5 ERA		
Fact Sheet: Water Issues
United States
Environmental Protection
For more information
If you have questions, comments or
need more information about the
Enbridge oil spill you can contact:
Don de Blasio
EPA Community Involvement
Cell Phone: 312-343-6666
Office Voice Mail: 312-886-4360
On the Web
EPA has established a website at
www.epa.gov/enbridgespill to
provide daily information about the
More contacts
A toll-free number for the public has
been established for this emergency:
Media members:
Enbridge Oil Spill
Marshall, Michigan	August 2010
On Monday, July 26, 2010, Enbridge Energy Partners LLP reported that a
30-inch pipeline burst near Marshall, Mich. The company estimates more
than 800,000 gallons of crude oil leaked into Talmadge Creek, a waterway
that feeds the Kalamazoo River.
EPA has not been able to independently verify this number. The spill has
affected up to 30 miles of the Kalamazoo River. The spill site, between
Marshall and Battle Creek, includes wetlands, residential areas, farmland
and businesses.
Drinking Water
Calhoun County Public Health Department (CCPHD) and Kalamazoo
County Health & Community Services (HCS) officials have been
evaluating the potential impact the spill has had on private water wells.
Additionally, municipal and private water systems continue their normal
water-testing schedules and methods.
Currently, the oil spill is not expected to have an immediate effect on well
water. The health departments have been conducting a systematic
evaluation of private drinking wells located within 200 feet of either side
of the Kalamazoo River and Talmadge Creek. As a precaution, the
CCPHD and HCS are providing bottled water for drinking and cooking to
those who live in homes with wells in those areas.
No well contamination has been found but it could take 6 to 12 months for
well water to be affected. CCPHD and HCS will continue to evaluate
residents" well water in the affected area.
There have been no indications that the spill has impacted any municipal
or private water supply system. Under the Safe Drinking Water Act, EPA
limits the levels of certain contaminants in drinking water to protect
human health. Water systems have routine water testing schedules and
methods that they must follow to determine whether contamination is
present. These rules also list acceptable techniques for treating
contaminated water.
If you have concerns about your private well, contact the Calhoun County
Public Health Department, 269-969-6341, or the Kalamazoo County
Health Department at 269-373-5210.
By law, agencies managing water supply systems must publicly notify
water users if their water supply does not meet EPA or Michigan standards
through the newspaper, mail, radio, television or hand delivered flyers.

Impact on Waterways
Some restrictions have been placed on use of the water
of Talmadge Creek and the Kalamazoo River.
The Michigan Department of Agriculture (MDA) has
issued a ban on using the Kalamazoo River water for
drinking by any animal or for irrigation.
The Michigan Department of Community Health
(MDCH) is advising that people not eat fish from
Talmadge Creek or the Kalamazoo River. MDCH
advises that no one eat fish of any kind from these
waters where oil is visible or oily odors are present. Do
not eat any fish that smell of oil or have oil on them.
MDCH is also advising that people not touch or swim
in the Kalamazoo River or Talmadge Creek and avoid
the general area of the spill.
Specific area for the MDCH advisories include
downstream (west) of 1-69 on the Kalamazoo River to
the west end of Morrow Lake. These advisories are
temporary and will remain in effect until a
determination is made by state and federal officials that
the Kalamazoo River is safe for fishing and swimming.
More information is available through the MDCH
website at htto://www.michigan.gov/mdch.
Response efforts
So far, containment measures have limited the impact
on the Kalamazoo River. To control the spill as much
as possible, EPA and Enbridge have been placing
containment and absorbent boom at strategic points on
the river. Boom is a barrier to control spills on water.
Containment boom keeps the pollutant from spreading.
Absorbent boom, in addition to stopping the spread,
soaks up the contaminant.
The response also includes the use of vacuum trucks
and skimmer equipment. Vacuum trucks literally suck
the oil of the surface of the water.
The Mudpuppy II, EPA's newest research vessel, has
been deployed to Morrow Lake and is currently taking
water and lake bottom sediment samples to assess for
potential contamination from the spill.