Watershed-Based Permitting Case Study:
Final Permit

Michigan General NPDES Storm Water Permit

Fact Sheet #3 General Wastewater Discharge Permit Storm Water Discharges from Separate
Storm Water Drainage Systems NPDES General Permit No. MIG610000


All watersheds within the State of Michigan

Permitting Authority

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ)

Point of Contact

David Drullinger

Water Division, Permits Section, MDEQ
(517) 335-4117

Permit Information

www. deq. state. m i. u s/docu m e nts/deq -swq -sto rm wate r-

Date Issued

July 31, 1997
Revoked and Reissued

September 18, 1998


~	Initially developed to address water quality problems within the Rouge River
watershed, including regular exceedances of dissolved oxygen (DO) and bacteria

~	Federal District Court overseeing the cleanup of the Rouge River promoted idea
of an independent institutional structure to fund and manage water quality for the
entire watershed (United States, et al. v. City of Detroit, et al).

~	The communities proposed a watershed-based NPDES general storm water
permit as an alternative to Court's idea. Application for the permit was

~	Endorsed for use under the Phase II Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System
(MS4) Stormwater Program by an Environmental Council of the States (ECOS)

Permit Type

~	Voluntary general permit for MS4 discharges within a watershed that do not have
Phase IMS4 permit coverage.

Permitting Strategy

~	MDEQ conducted multiple workshops in the Rouge River watershed to educate
the communities on the permit and compliance options.

~	The Rouge Project Steering Committee formed to address the issues that cross
subwatershed boundaries.

~	Information obtained through this process is used by the state for the TMDL
program, the Clean Michigan Initiative and a water quality trading program.

~	MDEQ made the permit available beyond the Rouge River watershed to
watersheds throughout the State of Michigan. Currently 50 MS4s have coverage
under this permit, six of which are located outside of the Rouge River watershed.

~	This permit is available as an alternative to the traditional six minimum measures
permitting option under the Phase IIMS4 Storm Water Program.

~	Once reissued, this permit will also be available to MS4s currently covered under
a Phase IMS4 Storm Water permit.

~ Under Phase II, this permit will require storm water pollution control throughout
the watershed, both inside and outside of urbanized areas.

Permit Overview

~	Voluntary coverage for public agencies that own, operate or control storm water
within the watershed that have not previously been required to obtain a Phase I
MS4 NPDES permit.

~	Dischargers within a subwatershed are encouraged to join together and submit
applications as watershed partners, with a single Watershed Management Plan.

~	Each permittee must also submit a Public Participation Process, Illicit Discharge
Elimination Plan, Storm Water Pollution Prevention Initiative, and a Monitoring
and Reporting Plan.

~	Watershed partners establish the appropriate subwatershed size during the
application process.

Permit Limits

D The permit has prescriptive requirements for illicit discharge elimination and
public education.

D Permittees must develop and implement a watershed plan that includes short-
and long-term goals with a method for assessing progress.

D During watershed plan development and goal setting, permittees must involve
the public through a defined public participation process.

D This permit does not contain effluent limits.

Monitoring Requirements

	Dischargers must submit and implement a Monitoring and Reporting Plan for
their subwatershed.

Special Conditions


Measures of Success

~	Through the Rouge River Project, this permit has demonstrated the following

D Over 95 percent of the watershed is now covered under this voluntary permit.

D Twenty-five different communities throughout the watershed are
implementing more than 100 pilot projects.

D The percent of DO readings that have indicated non-attainment has dropped
from 61 percent to 4 percent.

D Frog and toad surveys have demonstrated ecological improvements.

~	A reissued watershed permit has demonstrated the following successes for 2003:

	Coverage is provided watershed-wide, including many non-urbanized areas.
Genessee County has applied for coverage county-wide, approximately
doubling the coverage of the Flint urbanized area.

D Waters of the State which are designated county drains received added
attention for illicit discharge inspections.

D Approximately three-quarters of Michigan's communities are expected to take
the watershed permit option.