Director's Address
The Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF) is proud to
recognize clean water projects that demonstrate excellence through
the Performance and Innovation in the SRF Creating Environmental
Success (PISCES) program. These projects promote EPAs mission
of protecting human health and the environment and exemplify the
innovative, flexible, and collaborative nature of the program.
Since its inception in 1987 as a federal-state partnership, the CWSRF
has provided over $145 billion in financing to water quality projects
across the country. The affordable assistance provided by all 50 states
and Puerto Rico produces multiple benefits in communities and
watersheds across the country. The projects we showcase here deliver
wastewater utility upgrades, community revitalization, economic
investment, municipal partnerships, healthy ecosystems and much
more. Hie CWSRF helps communities afford solutions that are
innovative, modern, water and energy efficient, sustainable and
resilient to their water quality challenges. By working creatively with
the future in mind, these communities have created lasting benefits
for not only the environment, but for the public health and the
economy as well.
I thank all the assistance recipients recognized in this compendium,
as well as the CWSRF programs that highlighted them for
recognition. We appreciate your dedication to ensuring water quality
in our communities and your commitment to the continuing success
of this important program. Thank you.
Andrew Sawyers, Ph.D., Director
Office of Wastewater Management

Table of Contents
Director's Address	i
Recognizing Success	ii
Projects Map	1
Project List	2
Florida Department of Environmental Protection	3
Kansas Water Pollution Control Revolving Fund	4
Minnesota Public Facilities Authority	5
New Mexico Environment Department	6
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality	7
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation 8
Alabama Department of Environmental Management 8
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and
Environmental Control	9
Arkansas Natural Resources Commission	9
Idaho Department of Environmental Quality	10
Georgia Environmental Finance Authority	10
Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality	11
Indiana Finance Authority	11
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality	12
Maryland Department of the Environment	12
Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission	12
New Hampshire Department of Environmental
Services	13
Missouri Department of Natural Resources	13
New York Environmental Facilities Corporation	14
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection 14
North Carolina Department of Environmental and
Natural Resources	15
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental
Protection	15
Oklahoma Water Resources Board	16
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency	16
Rhode Island Department of Environmental
Management	17
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality	17
South Dakota Department of Environment and
Natural Resources	18
South Carolina Department of Health and
Environmental Control	18
Texas Water Development Board	19
Tennessee Department of Environment and
Conservation	19
Washington Department of Ecology	20
Vermont Department of Environmental
Conservation	20
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources	21
West Virginia Department of Environmental
Protection	21
/	\
Recognizing Success
Nominations for the 2020 PISCES program
were based on the following criteria categories.
EPA selected one project from each category to
be recognized as an Exceptional Project based
on the project's overall impact in the category.
•	Innovative Financing: Uses a creative
financing mechanism that aligns with the
needs of the community.
•	System Partnerships: Creates a partnership
that brings together stakeholder groups and
resources to create a collaborative approach
to addressing water quality needs.
•	Community Engagement: Involves the
community during the project design or
includes a project element that encourages
community engagement.
•	Environmental and Public Health Protection:
Employs a sophisticated approach to
addressing water quality. These projects may
include preemptive treatments, reduction in
capacity loading, use of new7 technologies, or
other aspects that focus on innovative design.
•	Problem Solving: Uses an unconventional
approach in meeting the community's needs.
V			/
Projects Recognized by the George F. Ames
PISCES Program - 2020
Exceptional Projects are outlined in orange and Honorable Mention Projects are shaded
in blue.

Solar Array in Marianna
Cover Crop Interseeding Pilot in Wet more
Nutrient and Energy Recovery in St. Cloud
New Mexico
El Valle de Los Ranchos Sewer Collection System
Clinch River Valley Land Conservation
Mobile Master Plan Phase I
Anchorage Wastewater Utility Programmatic Financing
Decommissioning the West Fork Wastewater Treatment Plant
Wetlands Park in Wilmington
Street Infrastructure Improvements in Cornelia
Weiser Wastewater Treatment Plant Upgrades
Wastewater Collection/Treatment for Romney Sewer District
Treatment Plant Upgrades in St. Gabriel
Piscataway Bio-Energy Project
Recirculation Plant Upgrades in Wayne County
Blacksnake Creek Stormwater Separation Improvements
New Hampshire
Wastewater Treatment Facility Upgrade in Exeter
New Jersey
CSO Green Infrastructure Elizabeth City
New York
Tivoli Lake Preserve Stream Daylighting Project
North Carolina
Hendersonville Streambank Restoration
Sewer Improvements in New Boston
Water Meter Replacement in Altus
Sutherlin Wastewater Treatment Plant Construction
Temple University Green Roof
Rhode Island
CSO Green Infrastructure Initiative Narragansett Bay Co.
South Carolina
Wastewater Pump Station and Lagoon Closure in Lexington
South Dakota
Nonpoint Source Improvements in Sioux Falls
Land Application System in Camden
Drainage Improvements in Lubbock
Hadley Road Area Infrastructure in South Burlington
Liberty Lake Sewer District Reclamation Facility Upgrades
West Virginia
Wastewater Treatment and Collection System in Bergoo
Wisconsin	Koshkonong Sanitary District Commission Treatment Upgrades
silence in Problem
I Solving
Florida Department of
Environmental Protection
City of Marianna
Solar Array
Electricity for the City of Marianna wastewater plant and spray field constitutes over 23 percent of
operational costs, with an expense exceeding $30,000 per month. Marianna is a small rural community
with a population less than 6,000 and energy costs place a great deal of pressure on the wastewater
rates of its residents. To reduce electrical costs, the City received a $5 million CWSRF loan for the
installation of two solar facilities, including all transformers, power distribution lines, site clearing,
grading, and fencing in addition to the installation of the solar arrays.
The solar power systems were designed to provide nearly all the energy needs for the City's wastewater
treatment system through net metering. By reducing the operational cost over 20 percent, it will
ensure that wastewater rates are stable and affordable for the future. As a direct result of this project,
the electrical costs have been reduced by more than 90 percent. This reduction in costs is especially
important since the City was devastated by Hurricane
Michael in 2018. Completed approximately one year after the
hurricane, this project is greatly assisting the City's residents
in their recovery. In addition to a $301,000 state grant for this
project, the $5 million CWSRF loan was made at zero percent
interest with an extended term of 25 years, and it included
$2,711,000 in principal forgiveness. As a result, the City is
only responsible for repaying $41,000 annually. Since the
savings is approximately $25,000 each month, the debt service
can be paid annually from less than two months of savings.
This solar project helps the City cover much of their expenses
by allowing them to create their own energy. With this new
source of energy, plus the affordable financing provided by the
CWSRF, this project addresses the problem of affordability in a
creative approach, especially for a community rebuilding after
experiencing their most devastating hurricane.

Kansas Water Pollution Control Revolving Fund
City of Wetmore
Cover Crop Interseeding Pilot Project
In 2019, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) forged a
partnership between its CWSRF, the Bureau of Watershed Management, Glacial
Hills Resource Conservation and Development, and the City of Wetmore to
establish a new CWSRF Interseeder Program to promote the use
of cover crops to farmers in northeast Kansas. When widely
adopted, planting cover crops during the offseason
can conserve	water resources with less irrigation, reduce excess
nutrients that could	enter neighboring water bodies, and better protect
water qu ality by improving the integrity of the soil profile over time. Producers
term benefit of reduced costs for fertilizer and
interseeder equipment is used to plant cover crops,
though the significant upfront capital costs of purchasing this expensive equipment
is the largest barrier to wider adoption in the agricultural community.
also experience the long-
pesticides. High clearance
This project uses a $3.5 million pass-through loan made to the City of Wetmore
that will be entirely forgiven. Hie City then provides the funding to its local
nonprofit partner, Glacial Hills Resource Conservation and Development, which
purchases the interseeding equipment, markets the program, and provides the
equipment to agricultural service providers (ASPs) in targeted watersheds.
The savings from the forgivable CWSRF allows ASPs to significantly discount
the cost of leasing the equipment to farmers, allowing them to try the practice
without the large capital investment of purchasing the equipment or leasing the
equipment at market prices. The partners anticipate that the interseeder equipment
will plant approximately 50,000 acres each year which will result in nutrient load
reductions of 97,000 lbs of nitrogen, 48,000 lbs of phosphorus, and 33,000 tons
of sediment. This project will empower the agricultural community to adopt and
maintain crop covers, which will produce long-term and large-scale improvements
in nonpoint source pollution remediation. After the initial project period, the
equipment will be available for purchase by the agricultural service providers.
Excellence in Innovate Financing
Minnesota Public Facilities Authority
City of St. Cloud
St. Cloud Nutrient & Energy Recovery Project
The St. Cloud Nutrient and Energy Recovery Project is a wide-ranging initiative to efficiently capture, manage,
and recycle nutrients from wastewater and to generate renewable energy. The St. Cloud facility received a $16.7
million CWSRF loan for the installation of a nutrient recovery reactor, a biogas membrane, a combined heat
and power engine-generator, and the conversion of a storage digester to a primary digester. With these new
technologies, biosolids will be used to enhance the nutrient recovery process and increase biogas production.
This increase in biogas production allows the facility to expand its customer base by accepting additional high
strength waste streams which results in a new source of revenue. This is done while spending less on energy
needed to purchase from the grid. These	innovative technologies decreased the
facility's biosolids by 70 percent,	reducing staff processing time and
hauling costs. The nutrient	recovery reactor, the first
installed in Minnesota, 7th	in the nation, and the 10th
worldwide, generates
product to be sold as
In 2019, the annual
the project was over
in energy savings,
product revenue, and
for high-strength
Energy production
million kilowatts in
2019 and the facility
net zero operation by
over 100 tons of struvite
agricultural fertilizer,
financial benefit from
$1 million ($587,000
$24,000 in fertilizer
$400,000 in revenue
\ waste treatment).
• increased from 3.7
2017 to 5.1 million in
is expected to be a
The St. Cloud project
community partnerships,
a long-term agreement
company in which the City
the brewery into energy, which
generator at the recovery facility. The
toward the new engine-generator and will pay
also involves unique
The City entered into
with a local brewing
will convert byproducts from
will be processed in the engine-
brewery contributed $391,000 of capital
tipping fees to offset any additional operation
and maintenance costs. Through the success of the St. Cloud project, the facility is also partnering with school
districts, prisons, counties and healthcare facilities to divert food waste from landfills and instead, convert
this waste into energy at the treatment facility. Investing in multiple innovative technologies installed at one
site allows the facility to utilize the resources stored in the waste products. The new revenue from fertilizer
sales and from processing high strength waste products, in addition to the reduction in the facility's energy
expenses, are factors that contribute to keeping rates low for residents and businesses making this project an
excellent example of innovative financing.


f 1, 1
I \

The communities of Ranchos de Taos, Talpa, Llano Quemado, Cordillera, and
Los Cordovas have been experiencing rapid growth for years which created
the need to regionalize their water treatment services and develop wastewater
collection and treatment. The El Valle de Los Ranchos Water and Sanitation
District was created in response to this challenge. The District's mission is "to
promote and protect now and for future generations the quality of surface
and ground water for the health and safety of the residents of the District." In
2004, the District began constructing wastewater collection systems in planned
phases using funding from the CWSRF, U.S. Department of Agriculture,
the state of New Mexico, and from customer payments collected by the
District. These ongoing projects replace failing septic systems and leach fields
with collection lines and centralized treatment at the Taos Valley Regional
Wastewater Treatment and Reclamation Facility.
New Mexico Environment
giS&jK * 3 -
El Valle de Los Ranchos Water
. _ - . . _ . W.	d
and Sanitation DistrictJ^^^
Wastewater\Collection Systerrv
Since 2012, the District has received
three loans from the CWSRF totaling
over $4,5 million to install new sewer
connections for residents. The latest phase
of this project was completed in 2020 and
installed 14,000 feet of collection lines that
will serve 165 new sewer connections. This
new sewer collection system will allow
residents to decommission their former
septic systems that were discharging
sewage into ground water in this water
scarce region. The El Valle de Los Ranchos
Water and Sanitation District is a prime
example of community engagement
between multiple small communities and
their residents, all working together to
regionalize their wastewater services to
provide much needed sewer collection and
¦ ¦ -'T" > W .
IT* k..:
v sM

Environmental and
Public Health
Virginia Department of Environmental
The Nature Conservancy
Clinch River Valley Land Conservation

The Clinch River in Southwest Virginia is one of the most biodiverse river systems in
North America. The river is also one of the last free-flowing tributaries of the Tennessee
River system and provides vital habitat to support 20 federally listed mussel species and
over 130 fish species. Hie Nature Conservancy received a $20.1 million CWSRF loan from
the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality to implement the Clinch River Valley
Land Conservation project, which will purchase and protect nearly 60,000 acres of land,
including 47,000 acres of forest and over 112 miles of headwater streams that flow into the
Clinch River. This project will protect drinking water sources, promote sustainable timber
harvesting, and is part of a larger forest corridor that will ultimately protect over 254,000
acres of forestland. This stretch of land will provide a migratory path for wildlife that covers
several important watersheds in the Appalachian Mountain range.
The Clinch River Land Conservation project supported by the CWSRF brings together
multiple stakeholders and members of the community to work together for environmental
and public health. In addition to protecting water quality in this economically depressed
area, this project will improve the local economy by creating jobs in the sustainable forestry
industry, expand the outdoor recreation sector, and allow continued access to ecotourism
activities such as hunting, hiking, and biking.
mr m

Hie Mobile Board of Water & Sewer
Commissioners (MAWSS) will implement Mobile
Master Plan that is expected to result in over $140 million
in CWSRF funds over five years to rehabilitate existing
infrastructure and replace aging equipment throughout the
service area. Proposed projects include the replacement
of dewatering systems, a new chlorine building, Severe
Weather Attenuation Tank (SWAT) storage and conveyance
and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)
programming for a lift station.
To fund the entire Master Plan through the SRF program^
the system is taking a portfolio financing approach and
planning to submit additional supplemental applications
each fiscal year until the completion of the project list.
Proposed improvements are expected to ensure continued
compliance with existing regulations and demands and
provide increased efficiency and dependability to the
Boards overall wastewater collection and treatment
Alabama Department of
Environmental Management
Mobile Board of Water arid Sewer Commisioners
v —i	_ •	'
Mobile Master Plan - Phase I
Alaska Department of Environmental
Anchorage Wastewater Utility
Anchorage ProFi Fiscal Year 2020
The Anchorage Water and Wastewater Utility (AWWU)
is the largest utility in Alaska. In April 2020, the Alaska
CWSRF issued its first Programmatic Financing (ProFi)
loan, which was to AWWU. Rather than provide funding
to individual projects through the conventional CWSRF
loan process, the Alaska CWSRF offered AWWU a
$10 million ProFi loan to fund any portion of eligible
projects identified in an established project portfolio. This
arrangement provides AWWU the flexibility to request
disbursement on any project that has eligible expenses,
thus keeping the funding stream active even when projects
encounter unanticipated delays. Additionally, it provides
the Alaska CWSRF a more realistic expectation of the
utility's anticipated rate of loan disbursement which makes
funding availability more predictable for other borrowers in
the state. Through the ProFi loan, AWWU meets all federal
grant conditions and satisfies the CWSRF equivalency
requirement. Future ProFi loans will be offered to AWWU
on an annual basis, thereby providing a reliable source of
funding for their ongoing projects.
While this ProFi approach is unconventional for a small
CWSRF state program, it meets both the needs of the
Alaska CWSRF and the community which make it even
easier to access affordable financing for water quality needs.
Hie City of West Fork was faced with the familiar challenge
of providing affordable and efficient wastewater treatment
with an outdated treatment plant that was struggling to
meet its permit requirements. After an extensive study,
the City determined the best alternative for wastewater
treatment was to decommission the existing plant and
transport the wastewater to a nearby facility on the east
side of Fayetteville. The City went to great lengths to hold
numerous town hall meetings and conducted thorough
cost-benefit analyses of the available options to ensure
resident buy-in and to promote transparency before settling
on the solution. The proposed improvement involves
construction of 3.3 miles of 15-inch gravity sewer pipe,
a pump station, and 4.2 miles of 10-inch force main pipe
running through the City of Greenland to Fayetteville's
24-inch gravity sewer line on the south side of Fayetteville.
Hiese improvements also allow for gravity flow to the sewer
main in the currently unsewered portion of West Fork.
By bringing together the residents of West Fork and the City
of Fayetteville's wastewater system, this project addresses
the water quality needs of both cities and provides an
overall environmental benefit for the region.
Arkansas Natural Resources
City of West Fork
West Fork Upgrade
Delaware Department of
Natural Resources and
Environmental Control
City of Wilmington
Wetlands Park

Before the
Wayside Street Infrastructure
Improvements, the City of Cornelias
sanitary sewer infrastructure was plagued with inflow
and infiltration issues that caused sewer leaks. The City's
stormwater infrastructure needed additional inlets, and streets
had insufficient cross slope and curb height to manage stormwater
properly. Additionally, stormwater flowed into neighborhood streets,
covering more than half of each lane, which presented safety hazards
for pedestrians and motorists. To address these issues, the City leveraged
a Community Development Block Grant along with over $2.8 million in
CWSRF financing to replace a gravity sewer main and install manholes
and service connections to provide a reliable sewerage collection system.
Additionally, the project installed a new stormwater collection system,
which included the installation of new storm pipes, inlets, curbs, gutters,
sidewalks, and a triple box culvert.
The project created a partnership between the Georgia Department of
Community Affairs and the Georgia Environmental Finance Authority to
address water quality needs and the failing sanitary sewer infrastructure.
Addressing sewage and stormwater issues helped eliminate health
and safety concerns that resulted from sewer leaks and flooding.
Additionally, the City will no longer have to contend with frequent
breaks and repairs, issues with manhole spacing, or structures
that have been placed on top of the sewer main. Lastly,
driving hazards that resulted from the excessive water
gBKlfcwon the roads will be greatly reduced.
Georgia Environmental
. Finance Authority
City of Cornelia
Street Infrastructure Improvements
Idaho Department of
Environmental Quality
City of Weiser
Wastewater Treatment Plant Upgrade
The City of Weiser received $6 million in CWSRF financing
to upgrade its wastewater treatment plant to meet the demand
presented by increasing population and more stringent discharge
requirements to the local Snake River. The energy efficient
upgrades that are part of the project will create energy savings
of almost 665,000 kilowatt-hours and $45,000 per year. Cost
savings from reduced energy bills will rapidly offset the initial cost
difference of the green components. This upgrade project includes
biological phosphorus removal by converting an existing aeration
tank to anaerobic and anoxic conditions. Other upgrades included
installing a new dissolved oxygen control system, replacing
aeration blowers, and adding new diffusers. Chemical treatment
was also installed for additional phosphorus removal.
The CWSRF's Green Project Reserve program offered
opportunities to upgrade Weiser's wastewater system that would
provide additional energy and cost savings. The opportunities
identified and recommended by the project's design team
included installing fine-bubble diffusers throughout the plant with
automated dissolved oxygen control along with premium energy
efficient blowers and pumps equipped with variable frequency
drives to ensure the equipment operates at optimum speeds. These
upgrades not only save the facility energy and operating costs, but
also increase the qualtiy of treatment for the plant while raising
the treatment capacity needed for the growing community.
In 2004, an estimated 75 percent of the homes in Romney, Indiana,
were discharging sewage to local ditches and streams in the We a
Creek watershed. These failing septic systems negatively impacted
the local public health and environment of the area, prompting
residents to advocate for change. After exploring regionalization
alternatives and weighing the financial challenges, citizens worked
with the Indiana Department of Environmental Management
(IDEM) to form the Romney Regional Sewer District. Local
leaders contacted Indiana's State Revolving Fund and United States
Department of Agriculture's Rural Development (RD) programs to
seek innovative low-cost solutions to correct the small community's
wastewater management problem. After extensive review, they
decided to construct a wastewater collection and treatment system
that connects 135 residents and 12 commercial entities to the
system. Hie plant includes ultraviolet disinfection, phosphorous
removal, and an emergency generator, and it will significantly
reduce the amount of pollution entering local waters.
Indiana's CWSRF provided the Romney District with a $2
million forgivable Bond Anticipation Note, and RD offered the
community a grant of $1.6 million paired with a low-interest RD
loan of $1.1 million. This project received a total funding amount
of $4.8 million, 76 percent of which came in the form of grants or
forgivable loans. This creative financing solution allowed the new
district to address the environmental issues surrounding their
community using an affordable solution.
indiana Finance Authority
Romney Regional Sewer District
Wastewater Collection and
Treatment Project
that It
to sav
to car
the M
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Louisiana Department of
Environmental Quality
City of St. Gabriel
Carville and Delta Project

This project will create
a centralized sludge processing
and bio-energy cogeneration facility that will
receive sludge generated from all five of the Washington
Suburban Sanitary Commission Water (WSSC Water) s
treatment plants serving Montgomery and Prince Georges
County. This $271 million project received over $128 million
in financing from CWSRF loans with interest rates below 1
percent. This competitive financing allows WSSC Water to minimize
borrowing costs and the financial impact on utility ratepayers.
Through the partnership between the State of Maryland, EPA, and
WSSC Water, this innovative project will reduce utility operating costs,
greenhouse gas emissions, and nutrient inputs to the Chesapeake Bay.
Previous processing facilities only produced Class B biosolids. This
new centralized upgrade will provide anaerobic digestion equipment
and facilities to provide Class A biosolids which can be used for clean
energy and marketed for use as fertilizer. Wastewater treatment,
energy, and sludge disposal costs incurred by the utility will also
be reduced by decreasing the demand to dispose biosolids at a
landfill and through generating clean energy on-site. Through
reducing inefficient energy consumption and the generation of
clean energy, this project will reduce overall WSSC Water Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission
greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 15 percent	USm
and provide sustainable economic development
by creating green jobs.
Maryland Department of the

Piscataway Bio-Energy Project
Michigan Department of
Environmental Quality
Milk River Intercounty Drainage District
CSO RTBI Recirculation Plant Upgrades
Originally built in 1958, the Milk River combined sewer
overflow retention treatment basin (RTB) and recirculation
system required significant renovations. The facilities border
residential properties along the Milk River Drain where
residents use the waterway for recreational activities, such
as kayaking and fishing. The Milk River Drain, which is
located closer to lake St. Clair, is also used as a marina for
boaters during the summer months. In 2014, the Milk River
facilities agreed to work with the Michigan Department of
Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy to improve the effluent
water quality, record keeping, and maintenance of the facilities.
Enhancements to the recirculation facility include expansion
of the building for zebra and quagga mussel control, upgrading
valves and actuators, and repairing a force main under the
Milk River Drain channel. The Milk River Pump Station and
CSO RTB facility will receive upgraded flushing systems, storm
pumps, disinfection and sampling system upgrades, and an
overhaul of the buildings' electrical, light, heating, and venting
As a result of this project, the Milk River facilities can continue
to adequately treat the effluent entering the waterway, meet the
identified National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
permit limits, and maintain water quality in the Milk River
Drain to the benefit of residents and the environment. Final
completion of the comprehensive upgrades is scheduled for
The City of St. Joseph uses a combined sewer system to collect
sewage and flows from the Blacksnake Creek. The combined
sewage then is sent to the City's wastewater treatment plant
(WWTP) for treatment. During large storm events, flows in
this combined system may exceed capacity at the WWTP and
be discharged directly into the Missouri River. To eliminate
approximately 303,000 gallons per year of combined sewer
overflows, the City received a CWSRF loan for over $67 million
to construct a separate storm sewer tunnel. This tunnel will
redirect two million gallons per day of creek base flow away
from the city's WWTP and direct it to the Missouri River. This
tunnel was constructed using a custom-built boring machine
that excavated through bedrock while simultaneously installing a
segmented concrete lining. This project also repaired the existing
creek's combined sewer and outfall, constructed five stormwater
bioretention basins, and replaced approximately 1,100 trees along
the conveyance corridor that were removed during construction.
Elimination of combined overflows will greatly benefit the water
quality in the Missouri River and will reduce flows to the WTWTTP.
That will increase the facility's hydraulic capacity approximately 11
percent and reduce annual plant operation and maintenance costs
by $1.5 million. Additional savings from using CWSRF financing
will save the community an estimated $29 million in interest when
compared with conventional financing.
Missouri Department of Natural
City of St. Joseph
Blacksnake Creek Stormwater
Seperation Improvements
lant (W
ew slud;
s topei^„. ~
their wastewater t realm
:t replaced an aerated la
ded the construction of
nt plant that utilizes a f<
;ss to biologically remo<
is beean in lune of 2019
New Hampshire Department of
Environmental Services
Town of Exeter
Wastewater Treatment Facility Upgrade

The City of Elizabeth has
a combined sewer system that was
becoming overwhelmed from excessive rain events
that occasionally resulted in stormwater and sewage
flowing into areas of the community. As a result, the City
received a $6.25 million loan from the New Jersey Water Bank,
with $1.67 million in principal forgiveness, to implement a green
infrastructure project designed to reduce flooding and increase CSO
abatement for the community. The City installed additional inlets on
streets that allowed the existing drainage system to function during
smaller storms and diverted any excess stormwater into a 1-million-
gallon concrete vault. This structure was wrapped in an impermeable
pond lmer beneath a property acquired for this project and equipped with
a pump station that is activated by sensors after wet weather events. When
triggered, discharge is transported from the tank to the sewer system
when there is sufficient capacity for treatment. In addition, the City
utilized a combination of green and gray infrastructure by constructing a
rain garden and a public plaza for the City residents.
Thanks to the strategic financing olfered by the NJ Water Bank
the City provided a unique approach to CSO abatement while
engaging the public in collaborative discussions about the
project. In doing so, the quality of life for its residents
improved simultaneously with environmental and human
Jiealth conditions.
New Jersey Department of
• \ •
nvironmental Protection
Street CSO Green Infrastructure Project
New York Environmental Facilities
Albany Water Board
Tivoli Lake Preserve Stream Daylighting
The City of Albany completed a unique $3.5 million
project in January 2020 where a substantial portion of
Patroon Creek in the Tivoli Lake Preserve was restored
through the process of daylighting. This process involved
removing a piped section of the Creek that was previously
undersized and created a stream corridor in its place. The
new stream will enable the Creek, which flows into the
Hudson River, to better handle large storms and provide
additional downstream flood protection, mitigate erosion,
and stabilize critical infrastructure within the preserve.
Additionally, the project is in an Environmental Justice
Area that runs through a park serving under-privileged
neighborhoods and will provide an opportunity to connect
the residents with the Creek.
This project combined a $1.1 million Green Innovation
Grant Program grant, with a New York State Department
of Environmental Conservation grant to leverage funding
from the City and the Albany Water Board. By working
with these funding partners and the community to design
a process that maximizes both environmental and social
benefits, the Stream Daylighting Project was able to
alleviate multiple issues and created a new environmental
attraction for residents to enjoy at the Tivoli Lake Preserve
The City of Hendersonville received a $2.98 million
CWSRF Green Reserve loan at zero percent interest for
the Multiarea Streambanlc Restoration project. The project
will restore 13 sections of urban streams, along with their
associated vegetative buffers, to promote stormwater
quality and improve the quality of Mud Creek, an impaired
water body. Approximately 11,000 linear feet of urban
streambanks will be restored, 1,000 linear feet of sewer
line that is threatened by streambanlc erosion will be
rehabilitated, and a stormwater Best Management Practice
(BMP) with educational features will be installed in the
City's Patton Park which is adjacent to a tributary of Mud
The stormwater BMP in Patton Park will consist of
modifying an existing stormwater pond that has become
turbid and turn it into a wetland. The proposed wetland
will not only improve the overall quality of Mud Creek
but will also be used as a public outreach and educational
opportunity for the City.
North Carolina Department of
Environmental and Natural Resources
City of Hendersonville
Multi-Area Streambank Restoration
While designing a new campus library, Temple
University determined that traditional impervious ^
roofing would contribute to runoff, exacerbating
combined sewer overflows in the City of Philadelphia.
The University received a $6.7 million CWSRF loan
to install a green roof to reduce urban runoff both
on its campus and in north central Philadelphia. The
green roof and drainage include two infiltration basins,
25,000-gallon rainwater harvesting cisterns, absorbing
Silva Cells, area landscaping, stormwater piping, trench
drains, storm manholes, yard drains, overflow drains,
green roof assembly, and green roof landscaping
combined with porous paving. The University also
planted native flowering plants on the green roof to
help support local pollinator populations and to create a
green space for local fauna within the urban landscape
Pennsylvania Department of
Environmental Protection
Temple University
Green Roof Project

In the small village of
New Boston, storms could trigger
overflows at an existing combined sewer
system causing untreated sewage to discharge into
the local streets, streams, and the Ohio River. With a
population of around 2,225 and a median household income
of $16,691, the Village faced a difficult challenge in addressing
this longstanding health and environmental issue. New Boston
partnered with the City of Portsmouth, U.S. EPA, Ohio EPA, and
the Ohio SRF as they sought appropriate solutions to
CSO problem. Hie result was a seven-phase project that
inflow and infiltration source removal and the construction of new
main line storm sewers and sanitary express sewers. The new
systems were designed to send local sanitary sewage to the
City of Portsmouth for treatment and divert the
streams and the Ohio River.
Working with the CWSRF program, the Village was able to
complete the final phase of the project and cover two-thirds of	Ohio Environmental
the cost through principal forgiveness, with the remaining	n i l' A/v
amount being covered by zero percent CWSRF loans. New	' ' 0 tCiUOI 1 MgcllCy
Bostons upgrades to their CSO infrastructure helped N0W BOStOfl
them meet their clean water obligations and support a
cleaner Ohio River.	Sewer Improvements - Phase 7 CSO
Oklahoma Water Resources Board
Altus Municipal Authority
Electric and Water Meter Replacement and
As a strong proponent of careful water resource
management, the Oklahoma Water Resources Board
provides CWSRF funds for water infrastructure projects
that incorporate water efficient designs. Using the
CWSRF, the City of Altus undertook an $11 million
improvement project to the City's wastewater treatment
plant, with $5 million used to replace outdated water
meters throughout the City. Approximately 10,000 water
and electric meters were replaced with modern Advanced
Metering Infrastructure (AMI), which will help residents
better assess the amount of water they use. Prior to the
installation of the AMI, the City issued a campaign to
inform the general public on the upcoming activity,
explain the new billing statement design, and introduce
the upcoming utility App called Altus Smart Hub. Altus
Smart Hub went live in April of 2020 and allows residents
to monitor their usage in near real-time intervals and
view water reports, helping residents learn ways to
better conserve water. The City's investment in AMI is
one example of how communities across Oklahoma are
deploying innovative technologies to better manage the
State's water resources.
To meet new discharge permit requirements and protect
the water quality of Calapooya Creek, the City of Sutherlin
invested in an ambitious multi-stage project with the help
of Oregon's CWSRF and Department of Environmental
Quality (DEQ). The City used DEQ's 30-year bond purchase
option to fund the construction of a new activated-
sludge treatment plant, significant upgrades to the City's
existing wastewater treatment plant, and a land purchase
encompassing a 90-acre pond for effluent storage. Hie new
plant will feature UV disinfection, tertiary filtration, and
a solids-handling facility. Upgrades to the current plant
will allow treated recycled water to be pumped to multiple
recipients, including a pasture, an olive farm, and a golf
The multi-prong approach of this project allowed the City
of Sutherlin to address a wide range of requirements with
minimal impact on ratepayers. In addition to improving
its capacity and flexibility to treat wastewater, the City
designated a former storage pond, known as Ford's Pond,
as a park and partnered with a local community group to
create recreational opportunities. The overall result will be
more sustainable water use and the creation of a new nature
reserve and community space.
Oregon Department of
Environmental Quality
City of Sutherlin
New Wastewater Treatment Plant
Rhode Island Department of
Environmental Management
Narragansett Bay Commission
CSO Phase 3A Green Infrastructure Iniative

popular recreation area for boaters, fishers,
and swimmers, has suffered from poor water quality
- including high levels of E. coli bacteria. One of the
sources of contamination was an outfall for a privately owned
wastewater treatment facility (WWTF) that had a history of
poor performance. The Town of Lexington purchased the
facility and ceased its discharges to the Lower Saluda River
in 2018. To address the public and environmental health
issue, the Town used a $3.4 million CWSRF loan to build
the connection infrastructure and pump station necessary
to reroute the wastewater from the old facility to a collection
system owned by the Town for treatment at a regional WWTF.
This project also closed two aeration lagoons that had been an
odor nuisance for nearby residents. Closing the small WWTF
was in line with the areas 208 Water Quality Management
Plan, which calls for the regionalization of wastewater services
and aims to eliminate all domestic wastewater discharges to
the Lower Saluda River.
South Carolina Department of
ealth and Environmental Control
Town of Lexington
1-20 Wasterwater System Pump Station
& Lagoon Closure
South Dakota Department of
Environment and Natural Resources
City of Sioux Falls
Nonpoint Source Improvements - Skunk
The Big Sioux River serves as a drinking water source for
the residents of Sioux Falls and is listed as an impaired
water body The City of Sioux Falls, utilizing South Dakota
CWSRF's incentive loan rates for nonpoint source (NFS)
projects, funded various NPS projects in the Big Sioux River
watershed. Over $3.3 million in CWSRF loans were made
using incentive interest rates for NPS best management
practices for Skunk Creek, a former impaired tributary of the
Big Sioux River. Using these funds, the community worked
to restore the Creek and applied a Seasonal Riparian Area
Management (SRAM) practice to support landowners within
the 100-year floodplain of the Creek. Landowners found
this SRAM practice an attractive option for using land on
the river corridor because protected the land from livestock
grazing during the recreation season. This program paid
livestock producers to defer grazing or maintain a minimum
vegetation stand in the river corridor during the growing
Over 1,200 acres of riparian area along Skunk Creek have
been entered into this SRAM practice to date, which has
led to a decrease in total suspended solids in the Creek and,
in turn, allowed the Creek to be removed from the States
impaired list.
The City of Camden's wastewater treatment facility
consists of a 0.5 million gallons per day lagoon treatment
system and a wastewater collection system. Before making
upgrades, the facility did not meet National Pollutant
Discharge Elimination System permit limits for discharges
to Cypress Creek. The City received a $9 million CWSRF
loan to make improvements to the wastewater treatment
system and installed a land application site for additional
disposal of treated wastewater effluent. The City now has
two wastewater discharge options: to discharge to the
Creek or land apply the treated effluent on approximately
340 acres of land. The land application system helps the
community protect the Kentucky Lake and Tennessee
River watershed by eliminating excess nutrient loading
and biological oxygen demand levels from Cypress Creek.
The City benefits from having treatment options to
maintain environmental compliance and protect the fragile
ecosystems in streams and rivers.
Tennessee Department of
Environment and Conservation
City of Camden
WWTP Improvements - Land
Application System
The increased intensity of rainfall events has
presented challenges to the City of Lubbock's
wastewater infrastructure. The areas along Quaker
Avenue in the northwest portions of the City
have historically been prone to flooding, affecting
residential and commercial structures and a major
medical district. A flooding event in 2015 made roads
inaccessible, which highlighted the public health
threat posed by flooding as ambulances were forced to
find alternate routes to medical facilities. To address
this issue, the City went to the CWSRF to finance the
installation of lateral trunk lines and inlets to divert
stormwater into shallow wetlands known as "playa
lakes" in the Texas High Plains. By taking advantage of
low-interest financing through the Texas CWSRF, the
City saved its ratepayers nearly $7 million compared to
having financed through the open marl
Texas Water Development Board
City of Lubbock
Northwest Drainage Improvements

financial assistance from
triif the Vermont Department of Environmental
Conservation, the City of South Burlington and the
Champlain Water District co-funded a multi-faceted project that
included wastewater, stormwater, and drinking water improvements.
The project disconnected a portion of the City's service area from
the collection system and installed a new pump station and force main,
which will divert stormwater away from one of the City's combined sewer
overflows. By removing stormwater flows from the wastewater collection,
only wastewater is sent to the treatment facility which, in turn, lowers
pumping and treatment expenses and keeps user rates affordable for residents.
Each municipality achieved substantial savings by gaining community support
for a joint CWSRF loan for $3.3 million and DWSRF loan for $785,000.
The project also built a new gravel wetland and paid for it using a new state
program in the CWSRF known as the Green Stormwater Initiative (GSI). The
GSI provides a loan forgiveness incentive for municipalities who incorporate
GSI into their wastewater projects. In this instance, the City received a
separate loan for $298,000, all of which was forgiven, to put towards the
total cost of the project. Additionally, the City entered into an inter-
municipal agreement with the Champlain Water District to include the
water transmission upgrades into a wastewater improvements contract
and financed this portion of the contract with a Drinking Water
SRF loan. Lastly, the State provided approximately $700,000 in
the form of a pollution control grant to the City for the
wastewater improvements under the State's CSO
abatement funding program.
Environmental Conservation
City of South Burlington 1
Hadiey Road Area Infrastructure
Liberty Lake Sewer District
Water Reclamation Facility Upgrades
. ,	(	. - The Spokane River Regional Toxics Task Force is a voluntary
Washington Department Of Ecology group of business; Tribes; conservation groups; and state, local and
federal government agencies who collaborate to reduce harmful
compounds from entering the Spokane River, which is listed as
impaired. The Liberty Lake Sewer and Water District (LLSWD), a
member of this Task Force, operates drinking water and wastewater
utilities for the community's growing population. As part of their
work within the Task Force, LLSWD adopted a Toxics Management
Plan to reduce Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in their
wastewater effluent. LLSWD received assistance from the CWSRF
to fund over $16 million in upgrades for its Water Reclamation
Facility to meet requirements under its National Pollutant
Discharge Elimination System permit, Total Maximum Daily
Load limits, and Toxics Management Plan. This project builds on
existing treatment processes and includes improved headworks
screening, a tertiary membrane filtration system, upgrades to
the UV disinfection system, and an expanded Laboratory and
Operations Center. The Operations Center includes an education
center that offers tours and learning opportunities to school and
community groups.
The upgrades to the facility have significantly improved effluent
quality by reducing phosphorus levels and by removing 98 percent
of the PCBs that enter the system. These system improvements by
LLSWD can be considered an integral part of the ongoing regional
strategy for protecting the Spokane River.
Liberty Lake Sewer and Water Du
Water Reclamation Plant
Owner: Liberty Lake Sewer and Water Distnc,
Address: 1926 North Harvard Boad, Liberty Lake WA 990'9
• oonna Corporation
The Webster Springs Public Service District received
over $2.8 million from the CWSRF to construct a public
wastewater collection system and a new decentralized
wastewater treatment plant to serve approximately 61
customers. Prior to receiving CWSRF assistance, the
community of Bergoo used a rudimentary wastewater
collection system, septic tanks, and direct discharges into
Leatherwood Creek and the Elk River. These approaches
were impairing the Creek and affecting the drinking water,
as well as the surface water, in the area. This project will
reduce the fecal matter in the stream by eliminating direct
discharges and failing septic systems. Since water in the
area is provided through private wells that are influenced
by surface water, this project will also significantly improve
drinking water quality for the community.
Through the structure of the CWSRF s partnership with
the West Virginia Infrastructure and Jobs Development
Council, this decentralized project was financed through
100 percent principal forgiveness and grants. As a result,
a small rural community that would not otherwise been
able to afford the system upgrade can better protect their
drinking water sources and outdoor recreation areas.
Vitti population growth and existing
Lty deficiencies in mind, members of
isolidated Koshkonong Sanitary District
ssion devised a creative financing solution to fund
ction on their main pump station and treatment
. With an expected completion date of Febru ary 2021,
ion of synthetic liners and other lagoon upgrad es will
»the management of seepage rates and ground water
on. Upgrades will also address new ammonia and
Drus limits established in the District's Wisconsin
it Discharge Elimination System Permit. These
iments will allow the District to meet future permit
nents and provide the staff flexibility to adapt to daily
mal conditions.
tig for the project was provided through six individual
;nts to the sanitary districts that comprise the Commi;
r smallest of the six sanitary districts qualified for
d forgiveness, allowing the Commission to spread the
1 burden and make the protect more affordable for the
West Virginia Department of
Environmental Protection
Community of Bergoo
Wastewater Treatment &
Collection System
Wisconsin Department of
Natural Resources
Consolidated Koshkonog Sanitary
District Commission
Wastewater Treatment Plant Upgrade

For more information about the Clean Water State Revolving
Fund, please contact us at:
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Wastewater Management
Clean Water State Revolving Fund Branch
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW (4204M)
Washington, D.C. 20460 cwsrf
Office of Water • January 2021
EPA Publication: 816R21002 S-' V-i