
7287
Large
Non-Truck SUV
2012
381
0.029
30.2
19.9
28.2
23.9
4148
149.9
165
217
9.8
1.309
0.0519
50.1
3639
7507
Small
Van
1975
2
0.000
20.6
16.2
19.6
17.5
3498

118
78
19.1
0.656
0.0224
30.7


Small
Van
1976
2
0.000
19.9
15.1
20.1
17.0
3500

120
67
20.9
0.558
0.0191
29.8


Small
Van
1977
2
0.000
22.2
17.2
21.5
18.9
3500

120
67
20.8
0.558
0.0191
33.1


Small
Van
1978
3
0.000
20.0
15.7
19.1
17.0
3500

120
67
20.9
0.558
0.0191
29.8


Small
Van
1979
8
0.001
18.7
14.8
17.6
16.0
3500

120
67
20.9
0.558
0.0191
28.0


Small
Van
1980
16
0.001
19.0
14.7
18.6
16.2
3619

120
67
21.4
0.558
0.0186
29.4


Small
Van
1981
11
0.001
18.5
14.6
17.4
15.8
3644

120
67
21.6
0.558
0.0185
28.7


Small
Van
1982
15
0.002
21.7
17.7
19.4
18.4
3668

111
61
23.4
0.550
0.0168
35.6


Small
Van
1983
14
0.001
19.7
15.6
18.4
16.8
3567

118
69
20.9
0.583
0.0194
30.3


Small
Van
1984
83
0.006
25.6
20.8
23.0
21.7
3314

120
87
16.6
0.721
0.0265
36.4


Small
Van
1985
93
0.006
25.5
20.7
23.1
21.7
3270

121
88
16.2
0.727
0.0272
35.6


Small
Van
1986
102
0.007
25.7
20.6
23.1
21.7
3298

131
95
15.3
0.728
0.0291
36.0


Small
Van
1987
126
0.008
24.3
19.4
21.9
20.5
3299

134
98
15.0
0.736
0.0301
34.0


Small
Van
1988
56
0.004
24.5
19.2
22.3
20.6
3402

134
101
15.1
0.751
0.0297
35.2


Small
Van
1989
36
0.002
25.0
19.8
22.4
20.9
3390

130
98
15.3
0.755
0.0293
35.5


Small
Van
1990
31
0.002
23.9
18.5
21.8
20.0
3554

140
120
14.0
0.855
0.0344
35.6


Small
Van
1991
15
0.001
24.0
18.6
21.5
19.9
3402

124
95
15.8
0.761
0.0284
33.8


Small
Van
1992
40
0.003
27.0
20.2
25.3
22.4
3217

129
115
13.0
0.901
0.0358
36.1


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-19
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Large
Non-Truck SUV
1995















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1996















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1997















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1998















Large
Non-Truck SUV
1999



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Non-Truck SUV
2000



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Non-Truck SUV
2001


1.0%
99.0%


100.0%


85.2%

14.8%



Large
Non-Truck SUV
2002
100.0%


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Non-Truck SUV
2003
61.8%

0.4%
37.8%
61.8%

100.0%




100.0%

76.5%

Large
Non-Truck SUV
2004
47.6%
23.1%
0.3%
99.7%


100.0%


47.6%

52.4%

42.0%

Large
Non-Truck SUV
2005
50.2%
40.1%
0.0%
89.1%
10.9%

100.0%


74.1%

25.9%

23.1%

Large
Non-Truck SUV
2006
66.8%
25.0%
0.0%
88.0%
12.0%

100.0%


13.8%

86.2%

24.6%

Large
Non-Truck SUV
2007
82.7%
13.9%

90.6%
9.4%

100.0%


44.5%

55.5%

19.0%

Large
Non-Truck SUV
2008
74.9%
19.6%

100.0%


100.0%


38.3%

61.7%

20.4%

Large
Non-Truck SUV
2009
77.9%
11.1%

74.6%
25.4%

100.0%


23.6%

76.4%

52.0%

Large
Non-Truck SUV
2010
77.6%
21.6%

94.2%
5.8%
62.4%
37.6%




100.0%

100.0%

Large
Non-Truck SUV
2011
75.4%
23.9%

95.7%
4.3%
70.9%
29.1%




100.0%

100.0%

Large
Non-Truck SUV
2012
72.2%
26.9%

97.0%
3.0%
81.6%
18.4%




100.0%

100.0%

Small
Van
1975


43.3%




61.1%







Small
Van
1976


84.8%




100.0%







Small
Van
1977


89.9%




100.0%







Small
Van
1978


85.0%




100.0%







Small
Van
1979


81.2%




100.0%







Small
Van
1980


82.9%




100.0%







Small
Van
1981


81.2%




100.0%







Small
Van
1982


89.0%




61.7%
38.3%






Small
Van
1983
4.2%

76.9%




93.6%
6.4%






Small
Van
1984
20.0%

41.9%
50.1%


54.4%
25.6%
2.4%






Small
Van
1985
18.7%
3.2%
40.8%
53.3%


57.7%
20.5%







Small
Van
1986
22.4%
13.1%
36.4%
60.8%


64.5%








Small
Van
1987
20.5%
17.0%
28.6%
66.8%


65.1%
18.1%







Small
Van
1988
21.1%
16.0%
28.4%
68.6%


81.6%
18.4%







Small
Van
1989
27.6%
21.3%
29.5%
65.4%


99.7%
0.3%







Small
Van
1990
55.8%
22.8%
31.4%
55.9%


99.0%
1.0%







Small
Van
1991
42.3%
28.4%
46.0%
36.5%


100.0%








Small
Van
1992
84.4%
15.6%
26.8%
73.2%


100.0%








EPA-420-R-13-001
E-20
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft

0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
(u-ri-
rHii-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Small
Van
1993
12
0.001
28.2
20.9
26.4
23.3
3032

122
120
12.0
0.991
0.0396
35.4


Small
Van
1994
11
0.001
27.0
19.7
25.7
22.3
3248

135
130
11.9
0.966
0.0402
36.4


Small
Van
1995
6
0.000
26.5
19.3
24.8
21.8
3163

135
130
11.7
0.967
0.0411
34.6


Small
Van
1996
2
0.000
26.2
18.8
24.9
21.5
3416

142
135
12.1
0.949
0.0394
36.8


Small
Van
1997
















Small
Van
1998
















Small
Van
1999
















Small
Van
2000
















Small
Van
2001
















Small
Van
2002
















Small
Van
2003
















Small
Van
2004
















Small
Van
2005
















Small
Van
2006
















Small
Van
2007
















Small
Van
2008
16
0.001
30.7
20.9
27.3
24.1
3500

140
153
11.1
1.093
0.0437
42.2


Small
Van
2009
22
0.002
30.3
20.7
26.8
23.8
3500

140
153
11.1
1.093
0.0437
41.6


Small
Van
2010
20
0.002
30.7
20.9
27.3
24.1
3500

140
153
11.1
1.093
0.0437
42.2


Small
Van
2011
















Small
Van
2012
















Midsize
Van
1975
302
0.030
13.3
10.8
11.9
11.3
4230

310
141
13.9
0.454
0.0334
24.5


Midsize
Van
1976
308
0.025
14.1
11.3
12.9
12.0
4278

317
143
14.0
0.449
0.0334
26.1


Midsize
Van
1977
314
0.022
14.3
11.6
12.8
12.1
4348

326
149
13.6
0.456
0.0343
26.6


Midsize
Van
1978
399
0.028
13.8
11.3
12.2
11.7
4345

327
152
13.3
0.465
0.0351
25.9


Midsize
Van
1979
313
0.023
14.3
11.8
12.5
12.1
4506

320
137
15.0
0.433
0.0305
27.6


Midsize
Van
1980
130
0.011
16.9
13.5
15.6
14.3
4230

288
136
14.3
0.475
0.0321
30.5


Midsize
Van
1981
138
0.013
17.9
14.3
16.5
15.2
4248

279
134
14.6
0.480
0.0315
32.4


Midsize
Van
1982
180
0.019
17.9
14.3
16.5
15.2
4266

284
139
14.3
0.485
0.0324
32.5


Midsize
Van
1983
230
0.022
18.7
14.8
17.4
15.9
4396

294
141
14.5
0.480
0.0320
35.3


Midsize
Van
1984
420
0.030
19.2
15.1
18.1
16.3
4081

248
127
14.8
0.538
0.0309
33.8


Midsize
Van
1985
600
0.041
19.8
15.8
18.5
16.9
3945

233
131
14.1
0.586
0.0330
33.7


Midsize
Van
1986
782
0.051
20.8
16.2
19.7
17.6
3964

224
129
14.3
0.595
0.0323
35.2


Midsize
Van
1987
848
0.057
21.2
16.3
20.3
18.0
3959

226
146
12.9
0.671
0.0368
35.8


Midsize
Van
1988
941
0.062
21.8
16.6
21.0
18.4
3974

223
148
12.7
0.691
0.0373
36.8


Midsize
Van
1989
1100
0.076
21.8
16.5
20.9
18.3
3980

218
146
12.9
0.700
0.0367
36.7


Midsize
Van
1990
1124
0.089
21.8
16.3
21.0
18.3
4033

219
148
12.9
0.693
0.0367
37.1


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-21
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Small
Van
1993
98.5%
1.5%
14.5%
85.5%


100.0%








Small
Van
1994
66.1%
33.9%
14.1%
85.9%


100.0%


42.9%
33.9%
23.3%



Small
Van
1995
27.3%
72.7%
18.8%
81.2%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Van
1996
92.3%
7.7%
3.8%
96.2%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Van
1997















Small
Van
1998















Small
Van
1999















Small
Van
2000















Small
Van
2001















Small
Van
2002















Small
Van
2003















Small
Van
2004















Small
Van
2005















Small
Van
2006















Small
Van
2007















Small
Van
2008
100.0%

4.9%
95.1%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Small
Van
2009
100.0%

4.8%
95.2%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Small
Van
2010
100.0%

6.7%
93.3%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Small
Van
2011















Small
Van
2012















Midsize
Van
1975


19.1%












Midsize
Van
1976


17.6%












Midsize
Van
1977


11.8%












Midsize
Van
1978


10.6%












Midsize
Van
1979


13.5%
10.4%











Midsize
Van
1980


21.9%
71.3%











Midsize
Van
1981
0.6%

16.0%
81.1%











Midsize
Van
1982


10.5%
78.7%











Midsize
Van
1983


9.1%
77.2%




7.1%






Midsize
Van
1984
32.0%

12.0%
48.7%




1.5%






Midsize
Van
1985
40.4%

6.1%
45.9%


0.1%
1.0%
0.4%






Midsize
Van
1986
29.7%

5.7%
61.5%


10.9%
21.7%
0.2%






Midsize
Van
1987
33.1%

3.9%
70.6%


36.9%
36.8%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1988
42.4%

2.6%
83.1%


49.9%
49.8%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1989
39.0%
0.1%
2.3%
80.2%


52.0%
47.9%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1990
51.0%
6.8%
1.2%
96.2%


53.5%
46.4%
0.1%






EPA-420-R-13-001
E-22
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft

0-60
li Du-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
(u-ri-
rHii-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Midsize
Van
1991
943
0.075
21.9
16.3
20.9
18.3
4079

214
148
nn
0.714
0.0363
37.5


Midsize
Van
1992
1088
0.089
21.8
16.2
20.9
18.2
4102

218
152
12.8
0.713
0.0369
37.5


Midsize
Van
1993
1323
0.100
22.3
16.4
21.5
18.6
4033

211
154
12.5
0.741
0.0380
37.6


Midsize
Van
1994
1295
0.092
22.0
16.1
21.0
18.2
4078

219
158
12.4
0.732
0.0386
37.3


Midsize
Van
1995
1552
0.102
22.2
16.0
21.4
18.4
4041

226
158
12.3
0.717
0.0390
37.3


Midsize
Van
1996
1298
0.099
22.8
16.3
22.0
18.8
4116

212
168
11.8
0.806
0.0410
38.8


Midsize
Van
1997
1126
0.078
22.6
16.1
21.7
18.6
4132

210
168
11.8
0.810
0.0407
38.5


Midsize
Van
1998
1357
0.094
23.3
16.4
22.5
19.1
4090

209
176
11.3
0.849
0.0431
39.2


Midsize
Van
1999
1293
0.085
23.0
16.1
22.3
18.9
4199

213
177
11.4
0.842
0.0422
39.7


Midsize
Van
2000
1522
0.092
23.5
16.3
22.6
19.2
4197

208
179
11.4
0.869
0.0426
40.3


Midsize
Van
2001
939
0.060
24.0
16.5
22.9
19.5
4267

206
190
11.0
0.930
0.0446
41.7


Midsize
Van
2002
1132
0.070
23.7
16.3
22.6
19.2
4332

210
197
10.8
0.945
0.0456
41.8


Midsize
Van
2003
1121
0.071
24.1
16.4
22.9
19.5
4313

212
198
10.7
0.940
0.0461
42.1


Midsize
Van
2004
893
0.057
24.1
16.2
23.1
19.5
4431

214
212
10.4
0.999
0.0479
43.2


Midsize
Van
2005
1426
0.090
24.2
16.2
23.0
19.5
4398

213
208
10.5
0.983
0.0473
42.9


Midsize
Van
2006
1096
0.073
24.7
16.4
23.6
19.9
4431

212
210
10.5
0.995
0.0474
44.0


Midsize
Van
2007
816
0.053
24.4
16.3
23.4
19.7
4450

216
225
10.0
1.043
0.0505
43.8


Midsize
Van
2008
746
0.054
24.7
16.5
23.7
19.9
4524

219
222
10.4
1.016
0.0491
45.1


Midsize
Van
2009
331
0.036
24.9
16.6
23.9
20.1
4612

217
224
10.4
1.039
0.0487
46.4


Midsize
Van
2010
524
0.047
25.0
16.7
23.8
20.1
4550

215
214
10.6
1.003
0.0469
45.8


Midsize
Van
2011
503
0.042
26.6
17.7
25.1
21.3
4464

209
259
8.9
1.238
0.0578
47.5


Midsize
Van
2012
656
0.049
26.7
17.7
25.4
21.4
4439

210
260
8.9
1.234
0.0582
47.6


Large
Van
1975
153
0.015
12.6
10.0
11.7
10.7
4135

334
148
13.7
0.434
0.0356
22.5


Large
Van
1976
192
0.016
13.4
10.6
12.7
11.4
4081

336
151
13.3
0.444
0.0370
23.8


Large
Van
1977
199
0.014
15.5
12.5
14.1
13.2
4110

343
158
12.6
0.459
0.0385
27.4


Large
Van
1978
224
0.015
15.0
12.2
13.6
12.8
4088

335
145
13.3
0.430
0.0354
26.5


Large
Van
1979
159
0.011
12.1
9.7
11.1
10.3
4665

336
163
13.5
0.480
0.0348
24.3


Large
Van
1980
96
0.008
16.0
12.8
14.7
13.6
4639

315
133
15.5
0.421
0.0287
31.9


Large
Van
1981
96
0.009
16.8
13.5
15.3
14.3
4513

310
129
15.6
0.414
0.0285
32.5


Large
Van
1982
115
0.012
16.1
13.0
14.7
13.7
4548

314
131
15.5
0.418
0.0289
31.5


Large
Van
1983
138
0.013
16.2
12.9
15.0
13.8
4532

314
135
15.1
0.429
0.0297
31.5


Large
Van
1984
174
0.012
16.4
13.0
15.4
14.0
4421

314
143
14.4
0.452
0.0322
31.2


Large
Van
1985
162
0.011
16.1
12.7
15.1
13.7
4491

312
146
14.3
0.464
0.0325
30.9


Large
Van
1986
160
0.010
17.6
13.8
16.5
14.9
4611

306
142
14.9
0.464
0.0308
34.6


Large
Van
1987
140
0.009
17.0
13.2
16.1
14.4
4660

309
155
13.9
0.500
0.0332
33.7


Large
Van
1988
137
0.009
16.9
13.0
16.0
14.3
4858

309
156
14.3
0.502
0.0321
34.8


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-23
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Midsize
Van
1991
41.2%
11.5%
0.7%
99.0%


60.2%
39.7%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1992
47.8%
5.6%
0.8%
98.3%


68.6%
31.3%
0.1%






Midsize
Van
1993
53.4%
4.9%
1.1%
98.6%


77.4%
22.6%







Midsize
Van
1994
56.7%
6.8%
0.4%
98.7%


79.6%
20.4%

96.6%
2.0%
1.3%



Midsize
Van
1995
65.5%
9.4%

99.5%


86.9%
13.1%

95.5%
1.1%
3.4%



Midsize
Van
1996
80.0%
2.5%

99.5%


100.0%


93.9%
1.1%
5.0%



Midsize
Van
1997
72.6%
5.3%

99.5%


100.0%


92.9%
1.2%
5.9%



Midsize
Van
1998
86.0%
3.5%

100.0%


100.0%


88.6%

11.4%



Midsize
Van
1999
86.0%
3.1%

100.0%


100.0%


85.9%

14.1%

9.3%

Midsize
Van
2000
89.5%
3.0%

100.0%


100.0%


76.0%

24.0%

16.7%

Midsize
Van
2001
91.0%
3.3%

100.0%


100.0%


70.4%

29.6%

22.3%

Midsize
Van
2002
92.6%
3.3%

100.0%


100.0%


68.9%

31.1%

22.9%

Midsize
Van
2003
91.4%
4.9%

100.0%


100.0%


72.0%

28.0%

21.5%

Midsize
Van
2004
92.4%
4.8%

100.0%


100.0%


44.2%

55.8%

49.2%

Midsize
Van
2005
92.6%
5.4%

94.7%
5.3%

100.0%


60.6%

39.4%

26.0%

Midsize
Van
2006
95.5%
4.5%

95.0%
5.0%

100.0%


50.2%

49.8%

38.8%

Midsize
Van
2007
97.4%
2.6%

95.3%
4.7%

100.0%


44.9%

55.1%

50.6%

Midsize
Van
2008
96.1%
3.7%

100.0%


100.0%


46.3%

53.7%

48.7%

Midsize
Van
2009
98.0%
2.0%

100.0%


100.0%


41.2%

58.8%

45.7%

Midsize
Van
2010
98.9%
1.1%

100.0%


100.0%


48.6%

51.4%

35.1%

Midsize
Van
2011
94.7%
5.2%

96.8%
3.2%

100.0%




100.0%

94.3%

Midsize
Van
2012
96.7%
2.6%

91.4%
8.6%

100.0%


0.8%

99.2%

91.9%

Large
Van
1975


31.4%












Large
Van
1976


24.8%












Large
Van
1977


17.4%












Large
Van
1978


16.5%












Large
Van
1979


13.9%












Large
Van
1980


22.2%
1.6%











Large
Van
1981


23.5%
2.6%











Large
Van
1982


14.4%
0.4%











Large
Van
1983


10.3%
35.6%











Large
Van
1984


11.2%
35.8%











Large
Van
1985


6.5%
49.5%











Large
Van
1986


4.8%
52.8%


47.7%

1.2%






Large
Van
1987


2.0%
50.4%


82.8%
1.4%







Large
Van
1988


1.5%
52.5%


94.7%
4.5%







EPA-420-R-13-001
E-24
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft

0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
(u-ri-
rHii-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Large
Van
1989
142
0.010
16.8
12.9
15.7
14.1
4821

309
155
14.3
0.501
0.0323
34.2


Large
Van
1990
107
0.009
16.5
12.6
15.7
13.9
4901

314
162
14.0
0.514
0.0331
34.2


Large
Van
1991
76
0.006
16.7
12.6
15.8
14.0
4943

312
163
14.1
0.518
0.0329
34.7


Large
Van
1992
93
0.008
16.9
12.6
16.2
14.2
5132

315
167
14.2
0.527
0.0326
36.5


Large
Van
1993
107
0.008
17.0
12.6
16.1
14.2
5132

315
178
13.5
0.565
0.0348
36.5


Large
Van
1994
112
0.008
17.0
12.5
16.3
14.2
5156

318
184
13.3
0.577
0.0357
36.5


Large
Van
1995
104
0.007
17.1
12.5
16.3
14.2
5185

314
178
13.7
0.567
0.0345
36.8


Large
Van
1996
110
0.008
17.1
12.4
16.3
14.2
5153

325
197
12.7
0.604
0.0384
36.5


Large
Van
1997
139
0.010
18.6
13.3
17.8
15.4
5119

300
221
11.3
0.740
0.0432
39.4


Large
Van
1998
132
0.009
18.3
13.1
17.6
15.1
5136

297
220
11.3
0.745
0.0430
38.9


Large
Van
1999
171
0.011
17.9
12.7
17.1
14.7
5123

297
223
11.2
0.756
0.0436
37.7


Large
Van
2000
169
0.010
18.0
12.8
16.8
14.7
4986

296
221
11.0
0.751
0.0445
36.7


Large
Van
2001
294
0.019
17.8
12.5
16.9
14.5
5322

303
239
10.9
0.791
0.0450
38.7


Large
Van
2002
112
0.007
17.9
12.7
16.5
14.6
5024

293
223
11.0
0.766
0.0444
36.7


Large
Van
2003
111
0.007
18.7
13.2
17.0
15.1
5203

289
233
11.0
0.811
0.0447
39.5


Large
Van
2004
60
0.004
19.4
13.5
17.9
15.7
5314

292
240
10.9
0.817
0.0450
41.7


Large
Van
2005
55
0.003
19.4
13.4
17.7
15.6
5241

288
234
11.0
0.808
0.0445
40.8


Large
Van
2006
70
0.005
19.4
13.4
17.7
15.6
5171

283
229
11.1
0.806
0.0443
40.3


Large
Van
2007
32
0.002
19.8
13.7
18.2
15.9
5229

283
229
11.3
0.800
0.0435
41.6


Large
Van
2008
27
0.002
20.1
14.0
18.1
16.1
5232

282
230
11.3
0.806
0.0436
42.1


Large
Van
2009
15
0.002
20.0
13.9
18.1
16.0
5271

285
233
11.2
0.809
0.0438
42.2


Large
Van
2010
15
0.001
20.1
13.9
18.4
16.2
5342

289
241
11.1
0.826
0.0447
43.2


Large
Van
2011
18
0.001
19.1
13.3
17.5
15.4
5562

296
246
11.2
0.825
0.0441
42.8


Large
Van
2012
29
0.002
19.1
13.2
17.5
15.3
5541

299
247
11.1
0.819
0.0444
42.6


Small
Truck SUV
1975
47
0.005
16.8
13.5
15.5
14.3
2750

276
120
11.4
0.429
0.0435
19.8


Small
Truck SUV
1976
53
0.004
17.1
14.0
15.1
14.5
2841

275
106
12.5
0.385
0.0374
20.6


Small
Truck SUV
1977
57
0.004
18.2
14.8
16.2
15.4
2806

279
107
12.3
0.384
0.0382
21.7


Small
Truck SUV
1978
78
0.005
17.8
14.5
15.9
15.1
2814

279
107
12.3
0.383
0.0380
21.2


Small
Truck SUV
1979
91
0.007
16.5
13.8
14.3
14.0
3201

275
120
12.4
0.442
0.0377
22.4


Small
Truck SUV
1980
61
0.005
18.8
15.3
17.0
16.0
3083

227
95
14.6
0.454
0.0306
24.9


Small
Truck SUV
1981
43
0.004
20.4
16.3
18.7
17.3
3054

225
103
13.6
0.475
0.0335
26.7


Small
Truck SUV
1982
32
0.003
19.6
15.6
18.4
16.7
3069

227
101
13.9
0.474
0.0329
25.7


Small
Truck SUV
1983
43
0.004
20.9
16.7
19.3
17.7
2928

228
103
13.3
0.483
0.0349
26.0


Small
Truck SUV
1984
142
0.010
21.6
17.3
19.8
18.3
3320

187
102
14.8
0.562
0.0307
30.4


Small
Truck SUV
1985
115
0.008
22.1
17.2
21.3
18.8
3438

167
99
15.5
0.596
0.0285
32.3


Small
Truck SUV
1986
177
0.012
23.7
18.5
22.3
20.1
3232

167
119
13.0
0.734
0.0361
32.4


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-25
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
NiimlKTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
1 11 I I I-
lour
riw
Large
Van
1989


1.2%
51.1%


95.0%
5.0%







Large
Van
1990



75.3%


94.5%
5.5%







Large
Van
1991



77.6%


95.0%
5.0%







Large
Van
1992



83.7%


97.2%
2.8%







Large
Van
1993

0.2%

80.9%


97.3%
2.7%







Large
Van
1994



83.7%


98.1%
1.9%

100.0%





Large
Van
1995
1.7%

0.8%
80.2%


94.5%
5.5%

100.0%





Large
Van
1996



85.1%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
1997
1.2%


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
1998



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
1999
0.6%


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2000
1.0%


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2001

25.8%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2002
0.7%


100.0%


100.0%


99.3%

0.7%



Large
Van
2003
3.9%
6.5%

100.0%


100.0%


96.1%

3.9%



Large
Van
2004

7.3%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2005

7.0%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2006

5.7%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2007

12.5%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2008

14.8%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2009

16.4%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large
Van
2010

20.5%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%



43.6%

Large
Van
2011

17.2%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%



39.8%

Large
Van
2012

10.0%

100.0%


100.0%


100.0%



30.8%

Small
Truck SUV
1975

100.0%
100.0%












Small
Truck SUV
1976

97.7%
82.5%












Small
Truck SUV
1977

100.0%
87.5%












Small
Truck SUV
1978

100.0%
84.7%












Small
Truck SUV
1979

100.0%
84.5%












Small
Truck SUV
1980

100.0%
88.6%












Small
Truck SUV
1981

100.0%
90.5%
8.8%











Small
Truck SUV
1982

100.0%
90.9%
9.1%











Small
Truck SUV
1983

100.0%
91.4%
8.6%











Small
Truck SUV
1984

100.0%
43.1%
3.2%











Small
Truck SUV
1985

100.0%
55.1%
44.0%




0.0%






Small
Truck SUV
1986

100.0%
60.2%
37.4%


62.3%








EPA-420-R-13-001
E-26
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yihiili-
Si/.i-
Yi-hiili- T\ pi-
Mndil
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l r.imiiiim
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft

0-60
li iik-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
(u-ri-
rHii-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Small
Truck SUV
1987
232
0.016
24.3
19.0
22.5
20.5
3137

159
109
IS.5
0.718
0.0342
32.1


Small
Track SUV
1988
250
0.016
24.4
19.1
22.4
20.5
3070

154
108
13.5
0.733
0.0344
31.5


Small
Track SUV
1989
193
0.013
22.8
17.8
20.8
19.1
3433

171
117
13.5
0.724
0.0340
32.9


Small
Track SUV
1990
163
0.013
23.4
18.2
21.2
19.5
3310

162
113
13.5
0.745
0.0340
32.4


Small
Track SUV
1991
89
0.007
24.1
18.9
21.2
20.0
3170

150
120
13.0
0.817
0.0371
31.9


Small
Track SUV
1992
81
0.007
23.5
18.3
20.7
19.4
3093

158
130
12.1
0.835
0.0410
30.5


Small
Track SUV
1993
96
0.007
23.4
18.1
20.6
19.2
3125

162
134
11.9
0.842
0.0420
30.4


Small
Track SUV
1994
126
0.009
23.7
18.3
20.7
19.4
3065

150
123
12.5
0.834
0.0393
30.1


Small
Track SUV
1995
164
0.011
23.6
18.1
20.3
19.2
3019

145
123
12.0
0.866
0.0403
29.3


Small
Track SUV
1996
79
0.006
28.1
21.1
24.7
22.8
2917

107
106
12.9
0.992
0.0363
33.3


Small
Track SUV
1997
340
0.024
21.1
15.4
19.3
17.3
3680

204
163
11.2
0.810
0.0439
31.8


Small
Track SUV
1998
232
0.016
23.2
17.1
20.7
18.8
3508

169
157
11.2
0.951
0.0443
33.6


Small
Track SUV
1999
249
0.016
23.4
17.2
20.7
18.9
3604

165
151
11.6
0.951
0.0418
34.5


Small
Track SUV
2000
269
0.016
22.2
16.2
19.6
17.9
3830

179
157
11.7
0.907
0.0411
34.6


Small
Track SUV
2001
252
0.016
23.9
17.3
20.8
19.1
3600

168
160
10.9
0.988
0.0444
34.9


Small
Track SUV
2002
244
0.015
23.9
17.2
20.9
19.0
3661

169
163
10.9
1.007
0.0444
35.6


Small
Track SUV
2003
207
0.013
24.2
17.1
21.5
19.3
3627

171
165
10.8
1.006
0.0454
35.5


Small
Track SUV
2004
211
0.013
23.8
16.5
21.5
19.0
3700

188
177
10.3
0.979
0.0479
35.5


Small
Track SUV
2005
174
0.011
23.2
16.1
20.6
18.4
3642

186
175
10.3
0.983
0.0482
34.5


Small
Track SUV
2006
132
0.009
21.5
15.0
19.2
17.2
3774

200
183
10.2
0.955
0.0485
33.5


Small
Track SUV
2007
143
0.009
22.4
15.7
19.7
17.8
4054

207
186
10.6
0.928
0.0461
36.3


Small
Track SUV
2008
151
0.011
22.8
15.8
20.5
18.1
4142

215
187
10.8
0.892
0.0454
37.7


Small
Track SUV
2009
57
0.006
20.7
14.3
18.8
16.6
4332

231
199
10.7
0.860
0.0460
35.9


Small
Track SUV
2010
98
0.009
21.8
15.0
19.9
17.4
4298

232
200
10.5
0.862
0.0467
37.5


Small
Track SUV
2011
















Small
Track SUV
2012
















Midsize
Track SUV
1975
119
0.012
12.0
9.9
10.5
10.2
4748

352
157
13.9
0.446
0.0332
24.2


Midsize
Track SUV
1976
164
0.013
13.2
10.7
12.0
11.2
4750

356
151
14.5
0.422
0.0319
26.7


Midsize
Track SUV
1977
190
0.013
14.5
11.7
13.2
12.4
4622

351
154
13.9
0.439
0.0334
28.7


Midsize
Track SUV
1978
267
0.018
13.8
11.1
12.7
11.7
4660

359
161
13.4
0.448
0.0346
27.4


Midsize
Track SUV
1979
185
0.013
11.8
9.7
10.5
10.0
4818

344
154
14.5
0.446
0.0318
24.3


Midsize
Track SUV
1980
100
0.009
14.3
11.5
13.0
12.1
4711

324
145
14.8
0.448
0.0308
28.9


Midsize
Track SUV
1981
79
0.007
15.6
12.4
14.5
13.3
4666

317
140
15.0
0.445
0.0301
31.3


Midsize
Track SUV
1982
96
0.010
16.3
13.0
15.1
13.9
4755

322
140
15.2
0.439
0.0296
34.2


Midsize
Track SUV
1983
183
0.018
18.2
14.2
17.5
15.5
4406

259
128
15.4
0.525
0.0290
35.1


Midsize
Track SUV
1984
379
0.027
18.5
14.5
17.6
15.8
4168

233
125
15.1
0.565
0.0298
33.6


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-27
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Small
Truck SUV
1987

100.0%
70.2%
19.4%


38.4%
4.6%







Small
Track SUV
1988

100.0%
70.2%
23.6%


44.2%
2.7%







Small
Track SUV
1989

100.0%
60.0%
29.9%


46.5%
30.6%







Small
Track SUV
1990

100.0%
63.7%
31.8%


42.6%
41.1%







Small
Track SUV
1991

100.0%
75.1%
17.1%


57.6%
42.4%







Small
Track SUV
1992

100.0%
79.4%
13.0%


69.0%
31.0%







Small
Track SUV
1993

100.0%
76.0%
15.7%


80.1%
19.9%







Small
Track SUV
1994

100.0%
70.7%
29.3%


65.5%
34.5%

90.5%

9.5%



Small
Track SUV
1995

100.0%
71.3%
28.7%


87.9%
12.1%

100.0%





Small
Track SUV
1996

100.0%
39.6%
60.4%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Track SUV
1997

100.0%
42.5%
57.5%


100.0%


75.8%

24.2%



Small
Track SUV
1998

100.0%
45.6%
54.4%


100.0%


38.9%

61.1%



Small
Track SUV
1999

100.0%
38.7%
61.3%


100.0%


44.3%

55.7%



Small
Track SUV
2000

100.0%
32.3%
67.7%


100.0%


70.0%

30.0%



Small
Track SUV
2001

97.6%
24.5%
75.5%


100.0%


45.7%

54.3%

18.5%

Small
Track SUV
2002

97.8%
24.7%
75.3%


100.0%


42.3%

57.7%

18.1%

Small
Track SUV
2003

98.7%
26.4%
73.6%


100.0%


43.6%

56.4%

17.6%

Small
Track SUV
2004

97.8%
27.3%
72.7%


100.0%


40.2%

59.8%

17.9%

Small
Track SUV
2005

97.2%
27.7%
72.3%


100.0%


40.7%

59.3%

23.8%

Small
Track SUV
2006

100.0%
35.1%
64.9%


100.0%


54.7%

45.3%

2.4%

Small
Track SUV
2007

93.8%
24.1%
75.9%


100.0%


69.2%

30.8%

1.6%

Small
Track SUV
2008

96.2%
22.8%
77.2%


100.0%


79.9%

20.1%

0.8%

Small
Track SUV
2009

95.6%
9.1%
90.9%


100.0%


100.0%





Small
Track SUV
2010

97.1%
21.7%
78.3%


100.0%


100.0%





Small
Track SUV
2011















Small
Track SUV
2012















Midsize
Track SUV
1975

91.3%
18.3%












Midsize
Track SUV
1976

93.5%
17.7%












Midsize
Track SUV
1977

91.4%
17.9%












Midsize
Track SUV
1978

95.0%
17.7%












Midsize
Track SUV
1979

91.6%
18.3%
0.9%











Midsize
Track SUV
1980

96.1%
22.5%
29.5%




2.9%






Midsize
Track SUV
1981

97.0%
21.1%
48.5%











Midsize
Track SUV
1982

94.6%
19.5%
44.6%




13.7%






Midsize
Track SUV
1983

99.4%
25.8%
54.6%




4.8%






Midsize
Track SUV
1984

98.9%
29.3%
47.4%




1.3%






EPA-420-R-13-001
E-28
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yihiili-
Si/.i-
Yi-hiili- T\ pi-
Mndil
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l r.imiiiim
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft

0-60
li mi-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
(u-ri-
rHii-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Midsize
Truck SUV
1985
475
0.033
19.2
15.0
18.5
16.3
4111

219
125
ls.!)
0.595
0.0302
34.2


Midsize
Truck SUV
1986
479
0.031
19.4
15.2
18.4
16.5
4071

209
127
14.5
0.646
0.0311
34.0


Midsize
Truck SUV
1987
490
0.033
19.4
14.9
18.6
16.4
4046

221
143
13.4
0.673
0.0356
33.6


Midsize
Truck SUV
1988
540
0.035
19.2
14.7
18.4
16.2
4085

237
154
12.7
0.673
0.0381
33.3


Midsize
Truck SUV
1989
551
0.038
19.2
14.7
18.2
16.2
4097

255
162
12.1
0.654
0.0402
33.4


Midsize
Truck SUV
1990
408
0.032
18.9
14.2
18.2
15.9
4127

244
162
12.2
0.691
0.0400
32.9


Midsize
Truck SUV
1991
728
0.058
19.9
14.9
19.1
16.7
4172

236
164
12.1
0.704
0.0396
35.0


Midsize
Truck SUV
1992
605
0.050
19.5
14.5
18.7
16.3
4182

234
171
11.8
0.738
0.0413
34.2


Midsize
Truck SUV
1993
613
0.046
19.9
14.7
19.0
16.6
4241

236
179
11.5
0.769
0.0428
35.3


Midsize
Truck SUV
1994
996
0.070
19.4
14.3
18.5
16.1
4271

240
183
11.4
0.770
0.0431
34.6


Midsize
Truck SUV
1995
1202
0.079
19.5
14.2
18.5
16.1
4262

239
179
11.5
0.765
0.0425
34.6


Midsize
Truck SUV
1996
1283
0.098
19.8
14.3
18.9
16.3
4261

252
183
11.3
0.734
0.0433
35.0


Midsize
Truck SUV
1997
1189
0.082
20.3
14.8
19.0
16.7
4271

236
178
11.6
0.775
0.0418
35.8


Midsize
Truck SUV
1998
1252
0.087
20.5
14.7
19.3
16.8
4219

237
180
11.4
0.781
0.0428
35.6


Midsize
Truck SUV
1999
1344
0.088
20.7
14.9
19.1
16.9
4253

230
193
10.8
0.867
0.0456
35.9


Midsize
Truck SUV
2000
1381
0.083
20.7
14.8
19.1
16.8
4246

230
190
10.9
0.852
0.0450
35.8


Midsize
Truck SUV
2001
1384
0.089
21.2
15.0
19.6
17.2
4207

216
197
10.6
0.936
0.0470
36.4


Midsize
Truck SUV
2002
1348
0.084
21.3
15.1
19.4
17.2
4171

207
202
10.3
0.993
0.0487
36.0


Midsize
Truck SUV
2003
1643
0.104
21.9
15.2
20.1
17.6
4242

213
208
10.2
0.996
0.0490
37.4


Midsize
Truck SUV
2004
2001
0.127
22.0
15.1
20.2
17.7
4259

221
213
10.0
0.984
0.0500
37.7


Midsize
Truck SUV
2005
1602
0.101
22.3
15.3
20.4
17.8
4310

213
216
10.0
1.033
0.0500
38.6


Midsize
Truck SUV
2006
1623
0.107
22.9
15.7
20.8
18.3
4379

214
216
10.0
1.027
0.0493
40.4


Midsize
Truck SUV
2007
1539
0.101
24.0
16.5
21.5
19.1
4294

203
219
9.9
1.100
0.0509
41.3


Midsize
Truck SUV
2008
1571
0.113
24.7
17.1
22.1
19.6
4299

198
220
9.8
1.126
0.0510
42.5


Midsize
Truck SUV
2009
965
0.104
25.9
17.7
23.4
20.6
4183

185
217
9.8
1.182
0.0515
43.3


Midsize
Truck SUV
2010
1309
0.118
26.8
18.4
23.9
21.2
4186

186
219
9.7
1.188
0.0520
44.6


Midsize
Truck SUV
2011
1673
0.139
26.8
18.4
24.1
21.2
4169

185
215
9.9
1.172
0.0512
44.6


Midsize
Truck SUV
2012
1380
0.103
27.7
18.9
24.8
21.9
4113

182
220
9.6
1.222
0.0532
45.3


Large
Truck SUV
1975
11
0.001
12.2
10.0
10.7
10.3
4728

364
171
13.0
0.467
0.0361
24.5


Large
Truck SUV
1976
16
0.001
12.7
10.1
11.6
10.8
4904

373
166
13.9
0.440
0.0338
26.6


Large
Truck SUV
1977
17
0.001
13.6
11.1
12.2
11.6
4870

371
170
13.6
0.453
0.0348
28.6


Large
Truck SUV
1978
20
0.001
13.2
10.8
11.7
11.2
4953

373
168
13.5
0.455
0.0342
27.9


Large
Truck SUV
1979
109
0.008
11.1
9.3
9.4
9.4
5260

375
152
15.8
0.403
0.0288
24.8


Large
Truck SUV
1980
24
0.002
14.3
11.3
13.4
12.2
5188

341
160
14.7
0.471
0.0309
31.8


Large
Truck SUV
1981
14
0.001
15.3
12.3
14.1
13.0
5127

338
170
13.9
0.502
0.0331
33.4


Large
Truck SUV
1982
22
0.002
18.9
14.4
18.9
16.1
5410

344
146
16.5
0.427
0.0273
45.0


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-29
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Midsize
Truck SUV
1985

96.5%
26.8%
54.9%


5.9%
1.4%
0.9%






Midsize
Truck SUV
1986

98.2%
35.7%
54.0%


15.6%
30.7%
1.4%






Midsize
Truck SUV
1987

98.1%
29.6%
60.3%


34.4%
48.2%
0.2%






Midsize
Truck SUV
1988

98.5%
22.3%
67.8%


54.8%
41.7%
0.1%






Midsize
Truck SUV
1989

97.9%
17.4%
73.6%


52.4%
45.2%
0.1%






Midsize
Truck SUV
1990

98.2%
20.4%
75.0%


72.3%
26.0%
0.1%






Midsize
Truck SUV
1991

99.0%
16.9%
82.0%


65.8%
33.6%
0.0%






Midsize
Truck SUV
1992

98.3%
16.7%
83.3%


83.1%
16.9%







Midsize
Truck SUV
1993

98.0%
14.2%
85.8%


99.4%
0.6%







Midsize
Truck SUV
1994

100.0%
10.7%
89.3%


99.8%
0.2%

85.5%
7.0%
7.6%



Midsize
Truck SUV
1995

92.3%
10.2%
89.8%


100.0%


80.6%

19.4%



Midsize
Truck SUV
1996

84.3%
5.1%
94.9%


100.0%


90.7%

9.3%



Midsize
Truck SUV
1997

80.7%
4.8%
95.2%


100.0%


75.5%

24.5%



Midsize
Truck SUV
1998

92.8%
4.3%
95.7%


100.0%


78.4%

21.6%



Midsize
Truck SUV
1999

90.1%
3.1%
96.9%


100.0%


69.8%
2.6%
27.5%

5.1%

Midsize
Truck SUV
2000

93.2%
2.7%
97.3%


100.0%


69.5%

30.5%

4.2%

Midsize
Truck SUV
2001
11.9%
81.1%
2.6%
97.4%


100.0%


53.1%

46.9%

15.8%

Midsize
Truck SUV
2002
4.5%
83.1%
3.9%
96.0%
0.1%

100.0%


39.2%

60.8%

28.5%

Midsize
Truck SUV
2003
5.7%
82.1%
1.5%
97.6%
0.9%

100.0%


38.6%
0.0%
61.4%

38.4%

Midsize
Truck SUV
2004
5.2%
82.1%
1.7%
96.2%
2.1%

100.0%


43.0%

57.0%

40.7%

Midsize
Truck SUV
2005
5.5%
83.6%
1.6%
97.9%
0.5%

99.5%

0.5%
30.8%

69.2%

49.8%
0.4%
Midsize
Truck SUV
2006
8.9%
78.9%
1.4%
92.9%
5.7%

99.6%

0.4%
32.1%
1.9%
66.0%

55.8%
5.7%
Midsize
Truck SUV
2007
10.1%
81.8%
2.1%
89.6%
8.3%

99.8%

0.2%
21.3%

78.7%

68.3%
3.0%
Midsize
Truck SUV
2008
10.9%
82.6%
1.1%
86.4%
12.5%
0.8%
99.0%

0.1%
17.5%

82.5%

67.5%
4.1%
Midsize
Truck SUV
2009
13.8%
83.4%
1.5%
87.4%
11.1%
2.5%
97.5%


9.8%

90.2%

74.0%
2.0%
Midsize
Truck SUV
2010
8.7%
87.6%
1.6%
81.5%
15.6%
2.7%
97.3%


9.1%

90.9%

91.0%
2.4%
Midsize
Truck SUV
2011
9.5%
87.4%
2.2%
79.2%
18.6%
2.8%
97.2%


11.2%

88.8%

87.7%
0.9%
Midsize
Truck SUV
2012
10.9%
86.7%
3.2%
77.4%
19.4%
5.2%
94.8%


5.9%

94.1%

94.1%
1.8%
Large
Truck SUV
1975

13.5%
13.4%












Large
Truck SUV
1976

22.8%
14.6%












Large
Truck SUV
1977

18.4%
13.9%












Large
Truck SUV
1978

26.9%
19.3%












Large
Truck SUV
1979

16.1%
15.3%





0.7%






Large
Truck SUV
1980

30.0%
17.8%
78.6%




5.9%






Large
Truck SUV
1981

25.4%
3.1%
96.9%











Large
Truck SUV
1982

28.7%
1.1%
98.9%




53.2%






EPA-420-R-13-001
E-30
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yihiili-
Si/.i-
Yi-hiili- T\ pi-
Mndil
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l r.imiiiim
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft

0-60
li mi-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
(u-ri-
rHii-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Large
Truck SUV
1983
31
0.003
17.6
13.6
17.1
15.0
5327

355
153
ls.x
0.435
0.0290
41.5


Large
Truck SUV
1984
49
0.003
16.9
13.0
16.5
14.4
5247

351
157
15.1
0.450
0.0302
38.6


Large
Truck SUV
1985
57
0.004
16.9
12.9
16.8
14.4
5248

350
161
14.9
0.460
0.0308
38.4


Large
Truck SUV
1986
58
0.004
16.8
12.8
16.7
14.3
5227

350
162
14.7
0.464
0.0311
37.9


Large
Truck SUV
1987
57
0.004
17.0
12.9
16.6
14.4
5501

350
205
12.7
0.587
0.0373
39.8


Large
Truck SUV
1988
69
0.005
16.6
12.6
16.2
14.0
5518

351
199
13.0
0.568
0.0361
38.9


Large
Truck SUV
1989
74
0.005
16.7
12.4
16.6
14.1
5716

351
208
12.9
0.594
0.0365
40.5


Large
Truck SUV
1990
72
0.006
16.7
12.4
16.6
14.1
5720

351
208
12.9
0.595
0.0365
40.4


Large
Truck SUV
1991
54
0.004
16.2
12.1
15.7
13.6
5571

328
197
13.3
0.603
0.0353
38.1


Large
Truck SUV
1992
75
0.006
15.7
11.6
15.2
13.1
5578

331
204
12.9
0.629
0.0365
36.7


Large
Truck SUV
1993
129
0.010
16.3
12.1
15.7
13.7
5652

345
210
12.6
0.612
0.0373
38.6


Large
Truck SUV
1994
170
0.012
16.4
12.2
15.5
13.6
5628

343
210
12.6
0.616
0.0374
38.4


Large
Truck SUV
1995
230
0.015
16.6
12.2
15.7
13.8
5576

347
206
12.7
0.594
0.0370
38.4


Large
Truck SUV
1996
241
0.018
17.3
12.6
16.5
14.3
5534

344
247
10.9
0.719
0.0447
39.6


Large
Truck SUV
1997
560
0.039
17.5
12.6
16.8
14.5
5349

328
234
11.1
0.714
0.0438
38.8


Large
Truck SUV
1998
642
0.044
17.4
12.4
16.7
14.3
5243

313
227
11.2
0.736
0.0434
37.6


Large
Truck SUV
1999
749
0.049
17.2
12.2
16.6
14.2
5298

324
240
10.8
0.743
0.0455
37.6


Large
Truck SUV
2000
876
0.053
17.6
12.5
16.6
14.4
5401

312
247
10.7
0.798
0.0459
39.0


Large
Truck SUV
2001
1071
0.069
18.5
13.1
17.0
15.0
5206

285
246
10.4
0.882
0.0474
39.1


Large
Truck SUV
2002
1996
0.124
19.0
13.3
17.9
15.5
5070

279
254
10.0
0.919
0.0503
39.2


Large
Truck SUV
2003
1722
0.109
18.7
13.0
17.5
15.2
5377

290
266
10.1
0.935
0.0499
40.8


Large
Truck SUV
2004
1862
0.119
18.7
12.9
17.5
15.2
5409

293
277
9.8
0.961
0.0515
41.0


Large
Truck SUV
2005
1496
0.094
19.2
13.2
17.9
15.5
5363

285
282
9.6
1.006
0.0528
41.7


Large
Truck SUV
2006
1250
0.083
19.7
13.5
18.4
15.9
5252

270
275
9.6
1.038
0.0526
41.8


Large
Truck SUV
2007
1632
0.107
20.5
13.9
19.4
16.5
5337

279
288
9.4
1.051
0.0541
44.2


Large
Truck SUV
2008
1350
0.097
20.7
14.0
19.7
16.8
5291

268
291
9.3
1.104
0.0551
44.5


Large
Truck SUV
2009
691
0.074
22.3
15.0
21.0
17.9
5073

246
285
9.1
1.178
0.0563
45.6


Large
Truck SUV
2010
898
0.081
22.4
15.1
21.2
18.1
5122

249
283
9.2
1.159
0.0554
46.4


Large
Truck SUV
2011
1396
0.116
22.9
15.4
21.6
18.4
5260

256
308
8.7
1.241
0.0588
48.4


Large
Truck SUV
2012
1417
0.106
23.4
15.7
22.0
18.8
5077

247
301
8.7
1.251
0.0595
47.8


Small
Pickup
1975
160
0.016
22.5
17.3
22.2
19.2
2756

118
96
13.3
0.814
0.0347
26.6


Small
Pickup
1976
173
0.014
23.8
18.3
23.4
20.3
2775

119
98
13.2
0.828
0.0353
28.3


Small
Pickup
1977
238
0.017
25.5
19.9
24.5
21.7
2768

121
97
13.2
0.807
0.0349
30.2


Small
Pickup
1978
264
0.018
25.6
20.4
23.6
21.7
2800

120
92
13.8
0.774
0.0331
30.5


Small
Pickup
1979
358
0.026
22.8
17.9
21.6
19.4
2793

120
86
14.5
0.715
0.0308
27.5


Small
Pickup
1980
452
0.040
24.3
19.4
22.5
20.7
2790

122
88
14.2
0.724
0.0317
29.3


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-31
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Large
Truck SUV
1983

30.5%
0.9%
99.1%




35.0%






Large
Truck SUV
1984

30.2%
1.0%
99.0%




19.3%






Large
Truck SUV
1985

31.3%
0.9%
99.1%




11.5%






Large
Truck SUV
1986

32.8%
0.6%
99.4%




8.3%






Large
Truck SUV
1987

36.2%
0.6%
99.4%



95.6%
4.4%






Large
Truck SUV
1988

41.0%
0.5%
99.5%



96.9%
3.1%






Large
Truck SUV
1989

43.4%
0.5%
99.5%



97.6%
2.4%






Large
Truck SUV
1990

42.8%
0.3%
99.7%



97.8%
2.2%






Large
Truck SUV
1991

54.1%

100.0%


21.2%
76.3%
2.5%






Large
Truck SUV
1992

67.5%
0.6%
99.4%


11.2%
88.8%







Large
Truck SUV
1993

64.6%
0.5%
99.5%


6.8%
93.2%







Large
Truck SUV
1994

67.0%
0.4%
99.6%


10.3%
89.7%

90.5%

9.5%



Large
Truck SUV
1995

71.9%
0.2%
99.8%


4.1%
95.9%

96.1%

3.9%



Large
Truck SUV
1996

75.7%

100.0%


99.9%

0.1%
92.3%

7.7%



Large
Truck SUV
1997

73.4%

100.0%


100.0%

0.0%
95.6%

4.4%



Large
Truck SUV
1998

68.4%

100.0%


100.0%

0.0%
91.4%
6.2%
2.4%



Large
Truck SUV
1999

53.4%

100.0%


100.0%


90.1%
2.2%
7.7%



Large
Truck SUV
2000

63.2%

100.0%


100.0%


91.9%
4.1%
4.0%

0.6%

Large
Truck SUV
2001
3.3%
65.7%
0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


73.3%
3.8%
22.9%

11.6%

Large
Truck SUV
2002

65.8%
0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


68.7%
2.2%
29.1%

23.5%

Large
Truck SUV
2003
0.0%
62.6%
0.0%
98.1%
1.8%

100.0%


58.4%
2.0%
39.6%

30.5%

Large
Truck SUV
2004
0.5%
64.3%
0.0%
100.0%


100.0%

0.0%
51.7%
1.1%
46.3%
1.0%
38.3%

Large
Truck SUV
2005
0.6%
68.0%
0.0%
97.3%
2.7%

100.0%


40.4%
9.2%
49.8%
0.5%
53.2%

Large
Truck SUV
2006
0.8%
72.5%
0.3%
96.0%
3.8%

99.9%

0.1%
25.0%
13.4%
61.2%
0.3%
72.1%

Large
Truck SUV
2007
3.6%
67.7%
0.1%
96.0%
3.9%

99.6%

0.4%
51.5%
3.9%
44.7%

45.8%

Large
Truck SUV
2008
10.3%
65.4%
0.1%
99.3%
0.6%
3.5%
95.6%

0.9%
34.8%
3.9%
61.3%

59.0%
0.6%
Large
Truck SUV
2009
24.0%
61.5%
0.1%
89.0%
10.9%
15.3%
83.5%

1.2%
22.0%
1.7%
76.3%

67.9%
1.2%
Large
Truck SUV
2010
23.7%
61.2%
0.0%
95.6%
4.4%
27.3%
71.0%

1.6%
20.1%
5.1%
74.9%

80.5%
0.2%
Large
Truck SUV
2011
18.9%
65.3%
0.0%
97.2%
2.8%
29.7%
68.5%

1.9%
22.6%
3.8%
73.6%

98.6%
0.3%
Large
Truck SUV
2012
19.7%
66.5%
0.8%
95.7%
3.5%
26.3%
72.1%

1.6%
20.1%
3.9%
76.0%

98.8%
1.5%
Small
Pickup
1975


88.4%












Small
Pickup
1976


80.1%












Small
Pickup
1977


79.6%












Small
Pickup
1978

8.8%
88.5%












Small
Pickup
1979

26.3%
90.3%












Small
Pickup
1980
5.8%
24.5%
91.2%




3.3%
2.5%






EPA-420-R-13-001
E-32
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft

0-60
li mi-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
(u-ri-
rHii-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Small
Pickup
1981
369
0.035
28.2
22.5
26.0
23.9
2819

130
85
ls.!)
0.655
0.0302
34.4


Small
Pickup
1982
346
0.036
27.3
21.9
25.1
23.2
2899

137
89
14.8
0.651
0.0309
34.4


Small
Pickup
1983
312
0.030
26.9
21.6
24.8
22.9
2976

142
96
14.0
0.679
0.0324
34.5


Small
Pickup
1984
423
0.030
26.1
20.9
24.0
22.2
3035

142
97
14.1
0.684
0.0321
34.1


Small
Pickup
1985
497
0.034
26.7
21.4
24.5
22.7
3099

143
103
13.6
0.718
0.0334
35.4


Small
Pickup
1986
744
0.048
25.9
20.5
24.0
22.0
3142

145
105
13.5
0.726
0.0338
34.7


Small
Pickup
1987
441
0.030
26.0
20.3
24.1
21.9
3135

147
107
13.3
0.732
0.0345
34.5


Small
Pickup
1988
340
0.022
25.0
19.6
22.8
21.0
3200

148
113
13.0
0.758
0.0354
33.7


Small
Pickup
1989
355
0.025
23.9
18.6
21.8
20.0
3328

153
119
12.9
0.774
0.0360
33.5


Small
Pickup
1990
289
0.023
24.8
19.2
22.6
20.7
3293

153
129
12.0
0.844
0.0396
34.4


Small
Pickup
1991
309
0.025
25.0
19.2
22.8
20.8
3324

152
128
12.1
0.845
0.0389
34.8


Small
Pickup
1992
252
0.021
24.6
18.7
22.4
20.4
3321

152
126
12.3
0.828
0.0383
34.1


Small
Pickup
1993
263
0.020
26.3
19.8
23.8
21.6
3232

147
123
12.3
0.835
0.0383
35.2


Small
Pickup
1994
358
0.025
24.9
18.7
22.6
20.5
3355

151
125
12.4
0.829
0.0377
34.5


Small
Pickup
1995
298
0.020
24.4
18.3
22.0
20.0
3385

157
138
11.6
0.879
0.0411
34.0


Small
Pickup
1996
221
0.017
24.6
18.3
22.0
20.1
3362

159
147
11.0
0.926
0.0439
33.8


Small
Pickup
1997
131
0.009
24.9
18.5
22.1
20.2
3350

146
134
11.7
0.918
0.0405
33.8


Small
Pickup
1998
260
0.018
24.5
18.0
21.8
19.8
3462

160
151
11.0
0.947
0.0439
34.4


Small
Pickup
1999
213
0.014
23.2
17.0
20.5
18.7
3600

173
160
10.9
0.928
0.0445
33.8


Small
Pickup
2000
101
0.006
26.3
19.1
23.0
21.0
3307

148
143
11.1
0.966
0.0435
34.8


Small
Pickup
2001
81
0.005
26.5
19.2
22.9
21.1
3357

147
143
11.3
0.967
0.0427
35.4


Small
Pickup
2002
197
0.012
23.2
16.8
20.0
18.5
3735

177
164
11.0
0.934
0.0440
34.6


Small
Pickup
2003
194
0.012
23.2
16.6
20.4
18.5
3769

178
167
11.0
0.945
0.0443
35.0


Small
Pickup
2004
162
0.010
22.6
16.0
19.7
17.9
3796

184
171
10.8
0.933
0.0452
34.1


Small
Pickup
2005
8
0.001
25.8
17.6
23.5
20.5
4000

150
184
10.7
1.229
0.0461
41.3


Small
Pickup
2006
7
0.000
26.9
18.3
24.3
21.3
3921

150
178
10.8
1.187
0.0455
42.0


Small
Pickup
2007
















Small
Pickup
2008
















Small
Pickup
2009
















Small
Pickup
2010
















Small
Pickup
2011
















Small
Pickup
2012
















Midsize
Pickup
1975
56
0.005
21.1
16.8
19.6
17.9
3000

109
67
18.6
0.615
0.0223
26.9


Midsize
Pickup
1976
55
0.004
22.9
18.1
21.6
19.5
3000

109
65
18.9
0.596
0.0217
29.7


Midsize
Pickup
1977
69
0.005
29.6
23.3
28.1
25.2
3000

124
72
17.5
0.581
0.0240
38.0


Midsize
Pickup
1978
75
0.005
29.3
23.4
27.1
24.9
3000

124
72
17.6
0.581
0.0239
37.7


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-33
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>ri(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Small
Pickup
1981
9.1%
31.6%
94.8%
0.1%



2.5%
22.0%






Small
Pickup
1982
9.3%
30.7%
92.3%
0.3%



1.0%
19.7%






Small
Pickup
1983
9.8%
30.9%
90.4%
1.6%



0.4%
6.0%






Small
Pickup
1984
2.9%
32.5%
88.7%
3.2%


4.6%

4.6%






Small
Pickup
1985

31.7%
85.0%
6.9%


13.8%

1.9%






Small
Pickup
1986

29.9%
85.1%
7.9%


10.5%
28.1%
1.0%






Small
Pickup
1987

29.6%
81.3%
9.9%


9.0%
39.2%







Small
Pickup
1988

38.4%
83.2%
8.5%


40.4%
31.4%







Small
Pickup
1989

38.0%
79.9%
14.1%


51.1%
34.9%







Small
Pickup
1990

31.5%
81.5%
14.3%


88.4%








Small
Pickup
1991

34.7%
79.6%
14.9%


100.0%








Small
Pickup
1992

36.8%
80.8%
13.3%


100.0%








Small
Pickup
1993

27.1%
81.8%
12.2%


100.0%








Small
Pickup
1994

39.5%
81.4%
11.5%


100.0%


87.3%
12.7%




Small
Pickup
1995

37.8%
73.2%
20.0%


100.0%


69.9%

30.1%



Small
Pickup
1996

36.6%
69.2%
18.7%


100.0%



40.2%
59.8%



Small
Pickup
1997

20.8%
79.6%
20.4%


100.0%



100.0%




Small
Pickup
1998

39.7%
62.9%
22.9%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
1999

45.3%
46.4%
42.4%


100.0%


7.9%

92.1%



Small
Pickup
2000

0.7%
48.5%
30.9%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2001


49.2%
24.6%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2002

32.9%
30.5%
58.9%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2003

39.3%
28.7%
59.9%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2004

40.5%
24.7%
60.7%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2005

100.0%
20.6%
79.4%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2006

100.0%
21.4%
78.6%


100.0%




100.0%



Small
Pickup
2007















Small
Pickup
2008















Small
Pickup
2009















Small
Pickup
2010















Small
Pickup
2011















Small
Pickup
2012















Midsize
Pickup
1975


68.8%












Midsize
Pickup
1976


85.5%












Midsize
Pickup
1977


91.8%












Midsize
Pickup
1978


86.9%












EPA-420-R-13-001
E-34
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(000)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft

0-60
Tiim-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
(u-ri-
rHii-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Midsize
Pickup
1979
101
0.007
25.9
20.6
24.1
22.0
2971

131
80
16.2
0.609
0.0270
33.3


Midsize
Pickup
1980
98
0.009
25.9
20.5
24.1
22.0
2944

133
82
15.7
0.621
0.0282
32.9


Midsize
Pickup
1981
131
0.012
26.4
20.8
24.8
22.5
2909

131
84
15.2
0.641
0.0290
33.2


Midsize
Pickup
1982
315
0.032
26.7
20.8
25.7
22.7
2936

152
98
13.8
0.648
0.0333
33.6


Midsize
Pickup
1983
621
0.060
26.5
20.7
25.4
22.6
3016

146
91
14.8
0.626
0.0303
34.3


Midsize
Pickup
1984
703
0.050
25.7
19.9
24.8
21.9
3093

148
92
14.9
0.626
0.0299
34.1


Midsize
Pickup
1985
617
0.043
25.7
19.9
25.1
21.9
3064

154
98
14.2
0.637
0.0319
33.9


Midsize
Pickup
1986
788
0.051
26.1
20.2
24.9
22.1
3081

147
102
14.0
0.687
0.0329
34.3


Midsize
Pickup
1987
1052
0.071
25.4
19.5
24.3
21.5
3163

159
106
13.8
0.672
0.0334
34.2


Midsize
Pickup
1988
1055
0.069
25.3
19.3
24.1
21.3
3205

166
110
13.6
0.670
0.0343
34.4


Midsize
Pickup
1989
887
0.061
24.8
18.9
23.5
20.8
3278

177
116
13.2
0.671
0.0353
34.4


Midsize
Pickup
1990
600
0.048
24.7
18.7
23.3
20.7
3338

175
120
13.0
0.697
0.0358
34.7


Midsize
Pickup
1991
873
0.069
24.6
18.4
23.4
20.5
3352

190
126
12.7
0.674
0.0372
34.6


Midsize
Pickup
1992
716
0.059
23.8
17.6
22.8
19.8
3493

195
131
12.7
0.685
0.0373
34.9


Midsize
Pickup
1993
743
0.056
23.7
17.4
22.6
19.7
3521

198
135
12.5
0.694
0.0383
34.9


Midsize
Pickup
1994
1040
0.074
24.0
17.7
22.6
19.9
3618

197
145
12.1
0.744
0.0398
36.3


Midsize
Pickup
1995
700
0.046
24.7
18.0
23.3
20.4
3631

190
141
12.3
0.768
0.0387
37.5


Midsize
Pickup
1996
698
0.053
24.8
17.9
23.4
20.4
3668

187
141
12.4
0.775
0.0381
37.8


Midsize
Pickup
1997
690
0.048
24.2
17.4
22.7
19.8
3728

196
147
12.3
0.769
0.0390
37.5


Midsize
Pickup
1998
829
0.057
23.9
17.1
22.4
19.5
3714

192
146
12.2
0.780
0.0390
36.8


Midsize
Pickup
1999
761
0.050
22.5
16.0
21.0
18.4
3761

200
149
12.1
0.762
0.0393
35.0


Midsize
Pickup
2000
766
0.046
22.8
16.2
21.2
18.6
3740

192
148
12.2
0.788
0.0395
35.0


Midsize
Pickup
2001
545
0.035
21.8
15.4
20.2
17.7
3835

207
165
11.5
0.804
0.0427
34.1


Midsize
Pickup
2002
466
0.029
21.1
14.8
19.4
17.0
4019

226
180
11.0
0.808
0.0447
34.5


Midsize
Pickup
2003
527
0.033
22.8
15.9
21.0
18.4
3850

197
157
11.9
0.818
0.0407
35.6


Midsize
Pickup
2004
378
0.024
21.8
15.1
20.0
17.5
4070

219
192
10.6
0.884
0.0470
35.8


Midsize
Pickup
2005
216
0.014
23.6
16.2
21.5
18.8
3789

192
178
10.6
0.934
0.0469
35.9


Midsize
Pickup
2006
274
0.018
24.1
16.5
21.8
19.2
3820

197
188
10.3
0.959
0.0491
36.8


Midsize
Pickup
2007
264
0.017
23.5
16.2
21.1
18.7
3926

202
193
10.3
0.958
0.0490
36.9


Midsize
Pickup
2008
277
0.020
24.0
16.6
21.4
19.0
3902

201
192
10.3
0.961
0.0490
37.3


Midsize
Pickup
2009
184
0.020
24.6
17.1
21.9
19.5
3985

202
198
10.2
0.983
0.0493
39.0


Midsize
Pickup
2010
153
0.014
24.9
17.2
22.1
19.7
4006

199
197
10.3
0.991
0.0487
39.5


Midsize
Pickup
2011
21
0.002
27.1
18.6
24.2
21.4
3676

171
171
10.6
0.997
0.0469
39.4


Midsize
Pickup
2012
31
0.002
27.0
18.3
23.8
21.1
3755

174
177
10.5
1.012
0.0471
39.6


Large
Pickup
1975
1126
0.110
13.1
10.4
12.2
11.1
4241

343
151
13.3
0.438
0.0358
24.1


Large
Pickup
1976
1639
0.133
13.9
11.2
12.7
11.8
4301

344
146
13.8
0.423
0.0341
25.9


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-35
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Midsize
Pickup
1979


80.2%












Midsize
Pickup
1980


83.7%












Midsize
Pickup
1981


88.1%












Midsize
Pickup
1982

4.1%
68.7%
28.8%




2.1%






Midsize
Pickup
1983

17.3%
72.6%
14.2%




3.5%






Midsize
Pickup
1984

19.6%
71.1%
16.8%




2.0%






Midsize
Pickup
1985

19.8%
65.1%
32.7%


13.2%
14.2%
0.7%






Midsize
Pickup
1986

16.8%
73.0%
23.7%


30.7%
26.7%
0.2%






Midsize
Pickup
1987

20.5%
67.2%
28.9%


24.4%
26.5%
0.3%






Midsize
Pickup
1988

19.8%
65.0%
32.6%


32.7%
39.2%







Midsize
Pickup
1989

18.7%
62.9%
35.6%


33.8%
46.7%







Midsize
Pickup
1990

16.7%
61.6%
38.4%


59.3%
27.9%







Midsize
Pickup
1991

14.8%
63.5%
36.5%


36.6%
56.4%







Midsize
Pickup
1992

15.5%
59.9%
40.1%


59.0%
32.7%







Midsize
Pickup
1993

18.0%
59.4%
40.6%


65.5%
28.9%







Midsize
Pickup
1994

16.9%
55.3%
44.7%


86.1%
11.9%

100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
1995

15.6%
59.8%
40.2%


82.8%
17.2%

100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
1996

14.3%
52.9%
47.1%


100.0%


99.9%

0.1%



Midsize
Pickup
1997

17.4%
48.9%
51.1%


100.0%


100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
1998

19.9%
44.1%
55.9%


100.0%


100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
1999

28.2%
32.7%
67.3%


100.0%


100.0%





Midsize
Pickup
2000

28.8%
27.5%
72.5%


100.0%


99.4%

0.6%



Midsize
Pickup
2001

30.5%
21.8%
78.2%


100.0%


95.2%

4.8%



Midsize
Pickup
2002

41.8%
15.8%
84.2%


100.0%


88.5%

11.5%



Midsize
Pickup
2003

28.5%
21.3%
78.7%


100.0%


90.5%

9.5%



Midsize
Pickup
2004

42.1%
17.1%
82.9%


100.0%


73.5%

26.5%

17.7%

Midsize
Pickup
2005

29.3%
22.7%
77.3%


100.0%


39.4%

60.6%

49.4%

Midsize
Pickup
2006

14.8%
19.7%
80.3%


100.0%


22.6%

77.4%

67.9%

Midsize
Pickup
2007

28.8%
15.8%
84.2%


100.0%


24.1%

75.9%

45.2%

Midsize
Pickup
2008

32.5%
16.4%
83.6%


100.0%


22.2%

77.8%

48.8%

Midsize
Pickup
2009

39.0%
19.5%
80.5%


100.0%


9.3%

90.7%

50.1%

Midsize
Pickup
2010

39.2%
16.8%
83.2%


100.0%




100.0%

76.8%

Midsize
Pickup
2011

34.2%
12.6%
87.4%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Midsize
Pickup
2012

27.8%
35.6%
64.4%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Large
Pickup
1975

16.1%
33.0%












Large
Pickup
1976

23.8%
32.9%












EPA-420-R-13-001
E-36
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
Prod
(OOO)
l"r;u-
l-'iii'l I'm mum
\\ii»hl
Lb
Ynl <11-
Ft

0-60
li Iiu-
IIP/
(II)
IIP/
WT
Tnn-
MP(;
(ii-n-
mih;
(u-ri-
rHii-
mih;
l.ill)
Adj
Adj
Adj
(II)
IIP
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
(iimp
Large
Pickup
1977
1719
0.122
14.9
12.1
13.4
12.7
4319

347
156
IS.!
0.449
0.0363
27.8


Large
Pickup
1978
1928
0.133
14.7
12.0
13.1
12.4
4326

339
154
13.2
0.454
0.0357
27.4


Large
Pickup
1979
1748
0.126
14.3
11.8
12.6
12.1
4486

330
149
14.1
0.452
0.0334
27.8


Large
Pickup
1980
887
0.078
17.2
13.7
15.8
14.6
4312

305
137
14.3
0.452
0.0318
32.0


Large
Pickup
1981
940
0.089
18.6
14.8
17.3
15.9
4124

293
132
14.2
0.452
0.0320
33.0


Large
Pickup
1982
780
0.080
18.6
14.8
17.3
15.9
4233

299
136
14.2
0.457
0.0323
34.1


Large
Pickup
1983
695
0.067
18.1
14.3
16.9
15.4
4270

302
139
14.2
0.461
0.0325
33.5


Large
Pickup
1984
917
0.065
17.8
14.0
16.7
15.1
4291

301
139
14.3
0.459
0.0323
32.9


Large
Pickup
1985
965
0.067
17.7
14.0
16.5
15.0
4292

305
149
13.4
0.490
0.0348
32.7


Large
Pickup
1986
1001
0.065
18.2
14.4
17.0
15.5
4284

298
146
13.6
0.495
0.0341
33.3


Large
Pickup
1987
654
0.044
17.7
13.9
16.5
15.0
4375

309
162
12.8
0.523
0.0370
32.9


Large
Pickup
1988
1064
0.070
18.0
13.9
17.2
15.2
4436

318
173
12.2
0.542
0.0390
33.9


Large
Pickup
1989
990
0.068
18.1
13.8
17.2
15.2
4444

318
175
12.2
0.548
0.0395
34.0


Large
Pickup
1990
945
0.075
18.0
13.6
17.4
15.2
4497

320
178
12.1
0.555
0.0398
34.3


Large
Pickup
1991
738
0.059
18.2
13.6
17.6
15.3
4476

315
178
12.1
0.562
0.0397
34.4


Large
Pickup
1992
872
0.072
18.3
13.6
17.8
15.4
4562

312
174
12.5
0.556
0.0382
35.2


Large
Pickup
1993
996
0.075
18.7
13.7
18.0
15.6
4552

303
180
12.1
0.600
0.0396
35.6


Large
Pickup
1994
1271
0.090
18.4
13.5
17.6
15.3
4612

316
189
11.7
0.601
0.0411
35.3


Large
Pickup
1995
1273
0.084
18.0
13.1
17.2
14.9
4672

317
188
11.9
0.598
0.0403
35.0


Large
Pickup
1996
1036
0.079
18.2
13.2
17.4
15.1
4718

315
210
11.1
0.671
0.0446
35.7


Large
Pickup
1997
1587
0.110
18.9
13.6
18.1
15.6
4801

303
222
10.6
0.737
0.0464
37.5


Large
Pickup
1998
1325
0.092
18.6
13.2
17.8
15.3
4799

308
225
10.5
0.735
0.0470
36.8


Large
Pickup
1999
1571
0.103
18.5
13.2
17.5
15.2
4958

313
238
10.3
0.762
0.0483
37.6


Large
Pickup
2000
1745
0.105
19.3
13.8
17.9
15.8
4663

289
230
10.2
0.800
0.0492
36.7


Large
Pickup
2001
1892
0.121
18.9
13.4
17.5
15.4
4809

292
234
10.3
0.807
0.0485
37.0


Large
Pickup
2002
1717
0.107
18.7
13.2
17.2
15.2
4982

294
246
10.1
0.836
0.0493
37.8


Large
Pickup
2003
1752
0.111
18.9
13.3
17.3
15.3
4977

294
249
10.1
0.845
0.0499
38.0


Large
Pickup
2004
1966
0.125
19.0
13.3
17.3
15.3
5200

302
266
9.9
0.881
0.0511
39.7


Large
Pickup
2005
2076
0.131
19.4
13.4
17.8
15.6
5117

294
269
9.7
0.914
0.0526
39.8


Large
Pickup
2006
1906
0.126
19.6
13.6
18.0
15.8
5137

290
266
9.8
0.919
0.0517
40.4


Large
Pickup
2007
1850
0.121
19.7
13.6
18.2
15.9
5318

298
279
9.7
0.935
0.0524
42.2


Large
Pickup
2008
1517
0.109
20.0
13.7
18.5
16.1
5391

302
292
9.6
0.962
0.0538
43.5


Large
Pickup
2009
805
0.086
20.3
13.9
19.0
16.4
5449

306
296
9.4
0.968
0.0543
44.7


Large
Pickup
2010
1123
0.101
20.5
14.0
19.1
16.5
5486

305
301
9.3
0.987
0.0549
45.4


Large
Pickup
2011
1458
0.121
21.3
14.5
19.8
17.1
5291

284
306
9.0
1.087
0.0573
45.4


Large
Pickup
2012
1305
0.098
21.4
14.6
19.9
17.2
5338

288
315
8.9
1.111
0.0588
46.0


EPA-420-R-13-001
E-37
March 2013

-------
&EPA
Uoit»d Stflic*
6nvir«om©n!s! Protection
Ag«ncy
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix E: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Size
Yiliiik-
Si/.i-
Yi-likk- T\ pi-
Mmk-I
^ i ;i r
DriM-lniiii
Transmission
l-'iK-l Mcli-riii"
\iinil>iTof Yiilws
VVT
ll\l>i'i(l
I'lOIll
4WI)
M;mhi;iI
Lockup
CVT
cm
Poll
nil
l)k-sd
Two
111 ivi-
lour
riw
Large
Pickup
1977

25.2%
27.7%












Large
Pickup
1978

30.5%
28.5%





1.4%






Large
Pickup
1979

10.5%
27.3%
1.7%




3.1%






Large
Pickup
1980

21.6%
39.5%
35.5%




5.5%






Large
Pickup
1981

13.4%
38.9%
42.1%




2.3%






Large
Pickup
1982

17.3%
30.9%
42.8%




9.4%






Large
Pickup
1983

22.3%
26.4%
52.2%




4.5%






Large
Pickup
1984

25.1%
26.7%
50.9%




2.4%






Large
Pickup
1985

25.8%
25.7%
48.1%


9.1%
0.7%
1.2%






Large
Pickup
1986

28.3%
27.0%
52.5%


21.7%
2.6%
0.7%






Large
Pickup
1987
0.0%
30.8%
29.1%
41.6%


43.1%
36.0%
0.4%






Large
Pickup
1988
0.0%
33.8%
26.8%
54.5%


36.5%
62.6%
0.5%






Large
Pickup
1989

34.8%
33.2%
56.6%


38.8%
60.8%
0.4%






Large
Pickup
1990

33.9%
24.9%
68.0%


37.0%
62.6%
0.4%






Large
Pickup
1991

32.5%
27.3%
71.3%


39.5%
60.1%
0.4%






Large
Pickup
1992

32.1%
26.8%
73.1%


45.0%
54.7%
0.3%






Large
Pickup
1993
0.0%
35.0%
22.4%
77.6%


47.9%
52.1%







Large
Pickup
1994

36.6%
16.0%
84.0%


47.3%
52.7%

98.9%
0.9%
0.1%



Large
Pickup
1995

41.5%
20.7%
79.3%


55.1%
44.9%

97.2%

2.8%



Large
Pickup
1996

37.9%
15.0%
85.0%


99.7%

0.3%
96.3%

3.7%



Large
Pickup
1997

43.3%
10.5%
89.5%


99.9%

0.1%
98.1%

1.9%



Large
Pickup
1998

43.2%
9.8%
90.2%


99.9%

0.1%
99.2%

0.8%



Large
Pickup
1999

53.6%
6.3%
93.7%


100.0%

0.0%
100.0%





Large
Pickup
2000

44.8%
10.1%
89.9%


100.0%


87.0%

13.0%



Large
Pickup
2001

42.7%
7.6%
92.4%


100.0%


88.7%

11.3%



Large
Pickup
2002

43.6%
5.4%
94.6%


100.0%


89.9%

10.1%



Large
Pickup
2003

42.8%
5.0%
95.0%


100.0%


93.5%

6.5%



Large
Pickup
2004

47.6%
3.6%
96.4%


100.0%


72.0%
18.2%
9.8%

20.6%
0.0%
Large
Pickup
2005

48.3%
3.9%
96.1%


100.0%


61.4%
15.5%
23.0%

38.2%
0.1%
Large
Pickup
2006

50.1%
4.2%
95.8%


100.0%


55.2%
17.1%
27.7%

44.8%
0.1%
Large
Pickup
2007

47.8%
2.8%
97.2%


100.0%


65.1%
14.3%
20.6%

39.2%
0.0%
Large
Pickup
2008

50.2%
1.8%
98.2%


100.0%


65.4%
13.0%
21.5%

35.8%

Large
Pickup
2009

53.3%
0.6%
99.1%
0.3%

100.0%


68.7%
20.2%
11.2%

33.8%
0.3%
Large
Pickup
2010

59.4%
0.5%
99.4%
0.1%

100.0%


45.6%
33.8%
20.6%

60.3%
0.1%
Large
Pickup
2011

60.7%
1.9%
98.0%
0.1%
7.8%
92.2%


50.7%

49.3%

85.9%
0.1%
Large
Pickup
2012

54.1%
1.9%
97.8%
0.2%
9.9%
90.1%


45.7%

54.3%

91.7%
0.2%
EPA-420-R-13-001
E-38
March 2013

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Appendix F
Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified
by EPA Car Class
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.ah
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Two-seater
1975
244
0.030
19.7
15.1
19.5
16.8
3016

173
125
12.6
0.764
0.0406
25.2


Two-seater
1976
203
0.021
19.4
14.9
19.2
16.5
3032

187
136
12.1
0.752
0.0429
25.1


Two-seater
1977
221
0.020
20.0
15.5
19.5
17.1
3062
50.0
183
134
12.4
0.755
0.0421
26.2
880
1308
Two-seater
1978
191
0.017
19.4
15.0
19.1
16.6
3079
50.0
187
143
11.8
0.795
0.0446
25.5
855
1276
Two-seater
1979
256
0.024
20.1
15.3
20.0
17.1
3026
50.0
180
128
12.2
0.735
0.0411
26.1
887
1305
Two-seater
1980
200
0.021
20.6
15.6
20.8
17.6
2954
50.0
180
121
12.3
0.702
0.0400
26.3
904
1315
Two-seater
1981
162
0.019
21.9
17.1
21.1
18.7
3005
50.0
202
142
10.6
0.758
0.0469
28.3
959
1415
Two-seater
1982
263
0.034
25.7
19.7
25.5
21.9
2726
50.0
147
106
13.0
0.734
0.0377
30.5
1141
1523
Two-seater
1983
137
0.017
23.9
18.4
23.4
20.3
2756
50.0
146
115
11.8
0.778
0.0411
28.3
1038
1416
Two-seater
1984
348
0.032
26.7
20.3
27.0
22.8
2886
50.0
174
121
12.1
0.717
0.0410
33.9
1215
1694
Two-seater
1985
335
0.031
26.9
20.5
26.9
23.0
2826
50.1
158
123
11.6
0.806
0.0425
33.4
1234
1672
Two-seater
1986
304
0.027
28.1
21.3
28.2
24.0
2916
50.0
166
130
11.7
0.818
0.0430
35.7
1278
1784
Two-seater
1987
282
0.026
27.5
20.5
27.7
23.3
2920
50.0
167
134
11.5
0.830
0.0442
35.2
1260
1758
Two-seater
1988
203
0.019
27.4
20.3
27.5
23.2
2940
50.0
171
138
11.2
0.845
0.0455
35.3
1269
1765
Two-seater
1989
113
0.011
26.9
19.9
26.9
22.7
3031
50.0
199
160
10.2
0.891
0.0509
35.7
1265
1783
Two-seater
1990
177
0.020
27.7
20.5
27.1
23.2
2979
50.0
164
160
10.3
1.019
0.0511
35.2
1240
1760
Two-seater
1991
178
0.020
29.0
21.4
27.9
24.2
2890
50.0
149
150
10.8
1.040
0.0491
35.7
1305
1785
Two-seater
1992
81
0.010
26.7
19.4
26.1
22.3
3022
50.0
187
183
10.0
1.018
0.0565
33.8
1190
1691
Two-seater
1993
118
0.013
28.4
20.6
27.6
23.6
2975
50.0
169
178
9.6
1.138
0.0572
35.8
1255
1792
Two-seater
1994
84
0.010
26.0
18.7
25.5
21.6
3134
50.0
207
198
CO
CO
1.073
0.0613
34.4
1133
1719
Two-seater
1995
79
0.008
26.3
18.7
25.9
21.8
3177
50.0
204
199
8.9
1.077
0.0606
35.1
1145
1753
Two-seater
1996
65
0.008
26.0
18.2
25.8
21.5
3168
50.0
216
205
8.6
1.050
0.0632
34.1
1101
1706
Two-seater
1997
72
0.008
26.7
18.7
26.1
21.9
3057
50.0
178
198
8.7
1.157
0.0628
33.9
1132
1694
Two-seater
1998
78
0.009
24.4
17.0
24.0
20.1
3458
50.0
244
255
7.7
1.108
0.0732
35.1
1022
1753
Two-seater
1999
118
0.013
25.8
17.9
25.0
21.1
3179
50.0
208
225
7.9
1.152
0.0695
33.6
1077
1682
Two-seater
2000
122
0.013
25.9
17.9
25.0
21.1
3124
50.0
208
232
7.7
1.192
0.0723
33.8
1125
1689
Two-seater
2001
143
0.016
26.2
18.0
25.1
21.3
3207
50.0
200
239
7.6
1.292
0.0732
34.6
1101
1732
Two-seater
2002
132
0.015
24.9
16.9
24.1
20.2
3397
50.0
224
251
7.6
1.212
0.0732
34.6
1040
1732
Two-seater
2003
180
0.021
25.0
16.9
24.1
20.3
3440
50.0
229
266
7.3
1.223
0.0765
35.0
1031
1749
Two-seater
2004
168
0.021
24.5
16.4
23.5
19.8
3540
50.0
235
271
7.4
1.203
0.0762
35.3
1005
1763
Two-seater
2005
163
0.018
24.6
16.3
23.6
19.8
3502
50.0
241
291
7.1
1.243
0.0828
34.9
1004
1745
Two-seater
2006
168
0.019
25.3
16.8
24.3
20.4
3378
50.0
226
282
7.1
1.288
0.0824
34.6
1037
1731
Two-seater
2007
154
0.017
25.6
16.9
24.7
20.6
3398
50.0
227
290
7.0
1.344
0.0843
35.2
1044
1759
Two-seater
2008
148
0.018
27.5
18.3
26.0
22.0
3187
50.4
207
270
7.7
1.359
0.0806
35.5
1173
1790
Two-seater
2009
79
0.013
27.1
17.9
25.8
21.7
3272
50.0
222
290
7.6
1.330
0.0836
35.9
1168
1797
Two-seater
2010
41
0.006
26.4
17.5
25.2
21.2
3309
50.0
240
320
6.8
1.353
0.0933
35.5
1107
1775
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-l
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Two-seater
1975


74.2%
0.3%


42.4%








Two-seater
1976


70.5%



37.1%








Two-seater
1977


70.5%



40.2%








Two-seater
1978


71.8%



46.9%








Two-seater
1979


72.8%



31.5%








Two-seater
1980


74.0%
13.6%


34.4%








Two-seater
1981


61.3%
20.1%


55.4%








Two-seater
1982
47.8%

69.2%
9.5%


23.3%
9.5%







Two-seater
1983
17.1%

81.0%
4.5%


40.3%








Two-seater
1984
17.9%

60.4%
33.7%


20.5%
53.1%







Two-seater
1985
25.0%

67.4%
26.3%


53.3%
11.6%







Two-seater
1986
29.8%

62.4%
30.8%


70.0%
11.7%

81.2%
7.3%
11.5%



Two-seater
1987
32.7%

64.0%
28.5%


71.3%
14.6%

70.4%
22.2%
7.4%



Two-seater
1988
41.9%

62.1%
27.4%


73.9%
26.1%

76.2%

23.8%



Two-seater
1989
32.6%
16.5%
51.5%
36.6%


85.8%
14.2%

61.5%

38.5%



Two-seater
1990
31.3%

66.9%
27.2%


88.5%
11.5%

33.0%

67.0%



Two-seater
1991
34.9%

68.5%
21.1%


81.4%
18.6%

33.1%

66.9%

1.8%

Two-seater
1992
16.1%
0.1%
55.3%
26.8%


86.3%
13.7%

49.7%

50.3%

8.7%

Two-seater
1993
42.3%
0.0%
59.8%
35.5%


94.4%
5.6%

51.4%

48.6%

22.1%

Two-seater
1994
24.1%
0.1%
57.5%
35.6%


100.0%


34.4%

65.6%

22.0%

Two-seater
1995
23.5%
0.1%
57.9%
31.4%


100.0%


33.9%

65.4%
0.7%
31.2%

Two-seater
1996
4.7%
0.0%
55.6%
40.8%


100.0%


35.3%

64.3%
0.4%
27.1%

Two-seater
1997
10.8%
0.1%
64.0%
34.3%


100.0%


14.8%

84.3%
0.9%
51.8%

Two-seater
1998

0.1%
36.6%
61.2%


100.0%


38.2%

61.1%
0.7%
45.3%

Two-seater
1999
28.5%
0.1%
54.1%
42.6%


100.0%


26.1%
7.7%
65.2%
0.9%
22.6%

Two-seater
2000
4.6%

63.0%
34.6%


100.0%


26.9%

72.7%
0.5%
49.1%
4.6%
Two-seater
2001
5.0%
7.1%
60.9%
36.1%
1.1%

100.0%


24.4%
9.6%
56.8%
9.2%
42.4%
2.4%
Two-seater
2002
3.0%
2.9%
47.3%
49.8%
1.0%

100.0%


26.5%
5.6%
63.3%
4.6%
30.6%
1.5%
Two-seater
2003
1.5%
0.8%
45.8%
53.8%
0.4%

100.0%


19.3%
13.6%
64.9%
2.2%
50.6%
0.6%
Two-seater
2004
1.0%
9.5%
38.9%
60.2%
0.2%

100.0%


20.0%
18.6%
58.7%
2.8%
51.4%
0.3%
Two-seater
2005
0.7%
0.8%
38.2%
60.8%
0.2%

100.0%


21.7%
22.6%
54.7%
1.0%
50.5%
0.4%
Two-seater
2006
0.8%
0.5%
50.7%
47.5%
0.2%

100.0%


19.8%
8.5%
70.7%
0.3%
75.1%
0.5%
Two-seater
2007

0.5%
43.9%
56.1%

3.0%
97.0%


24.5%
3.1%
72.4%

64.2%

Two-seater
2008
1.3%
2.2%
35.8%
49.6%

2.7%
97.3%


23.1%
1.8%
75.1%
0.0%
69.5%

Two-seater
2009
0.4%
2.5%
29.5%
51.5%

8.5%
91.5%


20.7%
2.6%
76.7%
0.0%
67.7%

Two-seater
2010

3.5%
40.6%
45.5%

7.3%
92.7%


29.0%
0.0%
70.9%

71.9%

EPA-420-R-13-001
F-2
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.al)
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Two-seater
2011
62
0.009
29.2
19.5
27.7
23.4
3317
50.0
209
281
7.3
1.359
0.0812
40.8
1275
2041
Two-seater
2012
97
0.011
28.5
18.9
27.2
22.8
3358
50.0
222
312
6.8
1.427
0.0899
39.7
1213
1985
Mini-compact
1975
941
0.114
23.0
17.6
22.8
19.6
2721

128
82
15.2
0.669
0.0298
27.4


Mini-compact
1976
913
0.094
26.0
20.2
25.2
22.2
2688

125
80
15.1
0.673
0.0297
30.1


Mini-compact
1977
916
0.081
27.9
21.7
26.8
23.8
2544
78.8
116
83
14.0
0.756
0.0326
30.7
1957
2420
Mini-compact
1978
901
0.081
27.4
21.7
25.6
23.3
2584
79.1
120
83
14.1
0.730
0.0322
30.6
1920
2422
Mini-compact
1979
436
0.040
27.6
21.7
26.3
23.5
2450
79.7
113
77
14.4
0.689
0.0312
29.0
1906
2315
Mini-compact
1980
383
0.041
28.1
22.1
26.8
24.0
2459
82.8
116
78
14.4
0.675
0.0314
29.6
2031
2449
Mini-compact
1981
227
0.026
34.3
27.6
31.3
29.1
2164
82.6
92
67
14.5
0.723
0.0307
31.9
2472
2639
Mini-compact
1982
178
0.023
35.5
28.5
32.3
30.1
2193
82.7
95
70
14.6
0.727
0.0311
33.7
2604
2792
Mini-compact
1983
156
0.019
35.7
28.4
33.3
30.4
2273
82.0
100
77
14.2
0.754
0.0327
35.3
2630
2901
Mini-compact
1984
42
0.004
25.6
19.5
25.7
21.8
2855
75.9
151
141
10.5
0.927
0.0484
31.6
1721
2400
Mini-compact
1985
73
0.007
36.0
28.0
34.9
30.7
2300
79.2
114
95
13.1
0.818
0.0380
37.6
2896
2994
Mini-compact
1986
176
0.016
30.7
23.3
30.4
26.1
2408
80.5
113
105
12.8
0.881
0.0403
33.4
2459
2693
Mini-compact
1987
71
0.007
30.7
23.3
30.0
26.0
2636
77.2
128
131
11.3
0.985
0.0469
35.8
2295
2786
Mini-compact
1988
43
0.004
31.1
23.7
29.8
26.2
2619
77.9
128
129
11.7
0.954
0.0462
36.4
2409
2863
Mini-compact
1989
28
0.003
26.9
20.2
25.9
22.6
2866
77.2
146
148
10.7
0.985
0.0504
33.0
1810
2562
Mini-compact
1990
76
0.009
26.3
19.6
25.6
22.1
3019
80.7
148
145
10.5
0.969
0.0475
33.4
1799
2697
Mini-compact
1991
95
0.011
28.6
21.3
27.3
23.9
2912
75.5
127
137
10.8
1.076
0.0464
34.9
1821
2640
Mini-compact
1992
118
0.014
31.4
23.2
29.7
26.0
2691
81.0
110
118
11.2
1.073
0.0435
35.0
2141
2836
Mini-compact
1993
74
0.008
30.0
22.1
28.3
24.8
2819
79.5
119
130
10.9
1.089
0.0454
35.0
2013
2779
Mini-compact
1994
39
0.004
28.1
20.2
27.3
23.3
3146
81.0
132
163
10.3
1.202
0.0501
36.5
1935
2959
Mini-compact
1995
56
0.006
27.3
19.6
26.3
22.6
3218
79.9
147
166
9.9
1.122
0.0513
36.3
1823
2907
Mini-compact
1996
44
0.005
26.9
19.0
26.1
22.1
3270
76.8
158
179
9.8
1.127
0.0538
36.5
1764
2821
Mini-compact
1997
44
0.005
26.6
18.7
25.9
21.9
3338
76.6
154
185
9.7
1.194
0.0547
36.8
1713
2834
Mini-compact
1998
37
0.004
25.8
17.9
25.4
21.2
3522
78.9
169
195
9.6
1.146
0.0548
37.5
1689
2961
Mini-compact
1999
51
0.006
25.2
17.3
25.1
20.7
3602
79.3
181
220
9.0
1.199
0.0609
37.6
1658
2984
Mini-compact
2000
40
0.004
24.2
16.6
23.9
19.9
3729
79.6
193
244
8.3
1.300
0.0656
37.3
1599
2971
Mini-compact
2001
80
0.009
24.9
16.9
24.4
20.3
3711
80.5
178
228
CO
CO
1.293
0.0615
37.9
1650
3059
Mini-compact
2002
96
0.011
25.6
17.4
24.5
20.7
3649
81.5
188
238
8.5
1.301
0.0646
38.0
1728
3103
Mini-compact
2003
92
0.011
27.8
18.7
26.4
22.3
3408
82.1
152
199
9.8
1.309
0.0571
38.4
1895
3157
Mini-compact
2004
132
0.016
27.6
18.4
26.2
22.1
3491
82.3
149
185
10.2
1.241
0.0522
38.8
1860
3196
Mini-compact
2005
107
0.012
28.5
19.0
26.8
22.7
3368
81.7
143
187
9.9
1.328
0.0544
38.4
1901
3144
Mini-compact
2006
111
0.013
28.7
19.1
27.0
22.9
3354
81.4
150
197
9.4
1.338
0.0578
38.5
1903
3136
Mini-compact
2007
89
0.010
29.6
19.7
27.7
23.6
3380
80.8
159
215
9.0
1.375
0.0625
40.3
1971
3258
Mini-compact
2008
69
0.008
30.9
20.5
28.7
24.5
3342
81.0
147
203
9.4
1.389
0.0595
41.4
2049
3357
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-3
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Two-seater
2011
26.6%
2.9%
32.6%
38.6%
17.5%
10.0%
90.0%


20.0%
0.0%
79.9%

79.9%
26.6%
Two-seater
2012
17.2%
2.7%
35.9%
48.1%
7.9%
27.6%
72.4%


22.1%

77.9%

77.8%
12.0%
Mini-compact
1975
19.6%

65.5%
2.3%


11.5%








Mini-compact
1976
22.1%

63.5%



4.5%








Mini-compact
1977
25.4%

70.6%



1.9%








Mini-compact
1978
22.3%

61.0%
2.0%


1.5%








Mini-compact
1979
44.8%

67.8%
5.5%


3.4%








Mini-compact
1980
47.2%

54.1%
5.9%


1.6%








Mini-compact
1981
83.2%

81.2%



1.0%








Mini-compact
1982
80.4%

80.8%



6.4%








Mini-compact
1983
81.8%

80.9%
0.2%


20.6%








Mini-compact
1984
30.6%

84.3%
0.2%


92.6%








Mini-compact
1985
67.7%

86.1%
0.1%


46.9%








Mini-compact
1986
54.6%

82.7%
5.1%


52.2%


94.2%

5.8%



Mini-compact
1987
54.9%

81.9%
3.9%


85.9%


81.4%

18.6%



Mini-compact
1988
62.4%

76.6%
8.3%


77.0%


76.5%

23.5%



Mini-compact
1989
62.4%
3.5%
65.3%
16.1%


100.0%


63.1%

36.9%



Mini-compact
1990
11.4%

61.6%
32.9%


100.0%


17.4%
79.4%
3.2%



Mini-compact
1991
50.9%

59.8%
37.8%


100.0%


9.4%

90.6%

4.0%

Mini-compact
1992
71.5%

55.3%
41.7%


100.0%


8.2%

91.8%

4.9%

Mini-compact
1993
64.9%

52.5%
45.7%


100.0%


18.0%

82.0%

6.6%

Mini-compact
1994
44.5%

43.2%
51.4%


100.0%


5.4%

94.6%

29.5%

Mini-compact
1995
17.3%

40.8%
50.6%


100.0%


5.3%

94.7%

23.1%

Mini-compact
1996
37.7%
6.7%
48.0%
50.2%


100.0%


19.2%

80.8%

45.3%

Mini-compact
1997
48.1%
4.7%
47.8%
50.2%


100.0%


17.7%

82.3%

40.3%

Mini-compact
1998
38.5%
1.1%
34.4%
64.6%


100.0%


8.9%

91.1%

54.4%

Mini-compact
1999
25.7%
3.2%
38.4%
55.9%


100.0%



11.8%
88.2%

62.5%

Mini-compact
2000
8.3%
13.5%
46.9%
48.4%


100.0%



22.8%
59.1%
18.1%
54.2%

Mini-compact
2001
33.7%
16.0%
37.2%
59.2%


100.0%



7.6%
81.8%
10.7%
47.0%

Mini-compact
2002
29.0%
10.7%
38.8%
55.4%
3.3%

100.0%




94.0%
6.0%
64.1%

Mini-compact
2003
58.3%
7.0%
44.4%
46.0%
9.7%

100.0%


16.6%

76.4%
6.9%
39.4%

Mini-compact
2004
65.0%
5.4%
28.8%
62.9%
7.2%

100.0%


11.1%

79.7%
9.2%
34.3%

Mini-compact
2005
67.0%
2.3%
39.1%
49.1%
11.8%

100.0%


12.9%

79.7%
7.5%
32.5%

Mini-compact
2006
64.5%
5.2%
37.7%
51.6%
10.6%

100.0%




98.2%
1.8%
35.4%

Mini-compact
2007
71.4%
7.2%
34.7%
63.6%
1.7%
23.6%
76.4%




100.0%

78.3%

Mini-compact
2008
77.3%
8.0%
30.6%
67.2%
2.3%
23.4%
76.6%



0.4%
99.6%

68.8%

EPA-420-R-13-001
F-4
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.al)
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Mini-compact
2009
49
0.008
33.1
22.0
30.3
26.1
3260
80.5
140
200
9.5
1.433
0.0600
43.0
2171
3464
Mini-compact
2010
45
0.006
33.4
22.3
30.4
26.2
3168
81.1
131
191
9.6
1.453
0.0583
42.1
2198
3419
Mini-compact
2011
41
0.006
35.3
23.6
31.8
27.7
3110
80.6
132
205
9.0
1.536
0.0631
43.6
2317
3516
Mini-compact
2012
187
0.022
39.8
26.9
33.7
30.4
2773
81.8
99
133
11.4
1.285
0.0459
42.3
2531
3459
Subcompact
1975
1011
0.123
19.2
15.0
18.6
16.4
3243

207
107
14.2
0.585
0.0329
26.8


Subcompact
1976
1368
0.141
22.2
17.4
21.1
18.9
3033

181
97
14.7
0.607
0.0316
28.8


Subcompact
1977
1577
0.139
23.9
18.8
22.6
20.3
2966
90.7
174
98
14.2
0.633
0.0325
30.7
1983
2783
Subcompact
1978
2056
0.184
24.6
19.4
23.4
21.0
2842
89.7
159
94
14.4
0.649
0.0321
30.4
2032
2726
Subcompact
1979
3044
0.282
24.1
19.0
22.8
20.5
2847
90.4
155
94
14.2
0.659
0.0323
29.6
1955
2674
Subcompact
1980
3552
0.376
27.1
21.3
25.7
23.1
2640
89.9
128
82
14.7
0.669
0.0308
30.8
2148
2768
Subcompact
1981
2712
0.311
29.3
23.3
27.3
24.9
2604
90.3
124
81
14.7
0.676
0.0308
32.9
2334
2971
Subcompact
1982
2329
0.297
29.1
22.8
27.7
24.8
2657
91.8
133
86
14.5
0.666
0.0317
33.6
2377
3077
Subcompact
1983
1968
0.245
30.0
23.4
29.0
25.6
2688
93.3
136
91
14.0
0.693
0.0330
34.9
2505
3262
Subcompact
1984
2545
0.237
29.6
22.9
28.8
25.2
2737
93.3
140
97
13.5
0.722
0.0348
35.0
2457
3265
Subcompact
1985
2181
0.201
30.1
23.3
29.2
25.6
2734
93.9
136
100
13.2
0.760
0.0358
35.4
2506
3325
Subcompact
1986
2376
0.215
30.6
23.6
29.5
25.9
2764
94.7
136
100
13.4
0.765
0.0354
36.2
2560
3435
Subcompact
1987
2088
0.193
31.1
23.9
29.7
26.3
2728
92.7
128
99
13.7
0.795
0.0350
36.1
2528
3349
Subcompact
1988
2143
0.198
32.0
24.6
30.1
26.9
2668
93.2
122
99
13.5
0.823
0.0358
36.2
2616
3376
Subcompact
1989
1950
0.193
31.2
23.6
29.6
26.1
2748
93.1
129
104
13.0
0.852
0.0369
36.2
2546
3378
Subcompact
1990
1975
0.222
31.5
23.9
29.5
26.3
2762
94.5
117
108
12.5
0.962
0.0385
36.6
2558
3458
Subcompact
1991
2303
0.263
31.5
23.4
29.9
26.2
2779
94.8
124
111
12.3
0.938
0.0392
36.7
2563
3476
Subcompact
1992
2021
0.242
31.8
23.5
30.3
26.4
2806
93.8
122
117
12.0
0.987
0.0408
37.4
2572
3511
Subcompact
1993
1872
0.210
32.0
23.3
30.4
26.4
2797
94.4
124
120
11.8
0.977
0.0418
37.3
2587
3524
Subcompact
1994
1995
0.228
31.6
22.7
30.4
26.0
2879
94.4
134
125
11.7
0.973
0.0423
37.8
2548
3569
Subcompact
1995
1623
0.169
31.5
22.5
30.4
25.9
2949
93.6
141
134
11.3
1.015
0.0443
38.6
2532
3612
Subcompact
1996
1108
0.135
32.9
23.3
31.4
26.9
2875
94.9
136
132
11.2
1.024
0.0446
38.9
2650
3693
Subcompact
1997
1488
0.171
32.5
23.1
30.5
26.5
2909
95.5
126
128
11.5
1.058
0.0431
38.7
2589
3695
Subcompact
1998
1600
0.190
31.6
22.1
30.0
25.7
2984
96.4
139
135
11.1
1.022
0.0447
38.5
2530
3716
Subcompact
1999
1380
0.156
31.3
21.8
29.5
25.3
2973
96.4
138
137
11.0
1.032
0.0454
37.8
2491
3648
Subcompact
2000
1490
0.153
30.7
21.3
28.7
24.7
3026
96.5
145
144
10.7
1.040
0.0469
37.6
2434
3630
Subcompact
2001
642
0.070
28.3
19.4
27.1
22.9
3225
93.5
173
173
9.9
1.036
0.0528
37.2
2195
3478
Subcompact
2002
573
0.064
28.2
19.1
27.0
22.8
3292
95.5
183
187
9.5
1.075
0.0557
37.7
2221
3599
Subcompact
2003
585
0.069
27.2
18.4
25.7
21.9
3438
94.9
176
185
9.8
1.079
0.0535
37.8
2105
3584
Subcompact
2004
453
0.055
27.3
18.3
25.7
21.9
3365
95.9
174
192
9.5
1.144
0.0559
37.1
2154
3555
Subcompact
2005
573
0.065
28.0
18.7
26.2
22.4
3352
97.3
171
189
9.4
1.170
0.0555
37.7
2226
3667
Subcompact
2006
1098
0.126
31.2
20.7
29.1
24.8
3224
98.0
149
171
9.9
1.178
0.0521
40.5
2508
3973
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-5
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Mini-compact
2009
78.6%
6.8%
40.1%
51.9%

31.8%
68.2%




100.0%

85.9%

Mini-compact
2010
83.3%
2.4%
30.2%
64.2%

48.1%
51.9%




100.0%

99.5%

Mini-compact
2011
80.0%
2.3%
31.7%
67.1%

52.8%
47.2%




100.0%

99.5%

Mini-compact
2012
92.5%
1.2%
18.9%
67.5%
12.4%
15.6%
84.4%




100.0%

99.6%

Subcompact
1975
17.6%

40.9%



8.9%








Subcompact
1976
13.1%

42.8%



3.1%








Subcompact
1977
19.4%

46.5%



12.5%

1.2%






Subcompact
1978
22.3%

53.3%
1.1%


11.7%

1.8%






Subcompact
1979
25.9%

48.2%
1.6%


7.3%

1.5%






Subcompact
1980
35.3%
0.4%
56.5%
3.5%


10.9%

3.4%






Subcompact
1981
36.0%
0.3%
57.0%
8.5%


12.1%

5.5%






Subcompact
1982
39.8%
0.2%
53.6%
23.6%


14.8%
3.2%
4.1%






Subcompact
1983
53.4%
0.2%
53.9%
32.0%


21.5%
2.7%
1.2%






Subcompact
1984
49.8%
0.5%
51.5%
35.1%


28.9%
3.0%
1.7%






Subcompact
1985
58.7%
0.3%
49.4%
34.1%


28.8%
5.1%
0.2%






Subcompact
1986
64.5%
1.1%
50.3%
34.0%


36.5%
4.9%
0.1%
82.5%
13.8%
3.7%



Subcompact
1987
69.1%
0.5%
51.3%
39.4%


40.3%
6.8%
0.1%
59.7%
26.9%
13.4%



Subcompact
1988
77.7%
1.2%
53.6%
40.0%


35.7%
15.2%
0.0%
53.6%
21.8%
24.6%



Subcompact
1989
72.3%
1.1%
46.5%
45.3%
0.6%

44.5%
20.6%
0.0%
58.1%
12.6%
29.3%



Subcompact
1990
87.9%
0.5%
44.9%
51.1%
0.2%

71.5%
24.0%

35.0%
8.2%
56.8%



Subcompact
1991
84.3%
1.4%
39.1%
56.2%
0.2%

59.6%
40.3%

45.1%
11.8%
43.1%

5.7%

Subcompact
1992
84.2%
1.6%
38.0%
56.4%
0.0%

84.5%
15.5%

41.6%
11.0%
47.4%

12.3%

Subcompact
1993
84.6%
1.7%
42.6%
51.9%
0.0%

91.7%
8.3%

43.3%
11.5%
45.2%

13.4%

Subcompact
1994
81.8%
0.2%
37.7%
58.0%


93.6%
6.4%

45.2%
7.8%
47.0%

17.6%

Subcompact
1995
72.1%
1.4%
40.4%
55.4%


95.0%
5.0%

34.9%
3.1%
62.0%

18.0%

Subcompact
1996
75.8%
1.1%
41.4%
52.1%
0.1%

92.2%
7.8%

32.4%
2.6%
64.9%

26.0%

Subcompact
1997
83.3%
0.6%
31.4%
64.9%
0.4%

95.5%
4.5%

21.3%

78.7%

26.9%

Subcompact
1998
81.2%
0.6%
30.1%
68.3%
0.3%

99.1%
0.7%
0.2%
39.1%
2.4%
58.4%

28.3%

Subcompact
1999
83.2%
0.5%
27.5%
71.0%
0.1%

99.2%
0.6%
0.2%
41.3%
6.8%
51.7%
0.2%
24.7%

Subcompact
2000
76.7%
0.5%
26.2%
71.9%
0.1%

99.2%
0.3%
0.5%
45.3%
1.6%
51.4%
1.8%
22.6%

Subcompact
2001
57.5%
0.8%
32.2%
64.6%
0.2%

98.9%

1.1%
47.3%
1.4%
47.7%
3.7%
27.8%

Subcompact
2002
50.9%
5.9%
34.3%
65.6%
0.1%

98.6%

1.4%
47.4%
4.8%
44.1%
3.7%
23.9%

Subcompact
2003
65.4%
2.2%
27.5%
71.4%
1.1%

99.3%

0.7%
26.7%
5.3%
64.6%
3.5%
15.8%

Subcompact
2004
44.3%
6.6%
34.2%
64.5%
1.2%

99.5%

0.5%
38.8%
4.4%
53.9%
2.9%
21.1%

Subcompact
2005
59.1%
4.8%
25.5%
73.7%
0.9%

99.5%

0.5%
21.8%
12.8%
63.6%
1.8%
36.7%

Subcompact
2006
75.3%
3.8%
21.2%
78.3%
0.5%

99.5%

0.5%
13.3%
6.9%
79.0%
0.7%
60.9%

EPA-420-R-13-001
F-6
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.ah
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Subcompact
2007
1251
0.139
31.8
21.1
29.4
25.2
3190
98.2
147
172
9.8
1.195
0.0526
40.6
2556
3983
Subcompact
2008
1217
0.148
32.2
21.4
29.8
25.5
3261
97.7
147
177
9.8
1.212
0.0530
41.9
2574
4099
Subcompact
2009
813
0.130
33.8
22.3
31.1
26.6
3182
97.7
138
169
9.9
1.235
0.0520
42.7
2672
4169
Subcompact
2010
633
0.091
33.6
22.2
31.0
26.5
3262
97.0
145
180
9.7
1.252
0.0536
43.6
2658
4228
Subcompact
2011
534
0.077
33.1
21.9
30.9
26.2
3385
96.8
155
209
9.2
1.322
0.0594
44.7
2641
4333
Subcompact
2012
377
0.044
30.8
20.4
29.2
24.6
3637
95.3
178
248
8.4
1.393
0.0666
45.1
2417
4292
Compact
1975
1893
0.230
16.2
12.9
15.0
13.8
3958

288
129
14.6
0.454
0.0322
27.6


Compact
1976
2557
0.263
17.5
13.9
16.4
14.9
4025

289
125
15.2
0.434
0.0307
30.2


Compact
1977
2767
0.245
17.9
14.2
16.7
15.2
4129
107.3
291
131
14.6
0.452
0.0315
31.6
1655
3391
Compact
1978
1482
0.132
20.2
15.8
19.3
17.2
3552
105.1
236
113
14.5
0.506
0.0318
30.6
1842
3221
Compact
1979
668
0.062
19.5
15.4
18.3
16.6
3624
105.3
246
117
14.4
0.495
0.0321
30.4
1783
3201
Compact
1980
690
0.073
22.4
17.4
21.6
19.1
3185
106.2
186
102
14.4
0.577
0.0324
30.7
2078
3265
Compact
1981
976
0.112
26.7
20.7
26.1
22.8
2825
104.3
142
91
14.2
0.671
0.0325
32.4
2433
3377
Compact
1982
1268
0.162
29.0
22.2
28.8
24.8
2794
102.9
128
87
14.6
0.695
0.0310
34.8
2591
3579
Compact
1983
1456
0.181
28.8
22.2
28.2
24.5
2844
103.2
141
91
14.4
0.677
0.0318
35.2
2602
3633
Compact
1984
2732
0.255
29.7
23.0
28.8
25.3
2798
103.1
137
91
14.3
0.687
0.0321
35.7
2672
3682
Compact
1985
2929
0.269
29.8
23.1
29.0
25.5
2804
102.9
138
98
13.5
0.727
0.0347
36.0
2684
3706
Compact
1986
3348
0.302
29.8
23.0
28.9
25.3
2819
103.2
137
98
13.5
0.735
0.0346
36.0
2669
3713
Compact
1987
4012
0.371
29.7
22.7
28.9
25.2
2836
102.8
135
101
13.3
0.759
0.0351
35.9
2631
3689
Compact
1988
4317
0.398
29.9
22.6
28.9
25.2
2889
103.6
136
107
13.0
0.794
0.0365
36.6
2653
3794
Compact
1989
3585
0.354
29.9
22.5
28.8
25.1
2886
102.8
130
108
12.7
0.837
0.0372
36.4
2612
3739
Compact
1990
2771
0.312
29.0
21.6
28.1
24.3
2985
103.3
138
118
12.3
0.857
0.0393
36.4
2535
3756
Compact
1991
2455
0.281
29.0
21.4
27.9
24.2
2984
104.5
136
120
12.1
0.887
0.0400
36.3
2569
3799
Compact
1992
2221
0.266
28.6
20.9
27.8
23.8
3034
104.3
143
127
11.8
0.893
0.0416
36.2
2510
3777
Compact
1993
2473
0.277
29.6
21.5
28.6
24.6
2982
104.1
139
121
12.0
0.886
0.0405
36.7
2585
3823
Compact
1994
2602
0.297
29.8
21.5
28.7
24.6
3023
103.9
138
124
11.9
0.912
0.0408
37.3
2585
3876
Compact
1995
3432
0.357
30.6
21.8
29.5
25.2
2998
103.9
134
133
11.2
0.992
0.0439
37.8
2643
3929
Compact
1996
2981
0.365
30.3
21.4
29.3
24.9
3007
103.1
134
133
11.1
0.999
0.0441
37.5
2590
3866
Compact
1997
2840
0.327
30.3
21.2
29.3
24.8
3004
102.6
135
134
11.1
0.988
0.0442
37.3
2569
3830
Compact
1998
2126
0.252
30.9
21.4
29.7
25.2
3010
102.7
131
134
11.0
1.028
0.0444
38.0
2620
3903
Compact
1999
2368
0.267
30.1
20.8
28.8
24.4
3135
103.2
139
141
11.0
1.028
0.0448
38.4
2558
3963
Compact
2000
2612
0.268
30.5
21.0
28.9
24.6
3097
103.6
132
138
11.1
1.049
0.0441
38.3
2588
3965
Compact
2001
3196
0.349
31.7
21.8
29.6
25.5
3056
103.0
130
139
11.0
1.074
0.0449
39.2
2671
4033
Compact
2002
2998
0.337
31.8
21.6
29.5
25.4
3065
103.6
128
140
11.0
1.091
0.0451
39.2
2676
4055
Compact
2003
2811
0.331
32.1
21.7
29.6
25.5
3088
104.0
131
146
10.6
1.121
0.0467
39.8
2710
4139
Compact
2004
2520
0.308
31.9
21.3
29.5
25.3
3122
103.6
135
153
10.4
1.137
0.0483
39.8
2670
4119
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-7
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Subcompact
2007
73.6%
4.3%
20.1%
79.6%
0.2%

100.0%


10.8%
5.7%
83.4%
0.0%
64.4%

Subcompact
2008
76.3%
2.9%
17.3%
78.2%
4.3%
3.2%
96.8%


4.9%
3.4%
91.7%
0.0%
72.7%

Subcompact
2009
78.8%
4.7%
13.7%
83.1%
3.0%
9.7%
90.1%

0.1%
3.4%
2.2%
94.5%
0.0%
75.3%

Subcompact
2010
68.5%
4.9%
10.8%
84.4%
3.5%
10.8%
89.2%


7.6%
3.6%
88.8%

91.6%

Subcompact
2011
55.4%
10.1%
12.1%
82.4%
3.7%
13.5%
86.5%


0.1%
4.3%
95.6%

99.0%
0.8%
Subcompact
2012
35.3%
9.6%
15.5%
76.9%
4.1%
31.0%
69.0%



9.0%
91.0%

99.9%

Compact
1975
2.4%

8.1%
0.0%


4.4%

1.0%






Compact
1976
2.5%

6.3%



3.6%

0.9%






Compact
1977
2.3%

4.4%



3.8%

1.1%






Compact
1978
17.8%

10.0%
16.3%


9.1%

2.2%






Compact
1979
13.6%

9.0%



14.8%

8.0%






Compact
1980
56.8%
5.8%
14.5%
6.7%


10.8%

8.4%






Compact
1981
81.4%
2.1%
32.9%
5.8%


8.0%

6.0%






Compact
1982
84.8%
1.9%
34.8%
39.7%


8.3%
13.1%
5.3%






Compact
1983
74.7%
2.2%
32.3%
42.4%


13.2%
37.4%
4.4%






Compact
1984
82.0%
0.8%
28.4%
41.0%


21.6%
32.4%
2.8%






Compact
1985
85.3%
0.2%
28.3%
42.8%


24.0%
46.9%
2.4%






Compact
1986
86.6%
0.2%
28.5%
50.0%


33.0%
43.4%
0.7%
99.0%

1.0%



Compact
1987
90.5%
0.4%
29.5%
49.3%


32.4%
42.2%
0.3%
86.4%
8.3%
5.3%



Compact
1988
91.2%
0.2%
25.6%
59.0%


48.7%
42.7%

79.6%
9.5%
10.9%



Compact
1989
95.8%
0.5%
26.0%
56.2%


54.9%
40.0%
0.1%
62.4%
21.8%
15.8%



Compact
1990
95.5%
0.8%
19.3%
63.6%


66.7%
33.2%
0.1%
60.0%
5.5%
34.5%



Compact
1991
95.0%
1.6%
21.7%
65.3%


82.3%
17.3%
0.4%
55.1%
6.1%
38.8%

0.5%

Compact
1992
96.1%
0.9%
19.2%
66.2%


89.0%
10.8%
0.2%
58.8%
4.7%
36.6%

1.0%

Compact
1993
97.5%
0.5%
18.3%
69.9%


87.7%
12.3%

55.5%
1.5%
43.0%

0.6%

Compact
1994
96.2%
0.4%
18.8%
72.8%


91.7%
8.3%

49.3%

50.7%

7.4%

Compact
1995
95.4%
0.8%
19.5%
78.7%


99.8%

0.2%
32.3%
1.5%
66.2%

9.9%

Compact
1996
97.3%
0.9%
17.2%
81.9%


100.0%


32.5%
1.5%
65.9%

10.3%

Compact
1997
95.5%
1.1%
16.8%
83.2%


100.0%

0.0%
35.5%
2.9%
61.3%
0.3%
7.4%

Compact
1998
93.8%
1.8%
15.3%
84.4%


99.6%

0.4%
22.6%
1.9%
74.2%
1.2%
12.5%

Compact
1999
93.5%
1.7%
13.1%
86.4%


99.7%

0.3%
27.0%
0.7%
71.1%
1.2%
13.7%

Compact
2000
92.0%
1.4%
15.3%
83.2%


99.5%

0.5%
26.2%
2.5%
69.9%
1.3%
25.5%

Compact
2001
92.0%
2.2%
15.8%
82.8%
0.5%

99.5%

0.5%
24.2%
2.0%
70.9%
2.9%
39.0%

Compact
2002
90.2%
3.5%
16.5%
82.3%
0.9%

99.2%

0.8%
26.0%
2.4%
68.4%
3.2%
38.1%
0.8%
Compact
2003
86.6%
3.8%
16.2%
81.8%
2.0%

99.3%

0.7%
13.7%
1.5%
81.4%
3.3%
48.0%
1.7%
Compact
2004
87.7%
5.2%
14.6%
83.9%
1.5%

99.5%

0.5%
11.3%
1.1%
84.7%
2.8%
54.2%
0.9%
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-8
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.al)
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Compact
2005
2341
0.265
32.7
21.8
29.8
25.7
3084
103.8
131
150
10.4
1.152
0.0479
40.0
2723
4146
Compact
2006
1819
0.208
31.8
21.2
29.3
25.1
3256
104.8
145
167
10.0
1.164
0.0506
41.3
2704
4333
Compact
2007
1722
0.191
32.4
21.6
29.7
25.6
3251
105.4
137
162
10.2
1.188
0.0491
41.8
2752
4404
Compact
2008
1421
0.172
31.8
21.1
29.5
25.2
3311
104.6
142
170
10.0
1.204
0.0506
41.9
2698
4384
Compact
2009
1315
0.211
33.7
22.5
30.7
26.5
3297
104.9
137
166
10.2
1.211
0.0493
44.2
2859
4632
Compact
2010
1788
0.256
34.6
23.0
31.5
27.2
3272
104.9
143
173
9.9
1.214
0.0515
44.9
2924
4710
Compact
2011
1208
0.174
33.1
22.1
30.7
26.3
3392
105.4
150
186
9.7
1.241
0.0534
45.1
2848
4751
Compact
2012
2692
0.316
38.1
25.3
34.2
29.7
3172
105.3
126
165
9.9
1.297
0.0507
47.7
3211
5020
Midsize Sedan
1975
1631
0.198
13.6
10.5
13.1
11.6
4630

353
158
13.9
0.447
0.0341
27.2


Midsize Sedan
1976
1964
0.202
15.7
12.2
15.1
13.4
4558

343
156
13.8
0.454
0.0340
30.7


Midsize Sedan
1977
2226
0.197
16.4
12.9
15.7
14.0
4474
112.9
332
151
13.9
0.454
0.0337
31.6
1601
3565
Midsize Sedan
1978
3339
0.298
18.6
14.4
17.9
15.8
3820
113.0
292
135
13.4
0.464
0.0353
30.3
1823
3422
Midsize Sedan
1979
3211
0.297
19.1
15.0
18.1
16.3
3710
113.1
272
128
13.6
0.474
0.0345
30.3
1870
3425
Midsize Sedan
1980
2987
0.316
21.6
16.8
21.0
18.4
3362
113.2
229
113
13.8
0.512
0.0336
31.1
2113
3523
Midsize Sedan
1981
2902
0.332
22.9
17.8
22.3
19.6
3346
113.9
220
107
14.2
0.509
0.0322
32.9
2255
3746
Midsize Sedan
1982
2136
0.273
24.0
18.4
23.8
20.5
3321
113.9
211
107
14.2
0.529
0.0324
34.3
2377
3906
Midsize Sedan
1983
2269
0.282
23.9
18.4
23.6
20.4
3316
113.8
212
111
13.8
0.544
0.0336
34.0
2363
3876
Midsize Sedan
1984
2770
0.258
24.1
18.5
23.9
20.6
3318
113.7
210
113
13.6
0.563
0.0342
34.3
2373
3896
Midsize Sedan
1985
2777
0.255
24.9
19.0
24.9
21.3
3319
113.6
205
117
13.3
0.606
0.0354
35.4
2453
4025
Midsize Sedan
1986
2666
0.241
25.9
19.6
25.9
22.0
3241
113.8
194
119
13.0
0.640
0.0364
35.8
2535
4075
Midsize Sedan
1987
2253
0.208
26.0
19.5
26.0
22.1
3247
113.7
189
123
12.7
0.684
0.0379
35.9
2540
4088
Midsize Sedan
1988
2113
0.195
26.7
19.7
27.1
22.6
3293
113.4
183
129
12.3
0.718
0.0389
37.3
2589
4231
Midsize Sedan
1989
2591
0.256
26.6
19.5
27.1
22.5
3314
113.6
181
131
12.2
0.735
0.0396
37.4
2575
4246
Midsize Sedan
1990
2342
0.264
26.2
19.0
26.8
22.1
3450
113.7
187
141
12.0
0.758
0.0407
38.2
2529
4343
Midsize Sedan
1991
2114
0.242
26.0
18.8
26.5
21.9
3412
113.5
191
147
11.5
0.773
0.0428
37.4
2497
4243
Midsize Sedan
1992
2120
0.254
25.8
18.4
26.3
21.6
3515
113.9
191
151
11.5
0.801
0.0427
38.0
2472
4334
Midsize Sedan
1993
2330
0.261
26.1
18.6
26.4
21.8
3515
113.9
192
153
11.4
0.812
0.0434
38.4
2497
4377
Midsize Sedan
1994
2057
0.235
25.9
18.3
26.0
21.5
3529
113.5
190
155
11.4
0.827
0.0437
38.0
2457
4321
Midsize Sedan
1995
2515
0.262
26.1
18.2
26.5
21.7
3546
114.3
189
166
10.7
0.889
0.0465
38.5
2491
4403
Midsize Sedan
1996
2359
0.289
26.5
18.5
26.5
21.9
3527
114.1
181
162
10.9
0.906
0.0459
38.7
2506
4409
Midsize Sedan
1997
2399
0.276
26.5
18.4
26.7
21.9
3551
114.5
184
170
10.6
0.933
0.0476
39.0
2523
4465
Midsize Sedan
1998
2967
0.352
27.1
18.7
26.9
22.3
3534
114.0
177
169
10.5
0.965
0.0477
39.5
2553
4502
Midsize Sedan
1999
3141
0.354
27.1
18.5
26.8
22.2
3540
114.0
175
171
10.5
0.984
0.0480
39.4
2538
4486
Midsize Sedan
2000
2894
0.297
27.0
18.4
26.5
22.0
3550
113.6
174
178
10.2
1.027
0.0499
39.2
2513
4448
Midsize Sedan
2001
2480
0.271
27.2
18.5
26.5
22.1
3566
113.7
175
180
10.1
1.034
0.0503
39.6
2530
4501
Midsize Sedan
2002
2807
0.315
27.7
18.8
26.5
22.4
3549
114.8
177
185
9.8
1.055
0.0519
39.8
2582
4572
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-9
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Compact
2005
88.1%
5.3%
14.1%
84.6%
1.2%

99.5%

0.5%
11.1%
1.2%
86.2%
1.6%
61.3%
1.2%
Compact
2006
80.6%
5.4%
12.5%
85.2%
2.2%

97.8%

2.2%
12.3%
1.3%
86.3%
0.1%
71.0%
1.7%
Compact
2007
86.7%
6.3%
11.7%
76.0%
12.3%

100.0%


9.6%
0.0%
90.3%
0.1%
62.8%
2.1%
Compact
2008
81.5%
9.7%
11.0%
83.6%
5.4%
3.5%
96.5%


8.0%
0.0%
92.0%
0.0%
51.6%
2.3%
Compact
2009
82.8%
9.0%
9.1%
86.9%
4.0%
5.4%
92.5%

2.1%
7.1%
0.0%
92.9%

68.2%
1.5%
Compact
2010
82.9%
4.6%
9.2%
81.4%
6.0%
7.5%
90.4%

2.1%
8.3%
0.0%
91.7%

84.2%
3.9%
Compact
2011
69.4%
11.7%
10.4%
84.0%
5.5%
12.1%
84.8%

3.1%
6.8%
0.0%
93.2%

83.5%
2.3%
Compact
2012
88.2%
3.7%
12.2%
65.2%
10.0%
42.8%
55.6%

1.5%
3.6%
0.0%
96.4%

97.0%
5.2%
Midsize Sedan
1975
2.7%

0.6%



0.7%








Midsize Sedan
1976
2.5%

0.4%



0.6%








Midsize Sedan
1977
2.1%

0.3%



0.7%








Midsize Sedan
1978
1.4%

1.7%
11.1%


1.4%








Midsize Sedan
1979
5.2%

1.9%
21.4%


2.3%

1.4%






Midsize Sedan
1980
30.2%

7.8%
25.3%


1.0%
1.5%
2.5%






Midsize Sedan
1981
32.3%

5.6%
52.2%


0.1%
2.3%
4.0%






Midsize Sedan
1982
44.7%

2.0%
82.6%


0.2%
15.4%
3.8%






Midsize Sedan
1983
48.9%

1.2%
80.0%


0.5%
17.2%
1.7%






Midsize Sedan
1984
55.1%

0.9%
82.0%


3.8%
25.6%
1.0%






Midsize Sedan
1985
61.9%

1.3%
77.6%


13.0%
37.1%
0.3%






Midsize Sedan
1986
71.0%
0.1%
1.8%
76.4%


25.4%
42.3%
0.2%
100.0%





Midsize Sedan
1987
77.3%
0.2%
1.5%
77.6%


40.7%
43.4%
0.4%
100.0%





Midsize Sedan
1988
87.0%
0.1%
3.8%
91.1%


66.9%
28.0%

93.4%
6.5%
0.1%



Midsize Sedan
1989
86.5%
0.1%
4.7%
91.7%


78.3%
21.0%

94.3%
4.9%
0.8%



Midsize Sedan
1990
85.2%
0.2%
3.9%
93.9%


86.6%
13.3%
0.0%
90.6%
4.3%
5.1%

2.3%

Midsize Sedan
1991
87.2%
0.1%
3.6%
94.5%


88.7%
11.2%
0.1%
89.7%
4.9%
5.3%

2.7%

Midsize Sedan
1992
79.1%
0.1%
2.7%
96.6%


94.7%
5.3%

77.0%
1.6%
21.4%

3.6%

Midsize Sedan
1993
85.4%
0.2%
2.3%
97.2%


95.6%
4.4%

72.7%

27.3%

4.0%

Midsize Sedan
1994
84.7%

2.0%
97.7%


96.0%
4.0%

68.1%

31.9%

3.9%

Midsize Sedan
1995
79.6%

2.7%
97.2%


98.9%
1.1%

61.5%

38.5%

8.9%

Midsize Sedan
1996
91.9%

4.3%
94.9%


99.7%

0.3%
52.6%

47.4%

11.0%

Midsize Sedan
1997
90.6%
0.1%
2.5%
97.5%


99.8%

0.2%
50.1%

49.9%

10.1%

Midsize Sedan
1998
95.2%
0.5%
3.0%
97.0%


99.9%

0.1%
44.5%
1.2%
53.1%
1.3%
22.0%

Midsize Sedan
1999
95.2%
0.7%
3.3%
96.3%


99.8%

0.2%
36.1%
1.4%
59.7%
2.7%
20.9%

Midsize Sedan
2000
92.3%
0.9%
3.5%
95.7%


100.0%


25.1%
1.4%
71.1%
2.4%
29.4%

Midsize Sedan
2001
93.0%
1.2%
3.1%
96.1%


100.0%


28.2%
1.8%
66.6%
3.4%
25.3%

Midsize Sedan
2002
94.2%
0.8%
2.6%
97.1%
0.1%

100.0%


21.4%
0.9%
74.7%
3.0%
45.0%

EPA-420-R-13-001
F-10
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.al)
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Midsize Sedan
2003
2483
0.292
28.3
18.9
27.3
22.8
3567
114.6
174
189
9.7
1.096
0.0529
40.8
2629
4676
Midsize Sedan
2004
2522
0.308
28.7
19.0
27.5
23.0
3577
114.0
174
190
9.7
1.100
0.0528
41.6
2667
4738
Midsize Sedan
2005
2886
0.326
29.8
19.7
28.2
23.8
3545
114.5
168
185
9.8
1.096
0.0515
42.8
2793
4900
Midsize Sedan
2006
2413
0.276
29.6
19.6
28.0
23.6
3568
114.0
169
191
9.6
1.137
0.0531
42.8
2759
4874
Midsize Sedan
2007
3083
0.343
31.2
20.7
29.1
24.8
3581
113.8
165
191
9.6
1.143
0.0524
45.3
2913
5149
Midsize Sedan
2008
2486
0.302
31.4
20.9
29.0
24.8
3564
113.3
163
191
9.5
1.161
0.0525
45.4
2937
5142
Midsize Sedan
2009
1930
0.309
32.5
21.5
29.8
25.5
3539
113.9
156
184
9.8
1.162
0.0511
46.0
2993
5234
Midsize Sedan
2010
2261
0.324
34.1
22.7
31.1
26.8
3577
114.3
158
188
9.5
1.170
0.0518
50.4
3252
5763
Midsize Sedan
2011
2480
0.358
33.7
22.1
31.5
26.6
3605
113.8
154
191
9.6
1.235
0.0522
49.3
3146
5615
Midsize Sedan
2012
2901
0.340
34.8
22.9
32.4
27.5
3603
114.4
156
194
9.5
1.250
0.0532
51.0
3269
5833
Large Sedan
1975
1555
0.189
13.1
10.2
12.6
11.2
5142

410
180
13.5
0.439
0.0348
28.9


Large Sedan
1976
1679
0.173
14.2
11.1
13.5
12.1
5156

410
180
13.4
0.440
0.0349
31.1


Large Sedan
1977
2319
0.205
15.9
12.4
15.2
13.5
4482
128.1
366
166
12.8
0.453
0.0370
30.4
1759
3895
Large Sedan
1978
2048
0.183
16.8
13.0
16.3
14.3
4394
128.5
357
162
12.8
0.457
0.0370
31.7
1869
4071
Large Sedan
1979
2111
0.195
17.4
13.7
16.5
14.8
4210
130.0
339
154
12.9
0.454
0.0365
31.3
1940
4073
Large Sedan
1980
963
0.102
19.1
14.7
18.8
16.3
4130
130.9
314
137
14.0
0.440
0.0331
34.0
2156
4448
Large Sedan
1981
956
0.109
20.4
15.4
20.8
17.4
4108
131.0
304
133
14.3
0.444
0.0325
36.4
2318
4762
Large Sedan
1982
832
0.106
20.7
15.6
21.0
17.7
4034
131.0
292
135
13.9
0.468
0.0337
36.0
2333
4715
Large Sedan
1983
1079
0.134
20.2
15.2
20.6
17.3
4041
131.3
293
140
13.4
0.481
0.0347
35.0
2272
4590
Large Sedan
1984
1236
0.115
20.5
15.5
21.0
17.5
4022
130.9
294
140
13.4
0.478
0.0349
35.3
2298
4622
Large Sedan
1985
1512
0.139
22.3
16.6
23.3
19.1
3841
129.3
279
143
12.7
0.512
0.0371
36.7
2470
4743
Large Sedan
1986
1267
0.114
23.9
17.6
25.4
20.4
3719
127.4
260
147
12.1
0.577
0.0396
38.0
2610
4846
Large Sedan
1987
1218
0.112
23.9
17.4
25.4
20.3
3696
127.0
260
149
11.8
0.587
0.0405
37.6
2588
4774
Large Sedan
1988
1303
0.120
24.2
17.6
25.6
20.6
3730
128.1
262
150
11.9
0.587
0.0405
38.4
2644
4924
Large Sedan
1989
1289
0.127
24.0
17.3
25.3
20.4
3721
127.4
262
158
11.4
0.619
0.0427
37.9
2598
4830
Large Sedan
1990
1092
0.123
23.7
16.9
25.1
20.0
3799
126.7
258
161
11.4
0.639
0.0427
38.1
2543
4820
Large Sedan
1991
1012
0.116
23.6
16.8
24.8
19.9
3893
129.0
264
178
10.7
0.685
0.0459
38.8
2575
5012
Large Sedan
1992
1241
0.149
23.8
16.8
25.0
20.0
3872
129.6
262
186
10.4
0.715
0.0480
38.8
2602
5033
Large Sedan
1993
1104
0.124
24.2
17.0
25.2
20.3
3831
128.9
256
181
10.5
0.720
0.0473
38.9
2628
5025
Large Sedan
1994
1277
0.146
24.1
16.8
24.9
20.1
3859
128.3
249
188
10.2
0.766
0.0487
38.8
2587
4987
Large Sedan
1995
1305
0.136
24.4
16.9
25.4
20.4
3830
127.9
248
207
9.4
0.845
0.0539
39.1
2619
5004
Large Sedan
1996
1066
0.130
24.3
16.7
25.3
20.3
3894
128.1
250
217
9.2
0.879
0.0557
39.5
2602
5058
Large Sedan
1997
1195
0.137
24.5
16.8
25.4
20.4
3821
127.4
242
217
9.1
0.903
0.0567
39.0
2607
4968
Large Sedan
1998
912
0.108
24.6
16.8
25.2
20.4
3784
127.4
240
218
8.9
0.922
0.0575
38.5
2602
4910
Large Sedan
1999
1059
0.119
24.8
16.8
25.3
20.5
3854
127.0
235
222
8.9
0.971
0.0576
39.5
2609
5015
Large Sedan
2000
1665
0.171
25.6
17.3
25.7
21.0
3782
124.9
221
215
9.2
0.980
0.0565
39.7
2628
4959
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-ll
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Midsize Sedan
2003
91.7%
0.6%
2.9%
97.0%
0.1%

100.0%


21.9%
2.5%
72.1%
3.6%
55.3%

Midsize Sedan
2004
91.7%
1.0%
3.2%
94.2%
1.9%

99.9%

0.1%
16.2%
1.6%
80.0%
2.2%
54.7%
1.9%
Midsize Sedan
2005
91.4%
1.9%
3.2%
92.4%
4.2%

99.6%

0.4%
13.6%
1.1%
84.6%
0.7%
68.5%
4.9%
Midsize Sedan
2006
89.4%
3.0%
3.7%
92.5%
3.7%

99.8%

0.2%
12.5%
0.2%
87.2%
0.2%
78.5%
3.8%
Midsize Sedan
2007
89.0%
3.8%
2.7%
77.6%
19.8%

99.9%

0.1%
7.3%

92.7%

79.0%
7.8%
Midsize Sedan
2008
85.3%
6.5%
2.5%
68.9%
28.6%
3.8%
96.0%

0.1%
6.5%

93.5%

73.1%
8.7%
Midsize Sedan
2009
90.5%
4.5%
2.1%
71.2%
26.8%
3.1%
96.8%

0.1%
1.2%

98.8%

89.3%
7.6%
Midsize Sedan
2010
88.5%
6.8%
1.4%
67.6%
30.5%
5.8%
94.2%


0.1%

99.9%

99.6%
13.2%
Midsize Sedan
2011
87.5%
7.0%
1.5%
76.2%
21.7%
12.5%
87.3%

0.1%
0.2%

99.8%

99.8%
7.4%
Midsize Sedan
2012
87.3%
7.0%
4.0%
77.7%
16.8%
15.4%
83.7%

0.9%
0.9%

99.1%

98.7%
8.7%
Large Sedan
1975
1.5%

0.0%












Large Sedan
1976
1.5%

0.0%



1.2%








Large Sedan
1977
1.5%





0.5%








Large Sedan
1978
1.1%


2.5%


0.2%

1.4%






Large Sedan
1979



6.5%


0.2%

3.5%






Large Sedan
1980



41.6%



2.0%
10.4%






Large Sedan
1981



89.8%



17.1%
15.2%






Large Sedan
1982



93.1%



20.1%
10.0%






Large Sedan
1983



99.9%



37.3%
2.4%






Large Sedan
1984



99.9%



39.0%
0.8%






Large Sedan
1985
31.9%


100.0%


19.1%
44.9%
0.3%






Large Sedan
1986
55.9%

0.7%
99.2%


65.4%
15.8%

99.3%

0.7%



Large Sedan
1987
60.9%

0.5%
99.5%


69.9%
15.2%

98.9%

1.1%



Large Sedan
1988
58.7%

0.4%
99.6%


76.9%
12.6%

98.9%

1.1%



Large Sedan
1989
61.9%

0.3%
99.7%


74.8%
22.2%

99.2%

0.8%



Large Sedan
1990
69.0%

0.2%
99.8%


92.9%
6.0%

99.5%

0.5%



Large Sedan
1991
59.8%

0.4%
99.6%


83.3%
16.7%

99.1%

0.9%



Large Sedan
1992
58.5%

0.3%
98.5%


89.2%
10.7%
0.1%
98.1%

1.9%

0.7%

Large Sedan
1993
64.8%

0.4%
98.2%


89.7%
10.3%

92.0%

8.0%

0.9%

Large Sedan
1994
69.2%

0.2%
99.0%


99.9%

0.1%
82.9%

17.1%

0.5%

Large Sedan
1995
71.3%

0.2%
98.3%


100.0%

0.0%
76.5%

23.5%

0.7%

Large Sedan
1996
67.8%

0.1%
99.3%


100.0%


61.6%

38.4%

1.2%

Large Sedan
1997
72.4%

0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


64.4%

35.6%

1.8%

Large Sedan
1998
74.3%

0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


60.1%

39.9%

2.5%

Large Sedan
1999
72.5%


100.0%


100.0%


49.7%

50.3%

1.8%

Large Sedan
2000
80.9%
0.0%

100.0%


100.0%


60.2%
1.2%
38.6%
0.0%
7.2%

EPA-420-R-13-001
F-12
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.al)
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Large Sedan
2001
1416
0.155
25.5
17.1
25.5
20.8
3774
124.8
221
204
9.5
0.932
0.0538
39.4
2607
4912
Large Sedan
2002
1252
0.141
26.0
17.4
25.7
21.2
3767
124.3
218
209
9.3
0.975
0.0554
39.9
2641
4962
Large Sedan
2003
1260
0.148
26.0
17.3
25.7
21.1
3841
124.8
224
208
9.5
0.929
0.0538
40.6
2648
5069
Large Sedan
2004
1185
0.145
26.0
17.2
25.6
21.1
3858
124.7
225
211
9.4
0.944
0.0546
40.6
2643
5073
Large Sedan
2005
1234
0.140
26.4
17.4
25.5
21.2
3933
125.0
225
216
9.5
0.964
0.0545
41.8
2670
5230
Large Sedan
2006
1570
0.180
26.0
17.1
25.2
20.9
4014
124.7
230
238
8.9
1.045
0.0589
42.2
2630
5263
Large Sedan
2007
1174
0.130
26.0
17.1
25.3
21.0
4026
123.8
229
236
9.0
1.036
0.0581
42.5
2623
5256
Large Sedan
2008
1407
0.171
27.3
17.8
26.8
22.0
3966
123.2
213
232
9.0
1.106
0.0581
43.9
2745
5406
Large Sedan
2009
955
0.153
28.4
18.6
27.6
22.8
3883
122.6
200
225
9.0
1.146
0.0576
44.6
2833
5461
Large Sedan
2010
832
0.119
28.3
18.5
27.4
22.7
3923
122.8
202
232
8.9
1.166
0.0587
44.8
2827
5501
Large Sedan
2011
1041
0.150
29.9
19.5
29.6
24.2
3868
122.1
196
235
8.7
1.231
0.0603
47.0
2999
5738
Large Sedan
2012
832
0.098
30.0
19.4
29.6
24.2
3889
122.9
200
260
8.2
1.316
0.0658
47.2
3016
5797
Small Wagon
1975
477
0.058
22.4
17.4
21.6
19.1
2834

128
87
14.8
0.713
0.0307
27.3


Small Wagon
1976
345
0.035
23.9
18.7
22.9
20.4
2902

136
86
15.2
0.668
0.0297
29.8


Small Wagon
1977
385
0.034
25.5
20.2
23.8
21.7
2801
108.0
134
85
14.9
0.685
0.0305
30.8
2404
3317
Small Wagon
1978
361
0.032
24.3
19.2
22.9
20.7
2805
108.0
134
90
14.3
0.709
0.0319
29.5
2291
3176
Small Wagon
1979
310
0.029
25.7
20.3
24.3
21.9
2711
105.1
123
81
15.1
0.684
0.0295
29.8
2335
3135
Small Wagon
1980
310
0.033
28.6
22.6
27.0
24.4
2591
108.2
113
75
15.4
0.685
0.0289
32.0
2702
3463
Small Wagon
1981
418
0.048
30.0
23.6
28.5
25.6
2531
110.6
108
79
14.4
0.755
0.0313
32.6
2858
3601
Small Wagon
1982
382
0.049
30.6
23.9
29.4
26.1
2580
112.2
109
75
15.3
0.698
0.0289
33.8
2951
3789
Small Wagon
1983
531
0.066
32.2
25.3
30.5
27.4
2565
108.2
105
74
15.3
0.713
0.0289
35.3
2986
3817
Small Wagon
1984
461
0.043
31.9
24.9
30.7
27.2
2620
116.5
107
77
15.2
0.719
0.0294
35.9
3206
4180
Small Wagon
1985
496
0.046
32.5
25.4
30.9
27.7
2579
117.7
107
78
15.0
0.727
0.0300
35.9
3296
4227
Small Wagon
1986
349
0.031
31.0
24.2
29.2
26.3
2648
118.4
113
82
14.7
0.730
0.0308
35.1
3162
4151
Small Wagon
1987
361
0.033
30.7
23.8
28.9
25.9
2795
120.0
116
91
14.2
0.788
0.0324
36.5
3153
4379
Small Wagon
1988
253
0.023
31.3
24.3
29.0
26.3
2757
118.7
113
93
13.7
0.829
0.0336
36.4
3149
4318
Small Wagon
1989
159
0.016
31.5
24.2
29.4
26.4
2766
118.6
112
96
13.5
0.862
0.0344
36.6
3155
4341
Small Wagon
1990
160
0.018
29.6
22.4
27.7
24.7
3026
122.2
120
110
12.9
0.920
0.0361
37.5
3048
4579
Small Wagon
1991
209
0.024
30.6
22.8
28.9
25.4
3005
123.3
120
106
13.3
0.880
0.0350
38.3
3176
4728
Small Wagon
1992
143
0.017
30.2
22.3
28.6
25.0
3076
123.7
122
123
12.4
1.017
0.0399
38.6
3135
4777
Small Wagon
1993
302
0.034
32.5
23.7
31.0
26.9
2882
123.0
118
99
13.5
0.842
0.0343
38.9
3343
4787
Small Wagon
1994
206
0.024
32.9
23.6
31.7
27.1
2908
122.9
121
103
13.3
0.848
0.0352
39.6
3383
4874
Small Wagon
1995
198
0.021
33.3
23.9
31.8
27.3
2859
122.1
118
100
13.4
0.844
0.0348
39.2
3374
4785
Small Wagon
1996
90
0.011
31.6
22.5
30.0
25.8
2952
118.0
122
114
12.5
0.928
0.0382
38.2
3081
4509
Small Wagon
1997
149
0.017
32.2
22.7
30.8
26.3
2901
119.5
125
118
11.8
0.943
0.0404
38.2
3174
4564
Small Wagon
1998
98
0.012
32.1
22.3
30.7
26.1
2874
116.9
124
119
11.7
0.959
0.0412
37.6
3080
4395
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-13
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Large Sedan
2001
79.4%
0.1%

100.0%


100.0%


64.0%
2.3%
33.6%
0.1%
9.1%

Large Sedan
2002
86.7%
0.0%

100.0%


100.0%


62.7%
2.2%
35.1%
0.0%
6.9%

Large Sedan
2003
77.1%
0.3%

100.0%


100.0%


72.7%
1.7%
25.5%
0.0%
8.9%

Large Sedan
2004
77.1%
1.3%

100.0%


100.0%


65.9%
1.4%
31.9%
0.8%
10.6%

Large Sedan
2005
68.6%
3.8%

96.7%
3.2%

100.0%


64.4%
0.9%
34.4%
0.4%
8.8%

Large Sedan
2006
62.7%
3.8%
0.1%
96.8%
3.0%

100.0%


48.6%
0.9%
50.2%
0.3%
29.2%

Large Sedan
2007
70.1%
3.9%
0.1%
98.7%
1.1%

100.0%


52.5%
0.2%
47.2%

45.5%

Large Sedan
2008
72.7%
3.0%
0.6%
99.3%

0.9%
99.1%


37.0%
0.0%
63.0%

57.9%

Large Sedan
2009
78.4%
2.8%
0.8%
99.2%

1.0%
99.0%


30.4%
0.1%
69.5%

82.4%

Large Sedan
2010
70.5%
5.0%
0.5%
99.5%

3.1%
96.9%


26.8%
0.0%
73.2%

77.8%
0.2%
Large Sedan
2011
80.6%
3.8%
0.5%
99.5%

32.2%
67.8%


26.0%
0.0%
73.9%

90.9%
0.1%
Large Sedan
2012
74.8%
5.2%
1.3%
98.7%

42.7%
57.1%

0.1%
5.7%
0.0%
94.3%

99.4%
0.5%
Small Wagon
1975
13.3%

48.6%



0.8%








Small Wagon
1976
12.2%

42.8%



3.2%








Small Wagon
1977
23.3%

52.9%



6.4%

0.6%






Small Wagon
1978
23.0%

55.1%
1.2%


6.9%








Small Wagon
1979
13.3%
12.1%
57.0%
2.3%


1.0%








Small Wagon
1980
24.4%
9.8%
64.5%
7.4%


1.1%

6.3%






Small Wagon
1981
57.9%
8.0%
62.0%
8.1%


4.0%

2.2%






Small Wagon
1982
68.3%
8.9%
54.0%
19.4%


4.8%
0.7%
1.2%






Small Wagon
1983
55.4%
39.3%
51.0%
23.7%


3.7%
17.0%
0.3%






Small Wagon
1984
81.4%
15.6%
43.7%
39.2%


5.1%
32.2%
1.6%






Small Wagon
1985
60.0%
39.6%
42.7%
42.2%


6.2%
15.4%
0.5%






Small Wagon
1986
78.4%
20.7%
43.3%
29.0%


6.8%
24.3%
0.8%
100.0%





Small Wagon
1987
76.6%
23.4%
34.4%
41.0%


29.2%
42.6%

78.8%
4.9%
16.3%



Small Wagon
1988
80.2%
19.8%
37.8%
34.6%


30.6%
62.8%

80.5%
0.6%
18.9%



Small Wagon
1989
89.9%
10.1%
26.6%
51.8%


41.0%
48.8%

59.8%
3.2%
36.9%



Small Wagon
1990
68.3%
31.7%
30.6%
58.8%


59.4%
40.6%

35.5%

64.5%



Small Wagon
1991
79.1%
20.9%
24.4%
74.1%


80.0%
20.0%

51.4%

48.6%



Small Wagon
1992
73.0%
25.5%
30.9%
68.2%


95.3%
4.7%

54.7%

45.3%

1.4%

Small Wagon
1993
83.2%
16.2%
28.9%
70.6%


95.8%
4.2%

73.5%

26.5%

0.5%

Small Wagon
1994
88.6%
10.6%
27.6%
72.1%


97.8%
2.2%

79.2%

20.8%

3.5%

Small Wagon
1995
92.8%
4.6%
23.8%
76.2%


100.0%


74.3%

25.7%

4.5%

Small Wagon
1996
84.5%
11.2%
20.8%
79.2%


100.0%


48.9%

51.1%

4.5%

Small Wagon
1997
82.9%
14.4%
19.6%
80.4%


100.0%


59.3%

40.7%

3.0%

Small Wagon
1998
78.9%
18.3%
18.8%
81.2%


100.0%


50.9%

45.6%
3.5%
3.5%

EPA-420-R-13-001
F-14
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.ah
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Small Wagon
1999
78
0.009
31.5
21.8
30.1
25.6
2923
117.9
125
126
11.3
1.004
0.0428
37.4
3047
4415
Small Wagon
2000
68
0.007
29.2
20.0
28.2
23.7
3107
119.7
127
143
10.7
1.129
0.0459
36.9
2861
4415
Small Wagon
2001
212
0.023
27.3
19.0
25.4
22.0
3470
119.6
145
148
11.3
1.022
0.0426
38.2
2640
4571
Small Wagon
2002
236
0.026
26.1
18.0
24.4
21.1
3504
118.2
145
156
11.0
1.085
0.0445
37.1
2505
4385
Small Wagon
2003
338
0.040
30.2
20.8
27.1
23.9
3262
115.2
127
146
11.0
1.162
0.0448
39.6
2813
4558
Small Wagon
2004
300
0.037
31.4
21.6
27.7
24.7
3235
117.5
126
166
10.1
1.298
0.0506
40.1
2943
4719
Small Wagon
2005
365
0.041
32.4
22.2
28.4
25.3
3160
115.9
122
156
10.4
1.268
0.0487
40.3
2984
4671
Small Wagon
2006
493
0.056
31.4
21.3
27.8
24.6
3255
118.4
127
160
10.5
1.244
0.0486
40.1
2940
4755
Small Wagon
2007
387
0.043
31.7
21.5
28.2
24.9
3263
111.7
127
160
10.4
1.248
0.0485
40.7
2834
4566
Small Wagon
2008
411
0.050
32.3
21.9
28.7
25.3
3295
114.0
129
160
10.5
1.231
0.0480
41.9
2935
4797
Small Wagon
2009
429
0.069
33.6
22.8
29.5
26.2
3260
114.2
125
150
10.7
1.208
0.0459
42.9
3026
4904
Small Wagon
2010
447
0.064
34.1
23.2
29.7
26.5
3268
117.6
125
150
10.7
1.200
0.0455
43.6
3168
5141
Small Wagon
2011
359
0.052
34.9
23.9
30.1
27.1
3251
114.7
121
157
10.2
1.308
0.0480
44.3
3139
5063
Small Wagon
2012
486
0.057
35.7
24.4
30.4
27.5
3146
117.4
117
154
10.2
1.319
0.0486
43.6
3256
5103
Midsize Wagon
1975
289
0.035
13.2
10.2
12.9
11.3
4791

361
162
13.8
0.473
0.0338
27.4


Midsize Wagon
1976
485
0.050
16.0
12.6
15.1
13.6
4555

315
142
14.8
0.458
0.0311
31.2


Midsize Wagon
1977
548
0.048
16.3
12.9
15.3
13.9
4410
143.6
297
135
15.1
0.459
0.0305
30.7
2015
4417
Midsize Wagon
1978
503
0.045
18.6
14.6
17.6
15.8
3836
140.0
258
123
14.4
0.484
0.0320
30.5
2240
4266
Midsize Wagon
1979
482
0.045
19.1
15.2
17.9
16.3
3758
139.7
249
118
14.7
0.480
0.0313
30.7
2295
4293
Midsize Wagon
1980
257
0.027
21.1
16.5
20.1
18.0
3535
139.7
228
107
15.0
0.482
0.0304
31.9
2542
4455
Midsize Wagon
1981
272
0.031
23.1
18.1
21.8
19.6
3285
136.2
193
103
14.5
0.562
0.0316
32.4
2714
4417
Midsize Wagon
1982
284
0.036
23.7
18.5
22.6
20.2
3384
136.1
205
108
14.3
0.551
0.0320
34.3
2781
4669
Midsize Wagon
1983
276
0.034
24.4
19.1
23.3
20.8
3348
136.2
200
109
14.1
0.568
0.0325
35.0
2869
4759
Midsize Wagon
1984
365
0.034
25.0
19.4
24.2
21.3
3298
135.9
172
107
14.1
0.633
0.0324
35.3
2922
4793
Midsize Wagon
1985
342
0.031
25.2
19.4
24.6
21.5
3356
134.8
170
112
13.9
0.679
0.0334
36.2
2909
4876
Midsize Wagon
1986
409
0.037
26.0
19.8
25.7
22.1
3355
137.8
162
115
13.6
0.718
0.0342
37.1
3056
5116
Midsize Wagon
1987
359
0.033
25.6
19.3
25.6
21.8
3434
140.2
173
125
13.0
0.735
0.0363
37.4
3060
5246
Midsize Wagon
1988
285
0.026
26.2
19.4
26.5
22.2
3378
139.4
171
126
12.7
0.743
0.0372
37.7
3114
5250
Midsize Wagon
1989
239
0.024
25.6
18.8
25.9
21.7
3436
139.9
176
132
12.4
0.765
0.0383
37.3
3038
5218
Midsize Wagon
1990
184
0.021
25.3
18.3
25.9
21.3
3499
141.6
181
139
12.0
0.782
0.0397
37.4
3031
5299
Midsize Wagon
1991
122
0.014
25.9
18.6
26.4
21.8
3506
142.3
181
140
12.0
0.794
0.0401
38.3
3112
5452
Midsize Wagon
1992
137
0.016
26.2
18.6
26.9
21.9
3504
142.6
188
143
11.8
0.777
0.0408
38.6
3143
5503
Midsize Wagon
1993
166
0.019
26.2
18.7
26.6
21.9
3498
137.7
188
144
11.7
0.790
0.0411
38.5
3029
5297
Midsize Wagon
1994
138
0.016
26.0
18.4
26.4
21.7
3533
137.4
180
151
11.4
0.863
0.0428
38.4
2988
5275
Midsize Wagon
1995
176
0.018
26.6
18.8
26.6
22.1
3482
135.9
167
149
11.4
0.915
0.0426
38.5
3008
5236
Midsize Wagon
1996
169
0.021
26.3
18.5
25.8
21.7
3661
136.9
161
154
11.6
0.965
0.0422
39.8
2983
5459
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-15
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Small Wagon
1999
71.8%
22.8%
20.1%
77.6%


100.0%


36.8%

58.7%
4.4%
16.3%

Small Wagon
2000
71.5%
17.9%
15.2%
78.0%


100.0%


0.8%

95.8%
3.4%
43.1%

Small Wagon
2001
92.6%
5.1%
14.9%
84.5%


100.0%


2.6%

95.2%
2.2%
4.1%

Small Wagon
2002
82.0%
14.9%
19.6%
79.8%


99.1%

0.9%
4.7%
1.6%
91.5%
2.2%
2.2%

Small Wagon
2003
86.2%
11.7%
16.6%
83.4%


98.0%

2.0%
3.8%
1.1%
93.2%
1.9%
48.3%

Small Wagon
2004
85.7%
13.4%
15.7%
84.3%


98.8%

1.2%
2.5%
0.9%
95.0%
1.6%
51.5%

Small Wagon
2005
89.0%
10.7%
15.5%
84.5%


98.9%

1.1%
20.9%
0.6%
77.9%
0.6%
60.4%

Small Wagon
2006
90.8%
8.8%
11.9%
88.1%


100.0%


10.4%

89.6%
0.1%
55.5%

Small Wagon
2007
90.1%
9.5%
11.1%
88.9%


100.0%


8.4%

91.5%
0.1%
49.4%

Small Wagon
2008
86.9%
12.9%
15.8%
84.2%

2.0%
98.0%




99.9%
0.1%
51.5%

Small Wagon
2009
86.6%
13.3%
13.0%
82.9%
4.0%
2.3%
95.3%

2.4%


100.0%

84.9%

Small Wagon
2010
88.4%
10.3%
10.3%
68.5%
16.5%
2.2%
92.3%

5.4%


100.0%

92.4%

Small Wagon
2011
80.6%
18.3%
13.0%
60.2%
26.8%
13.9%
79.2%

6.9%
0.1%

99.9%

90.9%

Small Wagon
2012
82.2%
16.2%
12.5%
59.9%
23.2%
19.7%
75.5%

4.8%
0.1%

99.9%

93.3%

Midsize Wagon
1975


4.0%



7.6%

0.2%






Midsize Wagon
1976


7.1%



3.4%

0.1%






Midsize Wagon
1977


4.6%



3.5%

0.3%






Midsize Wagon
1978


5.3%
17.2%


3.0%

0.3%






Midsize Wagon
1979


5.3%
9.1%


2.5%

2.5%






Midsize Wagon
1980


9.9%
43.8%


4.3%

5.9%






Midsize Wagon
1981
35.6%

12.8%
28.5%


6.9%

5.9%






Midsize Wagon
1982
28.2%

7.4%
62.6%


5.7%

6.3%






Midsize Wagon
1983
32.8%

6.2%
50.2%


7.9%

2.3%






Midsize Wagon
1984
69.9%

5.4%
62.5%


10.4%
20.3%
2.5%






Midsize Wagon
1985
69.5%
4.5%
5.9%
64.7%


25.7%
30.5%
1.8%






Midsize Wagon
1986
82.2%
2.1%
9.1%
71.0%


51.3%
28.0%
0.2%
100.0%





Midsize Wagon
1987
83.9%
0.1%
4.4%
83.6%


71.7%
22.8%
0.8%
100.0%





Midsize Wagon
1988
87.7%
0.7%
3.8%
87.2%


70.2%
29.8%

100.0%





Midsize Wagon
1989
77.5%
8.2%
7.1%
80.7%


87.7%
12.3%

99.0%

1.0%



Midsize Wagon
1990
81.1%
0.4%
1.7%
87.9%


98.5%
1.5%

96.6%

3.4%



Midsize Wagon
1991
79.6%
1.3%
2.4%
85.6%


99.3%
0.7%

96.4%

3.6%



Midsize Wagon
1992
80.8%
0.6%
1.7%
88.9%


99.7%
0.3%

89.7%

10.3%



Midsize Wagon
1993
87.0%
0.6%
1.8%
91.2%


100.0%


88.4%

11.6%



Midsize Wagon
1994
89.0%
0.4%
1.6%
94.0%


100.0%


79.9%

20.1%

6.2%

Midsize Wagon
1995
64.8%
27.8%
10.1%
86.7%


100.0%


49.2%

50.8%

6.1%

Midsize Wagon
1996
61.0%
39.0%
12.9%
87.1%


99.2%

0.8%
36.5%

63.5%

6.8%

EPA-420-R-13-001
F-16
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.al)
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(O(IO)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Midsize Wagon
1997
149
0.017
26.3
18.5
25.5
21.6
3666
136.5
160
158
11.3
1.001
0.0434
39.6
2949
5405
Midsize Wagon
1998
153
0.018
26.2
18.5
25.0
21.5
3669
135.3
155
169
10.7
1.097
0.0461
39.4
2910
5329
Midsize Wagon
1999
181
0.020
26.3
18.3
25.4
21.5
3691
136.4
157
169
10.8
1.087
0.0457
39.7
2941
5421
Midsize Wagon
2000
234
0.024
27.3
18.9
25.7
22.1
3572
134.0
153
162
11.0
1.060
0.0452
39.5
2983
5295
Midsize Wagon
2001
236
0.026
26.6
18.5
24.8
21.5
3775
133.6
155
176
10.7
1.139
0.0463
40.7
2905
5435
Midsize Wagon
2002
208
0.023
27.4
18.9
25.4
22.0
3732
133.6
153
172
10.7
1.136
0.0460
41.0
2954
5478
Midsize Wagon
2003
171
0.020
27.2
18.6
25.4
21.9
3745
133.5
151
174
10.7
1.157
0.0463
40.9
2937
5462
Midsize Wagon
2004
158
0.019
26.4
17.9
24.7
21.2
3860
135.0
158
189
10.3
1.208
0.0489
41.0
2878
5531
Midsize Wagon
2005
238
0.027
26.0
17.4
24.4
20.8
3839
133.3
183
213
9.3
1.195
0.0547
40.0
2810
5338
Midsize Wagon
2006
220
0.025
26.4
17.7
24.7
21.1
3827
135.6
183
221
9.1
1.221
0.0570
40.4
2884
5481
Midsize Wagon
2007
150
0.017
27.3
18.4
25.4
21.8
3727
135.4
161
195
9.8
1.223
0.0518
40.7
2976
5511
Midsize Wagon
2008
136
0.016
26.7
17.9
25.0
21.4
3845
134.6
165
195
10.0
1.185
0.0504
41.1
2895
5531
Midsize Wagon
2009
64
0.010
28.1
19.0
25.5
22.3
3653
133.7
153
186
9.9
1.211
0.0505
40.6
2989
5433
Midsize Wagon
2010
8
0.001
28.6
18.9
27.1
22.8
3814
135.1
154
223
8.9
1.467
0.0580
43.6
3113
5881
Midsize Wagon
2011
3
0.001
24.7
16.6
23.4
19.9
4469
135.6
208
268
8.6
1.296
0.0600
44.5
2701
6028
Midsize Wagon
2012
38
0.004
56.6
41.6
39.5
40.4
3529
131.6
113
105
10.2
0.907
0.0293
72.0
5386
9469
Large Wagon
1975
197
0.024
11.9
9.3
11.6
10.2
5453

410
181
14.0
0.441
0.0333
27.9


Large Wagon
1976
207
0.021
13.5
10.6
12.9
11.5
5444

416
185
13.7
0.445
0.0340
31.4


Large Wagon
1977
341
0.030
15.5
12.2
14.6
13.2
4713
163.1
365
161
13.6
0.442
0.0342
31.4
2185
5113
Large Wagon
1978
293
0.026
15.9
12.4
15.4
13.6
4664
162.4
354
162
13.4
0.460
0.0348
31.8
2216
5161
Large Wagon
1979
275
0.025
16.1
12.8
15.1
13.7
4467
162.5
333
155
13.4
0.465
0.0346
30.7
2240
4996
Large Wagon
1980
102
0.011
19.1
14.7
18.9
16.3
4423
161.5
324
134
15.2
0.418
0.0304
36.9
2690
5953
Large Wagon
1981
108
0.012
19.9
15.0
20.3
17.0
4394
161.4
313
131
15.3
0.424
0.0299
38.2
2797
6154
Large Wagon
1982
146
0.019
19.2
14.4
19.8
16.4
4396
161.3
306
139
14.6
0.456
0.0316
36.5
2677
5877
Large Wagon
1983
130
0.016
19.6
14.7
20.2
16.7
4380
161.6
307
142
14.1
0.465
0.0325
36.8
2714
5940
Large Wagon
1984
176
0.016
19.9
14.9
20.5
17.0
4371
161.7
305
144
13.9
0.472
0.0330
37.3
2760
6028
Large Wagon
1985
146
0.013
20.9
15.6
21.8
17.9
4354
161.7
305
154
13.2
0.504
0.0354
39.0
2894
6299
Large Wagon
1986
120
0.011
22.0
16.2
23.3
18.8
4381
161.4
304
146
13.9
0.479
0.0334
41.3
3040
6656
Large Wagon
1987
88
0.008
22.1
16.3
23.1
18.9
4348
161.8
304
143
14.0
0.470
0.0330
41.0
3052
6634
Large Wagon
1988
75
0.007
22.8
16.8
23.4
19.4
4349
161.7
304
143
14.0
0.470
0.0330
42.1
3132
6808
Large Wagon
1989
63
0.006
22.5
16.5
23.0
19.0
4334
161.8
304
143
13.9
0.471
0.0332
41.3
3082
6672
Large Wagon
1990
31
0.004
22.7
16.5
23.1
19.1
4337
161.6
304
143
13.9
0.471
0.0332
41.5
3092
6702
Large Wagon
1991
34
0.004
22.9
16.3
24.2
19.4
4403
169.1
304
177
11.9
0.581
0.0404
42.6
3274
7208
Large Wagon
1992
27
0.003
22.7
15.9
24.3
19.1
4500
170.3
338
177
12.1
0.526
0.0394
43.1
3261
7338
Large Wagon
1993
19
0.002
22.5
15.6
24.3
19.0
4500
169.3
340
174
12.2
0.513
0.0386
42.7
3214
7232
Large Wagon
1994
16
0.002
22.9
15.9
24.1
19.2
4500
169.2
350
250
9.1
0.714
0.0556
43.3
3254
7322
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-17
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Midsize Wagon
1997
48.5%
51.5%
13.4%
86.6%


99.9%

0.1%
32.4%

67.6%

4.8%

Midsize Wagon
1998
32.7%
64.2%
13.7%
86.3%


100.0%


12.9%
3.1%
82.4%
1.6%
8.9%

Midsize Wagon
1999
44.8%
52.0%
12.1%
87.9%


100.0%


16.9%
3.2%
69.8%
10.1%
10.6%

Midsize Wagon
2000
54.4%
43.3%
9.9%
90.1%


100.0%


25.7%
2.3%
61.3%
10.6%
19.8%

Midsize Wagon
2001
42.4%
56.5%
8.5%
91.5%


100.0%


11.4%
2.4%
74.0%
12.2%
39.1%

Midsize Wagon
2002
49.0%
50.3%
8.9%
91.1%


100.0%


7.2%
1.9%
80.0%
10.9%
36.7%

Midsize Wagon
2003
46.9%
52.7%
9.2%
90.8%


100.0%


7.0%
0.7%
74.1%
18.2%
30.9%

Midsize Wagon
2004
40.3%
58.2%
7.3%
92.7%


99.4%

0.6%
5.0%
3.7%
76.5%
14.9%
48.6%

Midsize Wagon
2005
19.9%
49.3%
6.8%
93.2%


98.6%

1.4%
14.8%
1.0%
79.8%
4.4%
31.3%

Midsize Wagon
2006
19.7%
44.1%
4.8%
95.2%


100.0%


5.9%
0.8%
93.2%

34.1%

Midsize Wagon
2007
45.4%
42.4%
5.5%
94.5%


100.0%


2.6%

97.4%

28.1%

Midsize Wagon
2008
28.2%
60.7%
5.5%
94.5%

5.8%
94.2%


3.0%

97.0%

20.0%

Midsize Wagon
2009
32.9%
67.0%
6.8%
93.2%

4.8%
95.2%




100.0%

13.6%

Midsize Wagon
2010
78.1%
21.9%
1.3%
61.3%

59.4%
40.6%




100.0%

100.0%

Midsize Wagon
2011
3.1%
96.9%

100.0%

10.5%
89.5%




100.0%

100.0%

Midsize Wagon
2012
97.2%
2.6%

3.3%
96.7%
2.8%
97.2%




100.0%

100.0%
96.7%
Large Wagon
1975















Large Wagon
1976















Large Wagon
1977















Large Wagon
1978








1.4%






Large Wagon
1979















Large Wagon
1980



74.0%




26.7%






Large Wagon
1981



100.0%



0.2%
25.2%






Large Wagon
1982



100.0%




11.0%






Large Wagon
1983



100.0%



24.1%
4.6%






Large Wagon
1984



100.0%



25.8%
1.5%






Large Wagon
1985



100.0%



29.2%
0.4%






Large Wagon
1986



100.0%


23.7%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1987



100.0%


30.3%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1988



100.0%


30.2%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1989



100.0%


33.1%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1990



100.0%


32.7%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1991



100.0%


19.5%
80.5%

100.0%





Large Wagon
1992



100.0%



100.0%

100.0%





Large Wagon
1993



100.0%



100.0%

100.0%





Large Wagon
1994



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





EPA-420-R-13-001
F-18
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.al)
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Large Wagon
1995
10
0.001
22.8
15.8
23.9
19.1
4500
169.3
350
250
9.1
0.714
0.0556
43.0
3233
7275
Large Wagon
1996
9
0.001
23.2
15.9
24.5
19.4
4500
170.2
350
260
8.9
0.743
0.0578
43.6
3299
7422
Large Wagon
1997
















Large Wagon
1998
















Large Wagon
1999
















Large Wagon
2000
















Large Wagon
2001
















Large Wagon
2002
















Large Wagon
2003
















Large Wagon
2004
98
0.012
22.0
14.9
20.9
17.8
4769
165.0
215
249
9.6
1.158
0.0524
42.4
2936
6996
Large Wagon
2005
118
0.013
22.2
14.9
21.1
17.9
4791
165.0
217
244
9.8
1.125
0.0510
42.9
2958
7078
Large Wagon
2006
102
0.012
21.9
14.8
20.7
17.7
4806
164.4
219
254
9.5
1.165
0.0531
42.4
2911
6969
Large Wagon
2007
73
0.008
21.9
14.5
21.6
17.9
4785
159.2
237
247
9.7
1.048
0.0519
42.8
2849
6811
Large Wagon
2008
23
0.003
21.8
14.6
21.0
17.7
5017
160.1
227
256
9.6
1.135
0.0512
44.4
2837
7108
Large Wagon
2009
3
0.000
21.4
14.8
19.5
17.2
5500
161.7
209
261
10.0
1.246
0.0475
47.4
2787
7664
Large Wagon
2010
















Large Wagon
2011
















Large Wagon
2012
















Small Non-Truck SUV
1975
6
0.001
12.0
9.0
12.2
10.2
4000

257
110
15.7
0.428
0.0275
20.5


Small Non-Truck SUV
1976
7
0.001
10.7
8.0
11.3
9.2
4000

258
125
14.2
0.484
0.0313
18.4


Small Non-Truck SUV
1977
15
0.001
13.7
10.7
13.1
11.7
4000
100.0
258
125
14.2
0.484
0.0313
24.0
1202
2403
Small Non-Truck SUV
1978
13
0.001
13.0
9.8
13.1
11.1
4000
100.0
258
125
14.2
0.484
0.0313
22.6
1128
2256
Small Non-Truck SUV
1979
13
0.001
18.0
14.8
15.8
15.3
3127
100.0
162
94
15.0
0.608
0.0297
24.0
1581
2395
Small Non-Truck SUV
1980
















Small Non-Truck SUV
1981
















Small Non-Truck SUV
1982
11
0.001
23.6
20.7
19.1
19.9
2500
100.0
151
84
13.7
0.556
0.0336
24.9
1993
2492
Small Non-Truck SUV
1983
13
0.002
23.2
20.4
18.7
19.6
2500
100.0
151
87
13.3
0.580
0.0350
24.5
1957
2447
Small Non-Truck SUV
1984
3
0.000
22.6
19.7
18.3
19.1
2500
100.0
150
93
12.6
0.620
0.0372
23.8
1906
2383
Small Non-Truck SUV
1985
















Small Non-Truck SUV
1986
0
0.000
23.5
18.0
23.0
20.0
3500
100.0
179
139
11.9
0.777
0.0397
35.0
1998
3497
Small Non-Truck SUV
1987
23
0.002
23.3
17.5
23.3
19.8
3500
100.0
179
139
11.9
0.777
0.0397
34.6
1980
3464
Small Non-Truck SUV
1988
38
0.004
23.0
17.5
22.1
19.4
3500
100.0
179
139
11.9
0.777
0.0397
34.0
1945
3404
Small Non-Truck SUV
1989
34
0.003
23.0
17.5
22.1
19.4
3500
100.0
175
135
12.2
0.772
0.0387
34.0
1940
3395
Small Non-Truck SUV
1990
27
0.003
23.4
17.7
22.1
19.6
3444
100.0
166
128
12.6
0.772
0.0372
33.8
1974
3380
Small Non-Truck SUV
1991
47
0.005
22.8
18.5
19.1
18.8
3241
100.0
136
90
15.9
0.676
0.0279
30.6
1939
3065
Small Non-Truck SUV
1992
48
0.006
23.3
18.7
19.6
19.2
3076
100.0
126
96
14.5
0.772
0.0312
29.8
1996
2979
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-19
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Five
Large Wagon
1995



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1996



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large Wagon
1997















Large Wagon
1998















Large Wagon
1999















Large Wagon
2000















Large Wagon
2001















Large Wagon
2002















Large Wagon
2003















Large Wagon
2004
46.1%
53.9%

100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Large Wagon
2005
60.1%
39.9%

100.0%


100.0%


14.5%

85.5%



Large Wagon
2006
57.8%
42.2%

100.0%


100.0%


0.0%
19.0%
81.0%

14.5%

Large Wagon
2007
60.0%
40.0%

100.0%


97.9%

2.1%
12.2%
1.6%
86.3%

13.3%

Large Wagon
2008
31.7%
57.6%

100.0%


95.2%

4.8%


100.0%

41.0%

Large Wagon
2009

100.0%

100.0%


88.5%

11.5%


100.0%

88.5%

Large Wagon
2010















Large Wagon
2011















Large Wagon
2012















Small Non-Truck SUV
1975


100.0%












Small Non-Truck SUV
1976


100.0%












Small Non-Truck SUV
1977


100.0%












Small Non-Truck SUV
1978


100.0%












Small Non-Truck SUV
1979


30.2%












Small Non-Truck SUV
1980















Small Non-Truck SUV
1981















Small Non-Truck SUV
1982















Small Non-Truck SUV
1983















Small Non-Truck SUV
1984















Small Non-Truck SUV
1985















Small Non-Truck SUV
1986


60.0%
40.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Small Non-Truck SUV
1987


14.8%
85.2%


100.0%


100.0%





Small Non-Truck SUV
1988


48.3%
51.7%


100.0%


100.0%





Small Non-Truck SUV
1989


62.2%
37.8%


95.6%


100.0%





Small Non-Truck SUV
1990


69.6%
30.4%


82.0%
5.6%

100.0%





Small Non-Truck SUV
1991


34.2%
65.8%


4.4%
91.7%

100.0%





Small Non-Truck SUV
1992


44.9%
55.1%


17.5%
76.3%

100.0%





EPA-420-R-13-001
F-20
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.al)
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Small Non-Truck SUV
1993
48
0.005
23.0
18.4
19.1
18.8
3088
100.0
127
95
14.5
0.760
0.0309
29.2
1953
2924
Small Non-Truck SUV
1994
62
0.007
25.0
19.4
21.5
20.4
3018
100.0
117
100
13.8
0.857
0.0331
30.7
2077
3067
Small Non-Truck SUV
1995
25
0.003
29.2
22.3
25.1
23.7
2617
100.0
95
82
14.4
0.858
0.0314
31.0
2370
3095
Small Non-Truck SUV
1996
41
0.005
29.3
21.8
25.9
23.8
2857
100.0
108
106
12.7
0.981
0.0370
34.1
2383
3406
Small Non-Truck SUV
1997
149
0.017
27.8
20.5
24.8
22.6
3002
100.0
130
127
11.4
0.978
0.0423
33.9
2263
3393
Small Non-Truck SUV
1998
83
0.010
25.5
18.6
22.9
20.7
3380
100.0
144
148
11.3
1.023
0.0432
35.0
2112
3501
Small Non-Truck SUV
1999
66
0.007
27.1
19.8
23.9
21.8
3214
100.0
130
135
11.5
1.037
0.0419
35.1
2208
3514
Small Non-Truck SUV
2000
131
0.013
23.3
17.0
20.5
18.7
3563
100.0
154
147
11.7
0.974
0.0411
33.5
1916
3353
Small Non-Truck SUV
2001
139
0.015
26.9
19.5
23.1
21.4
3271
100.0
126
137
11.5
1.094
0.0423
35.1
2164
3514
Small Non-Truck SUV
2002
110
0.012
26.9
19.2
23.5
21.3
3235
100.0
129
146
10.9
1.138
0.0453
34.9
2179
3485
Small Non-Truck SUV
2003
58
0.007
29.3
20.6
25.6
23.1
3035
100.0
124
144
10.4
1.162
0.0474
35.2
2324
3518
Small Non-Truck SUV
2004
45
0.005
29.9
20.9
25.9
23.4
3054
100.0
148
161
9.5
1.094
0.0530
35.9
2360
3590
Small Non-Truck SUV
2005
41
0.005
30.9
21.3
26.7
24.1
3000
100.0
144
161
9.4
1.118
0.0537
36.1
2407
3611
Small Non-Truck SUV
2006
















Small Non-Truck SUV
2007
2
0.000
22.4
15.5
20.2
17.9
4000
100.0
232
190
10.3
0.819
0.0475
35.7
1787
3575
Small Non-Truck SUV
2008
















Small Non-Truck SUV
2009
















Small Non-Truck SUV
2010
















Small Non-Truck SUV
2011
















Small Non-Truck SUV
2012
















Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1975
4
0.000
15.2
12.5
13.4
12.9
4000

269
117
15.5
0.434
0.0293
26.0


Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1976
4
0.000
16.8
13.4
15.5
14.2
3963

272
120
15.2
0.437
0.0304
28.4


Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1977
4
0.000
17.1
13.6
15.8
14.5
4000
125.0
273
122
15.1
0.447
0.0306
29.3
1829
3657
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1978
3
0.000
17.0
13.6
15.8
14.5
4000
125.0
282
131
14.1
0.465
0.0327
29.1
1819
3637
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1979
3
0.000
12.6
10.4
11.0
10.7
4000
125.0
301
125
14.4
0.415
0.0312
21.8
1363
2725
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1980
0
0.000
17.2
13.9
15.5
14.6
4000
125.0
280
122
15.1
0.436
0.0305
29.4
1836
3672
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1981
0
0.000
17.3
13.7
16.1
14.7
4000
125.0
318
140
13.3
0.440
0.0350
29.4
1835
3670
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1982
2
0.000
22.0
17.3
20.9
18.8
3461
125.0
207
112
14.0
0.558
0.0330
32.6
2406
4080
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1983
21
0.003
25.1
19.0
25.4
21.4
3500
125.0
170
109
14.5
0.640
0.0311
37.6
2685
4698
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1984
52
0.005
22.6
17.4
22.4
19.3
3545
125.0
181
110
14.6
0.615
0.0310
34.5
2445
4312
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1985
88
0.008
23.5
17.6
24.2
20.1
3469
125.0
171
109
14.4
0.637
0.0314
34.9
2514
4360
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1986
59
0.005
22.3
17.1
21.7
18.9
3479
125.0
170
121
13.3
0.713
0.0348
33.0
2376
4129
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1987
72
0.007
22.7
17.0
23.0
19.3
3489
125.0
179
128
12.9
0.715
0.0366
33.8
2422
4224
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1988
71
0.007
22.6
16.8
22.8
19.2
3492
125.0
210
143
11.9
0.687
0.0409
33.6
2403
4195
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1989
73
0.007
22.5
16.9
22.1
19.0
3496
125.0
250
153
11.1
0.619
0.0439
33.3
2380
4160
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1990
38
0.004
21.8
16.3
21.1
18.3
3570
125.0
239
158
11.1
0.674
0.0444
32.8
2299
4097
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-21
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
l-our
Five
Small Non-Truck SUV
1993


38.7%
61.3%


12.2%
81.0%

100.0%





Small Non-Truck SUV
1994


37.2%
22.1%


60.6%
39.4%

90.8%

9.2%



Small Non-Truck SUV
1995


64.8%
35.2%


20.6%
79.4%

100.0%





Small Non-Truck SUV
1996
43.3%

39.9%
60.1%


100.0%




100.0%



Small Non-Truck SUV
1997
49.2%

39.6%
45.7%


100.0%




100.0%



Small Non-Truck SUV
1998
33.3%

34.3%
65.7%


100.0%




100.0%



Small Non-Truck SUV
1999
41.5%

23.0%
77.0%


100.0%


14.8%

85.2%



Small Non-Truck SUV
2000
16.3%

16.3%
83.7%


100.0%


48.3%

51.7%



Small Non-Truck SUV
2001
29.2%

13.5%
86.5%


100.0%


48.6%

51.4%

29.2%

Small Non-Truck SUV
2002
64.8%

10.8%
88.8%
0.3%

100.0%


17.8%

82.2%

47.0%

Small Non-Truck SUV
2003
93.5%

8.4%
91.4%
0.1%

100.0%


28.8%

71.2%

70.7%

Small Non-Truck SUV
2004
89.3%

4.9%
95.1%


100.0%




100.0%

89.3%

Small Non-Truck SUV
2005
100.0%

5.3%
94.7%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Small Non-Truck SUV
2006















Small Non-Truck SUV
2007


100.0%



100.0%


100.0%





Small Non-Truck SUV
2008















Small Non-Truck SUV
2009















Small Non-Truck SUV
2010















Small Non-Truck SUV
2011















Small Non-Truck SUV
2012















Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1975


18.0%












Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1976


16.3%












Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1977


14.8%












Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1978


14.0%












Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1979


76.1%
23.9%











Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1980


3.9%
86.8%











Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1981



100.0%











Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1982


33.9%
66.1%











Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1983


30.8%
69.2%











Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1984


20.6%
68.6%











Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1985


15.9%
84.1%



5.3%







Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1986


18.0%
82.0%



86.8%
0.0%
100.0%





Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1987


14.1%
85.9%


11.4%
88.6%

100.0%





Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1988


11.7%
88.3%


20.1%
79.9%

100.0%





Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1989


11.1%
88.9%


20.8%
79.2%

100.0%





Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1990


11.0%
85.9%


50.1%
49.9%

100.0%





EPA-420-R-13-001
F-22
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.ah
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(000)
Frsic
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1991
177
0.020
21.5
16.0
21.0
18.0
3863
125.0
236
159
11.7
0.680
0.0413
34.9
2264
4366
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1992
194
0.023
21.0
15.5
20.3
17.5
3870
125.0
231
167
11.3
0.724
0.0433
34.1
2201
4256
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1993
424
0.048
20.2
14.7
19.7
16.9
3934
125.0
251
188
10.4
0.756
0.0479
33.3
2120
4166
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1994
270
0.031
21.2
15.5
20.3
17.6
3900
125.0
230
178
10.8
0.776
0.0457
34.3
2202
4291
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1995
195
0.020
20.8
15.1
20.0
17.3
3913
125.0
229
176
11.0
0.773
0.0452
33.9
2165
4238
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1996
246
0.030
21.5
15.5
20.5
17.8
3854
125.0
233
177
10.7
0.772
0.0461
34.3
2229
4293
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1997
212
0.024
21.2
15.3
20.0
17.4
3935
125.0
231
182
10.7
0.802
0.0463
34.4
2187
4302
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1998
371
0.044
21.7
15.5
20.4
17.8
3924
125.0
235
173
11.1
0.752
0.0441
35.0
2231
4369
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1999
418
0.047
22.2
15.8
20.6
18.1
3927
125.0
223
175
11.0
0.818
0.0446
35.6
2271
4450
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2000
482
0.049
21.7
15.4
20.2
17.7
3952
125.0
227
181
10.8
0.826
0.0458
35.1
2221
4382
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2001
560
0.061
22.8
16.0
21.2
18.4
3869
125.0
207
188
10.3
0.934
0.0487
35.9
2326
4489
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2002
454
0.051
23.2
16.2
21.5
18.8
3850
125.0
195
187
10.3
0.978
0.0486
36.4
2374
4549
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2003
479
0.056
24.4
16.9
22.5
19.6
3776
125.0
186
181
10.4
0.987
0.0479
37.3
2479
4659
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2004
501
0.061
24.9
17.0
23.0
19.9
3858
125.0
190
195
10.0
1.035
0.0506
38.7
2513
4834
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2005
478
0.054
25.7
17.6
23.1
20.4
3776
125.0
177
189
10.1
1.073
0.0498
38.6
2567
4826
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2006
494
0.057
26.4
18.1
23.8
21.0
3765
125.0
171
185
10.2
1.089
0.0490
39.7
2650
4961
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2007
610
0.068
26.8
18.3
24.2
21.2
3799
125.0
172
198
9.9
1.155
0.0516
40.5
2683
5066
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2008
673
0.082
27.6
18.8
24.8
21.8
3758
125.0
166
192
9.9
1.156
0.0509
41.3
2759
5163
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2009
457
0.073
28.8
19.5
26.0
22.7
3729
125.0
166
197
9.7
1.184
0.0526
42.7
2871
5338
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2010
539
0.077
29.8
20.2
26.8
23.5
3748
125.1
167
203
9.4
1.208
0.0539
44.2
2962
5531
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2011
740
0.107
30.6
20.6
27.6
24.1
3698
125.1
160
193
9.8
1.199
0.0519
44.7
3030
5588
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2012
533
0.063
30.9
20.8
27.9
24.3
3736
125.1
162
200
9.6
1.230
0.0533
45.6
3063
5703
Large Non-Truck SUV
1975
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1976
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1977
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1978
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1979
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1980
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1981
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1982
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1983
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1984
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1985
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1986
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1987
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1988
















EPA-420-R-13-001
F-23
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
l-our
Five
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1991


19.0%
80.9%


61.1%
38.9%

100.0%





Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1992


19.5%
80.5%


81.1%
18.9%

100.0%





Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1993


7.7%
92.3%


99.5%
0.5%

100.0%





Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1994
3.2%

17.9%
82.1%


99.4%
0.6%

88.0%

12.0%



Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1995
0.2%

11.3%
88.7%


100.0%


78.4%

21.6%



Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1996


11.3%
88.7%


100.0%


79.0%

21.0%



Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1997


11.6%
88.4%


100.0%


77.4%

22.6%



Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1998
5.2%

5.9%
94.1%


100.0%


86.8%

13.2%



Midsize Non-Truck SUV
1999
11.4%

6.2%
93.8%


100.0%


68.5%

31.5%

5.3%

Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2000
11.9%

2.9%
97.1%


100.0%


70.5%

29.5%

6.4%

Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2001
42.0%

4.7%
95.3%


100.0%


56.8%

43.2%

6.0%

Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2002
49.5%

7.3%
92.6%
0.2%

100.0%


26.7%

73.3%

12.8%

Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2003
62.9%

7.5%
87.2%
5.3%

100.0%


34.8%

65.2%

8.9%

Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2004
76.2%

6.9%
85.1%
8.0%

100.0%


22.4%

77.6%

32.5%

Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2005
86.5%

5.8%
93.4%
0.9%

100.0%


9.6%

90.4%

23.7%
0.9%
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2006
83.4%

4.7%
93.6%
1.6%

100.0%


12.9%

87.1%

38.0%
1.6%
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2007
87.0%

2.1%
96.7%
1.2%

100.0%


3.4%

96.6%

61.0%
2.4%
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2008
91.6%

1.0%
91.2%
7.8%
3.0%
97.0%




100.0%

69.9%
3.2%
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2009
97.0%

0.8%
89.7%
9.6%
1.7%
98.3%




100.0%

80.9%
3.6%
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2010
95.9%

0.4%
89.5%
10.1%
0.9%
99.1%




100.0%

99.9%
2.3%
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2011
97.2%
0.7%
0.8%
88.8%
10.3%
0.4%
99.6%




100.0%

99.7%
0.9%
Midsize Non-Truck SUV
2012
97.5%

1.0%
89.1%
9.9%
9.7%
90.3%




100.0%

100.0%
1.3%
Large Non-Truck SUV
1975















Large Non-Truck SUV
1976















Large Non-Truck SUV
1977















Large Non-Truck SUV
1978















Large Non-Truck SUV
1979















Large Non-Truck SUV
1980















Large Non-Truck SUV
1981















Large Non-Truck SUV
1982















Large Non-Truck SUV
1983















Large Non-Truck SUV
1984















Large Non-Truck SUV
1985















Large Non-Truck SUV
1986















Large Non-Truck SUV
1987















Large Non-Truck SUV
1988















EPA-420-R-13-001
F-24
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class















Model
l>nxl

l.al)
Atlj
Adj
Adj
Wi'ighi
Vol


0-60
HP/
IIP/

(u-n-
("n-l-'l-Ton-
( ill- T\ |K"
Year
(0(10)
I'rac
55/45
( il\
llw\
('(imp
Lb
(u-ri
(II)
IIP
Tiim-
(II)
WT
lon-MP(;
mp<;
mp<;
Large Non-Truck SUV
1989
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1990
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1991
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1992
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1993
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1994
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1995
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1996
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1997
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1998
















Large Non-Truck SUV
1999
4
0.001
22.3
16.0
20.6
18.2
4000
150.0
244
160
11.9
0.656
0.0400
36.3
2724
5447
Large Non-Truck SUV
2000
4
0.000
21.3
15.0
19.9
17.3
4000
150.0
244
160
11.9
0.656
0.0400
34.7
2602
5203
Large Non-Truck SUV
2001
44
0.005
21.0
14.9
19.2
17.0
4000
150.0
233
204
9.8
0.884
0.0510
34.0
2547
5093
Large Non-Truck SUV
2002
38
0.004
25.6
17.2
25.2
20.9
4000
150.0
204
185
10.6
0.907
0.0463
41.8
3131
6263
Large Non-Truck SUV
2003
38
0.004
24.3
17.1
21.7
19.4
4000
150.0
210
239
CO
CO
1.129
0.0596
39.1
2931
5862
Large Non-Truck SUV
2004
93
0.011
23.1
15.5
22.4
18.8
4210
150.0
216
225
9.7
1.034
0.0531
39.7
2840
5949
Large Non-Truck SUV
2005
294
0.033
24.4
16.4
22.9
19.6
4080
150.0
207
202
10.1
0.974
0.0494
39.9
2944
5988
Large Non-Truck SUV
2006
257
0.029
24.3
16.4
22.9
19.5
4089
150.0
209
205
10.0
0.978
0.0499
40.0
2939
5993
Large Non-Truck SUV
2007
307
0.034
24.3
16.3
23.0
19.6
4205
150.0
212
228
9.4
1.074
0.0541
41.1
2939
6169
Large Non-Truck SUV
2008
251
0.030
24.4
16.3
23.3
19.7
4289
150.0
212
234
9.4
1.101
0.0543
42.2
2958
6328
Large Non-Truck SUV
2009
151
0.024
25.2
17.0
23.4
20.2
4200
150.0
205
235
9.3
1.147
0.0558
42.3
3033
6350
Large Non-Truck SUV
2010
376
0.054
28.1
18.8
26.2
22.4
4238
143.8
178
229
9.5
1.287
0.0537
47.9
3248
6860
Large Non-Truck SUV
2011
466
0.067
28.8
19.1
27.1
22.9
4195
150.0
175
231
9.4
1.314
0.0547
48.6
3488
7287
Large Non-Truck SUV
2012
381
0.045
30.2
19.9
28.2
23.9
4148
149.9
165
217
9.8
1.309
0.0519
50.1
3639
7507
EPA-420-R-13-001
F-25
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix F: Car Fuel Economy Data Stratified by EPA Car Class
( ill- T\ |K"
Moriil
l-'miii
4WI)
Manual
Lockup
CVT
(.1)1
Purl
rm
Diesel
Two
Three
l-our
Five
Large Non-Truck SUV
1989















Large Non-Truck SUV
1990















Large Non-Truck SUV
1991















Large Non-Truck SUV
1992















Large Non-Truck SUV
1993















Large Non-Truck SUV
1994















Large Non-Truck SUV
1995















Large Non-Truck SUV
1996















Large Non-Truck SUV
1997















Large Non-Truck SUV
1998















Large Non-Truck SUV
1999



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large Non-Truck SUV
2000



100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large Non-Truck SUV
2001


1.0%
99.0%


100.0%


85.2%

14.8%



Large Non-Truck SUV
2002
100.0%


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%





Large Non-Truck SUV
2003
61.8%

0.4%
37.8%
61.8%

100.0%




100.0%

76.5%

Large Non-Truck SUV
2004
47.6%
23.1%
0.3%
99.7%


100.0%


47.6%

52.4%

42.0%

Large Non-Truck SUV
2005
50.2%
40.1%
0.0%
89.1%
10.9%

100.0%


74.1%

25.9%

23.1%

Large Non-Truck SUV
2006
66.8%
25.0%
0.0%
88.0%
12.0%

100.0%


13.8%

86.2%

24.6%

Large Non-Truck SUV
2007
82.7%
13.9%

90.6%
9.4%

100.0%


44.5%

55.5%

19.0%

Large Non-Truck SUV
2008
74.9%
19.6%

100.0%


100.0%


38.3%

61.7%

20.4%

Large Non-Truck SUV
2009
77.9%
11.1%

74.6%
25.4%

100.0%


23.6%

76.4%

52.0%

Large Non-Truck SUV
2010
77.6%
21.6%

94.2%
5.8%
62.4%
37.6%




100.0%

100.0%

Large Non-Truck SUV
2011
75.4%
23.9%

95.7%
4.3%
70.9%
29.1%




100.0%

100.0%

Large Non-Truck SUV
2012
72.2%
26.9%

97.0%
3.0%
81.6%
18.4%




100.0%

100.0%

EPA-420-R-13-001
F-26
March 2013

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Appendix G
Fuel Economy Data Stratified by
Vehicle Type and Weight Class
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
Tin il-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
1750
1975
















Car
1750
1976
















Car
1750
1977
















Car
1750
1978
















Car
1750
1979
















Car
1750
1980
















Car
1750
1981
















Car
1750
1982
















Car
1750
1983
















Car
1750
1984
















Car
1750
1985
37
0.003
57.4
46.7
51.5
48.8
1750
82.6
61
48
ls.7
0.787
0.0274
42.8
4037
3533
Car
1750
1986
81
0.005
55.9
45.4
49.4
47.1
1750
84.6
61
46
16.3
0.759
0.0264
42.0
4053
3547
Car
1750
1987
38
0.003
56.8
45.4
50.5
47.6
1750
84.4
61
46
16.2
0.756
0.0264
42.0
4045
3539
Car
1750
1988
55
0.004
51.6
41.2
45.1
43.0
1750
84.6
61
47
16.3
0.766
0.0267
38.3
3698
3236
Car
1750
1989
25
0.002
59.4
46.9
51.4
49.0
1750
90.9
61
49
15.4
0.806
0.0281
42.9
4457
3900
Car
1750
1990
4
0.000
65.3
50.7
56.7
53.4
1750
89.1
61
49
15.5
0.803
0.0280
46.7
4760
4165
Car
1750
1991
4
0.000
65.3
50.2
56.3
53.0
1750
89.1
61
55
14.1
0.902
0.0314
46.4
4725
4134
Car
1750
1992
8
0.001
65.3
49.6
56.0
52.6
1750
89.1
61
55
14.1
0.902
0.0314
46.1
4690
4104
Car
1750
1993
10
0.001
65.3
49.1
55.6
52.2
1750
89.1
61
55
14.1
0.902
0.0314
45.7
4655
4074
Car
1750
1994
8
0.001
65.8
49.3
55.3
52.2
1750
89.1
61
55
14.1
0.902
0.0314
45.7
4653
4071
Car
1750
1995
















Car
1750
1996
















Car
1750
1997
















Car
1750
1998
















Car
1750
1999
















Car
1750
2000
















Car
1750
2001
















Car
1750
2002
















Car
1750
2003
















Car
1750
2004
















Car
1750
2005
















Car
1750
2006
















Car
1750
2007
















Car
1750
2008
















Car
1750
2009
















Car
1750
2010
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-l
March 2013

-------
u-i»hl
: hiss
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
yy.j.
I h hrid
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
100.0%
90.1%
1986
100.0%
64.7%
100.0%
1987
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1988
100.0%
59.5%
2.8%
100.0%
1989
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1990
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1991
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1992
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1993
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1994
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-2
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
Tin il-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
1750
2011
















Car
1750
2012
















Car
2000
1975
105
0.010
31.4
24.5
30.1
26.7
2000

83
54
ls.9
0.655
0.0272
26.9


Car
2000
1976
154
0.012
32.6
25.5
31.0
27.8
2000

84
56
15.6
0.670
0.0279
28.0


Car
2000
1977
157
0.011
36.0
28.2
34.3
30.7
2000
73.7
84
61
14.4
0.739
0.0307
31.4
2307
2307
Car
2000
1978
270
0.019
34.9
27.8
32.5
29.7
2000
80.3
90
62
14.3
0.695
0.0312
30.0
2423
2423
Car
2000
1979
234
0.017
32.0
25.4
29.9
27.2
2000
80.1
88
62
14.3
0.712
0.0312
27.5
2208
2208
Car
2000
1980
280
0.025
33.0
26.1
30.9
28.0
2000
85.7
90
63
14.3
0.696
0.0314
28.4
2434
2434
Car
2000
1981
209
0.020
38.4
30.8
35.0
32.6
2000
86.7
86
64
14.0
0.744
0.0321
33.0
2857
2857
Car
2000
1982
157
0.016
40.3
32.3
36.9
34.2
2000
87.3
86
62
14.5
0.715
0.0308
34.6
3022
3022
Car
2000
1983
94
0.009
43.6
34.9
40.2
37.1
2000
86.0
84
62
14.4
0.728
0.0308
37.4
3216
3216
Car
2000
1984
92
0.007
44.3
35.4
40.8
37.7
2000
73.5
86
67
13.5
0.776
0.0335
38.2
2802
2802
Car
2000
1985
62
0.004
44.4
35.5
40.9
37.7
2000
60.2
89
70
13.3
0.782
0.0348
38.7
2343
2343
Car
2000
1986
58
0.004
36.6
28.4
34.9
31.0
2000
72.3
76
56
15.4
0.750
0.0281
33.0
2253
2253
Car
2000
1987
106
0.007
40.0
31.7
36.2
33.6
2000
79.9
70
55
15.9
0.799
0.0276
35.0
2737
2737
Car
2000
1988
186
0.012
43.6
34.8
38.3
36.4
2000
91.0
77
59
15.0
0.770
0.0293
37.0
3343
3343
Car
2000
1989
135
0.009
43.5
34.7
37.6
36.1
2000
92.4
76
59
15.2
0.782
0.0294
36.8
3360
3360
Car
2000
1990
71
0.006
47.5
36.8
42.2
39.2
2000
92.7
72
58
15.2
0.813
0.0290
39.6
3670
3670
Car
2000
1991
142
0.011
47.1
36.2
41.4
38.6
2000
88.8
67
58
15.3
0.866
0.0288
39.1
3478
3478
Car
2000
1992
120
0.010
47.3
36.2
41.2
38.5
2000
88.8
64
56
15.6
0.886
0.0282
39.0
3465
3465
Car
2000
1993
111
0.008
48.6
36.7
42.3
39.4
2000
91.1
67
58
15.2
0.870
0.0291
39.8
3629
3629
Car
2000
1994
97
0.007
48.9
36.9
41.9
39.3
2000
91.9
62
56
15.7
0.902
0.0281
39.8
3661
3661
Car
2000
1995
33
0.002
53.7
39.7
46.0
42.8
2000
99.9
63
57
15.4
0.900
0.0284
42.8
4278
4278
Car
2000
1996
37
0.003
52.3
38.6
44.4
41.4
2000
99.9
72
60
14.8
0.846
0.0298
41.6
4157
4157
Car
2000
1997
13
0.001
54.4
39.5
46.1
42.8
2000
90.5
61
55
15.7
0.902
0.0275
42.8
3871
3871
Car
2000
1998
12
0.001
53.6
38.1
46.1
42.0
2000
89.7
60
55
15.7
0.917
0.0275
42.0
3765
3765
Car
2000
1999
8
0.001
50.3
35.4
43.5
39.3
2000
88.0
61
55
15.7
0.902
0.0275
39.3
3461
3461
Car
2000
2000
11
0.001
61.6
42.7
51.6
47.1
2000
68.1
61
61
13.2
1.005
0.0306
48.8
3153
3153
Car
2000
2001
2
0.000
75.6
50.8
61.8
56.3
2000
50.0
61
67
11.0
1.098
0.0335
56.3
2817
2817
Car
2000
2002
1
0.000
75.3
50.2
60.7
55.6
2000
50.0
61
67
11.0
1.098
0.0335
55.6
2778
2778
Car
2000
2003
0
0.000
75.1
49.4
60.3
55.0
2000
50.0
61
67
11.0
1.098
0.0335
55.0
2749
2749
Car
2000
2004
0
0.000
73.8
48.6
57.9
53.5
2000
50.0
61
67
11.0
1.098
0.0335
53.5
2673
2673
Car
2000
2005
0
0.000
74.3
48.3
57.7
53.3
2000
50.0
61
73
11.2
1.197
0.0365
53.3
2663
2663
Car
2000
2006
0
0.000
73.8
47.9
57.6
53.0
2000
50.0
61
73
11.0
1.197
0.0365
53.0
2649
2649
Car
2000
2007
















Car
2000
2008
22
0.002
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
2000
50.0
61
70
13.3
1.148
0.0350
37.1
1857
1857
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-3
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
1750
1750
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
2011
2012
1975
100.0%
88.1%
11.9%
1976
92.5%
89.7%
1977
100.0%
87.0%
1978
100.0%
93.4%
6.6%
1979
100.0%
78.8%
10.3%
1980
100.0%
68.5%
8.0%
1981
82.7%
90.6%
1982
85.1%
88.3%
2.5%
1983
91.9%
93.4%
8.1%
1984
98.7%
96.7%
3.1%
1.3%
1985
100.0%
94.7%
5.3%
11.9%
1986
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1987
100.0%
i.5%
6.3%
73.6%
26.4%
1988
93.9%
6.1%
99.0%
14.0%
0.0%
82.5%
17.5%
1989
100.0%
65.0%
37.9%
19.3%
91.7%
6.1%
2.1%
1990
100.0%
89.8%
50.5%
46.9%
97.0%
2.6%
0.4%
1991
100.0%
68.4%
29.1%
69.2%
98.7%
1.3%
1992
100.0%
53.4%
13.0%
5.6%
99.6%
0.4%
1993
100.0%
76.2%
28.7%
71.3%
98.2%
1.8%
1994
100.0%
52.3%
1.5%
98.5%
98.5%
1.5%
1995
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1996
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
52.4%
100.0%
52.4%
47.6%
47.6%
52.4%
52.4%
52.4%
2001
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2002
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2003
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2004
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2005
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2006
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2007
2008
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-4
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
Tin il-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
2000
2009
14
0.002
49.5
33.4
40.5
37.1
2000
50.0
61
70
ls.3
1.148
0.0350
37.1
1857
1857
Car
2000
2010
3
0.000
49.1
33.3
40.0
36.8
2000
50.0
61
70
13.3
1.148
0.0350
36.8
1841
1841
Car
2000
2011
3
0.000
48.7
33.1
39.5
36.5
2000
50.0
61
70
13.3
1.148
0.0350
36.5
1826
1826
Car
2000
2012
3
0.000
50.3
34.5
38.2
36.5
2000
50.0
61
70
13.3
1.148
0.0350
36.5
1824
1824
Car
2250
1975
375
0.037
28.3
21.6
28.4
24.2
2250

89
66
15.3
0.749
0.0294
27.4


Car
2250
1976
570
0.046
29.6
23.2
28.2
25.2
2250

91
67
15.3
0.736
0.0296
28.6


Car
2250
1977
851
0.060
32.1
25.0
30.8
27.3
2250
85.5
90
68
14.8
0.762
0.0303
31.3
2385
2683
Car
2250
1978
887
0.061
31.9
25.2
29.9
27.1
2250
85.6
89
67
15.0
0.758
0.0298
31.3
2394
2694
Car
2250
1979
699
0.050
31.4
24.7
29.6
26.7
2250
88.0
88
66
15.2
0.745
0.0291
30.5
2394
2694
Car
2250
1980
1162
0.103
32.4
25.6
30.4
27.5
2250
89.6
92
67
15.0
0.722
0.0296
31.6
2515
2830
Car
2250
1981
1191
0.113
34.4
27.2
32.4
29.3
2250
91.3
96
68
14.8
0.710
0.0302
33.5
2713
3052
Car
2250
1982
884
0.091
35.6
28.2
33.3
30.3
2250
92.5
94
66
15.0
0.703
0.0294
34.5
2833
3187
Car
2250
1983
985
0.096
36.2
28.6
34.1
30.8
2250
96.4
95
67
14.9
0.709
0.0298
35.1
3003
3379
Car
2250
1984
899
0.064
37.1
29.3
34.8
31.5
2250
97.2
94
68
14.8
0.721
0.0303
36.0
3113
3502
Car
2250
1985
840
0.058
37.5
29.8
34.9
31.9
2250
96.9
94
70
14.4
0.748
0.0312
36.3
3130
3521
Car
2250
1986
745
0.048
38.5
30.6
35.2
32.5
2250
93.1
93
68
14.8
0.737
0.0304
37.0
3068
3452
Car
2250
1987
461
0.031
39.0
30.9
35.3
32.8
2250
89.7
91
69
14.6
0.766
0.0308
37.2
2972
3344
Car
2250
1988
401
0.026
38.9
30.6
35.1
32.6
2250
91.7
90
73
14.0
0.808
0.0325
37.0
3015
3392
Car
2250
1989
280
0.019
38.7
30.2
34.8
32.3
2250
93.4
89
78
13.3
0.876
0.0347
36.6
3043
3424
Car
2250
1990
97
0.008
39.6
30.9
35.0
32.8
2250
87.6
86
77
13.5
0.891
0.0341
37.3
2858
3216
Car
2250
1991
129
0.010
38.1
29.3
33.9
31.4
2250
90.3
88
81
12.9
0.921
0.0360
36.0
2838
3193
Car
2250
1992
146
0.012
39.7
30.1
35.4
32.5
2250
93.2
89
82
12.8
0.924
0.0365
37.5
3110
3498
Car
2250
1993
136
0.010
38.7
29.2
34.3
31.6
2250
94.4
88
81
12.8
0.921
0.0362
36.1
3026
3404
Car
2250
1994
117
0.008
39.6
29.4
35.3
32.1
2250
95.5
86
76
13.6
0.885
0.0340
36.6
3107
3495
Car
2250
1995
161
0.011
40.4
30.0
35.6
32.6
2250
95.8
84
76
13.7
0.903
0.0339
37.0
3152
3546
Car
2250
1996
135
0.010
38.9
28.7
34.1
31.3
2250
95.7
90
78
13.5
0.869
0.0349
35.3
3001
3376
Car
2250
1997
87
0.006
39.3
28.7
34.4
31.4
2250
92.1
81
73
14.2
0.891
0.0322
35.6
2916
3281
Car
2250
1998
26
0.002
39.0
28.4
33.7
31.0
2250
89.8
80
80
13.0
1.002
0.0356
35.1
2801
3152
Car
2250
1999
23
0.002
38.6
27.8
33.4
30.6
2250
88.1
81
81
13.0
1.003
0.0359
34.6
2706
3044
Car
2250
2000
43
0.003
39.6
28.2
34.3
31.2
2250
92.3
83
89
12.2
1.063
0.0395
35.3
2907
3270
Car
2250
2001
24
0.002
39.3
27.9
33.6
30.8
2250
86.6
80
81
12.8
1.015
0.0361
35.2
2673
3007
Car
2250
2002
3
0.000
51.5
35.9
42.4
39.2
2250
77.9
78
88
10.6
1.125
0.0393
45.7
2969
3341
Car
2250
2003
2
0.000
50.8
35.0
41.8
38.5
2250
82.9
81
93
10.5
1.136
0.0414
44.4
3114
3504
Car
2250
2004
0
0.000
64.5
44.5
48.8
46.8
2250
53.2
63
68
11.1
1.073
0.0301
53.0
2468
2777
Car
2250
2005
5
0.000
34.1
23.6
29.0
26.4
2250
65.4
101
157
8.0
1.520
0.0698
31.4
1924
2165
Car
2250
2006
2
0.000
34.3
23.4
29.6
26.6
2250
50.0
100
166
7.5
1.615
0.0739
32.3
1434
1613
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-5
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2000
2000
2000
2000
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual l ock (A I
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Number of Yal\cs
I'wo
Three
Foil i'
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
2009
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2010
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2011
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1975
46.1%
88.0%
2.3%
22.6%
1976
37.5%
72.2%
5.7%
1977
43.0%
78.9%
14.4%
1.9%
1978
41.6%
77.5%
3.1%
16.7%
4.1%
1979
44.8%
82.5%
1.0%
15.6%
5.5%
1980
57.9%
76.5%
0.7%
14.9%
9.3%
1981
69.8%
78.4%
5.0%
6.5%
9.2%
1982
79.8%
71.6%
6.8%
5.7%
4.7%
1983
93.2%
1.6%
70.6%
10.2%
8.0%
12.1%
1.4%
1984
91.1%
71.8%
13.5%
6.8%
16.5%
2.6%
1985
97.1%
0.3%
65.3%
21.6%
1.6%
8.6%
0.1%
1986
96.3%
65.5%
20.1%
7.7%
6.3%
0.0%
94.4%
5.6%
1987
96.3%
70.5%
14.1%
9.9%
3.4%
50.5%
47.9%
1.6%
1988
100.0%
69.9%
18.0%
9.4%
28.1%
51.6%
20.4%
28.0%
1989
100.0%
63.5%
15.0%
4.5%
5.1%
28.0%
36.5%
40.4%
23.1%
1990
95.4%
4.6%
70.3%
3.6%
2.5%
39.4%
20.3%
33.7%
46.9%
19.3%
1991
95.7%
4.3%
69.6%
22.3%
2.4%
80.3%
18.8%
13.1%
68.8%
18.1%
1992
99.8%
0.2%
80.0%
12.5%
0.2%
97.8%
2.0%
22.1%
57.3%
20.6%
1993
98.6%
1.4%
76.0%
13.3%
0.5%
98.2%
1.8%
12.2%
71.8%
16.1%
1994
100.0%
79.9%
16.6%
96.5%
3.5%
37.7%
54.8%
7.5%
1995
100.0%
48.7%
27.7%
69.9%
30.1%
62.1%
6.2%
31.6%
1996
100.0%
29.5%
32.8%
63.1%
36.9%
56.8%
4.8%
38.4%
1997
100.0%
39.1%
4.4%
38.2%
61.8%
82.7%
17.3%
1998
100.0%
22.8%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
100.0%
23.5%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
40.6%
39.3%
100.0%
100.0%
33.9%
2001
100.0%
15.3%
6.2%
100.0%
65.6%
34.4%
16.5%
6.2%
2002
100.0%
54.4%
45.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
45.6%
2003
100.0%
65.3%
34.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
34.7%
2004
100.0%
6.4%
93.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
93.6%
2005
37.0%
93.7%
6.3%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
6.3%
2006
20.0%
80.0%
20.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
20.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.	G-6	March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
liiiK-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
2250
2007
1
0.000
29.9
20.3
26.6
23.5
2250
50.0
110
232
5.7
2.110
0.1031
26.4
1175
1322
Car
2250
2008
0
0.000
29.9
20.4
26.7
23.5
2250
50.0
110
229
5.8
2.082
0.1018
26.5
1177
1324
Car
2250
2009
1
0.000
30.0
20.4
26.7
23.6
2250
50.0
110
225
5.9
2.045
0.1000
26.5
1179
1326
Car
2250
2010
0
0.000
29.8
20.3
26.6
23.4
2250
50.0
110
237
5.6
2.157
0.1054
26.4
1173
1319
Car
2250
2011
0
0.000
29.9
20.3
26.6
23.5
2250
50.0
110
231
5.7
2.103
0.1028
26.5
1176
1323
Car
2250
2012
23
0.002
52.3
36.0
37.4
36.8
2250
77.4
81
94
11.5
1.160
0.0418
41.4
2847
3202
Car
2500
1975
406
0.040
24.4
18.8
23.8
20.8
2500

95
73
15.2
0.774
0.0292
26.1


Car
2500
1976
349
0.028
26.2
20.2
25.8
22.4
2500

97
73
15.1
0.755
0.0294
28.3


Car
2500
1977
465
0.033
29.3
23.0
27.9
24.9
2500
90.3
98
75
14.9
0.764
0.0299
31.5
2278
2847
Car
2500
1978
782
0.054
27.9
22.1
26.2
23.8
2500
91.6
101
74
15.1
0.734
0.0297
30.0
2197
2746
Car
2500
1979
1078
0.078
27.9
22.2
25.8
23.7
2500
90.6
101
72
15.4
0.710
0.0287
29.8
2163
2703
Car
2500
1980
1172
0.104
28.0
22.3
26.0
23.8
2500
92.3
104
71
15.6
0.680
0.0283
30.0
2218
2772
Car
2500
1981
1532
0.145
29.4
23.2
27.6
25.0
2500
94.8
108
76
14.8
0.711
0.0305
31.5
2398
2997
Car
2500
1982
1454
0.149
31.1
24.4
29.6
26.5
2500
91.6
106
72
15.4
0.682
0.0289
33.5
2465
3082
Car
2500
1983
1253
0.122
32.0
25.2
30.3
27.3
2500
94.8
107
75
15.0
0.704
0.0301
34.5
2636
3295
Car
2500
1984
1532
0.109
32.6
25.6
31.2
27.8
2500
96.3
107
78
14.7
0.726
0.0312
35.2
2719
3399
Car
2500
1985
1699
0.118
32.8
25.6
31.5
28.0
2500
98.0
109
83
14.0
0.760
0.0330
35.4
2789
3486
Car
2500
1986
1622
0.106
33.7
26.3
31.8
28.6
2500
100.0
106
80
14.3
0.759
0.0321
36.0
2882
3602
Car
2500
1987
1975
0.133
33.4
26.0
31.3
28.2
2500
98.9
104
78
14.6
0.749
0.0311
35.5
2810
3513
Car
2500
1988
1802
0.118
34.1
26.5
31.5
28.7
2500
99.5
100
79
14.5
0.785
0.0314
36.0
2869
3586
Car
2500
1989
1335
0.092
34.4
26.4
31.8
28.7
2500
98.0
99
85
13.6
0.865
0.0339
36.1
2830
3537
Car
2500
1990
943
0.075
35.1
26.9
32.1
29.2
2500
94.0
97
89
13.0
0.920
0.0356
36.7
2768
3460
Car
2500
1991
760
0.060
35.7
27.1
32.6
29.5
2500
94.3
96
91
12.8
0.955
0.0364
37.1
2815
3519
Car
2500
1992
542
0.045
35.6
26.6
32.8
29.4
2500
94.3
97
93
12.6
0.976
0.0374
37.1
2805
3507
Car
2500
1993
536
0.041
36.2
26.8
33.5
29.8
2500
94.1
99
93
12.6
0.952
0.0372
37.6
2830
3538
Car
2500
1994
451
0.032
35.5
26.0
32.8
29.1
2500
94.7
100
91
12.9
0.924
0.0364
36.9
2800
3500
Car
2500
1995
503
0.033
37.2
26.8
34.6
30.3
2500
94.4
100
98
12.1
0.986
0.0393
38.2
2890
3613
Car
2500
1996
332
0.025
37.3
26.6
34.8
30.3
2500
95.4
103
102
11.8
0.999
0.0407
38.1
2928
3660
Car
2500
1997
333
0.023
36.9
26.2
34.1
29.8
2500
94.9
101
98
12.2
0.976
0.0393
37.5
2866
3583
Car
2500
1998
214
0.015
36.9
25.8
34.4
29.8
2500
99.6
104
97
12.1
0.949
0.0390
37.4
2980
3725
Car
2500
1999
253
0.017
35.9
24.9
33.3
28.8
2500
93.1
105
103
11.7
0.983
0.0411
36.2
2722
3403
Car
2500
2000
166
0.010
36.7
25.4
33.7
29.3
2500
95.2
103
107
11.3
1.049
0.0428
36.9
2836
3544
Car
2500
2001
214
0.014
36.2
25.0
32.6
28.7
2500
99.8
100
102
11.7
1.032
0.0408
36.1
2890
3612
Car
2500
2002
149
0.009
37.3
25.3
34.2
29.6
2500
100.1
106
102
11.7
0.968
0.0406
37.1
2976
3719
Car
2500
2003
39
0.002
40.8
28.0
35.3
31.6
2500
93.6
94
112
10.9
1.185
0.0448
39.8
3018
3772
Car
2500
2004
7
0.000
40.8
27.8
35.1
31.5
2500
92.6
94
113
10.8
1.197
0.0450
39.6
2975
3719
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-7
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° Yal\es
I'wo
Three
Foil i'
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
2007
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2008
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2009
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2010
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2011
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1975
36.0%
75.2%
0.1%
20.4%
1976
18.3%
67.5%
12.9%
1977
20.7%
69.3%
12.5%
1.2%
1978
34.3%
53.2%
8.0%
1979
43.7%
3.5%
52.1%
4.7%
2.3%
0.6%
1980
47.9%
3.9%
52.5%
3.8%
2.8%
1981
53.6%
2.7%
52.4%
0.9%
4.1%
2.5%
1982
68.8%
0.6%
56.8%
8.5%
4.6%
2.9%
1983
68.2%
13.0%
50.0%
20.5%
3.1%
0.1%
0.4%
1984
75.3%
2.4%
47.2%
26.3%
11.8%
1.6%
2.2%
1985
77.1%
9.2%
53.7%
19.8%
15.7%
4.2%
1.7%
1986
94.3%
0.9%
49.5%
22.1%
16.9%
5.3%
1.0%
97.3%
1.9%
0.8%
1987
97.7%
0.8%
47.7%
32.6%
13.6%
19.5%
79.3%
18.1%
2.7%
1988
99.7%
0.3%
48.3%
41.8%
11.9%
51.5%
68.2%
18.2%
13.6%
1989
97.8%
2.2%
52.0%
37.6%
24.7%
47.3%
55.3%
20.2%
24.5%
1990
94.2%
0.1%
56.7%
34.2%
0.1%
44.4%
51.1%
41.4%
11.5%
47.2%
1991
93.2%
0.1%
63.3%
36.0%
0.1%
63.0%
37.0%
35.0%
22.6%
42.4%
5.0%
1992
91.7%
0.0%
54.2%
45.7%
0.0%
80.0%
20.0%
37.7%
13.2%
49.0%
8.6%
1993
92.4%
0.0%
62.0%
32.8%
0.0%
74.3%
25.7%
46.8%
18.7%
34.5%
4.5%
1994
89.6%
51.0%
41.8%
71.4%
28.6%
35.5%
19.8%
44.7%
2.9%
1995
92.3%
48.8%
45.4%
96.5%
3.5%
36.1%
18.3%
45.6%
1.4%
1996
93.4%
50.2%
43.6%
100.0%
34.6%
20.4%
45.1%
8.7%
1997
93.2%
46.8%
53.2%
100.0%
39.1%
21.3%
39.5%
1.7%
1998
96.9%
39.3%
60.7%
100.0%
44.6%
30.7%
24.6%
2.7%
1999
100.0%
41.9%
58.1%
100.0%
40.1%
32.5%
27.4%
0.2%
2000
88.4%
45.3%
54.7%
100.0%
29.0%
19.2%
51.8%
29.3%
2001
96.8%
36.1%
63.9%
100.0%
26.6%
12.8%
60.6%
26.6%
2002
96.4%
38.0%
62.0%
100.0%
56.6%
17.0%
26.5%
24.2%
2003
86.7%
23.9%
76.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2004
84.7%
32.3%
67.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.	G-8	March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
liiiK-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
2500
2005
10
0.001
41.1
27.8
35.1
31.5
2500
95.7
93
111
11.0
1.193
0.0443
39.5
3052
3815
Car
2500
2006
3
0.000
41.6
28.6
34.3
31.6
2500
97.4
91
106
11.3
1.165
0.0424
39.5
3079
3849
Car
2500
2007
159
0.010
42.4
28.9
35.3
32.2
2500
99.1
91
106
11.3
1.165
0.0424
40.3
3193
3991
Car
2500
2008
121
0.009
42.1
28.8
34.9
32.0
2500
98.7
91
106
11.3
1.165
0.0424
40.0
3157
3946
Car
2500
2009
73
0.008
42.0
28.8
34.7
31.9
2500
97.6
91
106
11.3
1.165
0.0424
39.9
3114
3892
Car
2500
2010
63
0.006
42.0
28.8
34.7
31.9
2500
98.2
91
106
11.3
1.165
0.0424
39.9
3132
3915
Car
2500
2011
43
0.004
41.1
28.2
34.2
31.3
2500
98.9
91
103
11.6
1.132
0.0414
39.2
3099
3874
Car
2500
2012
120
0.009
43.1
29.5
35.7
32.7
2500
98.2
91
105
11.4
1.156
0.0419
40.9
3215
4019
Car
2750
1975
281
0.027
21.7
16.6
21.6
18.5
2750

127
100
12.8
0.799
0.0365
25.9


Car
2750
1976
203
0.016
24.5
19.0
23.7
20.9
2750

122
96
13.4
0.794
0.0348
29.1


Car
2750
1977
349
0.025
24.8
19.2
24.1
21.1
2750
80.3
126
96
13.3
0.765
0.0350
29.4
1728
2375
Car
2750
1978
498
0.034
24.8
19.3
24.1
21.2
2750
88.6
129
95
13.4
0.740
0.0344
29.4
1892
2602
Car
2750
1979
468
0.034
23.9
18.5
23.5
20.4
2750
82.5
132
93
13.7
0.709
0.0340
28.3
1721
2366
Car
2750
1980
973
0.086
26.1
19.9
26.0
22.2
2750
96.0
142
93
13.6
0.665
0.0339
30.9
2176
2992
Car
2750
1981
715
0.068
27.7
21.6
26.7
23.6
2750
107.2
137
92
13.8
0.678
0.0333
32.7
2533
3482
Car
2750
1982
961
0.099
28.8
22.0
28.5
24.5
2750
104.3
124
87
14.4
0.707
0.0316
33.8
2566
3528
Car
2750
1983
863
0.084
30.2
23.6
28.9
25.7
2750
106.3
124
88
14.2
0.712
0.0320
35.6
2756
3790
Car
2750
1984
2051
0.146
30.1
23.3
29.3
25.7
2750
102.7
127
89
14.1
0.705
0.0324
35.5
2653
3648
Car
2750
1985
1878
0.130
30.6
23.7
29.6
26.0
2750
103.3
128
94
13.6
0.735
0.0340
36.0
2707
3722
Car
2750
1986
1899
0.124
30.6
23.6
29.7
26.0
2750
102.0
125
95
13.4
0.769
0.0347
36.0
2667
3667
Car
2750
1987
1896
0.128
30.8
23.6
29.7
26.1
2750
101.7
124
96
13.3
0.790
0.0350
36.0
2658
3655
Car
2750
1988
1519
0.099
31.5
23.9
30.3
26.5
2750
102.1
123
97
13.1
0.804
0.0354
36.6
2717
3736
Car
2750
1989
1204
0.083
31.8
24.0
30.4
26.7
2750
101.7
118
96
13.3
0.820
0.0349
36.8
2719
3738
Car
2750
1990
1081
0.086
31.9
24.1
30.1
26.7
2750
98.7
111
100
12.9
0.919
0.0364
36.7
2637
3625
Car
2750
1991
1462
0.116
32.5
24.1
31.0
27.0
2750
100.3
112
100
12.9
0.913
0.0364
37.3
2724
3746
Car
2750
1992
1284
0.106
32.6
24.0
31.1
27.0
2750
98.6
110
106
12.3
0.972
0.0385
37.4
2681
3686
Car
2750
1993
1653
0.125
33.0
24.0
31.4
27.2
2750
101.9
112
106
12.4
0.955
0.0384
37.6
2789
3835
Car
2750
1994
1525
0.108
33.6
24.3
32.1
27.7
2750
101.2
109
108
12.1
1.001
0.0393
38.2
2815
3871
Car
2750
1995
1748
0.115
33.9
24.4
32.1
27.8
2750
102.6
110
111
12.0
1.017
0.0403
38.4
2865
3939
Car
2750
1996
1258
0.096
33.8
24.2
31.6
27.5
2750
101.5
108
117
11.5
1.085
0.0426
38.1
2809
3863
Car
2750
1997
1639
0.113
34.0
24.1
31.8
27.6
2750
100.5
109
113
11.7
1.039
0.0409
38.2
2787
3833
Car
2750
1998
1621
0.112
34.5
24.2
32.4
27.9
2750
100.5
110
117
11.3
1.071
0.0427
38.6
2820
3877
Car
2750
1999
1349
0.089
34.6
24.2
32.0
27.8
2750
100.5
110
118
11.3
1.078
0.0428
38.4
2807
3859
Car
2750
2000
1319
0.080
34.3
23.8
31.5
27.4
2750
100.5
108
120
11.2
1.118
0.0437
37.9
2768
3806
Car
2750
2001
1184
0.076
35.9
24.7
33.0
28.6
2750
99.6
108
121
11.0
1.122
0.0440
39.6
2874
3952
Car
2750
2002
913
0.057
36.3
24.8
33.0
28.8
2750
99.6
107
119
11.2
1.121
0.0434
39.8
2884
3966
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-9
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° Yal\es
I'wo
Three
Four
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
2005
90.7%
15.0%
85.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2006
100.0%
29.5%
70.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2007
100.0%
18.2%
81.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2008
100.0%
16.8%
83.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2009
100.0%
12.9%
87.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2010
100.0%
11.6%
88.4%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2011
100.0%
14.5%
85.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
100.0%
27.0%
73.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1975
0.4%
70.3%
0.3%
3.9%
1976
0.9%
63.5%
3.6%
1977
2.0%
67.5%
9.4%
1978
0.9%
66.7%
5.5%
1979
5.3%
58.5%
5.9%
1980
47.9%
53.6%
13.8%
1981
70.0%
36.0%
18.3%
0.6%
1982
77.9%
3.1%
33.7%
30.2%
6.4%
5.8%
0.4%
1983
89.4%
4.0%
31.2%
33.0%
12.3%
40.6%
0.6%
1984
87.7%
2.2%
30.5%
36.3%
12.2%
42.4%
1.0%
1985
93.3%
2.8%
21.8%
45.1%
14.5%
59.5%
0.4%
1986
92.7%
2.9%
34.7%
47.5%
32.1%
52.6%
0.3%
82.5%
14.6%
3.0%
1987
95.7%
1.9%
31.5%
44.0%
24.7%
58.4%
0.2%
73.6%
19.5%
6.9%
1988
97.4%
1.8%
31.0%
58.1%
18.9%
59.8%
72.8%
19.3%
7.9%
1989
97.5%
1.1%
29.6%
59.2%
21.8%
63.8%
0.3%
77.4%
9.4%
13.1%
1990
99.0%
0.9%
25.7%
65.5%
56.5%
43.0%
0.2%
53.1%
0.4%
46.5%
1991
99.3%
0.2%
28.1%
68.0%
63.5%
36.1%
0.3%
53.0%
2.7%
44.2%
6.6%
1992
99.2%
0.5%
30.3%
64.1%
85.9%
14.0%
0.1%
41.4%
5.1%
53.5%
10.9%
1993
98.3%
1.6%
27.4%
69.4%
93.9%
6.1%
47.2%
1.7%
51.2%
12.1%
1994
98.5%
0.1%
32.2%
66.3%
99.7%
0.3%
32.5%
67.5%
20.0%
1995
99.8%
0.0%
27.6%
72.4%
100.0%
25.4%
74.6%
13.3%
1996
98.9%
25.5%
74.4%
0.1%
100.0%
11.8%
88.2%
17.0%
1997
100.0%
22.2%
77.4%
0.4%
100.0%
24.3%
75.7%
16.7%
1998
100.0%
22.3%
77.1%
0.3%
100.0%
16.8%
83.2%
22.1%
1999
99.8%
19.3%
80.1%
0.2%
100.0%
16.8%
83.2%
20.8%
2000
96.8%
21.1%
77.1%
0.1%
100.0%
7.8%
3.1%
89.0%
42.0%
2001
94.2%
20.1%
78.4%
0.1%
100.0%
7.0%
0.0%
93.0%
65.9%
2002
98.5%
22.1%
77.0%
0.4%
100.0%
6.2%
93.8%
63.4%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.	G-10	March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ci»hl
Class
M
-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° Yal\es
Inn
Three
Four
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
2003
98.2%
21.3%
77.4%
1.3%
100.0%
100.0%
80.0%
2004
98.8%
23.0%
75.7%
1.3%
100.0%
0.4%
99.6%
78.4%
2005
99.6%
16.8%
82.2%
1.0%
100.0%
6.8%
93.2%
75.4%
2006
96.7%
17.1%
81.5%
1.5%
100.0%
8.2%
91.8%
86.1%
2007
97.6%
14.9%
85.1%
100.0%
12.2%
87.8%
79.7%
2008
96.3%
19.3%
80.7%
100.0%
2.0%
98.0%
60.7%
2009
98.4%
21.1%
78.9%
100.0%
100.0%
84.8%
2010
96.3%
16.7%
83.3%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2011
97.7%
13.4%
86.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
98.2%
11.4%
63.6%
25.0%
25.7%
74.3%
100.0%
100.0%
11.2%
1975
3.5%
48.5%
0.1%
17.1%
1976
2.5%
50.4%
9.8%
1977
3.6%
51.3%
22.4%
1978
4.4%
35.2%
18.0%
1979
2.6%
39.7%
14.1%
0.1%
1980
32.0%
30.9%
1.0%
7.5%
0.5%
1981
45.4%
21.6%
0.7%
11.9%
0.4%
1982
53.2%
17.0%
65.1%
18.6%
26.9%
0.7%
1983
63.0%
17.2%
62.7%
22.7%
26.5%
0.7%
1984
73.9%
0.2%
16.2%
58.2%
27.5%
29.6%
0.8%
1985
77.7%
0.5%
14.5%
53.5%
37.4%
34.6%
0.4%
1986
82.1%
1.0%
15.1%
56.4%
35.7%
49.1%
0.2%
97.7%
2.3%
1987
84.1%
1.9%
15.7%
63.5%
49.5%
49.5%
0.0%
89.4%
10.6%
1988
90.5%
1.2%
17.2%
66.7%
69.9%
30.1%
0.0%
77.4%
8.0%
14.6%
1989
91.2%
1.4%
16.4%
71.5%
73.4%
24.0%
66.4%
18.7%
15.0%
1990
95.0%
0.7%
20.8%
68.8%
74.9%
25.1%
53.3%
10.7%
36.0%
1991
93.3%
1.5%
18.4%
72.4%
75.7%
24.3%
58.2%
8.0%
33.7%
1992
94.1%
0.7%
20.4%
66.3%
87.2%
12.8%
63.5%
7.1%
29.4%
0.2%
1993
94.4%
0.9%
19.9%
68.8%
86.8%
13.2%
61.8%
1.2%
37.0%
0.2%
1994
98.8%
0.3%
16.8%
75.4%
89.5%
10.5%
62.8%
37.2%
0.7%
1995
95.1%
2.5%
22.3%
77.7%
98.4%
1.6%
34.7%
65.3%
9.9%
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
96.1%
92.3%
94.2%
93.6%
94.9%
1.8%
2.1%
2.6%
2.4%
1.2%
21.0%
21.4%
24.2%
26.5%
21.0%
79.0%
77.4%
75.5%
72.4%
77.3%
100.0%
99.9%
99.0%
99.0%
98.6%
0.1%
1.0%
1.0%
1.4%
37.8%
28.7%
41.4%
49.0%
51.5%
62.2%
71.2%
58.4%
50.6%
45.6%
0.1%
0.2%
0.4%
2.9%
12.2%
7.1%
20.4%
23.9%
16.9%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.	G-12	March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class















t'u-l-'l-
Yiliiik-
\\ii»hl
Mmk-I
Pnid

l.al)
Adj
Adj
Adj
Wi-iuhi
Vol
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
HP/
HP/
Tiin-
(u-n-
Tmi-
T \ |K'
Class
Year
(000)
I'rai-
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
('iimp
Lh
c u-n
(II)
IIP
Timi-
(II)
\\ 1
mp<;
mp<;
mpc;
Car
3000
2001
1322
0.085
31.5
21.8
28.9
25.2
3000
102.4
125
129
11.4
1.037
0.0431
38.2
2614
3921
Car
3000
2002
1650
0.102
31.4
21.6
28.8
25.0
3000
104.0
124
132
11.2
1.070
0.0441
37.9
2634
3951
Car
3000
2003
1829
0.116
32.8
22.4
29.6
25.9
3000
104.2
122
133
11.0
1.101
0.0444
39.3
2736
4104
Car
3000
2004
1616
0.103
33.4
22.5
30.3
26.3
3000
105.4
124
136
10.7
1.103
0.0454
40.2
2831
4247
Car
3000
2005
1778
0.112
34.1
22.9
30.5
26.7
3000
105.9
122
135
10.5
1.110
0.0451
41.2
2923
4384
Car
3000
2006
1673
0.111
34.9
23.3
31.4
27.3
3000
103.4
120
139
10.4
1.156
0.0462
42.1
2913
4369
Car
3000
2007
1780
0.116
36.4
24.3
32.4
28.4
3000
104.5
120
137
10.4
1.143
0.0457
43.9
3081
4622
Car
3000
2008
1660
0.119
37.5
25.1
33.2
29.2
3000
104.2
118
135
10.4
1.145
0.0450
45.2
3156
4733
Car
3000
2009
1565
0.168
38.4
25.7
33.9
29.8
3000
104.2
115
135
10.6
1.171
0.0450
45.4
3161
4742
Car
3000
2010
1809
0.163
38.2
25.5
33.8
29.6
3000
105.4
116
138
10.6
1.196
0.0462
44.7
3136
4704
Car
3000
2011
1084
0.090
38.5
25.7
34.0
29.9
3000
106.8
114
139
10.6
1.227
0.0463
45.0
3192
4789
Car
3000
2012
2111
0.158
40.1
26.7
35.3
31.0
3000
107.3
112
145
10.2
1.295
0.0483
46.8
3339
5009
Car
3500
1975
1029
0.101
18.2
14.3
17.1
15.5
3500

227
102
15.6
0.463
0.0292
27.6


Car
3500
1976
934
0.076
19.4
15.5
18.0
16.5
3500

231
100
15.8
0.447
0.0286
29.2


Car
3500
1977
724
0.051
20.2
16.1
18.8
17.2
3500
102.4
232
104
15.3
0.458
0.0297
30.5
1789
3132
Car
3500
1978
2992
0.207
20.2
15.8
19.2
17.2
3500
111.1
257
120
13.8
0.468
0.0342
30.2
1919
3358
Car
3500
1979
2684
0.193
20.2
16.0
18.8
17.2
3500
112.3
252
120
13.7
0.477
0.0342
30.1
1934
3385
Car
3500
1980
2148
0.190
20.7
16.3
19.8
17.7
3500
111.3
244
115
14.1
0.477
0.0329
31.1
1980
3465
Car
3500
1981
1829
0.173
22.2
17.3
21.4
18.9
3500
113.3
234
113
14.3
0.487
0.0322
33.3
2160
3780
Car
3500
1982
1421
0.146
22.4
17.3
21.8
19.1
3500
112.0
237
118
14.0
0.505
0.0338
33.8
2170
3798
Car
3500
1983
1690
0.164
22.9
17.5
22.7
19.5
3500
112.0
237
122
13.6
0.526
0.0347
34.4
2205
3859
Car
3500
1984
2266
0.162
22.9
17.5
22.8
19.6
3500
109.9
235
127
13.2
0.558
0.0362
34.5
2174
3804
Car
3500
1985
2544
0.176
23.4
17.7
23.7
20.0
3500
112.3
226
132
12.8
0.604
0.0377
35.1
2255
3946
Car
3500
1986
2817
0.183
24.4
18.2
25.1
20.8
3500
113.7
224
141
12.0
0.655
0.0403
36.5
2377
4160
Car
3500
1987
2614
0.176
24.5
18.0
25.6
20.9
3500
114.2
216
147
11.6
0.704
0.0419
36.6
2396
4193
Car
3500
1988
2801
0.183
25.2
18.4
26.3
21.4
3500
113.6
212
150
11.4
0.731
0.0430
37.7
2455
4297
Car
3500
1989
2795
0.193
25.0
18.2
26.0
21.2
3500
114.3
208
151
11.4
0.748
0.0430
37.2
2436
4264
Car
3500
1990
2761
0.219
25.4
18.3
26.3
21.4
3500
113.0
194
150
11.4
0.793
0.0429
37.6
2437
4264
Car
3500
1991
2220
0.177
25.2
18.2
25.7
21.2
3500
111.3
195
155
11.2
0.814
0.0443
37.2
2375
4157
Car
3500
1992
2898
0.238
25.4
18.2
26.0
21.3
3500
113.7
192
155
11.2
0.826
0.0442
37.4
2436
4264
Car
3500
1993
2926
0.221
25.8
18.4
26.2
21.6
3500
114.3
194
157
11.1
0.823
0.0447
37.9
2480
4341
Car
3500
1994
2845
0.201
25.9
18.3
26.2
21.6
3500
111.8
191
156
11.1
0.836
0.0445
38.0
2427
4247
Car
3500
1995
3662
0.242
26.3
18.4
26.8
21.9
3500
112.0
188
166
10.6
0.904
0.0474
38.5
2462
4309
Car
3500
1996
3217
0.245
26.4
18.4
26.5
21.9
3500
111.8
182
165
10.6
0.923
0.0471
38.4
2451
4290
Car
3500
1997
3230
0.223
26.6
18.4
26.7
22.0
3500
112.5
181
170
10.4
0.956
0.0486
38.7
2485
4348
Car
3500
1998
4066
0.281
27.0
18.6
26.9
22.2
3500
111.6
178
169
10.4
0.968
0.0484
39.1
2492
4361
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-13
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° Yal\es
Inn
Three
Four
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
2001
94.1%
0.7%
22.6%
75.1%
1.2%
98.6%
1.4%
43.3%
51.5%
5.2%
28.2%
2002
98.2%
0.2%
18.8%
79.4%
1.4%
98.9%
1.1%
34.9%
63.8%
1.3%
29.8%
1.4%
2003
97.1%
1.3%
19.1%
78.3%
2.6%
99.1%
0.9%
14.7%
83.9%
1.3%
41.2%
2.5%
2004
97.7%
1.1%
15.0%
80.1%
4.9%
99.4%
0.6%
7.2%
92.3%
0.5%
47.8%
4.4%
2005
98.1%
0.8%
15.6%
76.1%
8.3%
99.7%
0.3%
7.9%
91.8%
0.3%
63.4%
8.3%
2006
97.2%
1.2%
17.0%
75.8%
7.2%
99.9%
0.1%
5.3%
94.7%
0.0%
71.7%
7.1%
2007
97.3%
0.8%
14.3%
68.2%
17.5%
1.2%
98.8%
3.7%
96.3%
55.9%
10.7%
2008
98.0%
0.9%
12.0%
66.9%
21.1%
1.3%
98.7%
1.9%
98.1%
63.8%
12.3%
2009
99.0%
0.7%
9.8%
77.4%
12.8%
0.9%
99.1%
1.2%
98.8%
79.4%
6.5%
2010
100.0%
0.0%
6.3%
83.2%
10.5%
1.1%
98.9%
2.8%
97.2%
90.3%
2.8%
2011
99.9%
0.1%
7.6%
76.3%
16.2%
3.1%
96.9%
3.0%
97.0%
89.0%
2.8%
2012
98.4%
1.6%
10.6%
64.6%
10.7%
37.2%
62.8%
3.4%
96.6%
98.5%
3.0%
1975
19.3%
6.5%
1.9%
1976
17.2%
5.7%
1.4%
1977
16.2%
6.1%
2.7%
1978
4.7%
6.4%
1.4%
0.5%
1979
4.0%
16.9%
1.3%
0.8%
1980
0.2%
0.4%
3.1%
37.9%
2.2%
1.7%
1981
0.5%
3.4%
84.4%
3.0%
2.5%
1982
0.5%
0.6%
6.9%
88.4%
5.1%
4.4%
4.9%
1983
0.9%
0.8%
9.0%
83.2%
9.0%
5.3%
2.6%
1984
8.0%
0.2%
8.0%
88.6%
23.0%
11.9%
1.3%
1985
34.1%
0.0%
8.5%
88.7%
36.4%
31.4%
0.6%
1986
48.2%
0.5%
8.7%
88.4%
58.2%
22.0%
0.1%
98.9%
1.1%
1987
61.8%
0.4%
8.9%
87.8%
75.6%
16.9%
0.4%
97.0%
3.0%
1988
70.0%
0.2%
8.5%
89.2%
86.7%
13.0%
94.1%
1.0%
4.8%
1989
77.5%
0.2%
7.6%
87.6%
86.1%
13.8%
0.0%
92.6%
0.8%
6.7%
1990
82.8%
1.8%
6.9%
89.0%
96.4%
3.4%
0.0%
87.6%
0.4%
12.0%
1991
76.7%
2.6%
7.7%
88.1%
93.4%
6.5%
0.1%
84.2%
0.2%
15.5%
0.1%
1992
76.5%
1.7%
5.7%
91.8%
97.0%
2.8%
0.1%
76.6%
0.0%
23.3%
2.3%
1993
85.2%
1.6%
4.8%
93.5%
98.7%
1.2%
76.2%
23.8%
2.6%
1994
82.6%
0.9%
7.6%
90.5%
100.0%
0.0%
74.5%
25.5%
8.7%
1995
78.7%
1.4%
7.2%
91.8%
100.0%
62.9%
37.1%
10.4%
1996
87.2%
2.4%
7.5%
91.7%
99.8%
0.2%
53.3%
46.7%
0.0%
12.1%
1997
88.0%
2.9%
6.3%
93.7%
99.9%
0.1%
51.3%
0.4%
48.1%
0.2%
12.4%
1998
86.9%
2.7%
6.1%
93.8%
100.0%
44.8%
0.3%
53.6%
1.3%
17.5%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.	G-14	March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
li nu-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
3500
1999
4694
0.309
27.1
18.6
26.7
22.2
3500
111.0
174
170
ll).4
0.993
0.0486
39.0
2474
4329
Car
3500
2000
4753
0.287
27.1
18.5
26.5
22.1
3500
111.5
175
174
10.2
1.014
0.0497
38.8
2474
4330
Car
3500
2001
4528
0.290
27.1
18.4
26.3
22.0
3500
110.9
173
176
10.1
1.031
0.0504
38.7
2455
4296
Car
3500
2002
4473
0.278
27.6
18.7
26.4
22.3
3500
112.7
175
183
9.8
1.064
0.0523
39.2
2530
4428
Car
3500
2003
4338
0.275
27.9
18.7
26.8
22.5
3500
111.8
174
184
9.8
1.075
0.0526
39.6
2536
4437
Car
3500
2004
3707
0.236
28.1
18.7
26.8
22.5
3500
110.9
175
188
9.6
1.097
0.0536
39.7
2523
4416
Car
3500
2005
3504
0.220
28.8
19.1
27.0
23.0
3500
112.7
169
184
9.8
1.110
0.0525
40.5
2613
4573
Car
3500
2006
3286
0.218
29.1
19.3
27.2
23.2
3500
112.5
165
186
9.7
1.141
0.0532
40.8
2632
4606
Car
3500
2007
3304
0.216
29.9
19.9
27.8
23.7
3500
111.6
159
182
9.9
1.158
0.0519
41.8
2676
4683
Car
3500
2008
2828
0.203
30.4
20.2
28.0
24.1
3500
112.7
155
182
9.9
1.186
0.0519
42.4
2737
4790
Car
3500
2009
2451
0.263
31.5
20.9
29.2
24.9
3500
114.4
149
177
9.9
1.191
0.0507
43.9
2874
5029
Car
3500
2010
2696
0.243
34.0
22.6
31.0
26.7
3500
115.1
148
175
9.7
1.175
0.0499
48.8
3218
5631
Car
3500
2011
3028
0.252
34.2
22.5
31.8
27.0
3500
115.1
145
179
9.7
1.238
0.0510
48.4
3186
5575
Car
3500
2012
3392
0.254
35.4
23.4
32.7
27.9
3500
114.1
145
179
9.7
1.246
0.0512
50.2
3284
5748
Car
4000
1975
1099
0.107
15.6
12.4
14.5
13.3
4000

292
130
14.5
0.443
0.0324
27.0


Car
4000
1976
1988
0.161
17.6
14.0
16.5
15.0
4000

280
122
15.4
0.434
0.0305
30.4


Car
4000
1977
3342
0.237
17.9
14.2
16.7
15.2
4000
113.4
292
133
14.2
0.453
0.0333
30.6
1736
3473
Car
4000
1978
2251
0.156
17.9
14.1
17.1
15.3
4000
114.8
305
145
13.2
0.474
0.0362
30.8
1778
3556
Car
4000
1979
2649
0.191
17.7
14.0
16.7
15.1
4000
119.6
311
147
13.0
0.472
0.0367
30.5
1829
3657
Car
4000
1980
1316
0.116
18.8
14.6
18.3
16.1
4000
122.4
302
136
13.9
0.453
0.0339
32.6
2003
4006
Car
4000
1981
1313
0.124
20.3
15.5
20.3
17.3
4000
123.2
296
134
14.0
0.458
0.0334
35.2
2171
4342
Car
4000
1982
1216
0.125
20.6
15.6
20.9
17.6
4000
126.4
287
135
13.8
0.479
0.0339
35.6
2244
4487
Car
4000
1983
1446
0.140
20.3
15.4
20.6
17.4
4000
126.7
287
139
13.4
0.490
0.0348
35.0
2211
4422
Car
4000
1984
1708
0.122
20.5
15.5
20.9
17.5
4000
126.3
289
139
13.4
0.484
0.0347
35.2
2223
4446
Car
4000
1985
1671
0.116
21.7
16.4
22.3
18.6
4000
125.3
294
148
12.8
0.508
0.0371
37.3
2337
4674
Car
4000
1986
918
0.060
22.1
16.5
22.6
18.8
4000
124.9
299
154
12.4
0.520
0.0384
37.8
2366
4733
Car
4000
1987
912
0.061
21.7
16.3
22.0
18.5
4000
122.2
294
157
12.3
0.551
0.0392
37.1
2275
4550
Car
4000
1988
829
0.054
22.2
16.4
22.7
18.8
4000
125.8
289
160
12.1
0.569
0.0400
37.9
2392
4783
Car
4000
1989
860
0.060
23.0
16.8
23.5
19.4
4000
125.1
275
155
12.5
0.576
0.0386
39.1
2447
4894
Car
4000
1990
992
0.079
23.0
16.7
23.7
19.4
4000
123.1
262
165
12.0
0.644
0.0411
39.0
2399
4797
Car
4000
1991
1243
0.099
23.1
16.6
23.7
19.4
4000
124.9
262
184
10.8
0.716
0.0460
39.0
2435
4870
Car
4000
1992
1310
0.108
23.1
16.6
23.6
19.4
4000
123.6
255
194
10.4
0.780
0.0485
39.0
2412
4824
Car
4000
1993
1430
0.108
22.6
16.1
22.8
18.9
4000
122.7
253
195
10.3
0.792
0.0488
38.1
2336
4672
Car
4000
1994
1562
0.111
23.1
16.4
23.3
19.3
4000
122.0
245
200
10.2
0.832
0.0500
38.7
2363
4725
Car
4000
1995
1442
0.095
23.2
16.2
23.7
19.3
4000
121.7
250
214
9.6
0.872
0.0534
38.8
2363
4727
Car
4000
1996
1271
0.097
23.5
16.4
23.9
19.6
4000
124.2
248
212
9.7
0.866
0.0531
39.3
2440
4881
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-15
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° Yal\es
Inn
Three
Four
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
1999
88.9%
2.5%
6.1%
93.5%
100.0%
36.5%
0.6%
60.6%
2.4%
16.2%
2000
87.3%
2.5%
6.5%
93.0%
100.0%
34.1%
0.3%
63.9%
1.7%
22.1%
2001
87.3%
1.8%
7.1%
92.4%
99.9%
0.1%
35.0%
1.1%
61.2%
2.7%
20.3%
2002
88.0%
2.5%
7.9%
91.8%
0.1%
99.7%
0.3%
31.1%
1.1%
64.5%
3.3%
32.9%
2003
87.7%
1.7%
8.6%
90.6%
0.7%
99.7%
0.3%
31.8%
0.9%
64.1%
3.2%
39.3%
2004
84.6%
2.5%
8.9%
90.1%
0.5%
99.7%
0.3%
32.1%
1.0%
64.2%
2.7%
37.4%
2005
86.9%
4.1%
7.4%
92.2%
0.1%
99.4%
0.6%
27.3%
1.2%
70.2%
1.2%
45.0%
0.5%
2006
86.5%
3.8%
8.7%
91.2%
98.7%
1.3%
19.8%
0.2%
79.9%
0.0%
55.8%
2007
87.9%
3.4%
7.7%
81.2%
11.1%
0.1%
99.9%
11.7%
1.0%
87.3%
68.1%
0.4%
2008
88.4%
5.3%
7.0%
77.6%
15.4%
2.1%
97.9%
5.3%
0.1%
94.6%
0.0%
63.0%
0.3%
2009
90.5%
5.0%
5.1%
81.3%
13.4%
2.7%
95.8%
1.5%
1.7%
0.0%
98.3%
0.0%
78.7%
0.4%
2010
93.1%
3.2%
4.2%
69.8%
22.4%
2.8%
95.0%
2.2%
1.6%
0.0%
98.4%
95.6%
9.3%
2011
91.1%
4.4%
4.2%
78.2%
17.0%
14.2%
84.0%
1.8%
0.4%
99.6%
97.3%
5.4%
2012
91.6%
3.3%
6.9%
74.3%
15.3%
13.2%
84.3%
2.6%
0.6%
99.4%
96.7%
7.2%
1975
8.2%
0.6%
1976
7.3%
0.4%
0.6%
1977
3.7%
0.5%
0.4%
1978
0.0%
3.6%
10.3%
0.9%
0.7%
1979
5.3%
2.4%
10.4%
2.8%
2.3%
1980
10.9%
2.3%
0.9%
40.1%
2.5%
4.9%
9.6%
1981
11.1%
0.9%
0.9%
82.8%
1.2%
10.3%
13.2%
1982
11.1%
1.3%
89.6%
1.8%
18.7%
9.4%
1983
12.5%
1.3%
94.6%
2.0%
38.0%
4.4%
1984
12.7%
1.1%
95.5%
2.1%
40.9%
2.8%
1985
13.0%
0.0%
0.1%
94.8%
3.8%
41.4%
2.0%
1986
0.2%
0.7%
0.2%
92.5%
48.3%
4.4%
0.5%
98.9%
1.1%
1987
1.1%
0.4%
3.6%
87.9%
50.9%
3.2%
1.2%
95.5%
4.5%
1988
6.3%
0.3%
1.6%
92.7%
75.0%
2.2%
94.5%
5.5%
1989
8.9%
0.0%
2.5%
92.5%
84.4%
13.6%
96.0%
4.0%
1990
33.0%
0.1%
1.8%
95.4%
95.3%
4.6%
0.1%
89.6%
10.4%
5.4%
1991
34.6%
0.8%
3.7%
93.9%
85.0%
14.7%
0.3%
90.7%
9.3%
5.4%
1992
36.8%
1.7%
3.3%
95.7%
93.2%
6.8%
81.7%
18.3%
7.6%
1993
29.0%
0.5%
2.4%
96.1%
96.8%
3.2%
76.8%
23.2%
6.0%
1994
1995
1996
39.7%
39.7%
44.3%
0.2%
0.5%
0.6%
3.1%
2.3%
2.2%
95.3%
95.5%
96.3%
100.0%
99.6%
99.8%
0.0%
0.4%
0.2%
62.1%
59.8%
55.9%
37.9%
40.1%
44.1%
0.0%
5.1%
6.1%
3.6%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.	G-16	March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
4000
1997
1443
0.100
23.5
16.3
23.7
19.4
4000
123.4
247
220
9.5
0.898
0.0549
39.0
2407
4813
Car
4000
1998
1260
0.087
23.1
16.1
22.8
19.0
4000
123.0
246
219
9.5
0.905
0.0548
38.3
2354
4707
Car
4000
1999
1543
0.101
23.6
16.2
23.3
19.4
4000
123.9
236
220
9.5
0.952
0.0549
39.0
2413
4826
Car
4000
2000
1875
0.113
23.5
16.1
23.1
19.3
4000
122.3
233
225
9.3
0.977
0.0561
38.8
2374
4747
Car
4000
2001
1792
0.115
23.9
16.3
23.3
19.5
4000
122.8
225
217
9.5
0.987
0.0543
39.3
2413
4825
Car
4000
2002
1617
0.100
24.2
16.5
23.5
19.7
4000
119.0
219
220
9.4
1.024
0.0551
39.7
2363
4726
Car
4000
2003
1316
0.083
24.6
16.6
23.6
19.9
4000
117.3
213
224
9.3
1.070
0.0561
40.1
2356
4712
Car
4000
2004
1700
0.108
25.1
16.8
24.3
20.3
4000
117.3
209
230
9.1
1.112
0.0574
40.8
2396
4793
Car
4000
2005
2110
0.133
25.5
16.9
24.5
20.5
4000
120.4
211
230
9.1
1.104
0.0575
41.3
2486
4971
Car
4000
2006
2669
0.177
25.9
17.1
24.8
20.8
4000
119.8
213
238
8.8
1.134
0.0595
41.9
2509
5018
Car
4000
2007
2670
0.175
26.6
17.7
25.4
21.4
4000
118.1
206
237
8.8
1.167
0.0594
43.3
2551
5102
Car
4000
2008
2662
0.192
26.8
17.7
25.8
21.6
4000
116.4
206
242
8.7
1.191
0.0605
43.5
2533
5065
Car
4000
2009
1595
0.171
27.5
18.2
26.1
22.0
4000
116.6
205
245
8.5
1.209
0.0613
44.6
2599
5198
Car
4000
2010
1700
0.153
28.1
18.6
26.8
22.5
4000
116.0
204
251
8.5
1.242
0.0628
45.8
2661
5322
Car
4000
2011
1966
0.164
28.7
18.9
27.5
23.0
4000
118.5
196
249
8.6
1.274
0.0621
46.5
2767
5534
Car
4000
2012
1843
0.138
29.5
19.3
28.4
23.6
4000
117.7
194
259
8.3
1.344
0.0647
47.8
2828
5655
Car
4500
1975
1791
0.175
14.3
11.1
13.7
12.2
4500

347
158
13.6
0.455
0.0351
27.7


Car
4500
1976
2223
0.180
15.7
12.3
15.1
13.4
4500

346
157
13.5
0.454
0.0349
30.4


Car
4500
1977
3496
0.248
16.5
13.0
15.6
14.1
4500
118.7
346
157
13.4
0.454
0.0349
31.9
1680
3780
Car
4500
1978
1997
0.138
16.3
12.6
16.1
13.9
4500
123.8
356
161
13.1
0.453
0.0358
31.6
1739
3912
Car
4500
1979
1528
0.110
16.5
12.8
15.9
14.0
4500
127.6
353
157
13.4
0.445
0.0349
31.9
1808
4068
Car
4500
1980
363
0.032
19.0
14.4
19.0
16.2
4500
137.3
350
137
15.1
0.394
0.0305
37.3
2273
5115
Car
4500
1981
318
0.030
20.4
15.4
20.9
17.5
4500
137.1
343
127
16.1
0.374
0.0282
40.4
2459
5532
Car
4500
1982
183
0.019
21.0
15.8
21.6
17.9
4500
148.3
323
127
16.1
0.401
0.0283
41.5
2696
6067
Car
4500
1983
188
0.018
19.9
14.8
20.8
17.0
4500
146.6
311
143
14.4
0.463
0.0318
38.7
2512
5651
Car
4500
1984
185
0.013
20.2
15.1
21.0
17.3
4500
152.0
308
148
14.0
0.482
0.0329
39.0
2630
5918
Car
4500
1985
104
0.007
21.0
15.6
22.1
18.0
4500
160.2
306
150
13.8
0.490
0.0333
40.5
2884
6490
Car
4500
1986
101
0.007
21.5
15.9
22.5
18.3
4500
156.5
308
150
14.0
0.485
0.0333
41.5
2903
6532
Car
4500
1987
78
0.005
22.3
16.3
23.5
19.0
4500
160.2
306
140
14.6
0.458
0.0311
42.7
3043
6846
Car
4500
1988
105
0.007
22.6
16.6
23.3
19.2
4500
144.8
305
144
14.4
0.474
0.0321
43.4
2797
6293
Car
4500
1989
87
0.006
21.8
16.0
22.2
18.4
4500
141.1
306
151
14.1
0.494
0.0336
41.7
2638
5936
Car
4500
1990
67
0.005
20.3
14.8
20.9
17.2
4500
130.1
322
179
12.6
0.555
0.0397
39.2
2306
5189
Car
4500
1991
73
0.006
20.9
15.0
21.7
17.7
4500
133.6
312
201
11.3
0.648
0.0448
40.2
2445
5500
Car
4500
1992
113
0.009
22.1
15.5
23.3
18.6
4500
137.2
334
191
11.6
0.587
0.0424
42.1
2590
5828
Car
4500
1993
85
0.006
22.1
15.4
23.8
18.7
4500
141.4
339
187
11.8
0.567
0.0416
42.1
2658
5981
Car
4500
1994
88
0.006
22.4
15.6
23.4
18.8
4500
136.8
344
255
9.0
0.747
0.0567
42.5
2602
5854
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-17
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° Yal\es
Inn
Three
Four
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
1997
44.3%
0.8%
2.2%
97.8%
99.8%
0.2%
55.3%
44.7%
6.1%
1998
36.8%
3.2%
2.3%
97.7%
99.7%
0.3%
56.2%
3.2%
39.4%
1.2%
8.9%
1999
43.5%
2.9%
2.1%
97.9%
99.7%
0.3%
48.0%
3.7%
46.6%
1.7%
10.2%
2000
42.7%
2.9%
2.7%
97.3%
100.0%
55.1%
2.9%
39.8%
2.1%
11.5%
2001
44.5%
9.6%
3.4%
96.6%
100.0%
47.9%
3.2%
45.6%
3.2%
16.3%
2002
48.2%
12.2%
3.0%
96.8%
0.2%
100.0%
32.8%
3.7%
59.5%
4.0%
19.7%
2003
43.9%
12.9%
3.4%
94.1%
2.5%
100.0%
30.0%
9.2%
54.7%
6.1%
23.6%
2004
62.9%
12.9%
3.6%
94.4%
2.0%
99.9%
0.1%
22.7%
4.8%
68.3%
4.2%
43.1%
2005
56.7%
15.3%
3.3%
92.7%
4.0%
99.5%
0.5%
29.0%
5.8%
63.6%
1.5%
38.6%
0.2%
2006
56.2%
10.6%
3.4%
92.8%
3.8%
99.8%
0.2%
23.5%
3.9%
72.2%
0.4%
50.9%
0.5%
2007
68.0%
11.2%
2.9%
89.7%
7.4%
99.9%
0.1%
26.5%
1.6%
71.9%
0.1%
64.5%
3.0%
2008
64.0%
12.0%
3.3%
92.7%
4.1%
5.7%
94.2%
0.1%
24.6%
1.6%
73.8%
0.0%
65.2%
2.1%
2009
66.3%
12.0%
1.9%
87.8%
10.3%
9.7%
90.2%
0.1%
22.0%
1.1%
76.9%
80.2%
4.4%
2010
57.7%
12.0%
4.0%
85.6%
9.8%
24.3%
75.6%
0.1%
15.0%
1.3%
83.6%
86.8%
4.3%
2011
63.6%
13.6%
3.1%
89.5%
6.8%
29.0%
70.6%
0.4%
11.6%
1.2%
87.2%
95.5%
2.1%
2012
61.7%
13.2%
4.3%
89.3%
5.9%
51.7%
48.3%
0.8%
1.8%
97.3%
99.6%
3.9%
1975
0.9%
0.6%
1.6%
1976
2.0%
0.1%
2.3%
1977
1.3%
0.1%
1.6%
1978
2.7%
12.9%
3.1%
1.5%
1979
4.4%
0.0%
9.3%
3.4%
5.5%
1980
7.5%
0.0%
54.2%
0.0%
28.7%
1981
8.6%
61.7%
29.7%
44.2%
1982
6.3%
0.0%
99.8%
45.3%
1983
1.4%
0.0%
100.0%
12.3%
1984
0.6%
0.0%
100.0%
4.2%
1985
0.1%
0.0%
100.0%
0.0%
1.1%
1986
0.0%
91.2%
8.7%
100.0%
1987
0.0%
100.0%
0.1%
100.0%
1988
0.0%
100.0%
2.9%
100.0%
1989
0.0%
96.2%
8.0%
100.0%
1990
84.4%
20.5%
30.5%
95.8%
4.2%
1991
0.7%
82.1%
26.2%
73.8%
88.4%
11.6%
3.2%
1992
0.2%
89.6%
12.2%
87.8%
95.0%
5.0%
5.5%
1993
0.2%
96.0%
10.6%
89.4%
90.7%
9.3%
3.1%
1994
0.2%
93.6%
100.0%
91.1%
8.9%
7.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.	G-18	March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
4500
1995
111
0.007
22.4
15.6
23.2
18.7
4500
127.7
310
257
9.0
0.867
0.0572
42.3
2413
5429
Car
4500
1996
96
0.007
22.9
15.8
23.8
19.1
4500
131.5
324
260
8.9
0.826
0.0579
43.1
2525
5681
Car
4500
1997
37
0.003
22.2
15.5
22.1
18.4
4500
109.0
257
272
8.7
1.061
0.0604
41.5
2025
4557
Car
4500
1998
30
0.002
22.0
15.3
22.0
18.2
4500
100.0
272
288
8.2
1.065
0.0641
41.1
1842
4144
Car
4500
1999
24
0.002
22.2
15.3
21.9
18.3
4500
93.1
264
278
8.5
1.066
0.0619
41.2
1722
3873
Car
4500
2000
67
0.004
21.9
15.1
21.5
18.0
4500
114.8
281
288
8.2
1.026
0.0640
40.6
2080
4679
Car
4500
2001
78
0.005
22.0
15.0
21.6
18.0
4500
117.3
270
284
8.3
1.070
0.0631
40.7
2122
4774
Car
4500
2002
95
0.006
22.3
15.2
21.6
18.2
4500
123.6
274
267
8.9
0.990
0.0594
41.0
2254
5072
Car
4500
2003
278
0.018
23.2
15.5
22.9
18.9
4500
128.6
279
255
9.2
0.919
0.0567
42.6
2443
5496
Car
4500
2004
357
0.023
22.6
15.0
22.4
18.5
4500
134.5
264
255
9.2
0.981
0.0567
41.7
2487
5596
Car
4500
2005
402
0.025
23.0
15.3
22.2
18.6
4500
132.6
278
272
8.8
0.989
0.0604
41.9
2471
5560
Car
4500
2006
417
0.028
22.5
14.9
22.0
18.3
4500
132.2
283
293
8.3
1.043
0.0651
41.3
2425
5457
Car
4500
2007
477
0.031
22.8
15.1
22.3
18.5
4500
130.4
272
297
8.2
1.102
0.0660
41.8
2428
5463
Car
4500
2008
459
0.033
22.8
15.1
22.3
18.5
4500
129.5
260
288
8.4
1.125
0.0641
41.9
2417
5438
Car
4500
2009
248
0.027
23.5
15.5
22.8
19.0
4500
123.0
263
303
8.0
1.169
0.0673
43.0
2359
5307
Car
4500
2010
470
0.042
24.9
16.6
23.7
20.0
4500
130.8
235
289
8.3
1.257
0.0642
45.2
2635
5929
Car
4500
2011
544
0.045
25.5
16.9
24.7
20.6
4500
128.1
237
304
8.0
1.318
0.0676
46.7
2664
5995
Car
4500
2012
463
0.035
25.5
16.7
24.7
20.5
4500
123.7
250
338
7.4
1.377
0.0751
46.7
2567
5777
Car
5000
1975
1505
0.147
12.9
10.0
12.5
11.0
5000

388
166
14.0
0.429
0.0333
27.8


Car
5000
1976
1495
0.121
14.6
11.5
13.9
12.5
5000

378
166
13.9
0.440
0.0333
31.2


Car
5000
1977
1051
0.074
14.1
10.9
13.8
12.1
5000
129.7
387
175
13.3
0.453
0.0351
30.3
1571
3927
Car
5000
1978
477
0.033
14.6
11.1
14.5
12.4
5000
132.3
403
179
13.1
0.445
0.0358
31.3
1663
4157
Car
5000
1979
182
0.013
14.4
11.1
14.2
12.3
5000
126.5
396
169
13.7
0.426
0.0339
31.3
1587
3968
Car
5000
1980
2
0.000
12.5
9.9
11.9
10.7
5000
121.9
382
156
14.6
0.409
0.0312
26.8
1320
3299
Car
5000
1981
2
0.000
11.7
9.3
11.1
10.0
5000
122.2
387
156
14.6
0.402
0.0311
25.1
1231
3078
Car
5000
1982
2
0.000
11.2
8.8
10.6
9.5
5000
121.4
378
176
13.7
0.482
0.0353
23.8
1160
2900
Car
5000
1983
1
0.000
11.5
9.1
10.9
9.8
5000
126.4
373
157
14.7
0.426
0.0314
24.6
1246
3115
Car
5000
1984
2
0.000
11.2
8.8
10.6
9.5
5000
122.1
374
176
13.7
0.485
0.0351
23.9
1171
2928
Car
5000
1985
1
0.000
10.9
8.5
10.3
9.2
5000
113.5
394
187
12.9
0.494
0.0375
23.1
1050
2626
Car
5000
1986
1
0.000
10.7
8.3
10.2
9.1
5000
114.2
378
205
12.2
0.574
0.0409
22.8
1039
2598
Car
5000
1987
1
0.000
11.4
9.0
10.6
9.7
5000
113.0
410
191
12.4
0.466
0.0382
24.2
1095
2738
Car
5000
1988
1
0.000
12.3
9.5
11.7
10.4
5000
112.0
408
207
11.6
0.509
0.0413
26.1
1170
2925
Car
5000
1989
1
0.000
12.4
9.5
11.7
10.4
5000
112.9
410
206
11.6
0.502
0.0411
26.1
1180
2950
Car
5000
1990
0
0.000
10.9
8.2
10.7
9.2
5000
95.9
326
240
10.3
0.736
0.0480
23.1
885
2212
Car
5000
1991
















Car
5000
1992
10
0.001
17.3
12.8
16.7
14.5
5000
126.0
283
297
9.1
1.041
0.0594
36.8
1851
4628
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-19
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° Yal\es
Inn
Three
Four
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
1995
0.5%
0.5%
82.4%
100.0%
64.7%
35.3%
6.0%
1996
0.4%
0.4%
90.6%
100.0%
76.4%
23.6%
15.0%
1997
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
2.3%
97.7%
79.9%
1998
0.0%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
4.3%
95.7%
99.2%
1999
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
37.6%
62.4%
61.9%
2000
1.0%
0.3%
99.7%
100.0%
3.4%
29.4%
66.2%
1.0%
26.1%
2001
11.4%
1.1%
98.9%
100.0%
5.4%
50.3%
32.9%
11.4%
34.8%
2002
6.9%
0.7%
99.3%
100.0%
38.4%
34.8%
19.8%
6.9%
20.8%
2003
3.6%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
77.4%
9.7%
10.2%
2.7%
8.3%
2004
12.7%
12.5%
0.4%
99.6%
100.0%
49.7%
7.5%
38.9%
3.9%
27.8%
2005
12.3%
8.5%
0.7%
99.0%
100.0%
59.1%
4.6%
33.1%
3.1%
26.2%
2006
14.1%
0.6%
99.0%
100.0%
51.7%
4.8%
41.5%
2.0%
28.8%
2007
29.7%
5.5%
0.3%
99.5%
100.0%
32.9%
0.3%
66.7%
0.1%
23.6%
0.7%
2008
25.4%
12.5%
0.6%
98.8%
3.9%
96.1%
31.3%
0.1%
68.5%
0.1%
33.6%
0.2%
2009
21.0%
20.5%
4.2%
95.0%
9.0%
91.0%
30.1%
0.7%
69.2%
0.0%
62.0%
0.2%
2010
40.7%
27.9%
2.5%
96.4%
0.8%
26.5%
73.5%
17.5%
82.5%
88.3%
0.1%
2011
33.6%
33.1%
1.7%
97.9%
0.1%
41.2%
58.2%
0.6%
17.6%
0.0%
82.4%
89.0%
0.1%
2012
20.5%
34.7%
4.8%
94.7%
51.9%
47.6%
0.5%
17.9%
82.1%
94.4%
0.6%
1975
1976
0.3%
1977
3.3%
0.7%
1978
4.9%
14.1%
0.4%
0.9%
1979
0.9%
9.1%
1980
6.7%
1981
42.6%
57.4%
1982
14.2%
44.2%
41.5%
1983
6.5%
19.3%
74.2%
1984
15.8%
37.4%
46.8%
1985
16.3%
83.7%
1986
30.6%
69.4%
100.0%
1987
1.8%
100.0%
100.0%
1988
4.9%
100.0%
100.0%
1989
100.0%
100.0%
1990
1991
1992
100.0%
100.0%
89.1%
10.9%
100.0%
10.9%
89.1%
89.1%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.	G-20	March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
5000
1993
16
0.001
18.9
13.9
18.3
15.8
5000
125.8
247
263
9.8
1.072
0.0526
39.7
1996
4989
Car
5000
1994
11
0.001
20.4
14.6
20.2
17.0
5000
124.5
254
266
9.8
1.051
0.0532
43.0
2142
5354
Car
5000
1995
16
0.001
19.6
14.1
19.0
16.3
5000
119.6
284
298
8.8
1.048
0.0595
40.9
1962
4904
Car
5000
1996
7
0.001
19.9
13.9
20.3
16.6
5000
125.5
286
303
8.6
1.058
0.0605
41.7
2093
5232
Car
5000
1997
10
0.001
20.2
14.0
20.5
16.8
5000
125.1
288
304
8.6
1.057
0.0608
42.1
2108
5269
Car
5000
1998
6
0.000
20.2
14.0
20.2
16.7
5000
126.1
283
299
8.7
1.059
0.0598
41.9
2114
5286
Car
5000
1999
8
0.001
19.7
13.6
19.5
16.3
5000
124.0
290
307
8.5
1.060
0.0613
40.8
2030
5075
Car
5000
2000
1
0.000
18.3
12.4
18.8
15.2
5000
120.1
325
324
8.1
0.996
0.0648
38.0
1827
4567
Car
5000
2001
1
0.000
18.2
12.3
18.7
15.1
5000
120.1
327
325
8.0
0.995
0.0650
37.7
1814
4534
Car
5000
2002
0
0.000
19.1
13.5
17.7
15.5
5000
121.2
303
302
8.5
0.997
0.0604
38.8
1880
4700
Car
5000
2003
1
0.000
20.3
13.3
21.0
16.8
5000
122.5
364
429
6.4
1.179
0.0858
41.9
2053
5133
Car
5000
2004
54
0.003
21.7
14.9
20.3
17.5
5000
164.2
218
253
9.9
1.161
0.0506
43.8
2880
7200
Car
5000
2005
84
0.005
21.3
14.3
20.4
17.2
5000
161.8
221
257
9.8
1.162
0.0514
43.2
2800
7000
Car
5000
2006
40
0.003
21.2
14.3
20.4
17.2
5000
157.8
228
267
9.6
1.168
0.0534
43.0
2721
6803
Car
5000
2007
40
0.003
20.8
13.7
20.8
17.0
5000
145.4
269
306
8.8
1.129
0.0612
42.7
2492
6229
Car
5000
2008
38
0.003
20.5
13.6
20.1
16.7
5000
140.2
279
332
8.3
1.180
0.0664
41.9
2360
5899
Car
5000
2009
21
0.002
20.8
13.8
20.7
17.0
5000
127.2
289
376
7.3
1.301
0.0752
42.8
2169
5423
Car
5000
2010
30
0.003
23.8
16.1
22.2
19.1
5000
124.0
271
356
7.1
1.325
0.0712
50.0
2484
6211
Car
5000
2011
25
0.002
23.2
15.6
22.3
18.8
5000
124.9
271
373
7.1
1.388
0.0746
48.2
2405
6012
Car
5000
2012
38
0.003
24.6
16.3
23.3
19.7
5000
124.1
257
400
6.6
1.547
0.0800
50.6
2511
6277
Car
5500
1975
828
0.081
12.2
9.4
11.8
10.4
5500

458
208
12.6
0.454
0.0378
28.6


Car
5500
1976
934
0.076
13.3
10.4
12.7
11.3
5500

460
204
12.7
0.443
0.0370
31.2


Car
5500
1977
298
0.021
12.6
9.6
12.6
10.8
5500
131.8
447
194
13.2
0.435
0.0353
29.7
1421
3908
Car
5500
1978
134
0.009
12.8
9.7
12.9
10.9
5500
130.7
445
191
13.3
0.429
0.0348
30.1
1437
3951
Car
5500
1979
2
0.000
11.0
8.8
10.1
9.4
5500
112.7
417
174
14.4
0.417
0.0317
25.8
1060
2916
Car
5500
1980
0
0.000
10.7
8.6
9.8
9.1
5500
100.7
412
170
14.7
0.413
0.0309
25.2
922
2534
Car
5500
1981
0
0.000
10.5
8.3
9.9
8.9
5500
98.8
412
170
14.7
0.413
0.0309
24.6
888
2442
Car
5500
1982
0
0.000
10.1
8.0
9.5
8.6
5500
92.5
412
170
14.7
0.413
0.0309
23.7
798
2194
Car
5500
1983
0
0.000
10.9
8.5
10.7
9.3
5500
92.3
412
170
14.7
0.413
0.0309
25.7
862
2370
Car
5500
1984
0
0.000
11.0
8.5
10.7
9.3
5500
92.6
412
170
14.7
0.413
0.0309
25.7
866
2382
Car
5500
1985
0
0.000
11.0
8.5
10.8
9.4
5500
92.5
412
170
14.7
0.413
0.0309
25.7
866
2382
Car
5500
1986
0
0.000
11.0
8.4
10.7
9.3
5500
92.4
412
170
14.7
0.413
0.0309
25.7
861
2369
Car
5500
1987
0
0.000
10.9
8.5
10.3
9.2
5500
92.0
412
187
13.7
0.454
0.0340
25.5
854
2348
Car
5500
1988
0
0.000
12.2
9.4
11.4
10.3
5500
91.3
412
205
12.6
0.498
0.0373
28.2
937
2578
Car
5500
1989
1
0.000
12.5
9.6
11.9
10.5
5500
103.8
412
259
10.7
0.630
0.0472
29.0
1098
3018
Car
5500
1990
1
0.000
13.1
10.0
12.5
11.0
5500
107.2
412
250
11.0
0.607
0.0455
30.3
1182
3251
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-21
March 2013

-------
W-i»hl
(hiss
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
¦001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual l ock (A I
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
l-'ou I
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
1993
100.0%
6.5%
93.5%
59.7%
1994
94.0%
6.0%
6.0%
94.0%
65.1%
1995
97.3%
2.7%
2.7%
97.3%
97.3%
1996
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
100.0%
100.0%
8.0%
92.0%
93.0%
2000
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2001
100.0%
100.0%
97.7%
1.2%
1.1%
2002
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2003
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2004
98.1%
100.0%
100.0%
0.9%
99.1%
1.0%
2005
25.9%
72.8%
100.0%
100.0%
1.0%
98.7%
0.3%
17.5%
2006
93.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1.7%
97.9%
0.4%
40.5%
2007
0.9%
91.6%
100.0%
100.0%
5.5%
94.5%
26.2%
2008
0.7%
79.0%
100.0%
1.3%
98.7%
0.7%
99.3%
48.1%
2009
65.4%
100.0%
26.8%
73.2%
8.3%
91.7%
70.6%
2010
19.2%
61.1%
19.2%
22.5%
77.5%
0.8%
99.2%
100.0%
24.1%
2011
13.1%
63.1%
90.6%
9.4%
63.3%
36.7%
0.8%
99.2%
96.1%
12.4%
2012
11.7%
52.9%
88.3%
11.7%
73.5%
23.3%
3.2%
0.4%
99.6%
96.6%
20.6%
1975
8.2%
1976
7.4%
2.9%
1977
15.9%
3.1%
1978
33.7%
30.0%
1979
1980
5.0%
1981
100.0%
1982
100.0%
1983
100.0%
1984
100.0%
1985
100.0%
1986
100.0%
100.0%
1987
100.0%
100.0%
1988
100.0%
100.0%
1989
100.0%
100.0%
1990
100.0%
100.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-22
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ci»hl
Class
M77
0.0432
30.4
1187
3264
Car
5500
1992
0
0.000
14.1
10.2
14.4
11.9
5500
107.2
412
258
10.7
0.625
0.0468
32.8
1280
3519
Car
5500
1993
1
0.000
15.6
11.5
15.1
13.0
5500
126.5
374
290
10.4
0.777
0.0527
36.1
1678
4614
Car
5500
1994
3
0.000
17.7
12.8
17.3
14.7
5500
141.3
356
262
10.5
0.735
0.0476
40.8
2106
5792
Car
5500
1995
3
0.000
18.2
13.2
17.6
15.1
5500
143.1
355
252
10.7
0.712
0.0459
41.8
2186
6011
Car
5500
1996
3
0.000
17.8
13.1
16.7
14.7
5500
155.8
357
261
10.4
0.734
0.0475
40.6
2311
6357
Car
5500
1997
1
0.000
18.1
12.6
18.4
15.1
5500
149.9
315
312
9.0
1.011
0.0567
42.0
2328
6403
Car
5500
1998
2
0.000
17.0
11.4
18.9
14.4
5500
142.7
287
303
9.2
1.062
0.0551
39.6
2060
5666
Car
5500
1999
0
0.000
14.9
10.4
14.9
12.4
5500
98.1
412
349
8.2
0.847
0.0635
34.1
1216
3345
Car
5500
2000
2
0.000
18.1
12.6
17.5
14.9
5500
160.0
284
279
9.8
0.984
0.0507
41.0
2390
6573
Car
5500
2001
0
0.000
16.1
11.3
15.3
13.2
5500
123.3
328
322
8.8
0.982
0.0585
36.4
1630
4482
Car
5500
2002
0
0.000
16.1
11.3
15.3
13.2
5500
120.5
328
322
8.8
0.982
0.0585
36.3
1589
4371
Car
5500
2003
















Car
5500
2004
4
0.000
18.8
12.5
18.9
15.4
5500
123.8
309
391
7.8
1.268
0.0711
43.0
1952
5368
Car
5500
2005
5
0.000
16.7
11.0
17.3
13.9
5500
107.8
347
491
6.5
1.409
0.0893
38.6
1529
4205
Car
5500
2006
21
0.001
19.9
13.6
18.7
16.1
5500
157.1
245
295
9.6
1.213
0.0536
44.6
2559
7037
Car
5500
2007
15
0.001
20.5
13.9
19.4
16.6
5500
154.1
243
314
9.6
1.275
0.0571
46.3
2619
7203
Car
5500
2008
12
0.001
21.6
14.9
19.6
17.3
5500
146.8
246
320
8.7
1.284
0.0582
48.3
2576
7083
Car
5500
2009
4
0.000
20.6
14.1
19.2
16.6
5500
149.9
249
318
9.0
1.269
0.0578
46.2
2537
6976
Car
5500
2010
1
0.000
18.7
12.4
18.8
14.4
5500
118.0
381
550
5.6
1.444
0.1000
40.2
1727
4748
Car
5500
2011
0
0.000
20.2
13.4
20.2
16.6
5500
110.9
344
543
5.4
1.559
0.0987
46.9
1894
5208
Car
5500
2012
3
0.000
19.3
12.8
19.7
16.0
5500
113.5
374
557
5.5
1.490
0.1013
44.6
1847
5080
Car
6000
1975
















Car
6000
1976
















Car
6000
1977
















Car
6000
1978
















Car
6000
1979
















Car
6000
1980
















Car
6000
1981
















Car
6000
1982
















Car
6000
1983
















Car
6000
1984
















Car
6000
1985
0
0.000
10.1
8.0
9.5
8.6
6000
157.5
412
170
15.7
0.413
0.0283
25.9
1358
4075
Car
6000
1986
0
0.000
10.1
8.0
9.5
8.6
6000
157.5
412
170
15.7
0.413
0.0283
25.8
1355
4065
Car
6000
1987
0
0.000
10.4
8.3
9.5
8.8
6000
157.5
412
173
15.5
0.420
0.0288
26.5
1391
4174
Car
6000
1988
0
0.000
11.8
9.3
10.8
10.0
6000
157.5
412
205
13.5
0.498
0.0342
29.9
1571
4713
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-23
March 2013

-------
W-i»hl
(hiss
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
¦001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
l-'ou I
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
1991
100.0%
100.0%
1992
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1993
56.9%
71.8%
28.2%
56.9%
43.1%
43.1%
1994
92.4%
100.0%
92.4%
7.6%
7.6%
1995
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1996
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
73.2%
100.0%
100.0%
26.8%
73.2%
1998
94.1%
100.0%
100.0%
5.9%
94.1%
1999
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
92.1%
100.0%
100.0%
7.8%
92.2%
2001
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2002
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2003
2004
11.6%
76.2%
100.0%
100.0%
52.7%
47.3%
88.4%
2005
5.9%
85.4%
100.0%
100.0%
84.0%
16.0%
94.1%
2006
98.4%
100.0%
100.0%
91.8%
7.1%
1.1%
78.2%
2007
91.6%
100.0%
89.8%
10.2%
13.5%
86.5%
75.6%
2008
94.3%
100.0%
3.3%
87.2%
9.5%
100.0%
88.0%
18.3%
2009
87.9%
100.0%
15.3%
76.0%
8.7%
2.1%
97.9%
89.2%
5.4%
2010
33.0%
91.5%
8.5%
55.3%
44.7%
11.7%
!.3%
100.0%
8.5%
2011
63.8%
66.2%
33.8%
33.8%
66.2%
36.2%
63.8%
63.8%
33.8%
2012
53.8%
87.0%
13.0%
56.5%
43.5%
2.8%
97.2%
97.2%
13.0%
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
100.0%
1986
100.0%
100.0%
1987
100.0%
100.0%
1988
100.0%
100.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-24
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
Tin il-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
6000
1989
















Car
6000
1990
















Car
6000
1991
















Car
6000
1992
















Car
6000
1993
1
0.000
17.6
13.0
16.8
14.7
6000
145.5
350
175
ls.3
0.500
0.0292
44.0
2135
6404
Car
6000
1994
0
0.000
13.9
9.9
14.2
11.7
6000
90.6
412
241
11.9
0.585
0.0402
35.1
1060
3180
Car
6000
1995
0
0.000
13.9
9.9
14.2
11.7
6000
90.6
412
280
10.7
0.679
0.0466
35.1
1059
3176
Car
6000
1996
0
0.000
14.9
10.5
15.0
12.5
6000
88.9
412
350
8.8
0.850
0.0583
37.4
1106
3319
Car
6000
1997
0
0.000
14.9
10.5
15.0
12.4
6000
88.9
412
350
8.8
0.850
0.0583
37.3
1104
3312
Car
6000
1998
0
0.000
14.9
10.4
14.9
12.4
6000
88.9
412
350
8.8
0.850
0.0583
37.2
1102
3305
Car
6000
1999
2
0.000
19.3
13.3
19.2
15.9
6000
145.8
279
300
10.0
1.075
0.0500
47.8
2325
6976
Car
6000
2000
1
0.000
15.0
10.4
14.8
12.4
6000
112.8
412
350
8.8
0.850
0.0583
37.2
1399
4198
Car
6000
2001
3
0.000
17.6
12.2
17.1
14.4
6000
168.6
303
289
10.3
0.961
0.0481
43.6
2474
7422
Car
6000
2002
2
0.000
17.6
12.1
17.1
14.4
6000
155.7
297
294
10.3
0.990
0.0490
43.6
2278
6833
Car
6000
2003
2
0.000
18.2
12.3
18.1
15.0
6000
157.3
287
286
10.5
0.992
0.0476
45.2
2379
7138
Car
6000
2004
1
0.000
18.5
12.3
18.5
15.2
6000
149.9
294
295
10.3
0.998
0.0492
46.1
2318
6955
Car
6000
2005
1
0.000
17.3
11.7
16.9
14.2
6000
138.4
313
320
9.8
1.013
0.0533
43.3
2019
6058
Car
6000
2006
3
0.000
15.4
10.0
16.3
12.8
6000
114.9
369
545
6.2
1.478
0.0908
38.6
1477
4431
Car
6000
2007
5
0.000
16.2
10.7
16.9
13.5
6000
111.2
348
514
7.0
1.451
0.0857
40.6
1520
4561
Car
6000
2008
3
0.000
16.4
10.8
17.0
13.6
6000
112.5
342
505
7.1
1.445
0.0842
41.0
1553
4660
Car
6000
2009
2
0.000
16.4
11.0
16.4
13.5
6000
124.1
331
438
8.1
1.287
0.0729
40.7
1696
5087
Car
6000
2010
2
0.000
17.1
11.4
17.2
13.8
6000
116.7
335
412
8.3
1.207
0.0687
41.5
1627
4882
Car
6000
2011
3
0.000
18.1
12.1
18.2
15.0
6000
120.8
354
472
7.4
1.310
0.0786
45.1
1822
5465
Car
6000
2012
1
0.000
16.9
11.2
18.3
14.4
6000
107.9
383
556
6.1
1.464
0.0926
43.1
1550
4651
Car
6500
1975
















Car
6500
1976
















Car
6500
1977
















Car
6500
1978
















Car
6500
1979
















Car
6500
1980
















Car
6500
1981
















Car
6500
1982
















Car
6500
1983
















Car
6500
1984
















Car
6500
1985
















Car
6500
1986
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-25
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
100.0%
0.5%
99.5%
100.0%
1994
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1995
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1996
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2001
81.6%
100.0%
100.0%
18.4%
81.6%
2002
100.0%
100.0%
13.2%
2003
93.9%
100.0%
100.0%
6.1%
93.9%
2004
8.6%
100.0%
100.0%
11.4%
!.6%
2005
74.5%
100.0%
100.0%
25.5%
74.5%
2006
92.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2007
24.3%
68.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2008
28.6%
69.8%
100.0%
100.0%
1.6%
98.4%
2009
46.4%
42.1%
100.0%
100.0%
5.4%
94.6%
2010
44.9%
39.3%
100.0%
15.8%
84.2%
100.0%
2011
34.6%
22.2%
100.0%
35.0%
65.0%
8.2%
91.8%
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
63.1%
100.0%
17.7%
82.3%
19.3%
80.7%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-26
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'.n^iiu'
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
C u-l l-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Car
6500
1987
















Car
6500
1988
















Car
6500
1989
















Car
6500
1990
















Car
6500
1991
















Car
6500
1992
















Car
6500
1993
















Car
6500
1994
0
0.000
13.6
9.8
13.7
11.4
6500
140.2
412
241
12.7
0.585
0.0371
37.1
1602
5206
Car
6500
1995
0
0.000
13.6
9.7
13.7
11.4
6500
140.2
412
241
12.7
0.585
0.0371
37.1
1599
5196
Car
6500
1996
















Car
6500
1997
0
0.000
14.9
10.7
14.5
12.4
6500
140.1
412
241
12.7
0.585
0.0371
40.3
1737
5646
Car
6500
1998
0
0.000
13.8
9.7
13.9
11.5
6500
140.1
412
300
10.6
0.728
0.0462
37.5
1615
5248
Car
6500
1999
















Car
6500
2000
0
0.000
15.2
10.6
15.1
12.6
6500
88.9
412
325
10.0
0.789
0.0500
41.0
1121
3644
Car
6500
2001
0
0.000
15.2
10.5
15.1
12.6
6500
88.9
412
377
8.9
0.914
0.0580
40.9
1119
3636
Car
6500
2002
0
0.000
15.2
10.5
15.0
12.6
6500
88.9
412
325
10.0
0.789
0.0500
40.8
1116
3629
Car
6500
2003
0
0.000
15.2
10.4
14.9
12.5
6500
88.9
412
325
10.0
0.789
0.0500
40.8
1114
3621
Car
6500
2004
0
0.000
18.9
12.7
18.9
15.6
6500
133.2
281
234
13.0
0.833
0.0360
50.5
2072
6734
Car
6500
2005
















Car
6500
2006
2
0.000
17.9
12.0
17.5
14.6
6500
144.4
279
275
11.4
0.986
0.0423
47.6
2113
6869
Car
6500
2007
3
0.000
19.1
12.7
19.0
15.6
6500
129.7
281
234
13.0
0.833
0.0360
50.8
2027
6587
Car
6500
2008
1
0.000
16.6
11.0
16.7
13.7
6500
131.8
323
375
9.5
1.136
0.0578
44.8
1834
5959
Car
6500
2009
0
0.000
16.6
11.1
16.5
13.7
6500
135.0
308
345
10.1
1.094
0.0530
44.6
1865
6060
Car
6500
2010
0
0.000
14.5
9.5
15.3
12.1
6500
102.0
411
503
7.0
1.224
0.0773
39.3
1233
4008
Car
6500
2011
1
0.000
18.9
12.6
18.8
15.5
6500
129.9
284
253
12.5
0.882
0.0389
50.5
2017
6556
Car
6500
2012
0
0.000
15.5
10.3
15.7
12.8
6500
127.9
336
543
6.6
1.616
0.0835
41.6
1635
5315
Van
2250
1975
















Van
2250
1976
















Van
2250
1977
















Van
2250
1978
















Van
2250
1979
















Van
2250
1980
















Van
2250
1981
















Van
2250
1982
















Van
2250
1983
1
0.000
39.0
33.5
32.3
32.9
2250

97
52
18.3
0.536
0.0231
37.2


Van
2250
1984
2
0.000
38.6
33.5
31.7
32.6
2250

97
52
18.3
0.536
0.0231
36.9


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-27
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1995
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1996
1997
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
2000
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2001
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2002
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2003
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2004
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2005
2006
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2007
100.0%
100.0%
99.9%
0.1%
2008
59.4%
100.0%
100.0%
19.7%
20.9%
59.4%
2009
73.5%
100.0%
100.0%
15.4%
11.1%
73.5%
2010
100.0%
100.0%
97.6%
2.4%
2.4%
2011
100.0%
100.0%
96.3%
3.7%
3.7%
2012
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
100.0%
33.3%
100.0%
1984
100.0%
40.0%
100.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-28
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ fill-
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
Prod
(000)
l-'rcii-
I'ik'l I'A'iiniiim
l.;il>
55/45
Ailj
( il\
Ailj
I lux
Ailj
(iimp
\\i-i»hl
I.I)
Ynl
C u-l"l
I'.nuiiu'
(II)
IIP
11-60
Timi-
I ll>/
(II)
IIP/
\\ I
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tiiii-
mpc;
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-29
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-30
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Van
2750
1983
















Van
2750
1984
15
0.001
29.8
24.0
26.9
25.3
2750

122
88
14.1
0.721
0.0320
34.8


Van
2750
1985
8
0.001
29.8
23.5
28.2
25.4
2750

122
88
14.0
0.721
0.0320
35.0


Van
2750
1986
5
0.000
29.4
23.6
26.7
24.9
2750

122
88
14.1
0.721
0.0320
34.3


Van
2750
1987
4
0.000
29.3
23.3
26.4
24.7
2750

122
88
14.1
0.721
0.0320
34.0


Van
2750
1988
















Van
2750
1989
















Van
2750
1990
















Van
2750
1991
















Van
2750
1992
















Van
2750
1993
















Van
2750
1994
















Van
2750
1995
















Van
2750
1996
















Van
2750
1997
















Van
2750
1998
















Van
2750
1999
















Van
2750
2000
















Van
2750
2001
















Van
2750
2002
















Van
2750
2003
















Van
2750
2004
















Van
2750
2005
















Van
2750
2006
















Van
2750
2007
















Van
2750
2008
















Van
2750
2009
















Van
2750
2010
















Van
2750
2011
















Van
2750
2012
















Van
3000
1975
0
0.000
21.2
16.1
21.6
18.2
3000

109
67
18.6
0.615
0.0223
27.2


Van
3000
1976
















Van
3000
1977
















Van
3000
1978
















Van
3000
1979
















Van
3000
1980
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-31
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
1983
1984
100.0%
42.3%
57.7%
1985
100.0%
77.4%
22.6%
1986
100.0%
52.5%
47.5%
1987
100.0%
47.8%
52.2%
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
71.4%
100.0%
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-32
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Van
3000
1981
















Van
3000
1982
















Van
3000
1983
















Van
3000
1984
31
0.002
25.7
20.4
23.8
21.8
3000

134
92
14.6
0.691
0.0307
33.0


Van
3000
1985
56
0.004
26.1
21.1
23.7
22.2
3000

128
94
14.5
0.733
0.0313
33.4


Van
3000
1986
50
0.003
26.9
21.3
24.9
22.8
3000

128
92
14.6
0.717
0.0306
34.3


Van
3000
1987
59
0.004
26.6
21.2
23.9
22.4
3000

130
96
14.2
0.742
0.0320
33.7


Van
3000
1988
17
0.001
27.4
21.5
24.9
23.0
3000

124
97
14.0
0.782
0.0323
34.6


Van
3000
1989
13
0.001
26.3
20.6
23.8
22.0
3000

124
97
14.0
0.783
0.0323
33.1


Van
3000
1990
5
0.000
26.4
20.3
24.3
22.0
3000

137
116
12.4
0.842
0.0387
33.1


Van
3000
1991
8
0.001
26.2
20.3
23.5
21.7
3000

122
96
14.1
0.789
0.0321
32.6


Van
3000
1992
23
0.002
28.3
21.2
26.4
23.5
3000

119
114
12.4
0.963
0.0379
35.3


Van
3000
1993
11
0.001
28.5
21.1
26.6
23.5
3000

120
119
12.0
0.994
0.0397
35.4


Van
3000
1994
5
0.000
28.4
20.8
26.7
23.4
3000

127
124
11.6
0.981
0.0414
35.3


Van
3000
1995
4
0.000
27.7
20.1
26.1
22.8
3000

130
127
11.4
0.974
0.0422
34.4


Van
3000
1996
0
0.000
27.7
19.9
26.0
22.7
3000

134
127
11.4
0.954
0.0424
34.1


Van
3000
1997
















Van
3000
1998
















Van
3000
1999
















Van
3000
2000
















Van
3000
2001
















Van
3000
2002
















Van
3000
2003
















Van
3000
2004
















Van
3000
2005
















Van
3000
2006
















Van
3000
2007
















Van
3000
2008
















Van
3000
2009
















Van
3000
2010
















Van
3000
2011
















Van
3000
2012
















Van
3500
1975
17
0.002
19.0
14.5
18.9
16.2
3500

214
98
15.9
0.466
0.0280
28.4


Van
3500
1976
12
0.001
19.5
15.4
18.3
16.6
3500

211
96
16.3
0.460
0.0273
29.1


Van
3500
1977
10
0.001
20.2
16.4
18.2
17.1
3500

201
92
16.8
0.471
0.0264
30.1


Van
3500
1978
12
0.001
19.4
15.6
17.7
16.5
3500

200
101
15.8
0.509
0.0288
28.9


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-33
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3500
3500
3500
3500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
1981
1982
1983
1984
69.4%
32.4%
23.6%
30.6%
1985
51.2%
5.3%
22.2%
50.3%
43.5%
1986
43.5%
26.9%
62.2%
32.2%
29.6%
1987
38.2%
14.4%
31.7%
8.3%
69.3%
1988
68.9%
19.5%
41.5%
58.5%
100.0%
1989
73.5%
18.0%
35.0%
65.0%
99.3%
0.7%
1990
71.5%
8.5%
57.2%
42.8%
97.2%
2.8%
1991
78.8%
21.2%
32.2%
67.8%
100.0%
1992
99.5%
0.5%
35.3%
64.7%
100.0%
1993
100.0%
13.3%
86.7%
100.0%
1994
51.0%
49.0%
21.4%
78.6%
100.0%
4.8%
49.0%
46.2%
1995
40.5%
59.5%
16.4%
83.6%
100.0%
100.0%
1996
100.0%
13.2%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
18.7%
6.1%
1976
24.4%
13.3%
1977
28.8%
23.2%
1978
28.4%
23.4%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-34
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Van
3500
1979
8
0.001
18.7
14.8
17.6
16.0
3500

120
67
20.9
0.558
0.0191
28.0


Van
3500
1980
17
0.002
19.0
14.9
17.9
16.1
3500

151
77
19.3
0.524
0.0219
28.3


Van
3500
1981
16
0.001
19.3
15.5
17.7
16.4
3500

172
81
18.6
0.490
0.0230
28.8


Van
3500
1982
25
0.003
20.9
16.9
18.9
17.8
3500

179
82
18.7
0.473
0.0233
31.9


Van
3500
1983
10
0.001
19.5
15.5
18.2
16.6
3500

119
69
20.5
0.582
0.0198
29.4


Van
3500
1984
164
0.012
24.2
19.3
22.4
20.6
3500

139
96
16.1
0.694
0.0275
36.3


Van
3500
1985
292
0.020
23.5
18.7
21.9
20.0
3500

154
102
15.4
0.673
0.0293
35.2


Van
3500
1986
320
0.021
24.3
19.1
22.7
20.6
3500

152
102
15.3
0.674
0.0292
36.2


Van
3500
1987
329
0.022
24.1
18.7
22.7
20.4
3500

162
120
13.8
0.735
0.0343
35.8


Van
3500
1988
262
0.017
24.5
18.8
23.2
20.6
3500

166
123
13.5
0.736
0.0353
36.2


Van
3500
1989
264
0.018
24.3
18.7
22.5
20.4
3500

159
120
13.9
0.753
0.0343
35.7


Van
3500
1990
213
0.017
25.2
19.0
23.9
21.1
3500

170
129
13.0
0.758
0.0368
37.0


Van
3500
1991
63
0.005
25.3
19.2
23.5
21.0
3500

161
109
14.9
0.674
0.0312
36.9


Van
3500
1992
84
0.007
25.7
19.4
23.7
21.3
3500

156
110
14.6
0.707
0.0314
37.3


Van
3500
1993
220
0.017
25.3
18.6
24.0
21.0
3500

176
133
12.6
0.755
0.0380
36.7


Van
3500
1994
144
0.010
24.7
18.3
22.9
20.4
3500

173
131
12.8
0.755
0.0374
35.7


Van
3500
1995
237
0.016
25.1
18.4
23.4
20.6
3500

171
137
12.2
0.807
0.0391
36.2


Van
3500
1996
33
0.002
27.0
19.4
25.6
22.1
3500

145
144
11.6
1.013
0.0411
39.0


Van
3500
1997
33
0.002
24.2
17.6
22.2
19.7
3500

145
133
12.4
0.927
0.0379
34.6


Van
3500
1998
16
0.001
27.0
19.3
24.9
21.9
3500

138
150
11.3
1.087
0.0429
38.4


Van
3500
1999
1
0.000
26.9
19.3
24.3
21.7
3500

138
150
11.3
1.087
0.0429
37.9


Van
3500
2000
















Van
3500
2001
















Van
3500
2002
















Van
3500
2003
















Van
3500
2004
















Van
3500
2005
















Van
3500
2006
















Van
3500
2007
















Van
3500
2008
16
0.001
30.7
20.9
27.3
24.1
3500

140
153
11.1
1.093
0.0437
42.2


Van
3500
2009
22
0.002
30.3
20.7
26.8
23.8
3500

140
153
11.1
1.093
0.0437
41.6


Van
3500
2010
57
0.005
30.5
21.4
25.7
23.6
3500

128
145
11.6
1.128
0.0413
41.4


Van
3500
2011
28
0.002
30.1
20.9
25.9
23.5
3500

122
140
11.9
1.148
0.0400
41.1


Van
3500
2012
48
0.004
30.6
21.0
26.8
23.9
3500

122
136
12.2
1.115
0.0389
41.9


Van
4000
1975
262
0.026
14.0
11.2
12.9
11.9
4000

311
136
14.0
0.434
0.0340
24.5


Van
4000
1976
293
0.024
14.1
11.2
13.1
12.0
4000

323
142
13.5
0.437
0.0356
24.7


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-35
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
4000
4000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
1979
81.2%
100.0%
1980
62.8%
25.0%
70.1%
1981
55.9%
34.3%
50.6%
1982
62.9%
32.5%
25.1%
15.0%
1983
79.6%
96.9%
3.1%
1984
27.1%
15.7%
21.6%
9.6%
1985
76.3%
15.2%
14.6%
10.1%
6.6%
1986
71.0%
9.6%
23.5%
22.0%
2.7%
1987
75.9%
9.6%
52.8%
50.5%
8.5%
1988
80.7%
1.7%
7.3%
63.9%
63.5%
36.5%
1989
84.5%
1.3%
5.6%
30.6%
53.6%
46.4%
1990
92.4%
1.3%
5.0%
90.9%
72.1%
27.9%
1991
81.4%
3.6%
4.1%
95.9%
28.9%
71.1%
1992
85.5%
7.3%
8.6%
91.4%
35.5%
64.5%
1993
96.5%
0.1%
2.9%
97.1%
80.2%
19.8%
1994
96.5%
0.7%
2.8%
97.2%
73.4%
26.6%
99.3%
0.7%
1995
95.4%
0.8%
0.2%
99.8%
87.5%
12.5%
85.7%
14.3%
1996
76.3%
0.4%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
24.5%
75.5%
1997
73.1%
100.0%
100.0%
26.9%
73.1%
1998
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
100.0%
4.9%
95.1%
100.0%
100.0%
2009
100.0%
4.8%
95.2%
100.0%
100.0%
2010
100.0%
2.4%
97.6%
100.0%
100.0%
2011
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
1975
1976
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
34.8%
30.9%
I h hrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-36
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class















t'u-l-'l-
Yiliiik-
Wi-iuhi
Mmk-I
Pnid

l.al)
Adj
Adj
Adj
Wi-iuhi
Vol
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
HP/
HP/
Tiin-
(u-n-
Tmi-
T \ |K'
Class
Year
(000)
I'rai-
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
('iimp
Lh
c u-n
(II)
IIP
Timi-
(II)
\\ 1
mp<;
mp<;
mpc;
Van
4000
1977
262
0.019
16.1
13.0
14.6
13.7
4000

323
148
12.9
0.457
0.0371
27.7


Van
4000
1978
310
0.021
15.6
12.7
14.1
13.3
4000

321
142
13.2
0.444
0.0356
27.0


Van
4000
1979
83
0.006
16.5
13.5
14.8
14.0
4000

275
128
14.3
0.468
0.0320
28.4


Van
4000
1980
90
0.008
18.4
14.6
17.0
15.6
4000

263
121
15.0
0.466
0.0304
31.4


Van
4000
1981
82
0.008
18.7
14.9
17.4
15.9
4000

262
120
15.2
0.463
0.0300
32.1


Van
4000
1982
85
0.009
18.8
15.0
17.4
16.0
4000

264
117
15.8
0.445
0.0292
32.4


Van
4000
1983
102
0.010
18.8
15.0
17.5
16.0
4000

261
112
16.1
0.433
0.0281
32.4


Van
4000
1984
160
0.011
18.0
14.3
16.8
15.3
4000

276
116
15.5
0.427
0.0290
31.0


Van
4000
1985
184
0.013
19.8
15.6
18.6
16.8
4000

272
137
13.7
0.510
0.0342
34.1


Van
4000
1986
316
0.021
21.1
16.3
20.5
18.0
4000

232
134
13.9
0.590
0.0335
36.0


Van
4000
1987
401
0.027
21.7
16.6
21.0
18.4
4000

222
149
12.8
0.689
0.0371
36.9


Van
4000
1988
559
0.037
22.2
16.8
21.7
18.8
4000

214
150
12.6
0.717
0.0374
37.6


Van
4000
1989
674
0.047
22.5
16.9
21.9
18.9
4000

207
145
12.9
0.722
0.0364
38.0


Van
4000
1990
684
0.054
22.2
16.6
21.5
18.7
4000

199
143
13.2
0.722
0.0357
37.5


Van
4000
1991
686
0.055
22.5
16.8
21.5
18.8
4000

194
144
13.0
0.756
0.0361
37.8


Van
4000
1992
758
0.062
22.6
16.7
21.7
18.9
4000

198
146
12.9
0.745
0.0365
37.8


Van
4000
1993
826
0.063
22.6
16.5
22.0
18.9
4000

196
149
12.6
0.768
0.0373
37.8


Van
4000
1994
849
0.060
22.7
16.5
21.9
18.9
4000

203
151
12.5
0.752
0.0378
37.8


Van
4000
1995
990
0.065
22.9
16.4
22.4
19.0
4000

217
152
12.5
0.713
0.0380
38.0


Van
4000
1996
956
0.073
23.5
16.8
22.6
19.4
4000

201
166
11.7
0.828
0.0415
38.8


Van
4000
1997
792
0.055
23.4
16.6
22.5
19.3
4000

197
164
11.8
0.835
0.0409
38.6


Van
4000
1998
1116
0.077
23.8
16.7
23.0
19.5
4000

202
174
11.2
0.863
0.0435
39.1


Van
4000
1999
822
0.054
23.9
16.6
23.2
19.6
4000

198
168
11.5
0.857
0.0420
39.2


Van
4000
2000
948
0.057
24.2
16.7
23.3
19.7
4000

194
171
11.3
0.892
0.0427
39.5


Van
4000
2001
463
0.030
24.6
16.9
23.4
20.0
4000

194
183
10.7
0.953
0.0457
40.0


Van
4000
2002
451
0.028
24.9
17.0
23.8
20.2
4000

196
186
10.6
0.956
0.0464
40.5


Van
4000
2003
493
0.031
25.4
17.2
24.2
20.5
4000

199
185
10.6
0.934
0.0462
41.1


Van
4000
2004
186
0.012
25.1
16.8
24.2
20.3
4000

203
185
10.6
0.917
0.0463
40.6


Van
4000
2005
380
0.024
25.5
17.0
24.0
20.4
4000

198
182
10.8
0.926
0.0456
40.9


Van
4000
2006
160
0.011
25.7
17.2
24.2
20.6
4000

190
183
10.7
0.969
0.0457
41.2


Van
4000
2007
81
0.005
25.9
17.4
24.4
20.8
4000

190
184
10.7
0.976
0.0460
41.6


Van
4000
2008
















Van
4000
2009
















Van
4000
2010
















Van
4000
2011
















Van
4000
2012
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-37
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
1977
23.4%
1978
22.6%
1979
34.8%
29.1%
1980
41.3%
43.7%
4.1%
1981
0.8%
33.7%
50.9%
4.0%
1982
23.9%
55.3%
3.5%
2.3%
1983
28.5%
40.0%
3.3%
1984
21.2%
29.8%
3.4%
1985
0.2%
10.2%
58.0%
0.2%
3.2%
1986
0.1%
6.5%
5.3%
21.1%
51.1%
1987
7.6%
1.7%
4.2%
90.3%
48.9%
46.1%
1988
33.5%
0.2%
2.6%
93.8%
60.7%
39.3%
1989
30.6%
0.4%
2.4%
96.5%
67.7%
32.3%
1990
57.0%
10.0%
1.4%
97.1%
69.4%
30.6%
1991
49.2%
12.6%
1.3%
98.4%
79.7%
20.3%
1992
60.7%
1.8%
0.6%
99.4%
85.2%
14.8%
1993
59.4%
1.1%
1.1%
98.9%
90.4%
9.6%
1994
70.6%
3.1%
0.2%
99.8%
90.2%
9.8%
95.4%
2.7%
1.9%
1995
79.7%
10.1%
100.0%
96.0%
4.0%
97.0%
1.4%
1.7%
1996
90.3%
100.0%
100.0%
94.7%
1.1%
4.2%
1997
87.9%
100.0%
100.0%
93.7%
1.1%
5.2%
1998
96.2%
100.0%
100.0%
88.4%
11.6%
1999
95.7%
100.0%
100.0%
84.1%
15.9%
2000
95.9%
100.0%
100.0%
74.3%
25.7%
2001
95.8%
100.0%
100.0%
67.4%
32.6%
2002
95.7%
100.0%
100.0%
67.0%
33.0%
2003
96.9%
100.0%
100.0%
80.4%
19.6%
2004
92.6%
100.0%
100.0%
84.7%
15.3%
2005
95.4%
89.6%
10.4%
100.0%
79.3%
20.7%
2006
100.0%
78.1%
21.9%
100.0%
60.7%
39.3%
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
100.0%
68.9%
31.1%
100.0%
58.7%
41.3%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-38
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Van
4500
1975
165
0.016
11.6
9.5
10.3
9.8
4500

333
155
13.6
0.464
0.0345
22.2


Van
4500
1976
188
0.015
13.3
10.7
12.3
11.3
4500

330
153
13.8
0.463
0.0340
25.7


Van
4500
1977
222
0.016
13.5
11.0
12.0
11.4
4500

342
157
13.5
0.458
0.0348
25.9


Van
4500
1978
289
0.020
13.0
10.7
11.4
11.0
4500

341
157
13.4
0.460
0.0348
24.9


Van
4500
1979
273
0.020
13.6
11.1
12.0
11.5
4500

329
145
14.3
0.443
0.0322
26.3


Van
4500
1980
91
0.008
16.3
13.1
15.1
13.9
4500

313
141
14.6
0.449
0.0313
31.5


Van
4500
1981
121
0.011
17.1
13.7
15.7
14.6
4500

305
138
14.8
0.453
0.0306
33.0


Van
4500
1982
164
0.017
16.8
13.5
15.3
14.2
4500

307
145
14.3
0.474
0.0323
32.3


Van
4500
1983
215
0.021
17.3
13.7
16.1
14.7
4500

308
149
14.0
0.485
0.0332
33.3


Van
4500
1984
245
0.017
17.0
13.4
16.0
14.4
4500

309
153
13.8
0.493
0.0339
32.8


Van
4500
1985
258
0.018
16.1
12.8
14.9
13.7
4500

309
156
13.5
0.503
0.0346
30.9


Van
4500
1986
284
0.019
17.5
13.8
16.2
14.8
4500

304
148
14.1
0.485
0.0328
33.4


Van
4500
1987
252
0.017
17.3
13.5
16.2
14.7
4500

313
163
13.0
0.521
0.0363
33.1


Van
4500
1988
184
0.012
17.9
13.9
16.8
15.1
4500

321
169
12.6
0.528
0.0376
34.0


Van
4500
1989
223
0.015
17.5
13.5
16.5
14.8
4500

323
175
12.4
0.541
0.0389
33.3


Van
4500
1990
268
0.021
18.7
14.1
17.9
15.7
4500

306
174
12.4
0.569
0.0387
35.6


Van
4500
1991
211
0.017
19.1
14.3
18.4
16.0
4500

294
170
12.7
0.580
0.0377
36.4


Van
4500
1992
242
0.020
19.2
14.3
18.3
16.1
4500

288
179
12.2
0.626
0.0398
36.5


Van
4500
1993
251
0.019
19.8
14.6
19.0
16.5
4500

282
180
12.1
0.646
0.0400
37.3


Van
4500
1994
278
0.020
19.3
14.2
18.3
16.1
4500

283
187
11.7
0.664
0.0414
36.5


Van
4500
1995
291
0.019
19.1
14.0
18.1
15.8
4500

292
190
11.5
0.662
0.0421
35.9


Van
4500
1996
291
0.022
20.6
14.8
20.0
17.1
4500

248
177
12.2
0.716
0.0393
38.8


Van
4500
1997
275
0.019
20.7
14.8
19.9
17.1
4500

252
182
11.9
0.727
0.0405
38.8


Van
4500
1998
188
0.013
21.5
15.3
20.6
17.7
4500

242
186
11.6
0.770
0.0413
39.9


Van
4500
1999
426
0.028
22.1
15.5
21.2
18.1
4500

234
193
11.3
0.826
0.0428
40.8


Van
4500
2000
578
0.035
22.3
15.5
21.4
18.2
4500

232
192
11.4
0.832
0.0426
41.2


Van
4500
2001
462
0.030
23.5
16.2
22.5
19.1
4500

217
196
11.2
0.908
0.0436
43.2


Van
4500
2002
623
0.039
23.3
16.0
22.2
18.9
4500

220
206
10.8
0.941
0.0458
42.8


Van
4500
2003
564
0.036
23.6
16.1
22.4
19.1
4500

222
211
10.6
0.955
0.0468
43.1


Van
4500
2004
644
0.041
24.2
16.2
23.1
19.5
4500

216
221
10.1
1.033
0.0492
44.1


Van
4500
2005
955
0.060
24.1
16.1
22.9
19.4
4500

218
219
10.2
1.012
0.0487
43.7


Van
4500
2006
928
0.061
24.5
16.3
23.5
19.8
4500

216
215
10.4
1.000
0.0477
44.5


Van
4500
2007
734
0.048
24.2
16.1
23.3
19.6
4500

219
230
9.9
1.051
0.0510
44.1


Van
4500
2008
713
0.051
24.7
16.4
23.6
19.9
4500

218
221
10.4
1.014
0.0490
44.8


Van
4500
2009
256
0.028
24.7
16.5
23.5
19.9
4500

216
219
10.4
1.019
0.0486
44.7


Van
4500
2010
361
0.033
24.4
16.3
23.3
19.7
4500

221
210
10.7
0.955
0.0467
44.3


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-39
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of Yal\cs
l'«o Three Four l-i\ e
YYT
I h hrid
1975
6.2%
1976
5.0%
1977
3.8%
1978
2.6%
1979
11.3%
0.9%
1980
14.5%
47.9%
1981
0.2%
13.3%
48.8%
1982
6.8%
46.6%
1983
3.4%
68.7%
1984
2.9%
76.7%
1985
1.0%
73.3%
1986
0.6%
78.0%
21.6%
0.0%
1987
1.0%
56.3%
32.2%
45.0%
0.0%
1988
0.9%
60.4%
16.5%
82.8%
0.0%
1989
0.1%
0.7%
71.9%
20.8%
79.1%
0.0%
1990
4.2%
0.0%
89.1%
9.2%
90.8%
0.0%
1991
10.8%
0.1%
94.3%
12.7%
87.2%
0.0%
1992
13.6%
0.0%
97.4%
31.2%
68.8%
1993
1.3%
14.9%
98.7%
32.3%
67.7%
1994
0.0%
14.8%
96.6%
49.7%
50.3%
98.4%
1.3%
0.3%
1995
7.5%
97.8%
56.0%
44.0%
97.5%
1.0%
1.5%
1996
52.1%
6.1%
97.8%
100.0%
98.3%
1.3%
0.4%
1997
35.5%
13.3%
98.0%
100.0%
97.8%
1.7%
0.5%
1998
40.3%
14.7%
100.0%
100.0%
95.4%
4.6%
1999
76.0%
4.8%
100.0%
100.0%
88.2%
11.8%
11.8%
2000
78.4%
3.7%
100.0%
100.0%
78.9%
21.1%
21.1%
2001
88.5%
1.9%
100.0%
100.0%
72.8%
27.2%
26.7%
2002
90.9%
2.8%
100.0%
100.0%
75.3%
24.7%
23.9%
2003
88.6%
6.0%
100.0%
100.0%
69.9%
30.1%
29.3%
2004
93.2%
5.0%
100.0%
100.0%
35.2%
64.8%
64.8%
2005
92.3%
6.6%
96.2%
3.8%
100.0%
57.4%
42.6%
38.8%
2006
95.6%
4.4%
97.9%
2.1%
100.0%
48.0%
52.0%
44.7%
2007
97.2%
2.8%
98.3%
1.7%
100.0%
43.4%
56.6%
56.2%
2008
96.1%
3.9%
100.0%
100.0%
48.3%
51.7%
51.0%
2009
97.4%
2.6%
100.0%
100.0%
53.1%
46.9%
39.6%
2010
98.4%
1.6%
100.0%
100.0%
70.4%
29.6%
29.6%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.	G-40	March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Van
4500
2011
455
0.038
26.6
17.7
25.2
21.3
4500

214
266
8.7
1.243
0.0592
48.0


Van
4500
2012
591
0.044
26.6
17.6
25.4
21.4
4500

216
270
8.6
1.247
0.0600
48.1


Van
5000
1975
12
0.001
12.0
9.7
10.7
10.2
5000

398
200
12.3
0.497
0.0401
25.5


Van
5000
1976
8
0.001
12.4
10.1
10.9
10.5
5000

370
169
13.9
0.455
0.0338
26.3


Van
5000
1977
18
0.001
12.4
10.0
11.2
10.5
5000

404
187
12.6
0.464
0.0375
26.3


Van
5000
1978
12
0.001
12.5
10.3
11.0
10.6
5000

389
183
12.9
0.470
0.0365
26.5


Van
5000
1979
96
0.007
11.8
9.6
10.6
10.0
5000

347
155
14.9
0.446
0.0309
25.4


Van
5000
1980
35
0.003
14.2
11.4
13.1
12.1
5000

334
148
15.3
0.441
0.0295
30.3


Van
5000
1981
26
0.002
14.8
11.9
13.6
12.6
5000

325
145
15.5
0.448
0.0290
31.8


Van
5000
1982
36
0.004
15.1
12.1
13.8
12.8
5000

320
144
15.6
0.450
0.0288
32.3


Van
5000
1983
49
0.005
17.1
13.5
16.0
14.5
5000

336
143
15.7
0.431
0.0286
38.0


Van
5000
1984
54
0.004
15.6
12.3
14.7
13.3
5000

329
155
14.9
0.472
0.0310
34.1


Van
5000
1985
52
0.004
15.4
12.2
14.4
13.1
5000

323
158
14.6
0.486
0.0315
33.3


Van
5000
1986
62
0.004
16.0
12.5
15.0
13.5
5000

326
162
14.4
0.495
0.0324
34.2


Van
5000
1987
64
0.004
15.9
12.3
15.0
13.4
5000

323
167
14.0
0.516
0.0334
33.9


Van
5000
1988
100
0.007
16.7
12.8
16.1
14.2
5000

312
156
14.7
0.500
0.0313
35.6


Van
5000
1989
99
0.007
16.5
12.5
15.8
13.9
5000

315
159
14.5
0.503
0.0318
35.0


Van
5000
1990
84
0.007
16.5
12.5
15.7
13.9
5000

317
165
14.1
0.519
0.0331
34.8


Van
5000
1991
56
0.004
16.6
12.5
15.8
13.9
5000

315
165
14.1
0.522
0.0330
34.9


Van
5000
1992
92
0.008
17.5
13.1
16.7
14.7
5000

305
169
13.8
0.557
0.0339
36.9


Van
5000
1993
101
0.008
17.7
13.1
16.9
14.8
5000

306
184
12.8
0.607
0.0369
37.1


Van
5000
1994
108
0.008
17.6
12.9
17.0
14.7
5000

308
190
12.5
0.623
0.0381
36.8


Van
5000
1995
106
0.007
17.8
13.0
16.9
14.7
5000

302
184
12.9
0.613
0.0367
36.9


Van
5000
1996
100
0.008
17.8
12.9
17.0
14.8
5000

317
203
12.0
0.644
0.0407
37.0


Van
5000
1997
136
0.009
19.0
13.7
18.1
15.7
5000

296
219
11.1
0.743
0.0438
39.3


Van
5000
1998
135
0.009
18.6
13.3
17.8
15.4
5000

295
217
11.2
0.738
0.0433
38.5


Van
5000
1999
176
0.012
18.2
13.0
17.3
15.0
5000

296
219
11.2
0.741
0.0437
37.4


Van
5000
2000
145
0.009
18.4
13.1
17.1
15.0
5000

292
219
11.2
0.751
0.0437
37.6


Van
5000
2001
174
0.011
19.1
13.4
17.9
15.5
5000

284
226
10.8
0.800
0.0452
39.0


Van
5000
2002
155
0.010
18.7
13.2
17.3
15.2
5000

262
210
11.5
0.813
0.0420
38.1


Van
5000
2003
137
0.009
19.3
13.5
17.7
15.6
5000

252
205
11.8
0.820
0.0409
39.1


Van
5000
2004
101
0.006
20.4
13.9
19.4
16.5
5000

241
205
11.7
0.857
0.0410
41.5


Van
5000
2005
130
0.008
20.7
14.0
19.6
16.7
5000

235
202
11.9
0.869
0.0404
41.9


Van
5000
2006
63
0.004
19.9
13.7
18.1
15.9
5000

267
216
11.3
0.810
0.0432
39.9


Van
5000
2007
23
0.002
20.4
14.1
18.7
16.4
5000

269
205
11.8
0.761
0.0411
41.0


Van
5000
2008
51
0.004
23.9
16.1
22.5
19.2
5000

249
232
10.7
0.939
0.0464
48.6


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-41
March 2013

-------
W-i»hl
(hiss
4500
4500
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
¦001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Transmission
Front
4\\ I)
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Metering
(.1)1
Port
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three
Foiii
Fi\e
2011
98.5%
1.5%
96.5%
3.5%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
99.0%
1.0%
90.4%
9.6%
100.0%
100.0%
1975
13.1%
1976
1.9%
1977
2.7%
1978
1.0%
1979
4.3%
6.5%
1980
5.0%
19.9%
1981
4.8%
31.7%
1982
4.7%
29.4%
1983
2.6%
69.4%
26.9%
1984
3.5%
51.9%
8.4%
1985
1.5%
65.2%
2.8%
1986
0.7%
58.7%
23.5%
1.4%
1987
0.4%
48.1%
40.0%
13.6%
0.6%
1988
0.0%
74.2%
84.0%
14.3%
0.7%
1989
0.0%
76.6%
83.0%
16.5%
0.5%
1990
0.3%
86.9%
81.8%
17.5%
0.7%
1991
86.4%
82.8%
16.3%
0.8%
1992
15.4%
81.4%
90.0%
9.5%
0.5%
1993
18.3%
86.4%
94.3%
5.7%
1994
18.3%
88.0%
98.0%
2.0%
100.0%
1995
1.7%
22.7%
0.7%
87.0%
90.2%
9.8%
100.0%
1996
15.2%
93.1%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
16.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
15.3%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
0.1%
11.3%
100.0%
100.0%
99.9%
0.1%
2000
16.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2001
12.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2002
32.1%
13.3%
100.0%
100.0%
67.9%
32.1%
2003
37.7%
15.3%
100.0%
100.0%
62.3%
37.7%
2004
52.5%
10.0%
100.0%
100.0%
47.5%
52.5%
2005
58.9%
10.5%
100.0%
100.0%
41.1%
58.9%
2006
13.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2007
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2008
63.9%
100.0%
100.0%
36.1%
63.9%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-42
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
li nu-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Van
5000
2009
84
0.009
25.3
16.7
24.5
20.4
5000

226
239
ll).3
1.066
0.0479
51.3


Van
5000
2010
134
0.012
25.3
16.7
24.7
20.5
5000

228
243
10.2
1.075
0.0487
51.3


Van
5000
2011
27
0.002
22.9
15.6
21.1
18.3
5000

225
247
10.2
1.120
0.0493
45.9


Van
5000
2012
28
0.002
22.1
15.1
20.6
17.8
5000

245
233
10.7
0.978
0.0467
44.9


Van
5500
1975
















Van
5500
1976
0
0.000
11.1
9.0
10.0
9.4
5500

350
160
15.4
0.457
0.0291
25.9


Van
5500
1977
















Van
5500
1978
















Van
5500
1979
17
0.001
11.4
9.5
9.9
9.7
5500

377
168
15.6
0.438
0.0305
26.9


Van
5500
1980
8
0.001
12.4
10.0
11.2
10.5
5500

356
154
16.0
0.431
0.0279
28.9


Van
5500
1981
1
0.000
12.3
9.9
11.2
10.5
5500

346
154
15.9
0.447
0.0281
29.0


Van
5500
1982
0
0.000
13.4
10.9
12.1
11.4
5500

337
143
16.8
0.427
0.0260
31.4


Van
5500
1983
5
0.000
18.2
14.2
17.5
15.5
5500

369
140
17.2
0.383
0.0255
46.3


Van
5500
1984
6
0.000
14.5
11.4
13.9
12.4
5500

362
158
15.8
0.438
0.0287
37.1


Van
5500
1985
5
0.000
12.9
10.3
12.0
11.0
5500

351
180
14.1
0.512
0.0327
30.4


Van
5500
1986
6
0.000
15.0
12.0
13.7
12.7
5500

286
158
15.9
0.594
0.0288
36.6


Van
5500
1987
5
0.000
14.6
11.3
13.8
12.4
5500

346
196
13.2
0.564
0.0356
34.6


Van
5500
1988
10
0.001
14.2
11.0
13.3
12.0
5500

347
195
13.2
0.562
0.0355
33.4


Van
5500
1989
5
0.000
14.4
11.2
13.4
12.1
5500

343
192
13.5
0.559
0.0349
34.0


Van
5500
1990
9
0.001
14.4
10.7
14.3
12.2
5500

347
199
13.0
0.574
0.0363
33.7


Van
5500
1991
10
0.001
15.2
11.3
14.9
12.8
5500

334
187
13.8
0.556
0.0340
35.3


Van
5500
1992
18
0.002
15.9
11.8
15.3
13.3
5500

323
178
14.4
0.548
0.0323
36.8


Van
5500
1993
31
0.002
16.1
12.1
15.2
13.4
5500

321
178
14.3
0.553
0.0324
37.1


Van
5500
1994
27
0.002
16.2
12.1
15.1
13.5
5500

316
174
14.6
0.550
0.0316
37.2


Van
5500
1995
27
0.002
16.2
12.0
15.1
13.5
5500

314
172
14.8
0.545
0.0312
37.2


Van
5500
1996
25
0.002
15.8
11.6
14.8
13.1
5500

314
169
15.0
0.536
0.0308
36.0


Van
5500
1997
27
0.002
17.3
12.4
16.7
14.3
5500

288
212
12.4
0.743
0.0385
39.6


Van
5500
1998
31
0.002
17.4
12.4
16.9
14.4
5500

296
217
12.1
0.738
0.0395
39.7


Van
5500
1999
36
0.002
17.5
12.3
16.9
14.4
5500

294
226
11.8
0.772
0.0410
39.7


Van
5500
2000
17
0.001
17.2
12.2
16.3
14.1
5500

296
221
12.1
0.753
0.0402
39.0


Van
5500
2001
66
0.004
17.4
12.1
16.9
14.3
5500

314
249
10.8
0.798
0.0452
39.3


Van
5500
2002
11
0.001
17.5
12.3
16.4
14.3
5500

298
228
11.6
0.782
0.0415
39.4


Van
5500
2003
21
0.001
18.2
12.9
16.6
14.7
5500

312
264
10.4
0.845
0.0479
40.6


Van
5500
2004
6
0.000
19.1
13.3
17.5
15.4
5500

298
251
10.8
0.842
0.0457
42.4


Van
5500
2005
5
0.000
19.3
13.3
17.8
15.5
5500

301
260
10.6
0.859
0.0472
42.8


Van
5500
2006
7
0.000
19.2
13.2
17.6
15.4
5500

293
250
10.9
0.847
0.0454
42.4


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-43
March 2013

-------
W-i»hl
(hiss
5000
5000
5000
5000
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
¦001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Transmission
Front
4\\ I)
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Metering
(.1)1
Port
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
Inn
Three
Foiii
Fi\e
2009
8.5%
100.0%
100.0%
11.5%
88.5%
2010
93.7%
100.0%
100.0%
6.3%
93.7%
2011
72.8%
100.0%
100.0%
27.2%
72.8%
2012
40.5%
100.0%
100.0%
59.5%
40.5%
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
3.1%
1980
0.8%
1981
4.4%
1982
2.3%
2.5%
1983
0.6%
83.2%
61.2%
1984
1.0%
59.3%
32.8%
1985
44.9%
1986
32.4%
35.0%
32.4%
1987
50.7%
11.6%
39.1%
1988
29.0%
71.4%
24.3%
1.1%
1989
45.0%
66.2%
33.5%
0.3%
1990
95.1%
82.5%
17.5%
0.0%
1991
100.0%
89.0%
10.9%
0.0%
1992
93.7%
92.9%
7.1%
1993
0.6%
78.0%
89.5%
10.5%
1994
74.1%
90.9%
9.1%
100.0%
1995
70.8%
94.9%
5.1%
100.0%
1996
61.5%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
5.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
2.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
10.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2001
1.9%
17.8%
100.0%
100.0%
98.1%
1.9%
2002
7.2%
100.0%
100.0%
92.8%
7.2%
2003
1.4%
1.9%
100.0%
100.0%
98.6%
1.4%
2004
24.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2005
39.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2006
33.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-44
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Van
5500
2007
2
0.000
19.2
13.2
18.0
15.6
5500

325
295
9.4
0.908
0.0536
42.8


Van
5500
2008
5
0.000
19.3
13.6
17.3
15.5
5500

325
301
9.2
0.926
0.0547
42.5


Van
5500
2009
3
0.000
17.8
12.5
15.9
14.2
5500

325
301
9.2
0.926
0.0547
39.2


Van
5500
2010
3
0.000
18.6
12.9
16.9
14.9
5500

323
301
9.2
0.932
0.0547
41.0


Van
5500
2011
3
0.000
18.5
12.8
16.9
14.9
5500

318
292
9.5
0.916
0.0530
40.9


Van
5500
2012
7
0.001
18.5
12.8
16.9
14.9
5500

321
294
9.5
0.914
0.0534
41.0


Van
6000
1975
1
0.000
11.1
9.1
9.7
9.4
6000

317
149
17.1
0.470
0.0248
28.5


Van
6000
1976
1
0.000
11.9
9.7
10.6
10.1
6000

325
144
17.5
0.445
0.0240
30.5


Van
6000
1977
1
0.000
13.0
10.9
11.2
11.0
6000

318
148
17.3
0.468
0.0247
33.2


Van
6000
1978
1
0.000
12.5
10.4
10.9
10.6
6000

324
154
16.8
0.475
0.0256
31.9


Van
6000
1979
3
0.000
10.6
8.4
10.1
9.1
6000

460
270
10.8
0.587
0.0450
27.2


Van
6000
1980
1
0.000
10.9
9.1
9.4
9.2
6000

400
187
14.6
0.468
0.0312
27.7


Van
6000
1981
















Van
6000
1982
0
0.000
11.9
9.5
10.8
10.1
6000

350
165
16.1
0.471
0.0275
30.3


Van
6000
1983
0
0.000
12.6
10.1
11.6
10.7
6000

366
150
17.4
0.410
0.0250
32.2


Van
6000
1984
0
0.000
12.9
10.4
11.8
10.9
6000

366
150
17.4
0.410
0.0250
32.8


Van
6000
1985
1
0.000
21.3
16.2
21.5
18.2
6000

376
133
19.2
0.354
0.0222
55.7


Van
6000
1986
1
0.000
23.1
17.5
22.9
19.6
6000

379
130
19.5
0.343
0.0217
58.9


Van
6000
1987
0
0.000
22.9
17.4
22.4
19.4
6000

379
130
19.5
0.343
0.0217
58.1


Van
6000
1988
0
0.000
21.7
16.1
21.9
18.4
6000

379
126
20.0
0.332
0.0210
55.2


Van
6000
1989
0
0.000
21.3
16.0
20.8
18.0
6000

379
130
19.5
0.343
0.0217
54.0


Van
6000
1990
0
0.000
21.5
15.8
21.7
18.2
6000

379
135
18.9
0.356
0.0225
54.5


Van
6000
1991
0
0.000
20.4
15.2
19.8
17.1
6000

379
140
18.4
0.369
0.0233
51.4


Van
6000
1992
4
0.000
15.0
10.8
15.2
12.6
6000

352
202
13.7
0.574
0.0337
38.0


Van
6000
1993
0
0.000
21.3
15.7
20.2
17.7
6000

379
145
17.9
0.383
0.0242
53.0


Van
6000
1994
6
0.000
15.5
11.2
15.4
13.0
6000

352
204
13.6
0.582
0.0341
39.0


Van
6000
1995
6
0.000
16.1
11.5
15.9
13.4
6000

344
197
14.1
0.570
0.0328
40.3


Van
6000
1996
5
0.000
16.1
11.5
15.9
13.4
6000

350
205
13.5
0.587
0.0342
40.2


Van
6000
1997
3
0.000
16.5
11.7
16.4
13.8
6000

331
225
12.5
0.680
0.0375
41.3


Van
6000
1998
2
0.000
16.6
11.7
16.5
13.8
6000

330
225
12.5
0.682
0.0375
41.4


Van
6000
1999
3
0.000
16.2
11.4
15.9
13.4
6000

330
235
12.1
0.712
0.0392
40.2


Van
6000
2000
3
0.000
16.3
11.6
15.3
13.4
6000

330
255
11.3
0.773
0.0425
40.1


Van
6000
2001
67
0.004
16.0
11.2
15.4
13.1
6000

330
260
11.2
0.787
0.0433
39.4


Van
6000
2002
4
0.000
17.1
12.0
16.0
13.9
6000

330
255
11.3
0.773
0.0425
41.8


Van
6000
2003
17
0.001
18.5
12.8
17.4
15.0
6000

322
281
10.5
0.871
0.0468
45.3


Van
6000
2004
16
0.001
18.7
13.1
17.2
15.1
6000

324
278
10.6
0.857
0.0463
45.5


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-45
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
Inn
Three
I-'oiii
2007
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2008
48.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2009
55.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2010
64.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2011
52.7%
100.0%
100.0%
;.6%
11.4%
2012
30.3%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1975
85.3%
1976
85.7%
1977
65.6%
1978
64.3%
1979
1980
1981
1982
100.0%
1983
1984
1985
2.1%
97.9%
91.2%
1986
2.2%
97.8%
100.0%
1987
0.6%
99.4%
100.0%
1988
0.9%
99.1%
100.0%
1989
1.4%
98.6%
100.0%
1990
100.0%
100.0%
1991
100.0%
100.0%
1992
100.0%
95.4%
4.6%
1993
100.0%
100.0%
1994
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1995
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1996
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2001
95.4%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2002
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2003
39.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2004
17.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-46
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
li nu-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Van
6000
2005
11
0.001
18.2
12.7
16.5
14.7
6000

325
278
ll).(>
0.856
0.0463
44.0


Van
6000
2006
9
0.001
18.2
12.6
16.6
14.6
6000

326
283
10.5
0.868
0.0471
44.0


Van
6000
2007
6
0.000
18.1
12.6
16.5
14.6
6000

325
295
10.1
0.908
0.0492
43.8


Van
6000
2008
5
0.000
17.6
12.4
15.8
14.1
6000

325
310
9.7
0.955
0.0517
42.3


Van
6000
2009
3
0.000
17.7
12.5
15.9
14.2
6000

325
301
9.9
0.926
0.0502
42.7


Van
6000
2010
4
0.000
18.4
12.8
16.6
14.7
6000

323
301
9.9
0.932
0.0502
44.2


Van
6000
2011
6
0.001
17.8
12.5
16.1
14.3
6000

312
272
10.9
0.871
0.0454
42.9


Van
6000
2012
9
0.001
17.6
12.3
16.1
14.2
6000

318
268
11.0
0.843
0.0447
42.6


Van
6500
1975
1
0.000
10.6
8.9
9.0
9.0
6500

321
150
18.6
0.468
0.0231
29.2


Van
6500
1976
1
0.000
11.5
9.4
10.4
9.8
6500

324
144
19.2
0.447
0.0222
31.9


Van
6500
1977
2
0.000
12.3
10.3
10.6
10.4
6500

316
142
19.3
0.453
0.0219
34.0


Van
6500
1978
1
0.000
11.7
9.7
10.3
9.9
6500

328
155
18.1
0.474
0.0239
32.3


Van
6500
1979
















Van
6500
1980
















Van
6500
1981
















Van
6500
1982
















Van
6500
1983
















Van
6500
1984
















Van
6500
1985
















Van
6500
1986
















Van
6500
1987
















Van
6500
1988
















Van
6500
1989
















Van
6500
1990
















Van
6500
1991
















Van
6500
1992
















Van
6500
1993
















Van
6500
1994
















Van
6500
1995
















Van
6500
1996
















Van
6500
1997
















Van
6500
1998
















Van
6500
1999
















Van
6500
2000
















Van
6500
2001
















Van
6500
2002
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-47
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Transmission
Front
4\\ I)
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Metering
(.1)1
Port
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
Inn
Three
Foiii
2005
18.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2006
19.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2007
28.6%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2008
32.9%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2009
37.3%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2010
33.3%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2011
21.7%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
9.8%
0.2%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-48
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
Prod
(000)
l-'rcii-
I'ik'l I'A'iiniiim
55/45
Ailj
( il\
Ailj
I lux
Ailj
(iimp
\\i-i»hl
I.I)
Ynl
C u-l"l
I'li^iiK-
(II)
IIP
11-60
Timi-
I ll>/
(II)
IIP/
\\ I
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tiiii-
mpc;
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
0.000
0.000
16.1
15.9
11.1
11.0
15.0
14.9
13.0
12.9
6500
6500
334
340
273
272
11.5
11.6
0.818
0.800
0.0420
0.0418
42.4
42.1
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-49
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
W I
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
33.9%
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
22.1%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-50
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
Prod
(000)
l-'rcii-
I'ik'l I'A'iiniiim
55/45
Ailj
( il\
Ailj
I lux
Ailj
(iimp
\\i-i»hl
I.I)
Ynl
C u-l"l
I'li^iiK-
(II)
IIP
11-60
Timi-
I ll>/
(II)
IIP/
\\ I
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tiiii-
mpc;
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
0.000
0.000
15.4
14.8
10.4
10.1
15.0
14.4
12.6
12.1
7000
7000
368
383
322
317
10.6
10.8
0.876
0.832
0.0460
0.0453
44.2
42.6
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-51
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
W I
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
95.3%
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
64.7%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-52
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Van
8000
1999
















Van
8000
2000
















Van
8000
2001
















Van
8000
2002
















Van
8000
2003
















Van
8000
2004
















Van
8000
2005
















Van
8000
2006
















Van
8000
2007
















Van
8000
2008
















Van
8000
2009
















Van
8000
2010
















Van
8000
2011
















Van
8000
2012
0
0.000
14.5
9.8
14.3
12.0
8000

366
324
11.8
0.885
0.0405
47.8


Track SUV
2000
1975
















Track SUV
2000
1976
















Track SUV
2000
1977
















Track SUV
2000
1978
















Track SUV
2000
1979
1
0.000
25.7
20.9
23.0
21.8
2000

49
41
19.7
0.837
0.0205
21.8


Track SUV
2000
1980
3
0.000
25.2
20.3
22.9
21.4
2000

49
41
19.7
0.837
0.0205
21.4


Track SUV
2000
1981
1
0.000
25.2
20.3
22.9
21.4
2000

49
41
19.7
0.837
0.0205
21.4


Track SUV
2000
1982
1
0.000
25.2
21.3
21.3
21.3
2000

59
45
18.3
0.763
0.0225
21.3


Track SUV
2000
1983
1
0.000
25.2
21.3
21.3
21.3
2000

59
45
18.3
0.763
0.0225
21.3


Track SUV
2000
1984
















Track SUV
2000
1985
















Track SUV
2000
1986
















Track SUV
2000
1987
















Track SUV
2000
1988
















Track SUV
2000
1989
















Track SUV
2000
1990
















Track SUV
2000
1991
















Track SUV
2000
1992
















Track SUV
2000
1993
















Track SUV
2000
1994
















Track SUV
2000
1995
















Track SUV
2000
1996
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-53
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
100.0%
100.0%
1980
100.0%
100.0%
1981
100.0%
100.0%
1982
100.0%
100.0%
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
100.0%
100.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-54
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
2000
1997
















Track SUV
2000
1998
















Track SUV
2000
1999
















Track SUV
2000
2000
















Track SUV
2000
2001
















Track SUV
2000
2002
















Track SUV
2000
2003
















Track SUV
2000
2004
















Track SUV
2000
2005
















Track SUV
2000
2006
















Track SUV
2000
2007
















Track SUV
2000
2008
















Track SUV
2000
2009
















Track SUV
2000
2010
















Track SUV
2000
2011
















Track SUV
2000
2012
















Track SUV
2250
1975
















Track SUV
2250
1976
















Track SUV
2250
1977
















Track SUV
2250
1978
















Track SUV
2250
1979
















Track SUV
2250
1980
















Track SUV
2250
1981
















Track SUV
2250
1982
2
0.000
24.8
20.9
21.1
21.0
2250

59
45
20.1
0.763
0.0200
23.6


Track SUV
2250
1983
3
0.000
24.8
20.9
21.1
21.0
2250

59
45
20.1
0.763
0.0200
23.6


Track SUV
2250
1984
5
0.000
28.8
25.3
23.1
24.2
2250

59
45
20.1
0.763
0.0200
27.3


Track SUV
2250
1985
6
0.000
28.8
25.3
23.1
24.2
2250

61
45
20.1
0.738
0.0200
27.3


Track SUV
2250
1986
37
0.002
33.1
27.0
29.1
27.9
2250

81
64
15.3
0.790
0.0284
31.4


Track SUV
2250
1987
63
0.004
33.1
26.8
29.0
27.8
2250

81
64
15.3
0.790
0.0284
31.3


Track SUV
2250
1988
83
0.005
33.3
27.0
28.7
27.8
2250

81
64
15.3
0.790
0.0284
31.2


Track SUV
2250
1989
6
0.000
33.4
27.0
28.4
27.7
2250

80
64
15.3
0.797
0.0284
31.2


Track SUV
2250
1990
















Track SUV
2250
1991
















Track SUV
2250
1992
















Track SUV
2250
1993
















Track SUV
2250
1994
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-55
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
100.0%
100.0%
1983
100.0%
100.0%
1984
100.0%
100.0%
1985
100.0%
100.0%
1986
100.0%
100.0%
1987
100.0%
100.0%
1988
100.0%
100.0%
1989
100.0%
100.0%
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-56
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
2250
1995
















Track SUV
2250
1996
















Track SUV
2250
1997
















Track SUV
2250
1998
















Track SUV
2250
1999
















Track SUV
2250
2000
















Track SUV
2250
2001
















Track SUV
2250
2002
















Track SUV
2250
2003
















Track SUV
2250
2004
















Track SUV
2250
2005
















Track SUV
2250
2006
















Track SUV
2250
2007
















Track SUV
2250
2008
















Track SUV
2250
2009
















Track SUV
2250
2010
















Track SUV
2250
2011
















Track SUV
2250
2012
















Track SUV
2500
1975
















Track SUV
2500
1976
















Track SUV
2500
1977
















Track SUV
2500
1978
















Track SUV
2500
1979
















Track SUV
2500
1980
















Track SUV
2500
1981
















Track SUV
2500
1982
















Track SUV
2500
1983
















Track SUV
2500
1984
















Track SUV
2500
1985
















Track SUV
2500
1986
















Track SUV
2500
1987
















Track SUV
2500
1988
















Track SUV
2500
1989
40
0.003
31.3
25.3
26.8
26.0
2500

97
80
14.1
0.825
0.0320
32.6


Track SUV
2500
1990
32
0.003
31.8
25.4
27.4
26.3
2500

94
77
14.3
0.827
0.0310
32.9


Track SUV
2500
1991
3
0.000
33.5
27.0
27.9
27.5
2500

79
66
16.2
0.835
0.0264
34.4


Track SUV
2500
1992
2
0.000
33.5
26.8
27.8
27.3
2500

79
66
16.2
0.835
0.0264
34.2


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-57
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
100.0%
56.2%
43.8%
100.0%
1990
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1991
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1992
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-58
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
liiiK-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
2500
1993
0
0.000
33.5
26.6
27.7
27.2
2500

79
66
16.2
0.835
0.0264
34.0


Track SUV
2500
1994
3
0.000
33.5
26.4
27.6
27.0
2500

79
66
16.2
0.835
0.0264
33.8


Track SUV
2500
1995
1
0.000
30.5
23.4
26.1
24.7
2500

90
84
13.7
0.926
0.0337
31.0


Track SUV
2500
1996
















Track SUV
2500
1997
















Track SUV
2500
1998
















Track SUV
2500
1999
















Track SUV
2500
2000
















Track SUV
2500
2001
















Track SUV
2500
2002
















Track SUV
2500
2003
















Track SUV
2500
2004
















Track SUV
2500
2005
















Track SUV
2500
2006
















Track SUV
2500
2007
















Track SUV
2500
2008
















Track SUV
2500
2009
















Track SUV
2500
2010
















Track SUV
2500
2011
















Track SUV
2500
2012
















Track SUV
2750
1975
47
0.005
16.8
13.5
15.5
14.3
2750

276
120
11.4
0.429
0.0435
19.8


Track SUV
2750
1976
41
0.003
17.8
14.7
15.5
15.1
2750

268
102
12.6
0.379
0.0371
20.8


Track SUV
2750
1977
44
0.003
18.6
15.2
16.6
15.8
2750

271
104
12.4
0.381
0.0377
21.8


Track SUV
2750
1978
58
0.004
18.1
14.8
16.2
15.4
2750

270
103
12.5
0.379
0.0373
21.2


Track SUV
2750
1979
















Track SUV
2750
1980
















Track SUV
2750
1981
















Track SUV
2750
1982
















Track SUV
2750
1983
















Track SUV
2750
1984
















Track SUV
2750
1985
















Track SUV
2750
1986
0
0.000
25.6
20.0
24.2
21.7
2750

96
86
14.2
0.896
0.0313
29.8


Track SUV
2750
1987
















Track SUV
2750
1988
















Track SUV
2750
1989
0
0.000
29.3
23.9
24.9
24.4
2750

97
80
15.4
0.825
0.0291
33.5


Track SUV
2750
1990
14
0.001
28.7
23.2
24.4
23.8
2750

97
80
15.4
0.825
0.0291
32.7


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-59
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three I-oii
li\e
yy.j.
I h hrid
1993
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1994
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1995
100.0%
100.0%
63.1%
36.9%
100.0%
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
100.0%
100.0%
1976
100.0%
89.1%
1977
100.0%
92.5%
1978
100.0%
89.7%
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
100.0%
100.0%
1987
1988
1989
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1990
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-60
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Tin il-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
2750
1991
28
0.002
28.9
23.0
24.8
23.9
2750

97
80
ls.2
0.825
0.0291
32.9


Track SUV
2750
1992
23
0.002
28.9
22.9
24.7
23.8
2750

97
80
15.2
0.825
0.0291
32.7


Track SUV
2750
1993
22
0.002
29.0
22.7
24.6
23.7
2750

97
80
15.2
0.825
0.0291
32.6


Track SUV
2750
1994
38
0.003
28.7
22.3
24.3
23.3
2750

97
82
14.9
0.847
0.0299
32.1


Track SUV
2750
1995
38
0.002
28.4
21.8
24.3
23.0
2750

97
95
13.3
0.979
0.0345
31.7


Track SUV
2750
1996
26
0.002
28.4
21.6
24.2
22.9
2750

97
95
13.3
0.979
0.0345
31.5


Track SUV
2750
1997
10
0.001
28.3
21.5
23.9
22.7
2750

97
95
13.3
0.979
0.0345
31.3


Track SUV
2750
1998
9
0.001
28.4
21.5
23.9
22.7
2750

97
95
13.3
0.979
0.0345
31.2


Track SUV
2750
1999
















Track SUV
2750
2000
















Track SUV
2750
2001
















Track SUV
2750
2002
















Track SUV
2750
2003
















Track SUV
2750
2004
















Track SUV
2750
2005
















Track SUV
2750
2006
















Track SUV
2750
2007
















Track SUV
2750
2008
















Track SUV
2750
2009
















Track SUV
2750
2010
















Track SUV
2750
2011
















Track SUV
2750
2012
















Track SUV
3000
1975
















Track SUV
3000
1976
10
0.001
15.4
12.3
14.2
13.1
3000

304
120
11.8
0.395
0.0400
19.7


Track SUV
3000
1977
13
0.001
16.8
13.7
15.1
14.3
3000

304
120
11.8
0.395
0.0400
21.5


Track SUV
3000
1978
20
0.001
16.8
13.5
15.3
14.2
3000

304
120
11.8
0.395
0.0400
21.4


Track SUV
3000
1979
52
0.004
17.2
14.3
14.9
14.6
3000

258
120
11.7
0.465
0.0400
21.9


Track SUV
3000
1980
43
0.004
19.7
16.0
17.6
16.7
3000

222
92
14.4
0.440
0.0307
25.3


Track SUV
3000
1981
38
0.004
20.9
16.8
19.0
17.7
3000

223
101
13.5
0.469
0.0338
26.9


Track SUV
3000
1982
25
0.003
20.2
15.9
19.0
17.2
3000

241
104
13.2
0.440
0.0347
25.9


Track SUV
3000
1983
37
0.004
20.5
16.3
19.0
17.4
3000

251
110
12.6
0.444
0.0367
26.2


Track SUV
3000
1984
69
0.005
22.6
18.3
20.6
19.2
3000

203
102
13.5
0.526
0.0340
29.0


Track SUV
3000
1985
15
0.001
24.5
19.2
23.2
20.8
3000

150
94
14.3
0.624
0.0312
31.3


Track SUV
3000
1986
3
0.000
22.8
18.5
20.1
19.2
3000

150
105
13.0
0.703
0.0351
28.9


Track SUV
3000
1987
11
0.001
22.4
17.9
20.1
18.9
3000

150
117
12.0
0.780
0.0390
28.3


Track SUV
3000
1988
7
0.000
22.3
17.8
19.9
18.7
3000

150
117
12.0
0.780
0.0390
28.1


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-61
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
l'«o Three Four Fi\ e
y\„|.
I h Ill-id
1991
100.0%
56.7%
43.3%
100.0%
1992
100.0%
56.8%
43.2%
100.0%
1993
100.0%
57.6%
42.4%
15.9%
84.1%
1994
100.0%
50.6%
49.4%
14.3%
85.7%
85.7%
14.3%
1995
100.0%
47.4%
52.6%
100.0%
100.0%
1996
100.0%
49.6%
50.4%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
100.0%
48.4%
51.6%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
46.0%
54.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
100.0%
54.6%
1977
100.0%
70.2%
1978
100.0%
70.0%
1979
100.0%
88.6%
1980
100.0%
100.0%
1981
100.0%
90.6%
8.7%
1982
100.0%
88.6%
11.4%
1983
100.0%
90.1%
9.9%
1984
100.0%
76.3%
23.7%
1985
100.0%
71.6%
28.4%
1986
100.0%
100.0%
3.5%
1987
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1988
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-62
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
liiiK-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
3000
1989
20
0.001
22.1
17.4
19.9
18.5
3000

150
117
12.0
0.780
0.0390
27.8


Track SUV
3000
1990
28
0.002
23.3
18.4
20.5
19.4
3000

136
111
12.5
0.831
0.0369
29.3


Track SUV
3000
1991
11
0.001
27.1
21.8
22.9
22.3
3000

97
85
15.5
0.877
0.0284
33.5


Track SUV
3000
1992
29
0.002
23.7
18.5
20.7
19.5
3000

139
123
11.7
0.891
0.0408
29.6


Track SUV
3000
1993
39
0.003
24.0
18.7
20.8
19.7
3000

133
119
12.0
0.902
0.0397
30.0


Track SUV
3000
1994
51
0.004
23.5
18.3
20.2
19.2
3000

135
115
12.4
0.860
0.0385
29.2


Track SUV
3000
1995
105
0.007
23.3
18.0
19.9
18.9
3000

140
118
12.2
0.843
0.0395
28.7


Track SUV
3000
1996
53
0.004
28.0
20.8
24.9
22.8
3000

111
111
12.7
0.998
0.0371
34.2


Track SUV
3000
1997
16
0.001
27.8
20.6
24.5
22.5
3000

98
97
14.1
0.988
0.0324
33.7


Track SUV
3000
1998
19
0.001
27.4
20.3
23.9
22.1
3000

105
108
13.0
1.024
0.0360
33.1


Track SUV
3000
1999
17
0.001
28.3
21.1
24.0
22.6
3000

120
121
11.8
1.007
0.0403
33.9


Track SUV
3000
2000
11
0.001
28.0
20.7
23.7
22.2
3000

118
124
11.6
1.044
0.0412
33.4


Track SUV
3000
2001
8
0.001
27.7
20.4
23.2
21.9
3000

122
127
11.3
1.041
0.0423
32.8


Track SUV
3000
2002
7
0.000
27.8
20.2
23.5
21.9
3000

118
125
11.5
1.056
0.0415
32.8


Track SUV
3000
2003
6
0.000
27.8
20.0
23.5
21.8
3000

122
127
11.3
1.041
0.0423
32.7


Track SUV
3000
2004
1
0.000
23.7
16.8
20.6
18.8
3000

165
165
9.2
1.000
0.0550
28.1


Track SUV
3000
2005
0
0.000
23.5
16.5
20.6
18.6
3000

152
165
9.2
1.086
0.0550
27.9


Track SUV
3000
2006
















Track SUV
3000
2007
















Track SUV
3000
2008
















Track SUV
3000
2009
















Track SUV
3000
2010
















Track SUV
3000
2011
















Track SUV
3000
2012
















Track SUV
3500
1975
















Track SUV
3500
1976
















Track SUV
3500
1977
















Track SUV
3500
1978
















Track SUV
3500
1979
38
0.003
15.6
13.0
13.4
13.2
3500

304
122
13.1
0.402
0.0349
23.2


Track SUV
3500
1980
12
0.001
16.3
13.1
14.8
13.8
3500

285
115
14.1
0.401
0.0329
24.3


Track SUV
3500
1981
2
0.000
17.2
13.3
16.8
14.7
3500

304
130
12.5
0.428
0.0371
25.7


Track SUV
3500
1982
















Track SUV
3500
1983
13
0.001
23.4
18.0
22.9
19.9
3500

166
107
14.4
0.649
0.0307
35.0


Track SUV
3500
1984
173
0.012
21.3
16.9
19.8
18.1
3500

167
102
15.2
0.615
0.0292
31.8


Track SUV
3500
1985
237
0.016
21.8
17.1
20.7
18.6
3500

165
103
15.1
0.629
0.0294
32.7


Track SUV
3500
1986
316
0.021
21.8
17.1
20.4
18.5
3500

171
119
13.6
0.705
0.0341
32.5


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-63
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three I-oii
li\e
yy.j.
I h hrid
1989
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1990
100.0%
100.0%
26.9%
73.1%
1991
100.0%
70.4%
29.6%
36.1%
63.9%
1992
100.0%
97.8%
2.2%
100.0%
1993
100.0%
85.6%
14.4%
100.0%
1994
100.0%
77.1%
22.9%
84.2%
15.8%
87.2%
12.8%
1995
100.0%
79.7%
20.3%
81.4%
18.6%
100.0%
1996
100.0%
34.6%
65.4%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
100.0%
27.3%
72.7%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
32.6%
67.4%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
100.0%
64.5%
35.5%
100.0%
82.4%
17.6%
2000
100.0%
59.3%
40.7%
100.0%
100.0%
0.0%
2001
100.0%
33.0%
67.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2002
100.0%
60.1%
39.9%
100.0%
100.0%
2003
100.0%
42.6%
57.4%
100.0%
100.0%
2004
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2005
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
100.0%
78.6%
1980
100.0%
44.2%
1981
100.0%
76.8%
23.2%
1982
1983
100.0%
100.0%
1984
100.0%
36.3%
19.6%
1985
100.0%
52.2%
47.3%
8.1%
2.8%
0.5%
1986
100.0%
55.6%
43.1%
34.8%
10.7%
0.1%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-64
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
liiiK-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
3500
1987
336
0.023
22.2
17.2
21.1
18.8
3500

195
135
12.5
0.705
0.0385
33.0


Track SUV
3500
1988
305
0.020
20.9
15.9
20.2
17.7
3500

213
149
11.4
0.709
0.0427
31.1


Track SUV
3500
1989
189
0.013
20.3
15.4
19.3
17.0
3500

242
162
10.8
0.676
0.0464
29.9


Track SUV
3500
1990
159
0.013
20.5
15.3
19.8
17.2
3500

241
164
10.7
0.683
0.0468
30.2


Track SUV
3500
1991
138
0.011
19.8
14.9
18.8
16.6
3500

227
172
10.2
0.763
0.0490
29.1


Track SUV
3500
1992
119
0.010
19.4
14.4
18.6
16.2
3500

242
190
9.3
0.785
0.0542
28.5


Track SUV
3500
1993
108
0.008
19.6
14.6
18.7
16.4
3500

240
189
9.4
0.787
0.0539
28.7


Track SUV
3500
1994
106
0.007
19.4
14.4
18.3
16.1
3500

240
189
9.3
0.786
0.0540
28.3


Track SUV
3500
1995
119
0.008
19.8
14.5
18.7
16.4
3500

231
182
9.8
0.796
0.0521
28.8


Track SUV
3500
1996
147
0.011
19.9
14.5
18.9
16.5
3500

235
186
9.5
0.799
0.0533
28.9


Track SUV
3500
1997
297
0.021
22.7
16.8
20.2
18.4
3500

174
148
11.6
0.880
0.0424
32.7


Track SUV
3500
1998
293
0.020
24.0
17.6
21.3
19.4
3500

159
147
11.6
0.957
0.0420
34.6


Track SUV
3500
1999
258
0.017
25.7
18.8
22.5
20.6
3500

136
144
11.7
1.076
0.0412
36.4


Track SUV
3500
2000
333
0.020
24.0
17.4
21.2
19.3
3500

158
153
11.2
1.013
0.0438
34.3


Track SUV
3500
2001
437
0.028
24.8
17.7
22.1
19.9
3500

153
164
10.6
1.089
0.0468
35.1


Track SUV
3500
2002
398
0.025
25.9
18.3
23.2
20.7
3500

152
167
10.5
1.098
0.0476
36.6


Track SUV
3500
2003
415
0.026
26.0
18.2
23.3
20.7
3500

153
167
10.5
1.092
0.0476
36.5


Track SUV
3500
2004
351
0.022
26.3
18.2
23.4
20.8
3500

155
170
10.2
1.104
0.0487
36.6


Track SUV
3500
2005
281
0.018
26.9
18.6
23.5
21.1
3500

152
164
10.5
1.088
0.0467
37.4


Track SUV
3500
2006
202
0.013
28.0
19.4
24.6
22.0
3500

145
161
10.7
1.107
0.0460
38.6


Track SUV
3500
2007
144
0.009
28.8
20.2
24.4
22.4
3500

147
170
10.3
1.152
0.0484
39.3


Track SUV
3500
2008
161
0.012
29.8
20.9
25.2
23.1
3500

143
166
10.4
1.162
0.0474
40.6


Track SUV
3500
2009
160
0.017
29.2
20.3
25.2
22.8
3500

147
171
10.2
1.163
0.0487
40.0


Track SUV
3500
2010
225
0.020
29.4
20.4
25.5
23.0
3500

149
172
10.1
1.151
0.0490
40.3


Track SUV
3500
2011
262
0.022
30.7
21.2
26.7
24.0
3500

146
171
10.2
1.169
0.0487
42.1


Track SUV
3500
2012
335
0.025
30.9
21.2
27.0
24.1
3500

147
173
10.0
1.182
0.0495
42.4


Track SUV
4000
1975
16
0.002
13.2
10.6
12.2
11.2
4000

350
144
13.0
0.412
0.0360
22.5


Track SUV
4000
1976
24
0.002
13.8
11.0
12.7
11.7
4000

353
145
13.1
0.408
0.0362
23.5


Track SUV
4000
1977
30
0.002
14.7
11.7
13.6
12.5
4000

359
148
13.0
0.409
0.0369
25.1


Track SUV
4000
1978
40
0.003
14.5
11.6
13.4
12.3
4000

361
145
13.0
0.400
0.0361
24.7


Track SUV
4000
1979
7
0.000
15.7
12.6
14.3
13.3
4000

222
95
18.2
0.422
0.0237
26.7


Track SUV
4000
1980
7
0.001
15.9
12.9
14.3
13.5
4000

248
99
17.4
0.400
0.0249
27.2


Track SUV
4000
1981
7
0.001
16.9
13.4
15.7
14.4
4000

258
112
15.8
0.434
0.0280
28.8


Track SUV
4000
1982
8
0.001
19.4
15.3
18.2
16.5
4000

258
110
15.9
0.428
0.0276
33.5


Track SUV
4000
1983
68
0.007
21.9
16.7
21.8
18.7
4000

175
110
16.0
0.631
0.0275
37.4


Track SUV
4000
1984
116
0.008
22.1
16.7
22.7
18.9
4000

173
110
16.0
0.636
0.0275
37.9


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-65
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
1987
100.0%
55.1%
37.7%
63.6%
6.7%
0.0%
1988
100.0%
37.4%
57.5%
83.2%
0.6%
1989
100.0%
26.8%
67.7%
78.9%
0.7%
1990
100.0%
24.4%
71.1%
82.7%
0.6%
1991
100.0%
37.2%
57.8%
100.0%
1992
100.0%
25.0%
69.8%
100.0%
1993
100.0%
35.3%
57.3%
100.0%
1994
100.0%
35.7%
64.3%
100.0%
100.0%
1995
100.0%
30.2%
69.8%
100.0%
95.6%
4.4%
1996
100.0%
12.8%
87.2%
100.0%
95.4%
4.6%
1997
95.7%
47.0%
53.0%
100.0%
53.9%
46.1%
1998
94.4%
39.4%
60.6%
100.0%
34.9%
65.1%
1999
100.0%
26.3%
73.7%
100.0%
16.8%
83.2%
2000
100.0%
15.9%
84.1%
100.0%
39.6%
60.4%
2001
98.6%
11.8%
88.2%
100.0%
15.9%
84.1%
2002
98.6%
10.0%
9.5%
0.4%
100.0%
9.3%
90.7%
2003
5.3%
94.0%
7.8%
8.5%
3.7%
100.0%
6.0%
94.0%
2004
4.7%
94.1%
9.5%
1.6%
100.0%
100.0%
2005
6.4%
92.0%
16.1%
83.2%
0.6%
100.0%
7.6%
92.4%
2006
8.3%
91.7%
10.1%
89.9%
100.0%
100.0%
2007
30.3%
69.4%
10.1%
33.0%
56.9%
100.0%
100.0%
2008
37.0%
62.9%
7.4%
33.6%
59.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2009
19.9%
77.9%
7.8%
55.1%
37.1%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
2010
16.3%
81.8%
8.0%
53.5%
38.4%
100.0%
100.0%
2011
17.7%
81.2%
5.6%
43.5%
50.9%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
15.6%
83.1%
7.5%
55.2%
37.4%
100.0%
100.0%
1975
100.0%
27.7%
1976
100.0%
28.1%
1977
100.0%
26.2%
1978
100.0%
29.2%
1979
100.0%
97.5%
1980
100.0%
69.7%
1981
100.0%
33.7%
66.3%
1982
100.0%
33.8%
66.2%
1983
100.0%
28.9%
71.1%
1984
100.0%
22.9%
77.1%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-66
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ci»hl
Class
M
-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
yy.j.
I h hrid
1985
100.0%
17.9%
82.1%
1986
100.0%
31.9%
8.1%
23.4%
73.4%
3.2%
1987
100.0%
19.9%
3.1%
5.4%
94.6%
0.0%
1988
100.0%
32.8%
67.2%
33.2%
66.8%
1989
99.0%
30.4%
66.9%
43.8%
56.2%
1990
98.7%
42.2%
57.8%
64.5%
35.5%
1991
;.3%
21.5%
78.5%
31.9%
.1%
1992
95.7%
22.5%
77.5%
55.0%
45.0%
1993
94.5%
16.9%
83.1%
98.3%
1.7%
1994
100.0%
15.0%
85.0%
99.3%
0.7%
76.8%
4.9%
18.2%
1995
92.6%
15.1%
84.9%
100.0%
78.5%
21.5%
1996
95.8%
5.9%
94.1%
100.0%
87.9%
12.1%
1997
86.9%
7.6%
92.4%
100.0%
65.6%
34.4%
1998
89.3%
4.5%
95.5%
100.0%
67.4%
32.6%
1999
85.8%
8.8%
91.2%
100.0%
63.8%
36.2%
11.5%
2000
82.6%
10.9%
9.1%
100.0%
63.0%
37.0%
13.0%
2001
7.4%
77.3%
6.5%
93.5%
100.0%
50.4%
49.6%
33.3%
2002
11.5%
68.4%
7.6%
92.4%
100.0%
40.4%
59.6%
32.6%
2003
12.5%
).6%
7.0%
87.6%
5.4%
100.0%
34.2%
65.8%
47.6%
2004
76.1%
6.7%
8.6%
4.7%
100.0%
58.0%
42.0%
29.7%
2005
12.0%
88.0%
3.4%
8.6%
8.0%
100.0%
30.3%
69.7%
32.7%
1.1%
2006
9.8%
90.2%
7.3%
87.4%
5.3%
100.0%
36.5%
63.5%
40.2%
2.3%
2007
7.6%
86.4%
3.5%
91.6%
4.8%
100.0%
21.6%
78.4%
65.0%
1.0%
2008
2.7%
9.5%
3.3%
88.7%
8.0%
2.1%
97.9%
14.7%
85.3%
63.1%
2.3%
2009
6.0%
91.5%
0.3%
85.4%
14.3%
5.8%
94.2%
7.8%
92.2%
75.9%
1.9%
2010
7.0%
90.4%
2.3%
79.4%
15.6%
3.8%
96.2%
8.9%
91.1%
90.2%
1.0%
2011
4.9%
91.2%
1.6%
76.2%
22.2%
3.9%
96.1%
8.5%
91.5%
91.0%
0.5%
2012
13.2%
84.0%
2.8%
76.6%
20.6%
10.2%
89.8%
2.8%
97.2%
97.2%
0.6%
1975
56.9%
12.0%
1976
57.7%
12.5%
1977
74.2%
13.7%
1978
81.5%
13.3%
1979
84.3%
11.2%
1.3%
1980
92.3%
25.0%
12.8%
8.6%
1981
94.4%
31.1%
41.3%
1982
9.6%
28.2%
31.6%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-68
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
4500
1983
55
0.005
15.7
12.5
14.6
13.3
4500

317
135
14.9
0.430
0.0301
30.4


Track SUV
4500
1984
61
0.004
14.8
11.8
13.7
12.6
4500

320
134
15.0
0.420
0.0298
28.7


Track SUV
4500
1985
60
0.004
15.0
12.0
13.9
12.8
4500

321
145
14.1
0.456
0.0323
29.2


Track SUV
4500
1986
46
0.003
15.6
12.3
14.6
13.2
4500

325
142
14.4
0.438
0.0315
30.3


Track SUV
4500
1987
32
0.002
14.6
11.4
13.7
12.4
4500

326
144
14.2
0.450
0.0320
28.2


Track SUV
4500
1988
34
0.002
15.0
11.8
13.8
12.7
4500

312
148
14.0
0.494
0.0328
28.8


Track SUV
4500
1989
31
0.002
14.9
11.6
13.8
12.5
4500

311
151
13.8
0.505
0.0335
28.4


Track SUV
4500
1990
58
0.005
17.5
13.4
16.5
14.7
4500

221
153
13.6
0.740
0.0341
33.6


Track SUV
4500
1991
262
0.021
19.8
14.7
19.1
16.6
4500

227
167
12.6
0.742
0.0371
37.4


Track SUV
4500
1992
260
0.021
19.4
14.6
18.4
16.2
4500

221
167
12.6
0.764
0.0372
36.6


Track SUV
4500
1993
298
0.023
19.7
14.6
18.6
16.4
4500

217
167
12.6
0.778
0.0372
36.9


Track SUV
4500
1994
546
0.039
19.9
14.7
19.0
16.6
4500

229
177
12.1
0.776
0.0393
37.4


Track SUV
4500
1995
645
0.043
19.9
14.5
18.9
16.5
4500

233
174
12.3
0.754
0.0386
37.4


Track SUV
4500
1996
736
0.056
20.2
14.5
19.5
16.7
4500

251
176
12.2
0.708
0.0391
37.8


Track SUV
4500
1997
832
0.058
19.8
14.3
18.8
16.3
4500

252
181
11.9
0.724
0.0402
36.9


Track SUV
4500
1998
719
0.050
20.1
14.4
19.1
16.5
4500

251
184
11.8
0.745
0.0410
37.3


Track SUV
4500
1999
747
0.049
19.7
14.1
18.4
16.1
4500

259
199
11.1
0.777
0.0442
36.3


Track SUV
4500
2000
904
0.055
19.9
14.1
18.6
16.2
4500

254
197
11.2
0.783
0.0437
36.6


Track SUV
4500
2001
1006
0.064
20.4
14.4
19.0
16.6
4500

237
207
10.7
0.886
0.0460
37.5


Track SUV
4500
2002
1525
0.095
19.9
14.0
18.6
16.2
4500

243
225
10.1
0.931
0.0501
36.5


Track SUV
4500
2003
968
0.061
20.7
14.4
19.3
16.8
4500

238
229
9.9
0.968
0.0509
37.8


Track SUV
4500
2004
1158
0.074
21.3
14.7
19.8
17.2
4500

234
229
9.9
0.991
0.0508
38.8


Track SUV
4500
2005
929
0.058
21.6
14.7
20.0
17.3
4500

227
236
9.7
1.046
0.0524
39.2


Track SUV
4500
2006
878
0.058
22.7
15.6
20.7
18.2
4500

222
232
9.5
1.050
0.0516
41.5


Track SUV
4500
2007
1041
0.068
22.5
15.5
20.5
18.0
4500

225
241
9.4
1.076
0.0535
40.8


Track SUV
4500
2008
1014
0.073
23.0
15.7
21.1
18.4
4500

222
245
9.3
1.107
0.0544
41.6


Track SUV
4500
2009
599
0.064
23.5
16.0
21.8
18.8
4500

216
249
9.3
1.155
0.0553
42.6


Track SUV
4500
2010
700
0.063
23.9
16.3
22.0
19.1
4500

218
251
9.2
1.157
0.0557
43.2


Track SUV
4500
2011
795
0.066
24.4
16.6
22.6
19.6
4500

216
256
9.0
1.199
0.0569
44.2


Track SUV
4500
2012
801
0.060
24.9
16.8
23.0
19.9
4500

213
267
8.7
1.261
0.0592
44.9


Track SUV
5000
1975
67
0.007
11.1
9.4
9.4
9.4
5000

347
157
14.4
0.453
0.0315
23.6


Track SUV
5000
1976
101
0.008
12.8
10.5
11.5
10.9
5000

357
151
15.0
0.421
0.0301
27.3


Track SUV
5000
1977
66
0.005
13.6
11.2
12.0
11.5
5000

351
160
14.4
0.457
0.0320
29.0


Track SUV
5000
1978
114
0.008
13.0
10.5
11.7
11.0
5000

370
168
13.7
0.454
0.0336
27.6


Track SUV
5000
1979
173
0.012
11.4
9.5
9.9
9.6
5000

351
152
15.2
0.433
0.0303
24.2


Track SUV
5000
1980
60
0.005
14.0
11.2
12.9
11.9
5000

343
159
14.3
0.463
0.0317
30.0


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-69
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
yy.j.
I h hrid
1983
98.0%
22.8%
39.5%
1984
93.0%
29.0%
1.9%
1985
72.2%
23.2%
1986
80.7%
14.0%
32.4%
22.5%
1987
70.4%
16.4%
22.7%
7.0%
1988
76.8%
1.6%
45.1%
31.5%
21.5%
1989
74.0%
1.9%
47.3%
34.2%
26.0%
1990
91.6%
2.2%
77.7%
79.9%
8.4%
1991
99.3%
14.6%
83.3%
97.9%
0.7%
1992
99.7%
15.3%
84.7%
100.0%
1993
99.7%
13.1%
86.9%
100.0%
1994
100.0%
8.1%
91.9%
100.0%
.1%
9.6%
2.3%
1995
90.4%
5.7%
94.3%
100.0%
78.5%
21.5%
1996
74.7%
3.2%
96.8%
100.0%
90.6%
9.4%
1997
79.0%
2.5%
97.5%
100.0%
92.5%
7.5%
1998
89.8%
1.6%
98.4%
100.0%
90.2%
5.5%
4.4%
1999
91.2%
0.9%
99.1%
100.0%
90.1%
9.9%
2000
91.6%
1.7%
98.3%
100.0%
87.4%
12.6%
2001
16.4%
71.8%
1.6%
98.4%
100.0%
71.2%
28.8%
15.1%
2002
73.4%
0.9%
99.1%
100.0%
64.1%
35.9%
25.7%
2003
0.0%
68.6%
0.4%
99.6%
100.0%
49.4%
50.6%
39.0%
2004
2.6%
74.9%
0.6%
99.4%
100.0%
41.3%
58.7%
48.4%
2005
0.9%
70.7%
0.8%
99.2%
99.1%
0.9%
30.0%
70.0%
61.9%
2006
8.5%
63.6%
0.9%
86.6%
12.5%
99.2%
0.8%
18.7%
81.3%
72.7%
9.1%
2007
6.8%
76.3%
2.7%
90.0%
7.4%
100.0%
0.0%
21.7%
78.3%
63.3%
3.8%
2008
11.2%
77.8%
1.9%
95.5%
2.6%
100.0%
0.0%
24.3%
75.7%
61.6%
2.6%
2009
22.0%
75.0%
1.0%
91.1%
7.9%
1.3%
98.7%
17.6%
82.4%
66.8%
0.0%
2010
18.8%
76.9%
1.4%
94.1%
4.5%
2.7%
97.3%
20.3%
79.7%
71.3%
2011
22.1%
75.0%
1.2%
95.0%
3.8%
3.9%
96.1%
15.2%
84.8%
82.9%
2012
25.0%
70.5%
1.5%
95.5%
2.9%
4.5%
95.5%
8.0%
92.0%
92.0%
1975
98.7%
19.5%
1976
97.9%
18.9%
1977
96.4%
21.0%
1978
97.3%
19.7%
1979
8.1%
14.7%
0.9%
1980
78.4%
18.9%
55.3%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-70
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
5000
1981
43
0.004
15.3
12.2
14.1
13.0
5000

328
154
14.7
0.473
0.0309
32.9


Track SUV
5000
1982
37
0.004
15.1
12.0
14.1
12.9
5000

330
156
14.6
0.476
0.0311
32.8


Track SUV
5000
1983
54
0.005
15.7
12.3
15.0
13.4
5000

328
157
14.5
0.482
0.0315
34.1


Track SUV
5000
1984
121
0.009
15.3
12.0
14.6
13.0
5000

330
164
14.1
0.497
0.0327
33.2


Track SUV
5000
1985
133
0.009
15.7
12.3
15.0
13.4
5000

330
169
13.7
0.510
0.0337
33.9


Track SUV
5000
1986
135
0.009
16.4
12.7
15.8
14.0
5000

324
163
14.1
0.503
0.0326
35.1


Track SUV
5000
1987
97
0.007
15.7
12.2
14.9
13.3
5000

326
175
13.5
0.535
0.0350
33.7


Track SUV
5000
1988
101
0.007
16.1
12.4
15.3
13.6
5000

330
181
13.2
0.545
0.0362
34.2


Track SUV
5000
1989
112
0.008
15.9
12.2
15.2
13.4
5000

328
179
13.3
0.540
0.0357
33.9


Track SUV
5000
1990
83
0.007
16.0
11.9
15.7
13.5
5000

332
184
12.9
0.553
0.0369
33.9


Track SUV
5000
1991
51
0.004
15.8
11.8
15.3
13.3
5000

312
188
12.7
0.604
0.0375
33.3


Track SUV
5000
1992
36
0.003
15.7
11.6
15.2
13.2
5000

292
174
13.5
0.622
0.0348
33.0


Track SUV
5000
1993
46
0.003
16.1
11.9
15.5
13.5
5000

313
200
11.9
0.646
0.0400
33.9


Track SUV
5000
1994
51
0.004
16.5
12.2
15.7
13.7
5000

310
202
11.8
0.659
0.0404
34.4


Track SUV
5000
1995
70
0.005
17.0
12.4
16.3
14.1
5000

322
199
12.0
0.625
0.0398
35.4


Track SUV
5000
1996
82
0.006
17.0
12.4
16.1
14.1
5000

318
216
11.3
0.685
0.0431
35.3


Track SUV
5000
1997
120
0.008
18.0
13.0
17.1
14.9
5000

308
226
10.8
0.738
0.0453
37.3


Track SUV
5000
1998
265
0.018
17.3
12.4
16.7
14.3
5000

317
223
10.9
0.705
0.0446
36.0


Track SUV
5000
1999
356
0.023
17.4
12.4
16.6
14.3
5000

307
234
10.6
0.779
0.0468
36.1


Track SUV
5000
2000
254
0.015
17.6
12.4
16.8
14.5
5000

295
229
10.7
0.784
0.0459
36.4


Track SUV
5000
2001
160
0.010
17.1
12.0
16.4
14.0
5000

282
233
10.6
0.847
0.0467
35.2


Track SUV
5000
2002
404
0.025
18.9
13.2
17.8
15.4
5000

255
244
10.2
0.976
0.0489
38.7


Track SUV
5000
2003
638
0.040
19.3
13.4
18.2
15.7
5000

259
256
9.8
1.002
0.0513
39.3


Track SUV
5000
2004
683
0.044
19.6
13.4
18.5
15.9
5000

263
265
9.6
1.025
0.0529
39.8


Track SUV
5000
2005
621
0.039
19.5
13.3
18.4
15.8
5000

260
261
9.7
1.025
0.0522
39.6


Track SUV
5000
2006
811
0.054
20.0
13.7
18.8
16.2
5000

252
255
9.9
1.024
0.0510
40.5


Track SUV
5000
2007
584
0.038
20.4
13.9
19.2
16.5
5000

249
259
9.8
1.051
0.0517
41.5


Track SUV
5000
2008
685
0.049
21.4
14.5
20.1
17.2
5000

240
260
9.6
1.095
0.0519
43.7


Track SUV
5000
2009
328
0.035
22.6
15.3
21.1
18.2
5000

227
272
9.3
1.211
0.0545
45.9


Track SUV
5000
2010
444
0.040
23.2
15.8
21.5
18.6
5000

228
268
9.4
1.185
0.0535
47.2


Track SUV
5000
2011
667
0.056
24.0
16.2
22.4
19.2
5000

222
294
8.7
1.329
0.0588
48.3


Track SUV
5000
2012
589
0.044
24.4
16.4
22.7
19.5
5000

221
290
8.8
1.314
0.0580
49.1


Track SUV
5500
1975
6
0.001
10.5
8.5
9.6
8.9
5500

429
210
12.5
0.488
0.0381
24.7


Track SUV
5500
1976
7
0.001
11.2
9.1
10.2
9.6
5500

412
197
13.3
0.475
0.0359
26.4


Track SUV
5500
1977
10
0.001
11.7
9.4
10.7
10.0
5500

419
193
13.4
0.459
0.0351
27.6


Track SUV
5500
1978
12
0.001
11.8
9.6
10.6
10.1
5500

410
188
13.5
0.461
0.0343
27.7


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-71
March 2013

-------
W-i»hl
(hiss
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5500
5500
5500
5500
¦001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
1981
75.3%
7.8%
62.7%
1982
79.2%
8.9%
51.5%
1983
72.6%
5.7%
66.6%
1984
76.2%
6.5%
55.5%
1985
73.0%
4.6%
64.6%
6.7%
1986
72.8%
4.9%
76.8%
21.1%
1987
97.3%
7.1%
62.0%
32.4%
43.2%
1988
99.1%
6.3%
59.4%
54.9%
42.9%
1989
99.4%
6.6%
63.0%
59.4%
40.6%
1990
100.0%
4.8%
86.4%
63.3%
36.7%
1991
100.0%
3.1%
91.6%
70.6%
29.4%
1992
99.9%
4.7%
94.1%
97.4%
2.6%
1993
100.0%
4.4%
95.6%
98.6%
1.4%
1994
100.0%
3.4%
96.6%
98.5%
1.5%
8.5%
31.5%
1995
75.9%
2.3%
97.7%
75.2%
24.8%
87.3%
12.7%
1996
72.0%
2.6%
97.4%
100.0%
77.5%
22.5%
1997
26.2%
100.0%
100.0%
79.4%
20.6%
1998
58.8%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
54.4%
100.0%
100.0%
85.4%
14.6%
2000
68.0%
100.0%
100.0%
97.8%
2.2%
2.2%
2001
97.1%
0.3%
99.7%
100.0%
79.7%
20.3%
20.3%
2002
88.4%
4.5%
95.5%
100.0%
37.5%
10.8%
51.7%
45.2%
2003
86.9%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
28.5%
4.1%
67.4%
56.1%
2004
79.3%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
26.5%
73.5%
58.7%
2005
82.4%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
29.9%
3.2%
66.9%
61.6%
2006
1.0%
83.6%
0.4%
99.6%
100.0%
35.5%
11.5%
53.0%
62.9%
2007
8.0%
81.1%
0.3%
99.7%
98.9%
1.1%
42.0%
4.5%
53.6%
56.5%
2008
17.4%
71.0%
0.1%
96.3%
3.5%
0.5%
98.4%
1.1%
31.0%
2.3%
66.6%
65.2%
3.5%
2009
33.9%
60.2%
0.1%
96.7%
3.2%
23.5%
75.5%
1.0%
15.2%
1.0%
83.9%
85.5%
3.2%
2010
25.8%
64.9%
0.0%
94.2%
5.8%
40.6%
58.8%
0.6%
20.0%
1.6%
78.4%
81.5%
2011
24.3%
63.5%
0.0%
98.4%
1.6%
45.2%
53.9%
0.9%
1.0%
99.0%
99.5%
1.6%
2012
16.0%
77.9%
0.0%
96.6%
3.4%
50.7%
48.6%
0.7%
1.6%
98.4%
100.0%
3.4%
1975
84.6%
15.4%
1976
72.3%
9.9%
1977
77.0%
1978
79.0%
8.2%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-72
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
5500
1979
59
0.004
10.6
8.9
9.1
9.0
5500

405
176
14.5
0.432
0.0320
24.9


Track SUV
5500
1980
6
0.000
13.8
11.0
12.9
11.7
5500

350
165
15.0
0.471
0.0300
32.3


Track SUV
5500
1981
4
0.000
14.1
11.4
12.9
12.0
5500

350
175
14.3
0.500
0.0318
33.0


Track SUV
5500
1982
24
0.002
21.2
16.5
20.4
18.0
5500

350
134
17.8
0.382
0.0243
50.5


Track SUV
5500
1983
20
0.002
20.2
15.6
19.8
17.3
5500

372
139
17.4
0.375
0.0252
48.9


Track SUV
5500
1984
21
0.001
17.9
13.9
17.4
15.3
5500

364
148
16.6
0.408
0.0269
43.6


Track SUV
5500
1985
18
0.001
16.1
12.3
16.0
13.7
5500

355
159
15.5
0.450
0.0289
38.3


Track SUV
5500
1986
19
0.001
15.7
11.9
15.6
13.4
5500

353
162
15.3
0.459
0.0294
37.1


Track SUV
5500
1987
52
0.004
16.8
12.8
16.4
14.3
5500

350
209
12.5
0.596
0.0379
39.3


Track SUV
5500
1988
66
0.004
16.5
12.5
16.1
14.0
5500

350
200
12.9
0.572
0.0364
38.6


Track SUV
5500
1989
41
0.003
17.5
12.9
17.8
14.9
5500

350
209
12.4
0.596
0.0380
40.9


Track SUV
5500
1990
41
0.003
17.3
12.7
17.6
14.7
5500

350
209
12.4
0.597
0.0380
40.3


Track SUV
5500
1991
25
0.002
17.2
12.6
17.2
14.5
5500

350
209
12.4
0.597
0.0380
39.9


Track SUV
5500
1992
45
0.004
16.3
12.1
15.8
13.7
5500

350
210
12.4
0.600
0.0382
37.6


Track SUV
5500
1993
71
0.005
16.8
12.4
16.3
14.1
5500

350
210
12.4
0.600
0.0382
38.7


Track SUV
5500
1994
92
0.007
16.8
12.4
16.1
14.0
5500

351
210
12.4
0.598
0.0381
38.5


Track SUV
5500
1995
143
0.009
16.9
12.4
16.0
14.0
5500

350
205
12.6
0.586
0.0373
38.5


Track SUV
5500
1996
141
0.011
17.4
12.7
16.6
14.4
5500

350
250
10.7
0.714
0.0455
39.7


Track SUV
5500
1997
307
0.021
17.4
12.5
16.7
14.4
5500

334
238
11.2
0.713
0.0432
39.6


Track SUV
5500
1998
273
0.019
17.0
12.1
16.3
14.0
5500

327
234
11.3
0.720
0.0426
38.7


Track SUV
5500
1999
199
0.013
17.5
12.3
17.0
14.4
5500

333
252
10.7
0.759
0.0459
39.7


Track SUV
5500
2000
303
0.018
18.2
13.0
17.1
14.9
5500

306
253
10.7
0.841
0.0460
41.1


Track SUV
5500
2001
402
0.026
18.5
13.3
16.7
15.0
5500

306
260
10.5
0.857
0.0472
41.3


Track SUV
5500
2002
278
0.017
18.4
12.9
17.3
15.0
5500

310
267
10.2
0.862
0.0486
41.2


Track SUV
5500
2003
317
0.020
18.3
12.8
16.9
14.8
5500

297
258
10.5
0.867
0.0469
40.8


Track SUV
5500
2004
483
0.031
18.4
12.8
17.0
14.9
5500

302
280
10.0
0.933
0.0509
41.0


Track SUV
5500
2005
365
0.023
18.6
12.8
17.2
15.0
5500

296
287
9.7
0.978
0.0522
41.3


Track SUV
5500
2006
231
0.015
18.7
12.9
17.4
15.1
5500

303
289
9.7
0.959
0.0526
41.6


Track SUV
5500
2007
165
0.011
19.0
13.1
17.5
15.3
5500

291
305
9.3
1.058
0.0554
42.2


Track SUV
5500
2008
92
0.007
19.4
13.3
18.3
15.7
5500

283
327
8.7
1.175
0.0595
43.4


Track SUV
5500
2009
69
0.007
21.1
14.2
19.9
17.0
5500

267
311
9.0
1.189
0.0565
47.2


Track SUV
5500
2010
70
0.006
22.2
15.0
20.9
17.9
5500

254
304
9.0
1.218
0.0552
49.6


Track SUV
5500
2011
118
0.010
21.6
14.6
20.5
17.5
5500

278
345
8.0
1.273
0.0627
48.6


Track SUV
5500
2012
120
0.009
20.6
13.7
20.2
16.8
5500

310
369
7.7
1.219
0.0671
46.6


Track SUV
6000
1975
0
0.000
10.3
8.3
9.3
8.7
6000

400
170
15.7
0.425
0.0283
26.2


Track SUV
6000
1976
1
0.000
11.9
9.5
11.0
10.1
6000

400
170
15.6
0.426
0.0284
30.4


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-73
March 2013

-------
W-i»hl
(hiss
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
6000
6000
¦001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
1979
26.5%
21.0%
1980
84.1%
100.0%
1981
100.0%
6.8%
93.2%
1982
66.8%
10.8%
89.2%
89.3%
1983
;.3%
1.3%
98.7%
75.1%
1984
74.8%
2.3%
97.7%
49.3%
1985
100.0%
2.8%
97.2%
16.9%
1986
100.0%
1.9%
98.1%
9.6%
1987
37.9%
0.2%
99.8%
98.4%
1.6%
1988
40.7%
0.2%
99.8%
98.8%
1.2%
1989
2.2%
100.0%
98.6%
1.4%
1990
1.0%
100.0%
98.9%
1.1%
1991
1.3%
100.0%
98.6%
1.4%
1992
46.2%
100.0%
100.0%
1993
35.6%
100.0%
100.0%
1994
39.3%
100.0%
1.5%
98.5%
100.0%
1995
66.5%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1996
74.9%
100.0%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
1997
85.1%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
85.1%
100.0%
100.0%
96.6%
3.4%
1999
14.8%
100.0%
100.0%
95.7%
4.3%
2000
40.6%
100.0%
100.0%
84.2%
11.8%
4.0%
2001
45.7%
100.0%
100.0%
76.3%
10.0%
13.7%
2002
19.9%
100.0%
100.0%
71.2%
28.8%
2003
20.0%
100.0%
100.0%
75.3%
2.7%
22.0%
0.4%
2004
47.7%
100.0%
100.0%
52.8%
3.8%
39.8%
3.7%
30.3%
2005
56.9%
100.0%
100.0%
53.6%
0.2%
44.3%
2.0%
39.0%
2006
62.1%
100.0%
100.0%
56.5%
41.9%
1.6%
43.5%
2007
84.3%
100.0%
100.0%
38.9%
61.1%
38.1%
2008
94.1%
0.1%
99.9%
43.7%
56.3%
39.6%
60.4%
55.8%
2009
73.4%
0.3%
99.7%
28.0%
68.0%
4.0%
35.2%
3.0%
61.8%
69.6%
2010
5.1%
0.0%
98.9%
1.1%
44.5%
45.5%
10.0%
17.7%
82.3%
92.9%
1.1%
2011
95.8%
99.9%
0.1%
35.9%
54.8%
9.3%
40.9%
59.1%
90.7%
1.5%
2012
92.2%
100.0%
16.4%
76.3%
7.4%
62.4%
37.6%
90.3%
1.8%
1975
100.0%
12.7%
1976
100.0%
12.8%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-74
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Tin il-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
6000
1977
1
0.000
11.9
9.5
11.0
10.1
6000

400
180
ls.(I
0.450
0.0300
30.4


Track SUV
6000
1978
1
0.000
11.4
9.2
10.2
9.7
6000

400
180
15.0
0.449
0.0300
29.0


Track SUV
6000
1979
















Track SUV
6000
1980
3
0.000
13.4
10.3
13.2
11.4
6000

350
165
16.1
0.470
0.0274
34.2


Track SUV
6000
1981
















Track SUV
6000
1982
4
0.000
21.2
16.5
20.5
18.1
6000

350
130
19.5
0.371
0.0217
54.2


Track SUV
6000
1983
4
0.000
20.8
16.0
20.4
17.7
6000

379
130
19.5
0.343
0.0217
53.2


Track SUV
6000
1984
4
0.000
21.0
16.1
20.8
17.9
6000

379
130
19.5
0.343
0.0217
53.8


Track SUV
6000
1985
7
0.000
21.4
16.2
21.7
18.3
6000

378
131
19.4
0.348
0.0219
55.3


Track SUV
6000
1986
5
0.000
22.1
16.7
22.1
18.8
6000

379
130
19.5
0.343
0.0217
56.5


Track SUV
6000
1987
3
0.000
20.9
15.9
20.5
17.8
6000

376
137
18.9
0.366
0.0229
54.1


Track SUV
6000
1988
3
0.000
18.3
13.9
17.8
15.5
6000

368
162
16.9
0.445
0.0270
47.9


Track SUV
6000
1989
33
0.002
15.8
11.9
15.4
13.3
6000

352
206
13.6
0.586
0.0343
40.2


Track SUV
6000
1990
32
0.003
16.0
12.0
15.6
13.5
6000

351
206
13.5
0.588
0.0344
40.6


Track SUV
6000
1991
18
0.001
15.7
11.7
15.2
13.2
6000

351
207
13.5
0.591
0.0345
39.7


Track SUV
6000
1992
21
0.002
14.9
10.9
14.7
12.5
6000

350
210
13.3
0.600
0.0350
37.5


Track SUV
6000
1993
49
0.004
15.8
11.6
15.3
13.2
6000

350
210
13.3
0.600
0.0350
39.7


Track SUV
6000
1994
60
0.004
16.1
12.0
15.0
13.3
6000

350
210
13.3
0.600
0.0350
40.0


Track SUV
6000
1995
61
0.004
15.7
11.6
14.9
13.1
6000

350
210
13.3
0.599
0.0350
39.2


Track SUV
6000
1996
58
0.004
16.8
12.1
16.3
13.9
6000

350
250
11.5
0.713
0.0416
41.8


Track SUV
6000
1997
74
0.005
16.7
12.0
15.9
13.8
6000

350
250
11.5
0.713
0.0416
41.4


Track SUV
6000
1998
50
0.003
16.1
11.5
15.7
13.4
6000

323
230
12.3
0.715
0.0383
40.1


Track SUV
6000
1999
166
0.011
16.5
11.7
16.1
13.7
6000

319
237
12.1
0.747
0.0395
41.0


Track SUV
6000
2000
269
0.016
16.6
11.9
15.5
13.6
6000

325
257
11.3
0.795
0.0429
40.8


Track SUV
6000
2001
219
0.014
16.8
12.0
15.4
13.6
6000

326
274
10.7
0.842
0.0457
41.0


Track SUV
6000
2002
453
0.028
17.7
12.4
16.6
14.4
6000

332
295
10.2
0.885
0.0491
43.5


Track SUV
6000
2003
654
0.041
17.4
12.1
16.4
14.2
6000

329
279
10.6
0.851
0.0465
42.7


Track SUV
6000
2004
635
0.040
17.4
12.1
16.2
14.1
6000

331
287
10.4
0.869
0.0479
42.4


Track SUV
6000
2005
490
0.031
18.2
12.5
16.9
14.7
6000

330
302
9.9
0.917
0.0504
44.2


Track SUV
6000
2006
327
0.022
18.1
12.4
16.9
14.6
6000

318
306
9.8
0.973
0.0510
43.9


Track SUV
6000
2007
681
0.045
19.8
13.3
19.0
16.0
6000

329
322
9.5
0.979
0.0537
48.3


Track SUV
6000
2008
442
0.032
19.5
13.2
18.7
15.8
6000

324
333
9.2
1.031
0.0554
47.7


Track SUV
6000
2009
139
0.015
19.8
13.3
19.0
16.1
6000

329
339
9.0
1.039
0.0566
48.7


Track SUV
6000
2010
202
0.018
20.2
13.6
19.3
16.4
6000

326
335
9.1
1.033
0.0558
49.4


Track SUV
6000
2011
364
0.030
20.7
14.0
19.6
16.7
6000

324
339
9.0
1.050
0.0564
50.4


Track SUV
6000
2012
261
0.020
21.4
14.3
20.0
17.1
6000

326
337
9.0
1.041
0.0562
51.7


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-75
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
yy.j.
I h hrid
1977
100.0%
11.6%
1978
100.0%
15.5%
1979
1980
3.4%
100.0%
1981
1982
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1983
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1984
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1985
47.3%
100.0%
95.9%
1986
49.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1987
56.8%
9.1%
90.9%
9.1%
90.9%
1988
70.0%
7.3%
92.7%
37.7%
62.3%
1989
97.2%
1.0%
99.0%
94.6%
5.4%
1990
97.5%
0.7%
99.3%
95.2%
4.8%
1991
96.2%
100.0%
96.1%
3.9%
1992
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1993
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1994
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1995
100.0%
100.0%
1.0%
99.0%
100.0%
1996
100.0%
100.0%
99.5%
0.5%
100.0%
1997
100.0%
100.0%
99.6%
0.4%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
100.0%
99.7%
0.3%
87.0%
13.0%
1999
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
70.2%
29.8%
2000
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
86.4%
13.6%
2001
93.4%
100.0%
100.0%
77.0%
23.0%
2002
84.5%
100.0%
100.0%
92.7%
7.3%
2003
75.1%
100.0%
100.0%
92.2%
0.1%
7.7%
2.1%
2004
78.2%
100.0%
99.9%
0.1%
5.6%
0.2%
13.1%
7.3%
2005
76.6%
100.0%
100.0%
63.4%
24.1%
12.5%
34.9%
2006
77.2%
100.0%
99.8%
0.2%
36.9%
32.1%
31.0%
63.0%
2007
56.7%
100.0%
99.7%
0.3%
85.2%
5.4%
9.4%
28.6%
2008
57.2%
98.2%
1.8%
0.8%
97.9%
1.2%
62.7%
8.3%
29.1%
41.8%
1.8%
2009
57.2%
95.5%
4.5%
1.4%
96.9%
1.7%
66.2%
4.7%
29.1%
45.4%
5.9%
2010
60.7%
99.3%
0.6%
12.9%
84.5%
2.6%
48.8%
9.1%
42.1%
89.8%
0.7%
2011
65.9%
99.7%
0.3%
15.4%
82.1%
2.5%
63.9%
4.5%
31.5%
98.4%
0.3%
2012
55.3%
92.8%
7.2%
10.1%
86.3%
3.6%
68.7%
8.0%
23.3%
97.7%
7.2%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-76
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(000)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Track SUV
6500
1975
















Track SUV
6500
1976
















Track SUV
6500
1977
















Track SUV
6500
1978
















Track SUV
6500
1979
















Track SUV
6500
1980
















Track SUV
6500
1981
















Track SUV
6500
1982
















Track SUV
6500
1983
















Track SUV
6500
1984
















Track SUV
6500
1985
















Track SUV
6500
1986
















Track SUV
6500
1987
















Track SUV
6500
1988
















Track SUV
6500
1989
















Track SUV
6500
1990
















Track SUV
6500
1991
1
0.000
20.2
14.7
20.4
17.0
6500

379
140
19.6
0.369
0.0215
55.2


Track SUV
6500
1992
















Track SUV
6500
1993
















Track SUV
6500
1994
















Track SUV
6500
1995
















Track SUV
6500
1996
















Track SUV
6500
1997
















Track SUV
6500
1998
















Track SUV
6500
1999
















Track SUV
6500
2000
















Track SUV
6500
2001
















Track SUV
6500
2002
















Track SUV
6500
2003
















Track SUV
6500
2004
















Track SUV
6500
2005
















Track SUV
6500
2006
















Track SUV
6500
2007
















Track SUV
6500
2008
40
0.003
18.4
12.5
17.5
14.9
6500

344
375
8.9
1.090
0.0577
48.6


Track SUV
6500
2009
4
0.000
18.3
12.4
17.5
14.9
6500

346
383
8.7
1.107
0.0589
48.4


Track SUV
6500
2010
36
0.003
18.4
12.6
17.3
14.9
6500

337
341
9.6
1.011
0.0525
48.5


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-77
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2009
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2010
85.6%
100.0%
100.0%
55.5%
44.5%
44.5%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-78
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6500
6500
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ fill-
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Prod
(III III)
77
60
l-'reu-
0.006
0.005

l.;il>
55/45
18.6
18.8
Ailj
( il\
12.7
12.8
Ailj
W\\\
17.5
17.7
Ailj
(iimp
15.1
15.2
\\i-i»hl
I.I)
6500
6500
Ynl
c u-n
I'.nuiiu'
(II)
348
346
IIP
353
345
Il-C.ll
liiiK-
9.4
9.6
IIP/
(II)
1.011
0.994
IIP/
\M
0.0544
0.0530
Tiin-
mih;
49.0
49.6
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-79
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6500
6500
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
7000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
Inn
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
yy.j.
I h hrid
2011
91.5%
98.7%
1.3%
100.0%
31.6%
47.2%
21.2%
100.0%
1.3%
2012
85.8%
99.0%
1.0%
100.0%
29.6%
57.5%
12.9%
100.0%
1.0%
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-80
March 2013

-------
W-i»hl
(hiss
7000
7000
7000
7000
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
¦001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ fill-
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Prod
(000)
l-'rcu-
0.000
0.000
I'lk'l
l.;il>
55/45
15.4
15.4
Ailj
( il\
10.3
10.3
Ailj
I lux
15.4
15.4
Ailj
(iimp
12.7
12.7
\\i-i»hl
I.I)
7000
7000
Ynl
c u-n
I'.nuiiu'
(II)
366
366
IIP
352
352
ll-C.O
Timi-
9.9
9.9
IIP/
(II)
0.962
0.962
IIP/
\\ I
0.0503
0.0503
Tiin-
mp<;
44.5
44.5
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-81
March 2013

-------
W-i»hl
(hiss
7000
7000
7000
7000
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
¦001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
yy.j.
2009
2010
2011
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-82
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ fill-
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
Prod
(000)
l-'rcu-
0.000
0.000
0.000
I'lk'l
l.;il>
55/45
16.4
25.2
25.2
Ailj
( il\
11.2
20.3
20.3
Ailj
I lux
15.6
22.9
22.9
Ailj
(iimp
13.3
21.4
21.4
\\i-i»hl
I.I)
8500
2000
2000
Ynl
c u-n
I'.nuiiu'
(II)
330
49
"49~
IIP
310
41
~
11-60
Timi-
12.8
19.7
19.7
IIP/
(II)
0.939
0.837
0.837
IIP/
\\ I
0.0365
0.0205
0.0205
Tiin-
mp<;
56.6
21.4
21.4
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-i i-
Tmi-
mpc;
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-83
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
8500
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
100.0%
100.0%
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
100.0%
100.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-84
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(OOO)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Pickup
2000
2005
















Pickup
2000
2006
















Pickup
2000
2007
















Pickup
2000
2008
















Pickup
2000
2009
















Pickup
2000
2010
















Pickup
2000
2011
















Pickup
2000
2012
















Pickup
2250
1975
















Pickup
2250
1976
















Pickup
2250
1977
















Pickup
2250
1978
















Pickup
2250
1979
0
0.000
25.0
20.1
22.9
21.2
2250

49
41
21.6
0.837
0.0182
23.9


Pickup
2250
1980
25
0.002
32.0
25.3
30.0
27.2
2250

94
64
15.9
0.677
0.0284
32.4


Pickup
2250
1981
24
0.002
41.5
33.2
38.1
35.2
2250

97
52
17.9
0.536
0.0231
39.7


Pickup
2250
1982
11
0.001
43.1
35.7
37.6
36.5
2250

97
52
18.0
0.539
0.0231
41.2


Pickup
2250
1983
1
0.000
39.2
32.6
34.0
33.2
2250

91
51
18.3
0.571
0.0226
39.1


Pickup
2250
1984
0
0.000
28.8
25.3
23.1
24.2
2250

59
45
20.1
0.763
0.0200
27.3


Pickup
2250
1985
















Pickup
2250
1986
















Pickup
2250
1987
















Pickup
2250
1988
















Pickup
2250
1989
















Pickup
2250
1990
















Pickup
2250
1991
















Pickup
2250
1992
















Pickup
2250
1993
















Pickup
2250
1994
















Pickup
2250
1995
















Pickup
2250
1996
















Pickup
2250
1997
















Pickup
2250
1998
















Pickup
2250
1999
















Pickup
2250
2000
















Pickup
2250
2001
















Pickup
2250
2002
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-85
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
100.0%
100.0%
1980
100.0%
100.0%
54.6%
45.4%
1981
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1982
98.8%
1.2%
100.0%
98.8%
1983
84.5%
15.5%
100.0%
84.5%
1984
100.0%
100.0%
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-86
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(OOO)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Pickup
2250
2003
















Pickup
2250
2004
















Pickup
2250
2005
















Pickup
2250
2006
















Pickup
2250
2007
















Pickup
2250
2008
















Pickup
2250
2009
















Pickup
2250
2010
















Pickup
2250
2011
















Pickup
2250
2012
















Pickup
2500
1975
















Pickup
2500
1976
















Pickup
2500
1977
















Pickup
2500
1978
23
0.002
27.2
21.2
26.3
23.2
2500

97
67
16.0
0.691
0.0268
29.1


Pickup
2500
1979
39
0.003
27.5
21.7
26.1
23.5
2500

97
67
16.0
0.691
0.0268
29.4


Pickup
2500
1980
17
0.001
25.8
19.9
25.2
22.0
2500

97
68
15.8
0.701
0.0272
27.5


Pickup
2500
1981
27
0.003
28.4
22.4
26.7
24.2
2500

108
73
14.9
0.683
0.0294
30.2


Pickup
2500
1982
25
0.003
29.7
23.1
28.8
25.3
2500

123
80
14.0
0.655
0.0321
31.7


Pickup
2500
1983
21
0.002
32.6
24.6
33.1
27.8
2500

128
86
13.3
0.670
0.0343
34.9


Pickup
2500
1984
15
0.001
28.1
22.2
26.3
23.9
2500

102
70
16.4
0.700
0.0279
30.1


Pickup
2500
1985
4
0.000
29.6
23.5
27.4
25.2
2500

109
73
15.0
0.670
0.0292
31.5


Pickup
2500
1986
5
0.000
30.0
23.6
27.9
25.4
2500

109
73
15.0
0.670
0.0292
31.8


Pickup
2500
1987
1
0.000
29.8
23.4
27.5
25.1
2500

109
73
15.0
0.670
0.0292
31.4


Pickup
2500
1988
















Pickup
2500
1989
















Pickup
2500
1990
















Pickup
2500
1991
















Pickup
2500
1992
















Pickup
2500
1993
















Pickup
2500
1994
















Pickup
2500
1995
















Pickup
2500
1996
















Pickup
2500
1997
















Pickup
2500
1998
















Pickup
2500
1999
















Pickup
2500
2000
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-87
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
100.0%
100.0%
1979
100.0%
100.0%
1980
9.5%
90.5%
90.5%
9.5%
1981
34.2%
65.8%
100.0%
34.2%
1982
71.2%
28.8%
83.6%
13.5%
1983
78.8%
21.2%
95.7%
4.3%
4.2%
1984
36.0%
64.0%
96.0%
4.0%
1985
100.0%
95.6%
4.4%
1986
100.0%
100.0%
1987
100.0%
100.0%
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-88
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class















t ii-i-i-
Yiliiik-
Wi-iuhi
Mmk-I
Pnid

l.al)
Adj
Adj
Adj
Wi-iuhi
Vol
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
HP/
HP/
Tiin-
(u-n-
Tim-
T \ |K'
Class
Year
(OOO)
I'rai-
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
('iimp
Lh
c u-n
(II)
IIP
Tin il-
(II)
\\ 1
mp<;
mp<;
mpc;
Pickup
2500
2001
















Pickup
2500
2002
















Pickup
2500
2003
















Pickup
2500
2004
















Pickup
2500
2005
















Pickup
2500
2006
















Pickup
2500
2007
















Pickup
2500
2008
















Pickup
2500
2009
















Pickup
2500
2010
















Pickup
2500
2011
















Pickup
2500
2012
















Pickup
2750
1975
156
0.015
22.7
17.4
22.4
19.4
2750

119
95
ls.3
0.799
0.0347
26.7


Pickup
2750
1976
162
0.013
24.1
18.6
23.8
20.6
2750

120
98
13.1
0.815
0.0355
28.4


Pickup
2750
1977
226
0.016
25.7
20.0
24.7
21.9
2750

121
97
13.2
0.801
0.0352
30.2


Pickup
2750
1978
183
0.013
25.8
20.7
23.7
22.0
2750

121
97
13.1
0.801
0.0353
30.3


Pickup
2750
1979
240
0.017
22.7
17.8
21.6
19.3
2750

126
91
13.7
0.722
0.0330
27.0


Pickup
2750
1980
324
0.029
25.2
20.0
23.4
21.4
2750

126
91
13.6
0.728
0.0333
29.7


Pickup
2750
1981
222
0.021
27.9
22.2
26.0
23.8
2750

130
90
13.8
0.695
0.0329
32.9


Pickup
2750
1982
227
0.023
28.3
22.4
26.3
24.0
2750

130
91
13.7
0.699
0.0331
33.3


Pickup
2750
1983
340
0.033
28.8
22.9
26.7
24.5
2750

132
87
14.2
0.658
0.0315
33.9


Pickup
2750
1984
314
0.022
28.2
22.5
26.1
24.0
2750

130
87
14.2
0.670
0.0317
33.3


Pickup
2750
1985
238
0.016
29.9
23.7
27.8
25.4
2750

130
90
13.8
0.692
0.0328
35.1


Pickup
2750
1986
311
0.020
29.5
23.3
27.4
25.0
2750

132
92
13.6
0.694
0.0334
34.6


Pickup
2750
1987
240
0.016
29.7
23.2
27.7
25.1
2750

134
93
13.5
0.694
0.0338
34.6


Pickup
2750
1988
121
0.008
27.8
21.7
25.5
23.4
2750

136
98
12.9
0.721
0.0356
32.2


Pickup
2750
1989
76
0.005
27.6
21.6
25.1
23.1
2750

135
97
12.9
0.721
0.0354
31.9


Pickup
2750
1990
31
0.002
26.0
20.4
23.0
21.6
2750

144
102
12.4
0.708
0.0371
29.7


Pickup
2750
1991
















Pickup
2750
1992
19
0.002
28.2
21.3
25.7
23.3
2750

144
112
11.6
0.778
0.0407
32.0


Pickup
2750
1993
















Pickup
2750
1994
















Pickup
2750
1995
















Pickup
2750
1996
















Pickup
2750
1997
















Pickup
2750
1998
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-89
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
88.7%
1976
80.2%
1977
79.9%
1978
86.1%
1979
85.8%
1980
86.9%
1981
90.3%
1.4%
1982
1.4%
87.1%
4.9%
1.7%
1983
4.0%
0.1%
89.4%
0.2%
0.1%
0.9%
1984
2.2%
0.1%
88.1%
0.3%
1.2%
0.7%
1985
92.5%
1.5%
0.4%
1986
89.0%
0.4%
1987
90.6%
1988
99.4%
0.6%
1989
100.0%
1990
100.0%
1991
1992
100.0%
100.0%
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-90
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class















t'u-l-'l-
Yiliiik-
\\ii»hl
Mmk-I
Pnid

l.al)
Adj
Adj
Adj
Wi-iuhi
Vol
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
HP/
HP/
Tiin-
(u-n-
Tmi-
T \ |K'
Class
Year
(OOO)
I'rai-
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
('iimp
Lh
c u-n
(II)
IIP
Tin il-
(II)
\\ 1
mp<;
mp<;
mpc;
Pickup
2750
1999
















Pickup
2750
2000
















Pickup
2750
2001
















Pickup
2750
2002
















Pickup
2750
2003
















Pickup
2750
2004
















Pickup
2750
2005
















Pickup
2750
2006
















Pickup
2750
2007
















Pickup
2750
2008
















Pickup
2750
2009
















Pickup
2750
2010
















Pickup
2750
2011
















Pickup
2750
2012
















Pickup
3000
1975
60
0.006
20.7
16.4
19.4
17.6
3000

107
70
ls.2
0.667
0.0234
26.6


Pickup
3000
1976
63
0.005
22.3
17.5
21.2
19.0
3000

108
70
18.3
0.667
0.0234
29.0


Pickup
3000
1977
78
0.006
28.6
22.4
27.2
24.3
3000

122
75
17.2
0.629
0.0249
37.0


Pickup
3000
1978
124
0.009
27.5
21.9
25.5
23.4
3000

123
77
16.7
0.631
0.0258
35.5


Pickup
3000
1979
174
0.013
23.9
18.9
22.4
20.3
3000

124
80
16.2
0.649
0.0266
31.2


Pickup
3000
1980
169
0.015
23.6
18.8
21.9
20.1
3000

127
84
15.5
0.666
0.0281
30.7


Pickup
3000
1981
211
0.020
27.1
21.6
25.2
23.1
3000

136
83
16.0
0.613
0.0278
35.6


Pickup
3000
1982
353
0.036
26.4
20.8
25.0
22.5
3000

157
96
14.4
0.616
0.0322
34.4


Pickup
3000
1983
378
0.037
26.4
20.7
25.0
22.5
3000

149
93
14.7
0.626
0.0310
34.3


Pickup
3000
1984
475
0.034
26.6
20.8
25.4
22.6
3000

147
93
14.6
0.636
0.0310
34.5


Pickup
3000
1985
583
0.040
26.3
20.6
25.0
22.4
3000

153
100
13.6
0.656
0.0334
33.9


Pickup
3000
1986
785
0.051
26.8
20.9
25.3
22.7
3000

144
100
13.8
0.689
0.0333
34.3


Pickup
3000
1987
728
0.049
27.0
20.8
25.7
22.8
3000

146
100
13.8
0.684
0.0334
34.4


Pickup
3000
1988
715
0.047
27.4
21.1
25.9
23.1
3000

146
98
14.0
0.672
0.0328
34.9


Pickup
3000
1989
575
0.040
27.6
21.2
25.8
23.2
3000

146
102
13.5
0.699
0.0340
34.9


Pickup
3000
1990
413
0.033
28.2
21.6
25.9
23.5
3000

143
110
12.8
0.765
0.0365
35.4


Pickup
3000
1991
577
0.046
27.5
20.8
25.6
22.9
3000

149
109
12.8
0.735
0.0364
34.5


Pickup
3000
1992
318
0.026
27.1
20.4
25.2
22.5
3000

148
112
12.5
0.760
0.0375
33.9


Pickup
3000
1993
364
0.028
27.4
20.4
25.5
22.6
3000

150
115
12.2
0.771
0.0385
34.1


Pickup
3000
1994
275
0.019
28.0
20.9
25.5
23.0
3000

143
117
12.0
0.818
0.0390
34.6


Pickup
3000
1995
172
0.011
27.3
20.4
24.6
22.3
3000

145
129
11.2
0.883
0.0429
33.5


Pickup
3000
1996
103
0.008
27.2
20.1
24.5
22.1
3000

148
139
10.5
0.938
0.0462
33.3


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-91
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
2750
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
Two
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
69.3%
1976
84.5%
1977
1978
88.1%
1979
31.7%
88.1%
1980
56.9%
93.2%
1981
44.0%
93.7%
0.1%
25.5%
1982
21.0%
74.1%
22.7%
17.0%
1983
16.4%
73.6%
9.6%
1984
9.4%
74.8%
11.5%
3.4%
4.7%
1985
9.9%
26.0%
16.8%
14.0%
1.8%
1986
4.1%
78.9%
16.7%
19.3%
33.6%
0.9%
1987
4.6%
77.4%
15.9%
20.3%
39.9%
0.4%
1988
1.0%
77.9%
15.9%
28.3%
37.0%
1989
82.7%
11.6%
31.0%
45.2%
1990
86.3%
10.7%
70.8%
10.1%
1991
88.1%
9.0%
51.5%
37.9%
1992
85.9%
9.4%
53.1%
28.2%
1993
87.3%
8.3%
63.2%
25.2%
1994
85.5%
5.3%
92.5%
100.0%
1995
79.0%
9.2%
100.0%
81.9%
18.1%
1996
72.2%
2.1%
100.0%
0.1%
39.0%
60.9%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-92
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class















t'u-l-'l-
Yiliiik-
Wi-iuhi
Mmk-I
Pnid

l.al)
Adj
Adj
Adj
Wi-iuhi
Vol
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
HP/
HP/
Tiin-
(u-n-
Tmi-
T \ |K'
Class
Year
(OOO)
I'rai-
55/45
( il\
ll\\\
('iimp
Lh
c u-n
(II)
IIP
li nu-
(II)
\\ 1
mp<;
mp<;
mpc;
Pickup
3000
1997
66
0.005
26.6
19.6
23.9
21.6
3000

146
134
ll).x
0.917
0.0446
32.5


Pickup
3000
1998
81
0.006
27.3
20.0
24.2
22.0
3000

149
142
10.3
0.954
0.0473
33.1


Pickup
3000
1999
50
0.003
27.2
19.8
24.0
21.9
3000

149
142
10.3
0.953
0.0473
32.8


Pickup
3000
2000
40
0.002
26.7
19.5
23.2
21.3
3000

149
142
10.3
0.953
0.0473
32.0


Pickup
3000
2001
23
0.001
27.1
19.7
23.2
21.5
3000

149
142
10.3
0.953
0.0473
32.3


Pickup
3000
2002
21
0.001
27.7
19.6
24.3
22.0
3000

149
142
10.3
0.953
0.0473
33.0


Pickup
3000
2003
21
0.001
27.7
19.6
24.1
21.9
3000

149
142
10.3
0.953
0.0473
32.8


Pickup
3000
2004
23
0.001
27.6
19.4
23.9
21.7
3000

149
142
10.3
0.953
0.0473
32.6


Pickup
3000
2005
















Pickup
3000
2006
















Pickup
3000
2007
















Pickup
3000
2008
















Pickup
3000
2009
















Pickup
3000
2010
















Pickup
3000
2011
















Pickup
3000
2012
















Pickup
3500
1975
39
0.004
15.1
11.9
14.4
12.9
3500

348
156
11.1
0.447
0.0445
22.7


Pickup
3500
1976
71
0.006
16.5
13.1
15.5
14.1
3500

319
138
12.3
0.440
0.0394
25.0


Pickup
3500
1977
65
0.005
17.1
13.6
15.9
14.6
3500

328
143
12.1
0.442
0.0408
25.8


Pickup
3500
1978
89
0.006
18.5
14.6
17.4
15.8
3500

275
132
12.9
0.497
0.0377
27.8


Pickup
3500
1979
22
0.002
18.9
15.1
17.5
16.1
3500

209
106
15.0
0.531
0.0304
28.6


Pickup
3500
1980
53
0.005
18.7
15.2
16.8
15.9
3500

213
113
14.3
0.557
0.0323
28.1


Pickup
3500
1981
105
0.010
21.3
16.9
19.8
18.1
3500

247
112
14.2
0.472
0.0319
31.9


Pickup
3500
1982
120
0.012
22.3
17.7
21.0
19.0
3500

210
108
14.4
0.545
0.0310
33.4


Pickup
3500
1983
231
0.022
23.4
18.2
22.5
19.9
3500

178
107
14.6
0.618
0.0305
35.1


Pickup
3500
1984
356
0.025
22.7
17.8
21.7
19.4
3500

174
104
15.0
0.615
0.0297
34.2


Pickup
3500
1985
342
0.024
23.3
18.3
22.3
19.9
3500

180
110
14.3
0.641
0.0313
35.0


Pickup
3500
1986
432
0.028
23.2
18.1
22.0
19.7
3500

167
119
13.5
0.726
0.0341
34.7


Pickup
3500
1987
478
0.032
22.9
17.6
21.9
19.4
3500

178
121
13.4
0.696
0.0347
34.1


Pickup
3500
1988
491
0.032
22.8
17.5
21.8
19.3
3500

184
130
12.7
0.719
0.0370
33.9


Pickup
3500
1989
439
0.030
22.6
17.3
21.5
19.0
3500

195
132
12.6
0.696
0.0376
33.5


Pickup
3500
1990
317
0.025
23.1
17.5
21.9
19.4
3500

186
135
12.3
0.741
0.0386
34.0


Pickup
3500
1991
413
0.033
23.9
17.9
22.8
20.0
3500

199
137
12.1
0.712
0.0393
35.2


Pickup
3500
1992
413
0.034
24.7
18.3
23.4
20.5
3500

187
131
12.6
0.719
0.0374
36.2


Pickup
3500
1993
444
0.034
24.5
18.2
23.2
20.4
3500

186
134
12.4
0.738
0.0384
35.9


Pickup
3500
1994
736
0.052
25.3
18.6
23.7
20.9
3500

178
132
12.7
0.752
0.0377
36.8


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-93
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3000
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three
Foil i
Fi\e
YYT
I h hrid
1997
82.0%
18.0%
100.0%
0.9%
99.1%
1998
54.3%
100.0%
100.0%
1999
52.2%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
47.6%
100.0%
100.0%
2001
47.6%
100.0%
100.0%
2002
47.2%
100.0%
100.0%
2003
45.1%
100.0%
100.0%
2004
42.9%
100.0%
100.0%
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
1975
5.9%
1976
11.9%
1977
9.3%
1978
20.5%
1979
35.1%
1980
42.1%
49.3%
1981
6.1%
62.3%
31.0%
1982
31.5%
80.0%
16.2%
1983
59.4%
66.6%
28.0%
0.1%
1.6%
1984
62.0%
67.5%
25.4%
2.5%
1985
60.9%
71.5%
25.0%
14.2%
3.5%
0.7%
1986
67.4%
69.0%
30.2%
35.6%
30.1%
0.3%
1987
56.2%
55.2%
44.0%
28.5%
30.0%
0.2%
1988
55.6%
54.0%
45.2%
54.5%
40.6%
1989
37.3%
51.7%
47.9%
53.8%
44.0%
1990
30.7%
52.7%
47.3%
77.5%
22.5%
1991
21.3%
52.4%
47.6%
59.0%
41.0%
1992
18.4%
65.1%
34.9%
70.5%
29.5%
1993
19.1%
64.4%
35.6%
76.2%
23.8%
1994
9.0%
63.2%
36.8%
86.6%
13.4%
98.1%
1.7%
0.2%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-94
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(OOO)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Pickup
3500
1995
578
0.038
26.3
19.1
24.6
21.6
3500

167
131
12.6
0.804
0.0375
38.2


Pickup
3500
1996
568
0.043
26.3
19.1
24.6
21.6
3500

158
129
12.8
0.828
0.0368
38.1


Pickup
3500
1997
457
0.032
27.0
19.5
24.9
22.0
3500

154
123
13.1
0.815
0.0353
38.9


Pickup
3500
1998
630
0.044
26.1
18.7
24.1
21.2
3500

157
131
12.6
0.840
0.0373
37.5


Pickup
3500
1999
493
0.032
24.9
17.7
23.0
20.2
3500

162
133
12.4
0.827
0.0380
35.8


Pickup
3500
2000
545
0.033
24.9
17.6
22.9
20.1
3500

163
135
12.3
0.842
0.0386
35.5


Pickup
3500
2001
348
0.022
24.5
17.4
22.3
19.7
3500

161
138
12.1
0.867
0.0395
34.9


Pickup
3500
2002
213
0.013
24.9
17.6
22.3
19.9
3500

168
146
11.5
0.884
0.0417
35.3


Pickup
3500
2003
293
0.019
25.7
17.8
23.5
20.6
3500

154
135
12.4
0.889
0.0385
36.3


Pickup
3500
2004
131
0.008
25.9
18.0
23.1
20.6
3500

158
149
11.4
0.944
0.0425
36.3


Pickup
3500
2005
92
0.006
25.9
17.7
23.5
20.6
3500

167
159
10.8
0.960
0.0455
36.3


Pickup
3500
2006
100
0.007
26.1
17.7
23.9
20.8
3500

164
161
10.7
0.984
0.0459
36.6


Pickup
3500
2007
89
0.006
26.0
17.8
23.5
20.6
3500

161
159
10.8
0.995
0.0455
36.5


Pickup
3500
2008
89
0.006
26.7
18.3
23.8
21.1
3500

159
157
10.9
0.991
0.0448
37.2


Pickup
3500
2009
54
0.006
27.9
19.3
24.5
21.9
3500

154
155
11.0
1.011
0.0443
38.6


Pickup
3500
2010
52
0.005
27.7
19.1
24.5
21.8
3500

150
152
11.2
1.016
0.0435
38.3


Pickup
3500
2011
62
0.005
27.7
19.1
24.4
21.8
3500

149
151
11.3
1.015
0.0432
38.3


Pickup
3500
2012
27
0.002
27.5
18.6
24.6
21.6
3500

176
179
9.8
1.015
0.0512
37.9


Pickup
4000
1975
733
0.072
14.1
11.0
13.6
12.0
4000

330
143
13.2
0.433
0.0358
24.6


Pickup
4000
1976
907
0.073
15.3
12.2
14.3
13.1
4000

327
135
13.8
0.412
0.0338
26.8


Pickup
4000
1977
855
0.061
16.7
13.4
15.3
14.2
4000

322
144
13.2
0.445
0.0359
28.9


Pickup
4000
1978
951
0.066
16.1
13.0
14.4
13.6
4000

318
144
13.1
0.453
0.0361
28.0


Pickup
4000
1979
606
0.044
15.9
12.9
14.4
13.5
4000

306
142
13.2
0.465
0.0356
27.4


Pickup
4000
1980
439
0.039
18.7
14.9
17.4
15.9
4000

283
127
14.3
0.451
0.0317
32.1


Pickup
4000
1981
587
0.056
19.2
15.2
17.9
16.3
4000

286
128
14.2
0.451
0.0320
33.0


Pickup
4000
1982
397
0.041
18.7
14.9
17.4
15.9
4000

292
130
14.2
0.446
0.0325
32.2


Pickup
4000
1983
332
0.032
18.5
14.7
17.4
15.8
4000

291
130
14.2
0.446
0.0324
32.0


Pickup
4000
1984
406
0.029
18.5
14.6
17.4
15.7
4000

287
127
14.5
0.442
0.0317
32.0


Pickup
4000
1985
385
0.027
18.5
14.8
17.2
15.8
4000

292
140
13.5
0.479
0.0349
31.9


Pickup
4000
1986
465
0.030
19.2
15.2
17.7
16.3
4000

276
134
13.8
0.505
0.0336
32.8


Pickup
4000
1987
271
0.018
19.1
15.1
17.6
16.2
4000

273
141
13.3
0.530
0.0353
32.5


Pickup
4000
1988
370
0.024
19.7
15.2
18.7
16.6
4000

282
154
12.3
0.555
0.0385
33.4


Pickup
4000
1989
369
0.026
20.1
15.3
19.3
17.0
4000

269
159
12.1
0.607
0.0397
34.2


Pickup
4000
1990
342
0.027
20.2
15.1
19.4
16.9
4000

271
162
11.9
0.612
0.0405
34.1


Pickup
4000
1991
353
0.028
20.4
15.2
19.6
17.1
4000

262
159
12.1
0.623
0.0397
34.3


Pickup
4000
1992
332
0.027
20.4
15.1
19.7
17.1
4000

250
154
12.4
0.628
0.0386
34.3


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-95
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
3500
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Transmission
Front
4\\ I)
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Metering
(.1)1
Port
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
Inn
Three
Foiii
Fi\e
1995
7.7%
69.5%
30.5%
83.1%
16.9%
93.1%
6.9%
1996
7.5%
66.2%
33.8%
100.0%
85.2%
5.9%
8.9%
1997
1.0%
67.9%
32.1%
100.0%
90.8%
8.7%
0.5%
1998
8.5%
57.8%
42.2%
100.0%
81.1%
18.9%
1999
7.5%
46.9%
53.1%
100.0%
83.9%
16.1%
2000
5.4%
41.0%
59.0%
100.0%
).3%
19.7%
2001
2.8%
40.2%
57.1%
100.0%
65.6%
34.4%
2002
34.7%
60.6%
100.0%
45.2%
54.8%
2003
1.4%
36.1%
60.4%
100.0%
66.8%
33.2%
2004
38.5%
53.7%
100.0%
22.6%
77.4%
2005
37.7%
62.3%
100.0%
22.1%
77.9%
2006
1.2%
35.8%
64.2%
100.0%
13.3%
86.7%
2007
32.3%
67.7%
100.0%
10.8%
89.2%
2008
25.7%
74.3%
100.0%
12.6%
87.4%
2009
23.9%
76.1%
100.0%
1.7%
98.3%
2010
16.5%
83.5%
100.0%
100.0%
2011
16.0%
84.0%
100.0%
1.6%
98.4%
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
0.1%
0.0%
0.7%
1.0%
1.2%
1.1%
6.3%
5.6%
7.3%
9.4%
4.8%
6.3%
7.8%
13.5%
17.6%
18.0%
37.0%
27.6%
40.0%
32.0%
38.8%
33.1%
33.8%
30.6%
30.5%
33.8%
51.5%
44.3%
32.9%
27.0%
34.2%
26.7%
36.8%
40.2%
43.2%
39.8%
36.9%
42.4%
37.3%
61.2%
4.8%
17.4%
35.1%
28.4%
49.0%
39.9%
32.0%
33.5%
35.5%
40.1%
54.8%
57.8%
57.6%
62.7%
100.0%
0.7%
0.2%
0.0%
13.8%
28.0%
48.8%
39.6%
28.4%
31.6%
36.0%
54.4%
0.0%
11.0%
17.6%
60.4%
71.6%
68.4%
64.0%
45.6%
100.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-96
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(OOO)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Pickup
4000
1993
313
0.024
20.5
15.2
19.5
17.1
4000

236
155
12.3
0.669
0.0388
34.3


Pickup
4000
1994
536
0.038
20.9
15.4
19.8
17.3
4000

241
169
11.5
0.715
0.0423
34.9


Pickup
4000
1995
292
0.019
20.9
15.4
19.5
17.3
4000

230
164
11.7
0.727
0.0411
34.7


Pickup
4000
1996
286
0.022
21.6
15.7
20.3
17.8
4000

239
173
11.2
0.734
0.0432
35.7


Pickup
4000
1997
425
0.029
21.5
15.5
20.2
17.6
4000

246
185
10.7
0.756
0.0461
35.3


Pickup
4000
1998
437
0.030
21.3
15.3
19.9
17.4
4000

236
178
11.0
0.766
0.0446
34.9


Pickup
4000
1999
420
0.028
20.7
14.9
19.1
16.9
4000

231
173
11.3
0.755
0.0431
33.8


Pickup
4000
2000
481
0.029
20.8
14.9
19.1
16.9
4000

222
171
11.4
0.779
0.0429
33.9


Pickup
4000
2001
437
0.028
20.7
14.8
18.8
16.7
4000

226
184
10.7
0.819
0.0460
33.6


Pickup
4000
2002
386
0.024
20.9
15.0
18.6
16.8
4000

220
183
10.8
0.836
0.0457
33.7


Pickup
4000
2003
396
0.025
21.4
15.2
19.2
17.2
4000

213
178
11.1
0.844
0.0445
34.5


Pickup
4000
2004
380
0.024
21.8
15.2
19.6
17.4
4000

208
189
10.5
0.910
0.0473
35.0


Pickup
4000
2005
293
0.018
23.1
15.9
20.9
18.4
4000

211
206
9.9
0.978
0.0516
37.1


Pickup
4000
2006
282
0.019
23.4
16.1
21.1
18.7
4000

209
202
10.1
0.970
0.0505
37.5


Pickup
4000
2007
209
0.014
22.8
15.7
20.6
18.2
4000

212
199
10.2
0.941
0.0498
36.6


Pickup
4000
2008
186
0.013
23.2
16.0
20.8
18.5
4000

213
199
10.2
0.938
0.0498
37.1


Pickup
4000
2009
97
0.010
24.2
16.7
21.6
19.2
4000

209
202
10.1
0.974
0.0506
38.7


Pickup
4000
2010
97
0.009
23.9
16.6
21.3
19.0
4000

213
205
10.0
0.965
0.0512
38.3


Pickup
4000
2011
128
0.011
23.5
16.3
20.8
18.6
4000

218
202
10.0
0.933
0.0505
37.7


Pickup
4000
2012
116
0.009
25.0
17.2
22.1
19.7
4000

213
212
9.8
0.998
0.0530
39.6


Pickup
4500
1975
180
0.018
11.8
9.6
10.6
10.0
4500

366
166
12.9
0.451
0.0369
22.6


Pickup
4500
1976
375
0.030
12.6
10.3
11.3
10.7
4500

365
161
13.2
0.439
0.0358
24.3


Pickup
4500
1977
539
0.038
13.7
11.2
12.2
11.6
4500

369
169
12.6
0.459
0.0377
26.3


Pickup
4500
1978
578
0.040
13.6
11.2
12.1
11.5
4500

361
163
12.9
0.453
0.0363
26.3


Pickup
4500
1979
631
0.045
14.2
11.8
12.7
12.2
4500

320
146
14.3
0.459
0.0323
27.9


Pickup
4500
1980
247
0.022
15.7
12.6
14.3
13.3
4500

323
147
14.1
0.456
0.0326
30.3


Pickup
4500
1981
210
0.020
16.8
13.4
15.5
14.3
4500

314
147
14.0
0.472
0.0327
32.6


Pickup
4500
1982
193
0.020
17.1
13.7
15.7
14.5
4500

311
156
13.4
0.504
0.0347
33.2


Pickup
4500
1983
247
0.024
17.0
13.5
15.8
14.5
4500

310
151
13.8
0.488
0.0335
33.0


Pickup
4500
1984
385
0.027
16.8
13.4
15.6
14.3
4500

310
150
13.9
0.483
0.0333
32.6


Pickup
4500
1985
428
0.030
16.8
13.4
15.5
14.3
4500

310
159
13.1
0.513
0.0354
32.4


Pickup
4500
1986
439
0.029
17.4
13.8
16.1
14.8
4500

307
155
13.5
0.503
0.0344
33.5


Pickup
4500
1987
353
0.024
17.2
13.5
16.0
14.6
4500

316
168
12.7
0.531
0.0374
33.0


Pickup
4500
1988
596
0.039
17.8
13.7
16.9
15.0
4500

322
174
12.4
0.539
0.0387
33.9


Pickup
4500
1989
641
0.044
17.8
13.6
16.9
15.0
4500

320
174
12.4
0.542
0.0388
33.9


Pickup
4500
1990
507
0.040
18.0
13.6
17.2
15.1
4500

318
172
12.5
0.536
0.0381
34.3


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-97
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Transmission
Front
4\\ I)
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Metering
(.1)1
Port
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three
Foiii
Fi\e
1993
42.3%
38.0%
62.0%
31.2%
1994
43.7%
38.4%
61.6%
66.0%
34.0%
91.6%
8.4%
1995
53.8%
38.4%
61.6%
77.2%
22.8%
83.0%
17.0%
1996
44.0%
31.7%
8.3%
100.0%
77.6%
5.1%
17.3%
1997
26.0%
31.3%
68.7%
100.0%
89.1%
6.1%
4.8%
1998
42.1%
35.5%
64.5%
100.0%
84.5%
15.5%
1999
52.4%
26.1%
73.9%
100.0%
84.0%
16.0%
2000
45.0%
21.0%
79.0%
100.0%
86.4%
13.6%
2001
43.1%
16.7%
83.3%
100.0%
78.5%
21.5%
2002
38.1%
19.7%
3.3%
100.0%
60.0%
40.0%
2003
36.3%
15.4%
84.6%
100.0%
65.5%
34.5%
2004
41.3%
16.3%
83.7%
100.0%
46.6%
53.4%
2005
35.2%
17.1%
82.9%
100.0%
22.1%
77.9%
2006
29.8%
17.1%
82.9%
100.0%
17.3%
82.7%
2007
27.6%
14.2%
85.8%
100.0%
34.1%
65.9%
2008
31.3%
13.9%
5.1%
100.0%
36.5%
63.5%
2009
25.5%
22.1%
77.9%
100.0%
18.7%
81.3%
2010
24.1%
16.2%
83.8%
100.0%
24.3%
75.7%
2011
35.7%
11.2%
100.0%
40.2%
59.8%
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
19.6%
55.4%
64.5%
58.2%
68.5%
16.4%
30.9%
25.2%
20.0%
34.0%
34.6%
33.6%
36.8%
35.5%
38.3%
37.7%
34.2%
15.7%
51.3%
45.2%
31.0%
31.7%
25.6%
32.0%
18.6%
15.7%
21.4%
18.6%
16.9%
19.9%
21.6%
20.3%
32.4%
25.5%
84.3%
44.4%
60.3%
64.1%
55.4%
58.4%
64.9%
66.3%
45.7%
61.7%
58.1%
66.5%
100.0%
11.5%
8.0%
22.3%
41.5%
35.5%
45.1%
51.7%
45.8%
63.9%
54.7%
48.2%
3.5%
0.3%
2.6%
0.8%
0.9%
0.4%
0.0%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
88.5%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-98
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(OOO)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Timi-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Pickup
4500
1991
435
0.035
18.1
13.5
17.5
15.2
4500

315
176
12.3
0.555
0.0390
34.5


Pickup
4500
1992
513
0.042
18.4
13.6
17.8
15.4
4500

310
171
12.6
0.550
0.0380
34.8


Pickup
4500
1993
614
0.046
19.0
13.9
18.4
15.8
4500

306
177
12.2
0.579
0.0394
35.8


Pickup
4500
1994
684
0.048
18.7
13.7
18.0
15.6
4500

311
186
11.7
0.600
0.0414
35.2


Pickup
4500
1995
744
0.049
18.6
13.5
17.8
15.4
4500

308
182
11.9
0.593
0.0404
34.8


Pickup
4500
1996
543
0.041
18.9
13.7
17.9
15.6
4500

305
201
11.1
0.660
0.0447
35.3


Pickup
4500
1997
611
0.042
19.8
14.2
18.8
16.3
4500

283
212
10.4
0.753
0.0472
36.8


Pickup
4500
1998
585
0.040
19.8
14.2
18.8
16.3
4500

289
217
10.3
0.752
0.0481
36.8


Pickup
4500
1999
624
0.041
19.9
14.2
18.6
16.2
4500

287
224
10.1
0.780
0.0497
36.7


Pickup
4500
2000
766
0.046
20.0
14.3
18.6
16.3
4500

281
224
10.1
0.798
0.0498
36.8


Pickup
4500
2001
518
0.033
20.0
14.1
18.4
16.2
4500

264
210
10.6
0.796
0.0468
36.6


Pickup
4500
2002
556
0.034
19.8
14.0
18.2
16.0
4500

262
213
10.5
0.811
0.0473
36.1


Pickup
4500
2003
511
0.032
20.2
14.2
18.5
16.3
4500

261
212
10.5
0.814
0.0472
36.8


Pickup
4500
2004
350
0.022
20.5
14.3
18.8
16.5
4500

257
215
10.4
0.841
0.0478
37.2


Pickup
4500
2005
374
0.024
20.8
14.3
19.2
16.7
4500

247
227
10.0
0.924
0.0505
37.7


Pickup
4500
2006
368
0.024
21.3
14.6
19.5
17.1
4500

240
233
9.8
0.980
0.0518
38.4


Pickup
4500
2007
252
0.017
21.4
14.7
19.5
17.1
4500

237
233
9.8
0.993
0.0517
38.5


Pickup
4500
2008
201
0.014
21.5
14.8
19.7
17.3
4500

234
230
9.8
0.990
0.0511
38.9


Pickup
4500
2009
105
0.011
22.1
15.2
20.1
17.7
4500

238
239
9.5
1.008
0.0531
39.8


Pickup
4500
2010
121
0.011
22.0
15.1
20.1
17.6
4500

239
242
9.4
1.016
0.0538
39.6


Pickup
4500
2011
151
0.013
21.9
15.1
20.0
17.5
4500

240
240
9.5
1.003
0.0532
39.5


Pickup
4500
2012
115
0.009
22.4
15.4
20.4
17.9
4500

250
240
9.5
0.964
0.0534
40.4


Pickup
5000
1975
122
0.012
11.0
9.0
9.7
9.3
5000

371
165
14.1
0.443
0.0331
23.4


Pickup
5000
1976
188
0.015
11.7
9.6
10.3
9.9
5000

367
159
14.5
0.430
0.0318
24.9


Pickup
5000
1977
172
0.012
12.9
10.6
11.4
11.0
5000

378
167
14.0
0.440
0.0334
27.5


Pickup
5000
1978
198
0.014
12.8
10.5
11.3
10.8
5000

370
171
13.5
0.462
0.0341
27.2


Pickup
5000
1979
404
0.029
12.9
10.8
11.2
11.0
5000

372
158
15.1
0.419
0.0315
28.5


Pickup
5000
1980
147
0.013
15.9
12.7
14.6
13.5
5000

351
153
14.9
0.436
0.0306
35.2


Pickup
5000
1981
53
0.005
16.9
13.5
15.6
14.4
5000

333
141
15.8
0.425
0.0282
37.2


Pickup
5000
1982
97
0.010
18.9
15.0
17.5
16.0
5000

336
140
15.9
0.420
0.0280
41.8


Pickup
5000
1983
69
0.007
18.0
14.1
17.1
15.3
5000

334
150
15.0
0.458
0.0301
39.7


Pickup
5000
1984
85
0.006
17.4
13.6
16.6
14.8
5000

322
155
14.6
0.487
0.0311
37.9


Pickup
5000
1985
92
0.006
16.3
12.7
15.7
13.9
5000

322
162
14.1
0.505
0.0324
35.5


Pickup
5000
1986
93
0.006
16.3
12.7
15.6
13.8
5000

321
162
14.1
0.507
0.0324
35.1


Pickup
5000
1987
74
0.005
16.0
12.5
15.0
13.6
5000

332
183
12.9
0.550
0.0366
34.2


Pickup
5000
1988
165
0.011
16.4
12.6
15.7
13.9
5000

342
193
12.3
0.565
0.0387
35.0


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-99
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Transmission
Front
4\\ I)
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Metering
(.1)1
Port
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three
Foiii
Fi\e
1991
28.6%
23.7%
75.3%
48.0%
51.9%
0.1%
1992
21.1%
27.9%
72.0%
59.3%
40.6%
0.1%
1993
0.0%
16.9%
19.5%
3.5%
55.4%
44.6%
1994
14.5%
17.3%
82.7%
59.9%
40.1%
100.0%
1995
18.4%
26.6%
73.4%
58.9%
41.1%
99.3%
0.7%
1996
11.9%
19.0%
81.0%
100.0%
98.6%
1.4%
1997
16.3%
12.5%
87.5%
100.0%
1.2%
1998
9.6%
11.4%
8.6%
100.0%
99.4%
0.6%
1999
18.1%
9.4%
90.6%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
17.7%
10.3%
89.7%
100.0%
92.7%
7.3%
2001
16.0%
11.0%
89.0%
100.0%
90.9%
9.1%
2002
27.1%
8.7%
91.3%
100.0%
84.6%
15.4%
2003
27.6%
12.5%
87.5%
100.0%
87.8%
12.2%
2004
31.9%
10.9%
9.1%
100.0%
90.9%
9.1%
2005
35.7%
7.6%
92.4%
100.0%
61.9%
38.1%
2006
48.2%
7.0%
93.0%
100.0%
38.9%
61.1%
2007
52.3%
7.3%
92.7%
100.0%
43.8%
56.2%
2008
57.6%
9.1%
90.9%
100.0%
40.6%
59.4%
2009
77.2%
5.8%
94.2%
100.0%
15.9%
84.1%
2010
76.0%
4.4%
95.6%
100.0%
14.5%
85.5%
2011
72.3%
4.3%
95.7%
100.0%
20.7%
79.3%
2012
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
72.5%
26.4%
26.9%
23.5%
36.6%
8.3%
53.2%
55.4%
43.4%
65.2%
74.8%
85.9%
89.6%
95.4%
74.8%
6.5%
27.9%
28.8%
24.6%
32.8%
18.5%
21.5%
31.1%
26.2%
23.9%
26.8%
28.0%
22.2%
31.5%
17.8%
93.5%
65.3%
57.2%
65.1%
66.1%
68.4%
61.2%
64.0%
47.0%
61.4%
100.0%
24.0%
4.2%
20.5%
25.5%
58.7%
71.2%
0.0%
13.0%
28.8%
32.9%
56.0%
26.4%
14.7%
6.8%
3.8%
2.0%
2.1%
76.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-100
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(OOO)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
liiiK-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Pickup
5000
1989
129
0.009
16.0
12.4
15.0
13.5
5000

323
187
12.7
0.588
0.0373
34.0


Pickup
5000
1990
223
0.018
16.4
12.4
15.9
13.8
5000

337
198
12.1
0.591
0.0397
34.9


Pickup
5000
1991
138
0.011
16.2
12.2
15.4
13.5
5000

333
198
12.1
0.598
0.0396
34.1


Pickup
5000
1992
235
0.019
16.7
12.4
16.2
14.0
5000

330
189
12.7
0.571
0.0377
35.2


Pickup
5000
1993
258
0.020
16.9
12.5
16.3
14.1
5000

333
199
12.0
0.599
0.0399
35.4


Pickup
5000
1994
414
0.029
17.0
12.5
16.2
14.1
5000

336
202
11.9
0.601
0.0404
35.4


Pickup
5000
1995
453
0.030
16.8
12.3
16.1
14.0
5000

337
202
11.9
0.601
0.0405
35.1


Pickup
5000
1996
390
0.030
17.3
12.5
16.7
14.4
5000

334
225
10.9
0.675
0.0451
36.1


Pickup
5000
1997
573
0.040
18.2
13.1
17.4
15.0
5000

319
229
10.7
0.722
0.0459
37.7


Pickup
5000
1998
524
0.036
17.6
12.6
17.0
14.6
5000

327
236
10.4
0.724
0.0473
36.5


Pickup
5000
1999
628
0.041
18.1
13.0
17.0
14.9
5000

322
245
10.2
0.763
0.0491
37.2


Pickup
5000
2000
707
0.043
18.4
13.2
17.0
15.0
5000

317
252
9.9
0.797
0.0504
37.6


Pickup
5000
2001
929
0.059
18.6
13.2
17.3
15.1
5000

314
255
9.8
0.813
0.0509
38.0


Pickup
5000
2002
780
0.048
18.7
13.2
17.1
15.1
5000

305
261
9.7
0.854
0.0521
37.9


Pickup
5000
2003
870
0.055
18.9
13.3
17.2
15.3
5000

305
259
9.7
0.852
0.0518
38.2


Pickup
5000
2004
707
0.045
19.2
13.4
17.4
15.4
5000

311
269
9.5
0.862
0.0537
38.6


Pickup
5000
2005
679
0.043
19.4
13.4
17.8
15.6
5000

304
272
9.4
0.892
0.0545
39.1


Pickup
5000
2006
608
0.040
19.9
13.8
18.1
16.0
5000

297
265
9.6
0.891
0.0530
40.0


Pickup
5000
2007
444
0.029
20.0
13.7
18.5
16.1
5000

282
245
10.3
0.866
0.0489
40.3


Pickup
5000
2008
257
0.019
20.3
14.0
18.7
16.3
5000

270
233
10.7
0.862
0.0466
40.9


Pickup
5000
2009
98
0.011
20.8
14.3
19.1
16.7
5000

275
244
10.3
0.885
0.0488
41.7


Pickup
5000
2010
110
0.010
20.9
14.3
19.4
16.8
5000

271
247
10.2
0.912
0.0495
42.1


Pickup
5000
2011
106
0.009
21.4
14.6
19.8
17.2
5000

271
271
9.7
1.002
0.0541
43.1


Pickup
5000
2012
168
0.013
22.0
15.0
20.4
17.7
5000

263
271
9.6
1.045
0.0543
44.4


Pickup
5500
1975
53
0.005
10.0
8.3
8.7
8.5
5500

374
171
14.9
0.452
0.0310
23.4


Pickup
5500
1976
102
0.008
11.4
9.3
10.2
9.7
5500

383
171
14.9
0.443
0.0311
26.8


Pickup
5500
1977
91
0.006
11.8
9.7
10.4
10.0
5500

396
183
14.1
0.458
0.0333
27.8


Pickup
5500
1978
120
0.008
12.1
10.0
10.8
10.3
5500

377
172
14.6
0.457
0.0312
28.4


Pickup
5500
1979
83
0.006
11.3
9.5
9.8
9.6
5500

401
192
13.8
0.473
0.0348
26.8


Pickup
5500
1980
14
0.001
13.3
10.7
12.2
11.3
5500

353
165
14.9
0.467
0.0299
31.3


Pickup
5500
1981
2
0.000
13.3
10.5
12.4
11.3
5500

351
143
16.5
0.407
0.0260
31.1


Pickup
5500
1982
17
0.002
22.4
17.5
21.3
19.1
5500

350
130
18.1
0.371
0.0236
52.4


Pickup
5500
1983
10
0.001
22.1
17.3
21.2
18.9
5500

379
130
18.1
0.343
0.0236
51.9


Pickup
5500
1984
8
0.001
21.9
17.3
20.5
18.6
5500

379
130
18.1
0.343
0.0236
51.2


Pickup
5500
1985
5
0.000
21.1
16.5
20.2
18.0
5500

379
130
18.1
0.343
0.0236
49.5


Pickup
5500
1986
3
0.000
21.1
16.4
20.1
17.9
5500

379
130
18.1
0.343
0.0236
49.3


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-101
March 2013

-------
W-i»hl
(hiss
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5000
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
¦001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
YYT
I h hrid
1989
78.9%
27.4%
56.9%
43.5%
55.1%
1.4%
1990
65.5%
13.4%
82.7%
23.9%
75.3%
0.8%
1991
86.9%
17.5%
78.2%
31.2%
67.9%
0.9%
1992
78.2%
14.7%
85.1%
43.8%
55.8%
0.4%
1993
86.6%
13.7%
5.3%
38.8%
61.2%
1994
87.0%
10.0%
90.0%
45.0%
55.0%
100.0%
1995
83.9%
11.0%
89.0%
52.3%
47.7%
100.0%
1996
70.7%
7.8%
92.1%
99.8%
0.2%
100.0%
1997
60.1%
5.7%
94.3%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
1998
75.5%
5.1%
94.9%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
1999
73.5%
2.6%
97.4%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
78.9%
1.6%
98.4%
100.0%
91.1%
8.9%
2001
46.9%
1.7%
98.3%
100.0%
95.9%
4.1%
2002
51.3%
2.0%
98.0%
100.0%
94.5%
5.5%
2003
49.6%
1.5%
98.5%
100.0%
95.3%
4.7%
2004
46.5%
1.4%
98.6%
100.0%
90.9%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%
2005
33.5%
2.3%
97.7%
100.0%
85.0%
0.2%
14.8%
15.0%
0.1%
2006
28.9%
3.8%
96.2%
100.0%
79.8%
0.4%
19.8%
20.2%
0.1%
2007
17.1%
3.2%
96.8%
100.0%
89.7%
6.5%
20.8%
0.1%
2008
16.1%
1.8%
98.2%
100.0%
91.7%
3.2%
5.0%
1.7%
2009
18.3%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
89.3%
5.1%
5.6%
5.3%
2010
26.1%
1.1%
98.9%
100.0%
82.5%
5.0%
12.5%
28.6%
2011
27.2%
100.0%
0.2%
99.8%
63.8%
36.2%
62.9%
2012
21.6%
100.0%
3.7%
96.3%
54.7%
45.3%
72.5%
1975
84.9%
1.1%
1976
87.1%
2.9%
1977
76.0%
1.0%
1978
91.0%
0.4%
0.0%
1979
3.9%
40.8%
0.1%
1980
84.0%
44.1%
40.9%
1981
44.3%
62.0%
1982
100.0%
16.7%
83.3%
100.0%
1983
100.0%
10.0%
90.0%
100.0%
1984
97.0%
13.1%
86.9%
100.0%
1985
83.2%
11.9%
8.1%
100.0%
1986
84.4%
14.5%
85.5%
100.0%
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-102
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(OOO)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Tin il-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Pickup
5500
1987
1
0.000
21.1
16.3
20.1
17.9
5500

379
130
ls.!
0.343
0.0236
49.1


Pickup
5500
1988
1
0.000
16.9
13.4
15.2
14.2
5500

363
178
14.4
0.495
0.0324
40.7


Pickup
5500
1989
1
0.000
19.2
14.8
17.9
16.1
5500

370
153
16.6
0.417
0.0278
45.4


Pickup
5500
1990
1
0.000
18.6
14.3
17.2
15.6
5500

370
159
15.8
0.434
0.0289
44.1


Pickup
5500
1991
3
0.000
17.5
13.2
16.7
14.7
5500

364
176
14.6
0.489
0.0321
41.7


Pickup
5500
1992
9
0.001
16.3
12.2
15.6
13.7
5500

353
200
12.9
0.570
0.0364
38.1


Pickup
5500
1993
9
0.001
17.0
12.6
16.3
14.2
5500

352
199
13.0
0.569
0.0363
39.4


Pickup
5500
1994
21
0.001
16.9
12.5
15.9
14.1
5500

364
205
12.6
0.568
0.0373
39.0


Pickup
5500
1995
29
0.002
15.9
11.6
15.2
13.2
5500

358
215
12.2
0.605
0.0392
36.5


Pickup
5500
1996
65
0.005
15.3
11.0
15.0
12.8
5500

345
225
11.7
0.655
0.0410
35.3


Pickup
5500
1997
275
0.019
17.0
12.1
16.6
14.1
5500

347
240
11.1
0.693
0.0437
38.9


Pickup
5500
1998
112
0.008
16.4
11.7
16.0
13.6
5500

330
226
11.7
0.684
0.0410
37.5


Pickup
5500
1999
130
0.009
16.3
11.5
15.9
13.5
5500

344
242
11.0
0.705
0.0441
37.1


Pickup
5500
2000
71
0.004
16.3
11.3
15.9
13.4
5500

347
245
11.0
0.706
0.0445
37.0


Pickup
5500
2001
258
0.017
16.3
11.5
15.5
13.4
5500

340
251
10.7
0.740
0.0456
36.9


Pickup
5500
2002
279
0.017
17.0
11.9
16.0
13.9
5500

322
255
10.6
0.795
0.0464
38.4


Pickup
5500
2003
270
0.017
17.2
12.1
15.9
13.9
5500

319
264
10.4
0.827
0.0479
38.4


Pickup
5500
2004
538
0.034
17.9
12.5
16.5
14.5
5500

316
287
9.8
0.901
0.0521
40.0


Pickup
5500
2005
549
0.035
18.3
12.6
16.8
14.7
5500

319
292
9.6
0.913
0.0531
40.6


Pickup
5500
2006
570
0.038
18.7
13.0
17.3
15.1
5500

313
283
9.8
0.902
0.0515
41.6


Pickup
5500
2007
688
0.045
19.5
13.5
18.0
15.7
5500

317
297
9.4
0.934
0.0541
43.3


Pickup
5500
2008
707
0.051
20.1
13.7
18.6
16.2
5500

319
311
9.1
0.974
0.0566
44.9


Pickup
5500
2009
461
0.050
20.4
13.9
19.2
16.5
5500

317
309
9.1
0.974
0.0561
45.4


Pickup
5500
2010
532
0.048
20.8
14.1
19.7
16.8
5500

315
313
9.0
0.994
0.0569
46.4


Pickup
5500
2011
697
0.058
21.1
14.3
20.1
17.1
5500

311
328
8.7
1.064
0.0596
47.2


Pickup
5500
2012
600
0.045
21.0
14.2
19.9
17.0
5500

315
337
8.5
1.080
0.0612
46.9


Pickup
6000
1975
















Pickup
6000
1976
















Pickup
6000
1977
















Pickup
6000
1978
0
0.000
12.6
10.4
11.1
10.7
6000

325
154
16.8
0.474
0.0256
32.3


Pickup
6000
1979
7
0.001
10.9
9.0
9.7
9.3
6000

390
153
17.9
0.386
0.0255
27.9


Pickup
6000
1980
0
0.000
9.9
8.1
8.8
8.4
6000

350
155
16.9
0.443
0.0258
25.2


Pickup
6000
1981
















Pickup
6000
1982
















Pickup
6000
1983
















Pickup
6000
1984
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-103
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
5500
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl TBI
Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
yy.j.
I h hrid
1987
80.0%
7.7%
92.3%
100.0%
1988
97.8%
62.7%
37.3%
54.9%
45.1%
1989
100.0%
36.0%
64.0%
31.7%
68.3%
1990
94.8%
41.0%
59.0%
32.0%
68.0%
1991
97.5%
8.7%
91.3%
52.2%
47.8%
1992
99.6%
30.4%
69.2%
0.7%
i.5%
12.8%
1993
99.9%
13.3%
86.7%
16.0%
84.0%
1994
95.5%
14.9%
85.1%
47.8%
52.2%
100.0%
1995
96.8%
9.4%
90.6%
79.9%
20.1%
100.0%
1996
99.1%
3.9%
95.3%
96.2%
3.8%
100.0%
1997
99.8%
0.7%
99.3%
99.8%
0.2%
100.0%
1998
94.7%
3.9%
96.1%
99.7%
0.3%
100.0%
1999
93.1%
3.5%
96.5%
100.0%
100.0%
2000
i.5%
2.3%
97.7%
100.0%
100.0%
2001
97.9%
1.8%
98.2%
100.0%
100.0%
2002
73.7%
1.1%
98.9%
100.0%
100.0%
2003
65.7%
0.9%
99.1%
100.0%
100.0%
2004
43.4%
0.8%
99.2%
100.0%
72.5%
21.5%
6.0%
21.5%
0.0%
2005
60.5%
0.5%
99.5%
100.0%
67.0%
19.5%
13.6%
33.0%
0.1%
2006
56.6%
0.3%
99.7%
100.0%
66.6%
18.8%
14.6%
33.4%
0.3%
2007
48.5%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
76.3%
10.8%
13.0%
23.7%
0.0%
2008
46.9%
0.2%
99.8%
100.0%
81.5%
7.0%
11.5%
18.6%
2009
46.1%
100.0%
100.0%
84.5%
12.3%
3.2%
17.4%
2010
44.3%
100.0%
100.0%
67.4%
23.7%
8.9%
77.5%
2011
55.4%
100.0%
3.9%
96.1%
78.4%
21.6%
94.6%
2012
45.6%
100.0%
4.1%
95.9%
71.2%
28.8%
92.5%
1975
1976
1977
1978
3.7%
77.6%
1979
62.2%
1980
100.0%
1981
1982
1983
1984
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-104
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(OOO)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
Tin il-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Pickup
6000
1985
0
0.000
19.6
16.0
17.5
16.6
6000

379
130
ls.*
0.343
0.0217
49.8


Pickup
6000
1986
















Pickup
6000
1987
















Pickup
6000
1988
0
0.000
19.6
16.1
16.7
16.4
6000

379
140
17.8
0.369
0.0233
49.2


Pickup
6000
1989
0
0.000
21.2
17.3
18.0
17.6
6000

379
126
19.3
0.332
0.0210
52.8


Pickup
6000
1990
0
0.000
20.5
16.4
17.8
17.0
6000

379
135
18.3
0.356
0.0225
51.1


Pickup
6000
1991
0
0.000
19.5
15.6
16.7
16.1
6000

379
140
17.8
0.369
0.0233
48.4


Pickup
6000
1992
















Pickup
6000
1993
















Pickup
6000
1994
3
0.000
18.1
13.6
16.7
15.0
6000

395
180
15.0
0.455
0.0299
45.1


Pickup
6000
1995
3
0.000
18.1
13.4
16.9
15.0
6000

395
180
15.0
0.455
0.0300
45.0


Pickup
6000
1996
0
0.000
18.7
13.7
17.4
15.4
6000

395
180
15.0
0.456
0.0300
46.2


Pickup
6000
1997
1
0.000
18.7
13.7
17.3
15.4
6000

395
180
15.0
0.456
0.0300
46.1


Pickup
6000
1998
46
0.003
15.6
10.9
15.6
13.0
6000

359
234
12.2
0.651
0.0389
38.9


Pickup
6000
1999
200
0.013
16.8
12.0
16.1
13.9
6000

350
254
11.4
0.727
0.0424
41.6


Pickup
6000
2000
2
0.000
15.8
10.8
16.0
13.1
6000

352
242
11.8
0.688
0.0404
39.3


Pickup
6000
2001
6
0.000
15.8
10.9
15.8
13.1
6000

343
239
11.9
0.698
0.0398
39.3


Pickup
6000
2002
146
0.009
17.5
12.3
16.3
14.3
6000

329
283
10.5
0.861
0.0472
42.9


Pickup
6000
2003
112
0.007
17.6
12.3
16.5
14.3
6000

329
295
10.1
0.895
0.0491
43.2


Pickup
6000
2004
376
0.024
18.1
12.6
16.6
14.6
6000

324
290
10.3
0.894
0.0484
43.8


Pickup
6000
2005
311
0.020
18.0
12.5
16.4
14.5
6000

325
294
10.2
0.901
0.0490
43.5


Pickup
6000
2006
260
0.017
17.6
12.3
16.1
14.2
6000

329
298
10.0
0.906
0.0497
42.7


Pickup
6000
2007
430
0.028
18.5
12.8
17.2
15.0
6000

333
325
9.4
0.974
0.0541
45.0


Pickup
6000
2008
355
0.026
18.7
12.8
17.4
15.1
6000

334
334
9.2
0.999
0.0557
45.3


Pickup
6000
2009
174
0.019
19.2
13.2
17.8
15.5
6000

328
320
9.5
0.973
0.0533
46.6


Pickup
6000
2010
364
0.033
19.5
13.4
18.0
15.7
6000

326
324
9.4
0.991
0.0539
47.1


Pickup
6000
2011
317
0.026
20.3
13.9
18.8
16.3
6000

290
358
8.6
1.278
0.0597
49.2


Pickup
6000
2012
297
0.022
20.6
14.1
19.1
16.6
6000

285
360
8.6
1.311
0.0600
50.0


Pickup
6500
1975
















Pickup
6500
1976
















Pickup
6500
1977
















Pickup
6500
1978
0
0.000
11.8
9.7
10.4
10.0
6500

322
153
18.3
0.475
0.0235
32.6


Pickup
6500
1979
















Pickup
6500
1980
1
0.000
12.0
9.5
11.3
10.3
6500

368
150
18.5
0.408
0.0231
33.3


Pickup
6500
1981
















Pickup
6500
1982
















EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-105
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
l-'ronl
4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
l.ock
(NT
l-uel Melerinii
(.1)1
Porl
11$ I
Diesel
Nuinhei' ol° \ al\es
I'wo
Three
I-'oiii
li\e
yy.j.
I h hrid
1985
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1986
1987
1988
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1989
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1990
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1991
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1992
1993
1994
100.0%
1.0%
99.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1995
100.0%
0.5%
99.5%
100.0%
100.0%
1996
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1997
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
1998
100.0%
0.5%
99.5%
98.4%
1.6%
100.0%
1999
100.0%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
0.0%
100.0%
2000
100.0%
3.0%
97.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2001
100.0%
17.0%
83.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2002
71.4%
0.1%
99.9%
100.0%
97.7%
2.3%
2003
69.3%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2004
87.8%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
36.1%
63.9%
63.9%
2005
!.6%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
32.0%
68.0%
68.0%
2006
93.0%
0.0%
100.0%
100.0%
17.0%
83.0%
83.0%
2007
83.6%
100.0%
100.0%
35.5%
40.3%
24.2%
64.5%
2008
86.2%
100.0%
100.0%
23.0%
39.3%
37.7%
78.0%
2009
94.5%
98.8%
1.2%
100.0%
32.5%
57.7%
9.8%
76.8%
1.2%
2010
95.6%
99.6%
0.4%
100.0%
5.9%
68.3%
25.8%
42.6%
0.4%
2011
95.7%
99.6%
0.4%
26.9%
73.1%
7.2%
92.8%
100.0%
0.4%
2012
96.0%
99.0%
1.0%
33.1%
66.9%
8.1%
91.9%
100.0%
1.0%
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
*The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-106
March 2013

-------
United States
Envjrown&ntef Protection
Agency
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Yiliiik-
T \ |K'
\\ii»hl
Class
Mmk-I
Year
Pnid
(OOO)
I'rai-

\\i-i»hl
Lh
Vol
c u-n
I'li^iiK-
ll-C.O
li nu-
HP/
(II)
HP/
\\ 1
Tiin-
mp<;
(u-n-
mp<;
c u-ri-
Tmi-
mpc;
l.al)
55/45
Adj
( il\
Adj
ll\\\
Adj
('iimp
(II)
IIP
Pickup
6500
1983
















Pickup
6500
1984
















Pickup
6500
1985
















Pickup
6500
1986
















Pickup
6500
1987
















Pickup
6500
1988
















Pickup
6500
1989
















Pickup
6500
1990
















Pickup
6500
1991
















Pickup
6500
1992
















Pickup
6500
1993
















Pickup
6500
1994
















Pickup
6500
1995
















Pickup
6500
1996
















Pickup
6500
1997
















Pickup
6500
1998
















Pickup
6500
1999
















Pickup
6500
2000
















Pickup
6500
2001
















Pickup
6500
2002
















Pickup
6500
2003
















Pickup
6500
2004
















Pickup
6500
2005
3
0.000
16.3
11.4
14.9
13.2
6500

330
300
ll).(>
0.909
0.0462
42.8


Pickup
6500
2006
0
0.000
15.2
10.6
14.2
12.4
6500

330
445
7.7
1.348
0.0685
40.2


Pickup
6500
2007
0
0.000
15.1
10.6
13.9
12.2
6500

330
445
7.7
1.348
0.0685
39.8


Pickup
6500
2008
0
0.000
16.0
11.0
15.0
13.0
6500

330
445
7.7
1.348
0.0685
42.2


Pickup
6500
2009
















Pickup
6500
2010
















Pickup
6500
2011
18
0.001
16.2
11.3
14.7
13.1
6500

378
415
8.2
1.098
0.0638
42.5


Pickup
6500
2012
13
0.001
16.8
11.5
15.8
13.6
6500

378
411
8.2
1.087
0.0632
44.2




















































































































EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-107
March 2013

-------
Vi-i»hl
(hiss
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
6500
-001
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix G: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Weight Class
Mmk-I
\ i-;ir
l)ri\drain
Front 4\\ I)
Transmission
Manual
lock (VI
Fuel Melerinii
(.1)1 Porl TBI Diesel
Number of \ al\es
I'wo
Three
Foil i
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2006
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2007
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2008
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2009
2010
2011
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
2012
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
I hhrid
The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
G-108
March 2013

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Appendix H
Fuel Economy Data Stratified by
Vehicle Type and Drive Type
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ |H' :
Dliu- 1 _\ pi-
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
I'rntl
(111)0)
1 lill-
I'lK'l l lllllMim
\\i-i«lil l.li
\ nl ( ll-l l
I'niiiiu'
0-60
1 inn-
III'
(II)
III'
\\ 1
11 Hl-
Ml'(i
( ll-l l-
\ii'<;
l.:il>
55/45
\ilj ( il\
\
-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\|W
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
< ll-l 1-
1 1111-
MI'(;
1 r:iii«iiii<.<.iiiii
I'url Mi-li-riii"
NiiiiiIht ill' \ ;ih r-
\ \ 1
\ hiiiuiil
1 .iirkup
(AT
(.1)1
I'url
1 lil
Dir-rl
1 \\M
llim-
I'uiir
Hie
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1975

64.3%
2.4%


17.6%







Car
Front Wheel Drive
1976

59.7%



18.9%







Car
Front Wheel Drive
1977
2876
68.2%



31.3%

2.8%





Car
Front Wheel Drive
1978
2838
66.2%
4.2%


31.0%

3.6%





Car
Front Wheel Drive
1979
2835
57.2%
6.4%


19.6%

5.6%





Car
Front Wheel Drive
1980
3087
45.5%
2.1%


9.5%
1.6%
6.8%





Car
Front Wheel Drive
1981
3349
45.2%



5.4%
1.8%
5.4%





Car
Front Wheel Drive
1982
3512
40.0%
32.2%


5.0%
13.9%
2.7%





Car
Front Wheel Drive
1983
3641
36.4%
38.9%


5.8%
25.1%
1.3%





Car
Front Wheel Drive
1984
3709
30.3%
42.4%


8.6%
27.9%
1.6%





Car
Front Wheel Drive
1985
3800
26.3%
48.6%


21.0%
33.5%
0.7%





Car
Front Wheel Drive
1986
3894
27.1%
52.4%


33.1%
34.2%
0.3%
94.3%
4.5%
1.3%


Car
Front Wheel Drive
1987
3855
26.1%
56.5%


38.0%
36.7%
0.0%
82.1%
11.7%
6.1%


Car
Front Wheel Drive
1988
3928
25.5%
64.6%


48.5%
35.1%

76.9%
11.1%
12.0%


Car
Front Wheel Drive
1989
3942
21.7%
68.6%
0.2%

58.0%
31.4%
0.0%
73.1%
12.9%
14.0%


Car
Front Wheel Drive
1990
3967
19.7%
73.1%
0.0%

75.2%
23.6%
0.0%
65.6%
5.4%
29.0%


Car
Front Wheel Drive
1991
3932
21.0%
73.7%


77.5%
22.3%
0.1%
64.6%
7.3%
28.1%

1.9%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1992
3987
18.5%
75.4%
0.0%

90.3%
9.7%
0.0%
65.5%
5.5%
29.0%

3.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1993
4045
18.7%
76.3%


91.9%
8.1%

62.1%
3.5%
34.5%

3.8%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1994
4068
17.4%
78.8%


93.9%
6.1%

56.2%
2.2%
41.6%

7.7%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1995
4152
16.8%
82.4%


98.6%
1.4%

46.3%
1.3%
52.4%

9.9%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1996
4159
14.6%
84.4%
0.0%

98.7%
1.3%
0.1%
38.8%
1.1%
60.1%

11.6%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1997
4144
13.3%
85.9%
0.1%

99.0%
0.9%
0.0%
38.9%
1.0%
60.1%
0.0%
9.6%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1998
4226
11.5%
88.0%
0.1%

99.7%
0.2%
0.2%
37.0%
0.9%
61.5%
0.5%
17.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1999
4251
9.9%
89.4%
0.0%

99.8%
0.1%
0.1%
33.4%
1.1%
64.3%
1.2%
16.0%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2000
4287
9.7%
89.4%
0.0%

99.7%

0.3%
33.2%
0.9%
64.5%
1.4%
22.7%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2001
4342
9.8%
89.0%
0.3%

99.7%

0.3%
32.1%
0.4%
65.5%
2.0%
26.6%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2002
4415
9.4%
89.9%
0.5%

99.6%

0.4%
29.9%
0.3%
67.6%
2.2%
33.6%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2003
4480
10.0%
88.2%
1.8%

99.6%

0.4%
25.3%

72.0%
2.6%
41.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2004
4570
8.3%
89.3%
2.2%

99.7%

0.3%
21.2%

77.1%
1.7%
43.9%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2005
4688
7.9%
89.0%
3.0%

99.6%

0.4%
21.2%

78.0%
0.7%
51.8%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2006
4768
7.9%
89.0%
3.1%

99.3%

0.7%
18.1%

81.8%
0.1%
59.7%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2007
4912
6.5%
81.9%
11.6%
0.3%
99.7%


14.4%

85.6%

65.5%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2008
4972
6.2%
80.1%
13.7%
2.1%
97.9%


11.2%

88.8%

65.3%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2009
5063
5.6%
81.1%
13.3%
1.7%
97.5%

0.7%
6.5%

93.5%

82.0%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2010
5401
3.9%
78.2%
16.2%
5.5%
93.5%

1.0%
4.0%

96.0%

95.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2011
5564
3.5%
82.7%
13.6%
13.9%
85.1%

1.0%
4.3%

95.7%

96.3%
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-2
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\|W
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
1 h lu icl
\ rlm lr Si/r
Sllliill
\ li(Ki/r
1 ;ii!>c
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1975

87.4%
8.3%
4.3%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1976

86.9%
8.8%
4.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1977

89.5%
6.1%
4.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1978

93.6%
4.2%
2.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1979

87.0%
13.0%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1980

67.8%
32.2%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1981

68.1%
31.9%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1982

71.0%
29.0%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1983

68.3%
31.7%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1984

69.0%
31.0%

Car
Front Wheel Drive
1985

63.3%
29.4%
7.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1986

62.5%
28.5%
9.1%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1987

66.3%
24.7%
9.0%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1988

67.5%
23.8%
8.7%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1989

61.0%
29.3%
9.7%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1990

61.1%
28.8%
10.1%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1991

64.1%
27.3%
8.5%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1992

61.6%
27.3%
11.1%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1993

60.4%
29.7%
9.9%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1994

61.2%
26.4%
12.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1995

60.4%
27.5%
12.1%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1996

56.3%
33.2%
10.6%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1997

57.3%
30.8%
11.9%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1998

48.9%
41.4%
9.7%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
1999

47.3%
42.3%
10.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2000
0.1%
46.3%
36.5%
17.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2001
0.0%
48.7%
36.0%
15.3%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2002
0.3%
44.6%
40.2%
15.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2003
0.7%
46.8%
38.7%
14.5%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2004
1.1%
42.6%
42.1%
15.3%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2005
2.5%
40.6%
44.2%
15.2%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2006
2.0%
42.4%
39.3%
18.3%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2007
3.9%
38.8%
45.9%
15.4%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2008
4.1%
38.5%
42.7%
18.8%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2009
3.5%
41.0%
42.4%
16.6%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2010
6.6%
40.8%
43.9%
15.3%
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2011
4.3%
26.5%
52.0%
21.4%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-3
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
Dinr In pi-
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
I'rntl
(111)0)
1 lill-
I'lK'l IYiiIIiiIIIN
\\i-i«lil l.li
\ nl ( ll-l l
I'niiiiu'
0-60
1 inn-
III'
( II)
III'
\\ 1
11 Hl-
Ml'(i
( ll-l 1-
m i •(;
l.:il>
55/45
\rij ( il\
\
-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\|W
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
< ll-l 1-
1 1111-
MI'(;
1 r:iii«iiii<.<.iiiii
I'llrl MrU-l iim
NiiiiiIht ill' \ ;ih r-
\ \ 1
\ hiiiuiil
1 .iirkup
(AT
(.1)1
I'url
1 lil
Dir-rl
1 \\M
llim-
I'uiir
Hie
Car
Front Wheel Drive
2012
5552
6.8%
74.5%
12.9%
25.8%
73.0%

1.2%
1.0%

99.0%

98.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1975

16.6%
0.1%


4.2%

0.3%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1976

14.5%



2.2%

0.3%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1977
3462
13.1%



2.2%

0.3%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1978
3397
15.0%
7.4%


2.3%

0.6%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1979
3364
15.9%
9.2%


2.7%

1.6%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1980
3359
24.4%
23.4%


4.9%
0.3%
3.5%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1981
3670
20.3%
53.3%


6.6%
3.1%
6.3%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1982
3759
19.4%
67.8%


9.2%
6.4%
6.4%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1983
3916
14.4%
76.1%


13.3%
14.0%
2.9%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1984
3861
16.1%
77.6%


22.5%
20.6%
1.7%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1985
4018
15.1%
77.1%


22.4%
30.7%
1.3%





Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1986
3923
17.0%
74.6%


45.2%
16.2%
0.3%
97.6%

2.4%


Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1987
3940
18.2%
73.5%


57.9%
12.1%
1.0%
96.2%

3.8%


Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1988
4129
16.5%
76.1%


77.1%
7.9%
0.0%
95.7%
1.4%
2.8%


Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1989
4181
15.7%
75.7%


81.0%
13.4%
0.0%
89.9%
5.1%
5.1%


Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1990
4067
18.3%
72.9%


89.1%
8.0%
0.2%
78.9%
4.9%
16.2%

4.0%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1991
4165
16.7%
75.7%


75.1%
24.4%
0.4%
80.9%
0.2%
18.9%

4.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1992
4388
12.6%
82.0%


83.3%
16.3%
0.2%
69.6%

30.4%

8.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1993
4317
11.2%
83.9%


89.8%
10.0%

82.4%

17.6%

8.0%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1994
4275
14.2%
79.9%


98.3%
1.6%
0.0%
77.2%

22.8%

8.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1995
4241
13.5%
80.8%


98.6%
1.1%
0.3%
61.0%

38.9%
0.0%
9.0%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1996
4316
14.9%
80.8%


99.8%

0.2%
73.5%

26.5%
0.0%
10.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1997
4205
15.7%
82.4%


99.8%

0.2%
60.7%
0.9%
38.3%
0.0%
19.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1998
4072
14.2%
85.6%


99.7%

0.3%
64.2%
4.3%
31.5%
0.0%
18.6%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1999
4153
13.7%
85.8%


99.6%

0.4%
61.3%
7.2%
31.4%
0.1%
17.6%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2000
4005
14.5%
83.8%


99.7%
0.3%

57.4%
5.2%
37.4%
0.0%
20.0%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2001
3967
13.5%
86.2%


100.0%


53.2%
8.9%
37.8%
0.0%
26.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2002
3840
16.0%
83.6%


100.0%


39.0%
11.1%
49.8%
0.1%
28.4%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2003
4019
14.0%
86.0%


100.0%


38.6%
13.4%
48.0%
0.1%
33.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2004
4000
15.8%
84.0%


100.0%


40.6%
8.7%
50.5%
0.2%
42.4%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2005
4209
12.4%
87.4%


99.5%

0.5%
33.0%
12.3%
54.7%
0.0%
43.7%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2006
4345
12.0%
87.7%


99.7%

0.3%
26.1%
8.2%
65.5%
0.0%
53.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2007
4149
13.3%
86.6%

0.4%
99.4%

0.2%
24.9%
6.6%
68.5%

55.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2008
4271
11.1%
86.8%

5.3%
94.4%

0.3%
19.7%
3.9%
76.4%
0.0%
56.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2009
4301
9.6%
87.3%

12.1%
87.5%

0.4%
21.0%
3.4%
75.6%
0.0%
66.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2010
4460
12.6%
86.3%
0.0%
17.9%
81.8%

0.2%
26.0%
3.0%
71.1%

62.9%
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-5
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
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Car
Front Wheel Drive
2012
6.3%
43.7%
43.6%
12.7%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1975

53.2%
24.4%
22.4%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1976

53.5%
26.2%
20.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1977

49.2%
25.9%
24.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1978

39.5%
37.6%
22.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1979

37.7%
37.2%
25.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1980

48.0%
35.7%
16.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1981

41.0%
39.4%
19.6%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1982

43.7%
33.0%
23.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1983

35.7%
34.1%
30.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1984

42.3%
28.8%
28.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1985

39.9%
30.8%
29.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1986

49.7%
28.6%
21.7%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1987

50.9%
26.0%
23.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1988

50.2%
18.9%
30.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1989

42.7%
25.8%
31.4%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1990

41.1%
31.2%
27.7%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1991

40.6%
30.6%
28.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1992

29.7%
38.7%
31.7%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1993

27.4%
47.7%
24.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1994

37.5%
36.9%
25.6%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1995

38.7%
40.0%
21.3%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1996

34.8%
36.1%
29.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1997

39.5%
34.4%
26.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1998

43.1%
38.3%
18.6%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
1999

38.5%
38.8%
22.7%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2000

45.1%
36.3%
18.6%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2001

47.3%
30.8%
21.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2002

55.3%
30.8%
13.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2003

50.3%
27.5%
22.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2004

50.4%
25.7%
23.9%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2005

44.2%
26.3%
29.5%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2006

43.5%
21.8%
34.6%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2007
0.3%
47.5%
26.3%
26.2%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2008
0.1%
45.6%
23.7%
30.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2009
0.1%
51.6%
17.4%
31.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2010
0.2%
56.9%
16.6%
26.5%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-6
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
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Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2011
4589
10.4%
87.4%
0.1%
27.3%
71.4%

1.3%
16.6%
2.9%
80.5%

81.8%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2012
4599
13.9%
84.0%

52.1%
47.6%

0.3%
12.7%
3.9%
83.3%

93.7%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
1975













Car
Four Wheel Drive
1976













Car
Four Wheel Drive
1977













Car
Four Wheel Drive
1978













Car
Four Wheel Drive
1979
2950
100.0%











Car
Four Wheel Drive
1980
2819
53.5%











Car
Four Wheel Drive
1981
3117
73.3%
26.7%










Car
Four Wheel Drive
1982
3439
67.5%
32.5%










Car
Four Wheel Drive
1983
3586
55.8%
14.5%


1.0%







Car
Four Wheel Drive
1984
3672
59.2%
35.4%


7.8%







Car
Four Wheel Drive
1985
4181
54.0%
36.7%


9.8%







Car
Four Wheel Drive
1986
3793
72.4%
0.0%


34.7%


100.0%




Car
Four Wheel Drive
1987
3821
69.7%
0.5%


27.6%
6.8%

94.9%
5.1%



Car
Four Wheel Drive
1988
3754
76.8%
6.2%


35.2%
44.3%

75.2%
14.7%
10.1%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1989
3291
60.9%
15.4%


78.1%
21.0%

58.2%
1.1%
40.7%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1990
4212
45.8%
45.1%
2.4%

82.1%
17.9%

28.6%
5.9%
65.5%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1991
4008
42.4%
45.0%
3.1%

87.5%
12.5%

15.1%
5.2%
79.6%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1992
4104
49.3%
38.0%
0.1%

100.0%


37.7%
0.5%
61.9%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1993
4156
32.6%
63.9%
0.8%

93.4%
6.6%

14.6%
2.0%
83.3%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1994
4385
36.5%
61.6%


100.0%


83.3%

16.7%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1995
4361
30.7%
69.3%


100.0%


5.8%

94.2%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1996
4451
32.5%
67.5%


100.0%


15.4%

84.6%

2.4%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
1997
4549
27.9%
72.1%


100.0%


11.3%

84.8%
4.0%
1.4%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
1998
4621
24.3%
75.7%


100.0%


1.2%

77.8%
21.0%
17.9%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
1999
4576
22.7%
77.1%


100.0%


1.2%

70.9%
27.9%
22.7%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2000
4588
25.4%
74.4%


100.0%




69.0%
31.0%
23.7%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2001
4565
27.7%
71.9%


100.0%



3.7%
56.7%
39.6%
32.9%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2002
4531
27.5%
72.2%


100.0%



2.9%
72.1%
25.1%
30.3%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2003
4580
18.9%
81.1%


100.0%



2.1%
72.8%
25.1%
36.6%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2004
4805
16.3%
83.5%


100.0%



9.5%
71.9%
18.6%
43.8%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2005
5063
11.3%
83.1%
5.6%

100.0%


19.1%
5.2%
68.5%
7.2%
33.4%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2006
5008
11.7%
83.8%
4.5%

100.0%


3.2%
4.3%
89.7%
2.8%
54.8%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2007
4832
12.6%
81.9%
5.5%

99.7%

0.3%
7.6%
0.2%
91.8%
0.4%
50.7%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2008
4783
10.3%
89.1%
0.6%
9.8%
90.0%

0.2%
5.5%

94.3%
0.2%
45.8%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2009
4679
8.6%
91.1%

23.9%
76.0%

0.1%
3.2%

96.7%
0.0%
61.8%
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-8
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
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Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2011
0.2%
59.5%
19.4%
21.1%
Car
Rear Wheel Drive
2012
0.7%
60.0%
20.6%
19.4%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
1975




Car
Four Wheel Drive
1976




Car
Four Wheel Drive
1977




Car
Four Wheel Drive
1978




Car
Four Wheel Drive
1979

100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1980

100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1981

100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1982

100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1983

100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1984

100.0%


Car
Four Wheel Drive
1985

93.1%
6.9%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1986

90.3%
9.7%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1987

94.9%
5.1%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1988

95.3%
4.7%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1989

77.1%
22.9%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1990

95.0%
5.0%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1991

97.3%
2.7%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1992

97.7%
2.3%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1993

93.8%
6.2%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1994

98.4%
1.6%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1995

55.1%
44.9%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1996

44.4%
55.6%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1997

45.3%
54.7%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1998

36.7%
63.3%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
1999

36.7%
63.3%

Car
Four Wheel Drive
2000

32.0%
67.6%
0.3%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2001

39.9%
59.4%
0.7%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2002

59.5%
40.3%
0.2%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2003

60.6%
38.2%
1.1%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2004

52.0%
27.2%
20.8%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2005

33.7%
29.8%
36.6%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2006

36.0%
32.3%
31.7%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2007

40.8%
35.9%
23.3%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2008
0.4%
40.4%
41.6%
18.0%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2009
0.1%
55.2%
33.0%
11.7%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-9
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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Car
Four Wheel Drive
2010
5229
5.9%
84.8%
8.2%
42.1%
57.9%


0.5%

99.5%

98.7%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2011
5194
6.8%
80.6%
12.4%
48.5%
51.5%


0.8%

99.2%

99.0%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2012
5488
8.8%
73.3%
17.3%
54.3%
45.5%

0.2%
1.5%

98.5%

98.8%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
1975













Van
Front Wheel Drive
1976













Van
Front Wheel Drive
1977













Van
Front Wheel Drive
1978













Van
Front Wheel Drive
1979













Van
Front Wheel Drive
1980













Van
Front Wheel Drive
1981

100.0%











Van
Front Wheel Drive
1982













Van
Front Wheel Drive
1983

33.3%





100.0%





Van
Front Wheel Drive
1984

25.1%
5.6%




1.3%





Van
Front Wheel Drive
1985

12.4%
4.4%


0.1%







Van
Front Wheel Drive
1986

8.7%
6.1%



0.1%






Van
Front Wheel Drive
1987

5.5%
54.1%


51.6%
0.2%






Van
Front Wheel Drive
1988

3.0%
78.4%


79.2%
20.8%






Van
Front Wheel Drive
1989

2.6%
58.8%


72.7%
27.3%






Van
Front Wheel Drive
1990

1.9%
96.7%


67.9%
32.1%






Van
Front Wheel Drive
1991

0.2%
99.8%


70.5%
29.5%






Van
Front Wheel Drive
1992

2.4%
97.6%


82.0%
18.0%






Van
Front Wheel Drive
1993

1.6%
98.4%


88.8%
11.2%






Van
Front Wheel Drive
1994

0.6%
99.4%


90.8%
9.2%

99.7%

0.3%


Van
Front Wheel Drive
1995

0.1%
99.9%


93.2%
6.8%

96.7%

3.3%


Van
Front Wheel Drive
1996

0.0%
100.0%


100.0%


94.4%

5.6%


Van
Front Wheel Drive
1997


100.0%


100.0%


92.5%

7.5%


Van
Front Wheel Drive
1998


100.0%


100.0%


88.0%

12.0%


Van
Front Wheel Drive
1999


100.0%


100.0%


83.6%

16.4%

10.8%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2000


100.0%


100.0%


73.2%

26.8%

18.6%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2001


100.0%


100.0%


67.4%

32.6%

24.5%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2002


100.0%


100.0%


66.3%

33.7%

24.7%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2003


100.0%


100.0%


69.1%

30.9%

23.5%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2004


100.0%


100.0%


42.7%

57.3%

50.1%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2005


97.0%
3.0%

100.0%


62.0%

38.0%

26.2%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2006


96.6%
3.4%

100.0%


51.8%

48.2%

38.6%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2007


96.8%
3.2%

100.0%


46.1%

53.9%

51.0%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2008

0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


46.9%

53.1%

50.0%
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-ll
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
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Car
Four Wheel Drive
2010
0.0%
36.9%
35.1%
27.9%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2011
0.0%
44.2%
30.4%
25.3%
Car
Four Wheel Drive
2012
0.1%
38.7%
35.7%
25.6%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
1975




Van
Front Wheel Drive
1976




Van
Front Wheel Drive
1977




Van
Front Wheel Drive
1978




Van
Front Wheel Drive
1979




Van
Front Wheel Drive
1980




Van
Front Wheel Drive
1981


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1982




Van
Front Wheel Drive
1983

100.0%


Van
Front Wheel Drive
1984

11.0%
89.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1985

6.7%
93.3%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1986

9.0%
91.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1987

8.4%
91.6%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1988

2.9%
97.1%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1989

2.2%
97.8%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1990

2.9%
97.1%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1991

1.6%
98.4%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1992

6.1%
93.9%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1993

1.7%
98.3%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1994

1.0%
99.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1995

0.2%
99.7%
0.2%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
1996

0.1%
99.9%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1997


99.8%
0.2%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
1998


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
1999


99.9%
0.1%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2000


99.9%
0.1%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2001


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2002


99.9%
0.1%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2003


99.6%
0.4%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2004


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2005


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2006


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2007


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2008

2.2%
97.8%

2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-12
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
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Van
Front Wheel Drive
2009

0.3%
99.7%


100.0%


39.3%

60.7%

48.1%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2010

0.2%
99.8%


100.0%


47.3%

52.7%

36.9%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2011


96.6%
3.4%

100.0%




100.0%

94.1%
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2012


91.1%
8.9%

100.0%




100.0%

92.4%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1975

23.3%




0.2%






Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1976

20.5%




0.3%






Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1977

14.3%




0.4%






Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1978

13.0%




0.4%






Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1979

14.8%
6.8%



1.8%






Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1980

26.0%
39.0%



6.5%






Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1981

21.7%
46.8%



4.6%






Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1982

15.7%
45.8%



3.0%
1.8%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1983

12.0%
59.4%



3.5%
4.4%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1984

12.7%
57.1%


8.6%
4.0%
1.2%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1985

8.4%
66.5%


9.1%
4.2%
0.4%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1986

6.9%
78.8%


29.4%
21.9%
0.5%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1987

5.1%
74.1%


43.0%
42.8%
0.1%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1988

3.1%
79.6%


43.5%
56.0%
0.2%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1989

2.5%
86.3%


49.9%
50.0%
0.1%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1990

1.6%
90.4%


44.4%
55.4%
0.1%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1991

1.5%
94.3%


53.1%
46.7%
0.1%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1992

0.7%
95.2%


60.3%
39.6%
0.1%





Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1993

0.8%
95.6%


66.3%
33.7%






Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1994

0.3%
94.7%


66.6%
33.4%

97.4%
0.2%
2.4%


Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1995


94.4%


71.6%
28.4%

96.7%

3.3%


Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1996


93.2%


100.0%


94.7%
3.2%
2.1%


Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1997


98.6%


100.0%


96.9%
2.2%
0.9%


Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1998


100.0%


100.0%


97.7%

2.3%


Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1999


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2000


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2001


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2002


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2003


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2004


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2005


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2006


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2007


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-14
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\ pi-
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
1 h lu icl
\ rlm lr Si/r
Sllliill
\ liiKi/r
1 ;ii!>c
Van
Front Wheel Drive
2009

6.4%
93.6%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2010

3.7%
96.3%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2011


100.0%

Van
Front Wheel Drive
2012


100.0%

Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1975

0.4%
66.1%
33.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1976

0.3%
61.4%
38.3%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1977

0.4%
61.0%
38.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1978

0.4%
63.8%
35.8%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1979

1.8%
65.1%
33.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1980

6.5%
53.8%
39.7%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1981

4.6%
56.1%
39.3%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1982

4.8%
58.0%
37.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1983

3.6%
60.2%
36.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1984

12.6%
54.3%
33.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1985

12.3%
60.3%
27.4%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1986

8.5%
70.9%
20.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1987

10.0%
72.2%
17.8%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1988

4.9%
75.9%
19.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1989

2.2%
80.7%
17.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1990

1.1%
80.6%
18.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1991

0.8%
84.8%
14.4%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1992


84.5%
15.5%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1993


83.8%
16.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1994


80.9%
19.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1995


79.2%
20.8%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1996


67.4%
32.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1997


64.5%
35.5%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1998


51.9%
48.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
1999


45.5%
54.5%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2000


40.5%
59.5%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2001


19.8%
80.2%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2002


29.3%
70.7%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2003


29.4%
70.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2004


31.4%
68.6%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2005


35.1%
64.9%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2006



100.0%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2007



100.0%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-15
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
Dinr l> pi-
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I'rntl
(111)0)
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III'
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( ll-l 1-
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55/45
\ilj ( il\
\
-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l>pi-
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
< ll-l 1-
1 1111-
MI'(;
1 r:iii«iiii<.<.iiiii
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Hie
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2008


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2009


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2010


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%



29.1%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2011


100.0%


100.0%


97.5%

2.5%

26.5%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2012


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%



19.4%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
1975













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1976













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1977













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1978













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1979













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1980













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1981













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1982













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1983













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1984













Van
Four Wheel Drive
1985

100.0%











Van
Four Wheel Drive
1986

100.0%











Van
Four Wheel Drive
1987

66.4%
22.9%


67.5%







Van
Four Wheel Drive
1988

89.7%
10.3%


100.0%







Van
Four Wheel Drive
1989

59.4%
37.2%


100.0%







Van
Four Wheel Drive
1990

3.2%
92.5%


85.0%
15.0%






Van
Four Wheel Drive
1991

4.6%
95.4%


85.9%
14.1%






Van
Four Wheel Drive
1992

3.3%
96.7%


91.1%
8.9%






Van
Four Wheel Drive
1993

0.2%
99.5%


100.0%







Van
Four Wheel Drive
1994

0.5%
99.5%


97.5%
2.5%

65.1%
31.7%
3.2%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1995

0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


83.0%
10.9%
6.2%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1996

0.1%
99.9%


100.0%


84.7%
11.8%
3.6%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1997


100.0%


100.0%


89.8%
8.0%
2.2%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1998


100.0%


100.0%


82.1%

17.9%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1999


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Four Wheel Drive
2000


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Four Wheel Drive
2001


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Four Wheel Drive
2002


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Four Wheel Drive
2003


100.0%


100.0%


100.0%




Van
Four Wheel Drive
2004


100.0%


100.0%


44.4%

55.6%

55.6%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2005


55.2%
44.8%

100.0%


25.2%

74.8%

30.0%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2006


62.4%
37.6%

100.0%


23.1%

76.9%

39.3%
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-17
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l> pi-
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
1 h lu icl
\ rlm lr Si/r
Sllliill
\ liiKi/r
1 ;ii!>c
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2008


4.5%
95.5%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2009



100.0%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2010



100.0%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2011


2.5%
97.5%
Van
Rear Wheel Drive
2012


16.0%
84.0%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
1975




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1976




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1977




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1978




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1979




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1980




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1981




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1982




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1983




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1984




Van
Four Wheel Drive
1985

100.0%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1986

100.0%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1987

100.0%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1988

100.0%


Van
Four Wheel Drive
1989

82.6%
17.4%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1990

8.4%
91.6%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1991

3.8%
96.2%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1992

9.3%
90.7%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1993

0.3%
99.4%
0.3%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
1994

4.0%
96.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1995

2.9%
97.1%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1996

0.4%
99.6%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1997


100.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1998


100.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
1999


100.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
2000


100.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
2001


28.9%
71.1%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2002


100.0%

Van
Four Wheel Drive
2003


88.4%
11.6%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2004


90.7%
9.3%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2005


95.2%
4.8%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2006


92.4%
7.6%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-18
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
Dinr In pi-
\ Iwli-I
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I'rntl
(111)0)
1 lill-
I'lK'l IYiiIIiiIIIN
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0-60
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( II)
III'
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( ll-l 1-
m i •(;
l.:il>
55/45
\rij ( il\
\
-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\|W
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
< ll-l 1-
1 1111-
MI'(;
1 r:iii«iiii<.<.iiiii
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Mil-
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2007


48.4%
51.6%

100.0%


15.9%

84.1%

32.5%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2008


100.0%


100.0%


12.6%

87.4%

41.0%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2009


100.0%


100.0%


26.8%

73.2%

73.2%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2010


100.0%


100.0%


34.8%

65.2%

100.0%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2011


100.0%


100.0%


10.3%

89.7%

100.0%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2012


100.0%


100.0%


14.6%

85.4%

100.0%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1975













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1976













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1977













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1978













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1979













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1980













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1981













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1982













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1983













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1984













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1985













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1986













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1987













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1988













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1989













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1990













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1991













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1992













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1993













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1994













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1995













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1996













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1997













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1998













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1999













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2000













Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2001


100.0%


100.0%


82.4%

17.6%

17.6%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2002


100.0%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2003

4.3%
95.7%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2004

1.6%
98.4%


100.0%


18.2%

81.8%

81.8%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2005

1.8%
98.2%


100.0%




100.0%

100.0%
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-20
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\|W
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
1 h lu icl
\ rlm lr Si/r
Sllliill
\ li(Ki/r
1 ;ii!>c
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2007


84.1%
15.9%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2008


87.4%
12.6%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2009


73.2%
26.8%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2010


65.2%
34.8%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2011


89.7%
10.3%
Van
Four Wheel Drive
2012


85.4%
14.6%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1975




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1976




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1977




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1978




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1979




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1980




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1981




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1982




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1983




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1984




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1985




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1986




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1987




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1988




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1989




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1990




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1991




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1992




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1993




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1994




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1995




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1996




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1997




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1998




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
1999




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2000




Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2001


82.4%
17.6%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2002


100.0%

Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2003


99.6%
0.4%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2004


91.6%
8.4%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2005


91.4%
8.6%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-21
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
Dinr In pi-
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
I'rntl
(111)0)
1 lill-
I'lK'l IYiiIIiiIIIN
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\ nl ( ll-l l
liininr
0-60
1 inn-
III'
( II)
III'
\\ 1
11 Hl-
Ml'(i
( ll-l 1-
m i •(;
l.:il>
55/45
\rij ( il\
\
-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\|W
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
< ll-l 1-
1 1111-
MI'(;
1 r:iii«iiii<.<.iiiii
I'url Mi-li-riii"
NiiiiiIht ill' \ ;ih r-
\ \ 1
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Hie
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2006

1.1%
85.7%
13.2%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2007

2.4%
74.8%
22.8%

100.0%




100.0%

99.3%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2008

1.6%
81.6%
16.8%

100.0%




100.0%

97.6%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2009

0.9%
90.8%
8.3%
20.2%
79.8%




100.0%

83.9%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2010

0.8%
86.7%
9.6%
35.7%
64.3%




100.0%

86.7%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2011

0.7%
88.9%
10.4%
40.1%
59.9%




100.0%

100.0%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2012

1.3%
87.0%
11.7%
27.0%
73.0%




100.0%

100.0%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1975

15.1%











Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1976

20.1%











Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1977

17.5%











Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1978

24.2%











Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1979

17.2%
1.5%










Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1980

15.1%
84.1%




0.0%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1981

2.3%
97.7%










Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1982


92.4%




37.9%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1983


95.1%




28.7%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1984


88.8%




13.7%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1985


70.4%




6.5%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1986


91.0%




5.2%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1987


91.4%



76.8%
2.7%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1988


94.4%



96.6%
2.2%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1989

3.5%
90.6%



98.2%
1.8%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1990

1.6%
88.4%


5.1%
93.2%
1.7%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1991

5.5%
89.1%


17.9%
79.9%
2.2%





Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1992

8.0%
91.9%


30.0%
70.0%






Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1993

4.7%
95.3%


21.0%
79.0%






Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1994


100.0%



100.0%

100.0%




Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1995

12.3%
87.7%


58.9%
41.1%

100.0%




Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1996

5.3%
94.7%


100.0%


77.6%

22.4%


Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1997

3.7%
96.3%


100.0%


73.8%

26.2%


Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1998

1.1%
98.9%


100.0%


68.4%
13.5%
18.2%


Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1999

0.6%
99.4%


100.0%


79.0%
7.4%
13.6%


Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2000

0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


75.4%
8.6%
16.0%

1.3%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2001

0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


68.9%

31.1%

10.6%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2002

0.6%
99.4%


100.0%


70.4%

29.6%

17.7%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2003

0.0%
100.0%


100.0%


62.2%

37.8%

23.3%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2004

0.3%
99.7%


100.0%


58.4%

41.6%

30.1%
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-23
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
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Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2006
13.2%

93.5%
6.5%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2007
5.5%

72.6%
27.4%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2008
1.9%

55.2%
44.8%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2009
0.1%

44.6%
55.4%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2010


34.9%
65.1%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2011


37.7%
62.3%
Truck SUV
Front Wheel Drive
2012


35.0%
65.0%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1975


52.7%
47.3%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1976

5.1%
44.0%
51.0%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1977


53.7%
46.3%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1978


48.5%
51.5%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1979


14.5%
85.5%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1980


19.0%
81.0%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1981


18.3%
81.7%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1982


25.1%
74.9%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1983


4.9%
95.1%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1984


11.2%
88.8%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1985


29.6%
70.4%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1986


18.4%
81.6%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1987


20.5%
79.5%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1988


16.3%
83.7%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1989


21.9%
78.1%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1990


15.1%
84.9%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1991


23.3%
76.7%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1992


30.1%
69.9%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1993


21.0%
79.0%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1994



100.0%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1995


58.9%
41.1%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1996


77.5%
22.5%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1997


60.7%
39.3%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1998


30.9%
69.1%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
1999


27.7%
72.3%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2000


22.5%
77.5%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2001

1.4%
22.2%
76.4%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2002

0.6%
19.5%
79.8%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2003

0.3%
23.7%
76.0%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2004

0.5%
27.8%
71.7%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-24
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2005

0.5%
99.5%


100.0%


46.7%
10.3%
43.0%

41.9%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2006

0.4%
99.6%


100.0%


39.5%
13.3%
47.2%

53.8%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2007

0.2%
99.8%


99.9%

0.1%
66.0%
7.0%
27.0%

32.8%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2008

0.4%
98.7%
0.9%

99.9%

0.1%
54.9%
8.8%
36.3%

38.0%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2009

0.2%
97.8%
2.0%

100.0%


77.4%
5.0%
17.7%

28.6%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2010

0.1%
99.6%
0.3%

100.0%


57.2%
12.4%
30.5%

57.7%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2011

0.1%
99.7%
0.2%
2.3%
97.7%


45.6%
8.1%
46.4%

88.8%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2012

0.1%
96.5%
3.4%
0.6%
99.4%


53.1%
12.4%
34.5%

92.4%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1975

42.9%











Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1976

33.6%











Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1977

34.6%











Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1978

32.8%











Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1979

39.2%





0.3%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1980

47.2%
18.8%




2.6%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1981

45.0%
35.1%










Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1982

37.0%
37.4%




13.2%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1983

37.0%
48.2%




5.6%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1984

32.5%
37.4%




1.7%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1985

32.3%
55.6%


4.8%
1.1%
1.2%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1986

41.7%
50.9%


27.8%
22.1%
1.4%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1987

42.1%
48.5%


35.1%
36.3%
0.3%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1988

36.6%
55.3%


50.2%
31.1%
0.2%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1989

27.5%
63.8%


49.5%
42.9%
0.2%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1990

31.3%
65.0%


60.9%
33.3%
0.2%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1991

22.4%
76.0%


63.9%
35.5%
0.1%





Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1992

22.4%
76.7%


76.7%
23.3%






Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1993

20.2%
78.8%


87.5%
12.5%






Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1994

15.9%
84.1%


88.5%
11.5%

86.0%
5.6%
8.4%


Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1995

15.3%
84.7%


87.8%
12.2%

83.2%

16.8%


Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1996

6.2%
93.8%


100.0%

0.0%
88.2%

11.8%


Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1997

11.0%
89.0%


100.0%

0.0%
82.5%

17.5%


Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1998

8.5%
91.5%


100.0%

0.0%
79.6%

20.4%


Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1999

7.3%
92.7%


100.0%


72.2%
0.9%
26.9%

3.7%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2000

5.8%
94.2%


100.0%


77.7%

22.3%

2.8%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2001

4.8%
95.2%


100.0%


56.5%
1.9%
41.5%

14.9%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2002

4.1%
95.8%
0.1%

100.0%


52.4%
1.6%
46.0%

25.7%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2003

2.9%
95.4%
1.8%

100.0%


45.7%
1.4%
52.9%

34.3%
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-26
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
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Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2005

0.7%
26.9%
72.4%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2006


37.3%
62.7%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2007

1.5%
20.8%
77.7%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2008
0.9%
1.3%
23.4%
75.3%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2009
2.0%
1.9%
20.6%
77.4%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2010
0.3%
1.5%
25.9%
72.6%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2011
0.2%

19.1%
80.9%
Truck SUV
Rear Wheel Drive
2012
3.4%

14.8%
85.2%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1975

30.0%
69.1%
0.9%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1976

24.7%
73.5%
1.8%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1977

24.3%
74.3%
1.4%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1978

23.1%
75.3%
1.6%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1979

32.8%
60.9%
6.3%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1980

37.0%
58.7%
4.3%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1981

34.7%
62.4%
2.9%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1982

24.5%
70.7%
4.8%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1983

18.3%
77.7%
4.0%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1984

26.7%
70.5%
2.8%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1985

19.5%
77.5%
3.0%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1986

26.5%
70.6%
2.9%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1987

31.6%
65.6%
2.8%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1988

30.8%
65.7%
3.5%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1989

25.3%
70.5%
4.2%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1990

27.4%
67.5%
5.2%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1991

10.6%
85.9%
3.5%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1992

11.1%
81.9%
7.0%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1993

12.2%
77.1%
10.7%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1994

10.2%
80.6%
9.2%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1995

11.4%
77.1%
11.5%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1996

5.9%
80.5%
13.6%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1997

19.9%
56.1%
24.0%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1998

12.7%
63.4%
24.0%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
1999

13.4%
65.1%
21.5%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2000

12.7%
61.0%
26.2%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2001

11.9%
54.2%
34.0%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2002

8.9%
41.9%
49.1%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2003

7.7%
51.3%
41.0%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-27
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2004

2.8%
95.8%
1.4%

100.0%

0.0%
44.4%
0.6%
54.4%
0.6%
39.3%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2005

2.7%
95.4%
1.9%

99.7%

0.3%
34.3%
2.8%
62.6%
0.3%
50.2%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2006

2.9%
91.9%
5.1%

99.7%

0.3%
30.0%
5.5%
64.3%
0.2%
59.1%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2007

2.5%
91.8%
5.7%

99.7%

0.3%
34.8%
0.8%
64.4%

55.7%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2008

2.0%
91.6%
6.4%
2.6%
96.8%

0.6%
27.0%
0.6%
72.4%

59.7%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2009

1.3%
86.6%
12.1%
5.4%
93.9%

0.7%
15.8%
0.4%
83.7%

69.7%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2010

2.2%
85.5%
11.8%
9.1%
90.1%

0.8%
16.2%
1.3%
82.5%

85.0%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2011

1.4%
85.7%
12.9%
12.1%
86.8%

1.1%
15.9%
1.3%
82.8%

91.7%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2012

2.3%
85.6%
12.1%
15.3%
83.7%

1.0%
11.4%
1.3%
87.3%

96.2%
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1975













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1976













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1977













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1978













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1979













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1980

94.0%




57.3%
42.7%





Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1981

100.0%




27.2%
72.8%





Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1982

77.4%




10.7%
34.0%





Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1983

55.7%




2.8%
2.7%





Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1984

71.0%











Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1985













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1986













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1987


100.0%



100.0%






Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1988


100.0%



100.0%






Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1989













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1990













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1991













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1992













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1993


100.0%


100.0%







Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1994













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1995













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1996













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1997













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1998













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1999













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2000













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2001













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2002













EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-29
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
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Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2004

6.8%
53.9%
39.3%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2005
0.3%
6.7%
53.0%
40.3%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2006
3.1%
5.7%
55.2%
39.1%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2007
1.4%
5.4%
50.4%
44.2%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2008
2.7%
6.2%
55.8%
38.0%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2009
1.9%
4.2%
62.7%
33.1%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2010
1.9%
5.3%
64.0%
30.7%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2011
0.8%

61.6%
38.4%
Truck SUV
Four Wheel Drive
2012
1.7%

55.9%
44.1%
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1975




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1976




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1977




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1978




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1979




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1980

100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1981

100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1982

100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1983

100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1984

100.0%


Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1985




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1986




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1987



100.0%
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1988



100.0%
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1989




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1990




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1991




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1992




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1993



100.0%
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1994




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1995




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1996




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1997




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1998




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
1999




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2000




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2001




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2002




2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-30
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
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Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2003













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2004













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2005













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2006













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2007













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2008













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2009













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2010













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2011













Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2012













Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1975

41.5%











Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1976

40.3%











Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1977

39.0%











Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1978

40.0%





1.6%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1979

36.3%
1.5%




2.8%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1980

55.8%
23.4%




4.3%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1981

52.6%
31.0%




6.2%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1982

49.4%
32.9%




9.8%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1983

53.3%
31.1%



0.0%
4.3%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1984

52.1%
32.9%


1.3%

2.7%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1985

47.9%
36.2%


11.0%
5.7%
1.1%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1986

56.7%
30.8%


18.6%
17.5%
0.6%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1987

58.0%
28.4%


23.7%
33.1%
0.3%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1988

51.5%
37.9%


30.1%
48.7%
0.1%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1989

52.5%
41.5%


34.0%
52.4%
0.1%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1990

46.2%
49.1%


52.0%
39.6%
0.1%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1991

53.7%
44.9%


46.1%
49.6%
0.1%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1992

48.3%
50.6%


57.4%
38.1%
0.1%





Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1993

45.2%
53.7%


60.6%
36.5%






Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1994

42.3%
56.4%


72.5%
26.4%

99.3%
0.7%
0.1%


Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1995

45.2%
53.4%


72.9%
27.1%

96.4%

3.6%


Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1996

38.5%
59.6%


99.9%

0.1%
88.3%
5.3%
6.4%


Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1997

31.2%
68.8%


100.0%

0.0%
92.5%
6.6%
0.9%


Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1998

31.3%
66.3%


100.0%

0.0%
89.7%

10.3%


Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1999

22.6%
75.7%


100.0%


91.6%

8.4%


Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2000

20.4%
78.3%


100.0%


87.7%

12.3%


Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2001

14.5%
84.1%


100.0%


86.2%

13.8%


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-32
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\|W
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
1 h lu icl
\ rlm lr Si/r
Sllliill
\ li(Ki/r
1 ;ii!>c
Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2003




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2004




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2005




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2006




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2007




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2008




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2009




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2010




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2011




Pickup
Front Wheel Drive
2012




Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1975

13.8%
4.8%
81.4%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1976

11.7%
3.7%
84.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1977

14.9%
4.3%
80.8%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1978

14.5%
4.5%
80.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1979

13.7%
5.2%
81.1%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1980

28.4%
8.8%
62.8%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1981

18.8%
11.2%
70.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1982

18.0%
26.2%
55.8%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1983

14.9%
41.5%
43.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1984

17.9%
37.0%
45.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1985

21.9%
31.9%
46.2%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1986

27.5%
34.6%
37.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1987

19.4%
52.3%
28.3%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1988

11.9%
48.1%
40.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1989

13.9%
45.5%
40.7%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1990

15.0%
37.8%
47.2%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1991

14.0%
51.5%
34.5%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1992

11.7%
44.6%
43.7%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1993

13.2%
42.1%
44.7%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1994

11.5%
45.8%
42.7%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1995

12.2%
38.9%
48.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1996

10.1%
43.3%
46.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1997

6.6%
36.2%
57.2%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1998

10.0%
42.2%
47.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
1999

8.4%
39.2%
52.4%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2000

6.2%
33.9%
59.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2001

5.3%
24.5%
70.2%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-33
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
Dinr l> pi-
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I'rntl
(111)0)
1 lill-
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\ nl ( ll-l l
liininr
0-60
1 inn-
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( II)
III'
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11 Hl-
Ml'(i
( ll-l 1-
m i •(;
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55/45
\ilj ( il\
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-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l>pi-
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
< ll-l 1-
1 1111-
MI'(;
1 r:iii«iiii<.<.iiiii
I'url Mi-li-riii"
NiiiiiIht ill' \ ;ih r-
\ \ 1
\ hiiiuiil
1 .iirkup
(AT
(.1)1
I'url
1 lil
Dir-rl
1 \\M
llim-
I'uiir
Hie
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2002

11.4%
87.1%


100.0%


78.9%

21.1%


Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2003

12.3%
86.2%


100.0%


84.2%

15.8%


Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2004

8.6%
89.6%


100.0%


69.8%
8.3%
22.0%

13.5%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2005

7.2%
92.8%


100.0%


61.6%
8.6%
29.8%

35.8%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2006

7.8%
92.2%


100.0%


55.2%
8.9%
35.8%

42.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2007

5.6%
94.4%


100.0%


63.4%
7.5%
29.0%

38.5%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2008

5.1%
94.9%


100.0%


61.6%
6.5%
31.9%

34.3%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2009

4.4%
95.4%
0.2%

100.0%


58.5%
11.9%
29.5%

34.1%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2010

2.6%
97.2%
0.2%

100.0%


41.6%
23.4%
35.0%

60.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2011

2.5%
97.4%
0.1%
4.8%
95.2%


46.0%

54.0%

76.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2012

3.1%
96.8%
0.1%
4.8%
95.2%


46.7%

53.3%

87.1%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1975

38.4%











Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1976

33.3%











Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1977

24.7%











Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1978

30.2%





0.0%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1979

64.9%





0.0%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1980

66.8%
18.6%




0.3%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1981

76.4%
14.7%




2.3%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1982

71.4%
17.7%




9.6%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1983

66.6%
19.9%



0.1%
4.8%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1984

62.7%
19.1%


0.1%

2.7%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1985

62.4%
26.2%


12.7%
1.1%
1.5%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1986

63.3%
29.4%


29.0%
17.7%
0.7%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1987

59.9%
30.1%


36.4%
28.8%
0.4%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1988

49.7%
40.9%


48.7%
47.1%
0.4%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1989

52.3%
41.5%


50.5%
47.8%
0.3%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1990

44.9%
51.7%


53.5%
46.1%
0.3%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1991

47.5%
50.8%


53.5%
46.1%
0.4%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1992

43.7%
56.2%


59.7%
40.0%
0.3%





Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1993

40.5%
59.5%


62.9%
37.1%






Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1994

34.6%
65.4%


62.2%
37.8%

94.3%
5.7%



Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1995

28.3%
71.7%


62.8%
37.2%

90.5%

9.5%


Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1996

25.4%
74.5%


99.6%

0.4%
82.9%
2.8%
14.3%


Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1997

14.0%
86.0%


99.9%

0.1%
94.7%
3.3%
2.0%


Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1998

19.9%
80.1%


99.9%

0.1%
87.0%

13.0%


Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1999

11.4%
88.6%


100.0%

0.0%
93.1%

6.9%


Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2000

10.7%
89.3%


100.0%


86.7%

13.3%


EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-35
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l> pi-
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
1 h lu icl
\ rlm lr Si/r
Sllliill
\ liiKi/r
1 ;ii!>c
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2002

9.6%
19.8%
70.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2003

7.9%
25.2%
66.9%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2004
0.0%
7.1%
16.3%
76.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2005
0.1%

12.5%
87.5%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2006
0.1%

19.7%
80.3%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2007
0.0%

16.3%
83.7%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2008


19.9%
80.1%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2009
0.2%

23.0%
77.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2010
0.2%

17.0%
83.0%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2011
0.1%

2.4%
97.6%
Pickup
Rear Wheel Drive
2012
0.1%

3.6%
96.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1975



100.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1976



100.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1977



100.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1978

3.8%

96.2%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1979

34.0%

66.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1980

36.7%

63.3%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1981

48.1%

51.9%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1982

41.8%
5.1%
53.1%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1983

26.8%
30.0%
43.2%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1984

27.2%
27.3%
45.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1985

29.8%
23.1%
47.1%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1986

34.9%
20.7%
44.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1987

23.8%
39.4%
36.7%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1988

18.7%
29.9%
51.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1989

20.9%
25.7%
53.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1990

17.8%
19.6%
62.6%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1991

22.5%
27.2%
50.3%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1992

19.2%
22.9%
57.9%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1993

12.9%
24.2%
63.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1994

18.1%
22.5%
59.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1995

15.0%
14.5%
70.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1996

14.1%
17.4%
68.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1997

3.3%
14.4%
82.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1998

12.3%
19.7%
68.1%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
1999

8.4%
18.6%
73.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2000

0.1%
22.0%
77.9%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-36
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
Dinr In pi-
\ Iwli-I
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I'rntl
(111)0)
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0-60
1 inn-
III'
( II)
III'
\\ 1
11 Hl-
Ml'(i
( ll-l 1-
m i •(;
l.:il>
55/45
\rij ( il\
\
-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\|W
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
< ll-l 1-
1 1111-
MI'(;
1 r:iii«iiii<.<.iiiii
I'url Mi-li-riii"
\uiiiIk i ill' \ ;il\i".
\ \ 1
\ hiiiuiil
1 .iirkup
(AT
(.1)1
I'url
1 lil
Dir-rl
1 Wll
llim-
I'uiir
Hie
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2001

8.0%
92.0%


100.0%


88.9%

11.1%


Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2002

7.0%
93.0%


100.0%


86.8%

13.2%


Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2003

7.3%
92.7%


100.0%


87.6%

12.4%


Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2004

5.1%
94.9%


100.0%


65.1%
21.3%
13.6%

25.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2005

4.0%
96.0%


100.0%


56.3%
20.2%
23.4%

42.9%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2006

4.2%
95.8%


100.0%


45.9%
21.9%
32.2%

53.3%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2007

2.8%
97.2%


100.0%


55.8%
18.6%
25.7%

41.7%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2008

2.9%
97.1%


100.0%


55.5%
16.0%
28.4%

41.7%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2009

3.8%
95.9%
0.2%

100.0%


56.7%
20.8%
22.6%

39.5%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2010

2.3%
97.7%
0.1%

100.0%


39.0%
34.6%
26.4%

63.3%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2011

1.8%
98.1%
0.1%
9.5%
90.5%


52.5%

47.5%

92.8%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2012

2.4%
97.3%
0.3%
13.8%
86.2%


42.9%

57.1%

96.2%
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-38
March 2013

-------
vvEPA
Prcitttrtion
\ i-liii k-
1 \ pi-"
l)mr l\|W
\ Iwli-I
i-iir
1 h lu icl
\ rlm lr Si/r
Sllliill
\ li(Ki/r
1 ;ii!>c
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2001


17.0%
83.0%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2002

6.4%
19.3%
74.2%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2003

7.8%
15.4%
76.8%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2004
0.0%
5.6%
13.7%
80.7%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2005
0.0%
0.8%
5.9%
93.3%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2006
0.2%
0.7%
4.0%
95.2%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2007
0.0%

7.9%
92.1%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2008


10.6%
89.4%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2009
0.2%

14.4%
85.6%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2010
0.1%

8.3%
91.7%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2011
0.1%

0.8%
99.2%
Pickup
Four Wheel Drive
2012
0.3%

1.2%
98.8%
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix H: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Drive Type
EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
H-39
March 2013

-------
Light-Duty Automotive Technology,
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and
Fuel Economy Trends:
1975 Through 2012
Appendix I
Fuel Economy Data Stratified by
Vehicle Type and Transmission Type
This technical report does not necessarily represent final EPA decisions or
positions. It is intended to present technical analysis of issues using data
that are currently available. The purpose in the release of such reports is to
facilitate the exchange of technical information and to inform the public of
technical developments.
Compliance and Innovative Strategies Division
and
Transportation and Climate Division
Office of Transportation and Air Quality
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
NOTICE
&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
EPA-420-R-13-001
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission





l-'uel I'lconoim


liny
ine





( ll-l (-
Vehicle
Triinsmissioii
Model
Prod

l.iih
Adj
Adj
Adj
Wei jili (
Vol ( ii-


0-60
HP/
HP/
loil-

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Vehicle
l \ |)C"
Transmission
Tj pe
Model
Year
l)ri\drain
Fuel Metering
Number of Yal\es
VVT
Ihhriri
Front
4WI)
(.1)1
P(ll(
nil
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Fi\e
Car
A3
1975












Car
A3
1976












Car
A3
1977












Car
A3
1978
3.9%


3.2%

0.5%






Car
A3
1979
5.6%


3.0%

1.9%






Car
A3
1980
29.3%
0.8%

3.9%
0.9%
2.3%






Car
A3
1981
56.9%
0.0%

5.9%
5.1%
1.8%






Car
A3
1982
75.8%


8.8%
0.1%
1.7%






Car
A3
1983
75.3%
5.6%

6.9%
7.0%
1.0%






Car
A3
1984
93.5%
0.3%

13.1%
12.1%
0.4%






Car
A3
1985
92.8%
1.1%

18.0%
34.9%
0.1%






Car
A3
1986
92.0%
1.8%

22.6%
42.7%

99.6%

0.4%



Car
A3
1987
96.0%
2.4%

22.2%
56.9%

99.4%

0.6%



Car
A3
1988
96.9%
1.7%

54.3%
37.3%

98.9%
0.1%
1.1%



Car
A3
1989
95.9%
2.8%

64.8%
30.3%

97.7%

2.3%



Car
A3
1990
97.9%
1.0%

73.6%
26.4%

94.2%
4.7%
1.1%



Car
A3
1991
97.8%
1.2%

79.6%
20.4%

89.0%
9.2%
1.9%



Car
A3
1992
97.8%
1.6%

77.4%
22.6%

90.7%
8.0%
1.3%



Car
A3
1993
99.4%
0.6%

85.4%
14.6%

86.7%
12.4%
1.0%



Car
A3
1994
91.1%
0.2%

82.8%
17.2%

88.1%
11.2%
0.7%



Car
A3
1995
100.0%


43.4%
56.6%

56.6%
43.4%




Car
A3
1996
100.0%


30.8%
69.2%

69.2%
30.8%




Car
A3
1997
100.0%



100.0%

100.0%





Car
A3
1998
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
A3
1999
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
A3
2000
7.1%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
A3
2001
100.0%


100.0%


83.6%

16.4%



Car
A3
2002












Car
A3
2003












Car
A3
2004












Car
A3
2005












Car
A3
2006












Car
A3
2007












Car
A3
2008












Car
A3
2009












Car
A3
2010












EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
1-2
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission





l-'uel I'lconoim


liny
ine





( ll-l (-
Vehicle
Triinsmissioii
Model
Prod

l.iih
Adj
Adj
Adj
Wei jili (
Vol ( ii-


0-60
HP/
HP/
loil-

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Vehicle
l \ |)C"
Transmission
Tj pe
Model
Year
l)ri\drain
Fuel Metering
Number of Yal\es
VVT
lh hrid
Front
4WI)
(.1)1
P(ll(
nil
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Fi\e
Car
A3
2011












Car
A3
2012












Car
A4
1975












Car
A4
1976












Car
A4
1977












Car
A4
1978



15.1%

48.3%






Car
A4
1979



23.5%

56.1%






Car
A4
1980



39.8%

60.2%






Car
A4
1981



32.1%

26.5%






Car
A4
1982



32.7%
24.5%
19.4%






Car
A4
1983
10.1%
4.2%

59.5%

27.5%






Car
A4
1984



80.0%

20.0%






Car
A4
1985



82.3%

17.7%






Car
A4
1986



95.8%

4.2%
99.5%

0.5%



Car
A4
1987



87.1%

12.9%
98.9%

1.1%



Car
A4
1988
5.9%


99.5%

0.5%
99.2%

0.8%



Car
A4
1989
4.0%


99.8%

0.2%
96.9%

3.1%



Car
A4
1990
7.5%
0.4%

98.3%

1.7%
95.5%

4.5%



Car
A4
1991
11.3%
5.1%

95.4%

4.6%
86.2%

13.8%



Car
A4
1992
10.4%
5.0%

96.0%

4.0%
82.3%

17.7%

20.3%

Car
A4
1993
10.8%
0.9%

100.0%


58.8%

41.2%

19.6%

Car
A4
1994
2.2%
0.0%

98.9%

1.1%
16.6%

83.4%

25.7%

Car
A4
1995



93.8%

6.2%
4.7%

95.3%

27.7%

Car
A4
1996



94.0%

6.0%
1.8%

98.2%

2.6%

Car
A4
1997



100.0%


3.7%

96.3%

3.7%

Car
A4
1998
95.2%


100.0%


64.7%

35.3%

4.8%

Car
A4
1999
100.0%


100.0%


0.0%

100.0%



Car
A4
2000
100.0%


100.0%


0.0%

100.0%



Car
A4
2001
100.0%


100.0%


0.0%

100.0%



Car
A4
2002
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
A4
2003












Car
A4
2004
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
A4
2005
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
A4
2006
100.0%


100.0%




100.0%



Car
A4
2007












Car
A4
2008












EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
1-4
March 2013

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission





l-'uel I'lconoim


liny
ine





( ll-l (-
Vehicle
Triinsmissioii
Model
Prod

l.iih
Adj
Adj
Adj
Wei jili (
Vol ( ii-


0-60
HP/
HP/
loil-

-------
v>EPA
«l Protection
2012 FE Trends Report
Appendix I: Fuel Economy Data Stratified by Vehicle Type and Transmission
Vehicle
l \ |)C"
Transmission
Tj pe
Model
Year
l)ri\drain
Fuel Metering
Number of Yal\es
VVT
Ih Ill-id
Front
4WI)
(.1)1
P(ll(
nil
Diesel
Two
Three
Four
Fi\e
Car
A4
2009












Car
A4
2010












Car
A4
2011












Car
A4
2012












Car
A5
1975












Car
A5
1976












Car
A5
1977












Car
A5
1978












Car
A5
1979












Car
A5
1980












Car
A5
1981












Car
A5
1982












Car
A5
1983












Car
A5
1984












Car
A5
1985












Car
A5
1986












Car
A5
1987












Car
A5
1988












Car
A5
1989












Car
A5
1990



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1991



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1992



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1993



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1994



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1995



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1996



100.0%




100.0%



Car
A5
1997



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
1998



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
1999

5.4%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2000

6.7%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2001

22.2%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2002

14.4%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2003












Car
A5
2004

28.0%

100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2005



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

Car
A5
2006



100.0%




100.0%

100.0%

EPA-420-R-13-001 *The "Car" vehicle type includes Non-Truck SUVs.
1-6
M